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LETTER ttlOM JOHJI TLCKKIl Mq.
riULAbEUiu, Nov. 27, 1852. Christopher Fallon, Esq, President of the Sunbury and Erie R 11. Co. Dear Sir .1 have your nolo of this mom. lug, reminding me of my promise to give you the views which have occurred to mo with reference to the prospects of tho Sun bury and Erio Railroad Co. 1 regret that 1 have not the time to work out the project as fully as it would otherwise afford ma to do. Tho impoitunce of the work may he brought before the public in two distinct ns peels; one with a view to demonstrate it value to the trade and commerce of Phila delphia, and the great enhancement in the real estate in the City and County, and along the line of tho road, which 1 believe, would exceed materially, iho whole cost of the work; and tho other, regarding it merely as an investment for capitalists. Either in my judgment, is sufliciont to justify tho imme diate construction of the road, and when combined they seem to be perfectly resist less, and such as to induce all interests to embark eagerly in the work of securing with, ottt further delay, the immence advantages it will unquestionably produce. I regret that my time will not cnatlo mo to trace tho progressof New Voik and Phila delphia from tho period when the latter had the ascendency in commerce ami pnpulation. I think that it would appear tlint the change in the position of the two ciiies is to be greatly attributed to the early connection which New York secured with the trade of the Lakes, by her canal, and which has since been perfected by her railroads. Tliegiowth of the cities, towns and villages in Northern New York, which has been greatly influen ced by these facilities for transportation and travel, has been most marvellous. I refrain from the compaiison with Northern Pennsyl vania, which is vastly richer in mineral and agricultural wealth. But you do not desire, I know, these generalities, but rather my judgment upon those points which my expe rience may be supposed to render it of value. The city of Erie, in our own State, is ad mitted to be the best harbor on the Lakes. It is the proper point from which to base our calculations, as here the various lines of rail toad diverge with their different gauges, viz : to Ohio, and the great West, with a gauge of four feet ten inches, to New Yoik, with a gauge of six feet, and to Philadelphia, (lor in the argument I will assume tho Sunbury and Erie Railroad to be made, and see what it can do in the competition for the great trade of the Ve6t,) with a continuous gauge of four feet eight and a half inches. I will now consider the advantages and difficulties of these three main railroad routes from Erie, eastward : 1st. The New York and Erie Route. From Trie to Stale Line, feel ennri Suite Line to Dunkirk, 4 feot 10 ' Puiikiik to Puff-riis, 6 " Siineins to JerKey City. !y Pnttersnn, now Union Rmd 6 feet gauge, Jersey City lo Now York, by ferry, 10 miles. Sr " 427 " 32 ' I ' " ' 507 mil's. With three transhipments, viz: at Stale Line, Duukiik and Jertey City. 2d. Buffalo and Albany Route : Prom Krie to Slsre Line, feet jrnnce Plate Line to Buffalo, 4 feet in Bitflhlrf to Allinny, 4 " n Alhiny to New York, (Hudson Rivet Kaiiro.li,) 10 miles, fin " 3-J-j ' "HI " 5rtn miles. With three transhipments, viz: at Stale Line, Buffalo and Albany. 3d. Sunbtiry and Erie Route: From F.rie to '!iilinlelpliia 4 feet f men paue, the enlne riistnnee, Viz: from F.rie to Wjllininamirt, 211) mitei " Williainsport to 'i'uina- imi, no " " Tammna t IMiilarta . 08 Or, from F.rie to Philadelphia, via Wit lianiiport, thence down the Snnpie hanna to ll.'irrisbtirf;. hy I I.irrift on ir mirl LaucaMer anil Columbia Kail ruad. Or, from F.iie to Ilarrifbnrr. a ntiorr, liM mile. 437 mile. and from thence to Philadelphia, throush I! -ii,lniC hy the proposed Lahniicn Valley road. 411 milea The immence and decided superiority of the Sunbury and Erio route over Iho others) in consequence of ils freedom from the necessity of frequent transhipments, will not tie suffi ciently appreciated by those not familiar with railroad traffic. A change of one ton of merchandise from one car to another, is about equal to the cost of transporting it for fifty miles. This may be regarded by many who have not reflected upon the subject, as an exaggerated estimate, but it can readily be verified. The cost of mero transporta tion is from i lo i cents per ton per mile, with ordinary gradients, and varying as the grades are more or less farvorable, which for SO miles is fiom 25 to 371 cents per Ion, lou will readily perceive that ihe cost of j from a prompt prosecution of this work to unloading one lou'of merchandise fiom a car, j completion, I cannot believe lhat they will removing it to another and reloading it, can- longer remain indifferent to this great enter not ba much less, and this independent of piise. I