NEW SERIES, VOL. 13, NO. 12.
SUNBURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA. SATURDAY, JUNE 1G, 1SG0.
OLD SERIES, VOL. 20, NO 38.
The Sunbury American.
PUBLISHED EVERT SATURDAY
BY H. B. MASSES,
Market Souart, Sunbury, renna.
T K RMS OF 9 V B8 CRIPTI'ON.
TWO ItOLLAflS) per annum tot paid hniryenr
) in eilvance. Nor Aria discontinued until all arrearages
ri.rce Copies to on. address t S On
rvrn do. do. 10 00
'iiieen dii. do. SO Ou
Five dollnrs in advance will pay for three year's sulr
ciiption to tlie Americnn.
I o.t itiit.tera will please act as our Agente, and frank
ttcr.cniitniniiir euhacription money. They are permit
Ed to tlu thu under the Poat Office Law.
I E II II I OF HVI RIIIMO.
:iic9qnare of I'l Intra1 3 times, I 00
r'.vtiry mitiieqnent insertion, 25
, Mr. Square, 3 montlia, 3 00
ix nioiith., . . . . 6 00
Jne yi nr, . . . . . . 8 (HI
liiinesi Cnnlt or Five linea, per annum, 3 00
MtTi'hunts and others, advertising liy the year,
with llic privilege of inaei ting different advei-
ltMntittfi werkly. 10 00
ty Larger AdvertiKmenta, aa per agreement.
Wo hive emnccted with our establishment a well se
eclrd Jim OF KICK, which will cnnble ua to execute
n tlm i.mtrat 4'le every variety of printing.
1Z. 2. 1EASSEP.,
TTORNEY AT LAW,
Business attended to in the Counties of Nor
itimbcrland, Union, Lycoming Montour ami
References in Philadelphia :
(Ion. loli R.Traon, Chaa. Gibliona, Esq..
Woinera & Snndgrais, Linn, Smith & Co
GEARLE S1AT 'THE vTs
attorney a t a iu ,
!Vo. 14S Broadway. Sew York.
Will carefully attend to Collecliona and all other mnttcra
Mtinsteil lo hi. rare.
May at. 1S5S.
J. W. TKAI.. E. R. DODGE.
Dr. J. W. PEAL AND DR. E. R. DODGE
HAVE entered into copartnership
in the practice of medicine and
Although Dr. real will be absent
a Dart of his time, he will aid hia
partner in any and every ciBe in which it may be
desired. Thankful for past patronage, he solicits
n continuance of the same to the firm of Peal &
Dodge, who will promptly and faithfully attend
to all professional calls. He takes pleasure in
recommending Dr. Dodge to his old friends as an
.'xperienced physician, in whose hands they may
The firm may be consulted at the office of Dr.
Teal, .n Sunbury.
Sunbury, June 4, 1859. ly
INDUSTRIAL STOVE WORKS.
W. C. NEMAN,
WHOLESALE 1RD RETAIL
onfvtiiU Christ Church,
PlllLtlW.LPH.A. Maimfncturer of all Hie ltn-
riMVPil rV A. D 11 n A 1 I! r Hi V r.a. sunn wi
.MK'iiin miideloorfler, Jvbbing promptly attended lo.
nnnuiu and refurnished,
Cur. of Howard and Franklin Street, a few
Squares IVcst of the X. C. R. R. Depot,
fr.itMS, ?1 pr.n Dat
O. LEISEXRIXO, Proprietor,
July 10, 150 tf From Seliiu Grove, l"a.
WILLIAM E. HOMERS CIIALKLET SOMERS'
G. SOMERS & SON
Importers and Dealers in
Cicths, Cassimeres. Vestings, Taylors
Xo 32 South Fourth Street, between Market and
C'hesnut Streets, Philadelphia.
Merchants others visiting the city would find
it to On ir advantage to give them a call and ex
amine their stock.
March 10, 18li0
F1KKISUUAXCE & TRUST COMP'Y
f Il AllTtll PERPETUAL CAPITAL (300,000
Conipauv's Office, N. W. corner Fourth and Walnu
1ISKStnkenon BuiUliiiirs, Stmes, Merchandize, Fur
V, nituic, Jtc., on the mutt liberal term..
Jamei Wrioiit, Soc'y. d Treoauier,
Appiicatinna and all neceuory information can be ob-
niaeU tiy culling un
J. P. SHINDEL GOBIN, Agent,
Sunbury, Juno 18, 1850 ty
HARDWIRE 1 HARDWARE ! 1
-ITUST rcceind by A. W. FISHER, at his
IJf Drug Store, Sunbury, Pa.,
8COOPS. 8HOVEI.8, FORK8, LOG
CHAINS, MILL 8XWS, CROSS.
Also, Screws, Butts, Door Knobs, Thumb
Latches, and all hardware necessary for building.
A splendid bt of pocket and table cutlery, Scis
sors, Uerman Oliver fepoons.
A large stock of Looking Glasses, received and
f ir sale by A. W. r ISHEK.
Sunbury, July 17,1858.
DEFOREST, ARMSTRONG & CO.
DRY GOODS MERCHANTS,
80 and 82 Chambers Street, Neu York
Would notify the Trade that they are opening
Weekly ,in new and Deautiiui patterns, me
A m o s k e A g ,
A New Print, which excels every print in the
Country for perfection of execution and design
in full Madder Colors. Our Prints are cheaper
than any in market, and meeting witu extensive
Orders promptly attended to.
