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,fr.Qtm& of iibation
The Somerset Herald (l pnUUbeJ every Wednesday "' at P. , M is advance otBerwlt M iU lavarUhlyb eargL No aubKripUu wlU b dtcunlinud BBtU all arrearage n u "P- P-ut" neglecting ,o notify u whea tabsorlber do not take oat their v(K-1llb.fcMiUWt fcrth.ttV. other ahould gir a th Ban of th "" " U aa the preweat ofaon. Atddre Somemt Printing Cecpaay, "'' jtmsLsocix, Boshves Hum. .4 TTORXEYS A T-LA H. ' . IrTOKJfXT at i.a w. . . omrt, ronta. HES MY F.SCHTXU ATTOKJfEI ana Bounty actE.a "''"T fa. umn ia u a.r -al mTtETHWAITK, ATTOKKEI V -. 1 tumMTML Pa- rrouashinai "- Gaoled the practice v. lew In Somerset and .jotnt?g ZZSZl i. Mammoth bulWmg. . Mb- Mi J trALENTlNE AT. ATTOKNKT ATLAW V dealer in real euu, twmeraet, f "J pVlmpl","V aug.l-lj. .11 iMlfllDeM NUWIN io uar. w.. W - . pn iMviDVPVS AT ' LAW, Somerset, Pa-U1 irsotle l 8u- arsea aaa HiwuH UMted to them will be promptly attended to. J "ohm hTUhu atturr ay at la W , SUM. tM, fa., wiU promptly end all V?-.??. HinHtt lo kn. MoeyJBeeuUooU 4. totneeaa MamawtB atalhiiag. tiriLLlAM H. AOUXTzTa rTOJiNKV AT W Law, sjomeraei. -, will prouit eUeo Ouo lo busiaea entrusted to ha cere In soon tod th. eljouUng muOh. Otto rruiuuf House How. . , ' UHH O. UMMEU ATTXRHEY AT LAW, J mrt, -, will euena to all bualnea n t ruled to hie care In Somenwl and adjoining ouuo-tiawUaproapeaBa-B.ty. jme la Ata- nott aslock. , . . , , r . uaLE ' ATTORNEY AT LAW, Somerset, P- ' ProtMl.t bulnM ntrunod to m gu, Btunood urwlik promptncMoad Moilty. a. . ivrracn. w- - CTOFFKUTH RCPPEL, ATTORNEYS AT low. All touMnCTilrmel toUxcrewiU iw Mwedily and paDcuuLli) iujnde4 u- orric M uu U?wi , lh HamiBoU Mlock. IUUN tt. SsCOTT, fc , ' ' ATTUKSEY AT LAW. Sumenet Pa. 0c p lo Br' W'; A U buaiuoa OBtrtntod to ki eoro ludJ tu wil LiruiupUkoa BBd auciu.- FAMES L. PUUU, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Sor,FB. Om MaBimo HloelL,ui atair. fcnirauco nun ctum tu- uw Mtilod, UtWt oaamiiwd, ad aU lal jaljtf gURVEVIXO, . Wriiing Deeds, Ac, dooawi'tHW.Birf lrr. miuiiile icrnu. -oqalr at CaKlr A Co.'l Store. C. F. WALKER. An. PHYSIC FANS. VR. J. K. MILLER has permanently locatod ' ta Worltn lortiM BraeUea ot uia prvuxaiuB. Lm u)ip(it Ctaartoi KruainKer i atur. Bpr. SL, TVr. DR. M. BKl'BAKKR Mnden hi prufeMtoeal wrvloM to tk clUaena of Sonerast and vlcuv liy. UIBce ta rBodeBoe, una door waM ol tne uar M Uoaao. , . DR. E. U K.IMMEL will eunUnaa to praetleo MedMne, and tender! hit pruieeakioal aerrl- eea W uia eltlaena at &w-rt aaa maiui conn try. Ottlca at the old plaoa, a law door aart ol uaa Ulaae ki DU. WESLEY CUNNINGHAM, lormerlyot Laranrtlle, will euntluue the pnietieeal medicine, asd tsadara hH pruicapkaial aenice U the cillcena ofOeairtvilleand rrmnd inc ronniry. FebJ n g S. GOpD, PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, . SOMERSET. PA. trOrmi ta Maauaota Blorfc W4TI DESTIHTS. DR. VSI. COLLINS, DENTIST, Somerset, Pa. Umoa la Oaeebeer's Kiuck, ap atalra. where be eaa at ail Umea lie found prepared to do &HkliMlaAt aurt. Bach aa flUlna. retiulalinff. ex- traettnaT. Ac. ArUAclal teeth ol an kimda, and of the heat material. Inserted. UprraUona warranted. JOHN BILLS, DENTIST. Office la Coffrota A NtfTi new baUdlac. Mala Croat KtreeC . -Burner let. Pa. both DTLA Q. MILLER, avfwr twelve yev-l' rtle practkw la Shacktrllle. ha 1 bow pera. Matly located at Somerset f the prac tice af bm Jctaa. and tender hi eaatoaaI aer alee ta 1X ettiseM of Somerset and alcroity. Omee ia hi Draft Store, otixtl the Karaet Uoaaa, nara Aa-eaa," ha onalte at all time anlen' pnfwIvtiaUy eaaced. aT-Nlf at call promptly anrwared. dee. li. n-ly. . . DENTIST. OBse abort Caeebeer A eaee'i Btore, StuneneU Pa. In the laet eiteen year I hare greatly re diced the price ot artlartal teeth In ttaif place. The eunataat tBerraat&e; demand hrtaetb ha in dajed me lo eu enlarge my larllitlea that raa make reed Beta of teeth at lower price than yua caa get them la any other place In Ibis eoooiry I am now making a good set of teeth for A nod If tuere sboaM ue any peraua amooe my inonaanus at caatomer In this or tbe adjoining eunntlra that I hare made teeih sor that la not giving good aat iafaction, they ean Ball ea me at any ume and get a new set tree ot caarge, marl RTIHC'AL TEETH II I. C. ITTZY. DEI'TI sr VAtS C1TT, 'jomtr'ut C.. iV, Yk aar t.lttl ta tw of Ik, nn ImM aa'iluy LHe-like and .4aadm, inserted in tbe . u.i. fti.Miltt, niMtlua ikftLil Ia the mm crTBtloa of lb aataral teeth. Those wishing to eaaaaut m by letiec, eaa an o oy hwoi i"r AdlrM a abora. .. .. Jel- .HOTELS H ILL HOUSE. SlelKCKS. SClfZRSZT, PA, Tbe tiroprtetoT I I pttuaied toa-wommodate gaeau In the most eeoalurtal tunable ara aatlaiacaury ataimer. The trarellag pabUe and aermaaeat bearder far aiahed with the beet of hotel aeeummudaihei. 1 he table wtll eontkna to be famished with the beat the market afleroa. Large aad avrnmotikau taUtef attached. jaal JJIAMONP 1I0TEL. S.VMLKL.CVSTPR. Projri-f or-. TUIt pcaejar and wn knawa 1. at all pot. lie labia aad siunu first-claaa. Ooudauv iiing. Hark aaa daily tor Johastowa aad Souerta. avuU. NAUGLE HOUSE! 1 ae Hamietea bat lately saircaasr I and greatly mjja- ved lli a) aewrable uupeny. fBratshiag k with enOre aew raraliar tha asaAmg It ene ef 'a must desirable (topping pie en tor Uanaanl ' ireskMatcaatomlalheSut. Table are always rmUtt with th choiceat ykaad th martet aoWa. , Large aad eossmodloa auUlaa to attaehesl aad faiiafftl aad at tenure aoaUrr always la at. tee.laaca. . ArmtaisjrjU,j,e;wl. ! syawaytaappUog with tha Bhaasamllajanra. , .... . . ... .' ' ' ' . : i " , VOL: XXV. NO. 51 . BANKS, ETC. Cambria Co. Bank. M. W. KEUM & Co. Xo. SG6 Main St., Jottwstotrti'. A General Banking Business transacted. ' "' ; ; . Interest Paid at 0 per cent,, on Time Deposits. 