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: Ph -- r ... owls H. B. MASSER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE, MARKET STREET, OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE. gt jFamlly iUtospapcr Dctootcn to Jjoiwcs, iMternture, ittoraifts, jfortfon nnfi JDomcstfc jUius, Stance ant the avts, aorfculturr, iarftetst amusements, cc NEW, SERIES, V0L. 7, NO. 16. SUNBURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA., SATURDAY, JULY 15, 1854. , OLD SERIES, VOL 14, NO. 42.; - - , ; TEEMS OF THE AMERICAN. ' THE AMERICAN ! published every Saturday lit TWO UOL.LAK8 per annum to be paid half yearly in eulvsnusNu paper discontinued until all arrearages are PAl'l eommunicoUone or lelteri on b",1",""n ,0 the office, to insure attention, must be POST 1 AID. TO CLUBS. Three eople to on address, ' " : ' '' FiveVllare In advance will pay for three ysai'e sub- scr ipt ion to the American. , , Ono Smiai. of 18 linei, J times, Kveiy subsequent in.ertion, One Square, 3 monthe,. Sis mouth, nneiiimbards of Five lines, per annum, Mcrehant. and others, advertising by he yenr, with the privilege of inserting different odYeTtieemenU weekly. . "artet Advertieemente, ae pet agreement. 100 8S 300 6011 rjoo 300 1000 B MASSES., ATTORNEY AT LAW, M( w 6UNBTJRH", PA. . Business attended to in the Counties of Nor. thumbevland, Union, Lycoming and Columbia, liefer to I P. & A. Kovoudt, Lower & Barron, Rnrnari & Snodirrass, Philad. Reynolds, Mclarland & Co., Spenng, Uoou oc Co., HENRY D0NNEL, ATTORNEY AT LAW. , Office opposite the Court House, Sunbury, Northumberland County, Pa. Prompt attention to business in ailjoining Counties. N. M. Newnam s lieattifs Row, Norwegian street, FoUsvtUe, Penna. Plumbing Shop, TTAS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A 8UP ply of all sizes of Lead Pipe. Sheet Lead, Block tin, Batli Tubs, Shower Bnths, Hyilranti, Hose, Double and Single Acting Pump and Wa ter Closets; also, nil kinds of Bras Cocks for watrr and steam. Brass Oil Cups, and Globes for Engines. All kinds of Copper Work and Plumbing done in the neatest manner at the shortest notice. . N. B. Cash paid for old Brass and Lead. Pottaville, Aug. 27, 1R53. ly United States Hotel, Chestnut Street, above Fourth. PHILADELPHIA. CJ- MacLELLAN, (lato of Jone Hotel.) has the pleasure to inform his friends and the traveling community, that he has leased this House for a term of years, and is now prepared for the reception of Guosts. The Local advantages of this favorite establish ment are too well known to need comment. The House and Furniture have been put in first rate orders the rooms are largo and well ventilated. The Tables will always be supplied with the best, and the proprietor pledges himself that no eflort on his part shall bo wanting to make the United States equal in comforts to any Hotel in the Quaker City. Phila., July 8, 1854. TO. M'CARTY, BOOKSELLER, Market Street, SUNBURY, PA. TUST received and for sale, a fresh supply of " FVAXGELICAL MUSIC for Sintrinir Schools. "He is also opening at this time, a large assortment of Books, in every l.rnnch of Literature, consisting of Poetry, History, Novels, Romances, Scientific Works, Law, Medicine, School and Children's Books, Bibles ; School, Pocket and Family, both with and without Engravings, and every of van. AtV Of Bindiim. Prayer Books, of all kinds. Also just received and for sale, Purdons Di gest of the laws of Pennsylvania, edition of 1851, price oniy o,uu. Judce Reads edition of Blackstoncs Commen taries, in 3 vols. 8 vo. formerly sold at (10,00, and now offered (m fresh binding) at the low trice of 456.00. A Treatise on the law of Pennsylvania re specting the estates of Decedents, by I nomas I , Gordon. Drice only $1,00. Travel, Voyage and Adventures, all ot which will be sold low, either for cash, or coun try produce. February, 21, 1853. M. Shamokiu Town Lots. THF subscriber is now prepared to exhibit and dispose of Lot in the new Town-Plat of Shamokiu. Person desirous of purchasing can ascertain the term and condition of sale by calling on the subscriber, at Shamokiu. WM. AT WATER, Agent. Shamokin, Oct. 15, 1853 tf. LEATHER. FRITZ k HENDRY, Store, 29 N. 3d street PHZ1.ADI1X.VHZA Morocco Manufacturers, Curriers, Importer, Commiaion and General Leather Business. WHOLESALE & RETAIL. . ftjF Manufactory IS Margaretta Street. Phila-, August 20, 1853. ly. IAWRENCi HOUSE, SUNBURY, PA. THE sobacriW respectfully inform the public that she still continues to keep the above named public house, and that she ha engaged Mr. Wetesr ZiegUr to superin'end the same. (ilia ha al received a njw supply of good liiUors and wine, and trusts that she will bo bl to give satisfaction la all who nay visit her bouse. MARIA THOMPSON. Sunbury March 4. 