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,.lA7i:':;:i A, T-. IT. 1 Y;VU U 1 4 i. Int ii ,n 1 1 i. i V In i .', , if1.! ! ,' " I ts A ; it .;i ' ' v.. M IVl lil tuipoy 19(l,lifV"!7..;;.tj .1 :v'r;i' 1 ' OFFICE, MARKET STREPS, OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE. 1 jramfla ilctospaptr-Dctotrti to 3JolMcs, fcftcraturc, uoralHfl, jorctjju ant Domestic ilctos, Stftncc ana the girts, aarlculturr, juarttrts. amusements, are NKV WkuUCS ,'VOL. .7, NO. . SUM5L11Y, NOli rilUMUKIM.AM) COlTY. A., RATI IJDAY, MAY S3. I8.9. OLD SKIUliS VOL. 13, NO. 3.1 CAE ' ,; S-- " TERMS OF THE AMERICAN. rX"Kt AMKrtlAN la piibliiilirit eyefy ftitnnlay nt TWO JHI,LAI19 piif nimuin In hp ptiul halt eariv in mlvnuce. N Mier dinronliuind until all iirrniruKvs' nrs ' All comrmtMicntions or letter, on hnsinc. rcVonip; to Ihe office, to insure Mteilliiai, tnnst In- fliM' PAID.' . nv . ' TO CI.VU3. ! J"hree copies to one acldress, PSim eleven )u n ' 111 l HI Fiiieen 1) ....Dn , aiini Five dollar in nib-snci will pny for llnee yew's juh-w-rtptj. to (he American. : . . . - Jjlne Suumi n id Imps, S timet,' ' " " r'very Rulmcquciit hiftertinti, ' i Hie S(iinre, 3 iimntlis, Pi inniiiht, ii. tii yenr, HimiiiFM Cnnl nt Five linen, per nniiiim, 'Merchnntt nnd nfliem, nrlvertiKiiiir hv tire vpiir, with Hip privilege! .f inncrtiiig fHnrent iuU'crliSL'inull weekly. ' ty ImrgiT AilverliMrinnitft, n. per nprcenmil. Fl I'd mm .'.en Mill aim m rut H. 3. ATT O.U.N JS.Y A T .I. A W , crzsrEtrs-jr, r a. ' UtimnoK. nttrirlril r in the-Connlir nf Nrr tliumbcilaml, Union, Lvrnmins; nd Cultiinliia.. Kefrr till P. A A. Kovniult, T . . Lower V Pnrron, Homor." & flini1 tusr, rhiLiil. KoynoMH, MoFiirlaml & Co., Picring, GooJ &. Co., J TAKKS J. NAILLI?; Attorney and Counsellor at Law, ; SUN3TJRY, PA. TTIIJ,! nftorul fniihfiillv Btitl promptly to nil ' .rirofrsiounl luiiiiPsA, in JSortliumlwriiind ami Union ronrilios. lie in familinr with the (irrinim IntniuiiffP. . OFFICE :- Opposite tlio "I.nwrcnrc House," few doors from tlie Court llnuso. ' funliury, A115. 10, 18S1. ly. KARRIEBURG STe"am"wCOD Ti;hm.o and sciioi.T, s.wvixrs SIIOI'. Wood Turiihiff in nil its lir;ni lies, in erty -stylp nnd at rity prices, livery variety of Ciiliinet nnd Carpenter work either on linnd or turne.d to oriler. Heil Posts, Unlusters, KosettB. Pint nnd Quar tet Motildinsn, 'J'slilc Les, 1 Newe'd Posts, Pat tern. Awniim Post., V?in Hoi"'. Columns, Hound or Oetauon Chisel il-.indles. iVr. Vv- Tliis sliop is in NTUAWIJKKKV AT. .i;V, near Tliitd Mreet, and, ns wo inlend to please nil our ensloiners who want no nl w.nrk tlnne, it ill hoped tliut all the trade wil' !?ivfi s a rtill. 1 CfT Ten-Pins imd Ten-Pin Halls mude to or iler iir ret timed. ' 'J'lin nttontiiin of Cnhinet MaV.ers and Carpen ter is ealled to our new stvle of TWIsT HKJl. I.DINCS. Printer's Uinlets at I per 100 feet. W. O. HICKOK. Fehrnnrv 7, 1852. ly. - HARDWARE, CUTLERY AND GUNS Ton, 31 V 33 Market Slrcrl. rKZLA3Kz.rni.fi. rSIHE snliwriliert would eall the attenli.in of huyers to their slivk of Hardware, consisting Vif TaMe nnd Porket Knives. Cuns, Chains, l.oeks, lTollownre, &.C.. &c. "c would reeom mend to all, our . , . ' landless Clisiiii Tumps. a new nrtiele now petting into peiieral use which ve enn furnish eonip'ete at aliotit one half tlie priee paid fur tl e old style Pumpt, also a new ar ticle of .limits Tat e IPnor l.nclit, each l.ciek wilted either for riilit or left hand doors, with mineral or white knobs. Our stock of ;iiih is hire nnd well select ed, eomprisinir single nnd douhle hnrrels, Fni;!is!i and lierimin make. All rjonils enn lw returned if not found to he as represented. (Country mer chants wonld do well to call on us before pur rhnsiuir elsewliere. Wheelwrit'lils nnd earriaire makers supjilied villi goods suited to their business, bv palling on V. H. & (' W. AU.HN, Nos. 31 & Co Market Street, Piiiladi lihia. February, SI, 152 Cms. Y7M. HcCARTY, Eoofcellcr, nu:ifvTiY, sci:i'itv, pa. MAS just received and for pale, Purdous Di gest of the laws of Pennsylvania, edition of 1851. price only ijli.tlll. Judge Heads edition of Iilaekstouet Commen. tnries, in 3 vols. 8 vo. formerly sold at 310.00, and now offered (in fresh binding) nt tlie low price of ffi,0 J. , . ' " A Treatise on the laws of Pennsylvania re specting the estates of Decedent, hv Thomas F. Gordon, prieo only $4-00. - Kossuth nnd the Jluimarian war: comprising a complete history of the lale strugjle for freedom of that country, with notices of the leading chiefs and statesmen, who disliimuished themselves in council and in the field, containing S8 pagu uf interesting matter with authentic portraits. Kossuth's eddress to the