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14 V S O1 v NEW SERIES, VOL. 13, NO. 23. SUNBU11Y, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, TA.-SATUIID AY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1860. OLD SERIES, VOL. 20, NO 49- ( ... i " ( Tlie Sunbury American. " t ccuenKD evekt Saturday BY Et.B. MASSES, Mark! Suuare, Sunbttrj, Penna. XSEU8 O&.Mt'p HSCRIFTION. TWO DOLLARS fref BBIwm t 1 r"d hlf y"T I, m advance. Ho fares discontinued eutil ali. arieaiugus TO CLUBSi Three Copies to on. address J p.v.,1 do. W Kifie.il 00. d- t'l) Five dollars in ulvnnca will py fol thrss year's sub seiiplion to the American. I ostinaelrre will ploae act our Amenta, and frank Utters coiitninine; subscription money. They are penult led to do tli la under lb. Pint Office Law. TKKMI OF ahveriiiino, On. Square of 18 linee" 3 times, -Every subsequent insertion, One iqunre, 3 months, f)i months, One yenr, Biinineu Card, or Five linn, per annum, Merchants and others, advertisinc ly the year, with the privilnreof iueetting different edvei- tt.einenta weekly. Ijf lrgei Advertiaemanti, aa per agreement. CI no 85 t 00 6 (10 8 IK) 8 UO to on ' ' JOB PHXNTINO- ' Weliave connected with nor eatnhhahment a well ee- to the neatest style, every vniiety of printing;. ATTORNEY AT LAW, susrUHTr, PA. Business attended to in the Counties of Nor- iimberland, Union, Lycoming Montour and Columbia. References in Philadelphia t Hon. Job R. Tyson, Chaa. Gibnone, Ken... . ... gouiers a, eWxUrea., Linn. Smith Co CHARLES XflAT THEWS Vt.t.or ncn at aro, IVo. 118 Rronritvay, !'ew York. Will cmefully attend to Cullectiona and all other matter) iiitrn'trd to hi. care. Mny-JI. lbSS. INDUSTRIAL ST07E WOEKST W. C. NEMAN, vnniiai ABB HIT! 1 1 STOVE IDE-A-XjET, "IVO. 38 North fleeond Street, oppnsiU Christ Church, il PHILADELPHIA. Matmtsrtnrer of all the Im proved C(KK AND H RATING STOVKS All kinda of aa.Hnes made u order. Joltbing promptly attended to. ' November I. IM. ... ' FRANKLIN HOUSE, REBUILT AND REFURNISHED, Cor. of Howard and franklin Street!, a few Squares West of the A1 C. R. R. Depot, fl HB Da ' O. LEISENlflNO, Proprieior, inly IS, 1819-tf ' From Belini Orov, Ia. WILLIAM S. tOXXR! I . CBALKIIT ROHIBB' ' G. SOMERS& SON. , ' ' Importera and Dealers In Cioilibr CaaifaicreB." Vstjngs,- Taylors Trimmings, &c, No 83 South Fourth Btreet, hrtween Markst and Cheanut Strreta, Philadelphia. Merrhanta nthera visiting the city would find it to their advantage to give them a call and ex amine their Block. March 10, I860 HARDWARE ! HARDWARE ! I rilST received by A. W. FISHER, at hia Drug Store, Sunbury, Pa., SCOOPS, 8H0VE1.9, FORKS, LOG CHAINS, MII.I. SAWS, CH058 CUT SAWS. A l.o, .Screw", Butta, Door Knoha, Thumb I.atchea,and all hardware necessary for building. A aplendid lit of pocket and table cutlery, 8ci aura, Uerman Silver rlpoona. , IouIiIiik ninNsea. A large atock of Looking Glnmea, received and for aale by A. W. FISHER, riunhury, July 17, 18S. DEFOREST. ARMSTRONG & CO. DRY GOODS MERCHANTS, 60 and 82 Chambers Street, JVeic York. Would notify tho Trade that they are opening Weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, the WABIBUTTA PUI.Ts, also the Ainoskeagi A New Print, which excels every print in the Country for perfection of execution and design in full Madder Colors. Our Prints are cheaper than any in market, and meeting with extensive ale. Ordera promptly attended to. . February 4, 1800 ly pi J. P. 8HINDEL GOBIN, " Attorney Counsellor at Law BTTISriJTjril-2-, PA WILL attend faithfully to the collection of claims and all professional business in the counties of Northumberland, Montour, Union and Knyder. Counsel (riven in the Uerman language. tV Cilice one door east of the Pruthonotary's oflVe. Sunbury, May 6, 18C0. ly LINCOLN7wO0Diar NICHOLS, Manufacturera and Importers. STRAW AND MILUNEEY GOODS Silk Bonnets, French Flowers, PANAMA, PALM LEAF, LEGHORN AND STRAW HATS, No. 715 Cheanut Street, 3 dnora above Masonic Temple, PHILADELPHIA. May 21, !H60 4ro BLANKS! BLANKS!! new aupplr of Summons', Kxecutiona. - Warrants, Supoenms, Deads, Mortgagea, Bonda, Leases, Naturalixation papers. Justices sou i.onsiauies rea Dim, oic., otc ic, just printed end for aale at this Office. 8unbury. April 30, 1859. SPALDING'S Prepared Glue, and Sitelleya Mucilage Priee per bottle and hrmh ,5 cents. "'Cirdiul Linn uf Cuiuaye Uark 4 Heuxiae,for removing FOR BILE AT THIS OFFICE. asHsry, March IT, laao WHITE GOODS. BRIGHT St SON have now opened choice lot of White Goods, among which may be found Fine India Book, 8 wise Mull, Fine Tarlton, Jacanett, L'ndreseed Drilling, Swiss Flouncing, Dimity Bands, Edeinsra, Saper Dotted 8 wise, Nainsook Muslins, Cambria do Bohinett, Soft finished Muslin, Inserting, Laces, Needle worked Collars, Linen Hdkfia At-, it., ate Sunbury, June S3, I860, TI VE Barrels Portland Karosere Oil, the best la market, ai ruii.nua uiaai e. Sunbury, January 2, 1800. 'tlitt !oclri)e LOVE'S TIME IS NOW." A song from " The Fiscal Agent," a ritTita comedy, performed at the Park Theatre, New York. WRITTRN BT PARK BENJAMIN, ESQ. ' Ah, why defer the happy day? The boon glide fleetly by, And oft we fee a gloomy cloud Obaenre the fairest aky Then, while the morn is rosy bright, Receive my ear neat tow, And Btill, believe me, dearest maid, . Love's time Love' time is now, Love't time LoVa't time is now. . Regard not, sweet, what grey beards say Of fond and fickle youth, But trust my faith and constancy And never doubt my truth. I would not for the world dispel The suosMun from thy brow, Then be mine own this very hour Love's time Love's time is now, Love's time Love's time is now. ' 'Tie true-J-b, sure Love's time ia note; To-morrow may defray . - v . 