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- v;: .701T7 ?rsi K atr.-ro tin ;! Ln pi .v... IN I L' '. l- .VWiifl. ! ' -".I'i'I " ' m -11 rl'l" 'nil K. i OFFICE, MARKET STREET, OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE. 1! !( ,'rUn-n ti:tf! t-ti. 'f! , .1- t?. ;, , g jramtls ilrtospaper-Dcbotc to JJoHttcs, atttraturf, aoralftj; ortffln art Domrstfc firtos, Scfntte tt the arts, acrtculturr, &tmtst amttsentrutj, c. NttW 8EH1KS VOLi' 9, 1 NO. i ! ' ' T . J SUNBtrRYNOIlTnUMBERLAND COUNTY, PAM SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1849. OLD SERIES VOL. 10, N0.1 i . v. m. a , n am . t i .if i ,' ; ir r a v . -w. . a i a i , n . vsji at n.t a 1 1 1 I 1 1 i 'I rrVi . ii i r irrv. : ir .)f-. f zii . iv u ii l i iiv , n u ... i fap-jT aHfaagjjaai TkJKMS OF TUG AMERICAN. THE AMERICAN it pabltaliwl ererv Saturday at TWO DOLLARS peranmun to bt paid half jrearly in advaiica, n paper diaconltliuea unui ali. arrearage, arv-pain. All eonmiunirationi or letter, cm btiattit. rrlatinf to tba mo) to uaara attention, man Da rusi t'Aiu. , , ', ..... j . TO CLUBS. r . . Tkratoopiwtoon addreaa, ; JOO are Da Do 1000 rifteaa Da Do 0000 Fiva aollarB in advane will pay for thr.a yaar'i aubacrip- lias to Uia American. ( Oaa Smnra flf 1 line., 3 time., ary oleqaeiit iiiaertiou, . j tXx month) On yaT, ' Buainsaa Card, of Flv line., per annum, Marchanta and olheni, anvcrtiln( by the year, with the privilege of ineertiiig dif ferent advertieemeitte weekly. OT Larger Advertiaementa, a. per agreement. tino . o 373 () loo 1000 ATTORNEY AT LAW, fjTJNBURV, PA. Baalnrai .llendcd to in the Countie of Nor fcomt erland, Union, Lycoming tnd Uolumbm. Refer tot ' a jt 1 RnTnunT. 1 ' Low an & Baho!I, Somitiil &. SonoA, Rkiholms, McKi.i &. Co. Srsntita, 'loon &. Co., yrstiaJ. James ooper. BRUA CAMT.RajN COOPER &CAMEUON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, POTTSVII.I.E, ScluiylHIi County, Pa., WILL collect monies, attcna to litigiitcd raws, mid act aa agent in the management of Etat, &c. PerKona dcniring their aervicea, may rtfertothe following gentlemen: PHItADF.LPHtA. Darid 8. Brown, Imne R. Tnvi.( 5i,"lTt'Vit: Benrr White, Krnnei. X. Bnelc, Win. U. Keed, haq., Cta."oibbn.,K-,, Joel Cook, Kan, B. 11. Brewter, tan C. Thorn paon Jono, K.aa.. NEW YORK. Hn.Me.eH. Orinnell, Ilmi-Ogden H", Hon. Jamca Monroe. l,m. Kdward Ciirtia. Ho. AbboU Lawrence, BoaioS. John Aik. haq, Iw 11.1 June I, 1849 CHARLES W. I1EGINS, JLTTOP.1TET AT Potlsville, iu. Will promptly attend to collections and all -limine entrusted to hia care. Jnn 16, 1849, SrERIlY&COOPEK, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, For the tale of Fish and Provisions. M. 9 M)RTH WIMRVES, PBXXiA.DEI.FBIA. Mackerel, Phnd Cod and Dun Fish, Salmon, Herring, Cheese. Philadelphia, May 6th, 1S19. ly. EOR0E J. WEAVER. EDWIN II. FlTI.KR. George J. Weaver & C. BOPB IrlANTJFACTUREKS & SHIP CHANDLERS. Jfo. 13 N. Wat" and 1 1 N. Wharves, Philadelphia. HAVE jmistentlv cm hand, a aenera '0'tm'"'" Mau.Ha Rope, Tarred Rope, Italian Mope, ile Rope aTwi.,To7li.H f Canal Boat., B,.w and btern Lmi forlo. Hemp and Cott, , 8ein .Tw.ihs lr.e.1 and 6otton Carpet Chafn, Cotton Yam, Caiinle Wrt, fte. Uakam, Bed Corde, VUmgh Lines, Haltera, Traeea, fte., all of whSl they will di.pn- of on reaammMe Rope or any n or Deacriptuai, Made to Order, at Wt n,aiee. . FhiladelpUia, Feu. W, Ml). ly. ALEXANDER G CATTELIi, BOLTON, DECD. teceson TO JAMM . COMMISSION if FORWARDING MER CHANT, Fir the tale ot Grain, Flour, Seeds, Iron, Lum ber kt. No. 13 North IrWrXM, '' ' riI.AUELPHlA. Cod forwarded with care, to all points on the Sckeylkilt, Uuion, Susqucliannii and Juniata Canal. KaT" Salt, Plaster, Grindstone. fof sale at Uia lowest prices. Philadelphia, June 1, 1849. ly S AMUEL HART & CO. 160 Mauket Street, Philadelphia. Imforttr of French, English and Germw Fancy and Stable Stationery, WAFERS, foaling Wax, Ink, Draft and Back gammon Board, Tape, Inkstands, Donti - a or, Gillott'a and other btecl Pcna, Ivery and Bone Foldifa, Papeteries, Gold and Silver Pencil Cases, Bristol Uoardis Whatman's Drawing Pa Der. Envelope. Bond's and Arnold's celebrated , Ink for making Linen, Portfolios, DissoctedrMaps ad Gaines, Chessman, t arils, Uoia 1 ens, Arc Philadelphia, June 9, 1849. 