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TEKM8 OP T1IW A?f EIHCM.' FIXGLE BUUSCRIITION I Two Dotta-M rr annum, to b paid half-yearly In advance.. No paper discontinued until all ar rearage! are paid. to etrss : Threa oopiei to on addrtei, f & 00 Seven do do 10 00 fifteen do do 20 00 Five Dollari, in advance, will pay fur three years' ubKiiption to the American. Club lubscrlptloiii mutt b hiTariahty paid in ad vanoe, and sent to one addrem. If lubeoribera ncgleotor refuse to take their news tannri from the oSioo to which tboy are directed, they TEIt.nS Of AIMEKTISfcVq. One aqnar of 12 llnea, S tiufee, ft 04 Erery auhaiu''iit insertion, 2 One square, H mouthd, S 04 bix luuuths, 4 04 One year, OA Hiimnem Cardr of Stiuen, per annum, " 100 Merchants nod others advertising hy the year, with the privilege of hnvrUng different ad vertising weekly, u 00' DuoiiioMs notice iuswtc.1 1n the Local, Coi.vhr, or before MarrleRM and Deaths, FIVE CKNI8 FEU USE for each iiuerUon, , Uf Larger Advertisements u per agreement. JOB FBI K TIN Q. We hare connected with onr establishment a well selected JOB Ul'l'lCE, which will enable ul to. execute, In the neatest style, every variety of Printing. o PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING, BY It. B. MASSER SUNBURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY; PENNSYLVANIA. Ire reapomible nnlil thoy have lotlled the bills and I vrdi-red them discontinued " Fostmoatori will please act ai our Aftents, and frank letera oontaiuing subscription money. Thoy Drs permitted to do this under the l'ost Offloe Law. NEW SERIES, VOL. 10, NO. 8. SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 10, 1SG3. OLD SERIES,' VOL. 23, NO. 34. SMBUEI LOCK HOSPITAL. ESTABLISHED A3 A REFUGE FROM QUACK ERY. THE ONLY PLACE WHERE A CURE CAN. BE OBTAINED. DR. JOHNSTON hat discovered the most Certain, Speedy and only Effectual Remedy in the World for all Private Diseases, Weakness of the Back or Limbs, Strictures, Affections of the Kidneys and UlndJer. Involuntary Discbarges, Impotcncy, Uene ral Debility- Nervousness, Dyspcpsy, Languor, Low Spirits. Confusion of Ideas, Palpitation of the Heart, Timidity, Tremblings. Dimness of Sight or Giddiness. Disease of the Head. Throat, Nose or skin, Affections of the Liver. Luntrs. Stomach or Dowels tlioso Terri ble Disorders arising from the Solitary Habits of l outh those secret and solitary practices more ratal to their victims than the song of Syrens to tho Ma riners of Ulyssee, blighting their most brilliant hopes vr anticipations, rendoriug marriage, As., impossi ble. YOrXOMEX Especially, who hare become the victims of Solitary Vice, that dreadful and destructive habit which annually sweeps to an untimely grave thousands of Young Men of the most exalted talents and brilliant intellect, who might otherwise have entranced listen ing Senates with the thunders of eloquence or waked to ecstaty the living lyre, may call with full con fidence. .M.titKiA;i:. Married Persons, or Young Men contemplating marriage, being aware of physical wenknct organic debility, deformities, Ac., speedily cured. .Jlewho places himself under the care of Dr. J. ibi.y rwiitr-'j'.isly confide in his honor as a gentleman, and cuniidcntiy rely upon bis skill as a Physician. Immediately Cured, and Full Vigor Restored. This Distressing Aircction which renders Life miserable and marriage impossible is the penalty paid by tlio victims of improper indulgences. Young persons are too apt to commit excesses from not being awsre of the dreadful consequences that lnav ensue Now, whe that understands the subject wifl pretend to deny that tho power of procreation is lost sooner by those falling into improper habits than by tbe prudent ? Besides being deprived the pleasures of healthy offspring, the most serious and destructive symptoms to both body and mind arise. The svstem becomes Deranged, the Physical aud Mental Func tions Weakened, Loss of Procreativo Power. Nervous Irritability, Dyspepiwa, )'alpilation of the Heart. Indigestion, Constitutional Debility, a Watting of the Frame, Cough, Consumption, Decay and Death Oflicc, o. t South Erotlprick Slrrs-t Left hand aids goiug from Baltimore street, a few floors from the corner. Fail not to observe nuuie aud nuuibcr. Letters must be paid and rontain a stamp. The Doi'ior's Diplomas hung in his office. j. ci its: VAitit i.vrF.J jm two 1IAVS. N Merevry or Naustoui Pruge. I. J4II.STO. .Member of the Royal College of Surgeons. London, graduate from one of the niot eminent Colleges in the United States, ami the greater part of whoso life Lha been spent in the hospital of London, Paris, I'hiladelphia and elsewhere, has effected some of tho most astonishing cures that were ever known ; in.iny troubled with ringing in the head and ears v heu asleep, great nervousness, being alarmed ut widen souuds, bashfulnesa, with frequent blushing, nttumii'd sometimes with derangement of mind, were cured immediutelv. 'i.tiai: fAitru 1 1, tit oii i:. )r. J. addresses all those who have Injured them selves by improper indulgence and solitary habits, hieb ruin both body and mind, unfitting them for either business, study, society or marriage. TniiSK ore some of the ssd and melancholy effects produced by early habits of youth, vii: Weakness of the Buck and Limbs, Pains iu the Jlead, Dimuccs of ighl. Loss of Muscular Power, Palpitation of the Heart. Dyspepsy, Nervous Irritnbilitv, Derangement if tho Digestive Functions, General Debility, Symp toms of Consumption, Ac. y untally. The fearful effects on the mind are ?nuch to be dreaded Loss of Memory, Confusion of J ileus. Degression of Spirits. Evil-Forebodings. Aver fiou to Society, Sclf-liiMrust, Lovo of Solitudo, Timidity, Ac arc soineuf tho evils produced. TiiDiiiASDS of persons of ullages can now judge vhl is the cause of their declining health, losing their rigor, becoming weak, pale, nervous and emaciated, having a singular appearance about tho eves, cough aud