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, . of Publication. fori1 7hs S:as-rsst Herald - i . I. U.arnlnx atCS .pi rtbir.!: .miw discontinued !1 '-; -f r" j a uAe oat their ; " hcU lUbK (. the safari j ' crin mm of the lormer a somerset Printing company, WHLSCVU. I Xaaia wi' rlL B. OAITBK. HER. AttunK- , Law. , tlTHl-B ' " 4U pn,f,-.)ol business ItrTH. Marshall drug wre. -rTTTTtB has permanently lwitcd 1 J- " of prutesMuo.- ,r Benin I ' KnMiiurer'i (tore. : r - rTVVt-i vw.... - - I 1 ...rmf. IW lVV: .rwl nrnrttntliDff I J r- - .. ai ; Iran fa. vr I t. ; the old place, a n. i riVEB tcr1er bis professional .S H BM , Saamenetandvicin- . a 'ru us. 21. TO. .TTTh koontz. attorney at .i-UJ1 JLrt. F.. will i promj atten- 'iLTItruMed bis care ta .Vmerset :r 'W fy.. " -Kintte. OttKe In tue Jail ; -nTu rAln.inIer H. IVffnKh ha I iT ' ,h.urt-ii" n Somerset ana I arJ. Oft. in the Kecunier olhee, -rrT. (X)LBOKS. ATTORNEYS AT IT1?'. om' ini irf j1 "" 7... J . -tv-it'x-t-v jti.iw fuiv. 1 -"L PA-t" tJer a.1rnoe4 on e.erti.i j ' Sr h rert.ee, on Main ureet. . i TT-VT HAT. ATTORNEY AT LAW VALE2 S,rt. Pa will !jTtri entnuted w fan eare with w i in- .m-rt. Pa-. wiU prartiee In S-B- T'tlKO wiii I IT.lly attended to. vii u ir- D T TTM 1. ILL.l-,-3. A.'a.'' A a.- a . -'"' lli f mt t ail tin he fxi PPrrd to 4 " i AniDrl trlh of ail Ivii1b. nd of M a4r.-un. "I - t"o"kivmeu attorney at law. ! '1 "re in Soften ai-J 'lJ;4riiiif n- in ECETF.SCHELL. ATTOBXEY AT LAW, iiSre Hi liievm Hon. Jan. 11-tf. vvf MtYLKS. iTIVKAll i H ffl P- iU PiT Pr",V ' a"iie. Office on tnha atreet. tx niKiMKoa of Ed. SirniL jy- TiE.vrr house. ma. ffii'l-r inf.wn the nah. .... s,. icr.i tl,i well k.wn butrl iu the rc' NnereC h i bi mieolii to keep , . L- - k. wit! viv . , Mlulb. t.k g I ( I HUH-. BT - iav tavi him With their ea"m. ve 17 72 JOHN H"LU ' KVEPPF.R. Phvllan and TVoU- llerlln. . . ill give i-rompt attenti' to all ea- irKei tc b care. DR. A. (J. MILL.LK, alter twelve rj' active praetioe lu Shankrville. hat r j mc !Kiif. and ten. 1 erf bi prtrtal er- tj tiip r;::iii ui Somerset and vieinity. tv in tue un .hop formerly ucrained by c. A. ,BfL where be oa be euttftUteU at all uwra. s pr fp"iufialiy engagro. af Virit ealU fMmpiy aruwered. x li. TJ-ly- to H PiiSTLETH W A IT E. ATTORNEY u Iw. Kutoemet. Pa Prufeci.al ti- i wilfully iwiicitej and l onctiu Uy attend- j. k(sr.R. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Kumenct. Peana. OMELET PLAN I N'G-M I LL GOOD & JONES. i jssartann of bonding materiala. . HM.tA .11 ktnri. of tdanlnar and rvoErxo, T EATH EE-BO A RDIXO, SASH AXD rXOKS, WIXDOW A DOOR-FRAMES, YEXETIAX SHtTTEKS, BRACKETS, Ac . i. .... Tly Im WnM baiiltl- z 4 citad ttf work done t order. evMiaiptlj liiiea. GOOD.JOXES. DIAMOND HOTEL, Bimuel Custer, rroprietor. Ei'iar been favored with a large ahare of pat ct Btbe part. ak for a eaaiiinoance of tbe J! h J aenMmoiiatiaia are brat eiaa. the - brmg torni'ived at all time with tbe het mi aflxrd. Oaeu can be aemmmotlat- a .utft.l'.U gond boarding and on reawo- H. hae being roomy to alway 7 to rx:ve pleasure panie; aln gjod and i-rx aai.;irx fcg tiilrtv head of bor-. Samuel cister. Pa-, December tih, 1ST2. JJEVXOLDS, STEEN & CO., (traiit, SL Cliarlei Bote!,) ''." Strtft, Pittsburgh, Pa., "frVr f 0wM ware art Maaarar turm r (;iawware. JiJlIX WILSON" i SON, viiuiiu.i: t.itoti us, PITTSBUBGH. 'WARE. Jtiao; i prepared U. maxafaetare all AM' SHEET IRON WARE. ajfjT Utyj 1 aonulT of rt.prr and bra Jit t nd aU kuJ of n-e InraKhlnE ' L' '" Un- Sbnn one door weat of ' Maia treet. scret. Pa. "'J XOAHCAaEBEEB. S. GOOD, WYSICIAX d SURGEON MlWrimrr a a r.c oc Xaai Btreat iTt ' PP I T T t . - . LmJ wmu Frail Tree, Viae " aUaa, p. HI. UAH.VtDSVILLE, - - jvmmj, a aa. 'ianj. " aaaa h leawer raiee uai III Feb. a-2. f NEW FLOUR MILL. w rioar Jim baiU oa tU rtt of the OLD "DEXXISON MILL," ?-Jrf.-.n - r Taa; a wwvaa wa rafaaerMl IS en t ha alltb kaieat improve I - .artwl k. 1 . L . a r1 a. aa-jj- - - .aaaaa wt wura c h T r,e Pa"1 " xi of grain. ALENT1XK HAY. rItCTofTroth ACo I H0LESALE BEALXES IX Fi aim ui iwi Baltimore St, B5TIM0RE, MD, p,n.ut.m Card, ilie VOL. XXI. Hard tea re. HARDWARE. Jolm F. Blymyer II re-"!w.i hif More a Few Doors Above the Old Stand, i And offer to bin ecr men and frfendt a full line of Kod at the rerr t ,wct prkci. Hardware of Every Description, in ox. NAILS AND GLASS, iVoodeu Ware of All Kind, COAL OIL LAMPS, COAL OIL, CHIMNEYS, And evcrytiUnfi; N-l-tiding to tb.4 Lamp tnuie. white lead, lixsei:duil, VAKXISHES, BBVSHES, PAIXTS IX OIL AND DRY. AXD PAINTERS' GOODS IN GENERAL A force ftoi t ot Table Knifes and Forlav, POCKET KNIVES. SPXS. -SHEAKS AXD SCISSORS PORcIXArN LINED KETTLES, kf., kr.. t i Tucether with many artielcf tjnnmon to mea tian in an advertitviaaenu He u determined to cell at the verr tawrt priera. Give hiaa a rail, june 12-Ti JAMES ri'GII, MA IX STREET, SOMERSET, FA. In cow prrpsred to mannfaetare all kind of WAGONS, SLEIGHS, c. He will abx iieomptly attend to r None bat Uie BEST MATERIAL will be ed. ALL "WORK WARRANTED Ai ('one la the lateft and nvrt approved tyKk toe LOWEST POSSIBLE PKICES. Somenet. Marrh Cth. IlfSTJBE TOUR LIFE LW THE Old rtbiifhel ao4 Reliable AUEUCiK LITE DCUMCE CXPAST OF PHILADELPHIA. The attention of tbe caHif-a. "f Somenet and adjoining einlie fa reflect felly invited to tba eiaiau whi-h tbe Amertoui Lite lararaaec Oaaa pany of Philadelphia nreaent fr their eonfidenre and patronage. It i peealiarly a I'ennylvania Companv a home Cumpany and baalwayea jaiyed the eonndeoo ot the paM-ple of the entire Slate. It rank tmrnnftt the aaiact Oampaaie ia tbe United tstale, and ha maintained an onward pragre through nearly a quarter of a erntury. I'rudeace ad eaancrDV. (rear invectment. and irajmiat navmeiit of all 'it ! I ration have ehar- aeienaeai this ecKaay frim It brt omnizatkan. With a large paid In cash capital, nearly far mil lioo of dollar of armmnlated ae(a, ander the management uf genilemea of wndvabted integri tv. and well known thrvaghaaat Penneylvania. tbe Atneriean Lite ImtnrenceCo. tand aeeaaad tonoae ia tbe United State. orncKaa. . Gerg W.HI1L Pr Hent,Oeorre Nogent. Vice Prertdrot, JolmS. Wila. Secreury and Treaa nrer, Alex W hillden, C'hairmaa CXam. un Finance. oaKnrar rgriTgia. Hon. Jame Phllork. Ex. Gov. of Pa., now di rector of I . 