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rrm i tty !t it yd n ny tee
ds tb wtara." lUt fft l !I ihey y a is " fU swt frvta iht necessity ef li"C duties. Yhl wcr lie oitree aeder whieU A ipiHf? T fir" nd get rtt f 'l waw S general canvieuoa 4 ikt necessity mi tpiieg souse measure U)tsiat,I.I quiet inutmeni i aj ta:i. Senator en all i!a of the Cbabber. V4 rio schemes t- seid it were proposed here, Tht Senator from S.mii!i Cw reliaa eggf:.' a miix la th arte Sui; tU Senator fr-toa M'na.ri nggea. led f radtiviion. and, 1 believe. ultimate tfiiwa, O bi Snf 1 prpoed other p!aa (Jan aahirh tWked not in reve ui, bt la a tWI disposition of ihe ei til question. Nme f the doca'et of these ttiion tcueraea urged their own plan, or d-ratt4 the general question, priaeipally with ar view u revenue. 0 th eonttary, iht Cumipiitet ought lo resse ! be sou-ce ol eenue, mil pointed 10 tli rotra ts oar wee ro ta wM t Vit ts ry ! S e;l i hy tVt Ctmmt. ir if it 3etct Htelf, m4 th't f I new way wot 1 'ja bt laft'd ewcecsed. N ea po-tiaiy b mart wiuig U X thai! b revetvt warit-etiea. The soctaVeis sd the Pmcraut part are opr p "ocal l peuWuou for it!'; lhe are ;iMd h A met acta systew, thty a- git iht eacoairajeiaeei ol the pco- eartiTt laJre'ey if out own country, avp-ed totba industry ef the Dcro vr-y, and i a hoe system ia aajr fovea; id art 4 favor. e( a fjtvia e;$ea, and ih teircaeat ol frei ! try -Ire tHa eprnoae aod delrt 41 i Tie .It." U im ife auwrneM 1 aaiatalea. I repeat thai I bp I ahall to prawpt'f cotrrcted. I ta it fra Crt before ear tees Tht f at Ajmea ftli lanff pletrea liKnterle iron the Itta of fevM)raia; art bad ber D!d tain; art bd iht lamented rodd; wt bad htt Forward, and a beat of other adre . cttet. all Uom the KrjatDe State. Wbee arc mtm tht toiret a Lirh oor e reenoetSed aaitliia tbett vail and of those nf the Olhr igtUtta Halt fron tit Deanrraut any ia favor ol Uiia emiaeatl Ave rieaa vJifj? All. all eilent at ibt frTt. Not vbice (Mr. C. looting at Ur, Bucba aa) ia bow lo be beard Iwa Dmerati IVnntyleaaia ia either IIae. . On the ronlrar r, U ia the pridt and bast of tht DQoeraut put that they art ajaiatl iht ajrtteaa bie'i voaldfMierandenro ago borne iodarUy. Look al iht lan fO'f and tht maa of a'l their oraai; lok at the reeluiioat aJopted and th tnaau fiaea ot their public meeting; all Uon jly appAMd la protection; all repudiating tht Aaeriria eyctea; all etjing ot fur iiaet Iaioh!t fret trdr; all earing rot boar aa-h tuaaalne f.irergi inlutrj. pro oided are do nothing fur that of our own people. The Uenttra'tcSroiior in Ihia j branch of tht Lgiiaare, if I bart Ml otierone.'irrd the.a. aaaniatotidy avow tht ame remiraenii. . Who'eNe are oppiwil to it. Tht Whig antrnSrrt of the S iuih and Sju'Ji ret'; oppoad to it, at they air, and I hive a 1 d uhi sincerely belieee-, from eon victitn and am priaciple; oppottd, at I moat reepectfulty think, from prejudice and ia ronceptioa. Here, then, we baet lo to iirt ctaaaea of poluicima utterly onpteed to all enrouragement of oar own doinettie indue irjr by aiy direct prnire i n againt f.we'gi legtrlauon. . Tneet claaaea both agreeing ia thie, hnatvt r they may differ oa other poiate or naitanal p-iKf , eont pott to large a ji'ity aa ti render il inpoaeiblr were it deeirabie, (which I think it it u U) la ptai a high proterttrt laribT. fJMr. Buchanan, (speaking acroia ) Tiiea f nw bae changed your opinion Mr, Clay. I hat not changed my opuMua ! I em "U fr protection. Suck at eaa be obwined under all ac;oal cirraattaneea. . Happily, however, for tht eenntry, there ia a eontnon trounJ on which wt nay ALL ttand. Yea, all .11. whether Wbiga or Locoe I hip ihey willmaai feet a jual ml lo be called Detnoerata a rfii ground wt may all unite. All: t.e UU etltS. and rM i "- ed be tre!Y. A t we'; bt i i t-e ceded ta Ji tht irH f ff l e grratrr faitul !. prwccrOa M the Tretaarj; abd aa U he her. I'a CjntilatM eonuiaa a l-r- v f taa brttad cimmijU ap!y ee the !wle rroobd.bth ol he rt drd and lit !da ari red by the treUtt td" 1MiiaiaaiA: Il riJa. What l ita lBtT 1'w !i!re h!l bate ptwer It iho oet!k f the nt.UliC Uala. I a lhi ! d wi.Vt all 'eJiml ro'ea an4 pi".r.l of tiew it wae reeomendd by !reftilati'B, repnt(g the termy or General iarkaia bifflU.