. . . - . - 1 I . . ..I nm ? ftr '
'i' . .
condition does not enter Hi-1
to account in giving f.t
to the j'uMio eclio-jl, Hi
t n 'uiit of o.l in
: CUT '
Tvliie'.i new p'H tions are Ivinsj s-eUkn,
thus ,iive?it:; tl.c carry or t:iai! on
a tn."VTfi!:l r:UVj than the increase
of rcc-i;'t., i liot alarmirg.
Tiir. r.T rf'UT or the rcPTM.Ti:R O KN
l,Crci'.'.ia.u.ur.i,ri.- . ..... v..
-. ...1,. .1 t . ' 1..ri-
v-r.c fin ir.errnse of K"iti;e in
l(iarln-CDt. in ls"3 ov r the previous
year of $1,074,41 1, a:.d an increase i
of cu-t of earn ing the roaiia y pay- j
i;i employees of 304,1 J 'i"lid !
rep ji t 'of the Postmart-.-r General i
pive iuteri-etin ctatisiics of hi de
paitment, and "compares then wi;!i !
the correspond its; htatiilies of a 5 ear ;
.frt t'l.-ia inT a rrowth in every
oranen 01 i-ieuej-uii. .... ..
I . . I . .1 I i-rt s.r-. 1
A postal convention ha? bee n con -
eluded with Xew South Wnks, an;
exchange 01 posiai ru es.aunsiiet.
r. . I , .1.1:. 1.1
tv-ilU Switzei'.and, and the iiegolia-
i.- M-i.rr.:ri. sim ........... r
tions pending for t-everrd yearn ri3St13t!i
with Prance have terminated in -''li:
Conveiiil'ill wiia I 1:1. wuiu i)
went into t fleet Ut Aul'u-!. An ln -
vened in liernc, Swi'zer'an'!, in Sep-!
temher last, at vUU it l!i . "
States was nvircehtetl
t.....n t.f r-Mlcil
01 ine i oMou!i-e i'n
f.i ... .it . T1.
i.i i ." v
cxr.erienee rind of quah'Ju
l.osiiini.. A convention
.:o:n : "'c
ior the cs -
tahlibbnu i.t of an internatioiial pos
I'll union was arret-J upon and Mii
ed by delegal
s of the countries vep
ect to the approval of
Lhe iiroper authorities or those com!
tlie. 1 respectfully direct your at
1 1 nt i" n to the report of the Post
master (ieneral, and to his mzg' -tioi'S
in regard V) an e.iuUuhh- '
justrnviltol the jestion of coij-pen-fcatiou
to railroads for carrying lhe
ai : a;i:s is the t iiit;.'.
Your attention will he drawn to j
the unpcttled coa.:iti:n ctai.airs in
some of the Southern Stnie- O the
14th of September last the Governor
of LouL-iar.a called upon me, r.s pro
vided bv the ConstiUition and laws
of lhe United Stales, to 'aid hi sup
pressing domestic vioi.'iie.! in that
Stale. This-call was made in iew
of a iiroclamation issued on that day
i'V 1". i- 1 enn, claiming i.iai. m. a
t, I ' .! . I
ere-. !.ed Lieutenant Governor in lS72ly on the side of la-v,
j.iiii calling iiiioii the inalitia of the e:ice becomes a crime.
Slhte to arm, assemble and
from power the usurper1., as I
iirnalcd the (.(.leers' ot tee M
eri.mt iit. On the next day I i.-sue l
my proclamation comr.ia.idmg the
in:'.urgenl9 to disperse within five
days from the date thereof, and sub
sequently learned that o,i lliat day
thc had taken forcible po.-ses-.ion of
the State Iiousc. Steps were taken
by mc to support the
before the expiration of the five days
the insurrectionary movement was
practically abandoned, and the offi
cers of the Stale government, with
soroej minor exceptions, resumed
their powers and duties. Consider
ing that the present Slate adminis
tration of Louisiana has Wen the
only government in that Slate for
in mly t vo yars, that it lias been
tacitly acknowledged and acquiesced
in as such by Congress, and more
th-ic once expressly recognised by
me, 1 regarded it as my clear duty,
when legally called upon for that pur
pose, to prevent its overthrow by an
armed mob under pretense of fran 1
ami irregularity la the election
I have heretofore called the atten -
1 ion t f Congress to this subject sta -
ting that on account of the frauds
vrl forgeries committed at said el
tioa and because it appears that the
returns thereof were never legally
canvassed, it was impossible to tell
thereby who were chosen : but from
Mhe best sources of information a,
ni)' command, I have always befieved
lhe present State ollicers received a
mr.jority of the legal votes actually
enst at lhat election. I repeat what
I said in my special message of Feb -
ruary 23, Jf.73, that in the event of
no action by Congress. I must con -
tinue to recognise the government
heretofore recognized by me.
THE WHITE LEAOl F.S.
