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. n'ublication. lis Sozr.rsst Herald . : , rv Welneday M H-nlng at 2 UO I to advance; otherwise 2 M i I'-' .i,:v ; cliargod. ; '""r ' ., will be discontinued unUl .11 r- ; up. Postmasters neglecting to , r-" ' liier. Jo not Ui.ct their . - tclJ UaMo lor the rlptk. " irum " ri,Moa1" 10 ' ,: li giw ' ,h n, - ..it of.- Address Somerset Printing Company, JOHX I. SCVO. Business Manager. 7; 1 mi ;' ran. h. oaitbkk. : - . IT 1 V !' 1 lluMidil tl Ijiw. I 4'TKI- Hf;;i ' . All nfl,wl.nl huines i ,.u.r'-- ...11.1 OHI- lii"Mswm..tu Hlwk," j .1 K. H- .Marshall's ruK more. j 1 ' ., nxi.H has ermancntly Incited i .r , I.e pmc-ice ol lii pr..tcslon. j r'i !,:.! Krlingcr' store. ; j-tl. ".' iivMUL IH continue to practice 1- M- ' 1 ...,..ler lit professional scrvi- tfr-ii . . ( Somerset aud surrounding , . ; it 1 lie . I I-U-H-. a lew aoi.we.iHi iiKKK ten ter hi professional . ri in ii' f wieTset and Tk-lu-i .. ...r one west of Har ,. in r. jan. 21. "70. 4 ! II. KMIM-. All""'"' I: .. ..r- ;. I Will 1T1VC prooir-. .,-- ' ...craned to it care in :vrocrwi . . , i.. i.. 1 i.m n am m i lie jnu v,V!!fl--AI',"","!,'L h. 'A.frwth has j . ,1... ,.r.t.-!l.'e ... law in fcoinerael ana r in ilie Keeorder'a ottK-e. t iiiUSOKX. ATTtHIXKYS AT ..iu-r.t, Fa. Ouux iu n'i- lenee of aug. 12-ly. , nil ATT'HXKY ATLAW, SO.M 1N l' H r.mi.i: aliend to.U l;u.im- . "hi. Mut.valviti.-edH..-ollevliun ,'o i.r-si-u..oti Jlatoatrceu ,.vr;Ni:iiAY ATTUKXKY AT LAW ,, a.Ml.T r. i.- with SomeTvet, l a., win Iill'll" eniru?i- " :,i ii ivir.y. aug. is-iy. K HiKU. ATTtlKX L 5 Al s',,,,!,.! 1-a.. "ill praiticc In hm Mlt ,uu:i--. AH l.usinew en r w.'1! iw promptly aiu-uaeU to. w !. a , LAW C.UUNS. ULNTlsr. S..meret, i m i lie ir-ui r" "' .' P ""T- I 11 urn. I l"und pr.-pared to do i : .r. Ar:i:i'-ii r:c l. Ail operauon r june 7, To. ,-,,mH TTOi:XKY' AT LAW, r ll "dl aulud .o all Imalne. en- "r m s,.n..n.l-t and adiomlnn eoun- .run.p-. lew. la, !'.'',;;., Aseut.Sou.er.et, irKYF.M"H.U. ATTOKXLY AT LAW, ui t in me Ceurt llouw. iun. 11 II. ,v, l S MKVUIS. ATTtiKXKY AT LAW, V,r. rf 'H " IT.mit alien;.- to irnfriiei ..Vre.nS m I ui'u i;rw:. "Tlio- s-ie ri-i' len-eof H. S-ull. .tittiii' i i.ti jy. a-iu liiSKT 1HTSE.- Tl.r m,den.igne. r.-r-' informf the puh- '.. Ii if l,--e.l tin- well kn..wn hjtel in the :"., ,. S..IIM.-. Ii i hie inientfrn to keep iti !.'!. he h-.(ie will nive F.i-if lartion lo K!:i'ri;i;. riiyi , I-,, w i;: .if pr.-. .nr.Ti.l Iout.l. Iriin. actiu:iou to ittl caik'fl IV: r. J- . A. ii. MILI.KK. aftTtwlve Hve pmi'tiee In Sh!inkville. ha ;:r.''n;iv li.lTi-l v r"mn-- en n i'i-.- i ii"'. an I teivi- r hi prolefciiflnl r-i:- riiuen ol S 'inerwl and vlelnitjr. mi f li.ip i'Tinerly oeeiipied I'V C. A. mi re he ein I eoiisulied at all time, nl! ,n:iL"C.i. "TIKI. M-.'"i: e.i! 1 T 'l-ipliy awwereil. U 71 1. Ell- H P( e-TLKTH W A IT F- ATTOK X F.Y I . : !.. S"n:-ri-t Pa. I'Mteapnoal oum- ui.v -..lirtte i aiiJ j.nniuuiy aiienu- 1.KY AT LAW, fHituerm t. Teuna. h Lu.ifc..-.ii. v. n. wrrHU V 'H "dKHnlH a r.TTI'EL. ATTORNEYS AT Ail Lu-iiie, entrusted to tiieir care win au.i 'ii.tually attended to. (.rp:, ..-nttLi Uui-r w southern ena ol .v. nni-;fN-.-i. Luimnei' Inm lHaniond. si V.. DINTISTBY. I .:.- s. continue the f raellee of rv: .n .r j:irvd to iHTlorm all operatins n n il. raii'l at up low price a i lie same ' -k c.. I done anvwhere in the Stele. t;: leesl. l.i -ui: a d iitle et for til. AH rT;iir.n.:tl: and teeth extracteil wiih s. jun 7 "i! i:sKT PLANINd-MILL- COOD 5l JONES, ii' 'n ..''urn.; r I to do nil kind ,.f planing and l iuliiliiK material. ,1MI Wr.ATHEU-W A I'DIXO. AM1 AXD IKK iRS, WINDOW It IX (OR FRAMES. VEXETIAX SHVTTEFS, TRACK ETS, kc. r-. anyttimz irenemlly uei1 in houe build AVl km-! ! W'trk d, n: t. order. ' iT'iniptlv nllf!. K"fD k JONES. BIAMOND HOTEL, Eamucl Custer, Proprietor. ' -t 1-. j f,iv..r' d wit Ii a lar?e hre of pat. 'T :tn !:. HfL tor a cmunuaiK-e d the "' Hi- ft-ui::mi.latioris re first class, the I liirni'lied at all time with tlie tout ' "i.' t utl T.:. Ou,-t can he aecommadat-'.tita-Wiih gl lairding and on reason-a-m... His Imjm beta? riKsuiy 1 alway ji r ri, j. ;., re prlie!: also s:'.swt and n ' i,r-1. thln head f h"r--. SAMl ELtXiiTEp. j'1 t. Pa., jieeeuitier ;u, lfi. KYXolrs, STEEX .V CO., !';';'..::f Ht. Charles Hotel.) ! Suirn. Pittsburgh, Pa., "rt- i t f ni ( us nare and Manufae- lun r .f (.Uisware. r ..... ! - j'Jii WILSON ,t ox, j lui holiaaij: .noci:its. skat, . v yMcu PITTSBTJEGH 'IX W.KE i , '! j ripar-,1 to snanulucturcaU I 4M MIKE 1" I110X WARE. '" '"""l ui'h:' f e.pir and brass 'iht !!: kll kinds of H(.uM. l uniUblns oo1sj k" la Id ine. Sli-m one disir west of i Li, Mjio r.r,-. S mierset. I'a. i NOAH CASLBEER, j : r M It UNICIAX t SURGEOW v'Mr.nsirr, ia. "'r"CiM.inS!re,.L .4-72 G Ul"UiALE DEALERS IX Mi MS, IT T5li. ri, i Yo eaa purchase of him at lower rales than ol -DtHtimore St., iw . Dour ,if n-ui 1 PALTlKIi ORE, IYID. 1 Vi,. . I 'It FI fill? vi it r r'r Mill hallt on the site of the ! Bill aini 1 - It liu tiio i 1 "! k of Somerset Is cm """raotejtTi,:, tov. , s.1 1 T, , 1 , wj. fc HAY. ' 1 lie YOJ YYT Hardware. HARD AY ARE. John P. Blymyer Hat re-epened lilf store a Few Doors Above the Old Stand, And Scin o hlF ruatomrra and frieoJd a full line ol gooits at the very loweat priets. t . Ol iiVCry UCSCripUOn, Ilardwaro MOX, XAILS AND GLASS, Wooilon Wnrc of AH Kind, COAL OIL LAMPS, COAL OIL, CHIMNEYS, And everything belonging to the Lamp trade. WHITE LEAD, L1XSEF.D OIL, VAKXISHF.S, KKl'SIIKS, PAINTS IX C1L AXD DUX. AXD PAINTERS' GOODS IN GENERAL. A Urge twk ol Table Knivew anil l'orks, l'(i:KKT KXIYES, SPtMIXS. I SHEARS AXD SCISSORS, It.KCELAIX LIXED KETTLES, fce., fce T'wetl.er wilh many ankle too numerous to men tion in an advertifeineut. He I determined to sell at the very lowest price. Give him a eal). June 12-'72. J. HORNER, Buggy, Carriage. AXD LIGHT WAGON MANUFACTURER, I now prepared to manufacture to order every de scription ol CARRIAGES. HI ii IKS. SILKIES. NPKIXtr WAfHIXS, HACKS. SLEIOHS. -"-, In tl.e latei and inot approve,! styles, and