1 1 , -The Sower tbat bloem eo frvsb. and fair - Along the path of joy. Then do not, dearest maid, delay, Hot at the altar bow, Aod with nnited heart we'll sing Love's time Love's time is now, Low' time Love's time is now. (Prepnred for the Geriiuiiitcvwii Telf graph.) THE ARMY AT VALLEY FORGE. Oo pursuing the history of those events succeeding the battle of tiermantown, it is with seutiiueuts of iudignation end astonish ment that we observe persistent desire ou the part of many distinguished members of the Continental Congress, as also to their everlasting shame be Unrecorded, the feeling actuating officer of '.lie army, such as Gates and Conway, in a vain endeavor to depreciate the military qnalitication of their great com niaudar. Ill private character irreproach able as it wus ever knowa to have been waa likewise assailed, and base insinuations, dero gatory of all his actioos, slanderoosly thrown oat. A degree bl jealousy was entertaioed, which needed, but. an opportunity to boret fertb, and if possible, destroy the noble cause by these contemptible machination. Geo. Gates, fresh from boasted contests in the north, luxuratiog under the nom de yuerrt of the "hero of Saratoga," and iuflaled with, greater vanity than was even ordinarily his wont, dared to utter aspersions, unfounded and dishonorable, against him, the execution of whose plans, alone aucceeded in bringing' the northern battle fields to so favorable a COBclueiiB.H...W aldington, ia 'thaolitada of bis camp, bad formed those able scheme of attack, which it required but otdioary milita ry capacity to successfully mature ; aod yet we find the very man to whom these were en trusted, engaged in wilfully perverting every act of bis commander, a well as arrogoling to himself the sole credit attached to liur goyue's defeat aod surrender. Of Couway, little Deed be said ; although undeterred by the ancient motto, "da morluis nil nisi bnniim," yet it is the writer's opinion that where no redeeming trait in a mun's charac tor can be afforded ;o the extenuation of his acts, far better is it thut nothing should be spoken j despised and UDregretted, the au thor of the infamous "cabal" descended to his grave with the perpetual stain of envy, bypucrasy and deceit resting upuu bis memo ry. Bbortlv after the account received of the succees of the northern army under General Gates, it wag the eager desire of many A me- rican officers to immediately attack I'hiladel. phia, and then deprive the British command er o( bis most important stronghold. It had been the misfortuoe of Washington, unprovi ded with a sufficient number of men and with out those aids calculated to insure victory, to suffer several successive defeats, which had dampened the ardor of mauy timid adhereuts, and cuueed tbem to torn their glances toward the fortuoute Gates, whose northern success had placed him foremost in the vulgar opinion. Desirous of restoring confidence, at tbe same time, unwilling that even this should be accomplished by needless expendi ture of blood, Washington invoked a council of bis officers, in order to learn their seuti meuts concerning tbe suggested attack npon bir William Howe. The majority, among whom was himself, considered tbat tbe attempt would involve immense losses, and ought possibly be productive, at men a cost, of oo permanent utility. Respecting more tbe weal of hi country than tbe epbemral adulation of Congress and the people, asa- iogtou refused to comply with the wishes of those who advised a deceol upon t niladelpuia. Tbe auair was tberulore abanuonoa, and Washington repaired to Whilemarsh, about fourteen mile Irom the Delaware, strongly utroucbuig himself among it wooded bills. The Legislature of Feunsjlvama expressed themselves keeuly desirous for some great achievement which would redoond to tbe glory of our arms, yet they lent but trivial aid toward promoting its aocuuipiiauuiruv. u battle of Saratoga bad excited tbe minds of these worthy lawgivers, aod tbey desired tbat a similar performance should be executed within their own border. CougreBS, notwith standing the earcest remonstrance of Wash- mgton, bad elevated oooway to tae reus, ui Major General, and also, in varioo ways, testified their disapprobation of the com mander conduct even oia courage was im pugned, and sneering allusions were con stantly made to bis frequent defeat, compar ing tbem with the brilliant campaign under Galas. Thai turroended by treachery, with the remnant of bis army aloue true, we note the noble devotion to hi coaotry ' cause which aver distinguished the sentiments of Washington j ha made do reproaches, de scended to oo censures, but eootiooing in tbe direct, straightforward path ba bad ever chosen, disdained to publicly notice those vivifications, which rebounded with ten-fold power upon their malignant author. Tbe attempt of tbeae traducer were alike ren dered abortive, and even a more dangerous suggestion of supplanting Washington and substituting Gale in couiaaaod, waa similarly unavailing. Oo the 4th of December, 1777, It was th Intention of General 11 ewe to attack Wash ington's position at Wbitamarsh, and there accomplish a threat ottered soaae time pre vious, ef "driving him beyond the mountains." Tiiroogb the vigilance el McLane, a gallant captain In the American army, this intention was detected ; and Washington, dispatching the officer with a company to reconnoitre, pre pared for the enemy' appmaeh. About