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Ttm C iyaxUet TVfjL. ,
TttETAKJT. 7esretollby the We 4 rgta Dale, last ibe Secretary of L Tery e iieiy eagge4 ie eel!-eiig f'0t a!l r'l 4 the eawairy evert snfwmte that easy t aeeettary t i tat U taiv- tn4 el f mbv, ud t h iauaasied that prepared to lay before Cacreea -a large Mf eft Pot fl aU!slje. ta at t eaU them, with- net low f time, snd with tbe aid of the beet aiHuli, to proceed in foeeneg the be, end wiaett, and aot B early eqeI artless at reveawt that oa be adopted -metaisg thereby, wo esppote, a . dieioa tr 8wk s-ae w-U eqal- ie ait Jr. BtKl, who, la e tVedeiut caara, assured tho people f Peaattlvama ibal Mr. Polk ww more aWidorffv ia f.vcr of a rUetive lauff thaa Mr. CUr. ad Mr. CJkount who aetata the eery ideeol prmeeUoa i raek ed mearae heresy I We huU bate beea if the TJeine Lad eoaIeeeaJed, ii li the eooatry what eo cavf the aelherzrd expowaders oCtV.fi eofoco erred ea iHie subject bat ff yet d.ee -apon what principle pretest AdmiaorredoB piepoae la edjuei this vexed qaetfon. It lalkt, to be aare. about the laeqaaliiy of ihe preteat Tenff bet it does aot te:t a whether, to re medy tbie iaeqaelir. wU recommeed a bmuoniaJ tealeof daiies, which alscsg all articles pa the same let el, will be of teceteity more unequal, ia ita prae ticel epsrstofl. than Bf other rale bch be at folly ia it widest stood, ran poti Uy dete. We are t Id. too. lht ibe ereceitt Tariff i too favoisble la ibe reh, tea burthentome te the lower elassri at tbe community which ia but anoih- er of those dcmsgogaeiesl attempts to ar ray tbe more numerous elaes of eeiety agaiast the a eaker. fee wbirh ibe Loc-fo- e party bat Iaye oeea roapieaHi8,Boa bitheoaxiiteteeone of iheaecreKef ibeir eoretre awiiin,boefe', tbe truth f ahicb are Caily and broadly dear, and tbe iajattice ef which we avow oar ret dtata to !eooiUate, jint any anta f oaiai who nay cbonee to eater tbe lU ia ita aepjvoit. Tbe ewaer the leriffiv re.Juer d, (it ie added.) the belter f. all." That rrmana ia be ttdbe experimeat: (hMieh. if it be tree, whe dtd the Loro loto U wee ol Rpieauueee rrfvae to rJure i. Ia tear ead the tear before! It any be aaodified in eom of it fraturre nest wio er En had Mr. Clay baa elrrted, and if the Whia bad obUmed e aaj my ia Crgre. ti t f rabable th would have beea done; for oo ne hta eter coauoded that the riff of 1842 ie perfect ia all ita paiU. It waa itetf. to eorae etvau aa eiprnnea ; aad ita au tbera woulJ not bae brea iaJiapoted. il it dtptti b to the Rttenae priori,U Uotan tkee eapeeially r n nt to tell hit readera the rule by wbieh- the propeed redeetioa it lo be effected. Ii dori nn tell ihrat hher ihv pnne'nU of prolee lion it to be abandoned or adhered t and if adheied lo. athihr U ie l be pro teeuaa per it, or incidental- lie Editor ia area mora abeAiia thaa ha wasiwhea at the head ef the ftehejond Enquiter pethapt becanae he ha aow t addrete ki(Delf to a leat howcf aeont claaa of leadtie te the high tanffiietol PeontjI- aiiu ae ell aa to the anil-proie liooid of Sooih Carol na. , We appreciate, boa. aver, the delwy of Lit potai-io in thia r pf I iitd poiirularlr when we re metaVer the wide cnnira! beiweea the poeiba aiaumed in Mr. Polk Kane l'l tai and Inogoral Ad-lree, and the doc trinee laid daoo ia M'Du(5'a apr-echet and ia ihe Jicoforo AdJie-a t the re p'e of Vriate m 1813 and 1815. But. a ftw eSott anotSa mol aceaanly put aa end t ftie iy.tn nf pievartcalma and dooble-deltn(. Tne Aluinitrtion anil be eovpclled to lake tnrne definite and tiagtble pation on ihte real and impor to qetiot. inct e ehll then diaeor whrthtrita prnfetted aupportete to the ta llouaea of Cortfrcta can be brooJ.t to ttatd upon the platform it may prepare lot tnet. One .f thete euppontra fSe- oatr l-vaneron of Pronayhauta) baa ! teaJf dclarrd bit analWahl rO'i'048 to evataia U.e Whig TV iff nf 1842; and are bate nn doubt bl that it will bt tutiined by e rofSetenl