February 4, 1860 ly pi
A new supply of Summons', Executions,
Warrants, Bupcenas, Deeds, Mortgages,
Bonds, Leases, Naturalization papers, Justices
(nd Constables Fee Bills, Sic, cic, just priuted
MIIU iu( auiv m mil tJluce.
Sunbury, April 30, 1859.
SPALDING'S Prepared Glue, and glielievsMiuiln
Price per bottle and hruiti M eenta.
CorduU Elixir of Culuuya Uurk 4 li0,llmi fo, removing
FOR 8 VLE AT THIS OFFICE.
punnurr, marcn ir, i
B J1UKLES of various kinds, Lobsters, Bar,
J3 dines, &c, ate., just received and for sale
altlie Drugstore of A. W.nsHEU
Sunbury, August, 1867. ly
CJILVER WATCHES. A few double e
EugUsh Silver Watches, for sale at very low
prices by Ji. II MA8SER.
BY HON. HENRY B. JACKSON, OF GEORGIA.
As die the embers on the beartb,
And o'er the floor the shadows fall,
And creeps the chirping cricket forth,
And ticks the death watch in the wall
I see a form in yonder chair,
That grows beneath the waning light
There are the wan, sad features there,
The pallid brow and locks of white !
My father I when they laid tbee down,
And heaped the clay opon thy breast,
And left tbee sleeping all alone,
Upon tby narrow couch of rest,
I know Dot why I could not weep
The soothing drops refuse to roll ;
And oh ! that grief is wild and deep
Which settles tearless on the soul t
But when I saw tby vacant chair
Thine idle bat opon the wall
Thy book the pencilled passage where
Thine eye bad rested, last of all ;
The tree beneath whose friendly shade
Tby trembling feet had wandered fortb,
Tbo very printftbose foot had made
When last tbey feebly trod the earth ;
And thooght, while countless ages fled,
Tby vacant seat would vacant stand
Unworn tby bat, tby book unread,
Effaced thy footsteps from tbe sand
And widowed, in this cheerless world,
The heart that gave its love to tbee
Torn, like a vine, whose tendrils curled
More closely rouud the fulling tree I
Ob ! Father, then, for her and thee,
Uushed madly fortb tbo scorching tears,
And oft, and long, and bitterly,
Those tears have gushed in later years ;
For, as the world grows cold around,
And things take on their real hue,
'Tis sad to learn that love is found
Alone above the stars with you.
Tlio Susquehanna River.
If there be a more beautiful snot on earth
than that whore tbe men of Paxton settled,
we bave never seen it. From its source in
Otsego Lake, where the great AD.erican nov
elist has described it in language that will
never cease to be read ; along by its lovely
windings, where the Chemung intersects the
North branch, whose beauties bas been en
bultned by one of our most graceful poets ;
by tbe Valley of Wyoming, which lives for
ever in the imagination of Campbell, but
which is fairer even than the semitropical
fancy of which be was enamored : on by the
bold scenery of the meeting of its waters a
mile above bunbory, to its broad glory, cele
brated in the New Postorial, and its magnifi
cent union with the Chesapeake, every mile
ol the Busnaebanna is beautiiul. Ulner
rivers have their points of loveliness or of
grandeur, the ausquebanna bas every lorm ol
beauty or sublimity that belongs to rivers.
We have seen them all ; Connecticut, Hud
son, Delaware, Unto, Mississippi, .Missouri
here is nothing like tbe ausquebanna on
this continent. Its peculiar character de
pends upon its origin in the New York mea
dows, its passage through the magniucent
Pennsylvania highlands, and tbe richness of
tbe valleys that lie between tbe mountains,
Everywhere its course is deflected ; it begins
in a wooded lake ; it winds a limped brook by
meadows and over silver pebbles ; makes its
way through mountains ; it lotters restingly
by their bases ; it sweeps in oroaa courses
by the valleys. Its vast width, in its mad
Spring freshets, when swollen by tbe melted
snows, it rushes Irom tbe bills witn irreslsii
b'e force, sometimes causing frightful inunda
tiona, leaves, with it fulls, island after island
in its mid cbaonel, of tbe richest green, and
most surpassing beauty : while those passages
through tbe mountains afford points of
scenery far finer" than any one would believe
them to be Irom any description, li be bas
not seen tbem.
Tbe Susquehanna makes tbe grandest of
those passages, just beiow tbe moutb ol tbe
Juciata. Its course there is several miles
long, before it entirely disengages itself from
the rapids, called Hunter's Falls, wbicb are
tbe remains of tbe rocky barrier wbicn once
resisted its way. Entirely at liberty.it pours
its stream, a mile wide, alone a channel some
fifty or sixty feet beneath its eastern bank.
About seven miles below tbe mountains, at a
point where tbey look blue in tbe distance, a
sheltering wall from tbe northern blasts, flows
lo a little stream which tbe Indians called
Pexetang, Paixtang, or Paxton. This moon
taiu range is tbe northern boundary of tbe
great valley, wbicb, underlaid with blue lime
stone, covered originally with the richest and
noblost rorest-growtb, and including within it
the garden of all the Atlantic slope, extends
from Gaston, on tbe Delaware, by Heading,
Lebanon and Lancaster, by Uarrisburg, York
and Carlisle, by Cbambersborg, llagerstowo
and Winchester, until it loses itself in tbe
North Carolina bills, lpe point or greatest
beauty in all that valley, is tbe spot where it
is cloven by tbe cusquebabaa.
