Newspaper Page Text
The Somerset Herald.
WKIIBSPAT April IS, IfTT. The -Demormrj ;are rejoicicg "tnigbtU y that one morn rarpel-Lag. ger ChanJerlaio--baseen. driven oat of the Sooth. And vet less than a year since. ; tbis identical carpet bagircrcaoic wiihiti three voles if receiving the Democratic Domina tion for Governor of South Carolina. I'kum present indications", it is apparent that tb re nil! be war tc tweea.Tnrkey and Russia within a very brief time. . Russia ia. unquestionably the stronger, bat she will meet with very . stubborn resistance from the Turks, who arc brave soldiers and are com manded by skillful officers. Wheihtr tbe balance of Europe will not be involved in the strug gle, is still a matter of rare doubt and great " anxiety'. t noon on Tnesday (tbo lOtL.) tie I.'Dited SUtes Army, coniprisiog niDCicen men coder command of a Lieutenant, was witLdrawn from the State House in Colombia, South Carolina. At last this "down trod den State" Las been released from "bayonet rule." Tbe Democratic heart is happy, and Democratic jour nals are as boisterously elated over Hampton's triumph, as tbey used to .1... -. ,A .maif nrtA ' folio wers during tbe rebellion. Tne Louisiana Commissioa is proceeding with its work, but evi dently finds more in favor of tbe I'ackrd Government than was ex pected. J lie declaration 01 a native born Democratic Judge, that be was for Packard because - Its coold not support a party of murderers, and. be cause bis district favored Packard, was a revelation. Tbe Commission adheres to its plan of assembling tbe Legislature. SnatH raaaeraa aad Marble Ilea gether in . extra Sth, aud that the republican There appears to be little doubt that Randall will be the Democratic caucus nominee for Spetker of tbe new House, that will be called to- ecssiou on Jane Garfield sill be candidate. It is claimed by some ardent Republicans that the latter will receive support from tbe Southern Democrats, and tbe House will thus be organized in tbe interests of the administration. We confers that we take no stock is these rose-colored anticipations, but certainly bere will be tbe Grst test of tbe florid professions ol tbe SoutLera admirers of tbe President's policy. If tbey desire a non-partisan admin istration tbey can prove their words by their deeds. "A vote for Garfield fur Spt-aker will attest their sincerity. I x prohibiting the ose of locomo tives built in any other country, and thereby protecting her own heme industries, Russia has Pet an exam ple worthy of imitation by our own law makers. There are numerous railroads particularly the Texas I'eciSc now seeking Government aid in their construction, and heie is a fitting opportunity for Members cf Congress to further the interests of our producers and workers in iron, and to protect borne industry, by granting a:d to thepe projects, only on condition that tbey use exclusive ly iron and machinery of Ameriran manufacture. Meroliers ofCongreps, from the great iron producing and manufacturing State of Pennsylva nia, should be particularly alert to the interests of their constituents on this question. The fact cannot be di'guised, that there art daily growing indications of a breach in tbe Repablican ranks, caused by hostility to the President's Southern policy. Already Ulaine and Den Wade, tbe late Attorney General Taft, Martin L. Townsend .of New York, and other equally prominent and pronounced Repub lican leaders have taken issue with the President's policy, while all over the North, many leading Republic an journals are outspoken in t'jeir opposition to it. The President's motives, integrity, or Republicanism are not impugned, but it is feared that in his anxiety to carry out his apparently controlling idea, tbe pacification of the South, be is yielding too much te Southern demands, and instead tf strengthen ing the Republican party, as is doubt less his aim, be is making concessions, establishing precedents inimical to the interests of the party and sur render iur practical control of tbe South to tbe Democracy. With Florida, South Carolina and Louis iana, all three giving Republican majorities at tbe late election, pass ing under tbe control of tbe Democ racy, comes a "solid South" with legislation depriving the colored men of tbe rights guaranteed them, and a future involing conflicts and dangers of a very serious character. It is not to be denied, that on the other band, there is a largo portion of the country favorable to tbe Presi dent's policy. This element is com posed principally of the business men seeking quiet at all hazards, for the sake of business, and the waiter on fortune tbe oflice seeking ele ment and the peace at any price men. In abort, the element, that was eternally compromising with slavery, that was willing to assent to a peaceful dissolution of. the Union, that preferred peace to a manly as sertion of their rights. Tbe President meanwhile, it is alleged, remains undisturbed ; he is aware of the growing opposition, bat believes thathis policy is for the best interests . of the country, and is determined to abide by it. Tbe coming session of Congress w ill disclose the strength of the op- ! position to what is denominated tbe President's surrender policy, and thoroughly test tbe adhesive power of the Republican party. Excite ment will doubtless ma high, and many fear a break with tbe President. A n ew article of export from tbia country to England, which is assum ing large proportions, is the ship ment of fresh beef. The idea of killing beeves and transporting the fresh meat three thousand miles, oiiginated in this country. The first experiment was made in 1S75, when two cirgoea of fresh beef were sect to Liverpool from New York. Al though the beef arrived in good or der, the prejudice of tbe English against it was so strong, that it bad to be sold at a Ireis t tbe shippers. Tbe shipments were persisted in, however, with but little proCt, ontil at list John Dull was forced to ad rait that American beef was quite as good as that slaughtered at borne. The export of beef now goes on as regularly as dees that of wheat or ecru, and the foreign demand is con stantly increasing. In March last there was exported C,797,S5j pounds, valued at $590,05, and in tbe nine months preceding 29.90S.810 pounds, valued at $2,07,383. If as now seems almost certain a great Euro pean war breaks out, this new ex-J port will assume enormous dimen-j sions. Tbe process of preserving the meat during its long voyage is veri Goverxor Chamberlain has quit ted with dignity a position which be filled with marked ability and whose maintenance has of late required -no common amount of bravery and self denying patriotism. Tbe triumph of Wade Hampton is one of force, not of right; the same influences which have triumphed ia Mississippi have given over Sooth Carolina to tbe rule of a minority of its