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- " - ,wm. ' r j . .... , 0rilT tw rtlstmrttnued until ell mr- 1" living " Port' U , ut tne name of lne '"wr" r"1' ... Address - afllce. Address Lrnerset Printing Company. SSI JOHN L SCULL, Business Manager. rAI'L H. OATTBKB. r t Law. l.'- oflir In M.muKKh Blork, ':"':"', K H MnH' drugiioro. 7iX.KR " pnnBMitJT lormled , i- M. k hi. mlMkllt HfTi- i. 1 LP i HI. 1 1 - , UedWi, "T, . sumcmet nd miromwlinit ,;, U J''"J (be ptoee, few d.n , uitrK t-oil-t hi. pB'frmlim! Ml.- ' . r . aivl) WV .f " - - IIJ-' V-IL,? .. will promj tti- U' " .ru-ttvl to Mr run In um-T ' 1.. H fV.frrnth ha I...DV ATTORNEYS AT . . i.. baioe In rmldrnre of U. au. U-ly. - C.jl.irn. . ATTORNEY ATLA W, SOM- WI" I" . , i 3' '" :,.u Malnmrret. ift in m L 'W- . , v-vTINF H Y. ATTOUNKY AT LAW . u.i t nl efiiito. 4..mcHt. Ta will "'!'.' ba'inw itniied U) hi. care with T. . uivd irmpvns AT sim'rwt. l'a.. will practice In Sn- LUH tta-mwill I promptly attended to. . TV-1 V. ,V COLLINS. DENTIST, Somerset, t ..ili in I'" l"rt'?' 1L P ,7 1 J. .i .11 lime, he lound iitviiared Uido ww.rt. ucaai lluiK. reMtaUmt. k , tr Artih-ul trrthof all klnrta, and of ,M: iiiM-rtcd. All uneratkma war- jnneT.'TO. "L..7..1.T t-tv-ivirv AT LAW. ra wiU attend to all burinera en- EXRYF.SCH ELL ATTOKN EY AT LAW, nifiir in il- "urt Hnuw. JHn. 1MI. i. i vi u ATT1KXF.V A1 LAW. rtwt. !'. will rive pnmpt attinti.m to Z nMwxtf IX. Scull. ttB! un 1'nlun (treet, llv tKNET KOI !E Tbc mlrrsiinil reiwrtfnllv Inform, the pnb- ' . . i.. .4 thi. wll Lnosn tM.nl in the .uail (M wnv. . 1- , ,ivlr wiirfc ht aip will iclve aatisfacUim to KNETTEB. riiv?li liUi and Ientlt, Berlin, Pa. W ill Kiv Iiruuiiit alteulioa to ail cane. 'wied to hi ere. ill. A. i. All LLr.lv, aneriwrive v(.ar- ..-ilrr practice In Shnnfcmrllle, has lrmannilv l.rated at Somerset Ktneprav ,I(inf.H!i-.'n'i tenders hi. jnifoMmuiI aer- i a iw-r.. i. lie musultcd at all times. r-Ni?'" culls jiftunjitly anfwered. .mif.HMiiiinnllr mrflimi. B. il l.'- ' i PtlHTLETHWAlTK, ATTOKN EY .ttLiw. Sumnm't, l'a. I'Turewkmal liuoi wpedluily aulicilo-. and uuctualiy attonJ- J. ElKiSFR. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Somerset, Pcnaa. (MEUSKT I'LAM XO-M I LI POOD &, JONES, t n.m itrcnamd to do all kinds f plaouiK ad u:i :urii hi ouikuii( maieru.ii, FLIKiKIXll, WEATHER-BOABPINO, SASH AltDIHKIKS, WINDOW It DOOR FRAMES, VENETIAN SHUTTERS, BRACKETS, Ac i- . rt.iiiythinjr generally Bed In boose build All ol work duue u orner. ten pnnnutly tilled. Jf am GOOD A JONES. DIAMOND HOTEL, Bamucl Custer, Proprietor. jnia been farorcd with a lanre share of iat- l-ff a lb. past, ask (or a eoulinuanra of the '. Ml otmmodatJiBS are nrst class, tnc dm lanilrned at all times with the licet surni atl.iriis. Guests eun be aeounimilat-il!tlmi- with gtiod boarding and m reason Won. His house lielnff roomy is always 'J u. rinive pleasure parties; also cwd and ..'H-Bisui'iiiiK tor ininv neao oi norw-s. SAMUEL CUSTER. r.isiis. Pt Dceembt iih, 1'i CUXMNGIIAM, i'ilYMClAN AND SUIJGEOX. LAVANSV1LL;PA. .liT14m. lEYXoLDS, STEEN & CO., v (fljf.lte SU iliarles Tlotel,) Wisiii Ptucft, PiTTtiut Ron, Pa., porters f qnc DKWre and Mainirae lurtTs of Glassware. 'IS WAKE. ptK tl. ,i-lmi is pn iired to manufacture all N iM SHEET I HON WARE. m i,attj . Mi.j.iy ,f niiier aud brass imit no,, u i.tu.1, f Houm- I'urnisLine Goods) '''' '" "" hop one dr west of J'(.-. JJ.iu ;reet. SKBcrset. Pa. NOA11CASEHEEU. HYtlCIAX tt- SURGEON, M)Mi:usirr, ia. jRKAT IMiUCEMENTS. '?'""Bilng rirst-eliiss Fruit Trees, Vines II A RX E DS V I LLE, S-imersct (mntv. Pa. k'lf .P"rrue f him at lower rates than ol f'.K'- Feb.-'!. JHE FLO UK MILL" " 1 " Mill built un the site of tbe OLD -DEXXISOX MILL," hd Z. south of Somerset Is com i iJir,Dn'''. It has all the latest Improve "oine neat It I DO ol wurK J t . I" paid fur all kinds of grain. V A LEN TINE 11 AY. H(iLlji ALE DEALERS IN 330 Baltimore St, Mtimore. md. , 7 Bmnt Card, ; . l SllfIS AID (fflU VOI. XXL J, Hardware: HARDWARE. John P. Blymyer Bma ritieaed hii tart a Few, Doors Above the Old Stand, And offers to hit enstonar and friends a full Una of goods at the very lowest prlcM, Hardware of Every ; Description, IRON, ' NAILS . ; AND GLASS, Wooden Marc of AH Kinds, COAL. OIL LAMPS, COAL OIL, CHIMNEYS, And everything bekiuging to th Lamp trade. WHITE LEAD, LINSEED OIL, VARNISHES, BRUSHES, PAINTS IN OIL AND DRY, AND PAINTERS' GOODS.IN GENERAL. A laree stoek ol Table KiiUe and Forlaf, ItH'KET KNIVES, SPOONS. SHEAKS AND SCISSORS, PORCELAIN LINED KETTLES, fce kc, Tmrelhcr with rnnnv articles too numerous to men tiim in an advcrllKvnjent. He is determined to sell at the eery lowest prices. Oivehlm a call, june 12-Ti. JAMES PUG II, MAIN STREET, SOMERSET, PA. Is bow prejiared to manufacture all kinds of WAGONS, SLEIGHS, Ac. Be will also promptly attend to None bat the BEST MATERIAL will be used. ALL WOItK WARRANTED Ai'. 'one in tbe latest and most approved sty ie., tne LOWEST POSSIBLE PKICES. Somerset, March 6th. IKSUEE YOUB LIFE US THE Old Established and Reliable AMERICA! LIFE INSDMCE COMPANY OF PHILADELPHIA. The attention of the 'citiiens of Somerset and adjuiniug counties is respectfully invited te the claims wiii-h the American Lile Insurance Ooa pany of Philadelphia presents for their eonlidenne and patronage. It is peculiarly a Penosylrania Oomiany a home Comjiany and has always en joyed the conndencc el the people of the entire Slate. It ranks amongst the oldest Companies in the lilted Klates, and has maintained an onw.ru progress through nearly a quarter of a century. Prudence aim eccinoinv. set ure investments, and prompt jiayment of all its obligations have char- ai-teriKeu inisoowfiany inw tui ii.i. waummwu. With a large paid in cash capital, nearly lour anil lions of dollars of accumulated asset, ander the m.nsiretnrnt of srentlcmen ot undoubted Integri ty, ami well known throughout Pennsylvania, the American Life lwuraueelfe. itauis second tonoee iu the United State. orricgRS. Oeorge W.Hill, President, George Nugent, Vice urer, Alex Whillden, Chairman Com. on Finances. I'replileut. Jolin IS. vt lison. nerretarr ami i reas- board or Tai rraea. Hon. James Poll,-k. Ex. Oov. of Pa., Bow di recbir of U. S. Mint, J. Edgar Thomson, Presi dent Pennnlvania It- K. IVimtisny, Allien U. Kaliens. ncer. Eleventh ami Vine Ria. Phlla., Philip H. Mingle, Merchant, No, lo. Market St., . . . . - . .,U..II II w ..t.. men-hant, 27 Water SU, Pbiia., Isaac Haclehurst, run., nun. Aiex. km. iwmth, v. ... Atuimcv at Law. No. 0 Walnut Mnet, Phlla. John Wanamaker. Nos. H18 and WO Chestnut St aud corner ol tb and Market Sts Phils., Henry K. Hcnuett, Merchant, Phlla., James Lv l lag h..n l-n-.iilcnt Vimuien-lxl Nat. Hank. Phlla- L M. Wblll.b-n, Merchant, Nos. Ju and i2 South Fniut St. Phlla. i.Im-I.