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aha Vt cat d prttat taiUft'f racig every claaje, tae-
thai r im m lt trvta of ertded, m a fm ?. ttHMif bite aha a' rhf, I f-wd4 a say ol ayt cprivt Uolih. lit . fit, da w Pi bU-f av a, ad attee V.iV rJ LVww le effect cf rais, bin Li lift ea. wit a-k4 mi !' - reaed her peart, aad M oa h ih. rwtu taljl-t be 4 iea date- U Uo mi to-day." U tat did n elfM"-euafgl wite tW - area Uw" ease ia cvlJ iter t faJ : lut ftnok, ad etaongat iri- former any riecet bring tLe prtUirmj ib.i 4rd b S IV titer. Ta e chtd aaa wttcwtird w4Scnfttin,batul!iadea t mvJ bcete e Jtteeti of i t edu 1 demnj ay liberty -to-roar I.eoeaiaai epporusnttic af grtu'fiag ibt will Law tin cM of eswoiitcr aad rob- detilnb propensity. eeed. I firs' list brtf bafora the raagUtrate. Tea. Sir Wa'trr, art Uitcatpn aad thai aield areata tiu beta trust! h) to ia Tur i ailrati to rata a? teputMia. Uat ta nnrraw ? inaocraca abIl ba ttUblub- eJ. " With (bit btJ avowal ht raiieJ fro at th tom, lrap ia o bia rantag r, aad ia t a few aaiaataa arts act doaa at iba dovr af bia eiilediJ boata ia ba lUiraa. I Tha GviUhall at Daib prcaevlrd aa aa asa Iel naa ia mj aatirr euy, diagrarc4 aatl arena oa tha f-lowirg aKMnmi . bi fcooorabla profrUa 1 aaa tta ta Itamor, atib brr buadrrd tongar, l.d atranat of bia drtrriioa. aad Ittraaav gita aculy aa naj di(Trat ariaoa arrithe aa I raairoabrr Ut rtetigafiAa) I ofihtaiory wahtciHlatrfdlie!ata. !reiri-dfor qy dwcvtrry of Iba effea Graapa of vtU dreaard aroiora. fur tha drr.M Boat part ceapoard of tl.e frrwenttra of J , Wbtra did ihia bappebt Ogerlj ifl- CbaptL prraaea forward iwauia- tiao into ik eoaru ilen all rattle era obrrr4eraadng round the aeat of jtice, aad amorf tlieoi a large portina of tha faeultj," ba acaarJ to tke peculur iawrtii ta the charge krovjht ;aiot one of Uieir body. At t!et a o'clock hie ercrthip appeartd. The navor luteaed auenUrrly to all thit Sir Waller lai to aay. rectiicd the enrroboratioa ol tboaa peeu, and prampily iMued a warrant fr the ap pre beaioa of Dr. MitehrM. Ia a brief perind tha cnnrtib!e return ed, e aflg tiiaf the iouaa to the Circue aaa ariy atrippej of all it furaiture. not a eemnt Ij be aera, and tiie en!r ptrtoa found opon the prrniaee ae old Lz.ni(, the broker, wboae etory ran. that ba bad bteo aeat for Ue pre ion af. trrnnon, and bad urehar d every thing the d.K-tor potct d, inrluding raniage. baraea. ru e aiid oir.e; three be had piid for partly ia cash, and the if mtindrr in order on a if "hie peole" in Lon don, end the bargain concluded, Mitchell bad left the laue, leaving no Ware b abich l i eouie could be ascertained. Time rlle i'-e ceawlc eoore.M A qorUr of a raotury bad pad aaar, aoJ daring it pro-rata our recently form ed colony, ia N South Wale bad ft owa rtptdly ta extent and importance. An ou'p im tl irty eiitea from Sni per. a under the comaiand of Major Gr'tue(.tf Hi &jest)a tegimeat t,f inlantrr. Returnirg froia hi morning ride, he .ICI mmm vf ym v t. ia n open f ce. ia the eentre of the toon then in pn-er, and toon aceertaio tJ that the eridhlfdleetd toaiinea a fell j w ben.f , couth t though he war, un dergo the ponUhmentf a hipping. The dtlinauent at an oldo an. frelle. thin. a d emacitJ, bi aaanty u.ks ijered ct tv winter, none ioodo a eoant iianc convulsed with trrrrr, vtbilel hi w Ucrcd hand rJ tit.a-ailing effuri to diencee Lna-lf Iron, the riaspcftli prool i oik(siiuat;aGardinerapproach- ed, tba wretcleJ being, in piuous acceot explained: . O. ir, for the l.v"of heart n. Skve Bi! 1 lae a .tf- red mucl ; chains a .d ex ill- I hae hime; bot, O, p.r the lab, an J 1 will b! you with my latest trr ail . I i oe?Mj i r qutrei ofJT.ej -.ihkeep er : arrl?e,l at tlie city gate j 1st after .unrise, al;t i Ceuce the suppliant hl cirnro l !a, ci-mmenced firing in honor ofthtJ teJ. nd learned thai a Spst Uh dullar.bt- ,1,, w liic-Ia w as to he celebrated bv an cn hr.g 1 1 to a Mlow ptiaoi.r, had be tra. . nn.fcme. 0f if.e remains of the afiattercd cti ;to It a ptHseaaioo, and