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TKK.nS OP TIIK "AMEKlCUf."
BtNqLS BUBsottiniON : Tr -Dollar pr annum, to bi paid half-yearly Id advaoe. Ife paptr dhwonUnatd until all ar rearage are paid. ' . - . t - : - ; ' tO CLCBSI . ,, - ..- i Thre opt to one address, , ; .1 1 1 M rJeven do do 10 00 i'ifteen do do ' JM 00 Fir Dollar, in advance, will pa tut thre jaar' iubeoription to the Amirtcon. - Club subscription must b invariably paid la ad ranee, and lent to one address. If subscriber nRlot or refute to take their new, papers from the oflio to which they are direotod, ther are reipuiuibl until the hare settled the bill and ordered them discontinued l'ostrasjrters will pleaee aet a our Atfent, and frank loiter oontalning iubeoription money. They are permitted to do Loia under the I'oet Omo Law. TCIIM OF AIIVEKTISLHU. OfiempnirtonSlltae, Slimes, "' ' $1 M Every subaenuent iiwortion, - 54 On qnre, 2 eoonlhs, . " I 04 Bia month, h 09 One year, 8 fj flusiuess Card of S line, per sonum, 9 00 Morrhanta and ethen advertising hy the yeary with the privilege of inserting different d - vert!ln(C wcokly. ..' 10 M limine riitirci irmi-rtej In Hi Lotal Coi.rnt", or befnre Marrliife atxt Death, FIVE CENTS I'liK LINK for each intmioa. tSr' Larger Advertisement as per agrw-nan. JOB PHIST1NO. We hare contested with our eetabhthment a well selected JOIT OFFICE, which will enable ui t execute, in tie neetttt tyle, arery variety tf Printing.' k ii rimTrhTn 4 . tit ivipiv ,f LiClBTt u jWDtWPtMCI., PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY-MORNING, BY II. B. MASSER, SUNBURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA. NEW SERIES, VOL. 16, NO. 4G. SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY G, 1864. OLD SERIES, VOL. 24, NO, 20. Wyoming- Inatimnce Company. WILKESBARRE, PA. Capital ana fctu-pIawillS.OOO. DIRECTORS: G. M. llollenback, John Keichnrd. Samuel Witdham, K. 1). Laooe, Charles A. Miner, L. D. Shoemaker, I). G. Drieibach, R. C. Smith, Chas. Iorranoe, m. B. Row, W. . ketebnm. O. M. Harding. o M IIOT.LeNBACK. President. L. 1. EII0EMAK.EH, Viae President. B. C. SiTn, Secretary. W U.Stf.rliso. Treasurer. This Company Insure three-fourth of th Cash valuation, take no Premium Note, make no Assessment-, Policy acknowledge all moneys paid during tho term of your Insurance. A. CRAWFORD, Agent. May SO, 1603. ly Attorney and Conuwcllor at Ia-v, Office on south lido of Market itreet, four door west of E. Y. Bright A Son Store, SUNBUBY, PA. Will attend promptly to all professional business entrusted to liis care, tho collection of claims in Northumberland and tho adjoining counties. tsunbury, Mny 28, 1803. ly T. E. HELLER, Office, on tsuth lide of Market Square, near the Court House, SUNBTJBV, PENN'A, Will attend promptly to all professional business ntrustrd U liis care, the collection of claim in ' Northumberland and the adjoining counties. t-unlmry, May 2d. IS'j.1). ly ' CHtAITT 5z DIETZ1 .LOWER WHAEF, STjNBUBY, PA, WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL DEALERS IX 11 I! I 1 K S II 10 A Li k in every variety, n.?I .ii..tti a rlnrf .iih .nrf Jespatcn. Stiiilmrv May 15, JSf3. ly tloriicy nt l.iti , Sur.bury, orthumbe jCX. Inn 1 county. Pennsylvania. (I'orim iiy Frctnri;. Snyder county.) 0FI-i"-1" ,Mnrkct sueet, one door east of Friling Grunt s.ei"-c.Rud nearly oppite the CourtHousc. All prole:'t l.twiiicM, cuitwuoui, 4e , will re ceive ironiplflteu'.iuii. April li. 12. a'iv ci.ii.Aj a. riiE.isii. THE sub'enber respectfully inform thepeof.le o tutiUurv and vicinity, llint he has oiened ann Jire new tck of clothiiifr and Furnishing evwxls. nt liis new tre iu the buil'lin of Charles l'ltiisuiitsf F.sq., in Market sijuttrc. ilis stock conswta in part 01 QUITS' CLOTHI1TG ijovs' ciotiii:;. . Such as Coats. Over Coats, pants, vests, sbirw, undendiirts, dm J ere, stockings, uockties. hnmlkcr chict'.i. gloves, Ac. Abo, Hats and Caiw cf all kinds. 1SOOXH AM SHOES, of all kinds. TRl'XUS. and Value, uinVirellnf, And notis nr" all itniK iidos uutncruus other ar ticles, The public are rKUesicd to give him a cull and exftuiitie hi slock. tJiVI UECUT. Siiiibury, Oct., 10, 1B6S. l. c. i:.ti:ii im"!f Confectionery, Toy and TiTjxrr STORE, .Mnrkcl SSrcct, Susibijrj-, Itt. CONFECTIOXERY Or ALL KIKIrS, toys of e vr.n iAESCIUITION, ritUIT, i.e., &e., ("CONSTANTLY on hand and for sale nt tbe ulnM t j CFtnliiihliiui nt lit v, liol.sale and retail, at reason able j.nce-v. lis is manufHcturiTif! nil of 'Confectinnarie to Kcej) up a fuil aseoilurit wuijhaxo bC'ld ut low tales. w' Tiihaceo. Pcfar. stationery. Nuts of all kiuds. and a variety of o'Iilt wti. lc-i, ul of lii-u. tie offered wbolestilfi and retiii!. iir Remember the niuiea'afl j.'ace ...J JI V. tiKAUIIART, M.nktt street, 3 dooriucstof Y. iirigbt Bon's etre. cun'oury, Sejit. 19, 1SC3. tf ISAAC K. STAUFFER Walt h Jluk-r and Jciveler, MAM-KACn iUICH OK f ILVFR WARE t I.-i.Twrler cf W'ATCIILB Vo. 143 Nor Ji Second Ft . Ciruec Quarry, 1'llILA UtLl'lll.A. HE hns eonstantly on hand an ajvortmcnt of Gold ami Silver Patent Lever. Lejiino aud I'lain Wulehes; Kiue tlold t'rrtins. Seals and Kcvh. Breast Pins. J iir l!intT4. i-'iiigor Kine'. liracclete. liuialure Cusni. Mi-dallior-". 4.i koi, Penrils. Xhiuibles. Spec taelos. Silver 'liitile. Ieert, Tea. Sk and Mustard Pptwtis- Sugar S(iis. t'nns. Mank'n llin. fruit and llutter Knives, Miields. Ciwrtx. lhiuiKHi i Point ed Peiis.e'c .-ill of wIik-Ii will bosold low fr CiisJi ! M. 1. TOBIAS A CO ts bet quality lull .leweled Patent Lever lovoinent euurimitly on hand ; also other Makcrf iperior tjuulitv. N. It Old old r.nd silver bought for 4i. fcept 4, IsO'J lyw " "PRIVATE ACADEMY. KOETHtJMBEELAND. rPHL RtV. JAMi:srlCKS0N, will re-orcn his Academy on Munday, the 17th day of august, lsiil. 1'nt following branches will be taught: Latin, (lr.