7 . : Loans Negotiated. ' . . ; ' Drafts Bought and Sold. J any. 3. ; t J.0.KI31MEL&S0XS, Saorersors U Schell & Kimmel, SOMERSET, PA. ' ; Anconnts of Merchants and oth er Business People Solicited. Drafts negotiable in all parts of the Conn- try for sale. Money loaned ana Collections made. jam . . JOHNSTOWN SAYINGS BANK, 120 CLINTON. STREET, : JOUXSTOWN,, P A. Chartered September li. 1M. Dtpuf iu reeele e! ol all sums not lent than one dollar. 1 til rust ia dae lathe monlbeot Jaueanu lleremuer.and ilnot withdrawn Is ailtled to the deposit, tliiu ooinpona dlng twice a year without troubling Ibedrpual. tor u call or esca to present the deposit b-x. Mony hwned on ret eeutte. I'reierence. with Hlieral rates and hag Ume. giren to borrowers ol feruuc htst worigaguf on l-.ru s worth tour or more tlmea the aun.uul ol loan desired. Good reter care. perfect tillra.te., rnired. This curpuratlwu t ex.'lurivrly a Savings Bank. No cotatnert'ial depclts recelre.1. nor asoount made. Ko tuaasoB peraoaal aecariiy- bUnk applK-aiion for liorrowers. copies of t he rules, by-law and special law relating to the bank sent to any addreM rctttcsted. 'f ai'STKLS. James lwper, liavM IMbert.' O. B. Ellis, A.J. Hawea. f. W. Hay. Joha liuun, I. H. Lapsly, Itamcl WtLaugliiln, l. J. .Morrel LewUPhutH. A. Bogus, Conra-1 Sttppe.Ueo. T. Swank, James AlcaiUlen, JsweaMurley and W. W. Wallers. Iianiel J. Worrell, PresUenti Frank lUbcrt, Treasurer; Cyro Elder, bvilcUor. aorta. Tctecco anil Cte Tsi' WHOLBSAt-t AKDBrrtll, Xsi'tnfAi n' Ziuinieriimw k" rrjr . - hS AAwi alalia. f V " VI VI SL- . ... . - tes The bast of Ftvar of difiercnt hracils. manufac tured by bilac!l, o( Ilia rh ireft ol u-t(T. These ciirais cnunot becxretlcd by any in the mar- keL One of tbe beat stock ol obeaiug tobacco erer brought to bourniet. J'rice to sun ine time. jeu no. Hicas. Lanra a. ami tots fcr Fire ani LLfe iEsnrance, JOHN HICKS & SON, i SOMEKSET. PA., And Real Estate Brokers. ' ESTABLISHED 1850. Persons who desire to elL buy or eichaoge prop erty, or tor rent will find it to their advantage to reg'irter the description these'', a ao chance la m vie unless ai.ld or rented. Ke:j estate bustuert generally wtllbepromptlyattetviedto. ugl. .... J. R. IVIEGAHAN, BUTCHER, AND DEALER, . i - "Wholesale and Retail, IX FRESH MKA.TS ! AV. kiud'bucb'as BEEF, TORK, MUTTON", VEAL, -LAMB, SAUSAGE, Pudc'iof, Bolog na. M it.ee . Meat, and LARPof onrtiwrr Ilendtriag. . ; MARKET DAYS Way, 'May M SaWay. Somenet, Tm ' ' T"MsHt can Iks lnirjil any clsiy Inl ine tlie tveelc. April tl. Cook & Beerits' FAMILY GROCER! Flouwnd Feed r STORE. W would most respectfally announce to oer dsaod the palIk general!, la the town aad Iriaa,! vtcjnlty of Somerset, that we hare opened oar HewSture ea MAIN CROSS STREE1 Aad ta addition to o fall line of the ben Tislsacrosi, Cla:arv. We will eadeaTor. at all Ume, V njii)y jar ens- wiui ue BEST QUA Li T Y OF FAMILY FLOUR, COSN-XEAL, OA TS, 8 UEL L El CORN, OA TS CORN CHOP. Bit AN, MIDDLINGS And everything pertaining to the Food Uenatt sent at lb LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES. FOB CASH ONL F. : Alao. a well selested itock at O hiatal re; Steaeware, Weoeeawara, Brashaa ot al kits!, and . ., STVTIOlVERTc arhich w will aril aa cheep a bt cjieapett. ' Psaaa call, eiamlaa our gasdsat aU hinds, and be aauated iroaa ywar ewa jadgmcat. Dout forgat where w stay Oa M.XTX CfcXhsa Street, 1 ucx. AlfTX r MISCELLANEOUS, IJRIIKG, F0LLANS6EE & CO, Merchant Tailors, 1 ;":'-' ar r . 1 , , And MMia foot rf r nl Gent's Youth's and Boys, Fasiisionalilfi Ctoyiiiig aa3 . 1S1 iVood SUttt, corner FIftk Areaae, PITTSBUR0II. CLATE' ROOFS. Those who are bow balMtng h'ses shonM know that Is It cheeper In the tang run to imt oa Slate Roots than tin or thingle. bMe will last forever, ami nerejMiirs are required. Slale gives the par est water it cisterns. Slate la tire proof. Every good bouse should have a SUte roof. The under signed la located In Cumberland, where he has a good supply bf - Peachbottom & Buckingham S Ti A. T E lor ruulilng Uie very bent artu'le. Ue will under take to iat Slate Kmifs on Housi-fl. public and pri vate, spires, he eiilter in town or country at ti:e lowest prices, and lo warrant tilt Jl. Call and see him or addre hiia at bla Ulf.ee. No. 110 Klilin'r Street,Cuuierlaud,31d. Urderi may be left with NOAH CASEBEEK, Agent, Somerset, Pa. W. II. SHirurr. Apr! In, 1ST. E. H. with E0U3E, HEHPSTflSE & CO. 285 Bait. St., Baltimore, M. D., Tjull reffectfully ask th mercliants of -Somerset wauiy.se send" him their ortlera lr FANCY GOODS. fcftirtaK thPin m l :rrf too l-oth as reimnlf l-rtr aii1 ((UAlitj of K'X5- The nierchiH T(?itintt HaHhuor-) r uwutlf rejuesicd utcail Avml me beiur tuakUaje pxin-iai-v HIGHEST. AWAMB! SS2 J. REYNOLDS & SON, NUBTH W IJST CUKX Ell THIRTEENTH AND FILBERT STS. PHILADELPHIA, MANT'FACTrRES UF PATEXTKD Wrought-Iron Air Tight Heaters WITH SHAKIXO A'D CLIXKKHIKI.VD INatlRATFS FUR BUHXI.Xil AXTHRA CITi; UB B1TIMIXUI S CUAL. CENTENNIAL WRCUGHT-IRON HEATERS, FUK3B1TI MIXOCS COAL. KEYSTONE WROUGHT-IRON HEATERS, Cooking Ranges, Low -Down Crates, Etc. Descriptive Circular sent free to any adorers. EXAM1XE BEFUiiESELECTIXll. Aill '2 11 FIFTH AYE. . NEW CARPETS ! PBIEESibts VERY LOWEST, Tbe Assartnteat HmpssL HI 'CALL 77 FIFTH ATENDE. Btt. Yieo and SailthCrld SU Mutth 2S ' PITTSBI'Itti. . THE. KANSAS PACIFIC HOMESTEAD Is tabllshed It the Ian-.l Tictrt msnt of the Kin. a Faune Bailway Company, t supply the large and fatcreasing deuuad for information respecting KANSAS, and especially them gcificent b-jdy of lands granted by Congress ia ail of the construe tha ef IU rortd. This grant comprise OYER 5,000,11 ACRES UF LAND, consisting of every add section in each township, for a distance ol twenty mile oa Botl He of the road, or one-hall of the land In a 11 