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11 -nil it. : ir. b. masser, editor and proprietor. OFFICE, MARKET STREET, OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE. : SI Jfamtiu ilctospnpcr-Dcbotrti to iJclltfcs, ftftcrnture, iHoiMlfty, jFortfrjn flirt Domestic ileitis, Stfcncc nirt the avts, aorlculturr, warftcts, amusements, c NKYV sKUIKS VOL. ii, NO. 1 . SUMIIJKY. NOiUJIUMIiKHI.ANI) COUNTY. l'A., SATURDAY. JUNE SO. I8.V2. . OLD S Kit IKS VOL. , NO. 40. H I 11 .. I -; TERMS OF THE AMERICAN. TIIK AMERICAN in piilitishcil every 8cilmil.iv nt Ttt'U DOi.l.AKS per milium In he paiil'lintr yearly in uvatice. fto pair uiculiluiura utile AlLarreui-Hgusiirt' paid. All mmmmiirtitiiinfl or tellers on Itiift'iticB rrltitiiiK ii tbanlTiae, to insure attention, must In) I'tlt'.' I'AIU. ' . TO CI. l b:. Thra copies to one ntlitrt'ss, .1 CO Pvm lu no mm Fifteen L) I) voio ' Five l"llnr in nilvnnre will pny Tut llime ynr"i uli Scriuiiott to Die AmericRii. One Paiinte of IS lines, .1 limes, Kvelv uliaeqiieitt iimerltoii, ln tiire, 3 month, i month, One year, limine. Cnretfl of Five lines, per ntniumt Men-limit nnil others. tHlvertisins; ly the year, Willi the privilege of inserting different nilvertiseinenls weekly. (7 target Advertisements, tie per Agreement. f I I'll 3im fun HUI aim 1(1 (HI E. B. MASSE?.., A T T O K N E Y AT .A W , BUITBTTRV, PA. H ua'uics attended to in tltc Counties of Nor thumlierlaiiil, l.'ninn, Lycoming ami Cotuinliiii. luitr Int P. & A. Rovoiult, "1 Lower llnrrnn, Snmrrii & iSnodgniss, Vlaln-l. Reynolds, Mil'iirl.inil Co., ripcriug, Good A; Co., J " JAtW.ES J. NAILkEvT Attorney and Counsellor at Law, STJNBURY, PA. "IIHIiIi nttoml fnithriilly nml promptly to nil professional business, ill Nnrtliuiuhrrliind lid Union counties, lie ia familiar with tlir (crmnn language. OFFICE :- Opposite llic "Lawrence House," few doors from the Court House, tfunliury, Aug. 16, 1851. ly. J. STEWART LEPUY. AT S23 North 2d street, bImivc Wood, (liurnt District.') Philadi'lphin, would respectfully cnll the Rttcntiou nl his friends and the piihlic in general, to his lame mid well selected stork of Cariets, (Ml Cloths, Muttinsx, Window bh tdes, f-'lair Kuds, 8 o 3 Ac. Ac. Venili-in Carjeting from 7 rt. In llfl e!n iwr yit. luernin " l-5 " "I " ' o Three I'ly " I'm " US " " 1 llrilM-la " 1 1'.'J " 1511 " " S W Poor Mutls lie would invite the ntlen- 2 lion of dc.tlers and others to his larse stork R C of Doot Mult which he nt inuliictuvs .x in great vnriety and of splendid ipialitv. y Ott Cloths, from t yard la 8 yards wide 'Wholesale slid retail. April 10, 1852. Cm. HARRISBITRG STEAM "WOOD TURNING AND SCKOI.I. SAWING 8IIOP. Wood 'i'urning in nil its liranches, In cily style and nt city prices. Ivxery variety of Csliinet and Carpenter work either 011 hand or turned to order. Ded Posts. Ilalusters, 1'osetts. SI it and Quar ter Mouldings, Talilc Legs, Newell Posts. Put terns, Awning Post. Wagon IIulis, Columns, Round or Octagon Chisel Handles. Are. tV This shop is in fsTRV WHERRY AL l.EV, near Third Street, and as we intend to f lease nil our customers who want good work done, it ia hoped that all the trade nil' give us a rail. tV Ten-Pins and Ten-Pin Halls made to or Jef or returned. The attention of Caliinct Makers and Cnrpen tr ia railed to our new stvlo of TWIssT MOULDINGS.' Printer's Righ ts at $1 per 100 feat. W. O. HICKOK. . February 7, 1852 ly. HARDWARE, CUTLERY AND GUNS, 'o.i 31 4- 33 Market Street, PHILADELPHIA. rriHE suhscrilicrs would call the nllen'ion of "- buyers to their stock of llurdware, t-onsisling of -Table aud Pocket Knives, Guns, Chains, Locks, Ilollownre, Ac.. &c. Vo would recoin mend' to all, our KihIIoss Chiiin l'unijis, new article now getting into general use which we can furnish complete at about one half the price paid for the old style Pumps, also a new ar ticle of .Iniill I'ilt fl ItlHM' I.OfUv each Lock suited either for right or lc!t Inuid doom, wilh mineral or while knobs. Our stork of Cillll is large and well select ed, comprising single and double barrels, English and German make. All goods ran be returned if not found to Is as represented. Country mer chants would do well to call on us U-fore pur cbssiug elsewhere. Wheelwrights and carriage makers supplied wilh goods suited to their business, by calling on I V. H. & G. W. ALLEN. No. 31 & 33 Market Street, Philadelphia. February, 21, 1852 6mu. WM. McCARTY. Bookseller, . IlKOtDWAY, SlIMIlllV. 