citizens. If that minority is to use in power wisely and justly, it most cut loose from tbe influences which have gain ed it supremacy, and from the leaders who have used tbe weapons of force and fraud to stifle the voice of tbe State. The time will come when tbe heroic struggle of Daniel II. Chamberlain against the dis honest elements of bis own party and tbe lawless tactics of bis political opponents will be recognized more clearly than it is to day as one of tbe brightest pages of the checkered his tory of Southern reconstruction. Tbe Governor of South Carolina has de served well of his party, aid what ever be the sphere of action which be may select for himself, be Mill never cease to be honored for bis mainte nance of the principles which arc tbe essence of Republicanism, as they are of vital importance to the cause of human progress. Xew YorL Time. A Daahle Tragetfjr. Cleveland, O., April 14. A ter- simple, and is thus described by ajbalfBoutn of Geneva. Ohio, at a cotemporary: Tifteen of the steamships that sail regularly from New York are pro vided with "refrigerator"," which are simply immense boxes, made of resinous paper, june boards, with other non-cond:icting substances fill ed in between the inner and outer walla. Tbe refrigerator has a num ber of wooden pipes, running through it, which rrn into a large pipe that connects with the ice-house near by. Tbe leeves are killed three or four days before tbe sailing of the ves sel, the quarters are put in a "cool ing house" until the meat is deprived of tbe animal heat, then tbey are taken to the ship and bang ia tbe " refrigerator", already described. A constant curreut of air is forced into the ice-house by a fan which is ran by steam from tbe boiler of the en gine, the air passes "down through tbe ice, escapes into tbe large pipe already mentioned, and is distributed th ough the pipes into the refrigerator, thas keeping tbe temperature down almost t ibat of the ice-box. Tbe "re frigerators" on some of the larger steamships will bold three hundred leeves. Of eour-e there are numerous details necessary to tbe proper protec tion ef the beef cn :ts voyage that have t? be observed.but we have mentioned the main features of the plan by which America has secured a new article of export, and John Bull has been furnfched with s sufficient sup ply of the Toasts .and ueiLt in which ! bis heart delights. place called tbe "Huddle," last night. A man famed Potter, it Is supposed, shot bis wife and tben shot himself, as tbey were both found dead by a Mr. Cook, about ten o clock at night, Mr. Potter being in one room and Mrs. PoUer in another. It appears that there was some trouble between Mr. and Mrs. Potter a day or two since, and Mrs. Potter left tbe boose, and returned yesterday to pack op and leave ber Husband forever, and while she was in the act of packing ber truofc, about nve o'clock in tbe af ternoon, Mr. Potter came op behind her and shot her through the bead. He tben went to another room, near the front door, and shot himself in tbe month. Mrs. Potter waa to have met ber brother at Mr. Cook's, who first discovered tbe murder and suicide. It is understood that Mr. Potter threatened tbe life of his wife's broth er if be ever came near his house. Mr. Potter was quite a bard drinking man, ana was probably under " tbe influence of liquor when he commit ted tbe deed. The Coroner's inquest decided that Mr. and Mrs. Totter came to their deaths . as above stated. ' aaarua ataier. Rockport, Mas&, A prill II C u. unman, ui xxweu, a sewing rca- cbine agent, was found ia tbe reser voir tbia afternoon with wounds upon bis head, showing that he bad been uiuraerea ana turown in, as is sup pose a. i m. vt imams, bis assistant, has been arrested on suspicion. A larty-al ret WkltCuan4. Halifax, April II. A ninetr-fiix feet whale was driven ashore bv ice at Schooner Pond, Cape Breton, and j secured. AWFUL CATASTROPHE. THE SOUTHERN HOTEL AT ST. LOUIS BURNED. J Cher The Laocester, Pennsylvania, J.V prmand Examiner remarks that the opposition that found expression to the election of Mr. Dcu Cameron as successor to his father has died away. Of course it has. It pro ceeded from Democrats and a knot of Republican Pharisees. Tbo former, because tbey koew that they, Demo crats could count on the determined j aud consistent opposition of Mr. Cim-j eron. Tbey knew there was no more ' unflinching, inflexible Republican in Sr. Lot is, April 11. The South the Sute than he. Thev would have i ern hotel at St. Louis horned this been glad to see one of the half-and-! morning. It is estimated calf, milk-soppy fellows elected. ben- Fifty rersons Perished in the Flames. ator Gordon remarked about tbe Hon. Charles Foster, tbe Democrats bull dozed biin. Tbey wanted ia tbe Senate a man whom tbey could bull doze. Their opposition to Mr. Cam eron was tbe most natural thing in the world. Tbe method tbey took to defeat bis election was shrewd, and bad not tbe Republicans ia the Leg lslature showed more grit and wis dom than some of the Republican editors did, tbe Democrats would bavo bad a Republican Senator to their lining. Tbo gang of Pharisees whooppos cd him bad seen bis management of the great campaign of 1872, without a word of protest. Had it not been for Don Cameron, that year, tbe State would have been lost, in all probability, to tbe Republicans. He formed the lines. He saw that tbe lines were strengthened bere and strength ened there. He saw that tbe old Re publican spirit was aroused. He saw that the strongest men every where were nominated. He saw that tbe full vote was brought out. He gave a hundred thousand dollars out of his own pocket to provide tbe sinews of war. And all this time tbe Pharisees stood by acquiescent and non-protesting. After tbe elec tion was over, after tbe victory was trained, these verv men who hado opened their mouths while the fight was going on began to cry out tbat Don Cameron was a "machine politi cian." lie was a macbine man, ana the boss, too ; and every Republican in the State worked under bim. We don't think any less of bim or of them for it. If they had not organ ized tbo party, tbey would never bavo organized victory. We only blame these virtuous gentlemen be cause thev resorted to means which they afterward denounced. We don't think those means should have been denounced. Certainly it did not lie with them to denounce the !eaders in tbe great Republican uprising. A year ago Don Cameron was call ed to the Cabinet. Who does not know that it was to him and Judge Tali tbat the Republican party was indebted mainly for the Republican victory. Tbey stood the brunt of tne battle. They received the hottest fire of the Democrats. And the point to be noticed is tbat it was known at the time they were tbe leaders in th e fight, and just what tbey wero doing was known. There wasn't a Repub lican in tbe