-k, Mathematics, riiilonowby. rhetoric, Logic, book Keening, Vmul !umo in thwry and fractice. Also. Oeugraptiy, (liuniinar, lltntory, ouipoaition W riting. TERMS : Per Quarter of 1 1 weeks, $S to 8 Jn the above branches without lb language fA UU Latin and above hrauchu, 17 l0 iretk nd above branches, f s 09 be Circular. for further rlie ular ir.nl to ItfcV. JAMES MOKSOX. Toher. Northumberland, August let, nf,:i ly TRUSSES, SHOULDER BRACES, i-LAsTIC blOCKINUS lull ENLAUULD VU.N8 OF THE LEO, tC; Xostruuirnl for all defmuiilla. UH. i!.OVt:R t yw ltrr Trt and euie of lltruU or liuntui. Atin upon tba ) (.riKmi ie of a lemr, II ueif iuw us siivuia. ii it j ieJ iuprv.i it i ba. mo d mi ib I!. , waiek I su liktl o mime the tun and annoy asd ehal. Ik. wier. 'i Is aur. la s.i.iu lb Uuntur. canifeaM aad uforl. od ltr.m. ladiaal iwe I l annealed lo iite auitolauiiua. j Ihc luii o.v.d l.ouia llri pMda lit tUt aud (.rvteuu lb from boa.ia rutuid I huuiu.ra-1. i L4ir' lUlis u4 AUIosaltal atirpat! Da- tf .. mid tiviu i ( all a lads, aa4 tuatfuuiedi M all Jjbxuitl oflli lvJ liU iiho itt ,.. u i' 4 Ana txt, ! )iwfiM tiwUy ! fwi. tiaafiieslivald ms iksttlail aa Ik aaw aa4 ' And ll.laol- .:a i A. IO rH"sl III'M l lll. iioim'I iim a A UAXLS MfASILU W ( kwa a4 Us Tia. lf Usisil ksinLaa fii, I u -a Lui4 ltii l a !. ( full ".y awaih tavaMte hi UtL,UtxMJ4 ,l . J-Mllt, ba r'7lf M A M . i jw K,tU-i ' tvy j MISCELLANEOUS. . OUR WAR DEBT. IIOW CAtt IT EVER BE PAID. This question, although often gravely asked, ought, in the miud oC-uny intelligent, loyal American, to be auswered only with smile. Before the rebellion our cotton crop wrs estimated at over four millions of bales of five hundred pounds each. A tax on this one article of five cunts per pound would amount to one hundred millions of dollars. Add to this an export duty on two and a hitlf millions of bales, as the average in fu ture of our exports, of two and a half cents a pound, will give over thirty millions of dollars more. This is without estimating how much tlieso rates may be increased without distressing our people, when the production of cotton shall be much reduced in cost by the change from sluvo to free labor. Take the other productions of the South which Europe must have, and which will stand a heavy tax without being felt by the people, both for export and home consump tion, and add thereto the amount of tux which can be placed upon our mining oper ations, and there is a fund at once provided amply sufficient to provide for the principal of a debt of say four thousand millions of dollars, and that long before our creditors will be willing to receive the money leaving manufacturing establishments, to pay the interest and assist in reducing the principal. Suppose we come out of tho war with a debt of tour thousand millions of dollars (the 1. .. . ..1.1- 1 1 .1 ut iwiviu nun a m Kill n iutr .land millions), deduct from this snv live ' huudred millions of dollars, I people will cludly lend the which the government without any interest for the udvuntHcre of having the circulation, then we have three thousand five huudred millions on which to pity interest, and this sum will then, without a dotif.f, readily command a premium on a rate oT live per cent., which is per annum, say $173,000,000 To pay this yearly interest we siiull Have our foreign uuties, say over $100,000,000 And our manufactures of spirits aud other luxuries will yield fcly 75,000,000 173,000,000 And ail ttiii can be done with our present papulation, without anybody being in the least degree distressed by taxation, lu ad dition will be the ordir.arv expenses of the govern nun t,S ttr which the present consump tion of tobacco will yield an adequate reve nue. Our popuLitiojI will not gtop at thirty millions, but will vvm he forty millions, which will increase the foreign duties in a greater proportion, hi!o the principal of our deU will le rnpMly lessening. Suppose, instead of two thousand millions, as we now owe, tlie war should involve us in a debt of eilxt thousand inilliocs, a tax of live jier cent, on all Kales in the United States per annum, excluding sales of real estate and stocks, acourding to the estimate of the Hoard of Trade, would probaMy pay the whole principal of the dclt in tivujly years, perhaps in a much less time. This tax no one would feel er kwoiv iu this coun try as a calico selling at ten eiits would pay but hull a cent a yard, ami a coat pat tern at five dollars per yard, would pay Indi rectly but fifty cents. These ('.ilfci'cnces ! would amount to less than the ordinary llucttmtions from week to week occasioned by natural supply and demand, und the people, unless tliey wvro told, need never know comparatively that any taxes exist. Three years ago our government appre hended more difficulty iu borrowing twelve millions of dollars at 12 per cent, per annum timti they now do in borrowing twelve hua- j dred millions at 0. ier cent. So wouder. : when we did not kuow ourselves-that Eu-! rope did r.ot understand us. It w ill soon be understood in Etiropo tiuit our loans, even at three per ent., ate the best loans iu the world. One important reason is, we can pay them wheu duo with out inconvenience, und our resources are so ample- that no disposition can ever exist to repudiate. Within ten years past we Iwe read the advertisement of the Secretary of the Treasurer offering, in vain, to buy from j our European creditors our six per cent. , loan at sixteen per cent, premium. We predict that, within ten years to come, we shall read another advertisement offering the same or a larger premium tor our five percent, loans, ami this will be the case, be our debt two thousand or four thousand milliivne. Heretofore we have been educated to be lieve that the judgment of tho European bankers was infallible. That delusion, in the American mind, will soon l.c exploded. The English capitalists have embarked hun dred ol millions fHiling in enterprises, few of w hich in the miud of the most credulous among them, ever promised one-tenth part of tUts Certain lurge profits and sure returns as is now presented