at the I.oweiat Powfciblc Prlees. aU. IS WAST OF A First ClaNM 'arriaKO, fr any other vehicle, are r-peetfnlly Invited tt call and examine hi work. None hut the very best material will be ned in the manufacture of his work, and none but the Are emploved in hi etatdiliment. sotne of wlxnn hare ha.1 an exis-nenee of over twenty year In the bnslne. He i. therefore, enabled to turn out a hrt-elas vehicle, both In prdnt of material and workmanship. All work warranted to I as repre sented when leaving the shop, and aallslacttoa guaranteed. All kiudsvf IIKlWiniNO AM) I'AINTING Done in a neat and ubtantial manner, and at tlie shortest notice. He is determined to do ill his work In sueh a manner, and at such prices as to : ftc? make It to the Interest of everybody to patronize 9 hint. Call and examine hjs work Mure purrbas insr elsewhere. " J jau D. J. IHlliXElt, J MA How Lest, How Restorei i Just published, n new edition of Dr. Culver well' Celebrated Eosav on the radical cure (with- C3 1 1 U eH c3 : out moth inejof Spermatorrhoa orS-minal w eak ; ncs. Involuntarv Seminal Losses. Iropoteney, Meutal and 1'bysfcal lncaelty, lmllments to .,l,ms.f. ste.. Bis,., v .wunipiiuii, r.ii, tJ rwj ! Fits. Imiuced by self indulgence or sexual extrav ; aganee. ww.friee. in a seaiw envewe, only s eenis. 1 he celebrated author. In this admirable essay, clearly demonstrates Iron, a thirty years' success- practice, that the alarming eonsequenors of sell abuse mar be radically enrod without the daa . gerou use of internal met-lrine or the application ) of the knife: pointing out a mode of cure at onoe i simple, certain, and efleetual. by means of which every sutb-rer, no matter what hi conditio may I be. may cure himself cheaply, privately, and radl- eallv. ta;.Thl Iectnre should be In the hands of every yinuli and every man In the land. j Sent, under seal, la plain envelope, to any ad I dress, postpaid, on receipt ol 6 eeut,or two port I stamps, Alsu, lr. cuiverwtiia '-.-Harnage uuiue, price tt cell is. Address the Publiher . CHAS. J.C. KUXEfctX).. 127 Ik.wery. Xew York, Postofflce Iwx .&. jan '.11 y C. SKIM. t. IX UVEMOnwD, k LIYEXfiOOP, REIM ItAXKERS, SALISBURY ELK LICK, . 0. now Exsrr CoraTT, rssa'a. Drafts liought and sold, and eolrecthins made on all parts 01 ttte country. Interest allowed on time deposits. Special arrangmenta with Guardians and others wh bold nvmeys la trust. Jasj 17 72 REAT INDUCEMENTS. Perns wanting first -da s Fruit Trees, Vines and Plants sliould call on HARXEDSVILLE, Momerset (Via air. Pa. TTia Snrlncr TVrin Swutb-Wrhlern Stair Kormal yehcol, California, Washington Co, Pa, ! WKIopen oa Momlsy. the 34th of March, lsTJ, i and continue fourteen weeks. Tuition U the aea ! sl. IU to. Hoarding and room per week 3 74. j SMKtaJ arrangement will r male for teachers to "nu,r lur una weea in saay. but all who can should uegin wilii me sewsion. begin with tk This is a school vf tnor- earneM work. For catalog oca ad- t". I. F.HH KX FELD, Prin., or .a HERTZOU, hXsontary. Micelltmeou. Jona niBiirr. joax d hobkbtb. JOHN DIBERT A CO., NO. 240 .MAIN STREET. . JOHXSTO W X , P E X X A . : We sell Drafts negotiable In all parti orthe lnl- ted States ant Canada, and In Foreign countries. Buy (Kil.l. Couisms and Uovernmcut Bonds at highest market prices. Loan money on approved aecurity. lirafts and Check on otlier Ininks canb j ed. Money received ondepoeituayaldeou demand littered ol the rate of Xi.r jwr cent, per A nnum paid on Time Dpoit. Krerythlnir In the Banking Una rtcvlvra our I prompt atrnlli. Thankful to our friend and cuatnmer Tor their ; part patronage, we mdicit a eonttnuitnee of the .i me. and invite other who have buainea In our !lieu,KiveuaUil,auringall.lhatwehallat ! all time do all we con to give entire ruttf fuel Ion. I FehSlTe JOHN" lilBKHT k. CO. J OIIXSTOWX SAYINGS BANK, 120 CLINTON STREET, CHARTERED SEPT., 1870. OPENED FOR THE TRANSACTION" OF BUSINESS FEB. 23, 1871. BAXK OPEX DAILY FfiOM A. M. to P. ALSI . IX W LUX hH A Y A XI) SAT I'KDA Y KVEXIXOS. FROM eT0 7'4 clk:k. M. LOANS SECURED 15V BONDS AND MORTGAGES ON REAL ESTATE. WA' PKR VEST. OUAHASTEED. P''loit reclved of at! turns not trtt than Onr t)otlar, and a divideni of the pnfi;dethireJ twice a vrar. In June and DocenVier. liilerr! commeneestlie first day of each month. Inleret when not drawn out is added to the Principal, thus compound. ng twice a year for the dcixxitor. Hooka containing the oliarter and by-laws will he tumlflici at the hank. D. J. MORRKI.L, President, H1 1 X K I'lBl U T. Treasurer, CYRl S ELDER. Solicitor. BOARD OF TRI STELS: J limes Cooper, I Hi v id Dihert, Oeorge Frits, A. J. Hae, F. W. Hay. John Lowman. Dauiel M -Lauirlilin, James McMillan, .lanie Morlev, Lew. is Piltt, C. H. Ellis. Pow.'ll Stock house, Uonrad Suppes. Oeo. T. Swank. W. W. Walter, and 1). J. Slorrell, President. M.I2 JUST Q o o 3 I jSiRECEIYED m V) O A T o o m a LI KIPPER'S ts ct O o ' o p 00 P P P O -t o o o a CO 3 e. o O GOODS, NOTIONS, IN sH O sGROCERIES. lie sure to call and see, and be conrlnc- i d, as there are toe many articles kept for 4-3 cS enumeration. j OPPOSITE mmi:ksi:t iioi si SonKRsrr, r a. July 17 A. XT. KXEPPER, JAMES PU(JH, MAIN STREET, SOMERSET, FA. Is bkw prepared to manufacture all kinds of WAGONS, SLEIGHS, Ac. He will also promptly attend to N.me but the BF.5T MATERIAL vlll nsei ALL WORK WARRANTED Ar f'ove In the latest and most aroved styx. tne LOWEST POSSIBLE PHICES. Somerset, March Cth. gOL I'lIL, with A. H. Franciscus & Co., IXroRTBJRS AVD UUUIU IX C0TT0X YA RXS, RATTS, YVIC , Twine and Ropes, I.tKIKI.NO GI.AseF-e-. CLOTKB, FAXCT BASKET Wooden and Willow Ware, &c, AXrrACTrT. akd jobbej;s o OIL CLOTHS, MATTING, RUGS. &c, MS Market Street and 0 Oommcrc Street, lhiladelphia. June 10 It gIMMOXS A CO., WHObMALK DKALKM l Tobacco and Scgarw, , 40S Market Street, Abere Foartli, PHILADELPHIA. -K. H. Marshall, age at Somerset, Pa. dewtT I Somerset SOMEteET,'rA'.,:lVEDNESDAt,:.MAKCII H). 