tt treat rrruui that M'l'tw iwl ad
tnakrU i!aa to t ttt ij -Vfrat fit pet
t laithi Sine, ki! dirutp. A hrtrro
(vitrau pojjUtw. of ftttn minMta, wish
ery hwttraj irawtrH -d no credit; dia
twit bf ii k-m J Jro.Mi ami by W
abatMa a W ; fwy by turns to
arrhy and la mrtvy eatirpert; oece
f j tog IBM; tV iwiiam of th eitflized
'ffldX nJ.ec phywcilhr or Biewt ally, a br
iber in phstrsl nJumiinn, tared iblf, or
nv o 'Iter rrprrttlot infrrwr posiijoo.
aanot contend aoerrfi.i!y ith an reef
geik, intetiigetil. enlightened, ud united
i,y.HM of twenty mi'lions. MrJ f
unlimited ifKHinn atidwdiUand enjoy
ing I the t-ti f"t f a regular, tiro;,
kttj (rr GoicmmeiiL. AH rhi was acu
cipa'ed; hut the extraordinary suect-e
tif the Aarriraoa liave eeced-d the roost
AH t!e advorrd
CUitittd geat ana ine anpanuietea rn-
crr of ocr uoont bse titrctountrd all
t e a l.a tt a 1
...", . -
taea. cy vnouaiarvcr romntamiea
nniw we, noerr pwhi inrpw ,
(tat and furtiurationt of t?ie Meaicant.
Niwtiri-iiirww m....rr ... '"i"' ,
r,ir. mere na not treo a tins.e zs
n.e..t ia a BK-h thevha not tHfcn ion..
4eiely drfnteil. I he uiot rcm:akai,e
and nnctperted feature of Uut warfare w.
that ol..nteert. ahaSly tindit.-ipl.iicd 111 j
xryteertriheora. have yal
tonMiie.t ana t.nnerv aim ti.e rrguiar
rrcsnunaernrui..rU,i.ta i.icc. ,
t lie orsi rrj-uiar iorre 01 .it-au-o. 1 nor
.t . . . 1 r r if .
fT.t ! rt,rr.ar:n t Z . ?'TI!!i;
AMU .iiv .-irin.ii. .ill, ivuuim ... 4. i....
Waifare of purrriilat, whit-h. hovetcr t!l-
j ' i
lirfvinj. cannot be proJucute of any
ii it mie uiannete tpinuoi iucePet
r.we-wrn par. uvea at a price lar eV j
cceiiing tTieir ralue. It it true that nei- .
(litr flit trlrtrv nf tlirsi militarv itppilii. imr '
. . B ... . - - -
m.-ine ri!rli!iaiHL All Urf at!irrU f i . 1 1 -.1 i. ' vrn tlriti ulin In hrrrfrl hun far hav. fua l mii i. th run vl fcvfaranr i
uJ jJ e 1,,rh ;l ; tinted to. Thi hat urea wrilkigk the ei'eidtJ. afmt any ! or attack ed bia rjtremely; and Mr. 1'rm y ma f , , ,
-T uJ-, wilh tW ruilf j Tlie r fainn oa ib. part ol Mrtao; aad tht b..t a... declared t? Mr. UUck that b,t appearance ( A j . 1 5 doZw
imt to t.e 'JU peea.eu neir mire eJ b mJV wf ,.3 wuSt,j j h e0 ,rttal pabheit who -true ttte W the Oovemnieiit. .u ilm de tS,n j,,,,. p, (tont , niutrr baa Utb to much firorr.!
l,uu!tNeer.r.3nd...owUndJ;!1 tl;f Wf ft ; ,w lh, idwb.i.bl. ..ud. feat the .hob affair Under t,e;e fir- EiSfiStTtt
ia etwH nowaaf l!r far-famed ne-; wW ,ub. ,,,al Vfar thut olilrterH-.i-Oht. It rPe...ioe.rBpo;cuuiia..cet. Gen. I! men complied. rfcaatbeB'btbtd-iyaflWI!.
uoi-i. uf tb Mn Jomtuiona. Hie , j f ,,, - s f lbU Ull, lIieT fhfll4,j fcf f.ou,!, .eyi.a ; wjdtout any f..odaii..n, thit Mr. B!ide! tid..4 1. -Unit tU aUok ca t .uJ j " ib jilis
w -t . " liquid M.iiiniil.l .it I "(I J mam fi. t.tll .HI nMIAB. I If W fvUIMV MWIIrr .11411 ZldU urn WIIHtl. T"" 'w J i
the ultiinhie miJity or out conTiestt, ran Auman chimSf peeled ta the com-; and on account of its eeograthieal poi- by commits-ionert appointed for that tpe
compentate the lamentable lota of ihe ma-, miuioat aiI,mmU,(, u, ,jfl..ai.po3. Of tmn. it war much more natural that Tex-' cial purpose, at by rciding minitiert or
,.j n.N - "' "tr.
out. 'b i v oaiii x; ' v v iniiiiui.1 ' t i
M,attrfl Wr " I'?? .
