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The Hillsborough recorder. [volume] (Hillsborough, N.C.) 1820-1879, March 30, 1843, Image 1

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SPIRITUAL DESTITUTION. I
e fa ,rtM Carmttmm
SIrOssrMRSx: Keeviag that to time
loe the Lord Jesus, any infenna'.ton
eaocjnnnjr th iprrvl of hie Gospel will
be interestm. I am disposed to submit to
oar attention liu follow in g (acta and en
nJaTauoa, connected with the distr&o-
t ijoa of the B.ble ia this state. ,
While engigel ia soliciting- donation
lathe Amsricaa Bible Society from jour
WnreiiionJ, several circumstance catne
u my knowledge which led ma la inspect
Cut iht eupply which took, place several
jeara ago vr aot catirr, aa ia generally
jfpoHL BjI Utaaa cireoastaaces did
,nt come unsought. ' At almost every
plica arhea 1 presented the claims of the
8 tciety allusions were mule to tb effort
trhich baJi twelve year ago, given the
V9f I of Gad to every family ia the state.
The inference waa that very few needed
the Bible, aa J thai In three daya of pres
sure charity might stay at liome far a
while. Other circumstances roaJa me
brieve that tery many families were, at
that very time, destitute of tho Bible. I
frit a:ixion t obtain soma data from
which a calculation might ba maJd of the
probable lack of the eeriptarea in this
atats. The North Carolina Bible Socio
ty giving ma peroiiaiina to) employ dis
trihaung ageuts, the rountiea of Wake
an J Orange were selected, ia which it
- via iutendeJ to ascertain, aa nearly aa
pjssiMe, the it traber of families without
the worJ of God.
tl'aks ounty, having within its bound
ths seat of elite government. -which ia
lha location of oae of the largest book
sure of the south, the resi Jcace of a BisV
ep of oiia branch of the church, end of
five regular ministers of the leading de
onmiaatioa of the state, -an J having,
I have been infornieJ, at least twenty
oiiaistera, preachiu j to its inhabitants, who
da net resiJe ia ths town, we might eon
cliJe that all the families of the county
were' possessors of the Holy Book. To
be certain in this mauler, the Kev. WiN
liana J. Lnnjlan onJerteok to explore
the eountr. , lie obtained from the
Clerk'a office, ia Raleifh, tha list of the
keaJs of all the families as taken in
lbs census for 1310. More than 2,000
names were on the Register. lie has ex
amiaed the Eastern district,' and of the
1017 families in th4 district, he found
30 without lha Uible. The whole eoun
tr. at thie rate, would contain 780 desti
lute families : wiore that one third of
the whole number withiu its bounds. Ia
an interesting communication from Mr.
LingJon, which is now before me, lie
says ; "It is a general impre3sion that
thara are but few families without lha
Bible. I have fonud this to be the pre
vailing sentiment with ministers ani
member of every denomination. A wor
thy brother of ths Biptist Church (in
Wake county) stated that he did not be
lieve there were m ie than two or three
families destitute of the Bibls. in ten
tailes square, I furnUhed him with a
list of the heads of families. anJ he re
ported 42 destitute in bis own neighbor
hood." The families without tho Bible
were not too roor to purchase, or too re
cently formed to have furnished them
selves. Mr. Langhn fmnd one person
who is the lather of eight children, and
worth more than $10,000, who never had
had a Bible! lie found heads of families
from 75 to 83 years of ago without ths
WAPil f ! t In Attn inalnnili lift Vi4aeVl 31
HWIU UW IU "lt Ill.SVUVWf aa- . . -
man upwards of fifty years of age, (profes-1
sin to be a member of one of he religi I
ojs denominations.) whose chillren were
married, and formed in sepcrate families,
and neither father uor childrenowned a co
py of ihellolyScriptures. Another person,
professing attachment to tho Church of
ChrWt, ha I no Bible, an.l refused to pur
chase for his two sons, who were marri
eil ; one of whom belonging to tho same
denomination as . hist father, refused to
take tha Blessed Bank into his house!
dis-
These thiiiffs, my brethren, were not
r I I 1 r loaitiamain. nr in
our own thinly settled Far West, hut in
thn Mr,;,,! -. nf tha ancient alate of,
North Carolina.