am, dear sir, very respectfully, the olher considerations aiising from tho de lay of lhe cam and of the meichandise, and the damage to lhe la'.ter by iho more frequent handling. What Iheu is the distance, thus considered, from Erie to the two great Atlantic cities from F.rie toNew Ymk, vin the w yrk and F.rie Ktirufmcl, MHnil itimane 5117 nulei. i mice inuuiL'pujcmfl, at an mile each, 1 jl Tlittn. via he ArVuiy and Uuual j rune, Add three traimhtpiueiiu. I mi From Erie to Philadelphia, via the Sunbury and Erie, Caltawiasa, Litllo Schuylkill and Heading Ksads, 428 miles. It would seem to be unnecessary to pursue tha comparison further, bul there are olher important advantages to which 1 will briefly allude. The ascending and descending grades on Che three routes are about as fulluws, viz : New York and Erie, li 675 feet. UulTaloaiid Albany, 11,200 " Sunbury and Eiie, 8.560 " These figure may slighily vary from ex actness, bul not sufficiently to effect results. If we assume the usual esti.uate lhat a rise and fall of 60 feet is equal to one mile of distance on a level, and introduce into the calculation the equivalent of increased dis. lance for each transhipment, we have the comparative total distance, actual and equa ted, as follows, viz : New Yoik and Erie route, 868 miles. Buffalo and Albany, 897 ." Sunbury and Erie, 570 " - Thus we sea thai in ocfuul and equal td dis tant, ihe Sunbury and Erie route has an ad vantage of 298 miles, which at the rates of transportation, (about ll cents per ton per mile,) usually required for moderate profits, with a large, traffic, is equal to 84,60 per ton, a saving of at least 30 hours In time. t have made these comparisons, assuming that the Cattawissa route would be adopted, as 1 learn that this road will be completed at once. It is comparatively immaterial wheth er this line or the one to Harrisburg be se lected, as the little increase of distance by the latter in equalized by seperiur grades. 1 learn that apprehensions are entertained by some, thai ihq trade may be diverted from Philadelphia, nt Tamnqua, by the re jected roa.l from Tamaqua to Eastern, and thence to New York. An investigation of this question will show these results, viz. Prom Erie In Willinmnport, I fcirf11 in Stn ,nilf-a. !iO " SO " trnnr, Willimiup'irt M Tmnnqim, do. Tmntitiim to l'."f"ii, , ., KnsMn t . New- Hrun.w i.-k, rl. miles. Xw Brunswick to Jersey Lily, 1 ft. 11) in., Jersey C'iiy, 1 " 407 at New With two tianshipments, viz: Brunswick and New Jersey City, Or, from llrir t" l'.nsln, 4 ft. t-J in. gaugn, l:it'"n to IJizntictlijvirt, I Jizutx-tliport tn New York by steamer, H'XI miles, (tt " 14 " tat Willi our trnnaliipment lit Kliznlirtliport Thus it appears that the distance from Ta maqna to New York is 138 miles, to which is to bo a ided the transhipments, while from the same point to Philadelphia, with infi- nitely superior gradients, tho actual distance : is but 98 miles, leaving 40 miles in favor or j past two weeks, auditing the financial al the latter. I (airs of the count v. This, you perceive, also shows the most important fuel that tho Sunbury and Erie route to iVfif York, is by these connections much superior to either of the existing lines, in the three important featuies of actual dis tance, grades and the diminished number of transhipments. With the Sunbury and Erie Railroad, own ed and controlled here, and with 40 miles ac tual distance in our favor, surely our enterpri sing fellow-citizens will not fear the compe tition of New York, while to onr capitalists the superiority of this route lo that city, over all others, gives a secnrilv for results, int. mensely profitable. The loregoing statements have demonstra ted the following facts, viz: 1st. The Sunbury and Erie route is the shortest in actual distance between the Lakes and the Atlantic. 2d. That it crosses the Allegheny moun tains with better grades than any other line now completed or projected. 3. That in equated distance (allowing fur transhipment and rise and fall,) it exhibits advantages which defy competition. . It has been a matter of astonishment to me, my dear si r, that Philadelphians have for so long a time exhibited so much apathy about this important work. The State of New Yoik constructed the Canal from Buffalo lo Albany, at a cost, to this lime, of 23,000. 