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UNION. THE CONSTITUTION AND THE LAY3 T51E GUARDIANS OF OUR LIBERTY. Vol. X2I. Tiit'tiKii.iv. i i:ni:tuv is. i4c. !o.'I3l-S. jh i V.--. avw -U-A". i -V t May ri-h mUS, CtuWr.nl, nlurr Uctlrf Ur iiij. piur O'er crrr lait (UAH H. Corn, jra, lemp, ami tharr, arei?" dfUP t'd bjr atununa to this bmnchof t"ie ntu uraiwiies . iitt agrtra lure t!M"'w"v ,eI Knitutkr, lit my otiiiinn they tank in ! . rT fy re the fame' br i n!Hirt.im-e aa 1 hate idaeed litem. Corn . . " f ;orn (atjle.1 ty Auihur Young tha Kin if e2fUl.le) a li at, gras neat. &c. Front it a!l the litre t k lor fjuiily and do inetie urs are nourished, ami from it .Hi line c lii'hiimt of the vanotts rbaacs i . - - - oi out ani.n da i ni tin! v der.ved; at leaai I it ta the grain! nusili uy in fit in j ihrin bir j mnr wn rea ol rery l inrmrn. nu-ket. T tine iMno-a. anJ a.hl!ij hor-j ,',' P-ure, 1 It pt seveo cows and four It is tiitis for tho. who do i ot b. I re ae. fine CJttle f.r breeder, mults, Uel '' "Oili May 1 llie 11 cf!(gi. o anre to I e a lleing, to rue in be eatile, h.g.(ro.luc.nipoik for llie army t Acgnst. and ihey were well kept I eut!af ,.f e.mmoa school. Oat Hit l iiatry,andfrcoininii'r,)ndshep,graiiilHe,,,r,-'r,,P tiff hay. and ihcre will be the I l census had, te believe, 38.000 U the rheapeM -iipjiort II iu grra im-I M,u" 10 J. IitL.IM pnrtoice i a-hiiiitnl. it ought int to lne I.awia liun. near l. 'lent, Ky. left to rlunce, l)it-. lilt !e r murh pas-! ....... .. .... lure, a the ra may hap(M-n ! be. The f!5oi in eirillent remark are S.'teiry-five Mtn of laul, well and ful-: from the pen .f ihe lion. Andrew Mcen ly set set with a variety of grai's ul th-' son, one of the Vice 1'reaiJi-nts of Yir best quality, a ill fatten, or ker-p in gMd j giui Stale Ag'ii'uitural Sciily, eitrarled roitJitin a nMiiy head of dotneKiic ani - t aa a a a at 1 mats as will one hundred acres equ.lly ! good UnJ not so uinrtiiiiily ana evenly srL Of this fiel, and il i a find fact, I ' had some experience, and ilia well worth te consideration ami attention ofeterv one that fred dtuncsiinniinaU. It a auiu.-iiMiry ol saunu sevu oo ma n i . f a . a a On EruuiM rilllllir nrepareu ai llie riS'll'l,,! nuimn. Aarirulliiral ntirauna seaon, tha yield of grass will be saiistac- j lory. t early m tne spnng a me grouna is in goo I wurkine condition, I aow a full buthrl f sound orchard tra aeed to the acre, and immediuly after three pints of, (;uv eminent, and the People. leptid so n,f ,n ,0 thr.cirie the body of ih Iiidi red cluvei seed on the same ground. Itieemi.illy upon ihtir suerrssful opera-i,n' "n,,r0l ocbool nmseis by iheie re is of great importance to sow a aiifhViei.ey - s.itn. I mire.!, Providence sremsto have ! nr' bnt th t any eunid rabla portion of need at first, and to lure the gn und le- j ,icciIcd for us the great qutstinn of pre- wl u,em '"Id be such, is a dingr .celul gularly.untforiudv covered. This i more ( firenre, so long agitated by political eo-w,,,enee ll" ,ow u.,e of 'luc,i"n important in rreard to orchard crass than ' nnmiti. W nr and n.u.i i-omiimi.. if Farmeia and merhMiict! this is a sub- I ... . I 1 I ' . ; . .... I. fnni tii irromiil. and exclude vnuns eras from coming up near thenj. Not even the j white blosont weed, that thrives so well iitlimothy melow, will be permitted lo giow among orclurd gra.-a. It keeps out ' iU inlmder. I , A lot well act aith orchard gr.ss and 'red clover make tha bvsl hay for farm 'stock. 'Tl he seed stent nuts up ulwve the heads ef ihe rltrer. I h feed i saved ..with a cradle or s.ck'e as oun as the top .seed is ripe enough. Tlu mowing lr hay mav be cnnim-nced as soon as ihe, ei?d it secured, or any lime thereafter be- anv Oilier. IIS lia'.lir.l llUOlia ia lliatucar. u- ori.o.