land wbo did not know, who was not entirely consciou?, tbat if it had not been for thee two men. if it had not been for tbe measures tbey took to see that there was as fair an election as possible in tbe South, tbe solid South would have gone for Tildcn. Did a Republican in tbose days, when protest against the Cam- eronian measures might have coanted fo something, did a Republican, we say. in the country lift op bis voice against Cameron : Not one; not a single solitary one. Every man of tho Republican party followed his leadership, and was thankful tbat there was a man in the War Depart ment with the grit to insist tbat the Southern republicans should be pro tected in tbeir rights. It was tbe Democrats wbo did tho growling. Tbey growled because they were hurt It was after tbe election was over. after the victory was woo, tbat Re publican Pharisees, with tbe true I- am-btlier-tban-tbou sir, began to prate about Cameronism. Why didn't tbey do it at tbe time? Wby did tbey sustain Cameronism when it was in tbe War Department? Every Re publican in the State of Peons viva nia, be be editor or private citizen, wbo denoonces tbe election of Mr. Cameron as Senator, and bad be fail ed to denounce bis course as Secreta ry, is guilty of shameless inconsisten cy and hypocrisy. Of course the storm tbose Pberi sees created has blown over. Tbe story is told by Senator Matthews, of a chap down South who had bis pa pers asking for an oflice made out, and addressed to Mr. Tilden. When Governor Hayes succeeded to the Presidency, tbe thrifty Southerner simply scratched out Tilden'a name and sent in tbe documents to Presi dent Hayes. So, we predict, will some of these Pennsylvania Repub licans be found, before long, asking Senator Cameron's influence to get a position in tbe Post-office or tbe Custom-bouse. There is nothing dishonorable in being a "machine politician." The odium popularly attached to the words comes from men wbo are re sortitg to even dishonorable tricks to get tbe ins out and themselves in. When half a million votes are to be brought to tbe polls, there must, in tbe nature of things, be orgnoization and work. Tbe men who take part in this organization and work, are those stigmatized as the machine men. And yet tbey are doing noth ing in the world but what the news papers and the reform orators are al ways and forever calling upon the "good citizens" to do. Tbey are do ing nothing in the world but what tbose wbo denounce tbem are doing on tbe otber side, i bey ars doing what tbe gentlemen wbo held last year tbe Fifth Avenue Conference undertook to do. They are doing what Mr. Tom Bowles and tbe Adams men of Massachusetts undertake an nually to do. Tbey are doing what Mr. C urtis did when be secured last year tbe defeat of Mr. Cornell in tbe New York Republican Convention. They are doing what tbe Brie tow men did in tbe last National Rpubli can Convention. Do we dispute the right tf Mr. Kristow's friends, of Mr. Curtis, of Mr. Bowles, of tbe Fifth avenue gentlemen, to engage in or ganized and systematic work 1 Not at a'L We boll tbey did perfectly right, and tbat tbey did - tbeir doty according to tbeir convictions. But all tbe time tbey were "machine men." It is high time these ceased to be words of offence. -Cincinnati Timet. A l traaa Fir. Cincinnati, April 12 At Pome- roy, Ohio, last night a fire broke out in tbe ware room of D Grycr & Son, situated in tbe main business portion of tbe city, and spread rapidly in every direction, and waa not checked until 25 businesa houses, offices and resideuoes were destroyed. The to tal damage at a tbat over two hutdred lives were lost. It is known that over fifty persona burned to death in the Southern hotel fire, and it is feared tbat tbe number will bo mncb greater. Kate Claxton, the actress wbo was performing in the Brooklyn theatre when it was burned, jumped from tbe third story of tbe hotel and broke both legs. Many persons jumped from tbe fourth, Cfth aud sixth stories. ; . . IHIED DISPATCH. : St. Lous. April 11. Tbe South ern hotel in this city was destroyed by Great two o'clock this morning. Tbe exact number of liven lost can not now be given but it " is feared tbat forty or Gfty persons perished either by being burned directly or first being smothered by smoke and tben consumed. From tbe best in formation at band it seems tbe Ore caught in tbe store room in tbe base ment, and was first seen coming through the ground floor just north of the oflice, and in ten minutes it bad ascended tbe elevators and ro tunda and spread itself over tbe sixth floor under tbe roof. Tbis uoor was occupied by employees of tbe hotel. tbe most of whom were women. The fire spread rapidly, filling every room and hall with flames and smoke, and the scene was of the most terri b!e description, frantic men, wo men and children ran through tbe halls shrieking in tbe most heart rending manner in their wild aod desperate eftort to escape. The smoke was so dense in some of tbe halls that the gas jets were exting uished, which rendered egress, even to tbose most familiar with tbe build ing, a matter of great difficulty. The nVe department was on tbe spot promptly and hundreds of people con gregated at tbe cene ready and will ing to render any aid necessary. The density of the smoke in tbe ball drove many guests and boarders back into tbeir rooms and tbey rushed to tbe windows as a meao of escape. Lad ders were raised as soon as possible and the women and children, with nothing bnt tbeir night clotbes on, were thus taken from tbe burning building. Some fainted from fright and others sank exhausted to tbe ground from nervous exhaustion. The ladders were generally too short to reach tbe fitthand sixth etories.but by hoisting some of them on tbe one story balcony on tbe east side aod on the second story balcony on the north side of tbe baildiog the floors were reached and all those at the windows were rescued. Tbe Skin ner fire escape was also brought promptly into service and was tbe means of saving many lives. While this work was going on some frightful scenes occurred. Oue man, who hau been occupying a window on tbe Waloot street front of the hotel, became desperate at tbe seemipg delay in effecting bis es cape. Two other men leaped from the fourth story windows, one of whom seemed not to be dangerously hurt, while tbe other expired in a few minutes A womaa at a fifth story window on tbe fifth street front became panic stricken and jumped out. She alighted on ber feet and was carried to tbe St. James hotel still alive. Her husband, wbo bad been stand ing bv her side, then tore op tbe bed- diog and let tbe strip so made out of the window. To tbis tbe firemen at tached a rope, which tbe man haul ed up, making it fast to the ' window sill, and safely descended by it. A man named J. U. Wilson jumped from a fourth story window aod was killed. Andrew Eosman and a Mrs. Scott met tbeir death iu tbe same way. Tbe mortality among tbe female helpa of the hotel ia feared, to be great. 