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fhe Somerset Ilcralil, bltohwl my Wedneeday tnormiig at ! i aaam, W I1 to K1Mn : otharwl. Ml matiftto wUl ba 4Uwomooed nUl aH pUd p. Poataaaeier neglecting Jwfc- mm WUto JdrppHrtUbfceMrPn for the b- c.trttn remc-rtaf " Portolne to an- iBonldglreBatb. hum of the former m The Sonnet Herald, AT IVKIf EY-AT-L A W, J Somenet, Pa. i KOOSEIi. ATTOKSET-AT UV, Somenet, Pa. HOWE R.PCHLU fc ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Somenet, Fa, S ENDS LEY. nXTURK EY-AT-LAW, - Somenet, Pa. TRENT. ATTORNEY- AT-LAW, Somenet, Penn a. SCULL. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. r j.rniTTS, Ah ATTORNEY-AT LAW. 4.U- Sumenct, P 0o, up Mammoth Bloc. J OHS R. SCOTT, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Sooienet, ra. . tfarc In tb Coort H All bnMnM eotmrt JvbUmn attended to with prompt we and ideiity. '. JLCOFKBOTH. W. H. Kt 1'PEL. r VFFROTH & RU1TEL. (j ATiVKNEYS -AT LAW. fill b. A" .i .-MnmUT attended U, TEi. Mala CTom aurtet, oppe!u the KmluBlooa. TTJ KCOLBOKK. Ull ATTOKN E VS-AT-LAW. . m v..i.. Intro tcd n onr care will be jmmpt "h,Sto0..11eciio.mfle In S.n MedfJrd and.djotolnt: Coumiea. Carrey ST SoveVix tlntdwonreawnabletrma T01IN (X KIMMEL. ,1 A'rT01iNEY-ATiAW, " Somenet, Pa. wm.timidtoan ba!nei entrurted to .! M re Will attena h ,,, iM h nr.w j. 1!?.Xt. ImwMaiBCro-ft'reet R. F. PATTltRSOX, ATTOR ZY-AT-LAW, Somenet, Alllflneeiitra.tei to hi eare wil tenii wwith promptir and fidelity. Pa. be at- H ENUY F. SCHELL, ATTV-'KN EY-AT LAW Bty and Fenrtoa Atroot, Sutw met, tittif. in Xuuw" lilack. Pa "IfALENTlNE IIAY, ATTORN EY-AT-LA' .f And 1H1 -t Ral Eute, Sr t. P atwnd u, all bof ioea eotrafted w 1J i rare prutnptoew and Udety . will Willi JOHN II. UHU ATTOKN EY-AT-Ia VW Sn itenet, r... Will-promptly attend U all rrt Inesa entrtwte.1 U him. Money ail Tuned ua eoll actions, ate. Ot aoe in Mammoth Uaildiutf. JO. OGLE. . ATTORNEY-J T-LAW, Somemet Pa., Proieaeional bo"lor entrof d tn mj can at- ttti tm with prompcoeai ai a nunujr. w ILLIAM II. KOOXTZ, ATTVKI'EY.AT-LAW, Aionuenet, Fa ir HI rtn prompt itteetVoa to tm rlneaa entrust- jd te bia can la tximereei aaa aojo uum IMBoe la rnntina llotw. aiow. JAMES L. PUGII, ATTOBNEY-AT-L W, , . Sotoenet. Pa. OfBee, Mammoth Blotk, op atawa. Entnnee, Main On. atreet. OoUeetlooa made, eetate aettled. title examined, and aU leaal buainea attended U with promptoeM and twenty. HL BAER, . ATTOENEY-AT-LAW, Somenet, Pa, W1U praettoehiRiiwiw-aetaBdadjolnlnireonntlf AllbaaliMaacotraBtedBo him wiU be promptly attended to. ISAAC HUGUS. ATTOKXEY-AT-LAW Somenet, Penn a. aprtlSK DENNIS MEYERS. ATTOKJCEY-AT-LAW Mnmeraet. Penn'a All legal bnaineea tmtrweted to hi can will be attended te with prtwitnea and fidelity. Offlce In Mammota block next door to Boyd a draa Mora, apri H HOWARD WYNNE, M. D. jonxsTowx. rExrA. ru vtb Cm Car. Non and Throat Kneetal and LxrlnoiTa nracUea. Honre. A. to Vr. a. LAther A Green Block, a Main bt. DR. WILLIAM COLLINS, DENTIST. SOMEKSET, PA. Office hi Mammoth Block, a bore Boyd" Dreg Eton, when be ean at aU times be fimrvd priar- ed to do all ainaaoiwora. eacu u latiag. oxtraeang, he. ArUncial teeth of all kloda, and of the beat material Inserted. Operation warranted. LARUE M. HICKS, JVSTICE OF THE PEACE, Somenet, Penn'a. D. X. KIMMEIJ. H. 8. KIMME1X. DR. E. M. KIMMELL & SON wwier thek prutewrtooal eerrice to tlw elU M ef Somenet and rlclntty. One of the mm ln mt Um Arm eaa a alrjime. nolea proiewton ly engaged, be round at their office, oa Main eet, eaat ot the lllamood. J. K. MILLER has enna- Uly located In Berlin for the practice 1 D; a. W- 4 Mnra otiuoslta Charle Kriraiag- hi pro. er a (ton. 1ETTR&VFR trndern his- D R. II. 1 eerrtnea to the eltiten or Sora urofeeakmal Othee in reaideuee on Main net and vicinity. atreeUweatol lb S. 'aaiond. rJER. A SURG EON, D R. A. G. MILi PHYSICIAN , Indiana, where arwtn. Ba loaxied to Sonth Bern an ba aianaalied by wttar or a. DR. JOHN BILLS. BENT1ST. USaa aboT Henry HelDey'a More, M. atteet, Bamaraet, Pa. D IAM0ND HOTEL, KTOY8TOWN. l'ENN'A. - Thlepnpelar aad well known booae ha lately been tkoruagbty aad newly refitted tt& all new wad beet el laraltara, wUvcb baa tauim it a rery deavmbleatopplBg piaoa lor the traaeltng pulilto. Hie table aol jmaeannotbeanrpaaeed, all be Id amoUaa, with a large public kali attached t. the aaaaa, Ala Urge and roomy Mabl tog. Pint elaaa boarding eaa be had at the WweM oe aibie prtrea, by the week, day or meal. SAatTJKL OUSTER, Prop. S.E.Oor. Dlaaaond Stoyatow ,Pa ? r.v - G I H. which profit. Admitted asd Decked! THE ?E0FLSTHE JUDGES ! THAT DRFAHRNEY'S - Health Bestorer! The great VegeUWe Kemedy. cure mora eaae t dlaaaaeaof Ut U VEX, K1D1M fcY and KLOOU than any ether known remedy, li eootain no aweary, no paiaon ; la made ol the moat harm lew yet energetic aaedlcal Kuota. Barka and hero bfch acMnoa ha dlaoorand for CLEAXSIKG THE BLOOD And girtag toaa t Ue Stomach ank Llrrr. Can "aad wHb part Ml aniety by old aad yoong . U ill halld ap tka nan down aad orvrwotfcailMdy, and gin aueugth and riiror to thoe who (eel weak aad worn oat. AH mecllctM dealer aeU U. Prepared by MB. D. PAHKNEY A SON, HairertowB,M(i. CCH . JL.lt v: ; -U LL ViL tUUilOU-o .