-l In ! r.iu Iroa a-i,l nmcnainm I"' MHrw wliich u encuraed hv a anarsmrst otSnrnfrrTrnf"irr--'T fTirtilltiriit -t-tHinli. 1 1 I'm""' "' 1 ' seed hence iheiinportancoofasuflicientt n, J0fa not srlf intercsl. a wrll as Vi.,bomt and tinew of and uniform can ufseed at first. Tusucka irimiam. mntWtn t. aiimulata ... to ihuP",,J 'P00 lhai bein once formed, the abundant roots oc.S imrrnminnrniirvtnt of hi.Kl.h,!r? I wing ! but bot fore frot. I he seed atun only perisho m:,ny peisoni now a c daily see selling atmamrity, and the blade continue lo their (arms at lw prices and relinquish growr. But where nt-ich hay i" needed, jg xiet birih-place and friends to settle cut as soon after the seed is out of the jn t,e lich tallies of the West, from a way as U-coiivenient. Then in August supposed inability, to support themselves cut a seond crop for hay, which will bo on their poor e'xhuusted land. ' Is not better lhau the first. An aftenn ith will x9 ie result of gross mismanagement follow better than ever seen in a timothy i t continued perseverance in the dd meadow. Dot if one rutting will give J a)lt wretched system of cultivation? How hay enough for the farm il may be done' Jong are we to I e doomed to this state of at any lime to suit the labor of the farm. things! And are we never to profit front If pasturage is the grand point to be at-1 the experience of other nations! Whilst tamed, this is the true basis to secure the j jn Gn al Britain ninr-ltnths of the lands desired perennial one alluded to by Judge are leased to tenant" who pay from 30 to Duel. By the continued pas-sing of the! CO slulluij! steilmg per acre, and find hoof, and llie appliance of the loolh, the every thing for husbandry, they can even red clover is crippled and mainly driven on these terms grow rich; yet we, (at least out, but in comes the white clover and the South.) without lithe or heavy Ihe blue erafs. sivim. in ihi cliniete and taxation, and with numerous laborers, can like soils apercnni.il pasture of the best eranses nw known viz: orchard gras, red and wit te clover, and blue crass, . . ... When I tat down it was with ihe view of sending you a copy of Jiuho Bud 1 letter; at that ime I had not so fully made up an opinion on grasses a I have since Then 1 wa making experiments', aowing eperately. for trials, nil the kind I cbuld procure of native and foreign. Some that are highly prized in Europe did not suc ceed with me: such a lucerne, sainfoin, bunift, sweet scented vernal grass, hnlcus velvet grass,5 and many others'. From what has parsed urnler my own ohserva lion, I have come lo the coih-Iumoii to sow ' orchard and red i lover seed only. This i intended In apply lo farm operation". I believe that timothy fi hay is most nrofit.it le for commerce, bul worthless if fed to stock on a farm. "T'ho p'ltdicntion of Judge Bud' letter may bene m negmners in agriummia ..., uils.' He was a close observer, a practi cal man, and considered as good authori ty on any aurject that he would write on. LEWIS SANDERS. Oraa HilU, Ky., Aug. -2nd, 1845. Copy of a letter from Judge Bud. Albany, Sept 1st, 1827. Sir : Your favor of the 4ih came to hand in due time, as well as ih- parcels of native gras eed referred to, for which I thank you. I shall sow them this af ternoon. It U very desirable that more at rnin shotdJ Le jai4 a ar native gtac-. Ii b'Ut f w yrra since gre wrre Man, the r!rrt aud rye grare excepted, rrn m Crest Britain. Arthur Your; was ihe mean of turning lb t tiblie r.irnuun to this ehjeet titer-, d I hP ye la ace th iv aiaon? . I or pmnni 4 pulureew a ought to f cry kind th i lodigenmi and uutri-1 te. Ur Una neaa eur ratlurra will'rra. Our