Juahled by diseate and fatigue. lit rue
that their relaiie, ihtir parent, their
. i i -it c i t i
atiaM and afifiilaiMn LSnil untianl-if ian T
witcs aim cimuren, nnu no consoiaiion
t 1 -t 1 i 1 t i
L tl LT7 5l .1 Pv VV? ?! 1
u A t v 1 convention, dated Januiry 30, terenett and make peace on any termt uent mitiMtert till after the peace lias re
ajcxifwit. uut ii. 1i.sregan.1n2 pma.o , , 1? fl , Mexicans a further they might deem proper. The anxtty M.tvU ihe oidiuary diplommic interco!.ise.
calamitiet and all the etl of a poneral . ..... ? r ., . , ... I . . ' ., , '.. .' ,. , . .n . ... n.oi .
i ? tic.:. iur ine nnvmeni ii me ci nnis wiiicn
sature, the necettary qw
lv r ,tT. V .t jinterest due lo the claimants was made
! 1 ,1 f ocounl,nV l"e'mr ''Spayiihleon the30ih of April, 1813, and
tcuic hi iii tucjucans sou nirir mi.ii iim-,
bihiy to continue tlie war. with any ap
pearance of success, are tpll manifest.
The question ihcn occurs i What are
the terms which U.e United Stale hate a
right lo impose on Mexico ! All agree
that it must be an "honorable peare;"
but the true meaqing of thia word must in
the first place be ascertained.
The notion that any thing ran Im truly
tuM.onl.le whloh ia r..lrarr l ioaiioA .
- ' jf
will, at an austract prtiposinon, be rcpu-: suipet) bv the United States and disdiar-iher not to remit to an actual war. Tbia
d.ated by every citizen of the United j &e-d ,0 ,h'e claimants. . was tended by the fact; and had Govern
States. V ill any one dare to asert that j , t,ir,j ponvenlion was concluded at; mrnt remained in the hands with whom
a peace can be honorable which does nolMcxico on the 20th of November, 1813.j the plan oiiginated, war might probably
conform w ill, justice ! j j,y tic plenipotentiaries of the two Gov-j hat been avoided, Uut, w hen no longer
There it no difficulty in discovering the j ernments, by wliiclj pmvUinii was made . in power, they could. neither regulate the
principles by which the relation helxt'ceii j for asccttninjng and paying the raims on : impue ihey had given nor eontrol the
civilised and Christian nations should be
regulated, and tlie reciprocal duties which j
ll.ey owe to each oilier. These, princi
ples, these duties, have long eine been
proclaimed ; zm Dip true law of nations
is nothing else thai) the conformity to the
sublime precepts of the Co? pel morality
precepts equally applicable to the rela
tions between man and man, and lo the
intercourse between nation and nation.
h Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy
self." "Ixiveyoiirciiemips." "As you
rould that men should do to you, do ye
also to them likewise." Th sanctity of
these coinrjtauds is acknowledged, with
out a sjuirie exception, by every deiiomi-
nation of Christians, or of men professing
to be such. The sceptical philosopher
admits and admires tlie precept. To this
holy rule we should inflexibly adhere
when dictating the terms of peace. The
United Stales, though they have the pow
er, Ifave no right to impose terms in;oii
tuteut with justice. Jl would be a shame
ful dereliction of principle, on the part of
tliote who were averse to the annexation
of Texas, to countenance anr attempt to
claim an acquisition of territory, or otberquestion cannot be otherwise solved than
advaulagc, ou account of tlie' success of
But in jqdging the acis of our Goi ern.
ment, it must be admiUe hat statesmen
think a equforraity to these usages which
constitute the aw of nation, npt as it
should be, but as it it practically, sufii
eicqt to justify their cDuduct. And l y
that igferior standard those acts tind our
duties iq rejqtiou to Mexico wU be lesi
fd, hdrMwtiti to Citiztnt of the Vailed
The Uuited States had, and continue
to hare, aq indubiublo right lo demand
a full indemnity for any wrongs in dieted
on our citizens by the Government of
Mexico, in violation of treaties or of the
acknowledged laws of nations. Tlie ne
liliftuon fur "aUofying those juft demands
had been lotsmipirj by the annexation ol
r ii-t..-' ... .. u...