- ' 1 ' J ESTABLISHED, 1827. ' ; ; VOL XXX. NO 52 i TIIK HOSLDFAMED BUEDETT ORGAN 19 FOK SAL.K OXLV BY I. T. HEFFLEY, MUSIC DEALER. S0MERSE1. PENN'A. I jocks Hsxar HKrn.rr'a Siobk. BEFt'RE BUTIKB Til THE BUEIETT ! : , "IT IS THfci BFiST!" It Ms I wuoi H Variety, B211T7 k Price. The com rinrtty ol the Bordett Orrana li reeofr ntted ami cknowtedged by tin highest musical antbortilea, and the demand f-w them U ateadlly Incraaeiog a their merita are becoming mare ex icnalrely kn own. Wbat everybody wante ia the HUt r ORU AM fiw the ieaet aowxint of tnnarr : Therefore e rytud; wanu Um BtaLDETT. Evict O uoa OrAxavTCEB Five 1" exits. Sold on Easy Monthly Payirmtt and Lew for CASH. VIOLINS. IVITAIM. ACOOIUKOX8. AX JO 3, CLAKIOXETTS. IIC COIXJ 3. FLUTES, 1'IFES, And in ftTeiTt1iliia: in the mnpical line. latem and mmt ilr. lle Inatrnetim Hik for .11 The rlra 'd. I inmruomite on aale. I 'lank Maale Uuoka and Pa per ul ali (lie and kind . - SHEET MM k STRIN3S S SpsLialtJ. Onmna Toned and Rep, "red. Mnairal Inatrao Uon i-l'iperquaiter. Send for eatafcarnea. SoMHtina: your order for -EvertUilna; in the MuflraJ Uno," I am, Yourt Kespectlully, I.J. MEFFLEY. JSomenwt, Pean'a ieba-tt FASHIONABLE CUTTER & TAILOR ! Having had many yean ezperient-e in all braochea of the Tailoring baa. t V: batia faction to all muff Mil ntk. on roe and favor me with their pat- joaafre. Yean, Ac., 1V31, yr. not us riTKER, Somerset, Pa. mar8 WANTED. SALESMEN To CT.nvan ftw the eale of Nuraery 8t tk. TTn eitt4led iariliiitta. Noexperienee reuirv d. Sal ary anJ i"-nsea paid. 600 acrea of Fi lit aad O namraial Tree, bhruba. Kowa, ete. AprU W. dt T. fi n IT II . Genera, N. Y. LOW fLo ' A ' Entire Satisfaction Gwarantccd or Money iletnded. O' UR enormous cales, the last . . StvlH ami Reasonable Prices are, appreciated. , , if Vu want thinps that are really Good snd Cheap our establishment is theblace at which thev are to be louncl. I'leaee call and be convinced that we do as Mien's Clothing : MenB' Every-day Suits, $2.70. Mens' Knockabout Suits, $3.00. Mens' Worsted Suite, $4.50. Mens' Cassimere Suits, $0.00. Mens' Light Suits, $7.00. -' Mens' all-wool Cai--6imeresuits,$p.25. Men's Caseimere Suits $7.10 Mens' All-wool Cheviot Suits, $0.50. Very Fine Dress suits in Fancy Wor f reds, Cheviots and extra fineCas 7 Riruere trimmed with fine Serge or Italian, from $10 to $1G.70. Extra Fmesuits, lined with Sne Satin OR want of space we can our Clothing Department, ici'ai buicuic, ,uina jivahiv.-.v . li IW r;,Vl l!Ino 1, color guaranteed; fnde so that button may be chanjf-d at pleas-. WOOi ure, WOLF'S - One- Price Clothing ; Establi Mtiia' Street, JOHNSTOWKPa-. LOOK HERE! When you oome to JOBSSTOWS.d n fall to call at the - NO. 3 MORRIS ST. - TO MAKE YOUR PURCHASES! W. keep eonatanUy ea band a full lift of good lly kej la a Firet-cJaA ; ' : PEOPLE'S STORE GENERAL STORE! -re ill rell at a ET UW margin fur US A CALL ! GIVE T THEUT. ALBEL ZTanager. anS3a WOOD ?. iHS SIXTH. AVEKIIII 4i ?tj3 en jAit ..a an WALTER WMl nERGHAiWfMli mm NO. 226 LIEERTY STREET febll a a I if yegetablt; oq- j A SWefhrW.." Prepare, hy Wi frit nrtrm U. dkwoaMK: apMkL knnMmetti imiiIi ranaetoa, airMr I flrimi to tbaatfa, real pa eataaaetanmain t. eye, and uliate ea Um pale akeak of wwaat eka trl rowe of ii't acatec aad eertr l ff-Ph 2itHan Uaa Hand for atlnmx t it, aad mIIsi That t& -n. aC bmriif do. a, and barkach, . wayiMwaaeaUyeredbyttaa Per tba care CMarr C. I al.HW lata at 4 ': (Ala CBtaa4 U ltbia r. main iiMtnimi will eradicate evrrf TetAir. of fiiae troea 1 siod. and ifl ton. and etraata to ae maa vomaaoroiUia. aa ustUW. Both the Compound and Blood Parnr an ttseaitttt Vetera Aveaae, Ljma, taam. ItBcr.tt. mxbattlnfcr t. tost bytaillafjea fodj otpUla, or otluavnzva. oaneptof ctoe, ttparblj for .:tber. Mrs. Finkhaia fraety anawni an li j tnantry. Aeleeact.aaia tiafi amphl I Wn ramtly ra-mM ba wttbaaa UTDIAa PTtXBAiS and tuvpaflava of taa BTaa. llkytJlDrtala.'n 01 roB BALK BT C. N. B0Y11 , DRUGGltr, Somerset, Pa, $661 week in Ton' own iwa. t& owl (tea. No rlak. rytun OaDltal not miolrt We will tub .rerytnia Many a) T K.,r. .n.i .irla &ra nukliur arret bar. Head! Ladle make apnea a me. ir. want . hnalnea at wbieh h ean meki rreat par all Ue time yon work. Vita lor parti ilan TH. HAU.rrra. Co.. Portlai, Mam.. Uee.l-lr. V 1 -o lew wetdLeVaow-JUow our .tracuvw . . . .. "..- reaa -oir pnee iisi careivy, wen we advertise. . nnd Siik Serge, from $16-'o $25. ;, Mens' Working Pants, 6fcents. :. Mens' Union Pants, 72 cuts. . MenB Worsted Pants, $140. : Mens' Fine Worsted Pats, $2.50. Mens' good Cassimere Pfite, $2.70 " Mens' Fine Dress Pant4$3 to $4. Mens' Extra Fine DrM Pants, $4to.$6., . . . . Bova School rants, 62 ints. - Boys' Knockabout Pan, $U0. , Boys' good dress Pantsil.25 to $2. Boys' Extra Fine Pani, $2 to $3. only enumerate a few artles out ol save our Hat and Fornijiing Ooods Klanno tr fimnrl ArrnT HQ1IS. ail- ..... v. T- 1 I - - XVOLF'tl enii : i EATON S BROS, SO. 27; 11 ATEJSUE, HITOBUXGil, PA' 1982, OODS ..... i : .'' v.-" 1 '' EmbrolaVlet, Inttt, t Lry, Wkih) wdwaV, Kaa4 karchiafa, Ortsa W aaiag JUaWr. OdtrWr Otati, latlla a laria. UaVirtav, ! ' fawto' u4 CMel aa'l CMaaAi-fawty : ' 1 Yani2kyra,att- ' ; ' . rialt efl KMt far ;' ' ' FARCY WOlKt C-.'FC:Ci tX, tl tccb rATaoxAAii is kaarBLTruixT . .i .ul. ' BfOUtM BTMAK. ATTSSDSD TWITS CAM$ Aft DISTATCB. " , (Abwa Kanry KedBejrV wv) l 1 ' rnnim T A J" PwlTeCtir. ; I - y i nmnvr wmu . M I A :-,.r MkMatM A aaninan ' , I a - - a- - tEaaAiBk fl nKnrfi riwejw taacaaaHerar4 eaaallrpala.waa. Auiaar A. Bogjig. j J. Borrr W aju. H0S1IE fiUARD, Bcctnanf to 4 SPRHsfe NEW' G OIaCwSRSET, pa. SOIIERSET, PA.; WEDNESDAY. JUNE 7. 1882. 4 METHODS OP INSTRUCTION. BY A. C HuLBF.RT.