lis Sozr.rsst Herald . :
, rv Welneday M H-nlng at 2 UO I
to advance; otherwise 2 M i
I'-' .i,:v ; cliargod. ;
'""r ' ., will be discontinued unUl .11 r- ;
up. Postmasters neglecting to
, r-" ' liier. Jo not Ui.ct their
. - tclJ UaMo lor the rlptk.
" irum " ri,Moa1" 10 '
,: li giw ' ,h n,
- ..it of.- Address
Somerset Printing Company,
JOHX I. SCVO.
7; 1 mi ;'
ran. h. oaitbkk. :
- . IT 1 V !' 1 lluMidil tl Ijiw. I
Hf;;i ' . All nfl,wl.nl huines
...11.1 OHI- lii"Mswm..tu Hlwk," j
.1 K. H- .Marshall's ruK more. j
' ., nxi.H has ermancntly Incited i
.r , I.e pmc-ice ol lii pr..tcslon. j
r'i !,:.! Krlingcr' store. ;
".' iivMUL IH continue to practice
1- M- ' 1 ...,..ler lit professional scrvi-
tfr-ii . . ( Somerset aud surrounding
, . ; it 1 lie . I I-U-H-. a lew aoi.we.iHi
iiKKK ten ter hi professional
. ri in ii' f wieTset and Tk-lu-i
.. ...r one west of Har
,. in r. jan. 21. "70.
4 ! II.
I: .. ..r- ;. I
Will 1T1VC prooir-. .,--
' ...craned to
it care in :vrocrwi
. . , i.. i.. 1
i.m n am m i lie jnu
h. 'A.frwth has j
. ,1... ,.r.t.-!l.'e
... law in fcoinerael ana
r in ilie Keeorder'a ottK-e.
..iu-r.t, Fa. Ouux
iu n'i- lenee of
, nil ATT'HXKY ATLAW, SO.M
1N l' H r.mi.i: aliend to.U l;u.im-
. "hi. Mut.valviti.-edH..-ollevliun
,'o i.r-si-u..oti Jlatoatrceu
ATTUKXKY AT LAW
,, a.Ml.T r. i.- with
SomeTvet, l a., win
:,i ii ivir.y.
K HiKU. ATTtlKX L 5 Al
s',,,,!,.! 1-a.. "ill praiticc In hm
Mlt ,uu:i--. AH l.usinew en
r w.'1! iw promptly aiu-uaeU to.
C.UUNS. ULNTlsr. S..meret, i
m i lie ir-ui r" "' .' P ""T- I
11 urn. I l"und pr.-pared to do i
r:c l. Ail operauon r
june 7, To.
,-,,mH TTOi:XKY' AT LAW,
r ll "dl aulud .o all Imalne. en-
"r m s,.n..n.l-t and adiomlnn eoun-
ATTOKXLY AT LAW,
ui t in me Ceurt llouw.
iun. 11 II.
,v, l S MKVUIS. ATTtiKXKY AT LAW,
V,r. rf 'H " IT.mit alien;.- to
m I ui'u i;rw:. "Tlio-
s-ie ri-i' len-eof H. S-ull.
.tittiii' i i.ti
Tl.r m,den.igne. r.-r-' informf the puh-
'.. Ii if l,--e.l tin- well kn..wn hjtel in the
:"., ,. S..IIM.-. Ii i hie inientfrn to keep
iti !.'!. he h-.(ie will nive F.i-if lartion lo
, I-,, w i;: .if pr.-.
.nr.Ti.l Iout.l. Iriin.
actiu:iou to ittl caik'fl
ii. MILI.KK. aftTtwlve
Hve pmi'tiee In Sh!inkville. ha
;:r.''n;iv li.lTi-l v r"mn-- en n i'i-.-
i ii"'. an I teivi- r hi prolefciiflnl r-i:-
riiuen ol S 'inerwl and vlelnitjr.
mi f li.ip i'Tinerly oeeiipied I'V C. A.
mi re he ein I eoiisulied at all time,
M-.'"i: e.i! 1 T 'l-ipliy awwereil.
U 71 1.
P( e-TLKTH W A IT F- ATTOK X F.Y
I . : !.. S"n:-ri-t Pa.
ui.v -..lirtte i aiiJ j.nniuuiy aiienu-
1.KY AT LAW,
fHituerm t. Teuna.
h Lu.ifc..-.ii. v. n. wrrHU
"dKHnlH a r.TTI'EL. ATTORNEYS AT
Ail Lu-iiie, entrusted to tiieir care win
au.i 'ii.tually attended to.
(.rp:, ..-nttLi Uui-r w southern ena ol .v. nni-;fN-.-i.
Luimnei' Inm lHaniond.
I .:.- s. continue the f raellee of
rv: .n .r j:irvd to iHTlorm all operatins
n n il. raii'l at up low price a i lie same
' -k c.. I done anvwhere in the Stele.
t;: leesl. l.i -ui: a d iitle et for til. AH
rT;iir.n.:tl: and teeth extracteil wiih
s. jun 7
"i! i:sKT PLANINd-MILL-
COOD 5l JONES,
r I to do nil kind ,.f planing and
l iuliiliiK material.
Wr.ATHEU-W A I'DIXO.
AM1 AXD IKK iRS,
WINDOW It IX (OR FRAMES.
TRACK ETS, kc.
r-. anyttimz irenemlly uei1 in houe build
AVl km-! ! W'trk d, n: t. order.
' iT'iniptlv nllf!.
K"fD k JONES.
Eamucl Custer, Proprietor.
' -t 1-. j f,iv..r' d wit Ii a lar?e hre of pat.
'T :tn !:. HfL tor a cmunuaiK-e d the
"' Hi- ft-ui::mi.latioris re first class, the
I liirni'lied at all time with tlie tout
' "i.' t utl T.:. Ou,-t can he aecommadat-'.tita-Wiih
gl lairding and on reason-a-m...
His Imjm beta? riKsuiy 1 alway
ji r ri, j. ;., re prlie!: also s:'.swt and
n ' i,r-1. thln head f h"r--.
j'1 t. Pa., jieeeuitier ;u, lfi.
KYXolrs, STEEX .V CO.,
!';';'..::f Ht. Charles Hotel.)
