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n SUNBUIiY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA -SATURDAY, JANUARY 19, 1801. OLD SERIES, VOL. 21. no 17 NEAV SERIES, VOL. 13, NO. 43. rail The Sunbury American. PUBLISHED EVERY BATURDAY BY H. B. MASSER, Market Square, Sunbury, Penna. TERMS or 8UUJ C R 1 V T 1 O N . TWO O0LI.ARS) per imum to Ik? paid half year y in advance. Norraa discontinued until au. arreuingce re paid. TO CLUBS: Three Copies to one address J1 Seven do. do. Oil Fifteen do. do. IUUI1 Five dollars In advance will pay fof three year's sub aciiplinn to tha Annnran. olm.lerawinphm.eaete.our Agents, and frank lettera containing aalncnption money. They are peimit td to do thK audei I In I'"" Office Law. TERM OF AIIVERTHlKfl One Square of 13 lines' 3 time., Kverv .nlieequenl insertion, tineSqnnre, 3 month., - Mix month., tine year, Hn.ine.. Card, ot Five line., per annum, -Merchanta aud other., advettiania hy the yeor, with the privilege of inserting different ailvci- I OA US a no s mi a IKi 3 00 10 On I5T Lnrgei Advertisement., a. por agreement. JOB PRINTING- V have eonneeied wilh our e.tt.Ii.hinent a well e leelcd JOB OFFICE, which will enable u. t. execute in the nentert tyle, every vniietv of priiilinfr. S. Ba 1ASSE?, ATTORNEY AT LA W 6UNBTJRY, PA. B uViium attended to in the Counties of Nor nmWland, Union, Lycoming Molilout am Columbia. Reference in Philadelphia : Hon ..lob B.Tvsnn. Chn..t?il.lion..F.q Joiner. A. Snidgra.., 1.1 . Smith A Co CH 3 1 AT TEE V3 attorney at Caw, 5Vo. 128 nroatlwnr. !Vs?w York. tVill rwefnlly attend to Collection, and all othel mutter" Minuted to hi. care. MnvSI. IP5. FRANKLIN HOUSE, REBUILT AND REFURNISHED, Cor. of Howard and Franllin Street, a few Squares West of the X. C. ?. P. Depot, BALTIMORE rtas, $1 f. Dix O. LEISENRING. Proprietor, July 16, IMS. tf I7'"'" G'"ve V- WILLIAM It. aoMKB CHALKLKT SOMEIIV G. SOMERS & SON Importers and Dealer in Cloths, Cassimeres. Vestings, Taylors Trimmings, &c. No 3 South Fourtli Street, between Market and Cheanut Street, Philadelphia. Merchants others visiting the city would find it to their advantage to gi them a call and ex jniine their atock. March 10. 18G0 HARDWARE t HARDWARE 1 ! JUST received by A. W. FISHER, at his Drug Store, Sunbury, Pa., SCOOPS. SHOVELS, FORKS. LOG CHAINS, MII.I. SVVS, CROSS CUT SAWS. ' Alan, .Screws, Butta, Door Knobs, Thumb Latches, and all hardware necessary for building. A splendid lit of pocket and tablo cutlery, Scis ors, German Silver Spoons. Looking GlaHNCfl, a l.rirn atock of Lookinir Glasnes, received and for sale by A. W. FISHER. Sunbury, July 17. 185R. ' j. p. shindel"gobin, Attorney 5 Counsellor at Law STJNBTJIOr, PA WILL attend faithfully to tha collection ofclaims and all professional bu.iness in the counties of Northumberland, Montour, Union and Snyder. ounsrl (liven in the German language. t Office one door east of the i'rothonotary s ""sunbury. May 86, 1SG0. ly THE INTERNATIONAL HOTEL. UROADWAY, CORNER OH FRANKLIN STREET NEW YORK OIT-5T, rTWa inducement. In Merchant, ami Ttmri.l. vi.iluig i ,u Vnrk. uu.urraned by any Hotel iu the Metropolis. I'he following are umong the ailvanlagea which it poaKS K. and which will he appreciated hy all tiavelera. lit. A central location, convenient to plnces ol business, u well a. plnce. of amusement. ....... Kd loriiliul.iu.ly clean, well furnliilied .linns' room., .viih'a magnificent Udie. Pallor, c..iimuiiiiling an cxteu- t ive view of Broadway .... .... 3d Urae and .uperlily furnul.ed Slllina; mom., with a maKiutieul 1'arlor, commanding an extenwva view of UoMidway. , ..." 4th Beiiii conducted on the Furopean plan, vi.itor. can live in ilia lie style, with the greatest economy Sth. It i. connected with Taylor's Celebrated Saloons, where visitors can have their meala, or, if they desire tliev will lie furnished in their own rooms. Gih. The fa;e served in tha llon. and lUlel ia ac. knowled:ed hy epicuiea. to Itm vastly superior lo that of anv other ll'Hel in the eily. With all ihe.a advantagee, the ro.1 of livmsr in tha International, is much below that of auv other firat elan tloiei. GILSMJN 4. CO , Proprietora. Ausurt .j6n. IV , BLANKS! BLANKS!! Vnew supplv of Summons', Executions. Warrants, Suprrnas, Deeds, Mortgages, Bonds, Leasrs, Naturalisation papers, Justices ,tid Constsbles Fee Bills, &c, dec, just printed and for sale at this Office. Sunbury. April 30, 1859. SPALDING'S Prepared Glue, and the lie). Mucilage Price per bottle and hruth 1T cents Cordial Elixir of Caliaaya Bars 4 Ueuziue.for removing si ease. FOR BU.E AT THIS OFFICE. Sunbury, M.rch 17, IWO. ANEW LOT OF HARDWARE cV SAD DLERY. Also, the best assortment of Iron Nails and Steel to be found in the county, at the Mammoth store of FR1LING & GAANT. Sunbury, June t, 1860. BKELBTON BKIBT8- AT the Mammoth Store will ba found a very large assortment of Skeleton Skirts from seven boops up to thirty. Oct. 6, 18u& FiULINO A GRANT. II O! YE LOVERS OF SOUP ! Afresh supply of Macaroni and Confectionery at nui.iau Of. UKA.1 I D. Sunbury, June 8, 18B0. IT is important lo the LADIES to know that JL Filling 6l Grant, have the bent and largoat essorlmaut of Dress Goods iu the county. Sunbury. June . I860. A FRESH SUPPLY OF DRUGS at th. Mammoth Store. Also, anew lot of ui fuinery, Soaps and Fancy Article. Very cheap. r KILl.Mi il UKA.H I , Sunbury, May 16,1860. I BATENT BK1TTAMA STOPPERS fu Dar doium ir saw