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... . .. . ... ' - . i .'. ! 9 M "! t ia 'iaiii Wuii iaftfrStY fc'rtfgeSlr-. - 1 ... - I . I t.; .. !l I Tllinu mrm m-. r T ft ran n a 1 ti' " - r . ,, ji ;.i ..1 ,1 , i,,, H. B. MASSEK;DIT0mAND:pIlOllIETOR OFFICE, MARKET STREET, OPPOSITE OTE pkr OFFICE: : '? in. ww ',..'1 ' ,1. '. JEW 81UF,8 VOL. i,'No 30.v;',':.;l! '.V-.'.". ' .' V';':',' i'i, i suxBunYNonTiiuAnEntaND : otn sertes vol. io, no. 15. vi ii i r i ' ' 1 ' ii 1 ii' iii'j 1 1 ' i ii . . twwiAriRJ-iftiiewiWM .r !.. i-ii ii 11 i i n 11 11 : i . r . i ir i i . , ti.rv ii r i .,i i ., ,n i, i , ,.i i; .-.ijh i, i, ."rwi" .t l-t l. z. i;r"--er' -.:. "t i(j '"r-rv 'Uij1' ;ti 1 1 ri j 1 1 ' 1 1 i i r i i., ,v,. i , 1 1 ' ii.m- i t - i ii':1" i n r.'T . ..1 . . . 1 vi-,1 .1 tt) 1 : l .- -"t'rHWlv W.5aWMr: ." ,. y r0 v. - 1 ill. , " ' .n r-n . - " fm: ' TERMS OF TUG AMERICA. THE AMERICAN il published every SiilurAiy at TWO OI.LAR8 per mmnm to tie pnid hnlf jreerly in edvaneo) Mnar fiiaMHitlMiMiil until am. mrmirmnn are imhI. ' All conununicationi or lot l ere oa biin e rrlatinj to tin See, to ineure alteinmn, muai no inoi raiu. . , TO CIXHS. .- area eopiea to one addrert. t, ., 500 rea Va Do 1000 Do Do ' HO 00 atf FWa doilara in advance will par f" ' berip. aa w Hi American. aa Boar of l llnea, 3 timee, ar auhaaqaeAt ineertion, Bquiire) 9 montha, ' X monthay t ... line'barda of Five linee, per annnni, archanta aad ortiera, adveniairx ij the reef , with tn priep of inserting dif feraot advertiaernenta weekly. tioo 10 M0 1 374 8(10 too woo ry liargef Aavenieememe, pr aji" ) E. Ba lASSERj " ATTORNEY'AT LAW, '. gWBtrmr, pa.' ' . Builoi Mlended to in th tJoantU. of Nor ,aerlhtli U()ion, l,jromiti(r and OolumbU. . . Refer toi , ' ' ' P. & A. Povocnr, Kmiu A. Hmmoniaa, RiTJ rnobnitf .tiv. MES SOOPF.R. BRt'A CAM'EBON JOOrEll&CAMErvON, "ATTORNEYS AT aw, 1, POIT8TIM.E, u-SchuyUiill Count y, Pa., friLL rollcrt inoiiiM, attrnJ lo litigutcd cAWfa, arid net as ogrnti in 1 liwiasomnt of tatcn, &?. Persons drsiriiiff tlicir services, rnity er to the b!loving pontlrmen i it :-f ' rHILAPEI.PIlIA. rfdS.' Brown,'' Ipihp ft. Dnvia, yU nrv White. Vra"-is N. lluek. Win. B. Heeil. Kq., ?r6ibb,,a. K,. J.--1 took, I.,, U. II. Ure-.ter, fcaq- Thoiniun Joik-B; ,. s tew VOttK. n M.wc H. Criimell, Hon.ftg'len H-flTimn, n .tnm.- M..nr..e. Hlm. 1 v.ird l.nrtia. n. AliU.ll Uwrcutc, Hostom. John Aik. , Iwkll .'ane t, 1S-10. CHAKLES W. H EG INS, wTTOP.lTEY AT. LAW, v PuttMvlile, la. ill promptly attend to rolliv liona and all bu3i- neaa entrusted to his eare. June 10, 1849, . t)0CT0?rr.7H. AWL, RESPECTFULLY informs tlio eitizen of this place and vicinity, that ho lias pcrma- ntly located himself in Viiiilmry. His olfice nut door to Mr. Jacob Puintcr's lintter-sliop, icre ho can at nil times ho found, unless pro lionally cwraped. "unbury, August 25, 1819 3m 5PEIUIY & COOPEPi, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, For the stile of Fish nml rrovisions. Hi 9 NORTH WJURVES, . , pHXI.ASEI.rHIA. f ackerel, Shad Cod and Dun Fih, almon, Hcrriiiff, Cheese. Philadelphia, May Oth, 1819. ly. wiOROE J.WEAVKHJ ' EDXVTN It. FITIXll ... Georce J Weaver at fjo. SOPB BIANTJTACTXTHEES & SHIP CHANDLERS. yo.' i N. Water St., And 11 N. Wharves, ,tiff". Piiti.Xdelpih-. ' va-ivfi wminilv on riniid. a eenera aw"rtmrnt of H Mawlla Rope, Tarred Rope, I"" Rope. Bale llnpe jiW Twine, Tow I Jnea, for Canal B,wt, Bow and Slern l.inee, fnr do. Hemp and CotUm Heine Twine, l.incft ami HTMton Carpet Chnin, Cotton Yarn. Cnndte if k, ftc. tlraia Dairi, Linen and Cottiai, Tnr, Pitch, Roam, and Wetaira, Bed Cords, Pkiofrtt l.inea, llnlten, Tratea, tc, all f which they will diepoee of on rcnaoimlilc terms. - Ropes or any 8ixa r Description, Made to Order, at Miart notice. Philadelphia, Feb. 10, lt9.--1y. ,. .-ALEXANDER G. C ATT ELL, iCCESROR TO JAMES M. BOLTON, BECft. icaMMlSSIOX 4- FORWARDISG MER CllAST, In the lale of Grain, FhJtir, Seeds, Iron, Ltim- bef kt. No. 13 North liharvtf, " Philadelphia. 'Goda forwoTded with care, to all points on the chuTlkill, Union, Susiiuohunna and Juniata X-'anals. ' ' ' .. "Salt, Plaster, Grindstonet, for sshi t j til loweat pricea. , J Philadelphia, June t, t849y SAMUEL HART &. CO. 160 Mabket Stbeet, 1ihladelpria. imdrfrs of French, Englitk and ' Gtrmtn Taney aiiu oiuwi; uiuuuwi y, rAFERS, SeaUng Wax, Ink, Draft and Back . a-ammon Boards, Tape, Inkstands, Doini- a,oa, Gillott'a and other Htocl Pens, Ivory and Bone Folders, Papctcrics, Gold and Silver Pencil Cases, Dristol Boards; Whatman's Drawing Pa torn. Envelouca. Bond's and Arnold's celebrated Inks for making Linen, Portfolios, Dissocted Maps tad Gomes, (Juessman, Canis, uoid t ens, olc Philadelphia, June 8, 184.