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nmuin NRW SF.!tTT?S, VOL. 8, NO. 42. SUNBUItY, NOKTIIUMUKULAND COUNTY, PA.-SATUllDAY, JANUAIIY 12, 1856. OLD SEMES, VOL- 10. NO. 16 L II V The Sunbury American, rVRLIItlllU KVKIIT aATCBUAf BY II. B. MASSER, Market Square, Sunbury, Penna. TKRMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. TWO LRH.1.AU9 per annum to lie paid Imlf yenrlyln Idt'il'ica. No piipat disuiuitirned uiitilAlLarreariigesare paid. Ail eoininiiuieaiiniii or lelteri oil liu.ine.s relniinj In theuince, to insure attention, must Im J'USi' 1'AID. TO CI. tlt. Tlire eopies It ' addres., 0U even Us Bo " Fifteen " , , , " Fire dollars In nilvanee will ly for tints year's sub scription to llir Amrrienii. P.tm.i.tera will plMmenol ni ntir Ajjents, '' Irttrrtr.int.iiiiniK 'ilTi'li" '""""V ,lie' P"1"" led to d tl "'Mler liie Pin OiRi-e Ijiw. TKRMS OF ADVKRTISIIVU. One Sinnie of It lines, 9 time., f.tfety .uUefuent insertion, line Stiusie, 1 miiitth., si s III lltllB, One yenr, ImineM Cants "f Five line", 1er annum. WolciimiH nnil oilier., mlveniainj I'V Hie yir, wilh tlie nrivilece nf inserting jito-ient nileerriseineilts weekly ty Large! ilverlisemeiita. n pel nc.reenie 111 OII PR1NTINO. '.- I.... ,,,,.-t-.l Willi "III etn!ilirimn tl nfl s Jo" 81 1 Villi 300 I II CP Wr't nclecteil JOU lirVK'K. wlu.-i wi'l ennl.V ns to eserute in tlie in-atet style, every vnrieiy of pruning. A TTO II N R Y AT !. A W , 6DNTJU11V, PA. Rusiueas attended In in the Counties of Not .liiiiiiherliiiiu, rninn, Lycoming .Montour nnd Columbia. Inferences in Philadelphia : H .11 till. R.Tt-l, Chn. fiiMi"ti. FN) ?i,iuiiirs ,V !!in tir.russ. I. inn, , Sniilh .V Co. A' 111TB ASH ANTHRACITE COAL FlMIM TUB I.ANr.ASTMt Co I.U Kll V, Northumberland county. Pa., ST&TlIEKIi we liiivc very extensive improve- incuts, anil nre prepared to oiler to the ullic a wry supciior article, particularly suited ir liie munufartuie of Iron and nuking Steam. )ur sizes ufCoal are: IX MP, for Snicltins; purposes. STEAM UOAT, f- lor do. and Steamboat BROKEN, ) i;iiJ. for Family use and Steam. STOVE, ) PF' "''me'"'rnrr'' an'' llaln' Our point of Sliijipiim i Siinlniry. wlirre nr niieineutK are iniiiie to loai) linalu without any lav. COCIIKAN, I'KAI.C cV CO. .t. J. C(U-lliAi, I.aiicat.ler. i:. W. I'd a if., Siiiiinol.iii. Dknj. Kkisiiolii, l.nnr.iKlir. A. II L n mi kii. ilo. Or.lem mlilieweil to SlininoUui or Sui.bury, II receive prompt attention. Fcli. 10. Sft.V ly TO. S. OIT -A-- "Gtl and our Xolire Land." TSQUEHANNA CAMP. No. 29, of the O. 1 of the U.S. A. linliln its utateil sessions even itriAT e'cninir in their New Ilnll op0ileK. It rights store Hunhury, Pa. Initiation and a ia, 5,00. P. M. SHIN DEL, W- C. Em'l Wii.vfbt. 15. K Suiil.nry Oct. 20, 1955. O. OP XT- -A. IvI. UNBUKY t.oUNCll.. No. :10. O. of U. A. ' M. meets every Ttkhiat eveniim in the le.iiHii Hall, opposite E. Y. Uriah!' store, rkel sirert. Snnliury, P.i. .Vemlwrs of the er aic respcilfu'lv reipnsicil to intend. P. M.tlil.NUEI.. C. . HllOVKN. I?. S. Sunbury. (). !. 20, I."i5. XCKUOIR LITIS 6 S A L (I 0 M (III U S E. HlltU IOli 'AS taken the S.ilo.m formerly occupied ' 1 by Wharton & Fisher, j In Market Souure. Sunbury, j ' " ' r he will be haimy to dispense to his i mis snd the ea.ii, public Kr..e..lly. all the L ies of it,ese,.Hoo. i-.elu,l,., vsters Iresh .i,,l. The bill of tare will include sul - I .o'i.n,t,l..b..!1..ics.,l. ul:,.e.llosati-rvthote 1 i are hungry . and lhne who ilenire merely to c their palnies tickled. Il will be open at all rs of the day, ami all reasimiilile Hours 01 me. it. (Jive us a call and tame f r yourselves. TT Finniliej and paities supplied ou short ce. uuliury, Sept. S2. 1833. LEATHER. E11TZ. Kli:.fiSV & Co. 'n. 2'J Xoith Third Street, I'lAlwUtphia, OrttM.'C'O Maiiii'.'.iciurerH, furriers nnd I in - purler of FKENCI! JA I.F-SKI.NS. uin rs in Ked and Oak tsOI.U l.KATHKli f P. di. 17, 185.1. w ty r. n. smith, 3RT M0NNAIE. POCKET E00Z, ASIl )i'CNiii? disc .iliiniif Kliiicr, .V. IF. cur. of Fourth $' Chei-tnut Sts., I'Hl'l.AUIXI'lllA. tvsnn hand a lar .ro und varied assortment of irl Mommies, tckct Hooks, takers Cases. )'. Hol lers, ,rt Folios, rlal'le Desks, Work lloxes. ('alias. Traveling Macs, li.o kjaiiiinDn Hoards, ('liess Men, Oiuir t'nes. ssin? Cases, Pocket Memorandum Hooks. so, a general assoriincin oi in's'oii. r .r.i. ,. ertiun Fancy Goods. Fine Pocket Cutlery, s, Haior Sirups and Gold Pens, lesale. Second and Third Floors. F. II. SMITH. '. cor. Fourth & Chestnut Su.. Philada. On the receipt of l, a Superior Gold vill be sent to any pail of the United Slates, til describing pen, thus, medium, hard, I. ila.. MarcS 81. 1855 ply. DANVILLE HOTEL, JOHN DEEN, JR., Marktl Street, Dan.nlle, Ha, IS is one of the Uraesi and most rom mo iou hotels in the interior of Pennsylvania, been recently lilted up, in eiccllent style, II (lie modern conveniences, n illc, Sept. 82, 1855. FARMERS TAKE NOTICE. I l u.hfcis Flaxseed wanted immediately at i Cheap Store of E. V. Uiisht, for which best market price will I paid, 'jarv, OVto!ier6, IS55 if . ..r l.'..i:..l. L'.A....I. IDWARE.-Tablo Cullery, Rsiora, Pock t Knives. Hand saws' Wood aawa in , A ies, Chisala, Door Locks, and Hinges, Balls, Waiters, if., ai received and for I. W.TBNEKACO. jury Dc. . U54. From the London Athe ireum. MY PHILOSOPHY. Bright th ngB c. n never die KVn though they fade ; Beauty nml minstrels Deutlile.