or H. B MASSER. AR Iron. Steel, Nails, Picks, Grub-Hoes and Mason Hammers, at low prices. BRIGHT eV SON Sunbury, June J3, !,. C7vtt qpvvd I THE DEATII OP THE FLOWERS. BT WILLIAM CCI.LEN BRYANT. Th a melancholy days are come, The gaddest of tbe yoar ; Of wailing winds and naked woods. And meadows brown and sere, Heaped in tbe hallows of tbe grove, The withered leaves lie dead, They rustle to tbe eddying gust And to tbe rabbit's tread j The robbin and tbe wren have flown, And from tbe shrnb the jay ; And from tbe wood-top culls tbe crow, Through all the gloomy day. Where are the flowers, tbe fair young flowers, That lately sprang and stood Io brighter light and softer airs, A beauteous sisterhood ? Alus 1 they all are in their graves, The gentle race of flowers, And lying in their lowly bed, With the fair and good of ours. The rain is fulling where tbey lie, Hut the cold, November rain Culls not, from out tbe gloomy earth, Tbe lovely ones again. The wild flower aod the violet, They perished long ago, And the briur-rose and tbe orchis died Amid the Summer glow; But on the bill the golden rod, And tbo aster in the wood, And the yellow sunflower by tbe brook, In Aotumn beauty stood Till fell tbe frost from tbe clear, cold heaven, As (alls tbe plague on men, And tbe brightness of tbeir smile was gone From nplaud, glade and glen. Aod now, wben conies the calm, mild day, As still Bucb duys will come, To cull the squirrel and the bee From out tboir Winter home, When tbe sound of dropping nuts is beard, Though all tbe trees ure still. And twiukle io the smoky light Tbe waters of tbe rill, The south wind searches for tbe flowers Whoso frugraoce lute be bore, And sighs to find them in the wood Aud by the stream no more. And then 1 think of one who io ' Her youthful beauty died, Tbe fair, meek blossom that grew op Aod faded by my side; lo the cold, moist earth we laid ber, When tbe forest cast tbe leaf, Aod we wept that one so lovely should luve a life S3 briuf. Yet not unmet it was tbal one Like tbut young friend of ours, So geutle and so beautiful. Should perish witb tbe flowers. Original flatter. Foi tha Sunbury American." EIGHTH OF JANUARY. Meeting of Old Soldi, r of 111. War fieiJ, and airier titizesi., aumptuou. Dinner at toe Wa.lilugtou llsu.a. The 6ld Soldiers, survivors of the war of 1812, residing in this district, with a large number of prominent citizens, celebrated the Anuiversary ol tbe victory of New Orleans on tbe Sth ioxt. A grand dinner was served op at the 'Washington House," James Covert, proprietor. The dinner was a splendid affair, aud abundantly appreciated. After the good things, elegantly and bountifully provided for : the comforls or the luoer man, bad been satis fa -torily discussed, tbe meeting was organizud by calling the Hon. F.x-Governor JAMKS 1'OLLOCK, to preside; assisted by Col. Jas. Cameron, lleury Uillingtoo, Ksq., Gen. J. C. ' Morton, und J. G. Fry, Ksq., C. J. limner, Ksq , and W. L. Scott, Esq., were appointed Secretaries. Oo takitig tbe chair Governor Pollock said : This is a National day, and should be aver kept io grateful remembrance. The day aud the times are mspiriug ; nevertheless be thongbl he might better express bis feelings aud sentiment if responding directly to some patriotic toast, which would furnish a these and text to bead aod heart. Gen. Jno. Kay Clement, here begged to interrupt tbe Gov ernor for a moment while be offered such a sentiment for a text. He would quote from ou of our poets ; be full that every heart would throb io harmony witb tbe sentiment and ibe music of tbe lines, aud beat witb a quicker pulse. It was this: 'A union of lake-a ui l .a of I .nds, A anion that nous may aever ; A union of heurta, aud a uiuou of handa Round lha Flag of our L'niou forever.' The Governor adopted tbe sentiment, and proceeded to make ooe of those masterly aod eloquent speeches fur which be is so justly celebrated. He concluded by ofluriog, "Tbe Judiciary of Northumberland County, repre sented here io the person of tbe President Judge of this district, faithful earnest, pro found, clear logical and honest, an oroameut in tbe profrsrioo, aud a light opon tbe bench. He called opoo lbs Hon. Alexander Jor dao to respond. Jadge Jordan arose amidst universal ap plause. His speech was replete with earnest patriotism, most eloquently conceivea aod expressed. Tbe following resolutioos were then read by tbe Secretary, and nnacimoosly adopted. lletuleed, Tbal reverencing aod lov og our Country, in this boor of ber peril, when passion and madness seem to rule ; resting io hope aod bumble faith oo tbe Divine Mas ter of men and Nations, wa fervently im plore Him to avert, bv Almighty interposi tion, the calamities which threaten ear land ; to put it ouce more into the hearts of our couutrytuen aaiversally aod reciprocally to support ana sustain eaco sioer to renew their pledges of faithfulness lo the Conslitu- tioo ; and iu tba management of unselfish and patriotic thought, onca agaia to resolve lo devote themselves tbrougb life and for death, to tbe defence of tbe Union aod tba causa of i.ioerty ; ao tbal tha people of this great Republic in every portion of it) may live io brotherhood, henceforth, for all time to corns. htsnlvtd, Tbal ii ia lha duty of tboaa wbo participated lo lha war of 1812. as well as or as) good citizens, to celsbrata tba anniver sary of tba great victory at Nasi Orleans, and cberrisbiog