-3rrt SXAST HIS OWN PATENT AGENT. HiflTNN & Co. publishers of the "SCIENTI 1V1 no AMEHICAN," have favoured ua with ta PharerAkH containint tire Patent Lawa of the United b talcs, together with all tho forms neceaav j for applying for a Patent, uilormation in regard i. filini caveats, with remarks on iU uses, etc., a- rnount of fee required at the Patent OHice, and jvcry oilier iuforrnation that is necessary to instruct person in making his own applications. Pric 12 ccnta sincrlo, or IS conies for one dol- latai-sent by mail to any partoftha United SUtua. 'a. Address MUNN & CO, New-York. March JQt J849. '-'STB.AV' BOiTlTET . i 11 A T MASUF ACTOR Y, V.'0 North Second trect, opposite the Madison Iloiise. THE subscribers would call the attention of Couptry MerchanU and Milliners to their e isnalve - assortment of fashionable Brtm as ommib Boa a its ask Hatb of th newest styles. Aim, a Urga and general assortment of French and Ataertean Artifloial Flower Ribbons, Crown rats,Oal Silk, Wire, Quillings, Buckram, wVkea they offer at prieee that defy corn petition. N. B, Plm Leaf HaU by the cam or dozen ' "W, M. & ' J. E. MAULL; i 'Botmet ana Uat Manufacturert, -' 80 North 8d etreet. "fhajelpliiajun . 1849- TTLiNIW of vrry doscrtpUon ha had iy iY applyini at tiis oflif ef the Amwkau. SELECT POETltY. A MOTHER'S BONO. I : : i e ' VVhpre ia llin rjnhv t ft ess its hcnrW Whore isruuzzer's darling boy t ; Does it hold its liltlo hands npartt ' ' Tho ilenrest, beoseti toy And so it docs; and will its little chin Grow just bs fat as butter 1 And will it poke its litllo fingers in lis tiinnin little mouth, and mutter' Nioey wicpy words, . Just like littlo yallor birds And so it will, and so it mny, ' ' " No matter M'hat its pappy mammy eny. And. does it wink its little eyeses, When its mad, and up and crises? ' And does it squall like chickadees " At everythin' it sees ! ! Well it does I tvhv not, I pray t Ain't it muzzer's darlin' every day? Oh! what's the matter? oh my! oh my! What makes my sweetest chicken ky? Oh, nasty, njjly pin, to prick it It's darlin' muzzer's darlin' cricket ! There ! there ! she's thrown it in The fire tho kuel, ioked pin ! ' There ! hush my honey; co to seep, Rocked in a kudlo of u deep! S. 1'. Gazelle. yia-.'.'..-""."..". . in. ii.ii i.i j iij BISHOP GEORGE AM) THE YOl'KG TREACHER. An aged traveller, worn and weary, was gently urging on his tired beast, just as the sun was dropping behind the range of hills that bounds the horizon of that rich and picturesque country in the vicinity of Springfield, Ohio. It was a sultry August evening, and he had journeyed a distance of 33 miles since morning his pulse throbbing under the influence of a burning sun. At Fairfield he had been hospitably entertained by one who had recognized the veteran soldier of the cross, and who had ministered to him for his Masters sake, of the benefits he himself had received from the hand which feedeth the young lions when they lack; and he' had travelled on, refreshed in spirit. But many a weary mile had he journeyed over since then, and now, as the evening shades darkened around, he felt the burden of age and toil heavy upon him, and he desired the pleasant re treat he had pictured to himself when that day's pilgrimage should be accomplished. It was not long before tho old man checked his tired animal at the door of the anxiously looked for haven of rest. . A middle aged woman was at hand, to whom he mildly applied for acommodation for himself and horse. "I don't know," ssid &he coldly, after scrutinmng for some time the appearance of the traveller, which was not the most promising, "that we can take you in, old man. You seem tired, however, anil I'll spe if the minister of the circuit, who is here to-night, will let you sleep with liiiu." The young circuit preacher soon made his appearance, and consequently swagger ing up to the old man, examined him for some moments inquisitively ; then asked a few impertinent questions and finally, after adjusting his hair half a dozen times, feeling his smoothly shaven chin as often, consented that the stranger should share his bed for the night, and turned upon his heel, and entered the house. The traveller, aged and weary as he was, dismounted and led his faithful animal to the stable, and with his own hands he rub bed him down, and gave him food, and then entered the hospitable mansion where he had expected so much kindness. A mcthodist family resided in the Douse, and as the circuit preacher was to be there that day, great preparations were made to en tertain him, and a number of the melhodist young ladies of the neighborhood had been invited, so that quite a party met the eye of the stranger as he entered-, not one of whom took the slightest notice of him, and he wearily sought a vacant chair in tho corner, out of direct obst rvation, Where