- CHAPTER VIII. In my school dayB. and long after commenced teaching, arithmetic divided into mental ana wnt imtfcmetic These division ere considered as separate studies. I rri 'oe might be able to go inrougn a prfcrta of analysis and obtain the cor- feet results to examples, of whose orant ' Mental arithmetic was de a hobby, and it was ridden to eath. ' Now has come a reaction, the cry is', ,no mental antnme- ItiC. Countr supennienaeniB are cutting iLofitlhe certi bcales, ana tne grade is marked pimply on arithme-1 tic . . . Books are prepared in accordance with the new ideas. Some of them approach very near perfection; oth ers are a mere aovewiing ",cu tal arithmetic with a written, ut the new ideas are visible every where. Whether or not an wis is wine x shall not say. I do not believe in having hobbies in our teacning. 1 do not believe in cultivating one branch at the expense ot anouier. T hv tnrned out mental arithmetic classes of which I feel proud to-day, but not one of thein was loswrea ai the expense of any other study. I am aware tnat not every ujauuer cau truthfully Bay so much. I am aware that for years with many teachers it has been anuunetic nrsi, last, aim all the time, so much so that many teachers seemed to tbinx tne wnoie duty of man was to teach and learn arithmetic. ft is not all ol lite to Know any one branch. The reactions that are taking place in theeducationai worm show that this fct is being recog nised. . . ... , In - retrard - to arithmetical texi Wkn there is none which gives an that it is desirable 10 Know; mere can be none w.ich will do so, but j . . , , ii .nw n will cire the groundwork . Here is a question which perhaps not a man ou (earth can solve and explain satisfactorily to ajearner by the aid of comtion arithmetic mere lv Sold a hose for $56 and gained i oa mnch rer cint. as the horee cost rwiMired tho co6t" I know of Inn ' mode of olution, by common ) LritrimAtif Pronortion . will not l , . rrtr. rAA vnla kalian noucn iu r3 k"" position, f hich most persons are low ignonut of, will not reach it, lut this rul, will bring the answer, and will sore any similar question. Rnlp- MulaWv the sellinK price by 100, add 2fW to the product; of the gum extrf t iae square rotn, aiiu from the oot subtract 60. The re mainder fTlhe cost If you apply the abof rule you will obtain $40 as the iswer. How do I get the rule? Bf the solution of a quad ratic eqition, . Tbereire, as you of course know, four luiamental rules of arithme tic, andlhe great point for any one who ejects to make an arithmeti cian, ifo secure perfect familiarity with lem. I am well aware that the mjority of pupils in our public school cannot add, subtract, multi ply a4 dividtj readily. Go into any schofll and put out such a auestion & th following: 9, 8, 5, 4, 3, 7, S, 9, 6, 5,1.2, .1, sum" and see bow many willhave it when you pronounce the word "Bum." Send a class to the blackboard and give them a Himlatouestion ' NoUce how many offienv, wilt, run up the result on thet fingers. iney ao mis rapiaiy, ba it is merely counting.. It is not lUOu. : Alalia lue vuwucu au uuu, to . count. - The same may be in resrard to each of the other m. . Do not ex nee t to accomplish nderful results in a day or a week. Li will require months of the most ajsiduous work. Careful drill, day After day, ana it your ciass are new U the business wnen you taxe noia HI tiaem. TOUr WOra WiU uckiu w . ' , . . , . , i e your live months'.term. Do not attexoDt to force your pu pils into long ind heavy additions at the start. You must instruct them in the combinations of the digits slowly, increasing your col umns as you go on. ; At length you will reach a point at which they can combine all the numbers can add them, not count them. , How manv are 9. S, 7, C? If a boy can answer as soon as you end your question 30, he can add those numbers, but if, on the other hand, he must begin 9 and 8 are 17," and therr tm his fingers, "18, 19, 20, 21. 22, 23, 24 and 6 are thirty," he can not add, and he never will be able to add until the - sum of numbers is suggested J by the , very number of them. Many a boy will multiply with tolerable ease as far as 10, but when yon put him to multiply by 12, for instance, he uses the figures separately. The trouble with that boy is Bimply that he does not thor oughly know the multiplication ta ble, and the sooner you go to work to drill it into him the better for all paTticrocerned. Many of our arithmetics give this good old table only through the 9's. Why I do not know, unless it is the outcrop ping of the prevailing folly of being eo exceedingly careful of the tender mind of childhood. . There is an im mense amount of routine work that most be forced upon the tender mind of childhood, or it will never be done.'', I verily believe that there is too much sentimental bosh obtaining readv credence at the present day The child's -mind is not going to be ataltiniored by a lew columns more of multiplication table, or if it is, it was atndrpUnt too tender for this world. The Lord may find use for tt iti the world in come, but it could never have amounted to any tKSrvtr in this valeof tears. Host, id fact ali. the tables of arith k&i must be learned before the cbUd Naubes fourteen or in all hu man pix)babi.Ujr hey will never be learaed. Putthed a it, then; keep toom nt it, earivaod late, i ou can not rMt to So half work. , Thm are a. Certain number of racm rivm in our arithmetics which retis a ettirf or a less knowledge of gfAfnetry ia otiar to understand. Ireiar to tberulssof nieTuration. I think that CfUT authors all make a mistake in placing these rules the last thing in the book, it they are to be learned as arbitrary rules with' out reason given, they should be learned while the child is young. The long calculations involved will afford a very good exercise in the elementary rules. I really can see nothine in tne processes ot involu tion and evolution which is beyond the comprehension of a ten year old child; but the rules are placed in the back of every arithmetic I know of. If they are to be learned as arbitrary rules, let them be learn ed while the mind is plastic, while the memory for assertions and facts is bright I know I hav,ehad classes whose members were not ten years old, and they could, mechanically, remember, extract the square or cube root with perfect readiness, and most persons never get more than the mere mechanical knowledge of how to perform these operations, they have no conception of why. I hare seen a class of twenty teachers fail to write a rule for the extraction of cube root I venture to say that more teachers cannot do it off-hand than can. .