! Suirn. Pittsburgh, Pa.,
"rt- i t f ni ( us nare and Manufae-
lun r .f (.Uisware.
j'Jii WILSON ,t
skat, . v yMcu
'! j ripar-,1 to snanulucturcaU
MIKE 1" I110X WARE.
'" '"""l ui'h:' f e.pir and brass
'iht !!: kll kinds of
H(.uM. l uniUblns oo1sj
k" la Id
ine. Sli-m one disir west of i
Mjio r.r,-. S mierset. I'a. i
: r M It
UNICIAX t SURGEOW
Ul"UiALE DEALERS IX
IT T5li. ri, i Yo eaa purchase of him at lower rales than ol
-DtHtimore St., iw .
Dour ,if n-ui 1
Vi,. . I
FI fill? vi it r
r'r Mill hallt on the site of the !
aini 1 -
It liu tiio i 1
"! k of Somerset Is cm
"""raotejtTi,:, tov. ,
s.1 1 T, , 1 ,
wj. fc HAY. '
HARD AY ARE.
John P. Blymyer
Hat re-epened lilf store a
Few Doors Above the Old Stand,
And Scin o hlF ruatomrra and frieoJd a full line
ol gooits at the very loweat priets.
Ol iiVCry UCSCripUOn,
Wooilon Wnrc of AH Kind,
COAL OIL LAMPS,
And everything belonging to the Lamp trade.
PAINTS IX C1L AXD DUX. AXD
PAINTERS' GOODS IN GENERAL.
A Urge twk ol
Table Knivew anil l'orks,
It.KCELAIX LIXED KETTLES, fce., fce
T'wetl.er wilh many ankle too numerous to men
tion in an advertifeineut. He I determined to
sell at the very lowest price. Give him a eal).
I now prepared to manufacture to order every de
HI ii IKS.
In tl.e latei and inot approve,! styles, and at the
I.oweiat Powfciblc Prlees.
aU. IS WAST OF A
First ClaNM 'arriaKO,
fr any other vehicle, are r-peetfnlly Invited tt
call and examine hi work. None hut the very best
material will be ned in the manufacture of his
work, and none but the
Are emploved in hi etatdiliment. sotne of wlxnn
hare ha.1 an exis-nenee of over twenty year In the
bnslne. He i. therefore, enabled to turn out a
hrt-elas vehicle, both In prdnt of material and
workmanship. All work warranted to I as repre
sented when leaving the shop, and aallslacttoa
guaranteed. All kiudsvf
IIKlWiniNO AM) I'AINTING
Done in a neat and ubtantial manner, and at tlie
shortest notice. He is determined to do ill his
work In sueh a manner, and at such prices as to : ftc?
make It to the Interest of everybody to patronize 9
hint. Call and examine hjs work Mure purrbas
insr elsewhere. " J
jau D. J. IHlliXElt, J
MA How Lest, How Restorei
i Just published, n new edition of Dr. Culver
well' Celebrated Eosav on the radical cure (with-
: out moth inejof Spermatorrhoa orS-minal w eak
; ncs. Involuntarv Seminal Losses. Iropoteney,
Meutal and 1'bysfcal lncaelty, lmllments to
.,l,ms.f. ste.. Bis,., v .wunipiiuii, r.ii, tJ rwj
! Fits. Imiuced by self indulgence or sexual extrav
ww.friee. in a seaiw envewe, only s eenis.
1 he celebrated author. In this admirable essay,
clearly demonstrates Iron, a thirty years' success-
practice, that the alarming eonsequenors of
sell abuse mar be radically enrod without the daa
. gerou use of internal met-lrine or the application
) of the knife: pointing out a mode of cure at onoe
i simple, certain, and efleetual. by means of which
every sutb-rer, no matter what hi conditio may
I be. may cure himself cheaply, privately, and radl-
ta;.Thl Iectnre should be In the hands of every
yinuli and every man In the land.
j Sent, under seal, la plain envelope, to any ad
I dress, postpaid, on receipt ol 6 eeut,or two port
Alsu, lr. cuiverwtiia '-.-Harnage uuiue, price
tt cell is.
Address the Publiher .
CHAS. J.C. KUXEfctX)..
127 Ik.wery. Xew York, Postofflce Iwx .&.
jan '.11 y
t. IX UVEMOnwD,
SALISBURY ELK LICK, . 0.
now Exsrr CoraTT, rssa'a.
Drafts liought and sold, and eolrecthins made on
all parts 01 ttte country.
Interest allowed on time deposits.
Special arrangmenta with Guardians and others
wh bold nvmeys la trust. Jasj 17 72
Perns wanting first -da s Fruit Trees, Vines
and Plants sliould call on
Momerset (Via air. Pa.
TTia Snrlncr TVrin
Swutb-Wrhlern Stair Kormal yehcol,
California, Washington Co, Pa,
! WKIopen oa Momlsy. the 34th of March, lsTJ,
i and continue fourteen weeks. Tuition U the aea
! sl. IU to. Hoarding and room per week 3 74.
j SMKtaJ arrangement will r male for teachers to
"nu,r lur una weea in saay. but all who can should
uegin wilii me sewsion.
begin with tk
This is a school vf tnor-
earneM work. For catalog oca ad-
t". I. F.HH KX FELD, Prin., or
.a HERTZOU, hXsontary.
Jona niBiirr. joax d hobkbtb.
JOHN DIBERT A CO.,
NO. 240 .MAIN STREET. .
JOHXSTO W X , P E X X A .
: We sell Drafts negotiable In all parti orthe lnl-
ted States ant Canada, and In Foreign countries.
Buy (Kil.l. Couisms and Uovernmcut Bonds at
highest market prices. Loan money on approved
aecurity. lirafts and Check on otlier Ininks canb
j ed. Money received ondepoeituayaldeou demand
littered ol the rate of Xi.r jwr cent, per
A nnum paid on Time Dpoit.
Krerythlnir In the
Banking Una rtcvlvra our
I prompt atrnlli.
Thankful to our friend and cuatnmer Tor their
; part patronage, we mdicit a eonttnuitnee of the
.i me. and invite other who have buainea In our
! all time do all we con to give entire ruttf fuel Ion.
I FehSlTe JOHN" lilBKHT k. CO.
120 CLINTON STREET,
CHARTERED SEPT., 1870.
