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RICAN 3 - II. B. MASSER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE, MARKET STREET, OPPOSITE THE OST OFFICE. I, SI jFiimtty iirtospnpcv-Dc)0tc5 to DolMcs, flftcrnturr, stwamjj, iforuun aim Domcstfc iicus, ScTcnce aim the outs, ftflrfeulturr, fliarltets, eimuscmcnts, Set EW SERIES, VOL. 6, NO. 49. SUNBURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA.', SATLUlDAYj FEBR 25, 1854. OLl SERIES, VO'L. 14, NO. 23. AME TERMS OF THE AMERICAN. dlK AMERICAN I. published every Batunlar nl VU DOLLARS per nnum to be paid half yearly in arte. No paper discontinued until all arrwragta are ti. til communications or lettera on business relating to "nice, to insure attention, mast Be ro l r Aiu. fO CLUBS. ree ooplel to one address, ff S 00 ea Do Do 10 00 Uen Do Do SO 00 ive dollars in advance will pay for three year's aub- puoii to ine American. e Snunre of 10 lines, 9 tiinea, ry subsequent inaertion, e &riiare, 3 months, months, ywr, imefls Cards of Five lines, per annum, Tenants and olhera, advertising by the ear, with the privilege of inserting iflfcreut advertisementa weekly. f larger Advertisements, as per agreement. 100 S3 300 SOU 800 300 1000 E. B. MASSES VTTORNEY AT LAW, SUNBURY, PA. B usiness attended torn tlie Counties of Nor unUcrlund, Union, Lycoming and Columbia. Refer tot P. & A. Kovoudt, Lower & Barron, ISomcrs & 8tiodgrass, ' Philad. Keynotus, jucrarianu oc jo., Spcrmg, Good &, Co:, HENRY DCNNEL, .TTORNEY AT LAW. Office opposite the Court House, iuntrary, Northumberland County, Ta. ?rompt ultenlion to business in adjoining unties. "WM. M. ROCKEFELLER, .TTOUNS3? AT LAW SUxBl!!tY, PA. Dec. IS. 1851 tf. H. L. SHINDEL, AT LAV", SUNBURY, PA. December 4, 1S52. tf. OCTOR I. W. HUGHES, FFICE on Broadway, near the Episcopal Church, Sunbiiry. Sunbury, May 14, 1S3.L tf. N. M. Xcwnam's alttfs Roic, Norwegian street, rultsville, Penna. Piiiiiibiiig Mioj), IAS CONSTANTLY ON HAM) A SUP- ply of all sizes of Lead Pipe, Sheet Lead, )ck Tin, Bath Tubs, Shower Baths, Hydrants, se, Double and Single Acting Pumps and Wa Closets; also, all kinds of Brass Cocks for t.-r and steam. Brass Oil Cups, and Globes Engines. All kinds of Copper Work and milting dune in the neatest manner at the rtcst notice. V. B. Cash paid for old Brass and Lead. ioltsvilc, Aug. 27, 1853. ly tPORTANT TO PHYSICIANS AND LADIES. v ONF1DEXCE can be plnrud, to the fullrst extent, in the uto ttf tlie Sitpportkb nf Mil. IJett nf Pliila rlelphifi. 8-j inrniy tliousund cuflea arc known of entire H oi Lnfiic from the most intense patn nt' boily und tiety of mind, arising from tne use f other applicati on t reputation whatever. He ware oiiiiUi!, glass nprinps ill kinds, and eluatic preparations, the tendency of which injure the patient, is hut too well known to mnny euf era and physicians To nvid hII Counter nets, apply a mally or by letter to Mrs. It , No. 30! Walnut Street ; imine her Signature on euch Supporter, and her United tea Copyright labels on rach 1kx. Her Stippoitera are icli-meit by a afandinp of ') yenra and nlf by tlie FacuU conatstiut; oa the highest nn.nes in the United Sutei. kixd by Mail vrf.e. Pkices modehhte. Address, iokile or retail orders, to JAS. UKTTS, Agent, No Walnut Street, Philadelphia. ?hiln., October 1, U&3. tlY BOOKSELLER, .Market Slrect, SUNBURY, PA fl'ST received and for sale, a fresh supply of 8iiiKinR Schools. He is also opening at is time, a large assortment of" Hooks, in every inch of Literature, consisting of Poetry, History, Novels, Komances, Scientific 'orks, Law, Medicine, School and Children's oks, Bibles; School, Pocket and Family, both til and without Engravings, and every of vari I of Binding. Prayer Books, of all kinds. Also just received and for sale, Purdons Di pt of the laws of Pennsylvania, edition of 1851, ice only $r,00. Judge Heads edition of Blackstones Common 'ics, in 3 vols. 8 vo. formerly sold at 910,00, d now ofl'ered (iu fresh binding) ut the low ire of 86,00. A Treatise on the laws of Pennsylvania re ecting the estates of Decedents, by Thomas F. irdon, price only $1,00. Travels, Voyagea and Adventures, all ol uch will be sold low, either for cash, or coun ' produce. February, 31, 1853 tt. Shamokin Town Lots. nilF subscriber is now nrepaied to exhibit and - dispose of Lots in the new Town-Plat of hamokm. Persons desirous of purchasing can irertain the terms and conditions of sale by tiling on the subscriber, at Shamokin. WM. ATVVATER, Agent Shamokin, Oct. 15, 1853. tf. LEATHER. FRITZ k HENDRY, Store, 29 N. 3d street PIIIUADBLPHIA Morocco Manufacturers, Curriers, Importers, ommision and General Leather Business. WHOLESALE & RETAIL. (7" Manufactory 15 Margaretta Street. Ph'la., August 20. 