Newspaper Page Text
A oew use for riflet in warfare bas
been 60(rpested hr the experience ctt bored in tbe late campaign in Tarlej, viz': iu application to rer tieal Crinff. It waa fatiLd (accordiog to tbe Timet from Bucharest) tbat numbers of Russian jldi ra wer wreck t-j the Turkish balla, when under tbe old condiiiona of fighting they might have been considered eafe", beine not only far beyond the usual ranpe, bnt actually concealed by elevationa of tb g round, and their opponents. A reoiaraable iatiUnce of tbi oc currea at Sbipka Taw, wben Gen. Prapomerioff waa wounded in tbe koee by a bullet, notwithstanding that tbe mountain iniercned. Toe Turkish bullet roue birh in tbe air, pawned over tbe aummilt and came down os tbe other aide a it tell. 1 S nie of the Rucsian raok and file mere hit in like manner at tbe aamej place. Tbe writer tugRes'. the question whether it might not be poa- vtnical or dropping lire to reach the enemy when quite out of t-igbt, bid den behind a wood or ridjre. Tbe diaoce being determined by tbe or dinary range fiader. all tbat ia neces aary ie a simple instruoient to iodi rVe the correct elevation which nbould be giren to the barrel of the riQe, and about this there does not eeeai any difficulty. U ia eay to onceive how damor aiiiicg to a body of troops waiting re,,rve without the excitement of action would be a shower of bulleta from uneen enemies dropping over the very ridge tbey relied on for pro tection." Tbe Galling gun appears capable of utilization in thia way. There ia no reanon, it eems, to fear that tbe bullets will lose the penetra tive power at such raoges. At 2,000 yards tbe bulleta from the Peabudy r.fle uied by tbe Turks came with auch force" as to bury tbemoelves f iithteen inches in a hard and clayey soil. Tkr iMtf klkrn '. Tbe aeoM which of all others is ruont di-Ccient in the cat ia that ot fmell. In tbia ahe differs wort mark edly from the dog. It is said tbat a piece of meat may be placed in close proximity to a cat, but that if it is kept covered up febe will fail to dis tinguish it- This want, ia however, partly compensated for by an ex tremely delicate sense of touch, hich ia ponsesK-d, to a remarkable esicut, bv tbe wbiokera, or vibrasse. as !! as l v tbe eeaeral surface of tbe t-kin. These bristles are possess ed to a greater or lesa extent by. all cats, aud are simply great developed kairs, having enormounly swollen roots, covered with a layer of muscu lar fibres, with which delicate nerves are connected. By means of these latter, tbe slightest touch on tbe ex tremity of tbe whiskers ia instantly transmitted to the brain.' Tbese or gans are of tbe greatest possible val ue to tbe cat in its nocturnal cam paigns. When it is deprived of the guidance afforded by light, it makes its way by tbe sense of touch, tLe Cue whiskers touching against every olivet which the cat passes, and thus actiug in precisely tbe same manner a a bliud man's stick, though with iuGuitelv greater sensibility. Imag ine a blind man with not one stick, but a cuupln of dozen of exquisite f.ueuexs, and these not held in his hatid, but imbedded in Lis (.kin, so tbat bia nerves come in direct con tact with them instead of having a layer of f-kin between, and some no tion may be formed of tbe way in which a cat uses its whUkera. iflc tVall fteva la IkMr III, hi. The fact that human eyes with the aid ef a field class have seen rifle bullets, during their flight from the muzzle of the rifle to the noint at which they were aimed, has been published, we believe, several times ; but we lave never seen, to our knowledge, the announcement tbat they could be seen with tbe naked eye. Yet it is a well-attested fact tbat rifle balls were seen in tbeir flight by several gentlexen, without tbe aid of a glass or anything, at the Title range north oltbis city, one day laal week. A high wind was blow ing and showers were frequent in fact, it rained almost constantly. When tbe spectator stood at one side c.f the shooter they conld odIt follow tbe ball to the highest point of tbe arc which it described, but when tbey stood immediately behind tbe rhooter (be lying down and they standing op) tbey conld follow tbe bullet from a point about ten feet fr m the mozzle, all tbe way to tbe target, or whatever object it struck One gentleman told the shooter, im medially after he had fired, ibat he Lad shot too much to the right, and tbe signal of tbe marker a minute or two afterward confirmed exactly wuat ne naa eaia. ice nlles were of tbe heavy military kind, which carrr a large bullet. Those who saw the bullets in tbeir flight say that tbe arc described by them is immense at tbat distance, and that tbey also ap pear to curv to tbe right as well as up and down. lioi-hcder At. rt(la k Letter ftlasaa). The origin of the letter stamp bad a tinge oi romance in it. it was thirty-seven years ago that Rowland Hill, while crossing a district in the Ncrih of England, arrived at the door of an inn where a postman bad to deliver a letter. A yonng girl came out to receive it; she tamed it over and over in her band and atked tbe price of postage. This was a large sum and evidently tbe girl was poor, tor tne postman demanded a shilling. She sighed ad!y, and said the letter was from Ler brother, but tuaisnenaa no money; and so re turned tbe letter to the postman Toacbed with pity, Mr. Hill paid the postage and gave tbe letter to the girl who seemed very much embar- raased. Scarcely bad the psstmaa turned his back when the young inn keeper's daughter confessed that it waa a trick between ber and ber brother. Some signs on tbe envelope loia cer an ete wantea to know, but tbe letter contained no writing. 'We are both so poor," she added, "tbat we invented thia mode of correspond ence without paying for onr letters." 1 be traveller, continuing bis road, asaea mmseii u a system giving piace to sucn frauds was not a ri cioua one. Before sunset Rowland bad planned to organize the postal service on a new basis with what success ia known to the world. C alaaawaWakiaaaBaaaaaa There is no doubt tbat walking is a beauty exercise no doubt, except in tie mind of tbe boy who was sent on an errand. He believes in sitting on tbe fence. 