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W 10' NEW SERIES, VOL. 8, The Sunbury American, rCSLISBIO BV1BT iATVDir 1 BY H. B. MASSEB, Market Square, Sunbtiry, Penna. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. TWO DOLLARS per nnnum to be paid half yearly hi alvauee. No paper discontinued until tu arrearage! are paid. AM communication! or letter! on bnslnesi relating to the oatee, lu iniara attention, muat be POST PAID. . ; TO CLUBS. Three copiea to one address, 1500 ven V Do 10 00 Fifteen Do Do 80 00 Five dollara in advance will pay for three year'a sub scription to the American. Poatmailera will plenie act aa our Agent!, and frank Tiiteri containing ksbsrription money. They are permit ted to do thia under tne Poet OfUce Law. TERMS OP ADVERTISING. )eeSeuaieofl4 llnei, 3 thnea, , F.reiy subsequent insertion, Une Square, 3 months, Six mouthi, One year, PnemeM Card! of Five lines, per annnm, Merchants and other!, advertising by the year, with the privilege of inserting .iiffnrent advertisements weekly. 1ST Larger Advertisements, as pet agreement. tioo to SO' 6(K1 MO SOU 1000 JOB PR1NT1NU. We have connected with onr establishment a well, uiected JOU OFFICE, which will enable ui to execute in the neatest ityle, every variety of printing. A TTORNEY AT LAW, ECNBUair, FA. Business attended to in the Countiea of Nor thumlierland, Union, Lycoming Monlour and Columbia. llrferenccs in Philadelphia : 'Hon. lob R.Tvun. clias. GiMinns, Esq.. Aimers k Snodgrass, Linn, Smith ft Co. nedrugTstoee ! WEISER & BRUNCH, Wholesale and Retail Druggista, Market St., next door to E. Y. Bn'gfcJ'j Store, STJNBTJUY, PA., OFFEll to the public the largest and best. eeloeUvl flock ever opened in thia section of outitry, consisting of FRESH AND PTJILE DUTJGS, Medicines, Chemicals, Ground Spices, Faints, Oils,' Varnishes, Dye-stuffs, Wiudow Glass, l'utcnt Medicines, together with a complete as sortment of Paint, Clothes, Hair, Tooth, Nail and Hhaving Brushes, Dressing, i-ide, Neck and Pocket Combs, Fancy Soaps, Shaving Creamr Tobacco, Segara, Port Monias, Stationary, Con fectionaries, PU11E WINES AND BRANDIES Tor Medicinal use. English, French and A rr.cri ran Perfumery'; Fancy Goods of every descrip tion, in short every article kept by Druggnte grnerullv. . fC7" Prescriptions Carefully Compounded. GEO. U. WKISEIl, WM. A. BRUNEI!. Bunhury, May 13, lMjj- "WHITE ASH ANTHRACITE COAL FlUlM THE LSCATEtt ClII. LIEUT, Norlhumlierlatid county, Pa., VTHERF we have very extensive improve- inoiita, and are prepared to ottt-r to tho public a very auperior article, particularly suited for the manufacture of Iron and making Steam. Our sizes of Coal are: LUMP, S for Smelting purposes. STEAMBOAT, for do. and Steamboat BROKEN, ) EGO. for Family use and Steam. STOVE, ) nT' I ft Liinoburners and Steam. PEA, J Our point of Shipping ia Sunbury, where ar ngcment8 are made to load boats without any M"7' COCHRAN, PEALEi CO. J. J. CocnA, Lancaster. C. W: Paitr, Shamokiiu - Bis. Reiniiuld, Lancaster. A. Bai-soABoHEB, do. f "jr- Orders addressed to Sliamokin or Sunbury, will receive- prompt attention. Feb. 10, 1855. !y LEATHER. FRITZ, UBXDKY & CO. Ao. 29 Xorth Third Strtet, Philadelphia. MOROCCO Manufnclurers.Curriera and Itn portera of FRENCH CALF-SKINS, and dealers in Red and Oak SOLE LEATHER &. KIPP. Feb. 17, 1855. w ly - " Files and Rasps. NEW STREET FILE WORKS. rniXADELFUIA. f 811 E subscriber ia constantly Manufacturing .L for Wholesale aud Retail, Files vd Rasps, ot every descriplinn, and having been practically engaged in the business more than Thirty Years, can guarrantee his work at the lowest prices. Manufacturers and Mechanics, can have their Old Files re-cut and made cjuul to New at half Iho original coat. S. B. SMITH, Nr. 81 New, street, (between Race and Vine and 2nd 4 od Sts. rhilad'a. Feb. 3. 1855. w 8 mo. 3 1' ' Sole Agency for BOABDMAN & GHAT'S . , Celebrated Dolco Campana Attachment PIANO FORTES. 386 Chestnut Street opposite U, S. Mint, FHXX.AD31X.rHIA. Branch 117 Market Street, Wilmington, Del JOHM MRSII. Phila.,Jan. 84 3m. C. Do you want a Bargain? IF 60, THEN CALL AT ITOUNaS' STORE, W1 rHEKL you will 1uj4 IU encupesi assort meat of , . FALL AND WLNTER GOODS Jn Sunbury, consisting in pxrt of Dry Goods. Groceries Queausware, Hardware, Cedar ware, Fancy Articles, Stationary, Con- ' fectionaries, ice., which will be . . j . seld at the lowest price foi ' t, tah of country produce. . ', )" Giuud Salt by the melt or bushel." . JauHiury, Nev. 4, W4.t XatestNew Goodsin Suiibury. HA VE just received another large lot of new Winter Good to which they respectfully .iuiiiavlba attention of their friends and the pub licthey wilt -ke.aold cheap as beartofore. Amongst them will be found some Rood , .BEADY MADE CLOIHINO. ,r ' JJ;..anb((ii for sale. ' I. W. TC.NL'R (St CO. Sunbury, Dec S. NO. 6- 3thd Methyl Form the Dublin University Magazine. . MOUK IAIN MUSINGS. . ..." The lordly mcrcbant in his hall, , -. , llecotmta his gain with pride j His bales of spice, his gems of price, And whnrfund warehouse wido. lie foitsteth uyo on dainty fare, lie quafls the blood-rod wine ; And yet his lot I envy not. Nor would I change for mine 1 With bosom light and spirit free To wander whore I may, Up to the hills, and couched on henth, To view the hamlets spread beneath, And blue lulies, fur away. Oh, lowland