people, of tlit I'nited States, with a portrait, printed on broadcast, and put on rollers after the manner of maps, price only 50 centt. Washington's farewell address, uniform stvle with the above. February, SI, 1S5. It. RKMTLLLliERY GOODS JO IX STOXK ft SONS, , IMPOHTKliS AND l)l-.AU'.ltS IX FRENCH MILLIXEUY-GOODS, No. 45 South Second Street, Philadelphia. RE now prepared to offer to their customers and the trade a large and well sflecltd as sortment of r Mki, millions & Millinery r;nori. Confining themselves exclusively to this branch of the trado, and liitjtvrting the larger part of their stock, enables them to oiler an assortment unsurpassed in extent nnd variety, which will be sold at llie lowest price and on the inojt favor able terms. March 13, 1852. 5no. ? ' Alden'8 Contented Reports of Penua- 3LfT Published, and for sale by the mihscri-bor-the iitcvuii lo.m of AldeiVs ('n cleused Pennsylvuuia Jieports, eoutaiidng tlie last three vuluines ul eules Jteports, irnd two first volumes of Himiey's l'eports. The lirjt vol ume of Alden, containing Dallas' KcporW, vol umes ; sun leaies Reports, volume 1, is also on hand, and for sale. The above two volumes are rolnylett' within themselves, nnd cf.nlsinitH of pailtu Ksports, 4 vulumea, and all of VeaW Jvcports, .4 volumes, Utvuttea tho two first volumes o Viuney'f licpurU. The third volume isriudy autl will be put to prejn iuuuedLiUdv. , - U. UgMASi&li, Agent. .3tiuburj-, Auj, 10, ltjSl . Lycoming ' Mutual Insurance Company. "I1R. J. 13, MASHER i thHocal auent for the -1 abuve Insurance. Comnanv. in Norihnu,l-r. and county, and is at all timet ready to ull'ci t Insurances against fire oil real or personal pro. erty, or renewing policies for the same, .v SunUirv, A-itiiae, D15l.-r-tf. . .... ; . j INK Bourcau's celebrub d ink, and also Con. gres ink for wile, wholesale and retail bv -December 88, 18 50. H b MASSKR. SIUJiCT POETIIY. THE 'fJie m thy blessinc, millier, For 1 mirel now away, , . . To iiii'i t my lionny Ayni's, millier, lT jinn her bridal ilny I'vp loved lur laiia Mini wrt'l, millier, Aiiil ihou my I 'vp hast known ; Th-ii lay llty hiinil upon tno, tnilher, And Mfss thy kiipelmg sou." I "All I Willie!, how my heart o'prdows, When thus I hour llice speak ) My teats are glistening tin ihy ha i r, And l ropping nn ihy' cIipi k And nil ! Jiow irii'tnoiy calls tip now Thp days of nuld lnna oyiu'; WIumi I u insouie lu ide liisl cnllM , Thy painted falhi-r, inim. "Ve look mn likp hiin, Willin, dear, W look ao like him now ; V'p Inn llir same, dark, tender e'en, The same broad noble) brow. Ami sic.il a Hinjln was on his fuee, When In ih it moiiiina; cnm To biiug iuva! as ye niunii do, A lassio tn his llame. 'Tnir I'liiKl. h"r In-art is bpaling now, As it ne'er heat liolore ; I'nii child, 1 ken her hael e'en Wi' main are iiinniii' o'er. Slip loves thee, Willie, but sho feuls To wed's n solemn thing, I weel remember lenv I frit, Wliuii looking on the ring. "I weel reinetnlipr," too. the hour When i' n heavy sigh, I lorii'd a wile sue yoniig nnd and, To bid them n' iiiiod-by"-The tears were pushing then, I know, For 1 love I tnv kindred weel, And though mv nin was by my side, I could i;a' help but feel. "Rut then how kind he look my hand, And trenllv whispeM, 'Come! T!i" sain solt s'nr shines o'er mv eot, ' That And. W biiii s above thy home !' die. i I'umi since he's dead, I've w.itclt.'d that lislaiit star. And 1 1 1 . 1 1 it H t I s ivv bis jrciitlu face Stnila in il fiom afur. ' "We hived ilk i her weel, Willie, We hived ilk ither lang ; Ah, me how happy was t h heart : That trill'-d Ihe even sanj; ! ' We hived i'.k ilher. Willie, right ; And mny God grunt it so, That ye triiiun hive as we twa luved In d;ys lung, Uii! ngo. "Oh ! fondly rlierish her, Willie, SShe is s.ie young mid fair ; She has not kuovn a singe cloud, ( r loll a siiitd care.' Tle'ii it a canld world's storm should come Thy way In ovetea-t, ' . ' . : Oli 1 ever aiaiiil Miou ail a man,) H 'tween' her and the blast. ' 'Whi'u first f kne.w a niilhei'p iride, , 'Tns wh-li I gazed oil lh";- - " ' And w hen my iiher llowers3 died, '"' Thy snide was led In me. And I can scarce believe il true, So lale ihv lib began. The pi. in fill bairn I fmitidled then, S'.iiinls by me now u man ; Then tell thy bnnnie, Willie, She has mv (i'sl born son ; I lak' the dai ling from my arms, And gie hun to her own ! Oh ! (die will cherish thee, Willie, For when I maun depart, She, onlv tdio, will then be left Tu liil thy lonely heart ! I di;ina tear to die, Willie, I ever v i-hed to "ang ; The sidt, green mould in yoti kiik-yard, Has lonely been too king. And I would lay me tliere, Willie, And a death s tenors brave, Reside