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a-a "Tp- Ml M ! t lh mt in AJti- i:eil, a4 I lt a k w g im Near-, 4 Mi a f i J ti a WWtOv Vn'.S Ve t op eur vat i'l rjmmrymen I mm Ki "rh 1 thr 4 lent a I yo mm i- fc frort yrwe. rbcf. et l jr h0 , t!. Ki. M. ee, this i ,. it,0 $rt tit fa te f of r.iurir ba e t.4 ty u t la r ll Mragjta v J ;..t IVnt.m. thr (rtt avtey M jndic oa r ci, 4 t 'SUpttlfm party waa ! Bf lAr ea htrt 4 th tvere wsa frtjnj tela f sara a he beret blee lif Ms eed rfaao4 lo!-n ibi fltj I their ceeawy ; aeab'e4 ia the old I!(tii.r4 Coevesbae an4r the ai Intra cf tai JnijM, pi chum ( treisoa ;tift txrir (ovcrnreeni. the at the r in? tttttnl ttt Ita beea nade in a pt)iicl tany Bah. Toe eMMue IijH Csdrral Uaak ef 191? Anted! M jtthi aortal ceriitls Joiah. Quincy w Pieidst 4 iha Unk, and Paotel tVeSter, Knlua Kif, tn1 others were hretoce. Abla officer, net iibsuedine btrh, tS achaa failed, and blue light I rJrttl li.uk and iek DiJJIa both died, the (orfr ia iia cbilJhnoI iha laiirr a Jnce4 lira tI that alow an4 eaitaia 4 tea Mratcau. Vton Ida chraelr nf ihia iofamoxit Mrxeam prtl, an4 tht peiUnn an4 nbctinarf mni(ria4 bf our peUti cat opponents ia at!!iafin( to ita prvarnl fora( an4 if jVninr all and trarv oodifi tatioa o( il, 1 far.thi Hiey propnaa to mikeanov and eolr4tdiionof Wbi? eapittl, in ar or Mrncao atorba. If int ia yoar purptaa, I iU appriaa m kma ih.l I will nut aubwitba, aa it ia mtaia to ho a td i0ptaatt. UW l ant politic! tapiuU what rlna dnti the p- rsirt to areumpliab by thi pram t'o ! la thia jout mda n tilling tbnt patriotic a4 fallatit apirita h haa ateppe4 Inru4 to fiht the bauUa of Ui-ir eouauy ia a fnici(nlandl Whora ar ibfjr now f Ara lhav Dt ae mMipg Jit their ditJeicnt vuaniiaa, praparieg in laa thrtr borate fur tba theatre i f i I !). you aot expect to aca airrnnt them minr wbote lot ba bra a rutin poverty ? ferttaps thia dav, bnnJicdi of them turn' ing tlirif la-ra to thir eipi'ot, hoping and eipfcung at our band a generoui return ti their call fur imme lia'.e aid. Many of them without hWt, ot, andbtanketa, it protect them io;a tba pvttipga of a wintry norm. I rH upon tba mtjnmy of thia bouta to any whether they appro bate Iha gallantry of iheae poor men. If that du, beeeech thena la forget par I", and juiii raa and iy pol'tieal friends io a prompt artinn lor tbeir relief. I ftar llwUu-Ui -ii.t,iK miilnl wilt m. 1 fear that thia pan and parcel of inn emeus band or tba Whig party at the begigoing of iha aetaijn. Tba deed h bvea denreeJ by party drill, and can not be revoked. Mr. Speaker, it eanbot bn diesnia"!!. that il ia the purpose ol those who a'deocnta this preamble to censure the Chief Miis- tra e at our country, and through him( 'ilia great Dsmorrstio parte, who placed him in power. Will this promote the giid r our natinn t Will Iha Mexican leaders hat reason aoy (he sooner by your re nsur of the Executive f Let ycur prearuhlo he renl at the head of the column t-f Santa Anna'a legion. , Will it nn aid tha causa of tha enemy, by hoainj In them that your President ia guiliy of high crime and misdemeanors, end bil ftitli io the admini'trilioD of your Rjrernment f Wi'l yoir a olunteers be tho more te.Jous or arJent in your er vii-e, by saying to Ihem that they are g iog ii an ut just cane ; that tha war is Ilia President's and not the country's ; that they will hsa to ehed lb blood of an innocent people s 1 hro ha nl shock ed that we say to you that y ur eaue is unpatriotic aod injurious. What! send your brare voluntors to battle in a for eign land, aud say Io thorn at the same lime : you are going in an unrighteous war, under the direction ol a wicked and faithless traitor! This is errta'it!? to tli" coarsga them, snl to aid and assist the enemy. But. iri it was tha porpo8 of the au thors of this preamble Io place tha deny ocretie paMy in a false position cither to den? aid