mid- rjiubt. Mel.aue i'i i,ii advance mi historical hcJc the Germantown road, below Chestnut Hill, and attacked it wish great spirit, varying it lio of march, and otherwise disconcerting Hie movement. At early dawn tbe troop were encamped within three milos of the American right wing, their advance parties extending over the Wtitemarsh valley, and sing every endeavor to decoy Washington from his impregnable position. Some militia Companies nnder General Irvine, were sent forward to skirmish, but as nsuul with these dangerous individuals, nothing was afTested beyond a epeedy retreat within the protect ing 'shelter of tbe American lines) their officer was wounded and taken prisoner, the men possessing too much regard for personal comfort to saciitice themselves in an attempt at rescue. During the days intervening between the 4th end 7lb, General Howe was occupied in recoonoitering the Americans, and laboring to draw them into a general action, which Washington, however, as adroitly evaded. Aware of tbe strength of bis position, and knowing too, tbe many advantages of dis cipline and numbers possessed by the enemy, he felt no desire to hazard an engagement, the consequence of which could not have been otherwise than disastrous. Tbe 7th of December arrived, and the enemy had now advanced witbin a mile of tbe Ameriban. Numerous akirmisbe enaoed, some of wbicb were attended with loss. livery movement now indicated that a general action might be expected, and: Washington always calm and dignified, addressed hia men in inspiring lunguage, as be gazed wistfully, toward the approacbiog enemy. Tbe morn ing passed away into noon, the noon to even-J log, uigub luiueu uer maun, uver tun. va bills, and yetMlo attack was made. ' The" Bi'tV day came, an the enemy were observed muna'uvering about their position ! they then! advanced toward the right, and again baited ;' thus tbe day glided by, and another night was at band. On its approach, huge watch Sres were kindled, aod their vivid glare Rbed a wild lustre over the wintry plain ; behind these, tbe British ignomiuiuuely retreated, und were in full, though silent march toward Philadelphia, before Washington discovered their pusillanimous design, 'l oo far away to be overtaken, they were allowed to continue oo unmolested, and without aulike Caesar even a laurel to cover their baldness, re entered tbe city. . ; ; During these memorable and anxious days.. tbe conduct of Washington was marked by j the same prudence and foresight whick characterized all bis actions. Unwilling to relinquish bis iovoloerable position, and thus place himself directly in tho power of General Howe, he remained upon the heights, aod thus enjoyed all the honor of a victor, with but little ot its bloodshed. And yet for Mi be was abused ; a handle wa made cf bia behavior on this occasion for renewed calum ny', and the policy --displayed so worths of laadation was derisively scorned. - 1 bree days bad now elapsed eiuce General Howe's retreat, and a deep snow covered the wood and field with it dreary mantle : chilling gsles roared among , the leafless forests, where bag icicleaawuoa-rackincJii! the frosty air, every object testified the pres ence of winter in all its rigor and severity. 1 be American troops were without clothing and almost entirely destitute of provisions ; their suQ'erings were hourly increasing, and it became absolutely necessary for Washington to seek winter quarters fur bis ragged and starving army. Tents afforded no adequate protection against tbe snow-fraught blasts wbicb swept in wild murmurs over the bleak hills of W bitemarsh, and the commander felt tbe imperative necessity for more sheltered habitations. So, oo the third day succeed ing tbe anticipated battle, Washington broke up his eucampmeut, and began the weary in arch toward Valley Forge, whether be ex pected to locate bis winter quarters. Tbe suow was some feet in depth wbon the army started, aod its whirling drifts were impelled full in tbe laces of tbe exhausted soldier. who yet grasped their muskets more firmly, ud with beads bowed before tbe storm. moved steadily onward over a track where many a footprint left its bloody impress. Nothing bat tbat inborn sentiment of devo tion to country and fireside, could have sus tained these noble-hearted men through tbe increasing horrors of tbat toilsome march : witb no shoes to cover tbeir frosted aud bleeding feet, the lattered remnants of a uni form or buuting shirt folded closely about tbeir semi-nude persons, and but sparsely provided with bat as protection, iu part, from the cold fury of the gale, we observe these godlike spirits tramping tbat dreary distance, without a cheering hope in the gloomy future to inspire their melancholy way. No martial music was there to euliven the advance of gaily comparisoued legions, but a brooding silence reigned over tbe sor rowful coinpeuiws, only broken at time by an occasional word of command ; while still oo over the whitened plain the troop on- murmiugly marched, and on the !7tb of December baited npon tbe hill-slope of Valley Forge. Valley Forge! the very name waft us in imagination back to tbe scene of those mournful yet glorious periods ; with it we see tbe solitary camp fire and the ibivering forms as tbey cower about it its pallid gleam ; with It we bear tbe wild sigbings ui tbe wintry wiud, driving shrilly over tbe barren hillsides aud through the deserted forest ; with it we mark the devoted self sacrifice, the heroic disregard of mere personal suffer ing, wbicb marked tbe conduct of tbosa im mortal soldier who had fought