for their consideration in the United State. In confirmation of this let us examine what cau be done. First Government sixea can lo bought at oar. $3,000 invested in New York on Eng lish account would only require a draft on Londou for '650. Exchange being, say 172, would in lact make our six per ceuts. coat in England only 03 cents on the dollar. A soon tut peace come these stock will com mand twenty-five per cent, premium. Iu 1414 they told at titty six cent on the dol lar, aud iu 1813, within four month after I ho pence, they sold at 12tfc It I true our debt wa then small in comparison with that of the present day ; and it i alto true that the crouker of lull had much more Inllu trnee In crig down the credit of govern ment than tlie croaker of lttil have had : and that one hundred million Has, In 1SH, n,or severe Uplift our Credit than tight iiiuuaanu million w oulil In at the prtteul ,Uy. Out i"utuitica department, Cuatom- JI11U1- Luin .i..U ..ilr,..l- ,;,. "u, J'USin, Canal, rallrou.l. nilUCS and r,u"al CteVclopcmeUt of h Country piO l I hi. IL.,II r.i.i. . t .u iVrfi . ;-''" ' 'lo,, dollars could to day be Invested lj i r.uroiKJait capitalist In the loyal itttc. lu iuroiKtan faoltalut in lh loyal llttc. lu uuqualidu( uoud productive rMirty la Nci Voik, I'UilaiUljihia, lloaton, Cliiclnuatl, ChUafi, and other lrg cilka, that will pay at Ua4 UiHftnt. ptranuuin, fr Imut all Uv aad aaatwaiusnl, probably for the naal tsiiy )oai end lul a aura at thai LntllUll tsmaws will pay llinra per ecu I. pr aanuin. Bti tcnt. I a hat bur o taii laliai ar ettuaiaaily oIUibk Hum, list Europawtt capllalul caa buy lida fmwii m isa ini, ! iaai laa stiiisujHaa van. If ill tufuiiaaa tutt, M a alura, at f lO.lMji) k. tadUkladrait m Ua.Umi M lit McUea-e, iba etora U U 14 rrt (4 yraUM stand him at only $31,720 ; and on this be will have (instead f only 6 per cent.) ten per cent, on his investment. When peace takes place he can, should he wish to do so, then re-sell, and make the above profit on the fall of exchange. The investing in real estate by foreigners is at present attended with some little embarrassment, which is and can be easily obviated by those having agents in this country. Heal estate is not indated in value, as the average price now is not probably as high as when our banks paid specie. In 1S37 our banks, bankers and merchants nearly all failed. Confidence was entirely prostrated. Tho croakers gave ample evi dence, in their own estimation, that tho banks could not resume in twenty years, and the most timid of them doubted if they ever would. In the midst of all this distrust our late esteemed citizen, James G. King, Esq., went to England, and by the aid of his own high personal character and intelligence gave such explanations to the English bank ers as induced the Bank of England to lend our banks tlvc millions in gold. This move ment scattered the croakers, and enabled the banks to resume within twelve months, and to stand again with that unimpaired credit they had so long enjoyed, and to which they have ever proved themselves to be so fully entitled. ... As we now look back upon Mr. King's efforts to secure confidence, it should be re membered that five millions was then more than one hundred millions would bo now; We now want another leading, bold man, to go forward and open the eyes of Europe A company could bo formed in New York which would glndly take one hundred mil lions of five-twenties, provided European bankers would advance three-fourths of the cost for a term of three years at six per cent, per annum. This would, at the present rate of exchange, give a profit to the company of say thirty-seven millions of dollars as sunn as the rebellion is crushed, which, in the opinion of every sane man, must speedily be done. Our government, and all the loyal States, are now in high credit. At the time of the former loan from the bank of England the bonds of the State of Xew York, six per cents, could not be sold at eighty and could not have been sold nt all had not the legislature given an assurance that no more State debt should be contracted. The Uni ted States credit was prostrated. Illinois and Indiana State fix per cents were freely offered at eighteen anil nineteen per cent., including to the buyer more back unpaid interest than was charged for tho whole bond, interest and nil. So prostrated was credit that even the State of New York .could not co on with the enluruimcnt of the Erie Canal. Now ' we contemplate making it a ship canal with less hesitation than wo then did the finishing of the en largement. Eeforc closing this long article let us go back to the time when the tirt loan of the State of New York was adverti sed ,Jbr building a part of the Erie Canal in 1817. Before the survey was made the law required that the loans" to build the canal should be advertised in sums of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The first loan was so advertised for sixty days, and not a bid was made for it : but a few of the old sterling men in Albany caused one ot tiieir hanks to take it in order to save tile canal. Very soon the first $2oU,0l0 was fcpciit, and the second sum, same amount, was duly advertised ; not a single bid was mdc! for it. Fortunately for the State and j couutry these same sterling men caused the I bunk tl taku it. Before the next 2o0,000 was-wantcd Air. King's hou.