svmptoins of consumption. VOl. JIUS M ho have injured themselves by a certain practice indulged in when alone, a hubit frequently learned from evil companions, or at school, the effects of whi.ih are nightly ft-lt, even w hen asleep, and if not cured renders marriage iuijmtiMhle, and destroys both mind aud body, should apply immediately. M init a pity that a young man. the hope of his country, the darling of his parents, should be suatched ro-3 ull prospect and enjoyments of life, by the consequence of deviating from the path of nature and indulging in a certain secret habit. Such persons jtl M," befure contemplating M A It It I A reflect that a sound mind and body are tbe most neeessary requisites to promoti eounubinl happiness. Judccd without these, the jiuiiey through life bo. aomesj a weary pilgrimage , the prospect hourly darkens to tho vie", the mind becomes shadowed v illi despair aud tilled with the melancholy rcHoc tiou that the huppincss of unothur bcaouies blghtod wiih our own msuAsi; op iinti in:. i:. When the misguided and imprudent votary of pleasure finds that he has imbibed tho seeds of this painful disease, it too often happens that an ill-timed sense of shame, or dread of cHseuVvry, deters him from applying to those wjo,' from education and respectability, can aloue befriend him. delaying till the constitutional symptoms of this horrid disease mako their appearance, such as ulcerated' sore throat, diseased nose, nocturnal pains in tho bead and limbs, dimness of sight, deafucrt, nodes on tho shin bones and arms, blotches on the head, face and extremities, progressing with frightful rapidity, till nt last the palate of the mouth or tbe bones of the nose fall in. and the victim of this awful disease becomes a horrid object of commiseration, till death puts a period to his dreadful sufferings, by sending, him to '-that Undiscovered Country from whence no traveller returns." Ii is mncl'iiiehuly fart that thousands fall victims to (hid terrible disease, owing to the unsktllfulncas of ignorant pretenders, who. by the use of that Deadly l'oison. Mercury, ruin the constitution aud make the residue of lite miserable. HTK.tAUEItB Trust not your live, or health, to the care of tho to any Uuleni ned and Worthless Pretondcra, destitute of knowledge, name or character, who copy Dr. Johnston's advertisements, or style themselves, in the newspapers, regularly Educated Physicians, incapable of Curing, they aecp you trifling month after month taking their filthy and pnisonus com pounds, or as long as thesmallest fee can be obtained, und in despair, leave you with ruined health to sigh over your galling disappointment. Dr Johnston is the only Physician advertising. His credential or diplomas always bang in his office. His remidies or treatenient are unknown to all bthers, prepared from a life spent in the great hos pitals of Europe, the first in tho country and a more extensive Private Practice than any other Physician in the world, IIMKSi:.Ii; T OF THE ritESN. The many thousands cured at this Institution year lifter year,' and the numerous important Surgical Operations performed by Dr. Johnston, witnessed by the reporters of the "Sun," "Clipper," and many .Hlmriiuncrs. notices of which have appeared again auA agaiu before the public besides his stauding as a gentleman of uharaotor and responsibility, is a tvflicieut guarantee to the afflicted. SIU. IISr.Ai;N fclT.EIHIW l uvo. Persons writing should be particular in directing thtir lettcn tohia Institution, in the following niauer JOII M. JOIIXSTOX, M. !., Of the Bui ti more Look Hospital, Bultimore, M4. February 21, 163 ly, I I.i:aAVI' CAI!18 1E V1MTK. NOW IS T11E TIME TO FILL YOUR ALBUMS. I consequence of the soaroity of change, I will sell inTekiant Ft'NOURAFU CAUDE Wi VISITE 1'Oli'i.KAfiS. Mittceu for One lollur .t.M.til Pna!M7 noid. I' o These eardea are best published and are perma "''A', president, Cabinet, io. Also two of tbe th " Army, rreBm m nr.AI'RKOARD. glatast viLuiuui - Catalogues sent on application, "ample Copie ' reoeipt of Tea Cent. P JOHN DAINTY, T28 Eaoaom ft., 1'hilad.lphla. " f-Yjteuib 6, 18;' JUST OPENED! E. Y. BRIGHT & SON, T XVITE the early attention of cash pur chasers to their choice, vnribd and expen sive assortment of FRESH WLNTEII GOODS which they offer at reasonable prices. Our stock embraces A full line of Handsome Dress Goods, A nice lot of Domestic Dry Goods, A choice supply of fine White Goods, A great variety of Boots and Shoes, A large stock of Queens and Glassware, A very extensive lot of Hardware, Huts and Caps and Kcady Made Clothing Groceries of all kinds, fresh and pure, Drugs Paints Glass and Oils, WE INVITE particular attention to the following line of Goods, suitable forjloliday Presents. Real Heavy Blanket Shawls, French Blnnkct nud Brochc Shawls, Hoosery for Ladies, Gents and Children, Ladies Glovesn great abundance, A complete stock of Gents Gloves, Fancy Shirting and Opera Flannels, " Assorted colors Balmoral Skirts, Skeleton Skirts in great Variety, Zephyr Opera Caps and Nubias, Fine Sable Furs and Muffs, Fine White Linen Handkerchiefs, Colored border Cambric Handkerchiefs, Real Bandanna Silk Handkerchiefs, Gents Silk Neck Ties and Cravatts, Fine needle worked Collars, Super Black Lovo Veils, Silk Tissues of assorted Shades, Ribbons, Laces, Edgings and Rufflings, Fine Black Mohair Caps, Shawl Pins and Sciirf Pins, Perfumery, Pomades and Soaps, Buck Purses and fancy. Port Jlonaies, First rate Skates, ready strapped, Nice Hair Brushes and Pocket Combs, Extra good Penknives and Scissors, Childrens Gum Gilded Combs, Ac, &.C., Ac. Sunbury, Dec. 20, 1802. JlASrtllBt'r 1MTK.V1' I-TVi: sii.v. i;ti: i'iti:i:zi:it ! As Improvod for 18A9 and 1SS0, By E. KKTCJIAM A CO., 29 Pcnrlst., New York. riIIE only Frccier constructed on scientific prin JL ciples. with a revolving can and spring blado scraper. The one hastens the freezingof the cream- -the other removes it its fiir.t an frozen. The most rapid in freezing, with the least quantity of iec. The mist economical in cost, as it is the most simple and durable in structure. For sale in all the principnl cities and towns in the Union. Kach Freeier accompanied with a hook of recipes and full directions. riucKs. 