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. pJcuotcb to politico, itcratutc, gricnlturc, Science, iilovolitij, anil encrol 3ntclligeucc. VOL. 34. STROUDSBURG, MONROE COUNTY, PA., DECEMBER 14. 1876. NO. 28. Published by Theodore Schoch. Terms Two dollars year In advance and if not paid bof re the end of tile year, two dollars and fifty cent will be cliawl. paid except at the option of the Kditor. 1 4 y. AdvertNoinonU of on square of (eU'M llne.0 1 one or three insertions f 1 .W. Each additional i jf 0 prr aMCWlllini'- I11HII tvii iivaiagTro ig sartion, an crnw. i'njpr onra in rupvruou. JOII 1RITLG OF ALL KI.VPH, Executed ia the histhest style of the Art, and on the most reasonable terms. ) U. NATHANIEL C. MILLER, Physician and Surgeon. Q2e4 and residence: Corner Main and Focono Street, Stboudsbcrg, Pa., Office hours from 7 to 8 a. m., lto 2 and 7 to S p. ro.r", f i ,1 . .7 . I, Oct. 25, 1376-tf. J. II. SIIUL.L,, 32. E. Second door bolow Rurnstt lTouso. Residence ?ad do r west of Hieksite ' Quaker Cliurch. OOice touri SliSt. in., 1 to 3 p. tn., 6 to 9 p. iu. May 23, 1876-tf. D U. S. MILLER, Physician and Surgeon, STROUDSBURG, Pa. OS", formerly (Kvupirnt by Ir. Soip. Residence with J. It'. Miiir, one door bvl-w th JelTrrnian Ode. ifice h-nr, 7 to 9, 12 to a and 6 to 9. Mat 11, 137. tf. U. S. L. I'ECK, Surgeon Dentist. (if5?i in Ja. n.lin5?r's new huilJinj, nearly opponite ih-rtrou Isbur Rank, lias aJmubUreU for enacting wh-n di-ird. SiruvidsW, l"a. fJaii. VG-tf. D a. a tin. v. j ack&ox Plir.SIfllX, SURGEON AND AL'COUCflEUR. OS re In Samuel Hood's new buildinc. nearly op posite ihi p ofUec. lirs:dcUv.'e on Sarah street, ah r Kraukliti. Anj'iu S,'72-tf DIVIO S. LEE, Attorney at Lair, Ono door alve tiie "Stroudsburg House,' StromNburg, Fa. . Collections promptly made. Ortober 22, 1S74. W ilso.y i'Einso., Notary Public, R:a.l Estate and Insurance Aent and CONVEYANCER. Title ffirckcl and Convrynneiny in all its brne!ie e-ireu.'y and pr-jmp'.ly attended to. Ac'wjdcigrxcn.' taken for otifr Statu. - OSce, Kistler'a Brick Building, near tbell.R. Depot, E VST STROUDSBURG, PA. P. O. lUx 2 Sei)tembsr 2, 176. tf. WILLIAM S. REES, Surveyor, Conveyancer and Real Estate Agent. Farais, Timber Lands and Town .Lets FOR SALE. , - OfSi-e mMrljr cppoMt? American IIouc and 2 1 door hclor tbe Corner tftore, , " . , T ', March 20, 17.Mf. DR. J. LANTZ, i . SURGEON. & uIECHANICAL DENTIST. ?:lll ha hi office on Main street, in the e.-oiiU atory f Dr. S. Walton bri- !t boiHios, nearly ofKiUJ tUe iroudi'jurj llouss, and bt flaters hiuieif lliat by eigh teen year constant pnwtloe 'and tbj most caruest ai;d err'ul attention to all matters yertainin? V hi ro femion. that he is fully abl! to perforin all oper:Uiou la tbe deatai line in tLe most careful nd skillful maa er. fperlal attention iriv,n to oarinj th "Natural Tet!i ; alio, to the insertion vf Artificial Teeth on Kubbr, Gold, ';!Ter, or Continuous (jurui, and perfect 11 ta in all tn injured. . . . Most persons know the great folly and danger of n t rutting thir work.to tbe iue'xperienced. or to t hosa lir i at a distance. April 13, IS" A. tf. Opposition to Humbuggefy! The un4rsisnd hereby annonneea that be ha re busiues at the old stand, unt door to Knster'a n.nhinj 8tore, Main street, Stroudsburg, Pa., and is faily prepared to accommodate all in want of BOOTS and SHOES, ' made in the latest style and of good material. Repalr- Iok promptlr attentod to. iivi me a rail. lc., 17.1-1 r. C. LEWIS WATLJtS. PAPER IIAiSfilEK, GLAZIER AND PAINTER,- MONROE STREET, Nearly opposite Kautz's Blacksmith Shop, Stroudsbcro, Pa. The undersigned would respectfully in form the citizens of Stroudsburg and vicinity that he is now fully prepared to do all kinle of Paper Hanging, Glazing and Painting, promptly and at ehort notice, and that he will keep constantly on hand a fine tock ol Paper Hangings of all description arid at low pricos. The patronage of the publir i earnestly solictcd. , May 16, 1872. Dwelling House for Sale. A Terr deairable two ptry Dwelling House, rontaln- for a Store Koorn, situate on Main stn-vt. In the Borough of Stoudburr. Tbe I building is nearly new, and e ery part ofitio good condition. For turrua Ac, U1 at this office. Pec. 9, 1875-tf. "OB PRINTING, of all kindf neatly ex ecuted at this office. MS nuvt Proclamation. Whereas, the lion. Samcrt. S. Drkiter, President Jude of the 22d Judicial District of rennsylrnnia, eouiMwsrl of the.coiiTitk'H of Monroe and Carbon, and Peter Mrcvkr and Charles W. Iikcker, hVquires, Associate Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of the County of Moiiron,and by virtue of tlndrotficea. Justices of the Court of Oyer and Teiuilner and Geueral Ja'l delivery and Court of (ioneral Quarter Sessions in aud for the said County of Monroe, have issued th"ir precept to me commanding that a Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace Bud Common