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) V.. i Hi 1 f 1 Jfl 1 UWION THEjCONSTITUTIOPI AMI THE tiWSTHE nUARDHNSOP OUR LIBERTY. Vol. xsx. Ao. 130 1. e iff ii 1IJ Ha 1 U 11 1 g " May jour rich o!f, Ziuborant, natarr teller birssiee per O ff venr Luxl HECP AND PLOWIXO. Dunns the Iuki inter niaiird Si- menl I ouniy, new Jersey, and Urlner-1 et a If w lertiitea on Aerirulturo. Ila in j vuo anil in lite brl nop 4 liard job on . eiu:eaonn In a ulMloe ihern hy ruliii'f . I Sihiat ihe neighltoring firmir plowed jmy I mhI, I mint ronfe, aa f had two, then rowed the fnnnd to elorer. The 4t:( rr'il ery insufficiently-, we recoiu- yol of oien to the aubeoil plow, and j briar ram op aa arniat, bnt looked ieMr. -'rifndfd !rp plowing, and fiireded in! they rould nl work mora lliaa eijhlTne year Mlowinf I paatuieil it with tfulurii'f aonia of out friend to ue :he I houra per day. 1 a lieep", and now the briara hate alinoat be- auk-nil plow. lh loilowinf letter frm Mr. Jamea CatiipWIl, of W raion, will hw ihe bene. lia derived from inrreed depth of plow ing ; and w e are glad to learn that not leu limn "tie hundred rub eoil plnwi have been introduced into that rountr this year. Our frirnda of Somerset will Jerive greater ad rantane from their ib-ep plo in j the e rond, iliii ihe first year. WV.trrn, Kiniernri Vo. K. J. Augurf 2S, 1849, S Prof. Mnpe: Dear Sir According to ptoiuiee I send you an arraunt ol a J niece of meadow land, about w hich rpitke to ii last spring. It was a piece ol lowland meadow, and until 1847 had not Iteen under the plow for ten or twelie years. In that year it f-ll into my posses sion, ami I mide pasture land of it, hut it was ao badly seeded down, that in 18 18 1 was obliged to plow it up and plant it with corn. Il yielded ahout twenty bush els per acre, and appeared lobe com, lele ly worn out. Apparently it had never been plowed more than four or live inch es, and the eoil waa hard and siubNnn. 1 thenplowed it about five inches deep, which I-assure you ia as deep as the ma jority of ihe plows used in my neighbor Imnd will uoik, though you may smile at the idea, as ridiculous. This spring I commenced plowing foi onts, laying the ground nut in seven pace lands, and plowing the first land five inch es deep, the second sis inches, the third seven incite, and an on until 1 reached ten inches. Then five of ten inches, and the balance up to fifteen inrho; and then 1 marked each land by culling numbers in the fence. I ihen sowed it all ith oats at the rate of two bushels an acre. Where il wns plowed five inches, the oats were poor; at six inches, lather bet ler. at seven inches, siill belter, and at ten inches the nais were as fine aa 1 ever knew I hem to be in New Jersey, Not w ithstanding the dry weather, it assumed an entirely different appearance from the oilier. The leaea were broader, the straw coarxer, and the heads fuller, and it looked equally well on the remainder of ihe field up to wheie it was plowed fifteen inches. In the ripening of the grain there was a corresponding di (Terence with the plow ing. Up to ten inches the light plowing ripened first, and above ten inches there was little difference. I now feel satisfied, that for an alluvial soil wnt out hy plowing, the only thing n quired is, to break it up deeper to renew ihe soil and make it produce as well as at first. I find a decidedly beneficial effect on the soil Irom plowing over, and it will cer tainly be improved by after plowing. I have also observed, that the while clover stands thickly where il waa ploughed deep, whir-It I suppose arises fiom ihe fact that the seed has lain dormant in the deep soil, and now spring tip when mined to the surface, as ihcre wa no clover ol any conseauence when the plowing was shal-j jow , roohj of your buildings, during storms. I shall now plow the land deep about This U a most economical mcihodof pro four limes, and then sow il down wilh ' i Jin? of a supply of one of the most ne- whoat and grays seed Another fact in favor of deep