'Flumatioa of tbe brain and con-jer-tion of the lunge' was tbe diagno sis a Traverse City (Mich) doctor made ia a patient's case. A little in formation of tbe braia would not hurt tbat doctor. .wmwk xllet WMpni War in the earliest day was sim ply brutal. In tbe middle ages it was full of romance and chivalry. To-dar it is utilitarian. Le Bean Sabreur is a gallant, dashing fellow, eaya modern war; out now manj men does he kill? Tbe German medical staff reports tbat tbeir losses in the Franco-German war waa G5, ICO killed and wounded, and of these only 21 S were killed and wounded by the sabre and clubbed mutkets. Of tbe cavalry 133 were killed or wound ed by the sabre out of a total ef 2.23G, and 212 wounded by the bay onet. Tbat is to say, the deaths caused by 40,000 cavalry with the sabre in six months' campaigning over almost half of France amounted to six. In a grand aggregate of 253,112 cases of wounds analyzed and recorded in tbe office of tbe Surgeon-General of tbe United States during tbe war ot the rebellion, there were only 90C examples of sabre cuts and bayonet slabs, and of these only 52 resulted in death. General Benet, chief of the Army Ordnance Bureau, in an official letter to the Secretary of War, invites at tention to tLe question whether the sabre and bayonet should any longer form part of tbe arm9 of tbe cavalry and infantry soldiers of tbe United Statea "In my mind," says Gener al Benet, "there exists not a doubt that tbe days of tbe tabre and bayon et are numbered, and that tbe only 'question to be decided is w hether tbe time is not already at nana wnen tbey should be discarded." T be General of tbe army, who is utilitarianism personiGed, eaya in a letter to General Sherman that he is convinced tbat the bayonet and non commissioned officers' swords are simoly u-tless weapons in war, and tbat infantry and cavalry alike suouu be armed with the best rifle, a Colt's revolver and a knife which conld be used for cutting meat, fighting at close quarters and for intrenching. Clearly, says a Uoston journal, commenting on tbeso significant facts, tbere u nothing (or it but to Ebeatn tbe bright blade, once for all, and lay it away to rust with tbe bayonet, tne pike and the halberd. TrMll 'aMlil Bay. One who Las money that be is wil ling to lose (in cafe be should fail), can afford t show confidence in a stranger for tbe sake of experiment. i nquesiionably in a bjy unused to be trusted, a generous trial of trust will often im-pire honesty and give hi en the self respect that will muke a man of him. During tbe session of the late Epis copal convention in Boston, tbe Bish op of Louisiana, in crossing the com mon, met a boy whose lace ne fan cied, and calling to Liui, asked if he had anything to du juet then, to which he said no. "Are you a gocd boy ?" Tbe little fellow scratched his had, and replied: "1 am not a very good boy, 1 cuss a little sometimes." This candid answer inspired the bishop w:tb confidence, and be then said after giving bis name and ad dress: "1 want you to go to a certain place aud get a bundle for me, and bring it to my boH. There will be a charge of eight dollars; here is the money to pay it, and a balf a dollar whicn you can keep for doing tbe errand." On bis return to tbe hotel the bish op's friends laughed at him for bis credulity, telling him tbat he would never see tbe bey, or the bundle, or the money again ; but in a half an an hour tbe young ci;ap returned, bringing the bundle and a receipted bill for eight dollars and a half, the bishop having mad a slight mistake as to tbe amount tbat wa due on tbe bundle. "How did you manage to pay tbe extra half-dollar?" he inquired of tbe boy. "I took the ioney tbat you gave me for toe job. I knew tbat you would make it all right" And "all right" it was made, and I Lave no doubt that the confidence that was reposed in tbat boy, be cause of his trutbfulcess, will do bim irood as Ion? as be lives. AVte York Ledyer. Mrtk4 af Jadglnfit Hortie. 1 be first thing to be looked at in a horse is his thane. A Lorse's head should be fine, broad between the eyes and tapering in toward tbe nose, tbe jaws should be clean and unencumbered with flesh, the eye full, bright and lively, tbe nostrils open, and of a bright red internallr, (which generally denotes breeding and courage). Tbe space between the jaws underneath should be room v and void of lamps or glandular swellings ; the ears should be well set into tbe bead and pointing for ward. A bo.se s neck should be light, airv, well curved and having considerable sweep undcrneatL, at its junction with the jaws. In borres whose wind pipe is curved where it is set into the jaws, tbey have gener ally better wiad tban otters, inas much as tbe air in expiration has not to encounter tbe oostruc'.ion caused by tbe neck when it joins the bead at a sharp angle. A rng necked borse is generally weak, swasby, frequent ly predisposed to be a roarer, and the rest of Lis shape generally partakes of tbe same type, bis back beirg long and bis body none of tbe shortest. An upright shoulder generally marks a harness hcrse ; a sloping sbonlder is, therefore, as essential in the sad dle horse. Plenty cf room in tbe chest is a desideratum; nevertheless many a narrow-chested borse bas performed wonders. Tbe back should be short, rather arched over the loins, haviDg tbe tail set rather bigb. The body t-hould be deep, well ribbed np tbat is between the last rib and tbe hip-bone. A low-rumped horse generally puts bis bind legs well under bim when at work, and thia is a good quality. A horse's tbigLs should be well clothed with muscle down to tbe bock; there and thence to tbe boof, all ehculd be a considerable bend on tbe back part oi me tcign. J lorses tbat stand with the caps of tbe hocks nearly touching, are seldom tbonrbt much of. The frog legs should be m oscu lar down to the knees, and thence, iiKi- tne bind legs Oat and sinewy. tisuop