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J J 1 jjj TTQ IP I UNION. TUB CONSTITUTION Lvfs-T!!E AND Til E (i'JAilOUNS OF OUT. MDF.KTY. K"BaVaBas.,-a 1 J - iKJ ku)iiiav, ion:?jni:i: f iiis. ,o. 1309. If 1- I ill In 1 -TUC WOULD OWE3 ME A IITIXO." f HOIUt'K OBEIIET . Tlit wuiIJ owea tne a gooJ living, ! III have ii,M eay. some blackleg, u he rliwhc a luautivu lepatt ; here, land- J.rJ. anodicr bottle of your pnme Made ! lUlf a dozen empty-handed fnji. .... a I-hi. I .r iav ira m m tiiLal f.m llia ! aJira-im.. hid the aentm.rn. ai.h rap.u- ? '. nh a reqcct that men m, K.eg n,o wudou, Ware Done,,, d.eJ; ed t!.ra. on .!.. Vetir... ev"- rh vV Tl rie1 reS re,h It Uamnt .erdr ;..aarp!... -TW,.. Thai-.1 it! ''"I would let ln;n try the efficacy of than they carry ,!..i..rr. and that 0!hera a.de. G,n. frrea. Tw Oea. C. ) 1,e -orlowc...eo,KlliHne,and ' P""u. of tht may !ea ,,, the.r eape.ienee ..haljuld dd nauag ihe.. C.. R jn ! 4 f' J' c W iT ;,:h.,r.i!-LindJor.i!m..rewme here' .... , , t L , t i e vr.!y G..d Tl.i-g." aMf the Meira. TLf... M.jj f we won't So home till .U..rni.,! Mb ' Shtr.ff rer.Irrd ,hat he douhted . ! jn, tea d cd avl deii Cen. D-n cWJniV,' i. .bU? we are you,,. Who eare. ,m,,r ' "'t f "I 'Jnt. Ttfl Tl Cu.tBrt la AmerlCX-The J Shuuel I!j;iei, d,d M.are Th-t i. Ke TJj n" ' ' T . PrMfCP;1, "T'T ,"!V'' f ei? na.-F Th ran Jqaene of lliia i ,,.u l,wl ,,e w' ,h !' N Yrt T'.'.tMie hat Uu di from U as we ai. iof.-Li.!. il.a Iv4 wf them. W ft,,,,, , .v u 41y the genml rrtuhi of my r is i.e i-ilferiog of money drawcra, the if Ur KnU! ianirdiuly at. the Tea :auii. o of Mr Juuiua 3mh, Oen. Ki.;eoo wat ai ih- buU of Cliuni. jy. rkj(. 0e aW , Jtfr I S'.0"!; , , . . Unii. I, of employment. gru.el-I l'' ,"' " j')!1 ,h" ,h " C,te S' C P1-"' in bu" a- fe''' t""','- " '' ' ?aSi i ,, V ' ?7TTf 7?'? ' " 04irrin.A;--.&c..unti one of thue enter-1 u,"-. P forth, apparently Mo0.n. anl at heahhy and floumhiiif beo Hovernor of .rie:. Mexican Suim. .:,., vM..iMin ia wnmentof the Cmrri A..f.ia pri. cileien cr pursuit of tl.e fr",n f""'"" a. ihoK of Chin, ai the .a.... r-,,Ce ol ,n w, much .eurei e l. Thi pmeral v V J"':5; .r 10. IF t i. h. lru,-.ee and .cnt for all the Suh . -t 1 eo.J Lvin." the wotld o hi.n. put. P'er ,,,1 .rpr. print to the .M-e.eion. Cro,h. Ew, ,hi..tf Ih.U rt..rahle.aiid death ,no, tieuer.Ja and rnih-ary ,n. b" : Vwn1 "!!Jr ",".fd "f " niaena. P"". n nunc ii 11a m wt t w av t . 1.1 a ,1 warble P.d:tee at Sing S.ng. l.en ihejy ""nt1y look otr .heir hat. and . - - f... .1,- .1 ...... eonrluMOD. ha rawed hi idert dewtfiHg. but tmt .nth a one , e .NMitta with thtii own CK,matf o thrii i eiattfd merit. j The great eiror in this case it b!e. The world owea you a living II-w i I it I.y good;ul,,or"-' KWtH 1 1 -i v ymi earnun If you have, whether on ihej the pulpit, or as a teacher, you j iiivil or in hive arqi.i hive acquired a ju,t right W a hvlihoml. , , . ... , Hut if vou h ive eaten at inue U-UA n e..r..ed.or worse si.ll.lo.e Imle or no! fnriteua amone sportsmen, must render inirmh.c.nr the erowth of the tea plant god. the world oesy o.l n(. You I nprartiealde. Ii i,; into the Unned S.aie he wiH certain y may be worth million and aide 10 enj..y , kn"" Je..n.nlrt, Patent IMle, is de- jJeserve a name of gold and the gratitude ev.