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Trim OF 1HU "AMEHICA.I."
SINGLE SUBSCRIPTION : Two Dollars per nnum, to b paid half-yearly in advance. No paptr discontinued antil til ar rearage ar paij. ' , 0 Ct.Hf I Thro eopln to on addrr, t & Oft ,Hnvn do do 10 DO fillovn do . do 20 00 Kiv Dollars, In advance, will pnj Tor tliroc Joan' ujubsoription to tba American. - Club mibmiiplloiw mut bo Invariably paid In ad vance, and sent to one address. If aiibscriharenefleotor roftiseto Uk their news paper from the offine to which (he? are directed, they aro remionslMc until they have settled the billt and ordered them discontinued " Poatmaster will ploarn act a our Aftnta, and frank loitera eentalnin; nibacriptlnn money. They are permitted to do tbi under the Tout OOiue Law. Hjonilne: Inaiuriiin-e i'sniipany, WILKE9BARKE, PA. 4'npital ami hurpluai, $11H,000. DIUECTOUPi O. M. llollenbaok, I.. I. fchoemaker, John tti-iolianl I). . Driwhach, . Kamtiel Wauhauis, t. I). Lacoe, Charles A. Miner, K. C. Smith, rliaf. lan-rance, Vn, 8. Hosa. Yi. . Koklisin (). M. Harding. U M . 1IOT.LKXHACK. rrci-lilent. I.. 1. HliOEMAKEH, Vtoo President. K.C.fviTit, Secretary. O. Stkim.ixo, Tronauror. 1'liiff Compnny Insures three-fourth of the Cash valuation, takes no Premium Notes, make tin Assess ments. Policy acknowledge all moneys paid during the term of your Insurance. A. CBAWFOllD, Agent. May 30. 180.1. 1y arwrHAiiPT, A Horary und 'niiiH-IIor lit I-n-w, Oflico on south aide of Market street, foul doors west . of E. Y. llright Son's Htore, STJUSTBTJIVS". FA. Will attend promptly to all profcsxionnl hnineas rntmstcil 19 ilia care, me coin-euon in i-uiiui. Jiorthumbcrl anil anil tho ailjoiniug counties. Sunbury, May 23, 1S03. ly " J. E. HELLER, in C'Uicc, on aouth side of MnrWl Stuare, near tbo Court House, BTJNBUKy, PENN'A. Will attend promptly to 'all profesyTrmnl business entrusted to bis cure, the collection or "itaiins in ortliiiinberlnnd and the adjoining countiet. Sunbury, May Id, 1SC3. ly JAHi: HAKlti:it'N WI10LEN.VI.K AXI1HKTAII. CLOCK ESTABLISHMENT, f. E. Corner Second and Chesnut Pt . Philadelphia t (1KXCY for the PATENT EQI'ALIZIMi TH1R. A TV DAY CI.Ot:KS. a very desirable article for -Churches, Hotels, Hanks, Counting Houses, Parlors, Jo Also. Manufacturer or K INK (iOEU PENS. Cbu-ks repaired and warranted. Clock Triiuuiingsof every di-scription. Pbiladlpb'ui, January 1",1S01 3y PENSIONS; BOUNTIES AND BACK PAY COLLECTED. Q H. 1IOYER. Attorney at Law, is duly autbor iied and licensed to collect niMioitN, ltosiiiliMnntl Iln'k lny for Widows, tlr 'hnis and Soldiers. (Iffiee in Market street, oppo ite Weaver's Hotel, Punbury, Pa. January 10. I (Mil. ly THE MISSES JOHNSTON'S 1J O A 11 I) I X r, A X 1) DA Y SCHOOL I'oi Youii I.iiti', 'o. I JOB Hpruec Street. Philadelphia. liKl'EKENCKS : Vlcv T. Howe. David Webster. Esq., Wev.i,r.VuddHNls, Win IlnTardlrayton. Esq JlV. t'ooper. George M. W harton, Esq., JlenrvM Eine.-Ksq:. 'X . IS. llolllngsworth, Esq., 15. Ill MimVnntory.'J-JaU;. Uiu. Alexander Henry. J'homus Jur.lap.'ll(i.1 l'lalttdclpbia. December IWi OYSTERS M) STKH8 ! (i.N OYSTEHS. whd'se or half Cans, fresh from ' tlw City markets, can be bad at all times at tho Coiicciionery Store ef M. C. tiEAUHAUT. Sunbury, "January 9, 1SIi4. KltMIE. fI till su'swiber respectfully liil'orn.s the people ymitiwr.v and vicinity, that he has opened an en- nvwftoekof clothing eud r'urni.-hing goods, at tire bis new tore in the iiuiinmg ol t.naries ricaams Esq., iu Market niuure. Hit ttock consists iu part "f 1E1T3 CLCTSI1TO. aiovs' ;i.otiii. Sinb as Coals, titer Coats, pants, vests, thirts. nniler-birts. iliawtrs. sliH-kings. neckties, handker chiefs, gloves, Ac. A!.-o, HttU aud Caps of nil kinds. hoots siirtrs, of all kinds. THI NKS, ami Valises, umbrellas. m il uotimis of all kinds, besides numerous other ar ticli s. The public arc requested to give him a call ' mid examine his stock. 1 LEVI HECUT. 1 Sunhurv Oct.. 1" lSd:l. n. '. E l IS II . ltT'S Confectionery, Toy and IFIEtTTIT STOR'B, .Ularkft Slrct-l, Niiiilinry, ln. COXKECTIOSEKY OF ALL KINDS. TOYS OK EVl-'.KY DKSCHIl'TIOX, TKUIT, &c, Ac, ! "tONSTANTLY on hand and for sale at the above i eslablishmcut utwhulwalu aud retail, at reason- uble prices. Hit is manufacturing all kinds of Conf.-ctionaries to keep up a full assortment which are sold at low I rates. I Tobacco. Segara, Stationery. Nut of all kiuda. and 1 a variety of other articles, all of wbijh are offered wholesale and retail. Hemeuber the name and plaee.T M. C. tlEAltllAHT, Market street, 3 doors west of E. Y. Lriybt A Sou's tore. r-uubury, Sept. IS, 1803. tf "IMUVATE ACADEMY. NORTHUMBERLAND. pilE KEV. JAMES DICKSON, will re-open bis 1 Academy on Monday, tba lilb day of August, l-at. 