It was likewise proposed to explora
Orange county. Ifihe influence of a Uni
versity of long standing, of reined society
,ui vwi 1 -.-w
1 county
in itscantral town, an;! ol proinoiy a score
of ministers of the four leading denomi
nations of Christians, (several of whom
aro teanhers of science, as well as preach
ers of the Gospel.) wonlJ make a county
spcire in its possession of the Bible,
there would hive been no need of a visi
lation'jn Orange. But being convinced
that we had l2c:i mistakan in this matter,
it was determined to explore this county.
In the prson of the Rev. J. A. McManntn
weVonndSn asent willin to undertake
this honorable labor. His report up to'
this date shows 020 families visited, ol
which number 3 10 had no Bible! Yester
day there were six familkM on the road
between Hillsborough and Chapel Hill
who had no Bible within the dUtam-e of
12 miles. Of the heads of these lamilies,
:ne wire aged persons, soma profassnd to
h'tveh-lon-rud t andigi-Misdenomination
nioreiUnna'iua"tsrof,lc;,1,,urJ'! 1 llpA?ent
f unj pernom whohavenot heard lheGo
pol lor Sftooa years, aitvloihers, who were
UNIOyTlIE CONSTITUTION AND TUB LAWS-TIIE GUARD! A JS 8 OF
' ' " . ft IKritl V mr mm m ......
more tLan f.mty one yeart f aga who
ntttr Aa J A ear J m aermcn Many r
reived the word of God with BBeoneeaW
surpnse at the aiagtda- eaerosity which
not only gave the poor tha gospel i.b
oat money and without price. but' acta
ally sent the Holy Book to their houses.
Ia ao cue waa the gift refused: ia vo
aes it was takra with some indications
of-sourneu nf frelin," whkh the Agtrnt
thiuka was, " becaasa they were asham
ed to ba found dcsUtue.
Sly brethren, we hive too nftemaidihat
none are destitute who would have the Ui-
oie, as they have great fariUtirs of purchaa-
iesorpurchaa-
ueuiuea than Oraviand Haktt N-ne.
pro&awy. If then, more thaa one third of
toe families to these rountiea are without
tha Bible, what miy we suppose to te
the aggregate desiliuiion of North Caro
lina? fjet as take into the calculation tha
inWndcounties which lie near no thorough
fare, and those counties nearer the coast,
where we may suppose the access to books
tobe of very great difficulty. The lack of
the Book of Truth in this Suta will ariua
every right-minded Christian. Shall our I
t . B . m m m . I
ruaniy oegin at nomer
at home! Let her begin
at home! and
tnucu wulshe have to do.
to give Ji:r household bread before she go
T .
Well, what shall we do? Shall a man
qu:edy recline on the cushions of ease,
white his brother is fainting and dytn
at tho door? The Lord of Mercy and
of the Bible forbid! We must do some-
thingnotr Let all the pastors of church
es ia tho eta to give to their people the
facts with which our agents furnish them.
Let them request all the christians in the
congregation to explore their own neigh
borhood, and see whether there be not
some without the Bible. Leta collection
be taken up in the congregations to pur-
chase the Sarred Scriptures for the poor
Society in supplying the poor in other
parts of tha State. Let the people know
that there is a depository of Holy Books
at Kaleigh, where the attentive Agent,
Jeut flrown. eiq. is ready to ttll Bibles,
got up in different styles, at cost, aad to
ice to those who have not money to offer
in exchange for the word of God. Where
are the County Auxiliaries t Cannot
one Chistian be found in each county to
arouse the dormant Societies, to look af
ter tha wants of their neighbors? Can not
one pious man be found in every neigh
bofliood. who, will go to every hmtao and
sea whether any of his fellow citizens
are "starving spiritually? Brethren, we
have been walking and riding past houses
for weeks and months where there is no
cony of the word of God. Let us wake
up to the matter, and not re.t while there
can be any possibility of a single family
not having the presence of the volume of
Inspiration.