-ry imaginable luxury w.tli ...I care or " ' ''" IIa repeater, of the whole country. elTot!; but if y..o haved t'.iniio in-inJ ' great d.fliculty of cap- t "27" - .. - . rre.e the turn of human rwiif-ria. inid ! of the world owing you any tiling, a louUj have bahhlod, you are morally a bankrupt i and a beggar. ' j Mankind are just awaking to a rnn-' ciwiieM v( thu duty reiing on every i. ...i... nil n.ii l ... liia il iv 1 ai.J in hi phcra. All re not e;il ed m! t!i or - a a sphere of u-efulne. alloitrd to m it Ii him bv Providence, and i unfiithful 10 i !' lata wa wa-nvt. ui " - - ?. hit high tiM if he dcert. it for idlt pomp and heedless luxury. One man may be fitted be nature and inrl.iuiion for an ar-' r... . ..:i. .,,.1 . ,i.:i f, l..... 1,-, .... fitted for an id eratnl a drone. Those . , . . ..... ... ;,;,. r ,. " " "I JVZ : h Zti . . V ; Iridije. Thi it at the rate of 12 shot puce. I have ncen the sermon of emt- n ,t u, n . b m,n iU t'u,U in en. ' P" hr pen-on who ha practis-. nenl " divine" sent to the pre without But ha no a nth man ihe r.tfl.t to en. . wjh h- . I , of f .n,s ( de.; 0 lh diviilon J"T 1 k ?i ' 1 I t "r';' , ,! ! Anotl.er ' '"'X "f C" i now : of the sen.ence-srrmons which, if pub won 1 be the lust to deprive himol it. lie; j a. s,i. ,, ..ri. na ... . , . , ' . ... i nearly . romp etcd by the paten res, in ' li-hed with the imperlcrtions ofine man- ha a natural and egal rwht to posses .... ' . . . . ' . ......, ... :, 1.1 ,u nri..ir'. ,Uv, ; ,TJ7 U . T r7,.nnJ Z 1 iZ n he : to others, but he has no moral right to be j useless because h ha. .unerior mean of bei, H.ef.,1. I-rt I ,r,..n,l biu.tell ..... .... with all ihe true cmforta and true luxu- r.e of life : lei ihe ma.ter piece of art mile upon hi.n in his gdler.es, v,d the mighty mind of all age. speak to h.m 1....M him Iil..rv. rtlanll? ilppu nl.4 t ,.rj ...i r,- ,,f i,oe he loves' radS; ioTonelr .'round t. Let him no-i : .-... ..v......... , ,. . , . r' i se tn abundaace the means of sat,s ymg , " , S . IT? i frill TZ i a id become wiser, nobler, larger in soul, i ... . ' j than hi less fortunate neighbor. Bui let him never forget, and if he is properly trained he never can, that it is his solemn j - l r..i .. I.:, r.n . es4ci illv to the depressed and eiilTcrinv 1 wil!l a piece of t'0,t, tnr0"S" , the efTorts which ha e been put forili tin- imbedded t lite hip in the rand tl. it 10 labor for their benefit and mffcr if' cenlre of w,li(1' '? sma'ltl,olc 10 admit; ring the last few years lo make India a j had run in around him. Ton of quick need be for their elevation' I 'n,',e piimintr. The execution: cotton growing counity that might rival j.md and gravel being eiipported above him The servile idolatry with whicli igno-1 . . ' ranee and vulgariiy have looked up to! . ! . . ' power and wealih the hosannahs which j f. . t I . . f .1 . 1 IO.MC 1IJ4.1I so... IIIUHCS 111 me uuuv VI a Ihs trampled million have sung before the .. . 1 , ' . . . ri live butternut tree, cars or conquerors and other scourges of ,n. ... , .. , the earth-are fad.ng and flitting forever. , Pr!",nf 1 nmMf J. h,;'n la the twilight which succeeds this gross! 100 arc PT? ,? ' h?' r.Ti ' ' darkness, there comes a season ,,r moral '"PP1'" w"hnnt l anarchy, when men, having lost faith in i - Ihe juggles which once blinded and bound The Love of Ga.d The following them, resolve to believe nothing to de-j remarks upon the California emigration cry and prostrate all lhat rises above its ! re from the London Time. The hope hnvesl level. Now, ihe laborer wiih his j that the world will become wiser, lo any sinew, returns hatred for the contempt; practical efTec', from experience in Cali oncecist upou him, and savs What I'ornia, wo believe is likely lo be disap good is there in anyihing-hnt manul la-1 poinled. ihoitgh it is to be feared many bur! away with all else! those whose la- unforlunilc emigrants are destined to en hut is chiefly mental are 'deceivers and i dure much suffering when it is loo late molds!" H,",t this is a transitory ebul)i-' tIerive benefit from their experiment: lion. The world soon learns to respect! " Our age is steadily advancing towards il benefactor in wh.