-. i.rued on all tbe most aMiroveil puns. Fur further inlnrmatliai apply to X0A1I CASEBEEH, Aaent for Ike rosapMw mt rsneraet. dn Ecorforalgi tj Act of LejAiire. capital, .... $100,000 FEimEGE, , . . $500,000 Df positwTS secured tj Real Estate ioTestments exclnslrelj. Six Per Cent. Interest Paid to depositor on the) oompoundinz principle. tfAHontitm U eWrvctea' to tho liborml pro ritiomo for trtlhdrmwif onomeg deposit od. Xl can he sTom n small aaeewatf s, WITHOV1 XOT1CB FROM TI1E DEPOSITOR. , Mi t vrptp. fMnieaciefU fill receire yrmpf JAMES T. BRADY, Proideni. DAVID CAMPBELL, TrtotwoT. MixeUaneout. JOBS DIBERT. JOUR T ROBERTS. JOHN DIBERT &, CO., TSO. 840 MAIN STREET, . JOUXSTOff X, P, E N N A. We sell Drafts negotiable in all parts ef the Uoi. ted States and Gajuulaa, awl In Foreign eoaatrlei. Huv Gold. Coupons ami Government Boa. is at highest market prtrea, UU money on approvea security. Drafts and Check, on other banks cash ed. Money recen-oe oaurpoMi payaoteosi Interred at Vie rate of Six per cent per Annum paid on Time Deposit. Everything la the Banking Line reoelvel our prompt attention. Thankful to our friends and customers for their past patronage, we solicit a continuance of the same, and Invite ether who here IrasineM w var llne to give as a trial, assuring an, tnat we snail ai all times do all we can to rive enure aaiisiaeiHa. FeeUTe JOHN DlBEJtT n CO. R. TJ. M. BEACnLT'S, CELEBRATED BLOOD PURGE ! This CraW has been In nee over twtnlf tears, and baa cured thousands of ease considered incu rable by the profession. It has not failed la sin gle ease to give relief If not entirely cere. It is particularly recommended In the following aompuunts; , SICK HEADACHE. PALPITATION OF THE HEART, LIVER COMPLAINT, RHEUMATISM, SKIN DISEASES, LANGUID . CIRCULATION, &c. in any derangement of the Bloo4. In all diseases peculiar to lemales it la a sure ana soeerriya Kern el. In short, It being a Remeiy acting through the Cirrttluftoa of Ike Blood 'on all the important or gans and emnnotorles of the body. It will cure ai. most any curable disease. For sale by MEYERS AN A WALT. Berlin, Pa- and by dealers In Family Medicines every it here. , JTJST o RECEIVED J U ' AT o o CQ AI. KIPPER'S O NEW GOODS, NOTIONS, m o Pi .4 ,a xv vy v jj xw x j-i wj FLOITR &c: c3 Re sure to call and see, and be convinc ed, as there are too many articles kept lor enumeration. CB I P4 OPPtiSITE 1 nv.nr.itni'ii iivt &Awn.ivn. iflAl'Uli C3 Soiturr, ra. July 17 A. W. KNEPPER. gOLUHL, WITH A. H. Franciscus & Co., laroBTER AV DEALERS 19 COTTON YARN S,BATTS, WICK, Twine and Ropes, I.OOKI50 GLASSES, CLOCK", FANCY BASKET Wooden and Willow Ware, &c, ARrrACTUBEES AID JOBBKBB OR CAItPETINO, OIL CLOTHS, MATTING, RUGS, &c, bli Market Street and 610 Commerce Street, Philadelphia, Junel0.tf. FOR SALE. A A second-hand 15 Horse Power Steam Engine AND BOILER, With JUDSON GOVERNOR,., all complete Address W. W, McKAIG k Son. Sept. its. Cumberland, Bid. FURNITURE. LEMON & WEISE, The ! I an I well kniwa firm of Lemoa A Wels of Pill SULHU11, Pa., Uauufacturcrs ol CaM Mtiire and Mil Have Removed to xo. Ill Fourth' Ave, 0.jiodte their old stand, Where they continue the buslncs in all Its branches. sept Si. WM, BOOSE & Co. FflOPERS &MCH11STS, SALISBURY, : : PENHFA., Maaufactarers of all kinds of ' CASTINGS & MACHINERY Orders by au.ll promptly attended to. . Address WM. HOOSE h. CO., Salisbury, Elkllck P. U. Somerset oo., Pa. Oct. IS. . . MaaBfaetnrcn of and Dealers la ". AND .. CURTAIN GOODS, Furniture Dealers Sujpliei at Low est Wholesale Rates. I No. 100 Third Ave., a l PITTSBURGH, PA. f . . -- . : -X'. j-; ' Oppoaite J. W. vTaodweU'i FTBltfJreWr- rooms. nov. . - . , . . : j ; ' X ...... ---..'- -.. .. -.-.v . . ,-t....... . . ,. : . SOMERSET, PA., BLB88IKUS 151 DISUCISE. Mine eyes were stiffened with the last night's tear Aad ary brow achod toe hcavliy to weep, , ;. Opprost with swtow past anJ future 6-Jin, ;. Too weary te awake too sad to sleep. With Italics head I drew away Iks bllad To look where lay the morning (Sail sid gray, I keard as whisper of the cold night wind, ' jMWBeaeaBtoehaaethe'glooniaway.-' ' Spread like a momlag veil ea every hill Hong jcheerleal mist, through which tbe dark dawa crept; ' The ram drops oa the trees lay eold aad sUU, Like tear of ene who In his sleep bath wept . Badly I turned and laid me dowii again Till sorrow leaden trance my sense did steal. As those who lulled by very ttregth of pain Forget their pain awhile and eease to feeL . So passed the hours away, and I awoke j Bat while I slept the world had traveled on : The daasp mist rolled away, the morning broke, -And, pouring radiance forth, Rproie the tun. The purple kills were tinged with Urlng light, , The grass was waving la the morning breete, . Like sparkling gems the rain-drops of the night In rainlmw howort were glittering from the ' trees. ' --- t.; ! -; : ' 't 'J f. " i .... --.1.' Thcsjny heart welted too, and the deep gluoto Passed like the dreaxy morning ajhu away; , Tbe sua abone warn and bright Into my room, "u ' . And I rose ap from my dull trance to pray." , 0 God, mostnercirul ! His ever so; While thankless bub feels hot the present pain ; A ad lies steeped In the wearlaees of woe, , Thy step is drawing near to heal again. Then teach at, Lord, to bow beneath the tod, , Even for the chastisement to love that more; -To trust the mercy of the loving Qed, 1 Aad In the very blow Hit hand adore. So shall we walk through our life's chequer'd day, Safe from Its noontide heat. Its evening blight, Till tbe last hoar of gloom shall past sway, . Aad leave at to awake In endless light If. F. Tribmnt. 