A handred and forty years ago, an enter.
prising young man, from Yorkshire in Kog
land, by descent, probably, one of those
Scandinavians who, under tbe great Canute
held possession of the North of Lngland, and
gave its main character to it, made bis way
to Philadelphia. He married bere a lady
wbocame over with a well known Yorkshire
family of this city. Impelled by tbe same
enterprising spirit tbat brought bim from tbe
old world, and nsing the inevitable eye tbat
was characteristic of mm, be went to tbe
banks of tbe Susquehanna. lie settled for a
brief period at a point above Columbia, where
the village of Iiaiobridge now stands, a place
much frequented by the Conoy or Uawaoese
Indians. JJut be was not satisfied with this
location. Exploring npwards along tbe Eas
tern bank of tbe Susquehanna, be advanoed
ootil, instead of the Cooewsga hills at bis
back and on tbe opposite side of tbe river, ba
found tbe entrance opposite to bim of tbat
most beautiful valley, already described, with
two fine streams flowing into tbe river about
five miles apart, and on tbe eastern side an
elevated plateau, unsurpassed in loveliness in
tbe wide world, wltb tbe little raxton nowing
at tbe base of aa elevated (lope or ridge of
land. Here be settled, and tbe ferry across
the river to tbe entrance of tbe Cumberland
Valley, was called after bim. His sod, the
first whits child born west of tbe Conewaga
hills, subsequently laid out a town on toe
spot, and with singular forethought let apart
is ?res oa 9 noble bill wbicb nsea on tbe
north-west, wbicb ba conveyed to the State
or puoiio purposes. The Can tal of xenn
sylvania is now built upon it, and tba city of
Harrisborg bears bit namo. rruhyterian
fiVVVW VV4(ltl VVV
Strange and Unaccountable Antipa
Tbe following are a few of tbe more striking
manifestations of that unaccountable feeling
of antipathy to certain objects, to which so
many persons are subject, and with instances
of which, in a modified form, perhaps, most
people are acquainted :
Erasmus, though a Dative of Rotterdam,
had such an aversion to fish tbat the smell of
it threw bim into a fever.
Ambrose Pare mentions a gentleman who
never could see an eel without fainting.
There is an account of another gentleman
who would full into convulsions at the sight
or a carp.
A lady, a native or 1- ranee, always fainted
on seeing boiled lobsters. Other porsons
from tbe same country experienced the same
inconvenience from the smell of roses, though
they were particularly partial to tbe odor of
ocquns or tuueroses.
Joseph ScBi:gcr and Peter Abeno sever
could drink milk.
Cardan was particularly disgusted at the
sight of Pgi;s.
Uladislaus, King of Poland, could not bear
to see apples.
it an apple was shown to Cbesne, Secretary
to Francis I, he bled at the nose.
A gentleman in tbe court of the Emperor
Ferdinand would bleed at tbe nose on bearing
the mewing of a cot, however great tbe dis
tance might be from bim.
Henry in of France could never sit in a
room with a cat.
The Duke of Scbomberg bad tbe same
M. de Lancre gives an account of a very
sensible man who was so terrified at seeing a
hedgehog that for two years be imagined bis
bowels were gnawed by such an animal.
I bo ft. me author was intimate witb a very
brave officer, who wus so terrified at the sight
of a mouse tbat be never dared to look at
one unless be bad a sword in bis band.
M. Vangheiin, a great huntsman in llano-
ver, would luiut, or it be bad sullicient time,
would run away, at tbe sight of a roasted
J obn Kol, a gentleman in A icantara, would
swoon on bearing tbe word "lana (wool)
pronounced, though bfei cloak was woolen.
ibe pbilosonbical liovle could notcouquer
an aversion to tbe sound of water running
through a pipe. v
La Alotbe lo ayer could not endure tbo
sound of musical iustruments, though be ex
perienced lively pleasure whenever it thun
dered. The author of the "Turkish Spy" tells ns
tbat be would rather encounter a lion in the
deserts of Arabia, provided he had but a
sword in bis band, than feel a spider crawling
on bim in the dark. He observes tbat there
no reason to be given for these secret
dislikes. He humorously attributes them to
tbe doctrine of the transmigration of tbe
soul ; and, as regarded himself, be supposed
that he bad been a fly before he came into
bis body, and that having been frequently
persecuted by spiders, be still retained the
dread of bis old enemy. From "Ten 'Thou
sand Wonderful Things."
A gentleman in Massachusetts, who bad
committed to memory large portions of the
Bible in his youth, and who wished to induce
tbe Sabbath School scholars in his own State
to do the same, made an offer of a ten dollar
Bible to tbe scholar in Massachusetts, "old
or young, wbo during tbe year Irom April
I, 1859, to April 1. ItiOO, should commit to
memory and faithfully repeat to his or ber
teacher, superintendent or pastor, tbo largest
portioo of the Scriptures ; also, a ten dollar
liible to ye one wbo should commit to mem
ory the oext largest portion.
I be following reports or passages commit
ted have been received, certified by superin
tendent or pastor :
Mrs. Ketsey Uonant, wbo bas been residing
in MelroBe, a lady sixty-eight years of ago,
bas committed to memory tbe entire Bible,
old and new Testament, reciting each day in
tbe week. This is certified by ber daughter,
and also by tbe superintendent of tbe Sab.
batb School, and tbe lady is entitled to toe
Harriet Ellen Bollard, of West Medway,
has recited 18. 209 verses, or nearly two
thirds the entire Bible, and is entitled to tbe
second prize. Charles N. Hoyes, a member
of tbe State Reform School, bas committed
to memory 18,13(5 verses, and will receive a
beautiful Bible. Lucy M. tioodale, of North,
bridge Centre, "recited perfectly" 15,425
verses, and will receive a beautiful Bible.
