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'. f ;---t T , .. i . -i , . .. , . L,OKKICE,.gpRNEH OF CENTltE ALLEY & MAEKET STBEI?T. iiflt WRa ilirtB. iTdwtin tuft feomMift iattok acfence im the arm HArfSS -L : : 1 NEW 8EIUKS VOL. 1 NO. 7. TEHSU Or 'I'HB ' iiAJHERICAK' j THE AMERICAN k pnbttiheil everv Saturday at TWO JLLARS pa wiimm W M paid halfyearty in dvncu. Mper discontinued until Atxamartge arc paid. All communtc(ioi or latter On hunliicra rehtiiw to the io, to inanre UHnilon, nun to POBJ PAW.. 'n"fc j , ma'aopittfeont 'aVMrein, I'"! MOO Irtwn-' . 'Do "T bo r " " 'i ' ! f Moo l'iv dollnn In advance will pav fur time veu'etubaerip. m to the American. i Bqilrc of 10 llnc, 3 tlmci, " ' ' 11 WV ubqent iiinerti. n, ; - : r : ,. ,f. ne Square, S monlht, . . 1 1 i, xmuuthi, !! " ., . ) ,v ,.Si v ne yenr, arinee Canla of, five Unci, dot annum, j , , orchanlflHindothcni, edvertuing by the year, with the privilege qf biagrtieg eil'-v !, I'erent advertisements weekly. , " 13 Larger AdrertKemenu, as par egretrnf nt CI no &U0 ,900 1000 2. S. SSERi ATTORN BY- AT tLa tf., SUXTBURY, PA. i Uualnrsi llendcd to in ihe Comities of Nor ami erland, Union, Lycoming and Columbia. P. it A. Botoobt, ' ' Lowaa & Bi.aoy, ' SoMiut St SaoDomss, l'MlaJ, RitROLDS, McFimnsD & Co. Sriatna.Ooon ic Co.,' George J. Weaver, tOPB IOASSR 8im CHANDLER. Ifo. 3 North Water Street, Philadelphia. SAH ronelantly on htnJ, gencril aaaort. meat of Cordage, 8eine Twines, Ate., ir i Roptw, Fiahing Ropes, Wbile Ropes, Manil Ropes, Tow Lines for Csnsl Boats. Also, nplste assortment of Seine Twines, See, such imp 8hd and Herring Twine, Beat Patent (Jill it Twine, Cotton 8haJ snd Herring Twine, Shoe ireads, &e. See. ; Also, Bed Corde, Plough line titers, Traces, Cotton snd Linen Carpet Chains. '., all of which he will dispose of on rnasonablf ms. ... . ! ''; -' "" ' Philadelphia. November 13. 14T. ly r C L2i TOR : iVrlglit'a Iaaian Vegetable Pills, mry Massrr. 8unbuy. ic J. Kauflinin, Augusts township, hn H. Vine, nt, Chillisquaque. me At Bi-iBtrei!et, Elyburg. , inucl ilnli. Little Mahon.iy, illiam Deprwn, J kn. I in J and Hsynes. McEwrnstille. illi im Heimn & (Irother, Milton, itsythe. Wilson & Co., NoithumberlsnJ ; iStf R.ed. Putlegrove. V. Scott. Rdshville. tit R Frgtly, Bh.imokiiitowp. ide 4c Fsirow Snyderstown. os T. Bfisell, Tuihutsville. ineville Holshue, Upper Mahonny. -J. hn G. Rcnn. do do. . E. L. I'ifer, Watrnnlown. Wliolen.ile,' at the offioe and general dppot, I (59 Race St., PhiUdelpl-is. l c. 18, IS47.-ly TUB CBE1P BOOK STORE. DAITIEL'S & SMITH'S Chkaf Nkw & Skcond hand Book Siohs, North. lVtf corner nf fourth and Arch Slreel4 r.tllaUilphia. Lsw Books, Theological and Classical Books, . MBDIOAXs BOOKS, BIOGRAPHICAL S, HISTORIC AL BOOKS, SCHOOL BOOKS. SctiNTtric o Mathematical Bo ... Juvenile Books, in great variety. Hymn Books and Prayer Books, Bibles, all sites and prices. Blank Books, Writing Paper, and Stationary, What ' and Itrtatt, ' If - Oca prices are mueh lower thnn tlie im-u prices. I W Libisriea and small parcels of books purchused. If" Books imported to order from London. rhiludelphia, April 1, 1848 y PORTER & ENGLISH, ' GROCERS COMMISSION MERCHANTS , and Dealers 1st Seeds, .. , ' v s. trrA st PHILADELPHIA. Constantly on hand a general assortment of . nn . o tiTTK't-c srrns I GfOVIbltiii.9, To which they respectfully invite the attention . Xll kinds of country produce taken in exchange ol ine puonc for Groceries or sola on L.oniumsi"ii. Philad. April 1. 1848 OLITER & IriOLAlT, InrosTEas and Dealess in 'mm WORSTED, CANVASSES, PATTERNS, Cotton. Ntedlei, Pins, Setting Silk, . Steel Beads. Bag Clasps, Sleel Tassels, Steel Purse Rings, Purse Clasps, Plain aud Shaded Purse Twist, Trimmings, . , ,, Fancy Goods, &c. 'Cheap' for Cash to W,tolesule Dealers, at the New Thread and Needle Store, No. 8 Nurth fourth Nt. 178 Chettnut Street, PHILADELPHIA. April 8. 1818. : . ' ' rRT PREMIUM PIAW TORTUS. Pi'UE SUBSCRIBER has been appoibteO agent ft Tor the sale of CONRAD MtltttSttLi BRATED PREvtlUM ROSE WOOD PIANOS I iliia filar a. Theaa Pianos have a plaiu, mas ' live and beautiful exterior finish, and, lor depth of tone, and elegance of workmanship, ate not surpassed by any in the United Slates. Theaa in.trnments are bishlv approved Ol by the, most erotheot Profsssois aud Composers of Music in. this and ot&er cities, i .For qualities of tone, touch and keeping, la ' tone upon Concert pitch, they cannot be aucpas- sea oy aiioci Americas Qrc.ivj... .