marts, nnd marble domes, Still craven vasRals gave ; But never yet on nioiintnin top Was born or dwelt a slave. On mountain peak the prophet first God's awful mandates bore j On mountain peak the dove did rest, That flew the Deluge o'er. Then ye, whose hearts doth weary beat, With care or sorrow riven, Come, climb with me Slicve Calluu's brow j Aud let your thoughts, like Titans, now . Ascend from thence to heaven 1 ' The scholar huth a quiet look Within his cloistered cell : lie poureth o,cr some goodly book Till peals the vesper bell. 13ut though his life unruffled flows, Like gentle streams that glide All smooth nnd still through level plains, With sunshine on their tide, That student pale I envy not Such guise ill-suited mo Oh, better 1'nr tho wave-tossed lake, The piuu-crowned crng, the forest brake, Aud stop o'er heather free 1 The trickling rill that cools your lips. Sol't flowing thro' ni.. '''0 glen : Or else tho spring that built" from rocks, Like tears from rugged men: Hath Cyprus wino such flavor sweet, Or stoup of IdulvoisoT Treacli'd ever nliliot, liko those hills, So true a homilie? Then iu their Bulibath solitude, (jo, often meditate ; And when their lesson right is read, The valley slope then boldly treud, A wiser man. in heart and" head, To wrestle with your fate 1 Select Cale, A WIFE'S DEVOTION. BY UEOEUB B. RAYMOM. The long and desperate struggle which had for years been carried on between the Impe rial Government of Brazil, nnd the revolted soutnurn provinces', was drawing to a close ; nnd 1, who for nearly live years had been al most constantly ou the wing, or what amoun ted to about the same thing, on horseback, in the patriotic service, was on my wav to join my littlo Braziliau wife to whom 1 "had been united some five mouths previously, and from whose side 1 had been snmmoned within three hours after our marriage to lead my command against a body of Don Pedro Soguudo's LAKC'Einos, who were committing depredations in tho neighborhood. I had been severely wounded in the sido and shoulder, and what with the exposure in onr wild uncomfortable camp, tho entire lack of proper medical and surgical skill, nnd the slow fever which had for three weeks been consuming me my iron constitution had given way at lost, and I was as near dead as a man could well bo, aud maintain his seat in his saddle. My homo, or rather that of my wife was nn the banks of the beautiful Lrueuay, on the extreme western limits of the Brazilian Empire, nnd my way thither led across the serried peaks and through the wild passes of the Southern Brazilian Andes, ft region swar ming with every species of wild bpusts. fierce savages, murderous banditti who killed for mere pastime, and bands of Imperial troops, more savagn than brutes, Indians or robbers. rieasant, very don't you think it was? for an invalid scarce able to keep his seat in the saddle, and accompanied by ouly two ne gro slaves possessing but little more seuse or roasou than the horses they guided. Seven long tedious day went by. and I had struggled on, thos far without coming in con tact with wild beasts, savnses, robbers or Im perial soldiers, to within fifte,en leagues of my jonrney's end ; when my overtnsked energies couia near me up no longer, and despatching the most intelligent of my servants to apprise my wife and her family or my situation, I lay aown under the shelter of a shelving rocK in one of the most rugged, desolate mountain passes I had ever seen, with but slight hopes of surviving till aid should arrive from my friends on the Uruguay. ii was pnar noon when th negro departed on his mission, aud as I had promised him freedom and ten nnnreg in gold if he reached mV W i fu'o Iw.mH 1. I . . 1 . . i 1 , ..v .. a iiuuii' iiiuv niiriii. 1 Knew ue wouiti not lose a moment, and I might ei.peet relief before nittht the next day, provided I lived till that time ; which did not seem very pro. bable, as within two hours I was half deliri ous. The hot blood driven to the extremities by the raging fever seemed like leaping liquid currents of fire i while my very vitals ap- r eared to scorch and crisp with the subtle eat, and my whole frame was racked with the most exquisite torture. Twenty times during the afternoon. I had sent the remaining slave to the stream which wound alons; the bottom of the raviue, for water to slake my burning tbirwt. ,. The pun was perhaps an hour above the horizon, when I was suddenly surrounded by a band of some twenty ferocious-looking bri gands, who were traversing the monntain pats to the westward in pursuit of a train of mules loaded with uerchandiie that had proceeded them but the day previous. , . . I bad nothing about me to tempt the rob. bers cupidity. As thoy were rather partial to the revolutionary party whose uniform I wore, they pfl'erod me no violence, and one of them even brought me a trourdof water: for ray slave bad fld at the approach of the brigands, and 1 never saw turn atlerwards. But all my eutreatios. prayers, and prouij. ecg. of reward were urihedo4. I could not prevail 0.0 them' to assist me forward, uor upon any one of. them to remain with me till my friends should arrive. They were intent ou'.y upon the capture and plunder of the mules, and so tber departed, leaving me there alone, sick and dying, iu that wild .desolate mountain pass, . My scanty supply of water was toon eg haustd, and J was raying mad will) iutolvra SUNI3URY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY; PA.