-o (IVinie, Ward,' King & Co.,) introduced rtie loan to the continents! bankers, mid thus established in Europe the credit of the State of New York. In the meantime, however, Governor Dcwitt Clinton had been utmost driven to despair by tl5 extreme difficulty of raising money, with the credit of the State nt his command, w Inch lielorc had never probably even been questioned. W'e cau Uxik. back fifty years und see w hut has been our crow th. what has been .aceomidialied. aud how nerfcctlv JTiiuuiit our luturo is. Jiut that tuture pos terity alone must correctly estimate. U'jui-M tVoiu ITIchsuontl. JEFF. DATJS' UUbV SLRVAVr IS WASttfKGTOX. Vh'asiijsgtox, Jan. 25. That feature of '.he war, tlie intelligent and trustworthy contraband, who baa diap- nenrpil from nnlilii vipw for tliu lnut Tuti months, reap pea re. I in the city this morning am Uis information has been sonsi.lercd of 6l much importance as to have occupied manv hours of the attention both of General HMfcck and of tho Secretary of War. He js a full negro, named Jim IVmiison, other wise "rembertou," who lias been for nearly twenty years personal body servant of Jeff Mavis, and is well knowu as such by the old resident of this city. Ho only arrived this morning, and brings new of a most important character, though it all comes in the tortu cf strong iueidcuts, such a servant waiting at table would naturally pick up. Of thu domestic ineuage of Air. Davis, In pictures are very full, lint first to givo tho point whfeh. appear of great public interest. lie says that Jetlerwui Lhivis, in private conversation, is unreserved in urging the abandonment of Virginia, as a line of de fence no longer tenable. That he has heard Mr. Davis in conversation with confidential meuilMirsof the ati-ralled Government, declare frequently that Yirginin had been used for all it wa worth ; that it had proved a shield of immense valuo iu fending off tho devasta tion of war Iroiu tho rice and cotton States, which were the natural heart and body politio of the new Uovci anient. btc have already been taken, on various pretexts of their labor being needed on tlie public work, to acud all the valuable ablo-lsudied negroes and breeding negro women trout Itieinnond along tho railroad to Lynchburg, and nlo south into Oeorgia, which Mr. Itavl declare to be thu next base of dcl'cu ivo (ipuiatiou. Hut General Le, whom Jim descriU a looking very old, wilh UU hair uow uow white, la peremptorily opo attil to tho abandonment of tirgiuia, aud declares that Virylul soldier will lay down thuir arm, it their Slate ba given up to the Yankee dtspolUiu, Jim dor uo give lhee jMiiut they are feera tialod, th following ling about fair pe.liuea of LU style of iu f ormation Tlta cupola roof of tbe rrelileol' bou leak Wiiy, be aayt, ao thai duriutf (be rat-ens tela aluriu all ibu tul-a trow lb kilclian hail to La Ukca up to save th ceiling of lh loavf tJoor. Mi. Dvi, wboolua a) thai If.lhty btvl buoaa bow It a Ibay aavtar would bava k( VVaahiuytou UU bar luaaaut, ttaa calling Ma DaiU' alU-tt-Uoa lu ilia slat itt iu roof, aud aak4 biui lu ati to iba tjuarttr isuui a iHparimael aa4 bava ti tiii. Ma L)ia, wtiu baa fioaa tr iulaul aad irriiabla of lata, ItldUj I ' I lM.ko )uu aild Is OMl ul Ilia btiufo aaoiUaf rat atoii). (ia'i f yeajtf tvvt aTM M aiNaitt to Utdaa." Tbe talk is not about going to Columbia, S. C, but to some city in Unorgia, Jim henrd a gentleman ank Mr. Davis at the table, where Alexander (Stephens was, w ho has not attended Congress this session, and who is said not to have visited Mr. Davis' house or offico for over a year. Davis re plied that ho had heard that Stephens had gone to Europe, but he bad not thought it worth while to imiuiro what had become of him. Jim accompanied Davis in his recent tour around the Confederacy, and describes the following scene as having occurred on the summit of Lookout Mountain : Looking down one bright day from the lofly eminence commanding a clear view into four States, and a very distant view into a fifth, Davis saw the Yankees almost beneath his feet, across the valley, working like beavers on their fortifications. "I liavo them now,'' said lie, "in jus the trap I set for them." To which Lleutenant-Guieral I'emberton, who was sitting on horseback beside him, replied, '"Mr. Davis, you are Commander-in-Chief, and you aro here. You think the enemy are in a trap, and can be captured hy vigorous assault. I have been blamed for not having ordered a general attack on the enemy when they were drawing around me their lines of circumvuliation at Yickslmrg. Do you now order an attack upon those troops down there below us, and I will bet you my life that not one man of the attacking column will ever como back across that valley except as prisoners." V hen Davis was passing through Xortli Carolina he only stopped nt Wilmington to consult with General Whiting. While there ho was pressed by a numerous delegation of Confederate office-holder to stop in Kalcigh for consultation with Governor Vance. This he angrily declined. It appears that the health of Mn Davis is rapidly breaking dow n under his neuralgia attacks, insomuch that ho can no longer uso his only good eye. by candle light, lie contiur.es his old habit after dinner of stretching himself on the carpet before the fire in a room other wise unlightcd, and it h fast becoming dangerous for any one to approach him, Always of a violent and fretful temper, thin is becoming greatly aggravated by his misfortunes, and Jim declares him on one occasion ns Hinging nbottt the chairs and furniture wheu no 'disturbed. About four weeks ago a pistol exploded in his room when lie was loading it, and the whole ftiuiilv rushed up, feeling conlidont that, as they had long feared, he had committed suicide. Jim says that Mrs. Davis, iu conversation with fenialo friends, frequently talks of the Confederacy as hopeless, ami is loud iu regrets for the lost pleasures of Washington. There U no forage except in the Mississippi Department, and the allowance for Davia two horses is two quarts of corn each per day, on which, says Jim, they are growing thin. Not long time ago Mr. Davis received a present of twenty turkeys, the food for which now comes from tlie com rations of, the quadrupeds, n.aking them still thinner. A turkey, Jim says, lasts the family three days, rousted or broiled the first day, coid the next, aud hashed the third. Mr. Davis receives no company, has no wine in his cellar, but has several kegs of brandy sent fic m blockade runners at Wil mington. Jim says that Mr. Davis told him that the Yankees "had killed all the people whom they hud found on his Mississippi plantation, and that they were all found lying pigglety, piggicty iu'a hole, their legs and arms cut off, and, in sonic cases, their heads, bloody and beaten, protruding from the ground. Jim say he believed this story until one of his felloe-servants, who could read, told him it was a lie to deceive them. Then Jim determined to leave. When he did leave, he w as hid in a hole, in the earth at Charles CityV for three clays before be w as found by his" wife, the last fe male slave ow ned by Mr. Davis in the l'resi aenlial mansion. Jim wore an overcoat, and in it the autograph r.:r.c of Mr. Davis and thu date 100. "llov.