8. Mint. J. Ealgar Tlavmaun. Preri dent Penwlvania K. R. Caimpany. Albert V. Kaaoerta, Grocer, Eleventh and ine Sia Phil, Philip U. Mmgie, Merehaot. No. l a .Market 8L, PhUa H'. Alex. U. t.'hattell. X'. K. IScnataar. merebant. Water Sl, Phiia., laaae Haxlebnrst, Aturov at Law, No. aU Walnnt street. Phil-, John Wanamakrr, No. HI and "S 'hestnnt St. and corner of aih and Market Pbila, Henry K. Uennett. Merchant. Phila.. Jame L. Clag hurn. Prevf aent Caaameri-ial Nat- Bank- Phila L. M. Wbilldea, Merchant, Noa.'Jvand 22 S-th Front SU Phila. paalirir inmed ail the nvaltt aiiruved plana. For further iniormatiua apply 10 0AII CASEBEER, Agewt for th ramyaaaaiy aat Kwaaeraet. deoi JCONOMY IS WEALTH. To the Iaadic. TRY ONE OF Ulc?ss Sz TJmco'w Impxaaed Patent Self-Heating Smoothing Irons, Which 1 fatbemirigaurtvrral favorite through out the country. TU Iron eonf ribote IU full har toward eeoo omy la domrstie life, aad 1 well worth the attea Uaa of arm hoosekeeper. It I hrated sun pi v by a Are lnrtiie, like aa ordinary toT. They are ot diBervat (taea. weighing frum fiva to eight pound. It av De-thrd tha time aa Ironing i duo with aaach laaa taiiaraa no aiaaxer wf amottlng the etotbea, aaai wtwa Iraodw they bar a much better an 1 ui. It leml to the Imwer a great degra of comfort, (en. by the oa of rt. bnt noma are avoided, aad the persoa u not ahjaeted to tbe almost insuffera ble beat of a stove ar famae In warm weather. A (alSrieat proof of ike aatMlaetion which It rivea. and the favor with which tt I received. t th already mrge and (till toereaairig demaod fur it, ad which fall haw fast it I aomin! lata general e througfaoat the eoaniry. Kat naijT are th virtue of the Iron apnreriateai at home, bat lb trae worth of tt I benaming ap- parsot everybere. that tboaamd of them ar auw being uld to varioo foreign eoanirie. Karh I th oabdeao " the SBairafartarer In tba eieeiieary af thi Iron, that they ay it oolj Bead a tnat to prove lueii ruwaoie mrj Dnosav ktwnrr. aad w warrant lwm to givw taltafixtkaa if tbe direction ar fullv obaervad. akaf-A raaae Iran if ree'rt." ONE bring all that I aim aaiary for a family, as it ca a be kept Uy hot while u use, aad only rcpamug On Can writfllMferalnEiix. I woaW not be without this iron fuv3tt. if I could aot get aaothrr." I tha exriajuall'-a uf IboM who m the lilaie argnaiex. TRY IT! TRT IT! atarTail 4 Irtettnt neUtti iu emrk irtn. Tot sale by riAXK . StrFALL. fSowwrset, Pa. H. DEXXISOX. HarnadcvUle, 8crat my. Pa. AagasttrJuUrz. $12 O.vaaa. aa nil.n r A r I. r. kJ raaiaaa walnut f. kf. our. in. wiiaraa' MB a vavan avv- arav vn Mopt, perfectly new. Factory prka, fiTS. Ala amber af Second-hand Meludaoaa aad organ ranging la prk rraasa ui aad upward. r fur reat at (aaderal priea. Call ami examla at tha ma (li numi of CHaKLOTTF. BLCME. tL U Sixth Area. Pltubarg Pa. Sola Agent for Prince a Ce.' Organ. JIuceHaneoiu. JOBS DlfiXKT. JOHN 1)1 BERT JOai P BOSKCT. CO., XO. 240 MAIN STREET, JOHNSTOWN, PENXA. ! We ell rrfU nepttble in mil part or the I'nl ' ted State and Canada, ami in Foreign eonntriea. ! Hot Uuld, Cuuami as-i Uoremment land nt I liixnevt market price. Ln money on anpruret) ' t'curltv. ltrafl atvl Ctierk on other banu tub. j ed. Jl'ey received m dejweit payable on demand Iutere-d at the mU of Six per cent, per J Annum paid on Time Depotitt. Everything n the Banking Lin reeeire oar pnmt ii-ntii. Tnanklal to oar friend and eoAnnier for their paM patmnare. are auUHt eonlinoanc of the aaiae. and invite other who hare honinea In oar line to rive a a trial, amrinr all. that e ball at all time do all we can to give entire ntiriaetHm. Feb 21 Te JOJiX KllitKT k CU. TR. U. M. BEACIILY'S, CELEBRATED BLOOD IUIiGE! Thl Krmeiw ha been In ne over firmly yrtri, and baa eared thoawwi uf eaae ennrtdered iaeo- rable t,r the profemtan. It ba not failed In a Ma rie eaae to give relief if not entirely ears. It I particularly reeurnmended la the following domplaintit: SICK I1EADACJIE. PA LPJTA TlOy OF TIIE HE A BT, LI YEP. C0MPLA1XT, HUE U MA TISM, SKIX DISEA SES, LAXG CID CIBCULATIOX. f-e.. m any derangement of the Bloo4. Ia all diear peculiar to female it it a nut and &orrrri;a airo ee. In r-hort, tt being a HVavcf acting throngs the CirenUtion ae IMoeat on all the Important or gans and emnnetnrie of the body. It will core al maH any cwrable dUeaae. For sal by MEYERS fc. AX A WALT. Berlin, Pa., and ly dealer in Family Medkict every ahere. JUST Q o o P- i m e-f RECEIVED. 15 i u 1 i a jo iw r! AT B AI. KIPPER'S I di c3: t j i o; IO1 I5 IO GOODS, g ' SO 00 ax t L,i O1 NOTIONS. Q 5 o o 3. o to p ft sapnnp.PTP.s ( - 1A X.VUJUJ.lli.aUW, FLOUE &c. Be rare to call and are, and be roc vine- C3 ad, a there are too many artkki ke(it for eniuDeraiioa. 2! V P4 U OPPOSITE (SOMERSET IIOl'SE, SanxxssET, ra. Jolj IT A. W. KXEPPEE. o s OL UIIL, wrru A. H. Franciscus & Co., ixroETxsa in muueca 1 COTTON YARNS, BATTS, WICK, Twine and Ropes, LOOKISO GLAE, CXOCKS, FANCY BASKETS Wooden and Willow Ware, &c, Axrrac-ixaxa ai aMuxa aw CAKPETIXG, OIL CLOTHS, f ATTLXG, RUGS, Sx., tU Market Street and (19 Ooauseree eUrect, IHiladclpliia. Joiaelo-tl WE BOOSE & Co., FOUNDERS & HACHDJISTS, SALISBURY, : : PEXX'A., Manufacturer of aU kind ef CASTINGS & 3IACIHXEBY Orders by mail promptly attended to. Addrcas WM. BOOSE a CO, SalUbury, FJklkk P. O. Somerset co. Pa. wmm & wEmERHOLD, MnubctortT of and Dealers In AND CUETAIN GOODS, Furniture I)f alert Sujiplird at Low est WhoUtale Hale. No. 100 Third Ave., PITTSBURGH, PA. Orposita J. rooxu. W. Woual well's Faro it are Ware aov. M. gARRETT Lumber Company, O ARKETT, SOM EKSET CO, PA. Earnest, Delp A Camp, .PROPRIETORS, white prxr, YELLOW PIXE, OAK, BEM LOCK, AXD CHESTNUT LTTfBER, SAWED AND SHAVED SHINGLES, AXD PLASTERING LATH. Building Lumber "Cut to a Mil" at hort actica. Onler frem ranker dealers promptly BTled at wWeaalepn. au. t, Tl-tt glMMONS a CO, wraotaaaLB Muxsaanr Tobacco and fiegars, 4W Hartet Street, Akare