1854. tf. HARDWARE, Nails, Ac. Boots, Uho, Hats, Caps, Cedur wars, Brooms, Brushes. ' i ibool Book ud paper just ireivej and fur sots by I. W.TVNEIt & CO. Runbury, April M, SM. 1)ARAHOLS, in plain and fancy ggursd Ailk and (iinghaa CoUoa sud Gingham L'io brsllas Trunks sn4 CsrHl Has, iiwt received and U ! by I. W, TEN EH A CO ItuulMiry, Ap.il tl. UJ. INDIAN IHOI.AUOUIbIIa., fsiuot artuU tut lb. sur W and Agu.. Bd- Ituu w, InlMaiiwut .1 K.milUmt rf , juet ismivsd sud luf set by AM II. S4. I. W.TtNER in.' A Mat. V V-l. MorksMl. CudlUb. I'bsoso, K.Mna, fm. UiikO.... lurf rl I o H y Ara II. ( i. W.TENER ro. 1 CK.:i.-All kiMtsof KugliU fubleuf Mty nn'l.i 13L. SuNlu.Jf, Jtll. l, - SELECT POETRY. , . HYMN TO THE FLOWERS. ' ' i BR HORACE SMITH. Day-stars! That ope your eyes with morn to twinkle, From tainbow galaxies of Earth's Creation, And dew-drops on het lovely alters sprinkle , " As a libation. - r- .. : , Ye matin worshippers, who bending lowly Before the uprising Sun, God's lidless eye, Throw from your chulices it sweet and holy lncenee on high. Ye bright mosaic, lhat with storied beauly The floor of nature's temple tessellate, What numerous emblems of inslruclie duty Your lorms create. 'Neath cloistered boughs each floral bell that swirtselh, And toils its perfume on the passing air, Makes Sabbatl. in the fields, and ever lingelh A call to prayer. Not to the domes where crumbling arcli and column . ' Atlest the feebleness of mortal hand, But to lhat fane most Catholic and solemn Which God hath planned. To lhat cnthcdtal, boundless as onr wonder, Whose quenchless lamps the sun and moon supply. . Its choir, the winds and waves its organ. thunder, lis dome, the sky. There, as in snlilnde and shade, 1 wander Through the green aisle, or slreuhed upon tho sod, Awed by the silence, reverently ponder 1 he ways ol U3U. - , Your voiceless lips, O, Flowers! are living preacher ; Each cup, a pulpit every leaf, a book, Supplying to my Inncy numerous teachers f rom loneliest nooK. Floral Apostles! that in dewy splendor Weep without woe and olusn wiinout a crime . Oh ! may I deeply learn, and ne'er surrender lour luve suunme. Thou werl not, Solomon, in all Ihy filory, Arrayed, the lilhes cry, in robes like ours; How vain your grandeur, oh! how transitory Aie human flowers ! In the sweet scended pictures, Heavenly Arti.tt ! With which thou paintest Nature's wide spread hall, What a delightful lesson thou impartest Ul love, to nil. Not useless are yo, Flowers, though made 1 f for pleasure, Blooming o'er field and wave, by day and night, From every source your sanction bids trea sure , ...,.. - Harmless delight. - - Ephemeial Sr.ces, what instructors, hoary, For sucti.a world of thought could furnish scope ! Each calyx a ' memento mori," Yet fount of hope ! Posthumous clories ! Angel-like collection, Upraised from seed, or bulb interred in earin, Ye are to me a type of resurrection And second birth. Were I, oh, God ! in churchless lands re mainine, Far from all voice of teachers, human and divine. My soul would find in Flowers of thy ordain ing, Priests, Sermons Shrine. - 21 relict of ilje Resolution. From the New Orleans Creiceiit A MODEL WOMAN. . Of that venerable relict of nobler days and ol a husband one oi the most admirable men that ever adorned and served any country, we mean Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton, we find in one of the Northern journals the following notice : "The widow of 'Alexander Hamilton bas reached the great age of ninety-fire, and retains in an astonishing degree her (acuities, and converses with much of that ease and brilliancy which lent so peculiar a charm to her younger days. And then the old lady, after passing the compliments and congratulations of the day, insists upon ner visitors taking a merry glass Iromuen. Washington's punch bowl, which, with other portions of his table set, remains in ner possession. Mrs. Hamilton completes, on the lClh of August next, we believe, her ninety sixth year. Slight of figure, rather small in size, and originally of what seemed a feeble organization, she has vpI nH tn r present remarkable aze with an almost total exemption from disease, iQ pite 0f the severe misfortunes which overcast her life in its very prime. , We allude to the bloody