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SUNBU11Y AMERICAN AND SHAMOKIN JOURNAL.
GOVEMTOR'S ME88AQE. Wt give below the most Important parti of Governor Biglcr's Mersage entire, with short abstract of those parte of minor Im. portance. The Message generally speak nR good one and gives a flattering ac count of the prosperous condition of the Keystone State. The Governer refers to the Sunbury and Erie rail road in terms highly commendatary of that important enterprise, and does not overrate it great benefit to Philadelphia and the state gener ally. The Message commences by congratula ting the people for our prosperity ami many blessings alludes to the recent Presidential election and the peaceful submission ol the minority in such cases. The Governor then refers to the death of Clay and Webster and alludes to their dis tinguished abilities and services to the coun try. In regard to the Treasury he says : The receipts to. the Treasury during the fiscal year, exclusive of the ptoceeds of loans, amounted to the gross sum of St. 561,885 50, which amount added to Ihe bal ance in the Treasury on Inn 1st Die. 1851, (leaving out the unavailable means which only ssrve to confuse Ihe account,) makes Ihe total ordinary means of the Treasury for Ihe year, $5,104,424 71. The payments exclusive of the cancellation of State stock the impropriations lo ihe Norlh Branch canal and the Portage railroad, amounted in Ihe aum of $4,129,262 49, being $970,602 12 less than the receipts. Of this excess, however, the sum of $304,024 96 was ap plied to the completion of the Western re servoir to re-laying the norlh track of the Columbia railroad, and to other extraordina ry repairs on the public woiks, leaving an actual available balance in the Treasury on the 1st day of December, 1852, 867 1,037 72. But, it must be observed, in order to a correct comprehension of the relative condi tion of the Treasury, that the unpaid balan ces of appropriations of 1851, amounted to $621,338 95, whilst those of 1852 only reach the sum of $52!), 801 14, showing a difference in favor of the latter year of near 8100,000. The receipts lo Ihe Treasury for the com ing year may be safely estimated at $4, 626,500. Taxes from real and personal es tate and tolls on the public works, are the only sources of revenue in which there can be any considerable variation from this esti mate. The former of these 1 have estima ted at $1,400,000, and the latter nt $850, 000. To the above estimate must be added the sum of $671,037 72, the balanco re maining in the Treasury on the 1st day of December, 1852, and thus swelling the whole means of the Treasury for 1853, to the sum of $5,297,537 72. The ordinary expenditures for the same period, including everything except new work, may be esti mated at $4,028,670, which will leave a balance in the Treasury on the 1st day of December, 1853, o! SI.27'1,208 In this ex penditure is included 8300,000 for the sink- iilllu. iTiiiuii, uuiicii lira iui t-;;uiiiii n i- the Norlh Branch loan to provide for of $21, 063 SB. The receipts lo the sinkins Fund from ordinary sources, up to the olose of the fiscal year, amount lo $221,493 74, whish when added to the premiums received on the five million load, and the lax from the Penn sylvania railroad company, make a total of $377,298 40, ihe interest on which, al 5 per cent, will make an annual saving of $18, 864 92, and thus, together with the interest saved by Ihe five million loan, as above sta ted, will entirely exhaust Ihe whole amount of ihe interest on the Nonh Branch loan, less $2 194 46. ll is proper to rematlc, in this connection, lliul a t o ixiderable portion of the Stale slock puichased for the Sinking Fund, was nol de livered al ihe Slate Treatury until after the close of the financial year, and hence this in vestment is not stated in ihe report of Ihe Andiioi Genera'. The receipts Irom the public work for the fiscal year of 1852, as appears in Ihe report of the Canal Commissioner, amounted lo ihe sum of St. 896 81 1 42. and the ordinary ex penditures for the same peiind, lo ihe sum of 1, 029,341 23, leaving a net revenue lo the Statu .f $867,470 19. This result, when compared with that of I he last and proceed ing yeHr, presents a somewhat flattering pic 'ure. It mu I be remembered, however, that we have had a most fortunate season. The Be'ieml prosperity of Ihe State has tended to swell the amount of tonnage, whilst no inter ruptions of business or injury to the works nave resulted liom lire or Hoods, ll mtgtu, pei haps, in view of these things, and the en ergetic competition which has grown up around us, be unsafe to anticipate any in crease on this net income for anv vear here. after, until Ihe North Branch canal and Ihe i'uilngn railroad shall have been completed He then refers to the energetic and skill ful management of the public works and the law requiring cash payments on these woiks. He then proceeds to say : The net increase of profits on ihe Colum bia road for this year over the profits of last is but little short of $100,000, whilst Iho net losses on the entire operations on the Por tage road have exceeded that sum. The di rect, unavoidable and accidental expendi tures on ihis lalter road, must necessarily be very heavy. Whether it be practicable lo arrest litis monstrous demand upon the Treasury, by any other means than the avoid ance of ihe planes, is a question I am not prepared to answer, for 1 have not looked in to the details of the subject. Certainly a more honest and devoted public servant could not be found, than the gentleman who superintended the operations of this work for ihe last year. Both