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I m""" . I I. to iW lAptmmg SutM, tl swb aa rsVat w ivr ib tiw. wooh! j , A luf .- ia o!Jt t lie " . iLrsi:.Kfit M we,Id.slBLeap ubl pe M uraa U UM.it! at" 1 Ihc itwi.Bc .f ihe i- hbb-a e of we, m Jrf bafcu- of the Suce B-l !" j ,! " placer.- of C sl.A-aa. I.... I rwotrwl lU local affairs fcff Having aeeest to muitU "alevcf ,be" th,s Di.uirt. Sh.U Cr'S. therefore. Urn wouU prudeee and thru industry .. mcrraliua. it hum Bfirsiutmr, wva.ii " -. nidir ofaaanof Ifraimv oioetliirg sad - . .- .i j fi.Wnee fro b st-rft a iiwrwfBi, Vmj sk. in ihe wa4 laee, wh I !. Mirr l.ltlr to b tb tmtf of lo.Ia wU 4 ewnuBXfurr crr.',irir ktohj ana nriu.iuinra, m rmri TIiW wMbttt ine ff t.e Je karioj Ijr &tj rnttmnl Vi a gener-i f nr fi.WrU witabtr of i-!aileu Wl.at tun inch f n-i.1 tralu to litiwa ti I.Kk I aj any doubt. F IjmI adjwnt loritief.UUieuiuket which poviiion. and the pnerfl j M..ht to hear a her. I had.ia itiliwurea brmr!: umeIiffcltfbfi;hlbi!rtioii!riui!rt fn-m riiia la tMirer their of Kewterlr. But I la t-a r4iiiitd , farm pr.kJucU at a cftrap rate au-l apfrdi ton ipr(M !T Uit fallant aiand M, aad yt aW to the a!u of ihm h'd. liKh that id le Su t la rmcltr lalrn. j A a fariwr I.a.arref t natUt, a he ha t!rby !ion that le will not, can sell lu proJuoi. aa lie caa hny elKp a'ania ler ii"r in lh hourwfdafjer. lv hia upptie. o are hi land aluaU but tlial ht will, if neetwarT, t-ie the fra it rank in t' ftru'le for Ter a ati in of the rights an! li!ertie of the rl.i race of ihe South. The union of.altWHt 3 ihe gieat sdtanlagcs erjycd Urt' partses in Mistisippi is tTpe ol whil will occur else- here. The SSouh-j ... Ci,i...mliii k lii mi fiulinir. VIII Wfcaii-w wtii - on tin question, as they cm have bo I one destiny. 1 have no doubt that over the entire Soush there would be a 3t;ly great er unanimity than r iitcl in ihe old ll.ir ken slase lales when they deciled lo rcit Britioh S2greion. If a ff w iud tiduals hou!d auen.pt lo take a diiTerent course they woi Id be swept away in the general current. Long belre t'te struggle s'k'uU eotae l the worst the Sou li would piernt sn unbroken front. I a n not unaware, sir, that in making so brief and roitciee a statement of my tiews I incur the risk 'f miacotiception ! snd of miiirepresentatron, but I onld feci that I did not spprerialo the momentous nature ol the subject if 1 could attarh eon sequence to mere presonal cuiisiileratinn. Very repcctfullv. vour o!edient servant. 'V. I CLING MAN. Hon. II. S. Toore. I. S. Since the above letter was writ ten, it Ins been submitted lo my Col lergtie, Mr. Manyum, and be concurs ful ly in all its general ronelusion. and avows hi purpose to make know n hi view at length st sn early day, and entertain the iMinin thai the federal Government has po power lo legi.late on the subject of slavery either in tlie states or the I ern titiier.aud that all preeeilen!, whether le gislative or jtiiliri-il. because adopted with out eoiisidcialion, are not obligatory. T. L. C. From the JIuntsTille (Ala.) AJte.I RAILROADS-HOW THEY OPERATE. Kailroads between importanl points, run ning ihiotigh intrt veiling regions of coun try, produce results utterly surpassing the calculations of the msl sanguine. Their eflVe may be in some measure sniiripated, but the anticipation i not up to the reality. As a rapid menns of intercourse, for travrl as v eil as fr trade, they have proved un equalled. For safety they art not more or as ditngeioiie as a strambntit or een ihe stage. For eeitsinty, ihey have sp primdied a clock-like regularity. For transportation, they have not bi en found more costly than water carriage, except for hesyy and bulky articles on long wa ter courses. They are spreading all over the laud, covering it uith nit iron netting; and the strain rar is snorting flame through vallies, over plain?, across rivcis, under mountains. Not only ars tkey rcnni'nting f uiius having no n-ilnrHl chan field i-.f trailp, but they are becoming the tit &1 of