My brethren, I know that the interest -
ing nature of the facts I have staled will
prevent yon from thinking of the length of.
this letter, and of the libcrty taken in this
appeal.
CHARLES M. F. DEEMS.
University ol N. C. March IS, 1343.
IC7 Tha Gentlemen conducting the prrra
in litis U msy advanct the operation of
the most nnbte christian charily, by giving
ths above letter an insertion in their paper.
THE PHILADELPHIA. ALARM! I!
Wa net a little boy shivering in the
streets on Monday last (the thermometer
somewhere near zero;) he had a bundle ef
newspapers under his arm, aad was bawl
ins with a wek. lispins oice. PhiladeU
a, y
a'rm.
""0-s to know
Philadelphia Alarm'.
what mizhl be tha sub
ject of such a newspaper, we inquired of
the urchin, " what it was all auou.! lie
replied, "all about Mr. Miller, sir! Fine
paper, sir vpry fino paper, sir! Buy
one, sir?" We disbursed the required
penny, and pocketed the piper wiih the
ominous name. On arriving at our ranc
tum, we examined tha p.-,per. Instead
of being fresh, it was a fortnight old. It
is about the size of a sheet of letter pa
Per y one furth the aize of an ordin
ary penny piper. 11 contains grrai
I many exciting a.ljc r, on the coming
i-nwiMi m cr,.iCi.u..u. , ...
phecy.and loud complaints of persecution.
But the real gist of the whole matter ap
pears in frequent announcements of lec
tures, with teats free. Jl collection
will be taken to meet the expenses." Peo
ple are not to ba alarmed lor nothing, it
seems, snd if a man or woman can be con
vinced that the day of judgment will come
in a few weeks, what excuse can there
be for not piying liberally tha messen
ger of nurli important tidings? Then mo.
v xa? 1 1 1 he a mere drue in
less than a
year. Then ag i 1, in another pari of the
paper, is an announcement ol a Cheap
Library. " 1 Mtlle.'s Life, 2 views,
37 cents. 2. lectures on the SdCnnd
lWmr of Christ. 371 cen'.s," &e. &c..
in all a catalogue if twenty two volumes,
each of which the dupes of Millerism are
ei nerted to buv. Now the lone snd the
ahon of all this matter is, that Millerism
. . .a.,IwI nA?ii)Afinn nn
is a snecuianon a awi"".
nnnnlar ofcdiilitv: and we batre no
that it is an exceedingly profitable specu
ri.n manazcrs ol it will mattf
Urge forttu es and be riJing in their
eoaehet. whi e hundreds of their Ws
m bptfiLre', or si ot totiednngfonjofs
saaJfceose. Taaptrisg widi tie Inldi
f ll t aoJy. by taa q.K k asedteiaes.
s aid rhosgt ; tt u-apr.ig ouh peo-
Ug cjsark eatdiciaes, ia bad raatb; bet
utaprnag with jep!a eaestal ttJtJ
JoUoy irg lit iraaqsdiiy of W cam
antra, ta order to U the perk-ta ! a
few pteaIatofa.isiaidrb!- llthiirl
thsja-ary 4sia-aed by aacb baatbegs ia
exacted ia aatU earns, tst tha arrrrnu. !
I -
oca Essay utoatB4t coatribaie. ta a vt
L .. .
ry fe'svy ist ea ssy eaatataaiiy. Tha !
Cheap library adverllatd ia tha!
MAlara), coata aearlr foar dollars, f 3.
09.) and this ia a pretty high Bfiet.wbea!11
I.inficr the eiiae taaa - i..m....
it tars with aliLt .,.!... Tk -.-
cbsser, when ha has Uotht tha whole,
das gira eaneh to parchsse M Braada'a .
