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The Hillsborough recorder. [volume] (Hillsborough, N.C.) 1820-1879, December 19, 1849, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026472/1849-12-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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MaMarbkoettS BN MM l i-" I " , T- i
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tlrlwje i. the fcru.A nd !.iT a mm- y-r m i k,-g! J
Ur i : of our oMU toiuu H
AsMCviras) Ft. Iwrwiy ? tdrtj
year ag. and nil tm trow tha. !
M uul fdtmiiw Iters. Iw
... ... - .....i-.' it mi ;mit
l: .J AMimtM Wiatla 10 IN ia w w - - -
wtnulilUl. lltJ l,M IIH1WM PBIiMIU- - . .
leads to the csVi.rMt f sb-4, to
, - - ... nf Ml,aa.!.- Mbl tha rt
nr Mvwr i . . 7. . -
.r V " l.t. I., ll.a h.H I tu-afu. i" thrive Ml ItHupkH. stow
7 . . ..: n j ',1.1.. I P.L 00 LusxbrJ and lwei --tow
U.Ucl olrortt aa arte, and im 1M-
. . l-.Ls-m nnulurU r iitJiiatrv hwer 1 10" is l&ft whileiM IH19 if
! .mm!; iMcreasMtg the W I. iy-ewn ers after, tit Maryland
muii m liaa ii ht Hunu. jiiirwiaiN i-i" kii . - . . . .w
ItllM MMK lltU nau
Mr
.at of pu
TV 'j Ac'M
. lit U
.. In t"
"i ttratltre timet
iy 'here uttlrikinc
t. H I)ailT, M HHHIN-
A
v
lil
v- ;
1 .j
1 ,'-..
- -. . . . . '
In i7Vi. NrUi Carlin htfm iih a p
N.Uiioa of 391.371. JWhuwitt will
Yum lhal lime lo IWrt. for
forty jeara. Sorth C .'arulMia coimuI to
viilen iU f s rontM-j mI lijr ! renana
f 1820. artth a ixwulatiiMi 4 7J7.7.
Tf mmtrti
-, nJ tl.tM biiIm ftoM l!ie IttMlna t prrmkunt Ut a
m-rlrt Lou-. .iunJa tUKKI n arte I 'ihM ! I wpfiirt tW Jmt UfnMNl
' .11 r... muA IfitMMiami. ilte valual4 iMiirra rfmmkteu to ax lT
: ie lroa m a ilH..ai.1 wya, ft etoiariuly wofil.y aa.1 diMiinoaSwJ
the bfiwCl. mo ( Ae I'm J U.e aU. Irima l kfii-iIUif, u. . Jmrj
but if llio f.!it;li. lltt re sie driKMirnl ( NriU CanAiM, i 10. lrrr, rtet Mt
by torn ho male mo thrt an?al I ur.-l f lurnij-rtiltur. uuy l lurl
aniwrr (Hit Mruwenubul Lyobtoijuj ami ie irf the bert papera ibal baa prrd
ilia witbJrawaJ T llirir patroM. Vri. im any roaniry at y 1 cqmM w
bi ili.a wlwee imerraM we are inrklwital itt how. twe niy-f !it year aen, Warner
I etf t in, wmf to tir ai.!? We are ar. lun. Wjinij. maoe uny e
tare. btm it Ce(WMy JH U
rj toraar!. ant etw VI-Vr are '
tlxxixnl id fwurerd to ibe e1mio 4 a
IWrd m 12 pnrtH.ua, mtm ate to elrrt a
rrlrt ai4 bare tLe (enrral aaaasf
trut i tl afTaira f ike I rmipaHT .
lYbraercf ti c Inrklrat bIl ranae k to
be renified. Mtvltr il eeal of ilie ratJ
t'tmipary, tl al wee Btil'toa -f Jwllari hre
brea auUrrilwJ. and at Iraat 6 lii!ml
tHouMtw! d.JUi t4 aha k act a ally pkl in.
iIitm iltere t to le ilr4 iti Ubalf f
ibe Stale. I wo Mitlttu ut tbJlara to the ra
ainrk t4" ail IWipanr. Al ite re
rat Mtminr f ibe t'on'mtion. it waa
arettainrd tlial MpwaiJa i-f two ImiiJrrJ
iIh-umiuI duiUra uf tlie atork bad Ura u
Ira: when-iipou. in tnJrr to amtre lle
amiHinl nrrraaary to make J lle one
aii:iiu,it ara ieol'd by ibe t"Mne
lion Uiat U e rreaidrnt and Ilirectrt, in
bHiine i M rnlra-i fcw wotk and 4
rLda.un. im all raara. jie a rrHrrn-e
to aurb ShM-klu4.k-r aa may pr.pae or
draire lo brrtmte fiHilrat btra. Afirf
lite adoption of ll.ia Iti'wduiion.it wa pro
nard ilial a rmnpany f one bundnd jier
oat aliould lake winterer might remain
. . - . . ! f tt.m una millini. aim k.
