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NEW SERIES, VOL. 14, NO. 25. SUN13URY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1861. OLD SERIES, VOL.21, N, The Sunbury American. PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY H. B. MASSES, Market Square, i'tinrVury, Penna. TKHMtAF U BS C R 1 1 T I O N . TWO OOLI.AR. per aniiam to be paid half year y in advance. NoraraR discontinued until all arrearages TO CLUBS t Three Copie. to one addreaa 4 00 Wen do. do 10 Oil Fifteen do. do. St) 00 Five dollar, in advance will pay fol three year's tub Sciiption tothe Am-rican. . to.tinu.trrs will pleasenct a. our Agent., and rrank letter, containing .uNscriptinn money. They are permit ted to do thi. under the Post Office Law. f B K M OF ADVERTISING. Oiieiiinrenf la lines' 3 time., Every .uliscquent insertion, ... One9unare,3 month., Six month., Jne yenr, Bnsines. Card, or Five line., per annum, Merelmnt. and other., ndve-li.ing hy the year, with the privilege of inserting diflerentadver- fia,niit. urppklv. f 1 00 25 3 no 5 00 8 110 3 00 10 00 iy Larger Advertisements, a. per agreement. JOB PHIMTINO. We have connected with our e.taldt.liment a well se lectcd JUH OFFICE, which will enalile u. to execute in the neatest Myle, every vntictv of Drmtiiig T T O K N E V AT LAW, suNuunir, pa. It mines. attended to in the Countiea of Nor nitnlierlartil, Union, Lycoming Montour, and Jnltimhia. Reference in Philadelphia Hon. Jul P.. Tyson, Somer. & Sii idra.a, Clia.. f)ililnii..E.q.. Linn Smith & Co CEAPXICS IATTEEV7'3 1 1 o v n c ij at Caw, No. VJ8 ItroaihTar, lYew York. Will carefully attend to Collection, and all other matter jiitrnided to nia care. May HI. IMS. FRANKLIN HOUSE, REBUILT AND REFURNISHED, Cur. nf Howard and I'ratdiin Street, a few Squares West of they. C. R. 11. Depot, BALTIMORE- TERMS, 1 TT.H DaT Or. LEISENRINO, Proprietor, July 16, 1F59. tf From Pelin. Grove, Pa. William E. aoMr.na CHALKLIT SOMEtia. G. SOMERS & SON, Importers and Dealers in Cloths. Cassimeres. Vestings, Taylors Trimmings, &c, No 32 South Fourth Street, between Market and Chesnut Streets, Philadelphia. Merchant others visiting the city would find tt to their advantage to giv them a call and ex inline their stock. March 10, I860 J. P. SHINDEL GOBIN, Attorney Sj Counsellor sit Law STJNBTJRY, 3? A. WILL attend faithfully to the collection of claims and all professional business in the countiea of lSorthunilierlRtid, Montour, Union and (Snyder, ouneel given in the (ierman langoage. ff Ollice one door east of the Prolhonotary's Dffice. Sunliury, May 30, I860. ly ""the international hotel, BROADWAY, CORNER OF FRANKLIN STREET NEW YOKK OIT"5T, ftcr. inducement, to Merchant, and Touriata visiting ew York, uusui passed by any Hotel in the Metropolis, t'he following are among the udvnntuge. which it poises lea, and which will le nppreciateil liy all naveler.. 1st. A central locution, convenient to place, of busmen, l. well a. places of amusement. yd. Scrupulously clean,' well furnished sitiiug room., .villi a magnificent Indies 1'ailor, coininundiiig an exten sive view of llronihviiy 3d. l-nrge and .upeilily furnished anting room., with a mnc'iilient Parlor, commanding an exlen.ive view of tf0:tilVIIV. Jill. Being conducted oil the ruropenn plan. Visitors vuu live in i ne best style, Willi the grcuieat economy Sth. It is eomiectrd w:th Taylor'n .'. Ielrntcd (Saloon, where visitors roil have their inenls, or, if tliey desire thev will lie furnish..! in their own room.. tllh. The fare seived in the Saloon, and Hotel i. nc kuowledjcd ly cpiciiiea. to b. vnstl) superiur to that of anv other Hotel in the cny. With nil lime ail.-nuiagca, the cost of livinir in the International, I. much below th'it of auv other first class II ,, (ilLSON & CO , Proprietors. Ancust 4. l-. It SPALDINtJ'S Prepared Cine, and Shelley. Mucilage Price per liotllc and liril.li -4 cent. " Cordial Elixir of Calisuya Uurk Uenzine.for removing g i ease. FOR 8 VLE AT THIS OFFICE. funhory, March 17 1MJ0. A NEW LOT OF HARDWARE & 8A1). DLERY. Also, the heat assortment of Iror Nails and Steel to be found in the county, at the Mammoth store of FlilLINU & UK ANT. Sunliury, .une 2, lHliO. CONFECTIOSAltlES, TOYS &c. O- GEAHIIAT, CONSTANTLY keeps on hand all kinds of Confec.lioimie, Fruit and Toys, which he is aellini; at wholesale and retail. Having the nrrensary machinery &., ho ia manufacturing all kinds of To vs. and keeps up his stock, so that imrchnsers will not be at a lots lor a supply of timet any article they may desire. APPLES! APPLES!! APPLES!!! Just recejved, a large lot of apples, which he is selling at wholesale and retail, at low prices Give us a call. M. C. GEARHART Sunliury, March ft, IHBI. if tjy.V i L.N'l' liKIJTAMA blUPPLKSIo bar Inn tics fur sale by H. I) MASSER KeroHvue Lauiptt. I VERY LARUE and cheap assortment will - be found at the Mammoth tStore of Dec. 15, 18011. FKILINU 6c. (iltANT. nO! YE LOVERS OF SOUP! Afresh supply of Macaroni and Confectionery at FRIl.lNO Sl URANT'S. Sunhury, June 2, IMKil. IT ia important to the t. A DIES to know that Friliug & (irant, have the best and largest assortment of Dress Uouds in the county. Sunbury, June 3, I BOO, A FRESH SUPPLY OF DRUOS at the J- Mammoth Store. Also, a new lot of per fumery, Soaps and Fancy Article. Very cheap. FKILINU ii GRANT. Sunbury, May 2, IBBO. SKELETON SKIRTS AT the Mammoth Store will be found a very largo assortment of Skeleton Skirts from seven hoops op to thirty. Oct. 6, 18GIJ. F1UL1NO 4 GRANT. T KR Iron. Steel, Nails, Picks, Grub-Hoes and AJ Mason Haioiuerf, at low prices. BKHiHT & 80N. Bunbury, June ,1860. Flom the Baltimore Patriot.) THE GREAT PEACE 'PARTY. it TICKLS WILLIB, ESQ. Am "iTinr; nf the Cannibal hlands Peace mnt bt oor motto dow, We're Dot quite ready for a row J When we are, we'll show you bow We are of the grnat peacu party. "Let us alone" till you're bereft Of all yoor defences by our tbeft, 'i'beo peace we'll give you "orer the left," For we're of the great peace party. Then let us alone, we'll harp along Till we get fixed to go it strong; Then we'll siog yon auolher song To quite a ditfereot tune. Away up here in the border States, Secession is down to the lowest rates, And we must try to meod its fates, Hurrahing for lbj great peace party. The electioo bere now soon coutes off, And for a while we'll bave to doll Disunion schemes, and feed at the trongb In the stalls of the great peace party. Then let us alooe, we'll barp along, ic. To bide oor banner's treason dyes We'll daub it o'ei witb thundering lies, Pulling the wool o'er people's eyes, Hurrahing for the great peace party. 