1 forty an lie wi,le, extetding to Denver City, In Col undo, thus funning a eontlcaatkn of th belt o country which, fr. m the Atlaniie coast westward is (mad to be. la eiiratte, anil, ami every prod or Uoo of aaiare, tha auat favored. To aid in the settlement of this superb donah with an intelligent and iatiatriuu people, I th. et'j'Kt of tbe UojIESTE.tD. It fa wtended ! contain a fair aad can-114 representation of fact aor will it mr give, tntentlfoally, any statemea that will sot, apna tavesiigatioa, he rally sat tained. The Company obtain Iu title to the htadt from the Government of the United Stales. They are being offered at prices lower than aaj WASDWELL HI ether brad in tbe West, that will com para will them la son, climate aad general advaatagar Th term of payment, a will be loan J oa a ears fnl examination, are more liaeru) fa all essentia ftetfares tbaa have heretofore beta offered by aa railway company. THE HOMESTEAD IS FOB r :' rsss assuzjjsxss, Aoi will b seat gratis to anyone upon appMea Atl cneBrotrnlcjciotis la reference to the land the CompaaysDonM be Wreed ta , S.X GILHORE, Laad Commlsstoaer, K. F. Sy '." ,! 8AXJXA, KAXSAS. SUrehT.lSTr- omei SOlklEESET, thb wAiauweuriMis. In a very humble cot, Ia a rather qaiet spot, la tbe tad aad ia the suap Worked a woman fall ef nope. Working, singing, aU akn. Inasortof andertone, "With a Savior sura friend W ho would keep her to the end." Sometimes happening along 1 had heard the semi -song, Aad I often used to smile. More la sympathy that, guile. But I never said a word, In regard to what t heard ;" A shs sang about her friend Who would keep ber to the end. Not la aorrow dot la glee . Working all day long was the, A her children, three or four, ' Played around heron the njor; Bat la monotones the Boot; She wat humming aU day long, "With a Saviour for a friend. He will keep me to the end." If a soag I do not slog. For I aearo believe a thing (X the storie that are told Uf the miracle or old ; But I know that ber belief It tbe anodyne of grief. And will always be a friend That will keep her to th and. Just a trifle lonesome she. Just a poor a poor could be. Bat her splrlu always rose, I.Ike the bubble la the clothe, And though widowed and alone. Cheered her with thae monabme. Of a Savior and a friend Who would keep her to the end. I have area her rub and rub. On the wash-board In the rub, While the baby, sopped in rad Rolled and rambled la the duds. Or was paddling In the pools. With old scissors Mack In spools. She still humming to her friend Who would keep her to tbe end. Hainan hopes ami human creed Have their root In human need, Aad I would not wish to strip From that washerwoman's Up Any song that the can sing. Any hop that aong ean bring. For tbe woman ha a friend That will keep her to the and. JIftT WHAT YOU HAKB IT. A SERMON FOR 01RLS "I am ick of ibis caot and twad dle, fur 1 caa call it by no better name. It ia all nonsense no girl need lb row beroelf awaj. Couldn't support bereelf ! And ho be married ibat man with no moral stamina, no more fit fur ber to mate witb, tbtn an eagle is to mate witb a crow !" "Why, wbat coald she do? She couldn't teach sbe bad no gift in tbe way of bufeineaa. Sbe had to mar ry." "Do," said I, "why Bbe could do booaework!" --- "Do housework !' My companion lifted ber bands in horror and amaze ment. "Do housework! Who would recognize her, ana tben sbe is not able to do housework." "Is tbe re caste in tbirt land ? 1 would tecognize ber none tbe less be cause she made my bread and wash ed my dishes. Not able to do house work 1 Wbat bas sbe taken npon ber but housework? Will not tbe vows of wifehood and the care sbe hai assumed be housework? Work ing out, as yon term it, would be nothing .o tbe responsibility she has taken." "Ob, well, the world does not look at it in ibis light." ''Does that make tbe work any easier ? I fail to see tbe point" "Yon always do put things so queerly. I for one would do just as Emma Haze did, ii I were situated in tbe same manner." Would you, reader ? stances are these: Emma Htze was Tbe circam- BQ orpbso. Sbe bad a home at an nncle's, if sucb a plane can be called home. Sbe was tolerated there be:ane sbe was a brother's child. Sbe worked for ber board and was grudgingly allow ed the cluibes sbe needed. Although ber education was good, sbe had no tact for teaching. . Sbe bad no taste for business, as has been alreadT said. Her forte was doing bjuee work, but rather than support herselt in that way for fear ot what Mrs. Grundy and ber train of followers would ear sbe married a man who had no mind, no principle, no educa tion, but a little money. Would you hare dune ur 1 put the question to each one who reads ibis would you have done it? Il jell would, tben you are must I say it? a coward. And now 1 want to preach a ser mon tu every girl iu ibis land. Per haps there will be nothing beauiiful in it, nor say poetry in it, but it will bare this merit, there will be truth in it.