-B were made ; AVlnil tbought the euniMier day I'ufsts nt eve uwuy, Doth not the moon's soft taj Silence the night? Bright things cull never die, Suiilt ni)' pi ilosi phy Phoebus, thiiugh lie pass by, Leaves us the light. Kind words ran never die, C'lieriehrd ami blctt ; Coil kuuns Imw deep tliey lie, Stored it! the bieust, Like childhood's Dimple rhymes. Suid o'er n tliouRimd time, Aye, in nil unrs mid climes, Distant ii uil Hour. Kind wurds inn never die, Sui'.h my i hilofiiphy ; Deep in the Fiml they lie. Uud knows how deur. riiililhocd enn never dit Wrecks of the jmst Flint on the memory K'en to tho hist. Many u happy thiiip, Many a daisied sprinrr. Flow' on time's ceaseless wing. Fur. far away; Childhood run never din, Siiith my philosophy : Vrorks'ol'our iiifuncy, Live on for nve. Sweet fancies never die, They leave behind Some l'uir legacy. Stored in the mind Some happy thought tir droam, l'ure ns day's earliest beam, Kissing the gentle Urcutii, In liie !nie glade, Yet thonpli these things pass by, Suith my ihlosophy, Bright things cun never die, L'en though they fade. (Sobtrnor's Ir$$agc. Abstract of the Message. The sum ofSlCl,125 2."i has been paid into : the treasury by the Pennsylvania Kuilrond Compnny uud other railroad companies, us I he tax on tonnage passimr over their rosds. i This amount largely exceeds the sum paid bv i.e.. :.. is.i " . iim euuie coniiuiiie in 10,11. iiunii, mm uni-i 1 niS .-iiiin , 111- ,-.-i..i,- j ,... ile (elieilll, greu! ami esseliiinl prill I The Delaware division exhibits a satisfnc-' Iishnient of Slale Normal Schools. Tench- j etples of liberty und free government of ; lory result, i he total receipts were gdU'.',- bi34Z: expenditures, sstiii.nili bo : snowing n net revenue of $332,575 fid. If all our lilies of improvement exhibited a similar balance sheet, the people would have less cause of complaint and more confidence in the general operation of the system. There has been a large increase in the bu-sii'e-s and tonnage of I lie Columbia railroad, uud a corresponding iccrense in the receipts . therefrom. The opeiations of this road, fori In conceding this boon to our children.! the post year, have been highly satisfactory. ! through their teachers, we are encouraged by The operations of thut part of the main line the example of other countries, uud the ex from the Junction to Pittsburg, including perience of the past. It is a remarkable fact : Portage ruMrnad, do not present so favorable that no Statu in our Union nor nation of the a result. The receipt have greatly dimin- old world, has peifecled its system of public ished, und were not sufficient to meet the or- instruction, without schools lor the profes ilinary expenditures. The revenues from the j eiotial training of teachers, established und main line do not equal the receipts of the i supported by the public authority mid means; previous years. The causes of this reduction nud it is no less rcmarkuble, und stdl more are upparelil, and some of them have been ' elicourugiiig. tlial no such institution hasevcr referred to nml enumerated. It is hut just to add, that tho expenditures on this lino j have been much diminished by the avoidance I of some of tho inclined planes on the Portugo i -..ii- i regret to inform you that the railroad to RVo.d the inclined planes on the Alleghany mountain lias ma ueeii conqne.ei., as was confidently anticipated. J he delay in the completion of this work has occasioned much inconvenience to tne business oi me mam act upou mind, and with being, speaking en line, and a loss to the revenues of the Com- j ergy, leave its impress there. The Great monwealth. The expenditures have largely , Muster himself thus trained thu school which j exceeded tho originul estimates for its con- j v,as to reform a world. But now the Honk 1 structioii; uud ulthough the sum of $277,-i has too much intruded itself between the j 73U 00 was appropriated at the last session or (eac er and the taught. The teacher has too the Legislature for the completion of this , much become the mere exponent of the print- j Work a sum covering the estimate of the en- ! e, j(1,rre, am! the mind of the learner thu im- j gmeei yet alter Hie expenditure il me whole amount llnis appropriated, the load is iiiilin- Ideil; mi I to complete It, und pay the debts contiacteil, the further sum of 177.57360, us now estimated by the engineer, will be re qui ed I'.iher the estimates have been very caielessly tnade. or large sums of money use lessly und extravagantly expended ill the pio ecu i hi of this improvement. As uiding llm bii-iii t i thu main hue. reducing still f irtli r its c. end. lures and relieving the I're 'Siiry from these constant demands, the umi a iiccmci.t of its cuily completion will be h .iled with pleasure by every citizen. Although the completion of the North Krincli canal, before the close or navigation, was certainly expected, yet this expectation Ins not been realized. The efforts or the present Superintendent, Mr. Ma ITU, during the past year, to complete und put in success I'ul operation this canal, deserves the highest commendation. Everything that skill, ener- cy. and industry could uccomplish, has been done. The labor to be performed was great, ami rendered more difficult und perplexing by l he nnpi-rlect and fraudulent construction ot i ho old work and porno portion of the new. The large quantity of rocks, trees, slumps, and roots pluced in the bottom of the canal, mid the defective material used in the em bankments, suffered the water to escape al most as rapidly us admitted, and rendered a reconstruction of the work, in many pluces, inJispcnsibly necessary. Its successful com pletion, it is hoped, will