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i t l. had V IW llMUS'
wr - . . - ,. ii.:.v..aMiMui Klieaa yiamr i h aav-a w Ma-w a- - f i io 1 1 . t .1 . it mtn m t.irl tit .. t f w the k ia a hiea a e land tw u-taeea . r v - irri t.U toWJy Attnr4 of tors.a, and tha -bet rrjw rer o iJticwit tW ih.t war. The; taiekw . , She fw f e? ,f t ... I U!U!'iiu Ixvsrm the leotde there are loyal rot nra-ir a il ir. provoked by UnuU , U-cy are etiri w .ir;.. ; ar aJMrri abroad m indrrctuiy I&IS araaa Jt enra. 1 tnree yenr, an rterv WJr a - - - .: . r -L l.i it Nr Jlfinti. i injurtra 1 . n - :, . .. .. .1... ... r),..l tA uhUj Uiat Ku!J ( " CP l f (lira . - - . - tr VVmw fm!..i with the f-l j k" 'r? lhal Mr. M JU .n4 hi. rtLiorl. Wha wef of BJ !;. m men U tut in iMn rl.4.n-Uf ihi ITi.n! I-riai reaJ jo.nr.riuni lr then. a l rat fi ilw irriy .;i!Hiuiu-n: im!rn L;?J. Mt.,-1 aov m.:r roan c4 Mrif to at Leitfai iJr nw'f. mWtfll w w . .1 rpitt'dieJ Car M'.fi' ri.vfa'a! a h-lf 21if k afc'l t if ftk t-f ihf rtat yrr. I ! Mhevi a mil U uertf? lo rw , tan a.t ftw lW rim A tMt m the if Ifia. UB(M jmir jui!trT lain u iWy haw tf nJiinr.!. 16 rfhtttn laiwiha. riiber roMf treasury ill l thlni4 or I ah mill he eUiged Id a"opi tome new ami tatraoolinirj intnrial meonra.- I. t.r one. ahsSl heWfrrd f rt"w. It ia not jutl, ir. lhat lha ciit pw niMHi !xUl .frr l lK 6!!y 4 i prmnL . It i B"t P lha Keeol ge aiul uxra tr iht neiU If tm ill ! knr. you whi fat harelhel'xr "l"" wnh iu I UJiett th'r.! r aay w PmSj. re re tmttr if i'ie prr.in:'y in.iema'T. r. aeora ihia de-nau I pYMn'arr nity f. ti44ieJ "frtib, wlieUier I . li.lMWl - er har4 f mteh t'.f a nii rn:!e.nrn. I Ne ht J mm tTihe erlehr.te.1 KiJkentir "!. renown eJ fw twin r pp"4 4" lh OMt ' ralrtiiii pcmlrHien Uil ter jhiJM liiie g er. By their rula Uie reprsiiii "f fr nil irmilia an I wrMia ia ielueel fa a W.ilai nvatein. . Erenr .ff.iee wa iliki 1 tli fiaeJ. anJ the api propna'e degree f ! pnnihmenlpresrrifea. limeiu nee were an?hi.' ihe'nariT a?2rieel mighi he tatifi- atl wiih in eIianje i.f ahots; if a linle rrire afiVaf uetL it reqiiiaiie lhal one ImiiiLI b 14ot)el. WJien ihe f- feWi wai of a aerrertre nature. a'tnu-W dy wai to te wU htiMHlet!; antl there war aeareelv aiiv oflTenee wliirli require!. C ca'dinf lo iheaa rulea of ciiivliou honor. thai ilia eomUal should be inoirii. 'er- laiolv in no inlace ia it rernrdej in ihe annata of K:!icnny fiubthil oeewnia " tT irotniw-nMlMHi wa to le tleinamlcd bv the partT offenlHl. Sir Harrington reenrd a . i m aaai i ina v 111 aw vaa a ' am" t a.aw . j iiroB', ; 7..: ' .M,JJ.ed them, it tf newi4 s aan: w .rhrisSw mm. Willi MtHiKHi. n " 1. 1, ... 1. .ifcH.iuuJk aLirli. hmth il fy f c W f M I m 11 iv l 0rt iSm. 'lit foif f "Iff if tnia me pet rcJe ith i lr f f!Pf fIl ih arsr vr, r-t.1 w l l ..! lira w iiii a i.it h I kJ lo rpaUrauL !oaserer. lie nj-nl f 'ew Ia, ia iiaaird oa'lW Sa JM titer, ahrra at nn irri aU l.i.r!T U ..-j ' .. 1,;- MuiJa aLiroawa on pi wa pa- ,',! r-inr ia lha Liuiea .iw . - ' - ...I fakirli ratna a Por" S:ier. . !. letter ia rler. Cplrit aaj tlioh ariiten. a ih tT8" i .ml Btiii Uinu iwwMm " .rUhhiorward U ahwl. has pre. ki. r rft m ttM fcJ UH U dc.r.sthe rak . A "1,7 ihi. Jec .. wlnry. aaaie he each a fortrw nh- durtioM f U.e kinJ of any eoamiT w - . , llf .ioiwi.rt.eJ ia elf. It nupirun , i a hirn pavr tim - i Iwhed enure: !..t..iii in tline noaew' rr. a oon at U'f rww t j n-neJ to eipiir. ahich I, Jy )enr CrjW. f 1 blte ROt;f4fd Sir sir o amhoritiea w,U Vuor very kio-l ami arrepUUt letlrr oT ? e oa ,,e 13th inianl. I y Jiree iliMlUtnf AuuL br Surceon Hi'layt ... .1 . p.ui .J die t'. tttate. Wirglhe opteb.a jun'jmpmueJ by jour tery aUetltftnre, f wf m lhe f,,i98e of Mr. Polk J rmuy oi uia war. n'reariira m oniy a wm um , j jJ( . . - f I ahail lee UJq-rtrr, Ana, rfOr-l- e furulr in Krthrra 31eir (r lU et aid aftht terra Me) rtuoraamW if part or roaj h omaet ttxn una iJe. between it anJ lhe Uu'f of Mexico, 10 lha tahle laifl of U Sierra, bj or ihruttsh ahich, lU riiy of Mrtirw raa bt rewhrd. ...,.