he could note all that was going on and his anxious eye showed that he was no careless observer ot what was transpiring around him. The young minister played his part with all the frivolity of a city beaux, and noth ing like religion escaped his lips. Now he was chatting and bandying senseless com pliments to this young lady, and now en gaged in trifling repartee with another, who was anxious to seem interesting in his eyes. The stranger, after an hour, during which no refreshments had been prepared for him, asked to be shown to his room ; to which he retired unnoticed, grieved and shocked at the conduct of the family and the minister. Taking from his saddle bags a well worn bible, he seated himself in a chair, and was soon buried in thought holy and elevating-, and had food to eat Which those who passed him by in pity and scorn dreamed not of. Hour after hour passed away, and no one came to invite the old worn down traveller to partake of the luxu rious supper which was served below. Towards eleven o'clock the minister came up stairs, ' and without pause or prayer, hastily threw oft his clothes, and got into tho very middle of tho email bed, which was to bo the resting plac of the old man as well as himself. After a while, the aged stranger rose up, and after partially disro bing himsell, kuelt down and remained for many minutes in fervent prayer. 1 lie ear nest outpouring of his soul arrested the at. tention of the vounz preacher, who began to fuel some few reproofs of conscience for bis oWn neglect of this duty. The old man now arose from his knees,. and after slowly undressing himself got into bed, or rather upon the edge of the bed, for the young preacher bad taken possession of the cen tre, and would not voluntarily move an inch. In this uncomfortable position the stranger lay for some time in silence.' At length the younger of the two made a re mark to which the elder replied in a style j and manner that arrested his nttention;r Oh this he moved over an iuch or two and mnrlo mnlw rnnm ' made more room. "How far have you , come to day, old gentleman?" ' "Thirty-five miles." 1 ' ' . "From where?" " ,,: . "From Springfield.' - ' ' "Ah, indeed! You must be very tired after so long a journey for one of your age." "Yes, this poof old body is much worn down by long and constant travel, and I feel that the journey to-day has exhausted me much." 1 1 ' The young minister moved over a littles "You don't belong to Springfield then?' ' "No. '' I have no abiding place." "How?" . "I have no continuing city. My home is beyond this vale of tears." Another move of the minister; ' ' i ... "How far have you travelled on your present journey ?" ' . "From Philadelphia." ' ! "From Philadelphia?" (in evident sur prise.) The Methodist General Conference was in session there a short time since had it broken up when you left." The old man replied in the affirmative. "Ah, indeed! (moving still further over towards the front side of the bed and allow ing the stranger better accommodations.) "Had Bishop George left when you came out?" "Yes he started the same time I did ! we left in company !" Here the circuit preacher relinquished a full half of the bed, and politely requested the stranger to occupy a larger space. "How did the Bishop look? lie i3 get ting quite old and feeble, is he not?" "He carries hi age tolerably well, but his labor is a hard one, and he begins to show si;tns of failing strength." "He is exported this way in a week or two. How glad I'll be to shake hands with the fd old veteran of the Cross! Hut you say you left in company with the good old man. How far did )'ou come to gether?" "We travelled alone for a small dis tance." "You travelled alone with the Bishop ?" "Yes, we have been intimate for years!" "You, intimate with Bishop George ?" "Yes, why not ?" "Bless me! why did I not know that? But may I be so bold as to inquire your name ?" After a moment's hesitation the stranger replied, "George." "Not Bishop George?" "They call rr.e Bishop George," meekly replied the old man. "Why, why, bless me, Bishop Georre," exclaimed the now abashed preacher, spring ing from the bed. "You have bad'o'(-7-)it I will instantly call up the family. Why did you not tell us who you were j'' "Stop, stop, my friend," said the Bishop, gravely," "I want no supper here, and should not eat any if it were got for me.