number tf hit party. it hat heretofore been, to prevent any eery re none alteration in thl wife, e.luuiy and beoefieial oieatare a oieature by athieb the (oeraoieot araa retcued frm bank ruptcy, a d to Mieb the enua'iy it id -ht-ed for U of protp rity it now mjovt. Thev as ay , me repeat, ake tone chai.ga id thit adenrable law they mf teduee me tat-e ot dft no txa.e arnrlea, (t urh aa enarre eottone. fr example. ip-n htrh. Inch aa the etimnf duly srerna la be. it ia entirely nominal.) and tiee may mereaae Hiero and they nay in cease ttietn on to ne ihera nf ao partieu lir importance thee oay place tome of the oo duueil aM;elea oa the free list, and iwpoaa a dmv upon enrna of those (tech as tea and enee. which, if they go f r a strictly revenue and an'i-pro-toC'ioa tariff, mutt be included among lb dmied articles ) which ate now Iree: IM ' pir lb" P"dicttnn now on reeurd i''t whatsoever elae thrv mav do, tHey wi.'.l oot dare to abolah tb principle of prdWoo. And vet, if they tail t do ihw. ibeV "ii1 fU.iff 'he lama pledee i tven to the Southern people bv th Ivicofnco leaders 410 thio" tle ( Ibe Potomac. We are eery wi II aw-ire a the nther hand, that if ifiey do discar l be DrtneiDle of moleeton. liter wiH a a ij'ullv ta!ify tiie eqmlly t Ie on iJedge I he I.oe tforo leadr M the peo I of P ena)lvania and ' of the tier Tanff ' I5u. B t tine it the eontequenco f thekriOwndubKl dealteg, ai.d tbey rau . ... ... . . '. eeto U repro ww lrtwv of wLkb Heir parte ie ceap. edaa tUesrr 4tel'l'ir u eooeUi-ud ia 1841 by ibeectardirj aad Jrcf Ue atuiacee. rata the Coltaaiwa Etxjww. COMMON fcXi'SH- Tare Wia C ET. If e.r ideBl eoalJ be ewarall bv the unrntrt mmmtr f eaaay el r etlr IJeae era ie f'te&dt, we ahnttl J be foieed t ihe en!itia thai a war a- this time weald nrttee tm be a naiiot al bletetee. W e ad- ie the etot heart aad the irao arte thai ea ltk apon bto4 and caagt ih Crep4MMiie, wbea a etera aeeeeeity ren ders a elate ol war iapeaijej oai we eav at the sa wb B ppaaUe epeaks . . . . - i. of mm ae itiiraUt 10 Bis. ir aca v- pteettowe bt-kea aa iadiOfrtce to he aaaa life and l?;isMe aa caaiiiy wiib all me. t home aad abre-ad. b may be eay eaegh I whip the Bri lh. ad ihe If exieaa. aad the Br.zthai.s toot bt ia the deedlyeui'e that eaaet oatae. wha r . . 1 .k . roa to arm eoaitna tror (: life blood will ke r d our mtUr eanb. aad iacaraadioe the water of eaaoy eeae, Their bnet say bleach ia a foreign land. ae rest ia the dees ocean. The fata of a neb is f.r preferable to tfce deaolatoa of the aire, ihe mothers, the daoth'er and ststere at borne, Tbtt deplorable retail. with all "he ruinoae coornmiteis thai in evitable flow wbea aationt arm and array themaelvca aeatnti each ot'.er, ana make the sword the atbHer in ihe adjustment of their eoatealtoa. most be fimly and qui eile eubejitled to. whn nanonal honor and the happioeas of the people require i Thatsaeb saeiieeaee mav etl-e, is but loo evident. We treat, in doubt, ibat the Admieiatrtton nay eo conduct as to a vert tbe calamities with which we ere threatened. Should England and the U aited State d sturb tie rcpuee tt nation. it will be at a hray charge apoatheenm- merce of the world, aad to the entire proa- tratioa for a time of the eotioa planting ia lerrstof il'e S bth. It te tree, this South ern rain would not be lets dieatiroo to the great mai ulartunor pooer ef Great Brit- aia. tor wilheut our cotton the indaatrial punoit and the Goveremeni of England would bate It tubtnit to a revolution in less than twelve monl. At ) ct, we ha e nnt perceived the a'igh- tett occatton for a war. Oar foteign uit Geultie att the ennsequenet of the indis creet conduct of our ruler, and we are confident iheae mar be amicably and honorably adjiiied, by wie, teu-pera e, but firm enuitarl, wi houi an appeal to the dread renit. TIIE rXGUSH Jc AMERIC0X NAVIES. Tho late rumor ol war for Oregon whteh have eprunf ap between Enj and fightieg niaeriala and resnuree of Ui two countnee. from ao article in the Stm York Etnreaa we emhodv.a tUtr- meat of facts to relaiun k the' Naty of; . ........ ' England and the Umled Slate. , Ureal urilun h fifty-four team ve eels in coomiion. and the Unt-ed State bate our, and but one or two of these are ta good condition. Ure-t IJriiain bas fortwix veatele building and ie ordinary, and we have about one-'ourth as many. 'I flirty thousand horse power is the steam force of Great Brrain, and ours combined it not much aboe that of the tea-kettles in the kitchens nf New York. The nv! force ol Grea; Bmain has gone up sinee 183533, fiom 26.500, to 36.000 men, and 4,000 in addition have jut been ask ed and gr.nted by Parliiment. Our Se cretary of the N.vr, (Mr. M .son,) en treated Congress for nine millions snd nearly a halt, and gn six million three hundred sod fifty ihoutn! dollars, while the otgan ol the uaval tertice in the House of Commons aka that 3S.000 my be made 40,000, and his request is granted n n eingle session. No, then, eom pare tbe nav l'tt of Great Britain with our own. We. hae, al t-dd. about ae venty vetrelt, and torn- of them as worth- leaa ss a bn' to rules t tub. England has 23 deck ahip. 58 of two dcc't, nf from i of s man f s.im rank and consideration, 74 i 9, gun, ?5 fnga ct. 8 cirvttee.i and luedelieaie forms ami features ol the 65 1 Hips, 48 brttf?, 14 eorreyiiig veiti-U' sufferers, denoted them a belonging to and 3 yachts. Tine it the acitnl f.iree. 'i the higher order nf Tartars. On ths floor, but in aidi;ion moat of the merchant' essaying in va n ro put food wiih aspoon steamers employed in Greal Britain, are imo the raou ht of two young rh I Jren eoronstrueted that they could easily be extended nn a mattress, writhing in the made sailable to the Gimrunvnt for hsr-. agonies of death, caused by die dislira bor or other defmcc, in ease of actual i;-' lion of their apine, tat art old decrepid avn. The sppropruiiont for the Bnt-j man, weeptrghitteily as he Itatenrdttthe sH Nv. the present year, will be 6,- ptenus moan and conruUive breathings tfuw.uuu: mre aoere'gnt upon trie tin- oi uie poor inlanU, able Ii is eye wan g ih ihn d illats opn our own. tiered uvr the ghatlv relics ol rnoruliv - l re ciprets very sppropna elv re - mark While we take no pleasure in making tneae comparisons, we do n-.t reirrei thai ho fa' tt are as we state them. We should oo very sorry to see an A'tercan HavyU:ie arm cla-ped her neck, over which offorty thousand men put o i board of two! a silk scarf a thrown, o conceal the hundred and fifty sail of vessels, and all : gaah in her tbr ai, which had destroved -uH-u an nnaai expense oi irom flU..... ... f....H t .t Ii i ! fMiijr mi iiioiikui uiiiiarc. ngnire no ambiton for any such lolly, no more trran we base to go to war. or to prate about war. or to use threatening language) 1 .' wuiur aim jciug ucg'niainne will aectimplitb a g'e-t deal mote., But h merett t war party in power, Oetermin- ed to do, ae well ae toaav, it becomes them to bluster lest and act more. Tnose whet ate determined upon the last reanrt, should eonm tHe lose f liia and of property, and cwrmoer trial witrtto great nnoni it. it tfe sme in war ss in p ace. You may j negotiate before going 10 war. for the set- J tlcment of any principle at isaue between . nations, and y(u must do it afterwards. No principle ia settled by war alone.' Aogsr begioi with folly,. tad code with repentance. a nr-.Tf-TJACT. 