Iff at 9 I.. lt..ulo f .atwl fl.a fjaasaatl.
ftrturea mn .' and how many eub H near and nioliiable t r aaiW4-l
l ....i.i .11 .i... a..i i... ..i.i i. i. ' and thus aertire l!e t hartrr to a rertauitr,
W I'lilM aaia wiiea . va wa , "
What And we are liappv In iitlmin yon, uiai ai
d.an to rrnJHir or Bn h .
S Mih faft44a tow wri
We iiniir all to e-Hiij'are n
eartrtJ and li'pef lt ' '
ritr, S'-h lUlUMort ,
NearOHran. IttouUi-;
pU uf Wfatem Camdiua ? -
baleairade of ifll. - -rnrar
tif lite trade of V . .
taraJa.
The Utter " fresurnil,
bif eoM$b to raiui t
Ibry alaraya ubtain rarpo
(ra fmm ibia "rt. T
trade of the T itaelf.
watered by lite 1'ape "".
CtMintiea iraverard by tle 11
When the Mat Ix-ater Ka U l.
if the rirlteat dwirirta ol I tt'.'i
ra ettmiletrd. nd tlie l)ee Kv
iHOteuM-nt and t'eniral Kail :iuil.
iaat, at bral, tlie I'Uiik Kwad in i(i '
tlu-rr ill he no pnnh to doubi thai a r.
larger lhn (.'liaileahin waa ill follow. 1
fiM-l ll e wink t4 auticipatMH la alrratl) 40
iiigou. Wt tliink rah-ly.
Wtlmimgtom Aurwt.t
IHV...lll.l.l.li.
IMKHMI llU.t. 1'
JtfTeroon riiM-tlrd many fitn ofli '
purely diflirinf nidi hitn in opiuit n,'
in eirnee waa inai uteae men m iu
-f.
;; rr4.y,r
' I rr.H.!.,,M,
' - '-irj. "
'l
. ? i br ii.-
I'oini t.f
I
ra.
'. f ar
'i""all4
a. TurLt-r
;- AKW
r ar were
t"ia. The
NlXliinj
.el. .. t iniheuW
jf tin a rcwt'ijiig
hi
I 4r-J .a.t the Jipuie
'" ' M"iorro liar bt-eaj
cm tilting a) rt,e
rrr-nh.
Ik ro.itf mr i.i he ronti :tioiia Int.
hta 'ite U via l--in l wa . rrniv
the I'fn. and here at home, growing t.p artHHMlnana.i.f V i ,"'"! 7 .:LZ:,:: 7.w i, iri.h.rlii.t lorae earant. On the 15,1, tlui
miee.fiir -Tlie I'UmirU. the I'fn. aud here at boine. growing up aroMiMl na na.fr wnmngwi. ma' " ,1 r ' T
iheAnrar i.rl.cre. we h.liee. e,rmwt3.nea and UM-.urea wiU.in wir ajMnl. to ,ml the m-Uer lyond all Idnuhl.
ahort i'l .hirtv ! in riiialmrg, nt h-lf aa own rotitnd. Wnl yon then, rarmera !
many ! We'll. U it ronfeed. it ia mil J North f 'art-liua. eontiutte to cry " fire
- .... I I - ' I I.... ... ...I v.u.a
tln ir uin rrat r t ae, lhat we are laboring lra.W" rwitiiiu- hi ernd away ytmr pn-
a little lurkr ihan any ojieratire in llntr ; mire urn 01 your own .uur. io tu j.iig
I wurki: but bi-raue. aa here we lwe le-. land and to old Ksl Hid. yo hwirg the
-1..1- .h .J.I Hjv State w;.a hnri of her i mimnirated. ih nroaiieritr and proximity coat if triiiwirtation; or will ynu rntorce
by I2T.579 her ppnlalion being then1 of the loom and the anvil are iii.lispr-nr.- aradn-y that will roinM-l the manufarmirr (
-. . .... 1 :.. ia ir ..r.i - ....... ... .1. i......l. 'iVunuyi liil-. ii lu .if ilia Liili nr
UUt&IO,IU3. DilllMiw it mi i?v. Die w un wnw w hit mm r-.t... - - - , ........, . ,,-.1l fT,r.