iba memory, and emulating tba example of tba Patriot Soldier and KtUa. mao Andrew Jackson, tha Captain on that Dam i learo aoiiier leva aod dee mar saver eoca for our Coootrv. Jleiolved, Tbal wa recommend to tba two nooses oi congress io pass a paosioo act, for tba beuebt il f ..r ,.,1 jufirul ,,.. soldiers who served ia tha war of 1812, and for the decrepit and Impoverished old widows orsucb as are dead, many or wnora are now maintained bv the Drivate charity, or in tbe almshouses of tbe country, especially as the Revolutionary pensioners have dwindled down to a very small number. Resolved, That the surviving patriots of tbe war of 1812, wherever dispersed throughout the nation, and eon aged like us to-day, in celebrating the glorious victory at New Orleans, beve oor sympathy and our blessing. Hetolved, That while soldiers of 1812 sur vive, tbe 8th day or January should be by them, even the last One of tbera left on earth alone, publicly and gratefully commemorated. Tbe regular toasts are omitted, deeming it annecessary to occupy space with tbem. Among tbe volunteer toatts offered, are tbe following : By Jiulge Jordan. Tbo sorviving soldiers of 1812. Henry Billington, Esq , was called upon to respond to this sentiment. Mr. Uillingtoo said : talking was not bis vocatioo, but rather action. He felt vigorous and young enough yet for ahew eampoign, when bis country reqnired bis services. His heart had not growo old bis love of country had strength ened witb the strengthened sinews of increas ing age. lie would not make a speech, but would give the company a song, if it would please them to hear it, a relic of the past time a song which many a time had cheered the weary soldier at his camp fire, aod solaced the sentinel at his watch, mentally humming it as he paced bis midnight round. Mr. Uillingtoo, than sang the following song, with tine execution and a voice of re markable sweetness and compass, singularly preserved : A SOLDIER'S DUTY. A soldier is the noblest came, Eoroll'd upon the list of Fume ; His country's pride and boast, His country's pride and boast. Honor, the glorious bright reward, For which the hero draws the sword, For which tbe bero draws tbe sword, Should ne'er be staiu'd or lost. To guard our Rights and Liberties, His duty and his care; The brave aod worthy to respect, The brave and worthy to respect, And from tbe ills of life protect, Tbe ionoceDt and fair, The innocent aud fair. Tbe Eagle tow'ring from her nest, Her iufluence spread from East to West ; There Freedom soon oppear'd, There Freedom soon oppear'd : 'Twas there she saw her fav'rite son ; Throoah all the world his name is known, Through all the world his name is known, GEORGE WASHINGTON, rever'd 1 Aod smiling, thus tbe goddess spoke : 'Colombia's sons draw near A soldier's duty ne'er forget, A soldier's duty ne'er forget behold, the bright example's set Tbe school of Honor 's here, The school of Honor 'a here." Tbe song was received witb great applauso. Mr. Uillingtoo oo concluding, begged to offer the following sentiment By Henry liilliiKjton. Tbe memory of Andrew Jackson. Qen. Jno. Kav Clement was called to re spond to this toast. Tbe speaker eologized Jackson, drew an impressive lesson from bis lifi for the men of this generation. Spoke af tha Derils of tbe times, and oor daty to pre. serve the fabric of government left us by our lathers. He believed that oo brazen wall of mutual hatred could be built by tbe misguided men of this (feneration, alone Masou and Dixon's line, bigb enough, bruad enough, or stroog enough to seperate tbe two aections of this Republic ; bound together as wa were by a common brotherhood j ties stronger than books of steel ; by the crowd ol throng ins memories that come up from tbe past mellowed and softeoed by tbe intervals of time, but sweet aod boly. such a wall might bo euarded as tbe wall of bdeo were guarded by Cherubims, witb flamiog swords of fire, but, daring all, tbe sous of the South aod tbo North, would meet euch other in their boly efforts to scale tbe wall, aod gather tbe Uow era that srow above the craves of tbeir com moo fathers, and so reveal to eucu other aod j strenghen agaiu the old love between them Hv C. J. Ih uner, 2iW Major Akdkrson, a patriot soldier, the great heart of the coun try sustains bin) Col. James Cameron, respuoded to this sentiment, eloquently and most happily. Ry Hcnru Donnel, Eta. Tbe Press, peaceful eogiue, more powerful than any used iu war. 11. 13. Masser aod J. P. S Gobio, Esqrs responded to this sentiment, thereby demon slraliog tbut tbe Press was ably represented By 6'eu. J. C- Horton. Tbe citizen soldier Geo. Wm. II. Kase, ably responded, vindl eating tbe usefulness ot tbe citizen soldier. By J. P. S. Cubin, Esq. Governor Hicks of Marylaud. J. U. Packer, Esq., was called opon. He made a powerfully impressive Union speech which was listened to with maiked atleotloo aod loudly applauded. Cspt. H. Van Gaskeo, said. Mr. President I am tba only representative of the little but true State of Delaware present, rermit me sir, to offer "Tbe Stale of Delaware always true to tba Union. Wbera tbe 'lima Hen Chickens' crow, torles aod traitors cannot live." This sentiment was received witb great applause. Gen. Clement, saia, air. rregoeni, line my friend Capt. Yanguskin, although adopting Pennsylvania for my home, 1 am here to-day, tba siogle representative of my native State New Jersey, jersey piues