ettyihef. limb T!ie ,,rincipal streftg were cover wr re r., o-carring among ti a c r. ej wil, n iwnm - )ie ,i:,tary were vici l- nau rartiTea inirucii at it tlic-V. the evil ty aanaiaary puci!ia.ei.t of ti e tfT. nrfer. The o!l fellow." eonlinneJ thejpihr, has lelavtdavery wl;J"l late jaara: he ta a Imutltaome futaer when he first rfetne 0', but tl at a long while ago. I liaeu't hid aablsck oarkaaintJM.;son nee t!ii. p'ace was first buil ." Eo.Jtii1:," sid the maj ir; "hispast g.jod ioudu(!tshall avail him bow. Ui hppy uia ," h continued, aJdreasing Mit n. "ht me hop that the pardon now granted oj oiyanot be abused' 3) ir.g thin tl e g.Hant officer rde off, and hJ nn proreeded moy pace when stall ttee, to which both axe and saw hid been up; ltd; suJdenly, fell acioss hi ( aih, and aued his horse to rear and j lunge t i violemlv, that the rider was thrown tT, aiid in tti C -II hi bead was da-lieJ with consideiabie violence agiinst. a L re etnne by the taay.ide. The crowd he had jui left ruhed lotlie spot; maHy pronounced him killed, but Maisun, forc ing hi way to the prostrate body of hi preserver, implored hi companion noto ckreen tLe air from the stunned and sene let frame; desired, in almost a tone nf authomy, lb at water shm.IJ be bonjlit a quickly aa poible, and procrerled to h-otCn the tighdy buuoneij regimeittal rnal, take oil" the stock, clufd the temples, and fe:ing io rain fr puUuioti in tl e re gun of the heart or at the wrist, he drew firth a lai.cet ca- and opened a vein. This prompt conduct on- restored th Mjr t consr ousne; after a brief delay, he vm conecyeJ ioiia residence, ixiatsoit f porting hiui, an J raniestly beseech- nermistion to temaii in the bousn till Flher asis'ance eokld be procured. II i request was granted, and eedily trie grateful old nun dioiniier. a cding (l;a(ftii u lly ffcyeria'a ycitarnt( 'a4 tad l it fcelief that tht I Ceary af Mat 'prteiif ti lt rl;4 fr..mt- Jj M peeuet af be ae!ig ett. - Ym eraiae U faded, air. rtthed iba 4J . owe mrti ia tLe vU phyaieua ia t itt rrvoee. A taadwa, riaeaae. I eta tail it aaihiag tlar, tepted a l forget taai are ere etrtcdy eeaBtateded e-t m . . Trail J nf eretir. I had eeeee of diffract, aad was ahhaately be aitbaj frttr froai jr aiUta Uad. Wbt I bt radurtil ia aaf rii!e, I ari!l aot tia tc ia detrrtbicf. Yar tinr j inwfrrtart tare J aa loai aarried d'gradatioa. I at avrt f n4'7 af Uia ciitae ibry cbarirj ait aiib. . Your aiorr, aiJ tbt ojr, hit broat It brk ta esy ratax aa a real olirb bppar4 ia tar cbilJboad. A qairta Aititoa. Ia Baih," era tha reply, But tha poor child hwflrrd'for mc, led to ,roar roo louune.. i be wretched Mi'ehell eidl Jfetl. however, dtat ba waa thecauae of orroerird chea tiecau Canyoo ferfive iner do moat freely. Toy I oat ay life, aod I will ut wy benS nfluence to etfuo the rigor of yovr l.t." Mitchell withdrew, aiid M jr Gardiner iinacd ale'y a rote to tie govetcor fur pcrotiaatoa t retain tlta uppoed AJaUua ia bi euMihment and to fica himfioot hie manatee, Before the aet wi pf li ed io tba let'er. the bnd of Heaven bad rendered unavi:iog all humaa intcrvec lion, -the c Id mia'e body waa found in a knee tins poeitioa by Lie bedeidr. bi epirit bad departed to lla bein who give it, tba All-Wi ai d AllMerciful. From the Phnadeliilua bquirrn A SKETCIIOF SANTA ANNA. a:t roaTiratt with a rtw Tta. 1 ' 1 ho rcr ent revolution ia Mexico, to gelher with the overa htlmins change in the fortune of Santa Anna, have impart ed Ircsh interest i the lue or a mm, whose career ha been to'eitraordinary; and who but the oiherdqy the cbserr edif all observer" with the d?:ink of a nation in his hand, is now, it may be presumed, tit le t etter than a fugitive antf anul!a . 