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f ! ' ' II. B. MASSER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE, CORNER OF CENTRE ALLEY & MARKET STREET. 5 NEW SERIES VOL. 1, NO. 21. TERMS OF THE AlMKItlCAX. TIIK AMERICAN Is piiblinhcd every Saturday at TWO DOLJ.AK8 per annum In be paid half Ti-nrly in auYance. .No paper diaeontinnr until all arrrnroam are pniil. All Cinnnmnicatirma or li-ltrra on liimin-im rrlnting to the tofnce, to insure attention, must tie TOST PAID. TO CLl liS. Three cepies to one aiklrm, 85 on Keren lo Pn 111(10 Fifteen Do LK 9000 Five doltars in advance will pay fur ttircc year's FiilMcrip lion to the American. One Square of 18 linen. 9 times, Every subsequent insi-rtion, One Square, 3 montlia, Six months, One year, Bniinen Cards of Five line, per annum, Merchants and others, advertising by llio year, with the privilere of inscrlieg dif- iereiit advertiaeiiumla weekly. fcf Larger Advertisements, oa ier agreement 81 no as &k ars SHU 300 1000 ATTORNEY AT LAW, BONBUSY, PA. Bush"- stlr-nilcJ to in the (loiintiit of Nor ijiUM' crlnml, Union, Lycoming anil Columbia. Hefer lot V. fc A. PnvnunT, l.owF.n & Habhox, Nomina &. SutyinHASs, W'At'lW. KiTROLna, Mcr AHLtnn iV t o. PPEHIRO, 'jOOl) &, Co., "POTEFfeEiTGLISH, tinoiEiis commission merchants mill Hcnlcrs III Seeds, ,V. 3, Arch St. PHILADELPHIA. Constantly on hand a general assortment of (, 11 OC K1UES, TEA S, WINES, S E K DS, LIQUOliS, &c. To which they respectfully invite the attention of the public. All kinds ofcountry produce taken in exchange for (Groceries or 10I1I on Commission. Ehilad. April 1, 18-18 HECHEAPlnTlR SHIRK. DANIELS &, SMITH'S l.' UK AC NkW & tSKCOMI 1IA.MI Hook S1010:, A'nri UVsi earner nf fourth rnul Arch Street l'hiliutcljiliin. I, aw lionks, Thi'iilniiiral f'lnssicnl Hooks, MKBICAL ROOKS, JIIOlillA I'IJCA I. V IIISTOItWA I. HOOKS, SCHOOL HOOKS. Mi:ik.ntm io anu Mathematical To i:s Juvenile Rook., ingnvl variety. Hymn Ttooks anil Prayer Books, Bibles, all sir..-s and prices. hlank Bonis, HYi iitr i'tqirr. ami Stnlimmry, Uhl.fie and lUlitil. 17-Ovr ibices arc much I wer limn lite RKorxtR prices. UlManin and n:ill irc, l ollr'Ve purclcisct. ff uooks inipurtiil to oritur tomi lu.l ui. tniilwlcipiiiii, April 1, CMKU 6l SKtl. E.fatAVI0. WM. G MA SOX. 46 Chetnut . 3 dtxirr aliore itiet l , Pliihih lihia Engraver of nf KIMiSS & VISITliNCi t A!llS, Watch papers, Labels, Door plates. Seals and i'lnmpi lor Odd Fellows, Sons of Temperance, tec, tit. Always on hand a general assortment of Fine Fancy Gooda.tJold pensof every o,nality. Dog Cnllurs in great variety. Engravers tools and materials. Acercy for the Manufacturer of Glaziers Dia- tnonds. Orrfers per mail, (post paid) will he punctually attended to. J'hiUdelphia, April I, IR48 y BASKET MANUPACTORY, Ao 15 AowA Stetmd ttreet Eat title, duicn tajp, PHILADELPHIA. HENRY COULTER, MKSPKI'TKUIXY inforaw rim friitid and the pub ic, that he constantly keeps on a large assortment of chi drens wil'ow I'oachea, Chairs, Crad'es, market and travel ling hatbeU. and every variety of basket work inaiiiilncttired. Country Merchant! and otheTa who with to purchase such artie'ea, food and cheap, would do well to call on him, as they are i. mauulac lurct by him tnthe best manner. I'aiiMeirihia, June 3, 18)8. ly OIT.TIt V n i: tl VII A T?S taa Hi t (rem l to '-'' per t ent. BV fXTctiasiag their OILCLOTHS direct from tbe Manufacturers. rOTTF.R &CARV1CHAKL llave opened a rt'arehouse, No. l.L'i North Third Mrert above Race, second door South of the Ka vie Hotel, rinr.Anr.i.rim, vhrre they will always keey on hand a complete sin I merit of Patent Elatlie Carriage Oil flth 28,31, 40, 48 and SI inches wide. Fi gured, Fainted, and Plain, on the inside, on Mus lin Drilling anc Linea. Talik Oil Clutlu of the moat desirable patterns, 36, 40, 4C and 34 inches wide, floor Oil Cloth, from 28 inches to 21 feet wide, well seasoned, and the newest atyie fT patter;,,, kH 0f their on manufacture, ,Tran parent Window Shades, Carpeta, &. All goods warranted. Phil. May 27, 18J8 3m riBST PREMIUM PIANO FORTES. faPUE SUBSClUl'iF.U has been appointed agent 1. for the sale of CONRAD MEYER'S CELE BRATED PREMIUM ROSE WOOD PIANOS, at this place. These Pianoa have a plain, mas aiva and beautiful exterior finish, and, for depth of tone, and elegance of workmanship, are not awaasaed by any in the United States. fhea. instruments are hizhlv approved of by the most eminent Professors and Composers of Music ia this and other cities. For qualities of tone, touch and keeping ia tone upon Concert pitch, they cannot ne sucpas aed by either American or European Pianos. Suffice it to aay that Madame Castellan, W. V Wallace. Vieux Temps, and bis sister, the cele brated Pianist, and many others of (he most dis tinquiabjed performers, have given these itistru monia nr'efareiice