'Tis true we sometimes take a gun, Burning the bridges before we run, But that we merely did io fun. 'Twas a freak of the great peace party. Tbeo let us alone, we'll barp along, &e. The guns aod shells we had concealed, By martial law, not Kaue, revealed, Placed there the government to shield, By us of the great peace party To drive our Stale into the secesb ring, Or drop a Federal on the wirg, We ne'er thought of such a thing, For we're of the great peace party, -Then let us alone, we'll barp along, &c. We're quite non-resistont men, Don't wisb the laws enforced just when Traitors Bttempt to seize the rein, For we're of the great peace party. When treason Btalks in arais arrayed, And Lincolo wants the laws obeyed, Just call on us, and get our aid. For we're of the great peace party. Tbeo let us alone, we'll barp aloog, ie. (From the Cincinnati Gazette.) A VISIT TO A BATTLE-FIELD. Interesting Narrative of a Visit to Springfield, Missouri Incident and Observations. St. Louis, August 27. On Sunday morning, the 18th instant, DanTord Knowlton, Fsq , of New York, eud J. B. H ussier, of Webster, Massachusetts the former a cousin aod the latter a brother-in-law of the late General Lyon ar rived io this city en route to SpriogSeld, to procure the remains of their lamented relative for sepulture in the East. Believing that the expedition, if successful in reaching the scene of the recent great battle io the Southwest, weold be enabled to obtaio exclusive infor mation of a valuable character, I determined if soch a thiog were possible to become one of the party. Several obstacles were in the way of accomplishmeol of toy design, but a little shrewd engineering removed them all, and I was surprised to find that, without the slightest misrepresentation on my part, 1 was o umbered among the relative of the boro of the battle of Wilson's Creek. Access to tbe person of General Fremont is at all times diQicult, and was especially so on tbe day in question. Tbe kinsmen of General Lynn, notwithstanding the pressing nature of their business, were unable to obtain an audience at all. Late in tbe evening, however, owing to tbe efforts of Captaiu George P. Kdgur, formerly of tbe c?lebrated New York Seventh Uegiment, and now one of the General's Aids, they were furuisbed with the necessary documents. harly Monday inormog I was aroused from a sound sleep, and informed that the effort to be attached to the expedition bad succeeded. and tbat the train woold leave in half an hour. 1 made a basty toilet, and joiced tbe party at tbe depot a few otinutes before tbeir departure. It wag not until we were under way tbat I saw tbe documents, wbicb bad been furnished the party. As soon as I read one of tbem, I was satisfied that it would be of no more service to us than the saoie amount of blank paper, and so expressed myself to my friends. we went on to Holla, however, wbere we were foitnnate enough to meet Capt. Emmet Macpniittid, ol the Uoulederate Army, wbo had entered our lioes, under a flag ol truce, to negotiate un exchange of prisoners. The Cuplain, nhotn we found an intelligent, bono ruble geutleman, agreed witb oie tbat our papers were of no consequence, hut kiodly promised to conduct us iutu the liebelcatnp himself, as be was about to return, and assured us tbat be should experience no hindrance in procoriog Gen. Lyon's body. On presenting our letters to Col. Wymao, we learned (but he had that morning, on bis own responsibility, despatched an ambulance to Springfield, iu charge of XI r. Lynch, an undertaker ol hi. Louis, on tbe very errand io wbicb we were embarked. We at once determined to pursue and endeavor to over take bun before be reached Hpringbeld, so that both parties might enter the town toge ther. Col Wymao immediately fitted us out io the most comfortable manner possible, giviog us his best ambulance, four splendid tuules, and the most careful driver in camp, beaides supplying us liberally witb sticb edibles as be bad at his disposal. An hour later, we started for tbe camp of tbe regulars, three miles distant, where we spent the night in company witb Major Slurgiss, Captain Pollen, Adjutant General Granger, and other officers, wbo bave grown prematurely gray in tbe service of their country, aod whose recent beroio conduct should commend them to tbe favorable consideration of tbe War Depatttneot. TU BBS or THE TIDE TOAT TLOWS WEST. WARD. Tuesday morning we started on oor long aod tedious journey, over an exceedingly rough road, which stretched away for more thau a buodred miles over a rocky, barreo couutry, covered with scrubby "black jacks," and ioterlaced witb occasional streams of almost crystal clearness iufullihU signs of an unproductive toil. Jt was painful to wit ness, as we frequently did on our way, families useiog from tbe ryigo of terror tbk is ti Utscrllancons. pretty well loaognrated throughout the south western part of the State. We passed one train, composed of twenty or