"B I m. u . ...
r.seTciopeuu " sad a reidabla copy of
the Bible, aad ba has got a besp of psat
phlrts, asserting ia a Bomber ol forme of
phraseology, aad ia a variety of type,
that the world is conrng ta sa ead forth-
iihl k greater iopnitioa wis never
devied.
rcrhins the ttex'.m mnrJ U tl at
person s i!luerta and aninll!icible aa
Miller bse shoo Liorlf to la a bile ia
,thie eiiy, sbouU atUset or imrreie tha
P"" " a jargon olrtl'gions be -
lief, which ha dees an even aaderstiad
himself. Ha is a oiJ.He-siitJ, eommon
Inking person, raiher stout, with a a'ang
style of address sailing at defiance oil
ralea of grammar, pronunciation, and ev-.wh'ch ie calculated to destroy the mIe
cry thing else which wa tviglt expect P'nderea and eonseqnently the ati i y ol
form a pablie teacher. the judiciary. Can the mover of these
Phil. Sri. Courier, jtcsolutions inform the huoe, why it be
"i i i 'comes reesssry, at this lata period, to
Ji Comet The papers sutctlat a bril-
liant comet was seen in several parte of
Massachusette durine: the last week. The
following description of it is given by a
correspondent of the New Bedford Mcr-
enry
" Iu brilliancr was almost eanal ta
that of Venue. Its situation is very near ." cannot now need the aid of a reao
the limb of the sun; its tail appears about, htina to iiTnm this body what are iu
itiraa Iiiimi in It m . I,, it. hnra anil lulir.
comet announced some three months since
in Europe s it was then tra vet sing tha
constellation Draco. Be il that or another,
it is of rare brilliancy. There are but
three , on record of sufficient brilliancy
to be seen in the day season. The first
was 43 years before Christ, end is called
" a hairy star;" it was seen with tha na
ked eye in the day time. . The second waa
in the rear 14(12. ami was so brilliant
that the light of the sun at the end oL
March did not hinder people seeing it at
mid-day: both its nucleus and its tad was.
to use the language of the day, two fath-
oras lone.' The third appeared Febra
ary 18, 1744, and nearly equalled Venus
Sin splendor, fand many persons saw it
jat mid-day without glasses. It may yet
prove that the comet of to day is the
! same as that of 1 102."
J ,
77 Earthquaketit Dreadful Effects
in the ff'ett Iiulitt.
By the arrival at Baltimore of the brig
France Jane, from St. John's. (Porto
Rico,) we learn thai tha Earthquake of
the 8ih ultimo (felt here) laid 111 ruins
nearly the whole town of Point Pctre,
(Gaudaloupe.) and that neatly ten thou
sand of its inhabitants are supposed to
have perished. The same shock was at
so experienced with much severity at An
tiffua. where several lives were lost and
a great deal of property destroyed. Ne
vis, Montserrat, and Barbadoes also suf
fered, but to what extent it is not known.
Wa mam. (Vim t.A Ttnltimt.A Palrtftl
of last evening the following extract of a!
j letter to the owners
ners of the Frances Jane,
dated
St. John's, (N. B.J.F.b'uary 14,
Wc have just received advices from
the Windward. The effects of the earth
quake of the 8th intant have been awful
indeed. Point Pelre, in Gaudaloupe. is
totally destroyed, and ten thousand per
sons are supposed to hate been killed.
The loss of property is immense. At
Antigua, also, there has been a great loss
of property, but only five lives were lost.
All the mills and surar works were more
or less injured, and the greater part of
the present crop will be lost. Nevis,
Montserrat. Barbadoes, &c. are said to
have suffered much, but to what extent is
not known yet. Here and at St. Tho
mas the shock was also severe, and last
ed at this place two minutes ; but there
was no material damage done at euner
place.
METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
The following statistics of the Metho
dist Episcopal Church have been taken j
from the minutes ol the several vonie
rences just published for 1842:
Annual Conferences,
Travelling Preachers.