over all others Taey bave also nceived the first notice of the t hrea laat Exhibitions, and the last Silver Medal by the Franklin Institute in 1813, was awarded to them, which, with other premiums from th same source, may be aeen al the ware-room no 53 south Fourth st. rrAiiother Silver Medal was awarded to (. Meyer, by the Frahklin Institute, Oct. IS 15 fur the best r-iano in wis fxinu" Again at the exhibit 1011 of the F rauklin Irt,. ttrte, Out. 1846, the first premium and medal was awarded to '. Meyer for his 1'iaiios. although it had been awarded at tbe exhibition nf the year before, 00 tbe ground that be had made (till great er improvement! in bis Instruments witbio tbe past 13 Boon'.bs. Again at the last exhibition of the Franklin Institute, '6iT, another Premium was awarded to C. Meyer, for the beat Piano in the exhibition. At Boston, at their last exhibition, Sept. 1847, C. Meyer reeeived the lust silver Medal and Di ploma, for tbe beat square Piano in tbe exhibition These Pianoa will be sold at the rr.anufactu ter'a lowest Philadelphia prices, if not something SoweY. Persona are requested to call and exam ine for tbeweelvea, (t the residence of the sub scriber. H B. MASSER. fcijnburjr, Apiil 9, 18.3. Correspondence of the Boston Atlas MEXICAN CUSTOMS. Muxi'co, May 2SlIi, 15US. The niiatlorrs, or watcr-rnrrirrs of Mex ico constitute a peculiar and distinct class 01 its population ortlie lower order. io (1,:,,,. .,.. .t.i: i . u""s --.n.-iiiuiiiijr our .American wells or pumps i.s to be Been, and the pure and re u. im m im MOtj ns m piCv lorn or Jtoston, conveyed into the city through pipes, tinder the ground. The acquedtrds are tupendous pieces of masonry, huilt sev. i.ii centuries ago, ly the Spaniards, vhcn at the height of their power. Like the Spanish bridges between this city and Vera Cruz, they are massive and nianificrnt. There are to of these that enter the cily toward the South, one of which is supplied with w?(Pr npar Tacubay, and the oilier in a direction farther west. " The latter is from three to five milesin extent, huilt wilh sionc arches, of fjreat thickness, and some fifteen or twenty feet from the ground. The o ther is of less extent, though of the same substantial masonr3r. These aqueducts, nt this moment, hear evidences of the ravages of the battle al the Carilas. The numerous indentations on ei ther side of the arches show that both A merican and Mexican cannon balls and shells flew thick and fast diiriiur, the event ful day on which our troops entered the :iiiuai. ucii. vuuman entered iy tne Tucubaya acqueduct, and Oen. Worth by the oilier the latter literally liewin;' his way throtiirh the splendid parlors and sa loons of the wealthy citizens in that quar ter of the city. Doors and walls offered no hindrance. They wer cut through ty. easily .Ts if they had been muslin screens-. Even while the brilliant, ladies rnd rnbal ler.w wero takins their siestas in the after lio.m, our cannons knocked at their door.j, and lli' -re could be no refusal to admit the applicants. Thiiie two immense aiueditcts as I have said, are solid Klructuri s of masonry. You should have seen them during the earth quake we had in October last. They ac tually reeled, and the water cover-d the streels on each side. The large fissures, still visible, show the effect of the fem'ifor ile lierri, but 1 should imagine that liltle short of the general "crack of doom" could crum'ile their piles to the earth. But, how ever, that may be and after the earthquake to which I have referred, I dare not sp.-ak wilh certainty the water conveyed into the city by these acqueducts is emptied into large stone basins, highly ornamented with figures in the centre, to be found in almost every plaza, plauzela and public place in the capital. It is also taken by pipes to the mansions of some of the wealthier citizvns, but the great mass of the inhabitants rely entirely upon theaguadors for their snpplv. These may be seen early in the morning, at the basins, in their cropped, oval shaped caps, and with two earthen jars. The lat ter an; immediately filled and taken to their respective customers, who pay from one to two and three Ihtcos per diem for as much of the element as they require. Unless you have seen some engraving of the appear ance of the agnndores, as they crowd the pavement with their two jars, a large one behind, like the globe on Atlas's shoulders, and a smaller one in front, like Racliacl's pitcher coming from the well, to balance, you have no idea of their comical appear ance. I have sometimes 'uocn amused at seeing a couple of therrt? water carriers, with their heads b;'t almost to the ground bv the i ''lit oflho large jar In-hind, unexpectedly run atrainst each other while coming i n oppo site directions. 