- - This istte text: "Girls, your life will be just a bat vou make it." ' .Nothing is lowering to your digni ty, if yon do not let it loweryonr dig nity. Keep in tbe path of virtue and you are in the right. It is no worse tor you to go into tbe kiu-beo of another and di. tbe work and be paid twenty shillings a week fur it, than it is for you to. marry and do tbe same work, and get nothing font but what you eat and the clothes you wear. I went in search of a servant girl iast summer. For seven long weeks 1 be arc bed sorrowing. Ooe pretty ooking girl told me that it I enly ived in tbe town instead of the coun- jv abe would help me, but she was afraid she would spoil her complex ion. Vet ber father was a drunkard, ud ht-r mother earned their daily jread by going out at day's work, ecrubbiug, waabiog and tbe like A.ud there the daughter was content to sit with folded bands, wailing, n -jyiog that some one wonld come and m ury ber. "liui," says one, "I djn'l want lo t unk Viai 1 must work out all my ifs for a living.' You need not, but yoo will need outage, perseverance and a will to lo. Let me tell you a story. Mary Barn am and ber brother were left or bana. Sbe was Bixteen, be fourteen i ke f aioer bad been a shiftless, inef rcieot eon of a man, and bad laid np rotbing for tbe future, so tbey were ibliged to support themselves. For nnately for ber, sbe knew bow to do loosework, and anyone wbo secured I try secured a treasure. So sbe tent to work. Sbe sent her brother .j ecboul. At the age ot sixteen he ueani to learn a trade. Soon after be came to me. "I am tired of doing housework, Jred of scouring knives and cooking set ESTABLISHED, 1837. PA., WEDNESDAY. dinners, and now I sm going to school," she said. ' Going to Echool ! "What are yon going to live npon ?n "I'll earn my living." And she did. . Sbe worked at one place for a year, t Sbe earned twenty shillings per week. Sbe spent fifty cents a week, so that at the end of a year sbe bad $104. Now she was ready to start for school. She select ed tbe best school in the State tbe State Normal. She rented a room for fifty cents a week. The school term for tbe Year is forty weeks. Twenty dollars of her money was gone. Some few friends, seeing that she was determined to go to school, furnished ber room very plainly and cheaply. . She then resolved to live on one dollar a week ; this necessitated the strictest economy. Thus sixty dol lars of her money wa spent.. That left her but forty-four dollars with which to pay her tuition, buy her books and get tbe needfuls. To be sure, sac was not noted for tbe number of ) ber dresses, nor was her hair frizzle! and puffed in just tbe latest style, nor did sbe appear at every social ; bat one tbing she was noted for, perfect lessons. Sbe gave attention to her studies so tbat at the end of the year Ler scholarship was euch that she received a training cer tificate, entitling her to teach without a public examination. Whatever she undertook tebe did weiL Her motto war: "tV'batever is worth do ing at all is worth doing well." Tbe next two years sbe taught, receiving $100 per year. At tbe end of two years she managed to save $400, to send ber to school tbe re maining two years. Wiih tbe al most economy, it served ber purpose. Sbe bad so little left tbat sbe bad not enough money to buy a new dress in which to graduate. But when tbe bouquet was thrown ber at tbe close of reading ber essay, I bardly tbiuk sbe tbuugbt as to whether ber dress was new or not. Afterward I beard tbe Governor and tbe Slate Superintendent congratulat ing ber. ' The next year sbe was offered an excellent situation in one of our nnion cbools. But, ber health having suf fered during tbe last term she was in school, bbe went out doing house work, instead of accepting tbe posi tion. Did it degrade her any? No; sbe did her work just as faithfully as if it were the chosen business of ber life. At the end of six months, her beakb being established, she com menced teaching. She was a suc cessful teacher. Where is she to-day ? The wife of an eminent professor in one of our Westera colleges. -I know another lady wbo borrowed the money to take her through school, and paid it after she commenced teaching. To-day she is one of our most successful writers. Another wbo had no means of ber own, bad a brother wbo was a farm er. He had not much ready cash, but If gave her enough provisions for beiai'f sad a little girl boarder. For tbe board of tbe little girl sbe re-j ceived five dollars per week. The five dollars per week carried her through school. After graduating she taught. Her health failed, and tbe pbysican adviBed ber to give op teaching and go to doing housework Fortunately for ber, sbe knew how. She had a piano, and was very fond of music. So her next thought was, coold sbe not find some place wbere she coold earn ber board and a little more, and take music lessons? Sbe went here and there to findsncb a place. She succeeded at last, and was offered one dollar a week. Sbe accepted tbe situation, and did ber work so faithfully and well, that tbe lady paid ber two dollars instead of one. bbe told ber she earned it. W as not that better tbaa to have cat down and folded her bands and be moaned ber fate ? At the end of the year her heakb was established, and to ber other at tainments she had added that of music. Do you tbink sbe lost one womanly grace during tbe vear she did housc-ork? Far from it. Sbe bad gained in many things tbat tvbiuh makes the true woman, and to day few aie her equals. Girls, you need not say, "mother was to blame ; she never taught me to work." Put your mind to it, and your heart in it, and in a year's lime you will be mistress of housework. Mary Mead was left penniless; fbe was then seventeen. A few days after the death of her parents sbe came to me. "What febMl I do?," sbe said, "I absolutely kii w nothing which will enable me to lake care of myself." And it was so. She could sing a little, play a little, and paint a little. Her mother bad done all tbe work just as a good many other mothers are now doing, and left Marv to romp and plav, and have a good time generally. "Wbat shall 1 do?" sbe said, bursting into sob a "If I knew any. one wbo wonld teach me housework, I would work one year for my board." I told Ler I would find such a place, and did so, and so thoroughly and well did bbe learn, tbat at the close of tbe year, tbe lady ot tbe bouse was glad to keep ber and pay ber wages. Sbe stayed six years. At tbe end of tbat time the son. a noble young man, who had just en tered into business with his father, astonished bis mother one morning by saying:. I am going to ask Mary Mead to be my wife. Mother ," said be, "not a word. Do not say anything vou will wish unsaid. Marv will be just It I mistake not. as astonished as yoa are. And Mary was. Bu. wby should She had a rood she have been? deal of leisure, and sbe had improved that leisure. Sometimes sba leid, sometimes sbe played, sometimes she palate... Tbe lady of the house bad seen tbat she wss lady-like and re served, and had given ber access to the libra ry and piano at proper times privileges which are not usually given to servants ; nor do tbey usu ally deserve tb-rn, Sbe never in truded, but made the moat of ber privileges. Sbe bad aaved ber mon ey, and wbea they were married for married they were she had enough MAY 30, IS77. to plainly furnish their home, and over it she presided with grace and dignity. Now, I would not have you girls go out doing housework for tbe sake of getting a bouse, for you might fail if that were your intention, b-it I would have you all remember your life will be just what yon makr it, Signs of the Times. mavrkawl ale-SliXlac. ' He was a long, loose jointed, red faced man, dressed in a greasy yel low shooting suit of corduroy, and be entered tbe smoking cabin of a Court land street ferry-boat witb au easy, careless step. His face waa covered witb a stobby growth of beard, and bis bair was ginger-colored and mat ted. Ue bore upon bis shoulder a double-barreled bird gun and be led by a strong cord a yellow Jersey cor. He took bis seat by tbe door, and af ter kicking his dog nnder the bench folded bis coat-collar above his chin and looked grimly around the cabin. Everybody looked at him, but no body could guess what his ultimate intentions were. Just as tbe boat splashed out into tbe stream a jolly German in asnutT-colored garb, rolled gracefully through tbe cabin and dropped into a scat near tbe man witb tbe dog and gun. He espied tbe hunter. "Snipe ?" "Yes," was tbe surly answer. "Well, I'll tell you wot; snipe is awful thick aronnd Jersey new. They say Jersey is abend covered over wid snipe." "Is that so ?" the hunter broke in, as be shifted bis position. "Well, I guess I'm the man that can get as many snipe in a day as anyone. I'll tell vou wbat I've done many a time, I it i do say it; an yer can anus nnu me if I don't tell w bat's true. I shot 319 of 'em in a day, and I'd bad a dozen more, but my dog got arter a herron an' chased her into ao old mud puddle an' got drownded; other, wise, wbar would I ha' ended ? I I tbink I'd a cleaned Jersey, from USandy Hook, of all ber snipe. On tbat very day, afore tner dorg got stuck iu the mod, he cangbt a snipe himself; treed ber and killed ber. An' if I don't then " . Erery one stared at tbe story tel ler, until the German slowly arose and said : "Mine friend, dot is a ferry goot story, but I'll tell you one dot ib so mooch petter as dot is goot. Listen I I baf a leetle yeller cat dot is not mooch smaller dan dot ar dorg But she's a hooper. De order morn ing I heard a terrible racket in de back yard, an' I vent oud for to see vot it vas all aboud, and vol der yer dinks I saw all in de gleemer?" "Well, I don't know; I suppose nothing." "Nothings, nothings, yer say ? Well, I tole yer. Thre was dot lee tle yeller cat of mine sitting in dot yard, nnd ia her jaws vos dot yeller dorg of yours and der same snipe." Tbe man in corduroy slowly arose and walked out on tbe deck. N. Y. Sun. F Gilmore's Garden, New York, was in an uproar the other morning. A big elephant named Borsen, which arrived from Liverpool for tbe men agerie, was assigned to a place where three other elephants were chained; and, being unaccustomed to stand otherwise than alone, he became very belligerent. He walked inront of the other elephants as far as the chain would permit, struck them on tbe bead with bis tronk, aud seem ed determined tbat tbey should ac knowledge bis superiority. Always w ben several elephants are chained together one masters tbe rest, before peace is established. Mr Hale, tbe keeper of Borsen, gave bim blows with a stout stick, and aided by sev eral other men, watched tbe beasts through tbe night. Borsen enter tained a consequent grudge against tbe keeper, and as tbe latter about seven o'clock in tbe morning was giving bim water, bit bim a blow on bis 6ide tbat knocked him twenty feet away. Hale ran at Borsen witb bis slick, but was seized and tbrown over tbe railing. Oa returning to tbe charge, he was again seized, and this time tbe beast was on tbe point of plunging his tusks into biro, when Mr. Charles McLaio, the boss can vassman, went to bis rescue and dragged bim out of reach. Borsen tben became furious. He broke his chain, and started through tbe prem ises with bis trunk elevated and his tail standing stiffly in a horizontal position, lie tore down a wooden railing as if tt were a thread, and went to tbe lion's cage, which he knocked over. There was then a pandemonium of roars from all the beasts, including tbe s!ais and sea lions. Over twenty tied, but soon ralied. and under tbe leadership of Messrs. McLain and McDonald, prodded tbe elephant with pitchforks and tore bis ears with books until be was secured. This was done by first lassoing one of bis legs as he step ped, and tben twining the rope around his other legs, which caused bim to fall heavily. Tben, being helpless, his fore and bind legs and tubkt we'e chained. In this condi tion, after tremendous beatings, he rose, and was led to one cf tbe posts in the garden, to which be was at tached. His ears were badly lacer ated, and blood streamed ' from woonds on his sides. An elephant after being conquered, rarely attempts the second rebellion, and Borsen was qaiet in a few bourn, obyiog the ejramands of the attend ants. It took six boors to sabdue bim, and men were afterwards occu pied tor hours washing away tbe constant flow of blood. Mr Hale was