Picas, and Court of Oyer and Terminer and (leneral Jail TKdivery and Orphan' Court, for the said County of Monroo, to be holden at Stroudsburg, on ... MONDAY, the 25tii day 'of December 187G. to continue one week, if necessary. NOTICE Is hereby given to the Coroner, the Justices of the Peace, and Constables of the said county of Monroe, that they be then and there ready with their rolls records, inquisitions, examinations and other remem brance to do thoso things which their offices are ap pertaining, aud also that those who are bound by recognirancos to pne ute gi ve evidence against the prisoners that are or shall be in the jail of the said county of Monroe, or against persons who stand charged with the commission of oiteuces to be then and there to prosecute or testify ns shall be just. ; titd save tbe Commonwealth.) JACOB K. SHAFER, ShoriU. Sheriff's Office Stroudsburg,) Nov. 30. JS7C Great Bargains! H. D. BUSH, The down town Dry Good Merchant will sell hU immense stock of Gr O O D S before the first day of Jannary, A.D. 1S77, to make room for a different line of goods. Goods sold at cost and less than cost ! Hi stock consists of all kinds of Ladies' and Gents' Furnishing Goods, Notions, &c. The public is invite 1 to come and examine hi stock as it will positively be sold cheaper than it can be bought elsewhere. H. D. BUSH. Stroudsburg, Nov. 23, IS76. lm. THE STILL DOWN TO THE OLD PRICES in spite of the advance in prices at wholc sale, AND OUU STOCK LARGER AND MORE COMPLETE THAN EVER. We have scoured the market for things Interesting and Profitable FOR OUR CUSTOMERS, AND CAN NOW OFFER GREATER inducements' to CASH BUYERS THANEVER ! Dress Goods,' Cloths, and Cassiniercs, Flannels and Blankets, bleached and brown MUSLIN, Prints, Shawls, Undcnvcar for For Ladies', Gents' and Children. Gents' Famishing Goods, ROISERY, KID GLOVES, Ribbons, &c. &c. i We propose to MAINTAIN our REP UTATION for being the Cheapest Store IN BY BEING JUST WHAT tub TERM IMPLIES, AND IF ANY THINK THEY HAVE REASON to DOURT IT WE WOULD ' VERY KINDLY INVITE THEM TO CALL AND INVESTIGATE, AT r The New,. York Store. ! Strouburg, Oct. 12, 1876. Sj. iew York Store, TOWN, The President's Message. EVENTS OF TWO TERMS REVIEWED. CONDITION OF THE COUNTRY AT TIIE OPEN i INQ OF TIIE FIKST TERM TIIE PART OF THE EXECUTIVE IN RECONSTRUCTION 1'UKLIC AFFAIRS DURING THE PAST YEAR NATURALIZATION FRAUDS AS AFFECTING FOREIGN RELATIONS COLO RADO SYSTEM OF CHOOSING TIIE VOTE. To the Serude and Home of Heprescnlativea : 'In submitting my eighth and last an nual Message to Congress,' it seems proper that I should refer to, and in sonic degree recapitulate, the events and4 official acta of the past eight jcars. It was my fortune, or misfortune, to be called to the office of Chief Executive without any previous poli tical training. From the age of seventeen I had never even witnessed the excitement attending a Presidontial campaign but twice antecedent to my own candidacy, aud at but one of them was I eligible as a voter. Under such circumstances it is but reason able to suppose that errors of judgment must have occurred. Even had they uot, difference of opinion between the Execu tive bound by an oath to the strictest per formance of his duties aud writers and debaters must have arisen. It is not ne cessarily evidence of blunder on the part of the Executive because there are these dif ferences of views. Mistakes have been made, as all can sec and I admit, but it seems to me oftcner in the selections made of the assistants appointed to aid in carry ing out the various duties of administering the Government, in nearly every case selec ted without a pcrsoual acquaintance with the appointee, but upon recommendations of the Representative chosen directly by the people. It is impossible, where so many tru&ts are be alloteu, that the right parties should be chosen in every instance. History shows that no Administration, from the time of Washington to the pro sent, has been free from these mistakes, but I leave comparisons to history, claiming only that I have acted in every instance from a conscientious desire to do what was right, constitutional, within the law, and for the very best interests of the whole people. Failures have beeu errors of judgment, uot of intent. DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED AT TIIE OUTSET. My civil career commenced, too, at a most critical and difficult time. Less than lour years before the country had emerged from a conflict such as no other nation had ever survived. Nearly one-half of the States had revolted against the Government, aud of those remaining faithful to the Union a large percentage of the population sympa thized with the rebellion, and made an "enemy in the rear" almost as dangerous as the more honorable enemy iu frout. The latter committed errors of judgment, but thej maintained them openly and courage ously ; the former received