1 he consequence almost in variably is that the front jars are broken to pieces, lne aguadoros ol course loseuieir equilibrium, and down they go, one upon! the other. Each blames the other for not turning aside. Curses and blows follow the former in very bad Spanish or M - ican and the latter in what I should di-! 'iiate i the Saxon, right down weighty and solid ar'tunents. JNot baing able to pick up the spilt water, they gather tip the fragmentsof the jars and pummel each other until some good wile or member ot the police takes one or both to a neighboring guard room. That class of the Mexican population is, generally speaking, very ignorant, knowing neither how to read nor write, i or the most part thev are of the Aztec race their complexions of the tanned and swarthy hue. of the Indian. Their cropped hats or caps entirely rimless to enable them the better to fasten the leathern straps around their forehead with their stout leathern 'aprons in front, give them a singularly tmi j'-.e a)- pearance. Indeed 1 have olten t.-t ,-n puz zled when 1 have met mx or eight of them together to distinguish one froe.t another. Tlit ir short jackets and trowseys ore of the same fashion, and they are a'.'i as much alike in gait, dress and acconipr.ninieiits, as a do zen of eggs in a basket. They very rarely know anything oft lie. marriage tie, but live with some squalid , rnmpanion in the out skirts of the metropolis, or in some filthy street in the settled portion, where they breed to suc'.i an extent that their constant (readings the pavements with their jars does ne.'i enable them to support their liu- nu rry. is progeny. 1 believed, however, as a class the aauadores are free from the frillies of tho leperos and ladronea around them. Some of the basins of the city are quite superb and magnificent. Those, as you en ter tho city by the lacubava road, m par. ticular, might be cited. Several of them have large bronze and stouo statues, repre senting some one of the gods or heroes of antiquity, those, also, in the Alameda, are among the first obiecta in that heautitul enclosure that attract attention. There are no less than eight or ten in the Alameda, encompassed by stone benches in a circular form, where, on almost every afternoon or evening, the beauty and fashion of (hej city may be seen declining. . Paved avenues or walks lead from cne to (he o(her ; but they SUXUITKY NOKTII UM I) all converge (o one point the great cen tral bajin of the extensive grove and pronie gade. I will add that the water of Mexico i.s very good, not possessing the relaxing qualities ol that ol era t. ruz, or in nc m of the suburbs of the city. Some writer has affirmed that the Mex icans are not an intemperate people. As far as my own observation extends, the remark is nearly correct. Intemperance among the middle and higher classes is of very rare occurrence. Among the lower, however, it prevails to a considerable extentt The Indians, Who bring their produce into the cily at early morn, must have their glass of ii-riiaairnir a more poisonous and pestilent liquor than ?ii w England rum. It is no unusual occurrence to see them lying upon the pavemenl, basking or broiling in the sun. Hut it is due to truth to ray that a majority of these deluded victims are Indi an women. The leperos, ladrones, and idlers of all kinds, who throng the pulque and liquor shops, are generally noisy from llin effect of drinking, and a good port ion of them find a day, as well as niht lodging in the different arches & porticos of the cil'. Liquor shops that is, groceries under the name oftirmlns are to be found at every corner of the street. The number of them is very great, and, of course, very pleasant to the olfactories of whoever passes them. You might blindfold a man, and lend him lb rough every street and alley of the cily, and he would give you tbe number of tlie'in all that is, if he had a decent and respec table nose. The liquor most generally sold is n-runilirntc, under different names ac cording as it is colored or scented. It is vile stuff, and I fear has sowed the seeds of death in the con titutions of but too many of our troops. It b distilled from one oft he grains, anil almost invariably goes by the name of "wlu-key'' anion;; the soldiers. Pul que is quite a diili rent article, and, you are aware, is the threat national beve- r.le of the p.-op'e. It is said by some of our phy.