'J he fulluwing branches will be taught : l.alin, I i reek, Mathematics. Phiuasipby. Kbetoric, Logic, Book Keeping. ueal Muaiu iu theory aud practice. Also, tivograpby, tiruuiuiar, iluilury, Lvuipuailiou Writing. Xi:B.M.S : I'er (Juarter of 1 1 weeks, t to H 1 u the above Lraiu bes without the languages d 00 Latiu aud aluve braikhs, " tireek aud shore bralitbos, f (Mi See Circular. I'or further particulars kpplf to KEV. JAM EM DICKHOM.Teauiicr. Nurlbumberlaud, August 1st, lsdS ly FRUIT ft ORNAMENTAL TRIES, sllltl HM, VIEHaae) fr'I.O i:UM. THE subseribef i offering at the low eat CJoi iea, the prodiMitui! of ike reliable Kur-CO " niiraef EDM AUD J. MAMMA CO.. al"" Ytiltk, fa.. eeisiugBf all kiuda uf Kl ITTKEE8 ruadf d abd Dwarf, aud uf lbs iuu(l Improved a- lil'IM. Oiaalal Tree u4 ethrubs Tbe Mkuat (aslilua. kbleMvUa.a) ftoowe. ilUit' Ea-wli M Catawba. I'liauaa, DeUwaie, l'oiwo(i). i'lana llastfutd I'n.tiltai, Uebella, ie 'J be atiaoborrie. be will delmer. e uf lie aauet Iuiiue4 saiieitce aUu all wlket kiiwls ut suliua. ted llmiua its aiieA.U U dillve Uta atwv artUlee la uu4 auiMttiiuM. Ad4i, ht)(J t.UK UilKB. I'atiaua, km lb 4 W , ,' ltll.'r t, IM1 - I)i FUliiiiaiLlUNUSTONK. f I 'lit: sukaeriUn sawv'IW'l H ) tusMM - I ul suiwii. ik4 tb,f a, utate U laua TAiSkU AU 111 iLLlauiVAik,asttev aj.4 el naai'MsMe laii. Ik. ms iU U wti. Mm4 ttf lW Wska 4 fM4sWii.aJai.M will W U tilt lutwMl k sett ae4 sMieiM taMs ftvk4 !. i: ti, t PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY HORNING, BY NEW SERIES, VOL. 16, NO. VonM-lbliitf Xevr I at Fhilndclplilu. COOPER'S " PHOTOGRAPH AND ART GAtlERY, No. l.tSB Chssnut Street, opposite the V. P. Mint, tiallery, lU-eeptlon and Oiicratlng Rooms ALL ON FIK8T FLOOH. All .Ivleannd ai.ea of Photoirralihs. IvtirTlvnes, Fermty pea or "Tiuty pes" and taken at prices to suit tho times. Pirtures Finished in Water Colors, Oil, India Ink and Pastil. Horses and other animals. Equipage. Country Heats Ruins. Models of Machinery, Ac, for Patenting ac curately photographed . 1 r . Cooper uesircs io can ino aiieniion oi per- aonsvisitinr Philadelphia to his new (tmiind Fbair (lallcry, where bo has introilueed newly.patcutwl tiallery, where bo has introduced newiy.paicMwi ciuueras. eanable of takinir, in a few seconds, one hundred Pbolngrnphs, from the small stamp or au tographic, to the Imperial and Life Sir.o. After many experiments ho bus eucceedod In pla cing his sky-light at an improved angle, diffusing the light In equal proportion. ttid producing that soft gradation ol tone which cannot be given by the aide and sky-lights generally used, and which of 0 much importance to the beauty of picttire. It is mBde of French glaas, and is the largest in Philadel phia. Mr. Cooper has been engaged more than twenty Tears in the study and practice of the Fine Ajts. His long experience as a Miniature and Portrait Painter is a sufficient guarantee for the perfection Of the pictures made at his establishment. The art of idealizing is well understood ; none bnt the most skillful art if U are employed in the respec tive depnrtmente. The art of idcalitiog.is well understood ; none but the most skilful artists are employed in the respective departments All Pictures Warranted ; the Ivorytypes will uot change in any climato, and will stand the test of acids. Particular attention is paid to giving graceful and easy posit ions. Daguerreotypes and all other kinds of pictures eoppied. from small medallion to life site, and fln-Tvhi-d in colors or Indian ink, Mook equal to picture taken from life. This'Wallery possesses rare facilities fur taking Etjittittruik Pictures from life, in the rear building, where from one to fifty burses can be photographed at a time. X. II. To PhntograiihrrH, Colorista and others. Just Issued. A New Work (to PlIOTOOHAI'H CoLoniSH. 1 voiiv'ttpiso, Examei.l- ISO. IVOHV MlMAtl'RB P.lTlXa. A'O. Complete Instructions given for making TvOrytypM with some valuable receipts, never before publis.ird, useful to all photographers, fur one of which a largo sum has been offered . Uy following the directions contained In this book, even those persona with no previous knowledge of Paiuting tminnt fail to color photographs iu a beau tiful and effective stvlc. Price. Oira Copy. Ifj.OO. Five Copies, $2t).(M, Uy remitting SI 2 one" copy, with lioxot Paints, Palette, and preparations complete will bo furnished free of charge Will be Published Shortly, A Vall abi.b Woiik os DiiAwiVto. With progrv-sivc illstratf of the llbnian Face and Figure. Ai.sn. A Hand-Rook us Positions, With Illustrations. Designed for the use of Photo graphers and Artists. Mr Cooper continue to receive Lsdies and flen tlemeti into his Classes for lnstructioo ill Drawing, and Photograph, Ivurytypc, India Ink and Pastil Painting, at id A beautiful process lor Enameling Pictures. Circulars containing list of prices of pictures and further information respecting the Uocksand Term of Instruction may be bad by enclosing lko3t OQico Address and a 6tamp to P. F. COOPER, IXtS Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. KEFEItENCES. Caleb Cope. President Academy of Fine Aria. Dr. Tbos. H Wileou, Ornithologist, and Entomol ogist Ru . Tboum Miles Martin, P. E. Church. Hon. Yietor A. Sarlori. Consul of Leghorn. Robert 11. Clurksoii. of Firm of .lay Cooke A Co. New Yolk, Rev. W. A. Mabiu, Recti St. Alban s , Church i .HiKtoii. J. K. Tilton k Co. Worcester. Mass.. P. Dodge. Esq; 'Baltimore. Muhs. Amedee Sum on, French Concul. Dec. 12. Ittria. ULACKW00D MAGAZINE AND TIIK jiiuTisn I:vlEYS. Prices Cheap as Ever, to-those w bo pay promptly in advance. PltSTAliK UEDl'CED ! i Preiniuins tu new Subscribers!'