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I JL . IV. JL JLJ JL IL1 JL Ay 1 jL H. B. MASSEE, EDITOR AND PKOP1UET015. OFFICE, MAMET STREET, OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE. -g . jfsmlia klttospaptt-Dttootrt to EoWfcs. aftcNitlrfe, IWoraltts, ortfart nnb ttomcsifc neVoS, fitttrttt nntr the Slrts, Slortrulturr, itfarkett, Snttisemrrtts, &i NEW SKI! IKS. VOL. . NO. 49. 8UNI1UHY, tfrtRTHUMBEltLANtt COUNTY. tA. SATfcBllAY, MAHClt . 1830, OLD SERIES VOL. I0k NO. 2ft, TGiuh or hp. A.m lii 4 . THE AMKMCAN it publisher! .very Sutunlay at TWO toOLLAtitt per aiuium to b paid half yearly in advance, (W paper iliac. 'ntiirueil until ALL nrrennifre. nr. mi,l. All .mniun.catloi.. ur Mien on Im.im-iai rot ui.ig to the nee, ! imure ullemi'.., niu.t he ru&T I'All). ' TO L'LL'US. 5 Yarae eopiaa to on athtrwa, 1 BSOO .ea . . l li t tuu timraa Do Do 4(1 OU Five dollari liiailvaim will pflyfiiHhteayww'liubiicrip Via U the American. Oil. Sauare of 1( lltieat, J lime, try aubneqaeiit In.ertioii, Sqaare, a raoiilha, 8)1 mtMftha, Una jrear, ele.iiieea Carrie of Five line. per SKiinrrV, tierehunteaml other, ailvertltng hy live rear, with the privilege .I'trhTerltng rlii' Cerent adverti.entiu weekly. . . HP lairger Adverliaemema, a per agr'eenVeiil. f 100 S3 .VI 3?S 41) (HI IntHi AT TO UN P. Y AT I. A IDNBUHY, PA. Bealiir. Itri-tlnl " the (Limine, ai tiniPl tirUntl. Union. I.imiiiii '! ' ., f, Meier it '' P. V A. Kciit, .,IWN A U.BB.ia. . Xmi-S !. Hf sum. VtN' ai.i A ( Srr.aK", 'Iimmi V oi.. J "CHXnLES W. H EG INS, JlTTOPvITEY AT lav, PotlwvUie, Pa. M'iU promptly hftend to rolrwtl'on na .11 bu.i ntim entrualcd to Wa cafe. luna 16, VB9, JAMES CKII-F.ll. UUUA CAMF.UON j ATTOIWEYS AT LAW, I rri'aj.i , ILL collect momcs, attcn.i to litigatcil caaes, and act m gita in Ve miiiacmcirt wl atte,-&c. Perilous ilcsirlns llioir scrvicea, maj Tfr la th following gentlemen : FHtLlkDKI.I'rlU. m.'.u nriwii Iitihc It. Dwit, Gi'lenn G.'rtteofl, 1.1 r Whiter rmnrit N. Bm'k, W,n. H. HI,K., . Thari)tou!loim, Kq. NCW YORK. Ha. M l' II. Oriunell, H " f1,'1" Sir! Jamea M-wroe. II in. K.lw.rd tiirl.t. 2. aS Uwre.il-., B0.1.S. John Aikca, Ktq, Lown.1 Jaaa , 1810. WKGKI. WEVVF-n" (ROWS . FITI.ER. IJtorjtf J Wrnvt r At KOrE MANUP S CTtTR &. SHIP U HANDLERS. W. 19 y. UVctSf., an? 1 1 S. Wharves, : . - rBItAOF.I.PntA-. ITATF ."ViMantrr mi linnd. fferteta rrtt irtm'iit "l J L aiy ..ita Il-inr. T.rrrd K-me. Italuin U-'pei Balr Hope W Twine, -1W Line., f r Oi.nl B ml.. ..w . .o Ijaaa. lor d. llempaim Hi-n Hiuii. , Uakura. Hed oVito, Pk.u(rh l.inr. Hnlijra. Tmees, kc, oil of which thev wHI .Irapnte f rei aVlc tcrrt. lUpeew an. Sua or DeMrtpti n, Made to Order, at hart antiea. Philaaelph'ia, Fah. 10, 1IM8.-Iy. "SPERKY&COOPEH, COMMISSION MERCHANTS. For llir t of Fish ami Pmvisinns. JV-o.9 JiVRTIIIVILinrES Mnrkeirl, fliaJ Vahnim, Ilrrrim, Hitlailcli.l.ia, May Crxl nnd Dun fish, (.'iiCC-i. 1c510 ly. 2fitA.?t MIS OW.tr.vrtin i- arlritTr, V trVV X, r vml.li-.tir of the SClENTl- IV I ir-n. tf XU'k " have favoured U with IU rtl,l-.l.w..-, f . ll..mnhlt rnnlniniuir i!,e Tntcnt Law ot the United State, Mrjellier v-ttli nil the forms lu-eeawi-rj for applyiin? fr a Patentinformation m reir.l I filing raveata. with remarks on 11 uses. -nount of re required tX II Pnl Olhoe, and very other information that is tie cesKary instruct person in making his own aii.ilicati.jns. Price Hi cent sinfile, or 12 cnine for one dot la.ra.ent by mail to any partofthr United btatcs. Address M UN N & CO., New. York. March 10, 149.- ""aLKXANDKI. !. CAT JT.LU SUCCESSOR TO JAMES M. BOLTON. DKCD. W.WSSfJiV If FOnWAnDlSG Ml! 11. ... ... CHAST, Far the mlc of Grain, Fiuttr, Srrils, Iron, I.11111 brr kf. AV 13 Nortk H'Arti tics, PniLur.i.rnu. Caodt forwarded with care, to all points on the Schuylkill, L'nioti, Sueiiuhamiu and Juniata Canala. 7 iy Salt, Plaster, Grindstone, ctdi for Sals at the lowett price. " Philadelphia, June S, 1849 ly TUB tlt-AF BMIK M OUtf. . &. SMITH'S Pmhp Nsw k Second hand BooaSinas. tfo. 36 S. Sixth St. be ween Market If Arch, FkUtultipMa. Law Books, Theological and Classical Books, PIBDICAL BOOKS tlOCRAI'HICAl. Hl.sTUKICAL BOOKS , SCHOOL I OOKS. I,. SCIKNTII'IO n VlalHKMA'IICal. Rn Kt Juvenile Jiooks, in je vnrichj. Hymn Book, ami PiV H"k. Il.liirt ail kix anrl pnrs ttlank Boots, Wriiing Pupar. and Stationary, II f t H'tall, r1 Of a piirui are muchl ower titan the aKcuLna prieea l,IMriee aim .lipili m n-c in . i..,viacu. IJT Bo.kt ini.irted to order lr.au LoikUa. rhikwlelpliia, Juu (, 1M0 ' " 3TB. ten SOlTtTET 1 " . If HAT lUASVFACTOllY, 38 North Second ttreet, opposite the -; v HadiiOH llottte. f fWE auhacrilwrs would call the attention of . 