1873. R AIM BOW. , He thou the mlnltow to the ftortua of lire ! The evening beam that nuilca the clouds away, And tint to-morrow with prophetie ray. Baron. Ci RE ATX EMS. Real glory Springe from the silent eongueat of ourstlvc ; And without that the conqueror I naught But the firnt elire. ThoMtan. A nF.Al'TlFI'L KIM U.K. Thli rhyme la like the ttlr pearl necklace of the quoon. That burnt in dancing, and pearl were spilt ; Some loat, Rome stolen, some a relics kejit. Hut never more the same two rister pearl Ran down the silken thread to kl.s each other (n her white neck o I it with this rhyme : It lives dliredly in many hands, And every minstrel sings It differently ; Yet, is there one true line, the )earl of pearls : Man dreams of farao, while woman wakes to love. Tennytoa. "ABTEMl WARD." BY JAMES PARTOX. In the lieautiful town of Clevi-Iand, Ohio, ten years ago, I wan introduc ed one Sunday inorninjr, to Mr. Charles F. Urowne, who had recent ly acfjuired celebrity by his Artctnua Ward letters, in the Cleveland Plain Dealer. He was then twenty-five vears of age, of somewhat slender form, but with ruddy cheeks and a general ap-xiranceof health and vigor. He was local editor of the Plain Deal er, and had the ready, cordial and off hand manner of the members of the Western press. Like other profes sional humorists, he was not particu larly funny in ordinary conversation; on the contrary he was less ho than Western editors usually are. 1 was far from anticipating the career that was in store for him ; Ptill less could I have foreseen the premature death of a young man who presented an excep tional appearance of good health. If he were alive to-day he would be only thirty -six ycurs of age. He was born at Waterford, in Maine, where his father was a sur veyor. His native village, as he says in one of his papers, "doep not contain over forty houses all told; but they are milk-white, with the green est of blinds, and for the most part arc shaded with beautiful elms and willows. To the right of us is a mountain; to the lelt a lake. Hie village nestles between. Of course it does. I never read a novel in my life in which the village did not nes tle. Villages invariably nestle." In this secluded nook in Xew England he passed the first fourteen years of his life, during which he acquired such education as a rather idle and sport-loving boy could acquire in the common aud high schools. He was sect to learn the printing business at a neighboring town, call ed Skowhegan, where, in the ollice of the Skowhegan Clarion, he learned to set type and work a hand press. To the fast of his days he held this place in abhorrence. One of his friends has recorded that he was ac customed "to set up a howl of deri sion" whenever its name was men tioned; and that whenever he de sired to express the least degree of contempt for any person or thing, he would speak of them as worthy of Skowhegan. How" many a boy has reaped n full revenge ttpon a teacher: or an employer by turning out to le a genius, and consigning him to uni versal ridicule ! r ' At sixteen he found his way to Boston, where he obtained employ ment as a compositor m the ollice of the funniest periodical then published in Boston, the Carpet Rag, to which Shillaber, Halpinc and Saxc contrib uted. As he set up, from week to week, the humorous contributions of these writers, the conviction grew up on him that be too could write a piece that would make people laugh. I think he must have been reading Franklin's Autobiography, or the preface to Pickwick, for in putting his talent to the test, he employed a device similar to that used by Frank lin and Dickens in offcr'ng' their pro ductions to the press. Having writ ten his piece in adiaguibcd hand, he put it into the editor's box. Oreatj was bis jor when it was banded to him soon afttr, to set in type. The first piece, 1 Itcbeve, was in the style ol Major Jack Downing, whose letters, be ouce said, had more to do with making him a humorist than the productions of any other writer. - About this time he happened to read Bayard Taylor's 'Views Afoot,' in which that popular author gave an account of his uiaking the tour of Eu rojie, and paying Lis way by working at Lis trade, W hich was that of a printer. Captivated by this great example lie started for the Great West. When Lis money was exhaust ed, he would stop for a while in sonic large town where there was a print ing ollice and replenish his purse ; which done, he would continue his journey. He stopped short of I uma, howev t r. At the town of Tiffin, Ohio, he ! obtained a place as compositor and assistant editor, at four dollars a week. From Tiffin he removed to Toledo, where Le procured a similar position on the Toledo Commercial at five dollars a week. It was upon this paper that Lis talent as a humor ist first attracted attention, and Le was soon permitted to devote Lis whole time to filling the local column with omusing abuse of the rival pa per, lie acquired so niucn celebrity in Ohio as a facetious parographer, that Le was offered at length, the place of local editor of the Cleveland Plain Dealer, at a salary, inumficcnt at the time and place, of twelve dol lars a week. .Most of the noted humorists and the great master of humor himself, Charles Dickens have shown a par ticular fondness for persons who gain their livelihood by amusing the pub lic showmen of all kinds and grades from the tumbler in the circus to the frrn n 4 rja ion sf 4 K ia 1 tt xr X r It o performance of Lis duty as local edi tor, Charles Browne had abundant opportunity of gratifying Lis taste, and Le gradually became acquainted with most of tho traveling showmen of the Western country. lie delight ed to study their Labits, and Le used to tell many a good story of their in genious devices for arousing the en thusiasm of the public. Much of this showman's lore he turned to ac count in the letters or Artemus Ward. . . There are dull times in a place like Cleveland times when the. local edi- ; tor h hard put to fill his colunins i Xo show, no court, bo accident, no j fashionable wedding, no surprise par jty, no police report, no . trotting i match, no anything. One day, iu 185:, when the local editor, of the Plain Dealer