3n SVEBY MAN BIS OWN PATENT AGENT. MUNN & Co, publishers of the "SCIENTI FIC AMERICAN," have favoured u with Phamphlet containing the Patent Laws of the United States, together with all the forma necessa ry for applying for a Patent, information in regard to filing caveat, with remark on its uses, etc., a- uount of fee required at tlie Patent Office, aud very other information that is necessary to instruct persoM In making lit own applications. Price Vih cents aingle. or 13 entire, fur one dol larssent by mail to any part of th United States. Address MUNN &VU., IN ew-York. " ; March 10, 1849. ' STRiLTr B01T1T3&T It HAT MANUFACTORY, dVs SO North Second street, opposite the Maatson House. TfWE subscribers would call the attention of X Country Merchant and Milliners to tlteir ex aniva assortment sf fcsliionable SrRiso Bvaiixa UoaasT Hat of the newest style. Alio, a tarm and scire rnl assortment of French nd American Artificial Flowers, Ribbons, Crowa Linings, Oil Silk, Wire, Quillings, Buckram, tkc, xhich they oiler at prices that dety competition. W. B. Palm Leaf Hat by the case or dozen, W. M, dc J. E. MAILU, Bonnet and Hat Manuiaxturer, ' SO North W street ' rkstaialphia Jons S, 1844V r Wm. G. Cochran A Co., Whal.aeJe aad BUta.lL, '' tVlNB AND LIQUOR MERCHANTS, 1 . IVo. 7S Walnut Street, Philadelphia. TtTTI AVE always oa hand a vary large stock of JTjl Winas, Ltqoora and eeajars, of their awn ClaarWiojv ItOT Keepers, Hotel Keeper, and privets atitlnill; iU Ua suppM " wost Lbaral vtna, . bjUdelji, $o, IT, W1,-m SELECT -POETRY.- WRITTEN AT Ml MOTHER'S GRAVE. ' 1 BT CE0RCE D. PRENTICE. ' ' The tremblinp- dew-drops fall '' ' Upon the shutting flowors-like souls Rl rest- I ho stars shine gloriously and all, Save mc, is blest. Mother I love thy grave! The viulet, with its blossom blue and mild , Waveso'er thy head when shall it wave Above thy child ! 'Tis a sweet flower yrt must Its bright leaves to the coming tempest bow, Deur mother 'tis thine emblenv-d-isl Is on thy brow! And 1 could love to die To leave untasted life's dark, bitter streams, By thee, as erst in childhood, lie, And share thy dreams. And must I linger here , To stain the plumatre of my sinless years, And mourn the hopes to childhood dear With bitter tears 1 Aye must I linger here, A lonely branch upon a blasted tree, Whose last frail leaf, untimely sere, Went down with thee I Oft from life's withered bower, In still communion with the past I turn, Aud muse on thee the only flower In memory's urn. And, when the eveninff pale, Bows like a mourner on the dim, blue wave, I stray to hear the night winds wail, Around thy grave. Where is thy spirit flown 1 I pazo above thy look is imaged there I listen and thy gentle tone Is on the air. Oh come whilst here I press My brow upon the grave-and, in those mild And thiillin tones of tenderness, Bless, bless, thy child ! Yes. bless thy weeping child Lnd o'er thy urn-religion's ho Oh give his spirit undented To blend with thine. I, liest shriue- OUR NAVAL POWER. BY MAJOR KOAII. The London Times says that, consider ing the vigilance with which the Ameri cans have maintained the general effective ness of their navy, it seems singular that they should have taken no particular pains to augment it, although remarkably atten tive to armaments and dock yards. There never has been, at any period, a desire on the part ot our people to increase the navy to any extent beyond what was necessary to protect the interests ol commerce in various parts of the world. What have the 646 ships of war achieved for England ! A heavy national debt, the title of "mistress of the seas," and a never-failing desire for war and glory. But we have a substitute worth more, and in fact more potent, than all the navy of England, and that is our private armed marine. In Ihe event of war, more than 500 swift sailing privateers will scour the ocean in every direction. Every large steamship, and every packet of 100 tons will have an armanent. There will be no navy in the world equal to it; but as such an armament could grow out of the contingency of war, there is no neces sity to expend a dollar in anticipation of such an issue. ' We are probably the most remarkable people on earth for promptness and prep aration for war after it exists. A valuable corps of 200,000 men, armed, equipped, and disciplined, can be ready for the field u thirty days after war is declared, and so it may be said of ships of war. We will state one fact illustrative of this position. During the war with England, and while stationed on the Barbary coast, we were surprised one day, while exploring the ruins of Carthage, to see a sharp clipper-built schooner under full sail, with the American flag floating to a brisk breeze, doubling Cape Bon and making direct for the bay. We rode down to the fortress of uoletta, ordered a launch to be made ready, and lound ourselves alongside the schooner iu.it a3 she had cast anchor. "Where are you from sir?" "from JJoston," replied the captain, a smart dashing looking young fellow. "In what passage V "Twenty-three days, Sir." We began to have our misgivings.. Twenty-three days from Boston t We sus pected she bad been fitted out at Marseilles to cruise in the Mediterranean. It was the Abeleno, CapL Wyer, of six guns and sev enty-five men a magnihcent little cralt. We went down into the trunk cabin. 