1 Country MorehanU and Milliners to their tantive aaaortment of faahionalil ftrRisa aau ScMMta Bovaira iiiiHiti of the newest styles. A ieo, a large and general aaaortinunt of Frruch and American Artificial Flowers, Kilibona, Crown Lining, Oil Silk, Wire, Quillings, Uuckram, Ac, which they offer at price that defy conietition. IN'. B. Palm Leaf Ha la ly the case or dozen. .7, '., w M. & J. E. MAULL, '' ' ' ", . Bonnet and Hat Manufacturer, ', ' , . ' 80 North 2d ttreeti" Philadelphia June t, 1840. TEA8, fiom tha New York Canton and Pektn Tea Company. For tale by W. rBILLNG. IJaku, Pee. t. 14 SELECT POETRY. LAULV MOU'UAKU MOS v mrs, Atbr. ' 01 niiih rtilt Hor the fair yottng bHJf, Gone in her 1.111(11(5 Hoi.tn, Far hum hi?r kimln-J, luVedutnl llitttlj To glut) anoihui htttne'; Alrt-aily re ihe gay brief days Ul Kiilish triumph dune, ' . Ami lrniKiiil li,.iiun-e it pnys, The early wood uikI won." 1 Ftfttr h.tll Iiiv.hIh lii-r fieiice no mure, Nor niirow wom.il ihe bn-tinl j ll.r p.iK.ino ri valrit'M are o'er, Hi -r .:iiii ilunbi 11I rem ; The uliili-rniu Imiii.i of wunlly natr, Luve uhiii'is her to r-tiiin. Sinee Kceiien ol purer lili. nwuit Tile early wooM uutl won. Here is a youi.jf mnl iiiiileleas heart, Cimliilinir, fiiiul. anil wmm; Uiiihll)eil b ihewoidr vain mnrl. Unsealheii by paKninu'K nlorrn ; In '-liope deletiet!" ht: Inul tint puinetl Till hope's Sweet comae wus run; No rhaiiiH of Mtil H'tlii'tniiinht-e bintl The early woo'J unit Won. Her srnilea anil soups fitie ceased to grace The hall of festive mirth, Bui woman's talest dwelling uW-, Is by the true one's hearth, Her hours of duly, joy, and love In biiohluess have bepun, Pi'iiee lie her puiiiiiu fiotn above, Th-' rally woo'd anil won. 1 1 ... J 1LU Select dale Til K WILKINSON'S Itl.UKPS. A TALC OF LOVE, NUIDER AND SCItlDE. The teds t am ohotit to relate are not Ihe less tfne, because they Wear the air r.( romance anil resemble ntanv of the ground' works of the fictions which fanciful wri ters weave from their imaginations. IVot enlvt-he fnefdents of ttiv slorv are familiar to the people of 1 Ms venerable town, but there are now hv.n h-ere, descendants ot those who played prominent parts in the events which I shall relate. At Vhe period of my story which was shortly belore Burr's attempt to raise an expedition against the Spanish possessions in Mexico, this country presented some of the most sublime and romantic scenery in the World. The valley of the Red liiver rival!' d in richness, and valirly of views, the lair.ous Vale of Avoca,and fareXceeuVd it in grandeur and sublimity. The dark waters of the Red River meandered without a murmur, through a country beautifully diversified in hill and dale, now gently stretching through broad prairies and spreading out into wide lakes, then gath ering its waters within narrow hanks, and rushing like a torrent down a precipice madly foaming along some hirh bluff, and then boldly rushing its onward course through a dnrk primeval fonst, where the sound of ci ilizatioti had not aroused tht s'umberin echot s, or disturbed the wild beasts in tin ir lairs. Amid all this rich and beautiful scenery, there is not a more attractive and romantic spot on Red River than Wilkinson's Bluff's, near the town of Natchitoches. These Bluffs ascend to an immense height from the river, and are p.T,ec.iv pTpeiummar. i i..r r.wr ,.,, in a quiet and sleadv current at the foot of the hi ights, and the scenery around is full of sombre sublimity and impressive grand eur. On top of the bluffs, and not far from their edge, there stood at the time of my story, a plain and rough, but strongly built house, the domicil of a Frenchman of Ihe name of Jean B. Yillemont. This Ville tuont Was about forty years of age, and was a man ol strong passions and terrible wrath, i He had emigrated from France a few years before, bringing it h him his wile and a ; lovelv dniighirr, lust fifteen, and fresh and : li : . . llllfOlllIll H w l.l'l)..iuwri, onwiliy iii- M.y-llower. bhortly alter l .. v-i.u:. k... I.: ;i. .i:...l ins annul ui .uiuimnn-", . -", auu inns was me principal resuatiii re-i moved Iroin his passions, 7 . . At this remoter prn.Mi u. in- .i..