soon be announced. It will appear by the report of the Com. mitteo of Ways ami Means mudetothe House of Bepresentutives in 1849, that the entire amount necessary to complete and put in op eretion the unfinished portions of this canal, wus estimated at the sum of $1.106,037 00. The amount actually expended on the work since that period, as appears from the reports or the huperintenuent. engineer, ana omul Commissioners, is tl.b5i.dn Z, being an e cess of expenditures over the original esti mates of $751,310 52 ; and tho cauul not yet in operation. Willi such tacts oeiore us such evidence of mismanagement and reck less expenditure as the history of this canal shows, it is not matter of ui prise thut the Commonwealth and people are burdened wilh debt and taxation. The currency of the State, in Hi relation to bankioir institutions, and their increase, it a subject that demands careful and intelligent consideration, r rom toe twice given oi nu merons intended applications to the Logishi tore for new banks, and an increase or bank ing capital, this nnliject will doubtless be presented to. nnil strongly urged upon your attention. Shull the number of banks, nnil the amount of bunking capital be increased ? and if so, to what extent, uud in what locali ties f are questions ol absorbing public in terest. Without desiring to ossumo n general and uncompromising hostility to nil banks, or to an increase of banking capital, 1 cun not dis cover the necessity that reipiires. or the cir cumstances that would justify, the incorpora tion of all that maybe demanded from the Legislature. Tho incorporation of new. nr rechat tor of old nnd solvent banks, when in dispensably necessary and clearly demanded by the actual business wants of tin; commu nity in which they may be located, should not be refused : and no other rircumstanccs should their incorporation bo permitted. Tho necessity for increasing the number of banks should be determined more by the ac tual wants of legitimate trade, than" by the number of applications nml the wild fancies of stock jobbers nnd speculators. The sud den mill unnecessary expansion of the curren cy should be avoided, mid whatever tends to produce such result ought to be discoun tenanced nml prevented. In the creation nf banks the true interests of the State and people should be consulted; mid u just uud honest discrimination, us to number, lucidity mid the doiiiands of trade, be exercised by their representatives, l'ublic sentiment does not demand, nor do public or private interests require, the creation of niiiuerous banks. Alter ii careful examination of the subject, it is my clear conviction that the system is now prepared for mid reipiires increased effi ciency in its general supervision increased qualification in its teachers, und increased menus of support. 1 he experiment ol the toiinty hnpenii; tendency, wherever faithfully carried out, has not disappointed the expeclatiolis of the ml- ' vocates of that measure. The improved con dition of the schools, and the greater efficiency j of the system, clearly establish the propriety und utility of such supervision. The official ! visits of mi officer of thu school department j to some of the counties of the State, in con nection with the County Snperiiiteiideiicy. j have demonstrated that the voice of public j unlhority to sustain, und the presence of un , oflicinl ugeiit to entourage, have largely con- j tributed to excite und maintain the deep in- ; terest How felt by the public in our educational ( progress uud improvement. i The most marked improvement recently ! effected in the system, has been in its corps: of teachers. With almost unparalleled ids-; ' in t crested lie-s and devotion lot he tiobie cause i I in which they are engaged, the common ( ' school touchers of the Slate have, in almost ( every county, been using nil the means and appliances within their power lor sell-iin-1 pruvctiiclit. These e Holts, so creditable to ' llieui, have been highly lieiiehcial in their re- stills, und clearly prove the necessity, and . !....: ;.l .1 ...l. : crs' meetings lor a day have given place to institutes tor u wcch ; unu loose again 10 nu merous Normal meetings, coiiliuii ug from one to three months. At every stop in this, progression, it has become more nppnreiit that permanent institutions, with their 110- per professors and appliances, which nothing ' but the power of tho Slate can provide, are ' (v deiminded by und would meet the wants of thu system und the occasion. vet been abandoned. I rom I russia, whose experience in this regard is thut of a Ci ntury mid u quarter, to that of our young sister M ic higun, w hose existence is us ol yestcday, the Normal school has been tried throughout Christendom with unvarying success. j It is time also thut the teaching mind should resume its true place in thu schools. In the communication ot knowledge, to ou .effective, mind, in sympathetic contact, must ' i pressed copy of the text. In thus saving. ! the value and importance of books, us a means f knowledge, mu not intended, to be over-, looked or di scribed ; but tho uses of our best ! agencies huve their limits ; mid when we find the book usurping the place or the teacher, to the injury of the mind of our oulli. we should restore each to its proper position require from each the pel fin inance of its ap propriate liniclions. uud thus cooler upon both ihu lull measure of their usefulness. As an expedient to supply the place nf reg ular Normal schools till established, and us a vuluable auxiliary to them kIii ii in