the heart sao leal and true, II 'Us within the grave. ' Then gang awa', my b!esrd bairn, An I bring ihv gentle dove ; And diiiua frown if a' should grieve, To pari wi' her thev love. But if a tear fills up her e'e. Theu whisper as thev pari, There's rnoin for I hen at niiiher hearth 'J'heie's room in milhei's heart. ' An I may the God that reigns above, Ami sees v a' Ihe while, Look down upon your plighted troth, And bless ve hi Ins smile. And tnnv'st thou ne'er forget, Willie, In a' tbv tii'uie lite, To serve tlm 1'nwer that gave lo thee Thy kind and guileless wile." CD i) cot itovy. THE GHOST-RAISER. Mv Uncle Bealey, who commenced his commercial career very early in the pre sent century as a bagman, 'will' tell sto ries. Anion-' them, he tells his single ghost story so often, that I am heartily tired ol it. In sell-defence, therelore, I publish the lale in order that when next the good, kind old gentleman oilers to bore us with it, eve rybody may say they know it. I remem ber every word ol it. One line autumn evening, about forty years ago, I was travelling on horseback from Shrewsbury to Chester. I felt toler ably tired, and was beginning to look out lor some snug way side mn, where J. might j pass the night, when a sudden and violent J thunder storm came on. My horse, terri fied by Ihe lightning, fairly took the bridlw between his teeth, and started oft with me at lull gallop through lanesand cross-roads, until at length I managed to pull him up just pear the door of a neat looking coun try inn. . , . '"Well," thought I,.. "there was wit in your madness, old hoy, since it brought us to this comfortable refuge." And alight ing, I gave him in charge to a stout far. mer'sTmy, who acted as ostler. ' The inn kitchen, which was also the guest room, was large, clean, neat, and comfortable, very like. the pleasant hostelry described by Iza'ak Walton. There were several travel ler already in the roomprobably like myself, driven there for shelter and they were all warming themselves by the blaz ing fire while waiting for supper. I join- ed the party. Presently, being summoned by the hostess, we nil sat ilnwn, twelve in number, to a smoking repast of bacon and eggs, corned beef and carrotts, and stewed hoit. ....... . . . . , , The conversation naturally turned on the mishaps occasioned by the storm, of wtiicb every one seemed o have bis lull share. One had been thrown oft" his horse ; another, 'driving in a gig-, had been upset into a dyke', all bad got a thorough wel ling, and agrepd unanimously that it was dreadful weather a regular witches' Mh bath! "Witches and ghosts prefer for their sab bitli a fine moonlight night to such wea ther as this!" These words were uttered in a solemn tone and with strange emphasis, by one of,,neno,r ",e sum-ner-notise, ami loumi the company, lie was a tall dark looking ! lhe s1u,,,'nl ,n r,"'v"l'i"1''3- A pfiper s,2ned man, and I had set him down in my own j with the name "! rancis Villiers," was found mind as a travelling merchant or pedlar. i on ,a!l'(' My next neighbor was a gay, well looking As soon as the student's senses were re fashionably dressed young n,an, who, burst- I storotl, he asked vehemently where was the ing into a peal of laughter, said: "You must know the manners and cii? toms of ghosts very well, to be able to tell that they dislike getting wet or muddy." The first speaker giving him a dark fierce look, said : "Young man speak not so lightly of things above your comprehension." 'Do you mean lo imply that there are such things as ghosts ?" "Perhaps there arp, if you had courage lo look at them." The young man stood up, flushed with nnger. But presently resuming his seat, he said, calmly : "That taunt should cosl you dear, if it were not such a foolish one." "A foolish one!" exclaimed the mer chant throwing on the table a heavy leath ern purse. "There are fifty guineas. I am content to lose them, if, before tin; hpur is- ended, I do not succeed in showing vou, who are so obstinately prejudiced, lhe form of any ohp of your deceased friends; and il, aller you have recojni'-'pd him, you al low him to kiss your lips." We nil looked nt each other, hut my young neighbor, still in the same mocking manner, replied : "You will do lhat, will you 2" "Yes," said the other "I will slake these fifly guineas, on condition (bat you will pay a similar sum, if you lose." After a short silence, the young man said gaily : "Fifty guineas, my worthy sorcerer, are more than a poor college sizar ever posses sed ; but here are five, which, if you are satisfied, 1 shall he most willing to wager." The other took up his purse, saying, in a contemptuous tone : "Young gentleman, you wish to draw back ?'' "I draw back !" exclaimed the student. "Well! if I had the fifty guineas, you should see whether I wish to draw back !" "Here," said I, "are four guineas, which I will stake on your wager." No sooner bad I made this proposition than the rest of the company, attracted by the singularity of the affair, came forward to lay down their money ; and in a minute or two the fifty guineas were subscribed. The merchant appeared so sure of winning, that he placed all the stakes in the student's hands and prepared for his experiment. We selected for the purpose a summer house in the garden, perfectly isolated, and having no means of exit but a window and a door, which wp carefully fastened, after placing the young man within. We put writing materials on a small ta ble, in the summer-house, and took away the candles. We remained outside, with the pedlar amongst us. In a low solemn voice he began to cbaunt tho following lilies : 'Vhut rict!i sl w fr-'iil the ocean cavcl And th .t'nny surf ? Th phantom pale pel. hi. hlarkcactl foot Oh thoiresli green tnrf. Then raising his voice solemnly, he said : "You asked to see your friend, Francis Yilliers, who was drowned, three years ago, oil the coast of South America what do you 6ee " "I see replied the student, 'a white light arising near the window; but it has no firm; it is like an uncertain cloud.'" We the spectators -remained pro foundly silent. "Are you afraid!" asked the merchant, in a loud voice. "I am not," replied the'student, firmly. After a moment's silence, the pedlar stamped three times on the ground, and sang : ''Anil lhe ptuuiU'in wiite, whose clay ciM luce Was once ao luir, Dries with the hriud liis rlinimi; vest Ancl hi. fim-loftst-d luiir.' Once more the solemn question : "You, who would see revealed the mys teries of the tombf what do you see now V The student answered, in a calm voice, but like (but of a man describing things a they pass before him : "I see the cloud taking the formofa phan tom ; lis bead is covered with a long veil it stands still !" "Are you afraid V "I am" not !" We looked nt each other in horror-stricken silencp, while the merchant, raising his arms above his head, chanted, in a sepul chral voice ' ' " ' "And the phantom said, m be rose from the wave, '' ' lie shall kn'iw ine Hi toolli !' -. 1 1 '" 1 will J lo my friend, ray, tuuluii;, ami f nd, '. t As ill out tirtl youth Vt "What do you see 1" said he, "I see the phantom advance he bfls bis yeil 'lis Francis Yilliers! he approaches the table he writes! 'lis his signiture!" "Are you afraid 1" A fearful moment of silence endued ; then the student replied, but in an tillered voice : "I am not," With strange and frantic gesture, the merchant then sang. "And the pliniittiiir oiit In the m irUioa: I c-iiui' fr.'in tli.- s iinli ; Put ihy IiiuhI on my lenul lliy lieait on my heart, Thy in. .iilli on my inutllh ! ' 'What do yon see?" "He conies he approaches hp pursues me he is strearhing out his arms he will have me! ' Help! help! Save me!" "Are you afraid 'now?'" asked thetner chntit in a mocking voice. ' ' A piercing cry, and then a stifled groan, were the only answer of the terrible ques tion: "Help that rash youth !" said the mer chant bitterly. "I have, I think, won the wager ; hut it is sufficient for tne lo have given him a lesson. Let him keep his nioney'for the future;' Me walked tapidlv nwav. AVe op"ned vile sorcerer who had subjected him to such a horrible ordeal he would kill him ! He sought him throughout Ihe inn in vain ; then, with the speed of a madman, be dashed across the fields in pursuit ol him and we never saw eilher of them again. That, children, is mv Ghost Sloiy ! "And how is it Uncle, 'that after 'that,' you don't believe in ghosts !" said 1, the first time I heard il. "Because, my boy," replied my Uncle, "neither the student nor Ihe merchant ever returned : ami the fortv-five guineas, be- I longing to ine and the other traveller, con I tinned equally invisible. Those two swin- dlers carried them oil, alter having acted a I farce, which we, like ninnies, believed to I he real." H Lr;n mod i- of fir.TTt.Mi a wife." One little act of politeness will some times'pave the way hi fortune and prefer ment.' The following sketch ilh.strales the fart : A sailor, roughly garhed, was sauntering through the i-irerts of Jew Orleans, then in a rather damp condition, from recent rain and the rise of lhe tide. Turning the Corner of a- much frequented and narrow alley, he observed si young lady standing in perplexity, apparently measuring the depth ol the muddy water bet ween her and the opposite sidewalk, with no very satis fied countenance. The sailor paused for he was a great admirer