-.iir,n . H.,,v.r I . it... .. .1.1. ......! f I ....Liana Ik.u . I li .1. I. all J'u. at a. ,.kl . e? existed all through the frontier portion ot the State, organised hand, of rubbers, who i.... .u.. ...7 : .ii..i i, il llir irii iriiii-1113 in luiiiHitiai j .u ! a. a i rvH a TK ; iJiiconsrtSr n ilhxr well known to ihe colonists, feW of whom had the boldness to incur the awtul re venge which usually awaited those who in formed upon the malefactors. No aettle ment suffered more from these depredators than Natchitoches, which at this time was the principal trading point of the North West portion of Louisiana. A man ol the evil passions and restless character ol Yillemont could not long re siit the inducements which wi re olb red to join the- fubbi rs of R. d River, (W ho Were ihen commanded by a celebrated Spaniard.) He applied for admission into their society, but found much opposition from the fra-' ti rnit y. The ground of this opposition was Ihe fear that the secret of the hand might hnk out through the beautiful daughter of Villemont, at whose shrine all the youug were accustomed to worship. This opposi tion was, however, so far satisfied, that it was agreed to admit Villemont on condi tion of his giving earnest of his valor and determination by disposing of some of the numerous enemies of the band. He wil lingly accepted the condition, and took a most horrid oath to destroy whomsoever the Chief might designate. "Name him!" exclaimed Villemont, grasping his knife, and grinning with fero cious d'-aire to prove a valor which had been called in question "and if b 'ere my own father, brother, or son, this knife shall find bis heart!" i "The man you are to kill is Aughgte Prudhomme," slowly and oracularly pro nounced the grim captain of the robbers. At the mention or tha nama ol Prud homme, the face of Yillemont grew deadly pale his eyes began to wander and his lips to quiver. ... What ! do you tremble f--tJo you hesi tate 'f" exclaimed the Spaniard, with fury flashing in his eye. But the struggle was over. The linger ing humanity, the hesitation, the doubt, had passed away from Villeniont'i lace; and an expression ot savage ferocity and de termination darkened his countenance. And who was Auguste Prudhomme, and how had he rendered himself the object of the hate nnd revenge of the robbers of tile Red River 1 Auguste Prudhomrr.e was one of the bra vest and most gallant of the young French men who had remained in Natchitoches after the session of Louisiana to Ihe United Slates, His courage, tkill in arms, cool ness and sagacity, had given him a leading position among the colonists, ' and thus had he been compelled to take a decided part in exposing and punishing the perpetrators of the numerous murders and robberies which occurred so frequently in that neigh borhood. The robbers, however, feared as Well as hated Prudhomme. His undaunted bravery and great strength kept them in continual awe, and alluded many attempts which had been made to waylay and assas sinate him. But it was not frar that caused Ville mont's face to grow pale, at the idea of de stroying young Prudhomme. Amid the tfesolation which evil passion had left in the moral sentiments of Yillemont, there trv a single flower of humanity, a single villus linked to a thousand vices. It was love of his daughti r hi gentle, beautiful Eugenie the only inomeiito of affection of her whose virtues, whilst she lived, held in restraint the envAgt inclinations of the pas sionate husband. Eugenie had long been Ihe belle, the adored oflhe young men of Natchitoches. Among others who had yielded to her rharms, was the gallant and handsome Prudhoinme. A Warm and nnv tual affection soon grew up between thetn, and they became ailiancrd lovers. Rarely did a day pass over that the lov ers did not meet in Villemonl's little hut, near the bluffs, and spend the swift flying hours in delightful interchange of vows and pleasant dalliance ol love. The absence of the father, who was seldom at home, af forded the lovers frequent opportunities for these delicious interviews. Yillemont, however, was not ignorant nf the attach ment of Prudhomme to his daughter, nor could he be considered as entirely insensi ble to her happiness. But his passions, his misanthropic hate of th worlo1, and brutal selfishness, prevailed over all the natural teelings of the father, and he cheerfully prepared to execute the command of his chief. Two of the boldest of the robbers volunteered to accompany him. It Was 12 o'clock at night. The two lovers were sitting together in the little parlor of Yillemont. The night was mild, and Ihe windows were up. Presently. ! Auguste arose, and was preparing to take j leave of Eugenie, when, looking out of the ' window-, he perceived three per ins creep , ing stealthily along the rdge of the woods, in the direction of Villemonl's hut. Ac customed to dangef, to constant exposure, and ambuscades, Prudhomnie's siispitions I were aroused; and shading himself wilh a I slight curtain, Which hung by the window, - , h , novemen,g o, tht. sllspi. , , , ... , ... ., 1 .. Clous inuiwuual. lie observed that they came to a stand, and seerried to be holding a consultation. By their gestures) they plainly indicated that their purposes had reference to some individual in the hut. "We are in danger, my beloved," remarked PfildhomtTiP) turning to his beautiful be trothed, "We must prepare for id Eugenie-, as heroic as she was lovc-ly, rushed towards the mantlepiecej and took from it a rifle. Prudhomme drew his sword, and thus the lovers prepared to make a gallant defence. They had scarcely prepared for the encounter, when th-re . - i i , i wm mni nirmiuf, No answer was . ,u i .k-. I L. J given. .luiMii,, a i i.i K.i.'