ml. I.A.rr .Mnw i.b 'kfnultiifar nnikinir !. I.t P 'J rf'nial, aa food will be giow ine at all aeatotif. and aa land sillauciain from meaty dte ta a tbouaand tloni on 1 j the square (.nit. ia proportion butaft.rulif.f ty and the number of lind wta. Ihe !th refore bcroinea iwprtant to eonvinre " j alueolwr pastures may be more tluaitbrm that means eit br wlih thrir I,wn t t ! answer in titU'ituu, .!.. -SB a .... . I ana 1 u.mk not in your; the growth i J antall and our auiuinrrdtouglit nearly an nihil. f il. The liiuothv anJ rorks-fuot! are pmer ! mis iih clovers for pa- ' ' l'erue ia ryonl everv .1'. . t a- a ..." l!,5nS f "Pl'licd to soiling on one j fom a r cent hlter address d bv hi in to aa a mm a the E.iitnr of the Farmers' Library, and ua Iiunor to his uixrernnif nt sua patriot i.m : Jitntthan Famitr. Of the ti'itmrunre of A-rlrutture, in a physical, ntwrnl. o. p liiiral point if view. I neeil say int'e lo vou. iit'e lo yon. If, with the lI.csI, and the moM powei-' ricultural pursuits have ever i . wiet. the ricliesl, . . . . . been e einied the most honorable a the moi usehd einplovnienta lIOw mueh more should this be tl aruuiurir liL-nur. u hiroilia In.iitmi . : ... Wh.ii ..!; kaa n'hil r. tr.l,n.,l ' for its advancement in civilitation and he - mX er' rhl ' mn who m-ke ,ris, in w hirh the marked encourageinc nt I1'1 ?0' nJ b"1 .f 'he,r. htmh 0f A-rieulmra hat not been admitted ? U, c' b" !" 0,0,,L,n fluen". ,U And yet. what country on eattli s deep. ' miid higli'tU whttewr ihe thsones and ly intereMed in il success, has shown h Is ! 'pe'des o.a say. This is riatuie of attention lo it than our own! The sniiil!Uli" which can-nt bs dodged or gol ,,f in.nroveme.it hua not onlv been suIm0"- h lever clm besiow grea. pttns f-rej l0 Anguish, but its essential and vi iA jmcreu h ive been shamefully nrgtcct Whocan witness, my 'carsir. a iihoui nioriillc.ition.tlie stream of emigration from the whole of our Atlantic border to ihe Western portions of our Union! How barely make Out to support ourselves from the product of our estates. I have seen i... it staled very recently on the authority of some eminent British statist, that to sup- ply the United Kingdom of Great Britain with the article of wheat alone, would take the emid yment "f the whole British Navjjaiul to bring all their Agricultural j Products, as now enjoyed, would take ihe navy of the whole wi rld. To ascertain this, it would only he necessary to take the average consumption of each inhabi tant, and multiply ihe annual amount oy the whole' number ol the population. England, s you know, has been called a garden pot, and such it may be justly re garded, when, with alerritmy nol larger than that of New York or Virginia, it can support a population nearly equal lo that of the whole Uniied State". It is alone by skill and industry that they resist the dan ger -f excessive population pressing upon the mean of subsistence, and thus enable them t- supply an increasing population, not only with the same but a much better description of food from the same dis tricts of'country. Now, to whal is all this attributed, bulla superior productive ness, occasioned bv superior cultivation, and the additional "fact, thai they cultivate no more land than ihty can munure and improve. It was, I think, the Lord Lei cester Mr. (Joke who once said that the great and prevailing error in English Ag riculture was what he called over-ploughing, and having more laud under tillage ihaaihequ?nutytf manor would justify, be TU, thiuk, U one of t!a great ciH ia or system f rs-ltivanoa. II. fa the, they h o grow hewarlcr. hke td fact, and to ItU M tUat ta Uf eMWr? ewntrarj, are wrre to limit our tillage touJ. Aod ftft in-n i l teali - (let