1 bere were some 200 of them, all of wbem were lodged in tbe opper story of tbe building. Tbe panic among tbcm was perfectly ter rible, and a number of tbem jumped from tbe upper windows on tbe Elm street or r:ir side of the house. Among tbose known to have been killed in tbis manoer wero Bridget Mead, Vary Carey, Bridg-t White, Ellen Riley and several others wbo were carried away by friends and whose names iave uot yet been a pertained. Miss Kate Claxton, the actress, had another narrow ecape but fortunately is uninjured. Among those known to have beeo saved are H. Kretz, of Texas : Mies A. M'Cov. of Altoona, Pa.; Mrs. Gott, Syra cuse, N. Y. ; W. B. Coggswell and family, and J. Kimball, of Mine Lamotte, Mo.; Dr. Gerlact, German consul, jumped from a window aod broke a leg. His wife is unhurt. Charles Teeuan lost his life in at tempting to save others. Philip Merall, a boarder at tbe hotel, was brought out alive but entirely bereft of reason. At a quarter past two or about half an hour after the fire was dis covered tbe entire roof was ablaze and tbe flames were rapidly descend ing to tbe lower stories. A half hour later the floors aod iutenwr walls began to falL Tbe roof fell in and there is nothing left of one of tbe finest hotels in the country, except tbe Walnut street front and' parts of tbe Fourth and Fifth street lacea Tbe loss en tbe building aod con tenia win oe irom . lloU.000 to i,vuu,uvv. me ineurance is un known as yet. New York, April 11. A dispatch irom ou Ijouis says: Tbe report ion ita.e naxioa jumped from a window was not true. be had suf ficient presence of mind to wrap her face and bead with wetted to wis and walked and rolled down stairs. Ex cept having a few bruises she is safe. Miss Claxton telegraphed tbat she uu iobi everyiniag. - tier engage ment uegaa at St. Louia Monday evening in tne two urpbons. evening.' -' ' dragged out of tbe barning building. It U difficult to procure the names of tbe dead, bat it is bopec tbat a com plete or nearly complete list of tbem will be obtained this afornooo. Sid- more Haydea, Superintendent of tbe American express company etablea, is amoof .the killed; also Henry Ilazen, deputy collector of lbs Mis souri Pacific railroad company. An Englishman named Adams, said to be a commissioner of education has been identified at tbe morgue. St. Lot is, April 11. Tbe report that a number of dead bodies were taken from tbe . ruins this moroiog proves to have beeu f lae. . Tbe fire aepactment baa not yot succeeded in cooling off the debris sufficiently to enable a search to be made. Mr. Adams, referred to ia a previoos dispatch, waa Rev. A. R. Adams, in cumbent of a parish ia Berkshire, England. He was on bis way from Florida to California. His remains await tbe order of his friends. Let- tie Allen, an actrasa irom the east. a guest of Miss Clifton, of tbe Olym pic company of this city, ia among tbe saved. II, Farr and D. M. Clark, a rail- way conductor, said to be formerly from Toledo, together with his wife and child, . are among the killed. Milton Noble, tbe actor, aod Miss Fraokie M'Clellaa, the actress, were saved, bnt the latter waa very seri ously injured. . Tbe former was mainly instrumental in saving the lives of tbe ladies wbo were on ibe same floor of tbe hotel as himself. Great crowds of people have throng ed tbe vicinity of tbe fire all day, some of tbem looking for absent friends, but tbe great mass of tbem incited only by curiosity. There is a stroog guard of police surrounding tbe ruins, aod no one is permitted within tbe lines excepting reporters and those directly interested in tbe calamity. Tbe names of all tbose known to be dead have not yet been ascertained, bnt a full list may be expected to-night, and also tbe full insurance. , D. Auler, coroner, gives the follow ing list of killed as reported to bim aod he thinks it comprises all now known to be dead: Rev. A. R. Adam, of Stock Cross, Berkshire, England ; George Frank Gonley, grand secretary of the Ma sonic fraternity of tbis State ; Kate Reivley, Kate DoIao, and Mary Moran, servants, Henry Hazen,of tbe auditor's department, Missouri Paci fic railroad. He was formerly from New Castle, Pa, whither his remains will be sent Mrs. Stewart, wife -f W. Stewart, of tbe firm of Derby A Day, of this city ; Andrew E. Istrian, of the firm of Feicbman & Co., of this city; Charles G. Teener and Sidmoro Hayden. W. Felix Mun ater, said to be a member of the English bouse of commons, who was married in this city a few months ago, was residing at tbe hotel with his wife. Tbey became separated, aod under the impression that she was killed, he became intensely ex cited and' evidently lost bis mental balance. About six o'clock this morning he went to the room of a friend at the corner ot Fourth and Olive streets, and shot himself. The coroner beid an inquest out couta not decide wbeiber datn was caus ed bv suicide or accident There are various reports regarding tbe matter; one to the effect tbat be koew his wife was saved and that be killed himself while labonog under mental derangement. Of tbe insurance, $2&v,000 is on tbebuildiog and $142,000. on tbe furniture. Tbe huildiog waa owned by Robert Campbell. It originally cost about a million and a quarter. but was purchased by Mr Campbell for $525,000. Tbe furniture, which was owned by BreItne, Darling & Co., was valued at $200,000. A Trlaaak mt Fere. Coi.tMoiA, April 10 Lieutenant Brigga in command of 19 men of the Eighteenth Infantry, paraded - bis compear in the Corridors of tbe State House at parade rest, at ll&S to-Jay, and tben tbey waited for the t wo hall bell to strike 12 Fifty or t-'vtv spectators inside, and as many "it Hide of tbe building, awaited ibe knell of tbe Chamberlain Gov. rn ment Upon tbe Grt stroke cf tbe bell tbe order came "Shoulder arms ! Right face ! Forward march !" Tbe soldiers marched from the rear door. in perfect silence. There was noth ing dramatic in tbe scene, jet with tbene two officers and 19 men tbe moral as well as the physical support of tbe Administration was taken from tbe Republicans of South Caro lina 1 Upon consultation with the otber State officers Gov. Chamberlain de termined tbat further resistance would be useless, anl he now awaits tbe demand of Hampton for the pos session of tbe oflice. Therein a pro found depression in tbe Republican ranks. Already ; Democratic news papers have mapped out changes in tbe Constitution by which the Repub lican majority shall be suppressed. The Legislature will be called to gether ia two weeks. The quo war ranto suits against the otber State officials are not likely to be waited fr by tbe Democratic candidates. Tbey will probably enforce their de mands to-mo-row and get their places, and