...... ..Hi-'-.uf;; . -
k k i .PtvSlSK f . ' ........
!:;:" rM ff. fliAssEii, joditoh and rnorniEToit.
7; - OFFICE, : MARKET STREET, OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE.
,SX jointly iiftosimpcr-Dciiotca to ajolftlcs, Enctatuc,jfiiornlHii, jFpvttavi nnfl Domestic irtos, sefntee aui the artu, eirjrfcultuvr, lHarltcts, amusements, rc
- 'I :i
lr SEIIIKS VOL. ;, NO. I I.
SUMU. ilY, ()n rjl L.:Kl!l.AM) COUNTY, PA., SATUIJD AY,;,JUXE a I 833.
OLD SKHIES VOL. 13, NO. 37.
' TERMS ,0E, THE AMERICAN.: '. .
Till-: AMERICAN In pulilisligit fcimnlav nt
I'VAll DOI.LAUg p..f ;niiiiiii li lie ,iul half yearly 'in
ilvnlice. Nu naihui i!isL''MtintK-d until AU, iiircarjice. sre
ai.l. e e , i . ' . -
All e-wimiiiiKflitirtis t. K-llcrs on ImviniiMl rivtnfiiit; lo
(lie oince, (u.imurc uUoilinn, mum Im 1'(Jb1':"AI1j. ;
;,Q,Cl.fIJ8.,...,. ,.',, 1 ,. .
I'krte I iic In oho ni)ilri-s, ' .,, ,( fi ''
JJ II.) , ,. - in l.n
.1 1I ,'
. -M.iin in Htivnnftt Ul JKiy 1UI blllVU ) till BIIII-
wriliilinl til th Aniipricnn.' '
Oil Sgnle of l luw, 3 iiiinji, , ., .- (.,,
r.Vorv Blilisrqurnt inKcrliuii,
One 5iiinrp, a niiuillis,
fix limnllis, ,,;. j.'-t ,'. -. ':'
lliiKinrM CiuiIh nf Five lint', prr nnnuin,
MiTi'hunt mill oilier.. qilvtilt'Vij 1 i iu
yciir, with tlte irit-ili'i; nf ingi-Yting
r (lifTureutaiitvvTtiuituiiii r'l'rkly. ,...i .,' ! ,
ViT" t.;irccr Advi;rtu;iiit'jii. yn uct nLTcumujil '
.i.A.TT U U N Ji,V .:A T, L AAV
EUtTB V, PA. - : '
Hiisiiii-ss nttifiilrii Ui lu the (.'uiihIm'm f Nor
Ifatuuiio.Uuutl, ('uiim, 1.;. ciiiiiin uml Coluriilii;i.
l'.'. ur Ut-iVr .i
i ''. "f P. A !A. K.nimdt, '
' ". ' I l,iit A llarroii.
Huiiii'M & Siioili;rsi. ;- VluL
, ,i -. Kr uglils, Mi-Tnr'aiH! ici C
- Sjioriiig, (JoiiJ A; Co.,
" I'JAtVJES J. NA2Lji :
Attorney aaid Counsellor at Law,
,-t jSUEURY, TA... , ,
"ltMl.T, ntt'cu.l f.iilli fully nnil iirnmpll.v 'in iOl
, roli'f:J,ii;il Imsiiu'ss, ill N0;l!mii'i1'i'i!;iiii!
ntnl 'Tiiinn coiiiilics. ,11c is fuiiuli.rr with t?;0
(irniiiiu lnti;ii:ifFi . 'V
Vl'k'lCK : ()ipositc tlie "l.avrpnr.e Huusi1,"
a fi,w ilinr iV))in tli Court ITousc. . '
tiuiiluiry, Aiiij. lfi, IS.'jI. y. : ,
J. STEWART. DEPUY. "
4 T Xi.rlli 2il nliHrt. ii'iove Woo l.
( limn i Disti l. Pliilmlet
- - j
ri siTcU'iilly 'mil t lie ntlriilion ofbii f. ii'PiU
2 mill tl'ii I'ulilic tn rneiat, to liis !',ir:.e mul
p iweirscliv tKl sloi k of Carpvls, t)il I't-tliii,
C i Matlins, .W'iiuluw Sli ulesi, ttuir lioi's,:
" Ait, &e. i i i .'.
W I V'llili:lll C:iTlrlili;! fruillT it:t t i ll'll .i:p p. r J.
-5 lnwiiin ! ' 1-1 " )' " '''
5 "Tlifrr I'ly 1 ' MI " !"" "' U;'
I'OtMi'ls V 11-Jj ' li'l ' " '
v D.1f MalUi lie woulil iinite Ibu iilti-n-
1 tii m' of do lrs : i t ollii r ; t j l.in l r-re htoi li.
C of )om jTi " v.'likti'. be in-lmlai ti.n'i
2 ii'1 Cr0:1' vrji ty ninl of s)'l. o.Iiil ijUjilKi
lj Oil I'tciTliii, fi.Mii 1 jaril 1j b yan' MjiJu
wliolesale uml retail. ,
,. : April 10,'lrtj-. fim. , . .'
HARRISBTJRG STEAII 700D
rjntTHNINf AM) SCKUI.I. w.WVI.Nf,
- S1101'. V'onil 'I'liriiiiim in all il
in rity style, ami at city price. T'.
Cnliiuet mid (.'aipcntor work rilbe
on baud ui
tunnit to onlif.1
lied Pn-.its, li'alusters, Kffsetts. 8b:l nnil ;tr
UTMrJiiMiiiq Tabic I .ecu, Newll I'o-N, P;,t
lerlt, Avviiine 'I'ostx, V. uit m llul'", 'ohimt!,
KimihiI er Octnoii Chisel I f .iih1V. if.
Iff Thin Uop U in STtt WVliKKUV- AI.