-SATURDAY, HAY 5, 1855. bla thirst. Ia my frenzy, I tora the bandages from my half closed wounds, Iwat my head against the rocky fragmonta that formed my bed. and 0 1 how 1 prayed lor aeain. ,., -. There I lay all that long, horrid night, till it wag daylight Bgain and then I sank into a, death like torpor, from wmcn i was arouseu by a heavy weight pressing on my chest, and niv firRt rrlnnrn as I opened mv eyes fell upon the wall.remnmbered features of the most deadlv enemy I had on earth Col. Martinus Areola, or the Imperial army of Brafil. "By the Cross I we are well met, Ssenor Rayomondo," spoke the brutal rulTian, with his booted heel crashing into my throat till my eyes seemed bursting from their sockets, and my black, swollen tongue protruded from my mouth, and the wretch laughed m deri sion or my terrible agony, as he continued ? "We are well met, I say, Senor Kaymondo, and I donbt not your heautiful bnuo ine lady Ine of whom vou robbed me, will be very grateful when I tell hor how faithful I watched over you in your last moments. Come, my men I this gallant oiucer must needs be somewhat chilly j gather a good snpplv of this dry brushwood, and we win try what effect firor will have on tho disease (lint Qnnm, in ha waitinc' him. Firty bronze-mend ruffiaus sot about obey ing their commander's ordor, and then after five minutes had elupsed, and I was placed, all helpless as I was, on a huge pile of dry brnnches, I understood it all. Tho nirerual fiend was about to burn mo there alive I . . I would not ask my life of the demon, for well I knew that it would be unavailing- lint. O God T may I never again suffer such mental torture as' I did while lying there sur rounded by those devils in hnniitu shape, as I thought of all the heart-agony that my wife must suffer when tho revolting details of my dreadful death should become known to her. Once I turned my head towards tho west to catch a glimpse at the setting sun, and tho nest moment I was insensible. It was not long that I remained thus ; for I was aroused again by the quick ruttle of pistol shots, the clash of steel, the wild buttle shouts, and dying screams of strong men in their last horrid death-agony. All arouud mo I beheld a vision of gallant mon, led on by a slight girlish figure in the light blue frock, gold embroidered vest, and plumed cup of the southern Gavcuas, who, mounted upon a supuib horse, black us night, sped here and there, shouting our battle-cry ''M.UERON LOS iMI'KIIIAl.IKTOS," ill which she was joined by her hundred followers, who hurled themselves upon tho doomed ruffians in a whirlwind of gleaming steel. The last wretch was slain, and the lovely woman knelt be.Bide ine ; her arms were about my neck, her warm kiss was upon my neck, as she breathed iu a gentle tone the wortls : "Mv Ulsba.nd!" It was my vifo my own Angel Inex. She had ridden on in advunco of more than four hundred men, with only a hundred who could keep pace with her, and I was saved. A KUMsMIC GIRL. The European correspondent of tho New ark Sentinel, in speaking of the recent deuth or Silvio Pellico, the Italian poet who suffer ed ten years' imprisonment for the liberality of his political opinions, relates tho following bit of gossip, which we presume will be as new to our renders as it certainly is to us : "A young English girl of good family, on reading his 'I.e mie Prigiime' became so in lovo with the picture which her warm imagi nation drew of Pellico, as to leave her homo in search of him. fShe urrived at Turiu with the full intention of laying herself and fortune at his feet. Young enthusiasm stays not for conventional rules. She sought at once the house of the hospitublo Marquis Barolo. where tbo poet found his home, aud was ushered into his presence, her hpart beating with the rapid pulse of loving expectation. Boeing before her a little, shriveled, stooping man of forty, with spectacles and bald bead, she iuquired of him eagerly for Silvio at the same time looking earnestly about in search of the dark-haired, lunguishing-eyes Italian poet, which her fancy painted him. 'Behold the man,' said Pellico, nothing dauuted by the lady's sad surprise. She fell into the chair offered her, her bright dreams fulling to nothing at ber feet, and tho sober actual sta ring her in the fuce. Poor damsel 1 Klie bud come for something that was evident what had she come for t was uow the ques tion. ' "Tho charitable soul of good Pellico thought of anything but love save love for all mankind, womankind ouly included iu tho lump. 