- Suffice it to say that Madaoie CaStetlan; W. V Wallace, Vieus Temps, and bis sister, the cele brsted Pianist, and many others of the most dis tinquitbed performers, have given these instru mania Dreference over all others They have also r ceived the first notice of the three last Exhibitions, snd the last Silver Medal by the Frankliu Institute tn 1843, was awarded to them, which, with other piemiumi from ibe , ssme source, may bt seen at the Wat loom No. . 9 south FooriH t. i . Ir7" A rmlher Silver Medal WM SKarded to C. . Meyer, by the Frahklia InstiUile, Oct. 184 for the best Piano in the eabiouion. ... A ..ii.. as-tlia exhibition of the Fraoklio losti tut. rirt IB4S. the Aral nrsmioaiaod medal was awarded tC Meyer for his Piauoa, although it bad Veen arUd at the exb.i.iuote year SSTOSZ rtlJs.:bi. - Agaiu-altha last exhibition or tbe-Fraaklia Institute. 1S47 aoother Premium was awarded to C. Mayer, lot the best Plan in ibe esbibttion. jl dos lea, at meir lass iuin'i r' r M.v.r raeaivad the fit st silver Medal and Di. ploma, for Ibe best squats Piano in the eihibitiou ' n-k... Pianos will be sold at the Bsonfactu. rer's lowest Philadelphia prices, if npt something I lower, t Persons are re;uesia to can anu iM for .Ihemself. at the residence of the sub. senber. ' , Sunbury, April 8, 1818 jm ."! i A CLERGYMAN TAKEN lit AND DONfi FOR The boat from Albany 'landed r6n ilie pir,"Iast Tuesda hiorhin,' an Jiinocent, unsophisticated clergyman from the Western part of the State, Svho had never been in this city before, and of course knew nothing of the vicious habits of . the 'elephant.?,.'. The clergyman stood on the pier, with his carpet bag in his hand, and a wondrous expression on his mild countenance,' When he was es- !)ied by a Jehu, who was on the look out bf a fare.- " ' r ' ; - ''.-.Si (..;! . 'Cokh, sir V says Jehu, touching his hat respectfully, and looking demurely. H . .: ies, my menu,' ine clergy map replied, . wakjfjg(,sv4ddenly, from his reverie,. 'Jt d5 want a c'oftdi,'' : '. A All tight, sir, come this way," and Jehu s-.-iZCP i"c C&rpet , bag, to which its owner clung and was aliased through' the crowd to a rickety old machine,' which the driver called a coach." " ' ! ' ' ! 'Where toj sir "T says Jehu." ' 1 ' ' J 'To any respectable public house -1 am a stranger here.' !i : . ji . ; , ; I'll cary you to the best one in town the hotel where rooms have been taken for the King of France. .. ,. : Bless me,' said the clergyman, 'is the ex King of France coming over T -I didn't hear of that.'., . r 'Expected next steamer, sir who would have been here before, only he waited to see if the Queen of England wouldn't want to come alon too.' . : Ah,' said the clergyman, we live in ex citing times.' 1 .' We don't do anything else, sir,' res ponded Jehu, as he jumped on the box and applied the whip to his miserable nags. To what den of thieves the rascally coach man carried our country friend, we cannot say, since the victim was unable to describe the place or its locality to the police. But it was opposite a dity looking building, that he was put down by the driver, who then demanded three dollars fare. Three dollars." exclaimed the good cler gyman, why, a neighbor of mine said that the rates were fixed by law, and that I would have to pay only three shillings to ride a mile in the city.' ..,,... O, that was before the news of the French revolution came ; wages have riz since then, and the law now is for every man to get as much as he can, and keep all he gets, and we go in for that law we do., 'But, my friend, if I had known that you would have demanded so much, I should have walked.' 'Taint safe for strangers to walk in the city ten to one they'll meet the elephant.' Mi'et the elephant I dont understand you.' ; By this time, according to the clergy man's account, the knave, must have tired of fooling with his victim, for he answered saucily 'I cant stop to talk with you pay me my three dollars and let me go.' The country gentleman, unsuspicious an hour before of such tricks, yet felt that he was being cheated, and mildly declined to pay the money. ' Then you must go before a magistrate,' cried Jehu in a rage. Willingly and if the magistrate says that your charge is right, I will pay it.' 'Better pay it now and save the costs of courts.' . 