t.' t! rolutitcrs, or censure the Exeetittse. .Hallow desice and small game for the deeeney p'iy. But it ' the game of tha party here ; artd they bar reeeired their cue (mm the la'prth. Yes, gentlemen walking in the foottbtcs cf the i. I blue ligbl federalisu illu?trioc mo dels for your guide Tba great stiptn- liafrv and personification of old federal ism, is your Orderly. lie proclaimed in the Senate of the Ur.t'ed Stairs that the wsrcont tho nation a half a millioa a day, which is utterly false and destitute of foun dation. Hut gentlemea do not lose the cognomen of federalism ; the term is pre tended to he ofleosise to some, intend it to be euoh. But hn I do not ' Cn VOO eepa from Ihe ddsmras 1 Your cou-se "tain mnn mere ; men, and not till is st-nihr and parallel with Ihe old ani- hen. wi" ,h hr Afaxicans lay down war federiliats. They were opposed loj ,hp" rms or I'"'8'1 anything coming the purchase of Louiriana from France, ! "ftioi whose course has been scan and against the extension of terrtory, and '.dalous, and so well ealculited lo di-tutb for soirendering the Mississippi ami its Pe the world by their avartci-oi. grest sdvsnUges. Yoo were again! Ihe "d jjra.ptng disposition.-' God and Lib acquisition of Texas, and for giving up. ert ' the g'esl North River to Mexico. Theyj I candidly believe that this is a fair pic took sides with Gr?t Bri-!D, and de-, lure of what might be expected in such a nounced Mr. Madison, s autiior of 1J" posture of our affairs. What would yon wr with Eng'snd. Yoo denounce the; do in sue!: event? Would you not ap Mexican war. and ly alt tho blame to peal in the strongest f?rms lo the valor, Mr. Polk. The parallel fails in one im- the honor and patriotism of the coJTPtrv, j porn nt fii . tu e. The old federal party wc.oniti'ii' and firm 5 Ihey said a thing aud fo!oeJ il up by acis ; ihey opposed ( Jt pare! aa ef "fMdls tm the !-. nr (partT on! ife owes a i of Trias, W t wl kipeJ ia t f ttte fcira o p Wis apinion, e ttl f r jt, Vra 6rsi a l'r t war aoj ibr throw it a sha PriJrM. Ttf federal pany w Hra I hcl t Ic l4ia tka ymi rt aa Mr. P.4k, 14 t4erl rif a opwtl i t'ia wr wil i:. (!i4 t'0?h a ; they e4 aail ay 8rf fry r a catrf at ihef na I IhH a I ti e l a . oa kaea4orl4ilia eoe, a4 kapa to abiaa all the "ffieea a4 boaof f your eoun'ry by digra'icg yom mwm fimnt ia iha a) re el tSa world, ia the peaa of soar Chwf Mgiirte. 'r prleews. tr-e c44 lede!itt, bpeJ for ad otuice J tba eaa rewarda. fur tha a.r.ifieaiioa al Mr. Jelfraa ae Mt. la:!iaea. ff the parebaee of lymiiaaa and the declara tion of war agaat Ureal Britain. Mr. Speaker, it you Nheae ih-t the Kieeaiiaa baa btoo'ght th e war oa the eoantry by In wicked and fnict ie"os eoenciU. wby n- t give bun and die wnrl I ait endeaca of ainrrriiy b requea" our I(rpresenttiee in Un;res t , and prefer articles af irf hruert ,.'' mm 1 ( urn, tm ut or anr athar oiu-I et r of the United Sutra array weretbaa charred he would base r ruht to bsva a court asariiai 10 itf btra. row, 11 , "V. .. . Csecutisa be ga ltr rf vkdatioa . - r i. . ' 1 bt iit. lawe of bis coanfr l oa a'le e, he our hi " be impeached, and tba Whig paty ara bound to proceed in it. .They e.a aot acquit theme!ses of a duty iihot such a r.ure :t is bet an act of jusice to ibe President soJ the whole euuntry. But yo dare sot venture the impearh meat, lor tha reaeon tht euch a coure ould elicit the truth, and sueb a prompt aeqoitial a would make a find dispoat. lion and end of iht bones end r-rosneele of the ' Whfo'nartr. TheUader ol vour party who would base the boldness to ren'ure on thai remedy, woi.M find him- aelf where J ..si a h Qninrv !tL afer ofTer-: tng articles of impeachment against Mr." JefTron ha, alnne ia tha allirmatir. and tha whole lions o Kepre ssntMises in Ihe negaie. Why, Sir, baa tht-s sattlt beta made nnori the Pretulanf out aa iota of proof toy"" join tsaue with the ad' 1 