the protection of the Government they would see destroy ed, and reaped all the pecuniary advantage to be gained out of the then existing state of affairs, many of them by obtaining con tracts and by swindling the Government in the delivery of their goods. Immediately on the ccasation of hostillities, the then no ble President, who had carried the country so far through its' perils, fell a martyr to his patriotism at the hands of an assassin. The interventing time to my first inaugura tion was filled up with wranglings between Congress and the new Executive as to the best mode of "reconstruction," or, to speak plainly, as to whether the control of the Government should be thrown immediately into the hands of those who had so recently and persistently tried to destroy k, or whe ther the victors should continue to have an equal voice with them in this control.- Re construction, as finally agreed upon, means this, and only this, except that the late slave was enfranchised, giving an increase, as was supposed, to the Uuion-loving and Union supporting votes. If free in the full sense of tho word; they would not disappoint this expectation. Hence,- at the beginning of my first "Administration, the work of re construction, much embarrassed by the long delay, virtually commenced. It was the work of the legislative , branch of the Gov ernment. ' My province was wholly in ap proving their acts, which I did most hearti ly, urging the Legislatures of States which had not yet done so to ratify the fifteenth amendment to the Constitution. The coun try was laboring under an enormous debt, contracted in the suppression of rebellion, aud taxation was so oppressive as to dis courage production. Another danger also threatened us a foreign war. The last difficulty had to be adjusted, and was ad justed without a war, and in a manner high ly honorable to all parties concerned. FINANCIAL RESULTS. Taxes have been reduced within the last seven years nearly three hundred millions of dollars, and the national debt has been reduced in the same time over four hundred and thirty-five millions of dollars, by refund ingthe six percent bonded debt for bonds bearing five and four and a half per cent, interest, respectively. The annual interest has been reduced from over one hundred and thirty millions of dollars in 18G9, to but little over one hundred miliums of dollars in 187G. The balance of trade has been changed from over one hundred and thirty millious against the United States in lau'D, to more than one hundred and twenty millions of dollars in 187G. It is condently believed that the balance of trade m favor of the Uuited States will increase, not diminish, and that the pledge of Congress to resume specie payments in lS79will' be easily ac- ' 1! L J. ' A. tJ CODCpHsuea, evcu a mo aufctucw ox wuiu desired further legislation on the subject. THE INDIAN POLICY. A policy has been adopted toward the Indian tribes inhabiting a large portion of me territory ot the United States, which has been humane, has substantially ended Indian hostilities in the whole land, except in a portion of Nebraska, and Dakota. Wyoming, and Montana Territories, the Rlack Jjdls region, and approaches thereto. Hostilities there have grown out of the avarice of the white man, who has violated our treaty stipulations in his search for gold. The question might be asked, why the Government has not enforced obedience to the terras of the treaty prohibiting the occupation of the Black Hills region by whites. The answer is simple. The first immigrants to the Black Hills were re moved by troops, but rumors of rich dis coveries of gold took into that region in creased numbers. Gold has actually been found in paying quantity, and an effort to remove the miners would only result in the desertion of the bulk of the troops that might be sent there to remove them. All difficulty in this matter has, however, been removed, subject to the approval of Con gress, by a treaty ceding the Black Hills and approaches to settlement by citizens. The subject of the Indian policy and treat ment is so fully set forth by the Secretary of the Interior and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and my views so fully ex pressed therein, that I refer to their re ports and recommendations as my own. FOREIGN RELATIONS HARMONIOUS The relations of the United States with foreigu powers coutinuc on a friendiy foot ing. Questions have arisen, from time to tiui3, in the foreign relations of the Govern ment, but the United States have been happily free, during the past year, from the complications and embarrassments which have surrounded some of the foreign pow ers. The diplomatic corespondence sub mitted herewith contains information as to certain of the matters which have occupied the Goverment. The cordiality which at tends our relations with the powers of the earth has been plainly shown by the general participation