'The costs of court ! will a justice of the peace charge anything for answering a sin gle question I 'A single question : 11 you eo to law with mt we,n have a regular trial, accord ins to the new constitution ; I'll have a ju ry of twelve men, if they can be got, or six any how,' answered the hackman. The clergyman endeavored to compro mise with the Jehu, but a new idea had en tered into the rascal's head, and he now not only demanded three dollars fare, but extra pay for the delay. The victim con cluded to see the magistrate, and he re-entered the hack and was driven off, where he could not tell ; but his description of the scene which followed was ludicrous e nough. . , . i I was introduced to the magistrate, who shook hands with me, asked the hackman what was the nature of the charge, and shook his head when told that 1 would not pay three dollars for riding from the steam boat to the hotel. I asked him if the charge was iust? He said that the new law was not clear to his apprehension, and that a ju ry must decide the matter ; and he thanked God that under the new constitution the iurv were iudsres of the law and the fact. and he did'nt care a a n lor an me oencn es in the Supreme Courtthen he walked away with the drivelS aW tald me that I must consider myself a prisoner -anui nne case was adiudicated.i I asked him for my carpet bag; . He said that the new law did not allow a prisoner to have a carpet bag or trunk.' until the chief of police had ex aminea into we contents, ana ne asicea me e 1 'li. I te'' for the key to send with the bag to the chiefs office which I gave to him. I wait ed for more than an hour before a jury was I J .1. Al empanneieo j wnen me txiat Began, ine ma gistrate asked me if I had council. I re Dlied no; upon which he said, that the court would assign me councel, and red faced man who stood in the doorwav was told to take charge of my case;, Thehack man was examined, and told bis story very briefly, ' ' v , ,,,... . v .. 1 hen i was put upon the stand and ques tioned and cross-questioned for two hours. t ... . . - . M I wm, vbaTwa. aate of m? j wife's health how many children I had if my conres-ation was urze what salarv I had, and whether it was naid monthly or quarterly whether th harl htn a mvi- val in the neighborhood during- the ya what ipy opinion of ,th ship fever was, whether there had been anv cases of small pox In my town, and if all the children had been vaccinated what works on natural history I had read, and whether I had seen the elephant ! ' To each of these questions n t uyBuity; KroBTHUAiBtertfANte county, pa; Saturday, may is, i84g. q -'Bti. my counsel loudly protested, and dfTered to show (from the new constitution that I could hot be compelled to answer them. . .But I told him I would much rather anl.vef them at once, than to lose time in discussion. Finally the case was giren to the jury a ter a very long charge from the judge, in which he said that whatever might be their verdict, they must remember that I was a clergyman who- had heretofore borne an excellent character, and that J was entitled to the benefit of a doubt, if there was such a thing In the case, which he felt obliged to say he doubted.' However,1 he referred thein to the new constitution, and 'the whole duty of man' an excellent work as .J knew, Sua then sent tnem out for consultatipnrr-' It was afternoon when the jury -borne in with a verdict for the plaintiff. Thcjudge ciphered on a. slate for . a few minutes, and then told nie to .pay bree dollars 4o,the coachman, and ehven dollar's costs of court, and three Jollai; counsel foe. My counsel said that I could appeal, if I would lodge one hundred dollars with the court as secu rity that I would carry the case up. - But I preferred to pay the seventeen dollarij, es pecially as I hadn't the hundred dollars to lodge as security. I was then allowed to depart, the court given me an order on the chief of police for my carpet bag.' " This was the story of the country cler gyman, related with child like simplicity at the chiefs office, where he presented the order for his bag, and was informed that he had been grossly imposed upon. The knaves into whose hands he fell had amused themselves, for nearly an entire day, with their victim, before they plucked him. V. Despatch. . SYNOPSIS OF ASTOR'S W ILL. BEQUESTS. . t .;. To Duroihea Langdon, . his daughter, his household fur niture, valued at $10,000 Silver plate . t:.r; -( ,- : , 5,000 Slock of the city of New York, 100,000 ' 500 shares Bank of Ame rica, 85,000 1000 Bhares Manhattan Bank, 50,000 Deposit in Life and Trust, 25,000 House and lot in Lafayette Place, . 30,000 $245,000 To the children of Mrs Lung don, lots on Lafayette Place, 100,000 100 lots ou Charlton, Mor- . , , ton, Greenwich, &c, part on leased ground, SlpOO each, 150,000 To three sons of Mrs. Lanir don, 8 lots o,i Broadway, between Broome '. and Spring street, , 120,000 To each of the 7 children on arriving at 21 and 30 years of agp, $50,000 each, . 