.i.ri m.ui . auu ci i i i i inuraa mua lira b-kiuitik Then there was a pause of nearly a minute, which was , f..n..-j k.. i.iu.r- k...: l.l ' l'l IVi " l I V I'lll'1 H Ul imitr I MIL" I Ml O'ld HOI i . , . . . - ! f- ' an.d .IT he door was broken through, and three , , . i . ' avai? wn come rushing in the room. auu iii;iiiii, iiic iiniiaii aiuiipeu, buli seemed to hesitate for a moment. Soon, however, one of them sprang forward, nearly on the point of Prudhomme'g sword, and in a voice of passion exclaimed, "How came you here hottr dare you Violate the sanctity of my house?" It was Villemonti Though disguised in robher't garb, Eugenie did not fail to recognize her only parent her lather. Her heart sunk, her lovely frame trembled, and but for the Iff t arm ol her lover, which encircled her waist, she Would have fallen to the floor. Quickly, however was she aroused, when perceiving one of the robbers aiming a nistol at Prudhomme, she raised the rifle and shot him dead. Almost at the same moment she was struck down bv her father. Prud homme stooped to raise hef pfostrute form, when Villemont and the other robber rush ed uion him and levelled him with the floor, by blows of their guns. Seizing the insensible form of his daugh ter, Yillemont directed the other robber to take that of Prudhomme, and thus they dragged the lovers to th edge ot the bluff, a few ya ds from the house. Casting glance down that fearful descent, Ville mont threw his eyes towards the sky with a hellish laugh, at if defying the vengeance of Heaven, and gave the body of pi daugh ter a push down the awful abyss. Quickly (he robber followed the example, and threw the body of Prudhomme over the bluff. The father cast a look down the fearful pre cipice, The white figure of his daughter was discernible in the waters below, and her arm appeared to wave towards him. It was then the pan of remorse, tht fleam of Conscience Allied across the dirk soul of the murderer the weakness ol humanity came over hi. 11, darkness teemed to close around him. Casing an Imploring look to Hea ven, with a terrific scream he rushed to the edge and leaped down the precipice. Several days alterwards, thrie bodie w. re taken oiit of the river at Choutervillp, thirty miles below the Bluffs. They proved to be those ot the murderer and suicide, and his innocent victims. They were hurried in the same grave) in the cemetery of this little village. As for the robber companion of Ville mont, he led a life of bloodshed, violence and drunkenness for af w years, until one day he was mortally wounded in a drunken broil. On his cleat hbed he confessed -his participation in the terrible scene we have attempted to describe, and furnished the facts upon which this "o'er true tale" is founded. 0. Delta, THE POORBOV IN LONDO. ' BY D. W. BARTLGTT. Upon one of my visits to the various fag ged schools in the metropolis, I became much interested in a boy of ten of eleven years of age, with frank, open countenance, though somewhat dirty and dressed in a suit ol rags. He was reading busily In his Testament, and would stop occasional!? and ask such curious questions of hisieach- er, that I could but smile. Jlis "practical observations" on certain points oCScripture, if clothed in elegant language, would do honor to men ol education. There was a free-heart tdness in him that gleamed out through all his rags and dirt, and 1 sat down by dim to ask questions. "Where do vou live!" I asked, "and how?" "I live anywhere I can," he replied, "and almost how I can ?'.' "But," said If "what is your trade or business! What do you do for a living?" "I am a water-cress boy," he replied, "and get up every morning at two o'clock antl go on foot three or lour miles, and sometimes six or eight, into the edge of the city to buy the water-cresses. I get a bas ket of them there for a shilling, and by car rying them the whole day, generally clear another which pays my board and lodg ing." "But can you live on a shilling a day !" I asked. "Yes, pretty well, hut many times T don't make a shilling; and then I buy a crust of bread, and go and sleep under one of the arches of London Bridge, or in some crate or box doWn on the wharves. Just then the superintendent came along, and as I took his arm, he said : - "The lad you have been talking with comes here every night to learn to read, and although he cannot get to sleep before ten o'clock, and Is obliged to be up at two in the morning, yet he is always punctual. Not long since, his mother was imprisoned ! for arrearages in her rent the sum needed to release her was but ten shillings. Well, this boy almost starved himself, and slept otlt of doors, to save the money out of his scanty earning to release her from prison." 