1853 ly. tf It'll ACL. TRACY, Wholesale Deal YH. er in Confectionary, Fruits and Groceries, o. 204 MARKET Street, a bova sixth, south de, next door to Red Lion Hotel, Philadelphia Phils., Oct. 29, 1853 3m. HESH Vanilla Bean of a superior quality - just received and for aala by Juue. 1854 H. B. MA8SER. ' NK Boureau'a celebrated ink, and also Con . gres ink for sale, wholesale and retail by December 28. 18S0. H B- MA8SBR. JJIIOES All kindi of Boots Sheet and slip. 5 pers for Ml by O. EL8BERO i CO, Market attest, opposite the Post OrEoa. Bburv.Oct (, 1853.-. JUSTICES' FEE BILLS For sale by H. B MASSER. ffuubury, 1881-'' SELECT POETRY. THE PRINTING PRESS. Although we do not rank ourselves with those tvho mako an interminable clatter about the importance and potency of Ihe presv, we must confess that the sentiments embodied in the annexed stanzas copied from ihe Fall Hiver .MontYor, elicM our hearty admiration. They remind us of en old bal lad wriilen upwards of eighty years ago, by Sir Lorell O'Neil. The author of the poem we copy from the Fall Itiver Monitor, is a man of unquestionable talent. the pmisTisa mess. . The Printing Pre??, there is mighty power In the flap of its iron wing; It finds its way to the peasant's bower, And the palaces of the king. It scatters the germs of death, or life; Like dew drops over the land ; And sooths to peace or wakes to strife, As with a Inlismamc wand. Wlint glorious things achieved have been, By a Iree and glorious press, Telling earth's crushed ones how and when, For their wrones to seek redress Iiirh treasure from minpsof my mystio lore, 'Mori" the nations hath it spread ; And tomes of science, scaled of yore, To the million open made. What a waking up of slumbering mind, Fiotn Ihe glimmering dreamy pasl, Has the press achieved, to bless mankind, Since Ihe twilight days of Fanstl The flashings of mind on mind have thro' Its opening portals rushed, Till powers nnparnllel'd and new Like floods o'er lh world have gtish'd. It shakes the. cnrlain of olden lime, Behind which the. Genii hide, And the imps away to a darker clime, Like snow in n sunshine slide. With usages old, and gray, and stalk, I? Grapple and down they fall, As D.icon fell down before the Ark Or the God of Israel. O, the Pre.s hn'.h its sweet and bitter rills, For missions of good or ill It warms to life or it blights and kills, At the operator's will. It stamps the leaves with words, whose death Like a burning lava flows Or, a henlih. reviving, balmy breath, Thrs' ihe'leiUuM page it flows. The Printing Press bnth a potent power, To judgement tho Judge it brings: It scorns nnd rebuked, and triumphs o'er, The prido and the pomp of kings, The. tytant shrinks from the withering ire, Of its thousand, thousand tongues; As it pours the volumes of its scorching fire, From its tireless iron lung. The sword to which tottering despots cling, Shall be shivered by the press, That ways in its royal robes Ihe king, The boor in hi homespun dress. Thero is might to loosethere is might to bind, In the touch of its magio rod And it moves on the mess of the human mind, With the powers of a demi-god. The lady fairthro' lh stilly liouis Of the softly waning night, Is tranced by the fascinating powers In i's tales of love, and liiilil. The studious youth the midnight oil, Spends o'er its lessons sage ; And the hoary man, tho' bowed with toil, Cons ovet the mystic page. O, the mammoth modern Printing Press, It can bend a nation's will; Awaken 1o ire, or rnge suppress, With the trickling of a quill. Commissioned with burning, truthful words, From a powerful, caustic pen ; 'Twill turn ihe.edge ol a thousand swords Beard the lion in his den. Then it battles bravely to seeure Man's equal rights to man ; It scares the oppressors of the poor, With its fearless, withering ban. O, sno:i may its undivided powers, With. resistless moral might, Shed o i the thirsty nations, showers Of tinih, and love, and light. That wur, with blood red fangs may gloat, O'er heaps of slain ho more ; Nor through Ihe cannon's sulphurous throat Send forth its thundering roar. That hushed, clash of arms may cease, Around a Dlond-staineU world; That mon may everywhere in peace, see freedom a nag untuned. O, the Printing Piess, when men of worth shall all its powers control ; Like streams in desert shall break forth, ' Men's notilest power of soul ; And vice with all her haggard train, Ashamed shall hide the head, And Elen-like o'er eaith again, Primeval bliss wilt spread. Then ho ! lor a free, unshackled Press, With its thunderbolts