-itvir tnLnro. am! m! Eood in much, bul in one thing it shame- realize that he whei truly and honestly ex- """V g'a astray. In iu humanity, it is trtsliitnstlfinsome deparlmentofnserul'gfand; n ' hiM of gold, most pitiful, f lTurt, may justlvc'ann a brotherhood with 1 niosl mean. With u ihe great social sin all who toil, ind make and earn. Letthe! poverty, the great incentive to crime tich cease to look down on the poor ihe ! the possession of wealth. As a stimulus merchant on the porter; let each respect! o this modern vice the discovery of Ca liedignity of man, and whether in his own I lifornia threatens lo be disastrous to ihe person or thai of his lest fortunate brother j lel haughtiness and pride cease "on one K'de. and envy, jealousy and 1m t red, wiih heir trains of direful consequences, will vanish f'om the other,, and all animated in common concord to the all inment of thu highel good. Popular Tumult Quelled by Prayer. correspondent of ihe Puiomirg Ga Z'ltt relate the following circumstances, as received from the late sheriff of that cwn.y. Mr. Forsyili: "Some time in the eatitse of ihe pasi -Ve-ir, he, Mr. Forsyili, wa lallud upon lo exemee bit authority for lie uppreici! of a Urge diaordeuy Meeting. Hne here in suburb f tie tiiy. At the time of Lie arm at on the ground iliere wa eve-: ry tnaudemiion of an immediate and tie- lent outbreak; and h.b;i.t at dehbem- inf. about hi duly in the premise, he apiiroaciitu i.y me ant, mi. Mrk- Lnd. who acied tt ron-picioea a part in " ' moat a.demn manner pro- ,,ounr.' J Uw kwilirtioii wiih whuh eM.; ' ""'":u 'oo j . . 1. 1 : .1 . f 1 ,1,r, ,M. w the ecme of hit j A. I lit- . IIOW laiitla.l tTtfti ta-Mtartean Sam l aa ' i - " nni iitniiiiE vtliTlMfll III a BE W jn haa jut beer, brought out , t'.i""'.ue lit more leei- I"" M priming eacli load, and alro 10 1 ,,c "-uinuiniy nee irnni oin, auuea 10 . "mrn, 'olf 8 we '" never een equal-, 'e'' ' J",,rn of fJoinmeiee say it , PPf rnre "(l wtKht doe not differ, ro,n f,,e common tun-except dial it ha) 'roil breech with a wooilen stnek. i n VmfU. contr,,,,"",' '". ti t ai.wti 1 ha eaaaw r t m . 11..1 i...a n. . . . " as ,)c 8 ' C,M1- A eartri.ltfe ii a 11 a if a r'.'1" " re"'ng, ana nn pi.mnriiie f" P 'le tl.e barrel light, a ," bIo,;,t of.,le' '? hiil n. and l,,r S"" P"'" ,lu "wnarjit an at one motion. It is to simnle that it can ' nanny oy nny acciucni sei out 01 omcr. ' .. 1 . . . ' It i rapuhlo of be.ne h,aded al the hreeth a ofien a n 1a fired off, and at rapullv as ' mn-h,.l can n....t0 throw in a ear-' '. P -f rnii..in 21 rariridgee, , .L ""' ,,,iu MK7 ",e ,,e ne am.' utc " '.' iMiiiiti uiiii iH-ranie etiim. aome 01 jrm ' 1 anii. i r. . .. .i.. ..... . k y ir..-ir it . ..iiun m m.iui rm m iw cesaively without any m'crruption. I ne an .imeraie uiocaueau as a ieuow urner j ,',,,, ,h8 24d. ball M fired, thi fitted to be a woodawer than a printer. ,)e UMiJas lh(j fiwl ,oa(Ii NoboJy u.0lld have believed that such f ihe hpm h- nj , f;(uU, wn owi ,ft ; j . (h. M Mrelcneia of the author. t. .. .....l..n . . .. "j vi e"is"i "s mnimw W MP?W mn. ? ,h. .. But ihe chief atreneth of this formula- usea, anu lor wnicn, iiuicco, tite gun w m.mf.dmi. Thi cartridge, " r"-'. i" 'imply lo.ded , . , ' ' , . ' ., Knit A linlli.iD