350,000 720,000 Total to the Langdon family, 965,000 80,000 180,000 To four grand-daughters, 4 houses oii Broadway, $20,. 000 each, To his grand-daughter, Sarah Burel, to City Hotel, To hisgrand-sop, Charles Bris tol, lot on Lafayette Place, 20,000 9 lots on Broadway, 180,000 9 do. on 8th Avenue, 18,000 43 do. on 8th Avenue, 43,000 8 do. on Avenue A, 8,000 Country seat at Hell Gate, 30,000 Block on Bedford street, 50,000 Stocks, 115,000 464,000 To John Astor, the interest on Ground on 14th street, 200,000 50,000 . 250,000 To his brother George's chil- dren and widow, about 120,000 To his sister, Mrs. Miller, 1,000 To his nieces, 7,000 To the German Society, a balance, 5,000 To Indigent Female.Sdciety, 25,000 To the German BWormed Congregation, 2,000 All other bequests, estimated 600,000 Fdr a Public Library, 400,000 ' -f ,w . $3,097,000 The above is a rough statement of the be quests, including two nundrud dollars a year iO.FiU Green llalleck. By which it appears that Only about three millions is given to re- lations and charity, leaving the balance of his immense fortune to his William being at least twenty millions of dollars. ' ; Tub Dvke and Duchess o Moktpensier embarked from Ostend on a Dutch steamer, and arrived in Spain on the 2d met., where quite a sensation had been created by the re. fusol of Queen Victoria to receive them at Buckingham Palace, Queen Isabella, slam ming her door in the face of Mr. Bulwer, and threatening to declare .wx, for the insult. Accounts, say that-Queen Victoria made them wait until she had- consulted her Foreign Minister, and at last sent a message by an usher, to say that she would reoeive the In fanta of Spain, whenever the latter chose but could not receive the Duke and Pucheee of Montpensier. except in presence of her Minister. - -' Thi Irish National Fva. The Liver pool Albion states' that two Irish vessels, on the potnVpf leaving that port a short time since, hoisted the. Irian national nag. , Upon this being perceived, they were immediate. ly pursued by a Government vessel, where span they promptly! lowered the obnoxious emblem. Improvement on Faber'm , , j t,)t i b In- ' The celebrated speaking figure of Faber exhibited In Philadelphia mdre than a year ago, as, it appear) been improved upon oy Dr. Lube, of Angsbnrg Germany. A German paper Jhos describes it: I ''. ! c.n-w. ; This wonderful Automaton is the invention of our ingenious townsman, Dr. Lube, who kindly admitted us to his laboratory, to wit ness its extraordinary feats..;. When we' en tered, the Doctor was seated at a sort of cabi net, having a kev-board, some whit Wmflar to that Of a' piano forte,' arranged o.i one side of it ' and nearly in the centre of thet room sat a fashionably dressed gentleman, who rose and bowed as we entered. Our salutations wiih the' Doctor Tjeing Wer,"!he 5ntrbijuc9c the gentleman to us as Sir. Eisenbrass, who po-1 litely wished us "good morning," and re mained standing unlll we were seated, then 1 quietly Sank into a seat him'self, '. At first our conversation was upon ' the or dinary topics of the day 1VIr. Eisenbrass ' joining in with an occasional remark, but to which the - Doctor paid little attention, and kept amusing himself with the keys of the instrument at which ho was seated, yet without producing any sound. This surprised us, and we observed to the Doctor, "that his instrument did not seem inclined to be musi cal this morning." This brought a laugh from the Doctor, which was immediately echoed by his friend in such an unearthly and comical manner, that we could not refrain from laughing also although we felt that it was at our own expense, ; i As soon as we became a little calm, the Doctor rose from his sent, and tuking us kind ly by the hand, said :, "Pardon me, my dear j friend, for having played an innocent prank upon you. Mr. Eisenbrass is the Automation I invited you here to see ; and being the first who has seen it, I could not resist a sort of paternal desire of showing it off, as foud parents always do their first-born children." '. We looked at the Doctor then at Mr. Ei senbrass, and again at the Doctor, to see If h was quizzing us There sat Mr. E. im moveable, with his eyes fixed upon the floor, hile the Doctor seemed bursting with de light. ' We looked again, "I see," said he, "you are incredulous ; let mo convince you" and seating himself on the instalment again, and touching the keys, Mr. E. immediately, be en in 3 animated, ami luugUod