--.it ians to be healthy, if not taken in too lare quantities. Not so strong as cider it has somewhat, of its tartness, and is as unpleasant to the palate, at first, ns an olive. Pulque shops are to be seen nil over the cily, their walls gent rally decorated with some fantastic representation such as a half dozen Mexicans drinkinpj pulque and dancin i, while another plays upon a fiddle. The efled of Ibis liquor is ralhel enlivening at first, and leads to song andnierry-imiking. A few glasses too much of it, however, soon lay the dancers trpon the floor. This beverage is made from tbe abluted maguey plant, agave or A merican aloe. It has been known in Mexieosincethe whites had any knowledge of the country ; and, indeed, according to authentic accounts, much earlier. Paper, cards, and several other arlicb-s are also manufactured from its fibres. I saw soma of these plants in blossom this side of Ptu bla, which were nearly thirty feet in height, and very pro minent objects upon the road side. In the time of Cortez, the Aztecs manufactured paper from the maguey. I have alluded, in one ol my former let ters, to a beautiful characteristic of the Mexican ladies their love and culture of the gorgeous flowers of (heir sunny clime. It seems to me that they have almost a'i equal passion for rearing the many voiced and briget plumaged birds ol their couMtry Above nearly every balcony may he seen three or four cages suspended, filled with merry songsters. One portion of most of the markets of the city is devoted to a sort of a iary, for the sale of birds. So in many of the streets, the air absolutely vocal with melody. I never shall fo'get my aston ishment one morning, as I was out early, at seeing directly in the street before me, what appeared at the moment to be nothing less than a small housj jnade entirely of bird cages, each stu'.y filled with tinging birds, except one. vhich was inhabited solely by an old lot ster. The house was walking, though "it was ten feet high and half as wide ae.d '.hick. How it was car ried puzzled r.ie not a liltle, for neither logs or arms were visible. Upon reaching this aviary on twu legs, I ascertained that it was liorne by a email Indian girl, almost bent double, i-.rder the weight. Soon several other walking houses followed, till the street was nearly full of them. These Cage ca'.ri.-rs all took their way to the grand pla-:a, or the market near it, to dispose of their burdens. lmnienso iiiTinhers of these cnges are manufactured in the suburps, of wicker of cane, and .sometimes quite taste fully ornamented. I certainly have never visited any place where tho females cxhihi' ed so much love for flou'crs and birds as in til.' city of Mexico. Speaking of birds, I have an interesting incident to narrate. As I was recently passing through one of the streets, leading out i( (iiitle ilc. Plncios, (the great business thoroughfare, of the capitol) 1 was certain tlv.it I heard the notes of the robin. The very idea of hearin; the notes of cue of tlu se songsters, so tar from JNew t-.nglmui, induced me. to slop short, and make some thing of a search. There were many birds in an adjacent aviary, and it was dillicull to distinguish the notes ot any one ot them However, after murh inquiry, 1 saw a soli tary cage suspended from a balcony, four stories from the ground. I immediately entered the court yard of the house and was s'Kin at the balcony. I Here, sure enough, was a robin red-breast, as merry and musical as any I have ever seen upon the old elm in front of a New England farm-house. 1 do not know when so slight an incident has had so magical .an ellect upon my feelings. My imagination car ried me home in an instant to the green fields the sunny hillsides all vocal with the prattle of the boblink, the sveet notes of the golden oriole, the twittering of (he swallow and above all the cherished me lody of the robin the owner (a Frenchman) of the bird re lated that he, several years since, while at Iew Orleans, brought home with him sev K It LA N I) C OITXTyi.A.. sATUIllUY, AUUUST 19, .8 17 'ili-y were probably obtained orignilIv e.-al of them, as well as a.iiumljcr of eg"s. from some one of the -niiny inercha its and traders from the Aortli, 'in the Crescent City. I assure yon I thought I had seen this identical robin in Massachusetts or New Hampshire; and when,af.t-rbehad finished bis first song, he held up one of his legs to ward me, 1 could have almost have sworn to the fact. J shall remember him nt ony rale, and bear his best respect to his fellow songsters in the far North. Parrots of every color and species are as much domesticated in this city as cats, and far more mischievous withal. They climb upon every tangible object in a room, or upon the oufsides of the houses. Some of them talk better Spanish than many of those around, who have, or ought to have, re flective families. Jlut notwithstanding their gaudy plumage, their incessant chatter renders them perfect bores, (.'ive me a good, faith (til dog, even and amiable, well allianced tom-cat, ay, or a kitten is bearable, but from a parrot, and a Mexican parrot to boot, good heaven deliver us! - GEMS OF POESY. Vrcm tho H,i.