3 qnartK, 4 quarts, ft quarts, 8 quarts, f .1 00 4 no b 00 fi 00 8 00 12 00 14 quarts, 20 quarts. Appl; pt.lv to II. B. MASSEK, Sunburv, Ta. March 2'J, 1S62. i itM-ui:i i:i.i.i:it a.- itovi:it. Attorneys at Law, Sunbury, Pa A JORDAN TtOCKF.FEI.UKR and SOLOMON . H. UOYliK, respectfully announoo that they ls.vo ei.u-rl ,in '"rslfr. .t.R-Sf business entrusted to thuir charge, in the eountius of Jiorthumberlund, Union, Pnyder and Montour, proinptlv, faithfully aud carefully. Ppccinl atten tion will he given to the COLLECTIONS OF CLAIMS. Consultations can be had in the OKH MAN language. Office Market street, opposite Weaver's Hotel. Sunbury, Febiuury 4, lbOO. Jtrnmlli'N, Wines, taiiiM, A.v. niHE subscriber, having opened in Thorn, xin'i X Brick Building, Mill street, Dunville, a largo and complete stock of FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC LIQUORS, comprising the best brands of Brandies, Gin, Old Rye, Scotch and Irish Whiskey, Fort, r-herry, Ma deira, Champagne and other W inca. of all grades, all ot which will he sold Wholesale, at the lowest city prices. Tavorn-koepors, by buying of us, can save it I mist the freight. l'crftous desirous of purchasing liquors for FAMILY USE, nay rely upon being furnubed with a pure and unadulterated article. g- Being determined to establish a reputation for selling cheap, hurcspcetfully solicits the patronage of the public. All orders promptly attended to. JUKEiiiAH 6. HALL. ' Danville, June It, 1U60. Tlie .tit. Louis, Chestnut Street, belieec Third and Fourth, ruiLADELPUU. rpiIE undersigned, having leased, for a term of X years, this popular house, have the pleasure of aunouueing I to tneir in friends and the traveling com munity that it is now ooen for the reception of Knesta, The bouse, since the hrst of March lust, has been entirely renovated and refitted iu a superior manner ; the apartineuta aro large, well ventilated ana lur nished in modern style. ' It is ecntrally located, convenient to all the depot and steamboat landing, aud in the immediate viciuity of the Custom Uoiim, l'ost Office and the Corn Exchange. Connected with the Hotel is a Restaurant for the accommodation of those preferring the Europoaq plan. Trices of Rooms from Three to Seven Dollars per week, according to location. Hoard $1 &0,per day. Tublo d'llote for merchants aud businessmen front 1 to 3 F. M. IlENRY NEIL, ISAAC L. DKVOE. April 12, 1862. ly War I War I Wur t COME FROM THE NORTH, COME FROM THE SOUTO, COME FROM THE EAST, COME FROM THE WEST Save the eonntry and build yourselves homes, for now is the lime to get your Lumber cheap. 1 es, LUMBER ! LUMBER I ! LUMBER ! ! .' can be purchased at low rate at the STEAM SAW MILL of IRA T. CLEMENT, SUN BURT, PA., Such as Panel Lumber, Frame Lumber, Boards, Si ding, hhlngles from (3 to $8 per thousand, 1'laatoring I.lh P.lii.x ltni.flnv I.alh. As.. A. All bills ordered, for any kind of Lumber, will be furuuhea at the shortcut notice. IRA T. CLEMENT. Sunbury, March 9, 1M1. 1'rnnVlln House, TMtnriLT AND REFURNISHED. Cc. Howard It and Franklin Street, a few Squares West of the Northern Central Bauroaa Depot, otmJioiifc I r TiB, u rtn wr O. LUIfcENRINO, PTor1'1" I July 1, 1843. tr MISCELLANEOUS; lIOOltKR'S It EAT IIATTLi:. Adritttonnl Vart Icujar or tho Four ny FlKlittngr. (Correspondence of the New Yord Tforald J May, 8, 1883. I shall not attempt id chronicle tho dis graceful affair of a part of tho Eleventh Corps (formerly Sigcl's), till I am ablo to learn the particulars and send you a diagram of the positions then held by our troops. GENERAL WIIXIAMs' DIVISION ORDERED TO 6CrPORT GENERAL OKARV. The following Is correct as far as it goes : At six o'clock P. M., ah the 2d of May, tho First Division, under General 'Williams. rof the Twelfth Army Corps (Slocum's), was ordered to leave its intrenebmcnts, which fronted Howard's, to support General Geary, one-half of whose lino was then actually en gaged with the enemy. The division moved promptly, and iu less than teu minutes were both engaged. jackson's attack uros thh eleventh corps. General Howard's right, commanded by Carl Shurz, was attacked by "Stonewall" Jackson, and held its ground, for about an hour, when his corps broke in the greatest contusion, dashing to 'Williams' rear aud over his intreuchmeuts. an attempt to check the retreat. A small regiment from each brigade of Williams' Division had been left to support a section of Lieutenant Crosby's Battery, K, (Fourth United States), and hold the works. These troops formed across the woods and endeavored to check the flying columns of Howard's Corps, but were unequal to tho -task. Tho Twenty-eighth New York Infan try, Lieutenaut-Colonel Cook, held their ground till after the flight of Howard's com mand, nnd kept the enemy engaged. Col. Cook, Lieutenants Chaffer and Kenyou. and about one hundred men, were fluuked add taken prisoners. THE SI1KI.I.S AND TnE EFFECTS. On mv return to camp I examined tho marks of the shells, ami found that one had gone through four hospital tents, striking a tree, and going off at an nnglo struck tho ground without exploding. Another killed one of our horses. In the last tent that the shell went through was a wounded corporal of tho One-hundrcd-and-forty-ninth New York infantry, in a sitting posture, reading a letter from" home. One-half of his head was taken off by it, and he was dead. What a horrible thing to contemplate. 