jimes tens a story ct a slavemaster in Missouri, ia the olden time of negro vassalage, who said to bis chattel : "Pompej, I hear you are a great preacher." Tes, massa: de Lord do belp me powerful some times." "Well. Pompey. don't vou i think tbe negroes steal little things on tbe plantation;" "Is mi?htv fraid they does, massa." "Then Pompey, I want you to preach a ser- uon to tbe negroes against stealing." After a brief reflection, Pompey re plied : "You see ; massa, dat won't do, 'cause 'twould throw each a cool ness over the meetin'." Tlsat V Jlr Engk When we see a piece of work laid down with tbe remark "That's near enough' we know at once it ia not a first-class job. The employer may !say "that's near enough" because he ; has taken the work at a price that be can not affjrd to do good work, or it may be a temporary repair in which time is of more consequence than first-class workmanship. If a work man makes use of tbe remark we know be has little pride in tbe job, and is satisfied to do inferior work ; while if an apprentice Bays 'that's near enough' we conclude tbat be is not likely to make any reputation as an expert or good workman. Suppose a professor of jiatbematica were to say twice 2 are 4 ; it might be near enough for tbe purpose to which be applied it, but it would not be near enough to maiataio, much less to stake his reputation as a math ematician upon. Tbe difference in time necessary to convert the quality of a job from that denoted by "that near enough" intOj tbat expressed by 'that's a first-class job' may be sufficiently worthy of. consideration in many cases; out; the confidence, expertnesa, experience and interest one's work the latter ( l ives and leads to, represent tbe best spent time as apprentice or workman can possibly employ, because such practice soon enables him to turn out first class work in the same time for merly required to finish the job in a "that's good enough" style, and there fore converts biro trora an inferior or ordinary into a superior workman. That s near enough" has led to hundreds of so-called accidents, which have come down to us as mysteries. It makes hot bearings, throws shaft ing out of line, causes nuts to come loose, bolts to fall out, shafts to break, brings in the plumber to disturb tbej peace of our Lome?, b ads to scamp ing, to botch work, and hnatly to ruin. When tbe bands can lay down a piece of work and say "that's good enough," tbe spirit of emulation has gone, the very expression is a con fession of indifference as to quality without an equivalent or gain as to quantity. Datrb Haaleal Plate. That the Hollanders had and have a passionate love for music is well known. For two centuries tbe pop ular soDgs of Holland figured con spicuously in the history of tbe coun try. Every peasant boy was in tbe habit of carrying about with him a collection of songs in a shape which be could tuck away in bis pocket eaaily. When a group gathered tbey would fall to singing in cborus. A similar custom prevailed among the higher classes of tbe population. Af ter dinner, wbeu tbe jovial Dutch men were in a frolicking mood, each man would pull out his song-book from bis pocket, and the whole com pany would join in a rotsiog chorus. It is easy to see that bere was a mine for tbe faience-makers to work. A dozen dessert plates displaying tbe cutlets of various songs were a source of amusement which was never-failing in its after-dioner effect. The idea is, perhaps, one worth adopting in our day and and country as a provoker of jollity among the people not unduly given to that sort of thing. Several of these musical plates have come down V) ua. Most of them bear inscriptions and mottoes in Dutch, but very many and the most objectionable of tLem have verses in tbe French language, and were doubtless made for sale in that market. Certainly they were very much in the spirit of modern opera bouffe, and wculd not be in demand at English or American dinner ta bles, nor even ia France in the family circle. Oihcrs of these musical plates, instead of giving tbe verses at length and a mere suggestion of the tune, present tbe whole score, and give but tbe n-ime of the song. Some have tbe music, not of a song, but of a minuet or gavot. Still oth ers no, only give the daucing tunes, but show us pictures of the dancers. llarjier's Magazine. Tb Cambria Iraa Worka. Tbe extensive works of the Cam bria Iron Company, at Johnstown, says tbe Pittsburgh American Man ufacturer, exhibit even more than their usual activity. Of tbe five blast furnaces at tbe works four are in blast and besides those tbe other furnaces belonging to the company, viz: one at Concmaugh, two at Hol lidaysburg, one at Bennington and one at Frankstown, are all in blast. Several very important additions and improvements to tbe works are now either in operation or under construc tion. The first of these, is tbe wire rope mill, with an average capacity of CO. 000 pouuds of Bessemer steel rod Xo. 4 to No. 3 per day of twenty- four hours ; 35,000 pounds of Ao. 7 have been rolled from 1. inch billets iu ten hours. A new wire mill bas been built, in which tbe Cambria Iron Compauy have one-balf interest, the other balf being held by Gauticr A' Co , ot Jer sey City. Tbe wire mill will be pre pared to make all kinds of wire, A bolt aud nut factory belonging to tbe C. I. Co., has just gone into operation in one cf tbe old buildings belonging to tte works. Tbe ma chi nes are not yet all in position. A horseshoe mill is also being erected, and will probably go in operation about July I. Tbe new building over the bloom ing mill is about completed. An immense foundation is now being laid for a new blooming train which will be capable of rolling a much larger ingot than that now used. A foundation bas also just been begun for a Siemeus-Martin plant. Oibtr improvements and additions to tbe works are contemplated, some of which now exist in tbe drawings. The whole of the steel department is running briskly on orders which wilt not be filled for several months. Tbe wrought iron department, on