-t in lie l.AHOIt. tiv r.nwAnno. aiibott. Labor, labor honest labur Labor keeps mc well and slruitg; Labor ;.'ives me food and raiment, Lnbur, loo, inspires my sung ! Labor keeps me ever merry Checrtid labor but piny ; Labor wresllos wilh my sorrow, Labor driveih . ars away. Labor makes me greet the moiiiinj' In tbe glorious hour of d.iw n, And I see Ihe bills and valle.xs Put their golden carinentri oa. Labor brings im eve of solace, When my hands their toils forego, And ueriiss my hi'iil l in silence, (-'hei ished streams of inetiniiy llnw. Labor curtains night with gladness, (livelh rest ui id happ dri-nnie; And the sleep that follows labor, With a mystic pleasure teems. Labor ever freely givcth Lust runs vigor to the mind ; Shuddin-r o'er it sunlight holy, New ideas 1 daily liutl. Labor brings me nil I need While I wotk I need not borrow Hands are toilinir for to-day, Mind i.i woikit'tj for to-morrow. L dior'.s tools nmke sweetest music, As thei.- busy echoes ring ; Loom a, til wheel, and anvil, ever Have a merry soug In siisj' 'Labor La! in !'' eiieth Nature, "Labor!"' .siug th whet.-l-j of Time, And i I their own mystic latifii: i; ! Eaith and sky and ocean chime. Labor labor ! ne'er be idle, Labor, labor, while ye can ; :Tis the Iron Ago of Labor, Labor only makes tho mini ! TIIK voi.xt: L.wm.otti). One of tho best and soundest lawyers that ever sat on the bench of Massachusetts. as Judge P. . He was always dis tinguished for the urbanity of his manners and the true benevolence of his spirit : and the story I have now to relate illustrates, quite forcibly, this charteristic. Judge V. was raised in JJarnstable, and at the time we refer to assisted his mother as much as possible, in keeping a country inn; modi; ol stibsislance to which she was dri ven by tho death of her hushamU (Jne evening a way worn traveller, arm ed with a bundle suspended from a cune, entered the inn and asked for something to at. His dress was not calculated to im press a beholder with any vast ideas ol wealth, but rather of one who lived by travelling on foot and begging a night's lodging from the benevolent inn keepers. Mrs. P. cast a dance at the traveller, and seeing bis shabby coat, formed a pretty ac curate estimate ot Ins ability to pay lor whatever might be furnished him. She left the room to examine her larder and in a short time returned, and having set before hint a vent picked bone of beef wont out of the room, at the same time say ing to her son, John, it trill bo worth about twenty cents.' Our traveller attacked the beef, and after sometime, having perfectly macerated it, he rose and asked John how much lie was to pay. Well,' Faul John, 'mother thought it would be worth about twenty cents to pick that bone, and 1 think' sr (oo, here's (he money,' and he generously presented (he traveller with a pistercen.' Don't Likk His Looks. A Slietid'a offU eer was sent to execute a writ against a Qua ker. On arriving at the house, he saw the Quaker's wife, who, in reply to tho inquiry whether her husband was at home, re plied in (ho affirmative, at tho same timo requesting biin . to" bo seated, and her husband would speedily bob him. The offi cer waited patiently for some time, but tlio Quaker did not moke hi appearance ; and tho fair Quakeress coming into the roomy he re minded her of her promise (hat ha should ape her husband. "Nay, friend, I promised that he would see thee. He lias aeen thee ! He did not liko thy looks ; therefore he avoided thy path. ' and bath left Ihe house by another road." , 1 - - In youth, aay Lord Bacon, wonua are our mistresses ; at a riper age, our compan ions ; in old age, otu nurses, and in all age our friends ' n r i ., From the Public Ledger: AIKRirAJI OJIAPE CILTt-nE. Messrs, Editors : It is often asked why more attention is not given to grape culture in this cniiutrvj both for the purpose of fur nishing nn article for tublo asej tout lor ma king vine. Tim only reason we can think of for this apathy i., there being so many and such various means and opportunities of em ploying capital and skill in dlir Hew und wide spread country, that llin grape culture has been overlooked. Allhough the grape is not indigenous in Europe, till having been originally brought from Asia, u-t France alone in 182f, had four millions four hundred and sixty-five ihou- sind acres ( 1,46.1.00(1) of land in vineyards, producing niiiiualy nine hundred and one mil lions (SO 1.000,000) galloon of wine, mid worth two hundred million of dollars ($200,000,0011) besides the millions of grounds used for rai sins, table use, &C. Now the vine is indigenous in every Slate, Territory and Province in North America, from tho Atlantic to tho Pueilie, mid frdm Canada to California. The. early cultivators of the Vine in this country, have thrown away some hundreds df thousand of dollars in trying to acclimate foreign varieties of the urnpu to our soil and climate. None of ttio efforts have been suc eesnful in open culture; N. tiongworthj of Cincinnati, and