'She never told her love 1' L e.. she did not toll it then, and why was she there ? Something came trembling from her lips ubout 'Le mie Priyione,' and Pellico then only thought what he hud heard true, that English maids were patterns of modesty. He did his best, however his best was not tho least awkward to raise th young lady's courage to sneaking Ditch, and thuiiued her methodi cally for her compliments on hU writings. uo leu. to say uie least, iu a reacrice suiw of miud and he trt. sought her lodgings, and went to bed. Shu had no dreamt that night! Tho next day Pellico, of course, returned the call. In couversutiou, the very .oul she had so sympathetically embodied iu fancy, seemed i. 4 , I. . - an at once to ueam out uoiu ins buumju ejus. She saw the dried up case which euclosed it no longer, and iu a fresh fit of enthusiasm de clared her passion, offering tho hero of Spiel berg a generous maiden s hand and ncai'l. He regarded her pitifully a moment, nnd then broke out iuto a discourse op love its nature, its principle, its effects so eloquent, so con vincing, that tue poor young muy saw tor me first time the difference between love and caprice, and Jen lor tne nrst, time tnui sue loved Ann not her ideal hiivio uui sucu as he could never love her 1 She returned to England a wiser maiden than she came, and if not more in love, more capable of loving more worthy of love !" rONDWESSOFA DOO FOB TT) KxPITF.MKNT of Fiara. A recent notice ofthe London fire organization, refera to an animal who has become rained ia the annals ofthe Brigade. "Chance" first made their acquaintance by following the men of a station home from a fire. ' Althoush several times recluimed by his master he invariably escaped, aud return ed to bis adopted friends, uutu lie was uuany allowed to become -a part of the establish. uenL i For many years be iuvariably aceoiu. psniod the eugiue now apou the machine, now under the horses,' legs, yt always, wbuu PP Droachios? the oondagratMin. runniutr in ad vance, and annouueiiig the welcome avaut of the extiuguisher by Uie glad bark. At the tire, he Amused himself by pulliug buruiug logi of wood oat of toe flames with his mouth 1 Although he had his legs broken many times, he renittinud faithful to his pursuit, until at last, bavin? received a severer hurt . than usual, he vaj being pursed by the. firemen at the hearth, when a.-eaJl". caw, aud at the welLltowusouud oi Iba engine turuiug out. tho poor brute made Wet effort to cliuib 1 .i i i. a i . l. ' upua ii, auu mi vikb ucau iu aiiciupk. ):0 f M''i - EDEN.- ,, , . ' by geralD MAB8KT. There is not a rift in the blue sky now, ; Where a million tempests tore it ; There is not a furrow on ocean's brow, Though a million years have passed o'er it. And for all the storms and tho strifes that have rolled Down the ages grim and gory, Earth weercth her pleasaut face, as of old, And laughs in her morning glory. And roan though he beareth the brand oi sin, ... , And the flesh and the devil hath bound him Hath a spirit within to old Edin akin, Uniy nature up cum arouuu mm. 0, the cloud may have fall'n on the human face, Aud its lordliest beauty blighted ; For lovo hath gone out with a darkening traco Where the inward glory lighted. Vet the old world of love liveth still iu her heart, . - As we've miinv n sweet, revealing, And its rich fossil-jewels in tears will upstart lth the warm Hood or uoiiea leciing. Ay, man though ho beareth the btaud of sin, And thu flcali and tho devil hath bound hiin ' Hath n spirit within to old Eden akin. Only nature up f,den arouim nun. 0, the terrors, the tor '.res, the miseries dark, That have cursed us, aud crushed nnd can kered 1 Yet nvo from the deluro humanity's ark Hath on some serene Ararat auchored. O' tho golden chains thet link heaven to earth, The rust of ull time caunot sever '. Evil shall diu in its own dark hearth, And the gook liaeth on forever. And man though ho beareth the brand of sin, And the flesh and the devil hath bound him Hath a spirit within to old Eden akin, Only nature up rjuen arouuu nun. BOARDIXC1. Dxn'l talk to me about keeping house," you will hear a young nnue say; "i win board, and be free from care, trouble, nnd tho annoyance of servauts," All very well ima gined. Hut tho reality ot ooaroing is not al ways so agreeable. Here is tho other side, presented by a correspondent of tho Home Journal. He suys : "It is not living it is only staying to be in a houseful of strangers pcoplowith whom we have no foelinsrs in common if disagreea ble to you, still compelled to meet them, morning, noon and uiglit ; and, il agreeable, to havo your time encroached upon, your room entered at ull times, taking nil sense of priva cy or retirement if in trouble or in joy, feel compelled to hide all traces from the gaze or stranger3. To lack the comforts of a home to ent whatever others choose you should, cooked as they plcusc whether sick or well living under u system o( surveillance, nltnost equal to that described by Bayard Taylor as existing among the Japanese reeling only free when your door is locked for tho night to feel coiibtautly obliged to entertain compa ny, and (worst of all) be entertained to be waited upon by untidy, careless servauts obliged to keep everything uu"nr lock and key : theso are a few of the pleasures of boarding out, which so many choose iu prefer ence to a home. A Georgia Mob. A young man from Massachusetts went to Gaiuesborough, Geor gia., and being asked if he was un abolitiouist, answered that he was. He was advised to J leave the town and he started for tho rail road depot in order to do so, but a mob, headed by the sheriff of the place, pursued and camrut him, rode him ou n rail carried by niggersilacked his face, and sold him at an auction fur a nigger, and then took him to a drinking house, and made the niggers hug aud kibs him. They warned him that they would kill him if he lifted a finger to resist, and the sheriff though the victim did not re sist, aimed a pistol at him, aud