amble, and Chans' ' any one pariieu' be violat that he- tha Hit , and your eonntrv in the wron. inus raising ins txpeelsttons 01 Tlie ene-: my that a change of rulers would better! their prospect.. In this you are inflie-' ting an injury on vnor eonntrv. and de- . ' - . . ( esising the enemy, holding out 10 them ' false hope and Colours. p j u-rr r-- the power, and the sdminiirsiioo waa' irsnsferred 10 the wbii nartr. what would your President do I Would he call a new Congrese, and say to them this country is now eug)ged in a wat with a foreign notion by the artinn ef the Execmie and th Hseqtieol ' sanction t.f Congress, .-.j..-,., tn(j ,ut, b9 mi.1'! Uon-!'" i jl our arms in tnany a saniruinary engnje in. ,9'nicnt; of hour proudly the star spnnpled ovicrtn anner floated nver ihe wall tf Mexico ; us figure., despatched iti. a flag of truce if To hi ExreUcnfy Dnn President of the Me&.u r x The Preulenl of ibe United Sv, Aroeiici who has succeeded to "jam. K. Polk, ah) liaj unwisvlv. wirknllv. wrongfully, an I unconst lu'tonilly, wsgej N(. a cruel, ana urjUM, and nnnghicou war, agnioit the sister Hepubhe of Mexico, as sures yout Ctcelleocy of tbe high regard he cn ertaitia for you persnn.il'y and Ihe Mexicau people, and in this ha is confi dent be bespeaks the sentiments of the 1I10I0 whig party, who has c!evaej Ki. . I,i. ...., l,;k tv.ii. o. t,n- .n.,n ,Z... rri.r.u- i.J iv 'w - sasvwui ivia- lions which almul l exist between eiter Uepuhlic, he has appointed a (lisiingnikh 4 citizau of the United Suite to r.aiilo as minister at the court of Mexico, with full power to seillu all the matters of dis pute and difli.-uky between the two na tions. I will now g've yon what might be ex peeled as a reply totbi overturn for peace, if the paM is to shadow forth the future : To the Vreiukut vf the United State of the "Tho Piesidedof the Mexican Rpub lie is gntified to see thai the Mexican eannn and bayonets ara beginning lo bring the arrogant and perfidinot rulers of the North to their senses they begin to review their scandalous conduct to this government. I hops our victorious srms will show to the civilized world Ihe just ice olpurcanss, and onr anility o main lain il. Yonr proposition cannot be en tertained av this time. If you will with d' font ' ,rom u ,n'' 'he l a- H ,u 7 uur 1 9 w,,li OPimie, to come to your relief, ami to punish and chastise such a foe! Suppiixe, sir, the iJuimii-rniic party haJ a m.-yoriiy in tho NW. fat, :ra InM. U ia) tUWjars, SW rTf Tr!t t4.'eJ mkf 't t-r t! tf (et!tr4 thH, Vtfea, wr r.h Mexirw Vaa leea pr 4.n?l, avi the eauoa bsgrr4 by tie W.liiy a4 wkiaug atbaertirecy 4 iha fJjecvtUe, vni itie ibqfcrt ear liaa rf I VajrcK, lfrnJ. iWr ftc. lJ; U e as af tea ttitfld I'o.fira ia liertby apptpii4 t U a -'r others to al ia tha rnarT. tt"H af thia asi jtt war, and to get our O'ur'.rf out if tt.i d'fraref I clr-L ' la Il ia case, you wut4 eenair.ly If most thankful to a (w avr bounty, and eperi!!y grateful fr th a sty pnlitf and o!:lgit trrma in whira it wat lealrteJL Mr. j-Cikr-r, tliia ia a inm-t -' i ir. aii i unjut rourse, so ir aa tna ae mocratie paiiy ia concfrned. It i retry in eel !1 that waa sha Wed f-'ith by the orjn rf the prty, in this rily, a after iha Agi lrcun. He arjed the party, as tliry bad the power, t male clean work "f it -Io ahow so qnatr. Kir, rou are like the Jacol-ins nf tlie rrrnch revi.:iiiiin, in your irUx xicatioB of pow. - ";.vu hare forsotieti Ishertr. aud ; rJ, 4erptiia. , tut, if this war is at iot, wbv dij ee eanrttt it r la Mir last, the 1 rratilcnt informed Cm gresa that Mext-1 Mr. Speaker, what a euUiwe snonl eohad made war on the I'niled Sutesjipeciarle waa witnessed the other day, in I. . . ... naci rrocn liie K10 t.r utle. and Itad i.pVn.i 11.. 1 : r 1 - ..iu ,,,v- mi !