J'nnii f j..l nr miliar a ball. A hollow -cone 1 1 lead, or rather a bullit elongated on one side in a hollow i cylinder to about one inch in length, is ! filltd with powder, nod the end covered 't ", oo let-j surprising . lli'iia nvnrfltiiiiir aatiin ' mijaawtal ttniK !rii ' ,han ry thing else c nnected with the. min &. I..rlv inily fliA nnlla urnra hilnoi ' ' gun. At loriv inda the balls were buried 1 .1 r ... :...i :.. .... l..i.. r higher morality of society: anil it ts witn much the same sorrow as we tect in reaa ing the statistics of pestilence that we hear of ten of thousands flocking out to dig for gold rather than gain their bread in manlier and nobler ways. For there Is much lo be done yet in the world. There are vast regions of untrodden waste, which, with industry, could be made fruit - . . ... i fid fields ; and this conquest ol man over nature, instead of purplexing the world wiih fears for the currency' and misgiv ings about ihe 'depreciation of the circu lating medium,' would give food to the famishm; and labur to the unemployed, j ! When uih extra. ; gnu ftk are gi.en I fur the tuo.1 ordinary ierr.ajc at San Francisco, we eai.ii.rt hm rb-nt lm ,.,,., better it would lure been if aS the money that hat been taken cut u I WLi . I ama more bad Uen applied to useful purposes at home. At it is, we a-eUl Imle promise trigonei! advarbg in Aw Califon-ia fascination anJ we ..? hope ull..rin l. .d P,i. from hit nlanlaliiin. He I. 111 iMriMVu'Vt aal.:iye nmn her c,f rla.. a..d a tred en..eli for !f, ro,i!.on more. Tl.e Black dwcrip- uon tiiontomt fl some time since, an'l Iatejf him quite a force of lahnrera. hatinf re- eently rent i, ,he North f,,r ahou, ,.,, hand. lie nan uUn niaJo tery vurrm ! t t tr 1 a fill aH.trtl (fl BtfWM llaa fiaT nil nliimfll ak " aK I ... . ... i li.a ncx, year a en.p wit w quae an j v ---",BapAa- iv tmv hi mr 11 1 r a maj- a ubb w? ata a ,j m - v vr hp v ..--. ...,r. mr. ..urtrr.. ............. ...u Um..r .u " HUlim ana rriEUEg. J. I . Uucli ; lagnam, 111 iii teuea 01 reiuinit- rence in course of publication in the Bo ton Courier, speaks of the imporanre of the printer lo the author a follow s Many who condescend to illuminate the dark world with the Sr of their cen i" Inrot.fih t.e eolun.M of a newspaper ni io miiir iiiaa Baaa t enaw raattaiAe aairi.a .lmoi ' f-caied by the smoke of a lamp. gr.'onmar, bad orthography, and wore pnnetiiatinii. I hae een the argument of liwver. in hith r i nte a scholars. sent to the printer in tin ir own hanJwrit- . I. t .... ...l...: tiiuv wius, anu rfrriuiiy utii.ii- cM.a misspelled, mid few or 1,0 point. and ihne few, if there were any, entity our of ' if I were the author. Suppose they had .u,, nr;,ltPd. 'the nrinter wmil.l hte rl." T" J. T .u , . " 7 " .'. " " " TT. "T" Anil no one but me practical printer kpows " i t 7"""-1 how many Imnr. .m.. "tin a prooi-reai.er, i von. ici.eu leuu in redacing to a readable condn.on man. "scripts that the writer, lhcnuil.es would . , . ...... . lie nilZIIeil lO read. i r Cotton in India. Ail article in the London Mornin? Chronicle shows that J me unucu ciaies... nave, eniireiy laueu. j It m ns r..iTnaai mill nKmtikii innnl t I It notices the failure and abandonment of fl.n ..nnpiinaiil. 