I.IOV, near TbirJ .Stivot, and as c intend to
please all our etistonieia. vvlni want c i"d w uii
ituhe, it is lieprd that all the trade Wit' give u5 a
rail. i ' -''.;
"" Ten-llns mid 'JVn-Pin BnlU liuttle la or
der or rtinneil.
'friri Attention of Cabinet Mabcrn and Cnrpon-
lerti' in lealled' !o our new style of 'JbJ
Mfll'I'-DlNUK Printer's Riirl'etKnt f 1 per iliO
leer."! 1 V. O. 1MOKOK.
Felifuary 7 1 852 ly. ; ' f"' -
KARDWARE, CUTLERY AND'
: ro.i:fil .V 3a Market Street, '-
' ' riXILADELPHIA.
TnE uleriliers would rail tlic ntteii'ion of
bnyers to llieir Block of Hardware, eoil 'istins
cif'Tatdc nnii 1 Pocket Knives, (iwi,' Chains,
l.iAks, llollowrtre, &c Ac. We vouli rerom
mend U all, our "
i Endless Cliiiiii Piiinitji,
H new article n4w irctlini; into neiicrnl iiw which
weniA fiirnisli.1 ronii!ete at about one half the
prie iid for tile obi sivlo Pump, also a iioav nr
lieltMu? .ImiHH r;t'(! !o;r I,o:&H.' icti
Liwlt suited qitber for li'bt or bit b.m-J iiojri
with mineral r white knob. ' 11
Oortock of :allS is lame and wijU KcV'cl
'it,ieniQriiiii iiislo mid dmhlc barrels linlit-li:
Hud (ierman ipakc. All i;oods can be ri tiu.ieil
if lot found t' lie as represented. CiXinfJT.'nifri
I lie as rcpiv
. J'l nv'l I.I
rliaiiH would, o well tj call on u Int.. re pcH
i haxijiif elsewkuic.
yVhrelwriuV1 ""d rni
. .! ' . i .... i . .
arnnje niauc.rs,' cwpniieil
Willi goods suited to their bumiK'ss. I v e:!hiii on
w; H. A c. w. ai.i.i:,n(
N'oa. 31 A-'.l:j Maikct Street, Philadelphia'.
February, S1f 1862 Oimi. ', '
"' AVM-THcTcARTY, Bookseller,' '
i,Tl'.t 1WTY.1Y,. SI Vtll HY. I A.
E I AS iust rrccived and f ir 6do, Pu'noi I'i-
A I . g sl of the laws ol Pcmi'y 1 aubt, i ;!iljii of
lril, i'riee onljr SB.OO. , '
judge Kcaits rdiiion of Ularkstniici Cinunicn
laiic, in vi)l. 8 vo. formerly Bold ut ili),Ul,
uinl now offered (in lVeli binding) at the low
orice. of $0,00. '
A Treatise on the laws of Pennsylvania ,rc
Hpi'rtin the estates of licccdciits, by Th.mlaS F.
( lorJoti,' priccohly S 1.1)0. . . ''
Kossuth and tho Hungarian Var : r.in.pris'm -
0 iKnipW'1e hiry of the laltj trui;i;le. for iVccdoin
of (halt country w ith notices of tin, kiulini; thirls
an4 lU'esineii, -who ilistiiiKuisbrd lliuu.-flivrn iu
oupcil and i' ibe field, V""' ''1,'""! '- l -"', '''
intcreslini; matter' with authentic p.irlr.utn.
1 KosoutV ddr la tho rf"l,lJ '' Ihiitnl
states, with u porrrt, niul il on ltfoJuA. mid
on rollers alter i.!ie mafkiier ol maps, price
..nlv 50 cents. WashiiiKton's fareHi ll ..JJ e-.-,
uniform style with the above.
February, if), 1S53. ll.l . -
. , . ,
Alden's Cojideuied Report or re.na- ,
VT PuUiiishcJ, and lor sale ly,llir s.Ml'.cit
xi thi!wvccW YuluMe of .Wdep's Coiit
... I IViiiiKYlvalll.l J.c Htris, ruuuu
colit.uiii!) r the
last tlirei Volume tif Yeales" rteporls,'
r.rsi volumes of Uinnry's Kepoils. Tho lirr.1 vot-
UI1M! rf Aldeiii.containiiiK lWlas' Ki oyi it, A vat-,
nines; and Yeates' KnsirW, volume I, is uliimi
lianJ, nd forule. 'The' above two Volumes uii
rouiulete uitljjn tlu'iusclvr,. and cnil.dii' .ill of
Dallas' ReiwrU, 4 volume, auJ all of Ve ites
ltepnrta, Votutrtesj, bfniih- flip two Out volumes
of llinncy's lteports..' volume i. ready
to WANTED TO BORROW-
mWElVK lU KUBI'D lK)J-LAK?i in Kva
,UIHI 1 milW'W uiinun nu.il, mmuii 11
odlfresMwU WtHirity will I givou. AJUroM
ISuiiliury, reu. o, "-"
INK B'ourW celibiaU J Ink, nJ also I'pn
ari iiik forulei whoksale and retail hv
l'mbe, S8. II B MAMI1.
' lp'm tlie l.riihn nvilj Titii.n, 'of M ay CJ, icri. '
HCrvPJBLE TATA CF TUE PATAG9
II.'i- .Miijfstv'o ship Portliini!, ) :
Vvlmtrrtisn, I'cbivnril 21, IS.Vi.
'; -tuclosl U Cajitaiii .'Mur.-,h.'aJ'n j
U'l 'oll.of Hie d''alh ly stm vatiou of Com- ;
niatiJiT A. Caiilini-r nnil (la- whole ol the j
parly sent out by the PMaonian Soriety in
N-J tetfiher, f:iO, to Titton Island, the
sou'hern (ireiiiity of America. .