1 went back again and talked With the boy, arid In my yes he Was a truer heh) than Wellington or Napoleon ! THE HERO OF ERIVa ISLfe. Air 'TA Brave Old Oak." Dedicated to Rev. Theobald Matthew J 1 A health to the Chief--ihe brave old Chief- Let n cive him the welcome smile, Here's health and renown, and Droad green crown. To ihe llero of Erin's Isle. tie hath left his home o'er our land to roam, To proclaim Ihe elait new ol joy, And lo pluck, w ilh hi hand-, ihe burning brand rinr.i Mm Uame 111, it awaits lo ileslroy. Then here's in the) Chief llui brave old Chief Whose bosom i free from cile, lljre heullh and renown, and a broad green crown, To Ihe Hero ol Eiin'it Ule. 2 His deeds ate his crown, to shed renown O er hi sacred and hut.orrd name, Hi ilerl nii.o da)... a wide i.aiioii'.s praise bhall deck willi u wreath of tame. His name ihey'll prolong; In grateful sonp. ror they've 'scaped lioiu tun opeinn irruves; . From bond of displace, to freedom's em brace, Me has rescued a nation of slnVes! ' ' Then here's to the Chief the bruVe old Chief Let all five him a welcome smile ; Here's health and renown and a Heaven ly crown, To the Hero of Erin's Isle. i. u. ClUkitstoN, S.C., Jan. 10, 1850. Charleston Ciuriet. AFRICAN DIStOVEItt.-KiEW ML AMD BEA A recent number of the London Athenoeum intimate lliat. according to a statement in the South A!iican Commercial Advertiser, I ho long contested geographical problem of tha existence Of a great inland sea or lake in Central Africa, haa been at length solved oy its discovery by a Mr. L., (name not given and lhal, of itself, throws an air of doubt over ihe account,) who writes from ill banks, and calls it Suka ta NaiHa, at Ifgama. lie da scribes it as sea of unknown length or breadth, anj land cannot be seen acioaa it. ti i in ibd midst of ihe desert, lis water are blue. : Two laru river run iutu it from the tiorih. One of Ikese atreum Mr L. de scended, along it bunks, for luo hundred miles, in a S. S. E dir I'ioiij ami ' thus led lo the discovery nl inesra. U describes it at being about 550 mile N. N. W, of Ko robenp, and says bi last aorar observation (whether taken near tha aea or not doe not appear) bt a latitude of II da. 7 mm. 5, AFFECTISO IMHTASCE OF FILIAL AfID MA ' TERN AL LOVE. A youna man ilamed Thompson, about tweoty-five years of age, who had been in Ihe penitentiary of this State, sentenced to imprisonment for life, was on ThursJay par doned by Governor Johnson willl the consent of the Senate. The facts connected wilh his case were of a peculiarly affecting nature. Some two year since he went to the parish ofCoddo, from Mississippi, and obtained em ployment at an overseer on a plantation. Shortly after bo was unfortunate enouph to get into a bitter personal ditficulty wilh a well known citizen of lhat parish, the brother iudrfW of his employer. Subsequently, as it is reported, w bile Thompson was in the woods alone, he whs attacked by the person wilh whom he had quarrelled, when they had what is called a recular "bear fight." The young man after a lone and desperate con flictas the scene nf the fijiht plainly show ed succeed in killing hisanlagouist. Thomp son at once, thonch advised to flee, pave himself up to the civil authorities, feeling confident that irjustice were done him he wtlllld be acquilted. In this he was disap pointed. Being poor, without friends or in fluence, and in a strange land, he had not ihe.ttettns of procuring Counsel, and was filially found guilty of murder. There were i.o witnesses lo the fiuhl, anil it was on his own statemenls, voluntarily made, thai he was committed nnd tiied. The circumstances which led to his par- Ion, are the following : After his conviction, and his being! immuted in Ihe Stale prison, hich the stern mandate of the law had des tined lo be his living tomb; wilh tlloSe feel1 ings of affection which must fever dwell in Ihe heart of a son however wayward he may be ha managed to have il Intimated to his only aurvivins parehl; a Widow, that he hud died of small pot- ! thus hoped to soften, by taking away the humiliation with hich a knowledge of the truth would have invested it, the blow that had separated therrt in thia world ; and by settling for ever, in one painful emotion, all her anxieties, he