1 ta.2al:J!e a ! rwi'sr; ?Z . LAi bo Cfim ..eeXp..; buttle. aaeaeaneee eusta ef tie ettifee g eat lece beta era Feebinaead Pejtae, Waeiher Ue dta are la sH rates eorrtrt. ii it oot ar prevtaeeto eay, i we jap ftebcfd oar aaiempiy 4 fe,oi of the way. Here ie eae el tV iatetee fsmited by tbe Adeerttte: It as eitealed that &d.009peeple were oa iherae graead oa Taedy lat,Md at a lae ealr.lanea, eaca e. ra aa aaer- eee. eaak iwa flutes el tiqac, thrh aave dratk en and eiglt tiaes tLa a- oeat. ; TaatwaitUeaaiwatta, fV550 It ia aot eiCfaung la eat that vara S Mute ia mA lica. 1 uSV It ae 40.000 ffty ceato paawaer tW Aad 10JXM) one lUUr ear. v Half ef tkeae ate efleadalkat ech one da j 'a waeea al f I . Te thouaaod an, at Wut. dnmk. and would he.uaoUe te work the ncstdiy. Lsaaia wacjea. flee buodced pkk-pocieU realiard f M 11009 POO 000 t0 tfiOO DUBfteea aoatauied by jama-re, doc tors' biHa, Ac Thee are erl!arerl item. bei" oi" ly eaelutive of the aaonef lol ia he-lmg, w hieh the Advertiser eaumaie at II. fOO, COO. From the premier the f-llfwing am imnrotubto retults are predictel: Notlrse than eoe hundred rlerkl will lore p;ntd sttuatioa through attrndieg the races. Two eatea havt.aln ady fallea an deronr ovaoheerTa'ioo. F-va huaJted mrrrhants will ie robbed W py Ibe lue ses of ihoee ia their emptor. Uoa thou sand families, at least, will her reduced Irom comfort to penury through the hti of the narenu The poor houe will be Qi plied withatlealtwotbouana aoai- . a at ' a a nonet lamatee, ana me pnaons aa anenj. At lesi fifty pcteon will go to Te. through the dtecotery of the tneana they w.U ate lo pay their debt of honor. Not leas than uenty men, driven to madoet by tbetr l- sir. will lay violent hand en themelrc. or roahini headlong into tiea and difsioation.snecd Jy end their liveaby miserable deaths making at lcat Cf cn wives widows and forty children orphans, Nl le.s than one hundred valuable hyr scs. through being overdriven, wi4 die or be nndeied'worthleet. Three thoaaaod gamblers haveiucreated the means olei undieg H eir bantlut icuuenceoarraaun wirier srhre. Tbir are other iumi in ll.'n' account count, hut we omit them. Oar object be ipf in eshib'ta tihenf wht might betatd on the other tide! We, of courte, do not vouch fur ihe entire arcuuey if tie frt goii g auttetice. CHINESE WAR. t Urn r...Kt.t . i. k. the lollowing dreeription el a scene that n a-ninnonoupt nwi auccree- fI storamg of Clun-kcsng-tw. In si- mt every dcrted hone, the children I I L - ll I bad beea madly mordered. The bodie of most nf the hajlti lit tle children who bad fallen atenfice lo lb enihusiatm and mad despair ol their p a'entt were found lytcg wihtn th bnut es, and tHU'lly in the chamber of me wo men, if each father had aeeerabled the wholt of httfamiy bef irt consummating the dreadful maaaerr; but many eorpeee of boys were lying'in thelree . atnongtt thote of hortet and tnldier. at if an altm hal epread, and they had been (tabbed while thev had been attempting to escape from their ruthless parents. In a few inlneet these poor lit Ie eufferers were found the morning after ihe naul, ttill breathing, the lids of life ebbing loly away, aa they y writhing in the agony ol a brnkrn apme. s mode of destruction, ei cruel that, but lor the mo-t certiie ev idence of i reality it woul J not be btliev- ed. M In one of the houtes, the Indict of even dead and dying perfona were f omJ in one roo.n. firming e gmup which, for lo-thtoitie horror, was perhaps tintqtial- 'd. The house was evidently the abode . anmn I htm. On abed near the dvin children. U ' he body of a beautiful young woman, her limbs ami snnarsl arranerd as if in then. Se was cold and had been long d aj i'ic ivarner lay me corpse ol e woman 1 L . . t . .uiiitwiiai moro sovsnceu in years, i stretched on a silk coverlet, her feature distorted, end her eyes open and fiied. as if she had died by poison or ttranvula. iu. i ncre wee no wonnil upon iht bidy, nor any blood opon her person or c o ties, a dead child, stabbed through the n-ck, lay n-ar her; and in the narrow vera-dih adjoining the room, were the corpses of two 'more women, suspended fram the rafters by toitisd cloiht wound round their nerke.. They were both young one qui e a girl and br features, in spite ol the hideous distort too produced by the mo.le of her death, retained i . of iheir original beauty sufficient to show the lovely mould to which they hid been cat. lo ibe dea h of the