witb un flinching bravery tbe battle of the Revolu tion, and were now compelled to war witb far more insidious enemies ; cold and hunger eacb in turn exerted its sway over tbe almost heart broken patriots, as tbe disconsolately trod tbe frozen mow of Valley Forge j and yet witb heroism which ba rendered their very name type of tbe soul's truest nobility, they resisted the craving of appetite, aod dragged on a suffering existence to product tbat land wbose manifold blessings their de scendant now so happily enjoy. On tbe 18th of December, one day subse quent to their arrival, Washington Issued order, directing that tree should be felled aod but erected for the rmy accommoda tion tbroogbout the tempestuous winter, wbose stormy attendant bad so early been mustered. And here we Should pause lor moment in order to describe tbe locality of Valley Forge, aod the respective situa tion of the various brigade, men passed over this hallowed ground. Valley targe is, at lot time, a lilt; vil lage on tbe West side of tbe Schuylkill, about 7 mile above Norristown, aod is built in a hollow glade, traversed by a small creek, wbicb courses placidly among it sequestered dells. Near the mouth ef this little stream, Washington' headquarter were stationed, in large, substantial stone dwelling, the property, at that period, of a preacher be longing to the society of Friends. Tbe boose till remain, bat little Impaired by time' effacing progress, and even the very wiudow ill anna which the General leaned while . i . rvipg hi troops on tba declivities whb- ont, I designated to the Inquiring traveler. Oo entering tbaVancient apartoient, with its low ceilings aad deep embrasu.en, one almost imagines, on turning round, to mark the tall figure of Washington, standing amid the relic which are to complet, (rrth be associa tions the Very receptacle, arranged by him self at i depository for private papers, is there shown, and we tremble witb feelings ef involuntary awe, an gating reverentially npon those memories of tbe by goni time I Carrying oot the direction'. ?f their com mander, little dwellings of rnde construction were hastily erected, and disposed in regular order, giving to the camp, th appearance of .-, k . . L . I If ' V a military town j sul'ii soiaiert'BS were sum- clently elotbed to resist the keo air, worked actively a poo the buildings, hawing logs and fitting them together in a . Grin but inartistic mirnner. Many, who were too imperfectly clad y -brave the season' inclemency, orged their wore fortunate companion to change situation for a time, and lending them the clotbtng with which they- - provided, permit an opportunity of displaying the zeal aud interest jrhicb all so nnh'-sitantingly be stowed. This was the sp'rit. that actuated tbe men of Valley Forge, anu such were tbe sentiments which bore us victo'riossly through the Revolution 1 During thirperiod, Wash ington superintended the building operations in person, sharing the fatigue of bis men eiyd at bight reposing in a -cheerless mar queer'f rufming to occupy bis headquarters ooiii me patriots, whom te mmaoUed, had been safely and comfortably housed 4.1 ne,ortt8esion8 or these -huts were to le otiieen leet oy fourteen : with fog wa s, nar- ('ally plastered with clay l -end split logs, roaghWfbewn, to. serve as a rroGng. Twelve ,f rujateg wefellewed single Wise,' while a gwnerat .olticer occupied., o n alone j' other oulceiraacoording 16 their tan'i, were assigned respective buildings, soniotipifa six residing together, while at others, a vmaller number. The soldier, were arranged a&ording to the states from whence they hailrsj, and the entire vjllage waa encompassed by fcotrenthruents, excepting on the river side, fcjwre tbeir place was supplied by a bridge, err&ed to continue a communication or the purpose of procuring supplies with th country rji the opposite horee. Here 11,000 men fere Dotted, of whom howeveroearly 3,008 wre utterly nnfit for duty, being wilhoot the most trifline- erticle of dress,' and only few blankets wherewith to cover their oakeOnese, and thi too, in th midst of a gloomy and rigorous winter. Ob bow can wa cease to eulogise tbe brave men wbo sa suffered for tbeir couo lrJ'i aggrandisement at the fearful expense of their own ! ' The commissariat department bad been en trusted to tbe care of those utterly disquali fied to manage it important interests, and now we find tbe troops withotvt even provis ions, and no means of gratifying tbeir suffer ing desire. The conduct of, many members of Congress and of tbe Pennsylvania Legis lature, during this terrible period, wa characterised by tba most shameful disregard for oar . faithful soldiers' condition; tbey, resting in comlort at homi, provided with all .that .eorjd render life wrt'M 'ijoviDg. while gozlng over their well'-lurniiileilapartnienls and into tbe glowing depth of their flaming hearth stones, refused to believe tbat tbe army was famishing in log buts in the midst of a wilderuess, surrounded by an unfriendly population, and without the most trivial ne cessities of life. These sapient legislators had tbe temerity to impugn tbe niotives of Wash ington in thus taking up wister quarters, expressing tbeir opinion that be should have remained on the "open field." The sugges tion was a most disgraceful one. and drew from the great commander a letter in reply, which will ever remain as a lasting evidence of their disreputable and unmanly insinua tion. There was a famine in tbe camp, and Washington feared, each day, the breaking nnt of a mutiny among his starving troops. Dire necessity