- .t" 1 murh lear ! haH hate exhaoated your paiienee. before ya jet half throHtn tf a . . 1 1 11 lav lis a a - - . as - - j i. ,., 1 aar aa a ra 1 111 iiik a" vai - - 1 j W.lir'"V'w." " f tlenormiir of l!.U war. ia t f rrled n oaf a abort time fiiire. Ir V T' ' , MB4Lf ei of "f ana un.iiwre.urif.rucr. a-j'7 r. it iuM J unx UMMlmiiiii tu.u. .ml ntuml minkin that ihe iin,rKt-a airh-J mer the reault of Hie 10- ,. ' ..i.a,,. and ihenlbeaHiet Uem interrepiea eaery qi raia- made f --ig.. A,rfaia aaJ o-hB4i taSacaaati.1 ... M . . .-...J .KJa wav iili-! aM.ai'MMi: and alihouth it nol. at re- ?..:' .. ' m.JL .To do to ira I to lhat tM aU great altow- I wxdu r.;.iir.flr Antrrira." i . . , . .. r.t.'r- .,.ri.. r uiarrn w " v " . . . . " : r. t l.L.i. ii.tMiiueaUone and Waa- To ra'aNith nnitn lo enwre u- 5 , . , i, nceteJ lhal Mexico, in I r.dJ hare viafcel iU lent waaa n... !, - mnauer a dert. at well aa want of connection in ma. tranquility thcae were amncli . UiHaed condiiion kept f a,uih at I eoidd have ex.iectrd. foatiuVf . ,Jnm - end of ihe ny pant of tfce tawe. ' . dthn orjrrti hieh our coa.u. !own , . enn ,Jftjji!):f lf r pwPrfu ,,,e ,,0itile fiinj enutrtaiiicd lowaida . ,,tf . it ,!, amount of Be C,khI " P1"1 m,e mM ,jU aa fhrmeil. Mr. yo mgwr ,w. lIPr eounlrr, her in-! nu hr tome of lite hih runetwrnauee ai ... .1-M milil Pxpen-I ly t your csreurm w.y, aw. arcrya at our vnin will be pro otel, lht our j jarlvzeilf her trade and -butim-ta yahing ton. 1 waa fcaiful that lhe Pre- .n dain .nprtrd by the tinrc ra witliea It your couunued hralili, ,wieiie tranfliidiiy a dl I ensured, hy . . hi r iide rnnind to the dut L;j,i iniht. to tome extent, and rtcn , ,n,.;all if thelproMtetrty and fame. Sllie 2 1IIIH " I i " - ' ' m ft I the U11 ton tl roinpeUmir teat relnctory commnmi f, fnH( . ,rW,.j,M,w,U furnish any Uid,out lM-ing aware of U. imhibe tome ol auWue it to l fitca BPt lo emer Mtr Union, in tpne oi aiiineiiu- ,ik f) ,,m,Hinl 1, he hat re-lii.nrri,,diietanduiiktdreelm2tortIiote ,,,mrm rew indiiidu- .ea of blood. relifHii. race, and color, 1 wpmej at to her Ireautiiry in ifwwl him in rcginl to you. If to. he . . .lllinlrr w ho think of annexing Mexico to the United Sutce. I d not intend to carry on my opera- leren' and filled with mortal hatred of ut aa . f 1 Von will not tet a at. no douhu resira'mcl from. carrying ihey now aref, o man can be '''''(intfar hirh i n'ot forcel from her at ilie',lCintM far j eonequnce ol 1 public opin t pretented at ai r nun? in ! . time of p wperity ! 1 ui 0o,!.WI . K;K i n.ki f.trceil ish. air. at lo tuppa lhal nv turn meanar , f ,1,- i,,.,,..-! IU neaka of lhe' ;.,. ,;..h. aa lie inut nil found, wat our anion will e promoted. It tnrh a IJ0l .mV,,. and ray t that they ! deridetlly in vour favor. Be U11I however union poatihl-f It reinindt ne or the m;-,tnw tainieilhr vaur authority. !M jt mir ikin it sdtngethvr I sin gra- TTMI.I t tall IVaaia 1 T . . . . a II .. . . wry 111 - ie un"ic ii rw. mj Jia, lhiw a roni.leralie reTcnue wouia ,,r,ei 9l xxt. rftui. le olitaiiu-d. Bm. tir. they will not nuke After rontidenible apparent Ueiay on ine ninrmv-r. ir. ine ttorv oi uie mw mons who quarrelled and raited tnrh an uproar in l.eifera dominion, lhat he wa compelled to inteifere. He comman ded ihem. wnder mreinal paint ami ienat tiona ( oreviouilr tlalrd) beyond Sallil lo. dcemiiiff it next to iint.raeiical.le to do to. It then become a quetUoa at to what it lt 10 be done. Il tee in t to me. lhe 1110-I judicioua course to bo pursued I remain, truly and fincerrly. . louifrieml, Z. TAYLOR. Majoa GiKttAL GatMCt. , , these eontrarlt. etjwially when itiere it rarl f Qr, Matter t Department, in c- WOHy be to Rika poteiHn, a . "i a . 