FawTtk, PHILADELPHIA. aWE. H. XataaaB, ageaa, Soaaanet, Pa. deoTra Somerset SOMERSET, PA., TUE BITEB PATH. T atOBX O. VHITT1ES. No bird aong Boated down the hill. Tbe tangled bank below wa Mill "To rwstle fina the birchen (teta. No ripple from the water' bem. Tbe dost of twilight round Of grew, W felt the falling of the dew: From na, era the day ni done. The wooded hill (hat oat the ran. But aa the river" Urthereat ri le. We iat the hill top glorified A tender glow, exceedingly fair, . A dream of day without lu glare. With an the damp, the chill, the gloom. With them the innfct'l roy bloom ; While dark through willowy mit a d-en. Tbe river ruHed In (bade between. From out the darknrx wbert we trod, We gated upon the bill of Oud. W bone light seemed not of moon or un : We pake aot, though oar thought wa one. We paoiwd, ai If from that bright rimre 1 Beckoned oar dear one gone before 5 Aad Kayed oar beating heart to hear . Tbe vuiccl kt to mortal ear ! Sakien oar pathway turned from night. -The hills wang open to the light ; Thro' their green gate the muhine nawcd. A bang, alaut (lender downward Bowed. Down glade and glen and bank It rollei, Ii bri.'.jfeJ the baded atxeam with gold : And born; on piers of mUta allied. The siiadowy with the (unlit (1 le ! "So," (aid we. "when oar feet drew near Tbe river dark, with mortal fear. And the night eumetb chill with dew. O Father! let thy light shine through ! So let the hlll( of doubt divide. So bridge with faith the ranieM tile ! So let the eye that toll oa earth On thy eternal hill look forth ; And hi thy beckoning angel koow The dear one! whom we love below." Hit ETCH Eft FBOH IIISTOBT. Ws4erlr latrl r the Day a r C'blviUrjr. TLere is a class of characters that flourished in the olden days of chiv alry and disapeared with the kriip;bt3 and ladies and the other notable char acters of that period. As popularly Uuderctcod, there are no representa tives of this type of people left in the world. Down through the long ages through which the rtries of their wanderings and achicveiuents come to us, there has gathered around them a fictitious glamour which in vests them with a dignity and respectability which they would scarcely possess were they permitted to step bodily into this nineteenth century. After all, when their true character comes to be considered, one can't feel quite so sure but what there is pretty near the same sort of people roaming atou the world in these days, spong ing on other people and living by their wits, vulgarly termed now dead beats. All things considered, it was but natural that the profession of the troubadour should become, as it did, the last resource of those who failed in other pursuits. For instance, Ell as Carel was a jeweler and heraldic engraver ; Eli as of Bariols a bank rupt merchant ; Peter of St Remi a ruined spendthrift; Arnand de Mar veil a notary without practice ; Wil liam Adhemar an unsuccessful sol dier; and numbers, as Hubert of Puc bot and Peter Rogiers, runaway monk" Still the troubadours craft was not to be assumed off haad. Facility in rnyming, an ear lor music, a vein of low humor, a fiddle, a good stock of impudence, and even a capacity for "jumping through four hoops ;" were not the only essentials. Some thing further was requisite, which was only to be learnt by associating with recognized members of the brother hood. For example, the poetic stock of imagery was limited, and so were the uses of each particular figure. There was one kind of metre appro priated to the canzon, another to the tonzou, and a third to the servente. Rhyme and cadence, too, had their laws, which could only be infringed by a genius of the highest order. There were also what may be called stage rules. A good song had to be given in attractive form in order to render it popular ; and, as all great poets are not blessed with pleasing voices, the troubadour who was mere ly a poet found it indispensable as in the case of Giraud de Borneil to consort with those who could ting. It was also found that monotony "did not pay," and therefore declamation, farce ana tumbling were added, one after another, to the. entertainment Thus the performance of the trouba dour assumed a dramatic furm at an early period, and necessitated corres ponding s-kill on tbe part of the per former. Besides, there were certain usages with respect to copyright, which, as the following anecdote will show, it was of some importance to understand. Albert of aSistoron, a poet of tbe cavalier servente order, on his death-bed intrusted his compo sitions to his comrade, Peter of A a lieras, directing tbe latter to present them, in the composer's name, to his lady love, the Marchioness of Males- pma. reter proved unluittilul to tbe trust reposed in him, and sold tbe songs to a wandering minstrel, Fabro of Uzcs, who sang them as his own. The deceit was soon detected ; but so long as Fabro confined his peregrina tions to Lombardy and Piedmont, it remained unpunished. In Provence, however, a different fate awaited him There the courts of love took aogni zance of such offences, and before one of these courts Fabro was speedily cited. He had no choice but to ap pear, for every inhabitant of the coun try was an unpaidbut zealous servant of the tribunal, and such a thing as contempt of court was quite impossi ble. By some means left untold, tbe attendance of an important witness Peter of Valieras was secured at the trial Therein Fabro was found guilty, and sentenced to be whipped a sentence that was rigorously ex ecuted. We may remark that similar jurisdiction was exercised in Rhine land by the piper-kings Rappolaleln potentates whose connection with tbe troubadours and the courts of love of fers a subject for interesting discussion in the proper place. It was customary for intending trouvera to place themselves under the instruction of properly qualified teachers. In tbe earlier times tee dis ciple followed and waited or the mas ter dretty rooch as Elisha devoted himself to Elijah nor did the one think of setting up for himself until the other had abandoned the road. Thus the trouver, Oliver, was attend-1 ed by Elias of Bariols. , And thus a 1 poet, whose real name is forgotten under the soubriquet Cercamons ESTABLISHED, 183 WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 5. 