- If an old man, toil-worn and wean', faint ing with travelling through all the long summer day, was not considered worthy of a meal by this family who profess to have set up the altar of God in their house, Bishop George surely is not. He is at best but a man, and has no claims beyond those of common humanity." A ' night of severer mortification the young preacher never experienced. The Bishop kindly admonished him, and warn ed him of the great necessity there was of his adorning the doctrines of Christ, by fol lowing him sincerely and humbly. Gently, but earnestly he endeavored to win him back from his wanderings of heart, and di rected him to trust more in God and less in his own strength. Six mouths from this time the Ohio an nual Conference met at Cincinnati, and the young minister was to present himself for ordination as a deacon ; and Bishop George was to be the presiding Bishop. On the first day of the assembling of conference, our young ministers's heart sunk within him as he saw the venerable Bishop take his seat. So great was his grief and agitation that he was soon obliged to leave the room. In the evening; as the Bishop was seated alone in his chamber, the Kev. Mf. was announced, and he requested him to be shown up. He grasped the young man by the hand with a cordiality which he did not expect, for he had made careful inqui ries and found that since they had met, a great change had been wrought in him.' He was now as humble and pious as he was before self-sufficient and worldly minded. As a father would have received a disobe dient but repentant child, so did this good man receive his erring but contrite brother. They mingled their tears together, even upon the bosom ot his spiritual lather. At that session ho was ordained and is now one of the most pious and useful ministers in the Ohio Conference. - ; Wriltea fi the American. LOVE MOT, . By Louis Le'Rov. Love notwhat is there here to Jove ? The faii dft roso has pot its thorn, lis loaves will wither fadu away, Aud time inako ail things look fotlorn'. Love not tho world its piddy throng, la here now theie thon far away; , Its pleasures all will one by one , ' ; Pass from our view like a summer day. Love not thy friends for they will eodri, Flee away from thy golden sky, ! They seek but amusement, pleasure here1, Aud aregona when a cloud is nigh. ' . ' ! ' i ' .- ' - , f ... i Love not the world's a hypocrite, And man, its obedient son ( . i ' : , ' i . i It points the wayha follows in-, i : -AO noot rr trut, so, no, not oiu. i . ' ffitJiawspert, Nov. 19, 1847' 1 1' A little that a righteous roan hath, is bet, tcr than the riches of many wicked. I We invite the nttcnlion of our reav tho.ight all our Presidents until we reach ders to the following extract of an address ed him of Kinderhook. lie thought it bet of Mr. Skinner, the editor" of the ,, ter to Propr-r. of Europe, and let ' O I rilit rtttMs tnlrd eSff. rvF thpmii VPS. It 1I1PV tht Loon and ih AAvll" delivered before the Bucks County Agricultural Society on the 2d of October last. Mr. Skinner who has done more for the interest of the Far mers than any other man in this country shows moet, conclusively that no class of men are more deeply interested in tariff for protection than the Farmers. ;, Dema gogues anil ignorant pretenders may preach a different doctrine and endeavor to array the Farmer against the Manufacturer, but common sense and . experience teaches us that o.uv Farmers never do belter that when our Manufacturers are most flourishing. ,, Land, at the distance of a few miles from New York, in West Chester county, is sell ing at several hundred dollars an acre, be cause the railroad has diminished the ex penditure between the consumer and the producer, and jet that land is not now worth as much as would be that of Bucks county, if you had, as you should have, consumers among yourselves. Look what railroads have done in England, and re member that the road only enables the farmer to go to market, while the mill brings the market to his doors. ' An English writer says that between Croydon and London his attention was con tinually attracted by the high order and beautiful appearance of the market gardens through . which the railway runs. This land .'even years ago was occupied as grass land, for ordinary purposes. Its gross pro duce was miller 1-0 nn acre, and the rents paid iiol'more than 12 or $15. i Now that it has been converted into market gar dens, well gruh'ied a:iil well drained, it yields :J0') an acre, and rents for 35 to 6 1-0. Gardening precedes farming, and is the best school for teaching lessons in prac tical agriculture. It is there that men are forced to see the necessity for thorough draining, thorough tillage, heavy manuring and thorough weeding, and clean, good seed, and that embraces nearly all that is to be learned. The same writer relates the followim; anecdote: "An agriculturist and large land owner in passing through these grounds ex pressed aloud, in the railway carriage, his admiration of the fine order and beautiful appearance of the crops, and his surprise at the entire absence of weids. An oppo site passenger, who had ruti n d at Ncw cinss,'. broke in upon him by saying 'Weed.;, sir, ol course, vo:i ratinot see any, tfr.Te are mine : j pi' ,1' ( an aero a year f.ir s ::.e of th.it v;r vu.t!, and it co'st i.ie as much ir.pr-;. lor m:u,'irf, at.dj do you .::' Ytv''.'W .JJr.rjJu.i r.:,lwiv.