UNION. THE CONSTITUTION
ANP TllE LAWS .THE GUARDIANS OP OUR LIBERTY
IU1 JiU. i 1 i , .
rMg-M-i,,, t -aiii,-,,-, TiititsoAYTatLY ii, inigT
i r lanani mat i mi h h hi
rrwa Ike Laaeaaler Jaaraal
- The Carpenter. Bor.
- I iib to spek t word Mai Le
lia rraoatr id a tapa.er'. boy
h. entered a .iswly aaaestva ia est of lbs
m-i isahtoastta suet ta U the city f
JNrw Trk ta 1839
- Help your!! ti ml ia Uie entry;
von be altsadsd to presently." waa
tit haughty rtply. Tbea uniif to aa
rilividtikl iit horn ska bad beet coo
veisteg, . sneer, (havier bo
a . .a a a . .
urea ia uib im sesiriag tit iaterviw
IM I4BI cspeater'a tools ia band.)
I ht taeh a audita to eaecbaaice. 1
fiai io encounter one.
; Possibly ba ia oa business," tajj die
untie Albany. The Coacb com pa. y. , meat to
anar w mm immv. i r. a . - wm
T:rr. . 7 "i " f tcb les.lv declare it a f.!.a ant.
. . .
rvHivvf. ua II iifArma I .1 I
" u a w a.:iaB? Btraaw 1 inaai . t a '
' - - wcwiui 01 iiAeiA Mr 1 .-1. a '
wuox Ball iitiaa
f acbeaea for tta futare.
oed ta, oJ arett.!ljr 4i4
brr tbar wti
iaiBUoa b a ilJ abr'uk f,. A. f,s V ""f'fwi eraiakfaa
Tko horaaa had uka. M.t. ..:7,7. " 7 Prh aomo
I ; - . w-a,,ww OTW UW I uri 101 lfl Lfi
. ti .f it, eeop.ay bet,, u.eibar u !.!
ZnLl fAlb"': 'Pt" UMiB iaa pla?-9 l
wdai b7 air ibiaC to ft. pnta t.a, tJC
1--- waa uirowa lato
!irIftoriey tba that f tnet!t. I fear.
ttai that vixilJ
wnuaa t&a baart. opnfht aaecbaaie
ffom tfaa pila p( gtnlrd society. "
Aad la tiaic, a aj pred.ct. viibsel
prcieuaiona to ptoyhtrr, tatta iU ba tba
aeumu cl ib grtat nui, aod tata
iU ba jaJxtd IU dctdi-bj tbrif aff.ct
tad ifioaa alaaa mill b eumidonJ
food aad irtat, obicb bao a landcarr
t iapro ataokiad. Hcalaae it grtat
h ntaa bjr bia aural fcwea abut Uta
ebaae of f.tr; ,k buiJda kimtUf a
pedLl. afaiatt obott but tbo aort
h nuiortaae vattc thtir atraeatb ia aaia.
... ooraaa sad takra Irijbi. Tber artielaaof aitrebaadiaa.hiVh -TT Mtba.c atfaag.h ia aaia.
tra deact adit a la., km. 'i-k- j "jJi. !:! 5fadixa wbicb wtra aott9 and on wboac u,fr. .u. .... J
, a iuifinnisuintgiihf i . . . r mmj m
batiBf bat all eoBirol tr tka iM- : r. . j w ... ' ImelMni UmnUt ba iiho.it
? " 1W 'V1 Id b death to t I V9UMiiJm di!.j iX I TV a -,r rel wl0 ' fct"i
T.""! " -M-'Uoeld ba daatb .; tha a. .om. . ffl ,?m?rt1 .b. CeD.
ScxmI flight opoa the woflJ, ii vaa ar
dent ailacbtnrai ta acieurr; it wt uttrac
pioioas f hia cnioJ, that ior vhirh de
rated aod eutiaiard Lita at ao lofty a
bright. If Locks and Utrt bare ditpelU
ed the darkm-ta that Laa far agta le tiled
oa Hit buiaaa iutrUret, and bar frred
the science of tfie niind from the intrira
ciea aud aubtleliea of ilie achoola, it vaa
aot mere! by the force of their own ja.