'J'htir loiih,!iij)tf will deedv deplore the
Tu'e of llie::e devoted tuitionri'ies ; but this
Jewoii of cxj)i ri'-DCtf will have its vfK-ct.-
The earnest application of sanguine minds
lor the propaotiu'i of I'hrislianit'y' mnvt,
in a climate like Cope lTnrn, first cmsid 'f
lilt locality where existence can he iiiMi!'
ed.1','! have .dejiired Capt. AI'orllead to
cJivlully jitick (thu iiiiiiiianU thai he has
collected, ar.d they will he forwimled to
the Admiralty hy the Dophtte.
can be transmitted bv the mai
art sent '
T have, fee,
' Ili:r.vv M h;l::j;y, IJear-Admiral
The Secretary of the Admiralty. i
r M;ijes!v'n ship Dido, nt sea.b.tt.
- (5.5S S.,- loner. 61..0 W.,"Jaii.
' ;' 22, 1S52, Cape Horn Witt 30
'. ilijh s. , .
. Sir, In compliance with orders, from
the Lords CommisMoni'in of the Admiralty,
dated October 2"), 1S51, direct in me to
nscei'lain the fate of C'n plain (iardiinT and
.bis missionary p;irly in Tierra del ru'o,
on my way to the Atlantic, il is my me
lancholy duty lo report, for their loid..!iiis'
information, that the w hole paiy have per
ished by -tirvsilioii.
: I Inviiiii .received infoi'mrition from the
Rev. (j; I'. . IJ,-.spard, of liedland, Pri-tol,
honorary secretary to the 1 '.itajtonian Mis
sionary Sjri 'ly, I leanil that the parly,
coil .hi! in;;' of Caj.t. Allen Cardiuer, Ii. X.,
superiiitenib iit ; .Mr. William?, surgeon
and catec.hiat ; Mr. Maidineut, cathist ;
John Ki'win, larput t'.-r ; John li.idcc.t l;,
John Itrvaiit, and John lVurce, Corni-h
fi.-h- riiien, left 1'ne.lainl in S, pteii,!n r,
IbJ i, in the balk. Ucean liueeii ; h.so
learnt that s'ores bad been forwarded to
them in Junr- last vit the Falkland Islands;
and should the party he unable to maintain
their position at Ticton Island, Dearie
Channel, Leiii prov iU.-tl with partially
decked launches, that they would fid! back
on Stati n Island. Having called at 1he
Falkland Llands, And eu'batked these
stores, 'onsi.ti:i of thirty casks, cas-.-',
I sailed thence on the Cth ol Januaty,
IS;"2, and sto id alon thi north coa.tof
Strtten Inland with laro ensigns I'yin at
the mast-heads to attract attention, ai.d
filed s!i .lied 'Uis into ttK moutliS of St.
John's llar'j ', Co( l,'s IJarbor, and Xcw
Veal's Harbor, . and, o'iserved a lla r-slall
erected with a (la on it in New Year's
land, I ca;rie tn rmclior under il id ei'rht
o'clock on Sunday evening, ' the lllli of
January. The next iuotuiuj, January the
l'-Mi, 1 sent Lietenant (jau.v-eii in lliu cul
ler to asrei iain the cans ', and went my sell
at the saa.e time into New Yiar's Harbor,
and found a ?hi p's lon-bo.it lying hauled
upon the h -ach, with "Aludin Apetiiade'
on her stem. She was fitted with oars cut
from trefs on the spot. : Uy a tally on the
beach, I found the si -honner J. E. Davidson,
of Xew York, W. H. Sniyly master, had
called here oil the l'Jth of October, Jfial,
on her way to I'ic.toti Island, to relieve the
Oiissioners. . I return, il to tin ship at the
same time, as Lietenant (iiinssen, who r-p-irfed'
that piece of wreck were on the
is'an.l, but, exceplint; tho fiaj which he
brought on board, ihero were no indications
of how or wher. any vest d coidd have
been lost. It blew a perh c'. hr.rrirnno that
ni,'hl off the land-, and, bei:v iir.alde ii
heave tbebip up to her anchor, I fully'
xpectc.l to be blown oil with the anchor
and eable ; but the ship held o:i wimi tiim t v
fathoms of chaiu i:i twenty-two fidl.onio of
I sailed tho next dav, hut could not tit
tempt the Straits of Le Muire, as it Mill
blew fresh from the touthward. ll.ivi::''
J puVsed Cap.e St. John, I stood alon tin-
soutn coa t ol biuleti Jsia:ul, atul eut a poo.t
view of Port' Vancouver, the only harbour
on the South si le of Staten Lland, and
seeiuir no si 'tiB of the natty heinj th 're, 1
irmle direct for 1'icton Islai dtill the lTth
when the weatfiT proving very thick rnd
hazy, with s-jiiiillinir bal'din' winds, 'I was
comp died to bear up, and stood alon 'the
east and south' co ist 'of New Llan.l, jjctting
a jrooM view id' Richmoii.lroads. I en
deavored to beat up to 1'icton Lland
thiouih , florei-rvjajs, auJ cot well up, si
as to open the 'Writs ( haniiel, when tlie
wind liiiiii-r, and a current setting to life
smithward, ' 1 bore up and anchored in
Ci-ree'-toads for the nihl.
Tin- next di.y, Jan. IS, It blew a heavy
;..b from the touthward, but the ship rode
wvU .Willi two auction ahead ami lo'l
lulhom of chuin. i .