plowing I have to stale, I this spring commenced plowing for corn a piece of lowland which liad corn on lal year, and it being expos ed in frctdictH, I left the corn and husked il standing. I then turned in some cattle to feed on ihe Ma!k, as my plows weie not large enough to turn the stalks in well; and after plowing with two plows for a lew hours, and plowing a part of three 1 uids, I left it and obtained one of Rug- gles, Nourse & Mason's sward I), which j - i w well fourteen' inches! oke up the remainder of will turn a fuiro deep, With that 1 bro tlio field from twelve io fourteen inches deep, and turned under lite stalks com pletely. I then planted il with large yel low corn. The ears are now neatly matured, and from appearance will yield twenty-five buslieU more per acre in those place where I plowed deep, than where I used lhe No. 8, Peacock, which is the largest 6ize used in my neighborhood. As I used the Peacock ii: three different parts of the field, and in each with the ame ruli, llie hriKfii derived caanalbe'or era acre- rompletrly froaa up ot-rntrw bto rnance. I La C sub-soiled one fii U ul about six - leen a-rr, for rorn. The surface plow I an about lea iiwhes W-en. and i.Vn with . w . . ihe abb-anil plowed fion twelve l (our - treo inrhr,M ll.il a ret through lhe.hr U.e second Wis? it a a aa bad as loam van struck ihe sand tad gra-el. eVr. I ihra arnt rr il lit ssni One piece of land. about ll.irtr paces uJf. 1 plumed la ih old jy, without ! tii aub-MMl iiw, srwi rnarled it. a ace. ,ke ieraution. Uv lite diifi-renre ia the wtm ! .t hi we uiurrriH c in mm. appraranre ii meeorawaa quite fuittrient aeit pmf I anwed il to vale, ana hi iileuiirr the epoi. ipoorlj paid. At lh lint of barrenin? . I I intend to huk and meaanr aerea mr hand wet aiurh lora ami Urfnifd' rowa i-f cra aepsrutelr, and 1 will let.br the briar; beriilee. Mt hat ice half a - tou know the reult;bi from iierulap:riop. tliea roneluded to tir aome more pearaw ea I iiuhK ii would be atlt laabi to: I aewl yon the above hafiily drawn up arrooni, wiin-h it von aee bl you may puldiIi. together with my name, ia the Workii'f t anner. KeMttrtfullv voura, ie.. JAMIIS CAMt'BEM. a few hints run the farmer.; Wrhu-a t r II Dwiiin Olive Dranrb, by II. 1. Wbit. Sioitce almuld never he arrumulaicd in henpa in the fields. Thia ia a lovenili practice, it i tar tx-lter to pick tliein tu a cart, and convey them at once to ome place where they a ill occupy no room that might be profitably appropria ted, or the hnea where they can be woik ed into fence. (Sond stone wall is a rain aide species of enclosure, being durable and efficient. The soil occupied by alone heaps, in arable lands, would, if freed, pro- dtie enough to repay, amply, the roat of their removal. Compost The business of com posting may he prosecuted at all season. .Mate rials are always at band .sui h as rotten wood, weeds, mink, rraw, refuse hay, old plaster, bones, decayed animal mailer. salt, lime, leave. &r., and these ihe eco nomical farmer will find lime in accumu late and work over at almost any season. It should alwiys be remembered, that in order that our crops may feed us, we must first feed litem. The more manure a Turner possesses, ihe more likely will he be In succeed in Ins agrestic enterprises, and the more extensile and permuueni w ill be the improvement of his farm. No one who has not made the experiment-is aware of the quantity of mnnure that ran be made on a farm, at small expcnxe.aml ' without at all iufiintring npon its ordinary refources. If yon have a field, the loca tion of win h admits of that water from ponds, rivulets or springs being flowed oer ii surface, do not neelect to avail yourself of this advantage. The waidi from ihe rouds, in spring lime, is replete with organic and inorganic substances, which, in their application to soils, are highly salutary, especially to those in grain and grass. ' Correct experimenters have cal culated that the urine voided hy our do mestic animals is worth equally as