! Notwithstanding tbeooal of Keprinting these Peri odicals has more than doubldd iu cunsequeiice of tbo enormous rise in ine price oi raper ana oi a general advance in all other expenses and notwithstanding other publirhers are reducing the site or increasing price of their publicittious, no shall culititiuc, for the 1. The Londuu Quurlerly (Conservative). 2. The Edinburgh Kcvicw (Whig). 3. The North Uritish Review (Free Church). 4. The W'catminiaitor ltvviuw (Liberal). i. lllackwood's Ediuburgh Magaiine (Tory). TEHMS. Per Ami . :i no 6 00 7 mi 8 OU 3 (1(1 6 00 7 no 9 00 10 00 . For any one of the four itovlewi i For any two of the four Keviewa , ror anv turee oi ine lour lteviews For all four of the Heviews I For filackwoud's Magazine : Fur Klavkwood und oue ltovicw i Fur Ulackwoud aud two lteviews For IJlackwood and three lteviews Fur IJlackwood and tho four lteviews POSTAUE. The postage to all part of the Vniied Slates b now only Fifty-six Cents a Year for tbe Whole Five Pub lica'tions, vis.: 4weiityfuureenU a year for lllack wood and only Eight Ceuta a Y'eex for a Hcview. Postage is payable at tlieofhca where tbo u umbers arc received. ' PUEMICM3. - New Subscribers to any two of the Periodicals for Ihtil, will roceivc at a yrrminiii their choice of anv ums or tho four lteviews for lrtl3. Subscribers to all five wili receive their ehoiee of auy two of the futir heviews fur 1X63. Subscrilicrs to any orall tbe works for I Ml, may procure any of the four Keyiews for llxilt, to which Uiey may nut be eutllled uprciuiums, at i a vear each. I if The Third Edition uf the September Number of LTaekwowl, eoutaiiiing an an article by an English officer who was preMut at th Uati.ii or U xtttssi au, is uww ready price ii eviita. HeiuilUuwee and cmuluuuicaliuua should be addrvas ed W LEONARD SCOTT A CO., Publishers, No. 38 Walkor St., be,. Uroadway and Church St. We also Tubllsh the FARMER tf CHIDE, Py Ilnsav Staeuaas uf Ediuburgh aud the lata J. P. Monro, of Yale College I vols. Hoyal CHiUvo, loOO ragte aua nuinerous r.ngravingi. Prise Art, for Ut two volume. 1W Mail 7". LJtVli'4C CO. January 1, 1H4 ItrudlMtf llwllroutl. WINTER ARRAJIOEMOT. (HEATTHIXK LINK from the North and J Nufth YYeat (or Pbilaslrlpbla. New York, Head Utd, futtMilla, Letatttua, Allub-aa, Eartua, . Train ! llarruWrg fuf Pblladelpbia, Nw. Yurk, ttaoding, Pututiir. aud all Intermedials) Liu, at a A. aud 1 U" F U New Yofk KireslavM llarramirg MIPJA. M , arn lug at New Yk a l It the earn mufuiag, rfai from liarrMtMtfg ! To est v U u w Pblladelpbia 1 A and tt kit. ilaggage betk4 Uirougb Hxaraleg. Inm Mw York at t A. M.. It Ntw, asat I p M, (PuwtNUgV iautasal. Leak VbiladeL sia as a I A M au4 Wl y at Meewag ear b lb kew Vurk ) Trala, Utruafb K a4 tv Putolaiigk wlibuat ebaaga. raMii kf M VaUaat. lM n4 iia. llqaiaa A. M , 4 l V M , M )'k444 ,4.1a, s Ut. atU all Way PoiuU liaiw ! Putu. tile al t Ik A M , aa4 lUf, )t , In Pkild4.ia llwiulxirg im1 b'ew Vmb A a asi iiiiatyitiaia 'ngts tia'e la Itaa4ia at A ! , 4 IVtsitM lets) ikitd.lpk M t t ItF-AIIU kbvi Usia tu 4U, baeAaji 4 euuJ iil ! r4ui Ml M A M . ad l'h.iL.l, kle ei lllf kl wtaaiaiaae, tail. .4s, aa, a4 VmuIw kiiu a. iHaH Ivm w M si ell kuiai. M fee a4 tk4 imM .i II, leal iial .fsHHa4e .37 . . -. XvwTue iiptbtt-u lJr.Hf SpsnciJ 52. P O E T R Y. The NiiM.-riliioiiM Ian. r JOHN S. 8AXK. It Is ascertained by inspection ol the registers of many eounlries that tho uniform proportion of male to female births is as 21 to 20 ; accordingly in res pect to marriage every twenty-first man is naturally superfluous. ifmith ' Trtalite oh X'optUutio. I long have been punled to gncee, And ao I have freqnently said, What the reason eoubl roally oe That I never have bappcued to wd J But now it is perfectly clear I am under a natural ban ; The girlt are already assigned And I'm a superfluous man ! These clever statistical chaps Declare tbe numerical run Of women and men In the world Is twenty to twenty-and-oue ; And hence in the pairing, you see. Since wooing and wedding began, Fnr every connubial score They've got a superfluous man ! By twenties and twenties they go, 'And giddily rush to their fato. For none of the uiimbor, of course, Can fail ol a conjugal mate ; Bnt while they are yielding in scores To Nature's inflexible plan. There's never a woman for me For I'm a superfluous man. It Isn't Hint I am a oliurl. To solitudoover-inclined ; It isn't that I am at fault In morals, or manners or mind : Then what is the reason, you ask. I am still with tho bachelor's clau ? I merely was numbered amiss Aud I'm a superfluous man. It isn't that I am in want Of personal beauty or grace, For many a man with, a wife Is uglier far in the face ; Indeed, among elegant men, I fancy myself in tbe van. But what is the value of that, When I'm a sufluous man '. Although I'm fond of the girls, For aught I could ever discern The tender emotion I feel Is one that they never return ; 'Tis idle to quarrel with fate,! For struggle as hard as I can, They're mated already, you know And I'm a superfluous man ! No wonder I grumble, at tirnsw, Willi women so pretty and plenty, To know that I never was born To figure as one of tho Twenty ; But yet, when the average lot With critical vision I scan, I think it may be for tne best That I'm a superfluous man ! " ' ' CONGRESSIONAL. Ion. W, . KclkVy. EXTltACTS FHOM III8 srKKCH ON TIIK HILL TO E8TAHMS1I A HLIIKAU OK KRKEOMKX's AF FAins, UOVHE OF ItErltKSEXTATlVKS, FEB. 23, 1804. Slit : In tlio nbsence of nssniliible provi sions in the bill, the. gentlemen from Xew York (Mr. Brooks) poured forth his indig nation upon the grand old Puritan Statu. IIo said t y ''1 know the spirit of MussnchUscttg. 