OPENED FOR THE TRANSACTION"
OF BUSINESS FEB. 23, 1871.
BAXK OPEX DAILY FfiOM A. M. to P.
ALSI . IX W LUX hH A Y A XI) SAT
I'KDA Y KVEXIXOS. FROM
eT0 7'4 clk:k.
LOANS SECURED 15V BONDS AND
MORTGAGES ON REAL ESTATE.
WA' PKR VEST. OUAHASTEED.
P''loit reclved of at! turns not trtt than Onr
t)otlar, and a divideni of the pnfi;dethireJ twice
a vrar. In June and DocenVier.
liilerr! commeneestlie first day of each month.
Inleret when not drawn out is added to the
Principal, thus compound. ng twice a year for the
Hooka containing the oliarter and by-laws will
he tumlflici at the hank.
D. J. MORRKI.L, President,
H1 1 X K I'lBl U T. Treasurer,
CYRl S ELDER. Solicitor.
BOARD OF TRI STELS:
J limes Cooper, I Hi v id Dihert, Oeorge Frits, A.
J. Hae, F. W. Hay. John Lowman. Dauiel M -Lauirlilin,
James McMillan, .lanie Morlev, Lew.
is Piltt, C. H. Ellis. Pow.'ll Stock house, Uonrad
Suppes. Oeo. T. Swank. W. W. Walter, and 1).
J. Slorrell, President. M.I2
lie sure to call and see, and be conrlnc-
d, as there are toe many articles kept for
mmi:ksi:t iioi si
SonKRsrr, r a.
July 17 A. XT. KXEPPER,
MAIN STREET, SOMERSET, FA.
Is bkw prepared to manufacture all kinds of
WAGONS, SLEIGHS, Ac.
He will also promptly attend to
N.me but the BF.5T MATERIAL vlll nsei
ALL WORK WARRANTED
Ar f'ove In the latest and most aroved
LOWEST POSSIBLE PHICES.
Somerset, March Cth.
A. H. Franciscus & Co.,
IXroRTBJRS AVD UUUIU IX
C0TT0X YA RXS, RATTS, YVIC ,
Twine and Ropes,
I.tKIKI.NO GI.AseF-e-. CLOTKB, FAXCT BASKET
Wooden and Willow Ware, &c,
AXrrACTrT. akd jobbej;s o
OIL CLOTHS, MATTING, RUGS. &c,
MS Market Street and 0 Oommcrc Street,
June 10 It
gIMMOXS A CO.,
WHObMALK DKALKM l
Tobacco and Scgarw,
, 40S Market Street, Abere Foartli,
-K. H. Marshall, age at Somerset, Pa.
SOMEteET,'rA'.,:lVEDNESDAt,:.MAKCII H). 1873.
R AIM BOW. ,
He thou the mlnltow to the ftortua of lire !
The evening beam that nuilca the clouds away,
And tint to-morrow with prophetie ray.
Ci RE ATX EMS.
Springe from the silent eongueat of ourstlvc ;
And without that the conqueror I naught
But the firnt elire.
A nF.Al'TlFI'L KIM U.K.
la like the ttlr pearl necklace of the quoon.
That burnt in dancing, and pearl were spilt ;
Some loat, Rome stolen, some a relics kejit.
Hut never more the same two rister pearl
Ran down the silken thread to kl.s each other
(n her white neck o I it with this rhyme :
It lives dliredly in many hands,
And every minstrel sings It differently ;
Yet, is there one true line, the )earl of pearls :
Man dreams of farao, while woman wakes to love.
BY JAMES PARTOX.
In the lieautiful town of Clevi-Iand,
Ohio, ten years ago, I wan introduc
ed one Sunday inorninjr, to Mr.
Charles F. Urowne, who had recent
ly acfjuired celebrity by his Artctnua
Ward letters, in the Cleveland Plain
Dealer. He was then twenty-five
vears of age, of somewhat slender
form, but with ruddy cheeks and a
general ap-xiranceof health and vigor.
He was local editor of the Plain Deal
er, and had the ready, cordial and off
hand manner of the members of the
Western press. Like other profes
sional humorists, he was not particu
larly funny in ordinary conversation;
on the contrary he was less ho than
Western editors usually are. 1 was
far from anticipating the career that
was in store for him ; Ptill less could I
have foreseen the premature death of
a young man who presented an excep
tional appearance of good health. If
he were alive to-day he would be
only thirty -six ycurs of age.
He was born at Waterford, in
Maine, where his father was a sur
veyor. His native village, as he
says in one of his papers, "doep not
contain over forty houses all told; but
they are milk-white, with the green
est of blinds, and for the most part
arc shaded with beautiful elms and
willows. To the right of us is a
mountain; to the lelt a lake. Hie
village nestles between. Of course it
does. I never read a novel in my
life in which the village did not nes
tle. Villages invariably nestle." In
this secluded nook in Xew England
he passed the first fourteen years of
his life, during which he acquired
such education as a rather idle and
sport-loving boy could acquire in the
common aud high schools.
He was sect to learn the printing
business at a neighboring town, call
ed Skowhegan, where, in the ollice of
the Skowhegan Clarion, he learned
to set type and work a hand press.
To the fast of his days he held this
place in abhorrence. One of his
friends has recorded that he was ac
customed "to set up a howl of deri
sion" whenever its name was men
tioned; and that whenever he de
sired to express the least degree of
contempt for any person or thing, he
would speak of them as worthy of
Skowhegan. How" many a boy has
reaped n full revenge ttpon a teacher:
or an employer by turning out to le
a genius, and consigning him to uni
versal ridicule ! r '
At sixteen he found his way to
Boston, where he obtained employ
ment as a compositor m the ollice of
the funniest periodical then published
in Boston, the Carpet Rag, to which
Shillaber, Halpinc and Saxc contrib
uted. As he set up, from week to
week, the humorous contributions of
these writers, the conviction grew up
on him that be too could write a
piece that would make people laugh.
I think he must have been reading
Franklin's Autobiography, or the
preface to Pickwick, for in putting
his talent to the test, he employed a
device similar to that used by Frank
lin and Dickens in offcr'ng' their pro
ductions to the press. Having writ
ten his piece in adiaguibcd hand, he
put it into the editor's box. Oreatj
was bis jor when it was banded to
him soon afttr, to set in type.