14. n AS just received and for sale, Pardons Di gest of the laws of Pennsylvania, edition of 851, 'ri "'dy .?fi,00. Judgo Reads edition of Blsrkstonet Commen- I iriea, in 3 vols. 8 vo. formerly sold at 10,00, ( now olTercd (in fresh binding) at the low nee of 6.00. A Treatie on ttie laws of Pennsylvania rc irting the estates of Decedents, by Thomas F. mlon, price only $4,00, Kossuth and the Hungarian war: comprising omplct history of the late struggle for freedom 'hat country, with notices of the leading chiefs statesmen, who distinguished themselves in nril and in the field, containing 2SH pagea of testing matter with authentic portraits, lonuth'a address to the people of the United es, wilh portrait, printed on broadcast, and on lollera after the manner of. maps, price 50 cent. Washington's farewell address, ni stylo wilh the ahove. btuary, 81, 1852. tL ien'i Condensed Reports of Penna. iS'I Published, and for sale by the aul.srri lerthe Stroud Velum of A Men's Con 1 Pennsylvania Reports, containing the we volumes of Yeale' Reports, and two femes of niouey'a Reports. The lirst vol Allien. conUiniiig Dallas' Reports, 4 vol 'jit Yeatea Reports, volatile 1, is also on J Jala. Tlie alwve two volumes are " ju themselves, ami contain all of t A volume, nd all of Ventre' Aoluiriea, lide the two first volume r . . f'i. tliinl intnmA m reuuv Wi Ki'lMHW. ' Lauinprcsetinmwiiau-i.v. " II. U. MA8SER, Agent WASTED TO BORROW IVK HUNDRED DOLLARS in Iwo - Jail hundred dollar, each, lor which UI securi'y 'U 10 eiv,H AJJr" -7AM. I""-1 rTecU bralcd ink, o.l -.too Con. i b. .sir. wni" .- .- H a M AsiER. SELECT POETRY. THE IAITIS SHALL NOT BE SOLD ! Tun follow iny; lines liom Ihn p -n of lliu pool DutuNxr, f.vprrpn i.i liiiicliina mul clo qm-iil lenn llitf riohl inlieit'iit in God' eri'u turr lo rnjoy tliu luimilics of llio cuilll : A liillion of noro of unKoliI littic!, Are lying in L'Hcvinim ileiirili ; An I iiiilliinih 11I mi'ii in llit! imnoH of oml, Ate itlitrviiiu nil over 1 lit rnnli; . O it'll rnc, ye ons of Anieiira, H iv inni'li men' lives lire worlli 1 Ti'ii hnnilicil millions of iicips pnml Thai never kne fpade nor plow; A. nt million til' minis in onr oo.lly laml. Are pining in want, 1 tiow ; All I tirpliiuis nrt erjing for bienil lliis day, And willows in nuscty bow. To wlinrti do ihejo acres of lam! Ih'oiijj 1 And why do lln-y lliriltlefs lie ? And w hy tliu widow'x lanit'iit miheartl, And iliiled 1 1 nrpliHii'it cry ? Ami why ate I lie poor house nnd prison ' foil, And the gallows' tree Iniill high ! Those ttiillinna pf acres belong lo mnn ! And his claim that he need ! And his lillo i xigned by the Hand of God Our God w ho the mvon feeds ! And the siniving soul of eat ill famished man, At ihe ihroiie of jus:ice pleads ! Y may not heed it, ye haughty mn Whose heiuts as rocks aie cold ; the time will cutne when the fiat of God, 11 Ihmidei elmll be told ! For lint voice of Ihe area! I AM hnlh said, Thai ' IIih lands fhall nol bo solJ !" 3. SclCCt VLlllC. The Real "TEMPERANCE CORDIAL." nv MRS. S. C. HALL. "Well" said Andrew Furlong tn James Lai ey, "well ! thai ginger cordial, of all the things I ever lasted, is the nicest and warm est. It's beautiful stuff; and so cheap." "What good does it do yon, Andrew i and what waul have you of it?" inquired James Lacey. "What good does it do me!" repeated Andrew, rubbing his forehead in a manner that showed he was perplexed by the ques tion ; why, no great good, to be sure ; and I can't say I've any waul of it ; lor since 1 became a member of the "Tolal Abstinence Society," I've lost the megrim ill my head anil the weakness I used lo have abjut my heart. I'm ns string and hearty in myseif as any one can be. find be praised ! And sure, James, neilh -r of us could turn out in such a tout as I 'lis, this time twelve month." "And that's true," replied James; "but we must r.'inember that if leaving ofT whis key enables us to show a good habit, taking to "ginger cordial," or any thing of that kind, will soon wear a hole in it." "You are always fond of your fun," re plied Andrew. How can you prove that." ""Easy enough" laid James. "Inloxica tiou was the worst part of a whiskey-drinking habit ; but it was not the only bad part. It spent Ti.mi:, and it spent what well-rr.a:nged time always gives Money. Now, though they tin say mind, I'm not quite sure a! o .t it, for they vi'iy put things in it tli y don't own to, and your eyes look brighter, and your cheek more (lushed than if you bad been drinking nothing stronger than milk or water but I bey do say that ginger cordial, and all kinds of cordial, do not intoxicate. I will giant this, but you cannot deny that they waste both time and money." "Ob, bother," exrlaiined Andrew, "I only went wilh two or three other boys to have a glass, and I don't think we spent ... ... , . . certainly ; and there's no harm in laying more than hall an hour not three quarters '" a penny or twopence that Way, now and B;;ain." ltltitf an hour even, breaks a day" said James, "and what 11 