would have shot him but for the Interference of lystunders from another State. No act whatever was alleged against tho young man, and when bis ba.gago was searched no abolition document was discov ered except a single number of the New Pork Tribune, a paper which is extensively taken in every Southern State in the Union. Under such circumstances, tho acts of the mob were outrageous and infamous. If everv Northern man, who dares to say in tho South thnt he is a Freesoiler, is to be mobbed nnd sold at auction, how shull presume. In reply to a nuestion to avow himself in tho North a Prosluvery man, will be prolmbly bo sub jected to similar treatment 1 To be sure, tho - .. ...iii i'i- cases aro not exactly parallel, out wnen um a roused spirit of retaliation ever stop to run nice paiuJIolb ? Luiville Journal. Case of tub Nkw Oki.kans Postmarks, The removal and urrost of V. U. Kendall, Postmaster of New Orleans, meets with almost universal favor as the charge both puhlic aud private, agaiust him has been of tho most serious nature. "Ho is also oelieved to Lave ased the facilities or his office in a manner extremely detrimental and injurious to those who were opposed to bun iu opin ions and more especially in a businei-s way be being part owuer iu one of our newspa per establishments. ' It is ouly a few mouths siuce that tho same charge on which ho has jutt been arres ted (put loiuuig money from letters) was pic tured aguiuat the oflicu ;- the blame, if any, was laid upon bis clerks, who indignantly resinned iu a body. lie. utterwarda wrulo a letter apologizing for the insult. Now he is arrested on a direct charge against uituscu. : K. L. Adanw, a couimiasion merchant of this city has received the appoiutment as Kendall's weeessor, but it in reported thai ho will uot accept. . . , ! '.. . , Power qf CocoA.i-Professor Johnstone, in his "Chemistry of Common Life,' states, that by the use of cocoa leaf, the. Peruvian Indians undergo the most incredible labor. He says, "With a feeble ratiou of dried maize or barley crushed into flour, the Indian, if duly supplied with cocoa, toils under heavy burdens day after day, ap the steep slopes of tbo mountain pauses, or digs, for years, ui the subterranean mines, insensible to weariness, to cold, and to hunger, lie buliovta, indeed, that it qiay bo uisvdo HtubttituU) for food altogether. ' , , . - : " . THD TRUE WW. Plm in no hue wife who sustains not her husband in the day of calamity, who is not when tho world's great frowu mukes the heart chill with anguish, his guardian angel, Browing brighter and more beautiful as mis-Fnrtuiir-i crowd around his path. Then is the time for testing whether the sweetness of a ..i a. ' A 11. a ber temper ueanis only w-un a irausiunt, ukui, or liko the steady glory of tho morning star, shinne as brichtlv tinder the clouds. Has she then smiles just as charming ? Docs sho say "Affliction cannot touch our purity, and should not quench our love t Does she try by happy littlo inventions to lift from his sensitive spirit the burden of tho thought T There are wives nay, there are beiugs who, when the dark hours come, fall to rein ning and upbruiding thus adding to outside anxiety tho harrowing scenes of domestic strife as if all the blame, in the world would make one hair whito or black, or change the decree gone lorth. Sucu know not that our darkness is heaven's light ; our trials are but steps in a golden ladder, by which, il we ascend wo may at last gain that eternal light, und bathe forever ia its fullness und beauty. "Is that all I and the ccnllo face of the wifo beamed with joy. Her husband had been On tho veriro of distraction all his earthly possessions were gone, and he feared the result or her knowledge, she had been so tenderlv cared for all her life ! But suvs Irxin's beautiful story, "a friend advised him to give not sleep to his eves nor slumber to his ey lids until lit had unfolded to ber all his hapless case." Ami that was her answer, with the smile ofanaugel Is that all I feared by your sadness it was worse. Let thcBO beautiful things bo taken all this splendor let it goj I caro not for it 1 ouly caro for mv hus band's love and confidence. You shall for get in my affection that you were ever in prosperity only still love me, and I will nid you to bcur these little reverses with cheer fulness. Still love her ! she a man must reverence, ay, and liken her to the very angels, for such a living v.oiiiuii is a living revelation or Heaven. Tnr. Law of N umehtca r, IJct.atio.v rtETwrux the Skxes. Thu "Annual of Scientific Dis covery" coul ains the following interesting facts concerning tho numerical relation of the sexes. It says : "There is a natnral law of relations be tweeu the sexes, which is found to vary at different ages according to the differeut dan gers to which they are exposed. This is one or the most curious or natural laws, aud one or the most interesting, demonstrating the admirable economy of adaptations between the suveral parts of the natural system. If tho number of males and females born was exactly equal, tho result wuuld be, that be fore th'ey reached middle nge, tho female sex would be reduced too low, and become inade quate to the purpose which it has to till. In fact, the number or females bovn is always greater than the mules by about 4 per cent. At 2(1 years of