-ad the oece-oler pto.eny Imiu( m the Uited iiy wraa rec;nicd and mied by eery jbta ea. l toy grant a-l per M ainrt rlear, eiIiri, 84 free from all nailifiraHoa or t ea rriicn? Tht olwtlt fuTl f th grol ia eoisfioed M the I but abattUi and aneuaro!W d cteuoa of Cungrca. Bat ihtrSaoame frraX.t!aptLire ell ui that " dipoe ol me aa M.ly U" eel!; ht-t tbia it not the true and let al free, o tht nBimlr ftrsamg f tht term J ed. T dsijMwe of a tl irg. in law and rraaon.oita'ta to aliena'e.br pail from. git aay. - Yee,tgita away. Tht word iipot ol were probLly Iran 1 Itn'cd frnn I lit deda f ceaeioa into iht rb:ic I. "tde, as uiarb as ten rears ago. 1 1 .'oattiioiinn. Thus i!.t fiooa .Virginia espresils declared that the public d.noaii dnUre. af-er grmifl( liie lam'a fue tlie heniCt o tht aeaeral St tier, thai ther ahll be fmhfiilly andbtaa CJeu'to lunee fie that end iha eery euawwe'r- f-ie ih t porp-iw, and fr ni ether to whirh wt aow propoae 10 resort. Tht discosaian of theet pr.-jectt f.ir a final d a poaal of the Ian Ji greatly ated tht pub lic mind, and ihrrt wet a g'jwal nneaai nest on the subject both In and tut of Con grata. It was aader 1'ieie rirciiini3ncea that I prnp-tartl the t!itribulion of the pro ceeds of iho publm dnoin amns alias States. Tbia mxle ol diapuaii.g f iht subject wit rt-cnimc nded by ita cqi!-iy aad e(jiny. by ur duty lo posterity, and be the benefit it would confer upon nil tht States. Two qneMinne present theai eltea in considering iht pln. 1st. Tht oiestions rf poter; aud 21. Tht question of espedtency. . An I. first, aa to the qtet.on of power I sbU nut hero go ner t it g mui-d which was so weil occupied by the Senator froo Indiana al 1I10 head of the Land Cora muter, (Mr. S nidi ) 11 emuinrd the weight of authontr which I was asto airltcd Sinitrtrs on the other 1 ids did not bow t and arknoalede. His prnafa : were drawn from errry q-Mrter; frum Ge neral Jickson. the admitted head of their own party froni repeated ana of Con gree h a word, fr nn every sort of dn curnentary pr-iof ratiuttted tofarry eon- ricdoii lo tit Im win mind. I elull m- argnt the qnestioi over again on thai groun I. N r that! I r 1 al Urge in o tht conaiitutlmil view uf the surject; but ahall aiy ot.ly a word on the terms oi tht derdi of cosaion in the United Slates These ce-siona were mna an ler the old Cobfedrration, nrlien the tereral S a'es crt required Mcont-ihu e iVir respre lift qtiits t tht general expenditure, And what was the Itneuage emidoyed bv Virginia, in ber deed of ceinn, whinli led tht my to all the rest? Thi the ceded land ahall bo considered as common (find, fur the use end beif-fit of agree that tht Government moat hare lhe!cA of the United St I'ciaa have become necessary supplies fur the pub'in service; that tho ways and meant must beprnvid ed; and il inUying tbo duties secesairy to effect this end prmeetioa ean inciden tally b given, 1 hape there is not a man on etther aide i-f the Chamber who wi'.l he opposed It thai. I hope that the ha irablt Sena:or from Pennsylvania (Mr. Cuehanan) will g j as fir aa a general da ty of ihicy pr cent, if it ebiuld be found necessary to an economical administration f tht Ueernmeiit,nr eeen if, by enntin ning tea an J coffee free of du'y, it may he roine necessary, a l.r as thtrte-three and a third per cent. I truat ihtrt will nodi- erity of opinion, bat that wt ahall all b fiaiad ready to go for thai rats of duty which may bt requisite to meet the rea tooable wants id the (overnment. Tnera it one other topie which I rice re 10 nflVr a few thoughts before I re suae oy teat. 1 mean the land quee liin- I hart heretofore argued that qnei'ion ao elaborately, aa well in two official re pvclt aa in variua speeches, particularly in one delivered at the last winter's sea , eioa, thjl I shall restrict myself on the present occasion to ttating- what may litre beta