he and ihe Canal Com missioners concur in the opinion, thai this growing expenditure is owing lo the increased business amd the delapidaled condition of the road The avoidance of these plains Ihe com pletion of the Norlh Branch canal, and the relaying of Ihe north track of the Columbia railroad, are subjects which will claim your early attention. These measures wero all in progress when I came into oflice. In a spe cial message to the last Legislature, I decla red the opinion, that tney were necessary to the public welfare, and should be speedily consummated. I still entertain these views. Should the Genetal Assembly adopt this policy, it will be for them to provide the means to sustain the Treasury under this in creased demand upon its resources. In ano- auce, makes the sum of $1,571,208 ; and de- ther part of this communication. I have given ducting from this, $671,037 72, the amount " mj views loucning us m'.uro conuiiion in the Treasury on the 1st of December last, we shall find an actual balance of $898,630, applicable to the payment of debts and the completion of the North Branch canal and the Portage railroad. The result cf these estimates demonstrates most clearly to my mind that when the improvements just na med shall have been completed, should all new schemes of expenditure be sternly re sisted, as they shall be, so far as 1 am con cerned, the Treasury will be in a condition to cancel at least one million of dollars of the public debt annually. He next refers to the loan of $850,000 for the completion of the North Branch Canal. The maximum rate of interest allowed by the act was 6 per cent. $200,000 was taken at 4i per cent, and $650,000 at 5 per cent. He then refers to the law authorizing a a loan of five millions of dollars to that por tion of the public debt falling due, and pro ceeds to say : The premiums received on this loan a mounted to $134,534 00, which sum, in ac cordance with the terms of the law, has been paid over to the Commissioners uf the Sink ing Fund, to be applied lo ihe cancellation ol the public debt. In addition lo the pre miums, there will be annually saved to the Treasury, by '.he reduction in the rate of in terest on Ihe renewed debt, the sum of $20, 436 62, which for twer.ty five years, the pe riod which the loan has to run, will amount to a saving to the Treasury of 5510,915 50. This result is not quite equal to my expecta tions ; but when n is remembered, that all this has been accomplished without the ex action of a dollar from the people, we have much reason to be gratified with the issue. In our efforts to effect a conversion of the five per cent, loan into new bonds bearing 4 per cent, interest free of taxation, wilh cou pons attached, reimbursable in 30 veins, un der the 105th section of the law already ie ferred to, after consultation wilh a number of the most experienced commercial men of the State, we deemed it our duly to send an agent lo Europe, where most of the five per cent, bonds are held, to promote, as far as possible, the desired end. Accordingly, we assigned to Col. Jrhn J. M'Cahen, of Phila delphia, the performance of this duty. This gentleman immodialely repaired to London, and subsequently !o Paris, and devoted him self, for some weeks, to the objects of his mission with untiring zeal end energy. Whilst it is true that we can claim fur his ef- lorts ttie eredit of no definite result, we are nevertheless decidedly of opinion, that his mission has been of great service to the State. His minute knowledge of the whole history of the financial difficulties of Pennsylvania, their cause and the remedies applied, ena bled him to remove many unfounded preju dices which were cherished in Ihe money circles of that country, against the integrity and honest purposes of Ihe descendants of Ptfnn. Mr. M'Cahan thinks he could have effected a conversion ot a large portion of the Joan at 4 per cent, but the officers of the government had no power under Ihe law to allow a greater interest lliaa 4 per cent. 1 respectfully recommend Ihe passage of law similar lo that of the 4th of May 185: authorising Ihe office is of the government lo cancel the old five per cent, bonds by Ihe creation of new ones, free of taxation, with coupons attached, bearing a lets rale of in terest or bonds bearing 5 per cent, of which not lest than 5t per cent, of a cash premium shall be paid. The Slate ran in this way, I believe, confidently, save a lame amount of money, and finally cancel all her present bunds, and be clear of the trouble and ex pense uf keeping loan books and transferring her stocks. This consideration ulune is a most desirable end, and wool I go fur toward compensating for all Ihe labor and trouble of renewing the bonds for periods of five, ten, and twenty-five years. The financial operations of the year, inclu ding the North Branch loan of $850,000, 1 am greatly gratified to discover, has left but lit tle additional burthen upon Ihe Treasury. The interest on this loan will amount to $41,500, annually. Deducting from this the sum of $20,4341 62, the yearly saving secur ed by the cancellation of our six par cent debit- anl we bar a ba'anee cf interest on place of paper, and ascribes the inflation of pieces, to this abundance of the precious metals and concludes Ihe subject by saying. A common effort, it seems to me, might be wisely mads, throughout our vast country lo prepare the channels of circulation for this great increase of coin. Bank notes of a less denomination than five dollais, now occupy ing a large space in these channels; should be forced (ogive way for Ihe precious metals. Pennsylvania, I am confident, will