I retida) 1 bate ot t etntrrad cr aupj'ty of tuaoure, hat aa inerea!rbid oa fa Uicb a eaa4 bj r alwiib a einfle laditiiaal. of btieftr of oU ai d ealiaated &!! abouIJ a ime ! and ri 1 1 am root inred ilr.l ovt rJanir r and fVroers would te in much a inter and more Prosperous orrum-l.n- Itliat bann so mbit hUrtn we must nMar;ii ..tilr.i. ...... whn! ifril i rirli nr ruuir llii !. on thefrrnra nfnur la..linr'.t. .n,l it 'poor luudt amy be frril zrl and renfUr- prububle at much la eene, and which their lanital nmrenv. aa veil as li e e mlon f lire, n.ijjlit be creaily 0 inrrrard; and thai those ineana are in -Uieir o n power. - I -. . ,. .. , , I Common S Iiools and Educatea adul a unkblr to red wr wnU. A eenera- lion wntdd rure !( il.at,' if, by nitaue of ciannn s hoi.ls, ai yur youh ere ed Healed. But this i Ut Uom bring Ihe J ease. School m m.ny to,ii.oi ol the ! State are n- l plenty, nr g d for roech, uai lew nirra hmj ua. iary iraenrra ate not pretied earn in llie rudmuntt a i . II a ft. . I I ol lh sptllu g bo k: tnd as fir iei.il.nf. lton ,,, thinca ahicii happened in br they itumWe along the srntances like one d-vs. to which I was an tye-witnes's. drunken in n on r a ron.h rod. Their flaic-ifri7r,Ma they felicilotsly nils me i.iarojiypnicf, woum oe a msicn lor Chanipolton.eten if be iiJdietphrr tba i P,,,i n"l 'u B,or --bla fad m, it at toiueiimea iht ir mor- ? table, as well , ' """i ,,,ev 'n'empe.a e. eoare, enta of man,!1"1 l'-fiP'",'5 "hcliy unfit lo in be theea-e in I '" ,h ,,,",t, f ,hf,r Pui ,U 'lh rne gmeroue rr ro.rc stntimetit. W e do not a. I 1 U . I Iiaiu. ..Tim HVIitV ItF , U VI.III ihalanrf; and you may l yon ar ill netet b- any rand sinew withoutad- ueatiosi. There l a law of God in t1is upon the cultivation of dieir minds Will stjnd high. ; ; If farmer and nucha.iica feel them selves lo be as good a other people, it all may belroe; InrgooJness is one thing ndintell'gence is another. If they trunk that they have just as mueh mind at oth er classes, that may be irut; but can )0u use it as well? Lawyers, and phy ei.n, and clergy men, and li erary men. make the discip line ol their intellect a euutUnt study. They read moie, think more, write nve, than the laboring classes. The ititfeieure between the educated and uneducated por tion of society is a real dilTeieiire. Now a proud and Uzy ft-llow miy rait and swear at this, and have hi l.bor for his pains. There is only one way really to get over it, and tlut is to rear up gen eration of well educaied, thinking, rad ing farmers and medmnics. Your f-k .11 and industry are felt; and ihey put you in these respects ahead of any other class. Just as your head are felt as much as your band ate, that ail brirg you to the ton. " Many of our bel farmers sre men of great natuul thtewihieef; bul when tl ey wrre young they had to. dunce for learning." They feel the loss, and ihey are giving their c.luldien ihe best educa- inn ihey cn. rarnteu sons constiune 1 lhrer-fif;hs of the edura e J rUss, Bul the ihmg ir, thn they are not educated as farmers. When they begin to study ihey leave tha farm, They d cot ex pect to return to it. The idea of sending a boy to the n hool, the academy, and the college, and then let him go bark to farm ing, is regarded at a mere wade of time and money. You see how it is een a ronng yourselves. Il a boy bss an tdu cation, you expect him to be lawyer, or a doctor, or a preacher. You tacitly ad mit that a farmer does not need such an education; and, if you 'li nk so, you can not bUme other il ihey follow your ex ample. ' , There is no reason whv'men of ihe ve ry highest education should not go to a farm for their living. . If a siin-of mine were brought up on purpose lo bo a far mer, if ihat was lh calling whyrh b pre ferred. 