1 ' THE 4JOVEK3IOB-B MESRAVE. To the Senate and House of Repre- . senlativesof the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: Gentlemen: In oliedience to the requirements of the Constitution, I have the honor of transmitting to you my sixth annual message. . Since your last meeting the general course ... . j x- . i or events, Doin otaie ana national, has been so propitious as to afford abundaut cause for mutual congratu lation, and of thanksgiving to that Almighty Providence whose will con trols the destinies of all. While we have been exempt from the calamity by fire that has befallen the .metropo lis of a great sister State, her misfor tune has inured to tbe benefit of our people by the enlistment of that sym pathy for the suffering which is one of the oidst-ennobling sentiments of the human heart, - .The seasons, though not so favorable for the pro ductions of our soil as in some past years, have been sufficiently fruitful ; and no general epidemic has appear ed to disturb the pursuits, or fill with sorrow the hearts of our population. Oar mining industries, manufactures and internal commerce are being con stantly enlarged and extended, and their enterprising proprietors are gen erally receiving remunerative returns. , A great political conflict has occur red, resulting in a signal triumph - of the same principles tuat were assert ed in the restoration of tne Union, the amendments of the Constitution, and the reconstruction of the States. The victory in Pennsylvania was de cisive of the victory in the Nation, and will ever be remembered as an inestimable contribution to tbe har mony, prosperity and glory of tbe countrv. The election of the soldier, who "is first in war," to tbe office that makes him "first in" peace,", was an appropriate exhibition of national gratitude, and inspires the deepest feelings of satisfaction "in the hearts of his countrymen." While the Constitution wisely with holds from the Governor all power of interference in legislation, it imposes upon him the duty of laying before the General Assembly such iuforma tion as the state of affairs, and recom mending to their consideration such measures as he may deem expedient and important to the public welfare. I am happy to inlorm you that peace and irood order have been main tained by the enforcement of just and equal laws, and tbe legitimate exer cise of authority continues to find an enduring basis of support in the in telligence, affections and moral sense of the people. FINANCES. The credit of the State remains un questioned abroad, because her pub lic faith has been inviolably maintain ed at home. The following condensed statement of the receipts, expendi tures and indebtedness of the Com monwealth is respectfully submitted : Receipts. Balance In Treasury . November Mth, 1(171 Ordinary receipts during the fis cal year ending Nov. 30, IfcTA Total In Treasury during year ending Nov. 80th, 1b7 Disbursements Ordinary expen ses paid during year enuimr November 30, 187'J., Lnnns. Ax., redeemed Interest on loaiis paid Total disbursements Balance ia Treasury November 30th, M72 ruBLIC DEBT. The public debt on N..V. 30.1H7I .. 40(.J,W1 T3 Add Cbamlirrturg certificates... . SW.74 M ' Add Agricultural College Lind Scrip luad. held In trust, as per Ai-t approved Aprils, 1872.... MAMWOtO Deduct amount paid by Commis sioners or the Sinking Fund during tbe year ending Nov. 30, ltna . . .r Public debt Nov. 30, t878-.;.-T. . Deduct assets In Sinking Fund.. e,00,000 09 And cash balance In Treasury .... 1,4S2,4M 81 Amount of assets and cash 1,471,808 7,148,(37 A2.M0.8.I1 U Z.478.S-U 00 LTutt.osl W A7,14'A!M 43 l,44CZ4i" ol 2,7;9,S20 at - a,47.320 Oo 27,303,44 4 10,782.44 61 Balance ef public debt unprovid ed for.... l,Ba,03o s which .can be extinguished in ten years by the annual payment of one million six hundred thousand dollars. Durimr tbe last six vcars navnients o ef a a on tbe debt have been made as fol lows: Amount paid in 1M7.. 1,781.844 SO . 1.414.818 S4 472,408 1 . 1,70X879 OS . 2.131.W0 17 . X,47,32 00 Do.. Do.. ., INW.... .. 1870.... .. 1H71.... .. U72.... Do.. Do.. Do.. Total payments lu.tvxatH M Being a little over twenty-nine per cent, on the debt due December 1, 18G6, which was then $37,704,407 77. SINKI.NO fund. In remarking upon this subject, I trust it will be instructive to refer, briefly, to some of tbe facts relating to the accumulation and payment of the public debt, and the origin of the assets arising, from tbe sale of the public improvements. However . wise vur predecessors were in opening' avenues for trade WEDNESDA1 JANUAIiY 22. 1873; and commerce, and It 'jer... great were tbe benefits rcsuK tj tbe peo ple from the internal ic . -tmemU of tbe Sute, it is obviotr ; at while those of other Stitei.jr Jr failed, to become source of rere v man agement of ours waaai ia to pro duce results wideii ! Jefeut -A large majority of tax-j eru, there fore, after long and patic I. endurance, becoming disRatisfied their man agement, demanded the" should ; be sold ; assuming it treoir a measure of economy, and , wol 1 prevent an increase of tbe publico Rations. r ... ! The , construction of ie improve ments resulted in a pul!c debt.whicn, in 1852, reached Its mathim, $41,624, 875 37. Tbe Interest, premiums and other expenses that hate lieen .paid upon the debt, from fta!ocipiency to November 30, 1872, aaii tip $76,845, 744 89; and mate the entire expen diture on account of the public works, $118,370,620 36. " V' ' :,: - ' ' In pursuance of law tho State ca nals and railroads were sold in 1807 for eleven million dollars in' nonds, upon which tbe State has received $1,700,000 in cash, and $9,300,000 re main in the hands of the Commis sioners of the Sinking t'und,' as fol lows, viz: . r "!'" '-rr'Jr Bondsof the Pennsylvania Ball-' " road Company, ;aeeraa ay ..' t : " Uea on the Philadelphia and . Oilumbia Railroad ' a4.MO.000 Thirty-vebediOfthsAltoraeay j j . i:r V alley naiiruau vawijmmj, each krr tlM.eeO. guaraiilrli 'i ; ,M . :; bytaePeansylvBBl Bailsna.l txtmnany, Kortnern Central Philadelphia and Erie Ball road Cempeny, payable . UO annually, aegiaBiasj Jea. -uary, 187 a, bearing Or per cent, interest from January L 1873.. .... , ...tr, Amount ot asset.. .