most cheer fully, now and here after, perform her shuie of this great work ; and I hope to witness, at no remote period, a general movement of all Ihe Slates on this subject fiist to remove from circulation all notes under five dollars and nexl Ihe fives also. (He next refers lo the subject of the infla tion if Iho currency in connection wilh Ihe tnrifr, which he argues will never atfoul pro tection lo manufactures unless the currency is properly restricted. lie deprecates special legislation for cor poiations except for public purposes and speaks of thu success of ihe individual lia bility clause in banking. The Governor then refers to Ihe appoint ment by him of Commissioners to propose general laws for the consideration of the Le gislature and siys on this subject : The evils of special legislation seems to have been a subject of complaint in I lie ear ly history of ihe Slate. In the preamble lo the law uf 1791, intended to obviate the ne cessity for special or private 'egislation, Ihis complaint is freely expressed. Tho volume of laws lor that year numbered fifty-nine pages of a smsll book J in 1851, they count eleven hundred of a large ono. This evil was then in its infancy il is now full grown and should be coireclcd. This, in my opin ion, can only be done by the adoption of a few more general laws, and the riuid admin int i at ion ot those already in existence ; I deem il right to say that 1 shall regard the maintenance of this policy as a high obliga tion lo Ihe people. The law of 1719, and its several supple ments, make provision for the creation and amendment ol corporations lor literary, char itable, and religions purposes, and to create beneficiary societies, and lire engine and hose companies, through the instrumentality of Ihe Attorney General and the Supreme Court. The act of the 13lh of October, 1829, exlendde this potter to the courts of Ihe seveial counties. The acts of 1836 and 1838 make provision for ihe association of individuals, thtough the instrumentality of I tie Attorney General and Ihe Governor, lor the puipose of manufacturing iron from min eral coal. In addition to these act ihe gen eral manufacturing law of 1849, and its sup plements, provide for the creation of corpor ations fur Ihe purpose of manufacturing woollen, cotton, tlux, and silk goods, or lor making iron, glass, pall, paper, lumber, oil from rosin, niineial paints, artificial date, and for printing and puBlishing. The commissioners alieady named have recommended Ihe extension of this law to the business of mining coal, and to the mining and smelling of iron, lead, copper and other ores, and so lo alter its provisions as lo render the liability of Iho stockholders more extensive. They also recommend the passage of a law giving the courts more gen eral powers on the subject of belling real es tate by parties acting in a representative ca pacity, and another referiing ail claims against the Commonwealth to the courts. These things done, and a more general ad ministration of Ihe law giving the courts the power to change names, to erect boroughs, to incorpoiate bridge and rond companies secured, and we shall have a new era in the legislation of Penrisj Ivania shall save a large amount of money annually, and pre vent many impositions in the shape of hasly legislation, based on ex-parte statements. These commissioners have also prepared with great care, a general tax law, simplify ing the laws as they now stand extending their provisions to certain new subjects of taxation, and altering iis features so as the more completely to reach moneys at interest and olher personal properly. This is a most intricate and important subject, and should be handled with the utmost cara. I have not had the opportunity sufficiently to exam ine this proposed law, to give an opinion as to its merits ; but I am clearly of opinion that there is much room to improve the tax system now in opeiation. He Ihen refers lo Iho subject of Agiicul- lure as an important matter for the study of our farmers and says: But is it nol astonishing, that in this pro gressive country of ouis, so suited to agri culture, and in this age of scientific discov eiies and perfection in all the arts, that no institutions lo impart instruction in tne set enee of agricu.lure have been established. It is true, that societies have been fonned in a number of I tie States and exhibitions have i been held calculated lo awaken tho poeplo to the impurlar.ee of tins subject. Our Slale J society, oigauized about two years since, has held two exhibitions, which have done much good in the way of sending to all parts ..r il,. Km.. k..i i. ...... i ..( ,i......,i ;.. ,,; ways shall be united, as far as possible, to i ia u, r;. ,i ....u ,,.i ii, counteract ihe influence of their rivals out- i m,i',m,i ., i,.,,.,, ,,i ,,.!, ;',., n,n ido of ihe State. The exercise of u wise I it . '.' , , In..! ihu im...,.i mmhi iiscreiion, sucn as snouiu, anuaououess wi.i, i :,i i,i u - i n,i ,,,,. . ,(,; govern me action ot inose intrusted wun i lie -ontrol ol this subject, may, His hoped, lead to ihe attainment of this desirable end. There are still in circulation about six hun- Ired thousand dollais of the relief issues, a onsiderable portion of which have become o defaced and ragged as lo render their fu ture use almost impracticable. About $250, 000 of the old notes were cancelled at the Treasury during the past year, under (he provisions of Ihe act of the 16lh April, 1819, and a like amount of new notes issued by ceitaiu banks, for which the State paid these institutions two per cent. The clliciency ol the law of 1850, prohibiting the circulation of Ihe small issues of olher Slates, has been greatly weakened by Ihe constituted use of . -..l:..r : - i .1 1 - r - hid renoi issues unuer me dominion 01 live dollars. 