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The i Somerset HeraE"
WEDESDAT My SO. ik7. General Logan, late U. S. Sen- atr from Illinois, las been tendered tbe mission to Brazil, and its aox-p- lance baa been pressed upon him by President Hayes, lie has, however, courteously, hot firmly declined the Looor. Go uor RouunsoN of New Ycrk Tilden's man Friday last week vetoed an appropriation to buy a frame for a portrait of Abraham Lincoln. No sooner was this petty piece of copperhead -meanness known in"ew York city, than a Republican gentleman remitted his check to ibe State Treasurer to pay for the frame. The 21 st of June will be a s criminal annals of I'enn- day in the jivlvania, for not less than ten mnr (lexers will then be put to death- nine of them being "Molly Maguires." Three others of the same class will be hanged on the Pin of August The number of death warrants issued by the Governor to be executed between this time and the Sth of Augutt is six teen. The sentences are all imposed for murder in the first degree, and under the least mitigated circumstan ces, and by murder, too, aggravated by conspiracy. Governor Emory, of Utah Terri tory, has written a letter, requesting the Secretary of War to order ten additional companies of troops to that Territory, for the purpose of promptly putting down an anticipa ted outbreak among the Mormons, whom be says are arming and drill ing. The letter has baoa forwarded to General Sherman for consideration and for bis opinion whether any real necessity exists for increasing the force. Governor Stone of Mississippi absolutely rofuses to take measures to bring to punishment the assassins of Judge Chisolm and his children. He says he went to DeKalb after the murders, but that when be arriv ed there the rioters had dispersed, and there was nothing left for him to do, except to gojand see Judge Ilanam and ask him to take steps to bring them to trial. He further says that it is ex oeedinirlv doubtful if a iury in Kem per county would convict the mur derers, all of whom are well known and reside there. This model Iemo cratic Governor is a candidate for re-nomination, hence his cowardly conduct. GexeralGravt started for Europe intending to travel as a private citi ren, but It appears he is to be treated with distinguished honor. The Lon don Time announces his expected arrival and says that be will be re ceived in England as an illustrious man. The English Government baa considered the question, and has de cided that be shall be received with all the etiquette observed towards ex-sovereigns. So the great, 6ilent little man, must lay bis modesty aside, and accept the attention of the European governments. This distin guished greeting to our late Presi dent, not only shows a kindly feeling, but proves the high estimation in which General Grant is held abroad. Ex-Goy. Chamberlain, of South Carolina was last week tendered the position of Solicitor of the Treasury at Washington, but declined it, hav ing previously made bis arrange ments to enter upon the practice of law in the city of New York. It hav ing 1een stated in the New York Tri bntie that be was a supporter of the President's Southern policy, be has written that journal a note 6ayiog: Ifmy views are of any consequence to the public they should be correct ly stated, and I therefore ask you to allow me to say that I am not a supporter of the President's Southern policy, and that my views of his Southern policy have not been chang ed by anything that baa occurred since I relinquished the office of Governor of South Carolina. Within the last few days it has been telegraphed from Washington all over the country, that about one hundred and fifty persons represent ing a number of states, had assem bled there and organized a new po litical party, adverse to the Adminis tration, which it severely arraigned, and that Senators Blaine, Morton and other distinguished Republicans were connected with it. Mr. Blaine at once declared the coupliog of his name with the movement to be a ''gross impertinence," and a strong letter from Governor Morton (pub lished in another column) in which be caustically reviews the Southern situation, and makes no concealment of bis fears as to the result of the President's surrender policy on the Republican voters of the South, but t the eame time shews the necessity of preserving the Republican organi zation intact., proves that be is n H oaly no tin sympathy with an new party movement, but is deteroiinedly op posed to it A new party movement with Mor ton and Blaine in its-fore front wouli onqestionably bs a strong one, for both men are born leaders, and have large personal followiogs, bat they Are both ultra Republicans, firm le4ievers in the principles of the party, and two of the last men in the country to be suspected of bending themselves to its overthrow. Differing boldly aod openly wltt the President in regard to his South ern policy, they both support bis administration for the sake of the great principles underlying the super trncture of the Republican party, nd conceding bis honesty of purpose, advise awaiting results before re pudiating at the risk of a rupture in the party, Lis well meant attempt to conciliate ahe better crass of Southern politicians. EB assassination in ljoois- lime a colored wan, and of I course iicpuoiican, jonn iaw, a j member of the Legislature, was shot the other day while eca ed upon the ,ttbli hi house iu East Feliciana, and instantly killed. Hid crime was that he was a witness agatust the Lull-dozers be fore the Senate Com mittee. TriE Epcctilators who tbcuglt they Lad a dead sure thing when the European war broke out, and rushed the price of flour and frain up so rapidly, burned their fiagcrs badly by the operation. There is now no demand for bread stuffs for export, the market is over stocked and prices are running down rapidly. During the last week ftaur ilpdined fiftr cents, wnb a corres- ding fceavJ decI;De ia wLeat. On g.turdav priuie wheat was selling in the Baltimore market, with little demand at $ 1.70. II. V. Redfielp, the unusually accurate Southern correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial, who cor dially supports Pres-idcnt Haves' Southern policy, thus describes the "peace" which now reigns ia Sou'.t Carolina and will continue to reign there under the control of the recon structed aristocrats who now con trol the State. "The Democrat are forming rifle clubs all over the State for the un- doa'.bed purpose of keeping their own party in power. They mean to have the clubs in readiness for the next campaign il tne uepuuncan party shows any sign Jof life. It is given up here by both sides that South Carolina will g overwhelmingly Democratic at the next clectiou. As for a new party, there ia no use cf talking about it here or looking for it, asthcro is and will be none for years. The whites are solid for Democracy, and the blacks will be rrada to go in the 6ame direction, or retire from political duties and privilege." President Hayes, it is stated, is receiving a great many