'I he more immediate events in his history have been full of stir ring excitr tucuLfjlii rapture by the Tea ans, hi release, li return to Mexico in an American iaiiopai vessn, ms over throw by Gfn Almonte, hi w-elrrtion a rresidciit. hiloss,r f a leg idefence of Vera Cruz, hi new movemrnu for the ic conqneatof Texae, the'death of his wife, his needy marriage to another, the late popular outbreak, hi tyrannical contJnct towards the Mexican Congress, lliefiJcli ty to him of a large body of followers, the per inacityjof Ms resistance, his'repeatcd attack i n ruebla, and &nr.;'.y, if the last !arc,unu faefirue. his neirntialion for sur- render j he conduct of hisjconnl ymcn in Vela Iiiontnliia diiinntated ptr. must lip nro- nouueed brutal and disgruceful. and will long be remembered -a a cowardly n.ar.i fi ?U'.in i.f popular fury. Brantz Mayer, in his interesting work on Mexico, givfs an account of the burialW this I;-?. Uc . : R. .... - - i out in their fiiiery, the ofijeers f govern' mcnt mingled in the pricesiio!i; and the limb of the President, cut off in 1838, af terwards hnriedat Vera Cruz, w8 iJisin te.rcd and brought to thecap'fal in 1812, laid in a crystal'vase, borne to the reine- u-ry oi oaiua rauia, where ii was tii po sited in the monument erected to receive it, Ly the command of tin General of the Mexican a.'rmy. A solemn culogium en the President was then pronounced by a distinguished Mexican, an 1 the eereuiu- inics in honor of the precious relic were co'jrluued. What a constrast lave recent evpnts preefiled. The leg !ia been urn from itu p ace of repose, audkicked about the street! A statue of J-anta Ann, wh.icli had been placed on a beautiful column, ha been thrown down andramph'd upon. A writer in the Ne Orleans Tropic, who w as a witness to the city of Mexico, pe bly of people in fmut of the I'hizza. "Shouts of rivas (he says) fioin twice ten thousand voices rent the air, clu-nched and up!iftedhands and geKiiiMlaiioint of the most determined character indicated the deep-seatedenthnmsni of 'he vast multitude. It was indeed a tremendous spectacle. I witneispd many men so im pressed and affected ut the ei?ht that the tears were streaming down their faces. It was a motley scene. 1 lie Mexican cen- ileinan, the merchant, t'te It p?ro, in his! many colored clothing, .lie olTtcer in his ' gorgeous regimentals, sohlieis, crowd of , young men, women, and boy alirombm- iq io lurnislt a spectacle wliii:liilioie who witnessed t,and the intense entliusiasm ehich appeared to burn in every one, will never forget. But a few nqnths$1eforc, Santa Anna ri ited the theatre in his splendid ttaie eairiagt, an4 ol9Wcd by about aeveuty Uamt, Twa rewacd grrasl.e r. if auaeJ At ulUr gib cftbt to ratre. raikteg a ttw lvr i e b- aeraUahf.aif a paaa. 1 Lra rr ku-! ly any aadr a feet- cot woksi-g rce. . Tfco theatre tatitaida waa l-lUiy-. laattaated; rlead4 traasp areama b tba iacnp:CE l'atroa of U.ia eu.&ef lima f TaflPfo Hera cf Via Cm," Sieaipra VcJor--4lwaya taotetoiwUir aad aimilar brwliaaca formed a dari'irg sperucle. Cut te fanff aretx-y that towered aheaa I? ; rat a a a ft.3 lengih portrait of &au Aaa crow we'd with laarel by tba geaiva :f Victory, a ho waa area hoteiirg aver l bead. 1 bit waa rrcratly torn dowa ay roob, aad eoavmed tabs a kiad of Lro with wbirh the etive a art wept - Mr. Mayer, ia Id work already c,ot ed frcm. dearribea Santa Anna aa abet six feet hi.h, well taada ami of r rare. J bearing, aod stumping along oa an old fsti ioned wooden prf, baaing rejected as tv comfortable, all tha mock leg with paint springs, Ui at bad been presented to bin. Ilia drcs on all puhl e occasion that of a high officer nf tha army, aiAl ft brrat waa covered with richly getnej 4 eorstion. Ilia brow, (wa here qoce front Mr. Mayer dewrrii uon, written a 1812.) had.d witlt black hair aora what sprinkled with grey, is by no mean lofiy.butn-rrow andseiooth. Ilia beau alihougn rather small, and too long Tor it breadth, ha a marked and boldly define! outline, indicated talent and -reolu&t! Hi noe ia straight and well shaped, aid brow kbit in a lint over close and bri !int ryet, which are raid to dash a ith Ids when roued to passion. . Ilia eomplo ion i dark and eallow, and his tempera ment evidently billious. " Hit mooUi a the moat remarkable feature. It promt nrutrxpressinn, when at reU ta that of mingled