1 know her inexorable, unappeasable, demoni ac cneroy. I know that whut alio decrees she will execute, as when tshe ordered the burn ing of the witches ut Siiletil, or the scourg ing of the Quaker, or the exile of the Bnp tisU to the rocky shores of the Xarrsigitnsett or to the mountain fastnesses aud glens of Xew Hampshire where my maternal Bap tist ancestor, were banished. Hence when, as now, she decrees on the Africau, I tretu-4 ble for three million of hitherto happy hu man beings now doomed to extermination." And again he said 1 ''The spirit of Massachusetts has done in two or three years only what Christ, or the Church of Chiisl, was twelve or fifteen hun dred years iu accomplishing iu the Houian Kmpire." Wr, 1 am no son of Massachusetts or Xew England, as the gentlemuu is ; but I remem ber that, iu my wayward youth, being free from the indenture that htul bound uie to a long apprenticeship, but not having attained manhood, I wandered from my native Pctin aylvaiiia, counter to the current tide of emi gration, in pursuit of employment, and found a home in Massachusetts, and I may be pardoned if I puuse for a moment to feebly testify iny gratitude to her In whom I found u geutle and generous foster mother. I thank Qod for the Puritan spirit of Massa chusetts. A boy, poor, friendless, and in pursuit of wages for manual toil. I found open to mo in tho libraries of Boston the science, history, and literature of the world. At a cost that even the laboring man did uot feel, I found, night after night, und week after week, iu her lyceums and lecture rooms, the means of intercourse with her Bancroft, her Brownson, her Everetts, her Chunnings, her Prvscott, her Emerson, and scores of others as learned and as uble, though ierhups leas distinguished sou than these. 1 thus learned whut it was to be au American cllixer., and tu whut a height American civilization will b carried ; aud 1 found four years of life apent at well paid toil worth to me what the tame number of years iu a college might have betu; 1 thank the nieu of Massachusetts, as will Jhe schol ars in puhlio school fashioned upon her principles iu tho city of Vharlt-atou iu good time. They way be white, they may be blaek, they may I yellow, but w lieu the clvtlUuthm of MaachutU shall Lave point ruled that dark city, and faahlontx) its iiiatitullou, M it will, th pleasure of the pleasure of ihd pupil In Hi achool ill be to thank OimI night aud morning for tha spirit of MiaihuMU which kept liUrty aliva, aud llually troughs ll lhMui; to lb fjullra poopln of th couutry. Yc. n'r, U th )Mktt two or three yr, ha gt t practical application of (Low jitWiplM Uu.li, iu tlta or 6fWi wuiuiiVa gv ! fiuxlui tu klurupn, ftiul U about glv lag It to nit tUt) itl of AtMvrU. Mot wtlbuul tu. Wowatari Mil tu) g.allopja. Ifc'uoivd 0 Vathlug of UUlufy Uet at4 ;tvt U b4 U W lUkuttlwar U fcufopn, ur, it UUui of tbn nunUat M fiMduMt l r-ui'n U WUtof of tmotluis wu., uujui', i tUW4Ul r, II. B. MASSER, SUNBURY, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 19, . Tho gentleman from Ohio (Mr, Cox) less gravely I will not my more flippnntly, for that might ! offensive devonted his hour, u I hnve nid, not to the cxnttiinittion of tho bill, lint to ft criticism of certain uttoran ces of Wendell riiilis nnd Tiicodoro Tilton, und tho rending of roiriotig extrncts from nn nnnoymons pamphlet rcoetuly published ly Dexter, Hnmilton, & Co., "Nawttt street Xcw York, entitled "Jliscegentttioti." I am a littlo disnppoitited, Mr. Sjicakcr, that this bill should receive such trentment ut the hands if gentlemnn on the other side of the House. They profess to sympathize with the people of the South. They profuts to wish for peace and to restore them to tho blessings of society. Sir, do they not know that this bill relates to four million people of the South, half a million, certainly more than four hundred thousand, of whom aro the near relatives of their former associates upon this floor am) their partisans in the isoutli, men to whom they and their deluded partisans confided the administration Of our Government for more than thirty years? None know 'letter than these gentlemen that one-liulf million of those slaves are the near relatives, the uncles, limits, and cousins, j brothers, sisters, and children of the Demo- I craey of the South ; that in the veins of that ' number of colored people tingles the bloou of what the gentleman have been pleased to ' consider tho matter rare ef this country. The gentleman intimated that, by reasons of the utterances to which he