'Ihe presence of these notes famil iarizes ihe people to the use of small paper, and prevents ihe circulation of coin; whilst mu uuicers 01 ine law, in many instances, mawe mis a pretext to evade Ihe duty of scru tinizing this currency. The law of 1850 never will, I fear, be Ihoroughly vindicated o long as Ihis depreciated paper is permitted lo supply the channels of circulation. To remedy thu evil, three modes have sun-rest-ed themselves to my mind. The first is to allow all holders of these notes to convert lK.m C-.A I l I . . ....... Him u.nio Kuiiux, uearing a rate of in terest not exceeding four per cent., in sums of not less than one thousand dollar Th. second it to apply the means of the Sinking rund lo iheir cancellation. These notes are as much a debt against Ihe State as are her bonds, and it would be the legitimate work of this fund, to take them out of existence The third is to apply to this purpose, all the premiums that may be received from a fr. ther conversion of the present debt into new coupon bonds, as snaeested in anoihnr rur! of this communication. Should ids lnr Her population numbers 2,311,786, being an inciease of almost 35 per cent, since 1840. According lo this ratio ol growtn nor people in 1870 will number near 4,000,000. Our debt of 40,000, 0J0 is, at this time, a charge on each inhabitant of a little over eighteen dollars ; in 1870, according to this datum, it will but lillle exceed ten. The present assessed value ot real and personal estate is $497,039,649, showing an increase of 18 per cent, since 1840, aud according to ihis ratio of growth up to 1870, it will amount to Ihe sum of $675,973,922. The debt of forty millions was a lien of 8 per cent, on the assessable property of 1840 ; on that of 1870 it will be only & per cent, ami 8 mills. But in the census report of 1850 the true value of the property of the Stale is estimated at $733,486,120 ; on this sum our present debt is but a fraction over 54 per cent. Who can doubt the solvency of such a debtor 1 Her productions of wheal in 1810 was 13,213,077 bushel. In 1850, 15,482,191, being an increase of 17 per cent., at which rate her yield for 1870 will exceed 20,000, 000 of bushels. The same rate of increase is apparent in rye, corn, oals, barley, buck wheat and live,' stock. The census of 1840 shows a pioduclion for that year of 98 395 tons of pig metal mat ol laau, is zs3,iw, or an increase of 190 per cent. At this rate the yield of 1870 would be 1,371,370 Ions. Wrought iron in 1840 amounted lo 87,244 tons in 1850 it is 182,506 tons. On this (latum the production of 1870 would be 580,369 Ions. Our wollen manufactures for 1840 wero valued a! $2,319,161, and for 1850 at $5,321,866, showing a gain in 10 years of 129 per cent., and the eimrmnm yield by 1870 or $13,738,404. In tton goods Ihe increase has been nbonl ti per cent , which ratio of growth up to 1870 would show a production of about $6,000 -000. The w hole amount of anthracite coal min ed and taken to market in 1840 was 8G7.0U0 Ions. In 1853 Ihe product will teach near 5,000,000 of tons, being an increase in 12 years of 600 per cent. This raie of aug mentation up lo 1870 would give the start THE AlORXCiLlTi SUNBURY. SATURDAY, JANUARY S II. D. MAMER, Editor and Freerleter. EDITOR'S TABLE. BaslMts Notices. Oiiphahs' Covbt 8iii.-Our readers will find some valuable real estate offered for sale by the Executors of Ziba Bird dee'd., and also by the Administrator of John C. Lcbig dee'd. We refer our readers to the advertisement of James II. & Thomas Hart Grocers No. 229 North 3d street, Philadelphia. To ourselves, and to many of our readers and mcrchsnts, this estab lishment is well known as one of Ihe oldest and best in Philadelphia. Lii!n Owkehs.- See Advertisement to Far tiers and others. EPISCOPAL SttlVK t, Service will be held, by Divine Permission, to morrow (Sunday) evening, mat. Matt nc w'i Church at o4 o'clock. BY TF.LEGKAPII. roti the American. Piiila., Jan'y 7, 1853. 2 o'clock P. M. A great cal.im ty has befallen Gen. I'ieice. Vcsterday ihe noon train on the Boston and Maine llaihoad was thrown from the track, tho car containing Gen. Pierce, wife aud son, was precipitated from an enbankmenl, in- alnnllv Litlinn hia anil nnd apvprplv ininrimr ling production of over 40,000 000 of tons, jf Q pifirce j , gj , anil Vlmil nir nt tnn nrm-nn Plulnfltilntna rri. ' 0 No permanent loans, it seems to me, should hereafter be made for any purpose whatever ; nor should Ihe Sinking Fund be diverted from its legitimate ends. The General As sembly may, however, in view of the press ing necessity for the immediate completion of these improvements, deem it wise lo au thorize Ihe anticipation of Ihe surplus which may accrue in the Treasury for one or two years. When the foregoing scheme shall be com pleted, the government, in my opinion, should abandon entjrely the policy of con. structing improvements of this character. The ciicumstances which made il right and wise for Ihe Stale to paiticipate in such work have passed away. Giand avenues have been constructed through nearly all parts of ihe Slate, whilst individual capita has in creased, and is rapidly occupying every fea sible scheme of Ihe kind. With my present impression, I shall, under all circumstances, resist the commencement of anv new cro- jecls of this character. He then refers lo the con tra vers y of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company with the Canal Commissioners regrets ihe