JfiiV. ID.- Tlie wind havin'. moderated
io the' ni 'ht and sniff oil to the northward
I woidiej at four in tho inoruinz, and
" at 'up jlhroich Goree-roads and stood
ilon tlief south-west coast of 1'icton Is-
Und, passing Cape Maria, beat up the
iiorth-eusl xoit.of Hie inland. - The. wind
a.'ain 'falitnj; hhf, "it was late before we
cuOjlU towj ttf ttiip to u?r berth in p -ove
foruied by an inet n the coast, called by
Captain Gardincr'"Uut)ner L've?" auJ the
yceite of. his early trynUea, , I
-,.Tli iollowingiiay, Jan. 20, wa deyoled
tn scouring the coast and the adjacent iclet ;
and alter many honrt of IruitleM search,
without aign of tjte party, and When, on
point of giving 1hem up,' soinfe writing
wa cen pn a rock' across river, which'
we instantly, made for, anJ fjun4 written,
'Go to Spaniuid Harbor." Oa (knottier
lock adjoining we miJ-'Yoii will find
u:- ill Spuniaid llaruor." Ou a.thild j iice
of rnck we r.Mit, "Di 1,elow" Which we
instantly did, but found only a br k n lot-
tie, wiUuiut any paper or direr1n'li. On
seai'ctmijt fiftc ol trie' nitinerous wigwams
in the neihhoihood we read on oneol their
pohs, "A hot 1 1 4 Ulldir this pole," but we
l'("lli ,lot 'l. filthou-h we eiit for
sliovrls and riowUns, and dug di't p mul
carefully for il ; hut it was tvideiit, liom
s'1ir"' li"S"jei)ts ol .stores fouml on Hie spot
liiai tne mison nau reMecj In re.
Accordingly, the next morning, Jan.
21. I wiled early for Spanish ILir'i'of, and
entered it on the snrtie rveninjj at fcVe'n
o'clock. Our notice was fir.t a'.trartrd by
about lyiti? on th beat Iv fi'ioiit onpmile
arid a half inside ol C'a)e Kinnaird ; it wns
LlowiiiiT very fresh from the south; and the
ship ro le uneasily at her nnchori J in
stantly sent Lieutenant Piotl auJ iM..
IJ Joerts, the mater, to reconnuitre and re
tiirn im'tnediately, as I was anxious to ni l
,r"' '" s' a ac'"" ' safely lor the niht
',t'J' returned shortly, hrininjf some hooks
cno papers, raving discovered me txulies
of Captain Gardiner and Mr. Ma'ufment
unbi.ried. . .
. J'roni the papers found Mr. Maidinent
was dead on the 4Ui of Setein!ier, and
Captain (laiiiiner could not possibly have
survived the Uth of Sejrti tuber, 1851. On
one of the papers found was legibly, but
without a date, '-If you will walk alonr
the beach for a mile and a half yon w ill
find us in the other boat, hauled up in the
mouth of a river at the head oi the harbor,
on' the south fide, lb lav not, we arV
starving." At this fad intelligence it was
impn.v-iblclo leave that niht, although th
weather looketl wry till ealenitlT ; ' neither
the oneroid barometer nor symperzomiftcr
very uiiluvorable, 1 held on lor the
1 landed early the. next
22.) and vi.-iled the spot
ii.iriiiuer aiui lus comrade were lyinj, ami
then went to the head of the liarbor with
leut. Gallon, Mr. Roberts, and Mr.'
Kvati r.vans, the sureorf. Wo found
there, tho wreck of a boat, with part of
her rivat 6lore., with quantities of rtothini
with the rciiiuiu of two hodius, which J
conclude t i be Mr. Wilii.inis (-surJeon) and
Jolta Tears': (t'oi nish fisherman,); as the
lepers clearly .show the
deaths and burial
; ol all the rest ol the mission party. .,
The two b.'als were thus about a mile
I and a hall apart. Near the one wore
j Caplain Gardiner was hiti'wasa lurre
1 cavern, called by him ''I'ioneer Cavern,"
! where they kepi their stores and occasion
j ally slept, and in that cavern Mr, Maid
i ment's bo.'v was fjund.
Attiot: (.'apt. Gii'di:1ers; papers, which
I will notice presently, I extract the fo!
I lowing : "Mr. .If.iidment was so rxhatist
' ed ytsleulay that he did not rise from his
bed till' noon, am! I have not ropii hirn
si. ice." A :ain, on the lib of September,
; allti.Tn;,; to Mr. Mai Imeiit, he writes,
was a'l.iercifisl l'iovidenco he b ftthe boat,
as I conlJ 'not hae renuvvd tin. body." 1
t.'j tain Gardiner's body, was .lying bes'uU
the boat, which nppnrently hv bad, loll,
and, beiu t .!.) weak to climb into it agaijij
bad died by the side of il. We were di
rected to the cavern by a hand painted on
the lockx, with "I'.-.u.M i.xii., v. f)N,'1 un
der it. ,
Their remains weiu collected t)ether
and buried close to this spot, and the. funer
al service 'read by Lieut. Underwood; a
small inscription was placed on this rock;
near his own tent ; the colors rf the boats
and ships struck hall-mast, ami three vol
leys ol n UNftctiy, Were the only tl'i!uUof
r. i-jn tt I could pay to this lofty-minded
man and his devoted companions, who
have peri lled in b,. cao.-t' of the Gospel
for the wat.t of timely supplies; and before
noon Ih;' Dido was proceeding: safely cai
Iki voyage. . , . . . i
;i looking ovq- the papers found in the
cavein, I am rnabied to trace out the wan.
ano it. any
of the itillerini's w
beset tip? party up to the time of their un
happy end,. Svme of the papers are on
private all'.iirs, tiucoi.nected with their po
sit ion, and some on religions subjects, bu I
fjii"te only from tliosu which bear upon
their fate. ' ' .