was in desperado want of a topic.ho dashed upon paper a let ter from an imaginary showman, to which he affixed tho name of a Revolu tionary General, which always struck hira as being odd "Artemua.Ward." Tho letter ran thus: i 2i the Editor of the Plain Dealer: 'Sir; I'm moving along islowly along down tords your plice. I want you to write me a letter, sain' hows the show bizness in voutj place. My show at present consists bf three moral Bears,, a Kangaroo a lainoo zin little Raskel ; i'wonld make you larf to tleth to see the little cusl jump up and squeal wax Aggers! of O. Washington, Gen. Taylor, John Btin yan. Dr. Kidd, Dr. Webster in the act of Killin' Dr. Parkman, besides sev eral niiscellanyus moral wax slatoots of celebrated pints and murderers, etc., ekiillcd by few ami exceed by none." The showman proceeds to urge the editor to prepare the way for his com ing, ami promises to nave an ins handbills ' dun atyonr orTiss." 1 " We must fetch the public Some how," he continues. We must work on their feelings come the moral on 'cm strong. If it's a temperance com munity, tell 'em I sined the pledge fifteen minutes arter Isc born, t But on the contrary, if your people take their tods, say that Mister Ward is as; genteel a fellow as we ever met- full of conviviality, and the life and sole of the soshul Bored. Tako, don't you!" . t Mister Ward concludes his epistle by condensing its whole meaning in a very short postscript : - " You scratch my back, and I'll scratch your back. This letter made a wonderful hit. It was immediately copied into many hundreds of newspapers, and was gen erally taken as the- genuine produc tion of a showman. Other letters in the same vein followed, which car ried the name of Artemus Ward and the Cleveland Plain Dealer to the end of the earth. For two or three years they figured in the funny col umn of most of the periodicals of America, England and Australia." But except the reputation which the K iters gave, they were of little advantage to the author . His salary mar have been increased a few dol lars a week, and he added a little to his income by. contributions to the comic papers of Xew York. Xo man, indeed, is so cruelly plundered as the writer of short, amusing pieces, easi ly clipped and copied. He writes a comic piece for a trifling sum, which amuses perhaps five millions of people, anil no one compensates him except the original purchaser. There are, for example, comic dialogues which have done service for fifteen years at negro minstrel entertainments, and now make thousands of people laugh every night, for which the author re ceived three dollars. Artemus Ward, anxious to buy back the family homestead in which to shelter the old age of his widowed mother, soon discovered that he could never do it by making jokes unless he could sell them over anil over again. So he tried comic lecturing. Tho first night the experiment was a failure. A violent storm of snow, sleet and wind thinned the andience in Clinton Hall, X. Y. to such a degree, that the lecturer lost thirty dollars by the enterprise.- A tour in Xew England, however, had better results, lie lectured a hundred nights, by which he cleared nearly tight thousand dollars ; and he was soon able to establish his mother in the I comfortable village home ia which be; was born. I thought I ought not to conclude this article without letting the reader know why this bright ami genial spirit is no longer here to add to the world's harmless amusement. Well this is the reason : Wherever he lec tured, whether in Xew England, California or London, there was sure to be a knot of young fellows to gath er round him, and go home with him to his hotel, order supper, and spend half the night in telling stories and singing songs. To any man this will be fatal in time; but when the night ly carouse follows an evenings per formance before an audience, and if succeeded by a railway journey the next day, the waste of vitality is fear fully rapid. Five years of such a life fiuished poor Charles Browne. He died in London in 1807 ; aged thir-. ty -three years ; and nov lies, buried at the home of his childhood ia Maine. He was not a hard drinker. He was not a, man, of strong appetites. It was tho nights wasted in conviviality which his system needed for sleep, that sent him to his grave forty years before his time. For men of his profession and character, for all editors, literary men and artists, there is only one safety teetotalism. I He should have taken the advice of a stage driver on the plains, to whom he offered some whisky ; and I com mend it strongly to the countless hosts who see this paper every week: I don't drink, I won't drink ! and I don't . like to see anyboddy else drink. Pin of the opinion of those mountains keep your top cool. They've got snow, and I've got braius ; that's all the difference." Itotsert Bar a. By the suffrage of his countrymen, ratified by the consent of all who are competent to judge, Burns in the realm of song and lyric is facile princeps. Loyal as they are to Campbell and Scott, Scotsmen the world over cling to Burns as the representative poet of Scotland. Unlike many of Lis coun trymen who Lad tuned tho lyro be fore him, an uninterrupted succession of splendid names, from Lyndsay Bunbar and Gavin Douglas to Allan Ramsey and the ill-fated Ferguson and Taunahill, men famous in. their time, but whose reputation is now chiefly confined to their native coun try. Burns took a wider range and appealed to a larger circle. Though intensely national, he was in pro found sympathy with all humanity. Tenderness, the most exquisite humor, broad, genial and refined, a strong JLJL' preception of natural beauty; a ha tred deep and unappeasable of all falsehood and shams, he sang of friendship anil love, of patriotism and duty, awakening a sympathetic re sponse not from his own countrymen only, but from all who love the ten der and true. Among all the ebulli tions of gaiety, there is an undercur rent that goes to the recesses of the heart. Xo poet since Shakespeare has invested with an interest so intensely human, objects commonly regarded as of inferior interest. Xonc has been able to draw lessons of morals from these with happier effect. The lines to a daisy, "Wee, modest, crimson tip ped flower," to the moiis overturned by the plowshare, "Wee, sleekit, cow'rin', tim'rous beastic, bring us in sympathy at once with th lowest of God's creatures. Who but Burns could thus moralize on the first : 81111 thou art blessed, compared wl me; The present only touches I h?e, But, oh! I liitckwarJ raxt my e'e. On prospects drear, And forward, tho I c.mn see. I guess and fear. Or on the second : Even thou who miHirned the daly' f.ite. That rate i mine. Xo distant dut Stern Ruin's plowshare drives elate ,Fonll:i,;ir!rn' , ,. Till crushed beneath the furrow w ight Shall bo thy doom. The "Address to the Deil" is im!.. n.. in tl.n F...r!h iimrim,,. 