5Ien wounded so badly that they cannot move, lying exposed to instant death, with a soul just going before them where ? I could not learn Ins name. THE CAMP OF ItJUlUL PKISONEns. Our camp of Geo' gin and Alabama priso ners contained lust night about six hundred in number. These men are in good spirits, healthy und enthusiastic. In conversation they aro quite huconic, aud know how to hold their tongues. Whisky and some cof fee these men long for, but as for food they have plenty. They carry flour instead of hard bread, cooking it as required. Iliese I prisoners are from Alabama, Georgia and North Carolina. When they see a shell ' coming in our direction their enthusiasm is immense. THE RLTPOSED REHEL LORKU8. .. From captured officers we learn that the enemy's loss has been terrible. In Jackson's corps the casualties are unprecedented. Jackson is wounded iu the hand ; 1). H. Hill, severely and removed from the field ; Roach and "Ransom are killed and Nichols wounded. TJIK HEUEI.S FIRE THE WOODS. Many of our killed have fallen into the llaIul3 nf the enemy, and are Still tli ni'ld; 'It is feared that son lying on somo ot our wounded wcrd burned to death, as, after our troops fell back ou Suuday, the enemy tired the woods. S. M. C. DESPERATION OK THE REBELS. It may seem strange to Northern readers and those away from the scene of contest to read of tho repeated attacks niado by the enemy, who, it would naturally be supposed would put themselves ulmost wholly on the defensive. Thu fact is they never fought with such desperation before ; they feel that they are being hemmed in, their all is at stake, and it is victory or death with them. They are more cautious than our men and are more secretive. We can learu but little from prisoners or deserters ; many of ours tell all they know. Our men not only must have camp tires and their hot coffee, but they set the woods on fire, thus unwisely revealing their position aud making them selves the target of the cuemy'g shells. The enemy use exceeding caution about camp tires. Our men are curious and climb trees to see what is to bo spied out in tho enemy's land, and are more seen than seeing. The enemy, serpent like, crawl along tho ground and keep out of sight as much as they pos sibly can. CENERAi nOOEER. Whatever may be the issue of the present righting, one thing is certain, that General Hooker has made himself known to tho army as one of the bravest and most daring men tliat ever was on a Held oi battle, mere is no fear iu hiin. Ho rides anywhere and everywhere, and at all times of the day and mglit. Having occasion to visit ins Head quarters shortly after my return this morn ing, ana learning mat, tuey uuu ciiangeu them from whoru they had been, I asked Lieutenant Colouel Weid, of Gen. Meade's Staff, ids present locality. uo to too very iront," saia me L,ieui.- Col. "then co to the line of skirmishers, and from there advance to the first house further in front, and you will find General Hooker's heatl-quartcrs. Ut course this direction is not to lie lanon in tho literal sense : but it Shows tho fact that General Hooker spends his time in the front, and is not afraid to spend it there While our batteries were shelling the enemy, vesterdav. in their concentrated movement to pierce our centre. M described in my last letter, General Hooker stood by one of the cannon, and. following the rebound after being tired, took bold of the wheels himself ana no i pea to put it 10 pusuiuu. a awry U prevalent that he ran but sword through a skedaddling officer, ye iter day, but I do not believe iu THE LOSS Or LIFE IX TBE BATTLES. The loss of life in these five days' baUle was large, but on our tido was far leu than on that of the ltebela. They undoubtedly suffered tbe most Our troops baa cnosen position, and bfsi let sheltering themselves as much as possible, dug rifle-pits and threw up temporary embankments. Of courso this saved an immense amount of life on our side, and besides, made it correspondingly disastrous to the Hcbcls. Tho exact loss in killed and wounded is not known hut it will not reach moro than nine thousand. OENERAI.S KILLED. The or.ly Generals known to have been killed on our side, so far are General Burry and General Whipple. The former wns a Major-General of Volunteers, from Maine, and tho hitter a Brigadier-General of Volun teers, taken from the regular army. We believe that on the breaking out of "the lle bellion he was in tho Topographical En gineering Department of the Government, and was esteemed good officer. TMK RK-CllOSSINO OP TUB rtAPPAIIairKOCK. Washington, May 7. The intelligence of General Hooker's rctrogado movement to his old camp reached your correspondent at a early hour of yester day ; but from considerations of policy wo did not forward it for publication. To-day the Intelligencer, the official organ of Secre tary Seward, announces it by authority, consequently there need bo no further con cealment. Tho causes are said to be, first tho non faltilmcnt of General Stoneman's part of tho programme in early cutting off the Rebel communications. Up to Tuesday evening General Hooker had not a word of reliable intelligence from Stonetnan, and knew not whether he had succeeded or failed". It was an emmititd point that the Itehcl railroads should have been cut last Friday. Tho heavy rains of Monday night and Tuesday morning had raised the Itappahannock six feet, and bid fair to raise it to such a height that he could not keep up his pontoons. General Sudgwjck had failed to make a junction with him on Sunday or Monday ; the ltcbels had massed large forces on him (Sedgwick) early on Monday morning, and about 3 P. M., the ltcbels formed on nn open plain, and apparently had lifty thousand men. General Sedgwick posted his artillery on a range of hilis, and as the Rebels came up he double-shotted his guns and mowed them down at a fearful rate. Regiment after reg iment melted away before his guns ; but on they came. They piled up the dead and dying in heaps, and then clambered over them, and threw themselves upon the artil lery as they were courting death ; finding himself overpowered, Sedgwick ordered a retreat to this side of the river nnd made for Banks' Ford. Then commenced the slaugh ter of our troops. The Rebels pursued him