Having arrived at Pit ton Island on the
oili ci December. lSfx). thev lauded and
i'i il,. ir t. i. Is mi tbu Clli I, ol lo.iv I
r ' " ......
comieI!ed to re-ei:ib.iik in cons, q u tice ol
the annoyance of the ti.it i vi s, until luptr
boats could be got ready. Their holds
were 'named the Pioneer and Speedwell :
and tin y finally disembarked, and' sleot I'l
them ou December IS, The. nhip saih'd
the in xt day, and lluir troubles seem to
I'.i'.h boals immediately got under weigh
fir the opposite shore, on the soiiih coast
of Tiei Ta-del-riio;:o, to a place they have
iiaiiied tlloondield Harbor, as the natives
annoyed, them ; but b. fore clearing thy
anchorage the Speedwell got on the rocks,
lost her anchor, and' injured her rudder ;
il appears to have bep blowing fresh,1 as
both boats s'.va'iipd, their din::ies and lost
Ihetii. The Pioneer , leached Llooinfield
harbor, but returned again the next day,
and - ioiueJ. -trie Sfiedwe.U. ; .llatli. boats
then weighed for i'loomfield harbor, but
on thin occasion the Pioneer grounded, uud
the SpeeJvvell having been out all night,
rtjoined her the next morning. Oii Jan
uary (i, I find both boats in Lennox harbor,
where they haJ gone to iH-acn jnem' ana
stop their. leak', but in tackiug Uw Pio
neer was tlirovvn by a sipiau into a nest ot
rocks, anJ slit vas lio'f afl iat till the 17lh
ol January. Tlut'v . Wl .Leuox harbin-ton
tthe 2Jih of January for llloyilield lwUr
to refit their boats, bm finding the natives,
there fn great ' force, they ; boro: op' for
Spaniard hatW.'tvliich they1 reached ort
the 2Mb. of January, , j. , . r.,,!;o A.
Here they seemed- to iave experienced
many vicissitudes Irotn the surfs and storms
till th' 1st of Ft-bfoary, when the Pionaer
was driver, on lh rocl, her bow Move in,
and iiiepaiuble. The party in this Loat
then took to a cavern, hut finding it damp,
and'. the tide washing iiiio it, they liauleil
the wreck of the I'loneer higher up on the
beach, and, covering her With a lent, they
made a dormitory of her, the Speedwell
being higher op ht the mouth of a liver,
w hich they named' 'Cook's river, dller a
ladv and hem-'faCtress to the 'mission. 1
1'Yb. 18. The tide rose higher than usu
al, and 1 find the folkiwing remaik by Cap-
.lain Gardiner ; "The box which contain
ed my most valuable books and papers was
floating about in the surf, and the beach
strewn with its contents in all directions."
Ly Ibis unlorseen' accident I lost a refer
ence'' Bible, try private journal, and some
'useful memorandums, chiefly on missionary
Ftibjoct?, which I have been collecting for
years', also my rings, And a purse contain
ing K. 8.?. nil the money I possessed, with
tluj exception of fid. in copper. ' All my
warm clolhin was washed away, but pro
videntially, thrown up again by the tide
in the course of two or three days."
Feb. 2S. Mr. Williams is unwell in the
Loat, and Captain Gardiner removes to a
lent to make more room.
March 13. This-tent, named a hermit
age by Captain Gardiner, is burnt down.
It appears that two casks of biscuits ond
and one. of pork had been 'buried at Picton
Island to disencumber the boats, nod nour
ishing foud being wanted, as Mr. Williams
and J. Uadcock had got ilia scurvy, they
resolved lo go to Picton Island for it, which
they reach on the 23rd of March, intend
ing lo remain there tiil the expected vessel
arrives froin E.'.ghmd with stores. ' lljvinj
got these pi-orLions on board, and finding
the natives still liotlblesnnie, they painted
tin' notices on the rocks mentioned above,
buiied sornu boiiles, and returned lo Spaniard-harbor
on :ho 2:ih of March.
Li the beginning of April another of the
party' (J. Mi van!) g.-ts the scurvy, and, the
diseaso gaining -on the'olliers, they become
enfeebled in corisctjuence. '
' 'April 2.L They have provisions enough
to last for two month;, but some are very
low ; and, a fox pilfering from them,, they
kill him by putting a piece of pork nppo
mIh the muzzle of a gun attached by-a
string; to thi trigger; and, as they can
only .issue poik three times a week, they
dine oil' this fox, and salt the remainder;
altogether they appear to have been very
frugal with their supplies. I fun! a notice
ol live large fish caught, and an account
kept of the number of ducks shot, as their
powder having been left on board the ship
and a flask ami a hall bung all they have
they kept it for emergenies.
May 12. Is a'note of the biscuit being
short, ond altogether as they have not sup
pliesfor more than three weeks, nil (but
the kick) go on short allowance.
Mjy l !b The pr served nu at is out,
ami Mr. Williams appeals to be failing.
M ly 22. S. t rijMit for special piaycr
on behalf uf the s'uk, f r supplies of fooil,
and the arrivr.l'of the .expected vessel.
Frcfpiohl mention is made' of the tide
washing into the cavern, earning away
Uieir sfores,'and rnil.rirterinj their sleeping
boat, which they endeavored to counteract
by building breakwaters of 'stones ; but in
the night ' tho surf washes away their
woik of the day, On one ocraioti I find
Captain Gardiner and Mr. Maidinent have
to escape . . from the cavern to save their
lives, and, and takine; .refuge on a rock
washed by the sea, they kneel down in.
June 11. J.'Erwiii and another of the
party take the scurvy1;' and misfortune
seems hovering around them. Their fish
ing in t;iswpt away, and J. Dadcock dies
ou the 2Sth of June, and is buried on a
bank iimli r the trees at Cook's River.
Alt. r performing the hut offices they retire
to their boat f ir prayers.