000, and also made a gift os $5,000,000 to the New York and Erie Railroad Company, Iho completion of which enterprises and that of the Albany and Buffalo line, has required an investment of more lhan $70,000,000, and still these woiks are among the most, if not the most profitable, in Ihe country. My time will not permit me, and it cannot be necessary lo discuss at any length the im portance of the trade, (now merely in ils in fancy.) of these vast inland seas. It is well known that even now, it annually equals in value our national imports. What, Ihen, is necescary to enable Phila delphia to share largely this great trade? Other capital and enterprise mainly, have made or will make the lines of roads from Philadelphia to Williamsport 188 miles, leaving but 240 miles of road to be construct ed (from Williamsport to Erie,) to give the best outlet for this vas! commerce ever pro jected. At Williamsport, we again meet other capital and railroads, extending lo El mira, ami Ihence lo Niagara, with a branch to Sodus Bay and Oswego, on Lake Ontario; thus opening to ns not only tho trade) of ihe west, but of northern and western New York All that is required to accomplish iheso great purposes, I learn from you, is an investment of only 9,000,000, (Wilh a single track,) j which it has been clearly demonstrated will be a most profitable one, witout reference to the immense indirect advantages which must inevitably accrue from it. If our citizens can be made fully to under stand ihe question and appreciate its impnit ancc and tho manv advantages to be ilerivp.l Your ob'l serv'l. JOHN TUCKER. DlVTHESSISO lk'llMSU Fl.UID ACCIDENT. Last evening, a most distressing accident ; from the u.e of burning fluid, occured at i Soulh Boston. Mr. Albert Buggee, who re sides at No. Ill Fourth street, and had been out during ihu evening with his wife, on a .visit, on returning at about 10 o'clock, he i t I . IT I 1 .. w mi nis coal, look a match and lighted it, and then applied il to the wick of a glass fluid lamp, which had been standing on Ihe manlcl-pu.ee for several hours. Instantly a evero explosion look place, throwinr- iho burning 11JU,d over Mr. Buggee, completely destroy ir,E hu shitt and vest, and shockingly burning his head, face and broa,l. Dr. J."lL Yoik was immediately called lo dress the wounds, and on his airival found the skin ......ti...s .,, cmcua an over nis face and breast. Every attention was paij to him during Ihe night, although ha suffered a good deal. This morning ha was easier and i! is though' he will recover if he has received no internal injuries. The top of the lamp was screwed on tightly, and cau tion was used in lighting Ihe lamp. The lamp was left on the mantel over a brisk fire, and the fluid became so heated as to generate gas, which was ignited Ihe instant the match was touched to ilia wick, causing the explosion which followed. It is probable that the wick was smaller than the tube, thus giving vent to a current of gas from the inside Boston Journal, Dec. 23. : Transported for life, ries happ.'y. The man who mar- SUNBURY AMERICAN AND SHAM0K1N JOURNAL. TEE A1CEE.XCA1T. SUNBURY. ATI RIMY, JANUARY 1, IMS. H. B. MAMEIt, Kitllor and Proprietor. To AnvKKTiKRs. Tin; cirrnlution of the unbury American nmotif tits ilifiVreiit towns on the Susquehanna ! notexceriled il eqimlled liynny paper published in North em Pennsylvania. KF" Printing Ink. -For sale for cash, at this office, kegs ol 25, 20 and 12 pounds each. Trice 25 cents per pound. CF" Land Waruants. Persons having Land Warrants for sale, can dispose of them for cash, by applying at this office. KF" Court will commence next Monday at this place, to continue two weeks. January Courts are generally well altended when the roads are in good order. K7The County Auditors, Reuben VV. Zartmnn, J. II. Zimmerman and Martin Withington, Esqrs. have been engaged the C7Tlie Telegraph to Selinsgrove is now in operation. The office is at the store of J. G. L. Shindel. This will be a great convenience to many of our Union county friends. 07" The Table Moving ExrnttiMF.NT, has excited considerable attention, in this piace, the past week, and we believe almost in every instance the experiment was attend ed with success. A few evenings since, while writing in our office, we heard the moving of something like a table over the floor in an adjoining building. We "called in" and saw fourgentlemen with their hand? on the table, the riht and left on each other, accompanying the table then moving, in a circuit on the floor. During the few minutes we were in, the table moved around, apparantly without any effort, at least a half dozen limes. An article on our frist page will explain the modus ojcrandi. E7- Bounty Lands. We are indebted to the Hon. Richard Brodhead of the Sen ate for a copy of a bill introduced by him, granting to all officers and soldiers, who have been engaged in the military service of the United States, one hundred and sixty acres of land. Those who have received less than 160 acres will be entitled lo an additional amount, sufficient to make up the 160 acres. (fir i:t I.HANCH Hank. A quo war ranto was issued last week by the Supreme ' Court, now in session at Philadelphia, sum- j moning the West Branch Bank to appear and show cause, by what authority the Dank exercises the priviledges of banking. This seems to be a proceeding from a mi nority ol the Stockholders who wish to force the Dank into liquidation or give them 23, or par value for their stock, whilst it is in reality worth only about $20. The n I. i .... . uanK, we nave reason to Delieve, is in a flourishing condition, and has been, of late years, well managed. 