to bear, On the bulwark of umighteousuess And oppression everywhere. Till men shall freely fraternize; And hollowed offerings brine, To welcome from the upper skies, Their everlasting king. Biooirapljical. DEATH-BED OF TOM PAINE1809. "Tell me," was the" language of the an cienls," tell me not how a man live but how he Jim before 1 canjudge of him." Beleiving there i much practical wisdom in this saying, and that a powerful antidote for infidelity may be hart in an exhibition of it legitimate fruit, we take from the U. S. Catholic Magazine the following ex tract from a letter of Bishop Fenwick to hi brother at Georgetown College A short time before Paine died, 1 va tent for by him. He wa prompted to thi by a poor Catholic woman, who went to tee him io hi tick new ; and who told him among otber things, that, in hi wretched condition, if any body could do hire pood it would be a Roman Catholic priest. Thi woman waan American convert, (former ly a Shaking Quakereie) whom I bad re ceived into the church but a few week before. She was the bearer of the messaze to me from Paine. I slated this circum stance to F. Kohlmann, at breakfast, and requested hi in to accompany me. After some tolicitation on' my part, he agreed to Uo so ; at which I was greatly rejoiced, because 1 wai at the time quite young and inexperienced in the ministry, and was glad to have his assistance, as I knew, from the great reputation of Paine, that I should have to do with one ol the most impious as well a inlamou ol men. We shortly alter rl out for the house, at Greenwich, where Paine lodged, and on our way agreed upom a mode of proceeding witn mm. We arrived at the house ; a decent look ing elderly woman (probably his house keeper) came to the door, and inquired whether we were Catholic priests; "for," said the, "Mr. Paine ha been so much annoyed of late by minister of other de nomination calling upon him, that he ha left express orders with me to admit no one to-day but the clergymen of the Catholic church." Upon assuring her that we were Catholic Clergymen, she opened the door and showed us into the parlor. She then left Ihe room, and shortly alter re turned to inform us that Paine was asleep. and at the same time expressed a wish that we would not oisturb him : for." said she "he is always in a bad humor when roused out of his sleep : 'tis belter to wait a little till he awake." Wo accordingly sat doWn, ana resolved lo await a more lavorable moment. "Gentlemen," said the ladv. af ter having taken her seat also. I reallv wish you may succeed with Mr. Paine, for he is' laboring under frreat distress of mind eyer since he was informed by his physi- j cians that he cannot possibly live and must die shortly. He sent fjr you to-day, be cause he was told that if any one could do him good, you might. Possibly he may think you know of some remedy which his pnystcians are ignorant nf. Me is truly to be.pitied. His cries, when he is left alone. are heart-rending. "O Lord help me '." he will exclaim during his paroxysms of dis tress; "God help me! Jesiis'Christ heln me !" repealing the same expression with out any, the least variation, in a tone of voice IhaPwould alarm the house. Some times he will say, "OGod: what have I done to suffer so much !" then sho.tly after, "But there is no God :" And again, a little after "Yet if there should be, what will become of me heroalter?" Thus he will continue for some time, when on a sudden he will scream as if in terror and agony, and call out for me by nami. On one of these occasions, which are very frequent, 1 went to mm and inquired what he wanted. "Stay with me," he replied, "for God' sake, for I cannot bear to be alone." I then observed that I could not alwaya be with him, as 1 had much to attend to in the house. "Then" said he, "send even a child to slay with me, for it is a hell to be a'one." "I never saw," she concluded, "a more unhappy, a more forsaken man ; it seems he cannot reconcile himself to die." Such was the conversation of the woman who had received us, and who probably had been employed to nurse and take care of him during his illness. She was a prot e3tant, yet eemed very desirous that we should afford him some relief in his state of abandonment, bordering on complete des pair. Having remained thus some time in the parlor, we at length heard a noise in the adjoining room, across the passageway, which induced us to believe that Mr. Paine, who was sick in that room, had awok'e. We accordingly proposed to pro ceed thither, which was assented to by Ihe woman ; and she opened Ihe door for us. On entering we found him just getting out of his'slumber. A