The first piece, 1 Itcbeve, was in
the style ol Major Jack Downing,
whose letters, be ouce said, had more
to do with making him a humorist
than the productions of any other
About this time he happened to
read Bayard Taylor's 'Views Afoot,'
in which that popular author gave an
account of his uiaking the tour of Eu
rojie, and paying Lis way by working
at Lis trade, W hich was that of a
printer. Captivated by this great
example lie started for the Great
West. When Lis money was exhaust
ed, he would stop for a while in sonic
large town where there was a print
ing ollice and replenish his purse ;
which done, he would continue his
He stopped short of I uma, howev
t r. At the town of Tiffin, Ohio, he !
obtained a place as compositor and
assistant editor, at four dollars a
week. From Tiffin he removed to
Toledo, where Le procured a similar
position on the Toledo Commercial at
five dollars a week. It was upon
this paper that Lis talent as a humor
ist first attracted attention, and
Le was soon permitted to devote Lis
whole time to filling the local column
with omusing abuse of the rival pa
per, lie acquired so niucn celebrity
in Ohio as a facetious parographer,
that Le was offered at length, the
place of local editor of the Cleveland
Plain Dealer, at a salary, inumficcnt
at the time and place, of twelve dol
lars a week.
.Most of the noted humorists and
the great master of humor himself,
Charles Dickens have shown a par
ticular fondness for persons who gain
their livelihood by amusing the pub
lic showmen of all kinds and grades
from the tumbler in the circus to the
frrn n 4 rja ion sf 4 K ia 1 tt xr X r It o
performance of Lis duty as local edi
tor, Charles Browne had abundant
opportunity of gratifying Lis taste,
and Le gradually became acquainted
with most of tho traveling showmen
of the Western country. lie delight
ed to study their Labits, and Le used
to tell many a good story of their in
genious devices for arousing the en
thusiasm of the public. Much of
this showman's lore he turned to ac
count in the letters or Artemus
. . There are dull times in a place like
Cleveland times when the. local edi-
; tor h hard put to fill his colunins
i Xo show, no court, bo accident, no
j fashionable wedding, no surprise par
jty, no police report, no . trotting
i match, no anything. One day, iu
185:, when the local editor, of the
Plain Dealer was in desperado want
of a topic.ho dashed upon paper a let
ter from an imaginary showman, to
which he affixed tho name of a Revolu
tionary General, which always struck
hira as being odd "Artemua.Ward."
Tho letter ran thus: i
2i the Editor of the Plain Dealer:
'Sir; I'm moving along islowly
along down tords your plice. I
want you to write me a letter, sain'
hows the show bizness in voutj place.
My show at present consists bf three
moral Bears,, a Kangaroo a lainoo
zin little Raskel ; i'wonld make you
larf to tleth to see the little cusl jump
up and squeal wax Aggers! of O.
Washington, Gen. Taylor, John Btin
yan. Dr. Kidd, Dr. Webster in the act
of Killin' Dr. Parkman, besides sev
eral niiscellanyus moral wax slatoots
of celebrated pints and murderers,
etc., ekiillcd by few ami exceed by
The showman proceeds to urge the
editor to prepare the way for his com
ing, ami promises to nave an ins
handbills ' dun atyonr orTiss." 1
" We must fetch the public Some
how," he continues. We must work
on their feelings come the moral on
'cm strong. If it's a temperance com
munity, tell 'em I sined the pledge
fifteen minutes arter Isc born, t But
on the contrary, if your people take
their tods, say that Mister Ward is as;
genteel a fellow as we ever met- full
of conviviality, and the life and sole
of the soshul Bored. Tako, don't
you!" . t
Mister Ward concludes his epistle
by condensing its whole meaning in a
very short postscript :
- " You scratch my back, and I'll
scratch your back.
This letter made a wonderful hit.
It was immediately copied into many
hundreds of newspapers, and was gen
erally taken as the- genuine produc
tion of a showman. Other letters in
the same vein followed, which car
ried the name of Artemus Ward and
the Cleveland Plain Dealer to the
end of the earth. For two or three
years they figured in the funny col
umn of most of the periodicals of
America, England and Australia."
But except the reputation which
the K iters gave, they were of little
advantage to the author . His salary
mar have been increased a few dol
lars a week, and he added a little to
his income by. contributions to the
comic papers of Xew York. Xo man,
indeed, is so cruelly plundered as the
writer of short, amusing pieces, easi
ly clipped and copied. He writes a
comic piece for a trifling sum, which
amuses perhaps five millions of people,
anil no one compensates him except
the original purchaser. There are,
for example, comic dialogues which
have done service for fifteen years at
negro minstrel entertainments, and
now make thousands of people laugh
every night, for which the author re
ceived three dollars.
Artemus Ward, anxious to buy
back the family homestead in which to
shelter the old age of his widowed
mother, soon discovered that he could
never do it by making jokes unless
he could sell them over anil over
again. So he tried comic lecturing.
Tho first night the experiment was a
failure. A violent storm of snow,
sleet and wind thinned the andience
in Clinton Hall, X. Y. to such a
degree, that the lecturer lost thirty
dollars by the enterprise.- A tour in
Xew England, however, had better
results, lie lectured a hundred nights,
by which he cleared nearly tight
thousand dollars ; and he was soon
able to establish his mother in the I
comfortable village home ia which be;
I thought I ought not to conclude
this article without letting the reader
know why this bright ami genial
spirit is no longer here to add to the
world's harmless amusement. Well
this is the reason : Wherever he lec
tured, whether in Xew England,
California or London, there was sure
to be a knot of young fellows to gath
er round him, and go home with him
to his hotel, order supper, and spend
half the night in telling stories and
singing songs. To any man this will
be fatal in time; but when the night
ly carouse follows an evenings per
formance before an audience, and
if succeeded by a railway journey the
next day, the waste of vitality is fear
fully rapid. Five years of such a
life fiuished poor Charles Browne.
He died in London in 1807 ; aged thir-.
ty -three years ; and nov lies, buried
at the home of his childhood ia Maine.