Biua, but by deep, patient and repealed
meditation aodeiudy. If Baike charmed
liatenin en.ti by the masculine alren jih
and brUlianey ofhia thuaghtu; if Mansfield
and oar ova Hamilton illuminated the bar
by tht aplendor of their Wrninj and elo
quence; if Hall and Chalmers nrortaimeJ.
from the pulpit, immortal truth in tleir
lottieal atrmiui, it waa not only because
- On. I nam jvek to oat eieept oa
. t .. . . 1
HUMIL H MB ini IPniV M had .1 MJ in mnw 111 h A I . - . I - wW MVVUIKU I fffDIII Cl il A . 1 . - . . 1
.IV" rY ,;T.T: 7 . . ""u M ecufeIttoStr. AlWOr.i;!. I . T'.r Ien,, woiea uiey raokea amonsst Uie first echular,
l inniiMiwtr, M enHi--"'"I awn. oursiODsa tita m..M;.:..ii.l:. " . "7 s oeaeoa Hf Ma to nrosntt i. I but aLta mnn th mt i.k....... I
.d to ilr. 1W. thi. o,aiaC t. b, Ut. ;theo.elr Ml ia eoufasioa, Ul iftrrn oftheir.go. boVid
.n.bB1iMalI ukathtbobu.Ppa. f M Lai,, n, only fem.l. lb, jLTl" J. K. of Aoa. ilLtriou. menmhaVtS-
He..- . h ""tebiaie.to.biftfarth,.. eoald ipeik of tba Sr? lull i ! f Um ;V,h 1 ,,'tue kna,,r' 'l"y-eir eser lure of learning, uui
Mr. V.ra.0,1. the fsthet of Wi (for Sca.a, bicb.tb.yoaa, .hereon. .f th. tVadur ..i ' re,.,,a,,",', h" ,if. gnat, the xeal wiU whiTh they puraued l Ind
th.a ... th. l.Jy ,q,red lor) w.s , utjet4 Leh. . .ue.aoiT. J lhf,aI. fltt7ta a;; Tt rF14' 7
asarebani of fKJ atsnd.pf aad eoasidat.. ia tba w.cli, proffawd bar ! .axiotT. of tba MtSlk.2 .. .Jt? 4 LI ' 1 " 'eCo,",l Albaay t
...I T." ' . " UBW wrsnreaseai. aTOtT Of UTTL. LOIXOTTK.
Ttiptcuuiuuy. ,r7 Bt rm. and Oceillo .. a total atranear t,fl.L
Sb bad. at aa es.ly a,e. tabidad tna P"I f-ot firmly npot tha si J. .f ly to hi. ilaTaaLio.,?ait 11?
prasalcnt dac-rine tbst a. .d,-id... jj.-acb. b. bo.adfd .V iMj Vpo.' MmucUMtrfM',: .a'ter "
b i a.ra.J hia bra.d by th.ave.lof bia to ba aaUr.ly beyoad b. i -Waaid. earm '
broo. bad th. m.M reajoto claim. po f d.tr. Th.y escaped unhurt. To L.U.. 'i... jaxnr. to f
teepectattty Il.d Mr. Omll. ed. k moaentth. eoael, dashed thi. (0Wr)N.ble"aiofN.w" .K
,. I.tbar ol th. e.rp..tr, boy. Ale.t, .Cn.t a iret. Th. bo,... .r thVt .. .04.1.
na. iw- a s I a a. .. . ayw-
- aa, -
HV I'lV ICUUCB1D II IB int lnM aa Ihatil I llnaa &. W a a
o vwtsa aivain uv aani vaa atai rainvniaia a
i'i?v"nd.,sM sf b"'""i " Fr.aee.tber. a. oa board ib. ahip a
--..-.y.,.. n luOBSq namea aner uuia rr.nch eirl, aaard Lolloua. Sba
bia I.tbar. addunt gtt um bm the j bad lite fi.)f". oa each band.
o.rratitt vill ait aJmii of a fniftsitaa tftattatil
tf c.rcum.i.Qcei; let it suffice to kaow ibat
Ur.Orvilla'aauy ara. protracted soma
four or fir weeks over tba tin ho at
desolato .tr.artr ia a etranre land!
hi, new aeaa but li tie no., th.a aii
Wa yeara of actutl life, but bi. heart it
thai bate had lid aa ag of ifortttne, ffP'wn. Slia inquired hi. name. - The mated Lelta.
fnel. aad euJurmce. II. is a!o.i inp'rPoj. buy," asij he, - who bwill .Tha limits wa Lata allotted
Lat . .1 ! I I I .a I W All akaU..ai ft I -aavaVW
hi wi, wiui www, enureiy irieuuiets.