July 1. Havii.g been seven' Weeks on
short allowance, and latterly 'even this
having been curtailed the parly are utterly
helpless". I'verythiiig found iu the shape
of food is cooked and eaten a penguin, a
shag,-a half devoured fish washed upon the
shore, and even tlie tailed fox, washed out
of the cavern, is thrown up again on the
bcadi, and u l for loud.. Captain Gardi
ner. writes: "We 'ave now remaining
half a duck, about one pound of salt pork,
j the same quantity ol damaged tea, a very
little lice (.1 pint) two caues ol chocolate,
fjur pints of peas, to which I may add six
mice. '' Thi mention of this last item in
our list of provisions may startle some of
our Ji'ieuds, should it ever reach their ears,
but, Xiicumstancvd as we are,- wo partake
of thcin with a relish, and have ahead y
eaten several u! tlieni, I hey are very
tender, and tasle like rabbit." .
" July 22. They are reduced to living on
muscles, and feel, tho want of food, and
sometimes the ciaving ol hunger is distres
sing to them. Captain Gardiner writes,
"After living on muscles lor a fortnight,
I was compelled to give them up, and my
food is now muscle broth uud the soil part
oi 1 1 n i pel
July 28.Captaia Gaidiner writegof
the party in, tlw other bout, 'They are
n . i i
! .vMrqwiviy aud, . iieipiess; j even
their gardeu, sft'dsusevi lor broth are now
August 11. Captain Gardiner takes to
Ills bed, tut' a rock weed is discovered
which" lhy boil down to a jelly, and find
v Aug. 'li.y John Erwin dies.
Aug. 2d J. Dryant dies, and Mr Alaid-
ment buries them both in cme euve. , t r
v. J.obo Pearce, the remaining boatnian, is
cast down at the loss of, Ins comrades, and
wandering iii his mind,, but Mr. Williams
is souiewiiai ueuer. ,
t ept. ., jvir. Maidinent lias never re
cruited from that day of bodily and "mental
f xertiorr. ' tie remaining remarks' I tran
scribe literally j they must speak for then1
selves.' r i ' ! ' t-z.it m a l
v1 8,'pt.j 3."-Wihing if possible to i spare
hi iu (Mr. Maidinent) the trouble of altmii'
in' on me. u:.d foi tbo mutual coiufuit uf all
I purpose. I, if practicable, to go to the river
nnil take up my qnarlcis in the bont. This
was attempted on Saturday last, feeling that
without .crutches I could not possibly effect
it.. Mr. Mnidmmil most kindly crtl me a
(two forked sticks,) but it was with no sllslu
exertion and fatigue, iu his weak stnte. Wo
set out together, but. soon found thai 1 had
not strength to proceed, mid was obliged to
i'. turn 1cforo reaching the brook on our own
beach. Mr. Maidmenl was so exhausted
yesterday that he did not rise from his bed
until noon, and I havu not wen him since,
consennorilly I tasted nothing yeslorday. 1
cannot leavo Ihe. place where 1 am, and
know not whether ho is in the body, or In
joying the, presonee of the gracious Cod
whom ho has served so faithfully.' 1 am
writing this at 10 o'clock in tho forenoon.
Blessed be my heavenly Father', for the
many mercies 1 enjoy a comfortablo bed
no painj op even cravings of hunger ; though
excessively weak, scarcely able lo turn in
my bed nt Ipnst n vsry great exertion; but
I am by His abounding grace kept in perfect
ornue, refreshed with a sense of my Sa
viour's love, and an assurance that all is
wisely and morcifully appointed, . and pray
thai 1 may receive ihe full blessing which it
is doubtless designed to bestow. My care
is all cast upon G d, and I uin only waiting
His time and His good pleasure to dispose of
mo as lie shall see fit. Whether I livo or
die may il be in Him ; I commend my body
and my soul to His euro and keeping, mid
earnestly pray that 1 iu will take my dear
wife and children under l ho shadow ol His
wings, comfort, guard, sliengthen, and sane-
:fy them wholly, that we may together in a
brighter and eternal vvoild piaise and adote
His goodness and graeo in redeeming lis
with His precious bleo.l, and plucking us as
brands from the burning to beslovv upon us
Ihe adoption of children, and make us inher
itors of His Heavenly kingdom. Arnen.
Sept. 4. There is now no room to doubt
thai mv dear fellow-laborer has ceased fiom
his earthly toil, and joined tho company of
the redeemed in the presence of the Lord,
whom he served so faithfully ; under these
circumstances, il was a merciful Providence
that he left the boat, as I could not have
removed ihe body. He left a liltlo peppor-niiut-w
liter, which ho had mixed, and it has
been a great comfort to me, but thero was
no other to drink ; fearing I might suffer
from thirst, 1 prayed that- tho Lord would
strengthen mo lo procure some, lie gra
ciously answered my petition, uud yesterday
I w as ei.ubled lo get out, nnii scoop up a suf
ficient enpply from some that trickled down
at the stern of the boat by means of one of
my Indiaiubber overshoes. What combined
mercies am I' receiving at Ihe hands of my
Heavenly Father ; blessed bo His holy
uniiii). : .
';Sepl. 5. Great and marvellous are tho
lovint! kindness of my gracious God unto
me. lit, has pieserved me hitherto, and for
four ilavs, although without bodily food
without any feelings of hunger or thirst."
These last remarks ate nut written so
plainly us the previous day's, and 1 coucdn.
ded that they were the last ; but I find
anuilier paper, dulcd September 6, addres'
d to Mr. Williams, and written in pencil
ihe wbuli! being very iudiMinet, and somo
p.uts quite obliterated, but nearly as fol
My dear Mr. Williams, Tho Lord has
seen lit. to rail liume anutnoi oi our nine
company.. . Our dear departed brother led
the baut ou Tuesday afternoon, and has not
sii;co returned. Doubtless he is in tho pre
sence ol his tctiecincr. whom no serveu
faithfully. Yet a little whib', ui.d lliouyh
, . Ihe Almighty lu sing Ihe praises
. throne. . I neither huiigei noi Ihiist
though , days without food . , . .
Maidinciil's kindness to mo . , heaven.
" 'Yuui aire.cliona.lo biother in . .