my leading motive in adtrncal i'g tlt paataftof what ha been genrr.l ly termed the Und bill. 1 regret that this ha keeonie nereteary. (eirtl-men have sp.'kn of the public laada as if ihey had gone fnen os -as hav ing parsed wlio'lf out of oar poetion: an I ihey hat talked a if the return of these lands into the possession of ihe Ue nerj G tvernment would aoperse !e en- or shall become mem&e-s nl the Confede ration or Federal Alliance uf the said states Virginia incutive. according to tht-i usual respective projiortinns in tne gene ral charge and ex, en lnur-; uJ shall be faithfully an I bom fi le tipned of f.ir mat pursue, an j for no vth: r use or pur put wnatevcr. We eotitrnd-d that this Imj'Uffe look ed ti temitly 1 1 a eeparaie and dutiuri beneht of etch tirthe b'ater, rnetsuredbt the eltargo to which it was Itib'e in thr general expend mr. At the period o the gran', umler the old article of I Vnfe deration, e tch Sum was luMa to be call ed upon by reqnii'iin for ii'qioia ot the neeesaary charge or expenditure ol th General (J vernm n; and the degree of oenelil 10 which it wua t be er.tt led, bv f . n aerme ot t:ie grin', was (lie amo nit uf that qtnta. Tut S, n tr from New York (Mr. Wright) speaks abo itareer aion to l'ie ceding Sutes a'tr the pur poiet of the grant shall bs exhms ed: but thai ie nut i!t ianguigo of tde deed of eesenn: it gues ilie laud to the Elites for the benclit of each according to the quota of each in the general ch trge an I expen diture. J at duration tif the grant is tli'refote co exienie with the e u.tinu anct of the Lonfeil 'rarr or onion of the State. And the oulr qneilinn t.. in what mode ahall ihe several Siates enjoy the benefit of the grant. a c irdiog to its true spirit and msanins; WhiUl the Confe deracy exiate I there was no d (Tnulty in apporiinning t'e proceed of the lands among tits aeeral Sut. An acconm was raised nitli each Sttte. in which he waa debited with lier q i tta olthe ecneral Urclr ihe oeeesaiiy f.r laying near du-' iies. They tell us that the proceeds of j charge, an I credited with her shr ol he public dnmiin are three millions off the proceeJsof ihenuMic ianlt. Iftlire " . -r a 4iol!ara annuallr. Thie assertion tliev tn ike directly in the face of the experience of both ibis year and t ye jr. The Se nator from South Carolina puis the smiuni svWhree and a baif millions. Suppose it wacirue. that woulJ nut lelicve us frum ihe necessity of imposing additional da- ties. I iKe an I a haW millions will not he enough to relieve tht treasury nd cir rv on tht Uoatrnmeat by eight or ten Wiltons. It it the rHuraa from the I)? jiariment show that io tht fast I'sree nomh iht lands have podueed but iwo litindrei thousand dollar; and assuming this a ibe biala of calculation, the wliul huiouui f jt the year will not txfi 9 mllio. JJut where it tUalaal fund? It has not f,iie frim u: 11 is ia the course of cm j went br the Ueasoryi fur the Senator J' mKew ilapipahire, when at the bead 1 t'ut rreanry, as I hart already said, aii4u4 be mIb e 1 whttever he mid rea-h, trust fuada and alt. f laugh. I Tina had been no general chirge lor the Gene ral Goveriment, thru 'each Sine would bare had the aeparate eij lymcnt tf its respective share in the pweed of the land. JJut after, the sdop ion nf the Fe deral Constitutidii ihe power of tMjtio 1 was conceded l the General Givern men. Ii i n loneer tible 10 aaucr- lain what is the chire un each State for the public expenditure, and ought In be her corresponding benefit from the pub lie ilo-naid. S 1 far (mm the klmrihution taw being a violation of the ter ns uf the deed rf cession, I iniimain (and I chal lenge reflation) that, during every dir since the preaout Cumulation was elab lialieJ. or at all eeen:s since the paymeii of ihe war debt of the liern.nion fir which the pubjiC lands were pledged vn coni plcled. you, br co.i'iuuin; to hold the proceeds of the la id. ha "yo-irselve been ioUtiiia4lie cji ril of the deeds of cession. , H it it is roitendiid that if (!iis argu ut or purp art aihatever; manifestly in- t'n