I regret to say that with prepara
tions for the lite election, decided in
dications appeared in some locali
ties in the Southern States of a de
termination, by acts ct violence and
intimidation to deprive citizens of
the freedom of the ballot because of
th.'ir polit'ual opinions. Hands of
men, mafcked and oraied, made their
appearance ; White Lesgties and oth
er societies were formed; large quan
tities of arms and ammunition were
imported and distributed to these or
ganizations ; military drills with
menacing demonstrations were held,
and w ith all these, murders enough
were committed to spread terror
among those whose political action
was to be suppressed if possible by
these intolerant and criminal pro
ceedings. In some places colored la
borers were compelled to vole accor
ding lo the wishes of their employers
under threats of wischarge if the
acted otherwise, and iherc are toi
many instances in which, when these
threats were disregarded. Ihcv were
remorselessly extcute.l by those who
mauc item. 1 unucistand that the
1 ifteenth Amendment to the Consti
tution was made to prevent this, and
a like state of things, and the act of
jvisy ol, lbiO, w ith amendments, was
i-.sued to enforce its provisions, the
object of both being to guarantee to
&11 citizens the riht to vote, and to
protect ihem in the free enjoyment of
tnat rigui. r.njoined by the Con-
slivUtion to lake care that the laws
be faithfully executed, and convinc
ca by undoubted evidence lhat vio
lations of said net had been cou.mit
ted, and that a widc-spicad and fla
grant disregard of it wxs contemnla-
ted, the proper cflleers were instruct
ed to prosecute the offenders, and
troops were stationed at convenient
points to aid these officers, if necessa
ry, in the performance of Iheir olli
cial duties. Conplaihts arc made
of this interference by Federal au
thority ; but if said amendment and
act do not provide for such interfer
ence under the circumstances as
above stated, then t'jey are without
meaning, force or effect, and the
whole scheme of colored enfranchise
ment is worse than mockery and
Mile hotter than a nim Possil.lv
CoDgrcFt may Cnd it due to truth
and jUht.ce to ascertain by means of
a comm.ttee whether il-.e aile-cd
wrongs to colored citizens fr ..Jit,.
I purpose, are real, cr the ret oils
thereof were mar.utactured fir lhe
octas tn. The whole,'! n under of
troops iu the St-.tcs of Louisiana,
ycorgia, i ioikla fs0,Ilb
Carolina, orth Carolina. Kentuctv.
Tenne.-c, ArUtsi?, Ml-s s irP
ilarylrnd and Virginia at the time
of the election were 4,05.2. This em .
braces lhe parrUca.0f aiUhc forts
from Uhc Delaware to the'Gulf of
Mexico. , " ' -
7T.,. r!jri Jn
rkaiis.a-3. Art:- e
. ..... fi .r-.-
1 ii" tons' Uiu.cn ot i:ic auie.
. nit :l
r:i l ho
was ndorte'1 in IM.ancl uj'
:r,-;. t . i ti v. ii vii,n.i-j
Stale wa rotrd to representation
ns one of Uie Stales of the Union,
provides in e-ct that before r.ny
aax'iiiie.n n' r-roiv-oe 1 to tl.c Consti
tution tiiall becouu; a part Uiercot,
rbev sLail I'-J p:?d by two succesi-ivc'As-visblics,
and ratified by a ita
iorifv of t!i3 t'.ectira of the State
"votiic lliercoii. 0!i t!ie 1 Uli of .May
- lVnrr,r M,,,..,l n rv-
t--l v. ........ v-v. ...
Ira so.- m ol Ine Oeiicrnl Af.sein:t!
,f t!ie Slate, which, 03 thel-Stlicf
tho eiv.ii month, pnssod au act pro
v i a i 1 1 ' for a Convention to fra:uc a
t-.e-.v ('('..'. tulion nnrsnant to
act. and 'it an idectioa held on t
:)0th of June, 8T1, the conVLnlion
.,.. ..,.. ...... .l..""r,.s were
.. - .i t 'i'l. v-t .
oin-eii t'.ieielo. who 6
14 lU of last J idy,
mrl fran.cd a
: l.it li VroviJtd fur the election of an
.lt,iv set of
State o.Tieers in a
4 I. t V . tf i n .T
litrarv 10 m- " "
of the State. On tlie
of O-.-tohcr, mi3 constnu-
therein provided, wa3 sub-
. . t. ..... ...'.- r.-. .'...ir niinm.
n il.e.l l ii'v i'-'-i
t.e.l I ie itcvtv iw "- "11" '
i - i. i.'. tioii : and accoraiuir u
. . . . ... i.ii
i in ii' ri h I. i.s ip.iu.ini ,
n !ir-ro run or.tr of those ona.ifieil to
- j .
and at the same election
nnn9 uvrc .uocn to i" '
i - Ml ,H ti,a
. .. . ... 1 I,.'., r.f.
Kui.. i-r,r. !e fllrtl tOiVIiSlllO OiilCCS.
j The (Jovernor
: ,.,... f,ir
elected in 1S72 for lhe
years, turned over his
oHlce to the (lovcrnor chosen under
the new Constilmion, whereupon the
Lieutenant Governor, also elected in
1S72 for a term of four t ears, claim-
! i;.' to act as Governor, and alleging
that eaid proceedings by which the
iiien Conslitniion was made and a
new si t of otliecrs clec'ed were un
'. c:nstitutioi.al, i'Jegal and void called
I t:pon me, as provided in section 4,
article 4, of the Constitution, to pro
tect the State against domestic vio
lence. As Congress is not investi
gating the political affairs of Arkan
sas, I have declined to interfere.
KXrClTlVE INTEUFF.F. ENCE IX THE
The whole -subject of Executive in
ter'erciice with the affairs of a Slate is
repugnant to public opinion, to the
feeling of those who, from their olli
cial capacity, must be used in such
iiileiTiosilion, and to biui or those
I . 1 '. .
wno musuia .ci.
Unless taost clear-
With the law
I to support it, it is condemned wilu-
out a hearing. I desire, therefore,!
that ail necessity I of J-.secuiive
rection in local aiuurs may oecome
unnecessary and obsolete. I invite
the attention, not of Congress, but
of the people of the United States, to
the causes and clfecls of these unhap
py question. Is there not a disposi
tion on one side to magnify wrongs
ar.J outrages, and on the other side
it i to belittle them or justify them : If
the public could be directed to a cor
rect survey of what is, and to the re
buking of wrong and aiding the prop
er authorities in punishing it, a bet
ter state of feeling would be inculca
ted, and the sooner we would have
that peace which would leave the
States fiee indeed to . regulate their
own domestic affairs. I believe on
the part of our citizens of the South
cm States, the better of Ihem,
there is a disposition to be law-abiding
and to do no violence cither to
individuals or to the law3 existing ;
but do they do right in ignoring the
existence of violeiiee and bloodshed,
in resistance to constituted authon-
o! iry: 1 sympathize witn llieir pros
it rate condition, and would do all in
! rnv power to relieve them, ackuowl-
' edging that in tome instances they
have had most Irving governments
to live under and very oppressive
ones in the way of taxation for noin
inal improvements, not-giv'ng bene-
fits equal to the hardships imposed
but can they proclaim themselves en.