thought to stop the inquiry which would otherwise have been instituted by her. But ihe instinctive love of ihe mother told a dif ferent lale lo her sorrowing bosom, nnd rest, less wilh this unsatisfactory reeoid of his ute. she foilhvtiih began a diligent search, when. In her unspeakable nnguir-h. she as- ceriaiued that all hough her Inst boy was in eality alive, ha was worse than dead boih lo her nnd the world. He was in prison, a shackled felon, a convicted murderer! At once, with all a mother's ardent love, which predisposed her to believe him innocent "hoping against hope" as it were the set about devising schemes for his deliverance to wrett him, if human mcantadmitted, from the iron arm of the law. In short, not to weary our readers, with a description of all the difficulties which she encountered and overcame each feeling heart will readily picture to itself the fond anticipation and melancholy foieboding which alternately haunted her maternal breast she obtained the strongest recommendation to mercy, with testimonial of former good character, &c, of her ton, from the highest sources in Mississippi, where he wat best known. Amtiti'g these was a letter from the late Go vernor of that Stale. Thu armed, she re paired lo our teat of Government, wilh two young children, the innocent little sister of ihe convict, luunht out our humane Chief Magistrate, importuned with pertinacity tho member of the Senate, pleaded for her un happy child at only a ttio:her can plead, and finally wns succestful. Governor JnhnMli pardoned the young man; Ihe Senalb ton fumed the eiercite Of txecuMve clemency, nnd humanity nay ins! ice herself in thi instance must ratify the deed. It is vain to attempt the portrayal of the meeting between the Uevoiell mother and hef rescued ton Such a teene musl be left lo ihe imagination ; and, besides, we are not certain lhat il would not be profane lo lift the veil from their mutual interchange ol affection. Filial love on one side, rendered intense by gratitude-"thou art tu ice a mo iher, for twice halt thou given me to breathe the free air of heaVen !" Maternal feeling, op tue other, enriched by a double emotion of pleasure once through joy that a "man hid is burn into the lightj" and now thai he ha been given back itialn eveh from the jaws of death '-Fur this my ton was dead and is alive aguin J wns lost and is found!" The evidence before the Governor and Senate (in a secret session) wui ample in fa. vor of lha couvicl The killing was doubt less in telf-defence. N. O. Picayune. Tut EMPLormesT or Woae. We some time busy ourselves in conjecturing the em- Dlovmonl of our fair readers within door I Woman is never to attractive a whan fulfil ling Social duties, and those who deem her more engaging when the ha artfully ma naged lo avoid the performance of their du ties, have vet lo learn in what coniittt the true dignity of her tex. The "good old times" are long since gonej when the piodudtloti of a piece of embroidered tapestry wa consid rej a tufflelent commutation for dayt ami month of toil, and ihe praise it elicited, al most the hiu'hett Ilia I could be courteously rendered. To be actively good it ihe duty of every woman; and l hose who will not ap preciate her when giving a portion of each day to domett ic tasks, neither understand ir reverence her' ' : "' ' ' Tuca was f l,60p,0Oa worth of California gold laeeired at, tba Philadelphia mint during tho laal week, , . . ;i , . FAMILY GOVERNMENT. BY KEV. RALPH W. ALI.Eft. On ihe correct formation of t-hirncter, hangs all which ia dear to the hnmno race. It is true, that the teacher and example Have much to do in its formation, but lhcsj fall far K'low pareutul training in this directing and mould influence. Indeed, the potency for good of the teacher, is i.i a great measuie se cured by a well sustained family discip'ine. In most in (lances, it may be undeniably affirmed that, the foundation of character for subsequent life, is laid under parental influ ence, for here ih; elements of character are imbibed, whether good or evil. And Is that government to be Ijhtly eleemed Under which character i ICpceive its constituent principles, and.be slrfped for future destiny? Only lei this be right, and, other things Je equal, all earlhly governments will be right. "Hence," says John Angel James, "every nation has stamped a greut Value on the fam ily compact, and guarded it with the most powerful sanctions. It is by the fireside, and upon the family hearth, that patriotism, and every public virtue, grows; as it is in disordered families that factious demagogues and tyrannical oppressor, are trained up, to be Iheirneighbor's or their country's scourge. It is there that Ihe thorn