Bat bo do., sol weep. Nu! he hae bo '!,Tk ,hit lD "rd of your ta
tssrs left far himself h. bat shsd tbera lar J Lclia, teodanng him her ova
all oa th lar, far off grata of bis parents, pl'fdid fold aatcb.
and bi. keen aiDresaivo evaa are ia.i!a. I 1 ba ear reward ."aald ha. r.ni. I first lhua.kt ..... .v. ; .
suJ dirk with anipeakabl wo. But, aa- fuU d.cliaiag th rioh aad a!u.b! rr. ..qn.aca of a tautbal rrowiae attaehnaat
Ar alt tl.! U,m m I. r..l i . laaat. . It... t- ... .5 . """
.,.... .r. HOi i. Bi. - , Bimseti atm iaiia. fiutr. bow
No! there i. a desparato priJe aad power . 1 PrJ 7 . ool to dsclin. accept' er, .slled bita U dash a war,r time
mhi.1, that will aoi let bi yield. II. l "J JJre.a,M .aid Lelia. aa ah pUe ' cap of .w.etc b. looted to dram to'
almost gloriae io hie iorlora Jestiny, 'rd in hia hand, that should yoa bottom. . ,
uang aod aad as it i. for ooa.oyoanj. find,yoo m.j knot wbers Six moots after thi. poriod. Mr. Ottilia
;-H.;y U nlj mechanic." x- M on..- ; re tora.d to replenish hi. .to;,, but "
e!simd Lelia, a. ah. gazed with anspetk- J iib a .hort di.taa e .pcially to saggut th faUuwme pro
able di light opoa the greea oo of a roa, Albany and concluded to walk the positions to Mr. Vermont:
mechanic, (a. alt deemed him.) while "dft l th road. Led and Albeit First, the iimao l k.ml-tr -:k r .1:..
.t . .1". . . I .... .1.. . 77"
aiumj in ma envy. uaa n oee a I M1" vui iwo
I n ...... n. r . lata Ik
f r"r tcaeiw wi aomc 1 1 oacuau, it ooer wr. Veimoat lb ana
ajn, tnigui nate . "w oaya aiter mi. event llia re fmeni ol hi. a:or; harioe beard
ABbleaouirinbrposeJMr.Shirtr. ''IN- York, and Albert, aa aoon bia difficultici .
(the iaJividal with wh im aha ep .ke,) o could arraug nauer.. stabliahsd Th fir.t ol which th old am acceded
trod waa a professor, though not aa aria io .bmities. io Albany. Iln iUt ident pleasure; bat whea be
wcr.u i.uw.ia were aueouttl Willi auceeaa. far I eommenceJ. "n.l iin-
.11 . .. R.....II.: . '"'it... .' . V ""ia1,
a waa going 10 .ay, irom ms appotr- ioai esnguioa cxpaetatiou. i you win accept of it without attributing
k audi k.-A mm.mm.1 .A I III Mil llaillnS'a . n ,t ......i..:. :.L I t. ma ..IC.t. . v .
- !,. I avwviuun wiiij man, 1 aamau tuuuve.i 10 rcoiova voui
M It. a......, f .1.. t. I ha h.J . i. .... .L.. . ... I ...... ...:... .. ' .
w viwi,a, ..ana. , 1 -- iw iu uromouoa Ol met lawur ia Aininv. aih.ra I !.. .