pain and anxiety." In perfect re pose, you would think bin) looking on I dying friend, with who sufferings ht was deeo but helnlenlr srmnathwin?. Theie is no tuidictirer.es, ferocity or U! icntper in nisexpretrion. Iu another part of hi work Mr. May er says: A wa passed the front of the National Palace, fro a out of it main por ia! dashed fifty iraily companioned het- tar. fd owed by a coach richly decked wnh crimsoned velvet and gohLdratrnb a Yankee coachman. Behind the-e dasli- ed fifty more hussars; while at the side of the roach, sit aids reined in tnetr spi rited cliarger. J here is but one person in the elide. His dress is that of a Ge neral of Division, with red facings and gold embroideries. He wears a muster of decorations around his neck, while a me dal blazing with diamonds, voted to him by the nation, rests on his bosom.- His sword handle is studded with diamonds. and his hand rests on a diamond beaded cane. He is uncovered, and as he pas sea bowa gracefully to your sanitation. you recognise the President of the Repub lic." Such was Santa Anua ocly a year . . SHAMEFUL. The New York ('orrespondent of the Na loual Intelligencer wines An instanre of culpaUe ignorance or culpable illiberally, on the part nf some of our cusioin-houfe authorities, has recent ly come to ligtit. A case of books ad dressed " A lea Etats Ui is d'Amerique.' was received here more than nine months ago, and deposited in the public U re. The case contained some fifty volumes from the royal press of France, to Le pro cured only by consent of the Chamber i f Deputies. Amoi c the collection were the Kecncil ties Hittoriens drs Gauls tie la Frauce" and the Proes Verbatit des Seances de la Chamhre tie Deputes." the former in twentt volumes mh! the latter in twentv-ihree. bt lh adorned wish splen did engravings snd etiperldy bound and illuminated I hese works were sent through the influence of M. Valteniare, whose indefatigable attempts to establish a system ol exi-hange of intelligence be tween nations will be well remen.b red A w eek or two since, the whole budget of rare and costly books, w hrui at least thousand tlcilais, waissold for storage for eighteen dollars! I he purchaser has al ready b eu offered five hundred fur bis bargain by one ol our literary socieiies lie has refused the offer. The stupidity (ot, shall we t ot use a harsher word:) o the authorities who could part with so va liable a national gift on any terms cannot be loo much reprs-hendetl. llvridii. The Tallahassee Floridian ol ti e Utinst., contait.s the following pa razrnphr: We have been much gratifi d within the pat week, on It anting that emigration is settling with a steady t;Ji- in to our territory. Since the last census, our population has incrcsed with a rapidi ty unknown to the old State. Gentlemen the Uevoluti.,, iJorinue, especially from , the lidd'e alt of the Aaem i f'il?ler" ?ePtM'B"5 "",a' ,,,al.,!, m the Middle and emi gration since 18i0, h-s been at ths rate of from 20 to 40 per cent, npon the popuU tion, a shown by the census then taken. We are assured that our present while and negro population will equal, if not exceed, 8:,0(M souls. We have ever believed that Florida is destined to become densely populated. W Ii v should she not? She ose.es eve ry variety of soil, producing all the fruits of ihe tropical regions -coffi e and tl e su gar rane hae arrive to perfection. A few ""J"-,' f . I1"" gruw the year. Dissolution of tht Union. Tht Indi ana Leg'ala-ure, at itt last session,dissfiIe e j ihevnion of no lest tlian tweilly-fiot couples, who bad found that lb ope ra tio i of taking each other fur better or for worse, wat much more fur the worst than the bt tttr. Fi4 tl !UuitM JLastfU 1 Ol fl EIGHT TO OSEGOX TL TKtuaxert which tl Oregra eeeatka taa asatuned. aiid tU tssporuBt rctblts which Bay fv2ow Crera tha pre- t i eiutka oa Uol saitteci, re a n I dcMnlle that tha fart ia rrfa&oa to it tWU t L-flilailv kaoaa. Vb;t tra our rlaimi to ue urrgoa icv ' . ss. ... riwraf What is the extent c uei II aw are