-Y.o you keep your coat so good P we risked him. He answer ed, "Oh, golly. Masssi Davis gave it to me a year ago, und I knew 1 ni1;;ht never get another, so 1 tok care of it." lie had on his feet tif.v but very coarse brogans of un tainted leather, which ".Mai Davis got from the quartermaster, aud he told nic to take care of them for they cost 5Ci." The utmost distress prevails in llithmond for food, tin-re not Iving more than two or three beeves killed in the city per day for private consumption. Fresh beef was about fl jkt pound when he le!t. I'or a string of three perch, weighing less than a pound ; each, he paid Oysters were ."i a quart, as they could only be ollained in the I ingiu, on account ol tlie lankeo occupation of the James Kiver ly gun-boats. The negroes are forbidden to go near the Libliy Prison, and he believes there are black soldiers confined there, as ho has seen them at a distance. lit auregard is known to have black pri soners ut Charleston, who are reported to be subsis ted on thu miuiuiuui ration that will support life, lie says the lower two-thirds of Charleston is now uuinhubituble anil iu ruins. Jim says he has not yt-t heard any thing about arming the negroes, and re marked : "If they only unned us they would soon oc on which side theso poor niggers would be." J in) says that, at tha time of Meade's ad vauce nei oss the Eappali.iunock and fight at Mine l!un, Leo had mudn every prepai.it ion to fall back, having only thirty thousand ragged and disheartened tioop wilh him. Davis to-ill out all the clerk and employees of the ijuurtcrimisfeV lk part menu with axe and spades to Dock up the .Ibthanict villu and t'eteuburu; rood hading to Kieh inoml, leaving open only "ti road by which Lie was ex pit ud to make his retreat, he having wnt word to Davi that he wa making all ilia lu.. and di.iur banco be could to detain Meade, but thai he could uot hold out long. The negro ap4r I intellKent, aud videutly know whvivol ho alllriu. Uuw f Tasav t'au lav The N York reins! I'm!, la aiui mt Ihi wtjt, u,, inl fVu4.it Iiu.W1kjuU actus ba rbkl. lh juintw l Ik' luatijr iniM, a to. Iinai la iliuir anion tmn lis. ai mm baarauia la a k ,f ihua swlimirve Wjrsials, having a Ura vuailMif uf as;l aad aharu fiuH , aud ause raUwan Uie ', Ibiui lu l s Ua lliuif Ifciwrijb lh lia.ua, mj Ihal has) III Ikaasd, Ilia siiiwiitra of use aotmla u saw a Im a'.-aloiyttj lh taupa awl l baal s.iil I la a etatnl . W aaa aai taut a la aody L fiaaM. U shaulj W1 y '"" I HWt Oil U la Ifcaeadaul, IwttU k tWa as uuu...ljr a M.I I. As fiaas.k te ala-ia IwsUsmiIsus laaaidly, a Ikia4 kaaU tx ut Ik r.t.tM i4r. fiuas lit u-4 await lh IS.au. J al ulw at Sb, ua MM lh fa. tMUtasj laa Mal liauj lt kt., I ll IM,ik Ifciift.S u-dwas a.-.iUaUu , ut ei I I'll.1 lh k.i..siaJi pill (Oil fc,(Mla4 llll lua 'm. a-l k kd iLe euat Mwad ia all wUai a ..a. a lalaila iia, aad ailai tf aaLaUkk af lit U4 a las s aVaaisu) afe asaa ii kisai 4,m acajuat .. . . , Albert IMkc A letter from Arkansas gives the follow ing interesting sketch of one of tho most remarkable men w ho have lived in tho South west : Hit is now a refugee in the mountains of Southern Arkansas, and is said to bo occu pying his liesuru time in the composition of two works ono on the "Art of War," anil another on "Civil Government," which is said he proposes to publish. Soldiers who saw him in tiie bait li of I'ea Kidge, whe.e he led the Cherokee Indians, whom he had seduced from their allegiance to tho Gov ernment of tho United States, describe him us a noble-looking white-haired man, of very imposing appearance. Citizens here tell lue that be proved an utter failure as a military leader, and his friends here did not deny that be ran like a coward before the veto- runs of Curtis and Sigcl on that bloody dav Gen. Gantt said that Pike was a man of extraordinary genius that ho had seen him during a term of court, meet his brother lawyers for an evening carousal, drink with them until the stoutest was "laid out'' under thu table, and fhen seat himself, and, in the hudst of their singing and roaring, ilraw up j and his friends, but to all w ho came within a most intricate bill in chancery, without an the magic circlo of his acquaintance all erasure or interlineation. Ho would do tiio ' these, united iu ono person, made Prescott same thing in court, apparently undisturbed ! at once a great and a true man. Ilis sun by the noise of a trial in iirourvss; but, w ith ' set w hen wo hud reason to hope that his all his genius and wonderful versatility of i labors for mankind had not all ended; but talent, he was utterly wayward and dissolute ! it went down on tho fullness of bis fame, in his habits, and had spent a dozen fortunes 1 His work, well accomplished, drew renown in reckless aud prodigal excesses. I was , to him from all parts of the world, and it told by citizens that Gen. Pike had pocket- I will live after him. JV-m owifo' tntittr. ed a hundred thousand dollars, the fees of a ! From tho ago of twelve, Mr. Prescott single law suit. His wife, who is now here, ! lived in Hoston. lie entered Harvard Col occupying a part of their old residence, has . lego at fifteen, and there exhibited, with a long since retired from society, and is, as 1 ! strong taste for