worse, it unsettles the mind lor work : and we ouht to be very careful of any return to the old habit, that lias (lestroved many of us, body and soul, and made the name of an Irishman a by word and a reproach, instead of a story and an honor. A penny, Andrew, htiiks the silver shilling info coppers ; and two pence will buy hall a stone of potatoes thats a consideration. If we don't manage to keep tilings remfo lable, the women won t have the heart to mend the coat "Not" added James with a sly smile, "that I can deny having taken to Temperance ConniAi.il myself." "You !" shouted Andrew, "you, and a pretty lellow you ore to be blaming me, and then forced to confess you have taken to them yourself. But I suppose they'll wear no hole in your coat 1 oh, to be sure not, yon are such a good manager : "In deed," answered James,, "1 was anything but a good manager eighteen months ago ; as you well know, I was in rags, never at my work of a Monday, and. seldom on Tuesday. My poor wile, iny gentle Mary, often bore hard words ; and though she will not own it, I fear still harder blows, when I had driven away my sens i. My chil dren were pale, half starved, naked crea tures, disputing a potato wilh the pig, my wife tried to keep to pay the rent, well knowing 1 would never do it. Now" Hut the cordial, my boy 1 interrupted Andrew, "the cordial ! sure I believe ev ery word of what you've been telling me is as true as gospel; ain't there hundreds, ay, thousands, at this moment on Ireland's blessed ground, that tell the same story. But the cordial ! ant! to think of your nev er owning it before; is it ginger, or anni seed. or nenpe rmint 1" "None of these and yet it' Ihe rale !hiii, iny boy." "Well then" -ptTMsted Andrew, "let's have a drop ol it ; you're nol going, I'm sure, lo drink by yourself nnd as Ti'e broke the aj'tirn on" A very heavy sha low passed over James' j face, for he saw that there must have been I something hotter than even ginger in the timpcrance cordial," as it is falsely cnlbd, that Andrew had taken, or else he would have rntleavored to redeem lost time, nol lo waste more ; and he thought how much better the Real temperance cordial was, that, instead of exciting the brain, only worms the heart. "No" he replied after a pause," I must go and finish what 1 , was about ; but this evening at seven o'clock meet me at the end of onr lane, and then I'll be very lia)- py ol your company." Andrew was sorely puzzled lo discover what James' cordial could be, and was for ced fo confess lo himself that he hoped it would be il liferent Irom what he hirl taken that afternoon, which certainly had made him feel confused and inactive. At the nppoinlcd hour the friends met in the lane. "Which way do we go?" inquired An drew. "No ne," was James' brief reply. "Oh, you take, it at home ?" said An Irew. "I make it at home," answered James. . "Well," observed A ndrew, "that's very good of Hie woman thnt owns ye. Now, mine takes on soaoout a dropol any thing, that she's as hard almost on the cordials as she used to be on the whiskey." "My Mary helps to make mine," obser ved James. "And do von bottle it or keen it on draught?" inquired Andrew, very much interested in the "cordial" nuestionl James laughed very heartily at this, and answered. "Oh, I keep mine on draught always on draught ; there's nothing like having plenty of a good thing, so I keep mine al ways on draught;" and then James laugh ed airain, and so heartily, that Andrew thought surely his real temperance cordial must contain something quite as strong as what he had blamed him for taking. James' cottage door was open, nnd as they approached it they saw a good deal of what was forward within. A square ta ble, placed in Ihe centre of the little kitch en, was covered by a clean white cloth knives, locks, ond plates for the Whole fami ly, were ranged niion it in excellent order : the hearth had been swept, the house was cleat), the children rosy, well dressed, and all doing soinethin "Mary," w hom her husband bad characterised as "the patient," was busy i n I bistiii g, in the very act of adding to the coffee, which was steaming in the table, the substantial accompani ments of Iried eggs and bacon, with a large lish of potatoes, when Ihe children saw their father, they ran to meet him with a great shout, and clung around to tell him ;ill I hey had done that day. The eldest girl declared she had achieved the heel of a slocking; one boy wanted his father to come and see how straight he bad planted the cabbages; while another avowed his proficiency in addition, and volunteered to lo a sum instanter upon a Mate which he had jus-t cleaned. Happiness in a cottage seems always more real than it does in a gorgeous palace. It is not wasted