tbe last vestige of Republican rule will disappear before the close of tbe week. raclllatlaM la AlahaaM. Lost winter Jere Haralson, colored member of tbe last Congress from Alabama, testified before tbe Senate committee to Bme personal experi ence be had with tbe Wbite League in bis own district. Tbe testimony was published in these columns at tbe time. Since then it bas reached the people of tbe district, baa been published and commented on by tbe Democratic papt-rs, wbo decline to extend the policy of peace and recon ciliation toJeie Haralson, and threat en to bulldoze bim if he cornea home Vague biota of banging and mid night shooting matches bave been communicated to Jere through tbe newspapers aud by letter, anonymous or otherwise, and he dare not go borne until be has bad the entire Democratic population put under bouds to keep tbe peace. One Dem ocratic paper charges that he is "a dangerous nigger, and should be put where be will do no more mischief." Another mentioning tbe fact that be intends to contest his seat in the next Congress, remarked tbat: "His impertinence is astouading,and if be comes back to Selma it will be under a coffin lid." These niisunderataLd ings with bis constituent are very unpleasant to Jere just at tbis par ticular time, w ben tbe President is recognizing Democratic Governors, so be telegraphed to tbe Judge of Selma county, a Democrat wbo owaed him when be was a slave, asking if it waa safe for him to return Tbe answer was: "The people are very much exasperated about your conduct, and I doubt if it is safe." Washington Cor. Inter Ocean. Falal AaVaj. low .estimate will ed either bv iumnin? frnm reacb f 100,000. jor were suffocated by smoke and i - St. Louis, April ll.The fire en gines are still playing on tbe fire A force baa been organized to search for dead bodies, and several bodies have already been uken from the ruins in a more or less burned con dition but bare not yet been identi. lied. There are also several dead bodies at tbe morgue awailior identi. fication. Mrs. Moran, a servant, waa killed by jumping from a window. George Frank Cooley, graod secre tary of tbe grand lodxe of Freemasuna cf Mitaouri, ia supposed to bave perished in tbe flames. Six persons, whose names are uuknowo, were kill- windows M em rms," April 12 About 1 o'cl-ick tbis evening Turnkey Davis, ingoing through the jail to examine -tbe cells of tbe prisoners, discovered tbat tbe door of the cell of Fred aod Henry Seymour, two brotbera recent ly sentenced to the penitentiary for ten aod fifteen years respectively, for horsestealing, bad been tampered with. Calling his assistant, John Aldridge, he ordered tbe Seymours out into tbe corridor to search tbem. When Davis approached Henry Sey mour he drew a dcringer and cock ing it presented it at Da via breast. Th" latter threw up his hand and told bim not to shoot. Just tben AI dridge cocked his pistol, aod Henry heariog it, turned on bim, aud both fired, almost simultaneously. Davis drew hia pistol and fired also at Henry, who fell and soon expired. having been sb it under tbe right arm Aldridge received severe wounds. Fred Seymour made no effort to take part in the affray. Tbe Sey mours are from Troy, N. l . : lae Beer CaM Stealer. Columdus. O.. April 12 Tbe po lice have discovered tbat Brooks, who abducted the boy Willie Haven. spent Sunday night at hi- mtber'a botue in tbia city, aod ibat tbey Mi early Monday morning. Brooks' mother stated that be stole a child some years ago in Yirgioia, and that she fears be will kill tbe boy if closely pursued. i lOV. CHAMBERLAIN 3 APDRESS. Gov. Chamberlain has issued tbe following address announcing tbat he retires from tbe contest for tbe Governorship : To the fiepublicans of South Caro lina : By your choice I was made Gov ernor of this State in 1874, and at tbe election on the 7 th of November last I was again, by your votes, elected to tbe same oflice. My title to 'he of fice npon every legal and moral ground is to-day as clear and perfect 13y tbe recent decision and action of tbe President of the United States I find myself unable to maintain rov official rights with the prospect of nnai success, and I berebv announce to yon tbat I ai on willing to prolong a stroggie wbith can only bring fur ther Buffering upon those who eogags in it. Announcing this conclusion, it in my duty to say for you that the Republicans cf Sooth "Carolina en tered upon tbeir recent political struggle for tbe maintenance of tbeir political and civil rights, constituting beyond question a large majority of the lawful votes of the State. You allied youreelf with this political par ty whose central and inspiring prin ciple has hitherto been tbe civil and political freedom of all men under the Constitution aod laws of our country. By heroic efforts and sacrifices which the just verdict of history will rescue froji the cowardly scorn now can upon tbem by political placemen and traders, you secured the Electoral vote of South Carolina for Hayes and Wheeler. In accomplishing this result you became the victims of every form of persecution and injury. From authentic evidence it is shown that not less than one hundred of your number were murdered because tbey "vere faithful to tbeir principles and exercised rights guaranteed to tbem by the nation. You were de nied employment; driven from your homes; robbed of the earnings of years of honest industry ; h noted for your lives like wild beasts ; your fam ilies outraged and scattered for no of fense except your peaceful and firm determination to exercise your po litical rights ; you trusted, as you bad a right to trust, that if by such efforts you established tbe lawful supremacy of your political party in the nation, the Government of. tbe United States, in tbe discbargo of its constitutional duty, would protect the lawful Government of tbe State from overthrow at tbe bands of your political enemies. Frrm caost-s pateot to all men. aod questioned by none wbo regard tiutb, you have been unable to overcome tbe unlaw ful combinations and obstacles which bave opposed tbe practical suprema cy of the Government which your votes have established. For many weary months you have waited for your deliverance; while tbo long struggle for the Presidency was in progreesyou wee exhorted by every representative and orpai of the National Republican Party to keep your allegiance true to tbat party, io order tbat your deliverance from tbe bands of your oppressors might be certain and complete. Not the faiotest whisper of the possibility of disappointment in tbeso bi ps and promises ever reached you while tbe struggle was pending Today April 10. 