tbe contrary, is running to less than balf of its capacity. The Emperor of Germany, if one may believe divers pleasant anecdot a concerning him, is a stoat disciplina rian. It is said tbat at one cf tbe recent State balls he observed tbat a young officer, in talking to bis part ner bad accidently turned bis back on an English lady. Walking op to the nncoossions offender, be seized bim by tbe sbonlders and turned bim round, telling bim at tbe same time that be should never turn his back to a lady. It is related also tbat bis Majesty happened to see another offi cer dancing rather awkwardly and immediatelv told hi rlonl to in- form bim tbat be was not to dance again until be bad learned to better an excellent injunction. do Prices are not so very much down. Tbe sleeping car porter is still black ing boots for twenty-kre cents per pair, and making no charge lor his society. Craarlaa- rilkarta. The Turf field and Farm aaya "We were surprised on visiting one of our Broadway fruit anopt 10 nnu fresh filberts, imported from Kent, England, selling with their heavy green husks only for eighty cents per pound, add this bas beea the average lor several, veara. uj should not our farmers in tbe Middle and Sontbern States grow filberts ? The climate which will produce good peaches will also produce filberts, and all our light tobacco lands ia tbe basin of tbe Chesapeake are as well suited to tbeir growth as tbe soil of Kent, and certainly at the prices ruling now in ew lork, or at even balf these prices, filberts would prove tbe most profitable product within tbe whole range of agriculture. Nor is tbe adaptation of tbe soil and cli mate of our Middle States to tbe growth of these note at all problemat ical, for they bave beea grown ia a small way on some of the old home steads in Virginia for more tban a hundred yeara." Wfcy should not onr farmers grow filberts; tbey would probably say in answer, because of the disease which attacks tbe bushes in the main. It is quite likely there may be some profit in it in spite of this trouble. It may be that we bave neglected to make money on material close to onr hands. But for all this we think it tbe duty of an agricultural newspaper to point ont where tbere may be a bidden rock, as well as to urge on the voyage to a brighter land. Gen erally when things bave been a very long while neglected tbere are some good reasons therefor , and it is just as well to find out what these reasons are, if any. It clears tbe ground for future crops. Sadera Etoflaltlaaa ( Camaterr ial Tern. Bankrupt A man who gives ev erything to a lawyer so tbat biscred itors will not get it. Assignee Is tbe chap who bas the deal and gives himself four aces. A Bank Is tbe place where peo ple put their money so it will be nan dy when other people want it. A Depositor Is a man who don't know how to spend bis money and gets tbe cashier to show bim. President Is tbe big man wbo promises to boss tbe job and after wards sublets it. A Director Is one of those that accepts a trust tbat don't involve either tbe use of Lis eyes or ears. Cashier Is often a man wbo on dertakes to support a wife, dren and a brown stone fifty dollars a month and est. six cbil front, on be boa Collaterals Are certain pieces of paper as good as gold, due and paya ble on tbe 1st dav of April. Asset? Usually consist of five chairs and an old stove, to these may be added a snittoon if tbe bust ain't a bad one. Liabilities Are usually a big blind that tbe assets won't see nor raise. A Note A promise to do an im possible thing at an impossible time. Endorser Is a roan wbo signs a commercial pbilonena with a friend and gets caught Aa IadlaaBakkU Drive. The Fiutes and Shosobones of this viciuitv, says a recent Nevada paper, bave inaugurated a grand rabbit drive in Reese River Valley, which will last five days. The valley is teeming with rabbits, and the method pursued by tbe Indians in killing tbem insures tbe tlaughter of thou sands of tte animals. Tbeir mode of procedure in rabbit hunting is tbe same as that pursued by the Irish soldier, who captured a prisoner by surrounding bim. Tbe Indians se lect a piece of ground which they know to be the resort of rabbits, and. each man being armed with a gun or bow and arrow, form a circle. In side this circle t.Lo women and ' chil dren are placed, and tbe circle ia gradually contracted, the squaws and papooses meanwhile beating tbe bush with sticks to start tbe rabbits. - Tbe bewildered little animals rush hither and thither, finding do escape from tbe circle of hunters, and being hem med in on every side, and gradually concentrated in a smaller and smaller space, and when the supreme moment arrives, the Indians turn loose their and arrows on tbe confused and af frighted rabbits, slaying large num bers of tbem at each discharge, and women and children even killing many with tbeir sticks. -laikeTwIaktlaa- afaa Ejre." One moment, tbe sick room, the scaffold, the stake ; tbe next, tbe par adisiacal glory. One moment, the sob of partiog anguish : the great, deep swell of tbe angels son- Never think, reader, tbat tbe dear ones you have seen die had far to go to meet God after tbev parted from yon. Never think, parents, wbo bave seen your children die, tbat af ter tbey left you they bad to traverse a d rk, solitary way, along which you would, if it bad been poseible, lead them by the band, and bore tbem company till tbey came into the presence of God. You did so if yon stood by tbem till tbe last breath was drawn. Vou did bear tbem company into God's very presence if you only staid beside tbem till they died. The moment tbey left you tbey were with Him. Tbe slight pressure of tbe cold fingers lingered with you yet, but tbe little child was with his Savior. Mind your stops. A compositor in setting up tbe toast, "Woman without ber, man would be a savage," got tbe punctuation in tbe wrong place, which made it read, "Woman, witnoui ner man, would be a sav- ge." Was it ever a subject of wonder to yon why those persons wbo have the most desirable boxes in ibe postof fice