navigiibhi streams and course a lng their b ink. Distant cities are brought lirur new regions have, new markets opened for their productions new are lilies of trade are brought lo light new sources uf wealth are developed an in- en a-otl ishie i given to lhor capital and labor are brought into hsrmnninus and profiiahle union ihe .exchange of produce is effected with ease, with Irs expense, and consequently with more profit. The harmonizing and sorial effects of Railroads tire of grant benefit. The in habitants of distant localities are placed in intimate intercourse with each oilier. TI.ey see and appreciate they under stand and value each other. Thev see i1,p nmtmditv of i he r nteresisj. how ne. cessary and essential each is lo the other. Narrow prejudices are eradicated, bitter animosiiiss subside into friemlly rival- ship?, aud local singularities are rubbed off by a social intercourse and a useful vud prosperous interchange of commodi ties. While Kailrods am of great general West and Souih. experience has ever benefit to all in a eommuniiy, they have j ahown resiihs of a similar nature flowing proved lobe of signal profilatAl advantage, ffom h'ailrna.ls. They create and impart remote and iiiimeiUate, to the farming! wealth they are fertilizing streams rival ela s. the tillers of the soil. Farming isj"n? lh wonders of the Nile. Truly, profitab'e when ihe farmer can find aeon-j most ,ru'y may it be sail, that the farmers slant market and ready sale hi fair prices ",e more interested in and more benefit ir his products. What tie produces, is i .v Railroads, thiiii all else besides. nvnsily of a bulky nature, difficult of 1 W"ile others are incidentally benefitted, handling and costly of transportation. Un-jtne farmer is at once beneficially acted . 1-b he i highly favored with river travi- j upon by them. gation, but few articles from his farm will! bear the expense of long wagoning. In! Another Warning. The people of an agri. nltuial region, where almost all; North Carolina are undersold in their are producers, there is-next lo no home! own markets by the producers of Corn, UfirKt i lor lus prouncisoi nisianor. i ne; general want cr cost ol proper carriage huts out the foreign market from him. In this region there is but one-article which, will bcai the heavy lax imposed by ihe i!m- Ity ol acorns to market. Where , ....!. : . .i, .... - .1. . i.... !:.... i: . eurii i1, i'iit iiiuio ia mil iiimi: .nil link' diversi- tv i.i ngrn-uliunil pursuits ; and all, ra.s-, n lite saiut aiticlc, sic eflt ctrd by its, . - rfitle..oee,ia im luniM fUH : . : 1 1 M Iceman r aa i t-ii-w aw.w w- I A ; I A lutrn Lh would rpee to the t- the t.nottt snailes f the mU .before was arrdt;eiie wouhl be pro. durtitf, vkt orsUr roulJ be Ijb.U at iuaL! ia piwrorttoii I , , . , ... i r a i . i r that ad- rdtd f.r their producu : Put it t'te pneroT faioiera vo handred or Rii'roaJ fie him tlie command of the maikets ofaeitv, and though he Ui!nated a hunlrri ituies ir more off. yet he ha ,w.w J - - a ry lUelarater wU se Una is in the im- mediate tiriiiity. As railioal progreas frotn a eitr tltr.nieh tha rounlrr. I m,lf ! - . - I r We immeUitelf ii. receites the beu fit in an im rraJ trade t . snd more abund.iut supplies, Kaiiroau -. .1 enrk h ihe Lrater and load owner oil their route, and build ut tu n and ci.it s. As nilroads hare extnled their iron em brace over the country, ilhge and towns hae sprung up and grown in importance, cities i:icrec in trade end population, and the fanners a arlaes hate reaped incal culable benefits and advantagestheir lands being more valuable, and a maiket afforded for all they could produce, where before land were valueless a d a market for nothing. What tenders it so high its tlie north and fanning so profitable t It hi mainly because the raihoads have open ed the markela lo the f iruiers whatever they make they can sell at good prices ihey have both a home and a distant mar ket. Li Geo.