in large loiins it is concentrated a great deal of love in a small space a great, Brent deal of joy and hope within narrow walls, and compressed as it were, by a" low roof. Is it not a blessed thing that the most moder ate means become enlarged by ihe affec tions? that the love ol a peasant within his sphere, is as deep, as fervent, as true, as lading, as sweet, as the love of a prince? that all our best and purest affections will grow and expand in Ihe poorest worldly soil ; and that we need not be rich to be happy ? James felt all this and more when he entered his cottage, and was thankful to (Jod who had opi ned his eyes, and taught him what a number of this world'.; gifts, that were within even his bumble reach, might be enjoyed without sin. He stood a poor but happy father within the sacred temple of his home ; and Andrew had the warm heart of an Irish man beating in his bosom, and consequently shared his joy. "I lold you" said James, "I had the true temperance cordvd at home do you nol see it in the simpli? prosp rity by which, owing to Ihe blessings of temperance, I am surrounded T do you not see it in the rosy cheeks of my children, irrMhe smiling eyes of my wife did Y not tell truly that she helped to make it ? Is not this a tru cor- ditl," he continued, while his own eyes glistened with manly tears "is not the prosperity of this collage a true timpcrance cordial and is it not always on draught, Mowing Irom an ever-filling fountain 1 Am I not right, Andrew; and will you rot forthwith lake my receipt, and make it for yourself? you will never wish for any oth er; it is warmer than ginger, and sweeter than annixeed. I am sure you will ajree with me that a loving wife, in the enjoy merit of the humble comforts which an in dustrious sober husband can bestow, smiling, healthy, well-clad children, and a clean cabin, where the fear of God, banishes all otner tears, make "The tui'e Temperance Cordial." Dr. Fu a sic lis. when in E igland, used pleasantly to repeal an observation of his iiegio servant, when the elector was mak ing Ihe lour of Derbyshire Lancashire, &0. Eberyiing, masse, work in dit country water woik, wind work, smoke work, dog l 1 II a . . ' wort, uuiinc.it woik, Horse work, ass work ) eberyiing woik here but d hog ; he eat be diiuk, he sleep, he do noihing all day- he walk about like a gentleman." Mormokism prevails lo a considerable ex lenl in Texas. AN A.MKUICAN IIADtT. One more trait, thouiih wilh the risk of dis tf gosling some nnd offending more ihonh t w ill hope not. An K iglisbmnn, I believe, rarely chews, nnd rum pared with the Ameii can, rarely smokes ; but whether ho does not scctelly priiclive bo:h these nborr.iti ti mt I am not piepared lo say. But with boih those provocative's, if jt bo so, one thing he never does, is, to spit. Thnt fact dinws a line of demarcation between Ihe Englishman and the Ameiieiiu, broader nnd deeper A thousand fold than any tuber, in politics, go vernment, laws, lun.uij.'e, religion. The Englishman never npils. Or if be does, Ins first goes home, shuts himself up in his room, I cks his door, argues the neressity of the c ise ; if necessary, performs the di-agree-able duly, and returns tnso iely with a clear conscience. Tha American spits always) and every where ; sometimes when it is ne cessary ; iilwnys, when it is m,t. It is his occupation, his pastime, bis business. Many do nothing else till their lives; and ulways indulge in that singular recrcalion when they have nothing else to do. Sometimes in a stale of momentary furuetfuluess he inter mils; buta then, ns if he had neglected a sworn duty, returns to it ncnin with conscience-smitten vigor. Hu spits n! home and abroad, by night and by day, awake nnd asleep, in company nnd in solitude, for his own umtisement and the edification of a spit ting community. On Ihe freshly painted or scoitrtd floor, on the clean deck of a ship or steamboat, on parlor floors, covered whether with ingrained, Brussels, Wilton, orTuikey, even here he voids bis rheum ; upon the mi absorbent canvass, so that one may set; w here numbers congregate, the rail road cars to run in more ways than one. The pulpits and pews of rhnrches nre not safe. The foot pavement of the streets, the floors of all public daces, of exchanges, ho lds, or Congress balls, nre foul wi ll it; nnd in milroad cars it must always be necessary for a lady to shorten her garments, us if about to walk in the deep mud of the street, or tin) snow and water of the spring, if hu would escape defilement tn either dress or slippers. As the power of direction of these human msilcs is by no means unerring, notw ithstanding so much practice, one's own person, and nil parts of his person, nre expo sed to the random