Local Preachers,
34
4,244
7,621
Church Members, (communi
cants.) - 1.009,900
Net increase in 1842 of Church member?,
(alier deducting tho dead, lha with
drawn ani the expelled,) 120,123
There are now bnildinij at Blackwall,
fire large sleam frigates for the Russian
government, intended for ths war against
tho Circaaaians.-
REMARKS OF UlL TBANC,
or saTwaoa,
Msit is It L.'iUlaf T 4wtl rsViaa, ia
tef'j to Ur. MK of CtarUa4, tLa
Iaatwa ttc .
Jr. Sptaktrt Ustirghadsoanpleaa
appertaaity aSrded sot oa IdoaJay latt.
M i'vice mj tie a faUr oa these i rro
a
. .a - . . .
iwi-oas, i anotya tsoi aaaa aasoa aaa;ber
- tl .1.. r.i .
Jl rB lh a&eatioa of this boose.
atfor tha sUalent assaser ia wb
f "drvaa fraas CaabeiUad kisi
',wnt II
birb the
dklged.
asilirf ray metlvts aa that oeea
ba aa b.Uf as eossille ia re.lriei ta that
Vnllc mn'a drBBaeiatlons. and I ei
cia as
sarette boaae, that I am traif aiacere
bea I sute that I was extremely eorry
a m9 a. a' .. .. a
, nan ue eeoier w these rrsoia
tiocs thought fit to introduce thesa. Tor
! "hca. atbst. the two great psrties in ibis
haata eaa with dCevtty act in conceit,
prfurm ng tha legitimata oryc a for
.'hich ebae asseab!ed, it caaoot be
I expected that a series of resolutions ol
this chsrarieri. in anr war. calculated
toalfiy Hie tzciteaent that now exists,
or bnrg ahoat that anity of sctioa sa da
'airaKa to the intercourtw of a deliberative
. 0J
1 1 rerolotions, sir. there ie not
.only Agreit eonititutional question ineol
d. but a thrust ia made at one of the
(reat drpattmeote of our government.
.dfnara by reaolaunn what arethepow
and duties of the LrgUlature of North
Cardinal I ha 1 supposed that these
'were fully expresed in the firttind tenth
'atticlee of the Constitution
An iDitru
Iment, by which the penile of this atatt
"a a a ..-
bars been cotcrned for rpwards of lixif
It is, from the sertiona referred to, that
ibis body derives all its powers first to
make laws, and secondly to elect certain
state officers and by the constitution of
lha United States, they are authorised to
elect Uaitrd States sens tors. 1 hese and
these alone, are a'l the powers conferred
by the constitution, and any act done,
Which does not come iha tbaapanl
these powers, is an art of usurpation on
Iba port of the Leeista ure, not warranted
ky the Constitution. But I sm n lJ. tbst
by the eighteenth section of the Bill of
Rights, winch is made a part ol lha von
itnutiot), the people have a rght to ta-
struct their representatives. This right,
I shall admit in tbe fullest extent yea,
further, 1 admit that the Legislature, being
a portion of the Irce citizens of the state,
have a right to express their wishes on
nationul subjects, enlist by way ol room
tion ar otherwise, and that they ought to
have eiven them by ti e srnatots, resprct
ful consideration; but while I thus admit
this right in the Legislature, or any other
body of the citizens of this s ate, I most
positively deny the right, in tUs or any
other body, to give mandatory inttruc
tions, such as ll ese resolutions intend 10
convey. The sectit.n ol the Bill ol
Rights, to which my attention has been
called, however, ran have no earthly con
nexion with these resolution. Any, who
are in tbe slightest degree acquainted with
tho history of this country, or of that from
whith we received rur nations of the
common law, will remember that from
''g EdwJ I. down to George
aricue auiuwi were p.s.