-ao!t!n Why :s it, luy fn.'iiYL,'. ilut yon can af ford 'to grow so many 'weeds ? Simply be- caiife yon have made r.o market" on' tho land for the products of the land. ' tanners o! Old Bucks, it is hih time that you should look into these things for yourselves, fur. myself, I have po xilitical aspirations. The residue of my life will be, as the prime of il has been, devoted to tho welfare of the tillers of the soil ; and I tell you, and challenge contradiction, that the plough and the harrow never have flourished at a distance from the loom and the anvil, and they never can, for the land must become unproductive when the profits of production are swallowed up in the costs of transporting and converting the products the farmer has to sell, into the commo dities ho has to buy, and thus fails to return to the land the refuse of its products. Let partisans squabble as they may for power and for place, and with that end let them dispute for ever about State banks and banks of the United States, and sub treasuries and Wilmot provisoes; but the protection or abandonment of the domestic industry of I fie people in the various bran ches for which a bountiful providence has supplied the materials, and in its conflict with the pauper labor of Europe, is a great national question too high, too sacred to be draggled and begrimed in the foul mire of party. Let all good men unite to with draw it from that arena in which passionate advocates appeal to blind tribunals, and pre judice holds the scales of justice. Yes, my menus, tins is a great question which men may consider and decide according to their best judgments, without any forfeiture of more party allegiance, about which the most honorable and well meaning men' are so tenacious; for who dare say, that prin ciples advocated by Jeflersou, by Madison, by Monroe, by Adams, by Jackson, are not republican principles not democratic re. publican principles? Mr. Jefferson, high on the list of democrats, said, we "must now bring the manufacturer to take his place by the bide of the agriculturist." Jackson whose orthodox democracy no one win dispute, said In place of feeding the paupers of Europe by sending abroad for manufactures luado by their labor, we must leed our own.. And here I may ro further and quote from one of General Jackson's favorite cabinet counsellors. Our neigh bor Governor Mahlon Dicketson,' tt mem ber of the great sanhedrim of Derrtocracy, as late as the autumn of 1S17, in Lid ppyu- in!I address at tho American lu-stitutu at New York went tho "wholo hog" in favor of direct unequivocal protection, pronoun cing a tariff for revenue to be a "modern discovery ;" or 'rather,' said he,: emphati cally, a "modern invention!" and but lyr the schemes and machinations' of partisans. ?a it would be universally considered and treated. , bus I , have shown to every man who desires to examine the question not as a politician but at a statesman ; riot as a parti sam, but at an American citizen that he h at dill liberty follow the truth wherever it may lead, without giving any man even the , right, to question bis party fealty; ' - i;;u 1 1 f. '' As Jefferson aud Jackson thought, to could, and if not they might starve. It mav not be amiss mv friends, for you to compare tho names of those who have believed with Thomas Jefferson, and all the patriots of the Revolution ; with those who have advocated the policy which has given us the tariff of 18W, and judge be tween them : . Protective Presidents, Washington, " Adams, Free Tmoe Presidents. Van Burenj Pelk, JefTerson, Madison, : Monro, ,. J. Q. Adams, . ; Jackson, .. Harrison, ,i . ' Taylor. -Common sense taught the people of the colonies. that they needed protection against the evils of the colonial system, as it is now teaching the people of Canada' that they never can prosper under the existing free trade system. Thev now desire protection, for that is the leading object with every Canadian, as you may see in the address of the British league. They see that land on the south side of an imaginary line is worth three times as much as that on the north side of it, and they see that the cause is to be found in the fact that tho farmers of the United States have a home market, which they have not. They have free trade, and they are ruined. They desire annexation, that they may enjoy even such protection as we have, nnd thus we see that they are animated to action by the very same reason that governed Washington, Franklin, Jef ferson, Adams, and all the great men of our own Revolutionary period. A WARNSM1 