nge, this preponderance is entirely lost, and there are more females than males. At 40 years, tho balance is agitiu tho other way, and there are more males than females. At 70 the sexes ore about even, and thu ultimate age of the human being is reached without any decided advantage to either sex. Both tho census of 1840 und 1850 prove the law. Beyond the ago of 40 years, tho probability of longevity is much greater lor American womeu, than that or men. Tho contrasts singularly with the fact that the physique (relatively) of Ameri can men. That fact, 03 has been shown, however, tells tremendously, on women be tween tho ages of 10 und 40, when their mor tality is very great, the longevity or some women is very extraordinary. Thoro are uow 430 American women above one hundred years of ago. ADkafMax and his Doctor. A deaf man is invited by one or his physiciuns to at tend the peiformance of one of Spontini's operas, it is pretty well known that the orchestra oi this celebrated composer was notorious for thunder und lightning crashes. At the nrst act the doctor enquired of the sick man. vo yon nearr ro ! Alter tho sec otul act. Do you hear T No I But in the third act the thuuderiugs of the orchestra were terii'ic. Suddenly the deaf man cried out I hear! I hear ! His words were drowned by the noise or the mnsie ; but the doctor saw the expression or Joy depicted on his counte nance, aud asked turn, no you near I 1 be dear made a sign in the affirmative. Bah 1 replied the doctor. How can that be when the orchestra is not playing ! The patient was completely cured Lut tne doctor had be. coma as deaf us a post, L Echo du Paciic Wiiks You Suul'lo Takb Yot-a Hat. Young uicn, a word. We want to tell you when you should take your hat and be ou. And mind what we oner, it is when you are asked oul to tune a drum. Wbn you find out you are courting an ex travagant or siuvtniy fciri. Wheu you find yourself in doubtful com panv. When yon discover that your expenses ruu ahead oi your income. - Whun you are abusing the confidence or your friends. Wheu you think you are a great deal wiser than older and more experienced people than yourselr. When vou feel like gptting trnsted for new suit of clothes because you have no money to pay for them. Wri nen you wait upon a lady just for the fun of it. When you are making a noise in a printing omee. When you don't do your duty. ( lkroykkn. Some people tallt a great deal about ministers, and toe cost ol keeping mem, paying tneir nousorent, tabic ixperises, aim omer iten oi rai iry. ma sntr croaker: ever think that it costs thirtv-five iiillions o dollars to pu? the Salaries ot Amer can law yew; that twelve millious of dollars are paid uiiv uiiuiiniiT iu Keep uur ("nminuia, una lull trillions oi UOHUI3 ulintiullT to Keep the dog: ,n the nudst-of us alive, while only six mil lions of dollars are spent annually to keep six uiousanu ministers iu tue united states. 1 hese are tacts,- and stutistics will show them to he facts, , No oue Unug evert such mighty iu duo uce iu keepiug this mighty Ke publio from falling to pk-coa, as the Bible aud its) milliliters). -. i ...,.,; . 'i .,, A soldier, at JolTersou Barracks, by leave of his commanding officer, got married. Ou being ordered, with his company, to leave for the frontiers, he. asked that Ills wifo accom pany him This being refused, the soldier asks that he be discharged from service, ia order that he may bo able to support and pro tect Ida wife; aa required by Uw. , The abe ia before tbo Court, ami ia cuiistduteJ a novelty.- - i ,- - . '. INKING OF A BRITISH VESSEL II A ,.- . ... WHALE. The London Shipping Gazette ofthe 2Cth of March, publishes the following report of Captain Jones, ofthe British schooner Wa terloo, of Portmadoc, which wasj sunk in the North Sea by a whale i "The Waterloo sailod from - Lynn . for Schiedam (with barley) on-the 19th inst. At 10 A. M. of the 21st, Lowestoft bearing W. by N., distant ubout 50 miles, wind E., strong gale, aud high seas, vessel under dou ble reefed canvass, upon a wind ; on the port tack, perceived a largo whale to windward ruuuing down fur the vessol, partly out of water, and swimming at a very rapid rate ; and, when about ten yards from the ship's side, dipped, and struck tho vessel under water, abreast of tho foro rigging, on the port side, with his head, with a fearful blow, when the vessel was perceived to hocl and crack, and after striking the vsr".d tho whale plunged into tho deep iieadforniost and rose bis tail on high, nearly touching the foreyard, and then disappeared." "The pumps were fixed and worked, but by half-past 12 found she had five feet of water iu the well, and setting down fast, wheu the long bouts were cleared nnd lashings cut away, and nearly floated off tho decks, when all hands (six iu number) jumped into her, without lood or water, and tho master, mate mid two men, without jackets, and only one oar and a ploce of another In tho boat, wit h tho sea running very high. In about twenty minutes alter abuudoiuug tho vessel she capsized, nnd floutedJ'or about the same space of time on her side, and then disap peared, head foremost, at ubout half past 1 P. M. - "At the timo Bho capsized there was a French fishing Eoat about four miles wind ward, and on perceiving her capsize, imme diately bore up Tor tho sinking vessel. The