badly, but not dangerously hurt. Charles Rivers bad a narrow escape, for tbe elephant at one lime held bim with hia trunk, and was on tbe point of driving his tucks into him when a violent blow of a club caused the trunk to loosen. Precocious boy mooching tbe fruit of tbe date tree : "Mamma, if I eat eaoogh dates will I grow up to be aa almanac." The bishop of LoosdaPs directions for tbe way to heaven : "Yoa have only to turn to tbe right and go straight lbrwrd.n . iHerialc Twrkay avael Btafaa. Frederick the Great, so it is report-; i , . . i t eu. useu to sav mat a war oeiweeaitn the nnssuns and tbe Turks might be compared to a dutd lietween a China man and a man wi;h one eye. nri'I that is ta-aa n.tt Hat t.k LnA, n li ! h ' was which. Anil yet, from the days of Peter tbe Great, tbe Huiau and Turks have been almost habitu ally at war, and the record of tbeir struggles presents some of tbe most exciting episodes in Modern history. As to tbe war o( tbe eighteeaih cen toary, tbe conditions of a conflict be tween tbe two Powers have not whol ly cbaoged; and some strategic ques tions are the same now as tbey were during the eighteenth century. Then, as now, says a writer in tbe London Timn, the command of tbe Black Sea was of tbe highest moment to either belligerent ; tben, hi now, the ill-opened tracts and pestilential regions around the Balkans were a dangerous barrier to invaicr, and tben, as now, tbe immense distance between tbe Danube and Constanti nople was in iulf a most serious ob slide. Tbe iunate qualiiies, too, of tne Dosuitj armies were prooaniy men j ar,.,T wbat they still remain; ib. solid and; AnJ Jct witl) Ler ,lllkpa grmnd disciplined Russian infantry had an i jllke9( c,jnguiJ nrxont, gonfaloniers, easy superiority in tbe open field ; aa(1 lbe rfst(a if homaa experience tbe Turks were admirable in tbe de-j did not flirnish a 8uBieienily wide fense of fortresses, and for patient en- j ra fjr her poliiical experiment, durance cf want and hardship. 6he eect9 lLe Marzocco, a brazes li But lbe enormous extension of the j QQ M gonfalonier; and then by a powers of Russia, and tbe corres-1 ,,trarjge ffeak 0f religious fanaticism, ponding decline ot tbat of Turkey L43U ber ballots fjr Jesus Christ as make these old examples no longer kin wbo having been declared duly opposite, sua luccsscuiwi ul"c";""-c is largely increased by tbe improve ments effected in modern war, and by lbe altered condition, in recent limes, of the subject races of tbe Ottoman Empire. In 1736-40, tbe Porte con tended on eq'ul terms siinst Rus sia backed by the whole strength of Austria; in 1787-00 tie troops of Suwarrow were scarcely able to ad vance at lbe rate of five miles a day; when Cs'.hariue and Joseph agreed to divide tbe spoils of Turkey in Eu rape between them, lbe Cbriciian population made no signs of life, tbe wars, therefore, of these remote peri ods cannot teach us mach for tbe pres ent juncture. It is more important to take ac ccuat of the general results of these bygone contests aud of the political combinations which marked tbeir course, or which may be connected witb ibeni. Tbe first broad fitet tbat appears is that tbe poffer of tbe Czars bas prodigiou-Iy grown, aad tbat of the Sultaos has much dimin ished; and tbis memorable change, as is well kaown, has almost ever since been in rapid progress. The frontier of Russia in the war of 1730 was on the Don and Dnieper only ; in that of 1737-91, it bad ad vanced to the verge of the Prcitb": Suwarrow bad already approached the Balkans, traversed afterwards by bis successor, Oiebitcb. Again, it is a mistake to suppose that the alli ances which in modern limes have upheld tbe fabric of 0;toman rules are founded on long established tra ditions, or indicate a settled Europe an policy. Twice .Austria, in tbe tenth century, combined with Rus sia to crush tbe power of the Torks iu Europe, and ever since tbe day of tbe Emperor Joseph a party of weight in tLe councils of Austria have advo cated a return to tbis very system. Nor bas tbe attiiuda of England been altogether different ; daring tbe long struggle between England and France, England often dealt witb tbe Turks as enemies, and in fact, it was not until lbe time of Pitt tbat it con sidered tbe Porte as a "neutral ally." It deserves notice, too, ibateversince tbe wars which revealed her decay in the last century, Turkey has been treated practically by the great Pow ers ot Europe as in no real sense an independent State, as justly subject to tbe will of tbe stronger, It is not necesssry to lay stress on the parti tion planned at Tilsit ; but that of Duckworth's passage of the Dardan elles ; of Navarion, aod of the liber ation of Greece, if on these occasions lbe Porte bad the same kind of inter national and sovereign rights possess ed by every European kiugdom. The eighteenth century, in fact showed what the Ottoman Empire really is ; and nothing but a series ef strange accidents have since kept together its dissolving frame. PretleetlaBtlaa. "Do you believe in predestina tion ?" said the captain of a Misis sippi steamer to a clergyman who happened to be traveling with bim. "Of course I do." "And you also believe tbat what is to be, will be ?" "Certainly." "Weill am glad to bear it." "Why ?' "Because I iuteod to pass that boat ahead in Sfteen coasecutive minutes, if there be any virtue in pine knois aud loa led aafety-valves. So don't be alarmed, fur if the boiier ain't lo burst, tben it won't" Here the divine began putting on bis bat, and looked very much like backing out, wbicb the captain ob serving, be said : "I thought you said vou believed in predestinaiion.and what is to be will to be." "So I do, but I prefer being a little nearer to tbe stern when it takes place." "MoSEt! give me money, or 1 shall be driven to a deed my soul abhors." Tbe citizen produced a handful of silver witb tremulous alac rity, ana ia tben occurred to nim to inquire wbat particular form of felony bis benevolence bad defeated "Work." muttered the wanderer, as be fobbed the coin aod silently pa.