of foreign nations in the Ex hibition which has just closed, and by the exertions made by distant powers to show their interest in and-frit nlly feeling toward the United States in tie commemoration of the Centennial of the nation. The Gov ernment and people of the United States have not only fully appreciated this exhibi tion of kindly feeling, but it may be justly and fairly expected that no small benefits will result both to ourselves aud other na tions from a better acquaintance and a bet ter appreciation of our mutual advantages aud mutual want3. FALSE ECONOMY. Congress at its last session saw fit to re duce the amount annually appropriated for foregin intercourse, by withholding appro priations for representatives of the United States in certain foreign countries, and for certain consular officers, and by reduciug the amounts usually appropriated for cer tain other diplomatic posts, and thus ne cessitating a change in the grade of the re presentative. For these reasons, immedia tely upon the passage of the bill mukiug ap propriations for the diplomatic and consular service for the present fiscal year, instruc structions were issued to the representa fives of the United States at Bolivia, Excuador, and Columbia, and to the con sular officers for whom no appropriation had been made, to close their respective legations and consulates and cease from the performance of their duties, and iu like manner steps were immediately taken to sub stitute Charges d Affaires for Ministers resi dent in Portugal, Denmark, Greece, Swit zerland, and Paraguay. While thorough ly impressed with the wisdom of sonnd economy in the foreign service, as in other branches of the Government, I cannot es cape the conclusion that in some instances, the withholding of appropriations will prove an expensive economy, and that the small re trenchment secured by a change of grade in certaiu diplomatic posts is uot an ad equate consideration for the loss of influ ence and importance which will attend our foreign representatives under this reduc tion. I am of the opinion that a re-examination of the subject will cause a change in some instances in the conclusions reached on these subjects at the last season of Con gress. THE ALABAMA CLAIMS COURT. The Court of Commissioners of Alabama Claims, whose functions were continued by an act of the last session of Congress untd the 1st day of January, 1877, has carried on its labors with diligence and general satisfaction. By a report from the Clerk of the Court, transmitted herewith, bear ing date Nov. 14, 187G;it appears that within the time now allowed by law the court will have disposed of all the claims presented for adjudication. This report also contains a statement ot tne general re suits of the labors of the court to date thereof. It is a case of satisfaction that the method adopted for the satisfaction of the classes of claims submitted to the court, which are of long standing, and justily cn titled to early consideration, should prove successful and acceptable. THE NORTH-WEST BOUNDARY. It is with satisfaction that I am enabled to state that the work of the Joint Com mission for determining the bouudary line between the United States and the British Possessions from the north-west angle of the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Moun tains, commenced in 1872, has been com pleted. The final agreements of the Com missicmers, with the tuai s, hare been duly J pirjfri, and fciJe -work of ths eomffiicsiaa is complete. The fixing of the boundary upon the Pacific Coast by the protocal of March 10, 1873, pursuant to the award of the Emperor of Germany, by article 34, of the Treaty of Washington, with the ter mination of the work of this commission, adjusts and fixes the entire boundary be tween the Uuited States and the British Possessions, except the portion of territory ceded by Russia to the United States un der the treaty of 18G7. Tho work intrus ted to the Commissioner and the officers of the Army attached to the commission, has been well and satisfactorily performed. The original of the final agreement of the Com missioners, signet! upon the 29th of May, 187G, with theoriginnl "list of astronomical stations observed," the original official "list of monuments marking the international boundary line," and the maps, records, and general reports, relating to the commission have been deposited in the Department of State. The official report of the Commis sioner on tho part of the United States, with the report of the Chief Astronomer of the United States, will be submitted to Congress within a short time. EXTRADITION AND COMMEUICAL TREA TIES. I reserve for a separate communication to Congress a statement of the condi tion of the questions which lately arose with Great Britain respecting the surrender of fugitive criminals under the treaty of 1S42. The OUoman Government gave notice, under date of