Acts, which made it a felony for twelve
or more persons to assemble together to
peti'ion Pailiament for a redress or griev
ances; nor were these Statutes confined
to the opposite side of die Atlantic. The
American Provinces also felt the force
and tyranny f their operation, and ihe
Patriarch of the Revolution who framed
the B.I1 ol Rights, had no doubt an eye
to those sUlutes when the claese referred
to waa adopted by them. But who are
the people, and who their Representa
tives? They are the free peoj le of North
Carolina, met in primary, not in legisla
tive assemblies, to consult for the common
Jgood. The Representatives are the mem
bers of the tieneral Assembly ol me Maic
ef North Carolina, they are lha agents of
ihs people of this State, authorised to
pass laws, which csn operate on the peo
ole of this State onlv. That this is ths
tine constiuction of this chase in the Bill!
of Rights, snd cannot mean Senators in
Congress, is obvious from the fact, that
the p 1 Wer to elect Senator! is noi derived
from the State Constitution; and from the
further fac, ihat the Legislature bad no
power to elect Senators for many years
after the State Constitution was adopted.!
Tha nnifr in lppt Nunamrs is fleuteu
from the United States Constitution, snd
there is no srticle or clauso in tr.at in
strument giving to tho Legislature the
power claimed for them by ibis Resolu
tion.
But we are told by tbe gentleman from
Chatham (Mr. Jackson) that the Legisla-
lura tnav h fnn.i,l(re(l Nl a OrimarV 0
sembly, and he has read for us aome rej Hie tint
stdutions Irom a meeting in Mecklenburg ( am ta
I ""J cieut date.givmg tnttructioni to J it t ai
O U S LIBERTY.
t
Oecms, Thte.tftWatJdeaftlf
ca ia U ftvas fiam a puss ary am
h!y fcflliC et zeas of MsciUrabitrg to 'he
Delegates ia CeBgress, wko framed the
Aitkles tf CoKfeJeratioc; bat she Mrs
thst this Legul.tuVe may ba ceasidered
as a primary ssKsably ia bagging h
qe.Uon. A . to etr r, I sta 1 !ir to
mil the pmpoeitioa ia (very roitle
bspe ia hi bit may ba prrstnV, 1
aay that neither the f jr-gislatare a r the
pitutary eeabb!ee of the peij.le ttt this
State bae ti e power to rasa the stair-
dalory resolutive now aader e nii!er
eiion, so aa to give it the eoeet tatted
ed by i a phrssrolngji teeatst U e laws
pass a ay Coegreao are to operate, frit
oa the f eopla ef this Suta ealy, bat
apoa the people of every St.te in the Ua
ioa. Tha power ol electing Senators i
at conferred ea thia body by the people
of North Carolina, but but by the peopl
af the wh-ls Uaioa. ' It would then be
pre pnatrroos to supprose, thai a handful
of men, forming but a very small fra'ten
al part of that whole, could base the now.
r to command snd direct tha action of
those legislating for ihs whole. Bmde,
the wording of tha rrsolutioa onder con
sidrration.foibids iheronstroetu n a temp
led to be given to it, of considering this
body as a prl-aary safembly.becana the
Ungssge used to the Representatives in
both briarbes of Congress is different;
To the Senators it ia imtruct, bot to the
Rpressnutivrs it is request. Now, if
we, aa a primary assembly, where ad
dressing Congress, the langaaga used to
both bunrh.es would be tbe same. I must
hertfoie eeacUde, tbst these resolutions
are not intended aa emanating front any
primary assembly of the people.
. 1 be gentleman from Uomberlard,
(Mr. Mcltae) takes a different view ef
the mstter. I must however ba permit
ted to notice tha opening remarks of this
gentleman, before I proreed further. He
tells as that be sa'ercd iato this debate.
on account of quasi instructions given
to one ol bis constituents in 1838, by
those who nether admit noroby ins true
ti ms. It seems the fFhlltman has taken
a very different view of tha Ravner reso
lutions, as they were cal'ed, from what
one of his constituents look of themj for
Ibat fcenaior clung to bis seat with a te
nacity equalled only by the desire for of
fice, manifested by that party whose
main spring of political action is imeiibed
" shair hinwr Tn th tilftntthrlons
the spoils. ' -r or neither did thai gentle
man a constituent, nor the other Senator,
resign, or obey the declared will of the
people of tha State, na il a second elec
tion was held, when the people's will
wss mads manifest in surh a voice at the
ballot box, as atruck terror and d stria v
into those sticklers (or instruction those
servile advocates of passive obedience.