aud tbat alone filially com pelled him to nse tbe power accorded by Congress a few weeks previously, permitting bim to require all farmers wiiiio 70 miles of tbe encampmeut, to thresh tut dbeir grain, a moiety by tbe first of February, the remain der not until the succeeding month, "under the penally of having the whole seized as straw." Numerous residents if tbat vicinity, Tories, aud others disaffected to the Ameri can cause, demurred at tbi proclamation, issued to that effect by wUbington, and refused to accede to these list and proper requisitions. Of course aft such supplies were to be liberally paid , for, yet even knowledge of this was witboi influence. So passed slowly along thisfnost disastrous winter, wbose occurrences foln tbe darkest and yet tbe brightest phases q tbe American revolution. The apparent auimoly is readily explained, (iloomy and replisive from tbe agouiea undergone by those Ibo deserved a better reward ; joyous and exhilarating from tbe high and glorioug asperali which these sufferings evoked. Here discern tbe character of Washington, in a) its grand, yet unpretending supremacy; foe in the legisla tive hall, foes in the council, fee in tbe field, sorrouoded by tbe storms of holer ; almost deprived of even hope ; hoi nobly did be withstand tbe successive misfftonea of tbat barrassing period. Unimpafed in bis firm reliance upon Divine assistice, h moved among bis toil-worn troops, oirking crashed expectations in tbe squalor kod disease of every famishing company, yetegain discove ring hope of renewed promisdu those bright anticipations, wbose raflectic would even startle the tired private fro mi it repose, and lend a vivid yet evanescent laetre to the weary soldier' eye. Histokia, Rsbubxablb Attack bt Bos. At Antrim, says the Detroit Tribune, a ainjilar occurrence took place a few daya ago. Aawarrn of bees, bolonging to Mr Decker, came tt of the hive iu a great fury, and attacked maay the name of Muugar, who was crossing the kid at the time aome 30 or 40 rods off, He undjtoos to flee to the woods, but the bees were blsrs and behind him so thick that he found it iitoesible to run, He then commence), a fight vi hat iu hand, but be was very soon overpower and fell down with faintness, and would soonjave died, had not a eon of Mr. Decker who Ls at this time spproacbing from another diniin rushed to tbe rescue, when the slingertlt Munear and commenced an attack upon yob Decker, who fled with all speed to a shed or gtiery, in which was a favorite shepherd dog ebsjed. The bees immediately left tbe young nian.Lj attacked tbe poor dog with such a fury as ileprive him of life before he could be let loose. I is said the dog actually killed more than a qui of bees in hia vigoroua defence. Mr. Mungarkd Mr. Decker were in a dangerous state for soil boars, tut are now recovering. Out of one family, in WWorth eoonty, Wisconsin, witbin a few yei, four of tbe brother and two of tba sisteiiav commit ted suicide. Mr. Basaa Decatur, the veirable relict of tba lata Commodore StephediWatur, died in Washington en tba 2lti., in tbe eighty-fourth year ef br age, I Physical Education Tho Strong Man and How he Became Such. The publio have been not a little interest ed, for a few years, in occasional accounts of Dr. Wioship, tbe "strong Yankee's" experi ments in physical elf.educatioo. He Is but about twenty six year old, five feet seven inches in height, aod weighs one hundred and forty-eight pounds. He can lift tlevtn hun dred pouiuh, and i now the bost example of pnysicai euocation in the United States. lie was seventeen year, of age before be began bis experiments, and was then but five feet high, and weighed only one hundred pounds ; hi health wa not gnod, for he already suf fered from the oaual dyspeptical troubles of American youth. So great have been bis improvements, tbet he now declare it to bn his opinion that no one, having "an atom of strength and life," need despair of the bene fits of a right system of training. He instan ce Mr. Warren' testimony respecting a veteran invalid, wbo began gymnastic in bis evenlieth year, with very salutary effects j end. of course, old Cornaro (famous in Addi son' Spectator.) is not forgotten, who, though no gymnast, began in hi fortieth year to restore a broken constitution, and lived a life of health and of enviable cbeerfulloesa till bit bnndredtb year. But what ba been the efficacious theory of the strong Yankee? He ha given it in the Massachusetts Teacher, but, unfortunate ly, in ub article of too great length to be read much. We propose to take unusual liberties with hie communication, in order to condense into a more readable shape, bis interesting detail. Tbey are tbe best prescriptions we bave ever met for physical self-recuperation ; and, In this day, when "mnscular" merit has become a matter of "Dedal ambition, and physisal training a subject of even moral preachments, it may not be unprofitable to present to the public an example which, from both its moderate good sense, and its extra- ordinary res oils, may be pronounced a model one. How, then, has the Yankee Doctor nr- passed all the pugilistic training of the age t We enumerate, at much lenstb. the nrinri. pies of bis system. We give the mcst eesen tiul particulars, presenting them, however, with our own numeration : 1. He has breathed an abundance of fresh air "almost constantly ;" practising, we sup. pose, inflation of the lungs: I. J to bas drank no ardent spirit", and used uo tobacco. Tbe Knglish "tramma" for the "ring," it is well known, prohibit tliase ar ticles. 