shots of this universal foe of Ameiicau civilized life ; nnd often he finds on tlillerent pari of his dress proofs nbui d anl of the company he has kept The only siuglo spot secure is a man's face; and that would nol be,, weie it not for the fear of a luel. That there is not the shadow of exaggera tion in thin description, coarse as it is, and coaise as it has been my intention to jnake all Aineiicans, and nil travelers who have been within an American hotel, steamboat or tilroad car all will testify Aud the re sult of all js, I suppose, that we are ihe fre est ami most enlightened people on the face of Ihu earth ! Hut for one, republican as I am in principle, I think, oti the whole, 1 would prefer tho despotism of Austria, Rus sia, or Rome, lo the freedom, if must take with it the spit of Amciiea It is vice enough lo tempt one to forswear home, coun ty, kindied, fiiends, religion. It is ampin ausn fot breaking acquaintance, friendship, for u divorce. In a w ord it is our grand na tional distinction, if we il.id but know it -There are certainly pails of the country com paratively, but only coinpaiutively, free from this vice. Ileie ul the north there is much less than at the weM and south, though here enough of it to disgust one wilh bis race. In proportion as general refinement prevails, the ruttotn abates. At the south, no carpets, no rooms, no presence nlfords protection. Here, in the best rooms, the best society, theie is a partial exemption ; though not often enough from the presence of that ingenious, fearful patent, tin brazen, china, or earthen box. II are on European Capitals. Sometiuno ron tub Cuniocs. There re side in this borough it lady, sixty-nine years of age, who has three new teeth growing in her mouth at the present lime. The lady en- j iys remiiikable genii health, and lias seen a great deal of trouble within a few years. We have never heard of a similar occurrence. Dem. Union. The Chink. r. in California. The Alta California, after alluding loihe difficulties te- peeling the Chinese emigrants says:. " The apprehensions entertained on this sub ject have been exaggerated and distorted, and il is, therefore, not unlikely that they will pass away as suddenly as they were created. We do not anticipate difficulty from this Mate of things." Washington. Con. George Washington whs raised lo the degree of Muster Mason on the 4ih of August, 1753, having been ini tiated 4th of November, 1752. The lOOih inniveieary of his initiation, it is said, is lo b icelebiuled throughout the Union At late session of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, the Hon. Myron Lawrence exhibited jewel which he said had been just handed to him by Col Flores, Junior Grand Wurden of Ihe Grand Lodge of Peru, and which had been worn by General Wush- as I be piesiding officer of Lodge ia Ihe army of the revolution At A lea table, on Sunday evening, the dtbrii of l of Beans appeared among Ihe edibles. When ihe hostess inquired of V., "Will yeu have some beans 1" Ihe hard ened sinner ieplied, ".Yora Bent Ces to Pott. THE HIMALAYA MOUNTAINS). j The mean height of the Himalaya is sin peudoiis, certiiiuly not less than from 16.0C0 to 20.000 feel, though ihi peaks exceeding that elevation are .not lo be numbered, espe cially nt he source of the Sutlej; imbed from hat river lo the Kalee the chain exhib its an endless succession of ihe loftiest rnoun. tains on earth. Forty of them surpass the height ChiThbornzn, ihe highest but one of the Andes, and many reach ih i height of 25,000 leet at least. So regged is this part of ihe m ignifiuent chain that the military pa ride at S.ibathoo, half a mila long, and a quarter of a mile broad, is said lo be the on ly level ground between it nnd tho Tartar frontier on the north, or the valley of Nepnul lo tho east. Towards the fruitful valley of Nepaul and Uollinii the Himalnyt is equally lofty, some of the mountain being from 25, 000 to 28,000 feet hiuh, but it is narrower, and the ilei'cetit to the plains excessively rapid, especially in the territory of Iihotan, and where the dip from the table-lands is more than 10 000 feet in ten miles. The valleys are crevices so deep and narrow, and the mountains ihut hangover them in menac ing dill's nre so lofty thnt these nbyses are shrouded in peipetunl gloom, except when the in) s of ii veilical sun penetrate their dep'hs. From the steepness of tho descent the rivers shoot down with the swiftness of an arrow, filling the caveius with foam and the nir w ith mist. Al the very base of this wild region lies I ho elevated and peaceful valley o! Bhutan, vividly green and shaded by magnificent forests. Another rapid de scent to the plain of Ihe Gauges. Most of the pusses over the Himalaya are but little lower than the top of Mont Bl.inc. Many nre higher, especially near tho Sutlej, w here they nre from 18,000 to 19,000 feet high, and that northeast of Khootinwur is 20,. 