1873. (Cherchemonde), which he derived from his irresistible liking for vaga bondage, and to the extent to which he gratified it, was followed by the somewhat better known Marcbebrus. This Cercamons is pictured in old manuscripts in the habit of a traveler that is on foot, with his tunic tucked np to his belt, and over the shoulder a staff, tJ tbe end of which a bundle is hung.' The scholar of this worthy was, in his way a representa tive man. lie was a foundlimr.whom I Aldric de Villars, a Gascon baron, picked up in one of bis fields, and edu cated with a view to tbe church. The protege, however, frustrated the views or the patron, by railing in love witn the life of a troubadour, and abscond ing with Cercamons in his fifteenth year. While playing the part of fag, he bore the name of Pan Perdit, pro bably in allusion to the comfortable livelihood which he had sacrificed. Eventually his name was altered to Marcbebrus, or March tbe severe, be cause his strength lay in satire. Not less a wanderer than his master, he traversed many lands, extending his rambles as far as Portugal. Every where he sang against current vices, to which, unfortunately, his censure was not confined. He dealt just as harshly with individuals, ' and thus made many enemies. , . Finally, sever al barons of Guienne, whom he had exasperated by bis servant's (satires), waylaid and put him to death. Nor was Marcbebrus, who must not be contounded with another of the name who flourished two hundred years la ter the only troubadour who suffer ed thus and for the like cau.-e. Another method of acquiring the trouver's fckill was in attending those baronial and princely courts which tbe fraternity were accustomed to haunt. In this way, men of noble birth became adepts in the gay sci ence. At a later day, professors of poetry located themselves in the chief Provencal cities, where they seem to have found abundant occupation. A celebrated trouver, Pete Cardinale, ! settled thus at Taracon toward the close of the thirteenth century. He gave such general satisfaction that the commune took him into its service and assigned him a large stipend out of the public revenues. Robert, Duke of Calibria, visiting the place shortly afterwards, was so much ! pleast d with the conduct of the men ' of Turacon and their professor, that I in nmn tt Ki j f-atTtAi ta' Vi r va" a j a a. .a aaii. uaiuv vi uto jutu a ( u j w Coui.t of Provence, as well as King of Naples, ho confirmed all the privi leges of the city, and exempted it, be sides, from imposts of every kind for ten yearson the sole condition that tbe professorship should be maintain ed. A nother of these professsors was Bertrand of Peiers, who, as Nostrad amus writes, "For a long time kept a public school of Provencal poetry." Among his pupils was a young lady of rank, who was surpassingly beau tiful, and who sruigmarvelously. Ber trand taught her to niake'verses. Nor as this the limit of bis instructions. The professor, as well as the pupil, was young and handsome, and there soon occurred precisely such an event as is commemorated in the old Scotch ballad of ibe "Gaberlunzie Man.'' Thenceforward the professor's oc cupation was at an end. Partly to avoid fhe indignatiod of the lady's relative, and partly to procure a sub sistence, the pair, became wandering trouvers, a career in which more than average success attended them. Their story was soon widely known, excit ing much sympathy, and more curios ity. Thus, wherever they went, they were secure of a favorable reception, an advantage of which they took care to make the most, Hfevious to entering a chateau, they were accus tomed to make minute inquiries re specting the inhabitants. "Then," writes our authority, "and with won derful quickness, they would compose a song ornamented with tbe memora ble deeds in love, and tbe chase of the chartelan and his progenitors." It need hardly be added that they were always richly rewarded. On one occasion, however, they were guilty of a small error of judgment It happened when Giovanna 1, of Na ples, and her newly wedded . second spouf e, Louis of Taranto, were com pelled to take refuse at Avignon,from the wrath of the Hungarian monarch. Being tbe late representative of their ancient coants, Giovanna was exceed ingly dear to tbe Provencals, and her court was speedily thronged with all j that was noble among them. Nor with such only. The brilliant scene, was the resort of all who lived by their wits, and thither, with the rest of their tribe, hied Bertrand and his wife, l toe latter soon secured a roy al hearing, but to the astonishment of queen, consort and courtiers, the en tertainment opened with an elogy, in which Andrea of Hungary, the mur dered first husband of Giovanna, was credited with every possible virtue. A curious jumble of Christian saints and heathen deities was employed to tear him from the arms of the fond Giovanna just to prove her patience. And then the same choice band was made to present her with a better hus band, in the person or Louis of Tar anto, as the meet reward of her an gelic resignation. The piece closed with a "joyous epithalamium" on the recent wedding. Then came the re ward of the singers. Among other rich gifts, the poetess received "a gown of velvet cramosie" from the queen, and the poet a silken mantle from the king. This wa3 for the epi tbalamrum. The singers were then led to the kitchen, where they were heartily fustigated by tbe master cook, as a small return far their elegy. It is not annsual for pairs resemb Iiug Bertrand of Pezers and his wife in all respects except occasionally the trifle, marriage to wander as troubadours. So rambled those "com ers," as they delighted to term them selves, the noble Raymond Ferraad and tbe equally noble Alete de Man leon, lady of Courboa. Ferraud, the admirable Chrichton of his day, was a warrior, mathematician, engineer, musician, and architect as well as poet After dazzling the court of good King Robert