This girl, according to the certificate, "learn
ed ber Scripture by rising at 4 o'clock in the
morning, and studying before commencing
ber labors of the day."
Twenty-seven others committed from 3,000
to 10,000 verses.
We regard these facts as remarkable in
stances of tbe power of application and
memory, though we feel constrained to express
our doubts of the wisdom and propriety of
thus stimulating tba young (for most ol those
wbo bave competed for tbe prize are proba
bly young) to such inordinate tasks, Many
of those who were competitors were probably
school children who bad tbeir regular daily
studies. Tbe strain upon tbe mind and body
resulting from such intense application and
so unreasonable an exercise of tbe memory.
must bave beeo seriously injurious in many
A Domestic Scenb. "Uenry'dost thou love
me, dearest r "Why asketb thou, Heleno-
rai " "isottbatl fear tbe answer, dearest
Henry, but because 1 love to hear the BDeak :
say Henry dost thou love me t" "Ask tbe
Btars ir tbey love to twinkle, or tbe flowers if
tbey love smell, or the rose to bloom. Love
yon I Aye, as tbe birds love to warble, or
tbe breeze to waft its balmy influence why
aBKeiu mou me, nannei oi my beart I "Be'
cause my soul is grieved ; care bas overcast
tbe joy wbicb once spread sunshine over tbv
face ; anguish sits upon tby brow, and yet your
llelenora knoweth not the cause. Tell me,
my acbing beart, why droops my soul has
mutton riit" "No, my llelenora thsok the
godsl No! but my credit's fell. Watson
from this day fortb sells meat for cash."
llelenora faints, screeches and falls into ber
linBrtarid'fl arms. who. in tha Anoniah nt l ha
moment, seized, a kuife and stabs himself over
Correct Sentimint. At a public tea-cartv
recently held in one of our country towns,
where sentimenti were in order, a timid bach
elor was bold enough to remind the ladies that
loan vear was nnon them by the following t
Thiee long weary years 1 have waited for
Now if you'll pop tba question I'll sorely say
To wbicb a lady promptly responded as
The man without courage to do bis own
May do his own washing, and baking and
Progressive Gardener's Society.
Conclusion or Discussion or Mahcrrs.
Official Report For the Oeimantown Telegraph
Wai.tkr Elder. As this subject lies at
tbe root of all good culture, you should bave
it fully discussed ; every member should state
tbe result of his practice aod observation, and
bring all the virtues of the different fertilizing
materials to light, I will contribute my mite
with some data. We should cultivate en
larged views ; look over the garden fence
upon tbe farm, and consider the value of its
prodocts. ily own soul was once so smau as
to bury my brains in a flower pot, and to
think tbat a garden with a few jilass struc
tures was the universe ; bat now 1 see what
a big place the world is. It is generally con
ceded by cultivators, and barnyard manure is
tbe best manure for common use ; and as it
is the droppings of several specios of animals,
together witb straw, I think it better than
that of any one specios, whon applied to
clayey soils aud heavy loams in its long fresh
state. It warms tbem, renders them more
porous and allows tbe roots of rapid-growing
plants to enter tbem more freely. Indian
corn, potatoes, melons, squashes, &c seem
to do best upon heavy soils witb Iresb barn
yard manure ; but lor sandy and light soils it
is best when well rotted, and in that state has
a more immediate effect on crops in general.
For potting plants it should be almost a
mould, and be mixed many months with tbe
soil before being used. Ligneous manures I
think must be most beneficial to trees and
other woody plants, although seldom ever ap
plied to them. Leaf mould is almost indis
pensable in pot culture, and the mould at the
bottom ol the wood pile is better ; wood asbes
looched, are used extensively upon sandy
soils, produce good crops and solidify such
soils ; waste charcoal is valuable in pot culture
but too expensive for general use : sawdust is
all converted in manure around the city of
Edinburg, Scotland, by bedding cows and
horses with it. Tan-bark is also converted
into manures by composing it with other ma
terials, and nurserymen grow tbe bardier
rhododendrons and azaleas in bods out doors,
made up witb two thirds of decayed tan-bark
and one-third garden loam. Salt as manure
hastens vegotatiou, and gives earlier matu
ration to plants than any other kind of
manure. 1 have used night soil fresh fiom
tbe wtlls of this city, npon acres ; and for
onions, beets, radishes, turnips aod carrots, I
have never found anything to equal it for
early aod heavy crops. Poudrette bas a
a similar effect, but these matters make cab
bage "clubfooted." and do not suit potatoes.
Tbe low meadows around Edinburg, into
wbicb tbe sewers of the city empty, yield tbe
greatest crops of grass to be found ; they are
divided into lots of three and four acres by
ditches which lead tbe liquid manure around
tbem, and are flooded witb it at pleasure ;
tbey are let yearly at auction to dairymen.
Tbe grass is fit to cut by the time that
grasses elsewhere begin to grow in the spring J
Tbey give seven cuttings kneo bigb, and so
heavy that the 6cytbe can hardly carry tbe
swath through. Tbe market gaidoers of
Leitb surpass all tbeir cotemporaries more
inland in tbe production of early and fine
vegetables by tbe ase of Bea-weed they gather
of the beach after a high tide or storm.