1 still would educate him, if he had common sens to begin with. lie would be as much better for it at a far mer, as he would ss a liwyer. There is no reason why a thoroughly scienunceu ucation should not bo given 10 every fat - mer and roeeh?uic. A beginning mut aaade at t eommo. rhl. Every ig b-rhuod ought la ba-e ore. But b - alr w UJ Mira j b auae at. V u : dajr a l pat vuur moi.ejr inn the lire ; t cad it ! auk bd.a" te!er a .ei a odIe-hea. ho te-rU arhoul oU ti gt a god tra-her. lie tl!iif totnui the eotieiry genrialy. Aad jrt are .... .. m i. : .A..i .in. f., !.r t, ar? una ie roncatl. atiabla- mill" mn IA Krrnfua t our tAirli era. ij hrn ittur K.f. hia aaaakkeuiite te fr boiV, fe that ihey bate go.nl . bSMtie. iraarf. and ciei t fie trwta and lrtic. Abe H. da nt let a by,I g"! a riro tiil it lie ia hiuk-h', ue must, of four-e. qui! the faint Lsibiu! get an e !ucatin that h- may nuke a foe-i - -la ir fannrr! I di not deapair of jet see-. The writer ol tt.e alote let er, though i a leurrstiou of honeat pn'iiri.ns. I.eia.aabeautesh mtlf,a Hraer.and e E luenteJ fro;r r- an I 'dtc-t-d oje!u,bele a vry skiiful oue.baa ?taIoys ice. lio are in eood ciiruoi'tai ce. and 'd-t n"t nerd olicef"r a supjuoi, tor make' polities a trade, a il! nan l the brt chance for boueaiy. From the Nattuiial liitrllijsrarrr. E.TEXE? OF THE LAKT WAR, 4c We haer.oi h' anoi.i or unitv brfi.iet to dy to place bt-loie our nailers tlif f.l a lowing leilrr, hicli bat ttrun.' rlaiuis to their attrniion: Tathe EJito-aof die Xatiuual IiitolIisrnfMr. Cestlejien: Ihe editorial article in yolt rtprr oJ Tue-d-y lt hts pfom, t.d lo B1ke ta V,u ttM inor, cutnatunies- .j i f.nribly brofeht to my reroCec ,nj m w,jci, h ,0l),e ,i pliri1,iltin. ,iu,le to ihe aery great embaritssmems oJ , (j. vemmeul in us fiiinri, aff.iia , tmt four i w,r Wltj, G,et Bii tain. The sta emeM which yu hae mle in ,.- j t0 t,e J.ffi. ulty of obtain- ulty ,,. moa(ty M f Irry , Utm bing , eagfri altoit ol ids real fo ts o on the wr, to fir agra led one, fnl's far iMi.iiiui inn icii 14. in ,ii uic cur. insieau i . . , . nfili f-iit-Tniiient navina a ritrnnum of laelte per reni," on the loans which il b sintd, twenty and twenty-five per cenl, were paid tlut is lo say, ihe Go vernment gave one hundred dollar in Uuied States Hock for seteniy-five or eighty dolUrs in Lank paper, which, be- irg lUelf ool redetoiab e luspeeu, except! art aiitmitr uisenui.i iirn lrtty ro twtntyfive per ceil. oiore3e atiffiriure in yalue of eouise between die 'paper of the Government and the lawful cmreney of th country was from forty to forty five per cent. The whole of the losses in lliese efhargesf.l!, as matter of course, on the public. S i much fr the e fleet ol War, npou our country at ha-t. Bul thi wa mX ihe wort part of ii. We were drawing iiigh to the brink ol the precipice. The peaee concluded at Ghent saved ti Ironi further and greater diificu! tie tnd embarrassments, ouiigre all die spirit and courage of Nr. Pallas, the then Secretary of the Treasury, in th management of the finance of the coun try. He could not, any more thai hi immediate prtdere-sor, extr.ci Mod from a turnip. The tn.th is, tl e peo 1 1 ol tins country w.U not submit lo be taxed very heanly il it be done directly; and etery body who will rr fleet on the subject must know that we cr taise but little by duties impoed on imported ar ticles when we are si war with such a maritime power as England. Our past experience ought, therefore, to have taught 8 this lesson that our Federal Constitu tion was na'ie f r s sum of peace; that we cannot (keeping that instrument at the same time whole and entue) carry on s long and expensive war sueci csfully