rivalry and bad feeling engendered say Ihe Com pany should enjoy its privileges, but should nol be allowed to iniringe those of the State, and thinks there is enough for both works, and proceeds to say: I am not inclined to excite alarm in refer ence lo tho success of the State line. I be lieve thai il will continue, under the worst ircumrtauces anticipated, to receive a tair share of ihe through and local tonnage. What is most to be desired is, that Ihe tacili- lies pjssessed by those great artificial high ces, the sum of $180 000.000 beinir moru than Heble Ihe present revenues of the hole United Stales. This is a more gratifying picture, and goes fur to prove what I have for some time be lieved, that before ihe present century Penn sylvania, in point of wealth and real great ness will stand in advance of all her Sis'er States ' There are yet a few public enterprises to be consummated lo render her triumph com plete. The Noilh Branch canal must bo fin-ir-hed The Allegheny mountains must be passed w ithout the use of inclined planes, aud our metiopolis most be connected w ith Ihe lakes, by means of a railroad. In regard lo our rail road improvements and the trade of the State, he proceeds to say: The trade of Ihe Slate is only second in inipoitnnce lo her agricultural and mineral wealth. Nature has assigned to Pennsylva nia a most udvaiilugt one position fur exter nal trade. Connected with Ihe Atlantic, tho lakes nnd ihe waters, and extending on both sides of Ihe Allcghenies, she forms Ihe great link between the hast and the West. J he only obstacle lo an artificial Union of ihe great natural highways ty which she is envi roned, is this interposing chain ol mountains, which culling transversely across cur terr lo ry divides our liibutary waters of the Chio & Ihe lakes from those ol the AHantiu. But this mountainous range, we should rejoice to know upon colse examination, is found to present no in superable impediment. It is to be crossed, within a short period by two tailroads of reasonable gradients. The west will then communicate wilh Ihe East without interruption from these mountain barriers' lint the rail roads to Pittsburg should not finish our internal connections. In addition lo the rail roads up Ihe valleys of ihe Sus quehanna and the Schuylkill, now in pro gress of rapid construction, Ihe best inteiesls of Pennsylvania require a rail ". ay lo Eiie. We need the shortest and best line of com munication between tho lakes and Ihe At lantic at Philadelphia. The considerations in favor of an improvement are loo numer ous lo be given in ihis document. The ad vantage which it would possess in distance ' in light (Trades in uniformity of gi.ugr, ! sprain of Ihe back. OCF" The Carrier of the American re turns his thanks to those of its patrons who patronised him so liberally on the presenta tion of his annual address. Djr""SnAMOKiN Coal TRAUB.-The amount of Coal brought (o this place lor shipment, &.C from the Shamokin mines (or the year ending December 31st, 1852, is 25,846 tuns, fiv May next, an iron track will be 9 laid down, and two powerful locomotivej placed on the road, and the trade next sea- ton, will exceed one hundred thousand tons. K7"The Illustrated News, published by Messrs. Barnum, Beach 8cCo. in New York, the first number of which we have received does not, we think, come tip to Gleason's pictorial, in the execution, or the paper. The next number may, however, prove better. tC7 The Miners' Journal, of Pottsville, on Saturday last, appeared in an enlarged form, adding another column to its already ample pages, friend Batman publishes an excellent paper. We are pleased to see such evidences of success. KIT The Reading (3azelte, one ol our best exchanges, appeared on New Year's day in a new suit of type. The Gazette is well and ably conducted. 03-Mr. J0'1" H. Frick, senior editor of the Miltonian, has withdrawn from that paper on account ol declining health, a pulmonary disease, that compels liiin lo abandon all business. Hubert M. Frick, Esq., the other partner has associated with him his younger brother Henry Frick, un der whom the Miltonian will hereafter be published. We cordially wish them suc cess in their labors. J3r- G. A. Crawford has retired from the Clinton Democrat,, and is sncceded by Mr. H. Frysinger, of York county. C7The publication of the Message has crowded out much editorial and other mat ter Ihis week. 0O We are indebted to Gov. Bigler for an early and confidential copy of his Mes sage, in advance of its delivery in the legis lature. vy We are indebted to tho lion. Rich ard Brodhead of the U. S. Senate, for valu able and interesting public documents, for which he will please receive our thanks. 7Tiie Weather. This winter, thus far, has been an open one, and the weather, I hough mild, has been moist, wet and un pleasant. But little ice has yet been form ed and the river still remains open. It may, however, yet be closed. Those who want ice should secure the first crop. (7 Br.tDGE at SixiNscrtovE. We un derstand the citizens ol Relinsgrove and vi cinity are discussing the project ol building I a bridge, over the Susquehanna, at that ! place, so as to connect the town with the ; Susquehanna railroad, at a point about five i miles below Sunbury. Such a bridge would i j be a great convenience as well as a great I benefit lo the town. The length of the ! structure would be not less than three qtiar j tersof a mile and would cost, we presume, ' not less than SGO.000. We should like to ! see it accomplished. rr? Tun Log Fucsmet. The late fresh- when tested by the Iaws of trade, rendeis its j ct in Ihe Susquehanna, w ill, we think, be