avaaa. .111011 au avteuinv waa auuec-
' c o u rr :
lUu jut wivi pwjer ihit i
iju ,i i- J ; .i .t at" ibJ
!nw c 'Mltt!r orrrry t!ut e
--m wr -a m - ta -
? .. .... a
jjut rltiuk kcMHJJ f fu2jr pwfcW ft is
f J. Uk tii&t iIm vrat !udLJ I mr
rd tiit ar eiin5ry. 1
ule it (r nm:r4 lUt bo r!avs but
txii of tlijil bm HtMainrd hr run (Mrrn
uri I ut as are (wikiI en UttUt
or it artnuw Wcd law of iu:ion,
Wlnrvrr winmi Lmunra invi4rJ
i war. th nutiifrt.tir anJ nrrr iibrr
rUic art ucurj ur tie rrpti U j.wn' 15'. thwbr ki4i(
lywt ii rondurt. alvata rn,inet rr- tfrad a4 (Mtrrt it wuh 4
emuoJ of rniJjii4 whkfc w fnii!4y jfi yoihrt iwrr
. 1 1-. I -t
be aHrfeJ. Hut, admitting ibal lb rrfw
rLi.i . ..w
of war. it i imt rrriaia that tlnwe rbimt
er not t! raiw of dial ia U. h we
rM. ;...!. !
It aiv I rwier. ia the Cm t if, IaiUkH .l the ronditioataaJ all t dtUer '
ben that the reluct i4 &im umh. in trwwg .t of il.e aliitaer; aad it ir. j
raet cf li.it lim!. or iie biisj df U t in 1
Tfce im uet
... ', . .-. ii :
awif ov tue wi.in iurre in iri
VIuion rf (!, m,aJ. ftf fJ 4
. ... i.,,;,.,,,.,..- miJ ii!
xt&f ..,(e f.j jMfJ ;aillt5. 'nn,.e
(ot AeMftu,-MM ei,mmiiu,.i ih- Vear
tu.m : . ..- (U sM:UI nj
not tef.lrd inj'paul
ipii.ifiiimiilll III I If u( .1 IV r.iii' in ww - . . - v ... - ---
m t u fr0 f uf 0f po( -f B,t U(W( u Me
w waf ' h j,,ni fur-! Hut the cocJ.noa wat rcmnktble aoJ of. ,
1,,,. 1 ' ' i (tn. I
.j., l(l ,,t8 M.xn judomni-, l'ii.?cr an aprrel en.inn i..t Tesat '
,iee, the eubjeri ha-l been laid more l!nn might be temp id M accept iheteirnt pro-
o;ce Mafe Vm.in. MOt u;tho!itui:sei.,p.ed. tbt Goernnient of the United
lhut ,lr(,tf numiUTVit flrt,.y be re-
rM trii m.
Hut Colore, in whom alone'
Alined Joins it.
A con v tin ion wat entered into on the
1 1th of April, between the United j
j diaiet aiiu .Mexioo, lv virtue of wlmh a.
' l.kinf AiiittiliiJf -..d. .iniv..!i...l Cm ll A .
aminatitl am teiiki:ml of those t'laiin. !
The pawett of the lnmiWionert termi-
,,a..i.,.p,m!;o m t'. pm.vM.ti.in. in IYIj-
1812. The total amount of the
U,ee, (2.G20.U0 were allowed bv the
- riiiiiniitiriii - Biiriiitar ataiiia
the comraisMonert of
yM Slalcllrpj(,rlci, by the Mexi(
, 1 1 c i i i u
comintfttoner, and left umleciilcd bv
a 1 . '
bVIUUUSPIVIIVI?! dllU IVII UimtVMU.lt i" IIIU ,
... ., ... .. ... ,.on '
837 J not been examined.0
: i . . , .. .,
tlie principal of the award?, and the inter-.
est accruing thereon, was stipulated to he
j paid m bve years, sis twenty equal instal
i nicnts every three monihs. The claim
ants received the interest doe on the 3Uih
of April 1643, and the three instalments,
the agent of the p ruled Ntatcs having.
under pct'ulhr circumstances-, given a re-,
reipt for the insUiinents due in April and,
. Julv. 184 f. before thev had been artuallv
'.A ... tt:. . ... ' ......
iijiu i u. me iiaYiiit-iu iia ort-o as-
which no final decision had heen made.
In January, 1844, this convention was ra-
tified by the "Senate of the United Stales, j
with two ainendrnent, which were refer-j
fed to ihe Government of Mexico, but re-
specling which no answer has ever heenj
made. Orj the J?th of April, 1844. aj
treaty was concluded by. the presidunt i
wiih Tesas, forllio annexalionof thatre -
public to the United Slates. This treaty,!
though not ratified by the Senate, placed ;
.... ..... . - . . ,
me nvo roiiiuries in a new pnsiuon, ami
arrcsu-d for a H'hiJa all ncgotialion.
was only on the 1st of March, 1845, that
Cousress passed a ioiat resolution for the
It appears most clearly that the United
States are justly entitled to a full indemni
ty for the iiijutics done to their eitizeus;
that, before the annexation of Texas, there
was every propel of seeming that ,-;
demnitv ; and that those injuries, even ifj
they had been a just cau,e for war, were
n no shape whatever the cause of Uiat ,u
which we are now involved
Are the ITnitPil Nt:ilfs iiiMtlv entitled In
... . ..: , . J v ... . i
jmiemnuy lor any omer causes rius
by an iii'iuiry into the facts, and ascertain
ing by whom, and how, the war was pro
voked. Ill- Annexation ufTtxo.