3. He ba taken, nearly every day, abont a half hour's gymnastic exercise, in tbe open air, and bis is au example of the surprising mode ration with which be bas accomplished sur prising results. 4. He hai eaten heartily of such food, ani mal and vegetable.as agreed witb bis stomach, scouting the maxim tbat "you should leave the table buugry." He began not to recover from nis dyspepsia,' till be escaped this non sense. 5. He has takeo at least ten boors rest daily, including sleep, and appears to have devoted as much of it to sleep as nature would allow. 6. He ha worn every article of bis dross as loose and as easy as the freest action of his mnscles and limbs would demand. 7. He ha, used the bath once a week in winter, and twice a week in summer. He 3e Dounces tbe daily use of cold baths. He has pnrsned this course for nine years, and it bag during this long period, afforded bim some importunt observations, if not dis coveries. Here are a fiw of tbeta : 1. That it is as easy to increaso tbe strength of tbo human body as it ia tbat of a magnetic. I. 1 bat whatever increased bis strength increased his general health. He enjoys now tbe maximum of the latter as be probably oes oi me lormer for bis rotce is now equal to that of two ordinary men. 3. That by developing bis bodv harmoni ously, he could preclude the possibility of ur, un, ur muy similar injury, mat omerwise might result from an extremelv violent j cise of the mnscles. 4. 1 bat lifting is the lafest and sorest metnod of producing "hurmoaions" develop ment, as also tbe moet strengthening of all exercise a fact oot generally supposed. 5. Tbat the performance of twenty differ ent gymnastic feats once is better than the perlurinance of oue feat twenty times. C. That be gained more by forty minutes' exercise once in two Jays, than by twenty minute once a day. 7. Twenty or fifteen minutes' gymnastic sufficed for each day. 8. Tbat as strength increases, more Intense but less protracted exercise should be tbe rule. 9. That increase of muscular power is at tended with a proportionate increase of diges tive organ. 10. Tbat great physical strength may be acquired independently of hereditary tenden cy to it, and, indeed, in spite of hereditary weakness of constitution. 11. That increased strength cannot long coutioue oo a purely vegetable diet. 12. Tbat increasing tbe strength makes excretion take place less by tbe skin, and more by tbe lungs and other emunctories. 13. That long before be could raise eleven hundred pounds witb tbe hands or shoulder a barrel of flour, be bad put to flight the whole brood of ailments sick headache, nervous ness, indigestion, &c, which are tbe familiar companions of American health, or rather ill heal tb. The Sampsonian doctor proceeds to give soma very judicious rules, deduced from bis experience, for all aspirant to good health and wanly vigor. He advises that 1. You should select for your sleeping room an apartment on tbo "sunny side," and let tbe tun play into it at leait six hour a dev. if the cloud will allow bim to show bi face. 2. Keep it ventilated all tbe time, and es pecially keep the window partially open at night, but avoid draughts. 3. Practice general ablotion once a week in cold weather, twice week in warm. Toe much bathing, be asserts, "defeats over iu. teotion for wbicb water is externally ap plied." ' r 4. Take Dot less than alsht hours' rest nar d.y. 6. Use no food wbicb bas been prensred In a copper, bras or bell metal oteosil. Use no water tbat has com in contact with lead. 6. Use such food as your appetito prefer. in spite of Liebig or aoy other aatbority. 7. Practice lifting a tbe best gymnastic ; bat begin cautiously, and ba careful of too much fatigue. Doub-bsll bo considers next desirable to lifting. . Never exceed half en bonr la any gym- naatie exercio. 9. Never rise early coles von retire a.rlv Do sure to get sleep enough. to. Gradually wear Us and let clotting about th neck, till yon can keep it entirely exposed withoot taking cold. Such is an outline or Dr. Wlnship' sys tem, lit singularly sensible j it i alinoat universally practicable, except, perhaps, the prescription about sleep. Could it be gene rally adopted in the United States, we doubt not that, in one generation, it would reduce ,.f- r 'f 'r' f"CnU' Tar ". he rate or lifo assurance corretpon 'ingly, and render us tho moat vigorous and Host long lived nation oo the gfobe. as we arc now de eidealy the "smartest." I'tVc le Yankee docteur I Alleged Ancient RuinB in the Unitod States. A new stimulus is likely to be given to American archicology by a discovery alleged to have been recently made some ninety mile nortb-esstof Fort Stanton, a long account of which b just appeared in the Fort Smith (Ark.) Times. Wo condense. The tl.in npon wbicb lie the massive relics of gorgeous leuipiea aou maguinceni nails, slopes cradu any toward tbe river I'ecor, aod is very fertile crossed by a gurgling stream of purest water tbat not only sustains rich vegetation, but, perhaps, furnished with this necessary element the thousands wbo once inhabited the present wnuciiircB. a uo city was prooaoiy built by a warlike race, a it ia qnadrangular, and arranged with skill to afford tbe highest pro tection against an exterior foe, many of tbe buildings oo the outer line being pierced with loopholes, a though calculated for tbe use ol weapons. Several of th building, are of vast izs, aod built of massive blocks of a dark granite rock, wbicb could only have been wrought to tbeir present condition by a vast amount of labor. There are tbe ruins of threa nnhla edifices, each presenting a front of three hun dred feet, made of ponderous block or stone, and the dilapidated walls are even now thirty five feet high. There are oo partitions in the area or tbe middle (supposed) temple, so that the room must have been vast, and there are also carvings in bag relief and fresco work. Appearances justify the conclusion that thean eucu, rums cuuni once uoasi nails as gorge ously decorated by the artist's band as those or Thebes Bud Palmyra. The buildings are all loopholed on each side, much resembling that found in the old feudal castles of Europe, designed for the use of archers. Tbe blocks of which these edifices are composed are cemented together by a species of mortar of bituminous character, which bos such a tenacity that vast masses of wall bave fallen down without the blocks being detached by the shock. 