thirty families, travelling together for mutual protection J and frequently met single wagons, Io wbicb a few household goods had beeo hastily thrown, aod tbe members of the family dumped io on top all steering for Illinois, wbere they hoped to escape the borrors of war. Now tbat the Union forces bave been withdrawn from tbe Southwest there is do looger any safety for either person or proper ty, and these flying families prefer to give up their all rather than remain to see their homes pillaged by semi-barbarians, or, to save tbem, espoose tbe cause of this most iniquitous an i causeless rebellion. IJow long shall it be before these persons can retoro in safety to their dearly bought land, tbe only thing the Rebels will not steal, and quietly enjoy tbeir possessions, witb no one to molest or make them afraid t About 2 o'clock in tbe afternoon we reocbed a place called Pine Bluff, wbere there bad formerly been a post office, but the only house in tbe place was deserted. Witb keen appe tites, we bad anticipated a good dinner at this point, bot there ooly remained in it a half-starved cat, like Cassio, with a "lean aod hungry look," to give us welcome, and she stole noiselessly through a crack, and bid beneath the floor. We built a fire, aod plucked aod roasted some gieeo corn and apples, wbicb, witb a few boxes of sardioes and a haversack full of srackera tbat we were fortunately provide ) witb, made us a meal tbat we keenly relished. Turoiog to leave, I observed a box of blooming portulaceas staodiov on the porch of tbe deserted tene ment, wbicb forcibly reminded me of Camp bell's beautiful lines : ' Wandering, I found on my luinous walk, Ry the diab.tone, aged snd green, One rose of the wilderness left on it. stalk, To mark where the garden had been " Eighteen or twenty miles further oo, and just as the sbadeB of night began to thicken, we reached the California House, a most excellent wayside inn, kept by a good Uuion mun, who thinks tbe lime for bim to emigrate toward the rising son baa not yet arrived. Ills tidy wife soon spread ns a fragrant meal, after which we were shown to large airy rooms, and tbat novelty in a slaveboldiog State, clean beds, wbere the linen was as immaculate as Alie Dinmont's, and as white as tbe statue io Don Grovaoni. May peace ever pipe bor pastorals around that cheerful borne I A GLIMPSE OP THK RRORl.S. The next morning we pnsbed on to a little town called Lebanon, sixty miles from Holla, arriving about 2 o'clock io tbe afternoon. Here we fouod a company of Rebel soldiers, wbo had come from SpringGeld the day before to take formul possession of tbe town. They at fi'st gathered around us and stared as though they had never seen civil-looking white meo belore ; but it was not long before they grew opon iotitnate terms witb us, and freely pressed us witb an invitation to smoke and drink. We talked to tbem freely and unreservedly, and tbey in turn poured into our ears all the wrongs, real end imaginary, of the South, invariably clinching tbeir re marks witb the assertion tbat "J bey never could be conquered." A young Captain in tbe Confederate army named Boon, aod an exceedingly agreeable fellow, by tbe by, remarked to me in the course of some conversation that tbe National forces were completely routed at tbe battle of Springfield, aod tbat it wag one of tbe most decisive battles ever won. "We don't so consider it io tbe North," I replied. "U ell, what do yon tbink or it. candidly I be asked. "Tbat it was a drawn battle," I answered. We tbiok Manassas was disgraceful, but we are well satisfied witb tbe conduct of our troops at Springfield." "well, contioued be, "I think you were utterly routed." "Why did yon not follow np tbe victory, then V "We bad but three rounds of auimunilioo left." "But yon said awhile ago that but six or seven thousand of your force was engaged io tbe fight t" "Not more." "Wbere, then, was your reserve of ten or fifteen thousand T" "Well," be answered somewhat reluctaotly, "Gen. Price was in favor of pursuing, but McCullocb opposed it, and they came near quarrelling oo this point." "1 win ten you," sain 1, "now we look npnn this matter, and hnw it will be written down by tbe historian. Four tbousaDd five hundred men marched out, eogaged four times tbeir number in battle ; fought tbem for six hours, and crippled tbem so badly that tbey could not pursue." Later in our conversation I asked bim if be thought one Southern man as good as Gve i or I hern meo. He expressed himself firmly in that belief. "After tbe battle of Spriogfield," said 1 T "Yes " "Well," 1 replied, "that is refreshing. Yoa remind me of tbe man in tbe play : 'Go it, old Abrowang! J bat s right I Keep it up, old fellow !' " Our conversation was bere interrupted by the crowd rushing towards the parlor to bear the landlord's daughter, a "perl" young girl, as they say down South, sing "Dixie." 1 was kindly otlered a front seat at the enter tainment, but respectfully declined, telling tbem, to theii evident annoyance, that it was a favorite tune io tbe Nortb, and that our bands now played nothing else. She ac companied herself on a piano, to tbe great delight of her auditors, many of whom, 1 dare say, had never belore beard one, and olter ward gave them that brilliant operatic gem entitled "Root Uog, or Die," "De gustibus," !10W TIIK RKBRf.8 ARK UNIFORM RD, The uniform of the Confederate army, as Lady Montague would say, is "multiform." -Those wbo draw tbeir conceptions of tbe ap pearance of Rebel soldiery from pictures io Harper's Weekly would bardly recogoizeone on sight. They are Dot uniformed at all. aod, generally speaking, it ia impossible to distinguish a colonel from a private. Tbe ooly mark of distinction about them, except their arms, is a piece of flannel stitched on tbe left shoulder. I was told tbat white flannel was the distinguishing mark of tbe Missouri troops, yellow tbat of Arkansas, red tbat of Louisiana, and so oo. Of coarse ibis ouly applies to tbe army in tbe Southwest. OUR ARRIVAL IN SPRINOFIKLD. After leaving Lebanon, we pushed on IS mile further amid a dreocbiog rain, and halted at a wayside ion for tbe night. Tbe next afternooo, about 4 o'clock, we reached Spriogfield. We fouod no pickets thrown out, aod drove op to Geo. Price's headquar ters, witboot encountering aoy obstructions whatever. Tbe General received as haughtily, and, as 1 bad anticipated, declined to open oor documents. 