and talked quite fluently. We now observed quite a thick buudlc of line covered wire extending from the cabinet to the chair of Mr. Eisenbrass. The Doctor then ro.se and explained the whole affair to us. When Professor Fuber completed his speaking automation, (a par ticular account of which we gave a year or two since,) Dr. Lube conceived the idea of constructing an artificial man, and placing within it a modification of the apparatus of Professor Faber, to be operated by voltaic electricity ; but intended " to imitate to a greater extent the power of speech than the Professor had done. The idea onco concei ved, was immediately acted upon. :Tke bones of a human subject were procured, aud cloth- id with a complete muscular system, com posed of vulcanized caoutchouc. The con- sumate anatomical knowledge of Dr. Lube enabled him to do this with great success ; at the same time adding a perfect system of nerves made of line platinum, .wjrp, covered with silk. It is undoubtedly-know n to most of our readers that the muscles of animals act by an enlargement or contraction in the middle, produced by the will acting through the nertesi . . , ' ' These efforts were imitated, by placing in the centre of each musio electric magnet, witkLdelicate machinery attached, to beAvork ed :by galvanic currents through the platinum wires or nerves, which were connected with the battery, and the key board tf the instru ment above referred to. So all that was ne. cessary to produce a certain action in the figure, or make it give forth particular sounds was to1 touch the required key os in certain descriptions of telegraphs, and the required result was sure to follow. As a matter of course, the accomplishment ot all this was a thing of no. small difficulty, and ordinary minds would have shrunk from it. - But Dr. Lube, with a zeal and perservance worthy of all imitation, has mastered every obstacle, and produced a work that will place bis name far up on the scroll of Fame. t - ' ' ' ' ? -f " A Alphabet or Shobt Rules Well worth Remtmbrin' --Mleni well to your business. Be punctual m your payments. ' Consider well before you promise. Dare to do right. Envy -no more Faithfully perform, your duty. Go not in the path of vice. .. , Have respect for your character. ., , Infringe on one's rights. . Know thyself. tae not, for any consideration ( j ' " ' Make few. acquaintances. ' Never profess what you do not practice. ; Occupy your time m usefulness, i '. : Postpone nthmttbat you can do now. ' ; Quarrel net with your neighbor. . , tecm)jfne very. man for his.labo'c. ,. Save something against a day of trouble. ' Treat everybody with kindness. ' , ( Use yourself to moderation. Vilify no person's tepataiiooj, Watchfully guard again idleness. " ' j. Examine your oonduct daily. " ' ' i I Yield to superior judgment i: -M Zealously pursue the right path. .1?. - . - ,.. . TRIAL OT GENERAL PILLOW. ; , "H The New Orleans Delta contains a full re port ot the trial of Gen. Pillow, up to April 13th, the twenty-fifth 'day of the session of the court. The whole eVidence1, in its pres ent stage, is to prove that General Pillow does not deserve the credit of planning the battle of Contreras. The details are too long for the crowded state of our colums and We therefore give a synopsis, embracing some of the points of interest : r ' ''Captain Taylor's testimony was very clear, ly against the claim of Gen. Pillow, of having planned the battle of Contreras. ' He says, "I asked him ihe night before the battle how things looked. He replied badly. He said the position was very strong, too strong to be attacked, and that he was going to report that fact to Gen Scott, . ady'sieTg him to leave it, and get in tna'rcar of San Antonio." Ra ther a strange opinion Tor one who had plan ned the attack Lieut. Beauregard testifiedhal, in a , con: sulfation of general and stitfT officer, at Tie dad, Gen Scort. expressed a decided .prefer ence for attacking Chapultepec, iii preference to the Gurita of San Autonia, but that Con. Pillow preferred un attack on the latter, al though on the evening before he had said to him that the time for attacking the latter had passed. John H Peoples, of the American Star, gave some details of a conversation betweeti himself aud Gen. Pillow, in reference to Mr People's previous notice of intention to pub lish the Leonidas letter, with such comments as he thought it deserved. Gen. Pillow said to him You must recollect, as I said before, that I never forget my frieuds nor forgive my ene mies. At that time the late Capt. Smith, 3d