He was not a hard drinker. He was
not a, man, of strong appetites. It
was tho nights wasted in conviviality
which his system needed for sleep,
that sent him to his grave forty
years before his time. For men of
his profession and character, for all
editors, literary men and artists,
there is only one safety teetotalism. I
He should have taken the advice of a
stage driver on the plains, to whom
he offered some whisky ; and I com
mend it strongly to the countless
hosts who see this paper every week:
I don't drink, I won't drink ! and I
don't . like to see anyboddy else
drink. Pin of the opinion of those
mountains keep your top cool.
They've got snow, and I've got
braius ; that's all the difference."
Itotsert Bar a.
By the suffrage of his countrymen,
ratified by the consent of all who are
competent to judge, Burns in the realm
of song and lyric is facile princeps.
Loyal as they are to Campbell and
Scott, Scotsmen the world over cling
to Burns as the representative poet of
Scotland. Unlike many of Lis coun
trymen who Lad tuned tho lyro be
fore him, an uninterrupted succession
of splendid names, from Lyndsay
Bunbar and Gavin Douglas to Allan
Ramsey and the ill-fated Ferguson
and Taunahill, men famous in. their
time, but whose reputation is now
chiefly confined to their native coun
try. Burns took a wider range and
appealed to a larger circle. Though
intensely national, he was in pro
found sympathy with all humanity.
Tenderness, the most exquisite humor,
broad, genial and refined, a strong
preception of natural beauty; a ha
tred deep and unappeasable of all
falsehood and shams, he sang of
friendship anil love, of patriotism and
duty, awakening a sympathetic re
sponse not from his own countrymen
only, but from all who love the ten
der and true. Among all the ebulli
tions of gaiety, there is an undercur
rent that goes to the recesses of the
heart. Xo poet since Shakespeare has
invested with an interest so intensely
human, objects commonly regarded as
of inferior interest. Xonc has been able
to draw lessons of morals from these
with happier effect. The lines to a
daisy, "Wee, modest, crimson tip
ped flower," to the moiis overturned
by the plowshare, "Wee, sleekit,
cow'rin', tim'rous beastic, bring us in
sympathy at once with th lowest of
God's creatures. Who but Burns
could thus moralize on the first :
81111 thou art blessed, compared wl me;
The present only touches I h?e,
But, oh! I liitckwarJ raxt my e'e.
On prospects drear,
And forward, tho I c.mn see.
I guess and fear.
Or on the second :
Even thou who miHirned the daly' f.ite.
That rate i mine. Xo distant dut
Stern Ruin's plowshare drives elate
,Fonll:i,;ir!rn' , ,.
Till crushed beneath the furrow w ight
Shall bo thy doom.
The "Address to the Deil" is
im!.. n.. in tl.n F...r!h iimrim,,. 1 1 1 1
great heart asks, half in humor, half
i -. .. .. .
in sadness, whether even for the Arch
Enemy, who, "in Eden's bonnic yard,"
"gied the infant world a shog maist
ruined ay," there may not be repent
ance and recover.
But. fare ye weel, AnIJ Xlckle ben,
fill, wa.l ye take a thought and mn.'
Ye alhllns might I dinna ken
Still hoc a stake.
I'm wae to think upon you deu
Ev'n foe your sako !
What can more strikingly illustrate
not only the sympathy, which the po
et felt with the songsters of the wood
and the green braes and rippling wa
ters of the Doon, but the sympathy
which he expected in return, than the
lines known in every household where
English is spoken :
Ye banks and hrac o' honnic Doon
How can ye bloom ae fresh an I fair.
How can ye chant, ye little bird.
And I sac weary, fu' o' care?
Ill pictures of moral lifi
from the rustic piety of his father's
home Goldsmith and Crablie fall far
below him. "Isaac Ashford" is touch
ing. "Tho Village Pastor" moves
the heart to love and admire, but we
think no one who has read them and
"The Cotter's Saturday .Night" could
hesitate to which to give the palm.
The picture is complete. The weary
cotter wending homeward from his
toil, "the expectant wee things," wait
ing his return, Jenny, accompanied
by her lover, coming to "deposit her
sair worn penny fee," the artless
blushing presentation of the "neebor
lad" to the old people, his welcome to
the board.crowned with the "halesome
parritch chief o' Scotia's food;" and,
tho evening meal over, the circle form
ed for family worship, when "the big
Ha-Bib!e aace his father's pride, is
His bonnet reverently laid aside.
nis Iyart haftets wcarin' thin and bare.
He wales a portion with peculiar care.
And '-let us worship Ood" he says wilh soleranalr.
X'o wonder the poet who has in this
exquisite and inimitable pastoral con
densed volumes into sentences, the
daily life of a people into a few lines,
and brought them out of the fire, or
as genius at a white heat exclaims :
From scenes like these dd S-otla's grandenr
That makes her lorn) at home, revered abroad.
Princes and knl are hut the breath of king :
An honest mail's the noblest work of (h1
Only two great lyrics Lav
written within tlio limits nf
seas oi i,rna.n, ami t.tirns wrote one s
of them. A nation, the expression of;
whose patriotism is found in
Scots wha hae wl' Wallace Med,
Scots wham Bruce has aften le I,
Welcome to your gory bi d
Or to victory,
was not born to lie slaves.
Burns Lad Lis faults. Who Las
not ? Wo may charitably apply to
him Lis own lines:
Then irently scan your brother man.
Still gentler sister woman i
Though they may gang a kenning wrung.
To step a.-lde Is human.
Who made the heart, 'tis He alone
' Decidedly can try us :
He knows each chord its rations tone ;
Each spring its various bias.
Then at the balance let n be mute.
We never ran adjust it ;
What's dime we partly may compute.
But know not what's resisted.
But whatever Burns Lad, Le Lad no
hypocrisy, no malice in Lis composi
tion, no selfishnes-s, no meanness. A
robust and manly independence which
scorned servility, a generosity far be
yond his means, antl an abiding be
lief that the universe is governed by
moral as well as material laws, were
always uppermost in the man. With
these traits of manhood before us, we
may surely say, in the words of anoth
en scarcely less unfortunate
Thy faults and thy follies.
Whatever they were.
Be their memory lost,
A the winds on the air.
Xo reproaches from me.
On thy corse shall be thrown ;
Let the man who Is sinless
Uplift the first sl.mc.