-..'.' ':i 1500,000 BEMABK8 ONTHXFOBIOOkRO FINANCIAL ' STATIMINTS. :' The proper ' and efficient manage ment of tne . finances is one or the most important duties of the adminis tration of the State gdycrnment Tbe collection of tbe revenue; the eco nomical expenditure,1, the safe keeping of the public moneys, and well-guarded appropriation bills, are always questions of deep interest to the tax payers of the State. ,"-" It is a lasting honor to the people of Pennsylvania, that they have never, even when straggling under the most oppressive burdens, permitted the in tegrity, of the State to bo doubted, and now it cannot lie otherwise than gratifying to them to learu the rapid extinguishment of the public indebt edness, the greater part of which was incurred for improvements, which, as herein, already shown,' utterly : failed to be advantageous to her coffers. . The rapid reduction of the State debt, and the . reduction of taxation, have gone hand in sand throughout ray entire administration, and have constituted a marked portion ' of its jwlicy, attesting, at the same time, the concurrence aad ' wisdom -of the Legislature, and the fidelity of those who have been the' custodians of the pubjic funds. 1 .ILlU' " ' This policy should oe continued, and no attempt to cover up or conceal the actual expenses of the government should be made for the purpose of ob taining the people's consent to appro priations, or enterprises of donbtful propriety : which propositions, if coupled with a condition to raise money by immediate and direct taxa tion, would be unhesitatingly rejected. The Legislative appropriations, during the last six years, made in aid of tbe various institutions for the sup port of the deaf, dumb, blind, insane feeble-minded, friendless, wanderers, orphans, soldiers' homes, hospitals, universities, bouses of correctiou, pen itentiaries, and tbe payment of milita ry expenses, incurred daring the war; expenses of government, common schools, and Soldiers' Orphans' Schools, amount to ' about seven teen million dollars, i The expenses of the Soldiers' Or phan's Schools alone, during tbe same time, is $3,467,543 11, and, although it is a most notable and patriotic ex penditure, it is, nevertheless, an unu sual one, and if such a necessity had not existed, the reduction of the State debt, during their existence would have been nearly fifteen million dol lars. : :-,:':! During tbe past six years, tbe cur rent of legislation has been steadily in favor of reduced taxation. Not only have numerous local laws been enacted, exempting churches, ceme teries, schools, hospitals and other in stitutions from taxation, but many general la vs of the same character have been passed, as is shown by the followiug enumertion-: By the "act to amend the revenue laws," approved, February 23, 18GC, all real estate in the Commonwealth was thereafter made exempt from tax ation for State purposes. 1 By the act approved March 30, lM(i(), all persons who served nine months or upwards in tbe military ser vice, or who were honorably dis- t-harired therefrom bv reason of wounds or physical disability con tracted therein, and their property, were exonerated from all bounties and per capita tax and military fines. The act of April 29, 18C7, repealed all laws requiring payment of taxes to the State on - sales of loans and stocks by auctioneers. By the act of April 10, 1867. all trustees or owners of property to the value of thirty-five thousand dollars, used for soldiers' orphans' schools, were exempted : from all "county, road, city, borough, poor and school taxes." ; By the act of April 4, 1868, and the supplements thereunto, "all mort gages, judgments, recogniznaces and moneys owing upon articles of agree ment for the sale of real estate," were made "exempt from all taxation,- ex cept for State purposes:,' : By act approved January 3d, 1863, all laws therein recited were repeal ed, which imposed taxes upon "the shares of stock held by any stockhol der in any institution or company, incorporated under the laws of this State, which in its corporate capacity, is liable to, and pays into the State Treasury tbe tax on capital stock im posed" by tbe acts therein recited. The act of June 2d, 1871, repealed so much of the law of April 29th, 18 44, as imposed a tax of two per cent, on the capital stock of all corporations and professions. . And by tbe act of April 3d, 1872, tbe sixth section of the law of April 21st, 1854, was repealed, which' im posed a tax of one-half of one per cent pn the capital stock of all corpora tions created under laws "to enable joint tenants, tenants in common, and adjoining . owners of mineral .lands, to manage and develop the same. In view of these facts, the, practi cal questions now are, can any furth er, reductions - bo . properly made And tf so, on what subjects Ji M r r Heretofore, on several occasions, J have invited the attention ef the Leg islature to the., importance , of adopt ing a more liberal r policy- towards those citizens who are engaged in in dustrial . enterprises.: which!, employ large; numbers of: wrkingmen, and tend to develop the-resources of, the Commonwealth. - Involving - great risks, and requiring for tboir success ful conduct a large amount of capital, these operations have been, in tbe main, conducted by associations, , or ganized under tbe general laws which regulate the - incorporation, of manu facturing, piining and improvement companies., These laws,;' while they resemble, id , their 'principal features tbe liberal systems , in other States, fail in their ostensible purpose of en couraging manufacturing