-sed away.. At a prayer meeting in a Provi dence church recently. Deacon I arose and expressed bimaelf as fol lows : "My friends, with great sor row and regret I have just 'earned of the d-ceaee of oar beloved Brother B . Let us now injr 'Praise God from whom all blessings flow." Mary," said a Four.b street I on' auai vis a u c, au, j " i hang out tbe clothes, be careful to not the nicest Dieces nearest the ! man to a new aerrant. w&eu pot the fence." T the catiinatrj im-reteo of piilstn , in or that in H;,,, upv,ar, (,r 37,000,000. Of course it rnuat not bo imagined thai xhi enormons in . .-. - -;r .r : : ewi nlire!j owio? to tie tx- cees of births ovei de.tb. but iu a WHOLE NO. 1351. !e0M5d,fr,w th. resuiu, t.f ; recent ceDsnf., mainly in Ejr..e BBBaaaamaaBBaBmaBaBaBjamBaaBmmBBBBma riai Tbe early history of Florence is in- i ST'rn in the recent yearly issue of rolred ia doubt and obscurity. ac.jinn "od Warner's reliable statis- cording to some authorities, the rity Wm fouuded by th Uoinaus i ; ai - fiir - j ,lm- t,, olhery, l-y the Ktru-wauit. Tbe most probable conjecture U that, fo"oded on the roo-it recent ilata it owes its origin to a colony from ! w"'cb it was possible to obtain from Fiesolej whose ancient ruins are still j "er-T eounlrT- These data result in visible on the neighboring heights. !th following figre,. for the chief Wbat vicissitudes has tbe not ex- j divisions of tbe globe: Europe, :J0'., perienced? Wbat experiments in 300 inhabitants; Asia,Sd4, 54S,- government bas soe not ineu : r or eign invasion followed by internal strife and dissension Frank, Lom bard and Ostrogoth, Guelph aud G Li beline, Biam-hi and AVrt, white Lily and Red. Now a fief of lbe German Emperor, now an'appanage rf tbe Pope; then a dependency of tbe King of Naples, or a province of the Austrian kaiser ; ducby, grand ducby, republic; at one time aristocratic, then democratic, afterwards theoretic, while runuing throngh all the politic al phases uf civil liberty, republican license, anarchy, and ebaos; then ending in military despotism, nntil at leng'b sbe bits found repose beneath the standard of a constitutional mon- elected, was eTaoely enouzb depos ed by bis vicegerent, a Pope. . It is scarcely possible to pbot graph with pen and ink the physiog- noniy of a great city, or if yon could, it would only Ue a pbotograpb alter all. lacking warmth of color and depth of tone. We must content our selves witb a silhouette. Let us take a brief survey of Florence from tbe hei&bts of San Miniato or the Boboli Gardens. It is like looking at a per son in profile. You get a clearer out line of tbe more prominent features, though it may be at the expense of the minuter details of form aod ex pression. Tbe city lies' mapped out before us in the form of an irregular polygon unequally divided by tbe Arno, wbicb with its broad aud handsome quays and its numerous biidges with tbeir graceful arcbes, constitutes ooe of tbe most striking features in tbe landscape. To tbe extreme right, coospicious with its lofty tower and ornate facade of variegated marble, is tbe dark, gloomy mas of Santa Croce, the "Pantheon" of Florence. Beyond are tbe funeral cypresses of lbe Protestant cemetery, where sleep tbe remains of Mrs. Browning and Theodore Parker. Farther on are tbe heights of Fiesole, tbe ancient ri val of Florence, with its Franciscan convent and hoary crown of Cyclo pane walls. Between Fiesole and Carreggi, once tbe seat of Lorenzo tbe Magnificent's Platonic Academy, is the famous Villa Palmieri, where Boccaccio, the father of Italian prose, laid tbe scene of bis "Decameron," which inspired the "Canterbury Tales'' of our own Chaucer.the Fath er of English poetry. Directly in front of ns is the enor mous rectangular mass of the Palazzo Vecchio, with its madia-val tower and frowning battlements. To lbe right the tapering spire of the Badia shoots heavenward. Beyond, loom ing np in imposing grandeur, is the wondrous dome ot Brunellesbr, Sank ed by the marvelous Campanile of Giotto, solid as a fortress, and yet light and ethereal as an air. castle Immediately to the left of the Cathe dral you can just see tbe octagonal dome of the Baptistery, the "l-lfian ovannieol Dante, whose magnificent bronze doors transported Michael Angelo to the seventh heaven of ar tistic enthusiasm. Beyond tbe Bap tistery, San Lorenzo, tbe Westmin ster Abbey of Florence, proudly lifts its crest, as if in ambitious rivalry of the Duomo, while farther to the left Santa Maria Novella, with its grace ful campanile, beautiful facade, and spacious clcisurs, rejoices as the mys- j tic bride of the greet Buouarotti. ; Crossing tbe Arno aod sweeping westward, the eye is arrested lor a moment by the dome of Santa Spiri ts, and tben Ends repose upon the J tbe beautiful heights of Beilosguardo. Nearer by is the Pitti Palace, with j to famous o-ftllrv. irom tnis you n. . I..... h. ,.ffrprl corridor that! counects it with the Uffizi, uniting ed of personal bravery. We should lbe two like Sicese Twins of art, as! like to e t"t man wbo would de thev are, and constrncted, it is said, j Iiberately allow a woman to catch upon the model of tbat wbicb, accord-1 him making mouths at ber first baby, ing to Homer, occe connectei the! nia of H-ctor and Priam. Asi B!u- ela bas achieved another for the rest, Florence resembles moat; Italian cities viewed from an eaii-1 nence a heterogeneous jumble of red tiled roofs, chimney-tops, dormer windows, iky-lights, terraces, belfries, crosses aod flag-staffs, without tbe faintest hint of the crowded squares .'and thoroughfares below. Ilarjr'n