for half a genera tion, he turned vagabond along with Dame Alete, who wa3 one of tbe presidents of the court of love which was held in the castle of RomanL For several years the lovers led a joy ous life and met with boundless suc cess. At length came the period of cooling blood and evaporating passion Ji. .IL V-'.H 7. that period to which sensual indul gence contributes nothing but repul- sive memories and which is called re- pentancc. Both repented bitterly, and took a course not difficult to an- ticipate. It was not without a touch of Doetrv. Burnincr ever? copy of their amorous songs and retiring to tbe Gulf of Cannes, tbe one became a nun in tbe Convent of St Marguer ite, which stood on the more northern of the twin islets of Lorins, and the other became a monk in tbe Monas tery of aSt Honoret, which stood south of the narrow strait on the oth er islet Thus effectually sundered, though almost within earshot, they spent the remainder of their lives. In the case of Guillems de la Tor, who flourished during the wars of the Sicilian Vespers, such companionship had another termination. Travers ing Lombardy, he visited Milan, where he fell in love with with the wife of a barlxT. The lowly dame proved as frail as the high-born lady of Bourbon, and abandoning husband and home, she marched away with the troubadour. All went well for a few months. At Como, however, the barber's wife fell a victim to one of those visitations of pestilence so fre quent during the Middle Ages. Her lover, as infatuated as Raphael with his Fornarine, could not believe in her death. "She is merely feigning, the better to obtain an opportunity for abandoning me," he remarked to those around him. The people of Como having buried the body in spite of his resistance. Guillems took post upon the grave. There he remained continually for ten days and as many nights. "Ev ery night," writes an unknown, "be opened the grave and took out the body of his mistress. Keeping it in view, he would spend the hours of darkness beseeching her to speak to; him to say whether she was alive or: dead to return to him if living, and if she were indeed dead, to signi fv what pain she suffered that he' might know how many masses there were to be said, and bow much alms there was to be distributed in order to procure her relief. Then, at break of day, he would replace the body in the grave and cover it up." When the singular story was known throughout the place, the people as sembled, and, tearing Guillems from the scene of his waich, expelled him from their city. Thenceforth he wan dered incessantly over tbe face of the earth, seeking through many coun tries tbe means of restoring his beau tiful mistress to life. At length a mocker pretended to supply him with "If! : what he desired so earnest! v. you recite the psalms, fifty paternos ters.and as many aves, and feed seven medicants every morning for a whole year, without breaking your fast, quenching your thirst, or speaking a word, the woman you love will be re stored to you," said the mocker. Guillmes followed his advice in every particular, keeping an exact account the while of the progress of time. But when tbe year was out md he had been cheated, he died of the dis appointment Aavsc tm the Clrla. We have, charity for fast girls. We have often found them generous and warm-hearted, and are fully ready to believe that their disregard of conven tionalities is often the boldness of in nocence. For example, in some fam iles tbe chamber of the sister is the resort of tbe brother in tbe first place, then of the cousin, who is almost a brother, and then of the brother's in timate friend, who is treated as one of the family. When this style of living is transferred from tbe shadow of the family to tbe apartments of a crowd ed hotel or boarding-house, it gives occasion for much speaking and free thinking for a style of judgment that often does the girl great injustice. We have said that our Americans have their faults. Tbe want of con ventional limits or propriety between tbe sexes is one of them. Theyoung French girl is kept secluded, and nev er suffered to see a gentleman, un watched. In America, from early childhood, boys and girls grow up to gether, and on tbe whole it is best they should. In order that this liber ty should produce good effects, the parents and guardians should inces santly teach certain limits of proprie ty. There are certain other places, times and modes of intercourse that are improper, and it ought to be a part of the early training of every girl to teach her this. Every approach on the part of a young girl to any personal familiarity with a young man such as she might most innocently take with another girl, exposes her to misconstruction, which it is the duty of her mother to prevent by timely warning. A favorite author has said that such personal advances on the part of women were "immoralities of manner," even where the intention was innocent Do, girls, take care respect yourselves respect your sex, and do not give tbe enemy canse to speak reproachfully. Listen, all of you, to what a man says. It is out of some old-fashioned "Father's Le gacy," or some such antiquated book, lie says: A fine woman has power over us of which she very little dreams, but a little too near acquaint ance often disolves the illusion, and converts the angel into a very ordi nary girL" Let a mother tell you, girls, that mothers, when they send their beys into the great world, with its temptations, hope much for them from tbe influence of good women. Did yon ever tbink of this when you tell young men . that you dote on smoking when yon urge wine upon them at parties ? Some mother .some sister, may wish that you would lead her son or brother to nobler, purer conceptions of life. - Ought not some higher metive to govern .your inter course with the young men of your acquaintance than merely the desire to fasten their admiration upon your selfto please them at any and every hazard ? Be sure that a yonng man who is pleased through his lower na ture, because you encourage his indo lent and indulgent habits, and take part with bis least elevated