Upon tbo flat meadows of Long-Island Sound
letweon llorlom and Thogg's Neck, the grass
after being flooded by a "spring tido," grows
op at a wonderful rate ; and asparagus of tbe
Suest quality springs up spontaneously all
over those. Country people empty the brine
of tbeir meat and fish barrels in spring upon
their asparagus beds, wbicb is tbe ouly ma
nure tboy get, and they yield plentiful crops.
i nave useu ootu suit, lime buu unue biuuuu
tbe base of peach aud plum trees for the cut
worm, which alwajs kept tbem ou and invigo
rated the trees.
Calcareous Manures. I think that lime IS
best wbeu mixed witb other materials. Ibe
farmers in the sandy districts of New-Jersey
who use marl largely, think it best wben mix
ed with lime or barnyard manure. Plaster of
Paris is best for sandy soils, and beneuts an
kinds of crops grown opon tbem ; it is tbe
best tbing lor clover I ever used. Road-earth
is best when composted with other materials,
arter lying id a heap and being irequeniiy
turned in a year. The same is true of coal
asbes, stroet-sweepiogs are also best after
lvine in a beaD twelve months and turned
over twice. I have beard it often asserted
tbat tbo asbes of tbe peat used in Ireland as
fuel aod called turf, contains more fertilizing
matter than any other thing six times us
bulk. A relative fifteen miles from London
derrv. informed me that tbe ashes of the
"peat" was tbe best tbing be ever osod for
bis venenes, puacb and nectarine doubcs, onu
also for bis wall trees. He exchanged stable
manure for it among the people. Now, we
all know bow valuable peat is in pot culture
and tbe older the belter so we may well pre
sume that there must be a virtue in tbe asnes
alan. -An K.nirlish friend of mine from W lit
shire, used to tell me that straw was used for
fire to cook witb, and tbe farmers mere
manured their lands witb burned turf, (sod ;)
they bad turf plows that turned up tlie turf
and made it into rous inree yarus mug , iv
was put into large heaps into a mould, it was
snread tirmu thu lands and produced good
crons. The moorland farmers ia Scotland do
... ... .11- .1 W.1
tbe same tbing, and luey luiua mm, uuuu
tbe quantity of grass grows where tbe asbes
of the beather falls, when tbey buro it opon
tbeir pastures in spring
I once top-dressed a lawn witb grains oi
Jnim Tivut'a brewery at Albany, J. x
and it produced a wouderful eflect opon tbe
grass. At the same place I manured an acre
with bops from tbe brewery, iuai usu mm m
a large heap and was wen lermeuveu , uu
envoil narsnina nnon it ! the leaves all Over
.r ,- r-, ... .,i
nram liva lot hum 1 08 late ilKSBS DU&unuu
James Wilson, as well as other cultivators of
oote, came to view them, aod said tuey never
saw anything like them. A path adjoining
was manured witn yeasi irom vuu i)iii
and yielded a very heavy crop oi carrots.
1 will now tell bow I bsve seen manures
enmnnatorl in Kdinhnrff. whe I was a lad.
A man bad a large yard dsck oi iu cuim,
with a canal through if: divided into Jbree
compartments by sluices, tbe sides were stone
I walled and flag bottomed : alongside tbe yard
I were slaughterhouses, tanneries ana currier
I shops : the offal and washings of these places
1 were thrown into tha canal and mixed witb
stable manure bauled from tbe city, and after
lying a fortnight, being flooded all that time,
the liquid was let off into another compart
ment, and tbe manure thrown out into a neap,
well mixed, and after becoming well ferment
ed it was made into heaDa a vard bigb. and
as long and broad as was engaged for. It
was always bespoke before it was made op,
and sold by the square yard. Tbe great
quantity of tan-bark among it neutralized tbe
bad eflluvia ; it produced heavy crops of all
I moos, ad after compost was made by larm
era near to tbe city, wbo paid a bigb price
(or tbe contenti of tbe water closets. Tbe
night soil was collected and emptied nightly,
kod baulfid out to the farms and put into
large basins made with road earth ; a single
horse load of coal ashes from the city was put
above a double horse load of manure as a
deodoriser. After the busins were full tbey
stood so a month, iben the road earth form
ing the sides, was cot op fine and thrown on
top, and tbe whole turned over and mixed,
and io a fortnight more it was applied to tbe
land, and made early and heavy crops.
Another compost was made with the roots of
perennial weeds gathered off the field after
being plowed and harrowed, and cleanings of
ditches mixed witb stone lime ( the slaking
of the lime burned the wholo into a mould,
and after being turned and well mixed, it was
bauled out and spread upon the lands and
produced good crops. Sometimes a heap
would have three hundred cart loads. Ano
ther compost was made with road earth, lime
and tan-bark, turned and well mixed twico,
and Bevcr used uutil a year old ; it made
I have used oearly all the modern fertilisers
with success, and think all of them valuable ;
any one who uses tbem once will do so again.
I think that too much credit cannot be be
stowed upon tbe efforts of thoir manufac
turers. I have seen good effects produced ou fruit
trees by burying dead animals at tbeir roots.
I once made a border for a grapery and paved
tbe bottom with cattkhcads, fresh from the
slaughter-houses; tbey were laid as closo as
tbey could lie, and compost put over tbem
twenty inches thick, and 1 seldom ever saw
vines grow so thrifty and yield such good
J-iiuid Manures are the essence of tbe solid
manures, generally speaking ; tbey give more
immediate effect to plants and are well suited
for pot culture, and 1 think that tbey are
better for woody plants than solid manures,
as they can only bo taken up by them io that
form ; they incorporate at once with the soil.