Dr. It. T. Underbill, of New York, each have iqient several thousand dol lars in trying to cultivate foreign vines -both have discontinued the culture of foreiirn, tlttd both are now zealous mid successful cultiva tors of American vinos. Mr. Longworlh has one hundred acres in it bearing state, princi pally of the Catawid a variety. Dr. Under bill has twenty acres in bearing, principally of the Isabella. To the best of our know ledge Ihey are the two largest grape "rowers in the Union. The whole number of acres in vine yards in bearing near Cincinnati is alwuit four hundred. The grapes are raised there for wine making. From the Catawba is made an excellent wine, without cither sugar or al cohol, equal to the best lloek of Europe, ami which nt one year old. readily sells at one dollar mid fifty cents per gallon. In the spring of 1847, Mr Longworlh made six thou sand and Mr. Miller four thousand bottles of champagne, and of so good n quality ns to command twelve dollars perdoicn. Povcml Germans in Berks County, Pa., ore cultiVa ting the Istiliella, Culawba nnd Alexander grapes w ith success, und last season produced more than twenty thousand gallons of Wine. Dr. Underbill laises grapes expressly for tho New York market, sending there several thousand baskets yearly, nnd selling at nine lollnrs per hundred pound, or about four dol- ! lars fifty cents per basket. By the last con- ! veins, two of which nre powerful, nnd proba sns it nppenred that in 1839. North Carolina ; bly come together at about 200 feet in depth, was the greatest wine growing Slate in the ! The miners spenk very favorably of the pros Union. The Sen pperung is the favorite grape pects of finding an abundance of ore. here. al tho South, where it grows with great lux uriance, otio vine having produced one hun dred and filly gnllons of wine in one season. Sidney Weller, of I'.riukleville, N. C, informs j ly by the most abundant surface indications me that he has sold all his first quality of j and underground workings. Cuitio and ex wines of last year's vintage, nt three dollars ' amine for yourself; bring with you some of per gallon. To show that we nre in one of the best lo- ' cations in the Union, for grape crowing, ns regardw soil and climate, we need only slate one fact. In 1845, James Laws, nt bis farm near Chester, produced ten thousand pounds of Isabella and Catawba grapes tu the acre, and realized by selling them ut wholesale, "eight hundred dollars per acre, besides ma king more than two barrels of wine to the acre. Mr. Law's crop of grapes would have pro- hiceil more than one thousand gallons ot wine to tho acre, without the addition of ei ther sugar or alcohol) and worth when one year old, fifteen hundred dollars. We will mention n few of the good reasons for grape culture in this country; Tho aver- ago price of and in France, for giapo cul ture, is two hundred dollars per acre tho iiverage price in this country would not bo one-fourth part of that sum. The cost of manuring in some parts of Ku- rope is upwards of sixty-seven dollars per acre, being tour or live times ir.e cost in una country. Tho average quantity of wine made to the acre in Franco; is loss than two litnt' bed and fifty gallons. At Cincinnati the av. . i t i em go quantity is tour nuuureu ami seviwiiy- live gallons' per note. If you have tho epaoo to swiro we proposo to furnish Ihe two hundred thousand readers of tho Ledger with a few practical essays on tho culture of American grapes, and the man ufacture ol w ine, the cost of forming vine yards, the profits of thie culture. II. G. Boswkli.. NEWSPAPERS. A men eats up a pound of wiga, and the pleasure he enjoyed has ended ; but t"e in formation ho gets from a newspaper is treas ured up in the. mind, .lo be enjoyed anew, and to bo used whenever occasion or inclina tion calls for it. A newspaper is not the wis dom of otto man, or two' men ;' it is tho wis dom of the age, and of past ages too.. A family without a newspaper, is always half an age behind the times in general in formation, besides tfiey never think muct or find much to think about. And there are the little ones growing up in ignorance, with out rr tute for reading.' Besides all these evils, there' the wife, who, when her work is done, has to sit down arith iianda in her lap, and nothing to' amuse her mind' from the toils and care of the do mestic circle. Who then would be without a newspaper- Binjamin Franklin. amusements, Ve. From the Tribune ) IV EW JERSEY COPPER MINES. Flemincton, N. J., Aug. 4, 1848. Ma. Editor Of your 200.000 readers how many have ever heard of a place called Flemington ? how many are ignorant that there is a beautiful village of that name in Hunterdon co., New Jersey, now containing over 10,000 inhabitants t Tho most noted Company is called "flem ington." Their property lies half it milo west of