Tartar chief in coooand at this diiaslroui bwiuesj, there 0,er at ia aiketaae eaa oer inoa a. lt.it peiuebU o mg it lwe aos.e4.ieg af titg'ri.asy iue. li e Baae wa liar i Aftee haiaeeeise hie wop. t. bad aseuBteel bre BOrae, sao suarwr. teif bead, led them ta U graod pa aL;ea,theirdpete'kepe.B ihe IS aad 49tb regianeaU wet eedr;hece aee iae thai the maU defeaeee ef the lew a a ia bar notseetiee, eai that Ut raj .ms irrttrievshtv lott. be reierted to Lie brmte.end ral iag f-r h eact rury. dcii- ed htm to biieg bie tmui pafer iai a em.Il reoea djeg aa ibc coart e4ihe beildieg. where dehbetelely eeaUag bm elf. a4 eaaatBg the papeie wuh a tj tity of wood o be piled op ervai-d him, lie dttoiated the er eretrt, ett fio a Ihe funeral pile, ead perihe ia U o flae-rs. Ia the eparimeat where thit iragaeim- p!e ei barbanaa berto aaa oeea enaci ed. Mr. Morriaon loond among sowe heap of athr and bU-coiiSsmed wood. evWca eea af the awful sacrifice wh.cb bad beea eo determinedly eontamms ed. amply tuf- orient to forieberate the ttf 01 me laior manu 1b k Jl ol the General wae y el eocooBmed, and the bone 1 1 in ib'gi and feet, though calcined, rctaieed enough of their original form aad erperanre 10 be reeogmaed. T Boor ol t reen as raved, ead ihe flimr eeetequeetly noieiieaddbtyondiheUffue!. 1 bus neialod th s biae man. wnute cevonoa ia bis crttntry reedeied him, 10 quote the erdt ol Sir Henry Potttngei'a procia- mai or, worthy ol a aobler and a better fate.' Sew tni Praxfnl lode ef ExctBtion. h sppeats from the journal at a rioiopean tiateller. that a new au ingnnui ' ol exf atioa bat recendy brea a !oj td by ihe Gieat Mogul. The instrument ana the process are thus described: A box. tarn tide oi wnico i in leea If ei square, it construe ed of timber, about eihteea inches thick, dove istUd loeether. and braced withiroa r. The outside tt ti e bottom of the b x it cover ed with a plate of bear a inn, oue mrb in w . . . a a thickness. The interior l b tea wi rc f.ct eubee ofg'sn'te, weighing in the ag gregate, several thouaakd tone. A ma chine is erected al er the r ainer of an or dtnary pile druer.but ol courte oo an enor. mous scale, and oi temeecou aurnim. The mats is raised bv meaesof powerful marhmerr. cat! in 11 rminghaia for the expr-ss purpose; though it is to be pre sumed thai the machinist by whom the work wa furnished, had no idea of the horrible putpota lor which it wa in cod ed. The human vtnm te piaeto epn a block of gtamte. of a eonepondii-g ur face, buried in the larth lnm ed atrly be- aeath the enormoo roi. and 1 keaise covered with a plate firua Al signal by the ticrflmewoci;, the exccul oner loucu- tun. eruabed at once, is sttotenry bnniiu I sled, and spread out like e tbret ol paste board. The huge we ght being ae.am raited, the flitieied body is witldraan and dned ia the sun. . When completely prepared, it is bung uon the walls of s public building, there to seive as a warn ing to ibe aul itudel" ,. , , CoxsisTBXCT Tbe Lie os denounced Mr.Glay berause he inteifered in theGil ley duel.- President Pok has spp -inlrd Gen. Jones, who was a second u that du el, o an- important office. Mr. Francis Crin'.ey of New York, it, we hear, among ihe larl eases nf poll i cat dcpttat on in Washington. He went into the Treasury Office m 1811 ae slaw officer. Mr. A. B. Meek, an Editor ol Alabama, it 1 1 have bit b rib. Mr. Meek was Mr. Yancey's second in tne Cling man and Yancey doel, ad ' ere we bate another evidence of the horror Mr. Polk h a for due llittt. The second of tht mur dered Ct'Iey" and the man. therefore, the most responsible fur the duel, has receiv ed on of the br st office in the West; tnd now to the second of one of the most blood siaired men of the S uih, it given one of the best offices in Wahiiigi m. And yet a po ir L eu enant is ditniaed from the Navy, lor being concen.e l in a duel! . . . jrpret$. Important Ditcovtry in Manufactur ing Iron. Th New llaeit Pali-dium states