never give tbem up, nor die, nor move away, nor break np, ncr do anythiog ? aaaMaSjalBaiBBa It is suggested tbat one reason why so many marriages turn ont un happily is because tbe bridegroom is not always tbe ' best man" at the wedding. The legend runs tbat a St Lonis directory man never ventures to pass through Chicago. He always gets out of the train and walks aroqod if. In Massachusetts tbey call burglars "midnight roecbaoica." Ia West Vir ginia tbey call tbem out and bang tbem. In consequence of tbe popularity of yonng ladies' cooking dabs, dys pepsia is becoming very prevalent When the Khrriir af Ennl ! grudge against a maa be marries bis j i . uaugoier. Tbe most popular ring ia tbe coun try -The circus. .AGRICULTURAL. Tvaaiaa l ar a Warmaai . A a to the beat plan ot ploughing, fertilizing and . reseeding an old rnrnoot meadow. Last fall I plough ed a meadow of ten acres tbat bad Ivan mown and after-fed for many years, till it did not produce half a ton of bay to the acre. Early la the spring I sowed tea bushels of slacked lime to tbe acre aod worked it with a cultivator. I tbeo sowed 500 pounds of aoperpbosphate to tbe acre and ten bushels of oats, sowing the oats thin to viva the vraas seed a better chance. After harrowing, I sowed twelve quarts of timothy ana lour quarts of clover seed and cross bar- j rowed. Tbe oaU came up aod pro-1 duced a raDid growth, standing luuy three feet bigb, and tbe one acre , which we let get ripe tbreened lorty- four bushels. Tbe other nine acres we cut with a mower just as a few of the beads began to turn yellow ; wben dry we raked tbem up aod pot them ia as bay. As a fodder crop tbey are worth more than all the hav crown in the same meadow for three years. And as I sell no grain bat wbest, except in me iorm of pork, beef 'and butter, we have found this tbe cheapest and most profitable way of using onr oat crop. ' For horses and sbeep x Know oi no better fod ier. Our grass seed took beautifully, and we bave now a stand of timothy and clover thickly set and fully six inches bigb, with every prospect of a good crop of hay tbe comiog year, mj sou ia gravel ly loam, inclining to clay, with little or no sand in it I bave found but little benefit in ploughing and re- seeding old exhausted meadows with out using some fertilizers, not only to get tbe seed to catch, but to sup ply tbe wants of tbe grass in its fu ture growth. In buying my timothy seed 1 always buy tbat wbicb is not hulled in threshing. Hulled seed will irrow. 1 doutt not. under tavora- ble circumstances, bnt that which is not hnlled will crow under less fav orable circumstances, and I think it much cheaper to buy, though costing a little more Elmira Farmer. Uetttaa; IM ar aataia Baallaa. A correspondent of tbe Rural New Yorker gives an interesting experi ence which may be worth the atten tion of farmers. He writes : " When first tbe "bags" made their appear ance in Northern Pennsylvania 1 was breeding several varieties of fancy poultry mostly ia confinement, and among others Sebright bantams, whose coop was just at one side of tbe patch of early rose. Wben the vines were nearly ready to bloom tbe beetles made tbeir appearance in strong numbers and our hopes of ear ly potatoes were dismaL We knew of only two modes of relief, namely hand-picking, wbicb we bad not tne time to attend to, and an application of Paris green, but this was thought to be unsafe so near tbe bouse where the children were wont to. play, and it was also feared tbat tbo poultry might get a taste of this deadly poi son. A friend said, 'Turn out tbe bantams ' wbicb we accordingly did, though without faith, as we bad read that no member of tbe feathered or, any other tribe could ba induced to touch tbe ravagers. W bat was our surprise to Bee tbe little beauties march directly among the potatoes and greedily devour tLe insects as fast as they were found ! Neither were tbey satisfied with one meal but continued tbe good work until not a beetle was left, and we har vested a fine crop. Now, the secret was this : The bantams bad been a long time in confinement with bat little animal food, and no doubt tbeir appetites were particularly sharp for food of that n at ore, and the Colorado beetle being the first they found were tried and found to be satisfactory Thus a taste was formed, the warfare continued and cur potatoes were saved. I believe that unless some similar plan is adopted in order to educate the Guioeas to tbe work the disappointment to f jIIjw will be al most certaio." Faaaiaar Trail 'fclkeaa. In some localities it ia difficult to tret clicks through tbe first two weeks afier they are batched, for the little complaints of this early period are mora numerous and critical than at other periods of their lives. Feed is the first consideration and pure water a great essential to them from first to last. Cornmeal is the one article of chicken diet wbicb bas been the main dependence for gener ations, but some experiments with rice last year convinced us tbat for young chicks it is equal to anything, if not superior to anything . else. Broods fed opoo rice alone all lived and grew finely on a single handful a, a feed for tbe ben and ber brood. An inferior quality known to tbe trade as broken rice, is just as good for feed, and it takes Utile for a feed tbat tbe ezpeose ia no greater ia tbe Northern States tban corn meal, while in tbe South it ill be tbe cheapest feed kuown Indiana polis Sentinel. Aetata rar Cattle. One of onr substantial subscribers, in a recent .conversation, gave ma experience in treating neat stock affected with tbe habit of eating wood, chewing bones, Ac. His cat tle were one spring affected in this way ; tbey became tbio in Oeeb, re fused to eat bay, and presented a sickly aDDearance. He pot about four bushels of leacbed ashes barnyard and threw out to about a shovelful each day. all ate it with evident relish. ia his tbem "They After turning them ont to pasture be pot one peck of dry ashes per week on the ground in tbe pasture. Tbey ate it all op and gnawed off the grass where it