superiouiy over any niner avenuo wiucu remembered hereafter as the log freshet. We presume no less than twenty thousand ' saw-logs came down the stream. The rise now exixls or mat can tiereal'.er no con structed between the Atlantic and the lakes a fixed fact. The haibor at Erie is regarded i l-tar nm nol An I anuiniiAra am I hil Kia.t txit 1 ln lakes, and from no olher point can so short ! was unexpected and the booms were all a line bo made to the seaboard. Such a me- open. We understand one Company lost dium of communication would be of inesli- nn . ,.nnn I. P,r r fi IIIUUIB vault: iu r.iir-, iu hid 1111r1111r01.na PKNNSH.VAXIA I.KC.ISI.AH It K. HnnintTno, Jan. 4, 1S5S. The House of Representatives was called to order at 1 1 o'clock, by Col. J.u-fc, the Cletk of ihe last session. The Secretary of Slate was then introdu ced, and presented the credentials of the members elect, which were opened & read. The roll was then called, and ninety-five members answered to their names. The House then proceeded to the election of Speaker, when William P. Schell, Eq., was chosen by a tmijoiity of 25 votes over Charles W. Kelso, F.-d., his Wh s orponent Senate. This body met and was called lo order by Judge Myeis. its presiding officer, at three o'clock, P. M The credentials of of new mempers elect were opened and read. Thirty-two Senators appeared. On motion, the Senate proceeded to the election of Speaker for the piesent session. Fiist Ballot Thomas Carson received IS votes; (jcnige Sanderson, 14; Dr. Caiothers, 1 : Chtijti.in Myers, 1 Second Ballot Thomas Carson 15 voles; Geo. Sanderson, 14; Dr. Curnthers, I; C Myers, 1. " Third Ballot Thomas Carson, 14 votes.: Geo. Sanderson, 11; C, Myers, 1 ; Sunil. G. Hamilton, 1 ; J.imes Carol hers, 1. There being no choice, Senate udj.iurned yeas 17 ; r-a) s 1 j. By Tklkorai'ii. Ihrrhburs, Jan. 5, 1853. Senate Thomas Caison, Whig, elected peaker over Geo. Sanderson Dem. by 1 majority. In the House, Wiliarn Jack, Pern, elected Clerk. D. Flemming, Whig, elected Cleik of Senate. Message rca I to-day. ORPHANS' COURT SALE. IN pursuance of sn order of the Orphans' Court of Northumberland county, will be exposst. to public sale, on TUESDAY, the 1st dy FKURUAliY next, it 10 o'clock, A. M., on Ibe premises, the following Tracts of Lanil, situate in Point township, county aforesaid, the first whereof is bounded by the Norlh Branch of the rivrr Susijurhanns, land late of Thomas I.rniinon. Wm. I.emmon and others ; containing 123J Acres, more or less, wilh the allowances. The second is bounded by the above tract, lands of John Nit on and the North Branch of the river 8usqurhtn nn, containing forty one Acres end s quarter, more or less, strict measure, whereon are erectsd a two story frsme DWELLIiNU I1UISE, A Wagon House, Ac. About one hlf of said land is cleared. The following dcserilicil property will be exposed In public sale, on THURSDAY, the 3d day of FKHItl AKY next, at the house of Wm. M, Weaver, in Hhamokintown, at 10 o'clock, A. M. of said day, to wit : All those Two certain Lots ot Ground, In the town of Shamokin, Northumberland eoon ty, minilifred in the general plan of said town, N'os. 43 & 44, bounded on the north by Commerce street, on the south by lot No. 45, on the east by Franklin street, nnd on the west by Shamokin street, rnch containing in front 28 and a half feet, mid in depth about 200 feet, both of which ore Naeant. Also, All that certain Lot of ground, Situate in ShamoVm, aforesaid, numbered in the irenernl plan of said town No. 3D, bounded nn tho norlh by Sunbury street, on the south by Com merce street, on tho east by lot No. 40, and on tlie weiit by lot No. cunt. lining in front twen ty eiuht nnd half feet, end in depth about two hundred feet, on which is erected a two story FRAME DWELLING HOUSE. Also, Ihe one undivided Half of three cer tain LOTS adjoining each other in the town o' Shainiikin aforesaid, cnlled the Foundry Lots, on which lire erected a one story frame Foundry and a Iwo story frame Finit-hina Shop with fixtures. I. ate llic estate of Alba Hint, clued. Sale, lit commence at 11) o'clock, A. M., of said days, when tho terms os sale will be made known by JOSEHII lllltU, SAMUEL READER, J IJy order of the Court, .1. P. PUKM2L. VU. O. C, J January 8, 1853 4t. idea meet your approbation, ihe Sinking Fund can be made the instrument of performing Ihe practical work of cancellation. By the adoption of this policy, this illegitimate cur rency would be removed from the channel. of circulation without entrenching upon the present means of Ihe Treasury, or imposing new burthens on the people. With the ne cessary legislation, I confidently believe that it) is end can oe accempusnea He then refers to the currency the abundance of cold, and the policy of substi tuting its circulation as much at possible, in - am! coa jjooil woik. In lUuryland, an agricultural chemist has been employed by the Slate, and I am informed that the result of his in vestigations have been hiuhly satisfactory and useful to the people. Cannot the great Slate of Pennsylvania do as much for her farmers 1 She has expended a large sum in the devclopement of her mineral resources, and ha cherished her manufacturers by every proper means, and it is right that she should now do something for her agricultur ists. I, therefore, resepclfully recommend Ihe appointment of nn agricultural chemist, wilh a moderate salary, leaving the details of his duties to be suggested by ibe Slate and county societies. The subject of grow ing wool, in our State is worthy of special attention. I had ihe pleasme, at the late Slate fair, a short time si.ice, of