operatio i. the Teachers' Institute would be of unques tionable value. It would bring together the teachers of a county under the best influen ces, for consultation ami improvement, und exhibit them bel'oru their fellow citizens in their proper professional character. A por tion of the means of the State, or of thu re spec live counties, applicable to cd icalioiwl improvement, could not be iimru profitably applied than to the encouragement of the meeting ol' at least one such institute, annual ly, in each county. An experiment ol this kind recently made in the county of Chester. Ii said to have been eminently siiccesslul, und trongly indicative ol Ihu wisdom ol the mea sure. Legislation, in relation to all questions of moral and social reform, should bo carefully and wisely considi red uud matured. On no subject, within the constitutional authority of the Legislature, are the people so sensi tive ; and no one more deeply interests every class and condition of society. Sumptuary laws, us a general .rule, are of doubtful ex pediency, mid us abridgments ot the liberty und privileges of th i citizen, cull only be jus tified on the ground of necessity. Whilst this is admitted, It cannot be denied that the evils resulting from iiitcuiiieraiice, create a necessity for regulating und restraining by legislative acts, the traffic and sale or intoxi cating liquors. 'I'o what extent this traffic should Im restrained by positive law, must depend on the will of the people, determined by considerations of their owu morul, physicul uiij social welfare. Whatever may be my own opinion, or that of the Legislature or the people, in reference to thu law of thu last session. 'lo restrain the sale of intoxicating lii.uors, it must be admitted thut a full ru turn to the license system, in operation prior to the passage or tne present law, is not de mandeJ 1' tjullcbteoed public sentiment, and would not promote the pnnd order or hnppi. ness of the community. That the laws then in existence were imperfect nml failed to check or control the evils of intemperance. Is n proposition too plain to be doubted that they needed revision must also be conceded. In our large cities nnd towns, tho evils of the system were mure severely felt. The facilities nnd cheapness with which licenses were obtained, operated ns a premium to vice nud immorality, nni multiplied tip pling houses mid places where in I em pern nee under the authority of law, was not only per mitted, but encouraged. My immediate predecessor, in his hist annual messnge to the Legislature, in reference to the then license laws, says: "So far as relates to the city of rhiladclphiii, they are peculiarly prejudicial to public morals, und seem to have been con structed to promote the convenience of drink ing far more than to rest ruin its evil conse quence." In this opinion I fully concur. That a remedy was demanded, all will con cede. Whether the law of the last session was the proper remedy, it is not my province now to determine. Kuurted by the repre sentatives of thu people, I gave that net my official approval. Kecognmng the people ns the source of all political power, and their representatives us the imiiodiiilc ex ponents of their will, upon yon will devolve the responsibility of further legislation, if nny, on this subject. In nil its. relations, economical, political, social and moral, the question is iiupoM.mt, nnd its proper deter mination involves fearful responsibilities. It deserves, mid should receive, your serious consideration. If action is had, may we not hope that it will be such us will promote the virtue, morality, nnd (rue interests of our people and Coiumonwealtli T Numerous applications will doubtless be nnnle fur the incorporation of insurance, ga, water ami boom companies. To facilitate action on these questions economize time reduce the expenses of legirdntioii secure uniformity ami confine the companies there alter incorporated to the legitimate purposes of their creation. I would recommend the propriety of enacting general laws regulating such corporations. Already laws of this character for coal, iron, canal, railroad, turn pike, plank mid bridge companies have been passed, mij in practice have been found highly uselul and economical. Such laws, well regulated urn! carefully gtiardi d, would be productive of similar results on their ap plication to insurance uud other companies named. Having, nt the time of my induction into office, declared to my fellow citizens and their representatives, my sent inients in relation to questions connected with our national poli tics, their reiteration now will not be ex pected. To the opinions then expressed, mid now reaffirmed, you are respectfully re ferred. 'I'o maintain, in their integrity, the Con stitution of our Kepublic, mid the Union of the States protect the civil mid religious iirivileires of the ncoide -nan! with jealous 1 f .' ' p . . . ! (Veedoin and human rights and vindicate, bv true mid sin-l devotion t In in and country, the great doctrine of American nationality, are objects that awaken the patriotism und claim the energies uud the heart ol every American citizen. 