Lrely inesponsible for this condition?
They cannot. Violence has been
rampant in some localities, and has
cither been justified or denied by
those who could have prevented it.
! The theory is even raised that there
i is to be no further interference on
j the part of the General Government
to protect citizens within a State
where the State authorities fa.il to
give protection, this is a great mis
take. While I remain the Executive
all the laws of Congress and the pro
visions of the Constitution, includ
ing lhe recent amendments added
thereto, M ill be enlorced with vigor,
but with regret that they should h-ive
added one jot or tittle to Executive
duties or powers. Let there be fair
ness iu the discussion of the South
ern question, the advocates of both
or all political parlies giving honett,
truthful reports of occurrences, com
mending the wrong and upholding
the l ight, and 6oon all will be well.
TAKTIES IX THE S.l Til.
Under existing conditions the ne
gro votes lhe llepublicatj ticket be
cause he kuws his friends are of
that par.y. Many a good citizen
votes toe opposite, not because be
agrees with the great principles of
stale which separate paxties, but be
cause generally he is opposed to ne
gro rule. This is a most delusive
cry. Treat the negro as a citizen and
a voter, as he is and must remain,
aud soon parties will be divided not
on the color line but on principle ;
then we 6hall have no coraolaiiit of
AOMIXISTBAT10X OF JUSTICE.
The report of the Attorney Gener
al contains -valuable recommenda
tions relating to the administration
of justice in the courts of the United
States, to wfiich 1 invite your atten
tion. I resjtectfully suggest to Con
gress the propriety of increasing the
number of judicial districts in the!
United to eleven, the present num
ber being nine, and the creation of
two additional Judgeships. The ter
ritory to be traversed by the Circuit
judges is so great aid lhe business
of the courts so steadily increasing
lhat it is growing more and more im
possible lor them to keep op with the
business requiring their attention.
Whether this would involve the ne-
cessit' of adding two more Justices
of the Supreme C ourt to the present
number, I -submit to the judgment of
1'EI'AIlTME.M OK THE 1XTEHICE.
The attention of Congress is invit-1
ed to the report of the Secretary of
the Interior and to lhe legislation ask
ed for by him. The domestic inter
ests of the people are more intimate
ly conuected with this department
than w ith any other department of !
Government. Its duties have been
added to from time to time, until j
U't-y have become so onerous that
rvitliout the most perfect svsteni and
order it ! im Dossible' far unv-
Secretaty of the lntcriur to keeo
trace' cf nil tLe oilicial transactiououne of general prosperity,
naving Lis sanction and dor
;e in his j
name, and for which he i lie! i
The io!icy adopied w; the. mai
agement of Indian affairs, known s
-i the IVaec Policy, bis Iron adhered
'.. :. ..-.ct. iwmr.f. in! ppcit la. ii
U .ivr. fideot.lv hoped that a . iW ! It will Weeti from tha rep'-t that
yr-ar will relieve our frontiers fron ; i lis net debt or fie District of Colnm
the danger tf Indian depredations. l-i.t, less securities on hand and avail
I touifiirnd Hip recommendation cfjRl'io, is: l.omle.J tttOt, issued u
the Secretary for the extension oi
the homestead lawa to the Indian
anl for nme sort of territorial guv
er:irr. i t'-r the Indiau Territory. A
f ve :'
i..riiv of the Indians oeen-
Viv- .wTerritorvare tidleved to ba
-de of laaiutaimnslhcirrbti
ao.iii.Kt 1 he more civi
iiized Riid tn-
lit'htened whito mast. Any territo-1
'rial form .f government eneu inem,
itUcrefuic, fehonld protect t:;em in j
. .1 . 1. !. I orotierl v lur a
Wid of at least twenty years,
I I U.TUJ - ! - .
, -'. . r.,.l ..Inr.ii.in k i.in il Up. ral i-
t'''3.'.. . ,,r fii.w.. inif.r..cti.1
M'!lV4 111 :IJ ' '
- i rr, .'r , ,.r uio S.t-rclarv of the
. 4 . ... .. I 1 -:...!!
nfpi or. lerewitn axiacne.j, cntj
much interesting btalislieal infonua- j (iove.ri;n.eia of the District a.n,.uit,.
tion which I abstain from, giving tilling, in the climated aggregate re-
hut refer to the -report it- j
VEXSIOXER3 01 1812.
The act of Cotigress providing the
oatlt which peniioners must feubneribe
to U-fore drawing their pension,
cuts ofr from this bounty a few sur
vivors of the war of 1812 residing in
lilt Southern States. I recom-
I .j.r.i T .A rniir, in I
i ill-1 1 tiiv .ou".
to a.l bucU. ine number ox peruu
whose names would thus ic restorer
to the list of pensioners, is net large.
Thoy are all old persons v. ho could
have taken no part in tha rebellion,
and the services for which they were
awarded pensions were in defense of
the whole countiy. .
The report of the Commissioner
of Agriculture, herewith attached,
contains suggestions of much interest
to the general public and refers to
the approaching Cen.ennial and the
part his department is ready to take
iil it. I feel that the nation at large
is interested in having this Exposi
tion a saccess, aud commend to Con
gress such action as will secure a
. . ..... 1
i trpeater general interest in it. al
ready many foreign nations have sig
nified their intention to be represen
ted at it, and it may be expected that
every civilized n itioa will be repre
CIVIL SEUVICE KF.FOU-M.