000 feet above I be level of the sea, the high est that has been attempted All are terrific and the fatigue nnd suffering from the rarity of Ihe nir in the last five hundred feel is not to be described. Animals ate as much dis tressed ns human beings and many die. Thousands of birds perish finm the violence of the wind ; the drifting snow is often fatal to travellerw. and violent thunderstorms add lo the honor of the journey. The Nili passi by which Mr. Moorctoft ascended to the sa cred lake of Mantissa in Thibit, is tremen dous. He anil his guide had not only to walk barefooled from ihe risk of slipping, but they were oll.gcd lo creep along Ihe most fright ful chasms, holding by twigs and tufts of grass, uud sometimes they crossed deep and awful crevices on the btauch of a lice, or loose t n I I !" row n across. Yet these are the thoroughfares for commeice lu the Him alaya never repaired nor susceptible of im provement from the freqno it landslips and torrent. The Initio. I pi uks being bare of the mow, gives great variety of color and beauty to the scenery which in the passes is at nil limes magiiilicct I. Dining the day the stupendous size of the mountains, their iiitermiuuble extent, the vaiiety and sharp ness of their forms, ami above all Ihe tender clearness of their ilislant outline melting into the pale blue sky, contrasted wilh the deep czure above is described us a scene of wild and wnndcrlul beauty. At midnight, when myiiads of stars sparkle in the black sky aud the pure blue of the mounlaiu looks deeper still beiow the pale w bite gleam of the earth a al snow light, the effect is of unparalleled solemnity, and no langi.age ran describe the splendor of tho sunbeams at daybreak, strea-1 ming between Ihe high peaks, and throwing their gigautiu shadows on the mountains be- low. There, far ubove the habitation of n..... .fi Ii....... il,,... ... tola nn .,,,,i.l MIR", IIU l.l.l.l I.U BUUIIU 1 -J beard ; the very echo of the traveller's foot-, step startles him in the aw ful solitude and silence that reigns in these. august dwellings of evci lasting snow WosDEuri'i. Discovert. The Fairmont (Va ,) Tine Yirgiuiau say : "We are in- foimed by Col. Ilaymoud and others, that a portion nf a regularly McAdamized road has been discovered on the opposite side of the river fiom this place. We have not seen it j ourselves, but learn that il extends pretty much along the banks of the river. Its' width is about 18 feel, nnd ihe track well! graded. Tho bed of stone seems to be about two inches thick, nml innile nieriselv after the plan of our McAdamized road, the stone being broken to about the same size as thai used for our roads. Tho discovery was iruiile by the washing nway of a hill side which partially covered the road. When, and by what race of people this road was made, is unknown ul the present day, but it gives evidence of the existence of a population here at some former age of ihe world, as fur advanced in civilization, or at least in l be art of road making us ourselves. There was found in the bed of the road, Ihe slump of a chestnut tree, w hich was ascer. taiued to be 150 years old ul Ihe least, and how much oldci, our informant could, not tell, us I he slump was hollow," Onh or the F. F. Y's in Tautst-iv-Fay-etle McMullen, a mrmbet of Congress from Virginia, ha been held to bail in the sum o' $1,000, in Philadelphia, lo answer an assault on Mr. Fitsworth, on board Uie steamer Trenton, coming from Tacony. Filsworlh hud occupied McMullou'a seat in the ears during his absence by placing his lady in il. McMullen threatened , lo lake his seat by force, but Filsworlh vacated it at Ihe desire of the lady, calling the Congressman no gen tleman. They afterward met on ihe boa), when Fitswoilh refused lo recall Ihe epithet McMulli'ii broke his cant) over his licaJ. HISTORY OF' A STEEL PEN, , The history of a steel pen is among the wonders of the present day ; it is to lis what pin making was to onr ancestors n thing to be wondered nl, We have (he ore melted and converted into iron, nnd the same chan ged into steel J then it is rolled into ordinary sheets, in which state it is teceived from Sheffield, when it is cut np into strips, pick led lo remove the scale, nml reduced also by rolls the requisite thickness. In this condition it is passed into the hands of a fe male, who is seated at a small press worked by hand, and who cuts out by a single blow a Ihin flat piece of steel, which is Ihe future pen ; side slitting and piercing then follows, which is also performed by a hand press, fitted up with