7 The Board of Canal Commissioners will meet at Ilarrisburg in a few days. Mr. Hopkins, the newly elected member, will not take his sent for several weeks. The retiring Commissioner is John Gamble, Esq., and it is but just to say lhat he has been an able and energetic officer, and has had few if any superiors in the office. Mr. Hopkins, his successor, will make an excel lent officer. Ky" Mine ILli. Rail Road. That por tion of the road from the Summit of the Broad Mountain lo Coal Castle, a distance of seven miles, was let on Saturday last. j The six miles, from the Summit ol the Broad Mountain to Ashland, was let some weeks since, and a large force is now at work. The road is to be completed by the 1st of March, 1S5I. There are two stationary plains on the north side of the Broad Moun. tain. On the south side, the road ascends the mountain, with a grade ol 81 feet to the mile. Two plains on this side would shorten the distance four miles. By in creasing the distance, the plains on the nonh side might be avoided. From Ash land to Sunbury, there is a large force at woik, under the contractors, Messrs. Mc- Grann and Barry. For some of the above facts we are indebted to a correspondent ol the Miners Journal. CO" The Rkadino Rail Road The Reading Gazette says not a single passen ger, in the passenger tars, has ever been killed on this road, since it was first open ed, eleven years ago. There are few bet ter managed roads than the Reading road, and few better Presidents than John Tucker B7- John C. Neville, Esq., of Pottsville, who was suspended from practise, a few months since, by Judge Hegi,,,, has been re-instated. IC7" The citizens of Elroira look forward with much anxiety to the construction nl the Williamsport and Elmira road, and the completiou of the North Branch Canal, wDica will be opened for navigation in the pnng. 1 hey anticipate a large increase of business from these sources. TUCKER AND THE SUNBl'RY AND ERIE RAIL ROAD. Our readers will find in another column, a letter addressed by Mr. Tucker, President of the Reading Railroad, to Christopher Fallon, Esq., President of the Sunbury and Erie road.on the importantance of therarly completion of that road. Lik every thing emanating from Mr. Tucker, on this sub ject, it bears the impress of a strong and practical mind. But there is one feature in Mr. Tucker's letter, that we do not like. We mean an apparent attempt to end the Sunbury and Erie road at Williamsport, and there connect with the Cattawissa road, as the main road to Philadelphia. Also his entire silence upon the. subject of the rail road from Sunbury and Pottsville, the whole of which is under contract and in progressof construction. Mr. Tucker, it is true, says that he has based his calculations on the Cattawissa route, because he has learned that this road will be completed at once. Perhaps Mr. Tucker was not aware that the Philadelphia and Sunbury road, from Sunbury to Pottsville the Susque hanna road from Sunbury to Harrisburg, and the Sunbury and Erie road from Sun bury to Williamsport, are all under con tract, and will be finished before th'- Catta wissa road can be completed, upon ubout i0 miles of which, between Cattawissa and Williamsport, nothing has yet been done. Mr. Tucker further says, "that it is com paratively immaterial whether this line or the one to Harrisburg be selected, as the little increase of distance (9 miles) by the latter, is equalized by superior grades." Now upon this subject we beg leave to differ with Mr. Tucker, and think we can prove by his own arguments, showing the superioiity of the Sunbury and Erie road over the New York and Erie road, that .'here is a material difference. If we as sume the fact stated by Mr. Tucker, (and there can be no belter authority on the sub ject) that "a rise and fall of sixty feet is equal to a distance of one mile on the level," then there is a material difference in favor of the route along the Susquehanna. For instance : Dintance from Willianinport to latiimina, iu mm Avenipe nscen'tin? nut! iV'tcemiing grade 3.1 icet per mile la Fr.iin UairishurK to Sunbury an 1 Wit- ".?,M) feci. liamspoit, 13 unlet. Average asccilduiir mul rtcftccnriuig grade U leel per mile m ari) feet Rife and fall in fnvr of the Susq. route rune divided hv tiu 9W I feet. 4IJ 111 lea. Thus it will be seen that in actual and cnuated distance, the Susquehanna has an advantage of 40 miles over the Catlawisia route. We have no desire to disparage the Cat tawissa, or any other route. We should te pleased to see them all completed, and be' lieve they will' all betome profitable, but our object is to show lhat the Susquehanna route, must and will become the Main ar- ' terv. for the treat trade of the lakes. XT Col. Tate of the Bloomsbur;; Demo- crat