inenuiy let ters from ptrsots in various parts of the country begging that he will make an effort io some way to secure the puuisiiinent ot the murderers of Judge Chisolm and Lis family in Mississippi. These letters nearly all assert that this massacre standing un avenged will be a lasting rebuke to his Southern policy, and that eren if be is powerless to directly act io the matter of bringing the murderers to justice, he should use bis influence with Gordon, Lamar and other South erners who have been his advisers, and who are in a way responsible for the crime. The President can do nothing except in the way of ex erting a moral influence toward pun ishing the banditti. Secretary Ev arts is also reported to have taken np the matter, and is preparing a let ter to Governor Stone, setting forth in very decided tcrm3 the opinion of the Administration in regard to the cowardly murder of Judge Chisolm and his family. The letter will be a notice to the Southern people ia re gard to the pofitiun of the President upon the question oi protection of cit izens of all classes throughout the South, and it will furnish an inter pretation of the Southern policy, which does not seem to be folly un derstood there as yet. There is great dissatisfaction felt over the apparent apathy of Governor Stone, and the letter is one that will not be particu larly pleasant to that official. Etlcr Berlrd lht lrrl mrui. Washington, May 23. Some days ago a letter was received by the President purporting to be from J. R. Lewis, Chief Justice of Wash ington Territory, resigning that po sition, and concluding with the re mark that on retiring to private life he was in full accord with the re conciliation policy of the resident. Not suspecting the genuineness of the letter, the President yesterday, ap pointed Associate Justice Green, of the same Court, to fill the vacancy supposed to be occasioned by the al leged resignation. This morning, information was received from Judge Lewis and others, by telegraph, pronouncing the letter a forgery, and Senator Mitchell represented these (acts to the President who, thereup on, reversed his action of yesterday, thus continuing Judge Lewis in office. A similar fraud was practiced six or seven years ago, while Judge Lewis was Chief Justice of Idaho, a forged letter of resignation having been 'eceived by the President. A successor was appointed and confirm ed by the Senate before be bad time to defeat the fraud, and therefore he had no remedy at that time. A Kt&rtitBf ioridral rnii.AnEi.rntA, May 22 As an engine belonging to the Philadelphia, Bal.imci aod Wilmington Railroad wa stalling on the track on Wash ington avt-nue this afternoon, aod dur ing the temporary absence of the en gineer and fireman, an unknown man jumped upon the engine and started it at full speed towards the river front. Two freight cars which were attached to the engine struck the bumpers at Washington street wharf with such force that the engine was thrown from the track and the cars thrown into the river. The stranger, wbo was evidently insane, was pitched into the water by the shock and drowned. wfcUkvy vaaiaws 4 fttjaaaarl Arliaaaaa. mm Sr. Lot , May SI The Iiepvbii. ran, in an editorial this morning, calls attention to the fact that an or ganization of laa less men exists in several border counties of Missouri and Arkansas, who call themselves "Ghouls," but are more familiarly knows as Ka-Klux." Their chief purpose is to ran and protect small illicit desiilleries ia the mountains, and kill, whip fir otherwise penish all persons who oppose them and show any disposition to enforce the laws. There is a reign of terror ia these counties. The Rpd,lu:an urges the Governors of Missouri and Arkansas, as well as the Federal Government, to take measures to break up this or ganization and bring the offenders to justice. KEXATOB MOBTOS. A Btraa ltwr Twm a ntfmg Km. THE POLITICAL 6ITUATI0.V AS SEEN rnoM the standpoint or A Tiiort- or.:ri'jiN Ktrtr.LicAX. Ixpianapolis, May 25. A letter from Senator Morton is published here to-day. The Senator begins by saving: Several weeks ago an open letter was addressed to me through the columns of the New York Timet, written in behalf of more than one hundred prominent Southern Repub licans, stating their views on tne po litical situation and inviting mine. I have also received many letters from different parts of the country inquiring into the condition of the Senatorial question from Louisiana as it stood at the adjonrnment of the Senate. The Senator then alludes to Mr. Kellogg's presenting himself to the Senate on March 5th for admission, and the action of the Senate on his case, lie also reviews tne action in Louisiana as to Mr. Kelloirg's elec tion. After stating tbat Mr. Kel logg's credentials were referred, Mr. Morton says: The Committee on Privileges and Elections met soon af terwards, and the Republican mem bers united in a report tbat prima facie S. B. Packard was the lawful Governor of Louisiana, the Legi.-la ture was the lawful Legislature, and that W. P. Kellogg bad been elected in conformity to the act of Congress, and was entitled to be sworn in and take bis seat As a number of mem bers of the Senate were absent and the subject would lead t) a long debate and there was general anxiety to ad journ, the report was not laid before the Senate, If the majority of the Senate shall at the next session be of opioon tbat Kellogg was lawfully elected by the Legislature of Louisiana he will be en.itled to his seat, notwithstanding the events tbat have since occurred, No subsequent breaking up of that Legislative combination or arrange ment can effect his title or destroy the legality of what took place at that time. Though the very mem bers who proclaimed the election of Packard and made that of Kellogg should subsequently declare that of Nicholls and take part in the election of Spofford, it is too clear for argu ment that they could not take away rights which had vested or make that unlawful which bad been before lawful. Unless Kellogg voluntarily withdraws, the Senate will have to decide the question of bis election as it stood at the time "f adjournment. The Republican GovernmenU ot Louisiana and South Carolina have yielded Jo force. They have gone down before an armed minority whose threats of future violence were guaranteed by a long train of bloody deeds in the past. I re gret that the. real character of the transaction should be obscured in the least by pretended investigations or negotiations. Stripped of all disguise and pre tences, the simple fact is that Packard and Chamberlain were not able to maintain themselves in authority, and the Government of the United Slates, in the exercise of its discretion, re fused them its support Then the Legislatures, finding themselves de fenceless, fell to pieces, and from their ruins in part new Legislatures have been constituted, whose legality consists only in the fact tbat there ars none to oppose them. The law aod the rights of the majority have yielded to an armed aggressive minor ity. The Democratic