At ihe imie when ihe annexation ol:
Texas look pU e. Pexas had been reeog.i
nid a tn independ-nt Power, both bv i
ihe United States and by teveial of the '
prinrtpl European Powers; but its inde-1
pendenceVbhd nol been recognised by 1
Mexico. Nothinr ean be more clear and !
undeniable than that, whenever two na-j
lioiu are at war, if a third Power thall
enter into a traaty of alliance, offensive
and defensive, with either of ihe bellige
rents, and if toch treaty it not contingent,
and ia to takt effect immediately and
pending rbe war, snoh treaty is a declara
tion of war against lha other party. The
oausea of iht war between the two bellig
rrots do nt alter the fot. Stpposiog
thai the ibud patty, the interfering Po'.v
!..WJ tat ril-VJ tie ... ofjCrt. bm f.V; wl tit
a.l.aaee as i a
rlriHt atraa.4 io a jwt it aw, iLt
- r ay a 9
a. a ,. m. .
art ay taal4 oat be k Auw ei
f f tiM tbt aibte Lrtbffteai.
lt Great ti.iM4 Ft otrt t 9H,
J iL t'atwJ Huir wc rr
cb ttraif uli fitter, r ut U
lb atulirct rfotibl (bat tbia wa14 ba w
tcl iai ib tiHrr ftrtjt
wU t coMiirtoJ mA, a4 tfut it
Ut ia rJ4 for lb p.ffof
U, ! aoe, eu&rr r"r' or Ec
l4 wrrt U ul tk Vtiy
ltrl-. iUmI IjuKu iUbuIim U
aot ibl.'tIS;trt iauaroa'y if
neb a treaty a a Jtcltiauoaof vat, aal
I Dtt tl aurrtatiaa of Trtaa by Uit
j t'ted Sta t t tea e tbta if eay j
ed tliem f.nerr. Iro iht xeat hB
It appeart that M-i0
at at that time !
3, in diipeUtoarknaIedeihinJepen'ence
. wat ol lei., but on the eiprett enadii.oa
ill thelihtt ii thnuld ! be annosed m the Unit-
ratn-e ed State; and 11 been ugji;a'til that
fir ihia mm ilimi unilrr lh inffiirnr nf loiaa
ea Stte; and 11 been uca'til that
thia wat doft undrr the influrnce of tome
Kur - peati rrter. U htilierthit lat a. '
Sutet mar bare deemed it espedient to
defeat the plan, bv oUVrinf that annexv ;
iwhrn ih. (;g.tr.Ml of Te. wat an.'
iou for it.
)t maj bt admitted tha, whether inde-l
pendent or annexed to tha Uni ed S-ate. '
T'm IV . aa n .. . l.a ual t. .1 t.Ca.ti.
a tlater thall eoMtibue to exi.t iu Noilh !
Amer.ca. lit abate por.'-"'"r wiih
bardie anr expention. rnn.i.ied of eitizena
of the United Staiet. Uoih for that reaton
at thould ba a member of the United
mi of $'J29,Ci9 Statet than of the Mexican Confederation. cr diplomatic rtla'.iou have been auper
aissionera of the Viewed purely is aqnritinn of expedien-j cded by war, treaties of peace are always
cy. the annexation might be eoniidcred ,
Ha kaa Ami .1 I . .L. It., a
VrUrilkMI III UWIII II1IIC CCr
.i, : " : j .nl.
a. had a petted right to adjutt their d,b
o ore vui tnia reauii inu.caitu a nraviout .
ocfopv TcJ1,. t !
and wben iheannext'ioo aat accomplish'
'ed; when ii aat teen that the Umttd
Slte had appropriated lo theaielea all
the advantage teuliini fmm tha Ameri
can sulriBt rtt in Texa, and from their
subcquent inurreciibn. the puriiyoflhe
motivtt of our uovernmtnt became open
btmng tida the jmtire of ihe proceed.
ing. it it Irut that it bad been anticipated.
by lhoe whitoak an active part in the
annexation that the weakliest of Mexico,
. : ... . . .7 I
n uuiu cuinni'i 11 10 vir.u. or ai rm inouoe
reckless spirits they had evoked.
Mexico, sensible of her weaknraa. dr.
Hined war, and only resorted to a tus.
pension of diplomatic intercourse; bul a
profound sense of the injury inflicted by Ihe
United States bat ever tinea rankled in
their minds. It will he found, through
all .their diplomatic correspondence,
ihrouth all thtir manifestoes, that ilie
Mexicant. even lo lint day, perpetually
recur to this never foractien ..IT.......