with a fiendish ferocity. Gibbons' Division had become separated, and crossed nt Fal mouth j but during thu night tho Rebels shelled the portions of Banks' Ford, and at one time came near causing a panic upon this side among the teamsters and scattered troops. Oeuerul Hooker finding that ho rnn a risk in remiiiuiug, ordered his troops tore-cross the river. The eight days' rations had given out, and it became necessary to replenish tho supplies of all kinds. The move took place at United States Ford, without any serious difficulty, and General Hooker's head-quarters aro now at Falmouth? The President left at midnight last night to meet him at Acquia Creek, to consult him as the future. General Avcrill is under arrest for not having gone to Gordonsville and destroyed the railroad running west ; nnd except the news from tho Richmond H7i'.' of the 4th and 5th, there is not a word from Btonemau. There is considerable anxiety expressed as to the whereabouts of General Stuart and his cavalry. He has not been heard from since last Sunday morning. It is feared lie will turn up where wo now least expect him 1 Our loss in the last week is about ten to twelve thousand killed, wounded und prisoners, and that of the enemy at least S'uuu. vt e ltavo over 6000 prisoners. Many of our wounded fell into their hands and the loss of Sedgwick's Corps is said to oe ouuu. v o nave eleven llacs und thirteen pieces of artillery, taken from the enemy. Nioulu Stoneman have done his work well it will be two weeks before they can repair all tho damage, &c, get up supplied freely, and before tliut we can have reinvigorated our own army, and with reinforcements can again assume the aggressive. Ueucral Hooker is said to be in tlie liest spirits possible under the unfortunate delay lie lias been suhiected to in tuo destruction of the Rebel army. lestertlay General Milroy captured a Rebel officer on whose person was found a fresh despatch from General Lee, stating that bis (.Rebel) loss bad been "iVart'ul," Pat ok Tnit Militia Who Responded to tub Governor's Call. Many inquiries have been made as to the payment of the militia who wcro called into service by Governor Curtix in September last, and who participated in the detense ol the Slate. The Legislature passed an act paying these men, prvrUhd the General Uorernuient does not make nueh payment within nix iiumti. The act gives "liltecn days pay and sub sistence at the same rates as are allowed by act of Congress to tho regulars aud volun teers, the Adjutant-General to furnish the Auditor-General on oath the names of all commissioned and non-commissioned olhcers and privates who were in service and en titled to pay, and the Auditor-General to draw bis warrant on the State Treasurer for tho amount, countersigned and approved bv tho Auditor-General. If tho 1'edtral Government should make paymeut within six mohths, said paymentto.be taken in. lieu of that provided by this act. luo Governor shall receive from the Treasury of tho United States the sum appropriated by Congress for the pay and subsistence, and accept the samo in full of such pay and subsistence, the State otTeunsylvania hereby assumiug to pay the same, according to tlie provisions of this act." PrwroATiNO White Mes. The Louis ville Democrat says : i'n nt tliia tinm a up I'm brio-ada is marching into Florida, under orders of the Administration, lor tne purpose oi subjuga tion white men.' Tho Nashville Union, in replying to the above, says : What sort of wbito men are they of whom the Ibmocrat speaks? Are they not traitorous and rebellious white men t Arc they not the disturbers of tho nation's peace, and tbe violators of law and order t Aro they not the murderers of the citizen soldiers of the Union I Have they not bung, shot and imprisoned men for be ing patriot! Have they not chased and torn to pieces tender women with blood bounds I We do not think that such white men as the rebels of Florida and South Car olina are one whit too good to be subjugv Ud nd Bhot hy negroes of anybody elje. , 4encrnl Hfenetunii'ia IoTFinriit Fortress Monroe, May.jB. Colonel Lud low, Commissioner for cxcrangsVof prisoners has just returned from City Point, and has effected tho release and exchange of all Uni ted States officers held by the rebels. These officers are two hundred and fifty in number, and 325 men. Among the 'officers wcro General Sloughton Bnd Willlch. The State of Maine left here with them for An napolis, this afternoon, in chargu of Capt. John E. Mulford. Colonel Ludlow has completed the fol lowing changes : 1st. All ollicers and enlisted men, and all persons, whatever may have liecn their clas sification or character- who have been de livered at city point up to the sixth (0) of May, 1803. 2d. All officers who have been captjired and released on parole up to April I, 1803, wherever they may liave been captured. 8d. All enlisted men who have been cap tured in North Carolina and Virginia, aud released on parole up to March 1, 1803. The Richmond Enquirer of May 5, 1803, contains an account of a severe battle hav ing been fought on Sunday, Pd instant, in Spotsylvania, in which they admit a heavy rebel loss. Gen. Paxton was killed ; Gen. Jackson wounded by loss of arm, &c. ; also Gens. Heth and A. P. Hill slightly wound ed. The battle was renewed on tho morning of tlie 4th. They stute tho loss heavy on both sides, and claim to have taken 5000 Union prisoners. While this battle was being fought, the Enquirer says, "General Stoneman with fifteen thousand cavalry, destroyed the Fred ericksburg railroad nt Ashland und took possession of a train of cars, capturing seve ral rebel government officers. The engineer jumped from the engine and pretended to be dead, but the Yankees awoke him nud made him run the train to the village. They also destroyed two locomotives. A detach ment of Yankees then proceeded to Hanover Court-house, tearing up the Central railroad track and cutting the telegraph wires. Also, burnt the