'Now, sir," said the captain, "I'll con vince you that we are lrom ifoston, and will show you Boston notions of every kind, from pumpkins and smoked herrings down to wooden nutmegs." He toon tilled the table with all the good cheer and solid comforts with which the Bostomans know so well how to furnish a ship. "And here,1 said he, "is the Boston Ceutinel, Major Kus- sell's paper." All doubts were now at an end ; and while we had been partakrag of law to which we had long been accustom edhomely fare, but more welcome on mat account the captain said : "If you are surprised at our short pas sage to Jar up the JVleditterranean, what will you sav when I tell vou it is iust sixty days since the keel of this vessel was laid in Boston; yet here we are!" We could scarcely credit it. Nay, that's not all, sir," continued Cap tain Wyer. "On my way here, off Cag liari.I captured two larva British shine fill. eel wtth valuable cargoes, and ordered them for this port. They will be, here to-tpor-row morning." i "What! in neutral port.io which tha British exercise unlimited influence 1 Thev will never permit ui to fell the carfoes," L I "Well, sir, we can only try." ' 1 ' I i Sure enough, next morning early, the I ancient city of Tunis, honored once by the presence of Scipio Alncanus, Hannibal, and other distinguished personages known to history, was thrown into the greatest commotion on seeing two large and deeply laden ships entering the port, the stars and stripes . floating over the union jack.' It startled the British consul and all the corps diplomatique, and we soon saw the whole bevy on horseback making for the palace. "I smell sulphur," said the captain "There's a storm brewing, and we shall have it soon." In an hour a message arrived by a mame luke that we were wanted at the palace. After making our toilette, Sidi Ambrosio, our chancellor, and Mustapha, the drago man, were soon mounted, and off we paced at a moderate rate for Bardo. The consu lar corps were al! present when we entered the tnlla. The Bey, reclining as usual on his large crimson cushions, was busily en gaged combing his long black beard with a tortoise shell comb studded with brilliants, and looking unusually grave. "What does all this mean, consul two British prizes entering our port, and for what purpose f" " I o sell them, your highness:" "What! against our treaty with Eng land V "Certainly not, if there is such a prohi bition in the treaty." 1 he British consul, a most excellent man, unrolled the parchment, to which a seal of wax was appended nearly as large as one ol our western cheeses, and commenced reading as follows : ''It is further stipulated, and screed npon, that no European power at war with England shall be permitted to fit out privateers or other armed vessels to cruise against the com merce or Great Britain from, or bring prizes into, the Tunisian ports." "Well, sir," said the Bey, "what have ! you to say to that ! Is it not full and con- I elusive V i "Entirely so ; but it does not apply to us. We are not an European power." "That, sir," said the British consul, "is a mere evasion of the spirit of this section of our treaty. It was intended to apply, and does apply, to all Christian powers." "Very probably, sir; but we are not a Christian power !" The whole court look ed amazed. The Bey raised himself up from his cushions, took a hearty pinch of snuff from a splendid diamond box, and gave us an anxious and inquiring look. "How will you make that appear, sir!" said the British consul. 