li' g 4 employ the words disposed of in iht comprehensive and uniestiiucd sense foe whirb I R-tw enatead. That Ihe gentlemen theme Wes on the other aide so under'tKd three trrs, is demonslrat ed bv their own pn-i-cis to rede the lands. And what ba hen tht piactiee of tht go-1 vernmen1! llaa ! nut gien the I mdsauay by hundreds of thousands of arres lo eery aarieiy of ljetif f purposes of plulan thropy. purMes of education, purposes t-f imerual iprnvmrnli And 11 eat not bs denied thai if we have power to die pie of the thing itself, we have power in dipoc of the proceeds siismg from it It is a great and aaered Host in our html; and, instead of po ling it out of our bands, and ceding away an I disputing ol the public domain among the new ziater, my plan is lo main 11 in our hands and 10 dis tribute its r r icreite at they accrue among all the States, equally and juatlr. - ll.it it it said that if ibis is the just in tcrpreia'iou f ihe prrase dipoe of," ilienOoojress hit pwcr i diped the ships and arsenate and all other publ e proiierty wf the Uml' d States. Aud so t ha. Bui d. not gMtiVinen pemic ihallhie it an argnmnt ft out the ahuv agdnsi the use of a thing! Yoo have poaer li make war; and il inighl aa well be argued againai tlteexiteiiceof this pn w er fiat Congress may mke war ihiui juslctute.oi withuutany cause. Would the law be void because the war was un just or without camel All the great powers inirttrt-d t ts by tht Cunftttit tion a't w'uhuul limitation :hry may all bt kboaed "he war power, the taxing iiovvir. tht treaty power; and it might at a ell be argued that we pies nne ol these becaue we may a' ue them, as thai e-tnnot di!pose of ihe puhlie laud, because, if we ran, we may dispose ot the s'i'pi anl areends and nimutions of Uere I tlrnk I tnty leave the geneal irgument, at here we always have left it. viz. on the term employed in Ihe ded f resion. and ihe power given by Hie Constitution in t'onerc ? "di'p s f the tcrrito'y of ihe United Si n. a." ' then, as lo the questim of expelien cv. It is taid alt it tin ia but levying laxet for the purpnte of disiributing t'iem among Ihe State. 1 deny it. We levy no taxes to earrv in t infect ihe ditiibu ion proposed by the Und b !l. We do hu comply with an tdihgat'on incident ally devolving on ns from a high duly imposed by the Const tutioo and by the hs of the ceding States. e ly du ne nut fur the purp we of t!iributi 111. but to supply tliC wants of the Treasury. Cut il is said if you had not pined With the avails of the public land-, you might hae dispensed ith the raising of so much a Id tional revenue. And so il may be s a d of all other a?is and appropriations of Congress. If you made no appropri ions at ail, you would want no revenue ; ihe argument ia of no more force against this than ogainst ay other artnf Coiigre Inch require the living of duties to earrv ituio eff. Ct. Hut have we not all t mean the fr eid of die land hilt proested egvnt ihe power ofraitiiig r a!etseettU to H eJ b da tea oat f-re go iw.p-r. I ,va wU be. w LttUr u r x,fca r.dret g a reteak fva a de lX r fioaa lh reattwa be rheapra f Tle e peoeea of etdlectiag a revenue from a alt rect tax, I -TP so less lhaa lOper retii; fioc'oeereb?o 5 per cent. Ttee wo!J te iUrfe a rlear tavieg of na Ies than i r real. Bu, ia fart, the whole per eu wo. Id be saved. Ft-r oi one dollar w dt te ad ded wt tJtt roit f eo!Wtioa f the addu a- dmiet iasptteJ tw aefply lU amott withdraw a bf the t!tt tUtw lu.e uao fuad. All t! aaaebitevy of the custom hoMt exisia and ia to fuU eperai-n. wbedter these addi ol duties art laid or not. Aad it ia just a easy and rhetp 10 collect a duty sl 33 r more pet a aa one sf 27 er 231 fr in Distributioa retcues the public dmia from the tutal !?n with hich it wta ibrea'cned by the various wild and squan dering prt jeeie annually presented to dis poe ol and preset vet it ae an in valu able resource for tbe present generation and a precious inheritance for poateii'y. The partisans of all those projets, how ever divided nng themttre. combine againat t!i'iibuiion. Tleir