Another of the gentleman's remxik. 1
do not so well understand. He says the
gentleman from Ilavwood wss mads
tol itf, to gratify others. If by the term
tool, he rot ana that in my remarks on
Mondsy evening on these Resolutions, 1
can assure tbe gentleman, he honors mo
over much, as the remarks I made, were
the retuti of my own reflections on the!
subject, unaided by the superior wisdom'
or judgment, which a conceit of action
and interchange of views with the t i ler
snd more experienced members of the
whig party of this House, would no
doubt hae suggested. Bui, sir. if by the
term tool, it is attempted tobe insinuated
thai I, as a mere instrument in the hands
of others, was delivering their sentiments
contrary to my own judgment; or the
solemn responsibility under wl ich 1 act
ail, I unhesitatingly pronounce sucn an
insinuation false, basely false, and could
only spring fiom a heart totally devoid of
every seme of moral obligation.
Agtin, the gentleman from Cumber
land says." I have no hopes of bringing
the gentleman from Haywood to use po
lita language; the opposite seems to have
been his Spelling bonk in youth, and bis
Encyclopedia in manhood." I should
like to know, Mr. Speaker, who constitut
ed the gentleman from Cumberland the
ChesterirU of this House. He has no
hopes of bringing me to use polite lm
age! What a degree of arrogance and
pomposity is exhibited nerti 1 cn as
sure that gentleman, that when 1 need
ihe exquisitely sensitive ear of a lutor of
polite language, I shall seek for some
teacher better qualified to give a practical
illustration of his attainments, than has
been exhibited by the gentleman from
Cumberland on ibis occasion. Let me
aunte a few cf his beautifully turned pe
riods : lie says, that in tne Kescimions
of 1838, the wbijs sneakingly endeavor
ed o whip the deil round ihe stump
that dt-bapchery and ice sprung irom me
J0g cabin and coon skin parly in 1810
that ihey disgraced themselves and de-
arpridfiil from the stand ol men to Inst Ol
brutes. These are a few exctrpla of po-
lite language Irom the modern democrat
ic lexicography mere initiatory speci
mens, found in the gentleman's vocabu
larv of refined taste and elegant language.
lie next proceeded, as he waul, te proe
that the Legislature, had a right t give
mmda'ory instrnctio, and that it w as
the duty of tho Seaators to obey, l
krn down his mode ol reasoning.
as follows: The people tied their
no. 1 7.
'liTVT'fc
members to tie fvg'.Ltere. ard beta
La power t ia-tWitt ihea-t!.e Lfi.
la-are elect tkt'r Set ates. ad ef eeere
bate a Ms paar, lecteee lie ew
r which saakrs. ean romo-ind its rrs
lare, the a aw farter ef its own bands,
ai d. it ia et-aeeeueady the duty ef the
mature te obey seek ermsaands. Wbe "
a sehoolo.y. Mr. Speaker, I have oftea
beard el chofpmg logic I V ik k.t tbta
ia as fair a specimen f cLoflh I -g
so I have aver beard. I hits shear
sbowa thst tha power ta alert Setsire
was coi ft rrrd ow this body by tbe Cot
ftitu'ioo of the Ceiled Si.tss ir.'tU
office itself mas erst ted by th.t ia re
mans. Suppose the People ef tl e LVi- ,
ted Su es, ia place ef ri v. re the she ioa
ff Srnal-trs to lbs Lrgisfaiure, bad roa-
hrrd that power en ir.sf lirahd Jsry of
n ate eoaaty. voIU any oae coi.tr ad that
that Grand Jary would have the right to -
give the 9natir mvndatory iMtruc lon?