1 11 obedience to the requiri nien'.s of the onstitution and laws of the State, us the representatives of the people, you have as sembled to perform the hiyh uud responsible duties ihal devolve 1111011 von. As a coordi natu branch of the government, it will be I iibko my duty and pleasure to unite with you in tho enaeimi nt of ull such laws as will protect the rights ofthe people, mid advance the honor uud prosperity of thu Common wealth. Willi a sole desire for the public good actuated by aspir.t of enlarged and enlight ened patriotism, uud guided bv that wisdom which hath its beginning in the fear qf God, r),,.' ;,.rl .,, may our enoits, in harmonious action, be ill- ted to the accomplishment ol these no ds, und to the promotion of that right eousness which cxultcth n nation, mid con stitutes the true glory ofu Tree und independ ent people, JAMES POLLOCK. P.xecutivo Chamber, llurribburg, Jan. 1, 16.".0. Governor's Message Commencing with a statement in brief of thu condition ofthe Statu finances, the Gov. ernor says that the receipts during the year, from ull sources, show mi excess of 1.250,. 'Jlil over thu ordinary expenditures; but of that excess Sl.21(i,P'3 24 was expended on the following extraordinary items: Com. ' pletiou of the new Portage Railroad, $.-1G .62 12; to complete the .Norlh Pr.incli Ca nal, fci7,5C2 67 ; to relay the south track of tin Columbia Railroad, 133. 10b; payment of domestic creditors Sl.620 b5 ; redemption of loans, $316,550 60; cancelling of relief notes, $2Cli,5r!H. On the 30th of November, iK.Vt, the balance in the treasury was $1,243, 0'J7 31, which will be requireii for thu pay. Hu nt ol the interest oil the Slate debt failing due in February. No loans, teutporury or otherwise, were negotiated during the past fiscal ear. Tin treasury owes $335,011 to the S. liking l iind, provided lor the redemp tion ot the funded debt und relief notes, but us the temporary loans bear six per cent, in terest uud the others only live, it has been deemed best to redeem liie former first. In thu three years extending Iron) 1S51 to 1854, the public debt increased by the ex penditures ou the State works. Thus, on thu 1st ol December. lH.'il, the debt wus $10,. 11 1.230 3'J. anil on the 1st ol December. Irt.'i4, 11,6014.595 74, being un increase if l,"isi 1,359 35 i i three years, notwithstanding th it the Sta'e revenue exceeded thu ordi- ii. ri' expenditures. But during the past year the debt has been reduced $630,601 02, !.iel is now $41,067,997 72. notwithstanding tl.e large uppropii itions for the pul 1 c works. II no new schemes ol improvement lie under taken, und ull appropriations limited to the uctiiul demands ot thu occasion, there will he an uunuu! surplus of revenue applicable to the redemption of the public debt. The es timated revenue for the current fiscal year, will be more (hull one and u half millions of dollars. For the security of tho holders of the Statu dekt, lor which interest due in the yeurs 1S42-3-4 was not paid, certificates of State stock were issued, under un act passed in 1845, bearing interest ut the ruto of live per cent, per annum, the amount being $4, 105,150 25. These certificates were niude redeemable on or after August 1st, 1855. No provision having yet been mado for their re. demotion, the Governor recommends thut bonds be issued for their renewal at the same rate or interest. During the year the receipts from the pub i works were Cl.942.376 71. aud the ex lie penditures thereon, both ordinury and extra oidiiiary, were 81.838.791 IK showins an excess of receipts of $103,583 53; bnt de ducting the extraordinary expenditures, the nut revenue ofthe works appear ia be $794. 013 31, which is n small increase over the net revenues of 1834; and, notwithstondinp; the withdraw! of the transportation lines from the main line of canal, the aggregate revenues of the past year have exceeded those of 1654 by more than $23,000. The Delaware division shows a nett revenue for the year of $332,575 56. The revenues from the main line do not equal the receipts'of the previous yeors. Kxpenilitures on that line have been much diminished by the avoidance of some ofthe inclined planes on the Portage ltuilroud, but the entire completion of thut work has not been accomplished as had been expected, and it will require on additional appropriation of $177,573 66. As the Leg. isluturn has already appropriated all the money called for by the engineer's estimate, the Governor very properly says that either that estimate was a careless one, or there has been extravagant waste in the expenditure ot the money. The work on the North liruiich Cuiiul is also incomplete, in . nse quence of reconstruction rendered tiecessury by the imperfect and fraudulent construction j of the old work and some of the new. In 184'J the sum requisite to iiuish tho work was estimated ut I, Hifi.037. but since then there has been actuully expended on it 1, 8,i7.377 52. No bids having been received at the public sale ofthe main line, sealed proposals were subsequently invited, and have been received by the Governor uud transmitted to the Legislature. The Governor reiterates his sentiments in favor of sale, und says that the late financial embarrassments of the country, the imperfect character of some of tho pro visions of the bill authorizing the Pule, to gether with the udversu iuHueuce of inte rests, defeated the recent attempt, but thut these ill Hit ill ties can be removed uud a sale Jet effected on terms amply protective of the rights uud interests of the people, and ut the same time just 11 ml liberal to purchasers. In view of the numerous applications for bunk charters, the Governor thinks that ne cessity docs not require that ull of them should be chartered, but adds that the in corporation of new banks, or the recharter or old mid solvent ones, when clearly demanded by the actual business wants of the comum mty inti-rested, should not be refused. The actual wants of