with a formidable enemy, such a England, unleas it be one purely defensive, in w htch 1 believs we might delv all chrHtendom. Now, gentlemen, mark what, I say: the yeomanry of this country wdi no suaiain he Administration or the madcap in Congress in a war wuh England for " ihe hole of Oregon," or an inctihevond tlie fotty-ninth d ree of tii.rih latitude, if, in - deed, 0M so far usihat H -member thai' t speak of Ihe yeomanry the l'X-paying penle of llie country n-l of tour idle! bran ling politicians and demagogues oil our cities and villages, where men meet: in holds, siid at the corners of streets to! discuss and s t ie the affairs .of. great m i n in accordance with their own self- tsli tiewa ant) intrests. Do not misun dertmd me. 1 do not say that we tha I hive no wr about this Oregon qnetion. On that sut ject I have my doubts and my fears. The President and.be 41 remem bered that 1 votfd the electoral ticket thai helped to elect him the President, I say, took wrors pillion in this matter from tUa tiAninni... I.a liaa nrtt rot Al ritrht Had he listened less. qr rather not t alU . . w- . . : to men who are mere, politicians by trade, eekmg places for them selves and thrir kin. utterly disregarding" the treat aud perma nent interests af die country, he W'ould not bate been in the predte.ameht m which he j find himself Tuerea ifriend of theChiefj Magistrate and the .country -stand aloof wpen they e the hxectltive msnsion sur Ycunded, snd ha-himself.be st t. by misera ble squads of ofiice-set kVr, aad solicitor for public patronage. It is rnoogh to dis ' gust every bighaiinded re flecyng mn to; witnes such tmrgs, Hja enough ol tut. My principal object ia wrUie g tbi klj eey m is et yoa rijtt ia alter ol poli'rfa b& tni j if, ta i at an a n n to go to ar t gel t i tri? el aa ro!arltre .UbJ ia what isedkd ib letrilory cf Ore for. Aed tbi 1 firmly I ebese so be the fninioa of the tl-Dttirr orotic IbrMfh tod bx ihoae abo baa cothina to loC but etarr tliieio ein in the e.'tite.L nay bung the c-.ntry into ibat eklaa.it ua j reJ rJif - uienU V a full a. e. and tlai ere long. bite nothirg raore preatntiosay.lui to auo.f rice o.yr.i. nai i ir-.ii i am, A TI-AIN FAUMER. . a. a January isto. ecnni.ed luniSf If to the UWr of iilln g the earth. On the contrary, though fr prr haj a the Lsi tt'iry )e.rsietoed to bis Unii, no mm had more oppi rtum-irs than be i.fteing srquainted with the fiiismid c.nirrna of the Grtnrrienl durirg lbs wir cf 1812. (ad Ulois it.) nor did toy ne unlets and ttirra briur. I I-,ta ariio' l.i I, ma rnrril fur our realet the other day, on the cml or fnar.c al hisloiy ol the late war. we I0"k care, bi t i:i our stKteiuet.lt of lie past aiid our prtdirtioi. of tha future, t-i keep lar wiihtu the bound ol truth. We did not care 10 let even our own reader, much less the world at large, know to nearly the wheils of Government were brought lo a tmd within the lat few month of the war of 18V?. . , Sine our Demoeiatie fricud ii.aal op on it, however, we mu.t admit the facts to have l een even a appalling ss he states item. Instead f the piemium of twelve per cent, paid by ihe Government fur mo ney borrowed at fix per cent, a year, the premium raid upon thcaif loan the G.tv- rrnmrnt was able t obtain, we find, on recurring to the ncoid, was twenty per centand the amount of eighty dollar in money for on bundled dollarsin stock in that loan wat received in paper if non- paying banks, upon which the discount in specie was. at our coirrsponcent states, tweutyfive per cen'. So thai, in fact, the Government p.id a premium olforfy-fice 'ftr centr, opwnrAontybrrroa cd ai an in- leresi of six p r rent, per anbum, ami, even at that fate, had lost tie faculty of