1 .1. !ll Ia ftn I a . t a" a . a d m ' . a . a prowuttv mat maue inrv wm i-1- 1,, a leamiHtatt in ine mo 1e jije Wf woy rcept ly validated, when the prrtenlttate of ihingt -d to lhe naviation. e.icceeded.towardt . rSlw,j;nf from xh tiulf of mUM tnaa.a.iianlaw ir. tlll 14 liltllin S 1 at. a luiai a .rt i.f Allftifit. Ill HirOU Hl? lOf- . . .. . -c. ....I m alia. tieMoemWeand awearjobe rnrndi . am, ,f rna poui, ?Pt he wJ,Je Teveime : wa,j lrt Camargo, a town tiiuaied on the orkDwhat we already hate po. forerer. We did to, taul the .enon, aniT . t..;. 1 ;,, - nerimlofne.ee , I,.., th, mil. -a from ita iune . .. . .. ... .n. h-k , ma ia . v 11 w a - - - 1 a.ti ii.ui im - have hated earh other mortally ever tinre, W iorance niwhirli Uie tuTender watcal -le4 oniui to iar for Uv rwiwder and ball coMtumcl. Uie.pisuds used, and tran,r ution to ihe field of honor lhat it to aay. tht hark hire! N w. I a n n iwilli 'g u dace a nation in a lower acnle titan a pii vate in livnhial: neiiliei hare I one rule for Mexico awl anot er fr Knclaiid. " VU! i ili piiii, lition if Meiic"? Re 1 reply 10 inn nvjHirv, in "ir j t'i't I am pjrriecily disponed to ilemand M io co!nient;uiiNi in dainu;e, not lor ihe vioiatioii of naii inal of honor, but for the injuries d ne to our citizens in their eo nineree We are their gi irdi in guar dian of their pecuniary riiflttt, which we are hound I onintaiu a ain'l Mexico v and all the world; an!l to ee rrpaiicil h pecutiiary iudeninifiralion. 1 hold it lo he perfectly rij:ht to demand indemnity of Mexico 011 lhal ground.' If he cannot (rire in leirioiiy in wwwy. mm-uLm itiu lan J. But do nm lei ut m:ke thai n pre text for robbing Mexico. She -e prosiraie anJ bleeiling at your feeU Y0111 armies have trunnimed'iri every combau from Uj U of J'alVXU-t to the last bitde at t Im " $ih ha hf-en coinoletelv van- a jiahed her towns stormed and bombard ed her teaoort in ronr piwsession or be leaguered by y.Mir fleets hr Governmem fnirTiiirft and' vour armlet, in tlic faahtoiia- lile nhrase of lhe dav. revelling in the l,.llnfihe Montex-imas.". Mimmore ,U roa want! 'Is noi thi"enough? Di.l yo4 ever hear of ihe bully who, when he knocked hit man down, tlmasht U hw vnl okt ctutv to null out his eves! Do you recoiled, sir, ihe epistle of Tom Crib to Big Ben! "VVb a Bea! mj old hera, is this yoar renown! t. ,SU the new kick min when he's duwnl Wkea lhe tt h aa knocked under, to tread on him . ' fhen! 't ' i '.. n ' Py the fist of my father, I blush for thee, Ben. Did you ever hear of a duellist whn. when he luJ h 1 his man. insisted on b twie- knili'i hi 11 on-the tpot! Mexico cannot hri:i n arinr into lhe field. Her reve nues are exhausted. She is helplpssand hopeless, except in yoiir mercy. Yet you propose to carrv the,war farther "into Ke viuls of ihe coiiMtiy." Nol salaried with the blood already shed, do you th'rst for more! Do von ilesiie more towna to : bo nb ird. fresh armies to defeat! W hen there are tione of these to he found, wiir yo i rejoii-e in the slaughter of the misera ble trieri i 1 1! "; Mr. President, let. us take care that the disgraceful guerrilla warfare of Sp:iin be not" renewed upon " thia continent! Is there to be no end to this etate a( things! -l 'llo not brieve lhat the violated honor of th rniintfr rennires auch vindieation. TLai hnnnr i in murh greater danger of being tarnished hy our rn conduct iu the further prosecution ol ibis war.' . IBitt, it is said, Mexico mint sue for peace! Will you persist in this, when she is two nmod to sue for ne;ire!' Yoii " 1 - - ; - a Such, tir. will be the ronseqence el and prosperity, yon would get but twenty jon jd! the Uio Grande.on the ' one milli -n. "anil vour militarv operations , nParJv, 500 milet from the Bra; it. . rf. MM. i . - ... . ... , ,n r;!t ionM, . - -i -- - - I npe m lane m raznt ll-md a. ...m a a ao ia araaa vita mFana - . . 