ana toe -uiue bens chickens" bad stood side by side an shoulder to shoulder on many a battle fluid New Jersey bad alwayi been loyal ; ber Deoula were always ready for any sacrifice in lbs service oi toe commois-couoiry, no aver much il might effect tbeir fortitude, tbeir courage or their property, irentoo, Mooinotb. rrincetoo, ana jteaoaon, as we as Delaware's Breodywine, aod Peooaylva nia's Independence Hall, and Valley Forge would ba themes of poetry and history, while poetry and bistory lived io tba land. Penosylvaaia. Delaware, Maryland and Ne Jersey, vera united aud harmonious sisters sharing together tba perila of Iba Revola lion, its privations and sufferings) together they woald stand, for all time, a defence against every effort to destroy Iba unity aod integrity oi mis great Uepabiio. Other speeches were made aod songs sang, At aa aarly boar tba company separated delighted with Iba otertaiomeBl aad witb each otbar. Tba closing sentiment was offered by U i. bq , "Oar boat and bis ftmim Covert." Mr. Covert, the landlord was then called on for a song. He begged to be cl osed on tha plea of ill health. Signea by the officers.) i$ccIIancoii5. Major Jack Downing on Secession. lie gives his opinion about Nullification, and Illustrates it u ith a lucid example. We produce for the benefit of the present ay and generation, tba following letter oo Nullification, from tbe celebrated pea of Maj. ack Downing : Washington Citt, Jan. 17, 1833. To the editor of tbe Portland Courier, in tbe Marines' Cburcb liuildiOL', secood story, eastern end, Fore street, away down - East in the Slate of Maine. Sfu kind and dear old Friend .The Pre sident's message to Congress makes cracking ork here. Mr. Calhoun shows bis teeth like lion. Mr. McDuffie is cool as a cucumber, though they ssy he's got a terrible tempest inside of bitn, that he'll 11 out before long. For my part 1 think tbe President's message s about right. 1 was setting witu tne I roei- ent id tbe east room last oignt, dialling bout one thing aod another, and the Presi dent says be, Major Dowuing, have you read my message that 1 sent to Congress to day 7 1 told bim 1 hadn't, well, says ne, l snouiu like to have you read it and give, me your pimoo upon it. bo be banded it to me and 1 sot down and read it through. Aod when 1 get tbrougb, now says I Gineral I'll tell you jest wbst I think of Ibis ere usiness. Wben I was a youngster some of us Downingville boys used to go down to Se- ago pood every spring and hire out a month r two rafting logs across the pond. Aod one time I and cousin Ephraim, and Joel and Bill Johnson, and two or three more of us ad each a wbapping great-log to carry across the pond. It was rather a windy day and the waves kept tbe logs bobbing op and down pretty considerable bad, so we agreed to bring 'em aleng side and side and lash 'em together and drive thole pins in tbe outer most logs and row'em over together. We went along two or tbree miles pretty well. But by and by Bill Johnson began to com plain. He was always an uneasy barnmsca rum sort of a chap. Always thought every body else had an easier time than be bad, nd when be was a boy, always used to oe complaining that the olber boys had more utter oo tbeir oread tuau ne naa. well, Bill was rowing oo the leward side, and he 0 fret and ,aid bis side went tba hardest, ind be wouldn't give us any peace till one of us changed sides witb him. Well Will hadn't rowed but a little ways oo tba windward side before he begun to fret again, and declared that side went harder than 'totber, and be wouldn't touob to row on that side noy looger. We told him be had bis choice, and be suouldo t Keep cnang ing so. But be only fretted the more aud begun to get mad. At last be declared if we didn't chuuge witb him in five minutes, be'd cut tbe lashings and take bis aud paddle off alone. And before we bad hardly time to turn round, he declared tbe five minutes were out, aod up- hatcbet and cut tbe lashings, and away went Bill oo bis log, bobbing aud rolling about, and dancing like a monkey to try to keep oo tbe upper side. 1 ne rest ol as scrab bled to as well as we could, aod fastened our logs together again, though we bad a tuff match for it, tbe wind blew so nurd. liill bsdo't gone but a little ways before bis log begun to role more and more, aod by aod by be went splash, bead and ears. He came up pufCing and blowing, and got bold of tbe log aod tried to climb up oo to it. but the more : . . ... . : . . mi be tried to climb op oo to it, bnt tbe more bdl tried the more tue log rolled ; aud nndiug it would be gone goose with Dim pretty soon it be stayed there, he begun to sing out like a looo for us to come aod take bim. We asked him which side be would row if we would take bis log iuto tbe raft again. O, says Bill, I'll row oo either side or both sides il you waut me to, if you'll only come aod help we before I sink. But, said tbe President, I hope ynn didn't help the foolish rascal out till be got a pretty good soaking. He got soaked enough before we got to bim, says 1, lor be was jusi reaoy to siuk for tbH last time, and our logs come pesky near getting scattered, and if tbey had we should all gone to tbe bottom togetner. And now Gineral, Ibis is jest wbat I thiok ; if you let South Carolina cot tha lashings you'll see such a log-rolling io this country as you never see yet. ibe old Gineral started up aod marched across tne noor una a ooy. Says be, Major Downing, she shan't cut the Issbings while my name is Andrew Jackson. Tell Surgeol Joel to bave bis company sleep oo tbeir arms every night. 