referred, he was satisfied that that the lCepublicuns and , Abolitionists of the North would fall into j the practice of amalgamation. Sir, he knows 1 very well that the complaint of the alleged I illegal and unconstitutional arrest of that j specimen of Southern chivalry, that rcpre- j sentative of Virginia manners and .morals, that leader of tho Xew York Democracy, Captain J. U. Andrews, is not their real 1 grievance in the premises. He knows very ! well that their real grievance, anil that out of which they expected to make most capi- I tal while they 'hoped to restore slavery to ' its old political power, is that when the ! officers tore that husband of a white wotmiu ruthlessly from the sweltering embrace ol his African imiiifiratu they violated Demo cratic usiiges. Yes, bir, this is their real cause of complaint iu the premises. It is not tho men of the North who havo been enamored by that complexion which is described as tho "shadowed livery of tho . burning sun.' It is not tho men of the North who have laid their ''snowy hands'' in "palms of russet," "hung Europe's price less pearl that shames the Orient on Afric's swarthy neck" or realized experimentally the truth of the poet's aphorism, that "In joining contrasts licth Love's delight." These exquisite and deiiculc sources of en joyment have been iu the exclusive posses sion of tho. Southern Democracy, tho co laborers in politics of the gentleman who charges them so wantonly upon tho people of hi. own section. Hu has never seen tho white Northern man choose his companion from that race. I have by me a picture of a band of slaves sent North by Gen. Bunks, four of whom arc as white as we who hold this discussion. They come from the color ed schools recently established in New Orleans. They arc children of Southern Democrats, born in Virginia and Louisiana ; they were owned or sold by their fathers as negro slaves. I look, sir, upon that picture of Wash ington's companion in the devolution (pointing to tho picture of Lafayette) and his Ct associate in this Hall, and I remem ber that when on his tour through this country in 183-1 he visited the Southern States, ho very publicly expressed his (sur prise at finding the complexion of the negro population in their cities so largely changed from what it hud been at tho close of the revolutionary war, uud expressed the hope thut in finding the two races thus blending their blood ho might discover the solution of tho slavery question. But a few weeks ago, in conversation with t distinguished sou of Kentucky, himself a slaveholder, upon tho question now under discussion, hu said to me that in 1819 he was at school at Danville, Kentucky ; thut there were there 011 an average three hun dred young men, and that though the colored population of tho town numbered six hun dred, there were but six of pure Africau blood. Tho student at thut school were not Northern Abolitionists or Republican. They were the wealthy and educated young geutlemen of the Democrutic South. Hut, air, It t this question uot rest Un isolated instance of narrow localities. Let us look ut the ceu.it of lb(10. I find by it that uiore thun half a million of the colored people of that sectiou are, as I have already ' Intimated, the kindred of the white ruce of j th South. - Thus in I.oui.laua, of tho frev Colored people, 81.8U pr tt ut, are of mixed Llood, while iu lVun)lvani onky 8U.07 are i of ml set1, blood. Ami la-re ut me ay ttiu latter are nearly all of Koutheru birth. I remember wlitW litigatiun t pending in our court between two colored native if Charleston, thetu were ou im occasion aUmt fifty linti iu court. t-uo of my col league - rvuomU r lh occasbm. The con test was Ulav4 RoUrt J. J)ou(liu ami Wllk.lu.on Jouta, and, among th Ufty wll Bce, nil of whom ware native, of I'bailua loo, bvulU Carolina, and lu ImuiodlaU Unity, tut-re na uot Ll-ttk or dim whiu TV? ware nil of luiaaxi Ul AuJ In Uhalf of Ptniwylvanln, I ulalu that tun ttuuln La Kitt U Ly far th giaaUr portion j uf kai !' of that tu k. In Alalttun tnn OfT MnUttc of tnWatl Muud la IT. IN, nis4 Ut aiouMit Mil. In It ili tu 14Vlt.Ultku.WUUndll.ii.k4ta W .Ji U AMERICAN. NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA. 1SG4. OLD South Carolina it rises again to 71.00, not" withstanding her exportation to Pennsyl vania nnd elsewhere ; in Connecticut it sinks to 23.04. In North Carolina it is 71.53 ; in Xew York it is 15.88; in Florida it is 68. I)!); iir New Jersey it is but 13.04. But these, you any, arc freed people; these arc persona whose fathers, unwilling to sell their own blood, have manumitted their children. Let us look, then, to tho statistics of the lave population. ' I find that by the census 1S"50 there were of mixed blood among the j slnvo population but 6.30 per. cent, j and in I860, so btisv had the nro-sluverv DemocrHcv , been in Augmenting the numerical power of the institution, that the 7.30 had swollen to 10.41 : and if the negro race is to be saved ' as a distinct race, the only way to do it is to ' take it from the embrace of the slave, to ! give him the rite of marriage, and to teach i him th iso g.eat truths which, uccording to 1 