11 1 11 il I ii- air aa asiaitii at a a ata r.H. - 111.11 ....... - are coaling vou neany nny miliums. 1 nc DV water, ?uii ny lann. ami isw f ,,.,,,, ill cjte Ut all ..eb w.H ne the Iraternai sma tTre Iwy of .he Treasury, tai,,e as he ! pi:ire, a eonsiderahle depot of prov!Mons, f .sjrrra Madre. and. at i..r v our.. oia.r .....,:..... j,, tines not et imate these tetourcct nan ordnance, ammunition ami iorarcj ami . , . :., wilj icHdetixot nrM.lM.mt. nr. lhal if we should annex . .1 I.. . 1... ..t.. ... ,,nn.i.ii "I' J ' v ,, . 1 .1 1 1 to men at my moeajri i men, naung uniugiu uk"-i nr Prnvinret. Ihut holiling 1 Mex.ro. the would be to us. what Ireland ia, e MJ.ff tn bJ , B of c01limaiu,, determined on JV "X" r. yaltillu. .M m an aAa a i i it a r rm 111:1 a aniiii r an . . . 1 ' - a a 1 v - - - wn any rename ttatemem oi me imm.ni moving on Hits place, accoruingiy.anrr . ... -i....!.... whirh I pretnme lien. Mthrd. embarrassments (f dues realized in Mcco on exports. r,dtec,ing 700 Jack mule., with . her ... f o S, lb., lime.) atulleaa disquietude. 1 do tn.st lhal lhe T(f dulpg (,n cie mkht ain0HM i 1(.m!rtnW and conductors, in lhe enemy't " 'M h7Calif),rlllila-and tay lo eramtiT w.ll n-.t t.nction such ,lit!f a ,;,.,. Tl,e receipt, from dutict riM1Illrv. (lhe primipal mean, of lrant,mr. Vlntnlto cuntrv inai no- iiwh .. ... C ,n1prtrw ,n a lime of peace, nave van H, on f,roiir nmvsmns, Iv-ejage, vc..i 1 in ihe nrocrrf t of the discussion, all will come to perceive ihe truth, at I think I perceive il. ' 4 , 1 have antd th-t in my opinion, we can now obtain tatisfaciory terms from Mexi co. 1 do not mean to say, thai lhe terms offered by the Mexican commissioner wete precisely such nt I would accept, but they a (Ton! nt all events, a proper basis for ne gotiation inorts, in a lime 01 pern ed from six to twelve millions. What probability is theie, lhat" these would be ' half the first sum. when our armies were coveiing the whole country ! Even the Secretary thiiikt that no laree portion of the internal revenue could be rnlleeted under our military ; and he, with all his eagerness lo premt a favorable ( view of this project, admits that he hat no tnhicient data on allien to n:we any to this source of re- estimate as i10m .ftui.. If we do nol stop here, when and where rrj.,i,je il. mem aton!.Are we to r""" ?tlg neean-uoumt republic, spreading over i .e -)lM ,nw ,leluive eonier tures. wboU eontmenll 1 Hat is wnai tome t for the 10.000 men proposed hy the eeutlemeil comempiaie. , 1 rrniiim u nrnvsions, m-iTsace, left, on the ft h of September, to join my advance, which had preceded me a few d ivs lo Ceralvo. a small vill ige 75 milet on" the route, which I did on the Dili, and after wailing there a few davt for tome of the co.pt to get up. move.. proJH.r wn.M 81M com,l her to tue -A hrr nn ilii IBdi. uish C250 men ' ... 2700 regulars, the balance volunteers. Fr what took place afterwards, I mutt re-f-r you to my several teport, particular ly mv detailed one of the Oth nil. I do f.WVi trvwv tV,liitnn one very ultra genileman said sometime since, lhal lhe day was fast approaching. when "even China would lie a component pail of the United States." Are our dreams of ambition houndless ! If we go on this way enlarging our boundaries mul we not eventually he broken into fragments t , Must we not at lal come to dissolution, like the circle in the water, which by "broad spreading is dispersed to nought? The hands which unite our country, if stretched so fir, must ineviu. bjy snnp. V e must stop novv or never. If we persist in this course, we must come, to the project tf my fripud from Indium, (Mr, llannegan.) and then. I lake it, the dissolution of the Union would be inevitable.