says that a wild hog was captured in that county a few weeks since. The hoo- had escaped from Cattawissa three years since. The turshes, he says, were 6 inch es long. What weapons of defence are they Colonel ! E7 George M. Tottk.v, Esq., formerly i an Engineer on the road between this place MR. and Shamokin, and well known here, is the ! require imtnuul labor; hence, lhe possibility principal Engineer on the Panama Rail!l'f d7i,ed niaehiue-plongl. ; and ' , . , hence, inu rapid coming of lh.it good time Road. A correspondent of the New York h,;n arduous manual toil will ahsoluttlj Times speaks in high terms of Col. Totteu's ... auiiiues arm uie (iimciiities ne nas mus tar surmounted in this great enterprise. Hotel keeping in New-Yoik seems to be a most profitable business, with some, at least. Mr. Monnot, of the New York Hotel, is said to be making 30,000 a year, and is now reputed to be worth $100,000. Mr. Howard of the "Irving House" made over $200,000 and retired from business- f7"The Union county papers recom mend Henry W. Crotzer's re-election as C . .. 1 ' I . . oergeani-ai-.'irms. i ne colonel made a ood officer last session, and has many friends. cm a. The following are the remarks of Gen. Cass in thu U. S. Senate, on the subject of the annexation of Cuba : Mi. Cass followed, sustaining the views advanced by Mr. Mason. It was, he said, our manifest destiny lo go forward, and we shall do so. We may talk as we will of per fect immobility, but while we stand still, the woiid is going on. He advocated, at some length, lhe Monroe and Polk doctrine of non interference by Euiopean powers in the af fairs of the American continent. That doc trine would be sustained, and the attempt lo viuluto the principle of it, would be a ques tion of war Ho was in favoi of tho pnr chase of Cuba, at any time when it could be accomplished leasonably ; but no transfer of Ihe island, to any other power, under any possible circumstances, could meet the sanction of the Government of the United Stales. He denied that he was any filibus ter. He reprobated all these efforts lo pro cure Cuba by foice. If Ihe people of Cuba wauled lo throw oir I ha yoke of Spain, ihey had his warmest sympathies, and the inde pendence of the island would be gladly re cognized by Ihe country whenever Ihey might ba in a position lo make it proper. The annexation of Cuba had no terrors for him. He expressed the apprehensions lhal had been entertained before the annexation of Louisiana ; but all had vanished with the consumation of the act. ft was well known that we had a pretty spacious swallow wilh reference to territorial acquisition. He was willing now to wait and digest the last ao quisition ; but he was also willing to receive more as soon as we were leady. Mr. Cass, continuing his remarks, inad vertently advocated the Pacific Rail Road project. There was no measure that would so greatly tend to strengthen the bonds of the nation as lhat. He commented severely on the inconsistency of England, who ever harping on Jonathan's thitst for territory, was continually extending her own domin ions by the power of the sword, in every quarter. He cited the recent annexation of Burmah, for tho sake of a debt of a paltry hundred thousand pounds. DECLINE of arAis A Spanish paper gives the following ac count of the decline of this once powerful empire, whose possessions at one time ex tended nearly over the whole globe. The brightest gem in her crown, now left is Cuba, which she will also be compelled to part wilh, ere long. The Spanish dominions once occupied an eighth of Ihe known world. Our country has been the greatest of ihe globe ; and, in ihe days of ils splendor, neither the gigantic empire of Alexander, nor the vastuess of that of Ihe present Czar, could be compared toil. The sun never set upon our country, which contained 80,000 square leagues and 00,000,000 inhabitants. Of so much richness ami power, we have losl more lhan Iwo- thirds in a couple of centimes. In 15G5, we ceded Malta to the Order of St. Johns ; Franco afteowards look possession of il, and ultimately the English. In 1G20, Louis XIII incorporated Loner Navarro mid Beam wilh Fiance. In 161!), our government recogni zed the conquest of Rnnssillon, made by lhe same monarch. In 1610, Portugal emanci pated herself, with all her transatlantic pos sessions. In 1581, we began losing the Ne therlands ; in 1648, ihey made themselves independent. Tho English tonk from us, in 1656, the Is land of I!.i i bailors ; in 1656, Jamaica : 1704, Gibraltar; 1718, the Luayas ; 1759, Dominica ; 1797, Trinidad. In 1635, the French made themselves masters of Domin ica ; in 16.10, of Grenada : in 1665, of Gua- daloupe. In 1697, we shared St. Domingo wilh France ; in 1721, we lost our half. In 1790, wo abandoned Oian afler Ihe earth quake. In 1791, we ceded onr rights over Oran and Maz.ilquivir to Morocco. In 1713 we ceiled Sardinia to