that Mr. W C. Gre.t, of New Jer sey, al the Button iron works, hat made an improvement in the process of puddling ths iron from the pig to the bar. Instead of using the pig iron, which Cutis about f 35 per tn, ha it enabled to use a 1 irge portion ol the ore which costs but $2 50 per ton. by which h rflVcit, in labor and material, a rasing nf more than 33 per cent, snd he gives a far better quality of iron than tht which ia obtimed fo o the pig; as much better in appearance as China it better than earthenware. Mr. Green's se cret consists chiefly in mmng a composi tion with his ore, and h'le in a molten state, bv which ihe carbon is more rapoily exehusted than it is under the old process, and the iron ie thus, in half the lime, left tougher and finer. Among the great printing eatablishment of the city of New YorV, ir the Metho dist Book Office. It continually work eight or ten preaea prnp-leij bv aieam, and employ more than one hundred and fifty workmen. Oter one hundred ihon and dollars worth of book are annually printed, A wiiier in the Northern (Jt ii tian Advocate, in pe.king r f this estab lishment remarks: It has but one pecu niary object, which it to create revenue forihoso mi'iiater who have eunk down into broken health, under tbe weight ol arduous labors, and to mk slight pr.i aion for the widow and orphans of thote who have nobly fallen wtti vicl wriiiea on their shield." Greet rakiUteUe ukta tv perwc J pereooalir Inimical ilr. CJ.eely. V L;,-e fifth New YotkTrhwo,lo4iihe t3 jfflt ti itfiAcliiy rpoa hiam. Ti e W- lowtrg irom f t o f the views and principle 4 li e pauictdu norial elae ed" social and moral reformers of athkli be is regarded ae th lesdet ta New York city, tuts to rest enany eute- u nv Aatrtkoaa vemela enabalra. .k.t f -kruiJaniir. rifLJv um!ertoctl, af fords a3 ihe saoeiiot a to virtue that inS A.u have, and some more. And while we know, and are heppy lo ecni dcr fiicode maar who rail theovelvee or are eetrcmed by ether inucei. w e eanw hMiht that infidele. as a e!aa. rank below Chriitians ia moraj exceUraee and philan throDie e fort. And ia regard to ihe arpi- ratione cf social reform of w bich oorror reenondeBt sncske. we know tery few who bare taken aa interest ia then aho are aot ChrUiiane. and we hope that oo ml eeforms wulbe cflrctcd s ave by itiose who are deeply imbued wiUi the epmt 01 w " . . . . "... a Christianity Tut MAarxtAor We copy the fol lowing paragraph from tho New lor Mirror. It will certainly- aetoakh ome people: Professor B ronton stated at hi ccn- cluding lortore last week, that if a drop of human blood Ue auDjecteu to cxaminaiion br the oxhvdroeen roicroaeopc, and mag nified some twenty million of times, all the animals now exUtinr on the Mnh. or that have existed during the dif ferent stages of creation for millions of rears past, will tl.ere be tjiscovered. In the blood of a hcalihr peison, all the ani malcula are quiet and peaceable; but in the blood of a diseased person, they ere fu rious, raging and preying opon each oiher. This be stated ia illustration of his position that man contains within himself all the principles of the universe. It was also asserted that if a dead cat be thrown into a pool of stagnant water, ami anowco to dissolve there, a drop of water taken from w . at a any part of the pool and examined as above, will enow every species pi ammai . ... i .i i .i..t Of tnC cat ainu utai nu ccr cawivu vh lite earth, raging and destroy ing one anoth er. The bodies of all the lower animals being thus made op of antmalnilce similar to themselves; and the body of man being compounded of all that ia below in the scale of creation. ( UNTS TO CORRESPONDENT. J fe.vros editor we know pot who has lurDsbed the following valuable lims. which we earnestly commend lo the at tenttonofill whoeter wii e lor ntatja- pert t ,-... Do oblge bs by emitting all such floor ishes as your intrrrtiig and taUabU paper, your able and patriotic