-gi , the Turners understand met ier now. As the Georgia road a lvauced into the country , lands ro-s, towns sprang up, trade increased, population ceased to Cow out, but the tide turned in. The fanners began lo take stock io the road they beg in lo build lliem jTliey have built many miles of road, taking the stock and working their subscriptions nut with their handi, and after the road was done, have found themselves richer han at first, and the stock thrown in therrise in their land mre than equal ng their work o i the roa4. They are s'ill building other roads, renning into and connecting other places with the main road. The farmers eons ruct most of them, loo a county builds a road through its limits, the next does the saute, and so on. We recol lect seeing a statement not many monihs ago, fiom an Fmiineerof one of the Geor gia roads the Muscogee one, we think that the farmers in the region of Co lumbus were making about f 300 to the hand by subscribing for the railroad stock and then working out their subscription. li it any wonder that Georgia is prosper ous thai her I mil. are rising thai Fac tories, Foundiie., tc, are dotting the Slate over that her citizens are not hunt ing homes in new icgions that her cities are growing in wealth, trade and popula tion her towns and villages multiplying and nourishing " Look tat Savannah, how she is spending millions for roads, canals. lutes of steamships, tc, ilnwing wealth from all quarters by freely giving it out at first, l.nuk at Augusta w iili her canal for manufacttiung purposes! And Co? lunibu. the Lowell of the South t A no ble rivuhihip for the lasting welfare of the State, exist between the country and ci ties the farmers and traders they are mutually enriching, and bracing and sua taining earh other. Tennessee has commenced following the laudable example of the " model State of the South." She is building Kailrond her cities and farmers have united to gether have pul their shoulders to the wheel, and Iwo great works are tinder headway. In Tennessee, as elsewhere, wher-ver the Railroad touches, land has risen very greatly in value. Along lh whole line from Nashville to Chattanoo ga, real estate has gone up. liven while the road is in construction, the difference ' m tie vatue oi uie land on the. route now i,u' whi,t " ,v before, t- far more lhan the cntiie cost of ihe road! Mr. Ste phenson eiimates the rice in the value of real estate on ihe route and in the towns on the line at about eleven millions ; while the cost of the road is put down at three millions. In the north, the Middle Slates, Hour, B.icon, Ac, in Ohio. Tennessee, and other Western Slates. I -... r. . i'h is fact e nave onen nan occasion lo bring lo the notice of our readers, in order to encourage them lo undertake those works of Inter- nal Improvement which are necessary to it . . enable them lo comnete with tUn&n Cr.ntT rivals, ihese tm.cles or produce have heretofore come by way of ihe Western J T f ! CikIim a him and aiAn fire- ' --- - 7 .. .. , Ciiwos ri, oy mMNM nau n suk tc Georgia. Btiexaeu4 wiadooi and enerjr, ia peoeualinf I'ea- aeee. IVe see ty be Aega ia yjet, that a A of L'acoa arrit ed n that fjy lev days afo, ia eight days Imm Vm ilhr. Tens. It w aa irat ahipped k -it.e riter t Chattanoca, 250 ntilea,) l'ea afoned la l)!ua. S3 nilea. and tlltjr raU rad la A ruia 271 nilea. )a!!. SSS aide. To f ft k I seaport, (Chartrs Um or Savannah,) would owke the whole di lance oeailr ?C0 mile. Knosviite i leas than 400 ojiles from TT.lroito, . C. Now why doe ihia ry i.ne, to the I'artfie ocean; tuenee la a Bacon seek a market 700 mites off. whea J northerly direction, folloo in- the course ono might be f unj jri.l.ia 400 aides f of the Paeilie eoaet. to d:e aaid panhel of Tlie an.wer is too palpable. The tad j lortyHwo def rees North la itude, eitend road of Georgia hate aim st aimitiUted in one aurine legue iat the sea. from linse and space tv nearly tvo-Uiiid of the southern b lh northern boundary, lite 700 miles, whilst we hae stood still. od including all the hay, haihor. and al hain- approached