bad been lviog. Tbe cattle began to improve, gaining flesh and looking better tban tbey bad 'or sev eral years He now gives one quart of ashes, mixed with tbe same quan tity of salt, to twelve bead of cattle, about once a week, and Gals it to agree with tbem wonderfully. Maine farmer. - Wkataiva abaca Will . Five sbeep will enrich one acre of old, worn-out mowiog land in three years, so that it will produce one and one-hall tons oi bay per year for several years bv a light sprinkle of seed each year sown iu early spring. five sbeep will produce manure in winter to tbe value of f 10 by iririoir tbem suitable bedding. five sbeep will ret their living through the summer on one acre of groond( the pasturing of tbe same would be 3. Five sheep will raise five lambs. worth $15. , Five sheep will shear twenty-five pounds of wool, worth $6. Ex. . Speaking of mysterious disappear ances, what baa become of the 2,300 American sopranos who have made astounding debuU in Italy f iryoa feel dull, dnW!T, deblllWted, hVt fre quent besdaeiw month Ufta haaty. P appdlita asd ton true mated, yoa are u Bering (rata torpi I IItt, Of "MlkwneM," aail not bing will re jrua b tpeetlll aod petmanemlr ae U AX EFFECTUAL SPECIFIC For all Diseases of tbe Liver, Stomach, and Spleen. The Cheapest, Purest and best Family Medicine in the Woild. ASK therenorered dynpepUce. billon roflerers, Tlcume of Fever and Anf, the merroiiAl dis- ptriU aod good appetite thej will tell jroa bj Lrln. Ciuunaa' I .il'iu Dimi-i a v. o PURELY VEGETABLE, it harmless, la no drtle rtflent medicine. Is sure to ears If lakea renlarljr, 19 BoloUxica:iiMf beveraae. Is the cheapest meilicine In the world . Is flren with taletr and ths happisst results to tbe most delicate infant. Does aut interlere with baainess. Does not disarrange the system. Take tb place ot Quinine and Bitten of exert kind, . AS A REMEDY In M4LHHIOUS FEVERS, BOWEL COM PLAINTS. DYSPEPSIA, MENTAL DEPRES SION, KE.S H.ESSN ESS JAUNDICE, NAU SEA, SICK HSADAt-HE. OOLIU, CONST!. PATIONand BILIOUSNESS, IT HAS NO EQUAL. SOLD BY ALL DRl'OatSrS. IM' LITER UISEASEand Indi- bcstluopreTaU to a greater ex- eni man pronuMjr any otner ay, anu reiiei is always an.iuul' auuitui alter. It the uver is KeKOiaieu in its action health Is slm.ft Invariably secured. Indhresttoa or want of action ia the Liver eaase Headache, Constipation, Jaundice, Pain la the Shoulders, Cough, Dizziness, Sour Stomach, bad uste In the mouth, bilious attacks, p.ilpltatlon '.ol the heart, depressiua of spirit or tbe blue, and a hundred other symptoms. Siajtoaa' Livaa Kut-i-L,ATB Is the best remedy that bas ever been dis covered for these ailments. It acts mildly, ef fectually, and be Inn a simple vegetable compound, can do no injurv in any quantities thai may be taken, it ts harmless In every way ; It ha been nsed lor forty year, and hundreds I root all pans of the country win yom-ii lor lis virtues, vis nun. IBBaBBBBaaaaaawawasWi Alexander H. Stephens. T . I V H. r-tl of Oeonrta: Bishop Pierce JmmifimiMof Georgia John UIU alioner, 01 A!omu ; vrcu. joim o. vxoitiuu. L. Molt, of Colutnbas. .. are auonr the hun dreds to whom we can refer. Extract of a letter from Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, dated Alarcn s,lti72: "I occasionally use when my condition requires H. Ir. Simmons' Liver Keifulator, with good eueou it is mna, ana suit me oeiier uiuu more active medk-inc. more amr1 memi'ine. I regulator! It Is not tbe qnamlty eaten that gives the UrenKtb. life, blood and health. It is the tbor- ouku diueaiiua oi ttie ioud taken let it be much or little. Therefore, do not stimulate up the tomach to crave food, but rather aaslU digestion alt eating by taking- SIMMONS' LIVER PECULATOR OSISINAL AND ONLY GENUINE. MirJTiCTCaSDOM.T BY J. H. ZEILIN A.CO-, PH ILDAELPHIA, PA. Price Sl.OO. Feb. IS Sold by ill Drogglste. DR. VAN DYKE'S SULPHUR SOAP, Makes the SKIN Soft, f'lear. Pure White and Health? I is Cleanslnit. Deodorizina, Dlsinteut- ing. Soothing. Healing and purityiug : removes Uandrun, inanng, L leers, oores, eruptions Roughness and mines of the Bats ; relieves itch- lng, burning and slinging of the Skin, and irrita tion of biting and slinging Insects; will relieve ITCH 1NO PILES where nothing else will have anveffect: is FREE FRMM ALL OFFEN SIVE ODOR, and prevents Contagious Diseases, and as an External .Medical and Toilet Prepara tion It bi no KG UAL Price. 2j cts. a calte : Kox, three Cakes, ixty cent. Sold by Ueo W. Benford. Somerset. Pa., and Uruggists generally. E. S. WEBSTER, Proprietor. Of flee, oON.5thSt.,Phlld,a, Pa. Wholesale lie- Dot. 400 N. Third SL, Pblla., Pa. Julys. a week la vour own town. AS Oat At free. No risk. Reader, If you want a business Ut wlik-h persons f either sex can make rreat Dav all the time thev work, write for particular to a. baustt a uu, roniauu. Main. March 2T HEALTH AND HAPPINESS. Health ami Happiness are piicelos Wealth to their possessors, and yet they are within the reacn oi every ooe wne wui m M RIGHT'S LITER PILLS. The only sure Ct'R E for Torpid Liver, tivspensla. Headache, Sour Stomach, Coostlalio , I ebillty. Nausea, and all liiiUus complaints and HI;od disorders. None aeuulne unless siirned 'Vm. Wriaht, Phlla." If your druiorhu will not sup ply tend - cents lor one box to Itarrick, ;Roiler a Co., iv r . w au i-uiia. Feb. SURE REWARD. O YEARS TO FAY FOB A FAB.TI. 84 to $IO Per Acre. . Beoch and Slapla Land la nieblg-aii In the MILLION A(Hl;i.R INTl in vrand Kaplde and Indiana KaUraad Conspaay. TITLE . JPERFKCT. 