-j puir, lurr-iuo flniniiiiri-wra;;cw tiruvno two rtcau ai ii ; tuat t.ea. rat lor bad onlera to rep 1 me mrst-inn ; u.ut, nont tke acts fof Mexico, war existrd. Tha fart to eiiKtnin this mesa je. rf a true official cha ncier, was laid before Congress t the lime. What did fongrrs do ! , Did they dispprove of ilte course of the Hxeeo- tte ! By no nu-ana. Ther, with tmpa' rdlt Jed unnuimitr ' rartiea, with rt few excepfuins, coeenrrin?;- aottd, the lirt aaern. ft rUe 50 tf.O stilunerrs. and leu million of dollars, to aid in a prompt and cfTn irnt prosecution of the war. Dora any bt-Hi-re thai if t'ongrrsa had thought the President had unci-nsti- tniio eo ' I unlaw full v inriitvcd ih 4 .... it ihey would ao prompt r he fnrnihed him 7 , ' ;int 1 f men and mo. .1 j 'o, air! The ft-de-fti necrfome trio ihe oul4 liai'e avoided it. A the voire of iha a hole people would have denounced .1" ihey had dared to pursue any r course, , , .... . , , . Mr. Speaker, how onpatrictic and ireo f sonnhle has been tho rnttrse of those who ig tho bave atlenipted to make this war odious ur enemies in and onpopulnr: who hare exerted them- 'Ue to throw a damper upon the patri- . : . r .1 1 t 1 . ' nirir rnun-ry , , who nar-a uecn Coding fault with Ihe action of their own Soernment,and ftirninhingargttiDents and weapons lo be used by their enemies a- gnsi our free institutions ! Sir. this wnr will he prosecuted .wilh vigor j and not- witJiMantling all tha ahuse that hs been lavished upon the b'xertitive, ne hhb mn fully ui fended ihe honor and eharaeler of jl'i counlry, and entitled himself lo the j '"Minff gratitude of Iha nation. When '''' W!r ',a'l have been terminated, and j 0Hr volunteers return to their nal'tvo land, I covered with seir and glory ; whest they shall rfconnl llteir glorious achievements battle, and the triumphant success of of whrtt hnllowed associs.tions clus 'ground ihe nanio of an American in Und when Ihey sh:U till of ' , -&, ilanirets, of theii many sa "'nforis of hime and kin ' . ' idi, lo prepre ttntnrn- S..iI -liberty of our conn Je nulhors of thi preamble !inme at the foul riot tltry I to nlfix ttpon the proud encC, . 01 North Carolina., Mr. Sp-vtker, I cannot hclievo that if this preamble receives tits sanction of this House, it can long he permitted to disgrace the archives of the Slate. Tho people. in tni)(!i of thunder, will demand lliat il i a 1 1 1 1 r .1. ... "o niinireu iniin mo pi, ililic journ nils; tlmt Mack lines ahall be drawn around it, as a badge of everlasting mnu-nitig fori an act of such base parlizan servility aad j folly. Wre are now cngngeJ, for the third time, in war with a foreign counlry. Our coun try has claims upon us, and if any one is found so h,io as lo raise n parricidal voiro against her, ho is ffuiltv of an act of moral I treason, an 1 i ttnworihy of tho proud j name of an American eiiizen. Sir, I nm I no prophet, but I think the day is not, fur (iitnm, wnnn incautnors 01 tins preamlilo 1 lie Mexicans were fully convinced will bids their heads for shame; wScii: thnt Vera Cruz was to he the next object they will wili "thai the rccoolini wirl ol attack, and were making preparations that registered this black deed in HcavcjiV for it. Troops have begun to pnur into chancery 0:1 hi-jh, would drop a tear ajp- ' ihe city from the interior in considerable nn it, and blot it out forever." Sir, iT 1 1 numbers. The papers pray the Oovern am not mistaken in my estimate nf ho mcnt net to send them forward without gonitis an.! ciinracterof the people of Nijrth : ample supplies oT money ami provision, Carolina, this fotd and unholy attempt to lest by their presence the previous distress east censure upon our country by attonjpt-j of the regular garrison should be enhanc ing lo make this an odious and uncotsti- ed. tutional war, will meet the burning jin-j The Mexican appear to hn mnrh be dination of an outraged people. Go hfine . ter advised of the mot emeuta nf our troops and tell your constituents that, to r Ileal n ' tlian ri are ourselves, and it is really n'r party triumph, yo'i struck a blow tlirr. gh prising 10 see the promptness and accura their Chief Magistrate, at the hosior of cy of their information, even to minute your country ; that for electinirerii)r nrV details ; whereas, on our part, every thine poses, you endeavored to put a dm. per' appears to be vague, and indefinite giies upon tho patriotism of your fellow ci un- es as lo the movements, positions.stn ngth, trymon; that while 'thousands and ten of and general condition of theii forcps." thousands of gallant and indignant, sjf rits " Nothing a to Santa Anna or hi con were rallying to the standard of their eun- ' tcmplated movement, try, ready to sustain it, or perish on thej The Mexican Congress on iho bed of honor, yon were here, Tar fron tho ultimo approved a proposition which de field of danger, comfortably seated w thia clarnd tho constitution of 1824 to he Jin the walls of this magnificent capitol, die-1 full vigor. Another was adopted which cussing vague and abstract propositio s as ! forbids the deputies, in forming a new to the causes which produced the h-ar I , fundamental compact or constitution, from Go, Sir, and mingle in the crowd tpieari infringing npon the principles of ihe re th hisst-s and acorn of a brave nndjgQn-J presenlative, republican, federal system, erotis people; witness ths burning iidig- Also another, which restrains them at tin nation, ihu withering contempt, that a taits j same time, from attacking the independence wamastrJtii Wtisttrjarrrw tbAiarrapl a! ! Mr. wkff, I too we ir. aa ir.r r" TT , r " r ' s4 il atvniWai f Ue tl'fw, ahoald aw preJ.y pr4 f w j!f.w that I bate 14 litiiroprtiewe ia er, aaJ tly wU f w P Li afTits a4 lc petstuij infictra 4 il-cr arsrra by tLea f-raiU IrU aitth. FfcUt iher44SrA laratios.. fate ia thelaad rd" ryttrJLaeJ the Lotra any a&nWme, I M4 Let Cir U ar Mi are aa aoy eanL'y tr-aur ia ttej orU. la oer er!T un rrlca for We-1 bsu!rare,flea the first Mate o ea.m-1 e 6?g tf freediwa apoa Ua tod f u.J f erklmlwr;. Sir. thanka to ..!, tle :e of LWy yet onaKsly liri: w ne rne-ta real I tl rrrwa' S Iierpav. niic s n, :hrut;:h f d an J t!ro---h f Ki J port, liatecuir wail b.'u wninre to i raue a rta lioeny. tAvjuy sniwa !t;lt tlie I atriotle tr-1 ami spirit thnr, rres, the best I4h4 ed" the rca.!nnta (nirere ia U ctr tin.nds in.da;c d;em o artioa. 1 loe t4 br sous w ho b?re oitiotrrrrj ia thia war want t ut a f:r i!4andaiioreaC!:Jii,UiroTcrthcmidte iag-iitlt tfin.orfcd honor ihcy a ill he fcund iut imn-.on::t normr tnry m r nnr.ti it tlie f.rt-inot rauk, where Uowe fcll fiat- st and t!t'u lct, tustaining ihe :art and lripe of our (luriout Union. Jut t-st at-hr.i.:.cr end t-l tha rapjUd! I allu;k-a to P - ... . 1 1 1 . m r i r. aire of war. A man who usa erowu lray in ate puMte sernce surroTimSeH ty f . a a a. a ata . ?vcry comfort which wealth could bestow the rherUhed rrpresr n!aiiveof lis rotin- :ythe pride and one 01 ihe eater ores mcnta cf the Senate of bis native State 1 lie resigns hi teat in ihst body, to lead a sm.41 but ga!tant hand of patriot to the "hurtling sands of Mexico. C!o ! gafcutt licncml I the Mestinja if Heaven attend you -the prayers of thousand of your rounirvtnen will ascend to the Cod of bat- tics, thai he will nerve your band, and bathe your sword in iha blood of the en emy ! ... FBOM TI1K SCW '"" By late art i vale al ,. e have dates from Tain pico ' from Bratos Santiago It " mo. f t,- ., , ,,. . The account brorjlil assure u of the safety '. vofu nicer who were areckety diaka: ,- It appears tht len the Omlu'U wrerked, the volunteet tonk refuge upo. tha saiul, nearly opposite Ihe vesrel. Here they were visned by sundry Mex icans, a ho pr tended much sytnpsihy and kindness, but in reality were plat ing ihe spy. (Jen. Cos, who cnmmandi d at Tus pan, was informed of the facts of the eae, and came down with a force of about a thousand men, demanding an instant and nncomhtional stirtrnder of the volunteer. The latter had only about one hundred nnifkets, the rest having been lost or ren tterrit - n - .