1 Iktebestiko Scknk on a Railroad Car. One moruing, last woek, a scene occurred on the train from New York South, which, for a time, created quite an excitement among the passeagers. Amorfg those oo the train was a lady about thirty years of age. She wa good looking, aud attracted much altentiou from ber air or melancholy. At Princeton, a euo-ourueu, dui very bacdsomo gentleman, entered the car in which tbe ladv in crnestum wua aittten.- iioacno bad thcsrtif, glon- veu ai, touu uiaer, man the lady swooued. On recovering herself, it appeared that the gentleman in question was ber husband, whom she bad not seen for ten year. He bud started for California when first tbe gold fever U...l. '!. . . . uiune uut. i ue parties at mat time resided in Princeton, N. J. Tbe busbond wa takeo icK and did not recover for some time. Prior to his convalescense tbe lady had gone Sooth in tbe capacity of a governess, and wrote that tact to ber busbaud, who, unfortunately, did not receive her letter. No answers to bis letters reaching him, the bosbaud imagined lunv uia hub was careless oi his wellare. A feeliug or borne came over him, and ho re turned to the State a few days ago. Mean time the lady bad fallen beir to a large South ern estate left to her by a member of tbe family in which she bad been teaching. These explanations beitig made, tbe once more united couple started uo a Southern tour together. There was a certainly of there befng at least two happy persons ou that iraiu. GbKKALOOT OP TU8 PBIJICKOK WALKS. He is the oldest son of ictona. wbo is tbe duuch tetofthe Duke of Kent, who was tbe sou of Ueorge the I hird, was grandson of George the Second, who was tbe son or Princess So phia, who was tbe cousin ef Anne, who was toe sister or William and Mary. Marv was the daughter, and William tbe son-in-law of or James tbe Second, wbo was the son of Charles tbe 1- irst, wbo was the son or James the Frst, who was the son or Mary, wbo was wbo was tbe grand-daughter or .Margaret, wbo was the sister of Henry the Eighth, who was the son of Henry tbe Seventh, wbo was tbe son ef tbe Karl of Richmond, who was the son of Catharine, the widow of Jleury the Fiflb, wbo was tbe son or Henry tbe Fourth, who wa the coasin of Richard tbo Second, who was the grandson of Edward the Third wbo wa tbe son of Henry tbe Third, who was the son of John, wbo was tbe son or Hen ry the Second, who wa the son or 1'atiida, tbe daughter of Henrv tbo First, who was th brother of William ltufus, who was tbe son of M imam tbe Cocquerer, wbo was tbe bastard son of the Duke of Noruiaudy, by a tauuer's daughter or Falaise. Nrw IIatriiial row Siior Nails Zinc nail ar now extensively employed in tbe mauofacture or boots aud shoes, iu place of wood or iron. Any Mori Lr.rr Lane has been defeat ed in Oregon, and Breckinridge in Kentucky ; wnne Missouri bas nobly sustained livuglas aod Johnson against the combined hosts' or the Secessionists, the Uepnblicans aud the Bell and Everett men. North Carolina, where the Democrat supported Ellis, not withstanding bis desertion of the National Democratic nominees, appears to bobble quite lamely; and even Arkansas seem a little tbe worse for wear. Can some one tell ns now abont those "seventeen ckrtain Demoeratio States," of wbicb so much was said at Charleston aod at Baltimore T Not one of them it certain today, except Missouri and thai certain for Douglas aud Johntoo. itarrislurg State Sentinel. e A private letter from the Pope to Mon- tignor Popardo, Bishop of Sioopo aod Apot- tolio Administrator ol the Cuurcb of Messina bas recently fallen Into tbe hands of tbe Sic ilian Government. Tbe official journal of Sicily denounce the ton of tbi letter as insulting to tb cause of Christ." His Holiness tpeak of Garibaldi, bi associates and bi Piedmootete supporters as "pirates and buccaneer " Tbe pope and otber Ital ian potentate are evidently doomed ; fur having ears, tbey bear, but do not perceive. Thirty cow bave been bitten. In the vicin ity of Paltsrton. by oo mad dog. Tbe dog ba been finally killed. Nineteen of the cow have elteady died, and tbe toe on all it esti maud at 51500. Tho Schoolmaster's in that Bed. A correspondent of the New York Waver Ipy give tb following at one of the many incident that befell a "boarding round school, master." - 1 had bona teaching in Mason county In this, the Sucker State, aud this leim waa boarding round. One evening, after school, one or my little scholars stepped op to me and said i "Mr. Jones, father said yoo would come borne with me." "Very well," 1 replied, ami forthwith set oot for my patron's house, which was distant mTi lW J"""- ,Now- bt 11 kno". Jme MclUrry, for such waa bi Dome, had two daoghtert-the pride and envy or the whole community. 