Fruit trees, gooseberries, currants and rasp
berries, are particularly benefitted by tbem,
but they should be applied immediately after
rains during hot weather, or be veiy weak.
I tbink that they do most good if applied in
wiutoror spring. The liquid of the barnyard
is perhaps tbe best. Soapsuds appear to be
of a burning nature, as it hardens the soil
very much in hot weather. Tbat made from
gnnno appears to be most useful ia killing
the worms in flower-pots. Tbe water of a
muddy pond or ditcb, with the mud well
stirred up among it, is one of tbe very best
manures I ever applied to herbaceous plants
growing in tbe open ground. I think tbat a
liquid manure made of the ashes of fresh peat,
would be an excellent thing for many kinds
or pot plants. Bones are considered good
food for graperies and drainage Tor their
borders, and when ground tine make an ex
cellent draining for flower-beds. I have seen
beds for asparagus dog deep, and oyster-shells
put in tbe bottom six inches thick, but never
could see that tlio crop was any better tbau
in beds made tbo usual way.
xow, gentlemen, with all tbat bas been
said, the subject is hardly begun. You will
have observed tbat I bave not remained long
in the garden and hardly touched on pot
culture. I bave done so on purpose that
others of you may dwell opon those depart
r r in p z & r
V V -V J Vr
Ginoer Pound Cake. Cut up in a pan i
ft), of butter, aod a too cup of brown sugar,
mix with a pint of West India molasses ; then
stir tbom well together. Sift into a pao a
pound or Hour ; in another pan beat bve eggs,
add gradually tbe eggs and flour to the mix
ture of batter, sugar and molasses, witb two
large tablespoonfuls of ground ginger, and
four of cinnamon. Iben stir in a class oi
brandy, and a small teaspooofol of salaeratus
melted in a very little milk, atir tbe wboie
for some time. Then add a pound of raisins
three dredged with witb flour. Transfer the
mixture to a buttered tin pun aod bake from
two to throe hours.
Marino Cakr Without Butter. A New
England lady, wbo is quite a famous house
keeper, recommends an economical plan for
makiug cake without butter, wbicn may be
useful to our readers. Take a piece of salt
pork, fat, and melt it down, and strain it
through a piece of course, tbin muslin. Set
Dugu a piece oi course, turn musun. oei
side until cool It is then white and firm
i may be used like butter in any kind of
cake, in pound cake she assures ns it is
delicious. She says that after one trial she
never ased butter again,
Soda Biscuits. I often seo receipts for
Soda Biscuits, without giving tbe exact pro
portion which is indispensuble for a nice cake.
I supply tbe deficiency. One quart of Hour,
one toaapoonful of Soda, two of cream tartar,
a little salt and a small bit of lard : mix tbe
cream tartar thoroughly with tbe flour, dis
solve the soda iu sufliicient sweet milk to wet
the flour, bake in rather quick oven. Tbe
biscuit should be worked as soft as possible
and also as nice as possible, and cut about an
Plain Ciieap Pudding. Take four eups
of flour, one of molasses, one of chopped suet,
ODe of milk, one of raisins, and a teaspoootul
of soda sifted io the flour. Uoil three hours
in a pudding cloth or tin-cbape. This makes
a large pudding, and is much liked. Sauce
Wbeu cold, slice and fry it in the remains
or tbe sauce.
Baked Quince. Wipe the quinces, and
cut tbem in round slices, leaving tbe seeds
and cores is tbey are sound : put in a deep
dish with a narrow top tbe sliced quinces and
sugar in alternate layers nntil tbe disn If full.
Cover up close so tbat no steam hi ay escape,
and cook in a slow oven tbree Hours, ex
cellent for any purpose.
Baked Pkabs. Fill a deep earthen dish
witb whole pears. Put io a few cloves and
bits of orange peel, a cup ef sugar, and a
gill of molasses, and bake, closely covered,
Or, bake them witb soger and a gill of
claret. If cooked in a brick even, let tbem
remain till night.
An Economical Puddino. lake half a
pound floor, balf a pound of raisius stoned,
half a pound of fiue chopped suet, four ounces
of molasses, aod milk sufficient to make a
batter as boiled rice. Boil Qvs hours In a tin
pudding shape. Sauce to taste.
To Wasu Colors. To wash colors safely
I ad ins are advised to boil some bran in rain-
later and use tbe liquor cold, it is said, oy
those who bave tried It, tbat notbiog can
equal it for ease opon colors, and for clean'
Glui Use a piece of cine to stir your
clue, or keep a small piece of lino in tbe
bottom. It U ssid to prevent it irom ac
ouiring tbat npleasant odor common
Blacking Stoves. Pound and rub some
good black lead into a powder ; then mix
strong coffee with it till the mixture becomes
as thick as cream. If tbe air is cold and
damp, warm op the stave slightly. Rob it
with tbe mixture, and polish oft with-a dry
brush. This stove blacking makes a fine
polish and prevents the stove from rusting
wben put away for tbe sumim r.
To Kekp Hams in Summkh Contributed
tothe Agricttlturist. Cut in slices and trim
off tbe outside ; fry it about half as much
as you would for tbe table. Pack it tightly
in lars ; pour over it the fat tbat fries oat,
and enough lard to cover it ; close tbe jar
light, set it io a cool place and it will keep
fresh all Summer.