virtuoue la dignat'on is aroued by lhecntenii lii'n of a fair, equal and jttditubetioaang 7 it &alet; and wt. who favor each a distribution, are charged with bribery, with plunder, with rothe! charged by Senat-tra, mnrh more liable lobe retorted upon by ihort impoutii n, who art in far of extrsvagaot scheaies, alike un- ju-l to iht old Stales, and in the end de-ri- men'al to the mew. suddetily there lias sprung up among tlee Senators a new boru teal fur the revenue derivable frm the public I wide. The revcaut ! when some of them told us len years ago that the public lands ought to cese 10 bt a source of revenue, and pointed exclusive ly t tht custom house as the legitimate source; and u ben all of them, by their re spective schemes, would, in a tin! peri od, cut off all revenue whatever (rum iht puhlie lauds. We are met, at eveey turo and corner, by the Senators with a demand lor the ietotaiion of the proceeds of ihe public lands. Tney oppost loan bills, t'uiy bids, every scheme of finance, and would atop llio oho! marliinrrr of finat rnnirnt. ha-I eiuse a majority in th two Houses ofila hirh I reprwentetl as a sharplj. Concrete ditfer in opinion from them as .... .t.-r- ertfe',fe. !f-f '"'lin f3 -IT !-."' ft sr.y t,;!j. aiX. 'V . to o .ru'w bt fr .f a-te ,,oreny. Tie ,rt , ,f, ss w.rtpeceJ. ht ! ',r( fry jt ,, t!1J luuch ear, . r., t ... lf., TLrewcrc.i.t.hes rret ' .j-j' . A IT-. ...aaLal at W parnea-Urs. iHm letter sa?s: "0t la i,m kiUed. oat ulea prieanecaadnaurl. UhnI hlie; thetebt in cai ng ihcts oSi!rd. ArotlMr leilr sss; -l. WsHih uas wub tie nooia tn terete. Sreeanl Coorer. of J V'H' !(Cepuit Ket oapty ) ' f U Idier. uere li'.M. '' 0,1 wouudrd. Hal erk h reurea ei r a o.ii.-.k. will doulUtsa seertte bisjsrlf. if possible, about the S . J ''. j The whole furce w in fu.-suu fa.t at 11 eaa moe tbrot gh ham.ek tni iisg'ed viae. .VuWtVew. $aa 1-lt -Df ilit stesoaer .Vrrtrrn. Captain Me Nuh'r. aiied yesterday momirg ! IMaika, ue bare tht impoitant tattUt genet tl at llallerk Tustenugge bat come ia rnee more, in on-'er 10 bait an inter view wib C.'Iontl Worth. This t.k place in a few hoort after ihe late battle in ihenei-hboihondcfOrklauaha. llt;war riora suffend eemely in that engage sarn. and lit now proposes lo urieadcr. lit Las sgaia gent eut to btirj b a pet I It Insome amy er seventy, including at less! twenty wan'mrs. Culoml Worth bas given him the assurance thai Lethal! btmaJe a Cbitf, which, t"gedier aai h some otHer in 'ucrmentsVld out to him, leave no roum to d.Mibi that he is sincere, la abort, he has been hotly ruraurd for months put by our indifattgablt uoops. and is reduced in ex'retiity. Thtsorrinderof llal:k virtuaHy fi nishes war. Sara Junes and ihe Prophet are still al the touh, but ihey hue not been near the teidemmte or commit ed murders for a lung Ue. -They pretend to observe Gen. Maeumb'e treaty. !!! leek hat sent a messenger lo them, and there is every reavon 10 telieve tl.at tht war is at an end. ' Wt j ek on iht at ihruiiy of intelligent t fli.-ers who rave in the Nearbern, ho hate bet n lorrrars campaigning it io Flurila, uhen t slate thai iht next arrival will tnng ae ibe gratifying inUlligence il-al the war ia eon eluded. . One ofihe officer uhom wt cnurrsed wiib was in thr lata knutih ui h Hal lo ihe disposal t-f the prMeeds vf the public lands. They cry alond, in the highest toucs uf pl.iutiie and impluring eluqe1.ee, give us back the ItttJ. . Keally, Mr. Pi evident, their condition recall 10 recollection the degraded esse of the dishonored widow, uhu held a ti tle Id a rcnaiii description if copy-bold a a'e in Cnglmd, and had f.ufriu-d her right by luueonduc. To obtain ihe re storation of her lands she bad to ap pear in open court, mounted on a blark ,1801, and to present an humble petition. coucueil in term which I will not ecily recite, ihey should offend ihe dtliea'e contetted affair. Capuin C tea's c m piny, which waa mnt uarmly engaged, had been in but purau-t ecr sicca the 4th of March. Ila'Urk bad disposed , bia roope priftctly for the eumSai, aid sit ed till the attacking party Lad extended in light-infantry order, and advanced to within fifty yards. He re reated three different limes, in good order, frun ham muck lo btmunotk. . ItrpuHUati THE NOItTUEASrEUN BOUNDARY. The Purdand (Me.) Mirror, speaking of the otrrtures ol 1trd Ashburton, fur the adjustment of this dirpule, sat s: IJtppily, the temper of our comma seb,l,iy of gr.ve Senator, b-.t ul which " n;vpr tn l,9't,, ,"lt lhnn M k. r. n .1:1.. 