1.1 onllAii i.i.llil..m Ih'il the experiments in cotton cultivation dial have been carried on. under Dr. Wright's superintendence, al Madraf. This enter prise, which had for its object the produc tion of an article less palpably interior to the cotton of America than the present badly-picked and indifferent Indian com modity, wa ze:ilousy, and even lavishlv. supported by ihe local government; hutj the late failure of a similar experiment in Bengal, after nn outlay of abui -C100.H00, had already ' given fair warning of the probable issue f Or. Wright' efforts in the sister presidency, and wi:h its aban donment would seem to settle the ques tion lhat India will not again become, as it once was, a great cotton growing coun try. In 1790 Americn did not expoit a single pound. I:i 1834 she exported at much as all the rest of the world put to-; from Jibe lime of their commencement, geilier. And in 18 J6, out of 467,856,271 i These papers are to be bound yearly and lb, imported into this countrv, 401. 9l9,!desooRitcil in the library, as a valuable his- 393 lbs. came from the United Siaies, while only 34.546.143 were supplied by the East Indies and Ceylon I The total value supplied from India in 1845, did nol exceed 000,000. The Pate of Military Hen. The world is full of singuUr incidents and co incidences. Two year ago, a number ol brave men both Americans and Mexi cans met togther on the battle-field, as if anxious to die. They rushed againsi each other, sword in hand, tip to the can non's mouth, and Inriously stormed ihe high tnrreted citadel, in the midst of rock ets, bullets, and death; and, strange to say, ihey escaped the death ihey ao bravely laced: and die war being ended, they re turned home, covereJ with miliiary glory. B.t o at-oa a tley wet omfi-riaLIy; teulrd at Lome, and Mrtight fx linger to die; de vJj legtu 19 tittle iLrm c'i. and they durfrd rff coe fcy trie. F-ral. rnrjicg ifce Ar&erkabt, Oei.1 Wi-rth died. Then the Mriieac. as if itoeraacej ua w N r. aini Gra. Paretics, te t-.l3.or of i!.a tar, t .1 .t '? . ... .1 . .1.1 ..... f Y rorretfclne!scf(K)i-Aio.1n..the!r,n,,f'r' ', J TCS VF" !o lht.9 Wtf,il c.wppr.iv..i. check it taken off whicli keep: 1 Ltei tindi r re. train! Hie p sKMia r men. .Mean de. rc4- sou and religio 1 inpife. Illtr AHllllVt UID t 4 .... I. a a1.. tumul, of the ine and the W .!. ; proper viewa of hitman life are IWoiit'ti; 1 a 1 a .t a a !fltl allaaf a at Im1i flat tllaWt-. fhIV If ft La t ata - 1 . ' . . . . - . ,en.rm. t t.e part tt.ey nave to net in the . ; ex poking iheii.-ch:... are bantvhed from jihe.r thouihi. -lo-mouow WI r' a ih.a day. an more abundantly. i the only voire. . Inrlamed by loriety, and nrru,aIe,l from on? .,00e fa,nPa.n,".n..lu tnotlier. the spirit ol not grows auu swell, till it end in bmtal excci. - ' : BITwIEO ALfVC. A Scotchman by ih name of Mcintosh was .iat week engaged in thi village m walling up a well for Mr. Owe the well was thirty feel deep, the wall had been raised : ten feet when, in removing the lower tier of r ribbing prepjftj'ory of rai ing the wmII (till higher. Mr.M. discovered the eand and gravel muting. Thinking it only a flight quantity that had commen ec4sliding, he adjusted the short planks over ihe top of the walled purt to prevent the dirt from falling into ii. While doing th'Ohe r.ribhii'tr gave way with a crash. BjifHfss followed by a general raving in from all aider, when in an instant be wa covered with slabs, plank and dirl to the depth of ten feet, he bein.tr uboul twenty feel from tho surface. It wn auppnsed thai he was instantly killed; but le the life of a fellow-being might be sacrific ed by neglcrl, oprraitons were immeui lately commenced fur gelling bun nut. . .... ..... . . n?tln " WM l";,re ,r,n 3 composure """tand and gravel, tl wa i.eces.a.y to commence by cubbing. I a few m' men two oi three hundred persom were collected, all anxious, to assist, bill from the nat row limits ofihec.irMiing only three or four could work. After about four Honrs, ami alter tiepeni!ing aDout nnccn hour, and after depending about fifteen to say, " lie en Inl Hie dirt i slipping in amund me !" It wa ascertained that he was nntide the new cribbing, and that llio whole body of the loose eartli above him wa arrested by the diagonal position assumed by the old curbbiug in falling. If.ivinjr hi.n room lo stand erect, being ty me accidental position oi sians n .1.