English literature, an in have been told by a lady who resides in the superable antipathy to mathematics. Ilis city, half inside a mild maniac, w ho "wan- j obtaining college honors, therefore, was out tiers'' in her talk whenever the conversa- ; of the question. Vp to the age of seven tion turus upon "Albert,"' as she fondly calls ' teen, his health was excellent, but there him. j then occurred an accident which affected To a friend of her husband, who called j tho tenor of his future life. There was upon Iter a lew days since, nuxious to aid some rough frolicking among the undcr her, she insisted that General Steele had , graduates in the Common Hall after dinner, promised the day before to send her to her i and as Prescott was leaving tho room he husband. ".No," said tho gentleman, "Gen. I was struck on the open left eye by a li'rgo, Steele will permit you to go to your bus- ! hard piece of bread, thrown undoubtedly band, but ho has not the transportation that ! at random. lie fell, and was removed to he can spare to send you." "Hut the Gene- j his fathers house. Mr. Ticknor says : nil pror.riaul to send me," she insisted, an I j "The first effects of tho blow were rc could not sacin to understand the distinction. I markablc. They were, in fact, such as Oh ! well, she finally said, Albert w ill come ! commonly attend a concussion of the brain, back if they will let him publish his book, The strength of the patient was instantly which nbusrs both sides, but sides with i and completely prostrated. Sickness at the neither.'' All this interested mo deeply, and ' atoniack followed. His pulso was feeble, my imagination ran backward over tho path His face became pale and shrunken, and tho of a life w'aoso heart corrows made tip one I whole tone of his system was reduced so ol those tragic histories which God alone has rend. I recall ny school-boy cnthusi asm for the young poet who wrote the "llyiuiia tn the Gods'' while a student at college, and which hud bet it pronounced by an eminent scholar to be the most remarka ble literary creations, considering the age of the writer, tins country has produced One young, highly educated, graced with personal accomplishments which entitled him to be called the "handsomest of the Southwest,"' his magic touch had swept tho lyre of the gods, compelling a busy, .dim-resounding nation to stop and listen in enrap tured silence. Now, an exile from his home, a traitor to his couutry, the pusillanimous leader of red handed savages against thu valiant defenders of the Union and the old llag, und, to eap the climax of his infinite disgrace, desertim; the savage victims of his ow n silver-tongued, satanic eloquence, and runniug like a coward iu tho day of battle 1 'o fallriW so Ion ! theliht wilhdrairn Vhk-h on :p ho nnrc ; The glury from his gray hairs gen rorcvoriu'iro !" letter from llou. 1'. W. 'untt. "Washington-, D. C, Jan. 20, 1804. Mt l'r.tit Sin: Your very kind letter of Dec. 5, directed to me at Little ltock, reach ed me at this place to-day. You will perceive it was along time going for it Irid not reached me when I left bourn, on the 1 '.nil December. It seems long, but think of one vear ayo. It could not havo gone there at all. -Now, it is not so inr to Arkansas. Aud we aro getting still nearer, And warm as 1ms been the embrace ot our "wnd W estern State" and your fcreat me - tropohs in by gone yYars, ami bitter as has been the tenible etrusigle in our nation, our people, just preparing to w rite up thu decree of divorce from negro slavery, will rush to meet you with a warmer am! more cordial embrace than ever. With proper assistance our State will be again in full fellow ship wilh her sister States in four months; and under an ami slavery Constitution. I have no interest iu mis repre.seiuiug. I am no politician. I trunKI nut luitt mi iitftre, I mean w hat I fay. 1 believe I am an honest man. I want peace a permanent peace a .-pcedv peace. It 1 rt'iie come l"it fy the ttr,l. Oh, how bit terly it w rings my heart to say s.i. Yet it is so, und this is likewise true, that the more men iu the field, the more determination and unity displayed, the shorter t struggle, ami the less buffering and sorrow- inflicted. 1 1! not deny tlud 1 love the South; tiiat every blow inflicted on it agonizes me; but 1 love my country, and love order, and love republican institutions, and would have all preserved, aud I see but onu way to do it. The warimist be preel with vigor, tho redeemed territory reorganized, and its hhaiu'i'vit society built up. Anil, above all, wo must let iicgio ulaiery be removed at once. Its death i iiievHablu. l et it bu a easy as possible. Its death will bu new life to our nation. To the poor aud to the cap italist, it open up a new couutry, that is like the discovery to thcui of a vcw con tinent. Thank for your words of clicr, and goii erou auiipalliy and encourncliieul. 1 lo heart' ly ooiuei late it. Your, trulv, Y.. W, OA NIT, Wu. H. Lki; K , New Yoik. - - - - aaa-- - - A H-N T lllK PHIMHOf Wal sta. Tlie kiiece.!iii to) Ihairoauof Grral Ibilaiu la not likaly In buloat to tho tioiiwjuf llxuotrr. Thhty year ugn Ilia )iiuiir Pttucr Victoria wa 1 1 only iliri t t heir, liul thu blud to Iba lln LoiiutiHtlly thai ilu-ra is uo pro liability of li,o nccc.loii deparliiitf (rout hi r diluii deai'VUdaill. bht) lis bin liviiitf cliildrta an.' lit giau l rhildnii. YUa laat of Hies I a anil to Ilia I'll ui of Walv-a, b..m on III S-hoi' Jana-try, 'lUdfatuiii 1i.u of EiluUad Ihu farly gli proline of fi valine lnr mother In la, Ilia ijijiiiuUui-a at a looihi-r of cliiUlivu. tli bum of hvr ..a u.inmLbo lln chauottiif llterroaa avvf i tioiiuji l.lUiKa Allied, lh U ' mkoii I sua, ti i tai.l la ba the ati In Ulbgcul of Iha family, au I vUom tuy would p(tii Im Uava as lhlr oirfa arttf Ut otii 4iu.ittV4i4 V -. lrcMcolf, Ihc IliKlorinn. William Ilickling Prescott, the historian, born nt 8alem, New England, on tho fourth of May, 1700, died nt Hoston, on