party in Lou iiana, an undoubted minority, pos sessing most of the wealth, arms and military experience, were determined to govern, whatever it might cost in the way of life. Their threatened ma jority at the late election cost many lives, And was the product of the roost infamous and damning of crimes. The murders and crimes had been proved, and the blood-stained majority set aside by lawful process. The Administration decided tbat such a cise of insurrection and violence was not presented as authorized the National Government to interfere, and that the contending parties must be left to their own strength and re sources. Assurances were given that the rights of all classes should be protected and the government ad ministered for the equal benefit of alL Genera) promises of this kind amount to little, especially when left to the voluntary execution of the party which believes that the colored man ought not to have political rights, even personal freedom, and who nev er has been considered a part of the people. president iiayes was urged to give up Louisiana and South Carolina at once, and was told that it was only a question of time ; that at the next elelction they would go as Alabama and other States bad, and it would be better to give them up at once. However repulsive this argu ment, it was unfortunately too true. The same crimes and violence which bad wrenched Mississippi and Ala bama from the Republican party and bad so nearly captnred Louisiana and South Carolina would certainly suc ceed next time. This was an argu ment of expediency, outright aod jus tire. President Hayes but accepted the situation as it was bequeathed him on the 4th of March. The Re publican governments of Louisiana and outh Carolina could only be sept in piace oy tne army. w bat might have been the result had Pres ident Grant promptly recognized the 1 arkard and Chamberlain govern mcnts in January and declared his purpose to sustain them by force it is not necessary to discuss. But be did not do so, and on the 4th of March when Mr. Iiayes came into power, be found these governments existing only in name, surrounded by enemies, living only from dav to day oy tne presence ana protection of I nited States troops. Would it have been in the power of the President to maintain them by the army 1 fMr. Morton here speaks of the House re fusing to vote appropriations for the army unless conditions were incorpo rated tbat tne armr should not be used in the Southern States, which he says were clearly unconstitution al. The question was should the President yield to the inevitable or proceed only to inevitable defeat 'J'here are and have been for years many HepoKicans in the North who have deprecated the use of the armr to support Republican State govern ment ja toe ooum. The Republican majority in the Senate npoa the Southern question is but nominal, if it existed atalL five Republican Senators voted at the late executive session against seating Keiiogg, ana to reier bis credentials to a committee, thus refusing to re cognise the Packard governmeut and a number of Republican Senators sufficient when added to le Demo cratic members to constitute a major ity bare steadily refused to recognize the Republican State government in Louisiana since 18T3 br votinr against tbe seating of a 8enaiorj cbosm by it While in ray judgment it was clca I . the right of the Pres -dent under the Constitution to recog nise the Packard government and support it by military power the un dertaking would have been futile, and failure, disaster, with divided public opinion in bis own party and both ; llaniuia n( I'lUlnritiM UTftinSi ililU. hul would have failed in the end. The Democratic Honse has power to destroy the army entirely, and from my knowledge of the Senate I am suretbo Republican mojorily of that body could hardly be relied on to support him in such a course. We have bad so much talk about conciliation and fraternity that many well, meaning people in the North have come to believe all that was necessary to secure tranquillity and equal rights in tbe South was to withdraw the army, tbe Republicans to abandon the struggle and commit tbe government to the jvhite Demo crats of those . States. The professed yearnings for peace and fraternity of tbe very- men wno planned tne mas sacres in Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina have been received with disgust Intensely nauseating to the people wbo understood tbe facts. THE PAINFUL TRITII is that political murders in the South have ceased to become sbcckiu.gand are readily justified by energetic talk about carpet-baggers, scalawags and radical thieves. Not a man baa been punished for butcheries at Hamburg, Ellenloo, Colfax, Coushatta. Me chanics' Institute, Clinton, Vkkburg or any other of the hundred slaugh ters of Republicans tlat might be named. I do not believe tbat President Iiayes intends to destroy the Rppub lican party and attempt tbe erection of a new one upon its ruins. I be lieve in his patriotism aod high in tegrity ia his undivided purpose to make the administration a beneficence to tbe country. Tbe laoguage of his inaugural was strong and beautiful, and tbe declaration of bis devotion to tbe great doctrines of human rights which constituto tbo foundation of the Republican partv left nothing to be added or de.-ired. He began the conduct of national affairs under circumstances of extraordinary diffi culty ; the minds of men were great ly divided as to what should be done, while all were agreed that something sboullbedone; tbat things would not lonar eo on as they were. He marked out his course aod addressed himself to it with undaunted courage. Mr. nayes was elected as a Repub lican, and I belie ve'be will be a Re publican President, not in a mere partisan wav. but in tbe sense of devotion to Republican principle and maintenance of Republican organi zation, by placing the political power in the hands of worthy and qualified Republicans. Political principles do not execute themselves. Tbey re quire a party to do that. Organiza tion in politics is as necessary as in war. Great numbers of the same way of thinking, bat acting without concert, are as helpless as an unor ganized multitude in tbe presence of a disciplined army. I present tbe Republican as a grand and indispensable instrumen tality for carrying into operation tbe true principles of government and human rights. We hear it said that the Republican system of reconstruc tion is a failure. Tbe only sense in which it has failed is that it has been resisted by armed and murderous or ganizations by terrorism and pro scriptions tbe most wicked aod cruel of tne age and if the Democratic assurances to President Iiayes, in Louisiana and elsewhere, of protec tion and equal rights, are executed in good faitb, the system will oot be a failure, but a grand success extorted from its enemies. Tbe great features oi reconstruction are tbe Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments to the Constitution, establishing the eqaal civil and political rights of all men and tbe