- I n ml know lhat in such a ease the event would be matter of regret. 1. Ltt me trouble you with. a few words more on the subject of .lie expfiises of the war.inr onnecimn with thebill more imme diately the subject of discussion. I have examined lhe tiatement of the Secietary of the Treasury for this year, and I find that the expenset of the current year, ta king the quarter which ha expired, will amount to tevenlv-five million. I con- fesj 1 was startled when I saw lhe state ment, j The Secretary says : Thit the total receipts and mean for the year ending Ju.ic, 1819, are estim ted at $42,886,545 80 The expenditure for the first qunrter, which are acertained,leinslMG9,19 69 And theertimated expen ditures for the ret of the year beinj as fed ' low: , . ' , Civil lint, foreign intcr courite, and miscella neous 5,t5,180 43 I Army proper, includinsf Tolautcera, 19,08065 58 .rortificatioiis, oTflnanco, "armint tnUitia,&C 8.036.446 50 '! Indian department, 1.720,660 26 I Pensions, ' I,0o321 b bill. I will not vole for one of ihem. I believe with the Senator from Ken tucky, M r. Crittenden, that we have troops ennuffh fur all the legitimate imiposea of this war. and more than enough; and! while I would not deny them food and clothing. I would not now nive for the j war another soldier, until I saw a disposi tion on the part nf the Executive to bring about a pe ce. 1 look at the honor of lhe country in a different aspect from thai iu which it sei-ms lobe regarded hy aome Senators, to whom I do not impute any other than patriotic motives. I think they are entirely mis taken. For myself, I am willing to lake the reproach of consistent dullness, by adhering lo the doctrine whirh I have here announced, and refusing in vote a i man more, until I see n better disposition on the rait of the Executive to make peare. I believe that the favorable op portunity to make peace was allowed to pass unimproved. 1 believe that if this gnvernnu'iil had not demanded too much, "they could have unde a peace perfectly satisfactory to ihe country, and that it still may be obtained on jusl and honorable lerms. I will not increase the forces in Mexico for the purpose of overrunning and annexing the country. It would be a lasting reproach to us to do so. I wish to see the United Stales disposed to settle this controversy in a spirit of magnani- . . n .1 . . mity, more glorious even man an me vic tories we have gained. Mr. Batioer rose and signified his in tention of addressing the Senate on the bill under consideration. throw ina on her the responsibility and ex pense of carrying on ofTentive war, al the sume lime closely blockading nil her ports on the Pacific and lhe Gulf. A course of Una kind, if persevered in for a thort time, would aimn bring her to hei for prace. provided there it a government in the country sufficiently stable for ut lo treat with, which. I fear, will hardly le the case for many years lo come.. Wiih out large reiiifinvf menlt of volunlceit fiom 2.. . m.m . .. ft AmrwM t Flfklf . are at all satisfied with my conduct in re- garu 10 me irn 1 o, p.t ,.,-,, . . -..,, ... - j and other casualties.) I do not believe I ROM MEXICO. , . Our filet of papers froin the city of Mex'wo are to the llih ulL Tlie Ameri can Star of tint date lhut mentions the de iiaiiure if lhe train : r ' " We have only room to tay briefly ihit the A merican Imopt are by degtcet occupy, ing Ihe mineral and other important pomta around 111. and lhat the revenues are being