The rules adopted to improve the
Civil Service of the Government have
been adhered to as closely ns has
been practicable, with the opposition
with which they meet. The effect, I
believe, has been beneficial on the
whole aud has tended to the elevation
of the service, but it is impracticable
to maintain it without the direct and
positive support of Congress. Gener
ally the support which this reform
receives is from those who give it
their support to fir-d fault when the
rules arc apparently departed from.
Removals from olliee without prefer
ring charges against lie parties re
moved, are frequently cited as de
partures from the rules adopted, and
the retention ot those against whom
charges are made by irresponsible
persons and without good grounds,
is also often condemned as a viola
tion of them. Uuder these circum
stances, therefore, I announce" that
if Congress adjourns without posi
tive legislation oa the subject of Civ
il Service reform, I will regard such
action a3 a disavowal of the system,
and will abandon it, except so far as
to require examinations for certain
appointees to determine their fitness.
Competitive examinations will be
abandoned. The gentlemen who
have given their services without
compensation is members of the
board to devise rules and regulations
for the crovernment of the civil ser
vice of the country have shown much
zeal and earnestness in thir work,
and to tlictn, as well as to myself, it
will be a source of mortification if it
is to be thrown awa Put I repeat,
that it is impossible to carry this sys
tem to a successful issue without gen
eral approval and assistancer and a
positive law to suppoit it. ('
LABOll -VXD CAPITAL.
I hae stated that three elements
of prosperity to the nation, capital,
labor (skilled and unskilled) and the
products of the soil, still remain with
us. To direct the employment of
these is a problem deserving t he most
6erious attention of Congress. If
employment cau be given to all the
labor offering itself, prosperity neces
sarily follows. I have expressed the
opinion, and repeat it, that the first
requisite to the accomplishment of
this end is the substitution of a sound
currency in place of one of a fluctua
ting value. This secured,' there are
many' interests that might be fostered
to the great profit of both labor and
capital. How to induce capiul to
employ labor is the question.
Tnc subject or chier transportation
has occupied the attention of Con
gress. Much new light on this ques
tion will, without doubt, be given by
the committee appointed by the last
Congress to investigate and report
upon this subject,
j , DOMESTIC SHIP r.CILDIXO.
A' revival of ship building, and
particularly of iron steam jhip build
ing, is of vast importance to our na
tional prospects. . The United States
is now paying over one hundred mil
lion dollars per annum for freights
and passage on foreign ships to be
carried abroad and expended in the
employment and support of other
peoples, beyond a fair percentage of
what should go to foreign vessels, es
timating on lhe tonnage and travel
of each respectively. It is so be re
gretted that this dispaiity in lh car
rying trade exists, and to correct it
I would be willing to see a great de
parture from the usual course of gov
ernments in supporting what might
usually bo termed private enterprise.
I would not suggest, as a remedy, a
direct subsidy to American steam
ship lines, but i would suggest the
direct olfcr of ample compensation" for
carrying the mails between tha At
lantic seaboard cities and the Conti
nent, on American owned aud Ameri
can built steamers, and would extend
this liberality to vessels carrying the
mails to South American States and
to Central America and Mexico, and
would pursue the same policy from
our Pacific seaports to foreign sea
ports on thu Pacific. It might be
demanded that vessels built tor this
service should como up to a standard
fixed by legislation in tonnage, speed
and all other qualities looking to the
possibility of Uie Government requir
ing them at soioeliu. for war pui y
ses.. The right, also, of taking ihm
scssiou of them in such an emeri-co-
cj should be gu irded. I offer these!
suggestions, believing them worthy
jbf consideration in ail seriotiS'.es, af-
feeling all sections and all interests
alike. If miylhing lietu-r can be
done to direct tlie countrv inlo a
iU le more ready than i to second;
I IsTilC.r Of C lI.l'MBI.V AFFAIRS
Forwarded herewith, will Ixs foun i
the rejwt afihe Commissioners ap
pointed under hu cif Congress, ap-
j proved Juna 23, !$.", to wind up
'ti; ..fro Irani t ie jjisirtct utMreronieui..
Jcdv 1. 1S74. $S.333,?40 43
bonds, -act of Congress, Juno 20,
1S74, $2,083 1C3 73; certificates of
thIloard .of Audit $1,770,553,43;
tol:d. lo,74-2,CG7 CI. Iss sp-.-cial
impi'ovwnft ass.'-smeuts t hargeahlfc
to piivate property In excess or any
demand against t-nuli assessmeiits,
$l.C 14.054 37, I'Sf Che-apeake and
Ohio Camd lioud-i, $7.'i,00 . 00, aud
Washington and Akxandtia JUil-
iroad bond?, $39,000 00. In the
hand of the Commissioners of lite
Sm c irv r tllld. 1 . 1 oi- leav -
nut t ii. nel.iial delit. lei.8 said assets.
" T .
t 24. In addition to tin.
I . i -.1 .r. . r.v...l n
pot leu oy ine iori 01 auuh, 10
147,757 48, o! wineii ine greate r pari
will probably be rejected.- Ibis sum
can with no more propriety be Inclu
ded in the debt account of this . Pis-
! trict Government than can the thou-
sands of claims ajainst the General
Government be included as h portion
of the national debt; but the aggre
gate sum thus stated includes sonic
thing I moic than t'e funded debt
chargeable exclusively to the'District
of Columbia. The actof Congress of
June 2i, 1874, contemplates an-apportionment
between the United
States Government and the . District
of Columbia in respect of the pay
rocnt ot the principal and interest of
the 3-G5 bonds. Therefore, in com
puting with precision' the bonded
debt of the District, the aggregate
sums above stated, as respects the
3-C5 bonds now issued, the outstand
ing certificates of the Poard of Audit
and the unadjusted claims pending
before that Roard should be reduced
lo the extent of the amount to le ap
portioned to the United States Gov
ernment in the manner indicated in
the Act of Congress of June 20th,
1S74.? I especially invite your at
tention to the recomniemUiious of
the Commissioners of the Sinking
Fund relative to the ambiguity ofthe
act of June 20th, 1374, the interest of
the District bonds and the consolida
tion of the indebtedness of the Dis
trict. I feel much indebtedness to
i lifl rentlem n who consented to leave
their private afi'iirs and come from aSTVT)Tn"R1 & TTTTIj
distance to the business of this Dis-
trict, and for the able and Siitisfacto-
ry manner iu which it lias been -conducted.