titer sv.tuouairu i Tk rsiin slrecr.h of OCT claim rc1 cpm the eka cade by Spain in 1810. i k. FUrUa t-eair if that vear treaty rr-i : - . .. . j abich taa tera to vauunuy rMu. of late txd declared by Tcxaa panwaa M k . n.iItr lrantfrntd to the United Stir tdl tha cl-ias of Spain to tba coun try of tie Oregon lyirg NofJi of the 42d A.Tm North latitude. The rfg'tcn in queanicn laa bcrti claim ed at one time or another by Spain, Octal ITasslsu and the I'mxd State. The claim of Korata have been aetded by treaty, aad her possession in mat quar ter limited to lat. 54 drg. 40 aa the South era bouialanr. The claims of Spain Lave been transfvrrcd to the United State, eoj that the crdy question now at issue is be taecn our Goternmcot and that cf Great! Britain; and the tctritory ia dispute ex-, tend from tlie line 42 dcg. North latitude to that of 54 dcg. 40. It atrctchce along the Pacific about acre n bunureu ana six ty miles from Nonh to Scuth, it is about fire hundred niilca wide, and contaius tome 2G0.C00 square mile. The Kocky Mountains border tt cn the i-ist, ana se parate it ficm the country watered by the Missouri; oa the West tt U bounded by the Pacific ocean, With respect to the ftrtdity of tfct re rion thete are conflirting accounw. Mr. Wm. Sturra. of Bcston. in a lecture re cently dchrcied by him before the Mtr- eantile Association of that city, cave it as his opinion from personal observation mat the soil of me Urecon was no ocuer uian that of mfllion of acres of ucretdfd laud within our territorial limit. The climate, however, u milder. During seven win ters passed by -Mr. Sturgis on that coast, between the fiftvfirst and fifty-seventh degrees of latitude, he hut once aw ice cf sufficient thickness to bear a rruin. We have remarked that me mam strength of our claim to the Oregon rests unon the cession made by Spain in 1819. The Spanish claim was based upon the right of discovery ; ana tr.ere seems to is no doubt that the f hipa of Spain w ere the first to visit aad explore the Oregon coas U The Spaniards, however, made no at tempt to settle the country. Hut Spain had her colonics in California and Mexi co ; and as die chips had coasted along the continent as far North as latitude fifty five, and that as early as 1502, she rc rarded the w hole expanse of country as one tcrrttory ana claimea it accoruingi). Uiitibh vessels also visited the coast ; it is not pretended that they were the first dis coverer. But finding the country unoc- i'oti were fsutjiisneu at i out. a ootina vy muU Mearea sometime within the last century. T !iis vvaa reg-arded by Spain as an invasion of her rv'ils, and the post was attacked and captured by the Span iards in 1790. Here was the beginning of that conflict of claims which has come down to this day for adjustment. We have succeeded to the rights of Spain, w bile Great Britain holds her aacient pretensions. And we may here observe that all questions of pri or discovery, and in fart all other ques tions of right to Oregon, between the con tending parties, are merged into one defi nite issue which forms the starting point of all discussions connected with the pre sent controversy. That definite issue was made up by the treaty cf the Escuri- al, ratified by bpatn and Great Unlain in 1790 ; and e stipulation on the point in question was the result of the capture of the post at JNootka bound by the Span iards. England demanded restitution and compensation for this alleged aggression; Spain yielded both ; and then was formed the agreement respecting their mutual claims which constitutes the basis of the very agreement now existing between our Government and that of Great Britain on this identical point. "In order to strengthen the bonds of friendship, and to preserve in future a per fect harmony and good understanding be tween the two contracting parties, it is agreed," -tays the treaty, " that their re spective subjects shall not be disturbed or molested, either in navigation or on their fisheries in tha Pacific Ocean, or in the South