court-house and several bridges on the Fredericksburg railroad, and destroyed the water tank nt Hungary. They were evidently guided by some one familiar with the country. We have obtained his name nnd he is weil known in Richmond. "At brook pike the Yankees exchanged their jaded horses for fresh ones, and pro ceeded across the Chickahtmiiuy, destroying the turnpike and railroad bridges over that river, and captured a locomotive which had been sent out this morning on a rccouuois sance. "Gen. Stoneman was still in Louisa county yesterday, and a detachment of his command is making their way down tho York river, and may join the Yankee forces now iu Wil liamsburg, Va. "They had destroyed several trains of cure laden with government stores." fliinii aiitl tle Chincwc. Tlio Chinaman's phylosopliy of life is ap parently simple, his fundamental maxims being two : To do nothing to-day whichean bo put off till to-morrow, and to do nothing at all except .on compulsion. The gokleu rulo of liis humanity is, Uo unto others just as they will be sure to do unto you if they get a chance. The Chinese judiciary is a wonderful in stitution; it appears to he almost equally hazardous to be the prosecutor or nccused in a criminal trial the plaintiff or defendant in a civil cause. One or two instances .will be ot niterest : Tho "Chcboen" is tho magis trate, aud he seems to possess a power which is without control, and from which there is no appeal. The key to his court is ready money paid into the hands of subordinates ; the key to his ear is ready money paid into his own hand. The preponderance of testi mony with him means only the weight of metal bribes given by the respective euitors. On a certain occasion the owner of a junk borrowed a sum of money on his vessel, and failed to pay when it came due. The lender made strenuous efforts to collect his bill, aud then reluctantly appealed to the court. The Secretary was" polite, but requested a few dollars before he could open the door to the "('liejiecn's, Chamber of Justice ; the messen ger was too unwell to announce this suitor to the magistrate till a package ot one hun dred Mexican dollars had beeu handed to him. Tho police officer had worked hard tho day before, was quite worn out, was wholly uncqual to the exertion of hunting up the debtor till he hud received a hundred dollars. Then the claimant was told to go and return another day. Three weeks after wards his debtor was in prison ; then liegnn the defence, which was n general denial of allegations and a charge of forgery. The plaintiff met this by a fresh payment to the court, praying at the same time that he might see the debtor face to face iu the pre sence of witnesses. At tho end of a mouth this iuterview was granted him, and the debtor made his appearance with what he claimed as the genuine seul of the legal in strument this seal was different from the one on tho document in suit, and the plain tiff was warned with a terribly significant look that he stood in a delicate situation. To add to the hobblo in which the affair stood, the arrested debtor turned out not to be the identical man with whom the clai mant transacted his business, though be was the owucr of the junk, and was a man of the samo name. Touching this point, it should bu said that all the members of a iamily have a way iu China of taking the same name, thus promoting a vuriety of accidents. Under the circumstances it did certainly look as if the plaintiff in this case were itideed iu "delicate situutiou" ; for if he retired from the contest ho would receive a beatiug with thu bamboo, and if he lost his cause he would bo beaten just as much. So he asked tor time, which he paid for aud obtaiucd. Then a sensible suggestion was made, thut tho matter ought to bo compromised. joiu parties iuuined at tho idea, anil ou the part of tho debtor there was paid to the creditor about eight hundred dollars, the prectso amount the creditor had paid in bribes to tho court. Somo time after the two suiters met in an opium shop and compared notes ; they found that tho debtor had been twice bambooed'in privato because ho refused to acknowledge the debt, aud had at last agreed to pay over the whole amount. Ho sup posed tho money weut to the creditor ; but this conversation disclosed tho fact that tho Chebecn bad pocketed the w hole, only re funding the amottut of the suitor's bribes. This was a civil cause. One ou the crim inal sido of the court ws no less peculiar. A certain widow woman bad a daughter of fourteen years. She thought the girl might be made of some use ; so she looked, about till she found a wealthy merchant, whom sho induced to adopt the child. After awhile, on the strength of her celatipnahip to the adopted, tbe mother asked the mer chant for a few dollars aa a gift. He de clined, and the woman went to the' Chcbccn with an accusation of kidnapping against tho merchant. Tho secretary politely inti mated to her that the Recused man was rich; sho understood the hint and paid dollar after dollar into his outstretched palm, hoping at each that he would any "enough." But ho did not say "enough," even when sho had paid away her last coin. So sho departed, aud returned when sho had accumulated moro money. On third "interview of this sort the secretary said "enough." After the usual dti'ay the case enmc on. The accused declared his entire innocence, and returned the girl to tho mother. Tho Court would give tho. woman no damages because the man 1. Intended" no wrong, but informed her that die had showu herself a good citi zen by coming to Court and paying her own expenses, and that she might continue to do so on the same terms if she desired. So the case disappeared' ft'M the tribunal. It was not long, however,' before the mother met tho merchant in tho street and had the im pudence to ask him for some pecuniary aid. Ho made answer to the effect that "the big fish had nearly eaten him up,n and it then appeared that while this case was going