Over the wide continent of Amer
ica, from the Atlantic to the Pacific,
in Australia India and the Cape of
Good Hope wherever Scotchmen are
found, no less than in his native land,
the birthday of Scotland's greatest
poet is celebrated.
Christopher Xonh, than whom no
man better understood him, says, "
Buried with his bonc3 bo all remem
brance of his miseries. But the spirit
of song which was Lis true spirit un
poluted and unfallen.li ves and breathes
and Las its being in tLe pleasant life
of Scotland. His songs, which are
house bold words, consecrated by the
charm thnt is in all the heart's purest
affections, love and pity, and the joy
of grief shall never decay till among
the people have decayed tho virtues
which they celebrate antl by which
they arc inspired.
Mark Twain' Account r Jiaa Nsullejr,
There was a follow here once by
tLe name of Jim Smiley, in tho win
ter of '49 or may be it was the spring
of '50 I don't recollect exactly, some
how, though what makes me think it
was one or tho other is because I re
member the big flunio wasn't finished
when we first came to the camp; but
any way, ho was the curiousest man
about, always betting on anything
that turned up yon ever nee, if he
could get anybody to bet on the other
side ; and if he couldn't he'd change
sides. Anv wav that suited the
otlier man would suit him any way
just so's he got a U-t, he was satisfied.
But stiil he was lucky, uncommon
lucky ; he almot always com out
winner. He was always ready and
laying for a chance; there couldn't
be no solitary thing mentioned but
that fuller'd offer to bet on it, and
take auy side you please, I was
just telling you. if there was a
norse race, you u nna nun itusu or
yon'd find him busted at the end of it,
if there was a dog fight be'd bet on it,
if there was a chicken fight, he'd lot
on it; if there was a cat fight he'd bet '
. .1 .1
on it, wnv, if tnere was two oirus set
ting on a fence, he'd bet on which one
I would fly first ; or iftliere was a camp
; meeting, he would be there reg'lar, to
j liet on Parson Walker, which he
(judged to lie the best exhorter about
i . " , i .... i .1
an, SQ e was l,K .?"'
i man. If he even saw a strnddlehng
j start to go anywhere, he would let
yoll Low long it Would take bin to
! get where he was goiug to, and if
j vo ton hjnl p J,e woul(J fow ti)at
istraddh-bug to Mexico, but what he
! .' , ,
wouhl find out where he was bound
' f"r' or hnv ,on? he was " the roaI
L.ots ot the ys here hassoen tnat
Smiley, n:ii can tell you about him.
Why. i; never made no difference to
bin he would bet oa anything the
dangest feller. Parson Walker's wife
laid very sick once, fir a good while,
anI it seemed as if they warn't going
to save her. But one morning he
come in and Smilev asked how she
was, and she was considerable bet
ter thank the Lord for his infinite
mercy and cording on so smart that,
with the blessing of Providence she'd
get well yet; and Smiley, before
thought says: Well I'll risk two
and a half that she don't anv way.
I This ver Smilev had a mare the
boys called her the fifteen minute nag,
but that was only ia fun you know,
because of course she was faster than
that antl he used to win money on
that horse for all she was so slow.
and always had the asthma, or the
j distemper or the consumption, or
1 something of the kind. They used to
give her two or three hundretl yards
start, and then pass her nnder way;
but always at the end of the race
she'd get excited and desperate like,
and come cavorting and straddling
up, and scattering her lcg3 around
limber, sometimes out to one side
among the fences, and kicking up
more dust and raising more racket
with her coughing and sneezing and
blowing her nose and alwavs fetches
up at the end just aliout a neck ahead,
asnear as you could cipher it down.
And he had a little small bull pup,
that to look at hin you'd think he
wasn't worth a cent but to set around
and look ornery, and lay for a chance
to steal something; but he was a dif
ferent dog ; Lis under jaw'd begun to
stick out like the fo "castle of a steam
boat, Lis teeth would uncover, and
shine savage like the furnaces. And
a dog might tackle him, and bully
rag him, and bite him, and throw
him over his shoulder two or three
times, and Andrew Jackson, which
was the name of the pup Andrew
Jackson would never let on but he
was satisfied, and hadn't expected
nothing else and the bets being
doubled and doublet on the other
side all the time, till the money was
all up : and then all of a sudden he
would grab the other dog jist by the
jint of his hind leg and freeze to it,
not chaw, you understand, but only
'. I j'st Sr'P nn,l hang on till they throw
ive been ; e) up pponge, if it was" a year,
the four j gmiley always come out winner on
smiiev always come out winner on
tbat p ti he narneswd a ,logonce
,k. k,.-i t, u-.i i
1 UJl.b Ulllll b Iliivr Utl 111I1U ieij, uetau.e
j they'd been sawed off by a circular
i saw, and when the thing had ' gone
j along far enough, and the mon ey was
all np, and ho come to make a snatch
for his pet holt, he saw in a minute
how he'd been imposed on, and now
the other dog had him in the door,
so to speak, and he 'peared surprised,
j and then he looked sorter discouraged
jlike, and didn't try no more to win
the fight, and so he got chucked out
! bad. He give Smiley a look, as
j much as to say his heart was broke,
and' it was his fault, putting up a
dog that hadn't no Lind legs for him
to take hold of, which was Lis main
dependence in a fight, and then he
j limped offa piece, and laid down and
died. It was a good pup, was that
Andrew Jackson, and would have
made a name for hisself if he'd lived,
for the stuff was in him, antl he had
genius ; I know it, because he hadn't
had and opportunities to speak of,
any it don't stand to reason that a
dog could make such a fight as Le
could under the circumstances if Le
hadn't no talent. It always makes
me feel sorry when I think of that
last fight of Lis'n, and the way it
Well, thisyer Smiley had rat-tar-
riers, and chicken-cocks and all them
kind of-things, till you couldn't rest,
and you couldn't fetch nothincr for
him to bet on but he'd match vou.