1 "Very easily, sir." We then read the following section from our treaty with Tripoli : "As the United States is in no manner a Christian Government, and entertains no hos tility towards any denomination ; it is hereby understood that no disturbance shall arise be- ween the two powers on any religious ques tion." It was useless to arsue the point further. We did not in any shape come within the purview of that treaty, so permission was given to land the goods : and the ships and cargoes, consisting of every variety of mer chandise, were sold in a single day. The consul sent for a British blockading squad ron from Malta: but the privateer supped out of the bay, ran up the Archipelago, de stroyed nearly two millions of British pro perty, was chased round the JMeditterra nean by two ships of the line and two fri gates, escaped through the Gut of Gibral tar, and arrived home safely. 1 he commerce or any power would, by this private marine, be utterly destroyed in a war with the United States ; and all the navy of Great Britain could not blockade ports so as to prevent privateers from esca ping. We should find them on the Atlan tic, the Pacific, and the Indian Oceans, the Baltic and the Mediterranean. They would be everywhere. Cost or Paint. Soma years ago there lived in Beikshire county, Mass., two physi cians of considerable skill and eminence. One of them used no spirituous liquor the other dunk freely, aud while the one had acquired considerable property, the other remained poor. Meetiug each other one day, when the former was returuing from a distant town with a richly painted and well made cairiage, the latter accosted him: "Doctor, how do you manage to ride in so costly a manner 1 I have been in practice as long aud extensively as you and charge as much, but I can hardly live and drive the old one. ThejwiiU on my, carriage," he replied, didn't cost half as mock as the point oa your fete" Lojx out for a Fraud. There are in cir. culation spurious notes purporting to be of the Lancaster County Bank, which are calculated to deceive those who are unacquainted with the genuine i&sues. The spurious note has for its vignette, Neptune in his car drawn by horses a locomotive train at one end and at the bottom (enclosed in a circle) these words "Ileal estate pledged and private pro perty holJen." The signatures are well exe- cuted, but the note is easily distinguished from the genuine one, by observing '.he above marks. Pkila. Bulletin. The editor of the Beading Herald has seen a stalk of corn grown in Reading, which is sixteen feet two inches in height. It bore twe fall ears, the lowest being tea faet three inches and the highest eleven feet lrom the ground. . 'j vn. !..' ... . , r - Tm 6 ajm Gotkrrmkjit intends to make use of voluntary emigration as a means to get rid of the revolutionary elements in the ooun try.; For this purfose it will assist, it is saidj out of the pablie Treasury, those who are not able te defray tnstr ewn aupeoatsa, , : , v ' DOINUS AT Ot a SCHOOL 'OLSE. BY NIX OF COWANV3. "First class of vagabones, rise!" thun dered our schoolmaster. Well, the vaga bones rose. "Now answer every question correctly, or I'll break every bone in your bodies,'? was the next pronunciamento of tne old autocrat of our red school bouse. Sapient old pedagogue! thy years were many and full of knowledge. Looking back through a long vista of birch rods, I can see his restless grey eyes darting in quick glances from pupil to pupil, in search of the "graceless scamp" who threw the last spit ball with such wonderful precision as to barely escape his nose, and stick fast on the adjacent wall. And, now I recol lect, he had a most perplexing squint a squint accommodating; for if he appeared to be looking directly at one, that one might "go it," and no longer fear of being detected) but if his eyes were fastened in a direction one could not tell where, then be wary, for it might be on you . Glorious old master ! if your eyes squinted your heart Was as true as the nee dle to the pole your affections had no squint; you thrashed all alike! and alike shared your wonderful store of knowledge. This was the last day of the quarter for a week our individual store houses of lore had been progressing through the various stages of mental ventilation and renovation ; our memories jogged ; dormant ideas awakened, and all our energies scoured up to a high state of brightness by a copious application of the master's brick-dust of erudition. We were in prime order. "John Brown, what do you understand by acoustics !" "W hy, a stick to drive cows with, I pose." "Get out, you ' voung vagabone ! did I not just see vou reading about the science of sound?" "Guess not that was about Sylvester Sound, the Somnambulist." "It was, eh ? Sarah, you are John's ounsrer sister ?" -"Yeth thir." "What is acoustics ?" "I know thir it ith, it