doth first of her elde.t son rnilip.a young centleman of treat and soon alter, the fall of her beloved lord, jr win ws Homing less than deliberate ly rxecuted assassination ; lor Aaron Burr knew when, upon the mere pretence of quarrel, be summoned General Hamilton to the field, that he would not decline to meet him, but would never take the life of fellow-being In private combat. To return, however, to bis widow. Iter admiuble virtues and sense, with the firm yet grail courage and cheerfulueu which these) bestowed, and a piety s simple is it was unshaken, have no doubt goo far to uphold, by the forces ol the mind, the urtl wrsknrss of her body, When but we saw her, mj than year siuce, the was sttll in the baUt ol poing o loot, and unal l.ndrd, l visit fritftds wb) lived balf iU from br. Twa wars before we had her, q t vry but summer's der, ar rive at her own bouw, strttl, Wash, i inglon, (the Maou buildtnis,) from mof ing walk to Vsiit her old friend,1 Judge Cranch, on Capitol Hill, to the east of the Capitol. The distance which she had trod lor this friendly purpose, is a good deal above three miles. . - : - She never was what the text which we have, taken calls her, brilliant: for the women who shine or blaze with that sort ol light, seldom have the genuine one of their sex; its gentleness, its pure warmth, its sweet reserve, its sure womanly sense, which rather perceives than reflects, and sees at a glance all it is fit that a Woman (nature's most delicate and ingenious work) hould see. Though Very pretty, vivacious, nd winning, Mrs. Hamilton was never dazzling. Neither her manners, though high-bred, nor her conversation, though Dinted and lull of sense, were at all ol the showy order; she never said a silly, she ' never said a brilliant thing in her life. There was no flash about her ; she shone only with the solt beam which radiates from what in a woman not boys nor matu re r coxcombs lispingly adore nor false ten- imentalisls dilate upon, but what the heart nd the . understanding of all, however shallow or corrupt, own, with not mere admiration, but love and awe, every thing that is most leminine, which is, we take it, a good deal better than angelic ; lor we must confess that, so far as can be judged from the most commendatory descriptions, we look upon one woman as worth lull forty angel.. ' ' In short, she was just the wife for one of a spirit so high, faculties so powerful, a character so strenuous, and aflections so fond as those of Hamilton, and accordingly there could be no tenderer union than was theirs. Not only did her loving, serene, and cheerful temper gladden whatever he could snatch for brief intervals of repose or enjoyment, but her perlect discretion made her the confident and her admirable sense the counsellor of his affairs) in many of the weightiest of which he thought it "wise to have such a woman's, opinion. She shared, as far as she could, his labors ; and, when she could not, often sweetened them by her presence. His papers, in particu lar, she kept in order for hi in ; and it is to her zealous care of them we owe the pre servation of that large and (in every sense of either the merely curious or tne histori cally valuable) precious body ol the Ham ilton Mas., which our Government acqui red by purchase in 1849, and'of which se lected portions are now seeing the light in a Congressional series of some nine or ten volumes, edited by Mr- John Hamilton, who had previously given to the world a more limited selection, with a biography of his father. Of the value of these papers to the secret history of our public afl'jirs, during the space of thirty years (1775 to 1804) which they cover, no one is in a better condition to speak than ourself ; for we were entrusted on the part of the lann- ly wilh a choice, out of a slill vaster body, of the fiftv-seven folio volumes which, after excluding whatever was of no interest, went into the hands of the Government They give a prodigious idea of Hamil ton's abilities, tiselulness, and the cor.fi dence and the influence which these com manded for him, almost from the first moment, when a mere boy of nineteen, he first drew, as the caplain of a volunteer artillery company, General Washington's attention to the superior discipline of his corps and the skilful service of his guns. Never did any man possess a more remark able power ot mastering at once whatever he set about. Introduced at the age of twelve into the counting house of a consid' erable shipping merchant in St. Croix, we find him