It' subseooent ailministraiinn of our f'ovarn.
i inBuuic. aiiu, on tue oiner nanu. ine
uient teems to he altogether forgotten;
una riiiary am u u.j.j.iire, ami in meir, be, as it really wat, tantamount to a dec
negotutiout lo have acted a if Ihia waa ; laration of war, only suspended the ordi
o.il y an accomplished lad, and had been a nary diplomatic relation between the two
ma.ler of roursc. j countries, iu Government, il directed by
IVtAegutiutimvi aw! 1V"..r. i "oiint.-a, and not impded by popu-
... ! aT irritation. slinnM ai m.i.a iliin. It !.-..!
In bep.emhcr. 184.,, the Presnlent of aIrea(, repJ t rPC(IJf ,.e he
the United Males duec.e.I their ro,., WtAtM90fT ilcred .
Mew to ascertain from lie Mexican ff(,tiatin : . . ' tI" .
"..vemmcnt w.iei ner i wo.,,,1 receive an
with full power to adjust all lle question
in dipu:a between the two Governiue:its,
. oc an., r .ur. uc .a , rna y rena,
l llllaattat r lilts lr.artytl Itfol itl.tlai a.f
pi.. .r - T..I
: " ., , ? "V, .
ico. was: I hat, although tlie Mexican
nation was deeply injured by the United
Slates, through the acts committed by
in' " "c ncpirtment 01 lexas, wliicli
belongs in his nation, his Government
was dispiwed to receive ihe Commission,
er ,,f the United States who might come
10 ,l,c CP'l"d. wh full powers from his
Government to settle the present dispute
' eacefid, reasonable, and honorable
manner t thus giving a new proof that.
even in the midst of its ii.jurie and of its
firm decision to exact adequate reparation
lor them, the Government nf Mexico does
not reply with contumely to the ineas jires
of reason and peace, to which il wa in
vited by its adversary.
The Mexican Minister at the same lime
intimated lhat the previous recall of the
whole naval forue uf the United Slates,
tiifii lying ia tight of the pott of Vera
ita m ful I Ui t Ual t i!t of TrM h4 arrrj4e4 rwT'1"
Mr. IXjrk liaJ. l bU iorr- a8rsauo, b waa rmr4 ! mVt an4
to iafa4 wtrtbrr Um 3Usira Ho- orrepy ioiiMNi at!apr4 I trprl
tr wU4 tarett a Cf ff Mn,af nmr tb b.mJry K
ib t'aJ Suu il't tU jarf 4 J- Grwtk. fwMlrt wo14 4ftl
it a3 lb rxiM ja iJoitait Wlwrr tbat, wkb thta irw, a part of bi tre
lw. . .
ihr two Uotrraatrau, Urairaa
kJ ! rrawrat
wa diMr4 la rrcetvt tu uaiqiiMiaa atacnt ta pewn 1 r (tiui in !
rr of iba L'aiie4 ISutra wbo aujbt rme from U aMHorat it bad bera annrjcJ M
Ub M paarr Kt arul lH prrat dt- to aitrJ utr ; aaj a that U'pub'ie
put im a peueftiU rtuaal!r, a4 boao vat ia actual poartioa of Vorjw i'Unt
tabb aiaaMrr. ti, birh vat the potUba trlreml by Ce
il r. b'uArll vat, ia Norrotber lullaw.
Wf. pH.K Kitnordmary aa
Mt.ter lIea.pairi..iary of tbe LaueJ
Statrt f Aweiu-a atar lha Uatrraraut
lf ie Meskaa l!r putltr; an4 bo arnrc4
ta Mriie- oa iht auih IWember.
Mr. Ilenrra. th I'rrtidmt of Meiiro,
BJ.i.bUfJ!y dinoed ta tetllc tb
tlpt brtwera Ui- two rtHintrirt ; but,
lbiS aJ.amagt of .ht irritate of l!.t
t ol me people. l.t puiuieai oponenit
'lxd ; he retorted to tereral frirulout ob-,
'jtiont.ajaiiit tha tenor of hi powert;
, and he imiipatrd that the diiTicultict re.
prciin; 'fcx mutt be ai!jnted befote
")" hcr tul'jwt ol dircutfiun hou!d be
taken into CiMlfidrfalixil.