1 think, however, tbat Capt. McDonald, wbo pitted os on the way, bad previously arranged the matter, for Adjutant General Sneed furnished ns a pass to tbe farm of Hon. Joho A. Phelps, wbere tbe body of Gen. Lyon bad beeo Interred. Mrs. Pbelps, wbo has battled tbe beresv of seces sion with a teal that some of the Union men io Missouri would do well ia imitate, received os cordially, aod insisted upon our remaining at her hospitable maosion during our stay. A FRW PACTS RELATIVE TO THE DEATH OP OEN. LYON, It appears that after the death of Gen. Lyon, which occurred about 9 o'clock on tbe morning of the battle, bis body was placed in an ambolance for rersfoval to the town, but tbe driver, or some one else, acting upon tbe principle tbat "a living ass is better than a dead lion," (no poo intended), laid It oo tbe ground agaio, to make room Tor a wounded soldier, and there ft remained till evening, when a flag of trace was sent for it, wbicb was successful in recovering it. It was laid opon a table in bis former beadqoarters, and after the wounded soldiers had received what little atteotion coold be bestowed upon them in the hurry of the bour, an effort was made to preserve it by injecting arsenic into tbe veins ; but a retreat bad been ordered, and the surgeons relinquished tbe undertaking. The next moroing Mrs. Pbelps, learning tbit tbe body of the General was still lying in town, aeked and obtained permission to bury it. She first placed it io a kind of cave near ber bouse, but entertained fears, most proba bly groundless, tbat it would be disturbed by tbe soldiers of Geo. Parson's Brigade, wbicb is encamped on her farm, she quietly bad it removed an buried. Jt bad been placed in an ordinary coffin, covered witb velvet, the whole enclosed in an air-tight tin case. When disintered, it had undergone conside rable decomposition, almost enough to pre' vent recognition. Tbe General was killed by a small rifle ball, wbicb passed entirely through bis body, entering on the left side, in the region of tbe heart. He bad previously been wounded in tbe tbigb, but continued to fight as though nothing bad happened. Major Sturgiss who assumed command of the army after tbe first day's retreat, for tbe reason that General Siegel had not, as was generally supposed, tbeo received his com mission as a general, gays tbat be bad no idea that the remains of Gee. Lyon were not w:th the army until tbey were twenty five miles from Springfield. THE BATTI.K-FIBI.D A FORTNIGHT AFTER TUB FIclHT. There still remain about seventyGve or one hundred unburied bodies opon tbe field of battle, besides a large ourober of horses. These bodies are io every instance tbose of National soldiers, and are generally lying oo bard gravelly ridges. Tbose wbo fell in tbe hollows, or where tbe grouod was soft, bave been hid from view. Tbe stench arising from tbe field is not so overpowering as might be supposed. With a single exception, every face has turned as black as an Ethiope'e, and tbat one, straoge to say, persists in retaining its Circassian characteristic. In several instances tbe visitor can distinctly see wbere tbe wounded men have dragged themselves from tbe places where tbey fell to tbe shade, afforded by tbe few scrubby oak bushes io the field, and there, witb tbe crimson tide of life ebbing away, and no kind hand to admin' ister so trifling a thing as a cup of water, for tbe want of wbicb they were famishing, tbey laid tbem down to die. Some of our wouDd ed meo, wbo bad tbus sought the shade, were not found three or four days after the battle. Wbat a succession of eternities those days must bave beeo to tbem. Corporal Cooaot, of tbe First Missouri Regiment, was left upon tbe field for four days, and is now doiog well. Brave fellow. After be bad falleD, though unable to get oH bis back, be fired twenty five shots at tbe enemy. OUR WOUNDED IN SPRINGFIELD. I append to this letter a list of the wound ed in tbe various hospitals at Springfield, taken from the hospital register. Tbe wounded are geoerally getting along well, and in ten days one fourth, probably one third, of tbem will be able to leave. Lint, bandages are greatly needed. Our army was well supplied witb all these articles, but after tbe battle Gen. Rains, of tbe Confederate army, seized opoo most of nor hospital stores forty gulloos of brandy among other things, and although ordered by Geo. Price to retoro tbem, obstinately refused to do so, saying be would rather stand a court martial than com ply witb tbe order. Dr. Franklin, Brigade Surgeon of the Missoori forces, baa been outtring io bis effort to relieve tbe sufferings of our disabled meo. EFFECT OP TUB BATTLR. Jt cannot be denied tbat tbe result of tbe battle at Spriogfield, aod the withdrawal of our forces from tbe Southwest, have bad a blightoing effect opoo tbe Union cause in Missouri. Jt will require twenty-five thou sand more men to redeem the State than it would bave done three weeks ago. I speak that wbicb I koow when I say that hundreds, oot to say thousands, are now flocking around the Rebel standard, and will fight witb all tbe zeal aod religious fanatics, and tbat, too, without