more wretched being in appearance I never bpfore beheld. He was lying in a bed, sufficiently decent in itself, but at present besmeared with filth ; his look was that of a man greatly tortured in mind ; hi eyes haggard, his countenance forbidding, anal his whole appearance that of one whose belter day had been one continued scene of debauch. Hi only nourishment at this time we are informed, wa nothing more than milk punch, in which he indulged to the full extent of hi weak state. He had partaken undoubtedly but very recently of it, a the side and corners of hi mouth exhibited very une quivocal trace ol it, a well a of blood, which had also flowed in the track, and left it mark on the pillow. His face, to a certain extent, had also been besmeared with iU The head of hi bed was against the side of the room through which the door opened : F. Kohlmann having enter ed first, took his seat on the side near the foot of his bed. I took my seat on the ame ide nearer the head. Thus, in the posture in which Paine lay, his eye could easily bear on F. Kohlmann, but not on me easily, without turning hi head. A toon a we had seated ourselve, F. Kohlmann, in a very mild tone of voiee, informed him that we were Catholic priests, and were come, on hi invitation, to .ee him. Paine made no reply. After a short pause, F. Kohlmann proceeded ihus, addressing himself to Paine, in the rrencn language, thinking that, as Paine had been to France, he was probably ac quainted with that .language, (which wa jui me lact,) and might understand better What he saio. a he had at that time a trraf. er facility, and could express hi thought ueuer in u man in English.- "Mons. Paine, j'ai Iu votre Pvre intitule agt de la Raison, on voue ave altaque 1 ecriture sainte avec una violence, tan borae. et d'autret d vo ecritt publiea en r ranee; et je tui persuade vue" Paine here inteirupted him abruptly, and in a sharp tone or Tolce ordering him to t'peak Engl,.h, thu.: "Speal, EngV)lh- ,,, ,'pe.k' English " F Kohlmann wither .hoirinj tht least embarrasment, returned hi di couw, and expressed him.elf near fol ,Iowi after bn interruption, in Englith : I "Mr. Paine, I have redd your book entilled !he Ase of Kcast ti. as well as all vonr other writing against the christian religion, and am at a loss to imagine how a man of your good sense could have employed hi talents in attempting' to undermine what, to say nothing of its divine establishment, Ihe wisdom of ages has deemed most conducive to'llie happiness of man. The christian religion, sir " "That' enough, sir, that's enough," taid Paine, again interrupting him : I sen what you would be about ; 1 wish to hear no more from you sir. My mind is made up on that subject. I look upon Ihe whole ol the Christian scheme to be a tissue of ab surdities and lies, and Jesus Christ to be nothing more than a cunning knave and an imposler." t. Kohlmann here altempled to speak again, when Paine with a lowering coun tenance, ordered him instantly to be silent, and trouble him no mofe. ' I have told you already that I wish to hear nothing inuic iroru you." "The Bible, sir," said F. Kohlmann. still attempting to speak, "is a sacred and divine book, winch has stood the test and the criticisms of abler pens than yours ; pens which nave mate at least some show of ar gument, and" "Your Biblp," returned Taine. "contains nothing but fables ; yes fables ; and I have proved it to a demonstration." All this time I looked on the monster w ith pity, mingled with indirxnation at his blasphemies. I felt a decree ci horror at thinking (hat a very short time he would be cited to appear before the tribunal of his God whom he so shockingly blasphemed, with all his sins upon him. Seeing that Kohlmann had completely failed in making any impression upon him, and thai Pa ine would listen lo nothing that came from him, nor would even suffer him to peak, I finally concluded totrv what effect I might have. I accordingly commenced with observing: "Mr. Paine, you will certainly allow that there exists a God, and this God cannot be indifl'erent to Ihe conduct and actions of his crratules.'.' 