ote mile nearer to' Wands ailjaernt b the aatJ eosl; sod Knoittte than we were SO vrar ago. il!ince eaat Irom ihe iid coa-t. at laiiiude la f.mer year we often saw Tennesaes forty-two degrees Nordu upon snd along wa'ona in our atreets. But we hae not at parallel of btttude to Uie place of be- aeen one now fur some years, nod it U'g'OBX'S (sa(e to ay, we shiil never see another. But this is not the wort. Wamas! ;rro our o nMiouUia regio.t cannot , I con were, oter suru roau as now eitst, snd compete with the eaier. and rheaper.j and more raoid eommn'icauoa hich , .. . , , " I " Hons ri.ieh nuke aminua for il atte. ! e i t- - r . . ces m anys oia, leauuij irnui any point. so that it be within Nor:b Carolina, w hich may pcnetiate thi rich interior of our Stale and the tecaiii.g Weal, Central foil , ly Ifn-.il nr IMjiit If n, Turuml m1.. Navigation. any thing, or all. so thai we may rii. t he uueily dcatrnved by ihe en-iha tcrprise of other Slates. FtyiiktUU Ob. sssissSsiiavWsaSMs Tha Georgia Western as 2 Atlantic Railroad. This liberal and noble enter prise of the Sute of Georgia, in her Sute capacity, is fast speeding to completion. The gn at tunnel, about 1.530 foet through the solid sand-stone cf Tunnel 'Ml. has entirely perforai-d the mountain, and day light broke through it for ihe first time on the 13tl nhiiuo. The cars now rnn up within seven or eight miles of Chattanoo ga, and in loss than two weeks Ihe toad will be completed to that place. The perforation of tho tunnel, or ralhei the liuMiing stroke of that great work, is thus described The great master piece of work, the Tunnel, which has been the subject of so much speculation, is rapidly drawing lo a completion. The two parties of work men, operating from the opposite sides of the mountain, met on Friday last, with a clash together of their pick-axes and shovels, when a general shout was raised, loud and deafening- We understand that a party of young gentlemen anil l uliee imide a tup lliMtigrt Hits suhterr -iican pas sage on Monday last. So the Tunnel will be completed and ready Tor use about Ihe first of December perhaps earlier." I he tunnet aWe monttonetl runs, through the mountain between Dalionand the 1 arttiessee river. CALIFORNIA. Ftjiorl cf a Scb-ct Committee to toAiVA unu rs- ftrrtd tht tuhjttj of boundarici of tht props td State 1 Your commillee are of the opinion that the presentboiindary to Californiacomprev heitels a tract of country entirely too ex tensive for one State, and lhat there are vatiotis other forcible reasons why thai boundary should not be adopted by ilii Convention. The area of the tract of country included within the present boun dary is estima'ed lo he fmir hundred ami forty-eight thousand six hundred and nine- ty one 448.091 squire miles, which is nearly equal lo that of all ihe non-slave-holding States of tho Union, and w hich, deducting the area of Iowa, is greater lhan ihnt of all ihe residue of the nou slavehold ing St te. Yur rommiiree are of opinion that a country like thi), extending al ing the coast neatly a lh ua.id miles, and more than twelve hundred miles into ihe inte rior, cannot be conveniently or fairly rep resented in it State Legislature here, espe cially as the greater part or the interior is entirely cot off from the country on ihe coast bv the Sierra Nevada, a continuous chain of lofty mountains which -is cover ed w i h snow, and is wholly impassable nearly nine ni-n-hs i the year. Your rommiuee arc also of the opinion thai the country included within the boun dary of this territory, a nw established, must iiliimati.lv be divided and sub divid ed into set end different Slates, which di visions and snh-ilivisioiis (should the pres ent boundary be adopted) would be very likely to divest the Stale of California of a valuable portion of her sea const. Your comm ttee ate therefore of ilie opinion thai a boundary should now be fixed up- on which will entirely preclude tlie pos - sibilitv of such a result in future. Another important reason, which