industry, because the privileges tbey grant are enourmously burdened with taxation. ' This may.be illustrated by suppos ing the case of twenty , persons, who each subscribe five thousand dollars to the stock of a company organized for the purpose of producing oil, or miuingore or coal, or manufacturing cotton or woolen goods, iron or steel, or any other commodity. The fund thus created must be expended in lands, ' buildings and permanent im provements, which are taxable for all purposes to the same extent as if they were owned by an individual opera tor. ' In addition totbis the company must pay a bonus of one-fourth of one per cent, to the Commonwealth upon its stock amounting to tbe sum- of two hundred and fifty dollars; It is there after liable to a tax upon its capital stock at the rate ofione-holf mill for each ono per cent of dividends made or declared.:, In case of no dividends having been made or declared, then three mills upon the appraised value of the stock. Also, a tax of three per cent, upon the entire amount ' of net earnings or income. Also, a tax of five per cent, on all interest paid to bondholders and other , creditors. (For all these taxes, see aet of May 1,1808.) j. , - r , ; An individual, wealthy enough to furnish a hundred thousand dollars in similar business, " would be . wholly free from these exactions. , The State imposes none of these burdens upon him. It does not keep an espionage upon bis business, or demand from him sworn statements of his . annual profits. It discriminates in bis fa vor against the association of small capitalists which it professes to en courage. And.i without sharing in any of tbe stockholder's risks, it makes itself a partner in their profits and follows. tbem. with a grasping hand, and a never-ceasing official vigilance of an inquisitorial character over their affairs. Such conditions are unknown to the laws of New England, New York and other rival manufacturing States, which, without exception, carefully prohibit duplicating of taxes upon their own industry. Stock in manufacturing companies is general ly taxed by them at its value, like other personal property of other indi viduals iu the region where the land are located." It is by such liberal provisions that these States have fos tered their industries and maintained a monopoly of capital and supremacy in manufactures. ' The Western and Southern States, for many years our customers, are be ginning to lie our rivals, and desiring to draw to themselves tbe benefits flowing from diversified industry, they arecnactingthe roost liberal laws for the encouragement of corporate and individual efforts "to establish manufactories, and in addition to this, towns are giving largo subsidies to secure the erection of mills and fac tories within then limits. Notwith standing the discovery of large bod ies of coal in the western States and their close proximity to vast masses of pure ores, Pennsylvania would still possess at least equal if not su perior, attractions for the investment of capital, were it not for her oppres sive tax laws; all of which have a tendency to drive capitalists beyond her borders to seek locations less bur dened for their investments. Nothing but a very strong necessi ty could justify such a variety of tax es upon the same thing. And if any justification ever existed I believe it to exist no longer, the time lias comewhen.wit h the proper diligence in collecting and economy in experidi turcs,the State can well afford a reduc tion of taxation; and legislation in that direction should be such as to relieve the undue burdens of taxation from every form of productive industry. I would therefore recommend that the enrolment of tax upon private acts chartering industrial companies when organized under general laws, be considered a full equivalent to tbe Commonwealth for the privileges of a charter ; and that all State taxes upon capital stock, net earnings and dividends of manufacturing, mining, and improvement companies, and all co-operative- associations, be repeal ed. This reduction will amount to $549,554 23 the sum collected last year. . I also recommend the repeal of that revenue known in the Audi tor General's report as "Tax on Loan9," which ainonuts to $492, 407 23. 1 It is confidently believed that with these proposed reductions, which amount to $1,041,961 51, the State can still pay all her current expenses, the interest on the public ' debt, and make an annual reduction of at least one million five hundred thousand dollars upon the principal. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS AND OF AGRICULTURE. By an act approved April 12, 1872, establishing a "Bureau of Labor Sta tistics and of Agriculture," the -Governor was authorized to appoint a Commissioner of that Department. Accordingly Thomas C. Macdowell, of Dauphin county, was appointed. He immediately established his office in the Capitol building, as required by an act, and commenced the work of collecting the necessary informa tion and arranging the statistical tables, in proper and convenient form to be laid before the Legislature, and for distribution among our citizens. The functions of tbe; commissioner embrace tbe examination of nearly all the varied industries of the State, and are defined in tbe act as follows : "The duties of such, an officer shall bo to collect, coinpilo and systematize, with reference to the subject of labor in its relations to fbe social, education al, industrial and condition, wages and treatment of .ail classes ef ; work ing" people, and bow the , same affect our permanent prosperity, and produc tive industry. , It shall also, be the duty of such Bureau to collect, and classify statistics relating to the min eral, manufacturing, agricultural and commercial productions of this Com monwealth.', 'The fourth-, section1 mate it tbe duty of tbe chief of such' Bureau to report annually to the Leg islature, in convenient fornv the, ro suit of bis investigations .,' 1- The act does not. appropriate ,any money to defray the necessary - con tingent expenses of putting