Jan. 15, 1374, of its desire to terminte the treaty of 1SG2, concerning commerce and navigation, pursuant to the provisions of the twenty-second article there of. Under this notice the treaty termina ted upon the 5th day of June, 1S7G. That government has invited negotiations toward the conculsion of a new treaty. By the act of Congress of March 23, 1874, the President was authorized, when he should receive satisfactory' information that the Ottoman Government , or that of Egypt, had organized new tribunals likely to se cure to citizens of the United States the same impartial justice enjoyed under the exercise of judicial functions by diplomatic and consular officers of the United States, to suspeud tne operation of the act of June 22, ISGO, and to accept for citizens of the United States the jurisdiction of the new tribunals. Satisfactory information having been received of the organization of such new tribunals in Egypt, I caused a procla mation to be issued on the 27th of March last, suspending the operation of the act of June 22, 18G0, in Egypt, according to the provisions of the act. A copy of the pro clamation accompanies this Message. The United States has united with the other powers in the organization of these courts. It is hoped that the jurisdictional questions which have arisen may be readily adjusted, and that this advance in judicial reform may be hindered by no obstacles. The ne cessary legislation to carry into effect the convention respecting cwnmerieal recipocity concluded with the Hawaiian Islands in 1875 having been had, the proclamation to carry into effect the convention, as provided by the act approved Aug. 15, 1876. was duly issued upon the Uth day cf September last. A copy thereof aeconipauies this Mes sage. TnE MERICAN FRONTIER. The commotions which have been pre valent iu Mexico for some time past, sud which unhappyily seem to be not yet whol ly quieted, have led to complaints of citi zens of the Uuited States of injuries by per sons in authority. It is hoped, however, that these will ultimately be adjusted to the satisfaction of both Governments. The frontier of the United States in that quar ter has not been exempt from acts of viol ence by citizens to one Republic cr those of the other. The frenucnev of these is supposed to be increased, and their adjust ment made more difficult, by the consider able changes in the course of the lower part of the Rio Grande River, which river is a part of the boundary between the two countries, lhese changes have placed on either side of the river portions of land which by existing conventions belong to the jurisdiction of the Government on the opposite side of the river. The subject ot the adjustment of this cause of difficulty is under consideration between the two Re publics. THE CLAIMS ON COLOMBIA, MEXICO, AND VENZUELA. The Government of the United States of Colombia has paid the award in the case of the steamer Montijo, seized by the authorities of that Government some years since, and the amount has been transferred to the claimants. It is with satisfaction that I am able to announce that the Joint Commission for the adjustment of claims between the United States and Mexico un der the convention of 13G3, the duration of which has been several times extended, has brought its labors to a close. From the report of the agent of the United States, which accompanies the papers transmitted herewith, it will be seen that within tho time limited by the commission one thous and seventeen claims on the part of citizens of the Uuited States against Mexico were referred to the Commission. Of these claims eight hundred aud thirty one were dismissed or disallowed, and in one hundred and eighty Bix cases awards were made in favor of tin; claimants against the Mexican Republic, amounting in the aggregate to four million one hundred and twenty-five thousand six hundred and twenty-two dol lars ami twenty cents. Within the same period nine hundred and ninety-eight claims on tho part of cithens of the Mexican Re public against the United States were re ferred to the commission ; -of these-claims djht hundred and thirty-on were dfcmfe&d or disallowed, and in one hundred and six-ty-st;ven cases awards were made in favor of the claimants against the United States, amounting to $150,-193, 41. By the terms of the Convention the amount of these awards is to be deducted from the amount awarded in favor of our citizens against Mexico, and the balance only to be paid by Mexico to the United States, leaving th United States to make provision for this proportion of the awards in favor of its own citizens. I invite your attention to the le gislation which will be necessary to provido for the payment. In this connection I ata pleased to be able to express the acknow ledgements due to Sir Edward Thornton, tho umpire of the commission, who has given to the consideration of the large num ber of