-1. .. . '. aU nrt,.lAa a.. Iaaio atluli.t. )IUI1KeI lilt ninritia n iyv rinuic earth, every precaution was necessary to avoio lllMurniiig uniii. iu una rmidtion, his life resting upon ihe stability of slid ing rand, he wa doomed lo suffer Tour hour more, till by Inrtdi'olls the dirl was carefully cleared an as to get him within the nub, from which he was lifted into the free air amid the deafening cheers of the anxion spectator. The cave-in oc curred at about half past three, P. P., and he wa rescued about half past eleven o'clock, al uihl. Youngt-town (O.) Republican, GW.39A. A striking evidence of the wisdom of the setileis of Minnesota is afforded by the action of lite legislature in passing a vote directing the Secretary lo subscribe for all the newspapers published in the Territory lory of the time for future reference. Equality A Cabman's Argument " Ior, sir, them as tork about hequali ty don't dp nothing about it," said the driver. " S'pose We was all equal at this here minute why we should be just like old Rhode's cow a grazing: we should all on us get a good feed; and jest as we'd done, some preciou thief or other would quietly 'drop in and milk us!' A young gentleman feeling restless in churvh, leaned forward and addressed an old gentlonii i Ihn Pray sir can you tell me a rule with oiit'n exeepiinnr"' "Yes sir," he replied, a gentleman ahvavB behave well in church." 11a bljeet of il.e folio in Corre. pondem a i one t! e dicuten of which t-ae ckrpoceiy fifrained from rditari jlltf !:! . .-t.l.ljk.l m,. ll.T ..MAM. 1 loin 0tiLoi,a.csmtti5ra!i. n.te- rue te :hbujht e f jw li.ai mrh dii- auljcct of high iiupoium-e to the hole " the councils of the nation. The ration of. ; tiunt ar abroad, and every moint nl inui ,. ... ... ;. V liHiatTf It UUItV "a t .a a . . " ZtcZ . . ... . . v. r i .-.i .ibtuvn mil aV Hi. Jill UlUKila !i WUIU IJillr ! . . :.. .... ..... ... if r t . ... ici it. ttv wriiifj ui liuuia ii a.i - iiiirav.i.a. - ajJ s tcJ b ltt ,f ant, iincril!..d.i. advoeale. r.f lbe.e Iwu ...it.l clie.0U4ineasurelwilllini.re3!.d violence C0,lfirmPd pertinacity. It i. most !fvijet , me thlx ,!w fju,n jlief wiUbe j jn . . by fie movemem, ihus menaced, a I hold 'it lo be certain M Sa0 of 8HU(b wi pMif Jv acquiesce in cither f the agf re-tions al hided lo. I regret lo perceive that there is an erroneous impression wid ty preva lent in the North that the South ia neith er in earnest nor united in any iclieine ol opposition and resistance to the insulting encroachments UOw so fiercely threatened. If thi impression is permitted to remain uncorrected until either of the meditated outrage referred to shall havo tern per petralud, it is to be feared that it will be too late lo save the Republic from conse quence loo dreadful to be contemplated without a feeling of pauiotic solicitude and alarm; whereaa it i my firm convieton that, if the aober thinking men of the free State cm d once ascertain the danger that demagogues and fanatical agitator are fast bringing upon them md their unoffending brethren of the South, by Uie aJvocacy