81 rone aoll-sure crapa plenty or dsn wr u w aroHcni no raiacu oUj no Hoppers.' BonalBg atmnt-pare water ready marketa achoola Hal I road rowa pleted through, centra ot tlse crauL. Scad for pamphlet, English or (eratan. Address H'. O. IirCHART, Land toinmlmlonrr, GRAND BAPlaM, MICH. ADMINISTRATOR S NOTICE. Estata of David Hay, late ol Elklxk Tap., deceased. Letter ef administration on the above estate having been granted te the andersigned, notice la hereby given to thoM Indebted to U W make Im mediate payment, and those bavina claims against It, to present th -m duly authenticated for settlement on Wednesday. June la, ;laJH, at the late residence ol said deceased. PETER S. HAY, W. A HAY. SAM L ELM. SAYLOR, May I Adminiatrat'irs. 4 UDITOR'S NOTICE. avinc been annotated Auditor br tlie (Indians' Court of Somerset county Pa., to distribute the fund In the hand of U. B. Heffl-y. Admlnlstra Utr f Adalina Knepjter, dee'd., to aod amrntg those legally entitle.! thereto, notice is hereby given thiit 1 will attend to the duties of s ii l appoint ment at my office In Somerset, on Thursday, June Its. KITS, when and where all person interested ran attend. ED. B. SITI.r JISJ'15 Auditor. ' A Esial DMINISTKATOR'S NOTICE. kale of Aaron Frcidllne, lata el Jenner Tap , deceased. Letters of administration on the above estate having been granted to the undersigned, notice is hereby given totheee Indebted la it to make imme diate payment, and lhwe having claims against it to presentlheiu duly auiheuticated for sultlcinetit on Saturday. May , 1K7I. at the late residence of deceased in said township. SAKAH KElll.l. r.. April 17 Administratrix. 1TTESTERN PENJTA. CLASSICAL AND SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTE. r,i. incus Professional Schools. Home Idle, and Teaching. Location elevated, healthful, easy ol access, and pieuresiue, commanding an extensive view of Chestnut Ridge. Full corps of Instruc tor. Five coarse of Study. Open to both sexes. Kx Dense moderate, new nuuuing lor laniea. Ojien grate in each room. A.aares in rnrRu i. lowtTUivTiiwea ar Dee- f. ' ML pieasanC Pa T A TtTTO Cu eoTor Btorklnga. Kcektle, Ac. JiA 111 fJfc lMBTATABOtBLYtlorlciialhanlCl. tsa renew or change the color of their Dresses. Mix-, Viuux, or CoTToa, at a nominal cost. Imparting lovi.lv ahailes kvtlieuHAOf our MaOloTlHTS. Buck of Airr colab sent for Hie.; 9 different colors f or z!- aendan.atamBfereamMe anaeircnlar. Auo, LOur Imoroved Pest Poison t is a sats, ur and cheap destroyer ef 'Jmr potato nuc C t Currant Worm, and all Insects Mist Currant WnraL and all Insert thst t'reyon VvgelsOou. warraaira raiui I- , . -riVB uras snrnj ian um-n ami. tixB-yctltlasirBBTorwaad Isnni mtarlous to plant. CottnlyZcto3icprrecra. t- box sent free hy mall for Ale, bend for circular with b aadreSi af testimonial. OurCabbageWorm Destroyer Is wot at six poxsoaoca, but sure dest h to the worm. r ample for trial sent true on receipt of 13 ceQU-. osTAus Briars Acca-rrxn. Discount to the Trade. av juuitK&iruifcsncAiiVoiuis. . Jamib It Ixr, Agent, f.O.Box31. f OnteStMCoitiaadtHCKcw lork. ISSOLUTTON X OTICE. Mniirat t bevehv riven that the nartnershlp heretofore existing between Silas C. Keira and Jacob U. Livengood, carrying on the (tanking business at Salisbury, Somerset Co , uo.ler the name ol Kelia and Livengood, nas been dissolved this 1st day of May, 18711, and all persons indented te said Urm are hereby notified to call and settle. J.D.L1VENUOOD, Maya j - &O.KE1M.; mi HanilM TTiitill A-i'-'-'y I T awl. rsialM; Mpetuaty. StW.lama ft Ml ataxtaaM.CLio III. 1 I ami ffltftd ' ; ALLOCS T.A.I ' " pre. aaSaasss chant, a OnXatl. tetutct, J, I,!, HQLDERBAUM & SDK'S, ST OB E , West End, Main St., Someraot Pa.. IIEADQUAUTKUS FOR THE SALE OF EEAPESS.CLIVS2 CHILL2D PLOWS, IIASZr.2- T0W1T &2AJN SEED 22ILLS. Eli PIEE THRESHES AND SSFAF.A- T0E,E0ESEP0WE23. FARQUAHR'S Four Horse Threshing Ma- chine with Shakers. FARQUAHR'S Thresher .ml Separator. FANNING MILLS, CORK l'MW.i, SHOVELPLOWSHARES, Cultivator Shovels Impairs fcr lTearly All tha PIotts Soli fa ih3 Czzzij. May 1 J JOHN V. BLYMYER DEALER IN Hardware, Iron, Nails, Glass, Paints OIXj&C., &o. The following is a partial Y.at of goods in Stock: Ctrpenter's Tools, Planes, Saws, Hatchets, Hammers, Chisels, Plane Iron." Jzes, 4c, Black smith's Goods, Bellows, Anvils, Hardware, lab irees, trig saddles, names, Buckles, Uidjts, Hits and Tools. Table Knives and Forks, Pocket Knives, Scissors, Spoons and Razors, the largest stock in Somerset County. Painter's Goods, a full stock. White Lead, Colored Paints for inside and Varnish, Turpentine, Flaxseed Oil, Sec. Window Glass of all sizes and Oil always on hand. Our stock of Coal Oil Lamps is large and comprise, very elegant styles. Ditston's Circular, Muh-y aud Cross Cut Saws. Mill SawF'ilesofthebestquaiity. Porcelain-lined Kettles. Handles of all kindss SHOVE Fafi, FOKKtt, Mattocks, Grub Hoes, Picks, Scythes, Cast Steel, Step Ladders, Carriage and Tire Bolts of all sizes. Loooking Glasses, Wash Boards, Clothes Wringers, Meal Sieves, Door Mats, Baskets, lubs, Wooden buckets, Iwine, Hope all sizes, Hay Pulleys, Butter Prints, Mop Sticks, Traps, Steelyards, Meat Cutters arid Stuffers, Traces, Cow Chains, Halter Chains, hoe, Dust and Scrub Brushes. Horse Brushes, Cur ry Combs and Cards, Door Lock, Hinges, Screws, Latches and everything in the Builders' line. Caps, Lead, Shot, Powder and Safety Fuse, &c., &c, 1 ue tact is, 1 keep everything tbat belongs to the Hardware trade. 1 deal exclusively in this kind of goods and give my whole attteution to it. Per sons who are building, or any one in nerd of anything in my line, will find it to their advantage to give mo a call. I will always give a reasonable credit to responsible persons. I thank and uopethis season to make many new ones. Don't forget tbe place INo, 3, "BLCirS BLOCK." ApriJ $ '74. JOHN F. BLYMYEK. DEMMLER BROTHERS i A- vh smi'i in ii:m stiilkt, ri ri snnuai, i.. ManiiU'-ionTi' iff TIN, C01TEK k SHEET I KOX WAKE An Ii.!cr in April J4 mm WILSON SEWING MACHINE in workmanship is equal to a Chronometer Watch, and as elegantly finished as a first-class Piano. It received tho highest awards at the Vienna and Cen tennial Expositions. IT SEWS ONE-FOURTH FASTER than othsr machines. Its caoacity is unlimited. There are mere WILSON MACHINES sold in tho United States than tho combined sales of all the others. The WILSON MENDING ATTACHMENT, for doing all kinds cf repairing, WITHOUT PATCHINC, given FREE with each machine. WILSON SEWING MACHINE CO, 827 & 829 D roadway, New York; New Orleans. La.; Cor. State & Madison Sts., Chicago, Ills.; and San Francisco. Cal. FOR SALE BY ALL FIRST-CLASS DEALERS. 