1377, by the or der of tbe President, whom yonr votes alone rescued from overwhelm ing defeat, ' tbe Government of tbe Uuited States abandon you, and de liberately withdraws from yon its support, with tbe full knowledge tbat tbe lawful Government of tbe Slate will be speedily overthrown. By a new interpretation of tbe Constitu tion, at variance alike wtth tbe pre vious practices of the Government, and with tie decisions of tbe Su preme Court, tbe executive of tbe United States evades tbe duty of as certaining which of tbe two rival State Governments is tbe lawful one, and by tbe withdrawal of the troops now protecting tbe State from do mestic violence, abandons tbe State Government to a struggle witb insur rectionary forces too powerful to he resisted. Tbe grounds of policy upon which tbis action is defended are stanlin?. It is said tbat the North is weary ot tbe long boutbern troubles, it was weary, too, of tbe long troubles which sprang from tbe stupendous crime of chattel slavery, aod longed for re pose. It ought to cover tbem irom tight by wicked compromises with tbe wrong which disturbed its peace. but God held it to its doty until, through a conflict which rocked aod agonized tbe nation, tbe great crime waa put away and freedom was or dained lor an it is said tbat lr a majority of tbe people of a State are nnable by pbvsical force to maintain their rights they must be left to po litical servitude. Is this a doctrine ever before beard in our history ? It it shall prevail, its consequences will not long be confined to South Caro lina or Louisiana. It is said that a Democratic House of Represent atives will refuse an appropriation for tbe Army of the United States if tbe lawful Government of South Carolioa is maintained by tbe military forces. Tbe submission to such coercion marks the degeneracy of tbe political psny or people wnicn enaures it, A U'"ernuient worthy ofnbe nme a political party fit to wield power never before blanched at such a threat.. But the edict has gone forth. No argument or considerations which you friends could present have suf ficed to prevent the disaster. So ef fective means of resistance to tbe consummation of the wrong are left Tbe stroggie can be prolonged. My strict legal rights are, of course, wholly unaffected by the action of the President No court of tbe State has jurisdiction to pass npon the title to my offire No lawful Legislature can b convened except upon my call. If tbe use of tbete powers promised ultimate success t our cause I should not shrink from any sacrifice which might confront roe. It "is a cause in which by the light of reason and cooscienco a man might well Iy down bis life, but to my mind my present responsibility in volves tbe consideration of tbe effect of my action upon tbose whose rep resentative I am ' I bave heretofore been willing to ask ypo. Republicans of South Carolina, to risk all dan gers and endure all hardships until relief should come from tbe Govern ment of the United States. Tbe re lief will never come. I cannot ask you to follow, me fur ther. 3 Ia my judgment 1 can no longer serve you by further resis tsnce to tbe impending calamity. Witb gratitude to God for the meas ure of endurance with wbkb be has hitherto inspirf d me ; with gratitude to yon for your bonndless confidence io me; with proCmd admiration for your matchless ficolity to the cause in which you have struggled, I now announce to you, and to the ' people of the State, that I shall no longer actively assert my right to the office of Governor of South Carolina. The. motives and por poses of the President of tbe United States in tbe policy which eompels me to pursue my present course are unquestionably honorable and patriotic. I devoutly pray that eventa may vindicate the wisdom of bis action, and that peace, justice, freedom, and prosperity may hereafter be tbe portion of every citi zen of South Crolina. D. 11. Chamberlain, Governor of South Carolina. War Xatea. London, April 15. A telegram from Constantinople says : A Rus sian yacht arrived to-day to take members of the Russian Embassy to Odessa tbe moment tbey receive orders to quit Constantinople. Tbe Porte believes tbat tbe rupture will be delayed until Russia has commu nicated her intention to tbe Powers, but no hope of a peaceful settlement is entertained. - Russian subjects in Turkey are to be placed under the protection of Germany. It is said tbat tbe staff of tbe Russian Embas sy has been ordered to leave Con stantinople to-morrow. Bucharest, Ap'il 15. The Czar is expected to arrive at Kischeneff to-day. Graod Duke Nicholas held a review of the Army of the Pratb today.: . ; Rome. April lo It is said tbat in view ot c implications has proposed to tbe Vatican to settle long existing (I:lu ulnes. A Yieooa special saya Austria is resolved if necessity demands to localize tbe war by armed occupa tion of Bosnia. St Petersburo, April 14. Journals declare tbat tbe moment baa arrived to giveeffect to tbe Czar's Morcow speech. Relations between tbe Puite and Moctvnegro are broken eff London, April 15-Lord Derby Las scut a dispatch to- roe English representative at Constantinople, ex pressing regret at the course Turkey, ban taken in rejecting tbe protocol, and saying he did not see what fur ther steps England could take to avert war. -: LoxDoxy April 15 .A Fpecialfrom Vienna saya : Tbe Russian Embassa dor bad iu audience with tbe Em peror of Austria to-day and after wards an interview witb Count An draey, to whom he communicated tbe telegraphic circular from Prince Gortscbkoff. Yesterday's panic in financial cir cles was f )ll'ed by a trifling re covery ko-nigbt in coosequeoce of a private message- from Paris and LodiI jo, r-tatiog tbat diplomatic at tempt are likely to be made to pave tbe way for giving satisfaction to Russian susceptibilities by amending the Treaty of Pari Tbe great e.-t readiness is discern ible on tbe part of the Austrian gov ernment to support any last attempt to pn eure peace wbicb may be made by Eoirlsod. Tbe Time Pera dispatch says: Rpevtiog war. opinion i divided. Tbat Russia will ever be so rasii as to a'tack Turkey without being sure e tbtf neutrality of Austria and Ger many', seerus to many impossible. Neither is it -clear, especially after Prince Bismark's resumption of office, how Russia cad ever bave a firm re liance on-thai-neutrality. Ou the otber band no one supposes that Tur key .will begin hostilities before tbe middle or the end of May. In order to occupy tbe Danube Russia must reckou witb Germany. Tbe -way to Constantinople lies thrmgh Berlin. ' The present positiea is that if 'war breaks out the result must be tbe extension of. the Russian Empire to the Danube, tbe Bospbo rm, the Taurus Mountains and tbe Euubrateo, aud amalgamation of 100.000 000 men of lb Sciavie na tion. Cau Oermtny or any Enrope pean statu l juk on aod acqaiesce io such a ousiiaiiu.v.iou. rs washihstwji wnra f Washington. D. C , April 12, 177. WASIUNOToN C1TT. We koow of no city in the Uoiou which preset l greater iuduceiortiis for manufacturing on a Urjie MaU than Washington