I am sure their services will
be equdly appreciated by fa 3 entire
country. It will be seen trora the ac
companying full report of the Board
of Health, that the sanitary condition
of the District is very satisfactory.'
In m- opinion, the District of Colum
bia should be regarded as the ground
of the National Capital, in which the
entire people are interested. I do not
sUude to this to urge generous appro
priations to the District, but to draw
the attention of Congress, in framing
a l.r.v for the government of the Dis
trict, to the magnificent scale on which
the city was planned by the founders
ofthe Government, the manner in
which, for ornamental purposes, t he
reservations of streets and avenues
were laid out and the proportion of
lhe property actual' by the General
Government. I think the propor
tion of the expenses ofthe Govern
ment and improvements to be boruc
ny tuo General Government, ine cit
ies of Washington and Georgetown
and the county, should be carefully
and equitably defined.
IMPROVEMENT OF THE MISSISSIPPI.
In accordance with Section 3 of
the act approved done 231, 1374, I
appointed a board to make a 6urvey
of lhe mouth of the Mississippi riv
er, with a view to determine. the best
method of obtaining and maintaining
a depth of water stiillcient for the pnr
pjses of commerce, fa.; and in ac
cordauce with an net to provide for
the appointment of a Commission of
Engineers to investigate and report a
permanent place for the reclamation
of the alluvial hasiu of the Mississip
pi, sabject to inundation, I appointed
a Commission of Engineers. Neith
er board lias yet completed its labors.
When their reports arc received, they
will be forwarded lo Congress with
out delay. ......
(Signed) U. S. GRANT.
Executive Mansion, Dec. 7,1874.
HEAP SIDE GROCERY,
Jat roccived at tho
A N3v Stock or Goods,
' " " ' ' .l.'QAR, " '
DRIEO and CANNED FRUITS.!
or the Wt tpiiitlf. aJ p;il be .I.I at ilic very
luwoal ciuh privet l.'jii C-itf t-k, '
Opposits Somerset Mouso, ,
F. I mm & Co.
CL SIM ANDPATENTAGSNG If.
TH2 CL2S3T II? THE STATS. '
liCSaiSthfiMSreet, PITTSBURGH, PA.
Patent,- procured. Prnri-m, D-muty, .Vs. Prlw
Mimi-jr cotfucu-d, Ailicatlina by ituil alteinlt-J
ti 11 inaile In .l'.o.
N"ii :li:irit uii!on (Bffca?!!. j-j
rine Stalloiifry. :
H-&i:bi fur UMiorxaa , -.
1K W. I5AC7iOrE.,
No. 181 SnVthM ! S rcH,
P.n rliCKGlX, VA.
V. ' '. . ' I,".'!- .
timce In C.ft'ru:b ft NVtTi new bnlldlnr.
, JIais Croaa Street. '
SK3YDER ..& UHL,
Iluving purchased the Shoe
Ktore lately o wiieil In y
II. C. IJeerUs.
We t.-ika i!e(nr In calllnr the attention of Ibe
tuMic t.i I lie tact that wo haru now and t-xitcct to
ett. t-.,nriHiiiIy oa tij-ml a c-iiniJcte olu-
! inea. .f
Eastern and Home Manufacture
cub 1 fi.an I anywhfT. We also will hare on
lmu.1 cou.iuntiy lull supply of
AND LINING SKINS
O! ul! Kin-!.-, villi a full line of
The HOME MANUFACTUHE DEPART.
KEXTwill bo in cLaricB of ,. . ,
. 13. Snvdor, 15sq.,
Whoe reparation for makinjf
G3od Workand Good Fits
Ifl sepon-l to none In the State. The pul.llo ti re
spectfully InTiieJ tn call and examine our stock,
aa we are ili-lenniiK-d to keep g'is as irnod u the
best aud st.ll at price! as low as the lowest.
Have now opened . .
A Lurire ami Complete Assortment
Fall and Winter Wear.
They have a complete assortment el
Felt ftlcirtM, .
And Felt Over Shoes.
Boots and Shoes,
HATS AND CAPS,
- GLOVES, SzC
Underclothing for Men and Women
A large assortment of
Carpets, Oil Cloths, &e.
A Iftrxe BtiK'k of hat airl roars
25y t he ISari'e. or Hack
Prices as Low as Possib'f
C. & G. IIOLDERBAOI,
Qook & Beerits'.