1....- .-i'T'"'" hi ltten lo propovalu, or to ac- gentle expurgation, kindly furuiahedby a friend near m : Here I am hiiliig on a black ram, tteik wiiman that I am; Andln p te of wjrlJ'y aham, I bave iitay'J Itus k:J giiue So pray. Mr. Sl a'd. Let mt hat my ImnJ ajata (lirval laughter.) Now, sir, although I should ton wish to aee such tWant cavalier as the two Srnitors from New Yoik ami New Haiup shire (JIcsr. Wrght on I Wondhury) appearing al the doue of the IScnt e Chamber so ill and en ungracefully mount ed as ihey would be up m enli an ani mal, lm J bursta of latiglrer.j may I 1101 eerioutdy and soberly insist mat, before wo repeal the distribution us end let them have their tun l agnin, il.ey ought lo gte the nMnnqiei:niub'e gtKianues that there wit all be no revival ul ilmse wasteful schemes by whch it until I be lost forrvr frum us and ou heirs! Me. President. I hae ni siren;th, nor will I consume yur time, to ricspituUte.i But I will conclude br making an earn eaiaiid anxious appeal lo S uxors, on'! sides of the tJiviibrr, to unite, by ad ttpting tlieae resolui ns or by so ne tidier prai tic.il dn, in up, lr mg ih in lispeni aMe tina'icr.l wauia .f ihe G iiern iieiit. Flte vauti u the 'I na-ury are eiupty, quiesce in any decision which will not comproiuit the honor ol the btate and the Nation. If it it iht dcsirt td il.t lo coun ties toconl nue in peace uiih rach other, it i obvious thai a cnmprnnii-o. or exchange of territory, to some extent, in fixing ihe boundary, ill bt ler fat or a paciliii policy, than ng illy ailhei.ng to ihe lute fixed in the treaty of 1783. Thai angle i f our State which extends almust lutheSu I.tuience, an l cune an near bisecting the Bniih territory ihisside the river, would be a great convenience 10 ihem; and an equivalent for it on thie side the St. John would, at the tame time, be of inure value 10 us especially if it included ihe right Ij niigie the ri ver to St John'e ri y. The alius ione to thi matter in the political papera in t'ie Stale, rf all par ties, bave uf fate beiii reimrkahlr cooei- iniHj. mere sreas to be a uneies of viawa and feelm z altogether uuu;i. and pre-eminently anirioii. Patriotism ' ft l . 1 i;8 creuii dishonored, t'ie 1 tle enaaoe venue fur ilin purpoxe of distribution: I. . , . .... hae ever mttnttiiicil that no suc'i pov nen'8 violated Who br uis'il the Ri?piih- l.ao al..- .1... I . . 'I" a. er is stven br tliu UunttiMftuii. I he! " an i pjn?i' niij aim uinr party .1 ... j.v " ;in 111 11 1 public lai.ds stand on speci .1 parate ground ground fixed and bv .. .... I : . .1 1.1 deed. .f cession a...l terms of .he Uonaij. " ' ' ' ' , OJ "P,r ",:""re,"'' im errry avaiuuie means, stiCK in Ihe late ! Hank uf ihe IVned States and all. wh eh tuey cool I command; by the debt which ihey devolved on their auccestor; and Jjod fucd iLca bu out passed ay: it tsj remt be eer so eu'jnd, it apttet oq)j to itiun relating t t'leo. Tho power granted iti ihu C tiitirution begins an l ends with the public lands. Hit it is said that d'S rih'ition is un wise, beCatisa it require much moie revenue lo be raised, u it row 1 t'ie ftct! What he we d me with the pub lie landi-f - Thru wo them a wai t D nut the proceed go !" ihe ue of tlit I'coplo f the United State! Wilt they nut be dib.ired bv the never d Sli'e fir t':etri benefuf Will the Sue not make a! wise, in all pro-iabilny a bet er. ue f 1 It I'm than the Geucrtl Government? 