much for agrestic purposes aa the solid exrre ments. Hut this valuable article from waul of care and attention, is generally lost. During the spring and summer months, cows, oxen and other animals ate yarded in enclosures a here all the liquid mailers are Inei, in consequence of no ah sorbent materials being supplied to lake up and retain them. By covering the yard with muck, loam, or leaves, this loss will be avoided. Water. U practicable, without too heavy an expenditure, provide an unfail ing supply of water in your yads. Where a well cannot be sunk, and there are no streams or springs in the vicinity from which to procure ii without loo exorbi tant an outlay, supply yourself with a ca pacious cistern, and have arranged a sys tem of conductors, that it may be filled and tpl constantly repienisneu irom me cessarv and indispensable articles required 1 - - a ... 1 in the management l laim ileiails. Uis- usual, nor spcan in a ion oi cneenuiness. terns, answering all ilia ordinary purposes,' As a natural result, ihe light of my couu are now constructed by first excavating a1 lenance being gone, all things around me hole of the ilcsited size, in a convenient' were in shadow. My husband was sober place, and coaling the sides with hydraulic' and had little to say ; the children would cement ihtee layers only of half an inch, look strange at me when I answered their or one third of an inch iii thickness each,' questions, or spoke lo them for any pnr heing applied one after ihe other, as fast pose, and my domestics moved about in a they can he made to harden, being suf- quiet manger, and when they addressed ficicnt to render the stnicluie perfectly me, did so in a lone more subdued than iwrl.i nmi nvrnmnpnt. The covering may usual. . . . , ., I . 1.1 I I oe eitner piatiK or grauue, nu of the cistern should be thai of an egg the small end down. From the Dollar Newspaper. TO DESTROY BRIARS. I self, lo produce the result which hail loi The briar, as a plant, grows more luxn- InwJ- Under this feeling I made an ef raintly in beech and maple land, and when frl to tally myself, but in vain ; and sank the timber is cleared and the sun has a lower from the veiy struggle to rise above chance for action, thev grow very fast, so the gloom that overshadowed me. that in a short time it is with difficulty i When my husband came home at sup that thev are kept down. In the spring per time, I tried to meet him wiih a amile; of'45.lmoveilon a new farm, twain- hut 1 felt that the light upon ,my counlen inff two hundred acres and upwards, with mice was feeble and or brief duralmn. He about forty-live acres improved or par- looked at me earnestly, ami, m his kind tially so. There was at the time tight and gmilc ay, inquired if I fell uobct- Oriar. rnifBirnrrd opt rations on about ! hat mt it; I rVswghed h tlsorswghly and pla - trd tn rra. Ilr the tian ike rorn wa an ' 1 ; readv A hoeine. th hri.r had n.ainlre - lly overrun ii. hoed it and cleared i.f the ihird lime ia fart, the wa I hoed , imJ ui li ird la !itrtjr ilw. the baler iher ' erew: and br ilia lima f hartMtin. iliec -had arowa lts.lfa liiah aa ihc rota. 1 lit liau rrova emeiat mode, liarin lieenme lired of eome eitinrl. I hair tried ererr mmle in the way of emtio, and I am rervuaded that it ia l-Uor loct. I have tried eiillinejthe amnlleni intereal in ihe lad. in the dark of ihe moon, and in AiignU all j " Ve, addrl my hunl.m.d. and the to no purMae. I am of the opinion lhat : peraia who railed to Id m know about elover ia the hcM meana of g i-uiug rid of. espieed hia fear thai Edward would them, being quick and profitable. J. R. K. CrawlWC&,ra,l8l9. LET US GIVE THANKS. BY EtlZA COOK. I.rt a give thanks, with f raliTul soul, Ta Ilia wha rrulcth all ; To I tiro whn biJa the plaarta roll, And ares a " sparrow full." Though grief and irara may dim our fat. And rare and strife arrest. Tit man, loo often, that alloys The lot hu Maker blcaU While sutwhine light the boundless sky, And dew drops feed the sod While star and