ol'beauly (and certainly the fare thai peeped out from under tlie little chip hat, and the auburn curls hanging glossy and niiconfiiieil, over her muslin dress, i - - ... migni tempt a curious or an admiring glance.) Perplexed, the lauv nut (orthotic little font, when the gallant sailor, with characteristic impulsiveness, exclaimed : "That little fool, lady, should not be soiled with the filth of this lane. Wait fur a mo ment, and I will make yon a path." Ni, springing past her into a carpenter's shop opposite, he bargained for a nlank which stooil in the doorway, and, coming back to the smiling girl, who was just co quettish enough to accept the services of the handsome sailor, he bridged the narrow stream, and she tripped across with a merry "Thank vou," and a roguish smile, makiiu her eyes as dazzling as they could he. Alas! our young sjilor was perfectly charmed. What else could make him catch up and shoulder the p'ank, and fol low the little witch to her home, she twice performing the ceremony of "walking the plank," and each time thanking him with one of her eloonent smiles. Presently, our hero saw the young lady trip up the mar ble steps of a palace of a bouse, and disap pear within its rosewood entrance; for full a miiinte he stood looking at the door. and then, with a wonderful big sigh, turn ed away, disposed of Ins drawbridge, and wended bis path back to the ship. Ihe next day he was astonished with an order of promotion from the captain. Poor Jack was speechless with amazement. He had not dreamed of being exalted to the dignity of a second mate's ollice on board one of the most splendid vessels that sailed out of the port of New Orleans. He knew he was competent, (or instead of spending his money in visiting theatres and bowling eys, he bad purchased books and become quite a student; but he expected years to intervene belore his ambitious hopes could be realized. His superior officers seemed to look upon him with considerable leniency, and gave him many a (air opportunity to frather maritime knowledge; and in a year the handsome, gentlemanly young mate, ac quired unusual favor in the eyes of the portly commander, Captain Hume, who had first taken the smait little black eyed fellow, with his tarpaulin and tidy bundle,, as his cabin boy. One night the young man, with all lhe other officers, were invited to an entertain ment at the captain's house. He went, and to his astonishment mounted Ihe identi cal steps that two years before the brightest vision he had. ever seen pass over a vision he had never forgotten. Thump, thump, went his brave heart, as he was ushered into the gceat parlor, and like a sledge-hammer it beat again, when Captain Hume brought forward his blue eyed daughter and with a pleasant smile, mid : "The young lady once indebted to your politeness for a safe and dry wa!k home." It wjs only a year from that time that the second mate trod the quarterdeck part owner with the captain, not only ol Ins ves sel, but in lhe aflection-!nf his daughter, gentle, Grace Hume,' who bid cherished respect, to say nothing of Jove, fur the bright eyed sailor. The old man has retired from business. Henry ' Wells is now Captain Wells, and Grace Hume is, according to polite par lance, "Mrs. Captain Wells.". In fjctvour honest sailor is one of the richest men in the Crescent City, and he owes perhapsthe greatest part of his prosperity to his tact und politeness in crossing the street. HISTORICAL RKKTCII OF JAPAN Til B EXTIRPATION OF CHRISTIANS. The Portuguese who had setlled in great numbers in Japan, intoxicated by the extent of their rommeree nnd thp success of their religion, became so obnoxious, to the na tives by their avaricious nnd domineering conduct, that the representalivps of the hea then priesls became at lenglh sntliciently powerful to procure a prohibition from the Rmperor against the new religion. A vio lent prosecution was commenced against the Christians, of w hom 20,000 ore said to have been put lo dealh in the year 1500. Still tile number of proselytes continued to in crease, and in 15!M nnd 1392 twelve thou sand were converted nnd baptized. One of llir Emperors wilh bis whole court nnd nrmy embraced the Christian name, and had the Porlnaese ncted with ordinary prudence nnd gpntlt'iieos, their causo must have triumphed, but the insolence of some of their inflates to some piiuce of blood, provoked, n new persecution in the year 159(5, which was carried on without inter ruption for the space of 40 years, nnd ended in lhe year lfi.lS, wilh tho extermination of lhe Christian., and the banishment of the I'orlnguese from the country. IXTKRCOUllSE WITH TIIK PCTCII Tn 1(500 n squadron of five ships, which