1) t they not so fr relieve ihe Peoplr! And doe not every dollar any State receive fnm the public domain relieve that Siite from the neeesiiy of iuipoin adrcct' I ix It the a-nouiil of lint d illai? It has been arg ied by the gentleman from ():no and other gentlemen that the distribution, by letding tt the neeity of new duties on imports, oeaai n grea'er char-s in ihe collection of revenue. Bui lei u sue ho 41 ihti ini't-r auod. If the Sit'es re ceive their diatribu ie shtie, ihey are relieved to that e:eu from tlirecl laxa bu; fij in that fxieat let ui auppn-e and huiaamty have once more nsrn sbovr party and tectional, interest, and l -ng may incy reign in the aaceudaut. It this Iispute eotdd be fmly and hunorablv ad. juoted, a setdement of the others would more easily be .ffmed. Tne belrf is gainiPg strength that the mission of Lord A-hburton it made in good faith, and tha thirei a sincere desire on ihn ps.il of Ihe JJiitiah M ni-trv to cultitaie peace with our country. If so, lei.tlo ir oer tures be met in a kind spin, and wilt a magnanimous regard 10 the interest ol Hireling hunnniiv. 1 1 t!.e claim of c"i lizttiuti and uur cuni.non Cliriatiamty. aaaaawaaasaawaaHaw X FROM RHODE ISLAND. We learn by an extra from thoniTW nf me rrovidcnce Jotirnal, dulcd Tuowlav " FROM KHODC ISLAND. Tle aveounU lat puth!tl by Kg rcjw heJ cp to to oVlurk X Tuedar, at a hkh tiine t!:e Soffjvre II-r f Kcp. rrcn!aiitc.aficr hat ir g elccud iu J?f rk er aud Clerks, had t-lca a rrrea ui a! low a rtimmit'.re lo go throiigh ihe cere mony f rounting ihe votca ihrou a by their o1 party fJr Srnatora tud rClctr, ofile Sute Govrninienu aa they dcrire it to he eaUb!iLcd under their new Ceo etiiaiioa. " : . ' , )n re-aer cmhl ir in t?e aficrnm n, botli Ilousrt of the illegitimate AsscmUy were organized, and Mr. Drr. Uieir candltla'r, having been duly installed as Governor, read hie own message to the ArscmUy, which it mtainly a d-ument f ample length. AVe slall say nothing at pra'tent of tlie nature of iu doct iocs, w hirh might, however, he readily infernal fwm what Has a!eady transpired of tho ronvcnicitu of the party with which ita nuihor is as rociatctl. - . , When the retding of the? mcassge h4 been ronrludrnl, a scries of rrsclutiotM were adopted, lo lite effect that the Presi dent of the I'nitcd Statee, Um two Ilottsca of Congresa, ami the Jegiflaturcs of the several Sutcs, be rotifirtl by the Goicr nor ef the organization cf the Govern ment. An act was then pasted repralipg the law for the punishment of effencca againat the ioven igm power of the tate, which was passed by ihe legal Assembly to it late extra eestion. A resolution waa r.rxt passed requesting ihe Governor to issue Lis proclamation rrquiiing of cU vil ami miliury ofTicers and oihria obctli. ence to the present Government; and r.n otfcer directing the therifT of Provide nre county to prepare tlie State House for tho use of the General Assembly; after which both houses adjourned to tneet at tine a a a 0 nock on ute loiiowmg ruoming. Late a. Ry last night mail we bave later rews, lo W'cdneaday night. All re mained quiet, ;nd botli GovcrumcuU were in operation. The lawful gavernmet!, met al Newport Vs1nawf . mnt taflsi irnniviut tM'aitt. w -a m ww waw vioaiiat ui uiiii the usual form and rercmcny. After the organization waa completed the two houses separated, and a resolution was of fered in tho House tnakiog a requisition upon the President for his interference hy proriainaunn, or oinrrwiso 11 necessary, which finally pasml both I louses in the Senate unanimously, ard in Ute House by 53 lo 6. They then adjourned until the next morning. Daniel Ilrown, one of liie Representa tive in the Suffrage Assembly from New port, had hern arrested on the charge of treason, ami admitted o bail in the turn oft 10,000. Another r.izamy Cats Tht Mthon Chronic' of April 29. h, saya thai a mart nam'ii Edward A. Callahan baa been ar rested al 'oxboiugh, in Person county, charged with Digamy. Th Chronicle Hates thai the accused married his first wife ui Granvil'e county, and she died. He weal to Pitta) Uania county, Viigmia, where bt married again. Christinas before las. He ahused bit wife lo such degree that ahe had him arrested on a peace war rant, when liegave bail: rsmeovirto Rox bor, and alter pursuing bis orrupttiun that uf a tailor for a while, courted and mtirird a Mi Jrffiiet. II ia now iu jail, aw ailing the reward of hit vdltny . I'.ll.k. .. .1 qn. 1 ... .