TO Hi SlUNHSl. The Franco American tells a good story, which we translate as a wanting against car ryingeontrabaiid articles. At the recent na tional fair in Paris the police had renson to believe that somo of the liht fingered gentry were exercising iheir vocutiou in I he hall of exhibition, and therefore a sharp surveillance was kept over all who went out. Byo and bye a lady and gentleman of respectable ap pearanco were leaving tho room, when ono of tho lynx eyed officers discovered that the gentleman concealed a good Bi'zed parcel be low his saok. Quick' os thought he stopped him and demanded what ho had got in tho parcel. "Why," said the gentleman, "il is my wifu's shawl." "Impossible," objected the astute functionary, "Madame has a bean tiful cashmore on now." ;. After some further parley tho -collumiy wus ended by inarching tho lady and her husband before the Com - Try- I,' r 'i "' That ' worthy magistrate, addressing, tho ft'usbantHn a severe tone, said it was a suffi ciently remarkable -thing to wear fico shawls, especially with the temperature so excessive ly .warm as it was at that moment. "Mon sieur," said ho, getting still warmer, with in dignation, "1 ask what couM your wile want with two shawls?" Thn question, struck a chord of suspicion in tho uuebaud'i, miud. "Ah," said he, soliloquising, "what did she want with two shawls?" There is no knowing how unpleasant the matter might have become had not Madame do L herself umavelled the mystery. Soliciting an interview with the magistrato in the next room, she thus addressed him "Monsieur, both shawls belong to me. This new one which I now wear, as you perceive. Tho other I employ for a purpose you com prehend, uithuut doubt. It serves moss a a in fact, as a bishop. As it incommoded mo from tho extreme heat of lo-day, I retired for a moment to the dressing room of the in stitute, nnd placed it in the parcel which my husband was good enough to carry for me." The mystery was explained . The garment was restored, and Madame de L , tho leader of the hnut monde of the Rue de Va rennes. for she it was, lift the office with her husband, who is quite unaware to this hour what had brought him into such a diaa greeable predicament. Chroiwtype Death or A Miseb. Tho New Orleans Picayune says that an old misery a planter, died at Attacnptis lately who was worth, in money, land, and negroes, at least (300,000. (lo had a coffin mado bofore his death of rough unhewn plunks, in which were found after his death some two or three thousand dollars in gold. Secreted in the ceiling of the house was found 9 15,000 in gold, aud in an iron cheat also a very largo amount in gold and paper. A tammkuinq BlacksmiTu, attending as witness at a couit, in a money dispute, be tween two of his men, was asked by a judgo why lio diil not adviso them to arrango the matter. His answer was "I to-o-old the fo-o-ls to s-ee-ttl ; for I said Iho clerk would take their Co-B-ts,' the lawyers- their bh-i-rts, and if they gut jutu your hoiioi's, clutches you'el bkt-l.il em." ' ,. Com. SvooxToN. We understand, cays tho N. B. Union, that by the death of the late John Porter, his son-in-law, Commo dore Stockton, has received an addition of "SiJijOUU per annum to his already, enor mous income. 1 tie annual income of the Commodore can hardly be estimated at lest than' one hundred thousand dollars, and probably more. 5 ." PoeTvmr-Es. The number , of post-ofB-cet in the United States on the first instant Wat 7,16i.'-;": Look out for counterfeit tit's oil the State) Bank, Hattfoid, ft. v ti will 1 1 1 v tut t v a Hiiinuifi" j j '- .; i FEMALE TEMPER. . ' SENsiBtu ItEMAKs-Tho Boston Olive Branch iliut sensibly discourses of female lotnpor; - . , We like to see a woman, of spirit and life; for ndull, supine, prosy woman is a poor af fair indeed. And we havo no particular ob jection to seeing "the sparks flying occasion' ally,'1 when something stirring occurs, We like to see her joyful and lively and if she has a littlo spice of waggery, we can put up with it very well; nay-j we like it all the bet tor. Mula cross, sour temper, we have no good opinion of, for a woman who can never look pleasant, but is always fretting And sCold iug, will make an unhappy home for all with in her houso. And we had as lief undertake to live in a barrel of vinegar in a thunder storm as to live in tho houso with such a wo- i Solomon was right when he said, ' It is bettor to live in the corner of a houso top than to dwell in a wido houso with a braw ling woman." ; . , . Let a woman Wear sunshine on her coun tenance, and it will drive tho dark clouds from her husband's face, and joy will thrill through the hearts of her children. Let a woman's words be soothing nnd kind, and every thing is happy around her. Her influ ence will be