the 28th January, 18"jt, in his sixty-third year. c yond question, all ciisumstanccs considered, he was the mont remarkable among the men of letters which our country wo might say, which our tim. haa produced. Tlie diffi culties he had to contend, wilh, from al most total deprivation of sight; the trouble he must havo had to imbue his mind with knowledge, by aid of a reader; the heavy tasks which ho must have imposed upon his memory; tho painful industry with which he composed his voluminous, accurate, and brilliant work, making chapters in his mind ere they were set down upon paper; the perseverance with which, despite bis defective vision and alway s feeble health. lie carried out Ins high purpose ol author j ship ; the patience which sustained him tlirougli ins laoors ami Ins sullenngs; the utter nbrence of personal vanity or pride, when the world hailed him as one of its greatest men ; the trusting faith in nh nil wise 1'rovidenco which so well sustained him ; the silken tics of affection and regard which bound him not ouly to his family low that he could not sit up in bed. l;ut his mind was calm and clear, ar.d lie wa3 able to civc a distinct account of the acci dent that had befallen him, and of what had preceded and iollowed it. "Under such circumstances, no active treatment was deemed advisable. (Jtik't was strictly prescribed. Whatever could I tend to the least excitement, physical or intellectual, was forbidden. And then Na ture was left to herself. This, no doubt, was the wisest course. At any rate, the system, which had at first yielded so alarm ingly to the shock, gradually recovered its tune, anu iu a few weeks ho returned to Cambridge, and pursued bis studies as if nothing very serious had happened ; a little more cautiously, perhaps, in some respects, but probably with uo diminution of such very moderate diligence as he had previous ly practised. Iiut tho eve that had been j struck was gone. No external marls, either then or alterwarus, indicated the injury I that had been inflicted ; and although a j glimmering light was still perceptible I through the ruined organ, there was none that could bo made useful tor any ot the piactical purposes of life. On a careful examination, such as I once made, with magnifying lenses, nt his request, under the direction of a distinguished oculist, a dif fcrence could iudced bo detected between the injured eye and the other and some times, as I sat with him, 1 have thought that it seemed more dim; but to common observation, in society or in tho streets, as in the well-know n case of the author of tiiu ; roruAiise Lost.' no chance was wcrceutible i lt was in f.,ct a caso of 0i,tcurt deep j ,,arlvsjs ,,f t)lu rctjnai nnj ns was j b,.Vouu the reach of the healiug art from tll", niomeiltthe blow was given." After a time he was able to return to College, where ho completed his course, and then ho commenced thu study of law, Ihs father's profession. Acute rheumatism settled in his sound eye, preventing rending and study, and threatening to terminate in total blindness. He was sent off to Em-ope, to consult the best oculists there, and left lio-ton, in the autumn of 1815, tor tlie Azores, to winter with his maternal grand father, who was U. S. Consul nt St. Mi;-haelV Here, immediately after his arrival, his eye again heenmo diseased, and he had to re main, in a dark room and upon low diet, for three months. Ho did not reach London until April, 1S10, cud employed tho follow ing year in travel through England, France, and Italy. The oculists whom he consulted told him that there a as complete paraly-i !n the eye originally injured, and tlu.t the other could only bu strengthened by strengthening .the whole system. There was no use, therefore, in pursuing law on his return homo. Fortunately, his father was lu easy circumstance. On his twenty fourth birth day, in lS'it, ho married Miss Amcty, still urviwng. "Another roiiicideiico ronm-ctcd with tin uiarriai;u should In' added, although it was onu I hut assured little oi the happiness that followed. The graudf.it hers of .Mr. Pres cott and Mis Amory had been engaged on oniioltu .Idea dnrlii'' tli war for Aiiii rieaii llid. pilidelico, and even on t'l'po.ite aides id" the mine lllit l-ol. rivscotl having cuiu lililllded oil Hunker Hill, While Cuol. Linn ot the tlooii-of-war Falcon, cannonaded hiui a. id hi redoubt from the waters of Churl. s river, where lite Falcon wa moored during the whole of tae battle. The (word that had lean worn by the ol.lier and Ihc Sailor on that niiUorb day cam down a liviilooiu bi llieir ruK-tllvu I'ai'illLa, until at lal the loot Iu t!ia id rary of the niau of Utter, where, quU-lly i'l nvrr lit book, they often etcll.it the nolle abk of klruuger ami of fib n.U Al r U ileal ll Ihcy wcia lraii.ferre.1, a he bad dw II J.I, u llitf lll.lorh al fvoiit ly of M.w4chu Ktls, oil alioaa 4!l Ihcy hava Uvonie ihu uu niori ilt al uuv of aiaiiy a hs'.l foiilil del. I, and ot !. ..r l no laa rehuwiicd than Uim of r." A luora appropriate resiina plaua fur I he itt aould uol liaiw b1" 1'ouii.L Ami! ihra, tmti, lln-y way rei In j ram t Iouj a thu laa naliout thall UI - lit J-lilr. ludiwl, f lUt Jat, bal ilu- bi Uia fulnns. X Caaiitxrr af Com a rca a IxaM cfgaa lt l laliaaafolia, Ui. Host M omrn OH Ictae i'.arU Other. Woin.cn criticisa you, not unjustly, perhaps but relentlessly. They judge you in details, men only in tho whole. If your dress is neat, well-fitting and well-toned, men will not notice it except a few men milliners, and a few others who ought fo be, and to w hoso opinion we pay no regard. If you will only sit .still, hold up your head, and speak when you aro spoken to, yu can bo very comfortable. I do not mean that men caunot and do not appreciate female bril liancy, but if you nro a good listener, and in the receptive mood, you cart spcud an hour pleasantly without it. Bat a woman finds out in the first three minutes that tho fringe on your dress is not A