-. : plact bm ween Gen. Cos and Lieut. Oxier, aid to CM. De Kussy, at which the volun teers were allowed to deliberate until 0 o'clock the next morning-tha alternative being a surrender at discretion or a fight. At nightfall ramp fires were lighted, and tho Americana marched oflV leaving their knapacks and all burihensomo materials behind them. '1 hey were uot followed, cr at all event not molested, and nil ar lived art safety nt Tampion, with ihe ex ception of six, who were left behind their iuubdiiy keep up with thp Cient activity prevailed ' of the Uio(2randi (Jet-"' and was expected tj All the private vess,1 ; been taken ip by Ihy were rapniiy louuin; and provisinn. 'iv had been broken t:n, a j -ami stair were at the m.ouS.; . ytn em bark. The troops generally' tvere in nm lion. The 4vh and 8th infantry were til rvauy in? noaru iransjnri, ami me isi re- tjiment rifles. 2d tlragoon, Cart. Vaylor's ready on board transports", and the In re- 1... I.. ..n IV I 11 J. L... I mu.ii'iv, i.ui. iniiitjii ia:iery, ami j iietncuinent ol rccrt:it sit; vn shore. The roads between CamnrcM and Mon- terey wero a tic to ha almost impassable on account of robber. The ranchcros were gathering in all qnaitPM. They were expecting an attack at Matainoras, and the Plza had been fortified aud the city placed iu a state of defence. . FROM VERA CRUZ. In tho New Orleans papers we find the following items of intelligence from Vera j Cruz. The dates are to the 5 h ultimo ; nw " - " " reaaw mirs gU fca.a r. e rn CO LllCT tta li Im ZZl Uza YCTlCrtt, Tba eelr. Heroes'. Ct. Fbaw, ar.t- tf m ffrw (lieaa aa ti e tl't - Pri. abra she eaiUfl on ire 18b alia. We ep? from tb rieayaao l Mlawirg latelligvaee j (jea. Scott wa eu'I at l a lJrazoa,.at VM rxeertcd to leave rathe AIM a ma. arh arrirsd there aa ice aorairj t tha IDUi. Aaottcr ereoaat safe that ba waa to Mi iha S1esei.eett. wlkb was rertaMily araitirg f- r bim. Fear eowpa. SIM ef ariitrry were already aa Lor4 it,,. r.sel. CaaL SaiihV Capi. Swart. .out'e and Lira. Phwlelford'e ef tba 5, tn, rj,p. yiatoa e t-T ibe re la et M g f-4 p f art ef the gib icfan'ry wa berd. 51. ,.4 (--. Vintna'a t.f ibe 3.1. wba Gea. Seott. was tlao ea , Carl, lw 9, of he 5d anirete. hd (irrad t'a Iese Fort flrowa and ' ' - - " join ,ia tec imrnt. Hie plaee bail beta J,jlr tif aitlaatert. - .. . . j p, 0,kbea4 bad arrired tt ihe Bra ' in M j ...ua nnr. f.,r Tarn pica. x ' The news of -Ve ep'nro of Majors Borland tad C aires, and Cap!, Cas-ius M. Clay, is fully eorCaed. The greatest activity peidoJ at ibe moub. crnciAL ew8 rnon Ti:n aeky. r Froaa tlwi Uuion. We tsndcrstr.nd that U'Hera have been received from Major (lenciMl Feott as Ia!e a the Uih of February, al the lirusn.. He was n akirg every srrangrmrnt to re move the troop lo the island of l.oboe ; but, contrary to hi expeclniion. lhe ten tranr porta which hsdlH-cncnjagcJ at New Oilcans, and the others whii h ha I been t'irpalchcd from the Nonlicrn ports, had vct arrived. It is certain that ihey """arrived there from both port " The orln.inee, los had ' " 'velination. received that tho " ring into Vera tenet of the on n- try. Il is ulso si y rerpv. thoritv, thnt atrci.ih merrhsntman had just found tu way into Vera t.'rus with ten ihousaml stand of arms an I twenty tons of gunpowder on board. It remains to he seen in what manner this vessel tlu ded our blockading squadron. It is said that ("ommodoro Perry, who left Washington a few ilnys ago to cmhark ' ' tiiimiii CKtMt rcnaired at Norfolk,) within a week goes i tlio bull, to take e ommand ef our aqnadron, (en. Scott had not received any very recent despatches ftero Gen. Taylor, but accounts had reached him from Monterey of ihe report that Maj. Borlr.nd, with a bout fifty soldiers of the Arkansas mount ed regiinettivb"? been taken by -he Mexicans-,,. . ,. ', 10-,'; ; ft 10, 1847. s kept mo i'(ir,j . even now f rjinnot , , lrtiellicence. Ifr. Sev-i- t.w Atiis, has jt'.M arrived with .. .nen from tho pl-.ins. . They left ln Santa Fo on the 18; December, and look , . more liko icicles t,f the novlii polo than human bemgv They have siuTered miich both fiorn cold and hunger, having lost all their mules upon the way. Soma hnn- ureu nm n,,y persons. Government team- j , v.