Allow mo to eipres. nr sentiments. I g''l principle that all men weraicoiafurUbla doellin
II Blight hae merited th hand of onejCf-,J equal.' and that iucquality of rss-l wbei you .hall, during life, lack aoae
io th higher walk, of life. II. i. a no-1 Pct hould b awarded to mea io propor- of th com for w tbereol. if the? can ba ub-
kl. 1 ..L t-.l 1 I . m H,... 11 I..: 1 l . . . ' "
i. im.inj m, 1 win aiuumii 01 inieitirenc. , 1 none.i inuu.trv.
.mII... ... t r .l 0 a a Z . I n. s. Z . .
"o a.iwjer, iocior, ori . , " " i asiunisning intelligenc. wa. mor.
KHvaaor, inuuing in. views n now 1 " yeara aner in event, air. Ver ,aa good old man waa prepared to
....kit . t. : -1 . . f . . I fMnn.. . .. .. t . .. . . I ... S ..... I . . I.
"""" cuvrisiiva, mj woru lor 11 o " aawa waa louuu among ia. list 01 e was coojpietaly overwhelmed
wjuld aspir to ometing noble. .pphcanu for the benefit of th insolvent in a fljod of trars tears of ua.peakable
"And where should ho seek for noble ' Tbi. circumstance for a f.w day. gratituJa. Th old lady .at robbing her
pirita, but aauof, t i reipcclubli cori produced a alight change ia th conduct band, with an occasional ejaculation ol
owVy" of Lelia, but it was like early dew, which "Heaven ba prei.euT while Lelia aat
"ah: iiis, many a nobler heart batb ooo passed away; wlulosb bed on sp- motionless, loo roll to articulate a word,
throbbed beneath the leathern apron of P"el and plenty of money, (for I believe " What! oh whof" excNimed the old
lb mechanic, than ever .welled beneath 11 generally nnderslond ibat th men ntsn"caa this beautiful benefactor be!" as
Hie silken vestineuts of Lawyer, Doctor, seldom petition now until ihey have wall if invoking th inspiration of Heaven,
or Profeesor." lined their own pocket.) ah waa not lo "Puesiolr hit fond. nv faithr..i r"i;-
Mr. Shirvy, I am .upprised lo hearjb. circumseiibed ia her asnal route of ean lell!" .aid Mr. Orville, a. he handed
you uphold .uch alow vulgar set ofblack-l p'e.nr.. Retrenchment ia perhap. th I Lolio her own card. A glance wassulS-
aa.ak-iB. f f a . a . a l.aBAa.a.f! fT . B - . a. a . . I . WV
amnna, mi 01 wnniu you Know in co as ! "''i unucuii pan witn tnosa who have eieiii.
Laacaater, MiytO. ISlt.
j, , ouni. anknown .tracer, who had pro- aa ardent tool a forehead eiaeulart fair I
II, .o bimsell a geaoioe frioad. i. r..L tod por.-a w.n fo,. h".-. e,TB '
lt.e- to bar. Such diaia- od graceful address; all. all were ob-'
fi ju ir..ied rrieadahip was beyond her eoo- jeew of the faigheet admiration lotheiufa.'
rraea tks iWbera Lilsrarv Mcaaaaear.
FORMATION OF CHARACTER.
O 0 0 a. 'Pa it..
w wv aujuiaiuua 01 ex
ti . . . . .
wii, ,ii varv cidcii int-raaian i.
lit Is Loliotte; but on. reaana was. she
waa the esnsl disubedieat child atar
knew. She gave her mother constant
IroudI-, aod would bot mind anv tl.i.ia
she tU I.er. .
Oaday w saw. clo.e by the ahip. a
tens! liuaUiM .... . .. I a
am induum Z rilZZ ' -"f " o.b ol-w.r. Tbia ia a kind
great or rood hi ".TeV f" "f- P f
... .w.v.i iirr.wii mrt k
wiinAin .1 . . -it .. ... I - - '-
" "nui se wuunr men ta lafutr
i. in .hspe, at aa egg
MR. CUA HAM'S CIRCULAR.
7o lie- FittmtH tfiht Ttct'Jik Vgtf
tionul Din ricl o.Vr lirdm. :
iFElXOW-CmiKSai ' '
1 am inforaied some persona are er
deavort:g to eirito puUic prejudice, anJ
make finical capital out of the aiprr
auons which Congiesa maJe lo deinr the
( itf I Awn..... . r 1. 1 ... '
and to pay the balance f otto ve-ra sa
lary tu hi aged aod afflicted widow.