The Gevenor csa, by the same iusua-
mrnt wbieh givra u power to fieri, fill
aeancies in the recess oflhs legislature
--a, it believed, that be can, aftr ha
fiHa ihs vacai cy, also ins rurt the inrom
beat? We el-ei Judges ef the Supreme
snd Stipnitir Cosrts eaa it be for a
moment presumed, that wa cutht ,ta
camreind tha wbit judgmeat thry are -to
prorouhc. after their elee I m? Again,
by the aecnnd snide of the Cun-iiiu L a
of the United States, the E re ers iea"h
Sia a shall, by ballot, elrrt e Prsid at of
lha United States Was it ever dreamed
of, that they could, af:er electing him, in
struct hitt in the various duties pertain
ing to bis office, or sny one of them!
Thus we see, that eo far from any direct
grnt 01 mis power to instruct in tha
Constitution, that even by- analogy, wi n
other clauses of a similar character ia tha
same imtrament. we can find 00 socfi
power. 'Die Constitution of the Coiled
Slates giees to the Legislature the naked
power to elect, aod thai body arrogates ta
itself a fsr mora important trus, nevtr
intended by thst instrument to be dsle
gited to it, namely, the right to direct and
eontrol the action of the Sena'ors, when
slectej. The aen s of lha
people of
this Sato assa ne the prerogative of In
stroking the sgents of the people of the
unrca oiaiM, rendering trie latter a mere
breathing Automata in the hands f tho
former, it ia facetiously rematked, that -the
Chancellor in England if the keep
er cf ihr Kirrg's eonsciencr: but it remain
ed for ho wisdom snd sagacity of the
North Carolina legislature of 1842s t
become literally, am only the conscience
keepers, but also the conscience direc
tors af the Senators of ihe Unit J States,
and to declare formally and solemnly, that
they are so, by resolution. For it will
be remembered thst these Senator act
utder the eolrasa sanctoii of aa eath. In'
what a ridiculous altitude then, must not
this body sppear, when intruding itself
as a dictator of the anions, and a superin
tendent of the consciences of the Senators
of the United Males? It wi t b also re
membered that thin assumption of power
not only exposes the ridiculous attitude of
the present LegMsture, but it reflect up
on the sanity of those Sages, who fame J
the Constitution of the United Sute; for
those who Contend that this power is de
rived from that instrument, must believe,
of course, that its fra ntrs designed such
power should by it bs delegated. And,
that they should require Senators to act
under oath, snd at the ssme time, give is
this Lrgi"Kture power to eontrol their ac
tion, is passing an eulogium, not very en
viable, on the wisdom of those sages. Is
ha'l here, Mr. Speaker, ssy nothing of the '
effects of such a power as that claimed in
the Resolution under consideration, upon
the action, as well is the rr cords of the Uut
ed States Senste tor if the different leg
islatures bive the power contended for, it
must DfCCfSnrily, be the 'duty ol ihe Se
nate to obey implicitly their mandates.
What a spectacle then, must not their
Journal exhibit, in eases of a close vote,
where one set of Senators are instruct
ed out and another sat rtected to consider, '
expunge snd repeal, as the sudden ca
price if popular exct emenl may dirtvo.
Neither need I call year atentioo to that
body, when gravely sitting as Judges op
on a cite of impeachment, and ranting
their votes upon a full view of all the ev
idence in the case, which judgment ie
subject to be reversed and the Judges
themselves proscribed, sccotdirg as the,
current of popular feeling may flow for,
or against the party accused, through
the dictation ol the different Legist
lures, without bearing one particle of tha
testimony upon wlictt such judgment
was founded. Nor is it necessary forme
to describe what confusion may arise be
tween the Executive and LrgiIuve De
partment, while the former has a bill on
der sdriemeit fr nproal, which is te
.--I. ........ .
peaieu oy the latter inrougn tne msgte
potency of matidaory instruction before
the btmi'ive prerogative is exetcised.
These difficult es hae ao doubt presen
ted themselves to the mind of the ssga
youth from Cumberland, and his grava
associates from Chatham and Orange, who
advocate this novel doctrine, and are in
ihetrviaw perfectly reconcileable. c
1 had supposed, however, Mr. Speaker,
thai tha m iver of these Resolu-ions snd
bis assoeiEtcs, would have been far, very
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