rainbows lit ea high . Let as give thank to Cod. We till ihe earth In tabor' health, Ws plant th acorn cup, Th field arc crowned with golden wealth, The green tree springetk up ; . The aweet, eternal waters guth From fountain and from vale ; The vineyards blubb with purple fluh, The yellow bop leave trail; And while the Harvest fling il gold, And cowclip deck the sod White limpid stream are clear and cold. Let ua give thank to Cod. The flower yield it odor breath, A gentle wind go past ; The grasshopper that lurka beneath Chirp merrily and fast; Tim ring dove coo upon the spray, Th lark full auiht-ms pour ; Tba leea atari with a joruud lay. The wave sing on the ahore ; Hoaunna till the wood and wild. Where human atep ne'er trod ; All nature, like an unweaned child, Smile on it parent God. Say, Brothers, shall the bird and bloom Thus teach, and teach in vain 1 Shall all Ihe love-iays that illume, Be lost in elouJs of plant Shall heart be dead and viaion blind To all that mercy deals! Shall soul and reason fail to find The shrine where instinct kneel! Ah, no! while glory light the sky, And beauty paint the aod While stars and rainbow live on high, Let us give thanka to God. From the Lady's Wreath. A CUBE FOR LOW SPIRITS. A HOl'SKHOLD tfKCTCH. From some cause, real or imaginary. I ' felt low spirited. There was a cloud up on my feelings, and I could not smile as a a B ..! ,l . . Ant. 1 made darker the clouds that veiled my (spirits. I was consci -us of ibis, and was conscious that ihe original cause of my I HIS re-aciioii iiun my bihic winj depression was entirely inadequate, in h- m- i m.mm tojlrr. aCreting lo Ulicie iliai mr admcni! was utir ol ike body instead ol the iniitil. ; Rl I scarcely answered Mm, anil I roohl . iftat le Mi hurl. How luurh wore 1 i mrlied di4 I bream at tl". Could ik ea bat trim 4 u my rhamber, aoJ sihiae, ei aty fail bean tent ia a pafcioa of tear I am-tit LareoliuiiteJ relief la mv frt-lirf . tiut I odd not & this. U l.tle I aMt at the feme, l-rrin; a i!t: . food inio bit mouth fur arneaiaoc fake. air hu.biiui eaiJ : - ia rra.ea.brr ifce hue tan who uaa fnuuiigiy n-piieu. -a na vunru m U umm iia;e in ou atore." Jaiay mi do job ifr h win aa quirk I nodthd aijr head. but il.eqtiriina did. aa yoa can, for Edward aeeda it my O"! as.le in o.v mind iltealichieat iBier-jurn. -eat, - lie baa not m-nle hi appearance for aereral daya ( and I learned iln morning, on tending to the bout of hi mother, ihat he waa eery ill." Ah! waa my indifferent repone. Had I apotrn what wa in in v mind, I would hae aaidw m aorry, but I ean't ! help it. 1 did no!, at tUt moinenl, feel not eel uo asain. What ails him!" I inmiircJ. I did uoi cleaily understand but be haa fever of some kind. You remember his mother very well.'" Oh, yes. Yon know shehas worked for mr. Edward is her only rhilJ I be lieve." M Yea. And his loss lo her w ill be ab mot everything." I , " I he ao danseromr' I inquired, a I r..t.- r i .... i. heart. He is not expected to live." M Poor woman! How distressed she must be. wonder what her circumstances aie just! this time. BU eermad vary poor when she woiked for me," M And she is very poor still, I doubt not. She has her.elf been sick, and during the lime it is probable thai Edward's wages were all her income. 1 am afraid she has suffered, and that has not now ihe means of procuring lor her sick boy things lie cessary for Ins comfort. I oubl you not go around ihero thia afternoon, and aee how they are!" I shook my head. intantlr at this pro position, for sympathy for others was not quit strong enough io expell my selfish iler-pomlency of mind. M Then I must step around," replied my husband. before I go hack to the store, although we are very busy to-day. and I am much wanted there. It would not be right lo nrgh-cl the lad and his mother, under the present circumstan ces." 1 lelt rebuked at these woids ; and with a forced effort said" I will go.' It will he much better for yon to ae them than for 1110," returned my huxhand, "for you