powerful. Others will catch her sweet temper, and all will strive to see who can bo most like her. Sweetness or temper in a woman is more' valuable than gold, and more to bo prized than beauty. ISut may Heaven keep us from an nntamcd shrew whoso looks are wormwood and whoso words are gall '. We had rather take Daniel's place with tho lions, than think of living within gunshot ot such a termagant. It wo men know their. power aud wished to exert t, they would always show sweetness of tem per, fir then they are irresistible. "Local Items" of tho Trenton Gazelto is very atlever in Uislnng up Ins paragrapns. The following is ono of his Byronio laments over tho arrival of some Italian organ gi in- .Icrs : ' Italia! oh Italia! thou who hast The fatal gift of music which thy sons Grind out tor ponnies to the piping crowd Of dirty urchins of stalo plebeian blood, bed trom tlio lount ot lieoUom. Why dost send Thy lazzaroni to our peaceful shores, To din the public ear with horrid sounds, And make us hate thee with a bitter hate. To sec thy wild band-itti loaf from Slate to Mate ! ' nnllXt ANT RtPARTEES. The dexterous leap of thought, - by which mind esenpes from a seemingly hopeless di lemma, is worth nil tho vestments of dignity which the world holds. It was this readiness n repartee which continually saved Voltniro from social overturn. Ho once praised ano ther writer very hoartily to a third person. 'It in Very strange,' was tho reply, 'that you speak so well of him, for ho says that you are a charlatan,' Ol' replied Voliaire, 'I think it very likely that both of n may bo mistaken.'' Again,' you must all have heard the anecdote of the young gentleman who was discoursing very dogmatically about the appropriate sphere of woman.. 'And pray, sir.' screamed out an old lady, 'what is the appropriate sphere of woman?' 'A celestial sphere, madam !' Robert Hall did not loso his power of rotort even in madness. A hy pocritical condoler with his misfortunes onco visited him in the mad-houBO and enid, in a whining tone, 'What brought you here,.. Mr. Hall ?' Hull significantly touched his brow with his finger, and replied, 'What'll never bring you sir, too much brain.' It was this readiness which made John Randolph so terriblo in retort, He was the Thorsitcs of Congress, a tonguc-stabber. No hyperbole of contempt or scorn could be launched against him, but he could overtop it with something more scornful and contemp tuous. Opposition only maddened him into more brilliant bitterness. 'Isn't it a shame, Mr. President,' said he one day in the Sen ate, 'that the noble bull-dogs of the adminis tration should be wasting their precious time in worrying tho rats of the opposition.' Im. mediately the Senate Was in an nproar, and he was clamorously Called to order. Tho presiding officer however, sustained him ; and pointing his long, skinny fingers at his opponents, Randolph screamed out, 'rats, did I say? mi, mice.' . ' . A Valuable TABLE.-The following table, compiled from the calculations of J. M. Gar- nett," Esq. of Va., will be found exceedingly valuable to many of our mechanical readers: A box 24 inches by 16 inches square and 32 inches deep, will contain a barrel, or 10,. 852 cubic inches. - " A box 24 inchos by 18 inches square, and 11 inchos deep, wilt contain half a barrel, or 5,428 cubio inches. " A box 16 inches by 16, inches square and 8 inches deep, wrill contain eno bushel, or 2,1501 cubio inches. A box 12 inches by 11 1 inches square, nnd 8 inches deep, will contain half a bushel, or 1,075 cubio inches.' " '''-' A box 8 inches by 81 inches square and 5 inches deep, wilt contain ono peck, or 537-6 cubio inches. .- ... A box 8 inches by 8 inches square and 41 inches dopp, vail contain ou half peck, 268J cubibpehes. ., , . . , .; . ,., j t;-r . , A box 7 globes by 4 inches square, and 41 inches deep, will contain a half, gallon, or 1?U cubio 'incboa,.,.,, . .:i. . , ., , ., A box 4 inches by 4 inches square, and 4 inches doep, iU poiituiu one quart, or 57-5 cMo Inchet. ... .. , Ufwabos of 30,000 emigrants havJ ' ftrri vad at the Canadian ports "during the leaaou. T. Loi n RAILROAD CONVEKTIOX. The Board of Trade of this city held A mooting on Monday evening, at their roorri in the Merchants' Exchange, for tho porposd of hearing the report tf the delegation appont ted to attend the St. Louis Railroad Conven tion in October last, when Solomon W. Ro bcrts, Esq., submitted tho following written report, which ho accompanied with some appropriate observation on tho great under taking, which in coimoxtion with our own enterprise now in hand, is destined to exer cise so important an influence on the destiny of our city. The report will be read with in tercst, and its direct as well as indirect sug gestions cannot fail to engage