."'Allen F. Gaudinku.
From ijin above extracts I must theicjuiq
, . . . . i r . f i
C'luclu.le 1 1 uil tne two uuoies louiici ai vuok
Uiver wero thusj of Mr. Williams and J
Pearee, .and, timsideii.ig their weak state,
it is uuietisunublo lu suppose they could
have survived Captain Cardiuer, who could
scarcely have lived over the Gill of Septem
ber, 1851. i
I u il) ulTer no opinion op the missionary
labor of Capt. Gardiner and ihe pally, be
yell I it being mailed by an earnestness uud
devotion to Ihe cause ; tut, as a biother
oiliccr, I beg to iccurd my admiration of his
conduct in the moment of peiil and danger,
and his energy and resources eutiilo. him to
high professional credit. At one lime 1 had
him surioimded by hostile natives and
dreading an attack, yet fbi bearing to lire,
and the savages, uvyed and subdued by the
sulemnity of. his parly, i kneeling down in
pmwer.; At anoilier,. h iving foiled to heave
oil his boat u lieu, on llw locks, lie digs a
channel uniU't her, and diverts a freh water
stream into it, and I find him making an an
chor liy filling an old bread cask with stones
heading it up! and securing' wooden ciusms
over the heads wiib t'baiu. i
; There could not he doubt as te the ulti.
mate success of tniioa hre, if .libeially
sjpputiad i bui ventura to exptes n hope
liiut no society will hazard jututher . iulruali
iug their supplies to practical Uieu acquaint
ed with commercial fcilaars, who would hive
seun at a gUnoe tbe liopeiess impivDaUiiity
f any ship nul chattered fun tbe ecussiuii
saibug out uf Iter way, breaking her aiuulu
auJ torfeitmg Uer insuraove for the freight
age uf few loi es from Ihe FalkUud !
lauds. Painful and unsatisfactory as my rc-
port of iho fate of Ihe pnrty is, I trust it
may bo considered conclusive by Ibeir lord
ships, and setting at rest any further anxiety I
on the part of their sorrowing friends
I luive, &e.,
,Tj, ''.'." W. 11. Mousiif.au, Captain.
Rear-Adrairal Moresby, C. B.
, , Her Majesty's Ship Dido,
luparinso, Feb. 21. )
Sir, In reference lo my letter of the 22nd
of January last, relating to Captain Gardiner
and the missionary party, I have the honor
to enclose two unfinished letters written by
Captain Gardiner shortly before his death
(found in tho cavern, and addressed to bis
son and daughter,) fur immediate transmis
sion to Kiigbind lo await the disposal of the
Lords Commissioners of tho Admiralty.
Tho remaining books, papers, and other arti
cles found near Iho boats are enclosed in a
case, awaiting .any opportunity you may
deem desirable for sending them. 1 enclose
a list of (hose effects' to the cise, one packet
addressed to yourself ns my commander-in-chief",
being the original documents on which
my letter is founded, and I suggest it should
bo retained until you should be satisfied
with tbo correctness of the substance of the
above letter, dated Iho 22ud of January,
1852, and, as none of these articles can be
claimed by the Missionary Society, 1 also
suggest tho piopiie'y of their being for
warded to Ihe Rev. K. O. Marsh. Aylesford
Vicarage, Maidstone, Kent, fiiend and exe
cutor of Captain Gardiner.
I am, &c.,
W. H. MoRsiiF.An, Captain.
Rear-Admiral Moresby, C. B.
A list of articles belonging 1o tho late
Captain Gardiner, enclosed, viz : A mahog
any case, continuing two silver pencil
cases, two halfpence, a piece of a the-
tnorneter, a half crown, a silver watch,
a memoranda regarding lus euecis ; a
sp3'olass, a piece of a quadrant, a leather
case, containing letteis ami papers, a sketch
book, two pocket bocks one Patagonian vo
cabulary (manuscript), manuscripts, ibree
memorandum-books, tvvenly-two books, a
few pamphlets and periodicals, an atlas mid
chart. Eight letters addressed to the mis
sion party, in Captain Morshead's care, nil
having been exposed to tho air and sea for
months, are nearly valueless in themseles,
but may prove of interest lo their fiieuds.
W. H. Moiisnr.AD, Captain.
Examination ok tub Alphabet. Which
aro ihe most industrious letters ? Tbe
Which are tho most extensive letters 1
. Tho are the most fond of comfort ? Tho
Ease. .:'..' , .
. Which are ihu most egotistical letters?
The IV ;
Which are i tho longest letters? The
Which are Iho noisy .letters ? The Ohs.
Which are iho leguminous letteis ? Tho
Which are . the 'greatest bores? The
Which are tho most sensible letter ?
Hkxby Clay is gradually declining liko
tho bri'dit setline sun slow Iv siukint! beneath
the western hills, ho is expected soon to bo
seen and heard no more. But Ihe memory
of the good lives and speaks, The recol -
lection of iho long lino of Chiisliau paltiuts
who have acted so nobly nnd so heroically,
is next to the revelation from above, our
country's richest treasure.
Impoutation ok Ness and Piuests. -Among
Ihe passengers who aniyed at New Oilcans
ou the 12th inst., iu Iho Fieueli ship Belle
Assize, from Havre, tbeie were twelve nuns
and twenty-seven Catholic piiesis. Their
destination is Texas and Missouri. There
wero in tho steerage of the Belle Assize 291
passengers. ' .
A orust of bread, a pitcher of water, nnd a
thatched roof, utid love; tliero is happiness
for you, whether the duy be ruiny or sunny.
It is the heart that makes the home, whether
the f yo rests upon a potato patch or a (lower
garden. Heart makes home precious, and it
is Iho only tiling thai can.