can understand their wants bet ter, and minister In them mote effectual ly. If they reed any comforts, I would like you to see them supplied." It still cost me an effort ut gel ready. but as I promised lo iln as my husband w ished, the effori was to be made. Hy the time I was prepared to go out I fell something better. The exertion I was required 10 make tended to disperse slight ly the clouds that hung over me, and as they began gradually lo move, my thoughts turned, with an awakening in te res!, tow aids the object of my husband's solicitude. All was silent within ihe humble abode nf revival is yet far in the future, and speak to w hich niVj errand led me. I knocked i,if Europe. Even Christianity has failed lightly, and in a few moments ihe mo'.her j i accomplish a coalescence. The mys of Edward opened the door. She looked J lcries ()f Osiris still linger a round ihe al pale ami anxious. How is your son, Mrs. Ellis? 1 inquir- ed as I stepped in. " He is veiy low, ma'am." she replied. Not dangerous I hope!" "The fever has left him, but he i weak as an infant. All his strength is gone." But proper nourishment will restore him if the disease is broken." "So the doctor says. Hut I'm afraid it's too late. He seems to be sinking every hour. Will you walk up and see him, ma'am?" I followed Mra. Ellis np vlairs, and in to the chamber where the sick hoy lay. I was not surprised at the fears she had ex pressed, when I saw bdwaid's pale sun ken face, and hollow, almost expression lesy eyes. He scarcely noticed my en trance. Poor boy!" sighed his mother. he ha had a very sick spell." My liveliest interest was at once awakened. He has heen siik. indeed'" I renli - ed as I laid my hand on bis while fore- higher order of society, who travel and head. I found that his skin was cold and read, may assimilate from a common creed damp. The fever had nearly buined out j of etiquette; but the people, the plebeians, the vilal energies of his system. Do you : remain distinct and the same. The men, give him much nourishment?" jand even the women, (tarium te muta- " lie lakes a little barley water? fcie famina.) of separate cantons, depart- Has not the doctor ordered wine?" ments, duchies, or shires, have inherited Yes, ma'am," replied Mrs. Ellis, but fashions of dress from their grand-father she spake with an airof hesitation. " He and grand-mothers, ereat, great, great, be says a spoonful of good wine, three or yond aiiihmetic. The war of races and lour times a day, would be very good for irihe is now deluging Europe wiih blood. . The enmity among them there seci ie- " And you have not given him any?" radicable. . "No ma'am." But what has God done, what is he do- We have eotae my par wine lhai j we always keep lur kne. li y-a hi ssrp ovrv cnir Ikhim. and tell Abe to rue vims a Unite of it, will ur with Ed- ward till toa reiura. !ow brigbilj etuaed that poor' o- ataa'a be aa mj word fcU oa her jean ! I Ub. ma'am, yoa arc very liod'. aid kite. Uut it win be affcing too mura oi " voa In atr berrf I You did'at ar-k it. Mra. CHii." I we mm iiui v Af a ve WJ f few rninutea I waa alone with the irk boy, who lay aluiot aa Hill aa if death wrre reeling upon hi hilf closed eyelid. To tome extent, ia the half hour I remain ed thus in that hushed rhamber. did I rra he the condition and feeling of ihe poor mother who only son lay gaprg at the very door of death, and my sympathies weie in ronx-qneuc a akeneif. Aa soon as .Mra. Elba returned with the wine, about a lea spoonful of it was ddut ;ed, ami the glaa containing it placed in 'the sick lad'e lips. The moment ii fU-i I vor touched bis palate, a thrill seemed to med to .l . . . .. ; pa through ins iraine ana tie swallowed eacerlv. "Il docs him good!" said I, speaking 'recognized as a primary article of thir warmly, and from an impulse u( pleasure 1 government when first rstabliched; mm that made my heart glow. j of that stork, a Inch, w hen offeied their It e aai allU looaru woo aoi oi interval , upon lb boy' face, and did not look 