To prevent misapprehen-ion and nio
lepreacntatiou I w ill briefly .sbmit .he
facts and reasons huh indnred mo to
voto for tlioae sppiopriaiiona. The hia
lory of Congrrioial legislation abouada
who stmuar inaUnrea, approved and rW
td for by all punier, from ihe foundation
U the tJoverniuem down to Uie preat
aesaion. I will mention a few promiif at
precedent., taken from the journals of
Congieee . and now for the law and the
Ceo.- Washington waa President f
L nited States from the 4th day of March
1789. until the 4th day of March, im
eight years. He died in Deeeruber,
I73y nearly three veara afi- hi.
jucu" K eiptreu, and hrn he was a
pnrate citixen and yet, on the 3d da
-j uwiigrcsa paasea a law ap
propriating three IhvusenJ far huiuIrU
duUart to defray the rxpensea incurred
in doing honor tn tha memory of Gen.
U aahington. (See the 3d volume of the
laws of Uie United States, p-g, 397 -Congress
likewise authorized, by joint
resolutions, that a marble monument
ahould be erected by Uie United State.,
w i C"P,h,, lo memory of en.
-3iiiSioii, anu a copy or those resolu-
luini M-.r- .1;....! i. .
"V . . wuujij uien io laoori would wheo fl.min- nni. it i. .k . , """? lu oo iransmitted to
not. auafied with euperficial Lm. i l"l!'.VV!8,"on her to a,-
"l."u.,."cc"n, I habif .tri ehin oter iha inn. an7l l..n i T .w-ennet of tho reu.ains of
vi au.cur.ie ana Uioroupn inteatlrat mn .r . . r . - a "- i wen. i
i . -.i . .in. (uiiu.i ii'iic ere
uu.iuicniai iruui. tur..
which they hare their consistency: them
are teeming truth, rich io store, with
which they furnish Uie mind; and like the
..guu oeaven. are not only beauUful it; and the aail.ir a. A N 7 . i
aud interesting in th-mi.- i.... .H . . aid, No, no. doni
light and evidence to other h haT u." .T" " .
withont ih-m. ... i. '.' .r? "u,r Miw lot wsrntne
When it waa laid on iha dark
all the passengers gathered round io see
m sua imiel.ollousrbroke.way fromhei
mothei'a baud, and ran eluaa nn in it.
Her mother eiitd to her not to loach
asliinjiop under that mAnrtmni
(See the same volume, page 401.)
Ceorge Clinton, iho Vice President of
the United Statea. who served dim..- .1..
5 . . . . . ,.. WU.U.-U UUHVI.
.. . . mwmivi i.rv. on a aaiiA- ... . i- I. -. I i ... .
m. ., at tft, bouom-Uie baaU apon e..h, iu V t ..T,i i T P. the first of Mr;
mi mi' ri an rrrnq w av mm a.l.. . . s
T. . .'"""v "UiLr rest ana in
without them, could
ill ating. Hardly had
' waauM iiiim BalBtCII.s! iiaani an ! .... iL.
fiftl KaTt an.M I a r a .
ear wa. pained
s.mg cne, O, how it
f . ' m. a. a
enrich vnnr ,;,!. .u . " j " v uvw .nii Ana there
l.re7ZnT.7;i7: n ti who pitied ber.
meVfo7m;Trh T.. B "l " -f
... ' " v " uooie uKonedirncf.
tnink.inir.willalanto.nl ... .t I ..
a,. j vuciiaiii aim vn.i-i. r,;..j. .: rtt t. . ...
ours and . r..i;.. ie .. . -", m win at iai one
r - 6 .whiiica. li voui iica
minds. B select in your in p.A.
come familiar with the writing of U,a wht. i... 5;.?..". f"?..