impulses, will think of joa after while only as a part of something unworthy, which bis better self will seek to outgrow. Mri. H. B. Stove. Tread carefully OTer the sidewalks if you dont want to fall. 0L Ancient Vowaaaerjat Ephrt, Prww ajrlvawfe. E h . n , d 80nitw.ntv.six mn fromanPaster. T)ff ,c(tIemt.nt of Ephrata W3S can?0(1 . . . . by a circnnirtsnrc of verv romantic interest. A religious societv was formed in Germany, in the year 1708, by eight persons, who entered into a covenant to unite in the examination of tbe rules and doctrines gathered from the New Testament, and to form a mode of worship and life in conformity with the result of their investigations. Persecution soon drove them f:om their homes, and Alexander Mack, a leader amongst them, devoted his property to the common use of the societv, and emigrated to Mill Creek, Pa., in 1729. Conrad Bissel, one of the members of this church, issued a religions tract in 1725, and owing to the excitement caused by it at Mill Creek, he retired secretly to a cell on the banks of the Cocalico, where he remained for sometime undiscovered by his brethren. When his retreat wa.? found, they gathered about it and built cottages ; so that the her mit's cell was the nucleus around which the future town of Ephrata gathered. In the year 1732, the solitary cot tage life wa changed into a convent icle one. a monastic society was es tablislcd, and the erection of build ings commenced. The dress adopted was, for the brethren, along white gown and cowl, of texture suited to tbe season; and for the sisters the same, with a slight change in the hape of the cowl. The first buildings of the society of anv consequence were "Kedar" and "Zion," a meeting-house and convent, which were erected on the hill called "Mount Zion." Larger accommoda tions were afterward boilt in the mea dow below, comprising a Sisters' house called "Saron," to which is at l ached a large chapel and "Saal," for the purpose of holding "Agapas" or Love Feasts; and a Brothers, bouse, called "Bethania," with which is con nected the large meeting-room with galleries in which the whole society assembled for public worship, in the days of their prosperity. The buildings are singular, and of very ancient architecture, all the out er wall being covered with shingles. The two houses for the brethren and sisters are very large, being three or four stories high. - Each has a chapel for their night-mettings. The chapels and "Saals" are hung and nearlv covered with large sheets of elegant penmanship, or ink-paint- . " 1 - , " . . a ings, many oi wnicn are texts iroru the Scriptures, executed in a very handsome manner, in ornamented Gothic letters,"callel German Fractur Schrifter. A few davs after the battle of Brandywine had been fought (Sep tember 11th, 1777), from four to five hundred of the wounded soldiers were taken to Ephrata, and placed in the hospital. Drs. Yerkel, Scott (father of Colonel Joseph W. Scott, of New Jersey), and Harrison were the at tending surgeons. The wounds and camp-fever baffled their skill, and one hundred and fifty of the soldiers died here. They were principally from the eastern States and Pennsylvania, with a few British, who had deserted and joined the American Army. The place where they rest is in closed, and for many years a board, with an inscription setting forth the fact, was placed over the gate of the inclosure. This has given place to the foundation of a monument, the corner-stone of which was laid, Sep tember 11th, 1845. At the time Congress left Phila delnbia and met at Lancaster for safety, money was minted at Ephrata. The difficulties and disadvantages which the hardy pioneers had to con tend with inputtingup their buildings may be imagined, when it is known that thev bad to prepare all tbe tim ber, etc., unaided by machinery or power, save their own strong arms. Trees were cut down in the forest and dragged bv hand to their requir ed positions. The locks and hinges of the doors, all house-hold utensils and such primitive agricultural im plements as they used, were made from wood, and window-sashes cast from lead. The leather was tanned upon which to make the card, the card was made, tbe sheep raised and sheared, the wool carded, spun and woven, all by their own hands, ujon their own premises. They wrote and printed valuable books, when print ing was in it3 infancy here, and spec imens of their typographical art are still in existence, which reflect credit upon their labors. As a religious community, they never lost sight of their duty to God in their efforts to have home comforts around them ; and to their credit be it said that the first Sabbath-school in the world was established at Ephrata. fttyl la M1 TUmes. In 1782 Governor Hancock receiv ed his guests in s red velvet cap, within which was one of fine linen turned up over tbe edge of velvet one or two inches. He wore a blue dam ask gown, lined with silk, white satin small clothes, white silk stockings and red morocco slippers. The judges of tbe Supreme of Massachusetts, as late as wore robes of scarlet, laced black velvet, and in summer silk gowns. Gentlemen wore Court 1772, with black coats of every variety f color generally ,the cape mid collar of velvet.of a different color from the coat In 1780 General Washington ar rived in New York from Mount Ver non, to assume tbe duties of the Pres idency. He was dressed in a full suit of Virginia homespun. On Lis visit to New England he wore the old Continental uniform, except on tbe Sabbath, when he appeared in black. John Adams when Vice President, wore a sword, and walked about the streets with his hat under his arm. At levees in Philadelphia, Presi dent Washington was clad in black velvet, his hair powdered and gath ered behind in a sOk bag; yellow gloves, knee and shoe buckles. He held in his band a cocked bat orna mented with cockade, fringed about an inch deep with black feathers. A long sword in a white scabbard, with a polished steel kilt, hung at his bip. LL O NO. 34. rclrkrmteal Talkers. Addison has been compared to "a silent parson in a tie-wig;'" but it was lonlv in the presence