legitimate trade should gov ern uction on the subject, and un unnecessary expansion of the currency uvoided, A pre mium should be required from ull bunks or savings institutions, chartered orrechartered. The practice of using the names of iiiembvrs of the Legislature, 111 charters for 'banks or other companies, ns corporators, is stigma tized us pernicious, and ought to bo uiscou tinned. Thu Governor recommends the es tablishment of 011 agricultural bureau in con nection with the State government. The Farmers' High School has been duly organ ized, and located in Centre county, 011 a tract of two hundred acres, donated by Gen. James Irwin. The citizens of that county have secured to it an endowment of 10, (Mill. An appropriation to the institution by the Statu is recommended. A uiodilicutioii of the laws regulating man ufacturing und improvement companies, is The' Governor thinks that ! recommended the time has now arrived for another effect ive interposition of legislative aid uud authority 111 favor or Common Schools, and thut the system is now prepared for und requires in e 1 eased efficiency in its general supervision, increased qualification in its teachers, ami increased means of support. Wherever faith fully carried out, thu experiment of county supcriulf ndciicv has fully established its ability by the improved condition ol the Schools. The most marked improvement is visible in the crops of teachers, owing to the establishment of teachers institutes, uud the improvement thus eU'ected -points to the much greater reform which might be worked bv thu establishment of normal schools by the State, Until these Mihools be provided for. the Governor suggests thut appropria tions be made by the State or the counties in md of the teachers' institutes, lie also recommends a large addition to the annual appropriations to Common Schools, and thut ihu Board of Control of Philadelphia, be obliged lo report to ihe Slate Superintendent j annually the condition of thu Philadelphia public schools. A new and entirely distinct western insane hospital, lor the western part ol this stale, is recommended, but in case that be not done, ho recommends ail appropriation to the Western Pennsylvania llospitul, to extend its operations to the cure of the insane. Ou tho subject of the liquor law, the Governor says that u full return to the license system, in operation prior to thu passage of the present law, is not demanded by public senti ment, und would not promote the good order or happiness of the community, us that sys tem wus imperfect, uud lulled to check or control intemperance. Local uud special legislation uru denounced in strong terms, and the passage of generul laws, recommen ded. He urges that uction should bo taken to restrain thu insurance companies within the. r pn p.-r limits, many ofllii in having ac quired by special legislation discounting privileges, uud nearly ull the powers of banks without their guards. Where thu Courts have jurisdiction in relation to rcul estate, trusts, corporations, etc., it is recommended that the J-egisluture reliise lo entertain ap plications. Thu Governor thinks that ull private laws should bu repealed on which the solvent tax has not been paid, of which there ure u large number. The remainder of the message is of lit I lu general interest. A'oi-M lmtM'cuii uiirf Untied Sta't (Juzttte. From llic liullinicre American, riittT ivinir.io.Ns. The tree, deep.scarred by earnest hands line ii is young, Full grown, in strength unbroken, stands 1 bo woods among. High up, tho wandering eye may lea Tho early mark, Though none can read the symbol on The roughened bulk. But thuugh tho numo be seen uo more, And gone the year, The old impression to the lust, N ill slill appear. The breath of spring, the summe' sun, J The autumn wind And wintry snow, w ill leave of youth This truce behiud. The axe must seek the rugged root, Before decry This old memorial of the past, Can bear away. M r. Dye is giving a series of lectures In New York on Counterfeiting, and it is stated that these furnish a Very large amount of in formation in reference to the subject. It is stated that nearly one-sixteenth of all the HunW hilU in iMMilution am enniitprfeit. ( .' r Riches often, msla men forgetful , f - (mmnnmcatciL For the American. STNBcnr. Dec. 22, 1955. In pursuance of public notice, the School Directors of Northumberland coiinl v met nt the Court House for the purpose ofjncrrns in g the salary of the County Superintendent of Common Schools, uud at the appointed hour tho convention was organised by the election of the following officers : President. JACOIJ SKASIIOLTZ, F.sq. j Vice Presi dents, K. V. Dkrhh kson, IIk.vhv Grssu:u; Secretary, Dr. J. J. John. Some 1(1 townships wcro represented by the following Directors : Cool Township Dr. (j S. Robins, Wnt. L, Scott. Ksq.. Kev. P. J'.ird, Dr. J. J. John. Hush '., G'eurliurl Itislrit l J. S. Gear hart, F. G. Vunostran, W. D. Gem hurt, J. L. Basset. J. L. Siiiimmi. Hush 7., h'ush ;. Ira Ililes. Upper Auyustu Hubert Campbell, Jacob Seiisholtz, Ksq. Lower Augusta John SaviJge, Samuel J. Iloiiseworth, John Sliamn. Sunbun James Heard, S. U. Pe D. W. Sh'indel. Levi Seashollz. Knrlhwnberlan't J ohu Durham I o, Dr. 1 Henry Gussler. Tui hut .Inn. K miner. Milton It. M. Friek, Fsq. Jjrlawnre K. V. Derrickson, S humokin Jos. Hoover. The list of Directors having been railed over, Mr. acott presented the names of the School Directors of .Mount Carmel township, und moved that they be permitted to vote by proxy in this convention, which motion was