rreitmi.ni r.i i - . . ... . ' rl """"""I "
;;r;h z::. x rw.ru-wno.wui "'"c1 . i .inii"-Ad
would m.ke6or3ob UioT XV 'r
you mu.t,ard against Uio in mnAn,Z " u"om J?"' P"na.. unkind
dissipation and pleasure ia doaih , l " Vs" . w ,,ow " !,,n.,J
rior excellence. A horfvln.i.,;T7V - . " u "ol 01 !? 7; J'"0"
habiu of temneran . fVC ,r,cn V P"?" "-'. " Ko-
. I " -aa avaaitt.f ti
member not the sins ol my youih," and
come aud make lbs Sstiour your friend
ignorant of retinsmrut as the Jborigi-I been reduced in rircumsta tces, at least ill "Is it possible!" exclaimed Lelia
lias of the far west." I sppeared to be the most rugged part oil it " the Carpenter's bot !'
"oi alt. Ilis." ue way lo Mr. Vsrmont. How lo d- " Yes," he rejoined in accent, of love,
" But who has ever heard of a mecha- acend from th. lofily eminence of wealth as he ores.ed bar to bia hn.nn, .. i. ..
mc incoming a great mam - i anu lasnion. and isure lo obscurity and! me carpenter a boy;
"i nave, ma men were me- lenusiuti, ns knew nou lie bad been "And me preserver of my lift!" she
chanics. Nane but Aikwrigit, Fulton, too long the child of prosperity to bear added.
Wait, Franklin, Wlmnoy and a wbla reverse, with fortituJe. He had no pro " May he b. the swe.teae r of it too!"
iisi ci ot'i.rs l could mention, and where letsion. JJix, he could not. lo bee Lei continued the old man.
dency but to rouse yourself from apathy
and sloth to a noble emulation of rising to
doyou find theirequala! The greatest men was ashamed. , The scene that followed the sbove, may
in tba annals of the woi Id, the men who Would t heaven," sail he, in th. possibly bs vaguely imagined by the
bet dine mort lo enlighten and advance anguish of hi. soul, " I bad been. Mecha roadcr, for I shall not attempt lo describe
Ik . . B. aa 4 a Oft O
no prosperity and me liberties oi toe nu- nic. it. test i should do it injustice.
mai rca, bate been mchanics." La, Pa, said Lelia. what has com. An explanation was immediately granl-
" Ilia a memut .uipfoy, and beneath over you! 1 have frequently heard you d to the mystified parents, who were
Ihe sta'ion of a tru. gentleman." say that you would a. coon b. a boot black "H wrapt ia wonder. This being die-
" No. no, Lslispheie never was s doc as a mechanic of any sort; that it was a .ipsted by the ezplanaiion, the happy
trine more annua. They are almost ihe menial employ." family proceeded to prepare for the uup-
only professions thai have aubstauce, re- "I grant, it, Lelia, bot I wa. in error '''. immediately after the consummation
hiy, and practical u ilny." one of my fashionable errorr, w.r. I l which, ihey embarked logrther for
" 1 am aurry, Mr. Shirvy. to ... you a mechanic now that my fortune is gone their new homes; having learned from
endeavor lo elevate the mechanic to Ihe that my ncbee hate taken to them- the foregoing circumslancee, that it was
level of rt'pcctuble society" selves wings, my trade would be a re leas difficult for a mechanie to become a
f Why, lclia, to ihe wise they are source.", merchant, than for a merchant to become
fldgaiee ol knowledge, an I ktag. and Hav.rnu forgotten havin? spoken of mechanic.
queens are decorated with their handy m chanics aa a presuming aet of block- " Now Lelia," .aid bar father, "you
work." heads, who, yon .aid atalked ihe atreet h.ve learned an instructive lesson. Your
Here ihe con variation waa interrupted with their tools with aa much sangfroid judgement haa hitherto been of that
by a gentle rap at the door. The lad as a Lawyer would with hia books, or a superficial kind which attaches merit to
baj become impatient knowing that his D c:or with his instruments!" the flimsy drapery which constituted a
itiater would require a certain amount of No I have not forgotten, but I have covering to the body. You have fotmed
work at lua hands. With a modesty sel . fortaken abandoned totally abandon- your estimate of ihe man from his birth,
dom equalled io one of his ex, he re ed my former erroneous sentiments. 1 occupation, or appearance."