has aided very much in producing the conclu sion lo w hich your committee have arriv- ed, is predicated upon the fact lhat there is already a vast settlement in a remote portion of this territory, the population of j the satisfaction of announcing lo you that which is variously estimated to be from we have succeededin capturing their rut fifteen to thirty thousand hurnin souls, ling spirit. Col. Win. p. Gillet was, this (ihe Mormons,) who ate nut represented day committed lo prison on his own ad in the Convention, and who, perhaps, do missions and the testimony of sn ac not desire to be represented here. The complice. This man Gillet has stood religious peculiarity of these people, and high in this community. He was long a the very fact of their having selected lhat colonel in the regiment, a justice of the remote and isolated region at a perman- peace, deputy sheriff, and once run an enl home, would seem lo warrant the con- j honorable race for the State Senate, and elusion lhat lliey desire nodireel political was once a man of respectable property. connexion with lis. and it is nossihla anil It ippmi thai shnm Ian i n.. I.. n..n. hiohlv m-nlmhls ill lh nmnifin if vnnr co.nmitiee, that measures have been or sre , now being taken by these people for the j etuUtaLmeut of lerrUorial jourtuifU fur tlteoMeiie. fur the hoe and foreeniB reaoM roer ewneiitiee are of opiaioa Uot t!e Mlowmf shotiM rmttiuie the botadary of the Slate of Cal.fornia, CemmeBfir at the aonheatl earner of the Slate, at Ue tnlrrsectia of &e fmA let of latitude forty-two degrees North with the fa al!cl of longitude one handred and siiteea west; theere Suoih, a pun and alocf ttiat parallel ol kn itade, to the boundary line betweew the failed State and Meaico, efchlihed br the treaty of peace, raiiSed by die said Gorervments at Quereiaro on ihe 30iU day f May, 1843; litenee weal, vpna and alon; aaiJ bouaJa 'General Taj tors sworn Ally .! . . - - ....a. .at - es mat uie ias sie ijuuiuht eaecuiru. vaon nu wm..- ally made perwn-1 Ttits to the depart taenia to see ileii condition i and an hon- .L,ft . . !.! cannot ioiUt eomiilaiu of sucti superri-1 . ... . . . .. . vu. ruon. Ccrtaiii!rand el when President Tavlor ondertook losee ibo law faithful- exernlrd in the ease of ihe war steauv I'.li.J Vi.i.. .t. J ' marauders who were ei g iged in ihe Co- exneditron, ho was assailed with all malignity by ihe Locofoco pies. It was buildings on the line of Ihe procession Bvanu lr Jouis, was about starting probably on the strength of his personal , ! aT of the stores sn I private dwell-, from her wharf, just as the wheels began visits lo ihe departments that General "gs were suitably decked with the insignia I move, both her immense boilers explod Jackson i re his celebrated certificate to of mourning .and the bells gave ent theif with a fearful and terrible noise, that the ability and integrity with which they iolema notes, broken in upon only by the j tering the boat almost to atoms. The were conducted just antecedent to ihe!u,,uf peals of martial music. ! steamers Storm and Bostona were lyirg; land-office and custom-house defalcatioiia j The procession moved fiom the Park ! alongside of her at the tkne, both of w huh the explosions of Boyd1, Hawkins, ' about It o'clock, and passed thtough the j also greatly damaged by the concus SwartwvUl, Price, and G win. As for Mr. ' principal streets. Upon it return lo ihe ; on. The Louisiana was crowded with Polk's peior.al visit, we can infer their Park, prayer was offered by the Res. Dr. ' passengers, as well as the steamers Storm beneficial influence on affairs from ihe Be Witt, and an oration delivered by Mr. j and Bo.iona, which had just arrived. Denhr business, and the defalcation of Mr. Collins. ItrvubUe. j were then conveyed to the Governor's , destruction, and already fifty dead bodice Frecmoat'l Greit Gold Hlnft A ! mom, in the Chy'llall, wheie they laidj have been taken from the wierk. Itissup lettef in iho New York Tnbune. dated -mil Friday