the Dc- . ' . ' - i t ' a ' t'uiuuuui ah woraiiig oruer, nor uoes it prescribe tbe manner of obtaining the information, required, or , that it shall bo furnished I and it leaves the Commissioner without any means by which ho can obtain it except by the voluntary act of those engaged in business. . Thero were evidently oversights which vill doubtless be corrected by an appropriation, and by the passage' of suciV enactments as will unable the .Commissioner to pro cure, from tbe proper sources, the in formation required to carry out the intent and meaning of .tie law. ' ! i When it is remembered that Penn sylvania ranks second in population, second in manufactures, and sixth as a wheat-growing State, and " first in point of mineral wealth and recources among the States" of the Union, it should not be a question of dollars ana cents whether her vast and var ied resources shall be left to be devel oped by the slow process , of casual discovery, or be properly introduced to the notice of-capitalists, at home and abroad, by authorized and official statements of facts. , " ' 1 The information: thai : will be fur nished will not only be of great prac tical value to the citizens of the State, but will afford the representatives of the people,' who are' charged from year to year with the responsibilities onegislation; the best and most com pendious source of information,' the importance bt which. can only estimat ed by experience. -1 1 Pennsylvania stands pr-ecminent for her mineral resources, 'possessing as she does, the only known anthra cite coal fields, of any' conseqnencc, whilst her iron ores and oil art a source of inexhaustible wealth, that defies computation. A . few ' items only are necessary to prove 'the - cor rectness of the?e remarks. The pro-1 ductions of coal from tbe anthracite regions in 1820, was 136 tons; in 1870 it reached the enormous amount of 19,951,585 tons, and it i3 'estimat that tbe product will be swelled in 1872 to upwards of 22,000,000 tons. If the increaes in the production of anthracite coal has been so rapid and wonderful in a' period of fifty-two years, who can estimate its growth within the next half century f The productions of our bituminous coal fields, in 1870, foots up 14,968.465 tons. The two make an aggregate of 34,920,050 tons for that year. Meanwhile, the development and growth of the oil productions of the northwestern counties, almost chal lenges the credulity of our people. From August, 1859, when Drake sunk the fijst well, to the close of 1864, the production was 221 000,000 gallons, yielding the sum of $29,820, 000. In 1864, abont 62,000,000 gal lons were refined, the average price of which, in bond, at New York, (sixty-two cents per gallon,) gave a value of $38,440,000. The entire production, np to 18fi8, was 327,692, 224 gallons, equal to 8,493,339 barrels of crude oil. ; There is no doubt the future re ports of the Commissioner will dis close an equally rapid increase in the production of oil, and other facts con cerning it not less gratifying. Tbe remunerative prices paid at present for pig metal is inducing the erection of a large number of first class furnaces, which will materially increase the wealth of the State, and give a new impetus to other branches of business depending upon their pro ducts for active and profitable results in the near future. There are other questions of much interest to the public welfare, which can only be evolved with any degree of certainty by careful investigations; such as those affecting tbe health, comfort and general well-being of the people, but more especially the indus trial classes, who arc the main de pendence of the State for its continu ed prosperity. The question of labor, in all its relations , is one that con stantly engages a large share of at tention, and the subject can only be intelligently and properly legislated upon, after the recearchesof thestatis tian are laid before the Legislature, with such accompanying testimony, as will reduce to a demonstration the abuses which exist in our social sys tem. Much might be-said in this connection, but our patience shall not be unduly taxed by more extended observations, as. I am confident the question of labor, in all its relatious, cannot fail to engage the serious at tention of enlightened and patriotic representatives. In view of all the facts connected with tbe Bureau of Statistics, I most earnestly bespeak for it a liberal ap propriation, as well as the fostering care of the Legislature. CONGRESSIONAL APPORTIONMENT. On the night prior to the adjourn ment ef the Legislature at its last session, a bill was submitted for my approval apportioning the State into Congresssonal districts, for the period of ten years, under the national cen sus of 1870. The enactment was highly objectionable in many of its features ; and Congress then had un der consideration a supplemental bill proposing an increase of representa tives, that would give one additional member to this State. This after wards became a law, thereby giving to Pennsylvania twenty-seven meui tfers to Congress instead of twenty six as provided for in the legislative enactment of tbe last session. The latter having failed to receive Execu tive approval, the Congressional elec tions last October were held under NO. 32. tbe former law, and tbe three auiuon al members apportioned to the' State chosen as members , ac: large by the vote of tbe pcoplc. j Hence the duty of enacting another apportionment bill devolves upou. the, present Leg- lature, and I request for it that care ful and patriotic consideration re quired by tbe magnitude of the in terests involved. ... . t - U STATS TREASURER. ( . , .