1 told bim they should be ready at a moment's warning. I wisb you would lest give cousin Cpbraim np to Augusta a jog to know why be don't write to me aod let me know uow the legis lator io getting along. 1 remain your loving mend, MAJOR JACK DOWNING. An Incident at Fort Sumter. One of tbe Baltimoreaos wbo recently returned from Fort Sumter details ao impres sive incident tbat look place there oo Major Anderson taking possession. It is koowo that the American flag, brought away from Fort Moultrie, was raised at Somter precisely at ooon on tbe 27th ult., but tba incidents of tbat "flag raisicg" bave not ba o related. It was a scene that will be a memorable reminiscence lo tne lives oi loose won wit nessed it. A short lima before noon Major Anderson assembled tha whole of bis little force, with tbe workmen employed oo the fort, around tbe fool of tbe nag staff. Tbe national ensign was attached to tbe cord, aod Major Anderson holding the aod of tbe lines in bis baud knelt fervently down. Tbe offi cers, soldiers and men clustered around many of tbem oo their knees, all deeply impiessed witb tbe solemnity of the scene. Tbe chap lain made aa earnest prayer such an appeal for suppoit, encouragement as one would make wbo felt that "man's extremity is God's opportunity." As tbe earnest, solemn words of tba speaker ceased, and lha men responded Amen, witb a fervency tbat perhaps tbey bad never before experienced, Major Anderson drew tba "Stat Spangled Banner" op to Iba lop of tba staff, tba band broke out witb tba national air of "Hail Columbia," aod loud and exultant cheera, repealed agaia aod agaia, war given by tha officers, soldiers aod work men. "If," said tbe narrator, "South Caroli na bad at tbat moment attacked tba fort, tbera would have beeo do hesitation opoo tba part of any man within il about defending tbat Bag." Books and learning may give a man power and confidence, bat enfortanately, tbey are oflaa very far from giving him eithar feeliog or politeness. Mrs. SwKssnBLM on the Treatmbnt or Babiks. In a lata Dumber of ber paper, Mrs. Swissbelm devotes over a column to lha treatment of babies, commencing witb tha moment they are nshered into this breathing world. Her ideaa are Dointly expressed, aod show, however erratically on other subjects sne may bave wandered Irom ner natural oruii. that womacly instincts still maiotain tbeir away. Sbe starts out with tbe Insertion tnav ball tba children die in tbe first year, ana met nineteen out of twenty die from cold aud hunger, or from poison, and that if infants were treated oo the orinciole on which a good farmer treats lambs, goslings, Ac, well fed and kept warm, they would live and grow well. Her pervadiug idea ia that babies are chilled to death, aod that io summer or win ter tbe greatest care should be taken to keep tbem warm. She says: "Keep tbe baby warm t Warmth is life. Cold is death. We think il unnatural to have tbeir little bald bead bare believe that the air on the scalp is a coostaot and danger ous stimulant to tbe brain believe that nature, in ber efforts to keep tbe bead warm sends too much blood to tbe head ; and that tbis is one fruitful cause of tbe dropsies of the brain fevers, &c. which carry off so many children. If it were right and proper to bave tbe scalp exposed to the air, nature would not bave so clothed tbe human bead; and until the natural covering comes, ao aritifieial substitute should be supplied ; but upon tbis point we do not hope to loduence any one. Dutch babies wear cups, and bow could any lady of taste bave ber baby look like a Dutch baby t Just so; and Dutch babies generally live laugb and grow fat, for tbey are "smother ed io flunoel" and feathers and kept all in "a sweat." Dutch mothers do not keep tbeir bubies for model-artist exhibitioo. Tbey cover tbem np, keep tbem warm and quiet, and raise a wooderful number ot sturdy boys aod girls. We treated oor babies on tbe Dutch plan, and never lost a nights sleep witb ber. A baby should never be laid down to sleep, summer or winter, without having something wurmed by a fire and put in its crib, on which it should be laid, and carefully tucked up. Io winter, in aa ordinary sitting room there should be a thick blanket, doubled and well warmed, between it and tbe bed ; tbe body hasn't heat to spare to warm all tbe beddiDg around it every time it wants a nap, and it should be so warm while sleeping as to be quite in a glow. This is "rosy sleep," and from it baby will generally wake op crowning and laughing; while a blue, eold sleep such as most babies bave", makes ooe cross and fretful." Death op tub Dircovkrkr or "Bakeb's 18LAKP." Captain Michael Baker died at South Dartmouth, Mass., on the 31st nit. Tbe commercial and agricultural world will long bold bis name in grateful remembrance aj the discoverer oTguaoo on "New Nantuck et," now called "Baker's Island." Tbe discovery was io Ibis wise : Oo board of tbe ship commanded by Captain Baker, in the year 1841, thore was ao orphan, earned Warren Wilbur. Tbis young man was fatally injured by falling from the look-oat loft, and bis dying request of Captain Baker, wbo watched over and cared for bim as if be bad been bis own sod, was to bary bis on land and not io the ocean. Capt. Baker promised to do so