ficas, or in landing on the coasts of those seas in places not already occupied, t ceremonial of such conequence in Go, for the purpose of carrying on their com-j vernmrnt difh-tendy organized frcm merce with the natives of the country, orOur. Depending for its s lrii.niiy and cf making settlements there. Upon the basis, then, stood the rival claims of Spam and Great Britain to the Oregon. The question was left open, each party admitting that the other had claims, but neither assuming to define the exact extent of its pretension. Upon the same basis stands the question now the United States occupy iiig the position which Spain held, and succeeding to all her rights. Our Government, indeed, advanced claims to the Oregon prior to 1 8 1 d. These claims were founded partly upon the be lief that the Northern boundary of Louisi ana, transferred to us in 1803, extended to the Pacific; and partly upon the ailedged discovery of the Columbia river in 1792 bv Capt. Robert Gray, in the ship Columbia, of Boston. Upon the first assumption of Mr. Jefferson dispatrhed Lewis and Clarke to explore the regions west of the Kocky Mountains; and in 1811 a settlement was established by John Jacob Asstor, of New York, at the mouth of the Columbia river. This post was captured by tho British du ring the last war and restored at the con clusion of peace aa admuxion by Eng- Urd .ocr tight to make revlfuxct drfre, al-JUtf it waa to accsja cl ew r gut u exclusive poeta. - Eegiasd lid ; attseroo post ta tie &e itgH-a, tea tuH held ihrra. ' . . - fte r!ira focadra tf-oa the aL"d diacovery f CoStmWa Kiver lfVft. Irar, in I7VZ, cue :V Jk -Vt.Yt. Tlit eeat a iwurd by Spuiisll aavigator two hundred yrara to r L- ; .iM rtalmed hr Snaia tl-at cae of her captain waned l(ota dkroveted the rivet iwell before Cart. Gray ever taw it, and ia proof t4 it. i the rp11'" ,m rn!ird to oron which the rim row know n as the Ctdnmtua apptar ender the name vt Ck it Soa I-oque, to cauca ty tlM-nfa. But whatever righla may belong to the dlfccvrrr cf the great liver cf Oregon are mihl whether der.ted frcra Cart. Gray rtis. Foatuh cavtffator.becsuseaj the right ahich Spain held, and UJ arcenf the rest, bt lerr to the Uri'rd Satca by the Uhtlcrg treaty of 1819. , a Ij-t ua Lrirflr aura VD the fact. j. We have no original clam to tie Onron prior to 1790, wfcen me trc&iy i it r-rariml ws made bv Spain and Great ... . - . Rritain. CsdU Crat'e discovery tcca place in I7VtI, the ccrsion of Louisiana waa rnaiie tn eu3. II. 'ITia aereement of 1780 betweea Spain and Great Britain rcccfnwed the i laims ol bom partirr, out aumiucu uic r - clutue sovereignly oi oeiinrr. m unorrupieu portion of meuregon seems, indeed, to have been regarded as open U etdemect by any people. Our eer.le ment at As ton waa restoreu at tt.e cioe of the last war, although ae had not then succeeded to the tight held by Spain. . HI. Tha present basis cl me conuo versr U identical in subttance with that established between Spain and Great B'i- tatn in I79C- the former naun oeing ubstito'td in the Ut-itcd Slates as a party in the matter, IV. The exclui-e aoveretgnty row claimed by some in behalf of the United Sutea over ihe Ort gon ran only be estah liohed by obtaining a cession of the claims of England, or by forcibly dispossessing her. It is a question of negotiation or war. We may remark, in conclusion, that the gradual progress of our settlement in the Oregon may give u possession of thai rountry in a quiet wav, ami as soon perhaps, as we sha.ll need the territory. The ardtnt impetuosity at work among us rnty not permit thi slow process. BREAKING TOE PEALS. Wahingi?n City, February 13. Yei'erday wa tht day asiigned. by the joint resolution of bom Houses of Con gress, for the performance of the constitu tional dutr of opening and counting tha votes for President aod Vict President of the United States given by ti e Electoral Cnlteeea of the several Mater. la pursuance of that resolution, in Ht-uat of Rerresertativee, at a few mi m - a .a tiitnt t'i nVtnrlr aninndd