1 will allow nothing, sir," he hastily replied ; "I shall mako no concessions." "Well, sir, if you will listen calmly for one mo ment," said I, "1 will prove to you that there L such a being ; and I will demon strate from His very nature that He cannot be an idle spectator of our conduct." "Sir, I wish to hear nothing you have to say : I see your object, gentlemen, is to trouble me ; I wish you to leave the room." This he spoke in an exceeding angry tone, so much to that he foamed at the mouih. "Mr. Paine," 1 continued, "I assure you that our object in comins hither was pure, ly to do you good. We had no other motive. We have been given to under stand that you wished to see in, and we are come accordingly ; because it is a prin ciple wilh us never to refuse our services to a dying man aking forlliem. But for this we should not have come, for we in-v-obtrude upon any individual." Paine on hearing this seemed to relax a little; in a milder tone of voice than he had hitherto used, he replied ; "You can do me no good now it is too late. I have tried diflvrent physicians, and their r nn dies have all failed. I have nothing now to expect," (this he spoke with a sigh ) 'but a steady dissolution. My physicians have, indeed, told me as much." "You have misunderstood me," said I immediate ly to him. "We are not come to prescribe any remedies for pour bodily complaints; we only come to make you an oner of our ministry for Ihe good of your immoital eouI, which is in great danger of being for ever cast olfbv the Almighty, on account of your sins; and especially for the crime nf haying vilified and rejected His Son. raine, on hearing this, was roused into a fury ; he gritted hi teeth, twisted and turned himself several time in his bed, ut tering all the while, the bitterest impreca tions. I firmly believe such was the rage in which he was at this time, that ii he had had a pistol, he would have shot one of ut ; for he conducted himself more like a mad man than a rational creature. "Besonp," sayt he "and trouble me no more. I was in peace," he continued, ."til! you came." "We know .better than that," replied F. Kohlmann ; we know you cannot be in peace, there can be no peace lor the wick ed. God' hat said 1t." "Away with you, and your God too ; leave the room instant ly," be exclaimed, "all that you have ut tered are lies filthy lie ; and if I had a little more time I would prove it, as I did about your imposter, Jesus Christ." "Mon ster," exclaimed F. Kohlmadn, in a burst of zeal, "you will have no more time. Your hour has arrived. Ihiuk rather ol the awful account you have already lo render, and ask pardon of God, and provoke no longer bis just indignation upon your head." Paine here ordered us tgaiti to retire, in the highest pitch of his voice, and seemed a very maniac, wilh rage and madness. "Let us go," said I to I. Kohl mann ; "we have nothing more to be done. He leem to be entirely abandoned by God : further words are lost upon him." Upon tin wo both withdrew from the rco.-n and left the unfortunate man to his thoughts. I never, before or since,' beheld a more hardened wretch. Thi you may fely upon it, is a faithful and correct account of the transaction. -I remain your affectionate brother. (Signed) Benedict, Pp. of Boston. SevcaiL of the leading capitalist of New York, with Mers. Corcoran, of Washington, Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, Mr. MoLane, of Bdlti. more, and other distinguished capitalists, are making application to the Wisconsin Legit latura for the charter of the Atlantlo and Paeifio Railroad Company, who a capital of fifty millions, to build a railroad from any point en lha valley of the lakes, Mississippi or Gulf of Mtiico, to the Ptcifie ocean. I.HPHHTA?! ! t ilt lUil STATfstttS. From ihe returns nf the Into census, Her. Dt. Curbiu tins condensed tin; followine facts relating to tin; nmi.beruf Chinches, aggregate accommodating, vuluo of church property, nnd averiisje valim nf church properly, which wn copy from the National Magazine: IX I lis! i 8iu,tui,.a si,2i7 9l.'yH' l,(l 7,1173.0m i.t.BI 4;0,730 liJ.flM ii,eoi,i7u o.mio Si2.4S.'i U3 I, tim. for p.riM WVSW) 2.M.1 ?iO7.0M) u no- il,t(!7.-;0 8.3) 4 .SI". e:.fl I M,'.0.67l 1,174 4l3:)i: 1 14 .TOT 80 3.131 ,(?.'!' fc.OliO lliw.llil 7,210 40.liSi fej 9'W.fWi 1,1 H !I,2;),I22 1M40 1,707,015 3..170 7-1 1, 160 .Wt LCliOmillfltl.'IIB. Baptist Christian Cunffrerutiotn PutHi Hcii'i-tnid Kpicrojl ' Frea rrietiits Herman rii'fil Jwih I mhtran Mftmionite Mrtiiodnt Moravian Hrcfbytennn tlonwn C'lhni, Pwraelilmrgiun Dunkcr t.'nioit Unitarian '."Hlversaliiit Minor Srfts S,l3U,S7l eiie.uwi tiia t.fW i.l7 9H 1,1! .'Mil :ifi 1, W-'l, llll I9IUIM) C:)-.ai:i K'S.OO.) i:,6 o-i I1.57j! i3l,tll V).H0 l! 5,uin.1ti 1,112 is; r.:i tllti linl I'll! Ml a.'i.: vis.onn l;'0..1t7! si5 m n.Vio li'- J-TOII J,,!QJl0.n25j?O(l;133 It will bo sren from Ihe above that the Methodifts are the most numerous and mom wealthy of all ihe number. Thu Baptist, in point of numbers, are the next, ami ihe Pies- hjterians next in wealth, anil very near the same as the Meihoilists. lint if nil hn claim to be Prenhylerians, mich as Orthodox