statutes enacted for their enforcement So far as those have failed reconstruction is a failure; eo far as they succeed reconstruction is a success. Let it be understood that tbe great purpose now of tbe South ern people is to recover from the losses inflicted by tbe rebellion. They do not think of leaving tbe Union. They are not now preparing schemes for future secession, but are with in tense earnestness revolving plans for recovery from their great lossts. For this purpose tbey will support tbe Democratic party North as long as it is subservient to their policy, notwithstanding their ill repressed resentment for its influence in getting them into a rebellion and its sneak ing aod cowardly course wbile it lasted. We are told that tbey are quiet in those States where Democratic rule is established. Very likely, when tbey have gained the complete power and the Republican party has cased to struggle, there will be no induce ment to shoot men because of their politics. Tbtre will be peace when there is abject submission. Let THE RECENT MASSACRE IN MISISSIPri which has made tbe Modoc compara tively respectable, answer. Peace which is obtained by stamping a po litical party out of existence is not the harbinger of prosperity and tap pin ess. Tbe large body ot the white people wbo engaged iu tbe rebellion are firmly united in favor of several things, and tbey will stand by the party that favors tbcru and oppose to the bitter end the party tbat opp ses them. Among these is the pay ment for rebel property taken or destroyed by our armies. When Mr. Tilden wrote his letter just before the elec tion against these claims he lost his bold on tbe South, and was made to feel it in the late struggle in Congress. No Democratic candidate will repeat bis blunder. Although Southern Democrats voted for bim "after be wrote the letter, it froze tbe curreut of their sympathies, and bad more to do ia restraining them from filibuster ing to prevent tbe counting of the vote than any other cause. It great ly reconciled them to the loss of Til den. In tbe late House the dividing line between rebel and loyal claims was ignored, and in a single Demo cratic Administration would be oblit erated. When this comes to pass about claims the distinction io rebel and Union deb: will be obliterated aod lost Slaves will be treated as other property sacrificed by our Gov ernment It will not all be doue or avowed at once, but step by step al ready more rapid until tbe public mind has become demoralized. Tbe rebellion has ceased to be a crime scarcely a mistake. The complete restoration of fraternity wil! demand abolition of all distinction in Jaw be tween JoyaJty ad treason, fbe Re publican party vcj npyer more neces sary to the nation tuan it is t day. AH talk about laying djwn tbo IV- puuiivau urgBUluua io lese up It new one with a new title, into wbich ' 1 V . old Confederates may enter without; "'i0' ,be frui,''' xe wf ,08t. wounding their suscentihilitips wnn!,n00r ooditi.-o wirse than tbe be criminal 1 !t rr nnt crinromol. i Ken A ThA ; l . .t I party which saved tbe nation and! - u t vrvBilluu Ilia k liiB j which embodies in its creed tbe prin ciples on wbicb it mui-tlive, if live it does, and which has a record tbe most glorious in tbe annals cf human organization, shall COMMIT St ICIPE AS AS ACT OF CONCIL IATION to tbe late enemies of the Republic, silences.comment by its audacity. We are but realizing what barf been visi bly coming for several years from 1 808. It has been apparent that tbe Republican party of tbe Somh should be overthrown by force if it could not be done otherwise. The opening scenes of carnage in tbat year, iu which more thao 2,000 lie publicans were killed and wounded in Louisiana alone, were but a pre lude to the campaign of violence which ended in tbe bloody Geld of! last year. The destruction of the Republican party would make the Democratic party supreme, and fasten upon the country its odious p licy and principles. Tbe men who direct ed the bloody crusades in the South for tbe last ten years tbat have cul minated in a Goal victory in South Carolina and Louisiana are still liv ing, and have lost none of their pow er. The men who within several years have wielded tbe Democratic party in solid column North and South against the Fifteenth Amend ment are still in tbe- ascendant Is r.ny man weak enough to believe that they or a majority of them have been soundly converted, and are botiest advocates of tbe equal rights of men? It is my opinion that tbe bidy of the Southern Democracy have not chang ed in regard to tbe civil and political rights of the negro, and tbat if Til den had been elected President, with in bis term of four years tbe Four teenth and Fifteenth Amendments would have been substantially over thrown. In most of tbe Southern States this would have been accom panied by tbe methods recently illus trated in Misisslppi and other States, aud is altogether possible for tbat ex quisitely potential genius which can extract a Democratic majority of six ty thousand from a Republican ma jority ot tbirty tnousanu. Ao one prays for conciliation and fraternity between North and South more earn estly than mvself, but conciliation and fraternity to be honorable and durable most be based upon conces sion of equal civil and political rights, peace and protection to men of all races and creeds. If tbe men wbo held the colored people in bondage, and who at every step since tbe war aod until yesterday fought against equal rights and the Constitutional Amendments are to-day regenerated anu will admin'ster tne great princi ples asserted by the Kepublican par ty, and placed by it in the Cons'.itu Hon aud laws, it is a consummation devoutly to be wished. Such a frame of mind on tbe part of the Southern people I should regard as the most important and desirable of all politi cal conditions the , grand result which every patriot has at heart But if I do not believe in this sudden conversion, I ought not to be consid ered incredulous aod. prepossessed and f about this I am wrong, and if tbe Republican party have, by their efforts and discipliue, subdued tbe very hearts of the Democracy of tbe south, bow can we sutticiently com prehend aod magnify tbe achieve ment ? In Georgia, Texas, Missis sippi, Alabsma, Arkansas, a part of Missouri and Middle and Western Tennessee, free suffrage exists chiefly in name. Georgia, in which there is not a difference of eight thousand votes between the parties, gave Til den a majority of eightv-ooe thous and. - In six counties not a Republi can vote was polled. Mississippi, with a Republican majority of thirty thousand, was made to return a Dem ocratic majority of sixty thousand In four counties, containing fifty tbonsand Republican votes, seven Republican votes were polled, wbich were admitted just to show that Re publicans could vote. Alabama, with a clear Republican majority of ten thousand, was made to return a Dem ocratic majority of thirty-five thous and. In Tenuesse, Arkansas aod Texas approximate results were pro duced by like processes. It