asking or expectiog a dollar of remuneration. Tbe rebels now subsist chiefly on green corn, but tbey will tell you tbat Marion lived on potatoes and roots. Of course I have an abiding faith in the success of tbe Union cause ; but Geo. Fremoot especially, bus just now a larger contract in baoq tbao is generally supposed. Tbe Gov ernment cannot afford to lose or even draw another battle io Missouri. An Infallible Remedy for Dysentery and Protracted Durkuce. Dr. J'age, of Washington, cotnuiunicates tbe following to the Republican, of that city : Tbe following simple remedy, long koowo io family practice, was recently tried in the camp of tbe New York Twenty aecood Reg. imeot, were there were from eighty to oue. hundred cases daily of dysentery, and witb rapid cures io every ease : Recipe In a teacup half full of vinegar, dissolve as much salt as it will take up, leaving a little exoess of salt at tbe bottom of tbe cup. Pour boiling water upon the solution till the cup ie two thirds or three quarters full. A scum will rise tithe surface which must be removed, and tbe solution allowed to cool. Dose Tablespoonful three times a day till relieved. Tbe rationale of the operation of tbis simple medicine, will readily occur to tbe pathologist, and io many hundred trials I bave never knowo it to fail iu dysentery and protracted diurrbaa. Tbe ladies of Boston having made some shirts for the soldiers, from four to six inches too short, some wag perpetraUd tbe followiog : Like a nisa without a wife. Like a ship without a sail, The most useless thing in life Is a .hUt without-proper lM)th From the Philadelphia "Pies.." Letter from "Occasional " Washington, Sept. 6, 1861. I am neither a prophet nor tbe son of it pro phet, but I think we are on tbe road to an hon orable and lasting peace. Jt will be a con qttered peace a peuce woo at the cannon's mouth, sealed witb the blood of traitors, and established opon the basis or the old Consti tution, to last, let os hope, through enduring generations. There is one subject opon which loyal men may freely write, and that is the ap proaching overthrow of the Southero despot ism, and, by consequence, tbe proclamation of enduring peace. It is true we must reach the end through war aod rnrnage and death But we will reach it. When Gen. McClellan encounters Gee Beauregard be will annihilate him, end will compel a surrender that will he followed, 1 predict, by a perpetuul pence This is bold language, but 1 am willing to stoke my reputation upon it; and bere are some of the reasons fur the faith that is iu me. If yon will reprint and read some of the ex tracts from the Baltimore Sun, of this moro ing, you will see that Hatteras was more than a compensation fur Manassas, and that the whole people nf North Carolina feel the blow struck by Butler and Stringham, as if it bad reached every heart and hearthstone in tbe State. It has aroused them to a double sense of tbe power of our great Government, and of the weakness of that counterfeit ooe which has covered them witb irreparable calamities. It has given voice to honest complaint, cou. rage to an overborne patriotism, ami vitality to the contempt siocerely entertained for tbe Richmood bunditti. When this conspiracy commenced, I stated, in almost direct terms, tbat tbe Southern Slates wonld besurroooded by the awfr.1 power of tbe Federal Govern ment; eaten up by tbeir own factions; starved out by ao efficient blockade ; taxed and plun dered for the support ol a ravenous rebellion ; and because of tbe shamelessness of their re volt, and because of the atrocity of making Blavery the pretext of a war upou Christianity pod civilizution, certain to fall under tbe judgment of every Government ou the face of tbe earth. Has not this horoscope been already more thao half accomplished ? McCollough is fly ing into Arkansas ; Mugofliin cowers before the Federal authority and the decree of tbe ballot in Kentucky; Hardee is retreating along the Mississippi ; Roseocranz is holding Lee, and Floyd, aod Wiso io cbeck ; the Bal timore mob, manacled end silent, glares pow erless at the feet of Geoeral Dix. It is even rumored that tbe "Grand Army" that uow threatens McClellan on tbe shores opposite Washington will break up aod dissolve. Meanwhile the blockade is stretchiog its long arms, and will presently hug the whole Con- federocy in an iron and wooden embrace Tbe Uuion men of all the Slave States wiil shortly rise from whispered complaint into opeo denunciation, end the most potent enemy of tbe rebellion will be fouod in tbe States now under its thraldom. So that yoo see that my prediction is oo tbe eve of fulfilment thut peace is to come from the efforts of our sol diers, and not from the intrigues and treach ery of tbose who can see nothing dishonorable io tbe degradation and humiliation ot tbe North. Tbe intelligence of the death of Jefferson Davis seems to be confirmed. When Stephen A. Douglus was called away, a fiendish exulta tion was exhibited io many of tbe Secession papers. Tbe malignity witb wbicb tbey pun ished bis independence survived bis death and rioted over his grave. Let us set a better ex ample, now thut the great leader of tbe Seces sion tyranny has been summoned before tbe eternal bar. He was an imperious aod posi tive public mao. He rarely surrendered an opinion once formed until he degraded himself bv throwing behind him his voluntury profes sions iu fuvor of tbo Union. He was a close student, a cbivalric opponent, a steadfast friend, a geotlemao in all bis relations, and in bis own family singularly kind aud genial. Although undoubtedly the head and tbe beart of tbe Southern rebellion, be went into it re luctaotly, as all who heard bis last speech in in tbe Senate will remember, when witb bro ken accents and tearful eyes be