sailed from the Texel for Ihe East Indies was lost in the Straits of Magellan, with the exception of one Dutch ship steered by an Englishman bv lhe name of William Adams which reached the harbor of Banpo in Lat. .IS'Si)'. Adams was foriunnte enough !u ingratiate himself with the Empeior of Ja pan who loaded him with present, but would not consent to bis returning home. The accounts he sent lo ISatavia with t lie prospects be held out of a beneficial com merce between the Iwo countries, induced t'.i Patch East Indies Company to dispatch a ship thiiher in lfiOP ; nnd thus, thioiigh lhe iutei ventioe. of one individual, are the Dutch indebted for iheir establishment at Japan. They are the only people that have contrived to retain the favor of Ihe Japanese who, under humilialing restrictions, permit them to carry on n trade, limited to the des patch of two small ships annually fiom fialavia lo Japan. Nearly nt lhe same time the English also by means of Iheir country man Adams, had permission to build a factory on the island of Firando ; bid though ihey were well received, and al lowed to Iraiiic on advantageous terms, the trade was abandoned for reasons hitherto unexplained, ihe Dutch thus commenced, nnd yet remain the only European Mer chants in Japan. Ties iinporis comprise raw silk, woollen, cotton nnd linen cloths, sugar, dye-woods seal skins, paper and other spices, mercury, cinnabar, glass ware, v".e. The exports con sist chiolly of copper in bars, and lo a small amount camphor, silk, fubiics, lackered ware, poicelian osC. IIOCSES ASP MOPE OF LIVING. Ill Japan the houses are of wood, never exceeding two stories, tho upper one con sisting chiclly of gatrets and lumber rooms. Though the house is commodious, it consists in general of one room, capable by move able petitions ami screens, of being divided into upaitmeuts. Neither tables nor chairs are used, Ihe people) sitting squat on straw mats, in which position they eat iheir food. The diet of .ho Japanese is composed of a greater vaiiety of articles than that of any people in the world. Not content with ihe many kinds of wholesome nnd nutritive food supplied by lliu produce of iheir lands and waters they contrive by their modes of preparing iheir victuals, to render lhe less valuable, and even the poisonous parts of an imals and vegetable subslaiiccs useful, or at least baiuiless articles of subsistence. At meals the por'.ion for each person is ser ved up In neat vessels of porcelain or japan ned wood, which nro largo basins, fur nished wilh litis. The gupstg salute each oilier wilh a low bow before Ihey begin to eat ; and like tho Chinese, take up food by means of iwo small pieces of wood, held between ihe fingers of the right baud, nnd used wilh the greatest dexterity, go as to pick Uj lb" smallest grain of rice. Ie Iwcen each dish they drink waim Jacki, or rice beer, out of shallow saucers, nnd at ihe same time occasionally lake a bile uf a hard boiled egg. Some of the most common dishes are fish boiled w ith onions nnd a kind of small bean, or dressed in oil. Fowls slewed nnd prepared ill vaiious modes, nnd boiled rice, which supplies tlie place of bread for all their provisions. Oils, mushrooms, carro'si and various bulbous roots, me used in mak ing up iheir dishes. It is customary to ent three limes n day J nt eight o'clock jn the nioiuiiig, Iwo in thu afternoon, and eight iu lliu evening. The woiueu ejt by them selves, apart from ihe men, The practice of smoking tobacco, which is supposed to have been introduced into Japan by the Portuguese, is very commun with both sexes. CHARACTERISTICS ANO PRESS OF TUB ' JAPANESE. The Japanese are a mixed race of Mon gul und Malay origin. Their language is pollysylabic, ahd has an alphabet of 47 let ters, which , are written in live dillereut forms, out of which is used exclusively by the men, and another by the women. The people of this nation are well made, active, liee and easy in their motion, and stout limbed. The men are middle sued, and in general not corpulent, yellow complexions, oblong black eyes which lire deeply sunk in the head. Short nnd fiat noses, b:ond head nnd black hair. They nre said to be nn in telligent nnd provident people, inquisitive and ingenious, frnnk nnd good humored, up right nnd honest brave and unyielding, capa ble of concealing nnd controling their feel ings in nn extraotdinary degree, but distrust ful, proud, unforgiving nnd revengeful The usual dress of the Japanese is a short upper garment, with wide sleeves, and a complete gown underneath, fastened around the neck, and reaching quite down lo the feet. The rich nre clothed in s!lk, the poor in coarse woollen sniffs. The upper garment