on he was forced to pay to the secrctury about fifteen hundred dollars, which ho was led to suppose was to go into her pocket ; instead of this, however, tho Coiut absorded the money and dismissed tho woman with a compliment. LIFE II EICHMON D. larlicular of the Itcrent Bread ItiotM. A lndy of foreign birth, who has resided in Richmond for several years, has just ar rived in Washington. Her statements, which the "Republican pronounces perfectly trust worthy, aro very interesting. She says there is a decided Union seutiuicnt in the rebel cnpitol, and this sentiment is spreading in spite of the pressure against it. Outward demonstrations nro prevented, but there is a large community who know each other, and w hoso feelings for the Union cannot bo crushed out. Provisions arc so scarce in Virginia, ac cording to her statements, thut the enemy will be compelled to capture some of our stores to sustain themselves. Sho predicts that as soon as the roads are in good condi tion rebel raids will be the order of the day The. bread riot in Richmond was a more serious affair than we have been led to sup pose by any accounts that have hitherto reached us. Several hundred females, led by a woman of determined character, as sembled, and, after arming themselves with hatchets, divided themselves into three par ties and marched through the three priuci pal streets, which run parallel through the city. While on their way they halted at the principal stores and seized whatever pro visions and groceries they could find. Tennis passing through the streets were impressed and the articles were sent, as fast as captur ed, under the care of persons detailed for that duty, to the quarters iuhabited by tho poor people and distributed. After passing these streets tho whole body concentrated in a quarter occupied chiefly by Jew specu lators and traders, aud proceeded to open retail establishments and themselves. Tho The plundering had by this timo become rather promiscuous, anil various high func tionaries w eic vainly endeavoring to quell the riot. General Winder interposed without effect. Governor Letcher attempted to harangue the crowd, but they would not listen. Final ly Jeff. Davis himself came to the rescue in a barouche, but even the conspirator-in-chief could make no impression for somo time. He made several attempts to speak, but his voice was drowned in the cries of the excited mob. At length the police succeeded in arrest ing a few of tho ringleaders nnd locking them up iu tho central guard-house, after which silence . was so far restored that Jeff. Davis was ablo to make himself heard. He promised them relief, and the Confederate i'rca-suivr appearing at tho samo timo, dis tributed Coufederate scrip to rioters, the excitement abided and the crowd dispers ed. They reassembled subsequently, however, fn front of the guardhouse, and demanded the release of those who had been nrrcstad who was to be tried for rioting. General Winder, military governor, sent secret orders for their release, alleging that tho Virginia troops would lay down their arms if tho ex citement among their families at homo was not allayed. Since' that time the government has issued to -the poor of thu city small rations, but this cannot last long, for the army is nn short rations, and the government supplies arc failing even at that. It should have beeu stated that tho wo men, before commencing their raid, reported to the Governor's mansion and asked for food. He replied that it was our of his power to afford them relief, as tho govern ment demanded all the provisions it was possible to get for tho army. There are deep tnutterins anions: the peo ple already, aud symptoms of uncontrollable uisHiicciiou arc plainly exiuuiieii. .v lew are making immense fortunes out of this war but the many suffer severe privations, which they cannot endure much longer. Some boldly declare, in moments ot excitement, that it is iu vain to contend longer with the lankces, tor they must be beaten at last. During tho bread riot an individual noted for his eccentricities was in the crowd shout ing, "It's of no use 1 Wo might as well give it up. Wo are whipped," ic. It was noticed, at the tim? cf this grand emeuto, that tho most potent influence iu quelling tho mob was tho free distribution of money to thpcoplc, and it was the gene ral opinion that blood would nave flowed freely if this remedy had not been, applied. New Volcano in Mexico. Mr. John Xauthns, United States Consul tit Man zanilla, writes from Colina, March liHh, to tho Smithsonian Institute, announcing the breaking out of a volcano there, as follows : "Tho whole town is at present m a state of extraordinary excitement, uews having come that a new volcano broke forth tea terday only six leagues from town. The eruption came so suddeuly und was so violent that the Armeria river was til led tip by a barricade of ejected saud, mud and stones to a height of over one hundred feet. The river, of course, was sloped Iroui com ing down, aud it ia said that uorth of the barricade the river is running back and inundating the forest for leagues. Tho volcano broke out in the top of a bill only bout one hundred aud titty, tect high above the level of the Armeria river, but it is said to be growing alarmingly every hour. For the past three day we have bad niauy heavy carthquakit," A Sew l'onrxof Ilccusc Im IloV ingest, Kyiitptvuiii, and I'roycr Ti-i'utiMcut. Formany weeks, an alarm, in many cases quito unnecessary, has existed in different, parts ol tho city and suburbs respecting a disease, since named the "Spotted Fever." The approach of disease in any shape-'is sufficiently hideous, oven though the medi cal books and tho physician's knowledge' placo it definitely among that class, tho treatment for which has tho sanction of ages. It is consoling even to the sick man to know that his complaint is understood, and that there can be no mistake iu it character, or confusion in the remedies tr be applied. Materia