Baked Indian rtnniNO Contributed to
the Agriculturist by Mrs. L. Blight, Isabel
Co., Mich. Scald ten tablespoonfuls of lo
dion meal in three pints of sweet milk, and an
oonco of butter, and sugar or molasses to
sweeten to the taste. Bake two or three
ToSetti.r Coffee J. Armstrong, Colom-
ItU f I ' : - j. i n
uiu iuM rccuiiiiuenns tuu luiiowiug
method : Brown the coffee io the osual
manner, and when nearly cool, break an egg
upon it, and stir it well, to bave each kernel
coated. The coffeo should not be warm
enough to cook tbe egg. Use one egg to a
poond of coffee : lot it dry well before grind
ing. When boiled for use, it will settle with
out lurtber trouble.
To Poi.isu Flat-Irons. If your fiat-irons
ore rougb, rub tbem well witb flue salt, and
it will make them smotb.
To Wash Rirdons. Ribbons of any kind
should be washed in cold soap suds, aud not
Old Crafe. A bit of glue, dissolved in
skim-milk and water, will restore old crape.
Grease Spots. A hot shovel held over
varnished furniture, will take out grease
Beds. Oat Btraw Is the best for filling
beds. It should be changed once a year.
D u morons
Lost His Boot?.
There ero few persons in this moral com
munity, who go about after nightfall, like
bis Satanic majesty, "seeking whom he may
devour." These "roaring-lions" are compris
ed in two classes, male and female ditto
but with tbe latter, at present, we have noth
ing to do. Our recital relates to those young
men of genteel exterior and address, who
make it their business to insult evory unpro
tected female tbey may chance to meet Id the
street after dark, and especially if the lady
should have any claim to be considered good
looking. Occasionally these follows got their
deserts. Here is en iustance.
MissT happened to be detained a
little after dark, and was hurrying home, when
sue was accosted by a well cressed young
"Miss" says he, "shall I have the pleasure
oi seeing you noma I
"x ou appear to bo olono, shall I see vou
"No, sir, I do not neod your services."
"Come, come I've seen you before."
"Very likely but I don't know you."
"Well I'm bound to see you bonie."
"I'll call the watch."
"You'd better take my arm."
"You can't bluff mo off iu this way."
"You'll repent this."
Duriug this running fire, Miss T-
rapidly bearing ber home, when reflecing tbat
ber latber or brother were quite likely to be
within, she suddenly changed ber tactics.
"Keally, sir," said sue, "the oppressive
heat aod the fright together, bave made me
quite faint, and 1 shall be compelled to take
'AS i tbis is charming, remarked tbe lor
ward but deceived gallant.
"leu me " simpered Miss I with
consumate tact, "is your name Uustavus ?"
" Alas, no, dear miss, my name uulorluuato
j jg Timothy
,tig oeaut7fuijetJbow ,,
say t 'tis sweet
yet bow unlike Uustavus?1
"There is a slight difference, I admit, be
tweeo Timothy and Gustavus : but remember
lair one, a rose by another name would smell
as sweet, as tbe divine Fanny Kemble used
" 1 roe, true, but bore I am at borne 1 W ill
yon walk in 1"
"will 1 1 yon entrance me."
"llush not a whisper walk in. Now
take off your boots; the slightest noise will
cause discovery, aod 1 shall be ruined. Have
you taken off your boots t"
"Now follow me but if you value your life
Pve got an engagement at twelve," re
marked ti youth sou.ewhat agitated.
"1 will let you on in Beason lor tbat.
"You won't disappoint me," said be as be
cautiously followed ber op stairs in his stock
Oo reaching the first landing a door was
open, aud be stood m the presence or tbe
father, mother and brothers of his fair charge,
"My dear parent," said Miss 1
permit me to iutroduce you to Mr. Pick-Up,
an impudont fellow, wbo bas aouoyed and in- soma potatoes ; but betore purchasing be de
sulted me this eveuing on my way borne.- livered the following on the notore of the root :
You will perceive tbat he is bootless."
Mr. Pick-Up stood agbasl ; tbuuuer sirucK i
Had tbe beuse fallen down upon bis bead, be
could not have looked more terrified.
"Oh, you scoundrel 1" shouted tbe old gen-
tlemao, as be showered a dozen well aimed
and effectual blows opon the unfortunate
gallant, wbo turned and fled wildly down tbe
stairs, Mr. T. kicking bim at every step.
I The front door was opened in a twinkling, and
without bis boots, the poor devil fled preci
pitately down tbe street, and was soon lost in
the darkues of tbe night.
Those boots bave never been claimed.
A witty young rascal, passing through the
town of, in Alabama, not long since
wanted some whiskey, aod knowing tbat it
could ouly be obtained by a physician, wrote
bimsei: an oruer, signiug it wuu ois own name
presented it at the drug store cl a gentleman,
woo mougu uorecoguizuu vj uiui, proveu io
be ao old acquaintance.
"Hello, t rank, said be wben did you get
to be a oocior f
"I'm not a doctor."
"Why what's this M. D. attached to yoar
name lor men i
Frank saw be was caught, but, determining
to make tbe best of it, put on a very innocent
to look, aod meekly answered, "Ob I that's for
r ,t ir - i. .i ,.
I .'"y'y .-"y- vi course ut gut tut) Ulaney.
A little glove stirs op tbe heart
As tides stir op the ocean,
And snow-white muslin, wben it fits,
Wakes many a curious notion ;
All sorts of lady fixing thrill
My feelings as they'd orter,
ltut little female gaiter boots
Are death and nothing shorter!
And jast to put yoa on your guard.