1 1 1 1 great heart asks, half in humor, half i -. .. .. . in sadness, whether even for the Arch Enemy, who, "in Eden's bonnic yard," "gied the infant world a shog maist ruined ay," there may not be repent ance and recover. But. fare ye weel, AnIJ Xlckle ben, fill, wa.l ye take a thought and mn.' Ye alhllns might I dinna ken Still hoc a stake. I'm wae to think upon you deu Ev'n foe your sako ! What can more strikingly illustrate not only the sympathy, which the po et felt with the songsters of the wood and the green braes and rippling wa ters of the Doon, but the sympathy which he expected in return, than the lines known in every household where English is spoken : Ye banks and hrac o' honnic Doon How can ye bloom ae fresh an I fair. How can ye chant, ye little bird. And I sac weary, fu' o' care? Ill pictures of moral lifi drawn from the rustic piety of his father's home Goldsmith and Crablie fall far below him. "Isaac Ashford" is touch ing. "Tho Village Pastor" moves the heart to love and admire, but we think no one who has read them and "The Cotter's Saturday .Night" could hesitate to which to give the palm. The picture is complete. The weary cotter wending homeward from his toil, "the expectant wee things," wait ing his return, Jenny, accompanied by her lover, coming to "deposit her sair worn penny fee," the artless blushing presentation of the "neebor lad" to the old people, his welcome to the board.crowned with the "halesome parritch chief o' Scotia's food;" and, tho evening meal over, the circle form ed for family worship, when "the big Ha-Bib!e aace his father's pride, is brought out. His bonnet reverently laid aside. nis Iyart haftets wcarin' thin and bare. He wales a portion with peculiar care. And '-let us worship Ood" he says wilh soleranalr. X'o wonder the poet who has in this exquisite and inimitable pastoral con densed volumes into sentences, the daily life of a people into a few lines, and brought them out of the fire, or as genius at a white heat exclaims : From scenes like these dd S-otla's grandenr sirlnirs. That makes her lorn) at home, revered abroad. Princes and knl are hut the breath of king : An honest mail's the noblest work of (h1 Only two great lyrics Lav written within tlio limits nf . seas oi i,rna.n, ami t.tirns wrote one s of them. A nation, the expression of; whose patriotism is found in Scots wha hae wl' Wallace Med, Scots wham Bruce has aften le I, Welcome to your gory bi d Or to victory, was not born to lie slaves. Burns Lad Lis faults. Who Las not ? Wo may charitably apply to him Lis own lines: Then irently scan your brother man. Still gentler sister woman i Though they may gang a kenning wrung. To step a.-lde Is human. Who made the heart, 'tis He alone ' Decidedly can try us : He knows each chord its rations tone ; Each spring its various bias. Then at the balance let n be mute. We never ran adjust it ; What's dime we partly may compute. But know not what's resisted. But whatever Burns Lad, Le Lad no hypocrisy, no malice in Lis composi tion, no selfishnes-s, no meanness. A robust and manly independence which scorned servility, a generosity far be yond his means, antl an abiding be lief that the universe is governed by moral as well as material laws, were always uppermost in the man. With these traits of manhood before us, we may surely say, in the words of anoth en scarcely less unfortunate Thy faults and thy follies. Whatever they were. Be their memory lost, A the winds on the air. Xo reproaches from me. On thy corse shall be thrown ; Let the man who Is sinless Uplift the first sl.mc. Over the wide continent of Amer ica, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, in Australia India and the Cape of Good Hope wherever Scotchmen are found, no less than in his native land, the birthday of Scotland's greatest poet is celebrated. Christopher Xonh, than whom no man better understood him, says, " Buried with his bonc3 bo all remem brance of his miseries. But the spirit of song which was Lis true spirit un poluted and unfallen.li ves and breathes and Las its being in tLe pleasant life of Scotland. His songs, which are house bold words, consecrated by the charm thnt is in all the heart's purest affections, love and pity, and the joy of grief shall never decay till among the people have decayed tho virtues which they celebrate antl by which they arc inspired. Mark Twain' Account r Jiaa Nsullejr, There was a follow here once by tLe name of Jim Smiley, in tho win ter of '49 or may be it was the spring of '50 I don't recollect exactly, some how, though what makes me think it was one or tho other is because I re member the big flunio wasn't finished when we first came to the camp; but any way, ho was the curiousest man 1 nTr9rt about, always betting on anything that turned up yon ever nee, if he could get anybody to bet on the other side ; and if he couldn't he'd change sides. Anv wav that suited the otlier man would suit him any way just so's he got a U-t, he was satisfied. But stiil he was lucky, uncommon lucky ; he almot always com out winner. He was always ready and laying for a chance; there couldn't be no solitary thing mentioned but that fuller'd offer to bet on it, and take auy side you please, I was just telling