r. pidlv eidlecied for the benefit of the American army. Thie ia in accordance with the policy which ihe Home Govern mr.il hat marked out. At our 1 ileal adt icet nn thit! from Queretaro a quorum ol Coitgrett wit soon at; not in attendance, kiid there aaa but hula eeten motpert lhal any butmest would be trans- umpi-j acted at present. lien.nya oeen auc oncio- reeded hv rent y frnaat rresnicnt me term of the former having expired and lha latter coming in at President of the Court of Justice. A new President is 10 be choeen at toon at t'ongrest asscmldet. Who it will be it a matter upon which we can of. fer no opinion. Thre hate been minora tl.it Ur. Trisl hat for tome lime tinre been in conference with lhe Mexican fom tnivsinnera, and lhat certain terms have been agreed tipnn, but we have nothing authentic on the subject. Gen. Marsl all will probably reach the city with his command some time next week. into with the .Mexican commander, wincn you. no doubt, have teen, tit they have been made piddic throngh the official or gan, and copied into various other newt papers. I have this moment received an answer (to my despatch announcing the surrender of Monterey, and the circum stance attending the samp.) from the Se cretary of War, slating that" il wa regret ted by the President tliut it was not deem ed advisable lo insist 011 the termt I had it would be advisable to marrhhetond Saltillo. which is more than 200 miles be yond our depots on ihe Rio Giande, a ve ry long line nn which to keep up tnppliet (over a land route in a country like this) for a large force, and certain lo be attended wiih an expense which will be frightful to contemplate, when closely looked into. From Saliillo to San Luis Poiosl, lhe . n..l r .ma ii.nAfl.iti. ..r. th. ,fl..ll In nrnnii.pii in mr tirci rnminiinicaiion in I ie i""' Mexican commander, in regard to giving the city of Mexico, is thiee hundred miles -ov. '!d.lin. ibm the eirrnm- one hundred and forty badly watered. stances which dictated, no doubt justified the change." " Although the terms of capitulation may be considered too liberal on our part by the President and his advisers, as well as by' many there at a disf ince, particularly by those who do not understand the posi tion which we occupied, (oiherwise they might coine to a different conclusion in re gard to lhe matter.) yet, 011 due reflection, 1 see nothing 10 indne me to regret the rourse I pursued. The proposition on the In regatd to the armistice, which would pnrtnfGen. Ampudia, winch had much to have expired hy limitation, in a few days, do in determining my course in the mat- we lost nothing by it, as we could nol tcr, was baed on the ground thatour go- move even now, find the enemy contin- where no supplies of any kind could he procured for men and horses. I nave in formed the War Department thfM 20.000 efficient men-would be necessary .0 insure success if we move on lhat place. (a ci ty containing a population of 00.000.) a force which, I apprehend, will hirdly he collected by us with the train necessary to feed it, as well as to trmsport various oiherupplies, particularly ordnance and munitions of war. " Vera Cms. Jsa. . ' " EU. t)etia The mail from Oriaaba arrived here on Saturday last. All the rew. 1 rould gather fuun lhat source you will find 111 the hie of pa pert lhal I semi vou. '-'. ' An exprrtt ahn arrived the same day form the city of Mexico, by which Geo. Twiggt and Mr. Dimond, lhe Custom house Cnllertot, received letters, " In one of lhe letiett received by Mr. O. from Gen. Worth, he tays lhat there it no more prospn-l of peace at present than there was at the beginning of the war. " This opinion, coming from tuch a source, cannot fail to be of gteat interest, as there are continually reports afloat about negotiations for peace. Another from Mr. Trisl does not make the leart mention of the sid.jeet." : y?. The ship Rajah arrived here on Fri day last from New York, wiih troops. A soldier died on lhe passage, of small pox. Several oilier, were tick of the tame dis ease. Yours, X ULUA." must know that she is anxious for peace, ; jf w,j etabusbm't, 1 0,241,072 47 I kniw that a treaty of pcue can be o - Interna on public debt 8c. t.iined from Mexico. 