at only fourteen entrusted, during his principal s absence in this country, with his correspondence and the management of all his operations of buying, selling, ship- ping, aim an mat. Aireauy (as is seen in his boyish letters to a young friend) he has begun to look to the state of things rising up in this land of ours, and to foresee in it a country and a career which the West fudies could never give him. At sixteen he is in Columbia College, New York, per fecting his boyish Latin and Greek. At seventeen he is already writing lor the public journals, in behalf of the csuse of the colonies, papers so striking that they seize upon the general attention, and are attributed to the best writers. Iu his nineteenth year be has not only become a strong, popular orator, but bas studied war as an art, more especially the artillerist's part of it ; and, raising a com pany, (chiefly at his own charge,) has joined Washington's army in the Jerseys, and made upon that cautious commander so strong an impression that he transfers him to his personal stall as chief aid-de-camp, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. Here it is well enough knowa that before he was twenty he became one of Washington's most efficient officers ; but, though equally true, it has escaped attention that until that veteran of science, Steuben, took ser vice with us. it was Hamilton who first supplied our systems ol tactics; and Ham ilton who, besides drawing up many 01 Gen. Washington's important papers, wrote the admirable instructions to John Laurens a matter-piece of ability under which he, when Dr. Frsuklin had foiled, brought about the Armed Alliance of France. Hamilton was then twenty-one. In 1781 perceiving that the struirtfe bad become on our part one of finance, he turned financier, and look charge, under Koberl Morris, 01 a part of that department, quickly display ing in it lhat singular capacity which K'd Morris to say, on the formation ol our pres ent Government, thai there was bul one man is) the country Aleiaader Hamilton who mitf hl aa bVcreter of lb Treasury, re-inUte the publio credit. it is well known that the present Constitution la really hia plan but lew are aware thai Ha ordinal project (still In ciittence) was drawn up by biw ia Ptft, wfc.o ba was only tweutynvso ytaa eld. W could 111 muib snotc , bul si cca laili U ; . HARMONY Of COLORS I! NATURE.' i Raphael was not more choice about his painting than we find the sun to be. A winter departs, Ihe modest violet first blos soms beneath a veil of leaves. The modes ty needs means of shelter. Protecting leave radiate back upon the fragrant little flower all ihe heat that departs from it. A tho snows disappear, blossoms of other . flowers open, which display themselves more boldly, but they are blanched or nearly so. In the passage from the last snows of winter to (he first blossoms of spring, the harmony of coler s preserved; hillsides and orchards are mid wilh a delicate white, varied rarely by a pink upon the almond-trees. Petals of ap plo blossoms, floating on the wind, mimiothe flakes of snow lhat were so lately seen. As he warm season advances, colors deepen un it we come to the dark crimson of autumn flowers, and the brownness of the autumn leaves. .This change is not only meant to be beautiful it has its use. Why are the first spring flowers all while or nearly white 1 Because, when the winds are still cold, and the sun is only moderately kind, a flower would be chilled to death if its heat radiated from it rapidly. But radiation takes place most freely from dark colors from black, from the strongly-defined greens, and ablue and reds. In the hot weather, flowers and eaves so colored, cool themselves more read ily of nights, and form upon their surfaces the healing dew, or of facilities for pooling. The delicate spring flowers are, therefore, of a color that is least ready to encourage radi ation. For the same reason, because white substances give out the least freely the heat lhat they contain or cover, arctic auimalsare white as their native snows. For the same reason, loo, the snow itself is while, when cold becomes severe, fulls and hangs like a fur mantle about tho" soil. If snow were black, or red, or blue, it would still lei some of the heat escape, which is retained under its whiteness. Household Words Viviparous Fish, formerly deemed such rare and remarkable natural wonders, aro now gulling known as abundant in various quarters. The first were discovered on the coast of California about a year