is folly to allege tbat in these States there were liberty, protection and equal rights. Tbe voluminous testimony taken by tbe Senate committee estab lishes the fact tbat the liberty enjoy ed by the Republicans, both black and white, was but nominal. They were outcasts from society, oppressed in business, bunted like criminals, and denied protection of the law3. Peace and comme-cml prosperity based upon such conditions are hollow and worthless, and are but another form of barter rights for gold. The quiet was that of strangulation or paralysis, and audacious falsebood at least grows weary of telliog us that sucb results were anything but crimes. If South Carolina, with a Republican majority of 35.000, aod Louisiana, with a like majority of 15,000, are to be conciliated aod pacified iu the same way, the hope aod promises held out to President Hayes will have been broken in every part If, on tbe con trary, Republicans in these States, white aod blacks, shall be protected in person, property aud freedom of speech, action and occupation, I shall b tbe first to acknow ledge tbe grand result I will ignore the past, let by. gonesVa by-gones, accept the new condition witb j y, aod believe tbe re bellion was not suppressed in vain, ft is to this bappy condition that President Iiayes aspires, and all should earnestly pray for tbe full re alisation of his hopes. The Repub lican party South, witb all its errors, waged a noble contest for right, aod tbe courage and self sacrifice display ed by its members are enbalmed in history. Tbe warmest sympathies of tbe Republicans of the North at tend those of the South in tbe desola tion aod undone condition, with tbe earnest hope tbat the dark overhang ing cloud may have a silver liaiog, and tbat there may be a day of spee dy resurrection. By tbe voluntary withdrawal of the army tbe Soatb hag been placed on its good behav ior. Following the bloody cam paigns for political power, tbey have been treated with magnanimity, and should tbey fail to protect all classes and races in the enjoyment of their rights, tbe most conservative Repub lican will see there is no security but to preserve the Government in tbe bands of the Republican party. As tbe Democracy bave acquired a sjlid South by force Repqblicans should acquire a s lid North by their - vigilance aud tbe eter nal justice of their cause. Northern Republicans are now admonished tbat tbey can endure no division that wil eodauger' iteir success. Should ibe 5?6rih, by ubbappy dis fort, be divided bd they' fall' prey to i to tbe solid OorjfegVrato Sjuth. re-! .... . I " W first (Signed.) O. I Mortox. Ol'St BEW-TOBK LETTEB. New York, May 26, IS'1. PRESIDENT HATES 15 NEW YORK. The President visited New York this week as the guest of the Cham ber of Commerce, wbo dined bim. II w reception was significant, and was, in and of itself, tbe highest en dorsement tbat he could have. Oa Tuesday be unveiled a statue ot Fitz Green Ualleck, in Central Park, and notwithstanding tbe attraction of the carnival, an immense throng went thitber to pay their respects 40 him. Oa Wednesday he received tbe citi zens at tbe City Hall, and for fonr mortal boors be was kept shaking hands with 'the best citizens who stood patiently in tbe sun wailing for their turn. And, understand, it was not the mere curiosity to see a Presi dent that kept merchants and lawyers in a long cue for hours, under a broil ing sun. It was to do honor to this particular President tbe President wbo has shown the nerve to grapple with tbe corruptions tbat were under m-ning tbe government It was to endorse bis policy, and his ad rain is tratiou it was what be bad done tbat attracted tbe throngs tbat flock ed to receive bim, and tbat greeted him with manifestations of respect wherever be went The low-down politicians of both parties keept aloof from him, and thronged tbe grog- bbops in the vicinity of City Hall, trying to belittle tbe reception, but whoever saw the throngs of people, and their character, laughed at them No President ever bad a more cordial or hearty reception from the only class wbose good word is worth any thing. It was an t-onest complimeot to an honest man. PEACHES. Tbe peach supply for the United States is grown largely io Delaware aod Maryland. Tbe crop this year will be immense, the total yield being estimated at 8,000,000 baskets, wbich is a peck for every man, wo man and child in the United States. Heretofore the peach crop has been distributed to the North and West through New York, but this year there is to be a cbauge. The Balti more & Ohio aud Pennsylvania roads, the great foes of New York, have or ganized trains, specially fitted up, and propose to take tbe crop west ward directly. Tbey put on cars Gtted for tbe tr tnsport of the fruit, with special engines, and run peach trains the same as fast passenger trains, directly to Chicago, Toledo, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, and other great distributing centers of the West, avoiding tbe expenses of re packing, transmission, handling and commission in tbis city. Ibis will give distant points cheaper peaches than ever before, though it will be a severe blow to a very large interest in this city, fbus one thing after another is beiog shorn from tbe Me tropolis, which ir. is lo-tiug by its cu pidity, aod twin sister stupidity, ibatew lurk is losing trade is true, that she has herself to charge with it is also true. THE CARNIVAL I have got something to say about the carnival, for it has been more ad vertised than anything tbat bas hap pened in New York for years. It was a fraud. Carnivals in Europe are days of uuiversal merry-making, in which tbe whole population joins, but even in Europe tbey are going to dis use as too frivolous. In New Orleans and tbe Southern cities tbey are in vogue, and are successful, for tbe peo ple are of tbe temperament to enjoy fooling at wholesale. Their proces sions of masked mummer, represent ing everything tbat is absurd, fits tbe lazy Southerner wbo wants amuse ment, and isn t particular as to what it is. It was thought it could be done in New York, tbe managers plastered tbe country witb advertise ments, promising an enormous day light parade, and a still more enorm ous one in tbe evening, and all sorts of otber amusements. So loud were the promises tbat tbe trains were crowded with people. Tbey came from tbe East, West, North and South, and tbe streets were never so crowded as on tbat day. Anxionsly tbey waited for the procession and finally it came. A more humiliating failure was never seen. It was noth ing more than a half hundred adver tising wagons, of brewers, patent medicines, and all sorts of things which strive to catch tbe public eye. There were a few attempts at fun, but they were of a ghastly nature. The night procession was only better, be cause it could not be seen. There were a dozen wagons, on which were low women aod lower men, dressed in various costumes, but as tbey rode along io solemn silence and the dens est darkness, nobody saw or knev anvtbing abont tbem. Tbe ball at