- ; Decimal fractions are another stumbling block. Why thiB is true I cannot tell. 1 nave taught many normal classes, and I must say that the number of teachers that have been under my care who could han dle decimals readily is very small I have had teachers in my classes who habitually performed the operations of per centage by using common fractions instead oi aecimais. My greatest difficulty with pupils has been to get them to pay one re t.rd to the decimal point Teach ers have entered my classes, and my difficulty has been fully as great with them as with young pupils, in fact in many cases greater than with young pupils whom I have trained from the start. It seems almost im possible to conquer the habit of neg lect in this particular when it has once been acquired. Only the most persistent core on the part of the teacher can do so. Train your pupils in reducing common fractions to decimals, and the reverse. There is really nothing difficult in the subject of decimal fractions. Anv one with an ordina ry knowledge of the fundamental rules ought to obtain a good knowl edge of the Bame rules as applied to this subject in a few hours, yet some persons never ooiam iu Percentage is another rule which is easy to understand, and yet many a teacher has not the proper knowl edge of its first principles. "A boy found a knife and sold it for a dol lar. What was his sain per cent?" A class of twenty Uaehers, some of them having Beveral years' expert ence, laiiea to answer idis ror inc. Of course vou will answer it at once, I have no doubt Mt munition can be made much clearer bv the use of figures and blocks. They may be cut out of nasteboard or wood, l ou will nnd ft a very rood plan to have a set of . ' -, - - ii i- t, geometrical figures, au uiuuo u w same scale. - ror instance, you nave a circle made four inches in diame ter, have squares made four inches on the side; cones diameter of base fnnr inches, and beieht six mcnes; cubes four inches on side; pyramica the same, and six inches nign. I trust I have made the matter plain, The illustrations of surfaces I draw on white pasteboards, which I can usually obtain M without money and without price" from any merchant I prefer the heavy boards, about two teet long ana eigni inures wiue, tra which goods have been wrapped. I then make my figures mathematic ally exact, using good black ink. I have a set oi sucn ngures wnicn i have used for several years, and hope to use for many more. I also like to have a set of such surfaces, cut either from cardboard or from wood, in which each surface is separate. I can give a boy a clearer knowledge of the reason of these seemingly ar bitrary rules in less time by means of such figures than in any other way."""" " . insist on neatness at the board. have seen figures drawn on black boards "which were not like any thing in heaven above nor earth be neath, nor in the waters under the mw. . - ' earth" mere nondescripts, more difficult to decipher than Egyptian hierofflvnhics. If a circle must be drawn, let it be a circle. If you are to draw a straight line niaxe u so. Just here I will aav a word lest I forget it entirely. Theie is a patent dustless crayon. I regard it as a thorn in the flesh" whenever I see it It is dustless, but it is about as comfortable to mark with as a bone. The common cravon answers every purpose, and if you will enforce the rule of erasing in a aownwara ui rection always, you will save your self much of the annoyance arising from chalk duet It will take a lit tie more time, but if you are pained by the presence of chalk dust you can spare the time. I have never found any difficulty in teaching pupils that they must multiply length and breadth togeth er in order to get area; nor that they must multiply length, breadth and Hnnth in order to et content The former may be made perfectly clear hvrlrawincfl executed as I have sug gested, and the latter by means of blocks. The comparative area of surfaces and the comparative bulk of solids are subjects which used to annoy me, and which for a long time I found difficulty in explaining to my pupils. Tell a reasonably well in formed man that it will require four half inch pipes to carry off as much water as an inch pipe (and if you make 'allowance for friction it will require more), and the chances are he, will not believe you; but start a hole in a block with an inch bit and set him to bore out the circle with a half inch bit, and he will finch a nractical demonstration as he will likely never forget This ia !nai th mode I once took with a class. . Ask a boy how many half inch squares he can cut out of a f and a ruler-and tW & take bim long to produce four. Cyih ex pedients you can n a very short tiqi cause him to know that "similar sur- faces are as the squares of their like ' parts. Again, ask a class of bova howi many inch blocks they can put into a u uu, uu you win ue amazeu ai ine variety of the an swers you will receive, and most likely none of them correct Give . 