Conaragationalists, Otman Reformed, &c.,b- ndded, as th.ne havo who a re classed as Methodist, ilioti ihe I'resbytei ian order will foot up seroml in number, making 3,17-1, 1 1 1 and first in wealth, making $27,3SG,-!C2, neatly donMn ihe ninnutit nf the Methodist, nnd alnnift nno ihiiil of Ihe. BL'iireL'Hte of nil the deiiomii.'atiotis named iri thu eataliMiIn 9 H.B ATTI MST AT t-Sr.tPK IIFOK OP riiK rrttr.E fiuiitkrs. Hkrmc Cuvdi-ct or tiis Sheriff. On Fii.lny last, MierilT HefTellinuftr, of Chester county, p-oeeeded to Baltimore with a requi sition from Governor Bigler, for Slu.in, the piize figfcier, who had previously buennrres. ted in that city. Ho took possession of his prisoner, haml-eufied him, ami look Ihe riant Itain for that city. When they arrived ut Havre le dace, the prisoner begyed lo have tlie irons taken off. As the can were gning at a rapid rate the Sheiilf filially complied wilh his ipq'ie'. When about three miles this side of Chester, a "gentleman" un doubtedly the ncetimp'icc cut the bell rope that ran thmtigh ihe cars, atntslepppil lo the door rwnl thieiv it open Sloan evidently knew his man and tho movement, for ho to the door the instant it was opened. The Sheriir sprang nfier him, but a man sit. ting by the door had nearly closed it before he could reach it. He, however, was on the platform in an instant, but only to see his prisoner spritie from the cars, while they were rnmiing lit the rate of ftom twenty-five lo ihiny niiies an hour. He saw him sttike the gioinid and ru!I upon it like a ball, and supposed bis legs were cut oil by the cars. l:i an instant tho intrepid tlierir followed, striking t'po'n liii face nnd cutting his lip thiougti. Hj arose and found that his upper lip was xh? only wound ol cuhsrqtieiice. His prisoner gather ed himself and slatted for n run, cvi.-lut.t!y crippled by his fall. The Sheriff followed nnd gained on llin culprit, calling upon him to suriender, who seeing he was about lo be overtaken, turned and squared himself for n fight. The SheriiT ilrew his revolver and at tempted to (iie, but fortunately for the pris-. oner it missed fire. Ha was about to try another, when the pngilial surrendered and begged lor quarter. The SherifT held the pistol to his breast, and to!d him lo hold out his hands for the irons, which ho submissively did. After se curing him, the Sherilf put his prisoner be fore him, and started towards the city on foot! At ilm next stopping place the conductor! who had remained ignorant of w hat bad hap pened, was informed of the circnmstanCi", and was persnaded to run buck, expecting to find the Shei iff and pui-oner both dead, or b:id'y injured. Instead of this, they weie found on tho iail, tho victor inarching his prisoner before him. They were taken on board, and bionght here, and ihe Sheriff pro ceeded to West Chester in triumph. Before slatting foi Baltimore, the poSple of West Cheater told the Sheriff thai he could Viot b Ing S onne thrnuli, but the segue) pia- ved him lo be equal to the emergency. When it is considered that Sloaue is a nuled psgilist, much hi-avier than Sheriff Heflelfinger, ami the fearful rato it which the cars were go ing, this is one of I ha boldest atiempts to escape, and the most determined ps'seve ranee i i tho rccaptui that we bare ever known. Api'Lcs Without Situs or Cosrs. A cor respondent of the Memphis irAtg gives the the fullowing recipe lor obtaining apples without seeds and cotes: Take the ends of the limbs cf an apple tree, w here they hang low, so as lo reach the ground, dig.a small hole fur each end under ihe tree, bend it down and bury it in (be hole, confining it dowrr so that it will remain. Do this in the winter, or the beginning of spiing. The end of the limb Thus buried will take root and put up sprouts of fciotiSjWhich, when they become sufficiently large to "set out," dig up at the proper season, and transplant them in the oiehard where you wish them to remain. When they get large enough to bear, they will bear applet as above. CesT or Livimo m Pais. The Paris cor respondent of the New Yerk Expiett taysj "1 begin t understand, why people are ceo aomical here :tby would be ruined if thoy were not. Why, butter is SO cents a pour i and coffee 49, and beef 49, and suarSO and every thing else in proportion, ' .foreign jN'cwc. Arrival of the Canada. LTEn FROM EtHOI'U. oi'ENixcf oFpaTuament. The (tuvrn'a Nprtcli. no-rase of the Army litummendtj Russian Ambassadors ' About Leaving I.andrm and Paris-Rumored Recall of ihe French and English Ministers at St. Kfrslurf . M 1 T li K R A ifATTd FjE coii bT e d fleets. Rumored Destruction uf the liuaslan Firsts' EIGIITV TIlOl S) I rtF.M II TROOPS ORUEREII TO Tt'RKEY. Rfinforcemknts from Egyft! 