-.. ........ ... f1" ni l,ntnrer, were scattered a- great many had frozen lo death ; a sraidl wagntt and two oxrn were nil iho team left, and, if divided out, not seven day' raiions were among the t"lal numbet. Thy think that af least one hundred must perish. They saw the footprints of fresh shod mules at Pawnee Fork, which wo suppose must have been those of Capt. S. P. Sublette, who went out with Gov ernment despatches in January. At the time they left Col. Doniphan had tent to Santa Fe for the St. Louis artillery com panies. A soon as they could coins up with him ami tho traders near the Alvara do. the whole company would march to Chihuahua. , 1 Col. Price's regiment remained at Santa r 1 1 , ... . re, ami a large numoer find Died as ma ny as eiAf per day disease, diarrhrca. Tho " Journal of Commerce" publishes a letter from the city of Mexico, which, it says, is from a distinguished source, and which sets out with this averment: " Your friend, Mr. (Sranja, (who arrived hero yesterday, the 23d,) has just been to pay me a visit. He comes advocating your own views ; he is for entering upon negotiations to establish a peace. , Well, we can have no objection to a peace if we can have an honest, a certain one. Wc are not ?.t war for the pleawenf it. If the United States is not waging it for conquest, eertaiuly wo are not on the tie ' fenh cfor conquest. f'o: wrarc wish- ing to indulge a revel1 in no halls' but those legitimately Mexicar. We repeal, therefore, Peace is to be I ail if tho Uni led States citizens and (trvernnenQare disposed really and truly" -o bs honestly nacifie. That much was stated in iI.'m Consul." An honest emph-ymcnl is a mcst excel lent patrimony. -z-rT 4rr r ; .? ttlca. ta re-nak tel lie I aar ike :ar4isa af oar Uarrty. n a s " 1 "T f "r Tl:i:rrt!aT, IHarch II. res c oxcr.rs. , cr aat:tl. . We rs ftu VJ W tUV x!h-st l! t'gti'ai Ptr. ration, vlkb aari ia iLm y'c aa Tsmdj; U, awoiuiol J Kraa. rj, uf I'amn - aa tha Th:j ntklU-ic 11 Confess ia tht Aorir. V." biT jlvr l hi aatno at ih luJ f our . hima 'ah fi! " J Iwtrs ; iuJ r bac sea. ea l Suee that t,w rtmi.iin'.ion via ev tear rl mti tiftiud to our V.'bi; fiirosl thraogboiit the tlia.irt. lis S1 N foanJ a true Whig, a4 Vk to Tii aor prinrij Va ia drhat egata! tin nrgc4 in ihe rtnl tt ooe ofwocnU. Aa4 if ba !iu!J b rVrn tha srp.etiUUva at lbs dlsrirt, t.U wJ cf.jr-irtnr, an4 Lis alriiiag in. Iriiy an4 alvuty pra bint a stiaJtnj at Vt!intiHt abith will trflcrt ere-fit cpoa la rorutUucacy ; aad of wliWh aa aoe, Whig er I)c- Mrrrt, win baa ar4 to be aJiaairX On Tiveuhy rurnine by tha rcjuot of bit birnU, Mr. Kerr ad.lrrsard a Un-r auiiibcr af tho riliirii (4 (mn-e from one of tb Ifuhb in tliis place. Itwaiauvwtrni'cUvarprscbofahautaH haul length, in rrlut!ja to Ihe war, ami Ilia manner ia wbh h it waa U fnt:l.t ea and ha been ofiihirtrd. We bao act tuns Cir a mora ex tended notice of hi p?cch tLii wci k. Uut lh pro'ts of the i!i:1irt a, HI bav an opportunity ef hrtirinx bim for themu'lven; anl perhap it f then Cw aa m 3 I'wt we 'i Hill not attempt a ikrtt-h, in aUrh we shouLI ccit Jn'r do Lint in justice erca abrn we bad dona our brat. Kr. Smith's sreccti, rind tha Vi'er, ' Our being lh only paper put !ibe4 In thn county, we tisv Jrrrttcd it a courtcy due to lb prmorratie prry on all ocnuinns lo puUUh tbn proceeding of thrii