borroaipg. - .' ; .r "-"We tuppose all our leaders know that tlw suspension ol specie payments by all the Bai.k south of New Yoik, if not all souihof Boston, ii waa the necessary roiorquence of the state f war at the ewe speak of, will be Ihe inevitable . ... Ii m e fleet of a war with a great maritime Pow er, com when it may. We put it to the People whether, to gratify the dood-tbirsty propensities ef those who think " we ought toteek rather than to evade. a wir," we shall court, without occasion, a return of that state ol things in which n t only g IJ and silver, but even copper disappears, and cents and fractions of cei,t, as well a all lh parts i.f the dollar, sre reprcsei led by fil thy shreds of ppr, isued by any body and every body who knows bow lo sign his name or make his mark. THE MISCHIEF ALREADY DOXE. ' From the United States Gazette, January 27. What has Congress done ? Those who answer that question, connecting the President's Me.sags with the movements in Congress, will sl ow up an amount of tv. tht would arnal a man who looked only to the good f the-eounuy as a mo lite of action. The l .nguag of the Ex ecutive. and the movements in hi laver in Washington, has inflicted a blow upon the foreign commerce of this county that must be senstb v leli bv every man who hat the least connexion with that portion ol the means iT national prosperity. II. n- dreds of vovages, that included some eon- ! siderable lime for completion, have been postponed, in rPrfr,en'on n war be- tween Ureal utii.iu anu iius country. We might eady refer to seeral with'ii our own knowledge, where Phildelphia capital was lo ad rhiladelphia enterprise. and the business of our good city recet a valuable addition, which, inconsequence of ihe mott.unttmt ly message of the Pre sident, and the most unreasonable course of some of those men in Congress who can lose nothing, and may gaiu much by any convulsion, have been entirely laid aside, the risk of a long voyage, under existing circumstances, being too great for any proposed profits. Another result of this state of things is the use of forign vessels, instead of tb I . ....... r. . t .1 shipptcg ot tne uniieu taiea. ana in mortification of seeing an American cargo coming into port under an . Austrian or a Danish flag. There is no end 10 th mis- chief resulting to a business community from " the rumors ol war that Have ui, turbed th plan of our citizen rumors having their origin in language and action at the seat or Government, a unnecessary and unsanctioned by any-, real difficulties as any false rumor and unsustained lan- a a. a tin & -at f .. 1 guaga couia be. wnen wm uongre learn to know that manufacturing party ; capital twin important iniernaiiouai quc- tieas ia a sa'xt r'aegtrea, we bad a!st taid. tnaaoatble as of poaer sad 0 iiebt IVt eea-b. rs f Vm gt aa cala-) iastaiaw aa irqat y tu tae aaat of aucl Wf ta tne ol ta roxatry bkb ba resulted treat lb anaaetsasrf I roeeedifga sad lar.age oa Ua Oragra qaesiioa. and tbey will fiad that aaoaiha of sober dctoiioa t-i the Use ia errata ef the country, or aa sbuiarart frosa all in leifertt ee, will be ttetary toretia ba tinets to its ptpr ebaBatl. Na'birgeaa roaatat for U-a injury done. . MB. BEXTOX & THE WAR QUESTIOX. .Much aaxiety baa been ftli b r oa lima la the views ef Sepior Bet ton on th War Question. .Ia lb Senate. oa Tuetilay, Mr. Fairfidd noted to lakrp the bill for tla auguiematioocif tl. Daval force of the Untied States; which mo-ioq having been a.lipted,Mi. Uinuegan a.or rd an amendeul to the till, to apply tha proceed of the .lea of ptbl e land ic- ctied for the last year, amounting tula million and sevtniy-men thousand d I- Ur, to bu.ld ten additional trm teasel l war. In ihe course