Snooks says that theio is a maiked ditTer
eiieu between birds and women. As an il-justiu-tiuii
of Ibis he cites tbo fuel that a bit
of looking glass on a fiiiit tieo. will frighten
away every bird that approaches it, while iho
same aiticlo would atliact muio fair ones
ihan ix load of cherries. .
Dark BocnB Tiif.es. Scrape with a knife
and wash with, very strong soapsuds, once or
twice during a seisoit, and tho euro will iu
all probability bo effected; if not tio long
straw around the Vuuk of the tree, which is
said to bo ait effectual Cure.
Ciiokf.o Cattle. A correspondent of the
Mass. I'oagAmriii says "Wurm a small
quantity ot lard, and mix wilh it a small
qnautity of gun-puwder uud pour into the
ihrotit.'' I onr prepared a' second dose, but
liad no occasion to use it."'
.The oibor -day one of widow B.'s admi
rers ivae Cuinpluiiiing of Ihe loota-acho.
fttr. B.'s smart boy' immediately spoke op
'Well, sir,- iw by dou'l you do as ma ds 1
She takes her toelh out nd Hit 'em back
whenever she wants to.1' .'-A few minutes
afterwards, the boy was whipped ton soiou
pielcucc or other.
AKKcnoTEs or Fat Men. Dr. Beddoes
tho English antiquarian, wns so enormously
corpulent that n lady of Clifton used to call
him tho "liavelling haystack.' He was
onco requested by n butcher to give it ont
that ho bought his meat of him, us it would
rebound lo the credit of any shop lo have Ihe
feeding of such a Falsinff. Al Cumbtidgo
resided a huge professor, and the paivours
were wont to exclaim : "God bless you
sir!" when ho chanced to walkover their
work. In the Court of Louis XV. lived two
lusty noblemen, who were related to each
other. Tho King said to one of them, when
rallying him on his corpulency, ' I suppose
you take little or no exerxise," "Your majes
ty will parden me," replied tho bulky duke,
"but I generally walk round my cousin two
or three limes every morning.
Con.iiN'x help laughing iho other day, at
an anecdote of a man accustomed lo mako
long prayers, who had over-persuaded a
guest greatly against his inclination to stay
to breakfast. He prayed and prayed, till
his impatient guest began to think of edging
away quietly, and walking nir but in at
tempting it ho waked up ihe old man's son,
who was asleep in his chair.
' How soon will your father bo through ?;l
whispered the guest.
lias he got lo the Jews?" asked the boy
"No," said the other.
" Wul, then ho ain't half through," whis
pered the boy, and composed himself again
to his nap, whuioupon tho guest boiled at
A maidm ladv suspecting her female ser
vant was regaling her beau upon the cold
million of the larder, called Betty, and inqui
red whether Fhe did not hear some one
speaking wiih her down stairs'? "Oh no,
ma'am," replied Iho girl, "it was only me
singing a psalm?" "You may nmnse your
self, Betty," replied the maiden, "with
psalms, but let's have no Aims, Betty, I have
a great objection to hints." Betty courtseyed,
withdrew, and took ihe hint.
I sav, landlord,' said a man in a country
village to a tavern keeper, 'how many )i
qtiois can I gel for two long bits V
'Five,' said mine host.
'Well, fork 'em over. Come up, my b y
Tho liquating completed, he pulls out two
old worn out bridle bits, which were long
enough is all conscience. It is needless to
say how savage tho landlord looked w hen
his customer walked coolly out amidst the
shouts ot the crowd.
Iodine. This substance, which a few
yeats siuco was lliuugbt to be confined to a
few marine plants, has been gradually
traced ill tough the mineral, vegetable and
animal kingdoms, and ils general diffusion,
throughout nature is rendered exceedingly
probable. At the Paris Academy of Scicnco
M. Ciiati.n recently read a paper iu contin
uation of his researches on tho presence of
iodine in the air, lliu water, the soils, and
products of the Alps of France.
A Cuai. Mine has been discovered in Ken
lucky, which appears to be inexhaustible.
The coal burns like gas, imparling great heat.
Il will as readily ignite as a candle, and the
' steamboat men use it for torches, instead of
' P'"e kll0,s- I' quality is supposed to be Tar
' superior to tho undiscovered coal mines of
Japan, in search of which the Administration
has sent a large naval force.
Advice to Married Laoies A writer
ut tho South gives tbe following advice to
"Should you find it necessary, ns you un
doubtedly will many of yon, lo chastiso your
husbands, you shall perforin this affectionate
duty with the soft end of ihu broom, and not
with the handle."
It is remarkably pleasant lo return from
California with fifty thousand dollars in
experience and jitsl fifty cents in your pock
et The moment ono touches the wharf,
with his well woin portmanteau, he becomes
a landed proprietor, that's a consolation
Tub longest known cm rent of modern
lava on the earth is iu Iceland, extending 60
miles ; while from iho foot of Ihe largest
volcanic- cone on tho southern limb ef the
moon, diverging streams of lava Hew lo
the distance ot GOO miles.
"What did Mr.
- die of ?" asked a
Of a complication of
disorders," replied his liiond. "How do
you describe a complication, my good sir V
'He died," rejoined tho other, "of two
physicians, uu apothecary aud a surgeon,"
A Yaukeo pedler, recommending ascyih",
said that one of Ihe samo kind of scythe
was so sliaip that I Ley bung it ou a tree,
iu Kentucky, and its shadow cut a man
leg oil ! .
Dr. W. A. Ai.cott, the Vegetarian, lately
reported dead, has written lo Ihe Boston
Journal, sajing that be is not dead, but has
lived a quaiter of a centuiy beyond his
lime already. .
ScHNe Hotel dining routnv Actors Wait
er and old Gent. Waiter Will you have
some sallad sir! Old Cent, (gruffly) No,
won't, 1 say, I won't have any. ' I've no na
tion of making a Kebiuhadnmar of myself.
; ' . I. I V
Goon juleutiuii is nut icfoiuiuliea
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