morning, when they J posed dial one hundred and sixty lives, if Monterey, Oct. 1st, gives ihe following were removed for interment Those of j not more, hare been lost hy this fearful particular account of Col. Frceuiouf gold Cen. Worth were interred in Greenwood j calamity, besides many badly and r there mine. I Cemetery; Col. Duncan's ware laken lo mortally wounded. The fevee is now By far the most magnificent discovery s mai recently inauo aipon mo rancne Oi Col. Fremont, on the Miraposas river. i. i . t ii - it ia lining iiiaii tciii oi goiu lUi of Sonomans or by the company which the solid rm k a bona fiJe mine, the first The value of the Cotton Crop. A which has been found in California, j writer in the National Intelligencer esd W heiher it w as first detected by a party mates the increase ia the value of the crop, Col. F. organized last spring, and whieh.be nol less lhan $70,000,000. This is has since been working in the same loraji-, tv, is a disputed point, though I believe acienny great to prouiice astonishment, ihe credit is due to the latter. At any ' The crop last year was, m round num rate the gold is there, and in exiraordia-: bets, 2,800,000 bales, averaging 400 lbs., ry abundance. which, at say 8 cents, produced 967,209, I saw some specimens which were in 000. The crop this year will be, say Cel. Freemorrt's possession. The stone ' -.300,000 bales, which at 12 eents, will is a reddish quartz, filled with rich veins! of gold, and far surpassing the specimen brought from North Carolina and Gcor- gin. Some stones picked tip on the lop' of the quartz strata without particular se- lection, yielded two ounces of gold to eve- ry 25 pounds. Gol. Fretn tvt informed me that the rem had been traced for more unction, ami in lav or of diversity of la lhan a mile. J bor. FayclfcviOe Obt. The thickness of tho surface is two feet,' gradually widening as it desrends, and ; DlSCOVerei at Last The man who showing larger particles of void. The dip ' attempted to destroy the life of Mr. Thorn downwards is only about 29 deg., so thai! as Warner, in Brooklyn, last May, by the-mine can be worked w ith littlo ex- menus of a torpedo, ha been at last anes- penc. These are the particulars first given me, when the discovery was an- Drury, a farmer at Astoria, on whose pre notiiioed. Sirll more asloubliing fact mises were found Iwo large boxes of gold have jut come light. I WSR',e, ,w0 boxes containing valuable A geologist, sent out lo cxunine the watch works, a box containing jeweller's piace, amven nere last ntgiit. lie reports having traced the vein u distance or two leagues, with an average brendih of 150 feet. At one extremity of the mine he found large quantifies of native silver, which he calculates win fully pay the ex prnse ol setting up the machinery and working it. The ranehe upon which it. is situated wss purchased br Col. Fre-1 uiout in 1846 from AfTerndo, former Go-.serting letters, cnemical stuff for erasing vernor of the territory. It was then con- ink, punches for making dies, aud other sidered nearly wonhless, and Col. F.' articles of a similar character. n..l .. i .... L it it tt.n Art..H:. 1 1. I iiiii urn. iiiv liniment hi icavnlg me cntintry, because disappointed in obtiin ing another property. This discovery has made le a great sensation throughout- ppeclable families of the State, has lately nry : yet it is but the first of ma-' been promoted to the rank f Rear Admi . 