1 mike lhat asser tion after a persual of the correspondence betwepn the Mexican Conv-nisainuers and Mr. Trist. She offers ample indemnity, for every thin but the expenses of Vic war. frojvtses t cede California, fro'rt hf j'ineiion with Oregon to the ihir-ty-aevynth degree of latitude. I his Com prise nearly iwo hundred thousand square treasury notes, 2,ioU,a77 18 Treasury note ootstand- . . in? anJ payable when ,; presented, 267.139 31 Tha total expsnJitura will be 59,6 15,660 07 Leain& ari exoew of expenditures over, means, ltt July. 1813, 1 15,729,1 14 J wL. ih, .ir eommenced we had rf iivii - - . ,,. ' .1. ... - . . . .1. ........... ! milet of territory, at I have been told ;ttirplnt of twelve millions in ni c-u.j,, ifirlee the territorial extent of Virginia, and and Congress adopted new tjna.iciai mta awer ihm all the Xew England States, jsures, which, were expected y l.".p AUf w.York and Pcnnslycania together; ; ministration to improve the condition ol f rit iucludes the Karbor of Sari Francis- lhe treaatny. But we hava epent twelve roih coveted object of our desire, and millions anrplus. all the current revennes whi-!b tir, alone, it wo'rth more thin 'the ; w(hir h we have received, increased at they rt.-uins of oar citizens sgainst , Mexico.! are said to have beeu byf the ncwiann, WeU.' Mttteo jht very tttffictcnt reasons ! betide !iirtjihf millioiis1, accornj to From the New York Courier A Ksipiirpr. GENERAL TAYhOK'S TETTCR TO GE NERAL GAINES. The publication of Gen. Taylor's letter to. he War Department, vindicating himself from oflirtal censure for having written private letter on public topics lo General II lines, has ditected general attention ''to the events which culled it forth. The let ter to General Gaines has never, until within a day or two past, been published entire; the portions originally omitted have been snppjied, and we copy it at length from the Day-Book, as it will be found below. It has a decided and per manent interest, and is one of the most striking papers which have been called forth by the incidents of the war. It furnishes a complete vindication of the Capitulation at Monterey, for which the General was censured by tht govern ment and by the loco Foco majority-, In the House of Representatives, and set forth views concerning the war and the p'diey proper to be pursued Which are In J the bijhc?! degree Bound, intelligent and .-eminent hail proposed to him to settle the existing dilm-i'iltics by negotiation, (which I knew was the case without know ing the tesult.) which was then under con sideration by the proper authorities, and which he ((Jen. A.) had uo doubt would result favorably, as tlie whole of his peo pie were in favor of peace. If mi, I con sidered ihe further effusion of blood not only unnecessary, but improper. Their force was also considerably larger than ours; and from the size and position of the place, we could not completely invest ii; so lhat the greater portion of their troops, if not the whole,-had they been disposed tied lo occupy Saltillo ; for strange lo say, the first wagon which has reached me since ihe declaration of war, was nn the second instant, the same day on which I received froirt Washington an acknowl edgment of my despatch announcing the taking of Monterey ; and then I leccivrd only 125, so