Infantry, came in, and the conversation stop ped. After Capt. Smith had left the room, I asked Gen. Pillow if he would allow me to take that letter which he hud addressed, but not sent to me, that ho could shape a contra diction, as he authorised, from. He reminded me again, when I got up to leave the room) that he was Becond in command, and if Gen. Scott should go home, or anything were to happen him, he then would take command of the army. . The substance of Lieut. Tilton's testimony is comprised in the following paragraph : On or about the 22d of Sept., I, together with another officer, paid a visit of ceremony to Gen. Pillow. Upon that occasion, the con vejsation turned upon the battles preceding our entrance into the city. Major OenT Pil low stated to us that the battle of Molino del Rey was au unfortunate affair ; ho informed us that he hud lost 860 men, which loss we (meaning the general officers) sedulously con cealed from the army, lest it might have a dispiriting effect on the men, and that Gen. Scott was stunned or paralysed by this loss ; and consequently, upon himself as second in command, devolved the subsequent move, meuts or words to that eflect : I do not re collect exactly the words used. I . was also given to understand at the same lime, ..by Gen. Pillow, that the conception, as well as the execution, of the assault upon Chapulte pec, originated with himself. With the ex ception of some personal compliments on our sejvej and the Voliigeur regiment, .that was; I believe, the substance of the conversation Mr. Trist thus runs a tristful thrust at Gen. P:e claims to the honors of the victory of the 20th August. They had been in Gen. Scott's room on the night of the 19th, engaged in consultation respecting; the contemplated bat tie of the morrow. Mr. T. says: The company dropped off until at a very late hour of the night, when preparations were made y Gen; Scott to go to bed, and he had a bed made in his room also for Gen Pillow. Upon leaving the room to go to my own, Gen i Pillow followed me, and went with me to my room. He then, in a very solemn tone, seid to me, ;This is goiug to be a failure." I answered that things had cer tainly not looked very bright at nightfall, but my own spirits had been very much raised by Capt. Lee's arrival, and the information brought with him. Can. Pillow did not no tico my remark, but, in a tone ant! maipier implying that I had interrupted , linn, went on to say, that "I call on you now to remem ber, and bear me witness hereafter, that I have had .nothing to 4h with ." At that time, I looked upon these words as the dying chage of, a inaq who expected to be killed next day, and m a manner corresponding to that expression, I made him a .promise, as well as i recollect, "I will not forget." He then began some further remarks in the same strain, giving his views of what onght to be done. Mr. Trist further testified, that at a meet ing of many general officers, about the 11th of September, Gen. Scott was in favor of at. tacking Chapultepec, but that Gen. Pillow was very reserved. Furthermore, that about the same time Gen; Pilkw expressed to him bjs 'deoided opinion that there should be no more active operaUons until ine army was reinforced.'1 He also testifies that Gen. Soot t was not cast down nor irresolute after the af fair of Mou6y(M Rey, a stated by Gen. Pillow, though he was much grieved at the lo'sVof -rftaky personal friends. He says I reoolteot, rsxrtioularly, Martin Sport -was one of them. His mind, in other respects, was pieewsly what I have always known it to be, in regard to all operations of lbs' amy, but aH day In receiving reports, and comparing views, perfectly clear and collected. 11 there wm My difference between his. eondition then and en farmer occasion, he was mote animated. i .i:.!,: Ps,The tesUmoney of Mr, Trist . went princi-' pally to exculpate Gen, Scott from the impu tation cast upon him by Gen, Pillow, of hav ing made an 'experiment" in the affair of Molino del Rey. i Mr. Trist, it would eeern) was hot altogether cool in his manner, as the President of the Court requested that he Would cive his evidence with less of arjirit and torjeand hatred, fee, ' . , . The subjoined extract from the testimony of Capt. Huger, on the evening of the 20th, after the battlei it would be well to comnare with the one quoted above ,tllo testimony of Mr. Trist, given late at night bv Gen. Pillow. just before the battle ' I rode up to him to congratulate him on his safety and the success of the day( which had turned out as well as we could haVo wished from tho propects of the previous night. The General replied, "Yes sir, I am getting along ery well ;. 