of stranger in fact even a single stranger, that this was the case. Lady Mary Wortley declared that he was tbe best compa ny in the world ; and Pope, who was not friendly to him, confessed that his conversation had something in it more charming than he had found in anv other man. It was one of Addi son's own remarks that there was no such thing as real conversation ex cept between two persons. Pope, Dry den. Gray ,and Gold smith were none of them good talkers. Somebody said of the last named that "he wrote like an angel, but talked like poor Poll." The great Corneille was so dull in conversation, that he never failed wearying. Moliere and Descartes were invariably silent. Montesquieu was deficient in conver sation, and Rousseau, sa Acred from the same defect Too many ideas presented themselves at once to him, and in combining them lie lost the moment of repartee. Buffon is said to have been both eoarso and careless in conversation, but Montbelliard, an eminent natar alifft, who assisted Buffon ia writing his great work, was a most brilliant conversationalist It is said that be threw every charm of animation over his delightful talk, but as a writer he lacked tbe genial, philosophical beau ty of his illustrious contemporary. Regarding him. an eminent writer has drawn the following figure : "He whose tongue drtJpped the honey and the music of tbe bee, handled a pen of iron. Johnson's talk was of venr hiirh order. It had a style of its own. Tbe bold, bright flashes, such as are to be found in Boswell, are inimita ble ; at once and potent, yet stern and logical. But it lacked the winning, easv charm of Sir Walter Scott Sheridan and Curran where among the very greatest conversationalists the world has ever seen. Horne Tooke, in the following elaborate par allel, has described their wit: "Sher idan's wit was like steel highly polished for display and use. Cur ran s was a mine of virgin gold, in cessantly crumbling away from its own richness." Of Sheridan. Byron, in his journal, says : "I shall never forget the day he and Rogers and Moore and I passed together; when he talked, and we listened, without one yawn, from 5 till 1 in the morn ing. " " The riches of his Irish im agination were exhaustless. I have heard that man speak more poetry than I have ever seen written." Byron himself was no mean talker, ne wa3 shrewd, witty and lively. "His more serious conversation," said Shelley, is a sort of intoxication;" and Medwin exptesses himself in the following burst of enthusiasm : "The brilliancy of his wit, the flow of his eloquence, who could do justice to ?" Goethe was a fine talker ; ibe riches of his mind flowed as freely from his tongue as from his pen. Rickman says of Paine, that his conversation was often witty and cheerful ; always acute and improving, but never frivo lous. Willis has left ns notices of Bulwer's and Disraeli's conversation al powers. The former's talk be calls a "brilliant rattle ;" of the latter he says ; "He is very silent in the gen eral melee or conversation, but we have never yet seen him leave a room before he had made an impression by some burst of monolojrue." Grsi- wold says of Poe, that ' he was supra mortal in his eloquence ; his imagery was from the worlds which no mor tal can see but with tbe vision of ge nius ;" yet he never presumed on the good-nature of his listeners by monop olizing their whole attention, fbr we learn from Mrs. Whitman that be was frequently "an admiring listener and an unobtrusive observer." All ston, the painter-poet, was remarka ble for his conversational powere ; his tongue wrought on his associates and acquaintances like an enchanter's spell. We had well-nigh forgotten Tom Hood, the prince of wits. He was the magician of words, performing with language the most wonderful transformations. Conscious of his great power and what man of geni us is not conscious of bis ability ? he was yet artless and natural as a child. "His nature," says a cotem porary writer, "was so steeped in tbe choicest spirit of humor, that it con tinually bubbled over in a quip and jest, like a cool spring welling up in a desert plain. Fine conversation is a thing sel dom heard of in society. Little pains are taken to furnish other than com monplaces. Hours are passed even in intellectual company in idle dis cussion and silly chit chat, -?uch as provoked Fuseli, who, one day, after listening some time to tbe "bald, dis jointed chat" of. some idle callers-in, suddenly interrupted them with the remark : " We had pork for dinner to day !' " Dear Mr. Fuseli," exclaimed they, "what an odd remark !" I " Yes," said the critic ; "but it is as good as anything you have been say-! ing for the last hour." Home Jour nal. S podge Gkiher1Mr Is Twasi. The sponge fishery, as it is called, is most active in the months of De cember, January and February, as during the other seasons the spot where the sponges are found is cov ered with seaweed. The tempests of November and December clear awav tbe latter and allow tbe sponges to be seen. The fishery has, however, two seasons: one commencing in March and ending in November, the other occuovinfr the rest of the vear. In the summer season the production is small, because diving apparatus is then necessary, and can only be employed when there is a rocky or other firm bottom; but the Arabs searching along tne coast, reeling ror the spon- ges with their feet beneath the mass - es oi tangiea weeds, l he sponges a a . atasa which thev find are generally of an Inferior kind, as they cannot go into any depth of water. Tbe success of tbe work of sponge-getting depends upon tbe sea being calm. There are not more than forty or fifty days dur ing the winter season which are fa vorable. The Arabs who inhabit the coasts, the Greeks, and principal ly those of Kxanidi, sear aapjis,and tbe Sicilians, all engage in the sponge fishery ; bnt the Greeks are consider ed the most adroit and the Arabs the i least so. The gathering is performed by means of trident, or "artb," akind of dredge, similar to tbat used in tak ing oysters. Tbe Araw employ ; boat. called "andah," with crews of foor or e-.en