ol scheme of injnstic and oppression wi tch cannot possibly result in practical benefit lo any sec non or Stute of the Confederacy, they Mould rise up, without further dely, and say to the agent of sedition, who have heretofore sported with fu ir credulity and ubiiic.l their confidence, thai the period has at length arrived when they wdl not longer permit them, in their name, to trample the sacred provi-ioti of the con stitution under fool, and embroil the Leg islative council of the nation in unseemly and wicked contr er?y. Taking this view of the uiiiitcr, mid knowing lhat you have hail an opportunity of ronlmiiig freely during the past rummer with your fellow- citizens ol IMorth Carolina, I venture lo lay before you the resolutions recently adopted bv the Southern Convention of the Stale of Mississippi, and call upon you lo say whether or not you approve them, and whether they are, in your opinion, approv ed in ihe State of North Carolina and lite South geeerally.' Being a prominent mem ber of the Whig party, you will doubtless feel authorized to speak, in language too explicit to be misunderstood, as lo the probable action of your political asoci-iir in the South, nhould the present scctioiml contest be pushed to extremities. In tlx, Convention o Mississippi, you will ol- the Union. If, however, it were to with, serve, both the two g'eat pointed panics draw all the post office from the slave of the country were equally repiesenied : holding Siairs on the ground that the riti- ihe lesohnions, unanimously adopted by j that body, may bo therefore regarded as, duclaraiive of the views and Icclngt of tl.e wlnde State. However it may possibly complain of sm h action as if it involved Lf! elsewhere, I can assure you most con- j a clear infraction ti the letter of the con fidently that the people of Mississippi stiiiilion. look upon ihe slavery question, m it ex-j In a word, if the Government should rating us pens, as above party. I am well adopt the noli. of excluding slaveholders. aaiilied that this is the condition of thing genc.ally in the South; and I Impc thai; you will feel justified in expressing a con-j current op nioii. 1 had the honor ol auilre8iug a lew uaya lion might remain ihe me. it character since inquiries tim.hi to those now pro- would be essentially changed, pounded lo you lo your distinguished col-) Ought ihe Southern State lo acquiesce league, the Hon. Wilie P. M inguui, who; in tin, grei organic change in our politi proposes, o soon a the physical indis-j cal system! Ought ihey to remain mem posiiion with which he is at present afi bcr of an association which had, in uttet dieted will permit, to declare hi views' disregard of plain consiituiiond gnaiantie, upon the whole subject in a somewhat ex-j degraded Ihem from their position of equa lended form. I am gratified lo know, and lav! A hi-lorv furnishes no record of to be specialty auth irized to fate, that he hilly and warmly appiove ihe proceedings of our Mississippi Convention; as was cer tainly to be expected from one always ready heretofore, as he has been, lo defend the honor and safety of the South against aggressions either actual or meditated, from whatever quarter ihey might emanate. 