1 bad heard so much about then. laimL Dtur8l,7 '""O" to see them. It seemed however, that I was to be ditappoin- "cals" haS0 W9 Vr"d 1 l,?'roed -- the creek ; so I went to bed, execrating tho l-ckwbioh deprived u.e of s'eeing tbemVhat onbr7,ihbt " aT"nc'' en I board one of the girls come borne, and passing inio an .djoinmg room she warmed ber.elf Cufor some coal, which were ali,. on th. hearth It .earn, that th. ld gentleman and lad, slept ln th. game room, but 1 was not awai. or it then. Having warmed herself .ba poke' t0m be lh" oId m" jGirla," said he, "the chooln.aster ' inyo.r .t, "Vt'I.s,W'n" "ld S,rih nd P"ing through the room l.leptin went up stairs About an hour had elupsod, wheu l beard Judy, the other one, come, fche stood at the door long time talking with "her feller " then entered oMy. Disrobing ber feet tbo entered tbe room where I lay in her stocking feet carefully undressing herself, and coming to the side of the bed prepared to get iu. Now it happened that 1 lay iu tbe middle, and turniug back the clothes, she gave me a! shake, and said ia a suppressed whisper : "Lay over, Sarah." I rolled over, aud whinnn.l l, r,i.. rullow in my mouth to keep from laughing, in 8b, bounced, but tbe bed would squeai. 1 he old man beurd it, aod culled out : j . "Sir," was resDondnd in f.,in .;,. r . l . , . . . 1 - -' .vii. IIUIII the bed beside tne. "I he school master is in that betlP' Witb one loud veil ami .n -nh .,., t she landed on the floor, aud fled, with the ra pidity or a deer, up stairs. She never beard the last or it, 1 cau tell you." Dsatii or tiu Nrakkst Mali r.BLATivx or Aaron Burr. Tbe Saratoga Asms bas the following obituary announcement: .i .Mr-charlM Drr died at bis retidence in this village on Tuesday eveniug. Tbe inher itor or wealth, be was or an eccentric disposi tion, and for yeors preferred a csmmitteu appointed by tbe courts to tuke charge of bi wealth. Generous and upright, he was gen. erally respected. Hi age about 70 years. The Albany Express add : r'iriJl ""'"," b fHfcrly called resided o Albany for many years, ad was iu very lud.gent circumstances, boarding witb a poor woman who, we bel.eve, resided in CbuhI street his father paying bit board-j-o dollars a week-when at tbe sumo time bis father 718 ,,.l.,ted Vi be I0""" ra mil lion. "1 oor old Charley" used to peddle almanacs, pamphlet,, 4c., around our streets. Many a time and ort bave we seen bim rudging along, through sleet aod snow, with that old "white coat." and witb shoes minus half their sole and bis toe protruding. Hi J ldJ ! Hill in 1853. without making bis will, consequently Charley, bi only .n and heir, became possessor of the vast fortune He married a widow Bea:b, daughter or the late Senator Young. Since hi marriage. Mr. it,lr, hoa ,u;.i.i splendid montion at Saratspa Snrinoo a. Mr. Burr ba no children, we suppose hi im mense property will go to hit Willow tivha ia yet young and blooming, aud withal amiable and kind-hearted. Five Hbsbbfo aid Surv viv. s!Bn,.. Stabs ii oxs Nisut Observations made in va noua placea show thaltbe annual meteoric .li.,,1.. of August did not fail Ibis year. Tbe New lis. ven Palladium, of Friday, containa tbe following i "Between 10 P. M.. (Utlri and 3 A. M M,t, five hundred and sixty-five shoolinir stare a.., aeenhy a corpse of observers stationed on the lop of a high building in this city. Moat of the meto ors moved in paths which if traced back, would intersect in the constellation Perseus. Many of them were more brilliant than stars of the first magnitude, and left sparkling trains. After II o'clock the light of the moon interfered with the observations, and douMleaa rendered invisible many of the smaller meteors. The Aurora lior .alis was vi.il, le during- the niabL amlim... sionally presented greups of brinbl stream.,. tome of them reaching an altitude of full lortv dig reet." Th Mrtkor Business Tnn Mrinnv V,. plained Tbo recent extraordinary preva lence of meterora has caused considerable speculation as to what the institution really is, and some very extraordinary opinion are offered upon the subject. Js'nka, who ba been on the railroad line, and who will ba scientific or nothing, says, "a meteror is an irodescent otfVhoot from tbe nebulas of a comet, which becomes detached from the main body of tbe critter in cominv down some of the heavy grades without having tbe bruke ou. 'i bo detached mas suddenly rolls itself into a ball by knockinir riff ha sharp corners, and borrowing a box of mott hes, it fires up its luminositv. and through space at the rote or thirty miles tn hour, without stopping for anvthinv hm -.t aod water, and greatly to the delight or an astonished world disappear somewhere dowu east." "Let me kit bim for his mother " I. th. song of the ladies where lb Piinceor Wale i traveling. Fem is like an eel rather h.r.l t aud a good deal border to bold. The followiog resolution waa adnnt.4 . meeting or young ladies, some day since "Resolved, That ir we do not get married tins year, somebody will be to blame." John Adam, being called anon fnp . ..M. tribution for foreign mission, remarked "1 bav uothing to give for that cause", hot there are. in tbi viuiuily, six minister; not one will preach in tba other's .,i,. . will give a much and mora th. un.'.u..i... to civilize these clergymen." Woman, tb it the onlv onJur.kl. ..li. crat t olectg without votiag ; govern without , ucviuea wuuottl appeal. Prouioau are bora nfn,iu ... k.... ' flie are born of grub. ' It it a very solemn thins tn l.. said AoutB.lbany. "Vet, but if. a groat deal more solemn oot to be," ,.id htr bine.