boat proved to bo No, 22, Captain Joseph Leclong, of Calm's, which took all the crew on board at about 2 P. M., whore they were all most kindly treated, and landed ut Calais, at midnight, where they were provided for and furnished with jackets, by Bon- hnm, Esq., II. B. M.'s Consul, "and sent to London. WHAT 11 A TON WtlOMT. The Supreme Court of Peniuvlvauia re cently d-.jided that according to the laws of tho State, a ton weight consisted of 2,n00 lbs., and thnt a greater number of pouuds could not bo legally exacted in purchasiug a ton ol coal, notwithstanding the custom of triving 2,240 iu one part of tho State, and 2.2fi8 in another. The United States Dis trict Court at Philadelphia, on Monday, however, decided in a tuit in adinirality that tho legal weight of a ton of coal U 2.240 lbs., and that the coal dealers havo no more rbht to give less than grocers would have to give less than sixteen ounces to the pound. As the constitution of the United States gives to Congress the power to "fix ihe standard of weights and measures," it is supposed that the act of 1H4 passed by the Assembly m I'eiinsylvama. must yield to tho highest au thority, and all tho laws of the State piescri bing the size or the yard measure, the cubic contest or a bushel and era gallon are null and void where they differ from the Lintod itates standard. ' BjPONGIKU IT. The last dodge wo have heard in evading the State Liquor Law, occurred yesterday, at one of our fashionable drinking saloons. An individual walked up to the counter demanded a dime bottle ot brandy. Now tho rule is to char ire fifteeu ccuts, unless nn emptv bottle is furnished in return for tho bottle is fur nished in return for the bottle received ; and as the consumer laid oulv a dime ou the coun ter, the extra five cents was demanded. "I don't want the bottle, said be, "draw the cork." The liquor can't be drank ou tho premises," replied tho bar-keeper. "I ain't going to drink it on the premises," rejoined tho other, and the bar-keeper, sup posing that ho had some vessel to pour it iu to, drew the cork, when the gentleman quiet ly pulled out a sponge from his pocket, and poured the liquor into it ; then, taking his scat, commenced leisurely suckiug it. , said be,, nodding complacently to the astonished bar-keener, "I aiu't going coutrury to the rule, ror tho law suys tne stuli shan't be drunk on the premises." The bystunders came to the conclusion that tho stranger would make an appropriate Gov ernor for Illinois, being decidedly the greatest sucker of them all. Cin. Inq. Two-Tinr.DS of A M a-Vt Iu Smith's Feder al Culeul.Uor an amusing anecdote is given, to the following purport : A first rate class was nndergoing a eloso examination in mental arithmetic, and in reply to a question con cerning tho number of men required to per form a certain piece or work iu a specified time, the class responded, ' Twelve mon and two-thirds." But one bright fellow, moro discerning than the others, instantly nailed. "Twelve meu and a boy fourteen yeuis olds" fourteen being two-thirus of twonty-oi;o, the legal ngo of manhood ! Anotueii Artesian Well Exhai steo. On the 14th iuot., the Artesian well in Sehna, Ala., which had reached a depth of 440 feet,, and was delivering nearly hOO gal lons of water per iniiiuto, suddenly sank some 15 or 20 feet below the tuil'i ce, ror an ejtc-ut or ubout 31.0 yards in length, and ora vai ,-ing wii'th. The most ex'rioriMnary consetjt Mice of this phenomenon is, that ull the well iu the viiiuity have become dry. A Virginia Diamont. A rough diamond, picked up near Maut hcf t-v, u., a small towu opposite llichuioiul, has bteu received in New York. The stone is ubout the she or a hazel nut, and weighs Pvrty-tbree knrats. It has a flaw iu the ceutra, but it i otherwise quite . promising. Tho li.ebmoud jewxlleri eslimato its value iu four thousand dollars, nnd claim that it U the larsost diamond ever found in North America. Heaoi-ty Bkwardkd. A little rTrumtnor- boy ia tlm-Brit fell army, who wus iu the thickest of ha tight at iukeruianu, combat ting tho foe, aud, as a ryUxaliou, currying water to tho wouuded, hss been presented by Prince Albert with 5.' Napoleon would have takeu such a lad and cultivated his oldier-like qualities, till h mado a Mumhal of hiiu, France has skillful and daring Gen erals England has only brave soldiers. Oi. Fu.ovr' C'ou-kck. The Graud Lctre of Odd Fellows of Virginia has adop ted the Martha Washington Fomalo College, at- Abingdon, and will Uke'raeaiure io iukura iv ooaipieuoo. - to make such arrangements as will lusme to lt. tmlirrent rianchters ef every rleceapfcd OdJ Polio thtt berrtn ofas'l i-Jisesf.cn. OLD SERIES, VOL- 15. NO; 32. Painful and Romantic Affair. Some three years ago, a German left his w ife, aud child iu South Natick, Mas?., and wtut to the West to seek employment. Not hearing, anything of or from him, the wife coucludod he was dead, and about two months sine married another German, with whom she lived happily until last week, when thu first husband came on from S,t. Louis, Mo., where he bad lived in the interim, to take her and his child to his new home. After much grief and perplexity, she concluded to go to St. Louis with the first husband, leaving the second one nearly distracted with grief. A fair correspondent asks Diogenes, wheth--er bejthinks an action