quested Mias Lelia to give him the ne- have very recently dUcoveed that there "This," continued Mr. Orville, "is
cessary directions relating to the location exists ne d Irenes between the Books the great evil we ahould combat. I most
ol the arbor. Tue Prolvasor Iff, and of a Lawyer nd th. Tool of the M. ardently believe that no auch thing a.
lelia attended Albert to the garden, chanic, save the latter require the exer- respectability can exial aside from an
The arbor was soun finished, and the eise of the hand; they eqoally promote honest and useful life. I contend that
"Carpeutei'e boy" was almost aa somi he operand's design, though I believe no branch of industry is degrading that
forgotten. v , - the mechanic contributes more to the pub. ' employment thi contributes to the
An.mi two yaars from the period ol J li.: go.nl, or the puhl.c prosperity." j general gwd and comfort of auciety isjof creation, if he explained the laws that
which we aie a4 ki g. Mm LvlumJ- J It wa. deemed exptdieut by Mr. Ver- J disreputable. I would tolerate no other governed the universe, aud let ia a new
a mind uudisturbed by unholv nassiona.
serene and cheerful in conscious rectitude
are most powerful auxiliaries iu Uie pur-
" vrc'1 . I ft.. l.o .... .
i no ijnniwn opeciainr relates a story
out of sn old author in this wise: A fs
rn'ius Critirk. having gathered together
an ine lauiia or an eminent f net, made a
present ol them to Apollo, who received
them very graeinusly, and resulted to
make the author a suitable leittrn for the
trouble he had been at in collecting them.
In order to this, he eel before him a sack
of wheat, a il had been just threshed out
of the elif. He then bid him nick out
Ihe chair from among the corn, and lay it
aside oy itseir. t he Untick applied him-
an to id. lak with great industry and
pleasure, and after bating made the due
..par.non. waa presented by Apollo with
me enan lor hia pains."
Now we mike a very pretty little poliU
a&l llaeaft at at t f ttxim a...:i a. .1
lives of Uernosthencs, of Erasmus, ofj We suppose then the people of N. C. to
Newton, of Locke, of Hale. ofHaller. of h. ! .hi i.-. -r a',,..
Doddridge, of Johnson, and of such BC-! nawananara In Ka lilt- IK. f..
.. , a ... , ' , , " 1 ,m,,.v.w r- ww una lire mui VII;.
comphshed and illustrious scholars. Ob- and Governor Morahaa.1 1 .t.n.i f .k.
It will be equally important for von tn
aju.ru againsi sen suniciency and vanity.
This temper is an effectual banier to hitrh
iun.-tioi.iuai improvements. Krflnnpmiv
reflect upon the small extent and imper-
yur attainments on tne vast
region, oi science that are yet unexplored
by you on the hidden stores of learning
which are contained in the ten thousand
books that you have never read or Been.
or of which, perhaps, you have not oven
neara. Kemember too, the lofty attain-
msnis inai nave been mails by some pro
found scholars both of ancient and modern
days. I would recommend to you to
read, in early life, a few well-selected bio
graphies of men who were distinguished
tor their general knowledge. Read the
serve the ardent attachment and intense e.rk of Wheal. Tnrse opposition pspers
industry with which they cultivated Bci ara all n. s,..!. ..
ence, and the astonishing acquirements; prototype of ..Id in picking out the ehatT
wiucn they made. their hitrh valuation ir..m th. Wh... ...a ........ ....
orume and careful improvement of it p.opl. Jpolb. will git each one his pile
V ..H....I1KUW .uu imuih win, oi coao lor ms prestnl iMubls,
theirs not to repose in elu??ish despon-l rrw m
a w 9 a
an equality with them. It was bv
.ecret magic that these mighty scholars sweeps away the deluahm about fre. trad,
attaiued to distmcuon and fame it was' especially, wh.rev-r he os: He shows
. f - ma aauaiacnon oi uie people mat ws
f.ry. If the-eloquence of Demosthe-' csnnol bs so an wise and uuinst to our
ne ai ook, wan iu thunder, the throne of selvts a. 10 admit British Cood. fr.. of
uiP a.,u ruiea uie tierce democracy duty so on as En.land prohibits many
of Athens and if the vehement denunci-j of the products or the United Sutrs and
ations and powerful appeals of Cicero taxes others six hundred per eent sun
drove CataJine from the senate house, and porting her lords and nobles on the labor
made Caesar tremble, it was by the pri-j of American farmer.! She draws a re v
vate studies and profound meditations of: enue from our tobaeco of nearly six times