if possible, and being in the vicinity of Baker's Island, interred bim there, la dig ging the grave, be discovered wbat be then thought to be a most remarkable kind of soil. the dust of wbicb so enveloped and choked the men that they were compelled to abandon tbe place first attempted, and choose another nearer tbe shore, where it was not Be dry. Thus, while engaged io performing ao act of kindness, which always characterized bis life, sprang there np a business for thousands of ships, aud the basis of food for millions of men. An Oil Spot t. Some days ago we alluded to a wonderful flow of oil from a vein recently struck by tbe Kconomites, at their well at Tidioute. The force witb wbicb tbe oil was ejected was even greater, it appears, tbso we stated it. It ascended so high that tbe tops of the large trees Dear tbe well were covered witb tbe greasy fluid, and ac immense quanti ty escaped before tbe workmen conld intro duce tubbing so as to conduct Ibe oil to tbe vat. Tbe quantity it discharged is nnknowo, but it must have been large beyond all prece dent. Ao old scow lying io tba river was placed so as to save wbat oil it would bold, aod was 80oo filled; a skiff ia the river was also tilled with oil; any amount of barrels were oo band ready to receive tbe oil. There are now several hundred barrels filled witb oil lying about the well, and a large vat about sixteen feet square and as high as a man's bead, Dearly full of oil, aod a Qiao filling bar rels from it as fast as possible. I he stream of pure oil still continues to Bow into tbe vat ia large quantities. 1 be well is about a hundred rods oo tbe river above tbe famous llequembough well, aod is itself a fortune. I'Uts. Vhromcle, A Stl'mpkb. Some years ago, at a time wbeo tbeir was a triangular contest io pro gress between tbe wbigs, old line democrats, and "fire eaters," it was announced tbat the late John Morriselt, of Monroe, would ad dress tbe people of that county 10 behalf of the wbigs. Chancellor Leesue was sent op from Mobile to meet bim, as representative of tbe Southern Rights patty. Tha cbao- cellor wore straps to bis paululoons (then not a prevalent lusbioo in Monroe,) aod having a habit oi putting bis bands behind bim, wbeo speaking, and liftiog tba skirts of bis coat, be displayed a large new brass buckle tbat fastened bis wristband. Mr. M or rise t, re- plfing, remarked in bis owo peculiar aod inimitable veio, tbat tha people of Mooroa did Dot "need to receive political instruction from Mobile least of all, from a gentleman wbo wore qallowses oncer bis boots, aod s breastpin oo tbe seat of bis breeches !" Wives Wanted in Obeooh. A correspond dent, writing from Oregon, says : "Here, by the lima a gin is lourieeo, sne is snapped io marriage, and yet ia tbis region are living many oatueior larmera wno would gladly marry if tbera womeo bare. 1 think ooa of your intelligence officers could mate a profitable agency. Tbescboolmarms whom Governor Slade, of Vermont, sent out, were lo pay a fine of five hundred dollars if tbey married nader one year. Most of tba girls paid tba fins. Oregon and Washington still need acboolamarms. I bava do doubt this country would prove a paradise to spinsters, if tbey would come well recommended." Never fancy a woman's esteem for your character equal ta ber admiration of yoar whiskers if you bsppeo to bave a nice pair In nnlitiea. merit ia rewarded bv the Dosses sor's baiag raised, as a target, to be shot at Da tbat koows esaful tbiogs, and Dot be tbal knows many things is tba wiseat man. Tba wife of tba gallant Major Anderson ia Peonsylvaoiao. Sba ia a daughter of the late Chief Justice Gibsou of ibis Stats, A South Sidb View. The doings of tba Secessioo Convention are a bewildering record of tha struggles of bewildered men. Children io public business, Dot one among tbem has enjoyed tha advantage of even administrative experience oo a national scale, not to speak of the creative genius which the founders of a government must exhibit. Tbe chaos of puerile and empracticable proposi tions is pitiable already, in tha form of mere deliberation. What tbey have actually done and what they are to do next, are the two vexed questions of a confused debate wbicb deepens tbe obscurity and complicates tbe perplexity at every step. No intelligible plan of action appears to bava entered any member's bead, aud a minority only were sen sible of tba need of one, to precede or accom pany the ordinance of Secession. The end of such a beginnlog is Dot difficult to foresee. If tbe counter revolution of wbicb they were warned by Chancellor Dnokin as the result of precipitating tbe commercial and postal affairs of tbe community into sudden aud dis astrous confusion, does not overtake tbem like a tornado, they need Dot thank tbeir owo wise forthought. Richmond Whig. A Shrewd Enolibu Rooub. A person latoly seeing aa advertieemecft, stating that a back Dote of 200 had been found, immedi ately equipped himself very sprucely, and ap plied to the finder, wbo was the Rev. Mr. R., not far from Isleworth, and on being asked if be conld recollect tbe number, Ac, replied that be could not, bnt if it was tbn note be had lost, there was tha Dame of Harvey on tbe back. Tbe reverend fioder then gave bim tba note to look at, wbicb, after a glance, be politely returned, declaring tbat it did not belong to bim. Apologizing, be took big leave, and the next day sent one of bis con