examining an extensive caid of specimens of this article exhibited by 1'eler A Brow n, Esq., of Philadelphia, ll is said lo be the most extensive, interesting ami in structive collection of specimens in the Uni ted Slates, or peihaps iu the woild. No man can examine il and not feel himself ed ified by the great practical liuth which it is calculated to impail. It demnnstrales moil conclusively tint our Commonwealth is pe culiaily adapted lo ihe production of Ihis article, and thai in the United Slates we can raise as fine fleeces as can be pioduced in Ihe world ; and finer than iu any other coun try except Saxony. il appears ny ine census or loau inai Pennsylvania has only I 822,350 sheep that Ohio with n much less territory has 3,967,000 that New York has 3,454,351, and lhal whilst our consumption of wool in inauuiactiires lor 185U was 7,bbu,3v IPS. our production was only 4,481,570. France miiyan minions oi sueep, uuu Cop land with less than half tho advantages of this country raises forty-six millions! ! , This subject is one deserving the atten tion of the people and Ihe government. I cannot refrain from conpiatulatinir von on the evidences of the great prosperity of . ciiii.yi.uuia io oe lound m the census re port of 1850, Her relative positoon lo hei sister Males is truly m pioud one. Of Ihe four large Stales Iter per cenlage of increase in population, since 1840, is the greatest, and she has, besides t icelWd the beet of hei sisters in the protection 0f wheal, rye. iron end enn! ' country and to our State metropolis. Our citizens, by neglecting or deferring Ihe con struction of this woik, may subject them selves lo the charge of slighting the benefi cence of nature is nol co-operaiing with her great designs. Tho trade of the West, and ihe lakes, may by this means be secured In Philadelphia. No time, however, should be lust in the con struction of ihis great highway. Delay may lessen Ihe chances of success, whilst it w ill certainly nlTord opportunity to our livals to form and cement business connections which may not be readily severed in the future. Nor are we In look nt these internal advanta ges alone. Nothing can do more to augment the foreign tiado of Philadelphia, than a di rect avenue lo the' lakes. Her growing com merce would invite the construction of sleamers to convey directly lo her own port the merchandise which she would then be ess man J4,uuu logs, rour or hundred of these logs were caught at llii. i place, and we believe double that number ! were caught at Milton. There should be boom in the river near this place, and we think there will be one ere long, as it is un doubtedly the best location lor the lumber business on the Susquehanna 7 Oysters in Cans are now delivered so cheap and in such good condition, that they have become wilh many an article of necessity instead of a luxury as formerly Mr. Shay, ot Northumberland, informs us that he is in the daily receipt of the best quality from Baltimore, and all who know West Great as are her nalnial advantages, no observing man can fail to see, lhal de prived of the sustaining arm of a foreign commerce, she cannot attain to that distin guished position, as a mart, which nature in tended she should occupy. He then concludes by reference to the subject of education and the common schools the military affairs of Ihe Slate, which are in a bad condition ihe erection of a monu ment in Independence Square in Philadelphia to the grounds around the State Arsenal the necessity of altering the laws in relation to Ihe passage of slaves through the State the bad policy of postponing appropriation bills to near ihe close of Ihe Legislature and closes by saying he will cheerfully cooperate with Iho Assembly, in the adoption of all measures calculated to promote the welfare of our beloved Commweallh. Kir's. i'iot of ilcttcvs niiMAIMNG IN THE POST OFFICE AT (il'MU'ilV, Ucc. 30, 1S.V4. A Hass Henry K Kiddei F. M. Kiamer John L Lytle Joseph M McMahan Jno. Miller Jno. K. Mo ur Heniy I Morgan Washington Minear John Mitchel B.ii net Mcndciihall Hannah 0 Owen Hudson E licit. Saml. Raker Geo. Kenu Jno. C. Albiight La Fayette Anisoi! Andrew B n.irucr F.lisabe:h Holler Isaac liicklinit Jacob Beckem G. I! n i er Geo. c Cimpbell Alex. s D.irr Mr. Dull D. M. Dylans J. S. D.ivis J.imes Dixon Maria Jano F Kameswnilh Sarah Frank Philip Fuller G. W. Fisher Aaron C. G Gass Joseph G iss Martin Gillespio Anthony Hensvl Jesse Hamibaeh Ik'tiry Shaw Robert Sigman Abraham Scott Geo. w Wampole Jacob Y Young Lewis Z Zimmerman Geo. R. It. PACKER, P. M. List of Letters IIE.1IAI.MNG IN THE POST OFFICE at Northumberland, Dec- 30, 1852. New Advertisements. Mr. Shay know that he supplies a most ex II I . . . I . 1 II - caueu upon io supply 10 .no uoantuK.. cellent article. OCT" Cash and Credit System. A nuuv ber of our exchanges are making attempt to introduce the Cash system in the publi cation of their papers, while some ot them are becoming so averse to the Credit sys tem, that they even reluse to credit their neighbors with the articles they regularly take from them. The credit system is cer tainly on the decline in some quarters. philadf: phia anu slnbiry railroad. A meeting of the President and Directors of this important improvement was held at Ibis place on Wednesday last. Measures were adopted that will insure the comple tion of the road from this place, to within a few miles ol Mt. Carmel, with a new iron track, by the 1st of May. We learn from the Directors that two of Norris' first clan Engines, weighing 28 Ions each, and sever al passenger cars, are contracted for, to be delivered sometime in April. Three hun dred and fifty