you. if there was a norse race, you u nna nun itusu or yon'd find him busted at the end of it, if there was a dog fight be'd bet on it, if there was a chicken fight, he'd lot on it; if there was a cat fight he'd bet ' . .1 .1 on it, wnv, if tnere was two oirus set ting on a fence, he'd bet on which one I would fly first ; or iftliere was a camp ; meeting, he would be there reg'lar, to j liet on Parson Walker, which he (judged to lie the best exhorter about i . " , i .... i .1 an, SQ e was l,K .?"' i man. If he even saw a strnddlehng j start to go anywhere, he would let yoll Low long it Would take bin to ! get where he was goiug to, and if j vo ton hjnl p J,e woul(J fow ti)at istraddh-bug to Mexico, but what he ! .' , , wouhl find out where he was bound ' f"r' or hnv ,on? he was " the roaI L.ots ot the ys here hassoen tnat Smiley, n:ii can tell you about him. Why. i; never made no difference to bin he would bet oa anything the dangest feller. Parson Walker's wife laid very sick once, fir a good while, anI it seemed as if they warn't going to save her. But one morning he come in and Smilev asked how she was, and she was considerable bet ter thank the Lord for his infinite mercy and cording on so smart that, with the blessing of Providence she'd get well yet; and Smiley, before thought says: Well I'll risk two and a half that she don't anv way. I This ver Smilev had a mare the boys called her the fifteen minute nag, but that was only ia fun you know, because of course she was faster than that antl he used to win money on that horse for all she was so slow. and always had the asthma, or the j distemper or the consumption, or 1 something of the kind. They used to give her two or three hundretl yards start, and then pass her nnder way; but always at the end of the race she'd get excited and desperate like, and come cavorting and straddling up, and scattering her lcg3 around limber, sometimes out to one side among the fences, and kicking up more dust and raising more racket with her coughing and sneezing and blowing her nose and alwavs fetches up at the end just aliout a neck ahead, asnear as you could cipher it down. And he had a little small bull pup, that to look at hin you'd think he wasn't worth a cent but to set around and look ornery, and lay for a chance to steal something; but he was a dif ferent dog ; Lis under jaw'd begun to stick out like the fo "castle of a steam boat, Lis teeth would uncover, and shine savage like the furnaces. And a dog might tackle him, and bully rag him, and bite him, and throw him over his shoulder two or three times, and Andrew Jackson, which was the name of the pup Andrew Jackson would never let on but he was satisfied, and hadn't expected nothing else and the bets being doubled and doublet on the other side all the time, till the money was all up : and then all of a sudden he would grab the other dog jist by the jint of his hind leg and freeze to it, not chaw, you understand, but only '. I j'st Sr'P nn,l hang on till they throw ive been ; e) up pponge, if it was" a year, the four j gmiley always come out winner on smiiev always come out winner on tbat p ti he narneswd a ,logonce ,k. k,.-i t, u-.i i 1 UJl.b Ulllll b Iliivr Utl 111I1U ieij, uetau.e j they'd been sawed off by a circular i saw, and when the thing had ' gone j along far enough, and the mon ey was all np, and ho come to make a snatch for his pet holt, he saw in a minute how he'd been imposed on, and now the other dog had him in the door, so to speak, and he 'peared surprised, j and then he looked sorter discouraged jlike, and didn't try no more to win the fight, and so he got chucked out ! bad. He give Smiley a look, as j much as to say his heart was broke, and' it was his fault, putting up a dog that hadn't no Lind legs for him to take hold of, which was Lis main dependence in a fight, and then he j limped offa piece, and laid down and died. It was a good pup, was that Andrew Jackson, and would have made a name for hisself if he'd lived, for the stuff was in him, antl he had genius ; I know it, because he hadn't had and opportunities to speak of, any it don't stand to reason that a dog could make such a fight as Le could under the circumstances if Le hadn't no talent. It always makes me feel sorry when I think of that last fight of Lis'n, and the way it turned out. Well, thisyer Smiley had rat-tar- riers, and chicken-cocks and all them kind of-things, till you couldn't rest, and you couldn't fetch nothincr for him to bet on but he'd match vou. He ketched a frog one day and took him home, and said be cal'klatcd to edercato him ; and so he never done nothing for three months but sit iu his back yard and learn that frog to jump. And you bet he did learn him too. He'd give him a little punch behind him, and the next minute you'd see that frog whirling in the air like a doughnut see him turn one sum-, merset or may be a couple, if Le got a start, and cooio down flat-footed and all right like a cat. Ha got him so up in the matter of catching flies and kept him in practice so constant, that he'd nail a fly every time as far as be could see him. Smiley said all a frog wanted wa3 education, and Le could do most anytLing, and I believe bim. Why I've seen him set Dan'l Webster down on this floor Dan'l Webster was the name of tho frog and sing out, "Flies, Dan'l, flies," and quicker'n you could wink, he'd spring straight up, and snake a fly off the counter there, and flop down on the floor again as solid as a gob of mud, and fall to scratching the side ofhis head with bis bind foot as in-! different as if Le hadn't no idea he'd been doing any more that ny other frog might do. You never see a frog so modest and straigbtfor'ard as he was, for all he was so gifted. And when it come to fair and square jump ing on a dead leyel, he could get over 1c NO. 10. more ground at one straddle than aay I animal of Lis breed you ever see. iiTumping on a dead level was his ; strong suit, you understand; and ! when it conic to that, Smilev would Anra.nn nintinv . ... n irkn'r ua n " had a red. Smilev was monstrous proud of