He ketched a frog one day and took
him home, and said be cal'klatcd to
edercato him ; and so he never done
nothing for three months but sit iu
his back yard and learn that frog to
jump. And you bet he did learn him
too. He'd give him a little punch
behind him, and the next minute you'd
see that frog whirling in the air like
a doughnut see him turn one sum-,
merset or may be a couple, if Le got
a start, and cooio down flat-footed
and all right like a cat. Ha got him
so up in the matter of catching flies
and kept him in practice so constant,
that he'd nail a fly every time as far
as be could see him. Smiley said all
a frog wanted wa3 education, and Le
could do most anytLing, and I believe
bim. Why I've seen him set Dan'l
Webster down on this floor Dan'l
Webster was the name of tho frog
and sing out, "Flies, Dan'l, flies,"
and quicker'n you could wink, he'd
spring straight up, and snake a fly
off the counter there, and flop down
on the floor again as solid as a gob of
mud, and fall to scratching the side
ofhis head with bis bind foot as in-!
different as if Le hadn't no idea he'd
been doing any more that ny other
frog might do. You never see a frog
so modest and straigbtfor'ard as he
was, for all he was so gifted. And
when it come to fair and square jump
ing on a dead leyel, he could get over
more ground at one straddle than aay
I animal of Lis breed you ever see.
iiTumping on a dead level was his
; strong suit, you understand; and
! when it conic to that, Smilev would
Anra.nn nintinv . ... n irkn'r ua n
had a red. Smilev was monstrous
proud of his frog and well he might
be, for fellers that had traveled and
had been everywhere, all said he
laid over anv frog that ever they
j Well, Smiley kept the beast
; little box, and he used to fetch
1 tiown town and lay for a bet.
, oay a icner a stranger in the camp,
I he was come across him with his
j box, and says:
"What might it be that voti've
in that box?"
air . ,
- 1 -vnti rmuev savs, sorter inMiner
"It might be a parrot, or it
l i ,
might be a canary, may lie, but it
ain't, it's only a frog."
And the feller took it, and
at it careful, and turned it
this way and that, and says,
so 'tis. Weil, 'what's he -rood
.1) C?.w.;! .1
less, he s good enough for one th.ng, , nt. annllT tnd thf, Wou,,j
I should judge-he can out jump ary jthe num,Mr j ffr
f. og m Calaveras county. ; ,titutC(I for lh for tbJ enJ.
I l.o teher took the l.x agam and) in, Jum. 30 pix hundred millions,
too. anotner long, particular Mk, wih a va!ue of tweIvc mrIlioa doI.
v..r,nllr i r i'n-n i,tM',-,M",l,H- ani1 reducing the loss to three
very del.bcrate "e!l, I don t see milIion (,oI,3rs Kxperience has uni-
IW Ik Hit J Qtkftlir I tit rrinf'j A n is ' .
, . -
(letter n anv fit her frn-e '
er u anv other no;.
"May be you don't, "Smiley says.
May be vou understand frogs, and
; may lie you don't udderstand 'em ;may
lie yon ve had experience, and may
lie you ain't only a amateur as it
were. Anyways, I've got my opini
on, anil I'll risk forty dollars that he
can out jump ary frog in Calaveras
And then Smiley says, "That's all
right that's all right ; if you'll hold
my box a minute, l'il go and get you
a frog." And so the feller took the
box, and put up his forty dollars along
with Sniiley's, and set down to wait,
and set there a good while, thinking
and thinking to hisself, and then he j
got the frog out and prized his mouth
ojien, and took a teaspoon and filled
him with quail shot filled him pret
ty near up to the chin and set him
on the floor. Smiley he went to the
swamp, and slopped around in the
mud for a long time, and finally he
ketched a frog, and fetched him in and
give bim to this feller, and says:
"Xow, if you're ready "sej him
alongside of Dan'l, with his forepsws
just even with Dan'l and I'll give the
word. 1 hen he says, "One two
three jump!" ami him and the
feller touched up the frogs from be
hind, and the new frog hoppedoff, but
lan I give a heave, and hysted up
his shoulders so like a Frinchman
but it wasn't no U3e he couldn't
budge ; he was planted as solid as
an anvil, and he couldn't no more stir
than if he was anchored out. Smiley
was a good deal surprised, and he
was disgusted too, but he didn't have
no idea what the matter was, of
The feller took the money and
started away : and when ho was go
ing out the door, he sorter jerked his
thumb over his shoulder this way at
Dan'l, and 6ays again, very deliber
ate, "Well I don't see no p'ints about
that frog that's any better "n any other
Smiley he stood scratching his head
and looking down on Dan'l a long
time, and at last he says, I do wonder
what in the nation that frog throwed
off for; I wonder if there ain't some
thing the matter with him, he 'pears
to look mighty baggy, somehow."
And he ketched Dan'l by the nape of
the neck, and lifted him up, and says,
why, blame my cats, if he don't
weigh five pound!' and turned Lira
upside down, and Le belched out a
double handful of shot. And then
he saw how it was, and he was the
maddest man. He set the frog down,
and took out after that feller, but Le
did never ketch him. And
Here Simon Wheeler heard his
name called from the front yard, and
got up to see what was wanted. And
turning as moved away, he said,
"Just set where you are, stranger,
and rest easy I ain't ngoing to be
gone a second.
But the stranger did not think that
a continuation of the history of the
enterprising vagabond, Jim Smiley,
would be likely to afford much infor
mation concerning the Rev. Leoni-
das W. Smiley, and so I
Ba tea of PoatAge.
n'hal tkty B'rrc, Art, tni Art lo Be.
The history of the reduction of
postage in this country is comprehen
sively given in a report made a week
or two ago to the House or Represen
tatives by Mr. Farnsworth, of Illinois.
In 1792 the first postage act was
passed. It introduced a highly com
plicated system. The lowest postage
was six cents to places within sixty
miles ; ten cents to places within one
hundred miles; twelve and a half
cents to places within one hundred and
fifty miles; fifteen cents to places
within two hundred miles ; seventeen
cents to places within two hundred
and fifty miles ; twenty cents to places
within three hundred and fifty miles,
and twenty-five cents to places more
than four hundred and fifty miles dis
tant In 1799 the rates were chang
ed. The lowest rate was raised to
eight ceuts, and the lowest distance
to forty miles. Instead of nine rates
there were but six; twenty cents
carried letters five hundred miles,
and twenty-five cents were still
charged for greater distances. In
1816 the minimum rates were again
reduced to six cents, and the distance
to thirty miles ; only five rates were
established ; eighteen and a half cent9
carried letters four hundred miles;
and for longer distances tweuty-fiye
cents was charged still.
These rates, with a single excep
tion, where the postage was increas
ed, continued until 1845, when the
first material reduction took place.