bade farewell at ODce to that body aod to all bis real great ness. Jefferson Davis was blessed with many accomplishments. He wtrs alike a soldier and a statesman. No public man of my acquaint ance was more devoted to scieotilic pursuits, and more familiar with tbe abstruse teachings of political philosophy. No bruocb c f human knowledge seemed to be unworthy of bis inves tigation. He was equally attentive to classi cal literature, to the details of military life, to tbe doclrioes of pnliticul purties, to the study of uieo, and if Professor Hache, of the United States Coast Survey, could speak, be would say of tbe fioe work, of which be is tbe accom plished bead, and which has latterly proved its unconquerable usefulness, that Jefferson Davis was as conversant witb tbe smallest minuta of thut noble institution us any other man oot connected witb it. He was passion ately devoted to the Smithsonian Institution, of which be was a Kegent in former times He devoted himself to th decoration of this capital, find stood by Cuptaiu (now General) Meigs in all his effort to construct the water works, to finish the Capitol building on the grandest scale, aod to push forward tbe exten sion of the Interior and Treasury Depart ments. He wus, nodoubtedly, a great .Secre tary of War, and iu this high office notbing so much delighted him as to ttke young meo by the band, aod when worthy, advance tbem. If be educated Beauregard to destroy the Union, he conferred many advantages upno McClellan to save it. If be assisted Lee aod Joboson, and tbus strengthened their bands for injury against tbe flag, he greatly favored Meigs and Fraoklin. Unlike Floyd, wbo succeeded him, he neither lied oor stole ; aod, nulike Mason, who retuioed big seat io the Senate while trying to demoralize the Govern ment, he retired gracefully, if reluctautly, when called upoo to carry bis terrible theories into effect. Jefferson Davis was born in 160"), was edu cated at West Point, and served in the army from 1828 until 11-135. He was a member of Congress for one year, Colonel and Brigadier General io Mexico, a Senator io Congress for more than six years, Secretury of War under Presideot Pierce, and again a snember of tbe Senate, which positioo he held when Secession ripened into rebellion, aud when rebellion de manded bis services. I bave not a bit of doobt that be died of a broken beart. He was too thorough bred a gentleman to be ao honest traitor. He had too much contempt for false hood to represent Goveromeut that was all lie. Jefferson Davis bad a conscience, and therefore bis broken oath pursued bim like a Nemesis, and he wbo faced the cannoo at Bueoa Vista, and stood uoquailing belore eve ry personal peril, became coward when be behold himself the representative of perjury, and the first assassin of country tbat bad nurtured and educated bim. Tbe grave ques tion, unquestionably, a welcome rest and re fuge to bim. If 1 have any reason for regret tiog bis death, it is becaose. if be bad lived, his indomitable and desperate character would bave driven bis follower! to more speedy feat luec may ooa overtake tbstxt. Wbo is to be bis successor remains to be seen. There is not one of all tbe banditti who may be called his equal. The Vice President, Stephens, with his feeble, frngile frame, coold not endure tbe weight of labor and of shame. Hunter is a timid, selfish, narrow man, who never rose to the dignity of a bold Gght, and who never figured, save as the follower of another. Toombs is an uncertain, vapid, noisy gascon ; Slldell dis tinguished only for the venom of bis politics ; Benjamin personally disgraced by revelations affecting bis personal integrity ; Yancey distrusted hecause of his Northern birth, end remarkably only for bis pyrotechnic orotory. I tbink our Secession friends should beware lest some unexpected chief should leBp into the Baddle of tbeir deed Cid. The brains and conscience of the Sonlh, after encb a dippensation, are undoubtedly witb tbe Union men of the Sontb. If the conspiracy has lost its head, the Union men may thereby have recovered their heart. Why should not old Sam Hons tun come forth and appear! Why should not Pierre Soule wake from his slum bers T Where is Herschel V. JobDRon? Where John 0. Mason, of Kentucky ? Why should not the death of Davis be tbe life of the cause of the Union iu tbe Southern States; When Douglas died he died in his glory, in the full Dower of his fame, the hearts of twenty millions of people throbbing at his tomb. He died breathing hope and confidence into the patriotic bosom, and he left many behind bim who are animated by his example and inspired by his sentiments. Nothing became him io life so much as the leaving of it; but when Davis died he died with the whole moral argument against bim and bis cause, condemned by his coontry, condemned by bis (Jod, and, I tbink 1 may soy it, condemned by himself. Wbo, 1 repeat, will be his successor T Occasional. Mr. Calhoun the Originator of the Dissatisfaction. When the attempt is made day by day by the sympathizers witb Secession to Bbow that the great revolt is the result of circumstances, suddenly calling for an indignant manifesta tion oo account of the election of a sectional President, and so entitled to generous for bearance at the bauds or toe more liberally disposed of the people of tbe United States, we beg leave to remiod all eucb that tbe proofs are oo record, overwhelming in number aud weight, to prove tbat tbe conspiracy bad long been contemplated, aod tbat the out break was pnbably as deliberate an underta king as ever called into play tbe bad passions of any people. We should not feel called opon so frequent ly to deal witb these issues were it not that those wbo are attempting to break up tbe Government are continually appealing