auo. One species ha since been said to have been ta. ken in the Canadian waleis, and a United Slu'.ys officer avers thai the stingray of the Carolina coast is viviparous. Professor F. Holmes subs'untiate this, and says that (he Devil Fish also bears its young alive. A singular discovery connected with this sub ject in thus described by a Charleston, S. C, paper: "A discovery of very great interest has re cently been made by Mr. Henry W. Raven el, a young riaturalits, who has lately won an honored name in the department of Botany, In a limestone spring, in St. John's Durkuley, he has discovered a species of viviparous scale fish tho first that has been nulhenti. cated as existing in fresh water. His speci mens aru now in possession of Prof. Holmes, from whom we may expect beforo long a scientific descripiiou of this very interesting species. , The largest of these specimens may be li inches long, and it is as delicate as the silver fish. At the season of breeding ihe breast becomes greatly distended, and on opening i', there is found adhering near to the spine, a sack full of embryo fishes, which exhibit unmis'akeable proofs of the devel opemeul of animal form and life." A Cheerful Heart. 1 once heard a young lady say lo an individual, "your coun tenauca to me is like the rising sun, for it always gladdens me with a cheerful look.'' A merry or cheerful countenance was one of the things which Jeremy Taylor said hi enemies and persecutors could not takeaway from him. .There are soma persons who spend their lives as if shut up in a dungeon. Everything is trade gloomy and foibidding. They 0 mourning and complaining from day to day, that they have so little, and are constantly anxious, lest what they have should escape from their hands. They al ways look upon the dark side, and can never enjoy the good. That is not religion reli gion makes the heart cheerful, and when its large and benevolent principles are exerci sed, man will be happy in spite of himself. The industrious bee does not stop to com plain lhat there are so many poisonous flow ers and thorny branches on its road, but buzzes on, seleoting his honey where he can And it, and paasing quietly by ihe places where it is not. There is enough in this world to complain about and find fault with, if men have the disposition. We often travel on a hard and uneven road, but with a cheerful spirit, nnd a heart lo praise God for hi mercies, we may walk therein with comfort, and come lo Ihe end of our journey with peace. Dtxtiy. Qualification. Somebody very truly remarked lhat a good wi esbibil ber love fur herbiikband by trying lo promote bis wel fare, and by administering la bis comfort. A poor vs ''dears" and "my loves'' ber hubd( and wouldn't sew a button on bis eoat to keep him from fieeiiug. A stusMi u'i t looks for ber enjoyment at home a silly tei n'oaJ. A triss girl woulJ win a lover by praoiislug those virtues which scti adnitiaiton wbeu per suns I aUiacliwos h failed. A iinyf frl sitJestois leieeemmeudbef solf by ihe etbibitioa of frivolous aeoontpluh sneul aad mawkish ssnilmsut, wbicb art a sbsllow as ber mind, A good girl alwajc respaolc ksrasl', aad tbrfei always osms Iba issretl f etbsis- THE GREEK CHURCH, . The fundamental difference between the Greek and Roman Churches consists in the rejection of ihe spiritual supremecy of St Pe ler, on the part of the former, and the denial of any visible representative of Christ Upon the earth. 1 it the view it takes of the Holy Ghost il is also nt variance, not only with ihe Roman Calholie, bul With Ihe Protestant Churches. This variation consists in the idea that the Holy Spirit proceeds , from the Son alone, and not from the Father and Son. It recognizes seven sacramen's, BU horlzes Ihe offering of prriyer to the Saints and the Virgin, encourages the nse of pictures, but foibids images. Il holds in reverence the relics and tombs of holy men. and enjoins strict fasting and the giving of alms looking upon them as works of intrinsio merit. It rejects auricular confession, and holds that modified form of the Roman doctrine of the Eucharist which is denominated consubstan liation. It Administers baptism by immer sion, and many of ihe church services con sist almost entirely of ceremonial observan ces. The intrinsic doctrines of Ihe two chut, ches do not differ materially, and the cause of their separation was doubtless more owing to ihe rival pretentions of Ihe two imperial cities, Rome and Constantinople, than to any serious disagreement in relation to