courte. ai.o a tolerable opinion of our o n merits -a a . a a li yen tnir.a py mi to improve jour cnancee ol insrnion, you mistake ruin ootiy. When you bare written what ynu bate to say, run it oter and ere if the e ar not i m tentenr et that conld be spared ai.hnut aerino ii jury. If there are, out withlhrm! We are often rumpelled lo a . a a 1 decline good arl clee tcai ie rain I make rom fr them. A h.lf a column ha t-n chance whrre two column bae oi.e, and three column nous. Try to dir araee aa I t Ie at posaille. and aheteyou mui condemn. Ui your facts be ronger that your words. When you atsa.l any e.uae or person, ale ays give ut your real name, which ate shall give up to whoever hat a right to demand it. lie is a tneak and a ri.w.rd wbo a-ks us to bear the lespotis.bilny of his at acks on otheis. Don't wr.te ou both sides of a thrrt. If you send us word that ynu have written in great haste, at.d bate no time to correct," we shall put your mnucnpt quie iy into the Inc. Why should )i u throw on us the tak of correcting ) our scrawl, when we are obtigtd lo ti ght our own work daily lor wsi.t of ttmel Gie ua fact', iuciden S. occurrence, at the earltee moment, and we shall be grsir ful. although yti wrote with a pudding tick; but if you attempt logic or eenn ment, do it up riglit, instead cf leaning on u. CRIMES PUNISHMENT. Many of the paper, eapeeially at the North, am rapping the old Nor'lli State over the knuckle, because hr criminal code required that the notorious Hardy Caroll of whom we gave an account some time since, should be hung for stealing a pair of suspenders! We are inflimhing adrocsles for the enforcement of law, and lor the maintenance of good order; but tve are compelled to admit our sorrow, that our circumstances should have required the retention f such a law in our statute book. The public mind at this time has a strong tendency to oppose the infliction of ueatli by human law, upon the human kind for any offence; and in this rpepect we believe there is great danger of running lo a hazardous extreme : midwav between the two extreme will be found the afest position. There are crimes which we be lieve should be punish, d with death by human law, and whi -h has the sanction and authority of die fJreat Lawgiver; but they are few, and of the most atrocious character. The man that would imbrue his hand in the bio ul of his fellow, with intent to kill, or the scoundrel who would attempt to violate the chantityof the help less female, deserves death at the hands of the goreroment under which he lives; but smaller offences should meet with lighter punishment. Carroll's case was one of peculiar aggravation, though the act for which h suffered death was in iisplf a & cScers of j jitife.wlaiaed to put tirp to Li th eiiirg ard frre-Lonttng i fOfa. t.i. trf. BSV4 I-au wrrBaBV avaj arr-Mit aaiaoce epo socie y, a hWrb aeeded u be removed; but eaXuneaairly It biax,oir aw knew aa m&br pt-ai-i-tncet far ra, oSVoce. ' Thia rate, together wiJt cuey ethers which occur amoBg a,Losl4 bae a ten. dcacy to awakea-atp the puLlie rJud to tho great imptirtsnre ana teceetty cf f,a I'mtttatiary ej ticm. and u.e eosaeqoeat ehaege ia oar penal tod. Th New O leans R bUieaa t4 tla 26ih aliiroo, aj: We bate it aow ia oar pet, aa good ground', howeer srpe.raarte mj tB ao the contrary, to assert that the Ex cretive ofTeias.Mlat fiOfBoppoeiegixa porlr ill in n lattoa t a nt xati. a. w i.'l rt operate wiih.U AH theefforuol Great Brt a or any o her fore gn Po-ei to ere. eat iU or to w fiueoea the Teiaa Govtia- meat, will be abttne. -V prediet I-kewite that the troopa aow gan'scned at Fen Jesup will be M. deisd ui the Itto Giande ia lets thaa ee month. 