- The sixth section of tbe sixth article of the Constitution declares that : "A State Treasurer shall be elected annually by 'joint vote of both branches of tbe Legislature." . But the Legislature ; by joint res olution, passed at. two consecutive sessions, and approved by popular .vote at tne last uetooer election, has amended this part of the Constitution, by striking- out the section ' above quoted, and inserting in . place there of the following : - : "A State Treasurer shall fie chosen by the qualified electors of the State, at such times and for snch term of ser vice as shall )x prescribed by law." 1 he adoption of this amendment will be officially 'proclaimed on-the second Tuesday of January, 1873, and will supersede existing laws for the election of State Treasurer by the Legislature!,' Inasmnch , as . no provision seems to have been " made by law fjr filling this office, from the first Monday of May next nntil an election con bo had by the people under the amended Constitution I invite the attention of the Legislature to this condition of the subject, and recommend such action as will ea'rry out the amendment, and in the mean time secure so important an interest of the Commonwealth. - EDUCATION. Whith great propriety the Superin tendent in the opening of his able re port, congratulates the people upon the continued growth and prosperity of our public schools. . - , Tbeir progress is clearly indicated by comparing the expenditures of the last six years, with those of the six years prior to 1867, viz : Total cost ibr tuition from 1837 to 1872 BXO.iT8.Zi8 61 Total emt tV tuition from 1881 to ' 1S73-1. ,.. 12,744,08171 . as, 833,108 M tl.VJlX 11 ie.S00.ug 51 Total expenditures of the system from 1867 toi87l . . . j Total expenditures of tbe system irom 1801 to isob Increase tJ3.3n.801 so Pennsylvania, less fortunate than many or her sister states, has no school fund. , The legislative appro priations amount only to about six hundred thousand dollars annually; but the people in the several districts, voluntarily vote all other moneys nocessary - to support the . schools. The foregoing statements briefly ex hibit tbe deep and increasing interest entertained in behalf of popular edu cation. ' - ' . . . Intelligence and virtue aro conced ed to. be indispensable conditions of the permanent existence and prosper ity of any form of government The necessity of these supports increases in proportion as the areaof freedom and privilege is enlarged. It follows from these unquestioned maxims, that the demand for general education is more imperative in the United States tbau in any other country. Oar Con stitution recognizes tbe people as the inherent source of all power. All participate in the great act of creat ing the country's rulers. Tbe ballot decides all questions of choice, and fills all official positions, from that of tbe chief magistrate of tbe nation to that of the lowest town officer. This supreme and resistless power of uni versal suffrage, at once suggests the absolute necessity of universal edu cation. The truth of these premises admitted, no argument is required to establish the conclusion. Tbe common school system doubt less owes its origin to a common con viction that co people can be properly and permanently self-governing, whose intelligence is unequal to the comprehension of tbeir rights, privi leges and responsibilities, or whose virtues arc too feeble and imperfect to retain them from a violation of those duties which they owe to their Creator and to each other. When the system was introduced, thirty-eight years ago, it was gener ally viewed in the light of an experi ment The act creating it made its adoption dependent upon the vote of the people in their respective districts. Tbeir reluctant and tardy acceptance of the priceless boon is neither matter of surprise to us nor reproach to tbem, when all the circumstances are duly considered. Its present popu larity is indicated by the entire ab sence of complaint and a still more significant readiness, by tbe people, to assume the expenses requisite for its constant improvement and efficient application. Doubtless many years must elapse before the full fruition of its . influences can be received, but meanwhile, it will be gradually moulding the popular mind into more perfect conCormity with- the require ments of our free institutions. Fortunately the old prejudice, against the system no longer-exists ; but indifference, to a lamentable ex tent occupies its place. From the report of the Superintendent it ap pears that the number of children in the State, who do not attend school exceeds seventy-five thousand. This criminal neglect is most prevalent in the cities. In Philadelphia twelve per cent of the children between the ages of five and fifteen years do not attend school But more significant and alarming still, of the whole num ber registered as attendants, forty-six per eent are absent from the daily sessions. In the State at large the unregistered amount to six per cent, and the absentees to thirty-three per cent. And, as was naturally to be expected, the resulting ignorance from this neglect has proved a truitiul source of crime. Sixteen per cent of the inmates of the State prison are unable to read. Obviously, therefore, it is not suffi cient that the State makes ample pro vision, oucn measures should be im mediately adopted as would secure a universal participation of the benefit The children aro not to blame. They naturally preter freedom and amuse ment to the confinement and studies of the school room. Parents and guardians are the parties with whom the State must deal. ' She owes it like to her own peace and security, and to the highest welfare of the children who are to be her future citizeps, to see that tbey shall be rev cued from the perils of ignorance. - After careful and anxious delibera tion upon all the fact., and their ine vitable ..consequences, J recommend the adoption tf a compulsory system oi cnsi-:i(;on. i nut a i:w to ?ffwt will rH.