his frog and well he might be, for fellers that had traveled and had been everywhere, all said he laid over anv frog that ever they 'see. j Well, Smiley kept the beast ; little box, and he used to fetch in a him 1 tiown town and lay for a bet. One , oay a icner a stranger in the camp, I he was come across him with his j box, and says: "What might it be that voti've got in that box?" air . , - 1 -vnti rmuev savs, sorter inMiner ent like. "It might be a parrot, or it l i , might be a canary, may lie, but it ain't, it's only a frog." And the feller took it, and at it careful, and turned it looked around . "R'm! , this way and that, and says, so 'tis. Weil, 'what's he -rood .1) C?.w.;! .1 less, he s good enough for one th.ng, , nt. annllT tnd thf, Wou,,j I should judge-he can out jump ary jthe num,Mr j ffr f. og m Calaveras county. ; ,titutC(I for lh for tbJ enJ. I l.o teher took the l.x agam and) in, Jum. 30 pix hundred millions, too. anotner long, particular Mk, wih a va!ue of tweIvc mrIlioa doI. v..r,nllr i r i'n-n i,tM',-,M",l,H- ani1 reducing the loss to three very del.bcrate "e!l, I don t see milIion (,oI,3rs Kxperience has uni- IW Ik Hit J Qtkftlir I tit rrinf'j A n is ' . , . - (letter n anv fit her frn-e ' er u anv other no;. "May be you don't, "Smiley says. May be vou understand frogs, and ; may lie you don't udderstand 'em ;may lie yon ve had experience, and may lie you ain't only a amateur as it were. Anyways, I've got my opini on, anil I'll risk forty dollars that he can out jump ary frog in Calaveras county. And then Smiley says, "That's all right that's all right ; if you'll hold my box a minute, l'il go and get you a frog." And so the feller took the box, and put up his forty dollars along with Sniiley's, and set down to wait, and set there a good while, thinking and thinking to hisself, and then he j got the frog out and prized his mouth ojien, and took a teaspoon and filled him with quail shot filled him pret ty near up to the chin and set him on the floor. Smiley he went to the swamp, and slopped around in the mud for a long time, and finally he ketched a frog, and fetched him in and give bim to this feller, and says: "Xow, if you're ready "sej him alongside of Dan'l, with his forepsws just even with Dan'l and I'll give the word. 1 hen he says, "One two three jump!" ami him and the feller touched up the frogs from be hind, and the new frog hoppedoff, but lan I give a heave, and hysted up his shoulders so like a Frinchman but it wasn't no U3e he couldn't budge ; he was planted as solid as an anvil, and he couldn't no more stir than if he was anchored out. Smiley was a good deal surprised, and he was disgusted too, but he didn't have no idea what the matter was, of course. The feller took the money and started away : and when ho was go ing out the door, he sorter jerked his thumb over his shoulder this way at Dan'l, and 6ays again, very deliber ate, "Well I don't see no p'ints about that frog that's any better "n any other frog. Smiley he stood scratching his head and looking down on Dan'l a long time, and at last he says, I do wonder what in the nation that frog throwed off for; I wonder if there ain't some thing the matter with him, he 'pears to look mighty baggy, somehow." And he ketched Dan'l by the nape of the neck, and lifted him up, and says, why, blame my cats, if he don't weigh five pound!' and turned Lira upside down, and Le belched out a double handful of shot. And then he saw how it was, and he was the maddest man. He set the frog down, and took out after that feller, but Le did never ketch him. And Here Simon Wheeler heard his name called from the front yard, and got up to see what was wanted. And turning as moved away, he said, "Just set where you are, stranger, and rest easy I ain't ngoing to be gone a second. But the stranger did not think that a continuation of the history of the enterprising vagabond, Jim Smiley, would be likely to afford much infor mation concerning the Rev. Leoni- das W. Smiley, and so I away. Ba tea of PoatAge. started n'hal tkty B'rrc, Art, tni Art lo Be. The history of the reduction of postage in this country is comprehen sively given in a report made a week or two ago to the House or Represen tatives by Mr. Farnsworth, of Illinois. In 1792 the first postage act was passed. It introduced a highly com plicated system. The lowest postage was six cents to places within sixty miles ; ten cents to places within one hundred miles; twelve and a half cents to places within one hundred and fifty miles; fifteen cents to places within two hundred miles ; seventeen cents to places within two hundred and fifty miles ; twenty cents to places within three hundred and fifty miles, and twenty-five cents to places more than four hundred and fifty miles dis tant In 1799 the rates were chang ed. The lowest rate was raised to eight ceuts, and the lowest distance to forty miles. Instead of nine rates there were but six; twenty cents carried letters five hundred miles, and twenty-five cents were still charged for greater distances. In 1816 the minimum rates were again reduced to six cents, and the distance to thirty miles ; only five rates were established ; eighteen and a half cent9 carried letters four hundred miles; and for longer distances tweuty-fiye cents was charged still. These rates, with a single excep tion, where the postage was increas ed, continued until 1845, when the first material reduction took place. Five cents became the postage for letters carried a distance of less than three hundred miles ; ten cents for all tho greater distances. At the same time the drop-letter system was in troduced, such letters being charged two cents. Previous to this time the rule had been that the above rates were for "single" letters that is, letters on one sheet of paper, largo or small, and without reference to weight. In 1845 the half-ounce weight was mad?" the standard, iri ; stead of the uumber of sheet.. I.