J II give you sbort and brief.
A small hotel experience
Wbicb filled my beart witb grief.
Last summer, at tbe "Oliver,"
i stopped a week or more,
And marked two "bootees" every morn
Before my neighbors door.
Two boots with patent leather tips
Two boots which seemed to say,
"An angel trots around in us"
luey stolo my heart away.
And of in my nightly dreams,
1 bey swopt before my face.
A lady growing out of tbem
As flowers Irom a vaso.
But oh I one morn I saw a sight
Which struck me like a stone
Some other name was on the book 1
Ibose boots wore not alone I
A great tall pair of other boots
w ere standing by tbeir sido.
And off they walked one afternoon,
And with tbem walked a bride I
"Don't Wear 'em." A Scene. Dry goods
stores ore sometimes the scones of ludicrous
conversation. Tbe other day a young lady
stepped into a well known establishment io
town, and inquired of a fine looking voun?
clerk : "Sir, have yoa any mouse-colored
ladies' gloves ?" "Moose colered ladies, miss ?"
"Yes a sort of grey just the color of your
drawers, bere," meaning the store drawers, of
course, which were painted grey. "My draw
ers, miss ! ejaculated the young man, glanc
ing downward, to see if everything was right
and tight. "My drawers, miss I why, I dou't
wear any." Tbe young lady wos carried homo
on a shutter.
Couldn't Fool DTer. TbeLovfoTette Cou-
ritr tells an amusing story of some young
ladies and gents of that place, wbo were taking
a social walk near the ceinotry. when a chost
appeared. Tbey all ran but one sturdy woman
ol tbe strong-minded class, wbo stood to ber
post, wben sbe seized it, and tbiust out of his
frightful disguise a mischievous fellow wbo had
beard the project of walking near tbe grave
yard discussed and hid himself tbere to give
tbe party a fright. She led him back to the
house, and in roply to the questions tbat now
poured in npou hor, said : "Can't fool me I
1 have seen too mnnu men m sheets to get
frightened at tbem !"
The Rf.tokt by ueo. t. morris.
Old Nick, who taught the villiage school.
Wedded a maid of home-spun habit ;
He was stubborn as a mule,
Sbe was playful as a rabbit.
Poor Jano had scarco become a wifo,
Bofore ber husband sought to make her
Tbe piuk of country polished lifo
Aud prim and formal as a Quaker.
One day tbe tutor went abroad,
'And simple Jenny sadly missed him ;
When ho returned behind her lord
Sbe silly stolo and fondly kissed him.
Tbe husband's anger rose ! and red
And white bis face alternate grew;
"Leas freedom, ma'am 1" Jenny sighed and
"Oh, dear ! I didn't know twas yoa 1"
A Model Husband. HoarwhatSaxe savs
of a model husband :
1 saw a model husband in a dream,
Where things aro not exactly what they
A moral man, to skeptics be it known ,
ibe who be loved and cherished was bi
And for tbe test I saw the husband wait
With horso and chaise five minutes at the
Whilo Jano puts on ber things; nor speak
Or bitter word, though waiting half an hour
lor dinner ; and, like Patience on a tbrono,
He didn t swear to find a button gone.
Paris Gossip. The gay season at Paris
bas just been concluded. At tbe masked
balls a new feature bas been introduced,
quadrilles composed of characters represent
ing animals, tlowers and vegetables.
At tbe ball of l.dgar .Nov, rrince oi
Maskwa, tbe costumes of tho gentlemen re
presented animals, and tboso of the ladies,
flowers and vegetables. Tbe Princes of
Metternich represented an artichoke. Ibis
lady is a great lavorito witb the Kmpress.
At tbe ball of Minister Gould, the cos
tumes of all the different nations of tbe world,
At tbe fete or Ueneral 1 loury, ibe rnncess
Clotilde appeared as Ampbitrite, and tbe
Princess Matilda as tbe wife ol an Indian
A troupe representing tbe dramatist per-
8omv of Perauli's fables, attracted much at
tention. Madame De Bee appeared as Puss
iu Boot's wearing large boots, end having on
her boad a diadem in tbe shape or a cute
Whisky is now tested by tbe distance a
man can wain auer lasting it. ine new
liauor called "Tangle-leg," is said to be mado
of diluted alcohol, nitric acid, bootleg, and
tobacco, aud will up?et a man at a distance
of four hundred yards from the dimijobn.
A dandy negro stepped Into a store lo buy
later uo am wcwusuij gutrn or mewi-
iuuij um -, um um uu uivuituuiuiniy iu uu
combination ob toter. De exterior may ey
pear remorkably exemplary, while de interior
am toiauy negative ; but seiu' as dat yoa
I wends tbe article on your own responsibly,
why, widoutsuckumlocution, dis culled pussou
A Skeptic thinks it very extraordinary that
an ass once talked like a man. lsu't it still
more extraordinary that thousands of men
are continually talkiug like asses T
Love letters occe caused a ladv to exclaim :
"When tbe devil is desirous of deceiving
man or a woman, be always puts a pen in
Every husband thinks that ha can tame a
sbrew, except the poor follow tbat bas ber.
What kind of provisions should always be
given to professional beggars T The oold
Quii.r savs there's many women strong
enough to bold a fractious borse wbo cau't
bold ber own tongue.
Elopement Extraordinary. Mr. Jones
dog eloped wilb Mr. Smith's dinner.
Pooi y said be ouce worked for a maa who
raised bis wages so bigh that be could only
reach tbem once in two years.
xml | txt