the village, and their mining rights extend over 400 acres of land. Already five parallel veins liaVe been found on it, but tho workings have been chiefly confined to one of them. The outcrop of this vein is re markably rich, but it is in connection with, and much disturbed by, a dyke of trap rock. Both these circumstances have proved unfor tunate the one seducing tho company into hunting the oro too near the surface; the other preventing their finding it but with in creased cost, liooeiitly, however, levels have been opened ut 52, 70 nnd lod feel, and grati. fying results the vein showing well defined wallsj a softer matrix, an abundance of white spar, and mora ore. At the lowest, depth, the vein is about eight feet thick, and is en tirely freo from the trap. This company have been smelting for some time with suc cess. There are four furnaces created two blast and two reverberator-calcining. They can reduce from ten to twenty tons of ore a week. Several shipments of Copper have been made : one which I saw, weigded OTer io,000 1bs. Tho fuel used is anthracite Coal from the Lehigh region. Some of tho ore is roasted with wood in the open air. Its con stitutentsare 70 per cent copper, OS sulphur and 3 iron; and in the books is described as ''Gray Vitreous," The Company are consi. deriug the propriety of erecting more power ful and complete machinery to enable them to go deeper and to- dress their ore more promptly and perfectly. They have a char ter from the State for about 20 years, which gives the management to a Board of seven Directors, who aro chosen annually. Tho next Mine in importancu is called the 'Central ;" it lies South-West of the first, and adjoins it. This Company began exploring about a year ago; they mado live openings, or "shafts," discovered three veins, and con tinued working upon tho largest one through out K -j-ie, nnd took out a considerable quantity of surface ore, some 'of it very rich and beautiful, both grey and yellow. This was found lo contain a portion of silver. Du ring the winter a charter was obtained like that of th Flemington Company. Thero is now being erected a large steam-engine and other machinery. The new shaft is so placed as to cut tho lines of declination nf flui three This is eminently a "copper district," has been pronounced geographically so by sever al noted scientific men, and proved pnictical- vonr "mineral men." nnd we will fill their pockets with "specimens,"" their heads with "speculation," and their bands with shares, without stint. Yours,' &c", H. C. Pa in r i' i, fitsArrotNTMrsT. An Albany pa per publishes the following account of a fruit less search for u long lost child : It is known that a ft'n of Mr. Burt, of this city, four years old, has been missing over two years. Tho parents have always believ ed that tho child was takon away by a cir cus company. Mr. Burt received informa tion a few1 weeks since, that led him to be lieve that his son was with a circus company in Western Pennsylvania. Ho found the company near Bedford, Pa., but tho boy (though obtained at or near Schenectady, and of the same age,) was not his, and he sent a telegraph dispatch from Bedford, to his wife, saying, "not our child. Will bo home by Wednesday." But the telegraph noto as re ceived bv Mrs. ll.j 'read. ! "met our child. I will bo homo by Wednesday." The moth er, supposing her lost child had been found, communicated tho intelligence lo her friends. Put this mn'rninir,' wT-cu Mr. B. returned) those joyful uuticipatioii's were cruelly disap pointed. A rVEST Chemical Wick, for lamps, is about to u prion r in New York. Common cut- ton wick, by being saturated in a eombiiia lion of chemical instances, w ill burn with ail increased quantity and quality of light, and at a diminished c'"iisc. Wisconsin Poctvy. Tii sweet to ace Hie fod, the it g, The Hly and the pollivf But sweeter far a is to lot; Tu by my brail on Pally's knee. A CllUBCH TuaNED INTO A RAII.aOAn.-e- The ancient collegiate church of Edinburgh, has been purchased by the North British Railway Company for wafn shed. Tho tombs of the Scottish Queens, which will have to be removed, will cost the company seven teen thousand pounds. A Neco, undergoing an examination at Northampton, Mass., w hen asked if his mas ter was vnristian, replied : "io, sir, lie s a member of Congress '. " Leisure. This leisure is a very pleasant garment to look at, but it is a very bad one to wear. The ruin of millions may be traced to it. OLD SERIES VOL: 8, NO. 47. Dkcidedlt Bich A correspondent of tho Ttoy Budget, tells the following "good 'un :". 