claims submitted to him much time, unwearied patience, and that fairness aud intelligence which are well known to belong to the accomplished represent trr& of Great Britain, and which are likewise recognized by the representative in this conntry of the Republic of Mexico. Monthly payments ofa very small part of the amount due by the Government of Venezuela to citizens of the United States of claims cf the latter against that Government continue to be made with reasonable punctuality. That Government has proposed to change the system which it has hitherto j urtUid iu this respect, by issuing bonds of the amount ' of the several claims. The proposition, however, could uot, it i3 supposed, properly bo accepted, at least without the consent of the holders of certicates of the indebted ness of Venezuela. These arc so much dis persed that it would be difficult, if not im possible, to ascertain their disposition on tho subject. NATURALIZATION AND ELECTION CI NATIONALITY. In former Messages I have called the attention of Congress to the necessity of legislation with regard to fraudulent naturalization, and to ths subject of expatriation and the election of nationality. The numbers cf persons of foreign birth seeking a home in the United Suites the case and facility with which the honest emigrant may, after the lapse of a reason able time, become possessed of all the privi leges of citizenship of the United States, aud the frequent oetasiona which induce snA adopted citizens to return to the coun try of their birth render the sxjjet of naturalization and the safeguards which experience has proved necessary for tho protection of the honest naforuliaod ckiier of paramount importance The very simplicity iu the requirements of the law on this question afford opportunity for fraud, and the want of uniformity in the proceedings and records of the various courts, and in the forms of the eerifieates of naturalization issued, afford a constant source cf difficulty. I suggest no addi tional requirements to the acquisition of citizenship beyoud those now existing, but I invite the earnest attention of Congress to the necessity and wisdom rf some pro visions regarding uniformity iu the record and certificates, and providing against the frauds which frequently take place, and for the vacating of a record of naturalization, obtained by fraud. These provi?it,ns arc-'' needed in aid and for the protection -f the honest citizen of foreign birth, and for the waut of which he is made to suffbr not infrequently.! The United States has in sisted upon the right of expatriation, and has obtained, after a loug struggle, an admission of the principle contended fur, by aequiesencc therein on the p;:rt of many foreign powers, and by the conclusion of treaties on that subject.- It is, however, but justice to the Government to which such naturalized citizens have formerly owed allegiance, as well as to the United States that certain fixed and definite rules should be adopted governing such cases and providing how expatriation may be accom plished. "While emigrants in large num bers become citizens of United States, it is also true that persons, both native-born and naturalized, once citizens ot the United States either by formal acts or as the effect of a series of facts and circumstances, abandon their citiz nship and cease to be entitled to the protection of tire United States, but continue, on convenient oc casions, to assort a claim to protection in the absence of provisions on these questions. And in this connection 1 again invite your attention to the necessity of legislation concerning the marriages of American citi zens contracted abroad, and concerning the status of American women who may marry foreigners, and of children born of Ameri can parents in a foreign country. Tho delicate and coroplietted questions con tinually occurring with reference to natur alization, expatriation, and the status of such persons as I have above referred to, induce mc to earnestly direct your atten tion again to these subjects. In like man ner I repeat my recommendation that some means be provided for the Waring und determination of the just and subsisting claims of aliens upon the Government of the United States within a reasonable limitation-, and of such as may hereafter arise. While, by existing provisions of law, the Court of Claims may, in certaiu cases, be resorted to by an alien claimant, tho absence of any general provisions govern ing all such caes, aud the want of a tribunal skilled in the dispoiciou of fUch cases upon recognized, fixed, and settled principles, cither provides no remedy in many deservings cases, or compels a c .n sideratvun of euch claims by Congieoa or the Executive Departments of the Govern ment. It is believed that other Govern ments are in advance of the Uuited States upon this question, and that the practice now adapted is entirely unsatlsfai t rv.