77ic Vice Commander of Sebastnpol CaMercd for Permitting an English Frigate to En ter the Harbor ! COTTON STEADY. BUEADSTUFFS DULL AND DECLINING cosdTribtpliTssED. Hii-irix, Feb. 16. The Canard muil stentnship Canada, from Liverpool, wilh dates to the 4th inst., arrived hero this evening, having made an uncom monly short passage for this season of the year, only twelve days. ENGLAND. The Btitish army and nnvy are to be im mediately increased, and the Queen's procla mation was shortly mil icipr.it-J, opening the enrolment for the navy. The answer of England and France to the Czar's inquiries, respecting the entry of the allied fleets into the Clack Sea, was deliver ed the 1st of February to the Russian Minis ters in London and Puris. The reply was unfavorable to the demands of the Car, and the departure of the Russian Ministers from London and Paris was hourly looked for. It is reported that o-ders have been sent to the French and British Ambassadors at St Petersburg to withdraw. France is to send 80,000 men to Turkey, -while England will contribute as her quota 10,000 men, and pay half the total expenses of tho combined forces'. The funds are quiet and not much depres sed. The crisis is evidently close at hand, and everything now depends upon the position taken by Russir.. It is reported that Austria and Russia will co-opt'rate wilh France and England, but the rumor is doubted. FRANCE. Piince Napoleon has been sent lo Belgium to impress upon the King the necessity of ncting firmly wilh the allies of Turkey, as Belgium cannot maintain neutialiiy without incurring the displeasure of Fiance. The Prince also goes upon similar missions to tho various German Courts. The Council of French Cabinet, held at tho Tuileiirs, on the 30th till , decided so the report goes to send 80,000 troops in four sepcrate bodies, into Tutkey, under tho .command of Generals Canvobut, Ma cruahorn, l'clissier and Botisqiiet. ITALY. ' Great uneasiness exists throughout Nor thern Italy and an outbreak is thought to be very probable. Tho Pontifical deciee has been issued, ex tending the permission to the free import of bioadstufTs to April. Tho same decree also gives a forced currency lo the Roman trea sury bonds, SPAIN. Commodore Quessado, has buen appointed Naval Commander at Havana. Revolutionary handbills had been publish ed throughout Spain, and the popular feeling against the Queen is gtowiug intenso. Rl'SSIA. Count Oi luffs mission id Vienna, is said lo be for the purpose of asking pennission fur a Russian force lo pass through Hungary. It is reported that if OrlofT fails to obtain this Consent, the Czar will visit Vienna in person. Count Orlofl's interview with the Emperor of Anstria was brief and unsatisfactory . The people favor a Western alliance. It is said that Count Oiloff is dissalifieil with hi reception at Vicuna, and it is further report ed, that the Emperor uf Ausdia will regard the crossing of the Danube by Ihe Russian troops, as equivalent hr.i declaration of war. A Russian rigerne'ni of guaida have been ordered lo tho Cull io piovinces by the 1st of March. The Russian Vice Commander of Sebasto pol has been cashiered for not preventing the English frigate Retribution from eri'.eiiug that port. Mr. Coll the EnglUh' engineer', who was captured in the battle of Sinnpe, oil board a Tu kish war steamer and imprisoned at Sa bastapol has been released. The Russian Chambers have promptly gtanted the supplies neossary to put the country in a complete slate of defence. TURKEY. No change has taken place in the condition of affairs al Kalafat, and Ihe report of a se vers balile is not confirmed. All Ihe allied fleets have' returned lo iheii former anchoisge in Besika Bay, causing much astonishment whatever ji has bean made known. Col. Dein, who was sent by the French Government te report tj the condition of the Turkish army on the Danube, proneunces it capable of keeping the Russians in cheek for long time, but tyt the Turks ate deficient in oartl.-y. Two French officers have also been tent to repoit upon ihe general condition and strength of the Turkish Asiatic force. There were current several rtirh'oft of a naval engagements in Ihe Black Sea, in which the Russian fleets was deslroyed. This, however, needed confirmation. A portion of the Turkish fleet had gone tp t-'JF'i ff 'he purpose of shipping 11,000 wtdl trsined troops, including a regiment of heavy artillery, and a regiment of riflemen.' DENMARK. The temper of the Swedidi people against Russia is increasing. PERSIX. Tho latest accounts from Persia state (hat the influence of England preponderates. ARRIVAL OF STAR OF THE WEST.' LATER FROM CALIFORNIA; The steamer Star of the West, from San Jitac, arrived at J?eiv Yoik on Thursday, at ! 