tho attention, and enlist the active co-operation of our capi lalists and business men. In no light in which this vast enterprise can be viewed, cart it bo regarded otherwise than as of the very highest importance trf Philadelphia, and tha zeal which Mr. Roberts has manifested, not only in the matter of tho early completion of our own great improvement, but in its exten sion through Ohio and tho States west, with tho attention he has given to the subject of the western trade, will caue his opinions and views lo be received by our citizens with special favor, and insure for them a careful consideration. Philadelphia, Nov. 10th, 184D. To tlic Board nf Trade of Philadelphia Gentlemen: In September last, I had tho honor to bo appointed by the Board of Tradil of Philadelphia, ono of a delegation to attend, and to represent the interests of this city, in tho National Pacific Railroad Convention, which was to convene at St. Louis, Missouri, in the month of October. In accordance with the wishesof tho Board 1 went lo St. Louis, nnd was present at the convention; nnd as my colleagues were una blo to attend, there is no one to join with ma in the present report. Nearly ono thousand delegates composed the convention, representing about one half . tho States of tho Union ; and, after ft good ileal of discussion it was ntimately resolved by a unanimous vote, to memorialise Con gross in favor of a great National, Railroad and Telegraph to Oregon and California j to bo undertaken by tho general government, and to be benun at some central fioi'nl nnnn i - L - our western frontier, on tho unvigable waters ot Missouri river; and to ask Congress to aid the States, by grants of publio lands to mako three extensions of the line to Chicago, St. Louis, and Alemphis, The point of commencement preferred by the St. Louis Convention, for tho Great Con tral Continental Railroad, to bo undertaken by the government of tho United States, fs, as nearly as may be, on tho same parallel pf latitude with tho city of Philadelphia; and its construction as proposed, would be of the utmost advantage to the State of Pennsylva nia, which is tho Central Atlantic and Key stone Stato of tho Union. ' ' ' It was further resolved at St. Lonia. hv a. unanimous vote, on motion of Mr. Longhbo roil "h. of Missouri, to hold another National Convention, to promote the same object, At the Citt ok Philadelphia, on the first day of April next, and to invite all parts of tne country to send delegates to this city on that occasion. There Is reason to believe that the attend ance will be very large, and will include many of the most distinguished men of our country, without distinction of party ; and 1 respecttully suggest to the ioanl ot trade of Philadelphia, the propriety of taking the preliminary steps for the proper accommoda tion of tho national railroad convention, to be held here in the mouth of April next, in a manner worthv of the reputation of the oil t- 4 of Philadelphia, and of its high position a- moug the cities ot the Union. It appears to me to bo unnecessary to tf tend this written report to a greater length, as it is my intention to present in Demon, in or. der to be able to answer the questions of the Board, and to give any oral information in my power respecting the progress of the rail roads between our city and the West, in which every citizen of Philadelphia is ae greatly interested. Respectfully submitted. Solomon W. Roberts, Civil Engine-. Mr. Roberts subsequently explained to the Buard verbally, many of the advantages that would hereafter be derived, by the speedy completion of the Pennsylvania Railroad in connection wilh tho grand project of a Paci fic railway. He remarked in conclusion that unless the Central road was finished at an early day, Maryland would endeavor to inter pose, and monopolize tho Western trade, by a railway of her own, to Connect wilh Wheel ing; but that this work could not be acoom plishod much before tho 1st of June 1852 In giving an account of his mission to the 5t Louis Convention, Mr. R. further alluded Id tho lines of travel and trade of the West, hn. the relative advantages tlrrso roads w,,uij afford to Chicago, and New York au Jhila delphia. He was under the iiu'.,c: i, said, that Chicago would enutuaHy take ihe, m. .. . iii.. uii ot VIOW, Of koufo and that, therefore, instead of N'jW Ywk be. i.,g benefitted by a railway oa lha aide of Lake Erie,. Philf. '.ii,: ,.,,.i v come the central and only Eastern eroDorium v .u... smiuu 10 Mr. Huberts' views in de tail, hereafter, hen we may have something to say in reference to the Pacific undertaking. : 1 iAi7a. Daily Nnes. To preserve your health, driuk water and et married early. Putting uff matrimony iUs broken dowu more constitutions I tun, ever consumption did. Ml