that I have been, since Mav last, completely crippled, and am tlill so, for want of transportation. After raking and scraping the country for miles around Camargn. collecting every pack mule and other means ol transpot latino. I rould bring here only 80,000 rations, (fifteen day's supply.) with a moderate supply of to do so, could any nigltl, have abandoned ordnance, ammunition, Ac, In do which. , . : T j t - the city, at once entered the mountain pas set, and effected their retreat, do what we could! Had we been put to the alterna tive of laking the place by storm, (which there is nn. doubt 'we should have succeed- all the corps had to leave behind a por tion ol their camp equipage necessnry tor tlietr romlorl, and in some install-j ces among the volunteers, their, personal j baggage. I moved in such a way. snd ed in doing,) we should, in all probability, wiih such limited means, that had I not 1 . ee.' 1 1 ! !.. I. -.1 1 1 . , sucreeueu, 1 siioiiki no uoiint nave necn severely reprimanded, if nothing worse. I did so to sustain Ihe Administration ; hut I do not believe the Administiation to be disposed to sustain ma in so doing. 1)1 the two regiments of mounted men Trouble among the Indians In New ElexlCO. A St. Louis paper ttate. on the authority of. a messenger from New Mexico, that the Indians in that country bid fir lo be tery troublesome. Il it said lhal lhe Mexicans and Camanche In disns are gatbeiing in the South in great force, abtint 250 miles from Foil Brent, tod were preparing for an attack upon that fort. . Col. Gilpin wat makingevery preparation, not lo teceive them, bill to match Hg-iinl them, and attack ihem in iheir rendezvous. The meant st dd. I , ilpin's command were vrry limited, hut he Imped to be able to march hy lhe mid dle of February. he greatest difficulty was experienced in the Fort, in obeying the orders of Col. Gilpin. II is horses are all dead, and of 800 cattle, only 70 now temain, and the wolves are daily les sening thi number.' An attempt wat made at Fort Mann to send stores to Col. Gilpin, bul with lil le success. A detach ment of troops under' Lieut. O'llara, which was ordered 10 escort a sutller't Irani, ilefcrtrd to a man. ' A court martial had been ordered, bm die result had uiA been ascertained. . have lost fifty or one hunilrpd'mrn in kil led, besides the wounded, which I wished to avoid, as there appeared to he a proa pect of fieace, even if a distant one. I also wished to avoid the destruction of women and children, which must have been very great; had the storming process ; from Tennessee and Kentucky, who left been resorted to. Besides they had a ve-! their respective States to join me. in June. try large and strong fortification a short: the latter has jusi reached Camargn; the distance from the city, which, if carried wiih the bayonet, must have been taken at great sacrifice of life; and, with our li mited train of heavy or battering artillery, il' would have required 20 or 65 day lo take it hy regular approaches. former had not got to Matamoras at the latest dates from there. Admitting thai they will he at long in reluming at in get ling here, (lo say nothing of the lime nc cessary to recruit their horses,) and were lo bo discharged in time to reach thin From the Muscogee Democrat, 3d in. Awful Tragedy. On Ramrday night laM two negro nailers from Person coun ty. N. C, of the n.met of Thomat P, Trotter and Richard Bolton, were murder ed in Randolph county. Ga.. near II art i son'n Store, by two of their own negroes I Pursuit wna immedaiicly 'mule, and the ii'grocs were overtaken in Marion coun ty, nnd brought lo Lumpkin, to he taken to Randolph eouniy, to awaii lhe penalty of the law for their awful ciime. . " - f'. -A libertine life is nut a life of liberty..