1 1 vain, for something like warmih rame vp on his wau checks, and when I placed my hand again upon his forehead, Ihe cold ness and dampness was gone. The wine had quickened his languid pulse, 1 staid 1 an hour longer, and then another tea' poonful of the generous w ine wa given. lu effect waa aa marked as at first; I fortunes broken, but their spirit unhemimg then w ithdrew from Ihe bumble homa of ,10 prelate or prelate-ridden king. There the mother and her only child, promising ' were other, (and a dash of cavalier blood to see them again in the morning. told welt in hatile-fii Id and council;) but When I regained the street, and my! those were the spirits whom (Jod made thoughts for a moment reverted to myself,! the moral substratum of our national c!ia how did 1 find all changed. The clouds racier. Here, like Israel in ihe wilderness, 1. .1 .1: 1 1 1 1 . a 1 ., 1 . rr r. .1.. 1 1 uau uoMirrweu 111c uca.j omiu laiacu 1 from my bosom. I walked with a free 1 step. Sympathy lor others, ana active efforia todoiihersgood.had expelled ihe evil spirit from my heart ; and now serene peace had theie again her habitation. I'lieie was life in every part of my dwell ing when I re entered it, and I ungi ciieeiiuiiv, aa i prepared, wan my own hand, a basket of provision fot the poor widow. When my husband returned in the even ing he found ine at work, cheerfully, in my family, and all bright and smiling a gain. The effort lo tin good to other ' had driven away the darkness from my spirit, and the suiudiiue was again upon ( my countenance and reflected from every member of my household. ANTAGONISM OF RACES IN EUROPE. From the Kev. Dr. lleihune'a Oration before ! the Phi Dcia Kappa Society of Harvard Univer ity.l Willi the history of this country, God began a revolution in his liealmrni and de velopment of human nature. Up to that moment, the great division, even the lar ger subdivisions of our nce, had been kept apart from each other, separated and made distinct by climate, by language, by hereditary habits. The eastern and south ern quarters of the globe we leave for the present out of our calculation, as their time tars of M igna (reccM. i he Druids have left in the customs of Britain monuments lasting as Stonehenge. Tecilus may serve ihe modern tiaveller as an itinerary throughout what was Germania Antiqua. The feltcrs of national prejudice have eat en into the bone, and the quick flesh is ' crown over them. Each nation has mar- ' ... tied only with ils own blood, and the evils of the incest are upon their irHpring. Ea.-h has kept I,,. L.m ii. own characteristic and 00 each of the races is now well-iugl. " -r sZ : X;;M ... has. nir-iiiniio v , 1 wrnitehi bv religion and the piess, hut 'neither religion nor the press has had its i-torted ! bv na- i Thpl , hur inlluence; tne one nas Deen u the oiher manacled, both abused 'lional law and national sentiment vices and virtues apart from Ihose of thei ' '"'"- ' .. -.. -- others; yet il is a l..w of Piovidence, that! Mrongly urges (he naturalization and do disiinrt vices acl as checks upon ibeir n-1 mesiicaiion ol (he American Bison in val passions, while virtue is stimulated by j trance, on .he ground lhat it would he ex vinue. The Italian isonlvan Italian, the f" " gaul.ural pumi for Frank a Frank, the Spaniard a Spaniard; j -lnugl.t. ami would lurimh a n-W of " . s I.- i. i re: - ;.. .. i.:..i. v.. ing,wbat ' l about In do. in ihis bad? 11 has art it far away t the west, aa 1 made il so circu Jisun'w'.ly i tdepeodrat. a - . i-at a mai, ii a.i in rct m in waoiuoi tiaia were auttk. w should Utl Bo eenoua CVf tailmenl of oar rouiforts. Th produria of the w mde world are. or may soon I, brand aiil.ia our riiifrderate liiuiia. II brouehl here 6rt the .ternest, moat relii- oiis, uiuvt iletrrmiiel representaiivea lurope a best blood, brst taiih. beat mte. Irrt; men. ay, and aouiea, (it ia lite auto, rr niakra il:e rhihl.) who, leeau ihe feared timl, learrd no ereaied power, w ho,lm ing l-rfore his a''!"