-i j 1S51 the single rate was made three ccnt3 for all distances under three thousand miles and six cents fr greater distances., if prepaid, this Ix-ing the first Inducement held out to prepay !'tten Unpaid letteri were charged five and ten cent, necoriiir.'r to the distance. Iti 165 prepayment , wa require.!, three cents being still the rate fr di-tance under :.0"0 .mile,: nnd ten cents charged for greater distances. " In I?C the pres ent rate of three cents, prepaid by !stnni. for all distance wn establish, ed. The history of these reductions shows also that no material loss of revenue lias been their iniracdiate re sult, ant! that no loss at all has been permanent. Since 1850, when sub stantially the present rate was fixed,th revenue of the post-ollicc has increas ed from $5,.V().00' for that year to $22,000,00 ia ls72 : but we need not !go further into details. t. . . ine propose'! reduction of the sin- b letter rate to two cents is an ex ceedingly important sten. We can estimate very nearly what the effect . r . i" -,, . I ui mo iiicscui rfiui'lion Will DO. During the last year there were sold four hundred and four ami a half million three cent stamps, and ninety three million tlires rent snrilonon ; i . ,ti,i !mr . i ' paid by additional stamps of this de nomination, ami as foreign postage is very frequently paid with two or more three cent stamps, we may take 50,000,000, the value of fire hundred nitllinn t li f-ii-k nnnt n r- vt n Inn mi,.. i, ,t :,V ' .i '-i 'i in imam t o tue ue re- ,,,..: ,,-L j be stationary, the consequence would ne a loss to the revenue of one-third of this sum in other words, a loss of fmn fion t ,.,... ,.c r.... wva, iijvt uaiuiui Iii'ica-C 111 l III" ;r..rmlv shown that reductions of iKist- - . ... age cause an immediate increase of correspondence, and it would not be at all surprising if the revenue from stamps anl stamped envelopes in 1S"4 were nearly as large as in 1S72. Accompanying the letter postage re form is a redaction of one-half on thi postage of newspapers regularly mailed by publishers. The total rev enue ia this department last year was not quite a million dollars." It is a part of the postal system that does not exhibit as rapid growth as others, and a loss of from a quarter to half a million dollars in this department is inevitable. The Trns Ktorr of tbe rirat Telrjram. The bill met with neither sneers nor opposition iu the Senate, but the business of that House went on with discouraging slowness. At twilight on the last evening of the session March 3, 143, there were 119 bills before it. As it seemed impossible for it to be reached in regular course before tbe hour of adjournment shouid arrive, the Professor, who had anx iously watched the tardy movements of business all day from the gallery of the Senate chamber, went with a sad heart to his hotel and prepared to leave for Xew York at an early hour the next morning. While at "break fast, a servant informed Lim that a young lady desired to see him in the parlor. There he met Miss Annie Ells worth, then a young school girl the daughter of his intimate friend, Hon. Henry L. Ellsworth, the fir.t Com missioner of Patents who said, as she extended her hand to him : "I have come to congratulate yon." "Upon what ?" inquired the Pro fessor. "Upon the- passage of your bill, she replied. " "Impossible ? Its fate was sealed at dusk last evening. You must be mistaken." "Xot at all," she responded. "Father sent me to tell you that Your bill was passed. He remained until the session closed, and yours was the last bill but one acted upon, and it was passed just five minutes before the adjournment ; and I am so glad to be the first one to tell you. Mother says, too, that you must come home with me to breakfast. The invitation wasreadily accepted, and the joy in the household was on bounded. "Both Mr. and Mrs. Ells worth bad fully believed in the pro ject, and the former, in Lis confidence in it and in his warm friendship fur Prof. Morse, had spent all the closing hours of the session in the Senate chamber, doing what he could to help the bill along, and giving it all the in fluence of his high personal and offi cial position. Grasping the hand of his vonng friend, the Professor thanked hira again and again for bearing him such pleasant tidings, and assured her that she should send over the wires the first message, as her reward. The matter was talked over in the family, and Mrs. Ellsworth suggested a mess age which Prof. Morse referred to the daughter, for her approval ; and this was the one which was subsequently sent. A little more than a year after that time, tbe line between Washington and Baltimore was completed. Prof. Morse was in the former city, and Mr. Alfred Vail, bis assistant, in the latter ; the first in the chamber of the Supreme Court, the last in tho Mount Claro depot, when the circuit being perfect, Prof. Morse sent to Miss Ellsworth for her message and it tame. "What uatii God wrocght ! It was sent in triplicate in the tiot-and-line language of the instrument to Baltimore, and was the first mes. age that teas ever transmitted by a re cording tehgraph. A fac-simile of that first message, with Professor Morse's indorsement, is here given. The story of this first message has been often told with many exaggera tions. It has roamed about Europe with various romantic material at tached to it, originating mainly in the French imagination, and has started up anew from time to time in onr own country nndcr fresh forms, but the above story is simply and literally true. An inventor in despair receives the news of his unexpected success from his friend's daughter, and he makes her a promise which he keeps, and thus links her name with his own, and with an invention which becomes one of the controlling instru ments of civilization for all time. Scribner's for JIarvh. Dodge Citt, a station on the Atch cson, Topeka ahd Santa Fe Railroad, is the chief point of shipment of buf falo meat and hides in Kansas. The principal business of the town is the outfiittingot nunters. Prof. John Wise, of Lancaster, a well known aeronaut, contemplates making a voyage across the Atlantic next Summer in a balloon which he is now preparing. f a- e I- , r I' ll T"