doctrines or ordinances. N. Y. Sunday Times. Poetry. It is rare that we meet with anything more true lo nature than ihe following little gem, descriptive of frontier life : THE BACKWOODSMAN. In the deep wild wood is a lonely man, And he swings bis broad-axe like a slight ratliin-- His card is uncouth, but this step is proud, And his voice when he speakelh is firm and loud ; " The foiest recedes as his strong arm swings, And ho letteth in kings. light like the King of His hut is of logs, and his infant brood Tumble forth In rejoice in that solitude; They chase -the honey-bee home to its store, And the old tree gives up what it never bore; ' They hide in the brake, they rush thro' the stream, , And flit lo and Iro like the things ol a dreiriu. The mother is pale like the sweet moon light, But they say, in her youth no rose was so bright; She moves in the cabin with a gentle crace, And the homliesl things have their regular place ; She sines as she works with a sighing ' smile, And her far-off home riseth in vision the while. A Beautiful Sentiment. The late emi nent Judge Sir Allen Park, once said at a publio meeting in London "We live in the midat of blessings, till we are utterly insensible of theit greatness, and of the sources from whence thew flow. We speak of our civilization, our arts, our free. dom, our laws and forget entirely how large a share nf all is due to Christianity. Blot Christianity out of the pages of man's his' tory, and what would his laws have been what his civilization 1 Christianity is mixed up with our very being and our daily life there is not a familiar object around us, which does not wear a different aspect, be. ; cause the light of Christian hope is on it not a law which does not owe its truth and gen'.leness lo Christianity not a custom which cannot be traced, in all its holy) healthful purity, to the bospel." A Tcrkish Will! A testator left to his eldest son one half of his hordes, to Ihe se rond son one-third of hi horses, to his third son one-ninth of his horses the testator had seventeen horses, The executor did not know w hat to do, as seventeen will neither divide by two, by three, nor nine. A Der- vish came up on hoiseback, and the executor consulted him. The Dervish said, "Take my horse and add him to Ihe others." There were then eighleen horses. The executor then gave tc the eldest son one half, 9; to the second son one-third, I ; lo the third sun one-niuili, 2; total 17. The Dervish then said, "You don't want my horse now; I will lake him back again." "PasocNT Be awo PaocatANT Cbadlc " As the person employed for the purpose on the Hartford and New Haven Railroad was examining Ihe freight ears a few days sinoe, he found a tobin's nest, containing three eggs. The nest was safely located in one of the trucks, and every appearance indicated lhat it had been there for a long period, but whether the parent biid follows Us nttt in in travels is an unwilled question. The car bas been used regularly (or a year past. The tie.l was not disturbed. A LoT Would. The Dayton, Ohio, Herald stales thai Dr Vsntuyl, oflhslciiy, iu bis etteusiv geological cabinet, has an arsolyie metoiio sione, which is aboa( aigbteeu inches in diameter. Il is globular in form, and potsosses all Ihe eharaeteiis. Ilea v( miniature planet. It felt In a swamp soma miles west of Dsyion owing la wbivb sireumsisn ie il was not biok.a Il was d "? red about seventeea (eel b. neaib ihe auiUea. There ia ae knowing be Wag Ihie liuls) woild weal ssr.sru g lmoub iufleuv wild lightaing speed befoia it cswe bum, vf siirti the ra TUB RUSSIA! PEAS INTflY. ' Mr. Oliphant, in his book on the "Russian Shores of the Black Sea," gives the following not very flattering account of Ihe condition and customs of the peasantry along the banks 1 of the Volga,' i "Whatever may be the morals of the peasantry in remote districts, those living in towns and villages on the Volga are more degrading In their habits than any other people among whom I have travelled ; and they can hardly be said (o disregard, since they have never been acquainted with ordi nary decencies. What better result can indeed be expected from a system by which the upper classes are wealthy in proportion to the number of serfs possessed by each proprietor! The rapid increase of the popu lation is no less an object with the private serf-owner than Ihe extensive consumption of ardent spirits is desired by the Govern ment. Thus each vice is privileged with especial patronage. Marriages, in the Rus sian sense of the