to tbe generous forbearance of I (lose whose roiu they purpose, and are never weary of talking of tbis thing as of something tbat claims the deepest sympathy as a consequence of the last 1'reBidential canvass. Tbat tbis is not so we can roadtly show by reference to events of a lew years ago, when, as many will remember, tbe men who have led off in this revolt were oo tbe alert to bring about Disuoioo then ; aod one of tbe most significant paragraphs bearing on this fact is now before us, from the Nortb Carolina Aurora, published in 1850, now some eleven years since. It is as follows : "We must pioiit to that complexion must "it come at last. Tbe chance of a compromise "is hopelesB. Suppose there was room for "hope, it can ouly be found in further rendi "tion. What have we left to give up t No "thing not even one Constitutional principle. "Mr. Polk sacrificed os on the Wilmot, on tbe "Oregon qnestinno. But surrender bad beeo "made long before. Wasbiogton yielded tbe "Bank and Tat iff questions. We do not dis "pute his honesty or bis general greatness. "He was tbe first Presideot and was skillful "in public affairs ; be gave to bis admiuistra "tion atone which is uow well-nigh ruining "the Republic. But let tbat pais. Tbe pre- "sent is demonstrating, aud the future will "more clearly demonstrate, our observation. "Mr. Calbono said to us once : 'I woold not "'swap reputations with Washington; be did " 'not understand tbe Government and Consti ' 'tution. The fact was notorious at the time. "'Hamiltoo knew it; Adams koew it; ell of "'that time koew it. 1 am against canon " 'i.ing saints and politicians, aud if I die be "'fore yon do, doo't let me be put in the eaten " 'der.' As near as tbe editor can remember, "the foregoing is verbatim et literatim " Tbe views we bave quoted are significant In many ways. Whilst oue of tbe Secession or nullification school tbus bitterly complains of the "Tariff," it wonld hardly be believed tbat Mr. Calhoun, Mr. Mcuullee, the south Caro lina delegation io fact, including Mr. Rhttt, voted for that "hill of obominatiou" the Tariff of 18421 and if anything could accooot lor the arrogauce of the politicians of the South Carolina school, which bag at length ended in on attempted disruption of tbe Government and the Uuion, theBe declarations of their great chief would do it. It shows conclusive ly the origin of that deep dissatisfaction with the course of legislation, witb the Government as constituted, which bus kept, the politicians of South Carolina for so many years play ing the role of agitators, witb uu utter reck lessness of the evil consequeuces to follow. But that other States States led by enlight ened and able meo should have imitated bis sourness and come under such influences is the marvel of the age. It is conclusive of something more. The men wbo thought that "wisdom would die" with Jobo C. Calhoun will never yield except to the most completely crushing circumstan ces. With no reverence fur the views aod the labors of the founders of the Republic, madly ambitious, soured and disappointed, tbey will justify the declarations of Mr. Keitt to involve all the States "iu one common rum" if they can. The only question with the people of Mary land and the otber States South is are tbey willing to follow these maddened and ignorant politicians to utter destruction ? Is there not time, even yet, to pause in their career, after seeing to wbat awful calamities their lender ship has already brought States more conser vative io character io tbis section of the Uui on T There can be no question as to what is wise for Maryland. Uultimore American. The Esquimaux. The ordinary routine of tbo Esquimaux life in most localities ia as follows : la the rnoctb of September, the baud, consisting of, perhaps five or six families, moves to some well known pass, generally some narrow neck of laod be tween two lakes, and there await the southerly migration of tbe reindeer. Wben these ani mals approach tbe vicinity, some of tbe young meo go oot and gradually drive them towards tbe pass, wben tbey are met by other hunters, wbo kill as many as they can witb tbe bow aud arrow. The bu'lk of tbe berd is forced into tbe lake, end there the liers io-wait at the bajacks spear thetn at leisure. Hunting in tbis way, day after day, as the deer are passing, large stock of venison is geoerally procured. As the country abounds in natural icscellats, ir at least every whsre affords great facilities for constructing them In the frozen sabso. me venison might be kept sweet until tbe hard frost sets io, and so preserved throughout tbe winter; bot the Esquimaux takes little trou ble, io tbis matter. If more deer are kilted in sumtner than can be then coosnmed, part of the flesh is dried, but later in tbe season it is merely laid up in some cold cleft of a rock, where wild animals cannot reach it t and should become considerably tainted before tbe cold weather comes on, it Is only tbe more agreeable to tbe hsquimaux palate. In the antomn, also, tbe migratory nocks of geese and otber birds are laid ooder contribu tion, and salmon-trout and fish of various kinds are taken. In this wny a winter stock of provisions is procured, and not a little is re quired, as the Esquimaux being consumers of animal food only, cet through surprising quantity. In the autumn, tbe berries of the arctic iruit-bcanng.p'ants are eaten, aod the half-digested lichens in the paunch of the reindeer are coosldered to be a treat; but in other seasons this people never tastes vegeta bles, and even In summer animal rood is aloDo deemed essential. Draughts of warm blond from a newly killed animal, are considered as contributing greatly to preserve the hunter in Health. IS o part or the entrails is rejected as unfit for fond ; little cleanliness is shown in the preparation of tbe intestines, and wben they are rendered crisp by frost, they are eat en as delicacies without further cooking. On parts or the coast wbere whales are common, August acd September are devoted to the pur suit of these animals, deerhnntiog beiog also atteoded to at intervals. The killing of a whalci secures winter feasts aod abnndance of of oil for tbe lamps of a whole village, and there is great rejoicing. On the return of light, the winter houses are abandoned for the sea hunt on the ice, sooner or Inter, according to tne state or tbe larder. 