1 .. a . a. them such a box and a sufficient number of blocks, and see how sur prised they will appear when they aiscover that sixty-four will be re quired. So you will very soon con vince them that ''similar solids are as the cubes of their like parts." I merely, mention these matters to indicate how much may be doie by a little object teaching" judi ciously applied. In concluding this subject let me again urge upon you the importance of drill. Whenever there is anything difficult, drill on it, review it, hammer at it, until you are sure that ever member of your class thorougSlT understands it DrilL drill,, review, review, until there can be nothing dark. This is the only way to achieve success; and in arithmetic particularly, never do for any pupil what he can do for himself; never do so in any branch. Aly next chapter will be on pen manship. Dreams and Their Condition. Dreams are night thoughts, un checked by the judgement and uncon trolled by the wilL It is not true that we do not reason in dreams, that the exercise of the judgement is wholly suspended, and also that the will is entirely powerles or ceases to act These faculties are not altogeth er in abeyance, but they doze while the subordinate powers of the mind those which play the part of pict ure carriers and record fanciers ran sack the treasures of memory and mingle together in the direst confu sion old things and new. Imagina tion is not active, but it remains just enough awake to supply the connec ting links which give seeming con tinuity to those parts of the phan tasmagoria which we chance to re member on recovering perfect self consciousness, and which, being re membered, we call "dreams." o one rememl -rs more than one dream, unless he 1ms aroused from sleep more than once. This experience has led to tho inference that dreams only occur at the mcment or in the act of waking. There are the dreams which take place in the process of returning to consciousness that for example, those instantaneous scenes and spectacles which are suggested by the sound or feeling that rouses the dreamer; but, in result of along and close study of the subject with a "view 'to discover the nature of dreams, and the laws of dreamin for medical purpose, in connection with the treatment of sleeplessnesf, I am persuaded that dreams occur. in the course of sleep ana are wholly forgotten. . That they do not and can not tike place in deen sleep is probable, be cause deep Bleep is general sleep, and when this state prevails thesuuorauv ate faculties are sleeping, and the pic tures and records which compose dreams we must Understand sleep, and it is because the two phenomena have not hitherto been studied t f ether that so little is generally nown about either. HaBttaomeBt in the Drovas. When he bad finished with the cli mate, soil and productions of Idaho, one of the group asked: "How about educational facilities?'' "That's the only thing we lack," replied the old man with a mournful sigh. "We've got schools enough, but we can't keep no teacher." . . "What's the trouble?" "Well, take my school for instanc only two miles from the nearest - A house, eminently situated on top oi a hill and paying the highest Balary. We cant keen a teacher over two weeks." "Do thev die?- "Some do, though it's no place for dying. We had a young fellow from Ohio, and he met a grizzly and whis tled for him. The grizzly cum. We had another, and a widder run him down and married him inside of a month. The third one was lame, and the Injuns overtook him. Then we tried women folks. The tint one tror married the night she lit down there; It took the second one about the middle of the third week, and the next one was abducted by n stage robber." "Why don't you get the ugliest, homeliest woman you can find-some perfect old terror, like that lantern jawed' razor-faced female over by the ticket window 7 "Why dont we ? fctranger, you Eastern folks will never understand us rjioneers in the world never. That's my wife the identical school teacher I married, and she was the handsomest one in the 'drove? fle- troit Free Prat. Miatakew of Lift-. Somebody has condensed the mistakes of life and arrived at the conclusion that there are fourteen of them. Most people would say, if they told the truth, that there was no limit to the mistakes of life; that they were like the drops in the ocean or the sands of the shore in number, but it is well to be accurate. Here. then, are fourteen great mis takes: "It li a great mistake to set tin wonr own standard of right and wrong and judge people accordingly 1 to measure the enjoyment of others hv vonr own t to expect uniformity of oninion in this world : to look for judgment and experience in youth ; to endeavor to moia an aisposiuons alike; not to' yield to immaterial tri fles ; to look for perfection in our own actions; to worry your selves and others with what cannot be reme died : not to alleviate all that needs alleviation as far as lies in our pow er : npt to make allowance for the infirmities of others; to consider avervthinff impossible that we can- tct perform; to believe only what ;r unite mint can gni wet to be able to understand every thing. The greatest of mistakes is to live only for tipe when any mcr men may laujiuu uq mt fm"j- KILL OR CURE. nn aranin l.u ; Viw n elderly man with beetling brows, thin compressed lips, piercinzeray eyes and long bony hands, sat in a si-abbay furnished room in a splen did old bouse, casting up accounts by the light of a single candle. The weather being cold, one of those bas kets for live coals, which are some times appropriately called "kill joys," glimmered in the huge grate. The