the butines in which it wit engaged, and prepired to receive into its Chamber, sr eording to previous arrangement, tht Se nate of the United States. A table bad been placed in Ihe aiet bt lore the Clerk labia for tlieacro'cmodaiionoftbe record' ing officer of both bod es. The mem bers, no lorger in gronp in the aisle and lobbies, or lounging o-erthe last ne' paper, were generally in their seat, and the silence of expectation gradually settled down on all present, as ths finger ol tl.a Oi al pointed to the hour of noon. Tht doors of tht ball "we thrown open, and'in a few moments the approach of the Senate was indicated by the appearance of their ber geant-at-Arms, who was followed by the President and Secretary of tht Sin.tr, aiid then by the Senators, walking two by iwo; who took scat prepared for them in a double semicircle round about the area in front of the Clerk' table. The President ol the Senate having a cenJed to the Speakers Chair, the Speak er of the House being seated on his lely stood a did the mc a.bert of the Iloose. until ihe Senators were seated in order. Tl.eTeileis appointed by the two Hous es (Mr. Walker of the Senate,' and Metsrt. Kennedy, of Maryland, and Buike, of New Hampshire, of the House) took their seats at the table of the Clerk, the Secretary of the Senate on their rijht, the Cieik of the House on their left hand; the chief clerks of the House and the Si n.te being seati d tt the table below, the two Sergeants-at-Arma having teatt on either side. Tha scene had nothing i f the pomp that would have blazed upon the eye at tts effects on tbe inherent greatness of ihe act to be done, i one who regard d it with a philosophic eye it had solemni ty spproachiag the lublimc. Who that rtrlrcied on the ir.k'.s, thetuatbl'; tl.e battle and the blond, which have an of ten accompanied the arquUition if a dis puted throne in the Old World or, in deed, of a disputed Chieftiinslnp in the; (lovernmenis of the New World could look on ihi peaceful and tranquil assem bly, remembering the purpose which bad called it together ami the eent which it was virtually to consummate, and not' be deeply impies'ed by the happy eipedi eut here first devised for securing tl.e suc cession to supreme Executive p-iwcr by delegated expression of a Nation's Will? The spectacle was earnestly contem plated by an audi'ory as large as the li mits of the galleries couid by possibility contain. The. Ladies,- never the hst to catch a prevailing enthusiasm, or to gaze w tl) intercut on s demit and public acts, had been pouring-dongeseiy avenue, and climbing the endles multitude of steps by which they reach the narrow spaceM lotted the oi fvr hours btfvre; but the gd- Wry raUed tlh ed by aaneaee a a taie aaaie tirejtu a ir eai oat.M( tefa wUkta It rtriatti aad thwla Mritd Met fr Ut fhtt leg ed f !ara at it iia ta roc teai u erateivta wi.k il two aearicl wii cf the geaiieawa gahc ry, iata which tt.ry awed to lae oter Ceatdaa tiuurti.e. iuaietigttaf tki . (allrry, vakka r otd ti e wli.l . micirealaf ladry i f tLe ball, w : J -. k ....... M If'. mmm.m - a aiurative olieittra of avbtt aaa tiat-at trd ia tbe ptce belew. Catatdtttef the raahihsfe assealler. aa stiociielhf adeare peradcd tLe ball. a at a air. alaafwat, rirsueat el tit ft. aate, ret aad ta d that tht Sei,att aid Ileate of Uepeet.taties bad met, ac totiifif to tkt Cot-sutarofi, for tie rat- t . . . . aoe ai coocurj u.f oe gira ay tie Elector f the eenl S stre ftr I're.i. dcet and Vice President ct the Uaied Slate: aad tlta tttirg frcra tha paper before Lita ct cf the srt'.rd farlage. an ke tLe tea't. apeoed it, aad aid: I prttrnt ta yav', gentleewa Talleis, tl tote ol the EUcuMt i f iLt Salt af Maine, thai they w ay bt rotti Ui.. Mr. Wtlkei Urn read aload rhe Rr-trt of the Proceeding of the Eh ctota at lh State, aod tt.e.Clctlt took daea tit ouas bert a they wra tciiwBced. la thi rtanmr tit retort fieat all tie State writ gone thrrrgh with, ihe Tel ler rtlieving each ether from tiattolimt in the reactng. ; . The process waa