Ihe Duke of Savoy J Padua, Plaeenlin, Lucca, and other distiicts in the north of Italy, were ceded to princes j of ihe reigning family. In 159, we lost ': Naples and Sicily, in consequence of the j Infante Don Carlos selling them to occupy tlto Spanish tlironp. In 1800, wo ceded Louisiana lo France ; and in 1819, Florida lo tho Ainei icaus ;. and lastly, the Soulh American Colonies emancipated themselves successfully fruui 1816 lu 1824. cr.Kicssovs c.vi.oiiic r..r.i.t. From the experiments lately made in New York with the trial-boat Erricsson, propelled by this newly-invented Engine, 1 ln''re 's hardly a doubt of its entire success. if.. . ...Ml . .1 . . i 11 l"e ""l'r"1(" P"y regarded as one of ,he mosl important of the age, ! P'raps me greatest since itie invention of ! the Steamboat. Its introduction must ne- l ., sr"y supplant almost entirely the ar plication of steam. The followi:i; are the i advantages claimed lor the Caloric Lngine as stated by the New York Home Journal . 1. The Caloric Engine bums about one tenth as much fuel us a steam engine; henou a caloric ship ol the largest size may riYctim nui'igdc the hbe without stopping lo lake in coal; hence, not a sail will be seen (in the ! oc( ai1 '" 1 1 1 ' )'.eal;s ar,er 1,10 ""-' "f the wiM t,e a1I,.( ,oa thousand aits which now ! ct'a'i" ""(U,r Ulu "' I 2 Iho cost of the Cf Caloric Engine is about Ihe samu as Ihe steam engine, minus the cost of the buileis. 3 Only one fuuilh as many engine-men will be required on board a Culoric-fhip as aro necessary for a steamer. 4. Nu smoke whatever will issue from a Caloric furnace when anthracite is used, and consequently no huge, unsightly smoke-pipe will be necessary, and iho tinging will bo as clean ns lhat til a sailing ship. 5. There can be no bursting or col!apsin of boileis, for the simple) reason that Iheie will be no boilers to burst. The worst acci dent that can happen lo a Caloric Engine it fur it lo stop; nor is watchfulness impeiative ly required, as in no case can a dangeiou! accident occur. 6. Ow ing to the extiemo simplicity of thi Calorie Engine, Ihe wear and tear will be very el ii lit. and iho duration of the engine proportionally long. l.ATI It rilOM CALIFORNIA. New York, Dec. 28th. The steamship Undo Sam arrived bete, this evening, from Aspiuwall, bringing dates from S.in Fran cisco to the 1st inst., and over half a mil lion dollars in gold dust. Shu also brings 200 passengers, who were brought down by thu Cortes. The latest election returns indicate thai the majority for Pierce and King in the State will teach 7000. The annonncenieiit of tho death of Mr. Webster was received at San Francisco on lhe 20ih ult , and cast a deep gloom over the city. Minute guns were fired, and the flags were put at half mast. Snow had fallen to the depth of fuur feet in many places. The burned district in Sacramento, had been nearly rebuilt, including a large num ber of fine brick buildings. On the evening of the 4th inst., Acapulco was visited by a terrible earthquake, by which a number of the largest buildings in the city were destroyed. The shocks con linued up lo the departure of the steamer Cortez. The glare from lhe burning mouiv lain, though situated sixty miles back of Ac apulco, was plainly visible on the 9ih. Twenty buildings at Acapulco. valued at 8200,000, bad been almost entirely demol ished. A very severe shock occurred on lhe 8ih, and there were repeated shocks dur ing the next day. Immense. The editor of the Foit Smith (Ark.) Herald has been presented with a po' tato measuring thirty Iwo inches in circum (erence, and weighing tun pound. Whew ! OKU. PIERCE AT HOME. A correspondent of the Journal of Com merce, writing from Concord, in alluding lo Gen. Pierce, says : I once heard him say in private conversa tion, that he never woukl consent to De a candidate even for the Presidency, if he should be required lo go on an electioneer ing tour and make speeches ; for the office was entitled lo honor, and should not be de graded in the eyes of the world. Gen. Pierce, like Mr. Webster, has a deep reverence for God and a sense of the vanity of all woildly tilings without hi favor and Ihe hopes of an immortal life. Many a lime have I heard him expatiate with eloquence and solemnity, in confidential intercourse, on '-the vanity of man as mortal," and the dignity and support which religion gives to him in the conflicts of life, and at ils close. Happening to meet wilh him at his ollice a few days after his nomination, he remarked wilh a seriousness and solemnity which deeply affected me, that when Ihe news of his nomination reached him, his first thought rose up to God, and ho never fell the need of his aid and guidance ns he did nl that mo ment. I could not doubt his siuceiity, for his earnestness and sensibility were such as you could expect only in thu most reli gious men. During the canvass he has remained qui etly at home, daily walking from his house to his ollice, or else attending his business in the Courls, or occasionally making an excursion lo Ihe mountains and lake, or lo the seaboard. With more gentlemanly dig nity and exact propriety, he ceuld not have borne himself. 