itv. Its ei- graphical location briag it by cans into juxtaposiiioa with t'n grtrai Cumberland Coal Fields. Tte ia comparable but power of tbe P .tomac is only await ing tbe attention of capitalists who unutilized I t a- watcr- pita m-ill .i.nre it and appropriate it Iron ore aud raw cotton are withiu easy reach by water aod rail. Wash ington ia a natural railroad rentre. A few yeara ago thtre waa but one railroad running into the city, and now there are five, with a prospect of an increase in numbers in tbe near future. Tbe outlet to market ft-r ibe manufactured articles is open and sufficient lor all production. The necessaries of life sre abundant, and as cheap as in any neighboring city. War prices have taken to them selves wings and flown away. For these and other reasons, we commend Washington as a most desirable point for manufacturing enterpri ses. THE PRESIDENT'S 81JIMER RSSORT. The Soldier's Home was foonded io 1851 as a Military Asylum, ihe object of wbicb is to afford a heme for old and disabled soldiers of tbe lTniid States Armv. A service of twenty years or disability iu the lice of doty are the prerequisites to ad mission. Pen&iooera of the regular army are also admitted, but are re quired to surrender their pensions while they are inmates of the home. This will be the President's residence during the bested term. APPOINTMENTS IN . TI1E TREASl'RT. It has again been published tbat tbe Secretary of the Treasury will enforce tbe law of 1S75, relative to appointments io his Department, ma king an equitable distributirn between the several Slates and Territoriea and the District of Columbia. The terms of the statute apply to appoint ments on snd after January 1, 187i, and are now in force. It is contend ed tbat some States are charged witb appointments not properly belonging to them Tbis should be corrected. We are told tbat "no one need apply" from New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Arizona, and the District of Colum bia. DECISION IN MAJOR RICHARD'S CASE. The Police Commissioners of tbe District of Columbia have decided not to pass upon tbe charges preferred against Major Richards by Mr. Mur tagb, late member and President cf tbe Poliee Board, but to confine themselves to the official acts of sub ordinates oerforraed snbseouent to the inauguration of tbe new Board SENATOR BLAINE'S LETTER. Senator BUines letter t" the Bos ton Herald has created some excite ment in political circles at tbe Capi tal. It is looked upon as an indica tion tbat be will, on tbe floor of tbe Senate, criticise the President's Southern policv in a maoner to man ifest disapproval He will take the ground that the blood of p -litical mar tyrs will not be seed from wbicb may spring an exuberance f good republican fruit. He will rootend that, although tbe blood of t he mar tyrs may bave been tbe seed of tbe cburcb, tbat blood was shed bv ene mies and not friends. He will admit, however, tbat it is a characteristic of tbe Republican party to accord tbe right of individual opinion to its members so far as a regard for the unity of the organization will permit OTHER 8ENA- A BABT WAITINO TOR A NAME. Tie f..cl was noted ten days or more ago that the wife of Senator Gordon, of Georgia, ha kern deliv ered of a girl baby. The South Car olina difficulty bad just beeo euM, aud the Seue'.or at tirst p"oposil u caM ih tew ron-rr "Carolioa," but as be already bad a daughter named Caroliae, tbi wculd not Co, as the pet name (Carrie) would be the same for both, so he determined to wait ani l tbo Government ol Louisiana was turned over to Nicbolls, when bn would give bis little one tbe name of "Louisiana." Judging from Pack ard' obstinacy and tbe difficult task of the Commisoioa sent to New Or leans, the baby of the Georgia Sena tor will be oaraeless for some time to come. Delta. A far4 fram McMtar Blalaa. Boston, April 11. The Editor of the Jlerqld: Your C lurubia cor resiKinrlent is in error 'o bis state ment tbat 1 bad a conference with Governor Chamberlain iu New York. I bave seen Governor Cham berlain bnt once for a jear, and tbat was iu tbe private Cabinet room of President Hayes ou the 27th of March. Nor bave I written or telegraphed him, or heard from bim in any way. 1 be same ia true respecting Gover nor Packard, except in tbe matter of oil telegram received from bim, which I read publicly in tbe United States Senate. But I aro sure tbat Governor Chamberlain knows that be bas my profouodest sympathy in tbe heroic though unsuccessful strug gle wbicb he has made in South Car olina for civil liberty and 'Constitu tional government. 1 am equally sure I bat Governor Packard feels that my 5 heart and judgment are both witb him io the contest wbicb be is still waging agaiosl great odds for ibe Governorship 'hut be holds by a title as valid as that wbicb jut I v aod laa-fully seated Butbeif wd B. Hayes in the Presidential chair. 1 nu-t also" that both Governor know that the Boston press no more represents tbe stalwart Krpoblican feeling ot New England n ibe pend ing issues than the same pitss did when it demanded tbe eni'otceinents of ibe Fugitive Slave law in-) 351. - ery tespoctfully, .. - " l u i j ' "J. G. Blaine. Augusta. Me., April 10. SENATOR MORTON AND TORS. Here in Washington, curiosity is on the tip-toe to know what may be tbe positions that reveral leading Republican Senators may take on the floor of tbe Senate, relating to tbe President's Southern policy. Sen ator Morton . being recognized as among tbe most pronounced in de fense of Republican principles and tbe protection of tbe integrity of tbe party, will no doubt, define bis post lion at an early day. Besides Senator Morton, there is s considerable inquiry indulged in to determine the views of other Sena tors, in relation to political events wbicb have transpired since sojourn ment of Congress. Among these Senators, Conkling, D. J. Cameron, aod Howe, are conspicuous. Devel opments will be eagerly looked for. If party lines are to be cbioged, io what and lo wnat extent surb chan ges may modify or wipe out old issues or create new ones, are subject to speculation. Coming events may cast tbeir shadow." before, but the shadow is yet to obscure to make as sertions reliable. BON WM E. CHANDLER The m ny political friends ot Hon. Wm. E. Chandler think tbat if parti san services are deserving of reward, and distinguished executive ability is any recommendation for official po sition, he should be recognized by President Hayes. We all koow lere in Washington the character and value of Mr. Chandler's services du ring the late campaign, and subse quently in securing a fair canvas i f the electoral vote of Florida His acknowledged efficiency as a public officer is the result of trial, and there ran be no d 'Ubi that, in any post in the public service to which he may be assigned, be will perform bis whole