! sovereign ly, would kurel l no lord spiritual or tem Mral on eaiih. auJ who, bt-lieiug the Uible true, demanded ita saiirtioa for all law. To your I'lltfmu Fathers d.e highest place may ell lie occori ed; I ul force! not. ih-t. about i e mue of their landing on the Kork, ibere eaui the mouth of th lli.d.on men id kindred fith and descent, men equally loving frerdom. men from the sea-washed ralle of modern enii:o. tioual fierd m, a hose union of free hurrh. er riiiea laughl us the lesson of roofed?, ruin ind.Hiid nt svereigniie, alios sirea were aa free, long centime before. Mayna C'lurta. as the Engli.h are now. and fioin wiio.e line ol republican pi Hires and fioin wiio.e line ol republican p : liui mi recti ea me noon ol religious i . . .. - m Icraiion.a privilege the States General lud cuoiec in i.iii, uimi a cmirim ni"ii, akt-d a University;' men whose martyr sires had baptized their land Willi Ibeir blood; men w ho had flooded it wiihoce. n wares rather than yield it to a bigot-iy. rant; men. whose virtues were sober x prose, rut sublime as poetry; the men of Holland! Mingled with these, and vlill further on, were heroic llugtienris, th. ir and lliousanus vi nine 011 110111 mo i-oiu of bondagr, they were educated for their ingn cainnc uuui, in in mini 01 inner, it .:i r..ti r.. our confederacy wild its Constitution was founded. Already there had been a sulu- tary mixture of blood, but not enough ti impair the Anglo-Saxon ascendency. The nation grew inorafly strong from its origi' nal elements. The great work was de layed only b jul preparation. Now (Jod ia bringing hither the most vigorous scions from all the European stocks, to make of them all one new man;" not ihe Saxon, not the (crtnun, not the Gaul, not the Helvetian, but the American. Here thev will unite as one brotherhood, wj! have one law, will share one interest. Spread over the vast region from the fiigid to the torrid, from Eastern lo Western ocenn, every variety of climate giving them choice of pursuit and modification of lent- pern men I, and ballot-box fusing together nil rivalries, they shill have one natioual will. What is wanting in one race will be supplied by the characteristic energies of the others, and what is excessive in eithei, checked by the counter-action of the rest. Nay. thntigli fur a lime the newly come mar i eta in ilicii loreign vernacular, our lougue, so rich in ennobling literature, will be the tongue of the nation, the lan guage of iia laws, and the accents of ils majesty. Eternal God ! who suest the , end with the beginning, thou alone canst tell the ultimate grandeur of this people! After the eventful issue of the siege of Ley den, the Prince nt'Orane and ihe State General, griitciul lo the heroic. uVfi-mlcr of that city, olli'icd them their choice of an Annual Fair on a Univer sity. They chose the University; hut, struck with the noble tics of the choice, the high authorities granted the nilwth. The University was estab lished in 1575, and became the Alma Mnlrr ef Urolius, Scaliger, Berhaavc, and many other re nowned men. Domestication of the Amorlcan Bi son in Europe. A Frenchman, AI. La- more riqiioi. w no naa iraveiieu mue.. m aa- . - il 1 .a. ""'' mull"lu ... animal has been domesticated on the Red Ri', and .he flesh found excellent alter it has been five years in dial state. He ' . . ... .- - i.: .1. .1.- rl,ps an instance in mi '"cu w nal fn" i ears "f a8e Performed journey ofse enty -fivcnnlcsin a day; and, on ihe morrow, ilraggcd back, by eleven at night, a loan oi rigm ououicu r.....iU.. The memoir was referred lo these eminent naturalists of ihe Academy. The Lion and the Lamb. A cat of Woodbury. New Jersey, has adopted in to her family of kittens a young mouse lhat had been deprived of its maternal pa rent. The mouse is a great pet of the fa mily, and petfcctly lame: lakes its slmtu of its mother' nourishment by mounting nn the back of one of the kittens and suck ing vigorously, and thrives a:id grows fat in its norcl position. an airrut-Miiic uatui ttc wm- !