persons, one of whom i only uses th harpoon. As xn as the man sees a sponge, the boat ia j brought to a stand tbe work is car I ried on to tin; depth of fifteen or tbir-jty-fivc feet The Greeks, although very expert divers, also use the har fpoon, but they emptor small and very tight boat, carrying only the harpooncr and tbe sculler. The for mer explores the bottom of the sea by means of a telescope a tin tube about fourteen inches in diameter and twenty inches long, with a thick gla.ss at the lower end ; the object of the tube is to get rid of tbe surface oscil lation and allow the fisherman to see the bottom. The Greeks exhibit . sometimes extraordinary dexterity ia getting sponges from a depth of sixty feet with short harpoons ; they hold in their bands three or four harpoons, which they throw with such extraor dinary rapidity and precision that scarcely has one harpoon disappeared beneath the water when the second strikes its upper end and adds to the force of the propulsion ; the third is in the same way stuck into the second, and so on. Neither the Arabs nor the Sicilians avail themselves of eith er of the above methods of using the harpoon or the water tube. The sponge fishery is considered to be capable of great development, and the danger of exhaustingthe supply is not great, as a new sponge takes the place of one removed within twelve months. Journal of Society of Art. fttwnuaa; (Setaaae. The followingcontribution on social cookery, is evidently drawn from ex perience rather than from observa tion : A young, innocent, confiding, just married goose, is the eaeiest to be stuffed. Tbe following, is a common process: fche has been married a month to a husband who has gone a little fas?, bat he promises reformation, and starts off matrimonially by setting down and resolving to become a model family man. The first few weeks go off well ; he spends every evening at home with the goose, who imagined there would be no end to the honey-moon. But one day the husband meets a friend, and that friend badgers him about the con straint of married iilV, etc Tbe hus band, afraid of being thought hen pecked, resolved to spend that even ing at his old resort, with his former cronies, l nen commences tne opera tion of stuffing the goose: 'I've got to go down to the office to night mvdear.'savs he, to see a man on very important business.' "And leave me alone pouted she. "So sorrv, mv dear, but it can't be helped." 'Can't I go, too!' 'Oh, it would be hardly worth while I'll not be latfj good-bye," and away be goes, chuckling over the success of the operation. After this, the goose is stuffed reg ularly, and with growing frequency. One night the husband comes home with his breath smelling strongly of Bourbon. . "Medicine for the cholera, my dear." Next he stumbles in drunk. "Sun-struck, my dear." Finally, in most cases, the goose gets stuffed to its utmost capacity very soon, and refuse to absorb any more, and then the fires of conjugal contention are lighted, and the Tbe.Talae of the Boiler. The Commissioner of Agriculture in an article on agricultural machin ery, makes the following very just re marks on the use of the roller. He says : Of all the implements for use upon the farm, there is no one which tells of greater benefits than the roller. It pulverizes the clods, smooths the sur face for the scythe or the reaper, and compacts the earth about the seed and roots of plants, bet above all. and of more importance than all it de stroys vermin. That the earth should be made fine is the object of plough ing and harrowing. A roller greatly conduces to this. That small stones and rough places should be driven out of tbe way of the scythe or mower, is a desideratum which every fanner will appreciate, and when his seed is first sown or when the frosty winter or tfiawing of the spring have loosen ed its growth upon the surface, it may be imagined bow it would be benefited by giving it a bed in the earth again. But its most useful purpose is less satisfactorily explained, for its only proof is found in the experience of its use. All know that most of the ver min which afflicts the farmers' crop has its resting and often its breeding place in the earth ; there, and npon the yonng and tender plant, where it deposits its eggs. The" cut-worm de stroys corn at the surface ; the Hes sian fly deposits hs eggs upon the young wheat-blade, which often falls to the ground. The earth, in fine, is fully charged with- the eggs and the embryo of vermin of aU sorts, in all periods of their existence, and it may readily be imagined what an amount of destruction would follow the pas sage of a heavy roller over the sur face. A Mmj aiaaggeal Throw, v the Bolls t aToisater'a Uto-Craaskod to m Jelly. A most shocking accident occurred in the rolling mill of J. Painter & Son, located in the Thirty-fourth ward. West Pittsburg, yesterday afternoon about three o'clock. A boy -named J ames Welsh was employed as a help er on the heavy rolls used for press ing the iron into flat bars. His turn was up at three o'clock, and he was preparing to go home. It was his duty, however, before he left to un couple his roll, and being in a hurry, he attempted to do so before the engine was stopped. His pants were caught in the machinery, and in an instant he was drawn throuirh the rolls feet foremost and flung out on the opposite side a lifeless mass of flesh and bones, crushed almost Iat The space through which bis body ' passed was onlv five inches, and it can be easily imagined how fearfully crushed and mangled it must have been. The skull was broken like an egg shell, and tbe brains scattered about the floor. Word was immedi ately sent to Coroner West, who pro- ' ceeded to the mil' and held an in- ! nnpot na th reiiains. at which a ver dict of accidental death was rendered. Deceased was eleven years of age, a good boy, and the only son of his parents. His father worked in tbe same mill and it might almost be said the lad was killed before his eyes.N The blow was a terrible one to him and the manifestations cf his distress were of the moat aectiflg character. Pittsburg Dirpctch 2idt.