duty. PROMOTIONS IN TOE INTERIOR Secreiary Sburz has as yet made but few cbauges in the personnel of tbe Department of tbe I uteri-r. aud these have I.een promotions from loaer l higher grades. He ba, in tbe main, accepted thing as he found them. lbu4 reflecting credit upon tbe management of bis predecessor. Tbe promotion f Mr. A Ion z Bell from the position of Chief Clerk to tbat of Assistant Secretary is commended o all bands. The promotion of Ma jor Lock wood, from tbe Ch'ef Clerk ship of the Patent Office to bat of tbe Department, ia one eminently 'fit to be made." These promotions are in the right direction. BORESS FROM ulU HOTEL When we hear of some great dis aster at a distant point we irrtnedi alely hestir ourselves lo devise meso for guarding againrt a like calamity at home. After the horrors of tbe Brooklyn conflagration, wbicb aasso destructive of human life, tie atten tion the proper authorities was di reeled to an improvement in tbe mole of egress from far theaters. Now we bave tbe holocaust at St Louis. wbicb i lamented in every sectioo of the country. This frightful catastro phe wi!l soggest to tbe proper officers at Washingtou what upe should be taken, without aoy delay, to coupe I tbe owners of our large hotels i make such improvements as w ill af-' ford a means of easily escaping from the buildings ic case of fire. We can add iittle or nothing to the argument of tbe proclamation of ab dication issutd by Governor Cham berlain, of South Carolina. It is one of ibe saddest slate papers in tbe his tory of tbe American people, it rings witb truth and manliness. It cunlesses defeat, aud surrenders to an unholy and dishonest cause for ihe reason that nothing better can be doue. Something must be compro mised, and tbe nation is asked to take Wade Hampton's arrogant word tbat he is tbe mailed knight wbu can teacb us that blood can tell, aud thai fraud aod mm der are tbe rightful roads to success. The result of yesterday's work, to be followed to day or to-morrow in New Orleans, is to give us full, complete aod rouud td, clad iu chain armor, and backed by Federal patronage, tbat "solid Svulb" on which the hopes of Tilden bung. It is just as well to stare fate iu tbe face. The sctual condition of tbe South, the relations of its Sistes 1 1 tha Federsl Goveroment,sre lo-Jay pitcisely what tbey would bave been bad Tilden been elected and inaugu rated. There are some things tbat will be treasured up until tbe day ot judg ment There is no sorer road to pt ace than a surrender of all that is worth fighting for, no claim deeper than that of ihe sepulchre There is no conviction stronger than that Chamberlain was aod is the Gover nor ol South Caruliaa. There is no doubt wbicb rests upon a justifiable suspicion stronger than ibat tbe sur render of Chamberlain is a surrender of tbe Fifteenth amendment to the Constitution, a committal, at least, of its execution to the fair and plausible men of whom Wade llaxptun ia the chief. Tbe child is turted out to a nurse wbo baa no love for i- It is impossible to like tjis thing and it isbvitocrisy to pretend lo like it. There Lave been fe nobler characters iu Ibe history of recon struction than ibat ot Chamberlain. He waa a "carpet bagger." it is true, tbat is a citizeu of tbe United Slates wbo thought that tbe flag might shelter bim iu the imperial domain of South Carolioa. He finds himself mistaken. Only a few months ago he was popular in the Palmetto Slate. Elected Governor as a R pubiicau, be devoted himself to a pure aud honest administration. He vetoed eyery fraud tbat arose in bis ignorant Legislature. He held ibe confidence ot those poor black souls aud secured from their very igno rance a belter legislation and more decent finance tban any other man in South Carolina could bave doue. He bad the specious friendship aod fraudulent praiae of all ihe first fam ilies' He was almost nominated for Governor by ibe Democratic State Convention, with tbe thought that, so kind suu generous was be, so much tbe soul of hooor, that be could be flattered and cheated into an utter abandonment of principle and con viction. Tbe moment tbey found they had mistaken their man, they organized a political campaign against bim on tbe "Mississippi plan" of murder and terrorism, and transfer red tbeir flatteries and begnilements to the President elect. Tbey bave got from bim what tbey expected from Tilden, aud ibere is a deep pa thos as to Chamberlain, and a sol emn warnlug to Hayes ia tbe coiictu diug paragraph of bis memorable farewell address. No one can say bow i will end. We only see things as tbey sre to day, a solid, arrogant and triumph ant South. It may bave been solidifi ed for the purpose of getting it in shape to split, but tbe ax and tbe beetle are oat of sight We can fee a won dering and bewildered North, a Re publican party wbicb knows not what it means, a deal of talk about civil service reform, a daily bulletin about tbe methods for compulsory bouesty :'n the Interior Department, but tbe Fifteenth Amendment is a dead letter uuie-a Wado Hampton chooios to enforce it It may be tbat tbe President bas sufficient assurances, but it may bs also tbat ibe color line is straightened and intensified by ibis new departure, and tbat tbe se er d promises made by Lincoln and tbe Kepubl can party are found in convenient in lbs execution. It is not lime to say yet wbo ia right There must he a suspension of judg ment. Of only one thing are we cer taio. There ia not iu ail this land a R publican wbo stands cleaner and clearer in te popular gaze, more hon ored in d feat, ostracism and etile than others in triumph and success, than Governor Chamberlain of South Carolioa Newark Daily Adrerti-iter. Waallca Hllla BaratS, Paterson, N J , April 12 This m truing a fire broke out in ibe dye bouse of tbe Hamilton Mills, owned by pj. .Ionian Bacbman, of New York. It was one of the principal woollen shal mills io tbe country. Tbe burning chemicals ran over tbe ground communicating fre to tbe main buildiug, and n one hour the eutire building was in ruins. Tbe Danforth Locomotive Works took fire, but ibe flames were promptly extin guished. Tbe Hamilton Mill was very busy aod a large number of bands were employed, all of whom escaped. But little stock was saved. Jbe loss on tbe building sud stock is nearly $100,000 ; partially insured. awa ef a CaaSSaaai BaiStnr. Ev issviLLE. lod , April II Ed ward Layer, convieisd of piorder and sentenced lo tbe peatuotierj for life, died io his cell to-day. Hals supposed to bave beeo poisoned, and bis wife, wbo had free access to the criminal, is supposed to have furnish ed bim with the poison. Matel Baraaal. Rosemost. Qnt, April 12. Hen derson's Hotel, together. with all the ou tbo dings, waa deatroyed by Cra last night John Bare, bailiff, and a traveller named Lnnn were burned to death. Tbe loss is about $10,000.