. vh iuiuui Mating oeeu tntig-j tne amount ol the original cost of Ihe ar
orated and expanded and enriched and
enobled with diversified knowledge, lofty
senUraent and generous fecliiiff. If New
ton, with a flight more adventurous than
the eagle's, soared to the very boundaries
tirlr!! and it amounted m ous year to un
I. r . ...
warus Ol ; 67ar.
The present lord mayor nf London is
said lo bv been a journeyman mason in
Nashville, Tennessee, some forty yews
Madiaon'a administrations, died at Wash!
mgton in Uie year 1812, and he was In
ned at the public expense.
Libridge Gerry, another Vice 'Presi
dent of Uin United States, d ed at Wash
tugton in the year 1814, while riding in'
a carriage from his lodgings to the Capi
tol; a.d he too was buiied at the public
expense, and a monument was also erect
ed over his grave by a aptrial appropri
tion of Congress. ' " r r
In the year 1812. the ci'tr tit
in South America, was n:iri
and annihilated by an earthquake; and. on
til a aa.afvei'M.. avB 1kT.t. a a a "
. uiuuuu ui iauianici nlacon, who wa.
remarkable for strict economy and etrict
construction, a resolution paused Con
gress by a unanimous vole, which eanscd
an appropriation of ftv ihnnuo,,. a.ai
or the public money to relieve the dis
tresses and sufferings nf I.
Ihousands of human beings in that dietant
and devoted city, who were houseless and
""!; f1" ,ud "t-rving for daily bread. ,
wen, il Congress had power to giv- and
appropriate fifty thousand dollar, of the
puotic money to relieve suffering huma
nity among distant strangers in a foretell
country, 1 presume it waa right and prt
per, at least, to provide one rear's allow -:
n.r an ageu anu distressed widow in -our
own country, who was the wife of a
good and true old soldier. .
From the first establishment of the Seat r
of Government in this city down to the
present time, whenever a member nf i
gress dies here during the session, ho is,
at the public expense, buried in the Con- '
gressional cemetery, or hurvin. ...-.t
and a monument i crprioJ .. i,;.
to mark the spot where the remains of
the deceased repose, and to indicate to
near relatives and pilgrim elangers tha
tombs of those who died iu the service of
their country, far distant from friends and J
home. The death and funeral of each
member pf Conirress in thi ilt V Arte Baa
the Government about run hiii..! .ii
... . "V -L
iars. Liivin? is dear in Vahi
I . a . - " '""0 UU
dying is much dearer. Not only Presi
dents and members, but Uie officers of
Congress, have been buried at tha ntihli
AVftAna. H. k . I 1 ' . .
-i"-.UJ,,i "ucu mey aica in the public
service. I will state two instances which
appear upon the public journals, and are
fresh in my own recollection. I ii..Ja
to the cases of Overton Carr, Doorkeeper
or Uie House, and Stephen Hairht, Ser
geant at Arms of the Senate. They were
political rrienda of President Van liuren.
and died during his administraUon. whea
he had a majority in both branches of
Congress. The salary of each of these
officers was fifteen hundred didUrs per
annum, to be estimated from Uio first
Monday in December r every year
Overton Cart died ia MaIiK lfiou
Lfare Ihe fourth month of his duties had '
7" penormeu, and yet Congress direct
ed, not only that he should be buried at
the public expense, but that his widow
should bo paid ihe balance of hia salary
up to the end of the .es.non, just as
though he had hved to perform his year' .
work for the public. The case oY Mr,
Carr is a stong one, but the case or Mr.
Haight u. much stronger, to illustrate and '
sustain the appropriations now the sub
ject or investigation. Stephen Hai 'ht, a
citizen nf Vermonu was the Sergeant at .'
Armi of ths Sonato; his annual salary ,
xml | txt