medica in our day and generation has so far advanced to per fectiou that tho dying patient cannot leava our world with a reproach of science on bis lips. Occasionally, however, the theories of tho men of science nro baffled and bewil dered by new deAclopmonts of those 111 that tho human flesh is heir to. One such has just presented itself, but, happily for those who yet expect to see .many moro years of terrestrial joy, this new disease has been confronted by tho medical men, and successfully treated. An eminent physician of this city informs us that the disease which at tir. t broke out as an epidemic is now on the wane, and the cases of death arc now fo few as to i.iutse no greater anxiety than the usual ailments known to every household. Tho disease was entirely unknown in this part of the country. It i3 said to bo similar to the spotted fever which prevailed in New-England between the years 1808 and 1813. The namo "spotted ' fever" at taches to it for tho present in consequents of the similarity. It attacks persons of all ages of life, but is chiefly prcvulent among the young, from fifteen to twenty-five ycara of age. The patients are taken down with a chill, which is generally preceded by uncomfortable, feelings for a few hours. The chill is followed by an intense headache, pain in the back of the neck, passing down the spine, nnd fever. In about twenty-four hours nn eruption, in reddish spots, appears beneath the skin, causing however, no eleva tion. It cousins of little points of blood varying in size from a pin's head to a quar ter of an inch, nnd sometimes larger. Tho eruption was found to bo precisely similar to spots found in the interior of a body examined at Mamiyunk some ten days ago. If the patient is suffering from a severe attack he generally becomes delirious, and often becomes perfectly insensible. When death takes place, it occurs in from twelvo hours to four days. If tho disease lasts for a few days the patient recovers. The treat ment which hr.s thus far been successful is this: Avoid blood-letting; put the patient on stimulants, such i brandy, wine, or whisky ; ulso give qirijie freely, and apply to tho back ot the neck-aud down the limbs mustard poultices. Keep up external warmth, promote perspiration, and make cooling applications to the head. Upon examination after death, U is juit evident, from the presence of tho spots in the interior of tlio body being similar to those on the exterior, as well as on uccouut of tho dissolving condition of the blood, that it is strictly u blodd Uiselso, and ougnt to bo trerted "accordingly. There is no reason whatever to suppose that it spring from infected rags, as has been charged, and the best evidenco of this is its simulta neous appearance in various parts of thu country. PhihtMjihia 1 ts. To Pkeserve Rkxxet. We abridge the following from tho "Country Gentleman :" Tho calf should bo taken from the cowr sixteen or eighteen hours before killing it. When the rennet is taken out remove tho straws, if there bo any, and fill it with salt; never was it in the least, inside or out. Placo a laver of salt on tho bottom of a large stono jar that can be covered closely; then put in tlie renuet , add auotuer layer ol suit, ana so ou till the jar is full. Cover tho jar tight and set in a cool place. When wanted for use, ninke a strong brine, (the brine should bo about as warm as new milk just from tho cow,) throw in a few sprigs of sage, and allow- one gallon of brine for two rennets ; they should be put iu soak four days before need ed for use. Sir A. P. Gordon Camming writes to a Scotch journal : "In cutting tho Inverucssi and Perth Railway through tho Loehnavan dah Park on Altyrc, we have unceremoni ously trespassed on the privacy and retire ment of a numerous colony of ancient toads. The cutting is here from twenty feet to twenty-five feet deep, the lower part beiqg through from ten feet to sixteen feet of freestone nnd red conglomerate. Tho in teresting old residents arc found in tho red freestone, about fifteen to twenty feet below tho surface, where they certainly must havo been severrl niuctccu years' leases out in tho laud above them. They are sometimes turn ed out by the navy hand pick, or' the great iron crowbar ; but a blaat of powder, of w hich a vast amount is here expended, seems to cause the greatest upset in tho establish ment, as a shot is sometimes tho means of exposing a dozen of the sleepy old fellows. They seem noue thu worse for their long re pose, but after giving a lew v inks at thu new light" thus suddenly let in upon them, and taking several gasps of tbe ttuwonted air, they liesurely aud deliberately proceed to hop and crawl dowu tho lino along the small water course towards the lower iiclda. I have seen them in numbers, and soma of the nieu have counted above forty at once. Rules is Rkuard to Lf.itf.hs to oo Bu- Yonu this Linux. lu order to secure tho transmission of letters across the lines, tho billowing rules, established bv an order of General I)ix, must be complied with ; 1. No letter must exceed one page of u letter sheet, or relate to any other than pure ly domestic nutters. " 2. Every ietier must be binned with tho writer's name in full. 3. All letter must be sent with five cents postage enclosed, if to go to Richmoup, nud ten cents if beyond. 4. All letters must be enclosed to tho Commanding General of the Department of Virginia, at Fortress Monroe. No let ter sent to any other address w ill be fur warded. All letters aeut to Fortrc Monroe with out a strict compliance with these rules, ex cept for prUonur of war, will bv transmitted to the Dead Letter office. A correspondent of au Australian paper relates tho discovery, ueur. CuMleuitiitie (Australia), of three human bodies petrified into solid marble. Every purt (4' tho body is said to bo accurately preserved, and the attitudes are so natural t taut the disc oTerer, uutil he weut close up, imagined the block of stoue to be living mm.