door of the - room, which open- j ea into the fine oak paneled hall was ajar, and presently a servant girl bearing a light flitted by from the staircase. Her master' called her, saying : "Hi, Jenny ! conie here. What makes you look so scared. Is your mistress worse?" "I'm afraid so, Sir Timothv." , "Eh! what, really bad?" ' "Ye-es." "Going to die?' "She savs so, sir Timothy, and oh! she looks it, too. Oh, sir," cried the girl earnestly, blurting out what was in her soul, "if she were to die without a doctor !" This abnormal possibility shocked Sir Timothy Grabham also, the in valid being in a manner dear to him. It was a verylgeneral notion amongst his neighbors and tenants that the man was incapable of caring for any body ; but that was prejudice ; be did care for his wife, after his own fashion. It was not an enthusiastic attachment, or a deep one ; I do not suppose he loved her as well as a good bargain for example ; but com parisons are odious, lie remained silent for a while looking down, and then muttered : I declared that I would never send for that fellow Ranford again," which was an error on his part ; he had never made that rash obser vation it was Mr. Ranford who vowed he would not come. "Shall Charles go for Dr. Ranfortl, please, Sir Timothy ?" "There is no one else, so I sup pose he must" Jennie vanished in search ot that footman, groom, gardener named Charles, and her master tried to get back to sum, but made a mis take of two pence and a farthing, and relapsed into revery. Sir Timothy Grabham was not a nice man, but if he had remained in different to his wife's condition, he would have been a monster. She had now, for thirty years, devoted herself to the difficult task of pleas ing him ; she had brought him money, and saved him money ; born conomical, she had developed the faculty into extreme meanness to gam hu approbation. ' raseion would have bten out of place at his age and hers, but he esteemed her. After a hard day's work, Dr. Had ford had turned into bel with the snug conviction that he was going to remain undisturbed up to eight o'clock on the following morning, for his last "lady's case" was going on as favorable as if civilization had been unknown, and no fellow creat ure looked to him for introduction into the world for the next fortnight to come. But at half past eleven, his sleep was broken by the night bell, and he had to wrench himself from his warm nook in the feathers, feel for his dressing gown and slip pers, blunder into his dressing room, which looked out on the front of the house, and opened the window. "What is it?" he shouted, shiver ing as the frosty night air blew in upon his face and played about his unprotected legs. "Please, sir, it s me." "Idiot ! your name ?" "Charles from the HalL" "Then Charles from the Hall, you may go bacK again, lor i am not coming." My lady is very ill, sir." Cant help it Tell your master that I won't attend him or his fami ly, and he need send no more messa ges, as I shall muffle the night belL" And with these words the doctor banged down the window. "What are you doing, John?" said a voice from the bed presently. Tvmg a stocking round the clap per of this confounded belL" -What lor T" "To get a good Bleep, in spite of Sir Timothy Grabham." "Whv, he has never sent lor youl" lie has though, the insolent screw; his wile is in. "Well, well, dont tie up the bell, John ; she may be really bad dying, yon know." "Wbat is that to mer "I know they have treated us very badly, a rich man like that to reiu.se to pav for your attendance ; it is un heard of! but other people might want you." "Not likely." "No, but it is just possible. Don't muffle the bell.'1 I need hardly tell the married reader that the doctor got growling into bed, with the bell clapper free to rouse , him out again. In an hour's time the bit of iron availed itself of that liberty, but for some minutes Dr. Radford declined to stir. Consideration of his wife s rest, however, at length induced him to turn out once more, and again go through the processs of refrigeration. "Sir Timothy's messenger again I suppose !" he cried. sio, replied a wen known voice ; I am here myself." "For what purpose, Sir Timothy Grabham, do you come and disturb me, when you know very well that I never intend to enter your doors again?" , "Ay, ay," replied the voice from below ; but this is not a time to bear malice. J tell you that my wife is dangerously ill dying, I believe: and if she dies for want of medical assistance you will be responsible." "Not so, the responsibility will all lie on your own shoulders. I am a poor man working hard for my 1" ing,but no one ever kcew me to ne glect a patient because he could not Say me. Two-thirds of my work is one for nothing, or next to nothing, and those who can afford it ought to take some snare of the burden, mot especially you, the lord of the manor, under whose protection the whole poor are pjaoeq by Providence. In- mA rf tr-lrii.K nn vofnaat tnna me for actual attendance upon yourself WHOLE NO. 1613. and family for upward of a year. "Stay, stay !" cried Sir Timothy ; "you mistake; I never refused to pay you ; I only omitted to do so. You are really wrong to look upon it as a personal matter, because 1 never pay anyone unless I am actu ally obliged. Why did you not bring action ? liut come let us st;e n we cannot do business logemer. Save my wife and I will give you a hundred pounds. There !" "Eh?" said Dr. Radford, rather staggered. "But you know there is no taking your word for anything." "Come down and let me in, and 1 will put the promise down in black and white," said Sir Timothy. "That sounds like