federates, whom be informed of tbe marks en tbe Dote, and who received it from tbe unsns piciouB Mr. R. Tub Colcmbvs Artesian Well. A re cent report to tbe Legislature of Ohio states that tbe artesian well at the State House is 2,775 feet in depth passing through tbe following geogical stratus drift, devonian, and upper and lower Silurian tbe bottom being now in sandstone, lo regard to tbe probabilities of finding water by further boring, the report concludes tbat water will never be found not because water bearioa- Btrata have not beeo permeated, but because tbey lie so horizontal tbat do power can be obtained to force tbe water to the surface. Tbe water at tbe bottom of tbe well, if fouod wouio do Diood-warm. Tbo CrODS io California, tha nnt aaaanri ppear to have been very abundant, leaving large surplus jor shipment fllaj. f. 15. Head ing informs tbe Shasta Courxer, tbat big wheat yielded forty-five bushels to the acre. and big barley seventy buBbels to tbe acre tne oariey weigbmg hlty-hve pouous to tha bushel. These crops were produced on land wbicb bad been under cultivation for the past luineeo years sacramenio river bottom land. If, io ioBtrnctiDg a child, von are vexed with it for want of adroitness, try, if you bave never tried before, to write witb your left hand, and remember tbat a cbild is all left band. There is hardly any person so forlorn and destitute, as is not to bave it io tbeir power to do some good. There is much kindness wbicb is not expensive. Good service is prompt service. It cesses to ba a favor, wben be upon whom tbe service is confered bus lost in patience and bope de ferred wbat be might have bestowed in love and gratitude. Many flowers open to the aun. but only one follows bim constantly. Heart, be tboa tbe sunflower, not only open to receive God's oiessiog, bat constant in looking to bim. Tbe most successful people are those who bava bat one object and pursue it witb persis tence. "Tbe great art." says Uoetbe. "ia judiciously to limit and isolate one's self." Tbe reason why justice is so often denied- is because it is demanded as a right. Wa bave a notion tbat if it were solicited it would ba much more cooceded. In New York, receotly, Mr. John Cobb married Miss Kate Webb. It won't ba long before their bouse will be full of cob-webs. Hon. Cave Jobnsoo of Tennessee, declares for tba Union, and tbe people of that State support him enthusiastically. A Pickle tbat Will Keep Bkkp Swekt. and Juicy. Salt your beef just enough to extract tbe blood io a day or two after, put twocommon-sized quarters, cut up, iotoeigbt gallons of water to wbicb, add two pounds of brown sugar, ooa quart of molasses, four ouoces of nitre (viz : saltpetre,) and fine salt enough to float an egg say about ooe gallon of salt. Tiy it, and you will thank me. It will keep uutil warm weather. To Keep Potatoks from Rottino in a Hole. Wbeo you bole your potatoes io tbe fall, cleao of a place oo top of the grouud as large as you want your bill ; then put dowo straw sufficient to keep tbe damp from them, tneo put oo a layer ol potatoes about six iochea thick, cover tbem over witb dry clay clay dried io iba suo ia ibe best. Then pat oo another layer ol potatoes and cover no clay, and so oo, uutil you bava your bill as bigb as you want it. Then put straw over tba wbole, and cover with earth sufficient to keep tbem from freezing, and you will always bave good, sound potatoes io tbe spring. Candko Oranub or Lemon Peel. Take tba fruit, cut it lengthwise, remove all tba plump aod interior skin, then pal tbe peel into strong sail water for six days ; then boil tbem in spring water until they are soft, and place tbem in a sieve to drain ; make a tbio sirup witb a pound of sugar eandy to a quart of water boil tbem io il fur half ao hour, or till tbey look clear, make a thick sirup witb soger aod as much water as will melt it ; put io lha peel, aod boil tbem over a alow nre until tbe sirup candies ia the pan ; tbeo take tbem out, powder pounded sugar over tbem aod dry tbem before lha fire io a cool oven. So says an experienced housekeeper. Sugar Ickino roa Cakb Beat two pouods of double refined sugar witb two ouucea ot fioe starch, sift tba whole tbroogb a gauze sieve, then beat tba whites of five egga witb a koifa opoo a pewter disb for half an bour beat io your sugar a little at a time, or il will make tba eggs fail, aod injurs tha color ; when all tba sugar is put io, beat it half ao boor longer, and tbea lay oo your almond iceing, spreading it even with a knife. If put oo as soon as tbe caka comes from tha oven, it it will be hardened by tba lima tha caka is cold. f..eM'Tf.,, FrKT, BVA"C M"oBoil four reel io five quarts or water, without any salt. When the liquor is reduced to one quart, strain it and mix with one quart of milk, and add several sticks of cinnamon or a vanilla bean. Boil the whole ten minutes, and sweeten it to tbe taste with whits sugar i strain it snd Gil your moulds with it. Cookies. Tbis is from one wbo knows, having tried it ; 2 teacups of sugar, a of a teacup of butter. 