")' hcr tuhject ol dtcuMon hou!d be
taken into c.Mwdrrau.ii.
lUl the main quotum wa. whether
Mrxiw ihllull, rff f w1 Mf g,;,,,.,, , u,e
dimeter of Entoy Uitraordmiry and
Minister rien.potentiafr. to iriJe in lha
public. It wat insi.'ted by the .Mexi-
Can Uorennnent that it bad only ajieed
rercive a UoinmUtiontr to trrat on the
Iquettiont which had arien from the e
venlt in Texas, and that until thit wat
could not be' rettored. and a letidiag Mi-
! nitier Plenipientiary be admitted
i Wliv our Government f houhl h
WJiy our Go.crnment t houhj hare in
'ted that the intended neg miation tlmuld
lit Jfwrrial Mlk tBf tB BaBar. Ba 1 1 Bl lfttf ft? Vlta.
ordinary and Minister rieiiipotentiary it
letl.cr wnintcl!isible. The queatinnt
at iaite Biiiht hare been diciiKieil and
ci-im eatuy, luity ami taiiMarioriiy
eneoya. It it well known that, whene-
nefouateu. y commiaiotiera appoinieo
fit tfitl Bnatfaial fMirnnttn U'ltri or a nurtinna
mm rbii f..'V..V ajitw I'l io"ir
u nmr...t..l K- ih. Um r
in.. but wU are neter received at reti-
no- nc,u ui icat-c vi uriwim
Fuuee aiad Cnsland, nra;oiia.ieJ and
concluded atParwhy BritUh eoinmiion.
ere, whom it would hare been deemed ab-
turd to admit at resident envnyt or min
itiers before peace had been made.
The only distinction which can possi.
bly bo mide between the two eatet i,
that there wat not at yet actual war be
tween Mexico and the United Slates.
Hut the annexation of Texas wat no or
dinary occurrence. It was a mnt clear
act of unprovoked aggression a deep and
most offensive iniurr : in fact a declara-
: r sr . :. -
lion of war, if M xico had accepted it as
such. In lieu of thi. thai country had
only resntted lo a suspension of the ordi
nary diplomatic relations. It would seem
as if our Government had considered this
at an act of unparalleled audacity, w hu h
Mexico must be compelled to redact be.
i f. - .:...:.. r... .i. .
any , j,.... o.. .... inr u.r-ogr nr.,,
... u.i... ..v..... u.c l'""-:
as an insult to the Government and to the
nation, which must compel it to a-serl us
just ngTTts tn.I to avenge lit injured honor.
General Ilerrera wat nol mistaken in
his anticipations. II it Government wax
overset in the latter end of the month of
December, 1815, and fell into the hands
01 mote who had denounced hiinlorfiav
ing listened to overtures of an arrangement
of the difficulties between the two nation.
When Mexico felt its inabilitr to con
tend with the United Stales, and, instead
of considering the annexation of Texas to
,in,e . . ' . '.
uifliculty tit making n final arrangement,
founded on an unconditional lecogniiion
nf lln. imhnonrl.iijo ..f 'I1... ....fl.:.. lim
I ..... ... a.a?, limn
legitimate boundaries. Popular feeling
I t a ... - .
"u ,ne mbition or contending military
, iipr. .1... .....1- . :
a IX. a III II VOI vnilTa7 Ibl
nation of those unfortunate dimension.
Yet, when Mexico refused lo receive
Mr. Slidell as an Envoy Extraordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary, the United
States should have remembered lhat we
had been thp aggressors. 1 hat we had com
mitted an act acknowledged, as well by
ihe practical law of nations as by common
sense and common justice, to' be tanta
mount to a declaration of war and they
should have wailed with patience till the
feelings excited by our own conduct had
Gen. Taylor had been instructed by the
War Department, at early as May 28,
1845. to cause the forces under his com
mand to be put in a position where they
might most promptly and efficiently act
in defence of Texas! in the pyen" lhat it
should become necessary 01 proper to
lUl r-rf. tfy A
a . a a . aV
si ieal boitvl i m 4 im nrrr
re. It waa fHUinfr tb duir of Us IVa
nerl Ttbr. Uier vat baiIimi. ta t!
roiiioa bt hJ biea. iadiraUra of ay LotrrBniru nw fif out Wir.
daSer of rta.l b-u!a !,) .v.troi ia a rourW nf.iutio of
Ilt oor (oeitnett ceroaa to hwtlf- . -,
roidernl lb n-futaUoatbt nartof Mrs
to rrreirr Ml. PlidtU at a retfle nl
Ury f the failed State, at aerettn.
y badin(to var. Tl SetrrUnr of ttate.
ia bit letter I Mr. SliJcll of Jauuary 28,
ma, t.yt :
- MmuU the Vtxtnn (emmtnt 6n o
S tywri honor.
With ihe same object in iew, the Se
rrlirr nt Vaa a!i.l tar Lia lollav al iiail i
January IS. 1840. inatturt Gen. Taylor-
To hare .ml orntrv. wiih .1.. t,, an-!