for breach of promise), of murriago would lie against tho writer of tho following verse : "Angel ! benmth whole folded wine; My anal would rest, Be mine : for lo! I've bought the ring, And all the rest Of those house treasures and tlceters!, Which every one who ti ies his state lo better has.1' Diognes doubts the success or an action for breach of promise or marriage, but a mor glaring case of "breach of promise of poetry' he doclares never cmno under his observa tion. Money Stolen Jit Bats. CoL Amory.whQ keeps nn eating-house opposite our office,- in Congress street, having recently missed sums of money from bis till, was surprised vest or-, day in discovering that some rats had been using bank bills as tho lining or their ncsta under tho counter. Fragments of bjlls, suf, ficient to ascertain tb at at least $15 had been abstrueled and converted by the rut to their own use, were found. Boston Transcript. Cape May, April 19. . A party of twelve gentlemen engaged in fishing up tho bay, reported having seen tha Sea Serpent yesterday. They describe it a being from 80 to 100 font long, with a head or larire dimensions, similar in shape to that of a snake, with two large tusks protruding from tho upper part or tho snout. A reward or 1000 is offered for his capture, and a party is going iu pursuit of his snakeship. Novel but Good Reason for Decmxiko a Challenge. The New York 'Junes states that cn Tuesdav a flare upocenrred in Brook-, lvn, which resulted iu Col, Jack, a lawyer challenging a professional brother, named Schoonmnkor, nnd that the latter declined accepting tho invitation, "unless the Colonel would fatten himself sufficiently to be a mark to shoot it." Col. J. has not yet indicated, his intention to accede to the request. 'T enmo Tor the saw, sir.' 'What saucer?' 'Why the saw, sir, that ye borrowed.' 'I borrowed no saucer.' ' 'Sure you did, sir, you borrowed a saw,' ir.' -'Get out, you rascul, 1 never saw your sau cer. Bo dad, but you did, sir, there's tho saw, sir, now, sir. 'Oh ! vou want tho saw. Why didu't you New England Rcm at tuH Crimea. New Engine J Rum is selling at Constanti nople at 80 ceuts a gallon. The demand is ror the French army. Quito an' impetus has been giveu to the distillers by the general failure of the grapo and by the wnr. Tho quality is doubtless somewhat improved by the voyage j but wo should thiiik it was a pretty hard liquor to fight on, Providence Journal. "Notes on ths falling dew of eve, Aie pleasant sound! id poeti' song : But notes ox iyk or tallixo dc, To those to whom the cash belongs, (And who not getting it, will suej Ass like Uie uoue of harshest gongs :" Vffearances often Deckitftu An old man entered the office of the Erie Railroad, in New York city, looking so poor that the clerks took him for a beggar, and ordered hiinont. But he finally found hia way to. tho cashier, and received ten thousand dol lars on income bonds, whi'.U the clerka had supposed to be begging certificates.' A FertiSknt Qiert. Tho Ogdensburg (N Y.) Republican says: 'An inquisitive) , olKnw. on readinir thu very lucid i interpretation of the ::icu " i -i -.., . .'. iteciprociiy Arcaiy uy 4ViA WatMii iPV ilf the Treasury, wants to know if brandy would pass under the head of -horns,' and thereby escape duty ?" Indefatigable Minister. When the Rev Rowland Hill had reached his eighty third year, and had been in tho ministry sixty lour years, as a genera! thing be preached seven times a week, besides having much or his timo occupied with pu'ilic, cugagementF. n, PiTi:r,i ir; Mission aries. The Buf falo Y.) Commercial state thtt three Franciscan Friara aro about iocaiiiiS . selveB in Buffalo, as iiiissionarios lor tue southern part of Bishop Timous Diocese. Wkai.thv Females. There are 227 f.'- males w ho pay a tax ou get Ut) ami upu in Boston, Muss., Mi, u. . " At,.tl mi the m rouud tlial 11 was wimvu without repreteiUutiou, pays $308 10. Port i.AK SavEREinsTYt The totul num ber of votes castm about Imli tne tonus Kansas, was about 4000. Tee lotw i uigUor of voters iu the " hole territory, according to tho last census, wa only ubout 3000. They havo fancy names for newspaper out in Keokuk. The three vapors publub-M there ure called respectively " the t,atel 1 tv," -Tho Mornimr tib.ry." and "The Keo kuk it-UIul-Tllce.,, Intaginate people. ' . 1 .. T..R Water Ci Rr.-Chl.opncr .mu.im,. went to Cu'imi. (111.) the 'h'T drunk, and Ml into a well. He 1. ..... .-. ...., r,.ii li.nir befoie ue day, got remained vuP dis- covered and Liken out. AHttrrnvTics.-D.-. Churlo. "f wrlttH.i u volume orso.ad huud.eda . W to explain the path, ol dru nUuu We cimld define it i l ajluLlts. U TJ. ; " ' It is a liw which God himself has made, thu L a ow which is shot from the prose cut or' Low. shall rebound and pierce the per- seeutor's heart. The VI Jet F'rVflXTvilTds with ita own tears, and of all flowers yields uie most delicious and fragrant "Hiell. Smk is humility. ' ! ': " "- ', . "ItV a very .sokwu thiug to get married, wad auat Bethany. i,.mn not "Yea. bat it's a 1 great ueiu v to," aaid ber uivce. .. . . .....1, a mi now outnei 1 their jt is aitia msi " - - ,vtr way to Kansas, enriag, J1' will, after a month's exposes 1 to t ro gioa, ba inolined to "dig for the East SaUT Jo-vxa'aaya when tlK W l' J'' 'alia fVU S if she fou tucntd. wtn ' ,ffcs.vfv..t , G StJS.