3 eggs. Add li eupg of sour milk made sweet by saleratug. Mix sort to boil In hot lard. Tbey ceo be cut in strips to twist into any shape. A Good Cake. One lb. of floor ; 1 lb. of sugar; i lb. of butter; 3 eggs ; 2 table spoonfuls of powdered cinnamon. Mix together the butter and flour j stir them in the sugar and cinnamon j mix it all together into a paste with the eggs, then roll it out thin, cut it into coolies witb a tumbler, aod bake tbem in a quick oven. When nicely browned let tbe publico send samples of tbem to the Agriculturist, and my word for it, tbey will be highly approved of. American Agri cullurist. Eoo Noo As tbis is tbe season when mankind, are apt to indulge in tba laxury of egg-oog, a correspondent sends us tbe follow ing formula for making tbe genuine article, which he says is digestible and will not cause headache. For tbe beueflt of himself aud others we give bis recipe : "Take tbe yolk ef sixteen eggs and twelve tablespoonsfull of polverized loaf sngar, and beat tbem to the consistence of cream ; to tbis add two-thirds of a nutmeg grated, and beat well together; then mix in half pint brandy or Jamaica rum aod two wine glasses of Maderia wioe. Have leady the whites of tbo eggs beaten to a stiff froth, aod beat tbem into the above described mixture. When this is ilonestir in six pints of good rich milk. There is oo beat used. To Srason Sacsaoe Meet. A correrpon dent of the Cermantuwn Telegraph, suys : I have used tbe following coodiments for sea soning sausage meat, and cao recommend tbem as superior : To 53 lbs. of meat, put lb. of salt, 1 oz. of sage, 4 oz. of pepper, 6 oz. of sugar, i oz, of saltpetre. 1 u m 0 r 0 u $. Tbe Sensation Romantic. 'Twas at the close of a glorious summer day the sun was siuking behind Ibe distant pig pen, tbe chickens were going to roost the bull-frogs bad commenced their evening songs tbe polly-wogs in tbeir Dative mud puddles were preparing themselves for tbe shades of night eud Sal aod myself gat opoo an old and antiquated buck log, listening to tbe music of nature, such as tree toads, and now and tbea tbe mellow music of a distant jackass, which was wafted to our ears by tba gentle zephyrs that sighed among the mulleo stalks, and came heavily laden witb tbo deli cious odor of ben roosts aod peg styes. The last rays of tbe setting sun, glancing from tba brass button or a solitary borsemao, shone through a boot bole io tbe bog pen full iu Sal's face, dying ber hair witb aa orange peel bue, and showing off my threadbare coat to a bad advantage. One of my arms was around Sal's waist, my bead retting on the small of ber back she was almost gone and I wan ditto. She looked like a grasshopper dying witb the hiccups, and I felt like a mud-turtle choked witb a codfish ball. "Sal," says I, io a voice musical as the dying swan, "will yoo bave me t" She turned ber eyes heavenward, clasped me by tbe band, bad an attack of beaves and blind staggers, and witb a sigh that drew her shoe strings to ber pulale, said. "Yes 1" Sbe gave clean out then, and squatted ia my lap 1 bogged ber until 1 broke my sos peoders. A physician in Clarke coonty didn't like a young man who waited oo bis niece ; so ba gave tbe oiece a powder to give the young man io soma kind of drink. Tbe young lady pretended to acquiesce, but slipped tbe pon der into her ancle's coffee, wbo drank bis owu pbysic. Tbe Springfield, News finishes tba story as follows : "Well, after a while, tba pbysiciaa mounted tbe horse and left. After riding a few moments be became very much afflicted aud io tbe extremity of bis grief, declared tbat he believed every drop of bis coffee had beeo not coffee but Croton Oil. Dismounting, tbe doctor sought a house and a bed, aod after tbree days, was able to proceed homeward. So be unwittingly took big own pbysic, aod suffered tba couse queDces." Ad apparently unsophisticated youth weut into one of our refectories a few days ago, aod asked for something to appease bis hun ger. Tbe keeper gave bim a very good din ner, after which the youth said : "If you evtr come np oor way, call. I'hat wou't do ; your dinner is a quarter." "Ob, I hain't got no money, but if you ever come up to Allega ny county, I'll give yon a better dinner, for ootbiog." "Whysuidthe keeper, "yoo are very cool." "Why, yes, I am a cool chap, so much so, that my mother makes ma stand io tbe pantry in but weather, to keep the meat from spoiling. For tbe other balf of a courting match. there is nothing like ao interesting widow. Tbera is so much difference id courting a damsel, aod ao attractive widow, aa there is io cyphering io addition and tba double rule of tbree. Courting a girl is Ilka eating fruit all very nice as far as it extends, but do ing the amiable to the blue eyed bereaved ooe io black crape, cornea under tba bead of preserves rich pungent eyrop. t or delicious courting, we repeat, give us a "live widder.' "My son," said an affectionate mother to ber sod, (wbo resided at a distance, and ex pected io a abort time to be married,) "you are getting thin." "Yes, mothet, ha replied, 1 am ; and wbeo 1 come next, 1 think you may see my rib." Put do dependence oo genius. If you have great tuleuls, industry will improve tbem, if yoo bave but moderate abilities, in dustry will supply their deficiency. Nothiug la deuied lo well directed labor ; Bulbing worth having is lo beobtuiued without il. Ba aver kind to womao ; sba is tba mother, sister, daughter, and companion, without whom life would ba intolerable to man. If a servant will lie for his master, his mas ter Deed not ba astonished if tba aervaol lies for bimself. Tba ooly persons wbo are always digoified ara those wbo are always dull. Tte prettiest trimming for a wouaut boo. sat, is a good humored face. 1 Bews.-s ofa i;!eot d;g, asJ Hill n'.tr.