ith the art of ma king a noith, and hearing a noith." ' "You are right explain it." "Yeth thir. If you stick your finger in your mouth, and then pull it out thudenly, the cold air rut both into the vakkum and produtheth a thound, thriketh on the tym pan of the ear, whith makcth the thound audible, and it ith called the thienth of a coushtixth." "You are quite riuht, Sarah. John, can you now tell me what is meant by acous- ics? Be careful, sir; or you'll feel my stick." "Yes, sir. A cow sticks your finger in her mouth and kicks over the tin pan, which scum's awful, and is called the sci ence of a cow's kick." "Well,- John you do credit to your teacher. You may take your books and run home. Willy Chase, what is the cur rency of the United States V . "Cash and money." . . , "What are its denominations?" "Coppers, boguses, and Bungtown cents, pennies, bps, pics, lour-pence, ha'penys, levys, ninepences, Spanish quarters, pista reens and shinplasters." "That will do. Jones, what is the stan dard weight of the United States ?" "Scale weight, and wait a little longer." 'What is hundred weight ?" "One hundred and twelve pounds." "Samuel, how many kingdoms are there in the material world ?" "Four." "Th ree, only t h ree." 'Four, I think, sir." "Well, name them what are they ?" "Mineral kingdom, animal kingdom, vegetable kingdom, and kingdom come." ".Now, bow many kinds of motion are tuere " "Four." "Two ; voluntary and involuntary." "Simon says there's four." "What does Simon say they are ?" "Point, point up, point down, and wi was." ' "iou rascal! Ire mind to wigwag your jacket! Hadn't you better describe the motion ot my stick ! ' "lean sir." "And its effect t" "Yes, sir. Up stroke, and down stroke the up struck,, regular and easy ; the down stroke, spasmodically electrifying, and its etlects are strikingly indescribable." iou understand that, I see. busannah, what is matter?" uTt : at.: . u ,:.t. -lurrc is iiuiuiug mc uiaiirr wim mt-i "I ask you what is matter, matter. "Yes sir matter is every thing that has substance. There s animated matter, and vaccine matter, and" . "No matter about the rest. Speaking of vaccine matter, puts me in mind of some- tlunz else. -1 here has been a case ol small' pox appeared in the village, or rather valio roid, which is the botanical name for small poxand Mr. Scalpel says he has some prime vaccine matterfoT his own manufac- ture, warranted to take and ne win vac cioate the whole village for eight cents piece, and take his pay iu potatoes. All recollect, and when you go home, tell your parents. George Smith, do you recollect the storv of David and uoliah f " vYes, sir David was a tavern-keeper, and Goliah was an intemperate num." "Who told vou that!". "Nobody. I read it, and it said that David fixed a sling for Goliah, and Goliah got slewed with it." '. "Wasn't Goliah a riant, strong man 1" "Yes, he was n giant, but he had a weak head." A ; ... j ... .i . .; ...... "How to!" I Wh-y, to Ket so easily slewed." , . "Ye. George ; that , was undoubtedly wins to the strength of the sling. Wasn't David a tnuMciau ! ' "Yes, sir he played psalms on the harp; a favorite instrument with the Jews, and at the present day it is called a Jewsharp, I have one In my pocket here it is. Place it in your mouth, thus breathe on the tongue gently, then strike -with your finger, this way and the psalms, in har monious corncob, fructify on the air as natural as thunder.' "That's sufficient you can pocket your harp. Julia Wright, can you write rite right?" "Do you mean write, did wrote ?" "No, r-i-t-e.'' "Yes, sir. There it is did I write it right." "Yes, Julia ; you did so." "Yes sir did you mean I did sow so, or sew so?" "I said you did so !" "Yes, sir If you mean I did sow so, I didn't sow so; and if you mean I did sew so, I didn't sew so." "I mean nothing of the kind I said you did so; right. so-o, so ; meaning, you wrote rite Francis, answer questions in mathe matics. Multiply two by four, divide by six, and give the product." "Two by four, is eight ; oivisor into the divisoree, and the dividend is one and two sixths." "One and two-sixths is how many ?" "Three-sixths.'' "Well, four times two, is how many?" "Three-sixths of the same number." "Add three to two and two to two, too." "Yes, sir." "Divide twice two by two, too." "Yes, sir.'' "Add the dividend to two, too.'' "Yes sir." "Add to the divisor, two, too." "Yes, sir." "Add the product to two, too and add the whole to two, too, and divide by two and give the mathematical total of the whole." "Yes, sir; three and two is five five to two, too; is eleven divide by two, two, too; is two and three-fourths two added to the divisor, too; is four; the product added to two, too is O, thunder : and the whole added together, and divided by two, too is Jee-mima ! the mathematical total of the whole." "Certainly, certainly, Francis; you are correct as a bran new multiplication table. Simeon, how many points to the compass?" "One ! father broke the other off, open inz an ovster." "Thirty -two can you box tne com pass?" No, sir." 