Flour and Feed
- We wuuM must rrspcetnillr innnunre to oor
fricnilp ami lhe puM U- neiieralU, In the town and
lclniiyr Somcrwt. that we Lava otwueil uutin
oar Xwure on
MAfX CROSS STREET,
pinion too full line of the tiett
..'".'. Tcbaccon, t'ltjrn, A J,
Wa will rn.ls:iv,ir,at U llunj, tu aupiiljr "Ur cus
tomer t. e
B J : S T q UAL I T Y O f'
OA TH, HUEI,IfEp COllS,
OlTSd' CO US CI! til',
: -11 HAS, $IWDLtSQ8,
An l evi-r
r'.U;n.; ;atlaUiu to tho FcoJ Di jiart-
jSii'Di-war'. Woodrnwsre, Itru.liet m
- l tliil, aixl .. 1
Wn!ot wt trill tail ai crw.ip u tht Jicajrt. .. ;
Plo Mil. cxamiue or nrij of aU ln-l. ai d
te iiiafied from yoar own jiklgnsat,
Ion't lor jet whtre we tay " -
Ob MAIS CKOSS Street, Somenet, P ,
Ocu Z. is-, -
put out for Reference. '
Walctes, Diamonds, Jswelry, Silver
and Silver Jlatsd wars, Clocks, Eron
23S, Cutlery, etc., of tho finest quali
ties only, of srsd regardless of cost
Cnr stock nnstfca closed ctxttomako
satisfactory settlements vrith tha es
tate of ths lata Jchn Stevenson,
JOHN STEYEXSOX'S S0XS,
Market Street Pittsburgh.
, MoJGLROT & DICKSON,
54 Wood St., - PITTSBURGH, PA.
OFFER THEIR STOCK OF '
DRY GOODS AND NOTIONS k
FOR AUTUMN AT VERY LOW PRICES.
September 15th, 1874- '-- 8eP2:i
JOHN F: BLYMYER,
Hardware, Iron, Nails, Glass, Paints,
The following is a parf'al list of goods in Stock: C irpenterV Tool,
Planes, Saws, Hatchets, Hammers, Chisels, Plane Iron A Jzes, dtc, Black
smith's Goods, Bellows,' Anvils, Yices, Files, Hammers, ic Saddlery
Hardware, Tab Trees, Gig Saddles, llames, Buckles, Rings, Bits and Tools.
Table Knives and Forks, Pocket Knives, Scissors, Spoons and Razors, the
largest stock in Somerset County. Painter's Goods, a full stock. White
Lead, Colored Paints for inside and outside painting, Paints in oil, all colurs,
Yarnish, Terpentine, Flaxseed Oil, Brushes, Japan Dryer, Walnut Stains,
&c. Window-Glass of all sizes and glass cut to any shape. The best Coal
Oil always on hand. Our stock of Coal Oil Lamps is large and comprises
very elegant style?. Ditston's Circular, Muley and Cross Cot Saws. Mill
Saw Files of thebest quality. Porcelain-lined Kettles. Handles of all kinds.
NIIOVELS, FORKS, 'SPADES, BAKES,
Mattocks, Grub Hoes, Picks, Scythes, Sneaths, Sledges, Mason Hammers,
Cast Steel, Step Ladders, Carriage and Tire Bolts of all sizes. Loooking
Glasses, Wash Boards, Clothes Wringers, Meal Sitves, Door Ms is, Baskets,
Tubs, Wooden Buckets, Tw ine, Rope all sizes, Hay Pulleys, Butter Print3,
Mop Sticks, Traps, Steelyards, Meat Cutters and Stuffers, Traces, Cow
Chains, Halter Chains, Shoe, Du9t and Scrub Brushes, Horse Brushes, Cur
ry Combs and Cards, Door Locks, Hinges, Screws, Latches and everything
in the Builders' line. ' Caps, Lead, Shot, Towdcr and Safety Fuse, tc, &c,
The fact is, I keep everything that belongs to the Hardware trade. I deal
exclusively in this kind of goods and
sons who are building, or any one in need of anything in my line, will God
it to their advantage to give me a call. I will always give a reasonable
credit to responsible persons. I thank my old customers for their patronage,
and hope this season to make many new ones. Don't forget the place
April s '74.' - JOHN F. BLYMYER.
BARGAINS! BARGAINS!! BARGAINS!!!
Gr. Tt. PARKER,
Dry .Goods, Fancy & Staple Notions,
Ribbons, Embroidery, Laces, &c.
Would be pleased to. have his Friends and Patrons call and ex
amine his Stock before purchasing elsewhere. Store Room on
Main Street, opposite the 'Barnct House." Somerset Pa.
: And Ianufaoturr ol
. . Gent's, Youth's and Boys,
Fasistaaft Cloliaiii:, -.
121 Wood Street, corner Fifth Avenue,
aprl. ' .
AROHITE C T,
Car. SUth Are. an1 1.INertr Street,
' - PITTSKI'MIIH Vt
PITTS BUKUH. FA
Uuranee .No. a slitn Aent,' 11
IMI JLISTT ELS
' , , ' . He., ka. :
193 LIBERTY STREET,
, PITT8BUBOH, PA.
Is widely kuown
as one of the most
ever discovered for
clean.-liig the sys
tem nhi purifying
the bloinl. Jt'h.ts
'f tood the tett of
Vpjira. with i win.
- ' : .
-. ItDnlh'imivinir nn.
Jtatimi, L-.ieiJ on its
liitriiiMi: urlucF, anil sustained Ly its re
markable cui-es. So mild as ta Le afo nnd
bene'ici'd to chilJreu, and yet so searching
as fg j)llui'tDult purge out tlio gn-at cor
rupliaiis or' tiiu bljd, ite'-U is the scrofulous
ml syphilitic (.-oiitaii'ii'nkM,'. . fiiipunueis
or dl-uan'J that have lurked i thu system1
tor year, soon yield to ihw poweriu' inti
dote, and disapjw nr. ' Ilemu Its wonderful'
cure, many of whit h are puhlicly known,
of Scroll 1. 1, and all scrofulous ili.-eaM-s,
Ulcers, Irruptions, and niptive ilia--orJers
of tlie nktn, TtimorH. l5lolc!io',
lioil.4. PjniploK. Pustules. Sores, St.
as, 'c tr,
r ire, uos or t.rysipe-
suit itiieiini, .scam
furm. im internal Ul
cerations ot" tlio Uteviijifoiuacli,
nnd Liver. It aLso cures ntiuir epni
piaints, to whii h it would not Mem especi
ally adapted. siK-h as Droits-, Uyspep
sin. Fits N'euralyla, Heart llnea.so.
lVninlo Weaklier. I elility, and
Leucorrlioea, wlwn they are luanifcsla-tl-.ui
of the acromion pmVors.