J.-T !.ta eommiml. pitiona on or near the ea4
bank ofibeRiailrl Norte. It U pre
wom-J ruint IaU'l will b eonai.krt4 by you an nty for limited periods, alike from the
rligihta ixaatiuo. ia wiut,r tomeaate is.r H-oplo, and where all are responsible to
Ba aadieniMie MaUmatot aad Miar. and ; g), rpertive conslitiirnriet, that it it
in tie K-initv uf Loreda, art auscMtcd tut your . . .
eon4.WatH.i fsUmiW vou aitrn.u la! "'J ''. locomnii.n.cate with Con.
eiernW ihe rigl.t wlmb l! failed feutea hae, Urew "I0" ,u,e ' l-nmn, and
inetnmiina nb Mrtiro, to ihe fitt navigation of
ihia river, it ia poaNhW that Mriim woukl inter.
pt ri-Uir. Yta will not attempt enton-e
Una nuht without nirthaf inalrurluuu. a a
ft ia not tbwioiiril, ia our preM-i.t rvlatioiia with
Mpxini. that lou aliouU ItMl lur ai an munii i
hul, h.Hild ahe aaunie that rhferartc-r b a dWIa -
iionf war, orany ora art of hoKtiiity toward!
us jronwi!l a act men-ly on iha drWitt, if
your relative wraua eoaUa you lo do hrwwa.- i
I i.e AUmimatration was lliereiore of
opinion that lliit miliiary oeeopHiion of
the territory in queaiion waa not an actol
hottility towsrdt Mexico, or treating her
at an enemy. Now, I do aver, w ithout
fear of contradiction, that whenever a ter
ritory claimed by two 1'owrra it and hat
been for a length of time in the pnMetaion
of one of ihem, if the other should invade
and tike poMetsion of it by a rrilitjtry
force, such an act ia an open act of iwtii.
lity, according lo the acknowledged and
practical law of nations. In this case the
law of nations only rcrogniset a clear and
The aequel it well known. Gen. Tay
lor, with hit tioops, lefl Corpus Cliri"ii
.March gih to lllh, 1846, and entered the
detert which teparatet thai place from the
vicinity of the Del Norte. On the 2lM
he wat eucamptd three miles south nf the
Arroyo, or Little Colorado, having by the
route he look marched one hundred and
thirty-five mile, and Wing pearly north
of Maiainorns, about thirty miles distant.
He had on the lUth met a party of irieg
ular Mexican cavalry, who informed him
that ihey had peremptory orders, if be
.i. .. :. m '. ,
paa-eiJ the river, lo fire upon his troops.
""" wnum lie conirretl a UCPlara
lion of war. 1 he rivet was. how ever.
crocd w ithout a single shot having been
fired. In a proclamation issoed on the
12th. Gen. Mejia, who commanded the
forces of the department of TamauHpas,
aseris thai the limits of Texas are cei-
lain and recognied, and never had ex
t . . "-"'h""
( lelle, beyo(, ie fim Kutw . ,M ,,e
; Uabinet of the U
nilcd Slates coveted the
rrirmna n n ilia lofi k.nl !; 11
;,, ha ,e Ameripai, nrm wa$
; vwcwg a ,ake tnwtiu,n,( a ,
i.f Tamaulipas. On the 21th of March
Gen. Taylor reached a point on the route
s from Malainoros to Point Isabel, eighteen
imi!es from the former ami ten from the
latter place, where a deputation sent him
a formal protest of the Perfect of the
northern district of the department of Ta
maulipas, declaring, iu behalf of the citi
xens of the district, that they never will
coiis-nt to separate themselves from the
Mexiean Hepuhlir, and to unite them,
selves with ihe United States. On the
1 2 ill of April the Mexican General Am.
pudia required General Taylor lo break
up his camp within twenty-four hours,
and to redre to the other bank of the Nu
eces river, ami notified him that, if he in
sisted on remaining upon the soil of the
department of Tantanlipas, it would clear
ly result ihal arms anne must decide the
question, in which case he declared that
the Mrgieana would accept the war to'
which uiey had been provoked. On the
Kiih of April Gen. Arista arrived in Ma-
lamoioa, and on the same day informed
Gen, Tavlor lhal he considered hostilities
Bommenceii, and would prosecute them.' commenced by Mexico, I promptly coin
On the same day a parly or sixty-three inuiiicait-d thill fact, accompanied wiih a
American dragoons, who had been sent' succinct statement of our other causes of
some distance up the left bank nf the river, complaint against Mexico, lo Conarcss;
beitame engaged with a very large Toree J and lhat hotly, by ihe act of the thirteenth
of the enemy, and after a short afTalr. in of May, 18lfl, declared llini by the act
which about sixteen were killed or wound- of the'rr public of Mexico, n etalo of war
ed, weru surrounded and compelled lo exists between that government and the
surrender. These facts were laid before j (Inked Slates" this act declaring " the
Congress by ihe President in his message j war to exist bv the net of he republic of
of ihe lllh of May. ! Mevieo.' n.f maLim ;;,... for ils
. . . .