the gentleman from Xew York, in twelve or fifteen hundred years gave freedom, and with it morals, to Europe. T 0 E T I C A L. ''lie llci-oinc til il'MKlHrfi-. "Tho Harrisburg Telegraph calls for a monument to Jenny Wade, the heroine of Gettysburg. She was making breud for our army during the battle, having refused to leave her house, which was within range of both armies, and was shot through the heart." X. Y. Tribune. Hear high tho monutnontril pile " Of marble pure and white, A life which gladden'd earth crcwhile Aas passed to realms of light, Rear high the monumental pile To one who hated wrong ; And tearful bnrds her fame the while Perpetuate in song. Cnoiti s In the quiet churchyard sleep ing Villi our bravest fitly laid. Moans the w ind, thro' willows wcepiug O'er the gruve of Jenny Wade. When man has done some gallunt deed We yield a wild accluim, And booming cannon speaks the lnccd Bestow'd upon his name, If death nn but tie-field he braved, And served his country well. We wrap him in the flag thut waved Above him when he fell. Chorus. When to the north wind rebels throw Their noisome traitor rag, The courage of a woman true I'pheid our dear old flag ; Where'er that starry flag shall wave, 'Mid clouds or on the plain. Remcuiber'd be thy hallow'd grove For home and country slain. Chorus. Thy bright example still shall ncrvo Our soldiers in the tight. Tho' dead, thy spirit yet shall servo Free men defending Right : Thy death a nation long shall mourn, '1'1,,. .1..,1 1. art . Thv mime on breeze and billow borne, Thy lucm'ry in our hearts. Chorus. Fare thee well, brave spirit ; never Shall thy wreuth of laurel fade Fragrant flowers shall bloom forever O'er thy grnve, sweet Jeuny Wade. Set to music by Prof. Jos. P. Webster. 3?APA. WHAT IS A NEWbPAPEB f Organs that gentlemen play, my boy, To auswer the taste of the day, my boy, Whatever it be, They hit it on the key, And pipe iu full concert away, my boy. News from all countries and cljmes, my boy, j would visit such a gallery with any corn Advertisements, essavs. undrhvmes. mv bov. i iltililn tim4 i i ft Va worn f lin vMsltlii Mixed up Willi all sorts Of (fllvinrr i courts. And published at regular times, my boy. Articles able and wie, my boy. At least in the editor's eyes, my boy, And logic so grand That few understand To what in the world il upplies, my boy, Statistics, reflections, reviews my hoy. Little scrap to instruct and utuuse, my boy, And lengthy debute I' pou matter of Stale, For w Uc-heuded folks to peruse, my boy. The funds a they were and they are.niy boy, The quibbles und quirks of the bur, my boy And every week A clever critiipio . On some rising theatrical star, my boy. The ago of Jupiter's moons, my hoy. The stealing of somebody's apoous, my boy, The state of the crop. The style of the fo, And the w it of the public buffoons, my boy. List of all physical ills, my boy, liiuiiahcd by aoinchody' pills, my boy, Till you ask with surprise. Whv any one ities. Or whut the disorder that kills, my boy. Who has got married, to whom, my I my, Who were cut off in their bloom, my boy, Who has had birth tVithl. sorrow stained earth, Aud w ho totter fut to the lonih, my boy Tim price uf Imttrr and grain, my !oy. Direction to dig and to drain, my boy, lUit 'twould tue Hie too loug 'I'o tell YOU in KHirf A quuitcr of all tiny contain, my Uy. Kiil HiMik. According to the New Ha ven ltt'iler, Count tU'ul U turul'ig it at liutlou from nooileu nutmeg Ik Osh hnoks TUvMi hook liava litlhrr to U u made abroad and by baud, but n Nw Haven man hu now inviulcal maciluu nhieU "thews up kiwi wire lulu all i of Looks, ami spll iluui out a fal and a jK-ifut a in u' 1 him!" A -klihKU Lni'4oii." Tkn !Ula4ure uf WUxauain kao Wt4 lUa Uuriiuf's Misaiatt Ut b ihIuUm! in Ik tsMOian, N"r !. Irtak, WaUn, Holland, ravk wot IkiLtutlau Woguagaa, A UlUI (. Italia' a lUuu.aud t-wli-sv.1 utvn nm o it' w W lk toonlk A l) lu- 11 Ut) SERIES, VOL. 24, NO. 20. MISCELLANEOUS. MtstsTKRS is Richmond Prison. Among the Union prisoners taken at Chickumuugn and carried to Richmond were two or three Baptist clergymen, who were chaplains of Indiana regiments. Rev. J. B. Jeter, D. P., and one or two other clergymen of Rich mond, visited these, prisons for the purpose of rendering nny assistance in their power. Of course, the prospects of the. war were dis cussed, the Union prisoners confidently maintaining that our Government would eventually sttccccd, nnd the Richmond divines contending that they would not. Thoy expatiated uponjtheir army and their resources, dccluting that their soldiers were well provided with everything. In a kind and patronizing manner, they inquired if they could do anything for those who were "sick and in prison." "Well," said one of the chaplains, "we need some blankets; we were stripped of everything we had, en il it rather uncomfortable hero without more clothing." Dr. Jeter exchanged ghinres with his companions, nnd then said, "Brcth crn, we have to confess that we have no blankets for yon. In order to make the soldiers as comfortable as possible as we have represented, all our houses have been stripped of blankets and everything else." This