2 o'clock, with 400 passengers, and 4750,000 In gold. She brings intelligence from Cali fornia to the afternoon of the I8ih. The latest advices frotn Lower California state that when Col. Watkins arrived w ith reinrorcernents for the Filibusters un-Jer Col. Walker, he found the latter closely be sieged at Encinada. The besiegers were' afterwards repulsed, but in the conflict, Lieut ' McKibbcn, and a private named McCnrmack,' were killed. Fivo others were wounded. Col. Vatkins had been made Yico Presi dent or the New Republic' Col. Walker was encamped at Encinada, and was in peaceful possession of ihe country. All the Mexirarv neighborhood had submitted" and a'sk'ijrf Walker's protection, promising neuiialiiy. Col. Fremont's claim for Tamnulipus, in volving millions (.f dollars, has been rejected by the District Court.' Mining business has been depressed by ihe dry weather, but heavy rains wcro be ginning to fall. A bill has been introduced lo grant to the' United Slates a sito for theTustom House in S.in Francisco'. This site is worth about 500 000. lead la .or i.vro ti:.iiptatio.. There is a sad text in the following para-' raph, which we find in the Washington .S'for : Watch Retuiins. Ovid F. Johnson, ly ing drunk in the street ; workhouse thirty days. D.tnnis McCurdy, vagrant ; do. As the Sliir remarks, Ovid F. Johnson is well known as being a,t one time an influeu. tial number of the Democratio parly, and Attorney General of the State of Pennsylva nia. He is a man of acknowledged ability, a good lawyer, eloquent speaker, and finished writer. Uenms McCurdy, for a number of years taught school in Washington city ; is a man of learning, has written seveial works on Mathematics, and is considered one of the beet arithmeticians ol the age. Alas! for poor, frail humanity! Shall we not have a Pit hibitory Law to remove the dreadful temptation from the weak and erring 1 ANOTHER 'GENEVRA." Almost everybody has listened wilh tsd ness to the plantive strains and saddening words of the old song. "Mistletoe Bough,' in which the story is fold of a young bride; who in playful humor, on her wedding day, ran to hide Irotn lier spouse,, and was found years afterward, tnooldering to ashes fn a' chest with a spring-lock. It is a sorrowful," rnmanlio tale, and has oflen brought tears into the eyes of romantic lovers, t sadder late, howevei, and one which adds to its' own horror by its reality, has been devel oped in this city. A few duys since we call-' e I attention to an advertisement of the los,' of a little Spanish girl, answering (he name of Ventura, whose agonized mother was s -arching throughout the city for her. After looking for her jn vain for several days, and' coming to tho conclusion that the child was dead, she went to a large trunk in her house on Thursday, foMhe purpose of prncuiing some mourning apparel, when, upon opening it, what was the mother's fiorror to sea ly" irg there tho decaying remnant or her once beautiful child. The trunk had been left open on the day the child was lost, and it is supposed that the inquisitive little one, hav I' g seen the dresses Inside, had taken a fan cy to them, and, upon attempting to procure therr, had fallen into the trunk. The lid closed with a spring, and ihe little child died with suffocation. The tales of romance fall far short in depicting the agony which the pot r mother fell upon: this tad discovery and the whole ttory is one which tends to prove Ihe ofl-repeated saying, that, '!ruih is stiangerthan fiction." Alt a Cat , Nov 15. Jesnt tViin-W.s p.,..eMcd, at the cj-iior of the N. Y. Musical Wo. Id hat been t. li,b!V informed, of about 8250,000 before leaving this country. $100,000 of this ,0' establ.thing pubtio schools in Swedii.r 150,000 more went to various ohritis'. The 8100,000 remaining-' are so invested at to yield her no but tbnul 84,000 a year. She it living in D.esdenj hi a lo'nhous anal a eountiy.hnnse, with eqorpagr., plenty of servants, See., all or which, 84 C00 in GermaV liy can well fuuiieh. But the geneiout' Swede has given away too much. Some young nightingales are in the musics! fu.' lure; they must be eared for. The parent' linger, therefore, appears ngnfn before the publio in concerts, and will shortly ting In' E igland. Her advent hi ibis country, before Ung, is not at all improbable. Perhaps she4 still eome and live wilh os, making btr resi' dence on Sietea Island :he mni fsverrV teot, lo her, io America.'