mcttine, e.j and en lead ing ini!jecta of diaruwba befuro tho country wo have deemed it no more tban a berouiinc liberali ty also to publinh one or more vpeeehre oa their ti.Ja of the question, particularly when rcqtiartrd 0 to do. Tliu haxioj been our course bitberto, we have not ecn cauro to depart from it oa tba present occasion ; and therefore, by Kue.1, bavo published in our paper to-dsy Mr. HniHh' speech in the House of Common, on the resolution ap propriating ten thousand dollar for the use of tho volunteer! from thi stato. f 4 t llil qirrch waa not made to benefit the volun teer, by urging tlie speedy passage of the resolu tion ; but lo uVfoii J tlie rmident of the I'niled States from the charge of having commenced tho war bvJua.wjdioutihc advice and direction of Congress, and eonejnci ily ui"TIrect violation of tlie Constitution of Ibe United State. Tho question, therefore, U a very (imple one, and in volve a very few fact, with which tb aw in por tion of Mr. Smith's speech baa nothing lo do. It (loo not even involve U10 question a lo which. eonntry ia in tho wrong. If Mexico baa bear. Siiilty of Iha miny acts of aggrcwion aeon Iho property and person of our citiwns, and of in suiting trsatmc;,! iowanl our diplomat agci.ts, a enunitfratcd in thi (perch, thoie nicht be ul- jcci proper to bo aubmilted to the attention of Congers "in a spcr'ad nKwagr," ii they were during; tbe aihrdiusljcitlaa of ticn. Jackton, and 8ulvsc(iiicn!lf by Mr. Van Duren j but could not justify a hostile movement on tho part of the Pk niilcnt. But theso mutters wu- r.M settled by troulyi SVxico agreed to"pay for her aggrcnuonr, arul ia pirt had fulfilled her engagements, though to do so she bad to extort forced bans ftoni hen own people. 8omo two or three millions only ov roaiiiias unpaid. , 1 ' Tlanw Mexican aggressions were made lo fill a Inrge portion of tlie rncwigo of tho PrvsiJent lo j Congress i,. Decciulier lent, and figure very larpo :ly in Mr. Smith's speech ; but evidently for ths I Ptirposo of ilFdifviliir Ihr. nrl nf tlui Prpci.lnt which brought on the war not to ahow how tho war was begun. ' Eiiuiilly foreign to the question arc the transac tions between Trxa anil Mexico previous to the annexnlion. On receiving Texaa into tho Union, we undertook to protect her from foreign aggres sions, not to avenge her past quarrels. I' 4 After tbe annexation of th&t stale to the Union our army under Gen. Taylor took up a position at Corpus Christi, vvheror it could be rerulily - ; plied, and would bo in position to resist nnv at- 1 .,-..-. tempt at invasion on tho part of Mexico. Our fleet was also ordered into tho Gulf. The feel ings of the people of Mexico were no doubt deep ly exasperated against us for the loss of so valu able' a province, but no warlike movement had lieon made, exccjH ibe collection of a few troops at Mntnnioros, on tho we?t bank of the Kii Grande; and it ta prolinhle none would have been made if our army had remiiincd at Oornus Christi. lSutforsomo rauje not yet puUicly avowctk tlio rrcsident whs not satisJicd wilh this state of things, and LskuoJ hw onlsrs to Gen. Taylor lo advance from Corpus Christi to iho Rio Grande. Under this order Gen. Taylor took up a position on tho banks cf tho tivcr opposite tho eily of M tamoras, . in tho midst of Mexican eorn aud cot ton fields." ; ' . And thia was tho commencement of the war. Under what authority did the President direct Uu movement 1 Mr. Smith says that the bounuVrj of Toxas extended lo tho I!io Grande, and there fore tho cemp of Gen. Taylor was on American soil. But how does ho luaho U appear ! Tci" claiming thnt as hot boundary did not make t'80, Tho power of Toxas never had oxbnded wfr the whole of the valley of the Rio Grande, on tlh its banks, was inhabited by Mexlc.-.ns,and m'T'1 to Mexican law. Even the resolution of (Vm.'"9 which admitted. Text into tin; l'iii.n, j-urpst'O'