'Master ?" "Well, Isaac, what do you want ?" "I ffuess he can box it, lor I seen him boxing with Jack Smith, and. he hit him first rate, bim: right in tlie nose; yes, i guess he did ! he didn't do nothing short er!" "Squat yourself down! Jane, what is time?" "Something that flies, any how." "How do you make that out ?" ' Why, tempus fugit." "What's that?" "Latin : it means that time flies, and how can time if it flies, be anything else than somethino-that flies?" "Excellent. What is the meaning of requiescat in pace?" "Kest quiet cats in peace. 'Well. Jane: at Latin vou are perfectly au fait which translated means perfectly awful ; it is a Greek phrase, from the clas sics llJ applicable to this class, particu larly. Now take off your jackets, and I will give you 'rewards ol merit.' Those who get more than they merit, can keep the overplus as a token of my special affec tion for them ; and those who get less, can have the mistake rectified by mentioning it to me you. will find me quite obliging. Pope says, 'as the twig is bent the tree is inclined;' and that is very true, for I have used up whole trees, thrashing your jackets for you." From th Vick.buoj Whig. IMOH-DROP-ATHY. Put some sugar in a tumbler, Turn in "right smart" of brandy, And sprinkle on some nutmeg If there's any handy. Wet the whole with water - And give it quite a shaking ; Raise il to your "aperture," You'll find it easy taking .' Repeat the dose often, They'll raise you hih and higher ; And then perhaps they'll drop you, All glorious iu the mire. Some other things will follow, Aud, rising, you will see That you've taken quite a course Of practical sigWroj-aihy ! And if you feet no better Than you did before you tried it, Why go and join tho "Sonnies" And help 'em to deride it. squib. Anscdote. Rev. Rowland Hill used to ride to and from church in a carriage. This gave offence to one of his members at least, who went so far as to hand iu among the no tices one requesting "Ihe prayers of the con. gregation for the pastor, who, yielding to pride, is iu the habit of tiding in his carriage not content like his divine Master, to ride npon an ass." It was not until Mr. . Hill had read the paper, and observed the sensation created, that he noticed its import then laying it down, he said, "It is true, brethren and friends, 1 ride in my carriage, but if the author of this notice will appear al the door at the eonoluaion of Ike service, saodlod and bridled, I will do my beat to ride bim home." Hothnghamfaper, - - ' ' - ' i The Hon.J. P. Gaines Gwneref Oiegon( together with bis family are In Washington FIP1JIY ANECDOTE OF LOUEJiZO DOW. Dow was very exact in the appointments ho made to preach, and sometimes arranged them a long way ahead. Ha once preached near ono-of the small towns of Upper Geor gia, and told his congregation, on that day one year he wouid preach to them . again ! The next season, on a Saturday afternoon, preceding the Sabbath of the appointed time tho old man was jogging nlotig tho main road in tho direction ot his congregation. He noticed before him a stout littlo n"sro boy, of peculiarly active step and manner who car ried in his hand a small tin horn, such as aro used to call the people to their meals. Tho custom among many in tho South is to allow married men to go to their wifes' houses, and children to visit their parents on Saturday evening, to stay with them on Sun days, and as tho negrosare musically inclined they carry a fife or a horn, or a banjo, to give notice of their approach, and to begtiilo the way. In other cases they whistle, sing or shout. A healthy, cheerful negro, of honest intentions, uses generally some means of as sociation, even if he is obliged to talk to him self. Dow, accordingly to his usual manner, en tered into conversation with the boy, and found he was about to visit the congregation he had appointed to meet. If tho truth must be told, Lorenzo had an idea that the charac ter of his flock was that of a reckless ; frolic some kind, careless people, upon whom it was necessary to make a very decided im pression, or his time would bo Jhrown away among them. "What is your name, my lad ?" risked Dow. "Gabriel, sir," replied tho boy, lifting' a new straw hat, and showing his ivory, while he actively stepped along to keep pace with the preacher's horse. 