Gilmore's Garden was even a more dismal failure. A rich brewer paid $3 000 for the priyilege of personat ing the "King of the Carnival." and as be kept drunk all the day it is pre sumed he got tbe worth of bis mon ey. And now it bas transpired bat the scheme was tbe work of a conple of frauds rom New Orleans Tbey charged $15 each for tbe advertising wagons, tbey sold the "privilege" of riding in the procession as "dukes," '.'earls," &c , for large money snms, they . sold the privileges of tb bars, stand and coat rooms, at Gilmore's Garden for a great deal of money and they collected large sums from tbe hotels and other places of public re sort They got everything on credit, those from whom they got supplies supposing tnat reputable citizens were at tbe bead of it, and as tbey paid nothing, they made a good thing of it It is estimated that t bey clear ed $15,000 by tbe operation. The loss in money Is the leait of it It cost the city oneentire day's bosloesa, and was a nuisance, a worry, and A vexation from first to last New York is easily gulled Sl'IClPES. There seems to bean epidemic of suicides witb tbe approach of hot weather. One young man came down from Orange county to get work, but was disappointed. He had a watcb which he intended to pawn to live on till he could get something to do, but it was stolen from bim tbe nigbt of tbe carnival, and be went to bis room and shot bimself. Tbe po lice recovered tbe watcb two boors after. A woman bung herself in Micdougal street because her hus band ran away from her, and a man named Adams, took poison, be cause there was so much worry in taking care f bis estate. A raercbact was found dead in the basement of bis store on Broadway, leaving a note sta'iog that bis trade bad left hie), and he saw no hopes of a reviv al, and 4 fountf man cu( bis throat. UHf'Sll!M HE IT-JI.IU U Jl HCfc hU tpoint- ,tl(. UfiB.. A iriLtai with a d 'Z-o others who stepped out without giving a reason, in a week i Is there anything in beat tbat drives people to the madness tbat must pre cede enicide ? THE WAR IN ECEOPB AND BCSISESf, Tbe effect of tbe war in Europe upon New York is mixed. While it rimta not ma teriallv improve business it hbwliad tbe effect of putting up tbe price of everything the people live on, and so it bear bard upon those wbo are doing noth ing, and those working for low wag es. Tbe farmers wbo bave grain are rejoiced, as well they may be, at tbe advance it has caused, but the poor laborer, the underpaid clerk, and the k.ir.atapvod km m stress don't like it so well, for while it bas doubled tbe cost of their living, it has not increas ed thir wmsres. The merchants hope tn nrofit by it for they reason that if it pott op tbe price of produce th r.rmaH will not only buy more free ly, but they will pay for what tbey Ky lrpadr boueht. aod make tbe wheels run more soioothly. The trade in arms is getting to be a big thing. American arms have always been favorites in Europe, and this war bas given afresh impetus to tbe business. Tbe Colt and Remington armories re now running, night and day, on both Russian and Turkish or ders, and ship loads are sailing daily. A vessel loaded with arms and am munition for Rassi, sailed yesterday, and as they were paid for before they left the port, as well as the vessel that carried tb-m, tbe whole concern is Russian property. The vessel and cargo is valued at $1,000,000. mak ing a tempting prize. Accordingly a party of speculators, acting in con cert with the Tnrkisb representative here, bave bought a fleet steamer, and put into her an armament, and pro pose to follow aod capture her on tbe high seas. . It will be a splendid spec ulation, as tbe Turkish government will, immediately, buy tbe steamer, to be need in similar ventures. As both governments are compelled to get their arms from this country, to a very considerable extent, there will be a great deal of this kind of thing done, wbich will employ a great many adventurous spirits, wbo are not averse to making a great deal of money, but wbo prefer the excitement totheproGt TbeRemingtons.it is said, have contracts for over a million of rifles, as both governments have to bare inspectors on tbe ground, there will be a curious state of affarrs at Hion. It will puzzle the manufac turers to keep the Russian and Turk ish officers from cutting each other's throats. But tbey bave done it be fore. They used to bave Spanish and Cuban officers inspecting arms at tbe same time, and they will probably manage the Turk and the Russian with equal skill. THE WEATHER Is frightfully hot, the thermometer having stood at 85 for three days. As it came without any preliminary skirmishing, it pulls us down. PlETRO. A Mile mt Reapers. The immense train of "Cnarapion" reapers and mowing machines, and announced in yesterday's Inilrftend ent as beiog on its way east, arrived in this city about C:20 last evening. The train in two sections left Springfield, Ohio, on Monday morn ing, freighted witb about 1,700 ma chines, and arrived at Altoona some time yesterday forenoon. At tbat point tbe sections were consolidated, and run with a powerfu' engine, No, 510, and a full complement of train bauds, per order of Superintendent M Urea, to this city, as one tr no, ar riving here as stated, instead of 4:30, a- previously announced owing to the fact tbat so mo time was consumed in tbe switching of five cars at Lew iston and again eleven cars at Marys- ville, points wbere tbe "Cbampionr was left for distribution. Tbese val uame macbiues were loaded on cars of the Empire, National and Union lines, which were all labeled with at tractive black letters on broad strips of wbKe muslin, "Champion Reaper and Mower." Owing to the announcement in Thursday evening's Independent that tbe train would mot likely reach this ci'y at 4:30 p. m. yesterday, a large number of our citizens at that hour, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, repaired to tbe rail road at tbe foot of Market street for tbe purpose of witnessing tbe arrival of the great train, and were much disappointed when informed ot tbe unavoidable detention. At 5 o'clock p. m. a crowd of peo ple again began to assemble at tbe railroad, which gradually swelled in to hundreds, and by tbe time the long expected train bad come into view, there were perhaps fully five hundred spectators at tbe foot of Market street waiting to receive it Tbe train consisting of 56 cars moved slowly aloog the main track through Caual street, past State, Walnut, Market, Cbextnut, Second and Vine streets, eveiy where attracting much attention on He way to tbe Locbiel iron wotks, at which point tbe train was stopped. It was subsequently moved back to tbe stock yards above the city, where the cars were dis- trinuted as follows; stren cars to York, over tbe Northern Central Railway; eleven to points op tbe Philadelphia and Erie Railroad for Clinton county ; ten over tbe Leba non alley twad, consigned to par lies in Lebigband adjoining counties; seven to poiots in Lancaster county ; ana tbe remainder over tbe Prtio sylvauia Railroad, pjnsigned