-ounter objections is tot tu lie doubted j for irt view of the pro bability of sueh a measure, its oppo nents have already cuuiracnccd to marshal their forees. ; ,..; , : In Norway, Sweden aud Prussia this nyKteni was first adopted, arid such have been its salutary effects that other European governments have made haste tr foMow-their ex ample. Austria,' admonished by the defeat of' Sadowa, France by th crushing disaster at Sedan, and Eng land by the possibility , of a real "battle of Dorking," have decreed by statute that all, Jtheijr children shall be taught to read and writW, Influenced by a v6avictien that knowledge gives increased prowess in war as well as capacity and integrity for tbe peaee--ful pursuits of life. " And it is a fact of striking significance that none of the States that have passed such en actments have abandoned or repealed tbem. , .. . . . . , In passing from this topic, of para mount importance to the future well- luilfli, ftf tli. s"1sttvim.,ftaraklrh : I nvt. hesitatingly express the hope that tbe day is net distant when, through the Bureau of National Education, sec onded by the concurrent legislative action of the States every child in the. American Union, without refer ence to creed, caste, color or condi tion, Will be thoroughly and effectually instructed in all th elementarv branches of English education, and that uniform text books, setting forth the true history , and theory of our National and fctate Governments, will be provided and introduced into all tbe schools of the counrry. Approx imation of thought and opinion on these subjects is of vital consequence to the permanence of tbe Union, and the stability of our republican insti tutions. . Had sueb a measure been opportunely initiated, the war of the rebellion would scarcely have been possible.' 1 - Shotllil vou deem rnur rwinrera in. adequate to enact stmabte- laws upon this subject, tbe Constitutional Con vention, now in session, should not hesitate to habilitate you with such authority, and thus lend their aid and influence in making Pennsylvania the vanguard in the great mission of uni- versa! education. From the report of the Superin tendent of Soldiers' Orphans Schools, and other sources Jcel fullv.author rzed in assuring you they were never before in a more flourishing and pros perous condition. - - -' ; Vtrncv el.il. I I,,.,,!!-. -i:ri.1n 1 haviag made application, is now ad mitted to these .schools The - whole number of admissions since I3C5 is 6,429; the discharges from all causes, 2,902, leaving in attendance 3,527. No larger number will probably here after be attained1,- smd-rt may confi dently be expected that this "number will be subject Ho an annual reduction of at least five hundred, until the system shall have, accomplished its mission. ' . -. The entire expense of these schools " in the State,' sincc they went into nnpratinn !n ISfiri Jo. 1 Ai7 it? II Their cost during the laat. year was $475,245- 47. It is estimated by tbe Superintendent that , the future ex pense, to the period of their final ex tinction, will not exceed one million five hundred thousand dollars. . The, health of the : children has been excellent. Their . exemption from small-pox, while it was prevail : - it j .i 'in. iiigf m aruuuu inein, is reiuanaoir; and no stronger evidence of good management and the propitious re sults of systematic vaccination, could be adduced. The exemplary eonduct of the pupils after their discharge is one of the most gratifying circum stances connected with their history. The following statement of the Superintendent will be highly satis factory to the Legislature and the people: "From the beginning of these schools to the present the greater part of the children who have received their advantages have been honorably discharged. And from the facts in the possession of the depart ment it appears that more than ninety-eight per cent are doing well, and seem likely to become upright and useful citizens." Among the Si ates of the American Union, Pennsylvania stands pre eminent in her "care lor the soldier who has borne the battle, and for his widow and orphan children.7 Her noble scheme for clothing, educating, maintaining and adopting the orphan children of her soldiers who gave tbeir lives in defense of the National Union, is her own invention. In this the generosity of her people has been imitated, but not equaled by those of any other State. To her will forever be accorded the leadership in this work of benevolence. It will form the brightest page of her history. . It will seal the devotion of her people to the common country; and our Leg islators, in view of its benign influ ences, will continue to accord a eheer ful and liberal support to a system so fruitful in blessing to the orphan chil dren of our martyred heroes. Upon no material interest of the State is' the influence of education more salutary than that of agricul ture. Pennsylvania, by wise legisla tion, has authorized tbe purchase of three experimental farms, and the es tablishment of a college! of which are now in successful operation, and the results of the "scientific working of farms have already added much practical knowledge upon the general subject . Tbe Agricultural College has just closed a most prosperous year the number of students being one hun dred and fifty which exceeds that of any year sinee the opening of the institution. Any one, of three courses, is optional to the students, viz : Agricultural, scientific or classi cal, to all of which is added a general course of military instruction. Tbe admission of females, which was first permitted sixteen months ago, has thus far worked exceedingly well. Thirty young women have availed themselves of the opportunity thus afforded to obtain a first class education. 1 All students are taught to regard labor as beneficial and . honorable. The rule of the college requiring ten hour9 manual labor per week from the students is cheerfully complied with, and results advantageously to their health and comfort This State institution is pre-emi-nently the Teople's CdUege. Its preparatory department receives students at a low grade, as well as those more advanced. This school is "cheap enough for the poorest and good enough for the richest" either in mind or estate, and it affords healthful-exercise, instruction in use ful labor, and free tuition in every branch of its ample courses of study. BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. The eminent and philanthropic gen Continued on fourth page."