1 met him on Ihe nunning of election day, as tho cro vds in tow n and over Iho country, from Iho Atlantic to the Pacific, were hunying to deposit the vote which decided their destiny. Hut he was cheerful, colloquial, and courteous as ever, and apparently the least interested in lhe pioceedings of the day as any man 1 saw. Before ten o'clock in the evening, the tele graph wires brought thu results of Ihe day's work lo Concord, when Gen. Pierce, whoso office is near that of the telegraph, remarked lhat he would wait for no fnither communi cations, but return lo his family, as Mrs. Pierce was ill. Late the uevl forenoon hu was seen walk ing coolly and back lo his ollice, as though the nighi,s intelligence was nothing lo him I met with him in tho afternoon in lhe street icii a uesiiaiiry in taking ins nand ami speaking to him ; for I have a natural awe of man in high piisluins, and knew not how much iho day's woik had done upon him ns well as for h.m. Hut ho was himself stilh show ing, it is line, a feeling of the honor his countrymen had conferred upon him, but less excitement and vanity (for there is none) lhan ordiuuiy mortals in being elected to the office of thinl selectman. I stood in the presence of an individual elevated lo lhe highest oniee in the gilt ol man. Lull 1 saw only a man, an unassuming and courteous ci lien, with whom I could talk as aforetime :ljYi hil httmani ut!e nam ab Mo did I see, nor I will vculuie to say, will any one see. The Sunday follow ing the election, he ap peared in his place in the house of God a usual, and in lh afternoon waited dining the acliiiini-tiaiioii of the communion sen ice, his idy being an esteemed member of the Sou h Congregational Church, and whose example and inlliiencu in tho White House will not fail lo merit and receive Ihe praise bestow ed upon her most admired predecessors in lhe same nign position inMni'' inle iscnce ind a strnnn mind with dignity, grace and every Chris'.ian virtue, she is sure to win universal esteem, so lar as her delicate health shall permit her lo mingle in society. It is the liist time lhe daughter of a pansh pastor had been elevated to this position. In the evening, (u'lierul 1'ietce attended service m he same house, w hen an address was deliv ered in behalf of an important town charity mission for the pour dining Ihe coming w in ter. Such was Iho fiisl Sabbath of General Pierce alter his election, and essentially such, we trust and believe, the rest will be. Death fuom Exposimik Stranok Dk.th from i iiiiiiiT. t.aston, l'a., Dec. 22 A nost distressing incident occurred near this place this nioruitis. A man named Abra ham Lirk, whilst proceeding at a late hour n Tuesday night from Litllo York to this place, was so overcome w ilh fatigue or other causes, lhat he tell in ihe road, and was found this morning in a dying condition, from the effects of lhe exposure. He was canied immediately to Iho farm-house of Mr. Samuel Duckworth, where ho died in a lew minutes alterwaid. Just as the man had been received into iho house, iho wife of the fanner, Mrs. Duckworth, came sud denly into lhe room, and w as so shocked and overcome by fright at the unexpected sight of lhe unfortunate man, lhat she fell to the floor and died almost instantly. The Patkxt Office. In Iho report of lhe Department of the Inleror, the Secretary says lhe models in the Patent Ollice, by the close of ihe present year, will be little short of 23,000. The number in 1S36 was 1.000. If ihey should continue to increase in this proportion, making no allowance for the augmentation consequent on ihe increase of population, by the close of lhe present cen. lury they will amount to 150,000, and the whole of Ihe present Patent Office edifice will not be sufficient for their convenient display. The Last of the Stuarts. It is undei stood thai the nearest of kin to tho Stuarts, now living, is the present King of Sardinia, and lhat the last descendant in the district line was Caidinal York, who died some years since in Rome, and was inteired in the Vati can, where a tomb is erected to his memory, inscribed, "Henry IX, King of England." It is said lhat George the IV, treated the Cardi nal very generously, and paid him an annual pension; and that the tomb which claims for lha last of the Stuaits the title of King of England, was paid for by George IV. This fact is conclusive that tho Romish Church has never acknow ledged the reigning family, as it cannot be supposed that George IV, conceded that Cardinal York was King of England. New Advertisements. List of Letters REMAI3IMQ lit THE POST OFFICE at Northumberland, Dec 30, 1852. A Lawrence A. S. Arley Algeline Lear Effinper