pouch nnd bolsters; thereafter the blanks in this condition are annealed in considerable quantities in n mnflle ; stump ing with the maker's name then follows i pressing into the concave form is the next process, and the operation of forming the barrel (if a barrel pen) is now completed Hardening, on operation which requires no little care and attention, is also performed by heating in a mutlb', and when nt a pro per hetl they nre immersed in oil ; tho oil is then cleansed off them by ngitaiing in n cylinder, nnd scouring follows by the same method, with the exception that pounded crucibles and oilier 'rutting substances nre iutioduced along with them, w hich in the end produces on one aud all a bright sur face. The grinding on the point etc., is performed on nn emery wheel and is effect ed wilh great rapidity. In this state Ihe pens are passed lo the "sliltcr," who is pro vided wilh a pair of cutting touts, which arc tilled in'o !i hand press. Their accuracy in filling is such that a careful examination is necessary lo detect that I hey nre not one. The pen is rested upon the portion attached to ihe bottom of the piess. the handle turned aud the slit is made. The blue and straw color with which Ihe pens are ornamented, is also produced by heal ; ihe pens are in troduced in large quantities into a cylinder which is made to evolve on a charcoal stove nml the change of color is watched ; when that which is desired is obtained, llu cylin der and its contents are removed Tho bi.l liant appearance of the external sin fare is given by lac dissolved in nnptha, heat is thereafter applied w hen the spirit is evapo rated and the lac alone remains, lending to the pens that brilliancy of finish w hich add so much to their appearance. At Mr. Gdlot's manufactory upwards of 500 hands are da.ly engaged in the production of the pens, and order end cleanliness, w hether in the per sonal attire of the woik people or in their work-shops, is the distinguishing character istic of the number engaged, 400 are fe males employed in the uctual production and papering up of Ihe pens; the remainder are workmen, who nte engaged in th: more skilful or laborious departments, w here fe male strength is not available. Some idea of the extent to which this manufacture, is now earned may be gathered from the fact that there are annually upw ards of 180 millions of pens produced here. A Lady Robbed by One or II tR Ih.ms. The Springfield (Mass) Republican, tells a cmious story of a doctor, who it says, stole a box of notes worth S40U0, from the chamber of an old lady, in Russell, to whom be was an heir, among others, mid after she was : dead, he unbosomed himself to Mr. DeWolf, of Chester, nnd offered lo him g500 for his services in niaiiufactuiiug a legal instrument ! with the name of the deceased nlfi.ved lo il i conveying to the doctor the wholn propeity ' In tl... ct,l.n imlua ttr TY'Lifiir Hill nn ri I I . ,l , niuiM, .11...... ..... - ' ...... ...u...... the Ihiug very well, got all the notes in his possession, aud surrendered the properly and the thief lo an ollicer whu was in his house nt the time. The doctor was hold lo bail in S1000. Bur, you seem lo be quite, smart al:o gather too smart for this school ; run you tell me bow many six black beans aie !" "Yes, sir, half a dozen." "Well, how many are half a doen of while beans ?" "ix." "Tremendous smart boy ! Now lull how j nwy . ones.' i while beans there are in six black "Half a dozen, if you skin 'm." I it consequence of Ihi answer the scholar came near being skinned himself. "Down East," somewhere, a pien old la dy was summoned as a witness in an impor tant case. Being lold that die must "swear" tiro poor woman was filled with horror at Ihe thought. After much persuasion she yielded, and exclaimed "Well, if I must, must damn !" The court adjourned imme diately. A Down Fast Militia Captain, on receiv ing a note from a lady, requesting llio "pleasure of his company," understood it as a compliment to those under his command, and marched Ihe whole of lliciu lo Ibe lad) V house. There is a Rule in ati old debating so ciety which might be advantageously re commended lu some ol bur public bodies ; "That any gentleman wishing to speuk Ihe whole evening should have a room to himself." - Dr. Chailes T. Jackson udmiuisieied a pound and a half of ether lu Mr. Francis Alger's lion al South Buston, and removed his ulaw during the Iweuiy minutes thai the animal was tiiseusi'Dle. BREAK IT CtSTLY. In Ihe course of a recent letter In the edi tor from a coi respondent in Milwaukie, ihere occurs this passage, which stiuek us rather langliter-moving than rilhrrwis': "Deputy SherifT P , of this city, we recently called upon to arrest a duly regis tered "Attorney nnd Counsellor Ml Law and Solicitor," etc , on ihe charge of forged city orders, rather small business, by Ihe wa y . After Ihe arrest David," ihe. aspersed, w ished lo be accompanied among his friem'a for Ihe purpose of procuring bail. The Sheriff, in whose breast kindness and mrrcy are blended about ;af and 'af with the stern ness nnd dignity of justice, rnmplied ; bu his effoits were nil unavailable. Night wna drawing on toward its small hoUri". arid ha could wnit nn longer. A a last small favor, "David1 wished to go home aud break the sad news of his arrest to the companion of bis bosom. In view of this mournful task, he was much agitated. "Oh, Mr. P ." aid he, "this is the hardest of all How will my dear wife bear up under the blow ? She is so sensitive, so solicitous, that it w ill overpower her ; it will drive her cruzy. She i a delicate creature, Mr. P , and her sufferings will unnerve mo !'' A sym pathetic tear started into the north west corner of the officer's left eye, rolled down his manly cheek, rested u moment upon his vest, and Iheu diffused itsell among the snow flakes upon the ground, warming and melting even their obdurate hearts. They reached the house, and entered. They were met by a stalwart Amazo. ian, whose largo face shone wilh the lambent glories of on nulumn sunset. David in a faltering voice broke lo her the terrible intelligence that she was lo be robbed of her "bosom's lord." P slood by lo bear a hand if she should faint. "I am arrested, my dear, for forging." "What the d 1 is that V wa9 the utlecliitg reply of the "sensitive" fe. male. "They accuse me of writing other people's names nnd nre going to ptil me in jail, my love." "Who in thunder is going to do it, Dave 7" replied the "solicitous" w ife ; nnd without waiting for a reply, she proceeded to pile up anathemas loud and deep upon Ihe heads of those who had sought lo place him in durance vile The Sheriff wa overwhelmed by the "affecting" scene ; yet with a "ruling passion" strong for the ludicrous, he touched the prisoner lightly under tho fifih rib, wilh : "Break it gently lo her, David ; she is a delicate crea ture, isn't she ?" A poor captive at the Sing-Sing prison was recently killed instantly by the bursting of a grindstone on which he was grinding tiles, ur.d which was diiveu by steam. The unfortunate man was but twenty seven 5 ears of age He had been sentenced for five years, which would have expired in a few days. He had increased the velocity of the stono lo enhance the amount of h: labor doubtless wilh the hope of earning some thing "over" for himself, that he might uso when he should once more hail the "sun light and blessed air" of freedom. Perhaps il may seem "mawkish," but to our concep tion, there is something very affecting in this incident ; nnd yet, the released convict ''sleeps well" w here "the prisoners rest lo gether" in uudistinguishable graves. Gen. Winfibi.d Scott was born near Pe tersburg, Virginia, June 13, 1786, and is therefore just 66 years old. Daniel Webster was born al Salisbury, N. II., Jan. 18, 1782, uud is now in his 71st year. Rkluiioi's Freedom. A private letter statVs that Gun. Urquiza, w ho succeeds Ro sas ns Governor of Buenos Ay res, has au thoiised the reading of the Bible in schools, ami made liberal oppiopiiations for their support. Henry B. Stanton, long known as a promi nent Abolition lecturer, and more recently as a New York Barnburner, has come out, like John Yau Bu en, in favor of tho nomi nation of Pierce for President. The "sCuvstal Palace at New York The stock for ihe erection of this building, 200.000. it is said has ull been subscribed for, and the puluce w ill be opened iu May 133. The widow of Dr. Flanders has recovered under a statute of 1349, aguinst the town of Sheffield, Vt , SI000 damage, for tho death of her husband by Ihe upsetting of a stage. I don't like to patronize this line, said a culpiit to the hangman. "O, never mind this once," was the raply, "it will soo "suspend" its operations." Ail Ihe whalers at Hong Kong believe in the salely of Sir John Franklin. The E. quimaux go fro.n the Asiatic continent and back constantly. The Ulica and Schenectady Railroad, io fourteen years, has paid for itself, and clear. ed 18; per cunt per annum, over all expen ses. When you go our lo drown yourself sb. ways pull olfyour cUlhes, ihey may fit yon your wile's second husband. lr change makes "change," Smiihers says he will yet die a millionaire, lur he has moved eight limes since Juris. i Hounding the Morh.-To place yonr (in. efirs and thumb ou a glass of brandy ami wair. . , , General Pierce i about five fn levq inches in height, and finely proportioned. The siroujesi suing k.nenu. is string of "Ii ions, i Jl. Is0'