't . The Iloasioa Telegrspb of Mty Uih bat ihe following farafiapi.: FoitJcsr'. We Irara that there ira se ea eompsnte s of tl.e 2d dragoons. eigbt eooiraatet of the 3d iafantry, sod eight eom panic ef the 4Ut infantry aw sta ioned t Foil Je.ur; and two companiee of the SJ ialantry have lately beea order ed to remove immediately from Fertlav eawotth to Fori Jessp. It apprsra Irom thit. t st Piettdent Polk Intend t to bare a force in readtnee oa oar eastern f ma tter, o aid ae, if necessary, ia reps Meg a ay saddeo inruitK-n ef Mexkaatrrop. The Galtest-ia Uii:naa ol the n & al- lima eute that the sesele of war trpnt- led by a vessel ai N rw Ui leans some t ate sgo ss a British tqaadroa, weie a pal.f the American rqu.c'ron. now st It alreston. which wore Leglisb rolots ia pasting the Meoleiaiho WelL" ' THIRTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EU Br ire ai rival ol the Steamship G.eit We.tein at New York, we are in receipt of dates thirteen days ltr f-om Cuiope. ' The eos has to feature Of eMkiegla lereat Cotton bad t-ndcrgaee but bttle change in price stare oar last preceding sd'Kes. though ihe sales bad beea large. Businest was good in the msoufattunrg districts, sad Great Britain geneiallv pior perou. Iron bd la'ltn off from the Mfh pries of April, and the maiktt ; dull tnd rlubtou. Pariiament was to meet ea ibe I9tb, when ibe May anoth bill would coat up for a hil reading. The pabtie aund in England t good .T-4 Ia M.ki a avals a)Me the Uiiiwd btts-a queetion which en grosted attration to lha xclutiun of al most every ether topio- Under its rora merrisl l ead tbe Isai n amber of Willatr snd Sa-ith's Buroso Times tart : The enmrnereisl aceoaai which go oat by this packet are more fstorable ibta cm Id have been aniipatcd. : The funds, which base been antit ld andleaerishsf late in resequence of ihe threatened rup ture with Anvrica, improved en the arri val of the n-w by the Grel Western, and meir.tair.ed iheir tUailinei ortil the arrival of the Cklrdonia, when a further improvement tm.k place. If ihe public securities are to be txken at a tett. the probaUti y f the Oiegon qorition bring settled i titer wise than friendly teems ve ry remote. Notwithstanding this confi dence, the subject ta alluded to, in private citrlcs, a one that is very lirlliih. and ihst a tnfl ng mattei miy Ian into s flame," The B i.rd nl Customs, it is said, ha rrfused admission U New Otltan aogar at the law rate of duty. Griat Fine at Qvebkc A large por tion of the city of Quebec was reduced to ashes on Wednesday last. The fire broke out about noon in Air. Richardson's tan eery in Si. Valter'a suburbs, during a high wind, which carried the flames in an opposite direction, and in a line with the General Uospittl In one hour all the streets on the right, rowan's the rity, were consumed, as far as die Queen's Wood Yard, including the block of hoii ses on the South and as far as Clenrihoe'a Bakery. St. Charles street. North and South, St. Paul's Market, and the Square, we consumed the fire extending to Mc Cullum's brewery, including Llyed i tapper's, Dinning and Co's, and Mr. McCtilluin'a wltarvea. ; At hlf past i the fire continued to rage, the wind blow ing from the nortb east the houses inside the Palace gate, including the Engineer's Office, Artillery Barracks, in imminent danger the Powder magazine by no means safe, and burning shingle blown into St. John's si. It was still burining at the lust accounts. About 10,000 per sons are supposed lo have hern left with out a home by this calamity. Halt. Clipper. An Avalanche in Sopth America Twelve hundred livet Jjnt.'Yte Ja maica (W. I. ) papers report on the sii'bn j y of travellers bv the Panares rowie from Somh Americti. U a. afeariulaialancheof snow from U-e great etnt'al Cord ill fi f the Andes. Is-i summer (ourwinl".) h-en desiriicttve On both the A dam ie and Pacific sn'e of ibe mountains. The snow descended in qtt nti iee from the PrmO de Ittz, (which is SKitated on the western Me f the plaina of Marqmts, and frcni ISO to 200 mile wistol Bogoia) snd dr siroyed a large snd popt lotit itislrict. It 1 supposed thtltwelt e hmtdred lives have been sacrificed by tbi friiful cal-m'ty1 - iV. J. Su.