term, are consummated at an early age, and are arranged by the steward, without consulting the parties the lord's approval alone being necessary. The price of a family ranges from X25 to 10 Our captain had taken his wife on a lease of five years, the rent for that term amounting to fifty rubles, with the privilege of renewal at the expiration of it. "Wolf's S-c-h-i-e, skee, d-a-m, dam, skee dam " "Slop, Isaac," said Mrs. Partington, hold ng up her ringer, as Ike was spelling the abel on a bottle of aromantio shnaps that had been "subscribed for her embargo," aa she expressed it. The juvenile had laid malicious emphasis on the last syllable, and the dame's ear, sensitive to profanity, was shocked; the sound vibrated on her auricular drum like Yankee Doodle upon a tin kitchen, and she held her finger up as if to beat time. "Stop, Isaac, and don't let me never hear you say sich a word agin; it's agin scripter and nater and everything. Why you never hear the bruto beasts swear, and how dread ful it is that a m'ttn should, or a nice little boy, that can think and speak. Though a curse generally follows dramming, we should leave It lo speak for itself.". Ike here got the stopple out, and Mrs. Partington, first applying the case bottle to her nose, and then to her mouth, said, as she placed it again upon the table, "To my ol factories, I b'lieve 'tis gin, and genuine gin, too. But what do they call it snaps for! Il must be that it makes the eyes snap of them that drink it, like the toads undei the juniper bushes." Ike took down from the buffet the last wine glass of the dozen once owned by her self, and Mrs. P. smiled as she placed the glass with a slight cough on the table, not noticing that Ike was saturating his har.dker cheif with the aromantio contents. We expect a report of tho case of Mrs. P. and the effect of Wolfe's shnaps in lumbago, in Doctor Smith's Medical Journal,' The Wild Tcrkev. We take the follow ing from a work entitled 'The Hive of the Bee-Hunter:' 'I rather think," said turkey-hunter, "if you want lo find a thing very cunning, you need not go to the fox, or such varmints, but take a gobbler. 1 once hunted regular after the same one for three years, and never saw him twice. "I knew the critter's 'yelp' as well as I knew Music's, my old deer-dog; and his track was as plain to me as the trail of a log hauled through a dusty road. "I hunted the gobbler alivays in the same range, and about the same 'scratching,1 and begot so at last thai, that when I 'called,' he would run from me, taking the opposite direc tion to my footsteps. . "Now, Ihe old rascal kept a great deal on a ridge, al the end of which, where it lost itself In a swamp, was a hollow cypress tree, Deiermind to outwit him, I put on my shoe Arc's foremost, walked leisurely down the ridge, and got into Ihe hollow tree, tuM gave a call,' and, boys," said the speaker, exultiugly, "it would have done you good tu see that turkey coming towards me on a trot looking at my tracts, and thinking I had gone the other tray. Buenos Avses This former province of the Argentine Confederaffon, having set op for itself as a Slate, the new constitution has been proclaimed wilh appropriate eeremoj nies, and on the 20ih of April ihe first elec. lion for members of ihe Legislature took plaee in an orderly manner, and, strange to say, wilh any attempt en the part of the government to iarluenee the contest. And, stranger slill, the higher posts in lha edmin islration were at a bsavy discount. Captubk or Shamuiiai. In the recent battle at Shanghai between the Eng ish and Americans and Ihe Imperial!!, the lose of the two former was, two men killed and Ihirteeu wounded. 01 lha wounded, onC ot the volunteers was moiially injured, and several others, volunteers and Piilisb regu lars, severely. The American parly suffered lets Ihsn the British, though having lo en eouuter the severest fire. Sroca VtaMian. The Delaware County RepubllBAO says ibat tbeia are al Ihe pres. ul lime al least Iwenlv thousand bead of rstile in Delaware and Chester eountiea in lha bands of farmer and gris, who are feed Ing them fwr aala le any p,m wh4 will rati and buy them al fair piu. The Bpubli. a deetee) ibel lb big pite asking it, ib aW matteia arc caused b f-tuUiit sin afJiin rfc iia WHAT STROMG fiRlNK TV ILL. DOi . The following dialogs between a fattier a dissipated and extravagant man and hia son, ns to how to expend five-and-twenty hillings, which a new situation was to give) ' the former, Is both laughable and instructive. Il rnns thus ! "Now, Johnny, my bdy," SaiJ (he old man, "let me see : I owe eight shillings at he porter-house, sign of 'The Saddle ;' well, that's fftaf.' putting the amount On one side. "Yes," says Johnny, "Well, then 1 promised to pay a score at he Ulue Pig Tavern say five shilincs.