A Me Wltaaal Wrd. "George, bring home your arith metic to-nigbt; 1 want to see bow nice you have kept it," said Mrs. Wilson to ber little son. "Yes, ma'ani,"uswerel Georire.as be ran off. No r George bad not kept bis book ; tail but bad been verv care-j out' it It was marked with J nn-e at less about hia nencil. and in one place stained with ink, '"'"VYI rndT.sV?i.e afraid also, because be knew his mother would be die- a- at j pleased to see the book sbe bad so j recently bongbt for him so VBlllJ used. Wbat do you think George did ? He borrowed Freddie Howe's arith metic, which was just like bis, uuly well taken care of, and carrying it bone, banded h to his mother with out ssying a word. Mrs. Wilson ex amined tbe book, and praised George tn tahinrs ancK SfWl Care Of it, f j Da too tbink, litile reader tbat i Georkre waa happr after acting och . a mean lie ? An excellent btackinir for flae bar- - ,- ness ean be made by disolviQg Byeor ix sticks ot black seal: og wax io pint of alcohol. i rapalauH M the Won j. i I'tnitMr n:scv t flur r, (A i-q!.I S k ihom Ivm r.,i. ;r ,,. icU:ruiva t i ,!.J ai,,!,'. , miol uf ib. ui i . i,f .tit C i. trur i, ;JU vt , j r c.u!u lie hi lll,f...J vi.b t. ipw ioji teat ciulj ut t.ii -within it few miJIioa t o. t or iuu 1QU1I ia, and to a iu. r accira-.e xn'j ledge or regiots hitherto un known. AcordiDir to th m,m.- , ;,cal work, the population of the globe "" ".uniay ite considered Sj beiug i 1, 423,91 ,immj. XLi'j estimate 'i Airica, t-jj, 'jzi.buu; America., So.513,800; Australia .t.rt Polynesia, 4,74S,fit0 Bebm and Wjgner give a list of about 215 towns which con tain 100,000 or more inhabitants, and 20 whose population reaches or sur pass 500.00D. Those at or above a million, are London, Paris, New York with Brooklyn (dated in H73). Vienna, Berlin, Caotoo, and S-aug-ton, Scbaachowfu, and Siozanfu. in China. ntsH ( uia. Tbeie are in existence two periods when we shrink from any great vi cissitudes early youth and old aire. In tbe middle of life we are indiffer ent to change; for we have discover ed that nothing i, in the end so good or so bad as it first appeared. We know moreover, how to accommo date ourselves to circumstances ; and enough of exertion ia still left in us to cope with the event. But age is heart-wearied and tempesttorn ; it is the crumbling cenotaph of fear and hope! Wherefore should there be turmoil for the new and evening bonrs when all tbey covet is repose ? Tbey see their shadow fall upon lbe TaTe. nd need to be at rst beneath! j Youth is no less averse from change ; j ,a eiaggerauon oi us consequences, for all seems to the young so important, and so fatal. They are timid, because tbey know not wbat they fear; hopeful, because tbey know wbat they expect. De spite their gayety of confidence, they yet dread the first plunge into life's onfdthomed deep. PkMDE A prond man is a fool in fermentation, swelling and boiling like a porrige pot. He sets his feath ers lik an owl, to swell aod seem bigger than be is. He is troubled witb an inflammation of self-conceit, tbat renders bim tbe man of paste board, and a trne bock knight He has given himself sympathizing love-po-vder, that works upon him till dotage, and transforms himself into bis own mistress, making most pas sionate court to his own dear perfec tions, and worshiping hisown image. All his upper stories are crammed with ma-wips of spooiry substances, ocenpying much space a.s feathers and cotton will stuff cushions better than tilings of more compact and sol id proportions. Me-aaetal. What "they say" is beneath your notice. What's tbe u?e of lying awake of nights witb the unkind remarks cf some false friend running tbrougn your brain like forked Iightniog? Wbat's tbe n.e of getting into a worry aod fret over gossip that ha been set afloat to your disadvantage by some meddlesome busybody who has more time than character? These things can't posxibly injure yoa, on less, indeed yon take notice of tbern, and in combating tbem give them character and standing. If what is said about you is true, set yourself right at ooce; if it is false, let it go for what it will, until it dies of inherent weakness. "Johnny Lave you learned any thing during the week?' asked a teacher of a fie-year-old pupil. "Yeth'm," "Well, wbat is it?" "Never to lead a small trump when you bold both bowers." A little boy of our acquaintance, who bad jast learned that the nanjes Joha and Jack were used interchange ably, took occasion not unnaturally, to call bis sister's attention to a pic ture of "Jack tbe Baptist." Wendell Pbiiltps tbe otner day lost a favorite setting ben. In the good ness of bis heart he took lbe eggs home, talked to them warmly for fifteen minutes about Susan B. An thonv, and tbev hatched out. Ex.' A great many anecdotes are relat- triumph. It bas cured a book agent of lockjaw, but it was as pale as a ghot wbeo it got through Ilar'jord Clarwn. Mrs. Partington isn't at ail sur prised to hear that the Ottoman is the seat ot dissatisfaction. Give her a good oid-fasbiooed sofa, if yon want to sit like a Christian. "Why do yoo ose paint?" asked a violinist of bis daughter. "For tbe same reason that yoi 0!e rosin, pa- ipa." "How is that 7" "Why to help me draw my beau." Mrs. Stonewall Jackson, wbo is going to write tbe life of band, says tbat if be bad war might have had a diS ber ho. lived, tbe Serent enl- ,ng A Wind mendicant in Paris wears as ame d to ... only It0tle- , u CWo, mii m brmh cf a certeio kind of pener. It muat gift tbem soop-reaa pleasure. Ten Millions of dollars are said lo be iu reeled ia tbe Culture of Sower in and around New York. An ember front which the spark bas fled ao old maid. " " A Barber's epitaph He dyed and made no sign. Brwham Tor. gts $40,000 m month. Mrs. Linecln, the widow of the ex President Is tow is Europe.