business," re plied the Doctor, not altogether sor ry tor an excuse for poing to the aid of a dying woman. iSo he shut the window, put on some clothes and admitted Sir Timothy Grabham, taking him into his consulting room and lighting the gas. "Now, how am I to word it ?" in quired the baronet, taking a pen and arranging a sheet of foolscap before him. "f promise to pay the sum of one hundred pounds to Mr. John Radford, if he cures " "No, no," interrupted the doctor, "it is only quacks who make such bargains as that ; I must have my pay whether lam successful or not." ""Very good surgeon for attend ance upon my wile, kill or cure. Will that do ?" "Yes, that will do, but sign it" "Oh, oh! I forgot How stupid." And Sir Timothy appended his name to the document, and putting on h8 coat and hat, the doctor left the house with his successful visi tor. He found Lady Grabham very ill indeed, quite past human aid in fact; and though he was indefatigable in his attendance, and performed that feat which i popularly called "ex hausting the resources of his art, she sank on the third day. The widower was not inconsolable.. The undertaker took some timber that had lately been felled, in part pav ment of expenses ; and oa the very day of the funeral. Sir Timothy let a farm, the lease ot'which had expir ed, for an increased rent, without having to do as much in the way of repairs as he had anticipated ; so that he was enabled to bear the domestic misfortune like a Spartn n. After a decent lapse of time, Mr. Radford sent in a note referring to the promise which iir Timothy Grabham had made mm and re questing a check for n hundred pounds; and no answer being vouchsafed to this comiuni. a ion, he presently wrote again ia more ur gent language ; but the second letter was ignored as quietly as the first. Then the good doctor got angry, ami meeting his debtor in the course of his rounds, be upbraided him with his conduct, and threatened to take legal proceedings. "Quite right, doctor (juite right," said Sir Timothy. "Force me to pay you and I will do it ; but I nev er part with a farthing except un der compulsion ; it is against my principles ; and I am sorry I can not make any exception in vour fa vor." So Dr. Ranford put the matter in the hands of a lawyer, and in due time the case came. It was a gay day in the little country towp, for the case excited a great deal of curi osity and amusement the poor doc tor, who was a general favorite, had been pitilessly chaffed, though eve rybody hoped for and anticipated his success ; an the court was crowd ed with county magnates. It ad ded to the attraction of the affair that Sir Timothy Grabham, with all his faults had the merit of being consistent ; he could not employ a lawyer, but conducted his own case. Of course the doctor's solcitor was jubilant, and quoted the proverb which avers that the man who so acts has a fool for his client. "Not but what the case is clear enough," he added ; "all the lawyers in Lon don could not get him otf paying up." And indeed it did seem simple. The doctor was put into the witness box, and told his story ; nnd Sir Timothy did not question the cor rectness of it ; on the contrary he openly said that to the best of his remembrance, everything had oc curred exactly as described. "But" he added, "I should like to look at the document which has been al lnded to, and ask tho plaintiff a question or two about it" The memorandum was handed to him and he read it aloud : "I promise to pay the sum of one hundred pounds to Mr. John Rad ford, Burgeon, for attendance upon my wife, kill or cure. Exactly. Well. Dr. Radford, did vou cure her?" "No ; that was impossible." "Did you kill her ?" Stoned to Death Near Fur-tree Mon- - roe. Fortress Monroe, Ya- May 25. A difficulty between two colored men, named Henry Chisman and John Wilson, occurred this evening at Mill Creek, resulting in the death of the former. It appears that they had some dispute over money mat ters a day or two since, and Wilson, who is about twenty years old and a quarrelsome character, had threaten ed, to shoot Chisman. They met this evening and had some words, when Wilson seized a stone and threw it at Chisman, striking hiin in the abdomen. He was taken to his home and expired in half an honr. Chisman was a quiet, inoffensi ve man, and respected by the commu nity. Wilson has been arrested and confined in jail at Hampton. Bright Disease of the Kidneys, Diabetes and other Diseases of the Kidneys and liver, which you are being so much frightened about, Hop Bitters is the only thing that will surely and permanently prevent and cure. 'All other pretended cures only relieve for a time and then make you many times worse. ' The ladies who sometime since were unable to go out, having taken LydiaE. Pinkham's Vegeta ble Compound are quit recovered, and have gone on their way .rejoicing. BCKLLV LETTER. Beklix, Prussia, May 6, 'Si On Saturday the trial trip was made with Siemen's improved e'ec trial apparatus and new carriaser on the tramway from Charlottes burg to the Spardaner Bock, in tbo wu-tern outskirts of Berlin. The f-loctrician has, in this line solved the problem of making the electric car overcome a riinn gradient of one to thirty. For half a mile the line has, on leaving the suburb of Charlottesburg, to ascend a hilL and here the speed was maintained atter to twelve kilometres, or about seven miles an hour. Once on the top of the Spardaner Berg the line is on a level, and hfTj the cars attained a speed of between sixteen and twenty kilometres, or an average of eleven miles an hour. The line, conducted as an ordinary tramway, is distin guished from any