coal cars, carrying five tons each, ire now building io York, to be de livered on or before the 1st of May and 150 more on the 1st of June. The company is in a prosperous and flourishing condition, and the work will be pushed forward to completion with all the vigor that good management and plenty of means can com mand. It is the intention of the company to ship at least 100,000 Ions of coo? the coming season. First Train over the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. If staling, Va., Jan. 1. The first passenper and mail train from Bul limoje, over the Baltimore and Ohio Kailroad, reached here last night in charge of I.. M, Cole, Esq., Superintendent of Transportation. The distance was accomplished in 15 hours and 15 minutes. In Bad Taste It appears that among Ihe flags surrounding Ihe coffin of Welling ton, when it lay in slate at Chelsea Hospital was the one which was captured at Wash inglon, when the Federal capitol was sacked in Ihe war of 18)2. Tbe Duke of Welling ton always characterized that as an ac! of vandalism. ORPHANS' COURT SALE. IN pursuance of an order of the Orphans Court ot Northumberland roiiuty. will bo exposed to public side, on THLKhDAV, the ad ilav of FEIJKL'AKY next, at the public House of Win. M. raver, in tbe town of shamokin, llie follow ing real estate, to wil : All lliut certain Tract of Land, situate in the town of Shamokin, township of Coal, marked in the general plan of said town IS'o. 107, bounded en the north by f-'purv.Iu im street, on the south bv lot Is'o. 1CIH, on the cast by Franklin street and on the went by Shamokin street, containing in front twenty eilit nnd a hull feet, and in depth two hundred feet ; where on ure erected one two story PRAISE DWELLING HOUSE, and one, one and a hulfstorv Also that certain Lot of (.round, situate in Coal township, aforesaid, beginning ut a post by '.nnd or Daniel Derk, north live decrees, went fifty three perches to a post thence by land of Win. Fagclcy, south seventy three and three fourths degrees, west nine perches aud eight tenths to a post, and Ihcuce by other lands of (Jeorpe Gass, south live decrees, east titty perches and live tenths to a post, iu Ihe road, and thence along tho road, norlh cujhly two decrees, east nine perches, to the place of beimiiu, contain ing two acres and one hundred and thirty eight pc.chcs, more or lc, all of which is cleared and in a slate of cultivation. Abo, a certain olher LOT OF GROUND, situated in the town of Shamokin, aforesaid, and numbered in general plan of said town No. 108, adjoining lot numbered 107, lirst above described Late the estate of John I . l.etug, dec d. Sale to commence at 10 o'clock A. M., of said day when the terms of sale will be made known bv JOSEPH BIRD, A Jin'r. By Order of the Court, I. PI KSKI Jan. 8, !Ho3 A A i It! v A luelinc AtwL'll Hosoa W. E Bealley Tims. C. B.ntihuit Cliailts Hiuljeit Benjamiuo Biunes J. M. k M Books Solomon Benjamine M. T. Barry Clay Wm. bercstressei aml Barrett John II. C Claik Charles Clapp Samuel Herring John A. Oavison Joseph I. Denpler Solomon Dutiaherly 11. 11. Dull Jas. j. E Elision John F Fleachcr Elizabeth Q Cross Franklin fjullngher Barney Gibson John II Hynes Jas. Ilamer Lhas. Haley Jno. Ilingher J Jenkins Jas. Jury Jno. L Larside James J. the Court, ) ., Clk, O. C. S 853.-41 ) To Farmers and Others. rilHR Advertiser is desirous of buying 10, 20, J- 30, 60, or 100 acres of laud, in or near Pun bury, for which he will pay C'tsa. Address sta ting location, low (st cash prices &c. i). McGregor, Philadelphia Post Office. Persons having property to sell, will find this s rare chance, as the advertiser will rosiTivnr pay cash. Address ss above. Philadelphia, Jan. 8, 1P53 3U Lawrence A. S. 2 Lear Etliuger J. M M'Cormick Mary J. Muiry Caroline Moyer Jno. McCabe Andrew Miller Thomas F. Mathias John 3 Myers Daniel Miller Jacob A. Milton W P. McAI'.ry Joseph Maiheias Felly 2 X 2 Niffer Lewis B Robi.ole Wm. 2 Kich Francis 1. 2 S Seller Elias Slum Albeit Saxlou Samuel Stokes George Sweeney James Seashuliz. Levi Saltsman Anthony W. T Thompson Samuel V Union Division No. 338 w Wikoff J. V. Winchester J. J. Warner Georgo Wilson Thus, or Jas. Weaver Samuel Weaver L. D. z Zippeiick Peter MARGARET WEIMER, P. M. NOTICE. AN Election for five directors for the man agement of the affairs of ihe Big Mountain Improvement Company w ill be held al the Girard House, in Philadelphia, on Monday the twenty fourth dy of Janusry i.nl. . Jan. C, IS53.- at. IMxsoIutioii of Partnership. riMIE Copartnership heretofore existing under L the name of James II. Ac Wm. U. Hurl, i Ihis day dissolved by the wilhdrawel of William K.Hart. The business of the late 6rm will be nettled by either of the undersigned, at No. 239, North 3d street. JAMES H. HART, WILLIAM D. HART, THOMAS HART. Philadelphia, Jsti. 1, 1653. The undersigned, have this iJ formed a co partnership and will continue lh business under the name of James H. & Thomas Hart. Thank ful for past lavors. they respectfully ask Iho ot ic,, tion of their friend, sod the public to their stock of GROCERIES, which wUI bo full and entcnsive, snd which they wiU soil at tho lowest market rates. JAMES H. HART, THOMAS HART, Philadelphia, Jan. 1, 1853 JH.U. Bridge Letting. PROPOLAI.8 will be received at tho Commis sioners office, in Sunbury, on TUE8DAY, tbe SMh of JANUARY, Inst, between tho hours of 10 A. M. and 3 P. M., for tho building of a bridge on the big fchamokin creek, near John Kiefer's, in upper Augusts township. Plans snd specifications to be seen on Ike day of letting. C. ALBERT, ) CHA8. WEAVER, Com'rs. JOSEPH NJCEL Y, ) Ni..iruy, Jsn. , Ie52.-3i. ! v