of thedebae ibat ensued, Mr. Benton io and said: He bad mad no war j eecb this sea sirn; he bad ade bo war spercb beeauie he lid not seen any thing lo justify a war speech much less lo justify a war tne ur. The bill now bef.r the Senate wa brought forward a a air ocamre, and was advocated a a war measute. They war now.it appeared, brought loa point when word were to stand for thiogt; when th Sentt of the United' State wa lo pronounce, in the fce of Europe and ih world, their opinion on the ques tion of appro. chiig war. Thi wa the questinn; and he, lur one, wa ready to pr noun-e open i. And he did so most emphatically by going ug .inst lb bill in toto. Mr. B. proceeded to rcmaik upon tba provtaior.a of the till, and to compute the mount i f expenditure lo be incurred under i; which he made by caleulation, to amount to between tit rteen and four teen millions of dollars, inducing the pay and allowancr of the men and officer, aa wdt as the etprosa f construct ng and arming the ship. A naval pear c Habl ihmenl, id Mr. B. to cost thirteen million uf dollar, when it it et in. ted that the whole expenditure of th government ought not to go beyond tw ntyrone mdliopa I ;, Sir, 1 oppose this bill on Seconal of the enormous expenditure which it pro poses, and I oppose it a a war measure. I im not willing to plunge into a war measure whin the (tale of thing around us ia peace while I, at least, cannot are the war t which u is lo be applied. If wa' comes. 1 want no half way measure. I If .... . :n I : If war cames, we will vote. with no tint ing hand: but, until it doe eome, 1 am against any thing wl ich is equivocal er debatable. Sir, I , hope my position, ,s whether there be war or peace, will not be equivocal. . Peace n ensures and war measure should be conclusive and deter minate. ... v.,.- Mr. B. concluded by moving that tha further consideration of the bill be defer red until the first Monday in May. Sir RonERT Peel. A London ppet aay the Premier doe not mind cracking a joke at bis borough of Tam worth, and tells the burgher that he is one of them4' selves the son of a cotton spinner, and that hi wife was the daughter of a pri vate soldier. Lady Peel is ihe youngest daughter of Gen. Sir John Floyd," Bart, who rose from the ranks. It is likewise'"" said that the diseentiors between ; tba' Duke of Wellington snd Sir Robert Peel have been so frequent and violent a of- ten to place ihet Sovereign in a very dis agreeable position, snd make her regret the more tranquil days of the Whig Cab ' iuet. During the many councils that bate been held within the last month., tha Duk' violence ba been sogrekt ahd his' voice hbS been so loud, thai the attendant' in ihe outer looms have caught ihe sound, and have learned sectcts not intended for bearing.- Punch" h them in a claisic cartcaime aa 44 Fortitude-and Resigna tion." A fact,' which may be worth the con-" sidi ration of our sturdy advocates of free trade: By the reports of the British Con ' sols to their Government, it appen ihat I6.000.0 bushels of wheat rau be calcu lated upon froa the ports the! Baltio , and Mediterranean. Two 'millions of. quarters, (eight bushels lo the quarter,), and at prices ih:.t would be ruinous to our farmers, with trtight about one half what w should bate to pay. Boston Courier.? Sioxificatiox or Names. Emma i from the German, and signifies a nurse; Caroline is from the Latin, noble minded; George from the Greek, a farmer; Mar tha from the Hebrew, bitterness; the beautiful though common name Mary, is Hebrew, aod mean a drop of sail wa'er, a tear; Sophia from Greek, wisdom: Su san f'om Hebrew, a lily; Tbnmas from Hebrew, a twin; Robeit from German, (amou in council. A c!er conscience fesrt do arcutatioo.