other by two thin wire cables, which you perceive at a certain elevation above it, resting on the telegraph poles. On these two isolated cables, which are about nine inches apart a tiny carriage runs, carried by eight weels, those on the right being isolated from those on the left. A thin cable unites this miniature machine with the pas senger car below, an'! the to wires it contains transmi; electricity from the two cables above to the dvnamo, which is fi:;ed to the bottom of the car. On the top of the hill is a small house, where the steam engine is situated, whicli generates the electro motive force. In the first electric railway, pro duced by T)r. Werner Siemens, at the BerUn Industrial Exhibition, in the summer of the year 1871), the current was conveyed into the car by means of the rails and wheels, going from one rail into one set of wheels and out again on the oppo site side from the wheels in the oth er rail. The system is in use on the short line that connects the Roval School of Cadets at Lichterfelde with tho railway terminus. Besides the inconvenience this arrangement offered in the difficulty of keeping up the necessary insulation of the rails, constantly "threatened by mud and dust, this system was particu larly troublesome to the horses, whose hoofs, in crossing the rails, came in contact with the electric current, thus inflicting on the ani mals an unpleasant shock. At the electric exhibition in Paris, Dr. Sie mens conducted the current through tubes, but his new invention of a small contact car, running on two suspended cables and dragged along by the patsenger car, to which it is attached, seems to be a decided im provement, and Berlin electricians assert that the problem of adopting electricity to tramways is now solv ed. The two cars employed to-day were not joined together, but each went separately. In future it is in tended that two cars shall always leave the terminal station at the same time, so as to meet half way, where there is siding. The sta tionary steam engine has to work at the rate of thirty-six hotse power in order to produce the necessary force of about six horse power for each of the two cars when on the level part, and of ten hore power when ascending the hill. I shall not en large on several experiments which were made to test the facility of driving the cars backwards and for wards, and connecting the two cars, but limit myself to mentioning that, after lunch, the invited guests pro ceeded to Wilmersdorf to inspect an electric conveyance which runs on the high road without rails. Proud of His Gook LooKn. Springfield, III., May 2G. The trial of John N. Taylor, for the mur der of John Eichenaur in Mernard county in November, 1S7P, on a change of venue, was commenced in the Sangamon county court to-day. The paticulara of the case are as fol lows : John and Henry Eichenaur, brothera. and John N. "Taylor were at a country gathering occasioned by a traveling 8how. One of the at tractions was to present articles to be voted to the most popular man. It was proposed to vote a cane to the ugliest man present Jonn N. Taylor was elected, only one vote being cast John Eichenaur cast it. Taylor became offended. lie had a long prided himself upon his good looks. On Saturday, November 215, 1.879, John N. Talyo- knd his broth er Robert went into the field where John Eichenaur and his brother Henry were gathering corn. John Taylor drew a knife and cut Henry Eichenaur so seyerely that for a time his life was despaired of. Having, as he thought disposed of Henry, he next turned his attention to John Eichenaur, who was endeav oring to detach a singletree from a wagon in order to defend himself from the assault when Robert Tay lor succeeded in getting hold of the victim, whom he firmly held while his brother John plunged his knife into the poor fellow, from the effects of which be died the same night For a year or more Taylor wits at large, and finally came home and gave himself up, when he was indict ed for murder. Pion Frandx. An old woman named Margaret Bethel, her husband John, and her daughter Louisa have been impos ing on the credulity of the church going people of Philadelphia for the iiist twenty years. They visited and attended many churches, semed to be very pious and very poor, and thus secured many gifts of money, food and clothing, selling the latter and putting everything they could get into the bank. They represent ed themselves respectively as Cath olics, Methodists, Presbyterians, Episcopalians, and it is hard to tell what else, and preyed upon hun dred of churches. A year or so ago the old man died ; and lately "good old Margaret" followed him. She had purchased a 300 marble vault and was buried in a $200 casket ; and now the daughter affects to be an heiress, and is spending the ill gotten wealth lavishly in carriage hire, ten dollar dinners and fine fur niture. She paid 6o0 for a Bet of parlor furniture, $300 for silk cur tains, and other things in propor tion. It is well enough for people to be charitable, but there ought to be some way of discovering wheth er people who claim charity are de- gervin? When yon have an inflamed eye, a swelled hand, or decayed and nr.hini? tooth, vou do not take and fill your stoamch with drugs to cure it, but apply a cooling lotion or some directly to thenarta. OWVIIJai Mwaeaeaw aawoT So if you have a weak of lame back, sore kidneys, profuse or scanty urine, or the secretory system is clogged and inactive, vou should use Prof. Guil mette's French Kidney Pad, which is a 'directly local application, which always give speedy relief and al ways" cures the disease. Ask your druggist for it