and the briar, to use tho elegant simile of lha prophet, or tho myrtle and Ihe fir-tree, are reared, which are in future lime to bo the ornament anil de fence, or ihe deformity and misery, of the land." To point out some things essential to a right administration of family government is the object of the following remarks: Kindness should be stamped on all ihe pa rent's acts in a family. "Bo kindly affec- tioned one lo another," is a divine command peculiarly applicable to all parents, (and to all familie.) Parents should be self-possesed. To exer tiise a perfect command over one s sell IS highly important, especially in those who would govern others. Nothing should be done through caprice, or in pas.ion. Parents should "ride well their own house, having their children in subjection wilh all gravity " Equanimity of temper is also essential to a proper administration Of parental govern ment. Many parents suffer themselves to liaiige in thfii feelings by ihe most trilling circumstances: sometime calm nml com posed, then fretful nml passionaic ; some times holding themselves in restraint, then giving a loose rein to ineir iii-uunior. i.et parents remember that if they would govern well, they must possess and maintain even ness and firmness of mind. C.tSAR'S RIDE; Cbesar had been a faithful tervant at bhe of our country inns many years. His master was kind to him, fed and clothed him well, and told him he should be well cared for in hit old age. Ctrsar look il into his head one day that he Would like to gn on a ride, put up at an inn, bo waited on, as he did to oilier and put things through in Style. "Well, Cav ar," replied his good master, "you shall have my best horse and chaise, nnd lake l'hillis with you ; and here is a five dollar note for you lo spend. So, you may go and blow it out straight." Crcsar and his lady were soon "done up" in his "fixins," the chaise was ready, they jumped in, and drove olfin high glee. They pulled up at the inn of tha next village; Ctesar gave his horse in tha charge of ihe ostler, wilh direutions In give him a peck of oats, and rub him down well lie then wailed nport Miss l'hillis into ihe house called for a rodm, a pack of cards, a bottle of brandy, and a good dinner. As soon as dinner was over, the brandy used up, and ihey llrad of playing "liigH-lnw-jack," Clfesar culled for his team and bis bill. The horse was soon harnessed, and Ihe "ileth.V placed in Crssar'a hand ; he could not rend, but when Ihe landlord told him the arhobnt was rtfo dollars and afW, the eyesof ourebony hero, ''In their reUiziiif circlet, r.Jletl iu white '" iu utter astonishment. "U dut all " he ex claimed, "wal, if dut be do cate, just you take out de boss agin; rub him down, gib him anudder peck, and send up anudder din ner, bottle ob brandy, and cards, for Ise on a blow oi:i, you tee, and massa give me de V to do it up brown !" taisti and Dt'TCit. tt is generally admit ted that the Irish are most famous for making bulls, but we think ihe Dutch can go ahead in making pigs, fur instance, I've gx pig cat, and I've gx a p:g t'-g, I've fit a pig calf, and I've f a pig hng, I've g 4 a pig baby, to pig and tall, Aiul I've gjt a pi vu. dat't piggcr a all. The President has recognized ton J. Y Laborde a Spanish consul ad interim tot the city of New Orleans. Search for Sir Johh Frahkuh. Tho Secretary of Ihe Navy has signified hi dis position to extend every facility to the praise. worthy enterprise projected by Mr. Grinnell, of New York, for equipping vessels to prose; cute the tearch for Sir John Franklin ; and at toon a lha proposition is submitted in form, he w ill elect from the volunteer who will doubtless offer for lhat haxardoua er vice, a sufficient number of officer w hose skill, expeiie:,ce, and scientific attainment! will a-, ienst give encouragement to ihe noble object of Iho expedition, jt i not compe tent, of course, for the head of the navy de partment to order officer lo vessel not con nected w ilh lha service and hence it i that lha nterpri. mutt rely upon volunteer, o far it th navy it eonceruej. " AFFCCTIa 1NCIDL5T. Yesterday morning we witnessed a ceno that we little btlieved coild bo enacted within the bmlers of Kentucky. The steam- buat U. W. Kendall was lying at the wharf at the foot of Wall street, preparing to start fur New 0 leans On the fo Cas'le deck ttoud a group consisting of a tnas.'f r arid jibe or six slavts, including a woman with 0 child at the b roast, who were apparently going to tha Sjuiht Just as Ihe last bell of the steamer rang out its peal for departurne, and and lha lines were about to be cast loose, the molhef was bade to give up her infant, and was told the mutt go Without in At this intimation