arcettiiLlv rather heavy, and nothing bat it gtetl iabimit ireportai.ee prr.tet.ted it being iatuffer ably udcu', the irtult ol rack ballet It ing krow n ao long before! an J. Yet a ttrsa ger, on witutrtirg the respectful and u ttrained alrLtioa of all preteet, atighi have alaotttoj f ostd tint tba resell at now mtdt known fr tlit first time. The counting being at length fioislec, Mr. Walker tote and tid;. " I be TtU lert bating ci.nted tLe tout giita for Pretident and Vice Ptetideat of the Uei tedSiaies, hat directed ate ti report tht aasc ta the Preiider t of the Senate." Tba Prttident of the Senate, thea. in a rltar and fir toice, which reached every trees ol the Hall, announced the result ol ih counting, (as will be found stated in another coLme. After which ht proaoutccd the Fiat of the People in the follow ii g terms: I do there fcr lit dare Jaxe K. Pclc tfTtnntmt, tar ing tereited a mtjonty of the whole num ber cf elecjorial tct-t, to bt duly ihctsd Prtidenl ol the toiled Mat lor the irrm of four year from the fourth day of March eext. Ht rcadt a ttiailar tr nouneement of the rlcrtion r f George M. Dallas, of Vtnntykania, as Vice Pre idem foi the taint term: and then added: Tht bttieett for wl.icli tht luo Houtca c-nvened having now tetn coeplcttd. tht Seutte a ill now return io iia Cbaai ber.M Tbe metal a of tie House rott ia their place, and remained ttandirg until tha Sebators retirnl from tha Hall ia tha same order in whub thsy had entered it. The cnemony cccopird just an hour and a half, and wat eonduc ed thri tgl cut with the niott ui.br. km e'ecorum. the fi nal entincittion of the lettlt not bating el.ciud etro a ar-ucd frcm Ihe multitude assembled through all the gllariee, lot bies, snd outer purtiewt of the Hill. The Htue imtccdi.tely adjotrned; and, in a few minutes, the Hall wat at nil! tiid empty at if tht greautt ceremony, regard ing its internal sff.irs, ia which a great ration can be occupied. Lad not just past ed within itt wa'.U. Nat. Jnttl. Power or Ht liciois Trvth At a large public meeting in Bnaton,ltil wetk, the He. Dr. Andrnon, Secretary ol th American Board, remarked, that 25 e.rs age the Sandwich llnders were found by our Missiynariet a'most cntiitly dtt titute ol houe er of dress. Now a ery larje pot linn of lhero enjoy theutial eon. fjits of ciribxed life. Then they had no conception of written i.ngtagr; but by the Miitinarie their language hat itr.cj been ledured to wriiit g, aod one buodieJ and fitly milliont of pruned pages h not been etlTr lent to meet tie demand t f ihe rati rmn) f.ir reading. Upau!s ol 30,000 hare teen admited ta the com mauion ol d.flV rei.lEvangel caltl.uiches, who have coi tuiutd luailorn their profes sion; about on thud of tht euthe popu lation. Fiiinerly they were goteimd, o far a got crned a' all, by the w id of del p'isn; no ibey bate a written code of laws; tie rigid, r admiri.-tntion cfjuslirr; and the common b'etsingtof freedom and Cbritiiaiiity. What haion fur patriot'! lialtinort American. 0.E IirXL'RED M0R.V0X8 SHOT. Tht Western Illinois and Iowa pspsrs of the liih of J.nuary, bring rrpoits that the pany of Mormons wl.o le.'t Nautoo for the purpose of settling in ihe 1'ire ''" (higli up the Mississippi river,) l;ae all been oiurdrird Having grt mo a dispute at a iVnth tradirg establishment about the price f some provisions, which they thought exorbitant, tbiy uncrttno niou.ly l.fld iheniselrcs t. wh'"" they wanted, which so eiasperaud the Funchmen, tint they called in the sid f ihe Indisf, and ma-.acreed one hundrrd of the Mormon party, amounting in til to three or four hui.dred. A Boundary Question has a-risr n hr Iwcpii Missouri and !, which may lead to a serious controversy. Governor Edwurde, n f Missouri, ha just vetoed bill f,r h appointment of cnmmissiorer with autt.o. i y tn s lile tbe qe-'ior, Tne Si. Lou is pi pers ea I upon their Se nators and Representatives to oppose tl.e admis sion if Iowa into ths Union, until its boundaries have been modified in accord ance with the claims of Missouri.