8888888888888888 3 STRAIGHT NEEDLE. Jjjgft 8 8 8 8 8 A-fifonts Wsitol ia 8 8 WHEELER & WILSON MF'G CO., 8 8 1S2 WEST FOURTH ST., C1SC1XXATI, O. 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 A Desirable llcsitleiice For Saie. I "Ber foi sal my resMrnca la Somerset ltor oaya, containing 50 arrts uf I.m I ail In a hiuta sut ef cultivation, except four afrn uf timber, with an orchard of 2UO rluara srlccieii Iruit trees, A hrifk UweliloK house wiiii lniiD, wash, w-ni ami fee house, well nlleil. SwIks barn, cirrina hoe, has' never falllnir runnlnr water at the uxor, nil event rem lialina;. Strawberry bi, bees and bee.biue. The distance Irom the public sbareis one-half mile, with pavement ani phtnk walk th entire dim nee . will wll n,x-k, farm Im plements and furniture if desired, and will it he possession immediately. July IS. J. (I.KIJI5IEU A Chance lo Male Soms Money, SURE. 'tVa-neU's Hlttiir nf PMmlr..t. ar... ' ready. W rite lor A nen.-y at nan. J II II N M I I, . a sb .t.,ruMiuners, iin)iu s-irtet rhlia- Marchv; JUST RECEIVED AN1 NOW OPENIMG AT J. E HOLDEBBAUM & SON S j STORE Weil End, .Hal a SI., Somerset, Pa., ALarg3 and Well Sslscted LOT OF DRY GOODS, XOTIOXS, HARDWARE, QUEEXSWARE, HATS d- CAPS. BOO 1 Sit- SHOES, The Largest, Best and Cheapest Assortment of Men's and Boys' CLOTHING Fresh and New, Ever Offered in SOMERSET. All Kind of Produce Taken in i:tbanite for COOIS. May 1 Vices, Files, Hammers, kc. Saddlery outside painting, Paints in oil, all colors, Crushes, Japan Dryer, Walnut Stains. glass cut to any shape. The best Coal ttPAI3:S, ISA KltM. Swaths. Sledges, Mason Hammers, my old customers for their patronage, BIRD ( WOKS. lit- 'lias's, ii.-f i.-r.itur, 1 I'r. uiii rn-tz-rp, Wnter Coolcis, 'utlcrr. Stoves, llrit .r.nii W ir E nm '.'.c I nlTinard Hollow Warp. Aaat' uti i ti.-u-itj Ir -n Wart, an I House Ftirnisliiu;' yanlware in (ieucral. Proprietors of l!ie Ii!u;:t Aviju-Ulile Siove Slii-lvis. VALUABLE INVENTION, THE WORLD RENOWNED HEW 8 8 M ACH I N E .iiuhn 8 8 T1 1 thr rrmtt of Off l:r ..'- Q TZ Jireycar' fsritrritrtcr'. ttu! - botiifn nil Ihat itiwiut . i. : - rskit .t ii. v j c .: 1 1 O siMi'tici r; i.i.-.i; cp 2U.vj i.xjcst, ovxrr-Q XESS, J.Vi i.i.nx-h r.v- w sis a ijVALirn.&. ;W oil the :h H f'trornMr Q City :ntl Coniilrv. 8 ESTABLISHED 1853. A RECORD OF A QUARTER CENTURY. The choicest selection of new styles of every kind and quality of CARPETING, LINOLEUM. Carpeting I,iit 77 fifth; aye lj I Abov Wood St. Pittsbur?. FORMERLY W. D. AH.McCALLUM, April to McCALLUM BROS. a z P awf Aflears irjtlenl l.bor eiperitnent t ha ST JOHN Sewing Machine, U now otf-rrd to th pal Me. as th triumph of in- "iiiw in iuik vrancti at manufacture. I? points of Mfslleaca ar appamat to any m : r i.i mining th marhlc and riadtly roc aniif I hat already the,-!-. J OH Si "Jia furcrd lisrl i m the Iraa I task cf st-iu Mauhin, U lullilla a II t lis n--"Mf rcnaireuieois ior a Urst-class Sewing Marbina, whk'hara 1st. Aliiiiiy to do usrl srili Jill kind; of work da m.in Iml oi a Sewlna .Uaehina. 21. Esa ot mis. Sa-i-ramt. S1. LiK-btnt of running. 4th. t ret dom iron nls, rh. Simtilh'ity ol eiQtroeti-:i 4th. liuraMiity. All tliesa pilits are s.--u.-el m-rrth!i in any other. In tho ST. JOHN SEWING MACHINE. .Yn. 1 .Machine. OrnimenlrJ Machine awl Stand, EUek Waluat Tal'le, two Draw.irs, Patent Box Oovor, which attaches to side of the T.ible, limning a -nvinicnt wjrk Imx or as extension top at will. PRICE No. I. No. I 1-2 No. 3 No. 3 1-2 f 49 OO 3S OO f 40 OO S55 OO $65 OO Makes the duck Stit-r. Beaatifal ii PiiTst ii Cjaslruatioa EcpaHy g::i on tha lightest or hsavi- ce. Goods. Its Points of Peculiarity AXCNjST KA!IY CTHS2S ASS It mak(i n" i-ifl-rem whether the Machine l& iuq bnrknartl r rrkarl ; the w. rk will al WA.y9 run Imm yooT a uti there i do le ur change of Hitch. It It a a close shuttle In on plre, with do thread hole through, the lutMn fcuhiing tnm 90 to lm yard of threat!. It wm.ls the tx.M.in without Tuonln? the ma chine: si that tbere is no neceitT lor unth'ea! aiiir the machine, or rt'inorinu; tbe work wiu n the boit.n neeili to he wound. Its tensions are simple, perie't. aod can he a! jiHteJ both am ler and unnvr, without removing the w-.rk. atwbiich Machine L" furni?hei with the oniin rr atrat'hmentp. Ira Furniture in novel. ieu!tar and deMrthle. EvekyM aoiine is Warranted . It tu-9 welt and hItcs complete aatiUslloa. Twenty live of theite Machines hare already heen mld ia t hi (roomy. I also sell the well known Family Favorite or Weed Mit"hine9at about bait the old price, nnd nls.j repair the raritiu kim!a or ftewinir, iuh4-hint-a promptly and patiUctoiiiy And all klndi of at tarhnitMH procured to order : AddreM O. F. WALKER. Somen. Pa. P. S. Sample Machine to be en al If. lick's or at Case'-eer It Cj'i Store. Jan. '.43 L R. MEG AH AN, BUTCHER, AND DEALER, "Wholesale anil Retail, IN Fill !aS II MEATS ! All aind-t, siiL'h as DEKF, PORK, MUTTON", VEAL, LAMB, SAUSAGE, I'udding-, Bulog Di, Miace Meat, aod LARD of cor own Rendering. Poultry drr.al t3 orljr a specialty. MARKET DAYS Tnesiay, TMay ani Saturday Soiuerct, P. wJe:it rx oijlnineil any il:y lurins tho week. April 1L New Firm. SHOE STORE, SOLOMON UaHL, Hating pnrrliaMed (he ShiM Store latel jowneil hy II.C. IleeritM. vTe take pleasure In railing the attcnth a of pulillc to the ract that we have now and expec keep constantly on band as complete an ment ol Boots, Shoes and Gaiters BOTH OF Eastern and Home Manufacture as ns be fonn.l anywhere. We also will have ot hand constantly a full supply ol SOLE LEAT1IEK, MOROCCO CALF SKINS, KIPS, AND LINING SKINS Of all kinds, with a lull Una of Shoe Findings. The HOME MAWCFACTCHE DEPAET. iiUNT wUI be In chant of 1ST. 1$. Snyder, Esq. Whose ratatloa lor maklDf Goofj Work and Gqod Fits Is seeond to none h the State. The aublle If f ipytrally lnvlie.1 to call and ssamlns aur stook, a we are determined to keep good a stood a La best sad tell at price a low a th lowest. SOLOMON UHI.