It :n .tH'IU'nt restorer ot liea.ih and
: wntti' la ti.t 4;iin l?y renenin the
' -iVHct?e and vlor ttv ij:o Ui.;('!-i4vt di"gan,
r .li-fiji.iten tfie deprestion find IlKtlefs la:i
', -:rftf the season. 1 Kvcn where no dlfcmler
'"''rs fi)ile feel better, and live longer,
ua- i-ViniriT die 11m,1. Tlie system moves
e: with rece'ved vigor and a nevr Iczsj of
OrJ.C. AYE!? & CO., Lowdl, Mass,,
. ; trmctiml mJ AualiftUttl CkemUtt. .
SOLO BT ALL DKCGGISTj EVEUVWItERB
give my whole atttention to it. Per
eROUSE & SHIRES,
Manufacturers of Seed and Haranna .
Or J era Solicited. No authorized agent.
BOOTS & SHOES,
H!a,ts I Caps
Cheaper than ever
We deslro to say to it pxMic, tb t jre have
leaneftl tho alifive named room until the completion
of our new buihllnir, northwest corner of the Dia
mond, (which will be on or before Jan. 1.) where
we will tie pleased to have parties desiring to pur
chase roods in oar line to rail and see the
4SP NEW PJMCES.
See Reduction in Prices.
Hen's Qqm llouts, double sclcl, wool lined $4 00
" Buckle Artie qaiters 2 00
Womens " " " 1 &0
Mlitsci ' Over ln and Alarkas 100
Mens Sandals 9
Womens ' . to
Misses " ' SO
Cbildrens 11 45
noou mni'.e to order. Hi-pjinnir neat I v am.
promptly done. All eustoni work warranted.
Parties Tlnitlllir our town who eontemolate Jiur
ehaain anythinx In oar line will do well to call
and set lonueuaeiyea.
- i -i- i
We are positive jre can iU good- at lower figures
man any otner store in town as we port-nose iruoti!1
for taih sell for rot and thns sare Innit 15 to 20
per ecntj.y not havinic touuse bad d4. and by
saTiiig- mo czpensr-a oi liooa-ceepin. tv e are
williu tO(flehe benettt of these ailvantages to
Frank Sipe & Co.
Save Doctor Bills!
Many dollars can be saved nnnuallv by nslnr.
Schmidt's Compound called Man's i'rirnJ ur
Family Oftn. which Is a tonic wine bltttra. nn-iur.
ed by t F. SUHM IDT, at No. W0 Penn avi nue.
i"lttuurv'ri, .. 1 his compound la composed ol
roots ahThcrhe, aadstilctlv tiurewlne: it is olean.
ant to take and Invia-orVtel-tbW whi.li, margin- it
Is a valuable family medicine; it will care all dis-i
.uc ui in, u,iweii; u is a preventative or chol
era, sud as a blood purlQer It Is unexcelled. The
demand for this papular medicine is so nmt that
nurewiure ii nas own isspoMible to Oil all i.rs.
Mr. 8-hmldt has lately ioureaswl the faciliih s for
preparinir It. The prica is per bottle, atia
faction auarantt-ed. Trv a bottle ami It will ihrn
need no recommendation tooontlnu-t Its use. We
have used Uie bitters in our own family and know
wkereof wo speak.
Try it, leader, it will do yon good.
(yL SPOONS, 8CISSOBS, ijft
' AXES, SHOVELS. LOCKS.VTCl
K rav0 ftnH V nrue.
5?" 'ii- ti . . .. II l
h I fufigM, na.ij, rues, etc. i yf
i :uBi ua ici a. uiacnaii il t si anu r'v i
Aroirm thou mm e
a . - . . .
i IT riTTiBUHSH, r..
ri 1 "o it
Dr. J. WalkcrV California Vin
egar Hitters are a purely Vegetable
preparation, made chie.'Iy frotn tho na
tivo herbs round 0:1 tho lower rnn?es of
t! o Sierra Xovada mountains of Califor
nia, t!.o r.icdicimd properties of which
aro evicted thi'.criom without the nso
cf Alcohol.' The fl tcstion is almost
i:i-;v a-dcrtl. " Vv ln.t U tlie cans6 cf t'io
im; k-mlclcd t uccc. s of YiSK'JAU 15IT
T;::. ." Our nnswei is. Unit they rcmovo
the c.i.'c of dienr-c. and tho patient re
rove:? hU hea'.Ui.'Tliey a;-o the great
hi. Km n ilieraiid a life-giving principle,
a pfif-'Ct Itenovator and Jnvigomtor
if tlio fystein. Never Lofuro iti tho
hitry tf tho wnrld Im a r.-cuicino l-rei
con-.'ioiuiih'd posse.i-ir the re:i:arkat!a
qaalitte of Viskoab Littkrs i:i l.ca.iajr the
Vick of every diseaso man U heir to. Thoy
aro a pernio Parirativo ai wrll ai a Tnaic.
rthevia Con:ciiiou er Ir.ilammatiim cf
the l.ivcr ar.J Visceral Organ., 1:1 I'.iiua
iJiscascj - -
The properties cf Dr. Walkhil's
Tinkuab liin kus are Apfrient. Diaiihoreiic,
Carminative. Xutritina-i. Laxaiivi. bi;:ro-.:.
SirJative. Conater-Irrluist Sutlorillo, Ailera
live, asJ Anti-lV'i.-.- -
n. 11. Mcdonald & co..
DrarriiU an-i Qm. Acta, Ran Franciaco. California,
and cor. of Wvhinctoa and Chariton Sta., N. IT
Sold by all Draggiata and Dealers.