1 have the h mor to be, very rordiallv ami respectfully, your friend and obedient 'servant, Hon. Tiios II. 3. FOO lb. uh reference to Ihe abnlitum of! L. Clinon&k. very in the Oiairict of Columbia, 1 will Jby er. Ctt gc Jir. rta. City of WaJtluftact,Njeai!r It, UiJ. PcatSia: Youitwf U.c lO.h inu.t haa terarerri(J.a hirh ynu ak y own tiew. a veil aa wy opinion, ae tn m hat r ill be the eocre of the Sou;4, it eishi t rf tl.e ri'niirgenciea refrrred tc. Yi t-r ikiiumh at a repteteabitite of on or j pariie to it. The territory if the U-i " 1 r . Statia a well ai tht ir citizen. A d F- rent e, however, eit -fuong ihem ii' laii m. t the institution of ltrry. W.'trn the CiHi-tiiution a at formed twelve of fe ihirtrrn State weie l tvehnldii;. Ttt .1 inurnment, though ii ina clautosr aprelv inserted for the protection of the right inn ! ; ... .. ...... i . ; iiiiriraia f.'i viatriuiiurrp. r...iiiiiv ... uir f( a),,iOM of where. If .1 - I.Wrnmenl. tl.ee. fn. can properly exercise aueh a power in any instance, u must be because it dulic as a general agent, acting so as 10 meet the in teteit and view ol its principal, require it. But fifteen of the thirty State of ilia Uninu still maintain the institution of tU very. It it nbvious, tlintforc, that the Government could not, continently with it power a a general agent, exrlud th lavrhdder a a class from all participa tion in tho enjoyment of the territory of die United Stale. It i. on the contrary, under solemn obligation to resptet the rights of all. It has always her. n fore, as I understand it action, show n a sene of this obligation. When the nnirh-i!!..d of ordinance wa adopted, by whirl) the trrritory north of the Ohio river wa mode fice, all that portion of country south of the liver to the (Julf of Mexico wa left to be occupied by alavehohler. When ilavpry was abolished in the northern pait of the Irfiuisinna territory, the wither u portion, ngsrdcd as the most suitable for slaveholders, was left to be so oirupied. On the annevatiion of Texas, when a pro vuin iig .inst slavery north of SoUti' was incrpiir:ited, much the larger and more va luable portion wa left still for the use of tdav holders. Hut ii it imw proposed to adopt the po licy of excludini Ihvi'IioIiI rs, a such, from till the territory of the United Siai.. Thi would be an enure revolution in the action of the (!"veriinient a reolntimi which could in. I occur without a total Vi olation of the spirit and essence of the con stitution. Since those citizens who do not own slave are permitted to occupy every pari of the territoiy of the Union, it ha been doubted by many whe her tho Government can rightfully exclude idave holders from any portion of the common property. Bui, even if there should he a power to divide the public territory for convenience between the two classes, it is pcrf. i tly clear that there ran be no right to exclude one clas entirely. I have heretofore mid thai I should regard urh an t xeluainn a being a great a viola ion of ihe constitution na the Government could possibly commit. Hut even if this action should be viewed simply a an enormous abuse of power, it would be not the less olijeeiioiiablo. The Govt rnmen; ha uiiliim ed power in relation t the e-i.iblishmciit oi punt office throughout ten of those States were nol worthy of ihe countenance and aid of ihe Govern- j men!, we should have a much icaaon 1 . a such, from all the territory of tho Unil- ed Si lew, il would in ubtance andeffuc: cease to be the Government oflhe United Sute. While llm form of the ronstitu- any peopl who have prospered after they bad forfeited iheir sell-respect, by submit ting to he degradcJ t a slate of political vassd ige, I hold it lo be lh duty of the Southern States to rril this change. Thai resistance, lo be effectual, should be com mensurate wiih the violence of theattvk. j This they owe to the cause of cnnt.lu- lional liberty, lo justice, aud to Ih ir own honor.