Five cents became the postage for
letters carried a distance of less than
three hundred miles ; ten cents for all
tho greater distances. At the same
time the drop-letter system was in
troduced, such letters being charged
two cents. Previous to this time the
rule had been that the above rates
were for "single" letters that is,
letters on one sheet of paper, largo or
small, and without reference to
weight. In 1845 the half-ounce
weight was mad?" the standard, iri
; stead of the uumber of sheet.. I.-i
j 1S51 the single rate was made three
ccnt3 for all distances under three
thousand miles and six cents fr
greater distances., if prepaid, this
Ix-ing the first Inducement held out to
prepay !'tten Unpaid letteri were
charged five and ten cent, necoriiir.'r
to the distance. Iti 165 prepayment
, wa require.!, three cents being still
the rate fr di-tance under :.0"0
.mile,: nnd ten cents charged for
greater distances. " In I?C the pres
ent rate of three cents, prepaid by
!stnni. for all distance wn establish,
ed. The history of these reductions
shows also that no material loss of
revenue lias been their iniracdiate re
sult, ant! that no loss at all has been
permanent. Since 1850, when sub
stantially the present rate was fixed,th
revenue of the post-ollicc has increas
ed from $5,.V().00' for that year to
$22,000,00 ia ls72 : but we need not
!go further into details.
t. . .
ine propose'! reduction of the sin-
b letter rate to two cents is an ex
ceedingly important sten. We can
estimate very nearly what the effect
. r . i" -,, .
I ui mo iiicscui rfiui'lion Will DO.
During the last year there were sold
four hundred and four ami a half
million three cent stamps, and ninety
three million tlires rent snrilonon
; i . ,ti,i !mr . i '
paid by additional stamps of this de
nomination, ami as foreign postage is
very frequently paid with two or
more three cent stamps, we may take
50,000,000, the value of fire hundred
nitllinn t li f-ii-k nnnt n r- vt n Inn mi,..
i, ,t :,V ' .i
'-i 'i in imam t o tue ue re-
j be stationary, the consequence would
ne a loss to the revenue of one-third
of this sum in other words, a loss of
fmn fion t ,.,... ,.c r....
wva, iijvt uaiuiui Iii'ica-C 111 l III"
;r..rmlv shown that reductions of iKist-
- . ...
age cause an immediate increase of
correspondence, and it would not be
at all surprising if the revenue from
stamps anl stamped envelopes in
1S"4 were nearly as large as in 1S72.
Accompanying the letter postage re
form is a redaction of one-half on thi
postage of newspapers regularly
mailed by publishers. The total rev
enue ia this department last year was
not quite a million dollars." It is a
part of the postal system that does
not exhibit as rapid growth as others,
and a loss of from a quarter to half a
million dollars in this department is
The Trns Ktorr of tbe rirat Telrjram.
The bill met with neither sneers
nor opposition iu the Senate, but the
business of that House went on with
discouraging slowness. At twilight
on the last evening of the session
March 3, 143, there were 119 bills
before it. As it seemed impossible
for it to be reached in regular course
before tbe hour of adjournment shouid
arrive, the Professor, who had anx
iously watched the tardy movements
of business all day from the gallery
of the Senate chamber, went with a
sad heart to his hotel and prepared to
leave for Xew York at an early hour
the next morning. While at "break
fast, a servant informed Lim that a
young lady desired to see him in the
There he met Miss Annie Ells
worth, then a young school girl the
daughter of his intimate friend, Hon.
Henry L. Ellsworth, the fir.t Com
missioner of Patents who said, as
she extended her hand to him : "I
have come to congratulate yon."
"Upon what ?" inquired the Pro
fessor. "Upon the- passage of your bill,
she replied. "
"Impossible ? Its fate was sealed
at dusk last evening. You must be
"Xot at all," she responded.
"Father sent me to tell you that Your
bill was passed. He remained until
the session closed, and yours was the
last bill but one acted upon, and it
was passed just five minutes before
the adjournment ; and I am so glad to
be the first one to tell you. Mother
says, too, that you must come home
with me to breakfast.
The invitation wasreadily accepted,
and the joy in the household was on
bounded. "Both Mr. and Mrs. Ells
worth bad fully believed in the pro
ject, and the former, in Lis confidence
in it and in his warm friendship fur
Prof. Morse, had spent all the closing
hours of the session in the Senate
chamber, doing what he could to help
the bill along, and giving it all the in
fluence of his high personal and offi
Grasping the hand of his vonng
friend, the Professor thanked hira
again and again for bearing him such
pleasant tidings, and assured her that
she should send over the wires the
first message, as her reward. The
matter was talked over in the family,
and Mrs. Ellsworth suggested a mess
age which Prof. Morse referred to the
daughter, for her approval ; and this
was the one which was subsequently
A little more than a year after that
time, tbe line between Washington
and Baltimore was completed. Prof.
Morse was in the former city, and Mr.
Alfred Vail, bis assistant, in the
latter ; the first in the chamber of the
Supreme Court, the last in tho Mount
Claro depot, when the circuit being
perfect, Prof. Morse sent to Miss
Ellsworth for her message and it tame.
"What uatii God wrocght !
It was sent in triplicate in the tiot-and-line
language of the instrument
to Baltimore, and was the first mes.
age that teas ever transmitted by a re
cording tehgraph. A fac-simile of
that first message, with Professor
Morse's indorsement, is here given.
The story of this first message has
been often told with many exaggera
tions. It has roamed about Europe
with various romantic material at
tached to it, originating mainly in the
French imagination, and has started
up anew from time to time in onr
own country nndcr fresh forms, but
the above story is simply and
literally true. An inventor in despair
receives the news of his unexpected
success from his friend's daughter,
and he makes her a promise which he
keeps, and thus links her name with
his own, and with an invention which
becomes one of the controlling instru
ments of civilization for all time.
Scribner's for JIarvh.
Dodge Citt, a station on the Atch
cson, Topeka ahd Santa Fe Railroad,
is the chief point of shipment of buf
falo meat and hides in Kansas. The
principal business of the town is the
Prof. John Wise, of Lancaster, a
well known aeronaut, contemplates
making a voyage across the Atlantic
next Summer in a balloon which he
is now preparing.
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