J. M M'Cormick Mary J. Murry Carolina Moyer Jud. McCabe Andrew Miller Thomas F. Mathias John Myers Daniel Miller Jacob Milton W V. McAI'.ry Joseph Alwell llosea Y. B Beatley Thos. C. Baruhart Charles Bruggen Benjamins Brunges J. M. & M. books Nilumon Benjamino M. T. S Barry Clay Wm. eercstresser ?ml. A Barrett John R. C Matildas felty 2 N 2 Nifler Lewis R Robnote Wrn. 2 Rich Francis P. '- Claik Charles ' Clapp Samuel V Derring John A. Davison Joseph L Dengler Solomon Duuoherty H. 11. Dull Jas. J. E Elision John F Fleacher Elizabeth a Gross Franklin Gollagher Barney Gibsun John II Ilynes Jus. Seiler Eliaa Slum Albert Saxton Samuel Stokes George Sweeney James Sensliultz. Levi Sallsman Anthony W. T Thompson Samuol TJ Union Division No. 338 w Wikoff J. V. Winchester J. J. Warner George Wilson Thos. or Jas. Weaver Samuel Weaver L. D. Z 11 imer Chas. Haley Jno. Hiugher r Jenkins Jas. Jury Jno. L Larside James Zipperick Peter MARGARET WF.IMER, P. M. A Dili FT. rTWIE subscriber hereby Rives nottco that hn JL has, recently, tuken up oilrift, on lhe Sus quehanna river, h lot of round pine saw los, marled with varinus fijiiri'9 ami device. Tho owners thereof, are rcqiUMte-l to conio forward, prove nrop'-'rtv, piv clnrix an I tik tln;n awiy. LEWIS LENHART. .nnliury Ferry, t'niou county side. January, 1, 1S!)3. St. ELECTION. Office of the rSusipielimina Railroad Company. UnriUhurfr, December 24, 1858. ) GENERAL nirclin? of tho Stockholders of tin Company will be held n! their ollice in this lipronj;li. on MONDAY the 10th of January 1K.;1, from 1 to ti o'clock P. M., to choose a Pres ident and Iwclvc Directors for the ensuing year. ROBERT S. HOLLINS, January 1, 1S3j. -2t Secretary. "WAIT TED. VITA NTED. Pennsylvania lands from 100 to 30.000 acres for cash or trade in ex change fur (Jil v property. Apply to J. A. lit itDWIC K, Krai Estate broker, 107 Walnut Street, PhilaiVpliia, January I, 1853. 2m. KRUPFS Premium Essence of Codec Mnrjt wp'11 pro-' I iunK onr liroi by UtfinK ivrupr I t Otll'l!. 117 HY will man use that which is injurious to his health, wi en K is willing; to give ull his wealth to restore it when it is lost ! Strange ! that at least two thirds of the human family will use ordinary CUE FEE knowing it to be injuri ous to their health. lirupp'i UMsciiceof Coflce is. bevoiul doubt the best and most wholesome preparation of fotUe in the world. Every house keeper should have it. Try it unci be convinced it will save about 00 pet relit, besi.lesyour health. Warranted to render entire satisfaction. Manufactured and lor sale by ELI KIMTP, C:59 North 3d stri ct Philadelphia. N. U. All the principal (irnerrs and Drusgiits have it for sale throughout the I niteil flairs. For sale by the Aircut, II. 11. Masser, Sunliury. January 1, I8r)3.0m. ADMINISTATOE S NOTICE. OTK'E is hereby Riven that Idlers of Ad ministration on tho rstate uf Abraham Itro, i.r.is. late of I'l'Mr Augusta township Nor thumberland county, dee'd , have been granted bv lhe Register of said county to the undersigned. Therefore nil i.ersons indebted to said rslat will discharge, the same, and tluse having demands will present them to Ul. IAS IlKlll-IUL?, Administrator. Sunbury, Doc. S5, 1852.-01. lr as rjno jet. z: nu A MEETIMO of the Stockholders of the JjL Green Kidrge Improvement Company, will be held at the Girard House, in the Cilv of Phila delphia, on Saturday, January 8th 1653, at 10 o clock A. M. C. W. CHURCHMAN, President. Philadelphia, Dec. 55, 1852. 3t. Notice to Contractors. 1 PROPOSALS will be received at the Ofl'ice of the Sunbury and Erie Railroad Company, at Williamsport, until sunset of the I3lh day of January, 1853, for Grading and Bridging lhat portion of their Road between Sunbury and Williamsport, (about 42 miles.) This includes some heavy work, and is worthy the allent on of good contractors. Specifications, and any infor mation desired, nmv be obtained from T. HAS KINS DUPUY, Esq., Chief Engineer, at Iho Olfii-c, ten davs previous to the dnv of letting. j. Ii. & W. O. MOORHEAD, Contractors. December !5, 1 852. 3t. Sunbury and Erie Railroad Company. JHILAUELPHIA, Dec. Kith, 1852 A second Instalment of tes uiillabs per share, on the Stock of this I ompany, will be due and payable on the 20th of January, A. D. 1853. On these shares on which eleven dollars has been paid, payment of nine dollars only wilt be requi red. Payments mv be made to Williams & Wright, Erie; the West II ranch Bank, Williamsport; Dr. W. A. Irwin, Warren, or to the undersigned, nt the Office of the Company, Girard buildings, Third Street, below Chestnut. CRAIG DIDDLE, Treasu rr. December 85, 1852 5L ATTENTION, DEW ART GUARDS it V O V are commanded to meet in M ar ket Squire, bunbury, on SATURDAY, JANUARY, 1st, 1853, at 9 o'clock, A. M., fully equipped for drill. Each member to be preparad with 12 rounds of blank cartridges. By order of the Captain. GEO. OLIPH A.VP, O. S. Sunbury, Dec Si to2