to par ties in the lower counties. Tbe cars contain oo an average tweniv-foar reapers. Iu tbis connection it may be proper to state that former ship ments, iu considerable quantities, have gone over the rou es designated. The "Champion" was the fioest among its class of machines at the Ceuteuoial exbibi i m in 1778 re ceiving five separate medals and Sre diplomas rthe highest award given to any maobioe on exhibition at tbe great world's fair. It was pronounced by all competent judges and intelligent farmers wbo thorough ly inspected il at the Centennial, to be the "lightest draft" implement of its" kind on exhibition, using tbe ."lowest draft" ever made only 131 pounds At the Centenaial exhibition the "Champion" was closely and thor oughly examined by tillers t.f tbe soil from foreign climes, and already quite 'umber of orders have been receiv ed from Europe and otber countries. and their general introduction across tbe Atlantic will be only a question of a lew montbs. Tbe buildings at Springfield cover an area of 9 acres, and fully 20 acres io all are used for buildings, yards and side tracks, all of wbich are de voted exclusively to the manufacture of tbe Cbampioa Harvesting Ma chines. Harritburg Independent, J. M. Holderbacm k Sox, are tbe agen's for the "Champion" Reap er and Mower io tbis place. rhaaelte. .- t - Bosjos, May TTT Foqr ipgbfj of snow fell in Berkshire county Maas.,thi8 morning. It is feared tbat mncb damage will be done to the fraif crop. r. Chester, Pa, May 22. A terrible accidcoi bsppeoed at tbe launch or tbe iron steamship Saratoga at Roach's shipyard this morniog about 8 o'clock. About forty tnea were under the veasil when it went off, aod, not bearing tbe order to come out, a number were crushed to death. Tbe names of the killed as far as known are Edard Fowley. John Nelson, Cbai le Wright ana Edard Burke. Tbe wounded are George Woof, mortally, aod Biroey Canooe. and Walter Parkinson, seriously. U ia thought that some of tbe workmen were killed and draggeJ into tbe we- tpr hv the shio. The bodies of the dead were horribly mangled, ooe be ing literally cut in halves, and oth er with their arms torn off. The ship-yard ia thronged with the friends and relatives of the victims, and pre sents a very distressing scene. This ia the first accident that has ever hap pened at a launch since Roach look the yard, and be has launched some forty vessels. Later.'-Tbe total number of dead in consequence of tbe accident is seven. In addition to those already reported J. J. Crew wa iasiaatiy killed and George Woof aod Barney Cannon died at seven o'clock. Three persons were wounded, all of whom will probably recover. All of tbe killed and wounded were workmen employed at tbe yards, and were en gaged'in knocking the blocks from un der tbe keel. The scene during ibe lime tbe ship was goingoff was heart rending, tbe men being seen strug gling to escape while tbe huge blocks rolled by the ship crushed ibem to a iellv. No assistance could possibly be rendered by those wbo were stand ing bv. Instead of a cheer as usual ly greets a launch, a wail of aoguial went op and shrieks of pain rent the air. As soon as possible tbe dead and wounded were carried to tbe yard office and physicians summoned About 1,500 men are employed at the yard, and tbe friends of nearly all of tbem rusbed to inquire for tbem. Flags are all at balf-mast throughout .he town, aod work at the vard bas been stopped. James Roach bas ordered money to be fur nished to the families of the killed and wounded. John Fountain, wbo bad entire charge ot tbe launch, makes the following statement: 1 found the ship was ready to move aud called for all bands to get out from under before I commenced cuttiug loose. The men wbo were down by the after blocking evidently did not bear the order, or did not obey, as tbey bad fully five minutes to get oot from tbe time tbe order was given until tbe ship started. Some ot the men remained nnder, which is fre quently tbe case, to attend to tbo foi ward blocking. Afternoon. All tbe men who were under tbe Saratoga to-day just previous to launching her bave been accounted for. No additional deaths bave occurred amongst those injured, and tbe limit of tbe number killed may now be set at seven. An in quest will be held to-morrow moru- New Orleans, May 23 Tbe i e pubUcan give tbe following account of tbe assassination of James Laws, colored, of East Feliciana : "Mr Dula, of East Feliciana, has reached New Orleans and brought witb bim the coffin that was placed at his door Sat urday, and a bunch ot Winchester ri fle cartridges, which were placed wikh it He also relates that tbe crowd of bull-dozers, after threaten ing biro, went on with tbe informa tion tbat tbey would return soon and put their threats into execution. Tbey proceeded to Jackson and rode op to the house of Jas. Laws, color ed, and found bim seated on bis gal lery with his mother. Tbey said: "Ha I Hello, Laws 1 bave you got back." He rose and answered tbem, and was instantly shot dead. This was on Saturday nigbt In reference to tbe assassination of Laws ex-Gov ernor Packard states tbat just be ft re Ibis return to East Feliciana Laws wrote to bim, statiog tbat an account of his presiding at tbe only Republi can meeting held in Eist Feliciana during the late campaign, and his consequent enforced absence from tbe parish, his business as a mer chant be feared bad been destroyed, and begging Packard's influence to get him a position in tbe Custom House. Packard further says that Laws bad told him his wife was ia danger, as be bad testified before tbe Howe Senate Committee, giving tbe names of prominent citizens wbo bad threatened bis life, and, as he be lieved, has caused bis store to be fired. Packard further asserts that Laws was one of the best and most conservative colored men of tbe wnole of the Feliciana district, and bad previously held several influen tial pjtitions with the full acquies cence of the people, aod was a tax payer, owning tbirty or forty thous and dollars' worth of property. Packard has transmitted tbe original Lawa letter, and also an unpublished letter from Sheriff Webber, killed iu an adjoining parish, to Gen. B. F Butler. Dewjaaaa mf the twll Swath. Il ia evident that ooe of the first fruits of tbe Southern dominatiou in the House of Representatives, i to be a demand for large appropriations for tbe improvement of Southern riv ers aod' barbers, the cjutructi n of levees, and for railroad sub-tide Tbe theory of the South is, ibat tbe war wtiH-b desolated it region en riched ike North, tbaitbe N.rth has bad loog control of the Government . aud that tbe appropriations bay' noi oeen moe wun sumi-ient liberality for objeo'.s of Southern improvement that a fair division demand a trans fer of property from the North to tbe South, aod that this cao be beat ef fected through tbe National Treasury. Another demand wbicb was kept back only by tbe Presidential coutest will be advanced, tbe refunding ot tbe cotton lax, wbicb would take some $G0,0t0 000 from the Treasury, aod distribute