is generally black, tho tinder dress is of mix ed colors. Every one has his family arms, about tbo size of a half dollar, wrought into his clothes in different places. In winler they wear five or six dresses over each other. Instead of shoes, they have soles, merely, of straw fastened to tho great toe by n loop. They do not use parasols in sun shine, nor umbrellas in rainy weather, but in travelling, conical caps, fans and umbrel las, nnd clonks made of oiled paper, are commonly used. They pay great attention o the ornamenting and dressing of their hair, which is collected in a tuft on lhe crown of their head, and they study great cleanliness of person. finVEBNMK.NT, LAWS AND POPULATION. The form of government in Japan is pure despotism. The sovereignly was formerly vested in Ihe Piari or spiritual monarch, but in 1593 the Kubo or military commander usurped the chief civil power nnd the Piari has ever since been the tool in tho govern ment, though he has: been left lhe entire su perintendence of religion nnd education. All public acts must have his sanction, nnd lo him nlnne belongs the power of conferring honorary distinctions. The general execu tive government is confided to seven coun cillors ; the supreme judicial council is com" posed uT live daimios who assist the Kubo in deciding mi political offences, nnd a senate of fifteen daimios form tho ordinary court of criminal nnd civil law. The laws nre se vere and often sanguinary, and death by de capitation nnd crucifixion are ordinary pun ishments. Minor offences nre punished by e.vile lo the penal settlement of Fa'sisio banishment, imprisonment, loilinC, &c, und it often happens lhat Ihe Courts visit wilh punishment not only the delinquent, but his relations nnd fiiends, or the stranger lhat has happened to witness lhe crime. The prisons are gloomy nnd frightful dungeons and the police are extremely strict. The whole Government is conducted under a state of terrorism, ami no part of it is fiee fiom restraint. The public, revenues nre derived from taxes, on lands and horses. The amount of the population is entirely unknown, but has been variously estimated. Ralbi, iu the as sumption lhat Japan is equally populous wilh China, rates il at 23,000,000 ; but ns China rales double the number this geogra pher has nssigned lo it, tho population of Japan should, on this principle, amount to 50 or (50.000,000. All travellers who have visited Japan, agree i.-i slatflig, that nn over flowing population is seen moving nbont lhe streets and highways. We must reckon Ja pan one of the most populous countries, in proportion lo the extent of surface in lhe world. The army iu time of peace, is rated at 120.000 infantry, nnd 20,000 cavalry. There is no nrmed navy. The internal his tory of Japan is litlle known, am! il is to be hoped that the proposed naval expedition will be llm means of procuring information w hich will result in lhe publication of an extended history of lhe country. Professor Hannibal, the colored lecturer in lhe New York Picayune, commenced bis last discourse iu the following feeling man ner : ' Feller Trablers Ef I bad bin a Patin diied apples for n week, an den took to drinkiu for a monf, I eon! lift feel more swell'd up dan I am dis m inn it wid pride an wanily at seein sich full lendence bar dis ebeniu, an wen I retleck il.it it am lilo in d wite wnshin seeson, wen de bieddren am seen n gwaiu loun de tieels a lookin like ole Gvpshuu mummies presarved in lime, nn de sisters uni up to dar ankles in de skrubbin time, my heart yarns towards you, like a puece ob login rubber uiu a hot globe, nn 1 feel dat 1 hub nn ntilickshuii for you eta! no ting can estrange, or syringe, 1 fmgit now which ; but one urn jist de same as ludder." A young Woman went into the store of P. S. Doming, in Waukcgun, (Wis,) a few days since, and tluew Iwo ounces of oil uf vitriol in I lit, face ol the piopiiclor, w hom she accused of slanderous repiesenlnlious concerning her. Ho has lost eiyht of one, and will probably lose lhe sight of both his eyes. A Growisc. Bcsinkss.- -Ten years ngo the business of Adams' Expiess, in New Yoik, was performed by one man, u.sisied by a porter and wheelbarrow. Recent lhe linn of Adams & Co , purchased a building iu Riuadway for the transaction of Iheir bu. ainess, for tidily thousand duUurs. The Piuduciiuii ami gales of CaUwba wine, in the vicinity of Cincinnati, is getting to be an extensive business. The Cincinnati Gazette is inhumed lhat lhe value in mate rial, land, and labor, at pieseul involved in lhe cuhure w ithin a few n.ilei of that city is full S.