was certainly a marvellous backing down froruthe dignified and patronizing air at first assumed ; and tho incident, which wo have from one perfectly "reliable,"serves to corroborate other accounts of Southern destitution. Watchman and Reflector. Think of It. The number of languages spoken is SOW. The number of men is about equal to the number of women. The aver age of human life is 33 years. One quarter tlio before the ago of 7. One-half before the age of 17. To every 1000 persons, one only reaches 100 years. To every 100, only 9 reach Ci years ; and not more than one iu 500 reaches the Bgo of 80 years. There are on earth 1,000,000.000 of inhabitants. Of these, 33,333,333 die every year ; 7780 every 1 hour, anil bt) every minute or one tor every second. These losses nro about balanced by an equal number of births. The married aro longer lived than the single; and, nliove all, those who observe a solx-r nnd indus trious conduct. Tall men live longer than short ones. Women hare more chances of ) life previous to the ngc of 50 years than men, 1 but fewer after. The number of niarritii;es j is iu proportion of 75 tr 100. Marriages aro 'more frcnucnt after the couiroxes that is during the mouths of Juno and December. Those born in spring are generally more robust than others. Births aim deaths are more frequent by nlgth than by day. Num ber of men capable of bearing arms is cal culated at one-fourth of tho population. Villains at Nkfakious Woiik. There is reason to believe that an organization is about to bo started In this city, as a branch j from tho original concern said to bo cstab j lished in New York, under the nume of the "Photographic Union" We thus take tho earliest opportunity to expose what every morul person will readily admit, a Most per nicious institution. The originators of the Union young men iu different parts of the couutry, requesting them to collect and send to tho "Photographic Uuion" photographs of young women, with particulars concern- i inS tllcir residence, pecuniary circumstances, disposition, habits, and other matters of in- I terest, and by way of inducing responses, I prizes from $20 iu chaste a "set of jewelry" j are offered to those who shall send in tho j largest number of "photographs and bio- graphical notices." The proprietor of the "Union" proposes, after having got together ! a lurgenumger of portraits, to exhibit them in a "private gallerj," and to allow young men to exajuino them for a "consideration," and also to select a iiartner or a victim. The latter idea, ofcott.se, is not published . ,. . ,.,..,,,.,,. 111 tins viieuiar, nut iiiu Biiizuii-sb uinaum ' D . 0 will show that nut ono in a thousand meu , ,m - nv ,.,.,,,;.. , ,w0 ei,.r 1 s? - 1 o j fc 1 ....1...... ti.,. .1....:...,,! f.,. .... ... ;i I WUiaiB. . UIJ All. UI9lglll.ll 1UI Ull I'l.I- j pose, and no person buying the slightest I regurd for himself should have un thing to do with them or their originators. KNITTING. With a blooming maiden sitting, . While she uiiubly plies her knitting,. Pleased I gaze upou her beauty, While 1 fill my happy duly, 'Puying out" the zephyr double, Richly paid for pleasant trouble, Just to watch her nimble fingers, And her ruby lip, w here lingers, Many a beauty in her smiling, All my long oul beguiling. Just to feel the wondrous thrilling Of my heart, w ith rupture filling. While beside the maiden silting, 'Paying out" w hile she is knitting, I alii thinking how our knitting, 1 au illustration filling Of the real lite we're living; Of the mercies Clod is giving In the active world uround him, Wheu to woman muu hu bound him, Then are love and labor making All the joys our soul are tuking, Hi to labor are supplying, "Puying out" life's thread uud trjin; Lver to undo it tangling; h'ver to protect from wruiiuling ; Hi to fcive life' thread, ami hold il Hera, iu love to gently mould il lulu lorui of luo and beauty, Thu they, liuk their lve and duly. The Chicago Tlmt lhal ' fund for the 'relief ol YalludijiUuui ill Ivacll lh UlU of 3U,tKK. Clarke, the robU-r of I he IVnvrY Mini ol 37,000, La Ueu arrt.twl, aud ui"l of the mouey rwxjvrrvd. lUd roac ax In Uouui in buu f'reu cUtn. 11iM.ruinmer on lh ITlk lu ll. 1'aal tell Ut Otgrora Ulon Mio, four paif mill U llrrkaklre ivmuiy nnl una In t-juua, H. V , run nlutual anilivl tn papr lur o volUia, Tkn iknn sf foil's Artnury pal' og aa tsaual Ut MMoU, tawtn UlwIatoUng tknnre, H Uk too,uoO lo du U. 1 ki Mtaaagi'f t of tU i ln.loMa4l fair tW ikn aauUafi aoo.liu kan M vkl Ika t,uMOii.ii ( . ;o,tiou. ADTEHTIMlXi One squint of 12 lines, S timet, ... f. r.rcry siinsenueni iu.cruuu, One square, 3 monllM, t-ix months, J tine year. Ilusineas Card of 5 line, per annua, Merchant and other advertising byhe year, with tho privilege of lusurting different ad vertising weekly, " Bualneae notice Inserted In tb Lotai. flown before Marriages and Deaths, 1'IYK tENId J LINK for each insertion. 