- .tiw, tm aiiiiu' u j cars fi air, n quits genteel appearance; and it ia a oil that he wae present at Knrkiiighatn court when the n ttorit-ua Roliog was tried and Con victed of ihe like offence: and thai he sate the toiHmenceiifnt nl bit severe train of punishment. He will probable learn somethti'g by tjcjerimre. if be eouhl not by oh-erra ion He knows how at cA ar to be punihed for bigamt; and he it 111 a lair way now lo fird out bow Wftth. ilretnborovh Put. by their told neglect to provide a revenue j a,im0!r two clock, th;tt the organi- atiihiii ihe jetr to m et the rurreoi cx i ju,u" w mifage (.spurious) As-cm-peuaei of the year. Aie ihe Semi ors on "' tm? P,ac3 011 "lDrniitir according ihe other ide not bouml. a men of honor, I lo pwviom arrangemrnt. Tho proc.-s to come forward and unite wuh us in re-l 51.0" ,v83,s '18 Journal) was formed at tlie tnering ihe errors oi pa-t ailiniuintra'ioii,! !-Vu '',aV(,'"n proceedml over the and 111 lifting t'ie Government out uf iu; " r,i,5 J''"Ug.t Alain and Bcnru fctrcet, pieeiu degrat!i;d condition! j uac' an unfinished builJinj on t!ie But if no coinpuoctious visninc of ; consnci.ee, ou narsunal contidcrati n. will prompt them in cu-operate wilt us, lei me ai'jure them, ts countrymen, a brethren, painots, at least, 10 unite on this occasion an l fur tins purpose, bean an l band, wuh u'. LITE FROM FLORIDA. Sivannali, May I The steamer Charhtton, Captain Rai den, ariived on Saturday from IMaika, hut from noun eause we did not receive any Ii ttr Iro n ur reuUr eorrunp m dcou. Fioni aeteral private luttfra, ihe perusal of whiuli we bars been (s.ored uorrance street lot, intended for a furnaca and fu;tn;lry. ft numbered oae thousand bix hundred aad thirty persons, of whom Tour hundred and sixty-seven had gnus and one hundred and twenty-seven swords: fifty-four wcra on ho.Wback, but were not ann?;l.' Wrdcoma R. S.tyls was elected speak er of ihn House of Representative, who, after taking ilia chair, adminisitereJ the prccrthed oath to himself and tha other mouthers elect who wero in nitcnthn.-e. n:itiijsri-.ij in all mty-six, anj leavin-v fpyer.il towns iiuTepreaentcd. T.ia Hxtra of the Jn.irnal ayn: Eve V t!i;i Iih jrons off quietly Ot is fir. 5 Jj T ,s'ii'Ja has bsoa itiauified to taUe MCXICO AND TEXAS. We h.vt evrr had onf douhu whether Gi n Arista had ainhoriiy r order firant Govarnmcnt for his marauding excursion to San Antiu.i. Our impreesion has been, that he undrrionk iht rnu rprise up on In own hook, through a spirit of bra vtl'. and in the tain l.opo of acquiring ilisiiurtion a the madr of Tia. Lve advice from Mexico, ineniioned in the Cornier of) esicrday, , ud cm firma tion t'ie views thus expressed by us. It seem that Santa Anna is far from -proving the lining, adventure ol G'ene ral An-tt. S gieal i bis distilea- Jstire that the rent val of that ufficer i letermtncii on. and General Wail In been ordered ai ihe frontier to take com mand in hisplart. In what manner Aris ta will b disposed in submit lo tin ris graee lemams to he seen. Hut ii would' not Ie surprising il the aff.ir should end in trouble, as the General has a Urge force under linn, aud might place himself at the head uf a rebellion in the West thai ihe Government wiml I not find it eav tu quell. Ia a few days we shall hear the result. jV. Ofttmu ti'letin. Aprils . ""'"""Jaaa -1 m Hewitt of Ihe Temperanre firfo 'Biff Uon hrmii a circular which ka Un-iy pnhii.hed by Vie New Ymk Tempersnce. Soricly, 11 appears thai within the ll en ye-ms. persona have enrolled theinaa-lve ss ii.emrs. uf which nuut bertoont I07O::0 hae sigrcd the onl ahsiinei-ee pledge. Li.-ened l.qnor .hop hie decreased i i i,n rum ol 03 per c ot; he in inufacMi.e am! inporiaHiMi ol imox-.c-Hing d-iuk C7 per ieii ; pti..,rieiia hut pe re in. and io.l.rM.ent .e -rime Iu b e.i rcdu-ed uhom 73 pi r ' -Ytf.'i Amtiicuii.