-iOOjOOO. HEALTH INSIRAM E, A thin, cadaverous looking German, nbouj fifty years of agp, thieteil the office of a Health Insurance Company in Indiana, a few days ngo, says the Daily Courier and in' quired : "Hi te man in vot iiishnres de peeplci helts 1" The agent politely answered, "I attend lo that business, sir." "Veil, I vnnts mine helts inshured ; vot you charge V "Different prices," nnswered the ngent, "from Ihree to ten dollars a year J pay ten dollars a year nnd you get ten dollars a week in cni'e' of sickness." "Veil," said Mynheer, ' I vants ten dollaf vort." The ngent inquired his staletof health. "Veil, I ish sick nil te limei l'se shusht out te betl loo or tree hours a lay, unt te doc tor says he can't do nothing more goot for me." "If that's Ihe state of your health," re turned the ngent "we can't insure it. We only insure persons who are iu good health. At Ibis Mynheer bristled up wilh angel, "You mnst link I'm a fool ; vot you link I come to pay you ten dollar for inshure my belt, (:cn ' ros sec." tT It IOIS tPITAPHS The following was written on the death of a tailor nnmed Button : 'Mere lies n mnn henven rpst his soul f Whose irrnve is but a Ilutlon hole." The following was taken from the same church yard as fife firrt : "Here lies tlie mnn Peter nnd Mary his wife ; t inted ai death, 1I10115I1 divided in life." The following derives its chief oddity from the peculiarity of the rhyme, nnd the substitution of the word "perpe'i'dicular" for "opik-hf 'Here lie, the Ii xly of Deacon David Auricular, Who in the ways of Rod walked perpendicular." The lady mentioned in the next epitaph must have been a warm advocate of "wo man's rights"--quile a Mrs. Caudle, in shott nnd the lines were probably indited by her husbtnd, painfully sensible to these qualities : 'Sneied lo lhe memory of Mr. Betsy Rhett, Who was a wiioi.k tkam asd a horsk to ttr !" Boston Post. iRELAxn as She Is. In Horace reely' ''Glances at Europe," published in New York in 1S51, page 317, we find lhe following pas sage. "Walking with a friend through one of the waste streets of Galwny, (Ireland,) beside lhe outlet of lhe lakes, I came where a girl of leu years old was breaking up hard brook pebbles into suitable fragments to mend ruatts wilh; we halted, and M. asked how much she received for lhat labor, she an swered "Six pence a car load." "How long will it take yon to break a car load V "About a Fortnight." Further questions respecting her family, &c., were answered wilh equal correctness and propriety, and wilh manifest trulh. Here was a mere child, who should have been sent to school, delving from morning till night nt an employment utterly uusuited to her strength, and which I should consider, dangerous to her eyesight, to earn for her poor parents a half-penny per day." Distinguished Foueicners in Paiiis. The Garden of Plants has been enriched with in the last month by successive arrivals from nearly nil parts of the world such as a rhi noceros from Morocco; a lion and two cubs, mala and female, from the vicinity of Con slant ine ; a genet, porcupines, monkeys, dromedaries, gazelles, an ostrich, and sever al eagles, from other parts of Algeire ; a Inm a or two from South America ; a bull without horns, and a wild bull from China, whose bel ly drags upon the ground us he walks; and lastly a merino sheep, whoso tail, in the most bushy part, is fifteen inches through. Preserving Hams. As the warm weather is at hand, (we hope so ut least,) it is pru dent (o prepare hams against flies, &e. Af ter hams are properly smoked, they should be packed down in boxes and well covered with coarse rock suit and then kepi in a clean, cool, and dry place. The salt will answer for packing: meal in lhe tall. We have for years put ours up in hickory wood ashes. They are rubbed well wilh the ashes, ihen stowed away iu barrels, cov ered and a quantity of the ashes spread over them. They have kept in the best order and perfectly free from attacks of insect, &e. Gtr, Telegraph. Gapes in Chickens. Mix with their food every day a small quantity of vinegar, which has stood a few days in an iron ves sel. Or, if you prefer il, vinegar in which iron fillings have been dissolved This is a certain preventive of a troublesome and often fatal disease. Young chickens should never be allowed to run out in damp or wet weather. If Ihey are not kept dry ami warm, many are almost sure lo die. Ger. Ttlegraph. At the sale of Louis Phillippe's library, romance of Chivalry, railed "Perreforesl," in six volumes, in vellum paper and ele. gnmly bound, was bought for lhe Duke d'Aumale foi S22I0. The rival bidder waa an agent of the British Museum. A copy of Jusephus, marked by a bayonet stioke, w.t aUo bought by the Puke for f 600. The greatest wealsh is cuii'tutment with little.