13' Larger Advorlisement as per agreement. JOB PRINTINO. Ws have onoaeetcd with our establishment a .elected JOB OFFICII, which will tnal.le u exeoute, In tba neatcrt ityle, crery varict Priuting. AGRICULURAL. I.ocuMt Trees from Net's!. Ma.iuh Fkkas, In reference to plant trees, allow ine to suy that some sixty ) ago or more, there lived on the Susquehat river, six miles above HsrrUburg, a Mr, I A Mister, who was a famous farmer, planted or sowed the seeds of the Loc tree along his fence rows, and this was d by running a light furrow in which tho se wore dropped alxiut 0110 foot ajmrt r lightly coverod. I think a little wood-as were also usod. As the trees grew all crooked ones were removed, and as they came largo were used for farm purposes, that iu twelve or fifteen years tho strain trees which wero allowed to stand, w from six to eight feet apart. In twenty ye the trunks were sullicicntly large to cut . posts. Judge Duncan, of Carlisle, ridiculed 1 idea of planting the seeds of trees, wl trees of a large growth could bo obtuit for planting. Mr. McAllister offered a ' that in twenty years ho would have m from seed, than could bo had from tra planting trees of any size I Tho Judge ccpted tho bet, and forthwith set out so trees ; but finding iu ten or twelve ye. that they had not much iucrcascd in s! ackuowlodgcd las error ? The soil of almost every part of Penns nia is favorable to the growth of locu? and New Jersey can furnish an abundar of seed. It would be a beautiful feature agriculture to sec the roads skirted with cust trees. Our railroads, also should abot with this tree. In fifteen years, or tin abouts, every railroad would furnish loc sleepers enough to supply all it wnnts. T is an important fact let those whom it ci ccrns think of it. Cirmantoicn Til. IMMCUNMivn ou dirapen. At the Into meeting ot Fruit Growers, Rochester, New York, 6omc very sensi remarks were made by several gentlemen the. subject of grape-growing and wine-c king. Judge Larowo suid, that the u who pays the best attention to his vines v realize twice as many grapes as the oti uian who lets "nature" have her own wi that the consumption of grapes in this coi try more than doubles every year ; thut the village of Bath, in his county, wh! ! could uot use half a ton five years ago, in five tous the past year ; that four tons grapes upon au average cun bo raised on acre, having himself raised five tons ; tl the labor per acre did not exceed $10, w him less ; aud that he plants his vines 8 f by 8. He added that the proper way v to fill the trellis with new wood und fr and cut out all the old wood. Those bi ing this year should bo cut off just beyo the fruit. The nearer the grapes are got the surface of tho ground, the richer tl will bo iu saccharine matter. IIo content that anything that required sugar to un it, was uot wine. That's so. Dr. Sylvester suid we had made our vit sickly by our manuring, aud maintain thut where the ground wus rich enough raise corn, it was rich enough for grapes We agree with Dr. S. It has long been t opinion that wo over-manured our gra vines. It makes tucm sickly oy prouuci an ovr r-abundance of wood and foliage ! ou,t'r wortl. UJ tt Ke,Mfral .1 , .1 u .jecung t.ieni to uisease Dr. Luderhtll uses trellises 0 feet luj i . -, navini? increnscd having increased the height fconi 0 feet. claims that the vines becomo more valuui as they got older 23 yeurs old are ! uable than from 12 to 13, with hnu.-t Damaokd Peach Tkkk-. At a meet! of the Cincinnati Horticultural Society, In recently, Mr. llunna read aud article on t treatment of damaged peuch trees, w hit as it is interest here, we publish entire: "In 1818, January the 10th, the themio cterlellto 18J degrees In-low tsero, whi was 2i degrees lower tliun this winter, being 10 below xero the 1st and Clh of J: uury. Iu 1818 all peaeh buds uud uiu trees were killud. 1 hud a choice pea tree, to all apH:aranee dead ; at least it w so said bv Mr. Savers, of (,'oitage Ciurdi and Mr. J. C. Ferris, both fruit grower. Cut the hark, and it hud tho appearance molasses between the bark und wood, ui the bark on the body wo split open, was so coiilldi nt it wn dead that 1 took axe aud cut the Wp off within eighteen (1 inches of the body, und intended 10 dig the tree wheu the ground In-camc suital to plant some other tree ill it place, but was nee:leeted. and that aiiininer it Ihn out atroiig, thrifty shoots, making the flue am) most compact top. lu leou tuai 11 boru n crop of pcachc. Tut Soltoiiin IllsiNa. A correspou cnt of tho Ohiv Furmtr,W. W.T.,of Colut bu, O, make tho following coinmuuii lloii : "I would like to write you uiy A rieiice on sorghum. It pas and uu mi.tak 1 have doubled Uiy crop every year, aud rangt-d my facilitle for working it iu pi Hirli.ii. 1 lad tneuty five acre lal jci made U iUO gllou-all sold - tor turn o" but I saved all my luddcr, Ion and lou it i my lir-e prefer it tu hay. I Hut nl could he say more I Here I the nhuln ma tir in n nut shell.- l'.i. Tu A I'l oHii. Ct M10.11V may U prwluc. by taking a thk of rl.hr, U'i lug out l pilk, IllUg the caliy UU g "l riU, at unlug lu lllkn vo.l. uf (irl Doners Ik Uwous at Ikn m liim. The xhU n mm- garmiuaU and ike p1"' gro W gutUr, nlik lUlrU'H, kril.nn4 Ua m iunrmliiglo-l that to a wuiiuon oUwrv tlwy tillmanruigreni iioMlkn sauhi too .- .- - - - A t"re-k pki.WUn Ut l' ' U. Un-I or mo I- "t','ul titildi 4 U'td.uwm. Ti:n.ns or