1 llad arranged all mv . nlaus. which have been mi.ni...fnllu .-nrrln,! nd.Oeiij Scott is perfectly satisfied with it." ine subjoined quotation from tha same witness, Capt. ll., only agrees with the opin ion entertained by every sensible nml candid mind in this, country, respecting the euertrv of the brave old General who has done so much with so meagre means in Mexico. Q. Hail the witness many official or other interview with General Scott between the 7th nd the 19th of September, and what was the impression received by witness on those occasions, regarding said cott's energy com pared with earlier occasions in the cam paign t ' A. I have had frdqlienl interviews with General Scott during the stated time J and as tho occasion required any great energy, I think he always displayed as ninth or more energy, both of mind and body, us 1 observed on lesser occasions. Lieut. Beeman testified that Mai. Burns denied positively to him having been the au thor of tho Leonidas letter. The Maior. it will be recollected, claimed, before the court the authorship of said document. Ha also showed Lieut. B. certain laudatory verses, in which Gen. Pillow's name was introduced in the chorus, tho whole written and adapted to the beautiful air of Jim Crow. Lieut. McConnell thus speaks in answer to a question when and where he saw Gen eral Pillow at the battle of Chapultepec. He states the time twenty minutes after the place had fallen, that Gen. Pillow was carried into the works. "When I was near the building, I saw Gen. Pillow borne along on the backs of somo soldiers. I remomber it was at this, time that they were carrying him along, for t stop ped a moment to look at hiin, and seeing that he did not appear to suffer much hurt, and remembering a circumstance which happen ed some time previous, I passed on thinking he was but slightly hurt." The testimony of Lieut. Simpson goes merely to confirm that of Lieut. McComfel!, as to the time that elapsed after the fall of Chapbltepec before the arrival of Gen. Pillc'r, in a blanket, at the castle. ' It was thought that the Court of Inquiry would soon adjourn to the United States, where are many of those whoso testimony is considered important. '. ;' . r i t ...i , : ' The For OuTwmxn.--Iu one of our coun try taverns a' few years since there happened to be a number of respectable farmers clad in the usual habit, when a spruce young gentleman came in, rigged m the highest style, with a watch in his pocket, who strut, ted about the room with great pomp, dangling his watch keys and seals in the most foppish manner. After swaggering about the room for a few minutes, he cried out and challen ged any man in the room to drop money with him, one piece at a time, mid tha one whose purse held out the longest should take the whole and treat tho company. No one at first appeared to'act!ept his challenge which only tended to render the fop more inflated with an idea of his .superior wealth, and ha became trie more earnest ; at longlh a rusty looking, but shrewd old farmer observed, if no one else would except of his offer he would doit. 'It's done," said ihe fop; nd imme diately called on the third man lohold the hat The farmer then put his hand iu his pock et and took out what he called a bung town copper, aud dropped) h into, t.he hat. The fop immediately dropped in his second piece, and the farmer, feeling in his pocket for another .piece, but -finding none, gravely observed, '1' ami treat, t have no-more; you may take the whole and treat the company.' 'Wire! wife! our Cow's dead choked with a turnip!' '. '1 told you so'.- L always Jrnovf'd she'd choke herself with them turnips.' 'But it was a pumpkin a darned big one.' Wal, it's ail the same.: ' I know'd all along how it would be. Nobody -but tt ninny like you, Would feed cow on pumpkiiis that wasn't ebbpt' ' iTh mmnkins wasehopt. And 'twant tho pumpkhis nuther, what chokedhor, 'twas thf trav the end on't is sticken out of het mouth .'. "- now.' . . . 