the p;ior creature became frantic with giiufi She caressed the child a moment, then flew to her trunk, in which had beeu packed va-, rious little articles of clothing that she had made up for it to wear. These she first pres sed fervently to herlipsj and then bestowed them upon the child. Her master then or-. dered her lo follow him, and the mechani cally started to obey, but the promptings of nature were too strong within her swelling breast to be resisted, and, wilh loud sobs of grief, he turned, embraced her child, and clung to it with the tenacity of despair. The heart rending grief of the woman, and her frantic gestures, attracted the attention of persons passing alongthe leveej nnd strongs ly excited the sympathies of many. The owner was asked by a gentleman if he Would sell the woman and child. To this he absen ted, and demanded &650 for them. Unon inquiry, however, it was ascertained that tlid woman was to be sold down tho river, and. thai ihe child would be disposed of here; The bystanders volunteered to raise subscrip tions to buy Ihe child, and send it With its mother, and several of them proffered ten itollarsapiece. At this juncture Captain Nbr- ton, captain of Ihe boat, tame forward and told Ihe owner of tho slaves that he would not lake him on his boat, and sent the whole parly nsliore, and in a few moments the steal mer was seen dashing over the full without them. Louisville (Ky.) Eagle. There is an ancbilote; which we do hot re1 member to have seen in print; related about a country clergyman who flourished iu soma pait of New Euulaud a good many years ago One Sunday morning, finding his laider too lean to furnish hint a satisfactory breakfast, he sent his seitaut, a dull; clumy buy of six teen, to the stall of a neigliboilnij bulcher of of iho name of Puhl, to procure1 a beef-steak for flie minister' morning meal. But lha butcher, who was already too largely ihd creditor of the clergyman to feel like trusting him any further without payment of the old debt, refilled to let the boy have any meati The servant, thinking it was useless to hasten home with the ill news, loitered about tha ruad ; and on his return finding that his mas ter had gone to church, followed him thither; and had just entered the door, when ihe minister, by way of enforcing some doctrine' of lii sermon, exclaimed, '-Well, what say Paul ?'' "Why he says," exclaimed the boy, who supposed the question was addressed to himself, "he says he'd be cussed if ho let you have any more meat till you have paid off the old scores." J'csf. Senator Hocston says lhat if this Union is ever to be dissolved, he wants the ruins of the republic to be the monument of hi giave ! It is audi patnolisni as uu tllal will save it. What the Steam Engine Dors. It pro- pels, u rows, it (crew, it warps, it tows, it sc-ulis. il elevates, it lowers, il lifts, it piiinp, it drain, it irrigates, it draws, it pulls, it drives, it putties. It carries, it brings, it teat' ters, il collects, It condenses, it extracts, it tplits, it breaks, it confines, it opens, it shuts, it dig, it shovels, it excavates, it plows, it threshes, il Separates, it w innows, it washes, it grinds, it crushes, il sifts, il bolls, it mixesi it kneads, it moulds, it stamps, it punches, it presses, il picks, it hews, it cuts, it slits, it shaves, it splits, it saws, il planes, il turns, it bores, it mortifies, it drills, it heads, it blows, it forges, il rolls, il hammer, il rasps, it file it polishes, it rivets, it sweeps, it brushes, it scutches, it cards, it spins, it winds, it twiels, it lhrc, it weave, it coins, it pry;ts. And the writer might have added il burn it "bursts," it kill. Boys. S?e how much you can contribute to tho happiness of the oilier member ol" your family. And while, even iu winter evenings, there may be many attractions a broad, remember lhat theie is no place so safe for you at home. When yon have ar rived at manhood, you will never regret that you puased loo much time with your brother and sister at home. Punch ay that all the old English come dies here ihe hero and heroin are reliev ed by Ihe opportune appearance of a "rich old uncle," from lha East Indies, wilh apoc ket full of bank note must be changed. The climax of the drama must come from California. Tho old uncle must rush ypqt the stage wilh a bag full of the dusl, evoUim. i'g "Here are live hundred ounces ; take her my dvnr boy, and be happy," W are informed of tale of twenty poun.lt of calomel in California, for tha round tuiu of J5,000. "I wish you had been Eve," eaid n tu chin to an old ronid, who wat proverbial for her meannets. "Why so ?' "Because," said he, "you would have eaten all the ap pie, iu.tead of dividing it with Adlt"