lust. .Mr. Friek offered a resolution passed bv the Milton Bourd of School Directors, oppo sing mi increase in thu County Supcriiitcii. dent's sului y, wnicli he moved bo read. Be- ju'.ted. He thon presented it on his own resolution. which, on reading, elicited considerable uis. cussion, but was finally withdrawn bv the mover. Or. motion of Mr. Scott. Mr. Ueimennyder was permitted to explain the additional amount of labor he is required to perform sincu his election to the office, which ho did in a very satisfactory inanni r. Mr. Beard moved that the salary of the County Superintendent be raised tojClKI Mr. Prick offered mi amendment striking out 8600 und inserting $X".l. Mr. Peale olleied un uuicnilmiitil lo the amendment striking out 351. mid insertiin: C()."i, which minion com ug oeiore i nu convention. w.,s decided in the affirmative, yeas 13, nays 1.'. i co me salary was raisen 10 s-t,,!.,. Oil motion the convent ion adjourned. J. J. JOHN. Secretary A SKISSOIl STUHV. "Mr. Snip, having made a handsome for tune in the goose and cabbage line, retired with his wife to nchiimiin!? count rv residence. ""J w'lved. to forget and deny that he had j c.ti ucru u lunor. ill uis priue ami mean- : ness he became very tyrannical, and whciicv- j er his wiTe, wished to iiriug him down u peg! or two, she reminded him of tin fact that he j wus nu more of u man now than when, like i a woman, he sat all dnv wilh his needle mid j st-'issors. At length the very name of scis- I sora became so hateful to him, that he forbade her ever to use it in his presence, und his be- i cree very naturally inspired his spirited spouse " "'" V ,,M 11 '"?,'t'"'r. P'eucu , ! " ""'' ""' ipiea?c.i. i i . oi tiiuiiay were s.u.ng on i no imiiK ol a deep-flowing stieiim that udorned his grounds, mid unhappily, indeed, unintention ally, she mentioned in convention the odious word. 'My dear,' said he, 'have I not ngtiin and again requested you not to u?e that word in my hearing ?' " Scissors 1' said Mrs. Snip again. " 'Stop thut, or I'll make you !' " 'Scissors, scissors !' said the roused wo man fiercely. "They were now on their feet, and up for anything. 'Say that again,' cried the puppy of a until 'and I'd throw you into the river . ' 'Scissors, srissors, Scissors ! 1' "I le pushed her in. S! e went down, but rose head first, uud throwing up l.er hands, she seized his. which he extended to her sup port, ns lie said, 'Promise never to sny thut word again, and I'll help you out.' "Scissors, scissors, scissors !' she cried, nnd he dropped her. "The second time she came up he renewed the pious proposition, and with a fainter voice thu unrelenting love replied, "Scissors, scissors !' ' Unco more, the third ami last time she came lo the scratch ; he caught her cold hand uud made her the generous oiler, to which she responded fearlessly, " "Scissors !' "And down she went ; but, cnt-like, she wus hard to die, und coming ulicnst to the surface, she thrust the white band above the wave, and opening her first and second lin gers from the others, worked ihem up und down in the eyes of her bereaved spouse, the symbol and a very fair resemblance of his de tested settlors. "And that is what I call sticking to it the last. 'Never give up 1' was 'this umiubli woman's rule, and wilh the fatal n i-s.ns she snipped the thread of life ritlier lliuu yield; the point." j Vicissitidks. The Princess Christiu.i Belgiojoso, of Lombardy, was banished from Austria some six yeurs ugo, on ai count of her political doings. This l.idy took p her residence ut a farm house in Asia Minor, where, being totally destitute, she was lorced to labor willt her hands fur her very existence, in the strictest sense of the wind. The K.iu peror bus now been pleased to recall thu lady by an edict of grace, und to annul ihu sequcs t rut lor. which, ut the time ol' her banishment, was pluced upon the whole of her property. Fhozks Fi.ksh. Mr. A Branson, of Mead villu, Pa., says, from fifteen years' experience, he liuds that Indian meal poultice, covered with young Hyson tea, softened wilh hot water, and laid over bums or frozen flesh, us hot as can be borue, will relieve the pam in live minutes. If blisters have not arisen be fore tbey will not after it is put on, und thut one poultice is generully sufficient to ctl'ect a cure. The Buss pavement in Broadway, X. Y.. is now so dangerous that a large number of oniuibuses seek the back streets. It is ue. cessary that the whole of Ibis puvt-meut should be grooved. - The amount to be raised -in New York by taxes for the current year U sear seven mil lions of dollars... . . Tho Widow Bcdott and Dcii Crana. Mr. Crane is a likely young widower, whom' tho Widow Hedott has et her cap for, end thus she endeavors to pnvo the way for hi popping the question to her, und get taken in ilretfiilly ;A "O, no. Mr. Crane, by no mrifihcr o' mean, 'tain'l a mintiitftcw soon for you to begin t tusk about get tin' married again I mil ninnz you should be ulcered I'd think so, See now long's Miss Crane been dead? Six months ! land o' Goshen ! why I've know'if a number of individdiwals get married in less time than that. Ther's Phil Bennett's bid der thut I was talkin' ubout jest now she 't was Louisy Perce her husband hadn't been' dead but three months, you know. I don't think it looks well for u woman to be in such a hurry but for a man it's a dilfcrent thinff circumstances niter cases, you kliotf. And then sittiwated us yon be, Mr. Crane, it's a tumble thing for your family to be without a head to superintend the domestic cotisarns and tend to the chiUlicn to say nothing of yourself, Mr. Crane. "Yuo dew need 11 com pmiion nnd no mistake. Six months ! Good gracious! Why, Squire Titus didetit wait but six weeks in ter h buried his fust wifo afore he married his second. I thought thur ,va'nt no patrickl-r need o' huriyin' so, seem' his family was nil grow d np. Sueli a cnllcr ns he pickt out, tew '. 