To bo continued,
supposed that qhout thirty-seyen
or thirty-eight millions of bushels of grain
were sent from the fnited States to Gre;t
Britain from the first of September 1810,
to the early part of last month. This was
worth nt a fair average, abou,t 'orty-lve
millions of dollars.
IlaTralittl cf lit VsLUl Sliia,
FtZriiiirri f lit &emmir,
W fat JCrfnmM;tH
Tbc taaoal amlflf of CoacTM it ).
vay aa itrrrttia( .neat Tie Ifrjwc.
tro'tatitrt ff tba uia ttoJ cf t!e ieo4e
emu frrb fm their rottnIiueBU i ukp
rourtel o-grtbrr ftr ibf rotBiatta fond.
Afirr rxUtear of arar lbf.fbar.bt bf
a rrnturV M a frra ad imI-jieiHJet t.
CUie, lim fChta ao fcjrr rrthaiat to
atjved, a lictif W alle of m IA
t!t theoiirt of lht ia ou.'ff roo Unet
alio utaiutsia tlut Mt favored rw" ar
bora to rule, and thai the bum ot nia.
kind atutt be governed by bare. JSub
jert t no arWtrary or hereditary audio,
ly, the people are die only aottrrtent
rojniied by our couttitulioB. Name
ru enitgrautt of rrrry lineage and U.
guarded tit in our infant rtmjht for free
dom, and hrt coin. tan tly watclnl orrrnur
urprisiji pngnt, until we iiate become
lwn?f h gteatett nations on the earth.
, " 10 eoui.try ti.ua laroreu, ami un-
' u'r Jcnimeni in Wlih Ii the executive
, and eii.ative branrhrs hold their audio.
the present romlition r! public aliaira.
I Durin; the pant year lire most gratify.
, Droof. aie nreaented that our eountrr
hat been hletcd with a wide-spread and
universal ptoperity. There lias becu no
' period since the government waa founded,
when all the industrial pursuits of our
people hare been more tuecctaful, or
wir aH,r ltx t branc,Pt 0f b,incta hat
i received a faiwr or letier reward. From
our abundance we hive been enabled to
perform the phaiifg duty of tarnishing
food for the starving millions of lets favoi
In the enjoyment of ihe bounties of
Providence at home, tiich ua have rarely
fallen lo the lot of any people, it ia eane
of congratulation, that our intercourse with
all the Towert of the eanh, except Mex-
iro, contlnnct to be of an amicable cha-
ll has eret been onr cherished policy
to cultivate peace ami goodwill with ail
nations; and this policy has been steadily
pursued by ine,
No change has taken place in our rela
tions with Mexico since the adjournment
of the last Congress. 'I he war in which
the United States were forced to engage
w 11I1 ihe government of thai eouutry still
continues. ; ,
1 .c... it., r .t 1 .
t ij. Minivri.iviy , nun mv lull va-
position of them contained in my message
nf the eleventh of May, 18 in, and in my
annual message at the commencement of
the sesaion of Congress iu December last,
lo reiterate the serious causes of romplaiut
which wc had ogainst Mexico before she
It is sufficient ou the present occasion
to say, that the wanton riolation of the
rights of person and property of our citi
zens committed by Mexico, her repeated
acts of had faith, through a long scries of
years, and her disrrgard ol solemn trea
ties, stipulating for indemnity to our in
j 11 red citizens, not only constituted ample
cause of war ou our part, but were of such
an uggraratcd character as would have
justified us before the whole world in re
sorting lo this extreme remedy. With an
anxious desire lo avoid a rupture bclwern
the two countries, we forbore for years to
assert our clear rights by force, and con
tinued to seek redress for the Wrongs wo
had suffered by amicable negotiation, in
the hope that Mexico might yield to pa
cific councils and the demands of justice.
In this hope we were disappointed. Our
minister of peace tent to Mexico was in
sultingly rejected. The Mexican govern
ment refused even to hear the term of ad
justment which he was aulhoiized lo pro
pose; and finally, under wholly unjusti
fiable pretexts, involved the two countries
in war, !v invading the territory of the
n.iu: hi 1 1: ..!, sinking ii. e urai oiuw, "
shedding the blood of our citizens on our
own soil. '.-
Though the United States weie the
aggrieved nation, Mexico commenced ihe
fence, to repel the invader, and to vindi
war, and we were compelled, iu scll-de-
rate the national honor and inU-restt by
j prosecuting it with vigor until we could
i obtain a just and honorable peace.
4. On learning that hostilities had been
I feci. "
prosecution to a speedy. and successful
termination, was passed with great una-
nimily by Congress, there being bul two
negative voles in the Senate, and but four
teen in the House of Representatives.
The existence of the war having thus
been declared by Congress, Jit became my
ditty, under the constitution and the laws,
to conduct and pio:;ecute iu Thi" duty
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