mutch. In four, sho has discovered that the fringe on your sleeves is frayed Rt the edge. In live, that the binding of the heel of your boot is worn out. Ey the sixth, she has satisfac torily ascertained, what she suspected thu first moment she set eyes upon you, that yon trimmed your bonnet yourself. Tho seventh assures her that your collar is only "imitation ;" and when you parL, at tho end often minutes, she has calculated willt tolcrablo accuracy the cost of your dress, has levelled her mental eye glass at all your little subterfuges, and knows to a dead certainty your past history, present cercum slanccs and your future prospects. Vell, what harm if she does! None in particular. It is only being stretched on the rack a little w hile. You have no reason to be ashamed. Your boots arc onlv beginning to be shabby. ainl we all kuow the transitory nature of galloon. Your fringe is too datk, but you ransacked the whole city and did your best; "angels could uo no more' iou trimmed your I nun net yourself, und saved two dollars which was just what you intended to do. "The means were worthy-end the ends were won." Your laco is not real, by the cant of the shop keeper ) but it is real real cotton, seal linen or real siik, or whatever it mar tbe, nnd-you never pretended it was Tloniton or point ; and it lace is sou, and tine, and sets off the thfrr.it prettily-1 do not see why it mrvy nut be just as well made in America for two .cents a yard, as in Paris for two dollars or two hundred. In fact, this whole matter of lace is something entirely beyond my comprehension. Why, I havo seen women who in the ordinary affairs' of life, were neat to a fault, fail down and worship a bit of dingy old yellow lace that looked lit for nothing but the washtub, aud w hen remonstrated with, excuse themselves by saying, "why, it is fifty years or five hun dred years old," which may be a very lucid explanation, but I canuot say I l'uily under stand and appreciate it. ii. i a-aa . - . A I.csral Anecdote. Tlie K'Uiul r..'? 'c of last week has some thing over a column of plcasaut gossip about "Washington Irving, in the course of which occurs the following anecdote related to Ex-President Van Iluren, of the celebrated legal orator, Elisha Williams, of Columbus County : lio was a most graceful sneaker, and his voice, particularly in its pathetic tones, waa melody itself. All who remember Ogden Hofi'iiian's voice (he was called "tho Flute' by his fellow-members cf the bar of New York) can appreciate tho mellifluous organ of Mr. Wiliiai-.w, His power over a jury was astonishing. JIo swayed them as with the wand ot an enchanter ; n'ld it was very seldom that he failed to s-ectue a ve-rdict tor his client. Put on tine occasion he did, in such a perfectly ridiculous manner that a crowdeil court, anil grave judge oil the bench, were convulseel with laughter at the burlesque of the re-suit, ile w as completely discomiitted by an jjjnoraut, impudent, unlettered pettifogger, who knew not a particle of law, but somehow or other had obtained the credit of shrewdness, anil the reputation among his farmer neighbors of being hard to beat. Thu case, if we remember ri;;lit!y, was nn act of murder. Mr. Williams, of course, en the ground of his power over the jury, wss for the defence. His peroration was exceed ingly touching ami beautiful : "Gentlemen of the Jury," said he, "if you can find this unhappy prisoner at tho bar gni'ity cf thu crime with which he is charged after the adverse and irrefragible arguniauis which I have laiel before you, pronounce your fatal verdict. Send him to lie iu chains upon his donj-jou floor, waiting the deatii w hich he Is to receive at your hands; then go to tho bosom of your families go lay your head on your pillows and i'cp, if yen can The t-flcct of these closing words of tlie great legal orator was at first thrilling; but by-nnd-by the pettifogger, who had volun teered to follow-the prosecuting attorney, ftnso and said: "Gentlemen of tho Jury : I should despair after the Weeping speech which has been maile to you by Mr. Williams, of wiving anything lo do away with its eloquence. I never heard Mr. Williams (.peak that piece of his'u better than what bespoke it just now. Once 1 heard him speak it in a case of stealing, down to Schaghticoke ; then ha spoke it ag'in in a case of rape, up to .Ksopus; and tho last time I bearet it, before jUbt now, wa when ineai nigger was tried anil convicted, too, they was for robbing Vim Pelt' hen-house, over lieyond Kingston, Hut I never know'd him to speak it in so elegant and ellcctiu' as what bespoke itjest uow i" This wa a poser ! Tle jury looked at one snot her, whi-pcrcd together, aud our petti fogger taw at once that he had got Ibem. lie stopped at once closing wilh the siugle re niais, : If you can't seo, gentlemen of the jury, that tl'ii one speech don't answer all cases, Jhcu there' uo use I of my tayiu j anytliiug luore I"' And there wasn't ; he had made lilt ca, uud ll.ey awardud l ieu their verdict. . A Nkw Pout ron Hun's tnii Itixvca The siort cunrnt last nielli of the captain a Im look on board hi schooner a cargo of good furnished by Kitith strrrl lucre hunts, sad agreed lo lake llit-tu lo Virginia 'r I lot u of lb rvUI, but lauicd ilia f,.xd al Itovkaaay and apprupnalcel tliin lu hi utl use th owiivi lairing to at)xa hliu i ilocl.rnl iimui goo. authority la bo ifua, though no iimnc. of liitt merchant, ih capt jiu ur ol' hia vessel are f,lvni. Ii i n polled lliul Iht) I' tpluiil oft. lt d . put tout cf lln) V,.o.l aiuoiiK the prist rarjoe at-iltui; at llii port-of enar.a for LU own Iwiitlil. tl tfas uol appear that ha alMI iiiililabu! fur liia tUiaaj.llu.t. .V,sj J", V. A lia Ost . M's kst lh tUivall-J aaaad Aa h- las I tartaati tWtvai -Aa aad aasaal La4 ua4 hi patwat4 -a w a U U. u I ,.). oi.4 ba ih est 4 t-4Uu wf lbs af.fcia't rs a. S aeaat r-!.--, s Umi was ua 4-i Hat is. -sia.al b sun isa sss. I in a m.(.' aw.i its M4 aa M !, V a.i tot jt