1 i.e Sierra Nevada is pierced raj jn the British Navy. He entered the the country ny such in every part with these priceless veins, which will produce gold for centuries af- top ovoru niwi nl ?irf k f -Am Wi Ia mil shall have been turned over and wash ed out. .v. ..v.jr .f win i.s-c on. THE COCKE COl'MY COUMERFEITERS. i Extract from letter from a gentleman in Cock county, Term, dated October, 1845. oeetng you nave been so kind as to notice the efforts of our citizens to break up the clan of counterfeiters in this and the adjoining counties, 1 have concluded to drop you an additional line. I have 1 oil Ilia al(ntinn Ia mnnaii m.l-a mn. has followed his business industriously ever since. Abont a jear since, after he had become general! r eBsreeteJ!.lecLsrf ed bs reHlcnce t Haywood eoanty, N. C. There he f lared a ne gasae, prac ticing Btedicine, scilu.g cwa. e4 prearb ig oceationtlly. and was talked of as a candidate for sheriff, die. lie thought himself perfeedy safe wish the 5 sate line between him and danger; bat thatebat. rle was not so great a barrier to Wjoi Fine's operations at be supposed. That excellent Seer, accompanied by a pit looa or two of aaan s braie aa himself, weut to the residence of the Colonel, some twenty miles beyond Ue Sute line, and about the - brake of day they broke in upon hi repose, and escorted him sale ly to his eaihe county. The dirloare made br CL Gil let. whea be found his owa geilt established, were asioundiar. Cat as ihe bole af fair will be tudieiou.le hvestifated. ! ( bear comment. W hen he deaeended into the diuigeoa and looked apoa bis il as-; sociates, be said. iheie are a'toat two bundredoiliers a guilty as ihese. These two hundred are ondetatood lo be scalier ed through ihe counties of Setier, Jeffer son, and Locke. Tenn., Yaney, tioa eomhe, and 1 lav wood, N. t. Kn5t Krguler. HONORS TO THE CALI.ANT DEAR 1 he Journal of Commerce says that the funeral honors paid at New York on Thursday to ihe memory of Major Gene ral Worth, Colonel Duncan, and Major liale. formed one of Ihe moat Brilliant ; - . " " . ' I civic and military displays eer witnessed J in that city. 1 be military w ere out in j siretigth to the number of nesr ee thousand men. white every point, aaiars. and ihorouehfira fror'me a view r ' i,pos.n; spectaete w as thronged masses of human being. The pub-j " . w . . an Uuren. The remains of ihe deceased officers Cornwall, his native town; and those of -us uuvucu vu uw.ciiiwi m 'Island. I . . consequent upon ihe price in Lurope, to an exaggeration. But the amount is suf- produce 9110,400,000. An increase of . 913,200,000. And all because ihe crop is providentially cut short some 4 or 500, 0O0 bales. A diminution of 20 per cent. in qsuntity icreaaod the value about 6ft percent. " hat an argument against over pro- led. The name of the offender is Samuel on, a dox oi watcn crystals, a small box ol uiamaHds and emeralds, a trunk of si! 1 cr plate, a box of watch-springs, and i variety of other things in the watch mat ing line, evidently the result of several tlcp- reuaiiomi; also a large press lor coming. a number of steel dies, for doubloons, dot lars, and Ilanytien money, sqares of glass for altering bank notes, fancy type for in- Capt. Ralph Wormley, a native of Vir ginia, and connected with many highly re- Vut Navy at an early age, and has seen hard service distinguishing himself on I a at a a ii-.several occasioiw. tie lias oeen tonjr Post Captain, aud reached hie d ig by se niority. Shocking Accident A nvm by the name of John Pitman, was ran over on Tuesday morning last, before day, near the HOih mile post, on the Wilmington ami Raleinh Railroad, in ISdnecomb conn tv. nd iniantlv killed, lie was ivtni on the track in a state of intoxication. The Engineer was nol awate of any thing of the kind until he arrived at GoidsiMrougu. when he discovered a part of the man's rlnthes on the cow hooks. He leaves a wife and six children. Culdtborough Patriot. The value of the real estate in the city of New York, as relumed by the asses sors, is 9197,76 1.9 19, and of the personal estate 953,455,174 48. A new Post Office has been establish ed in Randolph County, in this State, by the name of Eden. D. W. C. Johnson, Es-j. Postmaster. laiell'igeaeff from CL.hiL to i Sq-iemhce. elates that the (bidrr M raging there fri fully, earning aff ftf to ity perMM a day out of a fopt-Uu bf about IS 000 aouls. Ia Durang tt eptdemie bad beet equally foial. CallSaTSll CilThe Penns. stales that three millioa seea huudrtj an J tLiny tltoosaod dojiars f Cahtwraia gold bad been rreeired at the U. 8. Mint, ia