'Chrj you blow upon that horn?' Oh, yes, master I can toot a little,' 'Well, let mo hear you.' So the negro inflated his velvet cheeks, and made the woods resound. 'Do you know a tall pino treo near the stand of Sharon?' said Dow. 'Yes, that I does, very well, master.' Lorenzo then put his hand in his pocket, and pulling out a silver dollar, showed it to the boy, and told him if he would climb up in the pine tree before the people met nt the meeting, and keep quiet thcru until the preacher called out his name, and then blow loudly on his horn, as he had just done, no would give him the silver dollar, if ho did not tell any body about it. Tho negro ex pressed himself highly delighted nt such an offer, and promised punctually with secresy. On the Sabbath, a large meeting assembled at Sharon to hear the famous Lorenzo Dow. Serious old men and their wives, wild boys and their sweethearts, almost all on horse back, sometimes by twos and threes, besides negroes from a great distance, on foot, being readily captivated by tho eccentric preacher, for they love anything that has a laugh at tached to it, for they knew that Lorenzo was good for a joke, even if he did hit hard. Dow selected rather a brimstono text, and mado tho application to suit, but ho lorced his way slowly among the mercurial, healthful, honest hearted people, who were hard to frighten. Ho enumerated the enormity of the vices ho thought to prevail, but they they wore so used to them that words slid over them like water over a duck's back. At length he boldly described, in the calmest kind of language, the appearance and charac ter of 'the last great day,' and what would bo their condition when that day came. Nip- pose,' exclaimed tho preachet suddenly, and then paused that this wero tho ihty!' ho saw" that some of the women became a little fidgety, and nudged the fellows into silence and attention, 'suppose,' repeated ne, eleva ting his voice "that this day Gabriel should blow his trump!' At this moment Ihe negro showed he was 'a trump,' and from tho top of tho lofty pine, a loud and clamorous blast overwhelmed tha audience. The women shrieked, the men rose in great surprise, tho horses, tied round the camp, neighed, reared and kicked, while the terrified negroes changed their complex' sion to a dull purple color. Never was alarm suprise and astonishment, more promptly ex hibited. Lorenzo Dow looked with grave but pleased attention upon the successful result of his ex. periment, until the first clamor has subsided and some began to estimate tho character of the artificial angel, and were about to apply a littlo kickory after tho pine! B ut this su gestion was arrested by the loud and solemn tones of the preacher, who looking very firm ly into the faces of his disturbed audience, as he leaned over them to continue his dis course, impressively remarked 'And now, if a nine negro doj, wan a uu uum, of a pine bush can make yoa teel so, now will you feel when the day does come?' Spirit of tne limes A lad named Charles Forster, was very seriously injured in Muncy, Pa., on Tuesday jast, by being caught by tne strap ol a inresu ing machine. - Damages. Mr. F. K. Somers, who was in jured by the upsetting of a stage coach in Ohio, some time ago, last week recovered f 2500 damages from the proprietors, iu the U. 8, Court at Cleveland, A cotemporary announcing the marriage of an editor, says he was always of the opinion that editors had just al good a rich! to fvv tome Wi iai'ikitf M anybody elae. OLD TIME WINTERS." In 16C4 tho cold was so intense that the Thames was covered wilh ice sixty-one inches thick. Almost all tho birds perished. i ! In 1691 the cold was so excessive that the ' famifhnd wolves entered Vienna and attack, ed beasts and even men. Many people in Germany were frozen to death in 1695, and tho winters of 1697 and 1699 were nearly as ; bad. ' In 1709 occurred that famous winter called ' by distinction, tha cold winter. All tho ' rivers and lakes wero frozen,and even the sea for several miles from the shore. The ground was frozen nine feet deep. Birds and beasts were struck dead in the fields, and