'It seems that the person who blows the bellow df tho organ at St. Luke's Church, also attends to the furnace for warming tho. building, and having occasion during ser vice, to "mind tho fires," he left the bellows in charge of a coachman lately imported, anel "green" as the Emerald Isle of his nativity1, before the appearance of the potato rot. Du ring hi absence, the ' Floria in Excelsis" came in the order of exercise, to be chaunt-i ed, and Patrick wan directed t furnish the organic element. A short time elapsed, but no music followed the touch of the lady who. presided at tho instrument: "Blow," whisp ered the fair Organist. "Blow!" repeated the leader, and "blow ! blast you, blow !" echoed the entire choir, but not a puff found4 its way into tho vacant pipes, to wake the slumbering harmony. An investigation now took place, and Patrick was found behind Iho organ with both his hands tightly croUCha, around tho bullows-hatidlo (a stick of somo five feet long and two inches thick,) the end stuck in his mouth, bis clicclks swelled to tli utmost expansion, his eyes distended, and the perspiration streaming; fiom his face en-' gaged in the vigorous but vain attempt to force his breath through tho instrument. It is, perhaps, unnecessary to say that soma little time passed before the choir were able to screw their mouths into that serious pucker requisite to the proper performance of Ihe musical exercise." HOW THEV BflLD Hut'SES IN Nr.W Toil, ,- Tim following account of civic. , architect are in New York is by Mike Walsh, who is n6 connected with a newspaper in Boston. Tho characteristics which .he ascribes to the style of Building aro strik'uigly mdieated by tho illustrations he giteS: Most of the buildings in vew York are run up by contract consequently ; the object to the owner and contractor, tbth' being to do and get tho work done as cheaply as possible. Ifotifes there are, very (limsily constructed, and it is getl'ng to bo more and moretfi'e case' here. We. have heard it averred, that build ing contractors, there, have been known to split their brick and sot them edgewise, to' make one supply tho space of two. VV e have heard, too, tlvat they often cement the brfcki together with mud, instead of mortar, to the end that they must soon fall, . perhaps by wind, perhaps fcy fire, and so afford the men . Work. . i i, . Lest tho houses so erected should bid defi ance to both these agents and last too long, they insert strips of scantling between- the layers, on, pretence of nailing the lathing to them.. Of course .ft" (Tie building talfps firej the scantling burns awh'y dud! the walls confe down. This is not the only evil consequent on such a style of building. For example : we liave heard of a gentle man who having moved into a house in Hud- - son street, tilted his chair barkwajd against the front wall after dinner, as all American lo, to enjoy his cigar. The dining room was . on tho second floor. Tha wall gave way be hind him, and he was spilled into the street; Ho was an Alderman, and luckily pitched! upon his head, or, perhaps, ho might have been hurl. He had a two hours' headache . .- j J as it was. lieu lio sought damages in . tno . Court of Common Pluas, he was non-suited, on the ground that living in a house in New York, ha must have buei) aware of the peril and was not entitled to compensation for harm of his own wilful or.careless seeking. A washerwoman, ill .Canal street going" to hivo a nail htto t);o brick palffct Jthe next house, thereto to attach her clolhes . UM, struck tho iron through and tlpougji iuto the skull of tho tenant, w ho happened to be ta king his afternoon nap in the posture of thej suflerer of tho proceeding story, and aiiieo him as dead as Siscru. She was tried fof manslaughter therefore." Scan evory person's virtues .and error with a view of deriving profit from both by imi fitting the one and avoiding the other. It is said that even tbe most honest girls in tho North aro in the futTnt Of. AwAing met other's dresses! Horrible depravity. i , ,.. . . SrEAKtRO without thinking, is shooting w ithotit taking aim. It is better if one s foot make a slip than one's tongue. OritEa Testimony. Col. George W. Mor gan says,' "tho world never sa.v an army bet tor fed or cared for than our army in Mexico." "Poos iho Court tmderstand ,yu to aay, Mr. Jones, that . you saw the. editor of the 'Argus of Freedom' intoxicated V "Not at all, sir ; I merely said) that 1 have seen him frequently so. Hurried in bis mind that hei would undertake to cut out copy with ttM suutfers that's all." Truth, is a hardy plant, and when once firmly rooted it covers the ground so that er ror can scarce find root. In tho spirit of most men lies a cieative power,' which oidy neoda the right moment to call forth the spark. Give the Devil his Dvc. Certainly ; but it is better to have no dealings with the deVH1,' and then there will be nothing due him." It is said that to set newly" made, preserve for several days open in the sun, is one of the best methods of making them keep through the summer unfermented It is worth try." ing.