1 be party tben moves off seaward, being guided io discover ing tbe breathing-holes of tbe seal or walrus by their dogs. At tbis time of tbe year buta are built of snow for tbe residence of tbe band, end in no season or tbe year is the hunter's skill more tested, tbe seal being a very wary animal, and with acute sight, foiell and hear ing. Jt is no match, however, for the Esqui maux hunter, wbo, sheltered from the keen blast by a semi circular wall of snow, will sit motionless for hours, watching for the bubble ol air tbat warns bim of tbe seal coming up to breathe. And scarcely has tbe animal raised its nostrils to the surface before tbe harpoon, enters in its body. Tbis sport is cot without the danger that adds to the excitement of success. Tbe lino attached to tbe point of tbe harpoon is passed in a loop round tbe hunter's loins, and should tbe animal be has struck be a large seal or walrns, woe betide bim if be does not instaut ly plant bis feot in tbe notch cut for tbe par pose in the ice, and throw himself in such a position that the strain on tbe line is as near ly as possible brought into the directiou of the length of the spine or his back and axis or bis lower limbs. A transverse pull from oue of these powerful beasts would double him up across the air bolo, and perhaps break his back ; or, if the opening be large, as it often is wben the spring is advanced, he would be dragged under water and drowned. Accidents of this kiod are bot too common. Wbeo the seals come out on the Ice t bask in tbe pow erful rays of a spring son, tbe Esquimaux ban ter knows how to approach tbem by imitating their forms and motions so perfectly tbat tbo. poor animals take bim for one of their own species, aud are not undeceived until be comes near enough to thrust his lance into ooe. Tbe priucipal seal-fisbery ends by tbe disruption of the ice, aod tben the reindeer are again nu merous oo the shores of tbe Arctic Sea, tbe birds ore breeding in great flocks, end tbe an nual routine of occupation, which has been brieflly sketched, commences anew. Luther's Residence at Wittenberg;. Ascendiog a rough, neglected stairway, 1 entered the room in which Luther resided after his marriage. His old furniture is still there. There is tbe table on which be wrote tbe chair oo wbicb he sat a kind of double seat, wbere he used to read and converse witb his Catharine all chipped and sliced by Vandal travellers. There, too, is tbe old large stove, whose plates are covered with, fignres of the four evangelists, cast after , devices by Luther himself. That, fortunate ly, cannot be cut into chips. A little case, protected by glass d jors, contains a number or relics, eucb as specimens or his handwriting, some old docum'.-ots and embroidery wrought by his wife. There are fragment? of a drink ing glass, said to bave been broken by Peter the Great. W hen a yooog man be visited Wittenberg, aod desired to carry away the) glass, but being refused permission, be dashed :t in pieces ou tbe floor au act worthy of tbis baugbty aod passionate Czar. There, too, is a beer mug of large size, wbicb showe that three centuries have not changed the German's devotions to bis favor ite beverage. Over tbe door is a scrawl in chalk, protected by glass, wbicb may be guessed to be "Peter," aod tradition says was written tbe Czar. If so, the scribbling propensity is not confined to Americans. Io an adjoining room is the desk from which the great Reformer lectured. Ou He front are four circular paiotings, representing the four faculties ot'the university law, niedicinu, theology, and philosophy. The latter con tains a fine female figure, which my guide said was a likeness of Catburiiia, showing alike Lutber's taste aod affection. On tbe walla are portraits by Cranacb. There is also a cast taken after Lutber's deatb. 1 wug looking at these monuments, and aBked wbere is Luther's, wben my guide) poioted to a plain stone at my feet, which was a part of the iloor, whereon was the oame of Luther, Removing this there is a neat bronze tablet, with bis name, and date of birth and deatb. Such :a thi simple mon ument ; a similar ooe marks where Me lunolboo sleeps liishop Simpton'i Letters. What Pahsun Urownlow Says. Tbe Waah'ngtnn Uepuhliran publishes a private letter from Parson Browtilow, editor of the Knoxville (Tennessee) Whig, iu which this passage occurs : '-Aoorovr hi. been made at Richmond, to. suppress tbe publication of the Kooxville Whig, but the cot ice has oot been served on me yet. 1 bave given tbem tbe devil in tbie day's paper, and ahull continue to say just what I please, ooiil my office is closed or de stroyed by brute force. "Tbey have about run me ashore in a pe cuniary sense broke up uiy bus uess with held all letters cootattdn subscriptions J ana thus I am driven to the wall with more sub scribers on my list than the eight Secession papers or Last TeDoessee all put togetuer. But 1 will starve, or beg my bread of Union men, before I will surrender to tbis vile her esy of Secession." Taking pay in tbe same coio selling tulips to s pretty girl, and squaring accouuts witb kiss, (two lips.) Whea ia a ship like girl iu lova T Wbea its is attested te lbs soys (baoys).