men purished by thousands in their houses. In tho south of Franco tho wine plantations wero almost all destroyed; nor have they yet recovered that fatal disaster. The Adri atic sea was frozen, and even the Mediterra nean about Genoa, and tho citron and orange groves suffered extremely in the finest parts of Italy. In 1710 the winter was so intense that peo ple travelled across tho straits from Copen hagen to the province of Senia, in Sweden. In 1729, in Scotland, multitudes of cattle and sheep were buried in the snow. In 1740 tho winter was scarcely inferior to that of 1709. Tho snow lay ten feet deep !n Spain and Portugal. The Zuyder Zee was frozen over, and thousands of people went over it. And the lakes in England froze. In 1741 the winter was very cold. Snow fell in Portugal to tho depth of 23 feet on a level. In 1751 and 1755 tho winters were very severe and cold. In England the strongest ale, exposed to tho air in a glass, was cover ed in 15 minutes with ice one-eighth of an inch thick. In 1771 tho Elbe was frozen to the bottom. Iu 177(i tho Danube bore ico five feet deep below Vienna. Vast numbers of the feather and finny tribes perished. The winters of 1784 and 1785 were un commonly severe. Tho Little Belt was fro zen over. FroirTlSOO to 1312 also, iho winters wero remarkably cold, particularly tho latter, in Russia, which proved so disastrous to the French army. an aerial bridge. Another of the WonderfCl Discovi bjf.s of the Age. The New Orleans Courier oltho 1 2th inst.. is responsible for the follow ing description of a bridge, a model of which is now on exhibition in that city : "It may be remembered that about six months since Mr. Remington and his self supporting bridge wero tho subjects of ex tended and commendatory notice in the Eng lish papers, extracts from which were pub lished atout that time in the United States, This gentleman has recently arrived in this city, and has erected in the bar-room of Rank's Arcade, for public inspection, a model of his wonderful bridge. It is undoubtedly an extraordinary result of mechanical genius. "The first impression on seeing it is, that it is constructed on principles hitherto un known to the student of natural philosophy. It certainly appears to st tho laws of gravi tation at defiance. It extends across the bar room, a space of U6 feet, and is elevated some ten feet from the floor. Its appearance is so fragile that few men, fudging from this alone, would willingly trust themselves upon it. Yet whilo there, yesterday afternoon, among a number of other spectators, we saw ten gentlemen all together on the centre of this bridge. It will bo noticed that it has no support from tho ground, its resistance, as well to gravitation as to the pressure of so many persons being secured by the principles on which it is constructed. Yet notwith standing this great weight, its deflexturo was very inconsiderable. 'From a memorandum handed to us by Remington, it appears that the bridge has a span of 90 feet. This space is crossed by four longitudinal supporters, each less than one inch square at the centre, but increasing gradually in size, until at tha ends or points of fastening they are 2 i inches square. The biidgo has ono catenary and two parabolio curves, by w hich strength and beauty are both secured. Tho flooring is attached diarronally, and is made to sustain a portion of tha strain. The deflexion of the suppor ters is 22J inches. It is capable of bear ing the pressure of seven tons; while each of thf supporters, occupying their place in the bridge, will sustain a weight greater than the absolute strength of the timber and the direct cohesion of its fibres. "Mr. Remington states that if one of his bridges were cut through transversely at the centre, the parts severed would neither sink nor separate so much as to render it impas sable. Ho informs us, beside, that a bridge on this principle could be made to span a space of a mile and a half. Rev. John Mcrr.t Forbes. The reported secession of this clergyman to the Roman rnihniin rb.irr.il. is confirmed by a formal announcement of the fact in a letter from him to the President of the Standing Com. mitteo of tho diocese of New York. Gotta Pekcha Tibes John Thoroley has just finished a pair of Sulky Wheels with Gutta Percha Tires, which may be seen at his New Qnincy Granite Store, 101 Ches-. nut Street, under the Telegraph Office, during the week, - The dies for the new gold I2Q plee am expected at the New Orleans mint in a few days.