-- How much does that make, John 1" "Why, thirteen shillings," says the boy. counting on his fingers. 'But I mean, yon goose, how much have I got left V "How should 1 know 1'' stlyj John j "count it yourself j you'vt got the money." "But you ought to know," says the father, with true parental authority. ' Take thirteen . from twenty-five how many remain t W'hy twelve, to be sure," countnig the balance slyly in his hand. "That s the way you are neg lecting your education, is it 1 I shall have to talk to your schoolmaster." "Yes, you'd brffer talk to him ! He told me yesterday that On (ess you let him have) some money 1 needn't come to school any lore." "Ah, true, my boy troe j you mustn't lose your education, at any rate. Take him round five shillings after dinner. 1 had a pot of beer with him hist night, and he agreed if I would let him have lhat much now, he would be satisfied for the present.'' "I want a pair of shoes, falher." says John. "I can get a capital pair for three-arid six pence." "You must get them for three shilling , we owe tne Dutcner lour arid ne must oo paid, or we get no more meat j ihefe, thai ends it," said the poor old man, with a sat' isfied air; but his vision of independence) was in an instant destroyed, by John's simply saying "You've forgotten the landlady, father!" "Yes, John that's true so 1 have. She" must have her pay, or out we go." "She miuf," echoed John. "John," says the father, "I'll tell you hoW I-II contrive it. I'll put 'Tho Saddle' DlT with four shilling, and upon a branch account with 'The Vow-Tree' " (another drink'ing house). . Bui," said John, "we otd her a shilling last week, and she paid for the washing." "Oh! ay ; well how much does the wash ing come to, John 1" "Two and tuppence," replied Ihe boy.; "Well, then, give her three shillings in' stead of five," said the father. "But then, father, that wont do; and we want lea." "Who wants tea? 1 don't care a fig fof tea." "Gut do," replied the boy, with most piovoking calmness. "Yon want tea!" said the father ''you young rascal, you'll want bread yet," "Bread ! that's true,' exclaimed John j "you have forgotten the baker !" The old man's schemes to pacify hi crod itors with five-and-twenty shillings were all dissipated by the recollection of the baker, and sweeping the money off the labia Into his breeches pocket, be roared onl, In a great passion : ' Let 'em alt go ! I'll not pay & farthing to any of 'em 1" , , How this may strike others tte do not know; bol to oor mind it illustrates very forcibly the denunciation of the Scriptures : "Wo unto thera that rise tip in the morning to pursue strong dring -who continue until night j nntil wine inflame ihera !" PeiciDx rnoM Domestic Troubti. On the 19ih ult., Wm. Henry Huvok, hung him self in his fathei-in-law's barn, at Wynants kill, N Y., being driven lo tbe fata) deed by family quarrels. B. U. Sharfthe farther-in-law, who was the first lo discover the lifeless body, instead of cutting it down and attempt ing to resuscitate the wretched man, left thi body hanging, and went to the holism of the) father of the unhappy snicide to announce hia untimely fate. The earner's jury in their verdict, very properly denounced tli inhuman witlch. A yofttig frfnn should be prompt to heat and patient to leceive further admonition, in' atructions and counsels in all respects qual ify himself to serve the publio In the best manner. This Is far better than hastily td assoma the office of feather dispute of things beyond his depih and indulge In a conceited, smiliing and lixpjaeious humor, promising what he knows he rsnhot perform, iri the vain hope of commanding success nr applause In a community upon which be la practising deer pi ion. Am raroan aAtc: Ciattricita. - Mr. Chuiehwelt, of Tennessee, publishes in Ihw Washington I'uion a ojrd dcaj ing that, in the teueui fracas In the House of Kepiewn laiives, he drew a weapon. To substantial? thi, be produce a number M rerlifieatr fiom sneiuber who sal neat him, bul amor. Ihem isoua fiOin Mr. Cieitf, which show, eoiiclusivelt itul ha did wh ihe i. chsicod with. Xear tsy a siu.iib!, ,n. mhy Bf a mii wbu is li)i..g ia s.U..re himself in lb- WUlM b...lly 1,1 up.lybll,, f, ,, likely u 'k 4, 1 ,kh jt yM iiJi 4