it among tbe planters of tbe Sooib a a gratitude. Wby the tax on cotton sbould be remitted rather thai tbe tax on the manufactured ar ticle, it would be difficult to fay. Neither waa ultimately paid by the parties of whom it was collected ; but by tbe consumer, to whom the pro ducer charged a price enhanced by the tax. Tbe manufacturer who bmgbt tbe cotton paid tbe tax to tbe planter wbo raised ii; and the consu mer wbo bjugbt the cloth paid tbe tax to tbe manufacturer wbo made it. It remains to be seen if sucb prepos terous demand, preferred by a "sol id South," may not make a solid Norib in oppositioa. Tbe force of IkMklM i party may oot prove irresistible even T Louisville, presiding About one with the Northern Democracy. Nor- bundled representatives are present, thero representatives, with cooatitu-j aod more ate expected. Tbe moro encie behind tbem," will hesitate be1-( iug session was occupied by the" re fore they yield to such demands,' ' port f tbe Committee on Credentials even whea enforced by party disci-land tbe reception aad initiation of plioe. candidates. wa ttmbmUmn Maa a lewly HUTwe Ni York, May 27 Tn.m.s LiWlun, who live at X, See ud street, II b ikeu, e Hnplaioeq i-i Reorder McDou ugb yesierdi? mat Mr. CiCilia Gibsm, liv.u j', tbe aauie b ti, was treating b r children iuhumaoly, and w uld in alt probability murder tbem if be were a l arrested A warrant was im mediately issued, aod ia a short tim eu officer brought Mm. Gibsoo ud br two children. L'uie Graces aud Mary Grave, age respectively twelve aod tight years, before the Recorder. Mr. and Mr. Gibson have been liviogo the oeeottd fljor of the woodea tenement at Not 112 Second street for several year past. Tbey have been three years married, Mrs. Gibson being iba widow Graves, with three children, two girl aod a boy. Some time ago the boy was arrested for petty larceny and is now In tbe Reform School at Jamesburg, N.J. At tbe time of hi arrest tor tbe offense be complained ot the cruel treatment by bi mother, but little attention was paid to bi talk. By ber second husband Mrs. Graves ha acbild a year old, which tbe neighbor say she take good care of wbile treating ber other children iuhumaoly. Ia court yesterday the two chil dren, half Him red, appeared covered with braise and blood. Around ibe slender neck of the oldest girl twelve year old was a dark blue circle, with abrasions of tbe skin. She wa bidden to tell her story not under oath, oa cccount ot her tender age. With trembling lips and scared looks sbe told of ber harsh treatment, ending: "Mother lied ropes about our necks. Sbe dragged us about tbe floor with the ropes and bit as with the stick. Yesterday mother tied tbe rope about my neck and choked me till I thought I should die." The mother, so the neighbors say, bos treated the children in this ni so nar for month. Their cries of pain and fear have echoed through the tenement boose at all hours of the day and nigbt. Once tbe woman tied tbe rope, which wa a piece of bed cord about one-third ot an inch in diameter, about ber eldest child's neck, then threw it over a stoat brass chandelier, ia the room and drew the girl up till her toe scarcely touched tbe floor. She was strangling, when one of the women living in tbe build ing came in aid withheld Mrs G.boij arm in time to prevent a murder. Oue day last week she fastened tbe rope tightly about tbe child's neck and tbeo sent ber out after water. Tbe little tbiug, bearly trugled, fell iu the bail-way aod wa uuable to rise until a frieudly neighbor had un tied tbe cord aud let ber get r ir. The unnatural mother wa held for trial. A MiM-rlSle Affair Clevelasp, O., May 26 Tbis (Saturday moroiog a horrible af fair occured in Rockport township, near what is known a tbe Hog's Back Ridge. During tbe March term of the Common Plea Court S.v- rab Crawford was granted a divoice from Y m. II. Crawford, aud allowed one thousand dollars alimony and tbe custody of ber children. Craw ford was formerly employed in the chair factory io the Eighteenth ward, and afterward moved some place in Michigan, wbere, it is reported, be did not conduct bimself virtuously, and in consequence bi wife applied for tbe divorce since granted, with the result a above stated. Shortly after tbe derree of divorce was grant ed Crawf jrd came bock, and after banting about found where bi late wi'e was stopping, she having en deavored to conceal ber wherea bouts from fear of him. He finally found her in Berea Village, about a month ago, and threw blue vi'.rol or sulphuric acid ia her face, aad inflict ed severe injuries. Si ace then some of ber relative have been looking for bim. He wa traced to Inde pendence, but bad left there. This morning Mr. Cbauncy Giddings, her brother, and a party found Craw- f rd on tbe road in Rockport, near the ridge above meutioned, and tbey attempted to arrest him, but be re sisted. He bad a run aad fired two or three shots into tbe squad with out eflect, and tbeo reloaded tbe gun ndsbot bimself in tbe breast, but the shot did oot prove fatal lie now lie io a farm boose ia a precarious condition, but may recover. He de dal a tbat he will kill bimself rather tbao be arrested. This wa bis in tention, when be shot himself. Lawrence. Kansas. Msv 22 Heavy rains daring the past week have raised tbe streams in this vicini ty to an unusual height Tbe Kan sas river at tbis point is now higher tbao it bas been at any time since 1858. Tbe Atchison, Topeka & San ta Fe Railroad is under water west of it js city fo a distance of a rjuar ter of a mjle, an 4 no trains passed, yesterday. A wash-out lias occur red oo tbe Kansas Pacific Railroad a mile west of tbis place. About ooe hundred feet of the track wa carried away. A bridge stiil farther west went dowa last evening, and an ac commodation train i caught between iba brei k on both roads. Topeka. Kansas, May 22. No train yesterday passed west of Man hattan, vt the Kansas Pacific Rail rood, or west it Emporia, on the Santa Fe road. Eastward bound trains oo the two roads combined here and acnt over tbe Kansas Pai cific Railroad to Perry, where tfiey fouud that they cpiild not get through, anJ caiie beck!' The Cttoowood aud Arkansas rivers bare overflowed, and bridge on all the stream harp been carried away. aawBowaowoBWBWEBw;aBw Mr. Blataa'a rHUai! Vtowa. Washington. May 21 Senator Blaine called on tbe President again to day, in regard to the New-England pension agencies. In reply to a gentlemao wbo asked about hit po litical status, be said tbat be had not changed hi position at all oo politi cal affairs, but tbat tbe view enunci ated by him last winter on the floor of the Senate were bi presot views, and he saw oo occasion for making any change ( Mjj be did not Consider it necessary, however that he sh-iuld go on every street corner and n ake a publie harangue, for the purpose of informing tbe curious of hi views oa tbe political situation. Portlanp, Me, May 23 Tbe twenty-third annual meeting of tbe R. W. Grand Lodge of Good Temp lar for the Wold comroeoced here ibis Burning, Colonel J. J. Hickman. II