Philadelphia, up to Saturday at. The EmigratioB Isnoi Birtsra u foiled Slate, tliieyear, has amoumel u more thaa S7KN) pertoas, 8000 of a bom tut sailed withia tlie last aaoath. A Rerolutioa ia Mexico was reported ia New Orleans, on Ihe Ifkb inL, wb it appears was sn iourrectioa headed by Gen. I-ari.br e, who bad raised a sundard in aor of Santa Anna. The insurrection. was suppressed, aim its trailers executed. Kdigisci Tslmtioi It Tttkrr.As a proof of the religious toleration enjoyed to Turkey, a firman has been issued at Constantinople, inciting the communities who do not ptofest Slahomedaniam u cbose their owa members for the liar (Municipal Council). Jews aud Chri tians arc the participators ia the civil pri. t tleges. TELEGRAPHIC REPORTS. -. n.u iaj.-s? ur TrOOTDI TIrDIALitnV vn.n. LIPE. New Orhwns, Nevembar Is. A dreadfbl steaaiboat explosion tool; place here last evening, w hich, fiom its disastrous consequences, have cast a iue ""JJ'Y l"m 0,er ouf '"J"' hue tlie capactou sieame learner Louisiana. . a .... . . j i me time I write this despatch bun ; oretls of people are ar. und the secne of i literally strewed with the dead and dying. and legs, arms, heads, and other parte of the human body are scattered in every direction. It is truly a heart-rending scene, and it is impossible at this time to ascertain all the lives lost, the number of wounded, or their names. I shall send you further particulars aa soon as asccr- amcu. New Oilsans, November 17. Captain Kennon, of steamer Louisiana, has been arrested and held lo bail in the sum of eight thousand dollars. The ex plosion is attributed lo carelessness. A searching investigation is to take place. Many more dead bodies hate been found, snd it i new believed that not lesa lhan two hundred persons have been killed. Many, besides, have been badly wounded, some of them mortally. The sufferers are mostly newly arrived immigrants. The Sags el the shipping and city are at half mast. The whole chy is mourning this dreadful calamity. FROM NEW MEXICO. The following is an extrarl from the correspondence of the St. Louis Repub ian, dated " Santa Fe, September 57, 1849. MA short time since Lieutenant Colo ncl Beale, who was then acting Governor and commanding officer, recommended to ihe people the necessity and propriety of sending to Congress a Delegate, ami through him to petition Government for civil laws. The people assembled, t beted Delegates, and those Delegates are now hete in Convention. For Delegate ihey have elected Hugh IV. Smith, Esq. Ho and Major Weighlman were candidates. It is nol yet known what instiuciions the Convention will gire to the Delegate. We only know that they are' all against sla very. No practicable roHle for wagons ran be obtained from Fori Smith to thi place. The emigrants who came that way ate very much dissatisfied with the route. " The troops arrived at El Paso oa the 0th instant, Msjor Van Horn command ing. Ii is probable lhat the troops wilt not go to the (iila before next spring. Health is good, whieh is the only thing in favor of this country. No paper is published here." f nptore ef IIoaoIbIb (Sandwich Islands) Ij the French. By the late arrival from Cali fornia, news is received of the capture of the Capital of the Sandwich Islands by two French vessels, acting under the Drdcr of M. Dillon, the French Counsel Gene ral. The Consul demanded a reduction of duties on brandies of one-half; a return of one-hnlf of all sitch duties collected since 1836; the grant of equal rights to Catholics as lo Protestants, in their schools ; and other matters of redress and satisfaction. The King refused to com ply with these demands,, when the ttoops landed and took possession of the fort, spiked the guns and threw them from the ramparts, and destroyed the amunition and public store. Afler three days the French abandoned the place, and retired on board their vessel. The British and American Consuls protested against the action of the French, which is denounced as a hicl-U niJcd a outMjc.