J'V. PATTON. CO. HURST.
N EVV G OO DS.
THE NEW FIRM Or .
are now In receipt of a stock of roods adapted to
the prr.ent wants of the people. Parrha sod with
in tfi. la.-rt ten days and siue the deriine is the
prices ol StaplfSahd Iome?tlcs, they are enabled
to oiler giecial Ind uceraenta to all in want uf vootls
of every des-ri;tl"a In such variety as eannot be
found anywliero e!i"e In town, eomprisliis; a ren
eral, a'J .rtment. They call ix:ci.il atualiou to
their large assortment of
Bleached and Unbleached Mu.-Iins,
BOYS AND MENS'
I1EAYY PANT STUFFS,
in Cottoiijulc, Double .ind
Irish Jeans, Satinets,
in Plain and Corded Alpaccas, Pop
lins, Cashmeres, French
STAPLE A FANCY NOTIONS,
HATS &c CAPS,
BOOTS ifc SHOES,
TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
The best assortment of
Carpctings and Oil Clotlis
ever brought to town. A larjre stock of Qiu-ens-ware.
Determined to he up to the timi-s iu assort
inenustylcs and prices, we reipect:ully soli-'it a
call from those in want of Koods. fi tIS
HIVE YOU a ror.ii OR
C" iLl. or are you sfflictod with A h
ma! If so, u-io SYKUP OF TAR,
WILD CIltKHV AND HlKK-
MeKenn.tn, and relief wiil 1 immediate ami a
nwi . uri-nareo tv .ucv lurrun &
S..ld byMcCLAKRAN a McKKNXAN.
novll Pi:isour)h, Pa., an 1 all irujtmis.s.
FOR TOl'XG LulDIRS,
Her. JOSEPH WAIUII,
OR SALJJ OR RENT.
1 wni sell or rent my Pl.mine mill, eonslitini ol
a 40 horsa power enini-, one planer, one larjte
moulder, one tenon and ono scroll saw. one fHt
tnortiser, and three cin-ular saws, all in irood run-
ninzonler, on reasonable terms. For pnrtlculars
Is now prepared to manufacture to order every de
In the latest and tuojt amoved styles, an l at the
I.owefct PoNsilble Pricen. '
ALL la wast or A
Or any other vehicfe, are rcspi ctfuliy lnv!tel tt
call and eimine bis work. N.ine but the very best
material wiil be n d In the manufacture of his
work, and a-'ue I jt
BUST .!: WOItKJIKX
Are smphiycil In his establishment, some of whom
have had an exiritnc of over twenty year in the
t.nsinens. lie is. therefore enal leil to turn out a
first-class vehicle. Isith in point of material and
workmanship. All work wa -ranted to be as repre
sented when lrnvlna: the shop, and saiirft'-tciluo
guarautwid. At! kin-Is of
fcEPAiniNO AND IAINTING
Done In a neat andnhtantlal manner, and at the
shortest no'.ioa. lie is determined to do all his
work la such a roanarr, and at such prices as to
a.ako it to the Interest of everybody to patroniss
biio Call and exam lire his work before pore-has-
Oroceriet and Conictionerug
This spare Is reserved lor t:. F. K heads A Bre.
who ha.e moved into the most masniftcent itrtwrr
room in this place. They ran lie 6. and lu Uaer
new hullitiDS. secd door from tho comer.
yyr W. DAYIS & BRO S
Grocery and Confectionery
We desire to inform th. oeiil.Ieof thlsrvmsBU
nlty that we have purchased the Grocery and Con
fectionery ot H.
Darnel Bouse, a
L t. Knepper, ui., uupo.it tba
to the already Aae stock of Oooda.
anu nave inaue valuable aoltloaa
V. seil all to.
beet brands o
DRIID AND CANNED FRUITS.
COALOItH TOKACt.'O, .JIOARS
"sict-fp. v jjuLiosii; '
BCCKETS, " TCBtl.a
All kinds French a: id eommoa
CANDIES, NUTS, CRACKERS
FANC i CAKES, PEKFCMEKT,
AXD TOILET ARTICLES,
COMBS, BRUSHES, SUA P, 4.
iro an assonmcnt of Toys, lie, lot the HUi
If you want anything; In t'l
fectionery line cai at
Grocery and Con-
Davis Claeap Jrocery
OPPOSITE THE bABNET Hot SE.
To the .Vtrthantx of Somertrt Co.
Gext's: Your attention is
called to the fact that
CHS, FOSTER & QUIKN,
l3A!!r,( ii sc.
at Eastern (rices. Wo jtoarantea yoM Past era
prices on Prints. Oin(fhauia lie la I ms, Alcss ,
Dress Omul. Jliisllns. lirown and Bleached Des.
Im. Iiark... Drills, t'ottonndes, Jeans, ('ambrii-s,
Tirkln(r. Flannels. Cloths and Casnimerrs. in Hot
all 11 y Goods and Noil. ms. A trip to Johnstrwa
will not eost you the lentil part of the eipense of
a trifi to 1'tiiaitelphia, and yetw.aeiiat fhila.
delp prict-s and save yon freight bvide. Wa
can 1I,.M to do it becavae we bay in la rjr lots
an J pay eaxh. have no rent to pay and do cur own
work, t'.ii and see our stork and price? and itiiVi)
f ryrsejrif. " " - " ii pi
FOSTER It UUINN,
Clinion at.. Johnstown,-
are now prepared to dclircr '
G .O A
to the following" poTn's In Somerset ecnniy. at vary
reakmsble rates: CiarreU. Alincrai Foiul, C asset
man. L r Ina, Confluence and Somerset. -
Tneireoal Is especially rseommeoded Ibr domes
tic osm. Address SnperinttuiJent, AveysaonsJoBO
UtsB) Setnawas Co., Pa. ' actio. '
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