'Ugh! Ugh! There goes my bread tray -No longer ago than yesterday, I told you the oowd swallow that tray." ... m r i Qun:, -sift it 1 In 830', no sooner had the Day of Algiers ' arrived in Franpe, as a prisoner of Charles the tenth, than the king was dethroned and exiled; .and in. 1841. no sooner had the Emir Abdel Kader reached the snores of FraMefes the prisoner of Louis PlyUippe, than the Hitig of the barricades was dethroned and exiled- OLD SERIES VOL. 8NO. 33. J$MS OF EOEStfV; - THE IIQIIT OF PASO DEL MAR; : v; Gusty and raw was the morning, . i A fog hung over the seasi , And its grey skirts, rolling inlahri, v : Were torn by the mountain trees; t No. sound was heard,, but The dashing' Of waves oft the sahdy bar,. T .; -i When Pablo of 'Sail Diego I i. -!',., Rode down to the Paso del Mar. j-. The pescador, out in his shallop, ', ''' - Gathering his harvest so wide, ' ' Sees the dim bnlk rjflhe headland Loom over the waste of the tide j He sees, like a white thread, the pathway Wind found on the trrit51e wall, Where the faint, moving speck of the rider Seems hovering close- to its fall Stout Pablo of San Diego '' ' ' 1 ' . 1 'Rode'd&vn "front" the hills behind;' c With tho bells on his grej mule.twihkttug, Ho sang thr6ign'lRe fog and wind " ' Under his thick, misted eyebrows, Twinkled his eye like a star," " ''''' And fiercer he sang, as the sea-winds ' Drove cold on thu Paso del Now Bdrnal, the herdstnan'bf Corral, Had travelled the shore since dawn, , Leaving tha ranchos behind him . ; Good reason had he to be gone ! ' w The blood was still red on his dagger, Th'jfury wa .hot in His brain, , And the chill, driving scud of the breakers Beat thick on his forehead in vain. ' With his I'la'n&et wrapped gloomily around him, t He mounted the dizzying road, And the chasms and steeps of the headland .Were slippery and wet as he trode ; Wild swept the wind of the ocean . Rolling the fog from afar; ' 1 , ' "' ' W hen neat him a mule-bell came tinkling, Mid-way on the Paso del Mar 1 "Back!" shouted Bcrnal, ful fiercely", And "back !" shouted Pablo, in writllr; As his mule halted, ctartled and shrinkinp, , Pn the perilous line of the path ! The roar of devouring surges Came up from the breakers' hoarse war ; And "back; or you perish!" cried Bcrnal, "I turn not on Paso del Mar !" Tho grey jiiule stood firm as tlie Headland ; He clutched at the jingling rein, When Pablo rose up in his saddle, And smote, till he dropped it again. A wild oath of passion swore Bernal,.'' . And brandished his dagger, still red, While fiercely stout Pablo leaned forward t And, fought o'er his trusty mule's hoad. Thty fought, till the black wall below them Shone red through the misty blast ; Stout Pablo ihnn struckileanln further,. The broad breast of Bernal at last. . And frenzied with pain, the swart herds man Closed round him his terrible grasp, : And jerked him. despite of his struggles, Djwn from the mule, in his clasp. ' They grappled with desperate madness,1 On the slippery edge of the wall, They swayed on the brink, and together Reeled out to the rush of the' fall! A cry of tho wildest death anguish t Rang faint through the mist afar, Aad the rklerless mule went Hbnieward , From thi fight of the Paso del Mar ! ' Literary World. MEDICAL FACTS. BX J. DONKEY, M. B,. ', T ' '''''' Merchants- generally dieyof- the bilious, printers of the typhus, and brokers of the re mittent fever. ' '. ' Masons usually go off with stone, gravel or dropsy. Most tailors leave the .world in fits- though there customers rarely do. If an-editor is unwell, you maybe sure" that there is something wrong in the circula tion - ' ' Misers are frequently troubled with Ihe gripes, and pains iu the chest. V t' ' Seamstresses suffer much from stiches in the side.' - ' ' ' Some of our bonevolent men are frequent ly attacked with inflamation of the bowel. The children of coopers are never tree trom the hooping cough. "r ' . , . I ; Lovers have a palpitat.on of the heart, and expectorate too much. The best remedy is a strong solution of Sal Soda. " i Oi'rreOngressional orators are never troubled' with shortness of breath'; although with them flatulence is not uncommon. -' -v Dvers are subject to the blues and scarlet fever, and cloctmakers1 tottie tic doloureux. t' !.!-; Uiazier are never wunuui pamB. , , Brewers are constantly ailing. ' It is said that our President is troubled with all sorts of complaiuts, and that' the Sec-'' retary of the Treasury has' been fearful of consumption' Most of the leaders of the Sunday Mercn- ry have a difficulty of digestion ; on the oih-' er halid, the anbeoribers of the BO od Chron-" otyps are said to have remarkable strong stomach...' , . ' Poke root is a good purgative, tnrt is apt to produce external and internal oonvsjaisaa--uhder'all circumstances one dose will be louna quite J. The King's Evil is not known in this coun-yT ly, and is beoonvpg rare even to Europe, - .i m" .' A llomojosavthio College is shout f tablished In Philadelphia, the UX. having PMed) st Us last W tering one.