'twas very unsuitable but every man to his taste I hain't 110 dis persition to meildle w.tli liobony s conurns 'ri ..1.1 r. 1 1. .......... ., Ida iiiii'ttipi Ther's old farmer Dawson, tew his purtner hat n't been dead but ten months, lo bo j sure he ain't married yet but he would a , been long enough ago if somebody 1 Know , on'd gin him nny eiieoi ridgcm'-'al. But tain't . for me to sponkV that matter. Au's n clev- cr old critter, ami as rich as u jew but law ! fill rakes ! lie's old enough to be my father, ! And there's Mr. Smith Jnbiter Smith you , know him. Mr. Crane his wife (slio 't was Aurora Pike) she died last summer und he's been squintin' round the wimmen ever since : ami he may squint for nil the good it'll do him us far as I nu consumed tho' Mr. Smith's a respectable mar quite young and hain't no laiiiiiv vt-rv will oil tew. and quite int. llectible but 1 t.'ll ye what I'm puity ! purtickier. O, Mr. Crane! it's ten yeai coum Jinnewnry since 1 witnessed the exp. ration o' my beloved canipiinioii ! mi uncommon long ' tune to wait, to be sum but tuin't easy to . lind any In dy t fill the place o' Hezekier Pe ;dolt. 'i think you re the most like husband i ofury indiviildi'wal 1 ever see, Mr. Crane.- Six mouths ! inurilerntion ! cur. -.s you should . be ulcered I'd think 'twas tuw soon why 1 va know'd Mr. Crnne. Well, Width r I've been ! thinking about taking another companion IU1, i tl,,,,,,,),, I d ask W i low 'O. Mi. ( von Crane, cp'cnso my com- I motion its so tiiip.v; ected. Jest hand me , thut are bottle of earn tire, off the mantleiy shall' I'm miliar faint dew put a bul" mile ; on my liaiidkercher und held it to my nuz. j There that'll dew I'm rnthcr more compo sed von mav j recced. Mr. Crone." I Mr! Crane' Well widder, 1 was a going I to ask you whether whether ! Widow. "Contiuuer Mr Crane i'cw I ! know it's turrible einbarrison.' 1 remember when my dezeused husband made the suppo sition to me, ho stammered und stuttered, and wus awfully flustered, il did seem ns if he'd never get it out ill the world, and 1 s'pose its giiierally the case, at least it has been the casu with nil ihoiii thas's made sup positions to me you See they're oncerting about what kind of an unser tliey'ro ogwilio to git, and it kind o' makes 'em nervous But when no individdiwal has reason to s'poso his altachmeni.s reciperated, 1 dout see whut need tlieie is o' his bcin" frustrated tho' 1 must sny its tinbiiirassui' lo me pray con tinner." Mr. C. "Well, then I wtint to Inow hT you're willing I should have Mcllissy J" Mr. C. "Why, widder, you surprise mo I'd no ideo of being trc-ati d in this way uT ter jou'il been so polite to me, und made such u fuss nver me nnd the girls." Widow. "Shot yer head, Tim Crane ruin o' yersass to me. 'There's yer hut r.n thut ure table, and hero 'stlie door and the soon er you put on one and march out o' t'other, the better it 'il be for yon. And I ndvisu you nli ire try to get married ngin, to go out west und see T yer wire's cold and nrter ye're satisfied on "that pint jest put a little lampblack on yer hair 't would add to yer appearance undoubtedly and be of service lew ion when yon want to flourish round among the guls and when ye 've got yer hair fixt, jest splinter the spine 'o yer back, 't wonlden'i hurt yer looks a mite you'd be entirely unresisiablo if you was a lectio grain straite'r." The richest man in Congress is said to be the Hon. Win. Aiken, of South Carolina.. His properly is estimated at two millions of dollars. A great central sen in Africa has Viopn re eently discovered between the Kqeator nnd 10 deg. south latitude. It is twice us large tho Black Sea. and has no outlet. The Syracuse Chronicle savs two hundred fngilivo slaves have passed through that city the past year, uud lhiilv.cii within the pact twelve days. Uaiid Si.f.fnxg. An advertisement late- to I l appeared in l he Dublin (Iceland) Evening Post, headed, "Iron U'tlsteiius a 1 btddimi." A poiliuii ol' thu latter must be ieri iron A deer weighing UIP0 pounds, found iwiinuiiiig in the nvt i. lu-ur City Point, Ya., was caugiil a few days ugo, uud taken oil bourd lLo eleanier Augusta. Beflrs are very plenty In some ofthe north ern counties of this State this season. Two nig fat lellows weiu killed in Poller county lust week. Fashion is lite race of the rich to get away In tn tl.e l ot, wl.n lollow lis lust us ll ij cuu Why is a dead dog's tail like a turnpike T Because it has stopped a wuggin. When does a man loo'i like n cannon boll When he looks round, A State Military Conrerlion ia to be held at llurribburg, ou Monday, 21st January. On Thursday lnt n shad w4 sold at auc tiou at Savannah, for $10. , . iM. A fellow in iail wishes ha had the smallpo so thut he eouhl "bti a't out." He has tried everything lse, but ho can't come ont. What Plun," said an actor to another . "shall J adopt to Gil the house at my benetJtT "Invite your creditors," was the reply. - - in portions of western Xew York the rail roads were blocked upw;tb, tnow berore tbe recent fall. , ... , Miniater tVheeler's treaty w(rotietl Whli ' Nicaragua, previous to'th ndve-ut of Wakar, has btwa test to t! C 8. kUpsu. ' ; - a i s .ssl ..... ,J .1.