1 tcanai aawaa a.. I Trail ttiMatn in Ilie aatitiail. ill in 111. Ill rilllir Eit ltl aiiu aiiiiiiea nun . - -
Since the adjournment of the Cnen
tion, aa we hrar, emtie twenty or thirty
tluMiaand ihdUra hire lieen taken in Ala
mauee and other pU-ra, and it now re
maiua lubeeeen 1 the I 'J gentlemen, with
the aid of the Miitire u WiipiiiMK, can.
not he found in ilia Mate, lo t.-ifce Ilia ra
lance. We flatter ourwlrea, the queaimn
aay in fourteen era after Mi. Jefleraon
r . . a . .
:iLl it wa time to tdaca the mattufae
larer by the aide of tli" .agr'wulturi"!!
- . m . I I. .1 I
and by the united voice of every hmlliold- the wind and the roll, ni'f your own fiiW,JnaUvt,Iy.
- - . ... - . . . I 1 Bira Minn
To eflWl tint o'iiU ami to
ilie
. - -i . " -a a - a " .1 -
er in the United Kate. f.r whom wa have the iron U yur own minea. and your own f e ery Pf iiuorniatum o, . .c
Tlie iKdicv of ptotectirmbeineataUiahed been laboring c.Hi-cientiou.ly for more mntton. y.nr eCg. and ymir butter, yer Mmeti. , """ 2 ".1Z
. nlii.li
ia beat
United
et pfwfil
ntlier pmauite,
t - . i . i i ... ..ii . . .1 . . ' ftvin iia aiiait.ifii nv aavarai iiiu-int'rni vrn
bw the urtueia ami iiUnlera ot me uitiinau'ir manm ua an mtnKw ni - - -. - -
Statca. we ahould a.iv.-The eteat. Ira.le. Whew the Umm and the ai.t.1 are " lenien. ami to which all are in.tted who
I ..a . . a a .... .a lL. aai i.lnaital 111 lit fMnlltil A Itl
ile variety of, and niaiiir t, 'coe lo the pl. ujjh, milK letclica aa mnrn " ; ".
? .1 a ' t...a a..t...I .a l.ttlloe iLtita In rkjfcaFfla I BffaW mm II lie llltl s W i if iiDiaitri iai eaae liw l-"" v
' " - . . " a
: . a . a 1 - IT a r . .1.. .u.a..aa.atLl lliak tnlualKil
il.a t.lin..h .ml the borrow in our uwu: hna. whore all are at the plonirli ami mo cii.wi ioi i ....,.....r..K
iHKiy cotnparaiivety ai any iiung
a a
country." It wa. aa we neve aiaya
avowed, principally to tlcmonatiate thia
truth, the ninleri.iinling tl wlii. lt ia imha
ienahle to general agriculniral improve,
mi nt, that the Kiliwr ronnentcd again to
connect hia name and to give hie whole
mind and f.-till tea to another agricultural
periodical mw which we fcailcasly ay
deacrvee to be read by every africulturinl
in the Union, and not the leat hy lh"a
who ilinscnt fioui its doctrines, but who
are not afraid to look an argument in the
face. Let thoae who differ with us show
their confidence in their npiuine by an
swering on arguroen'a. not by reiumiig to
wrrhem.
Thore need he no noerer land on earth
than ia, natural' V, mnh of that of Maaa.
huetU a sorry and singular coiuhina-
tiun of dead looking sand and alone ! Hut
population will draw the lood even Irom
tlicse insme to the farmer a ready and
steady demand al his door, and for the rei
you may leave him to tha itiMiuct auu
proinpttnea of Ins own nature, lie will
soon find out how to increase his crop.
Catile-ahows acrve him for aniuamg lioli
lv. They aintico the wirea ami daugh
ters, and give them too, very properly, a
chance to show their ingenuity and skill
in the handiworks of the holter-ladle ami
the needle; but the assurance of a market
at hand is the ureal thinz to lii'iirc mi
rovement, for then the land gets back the
relase ol its produeta; and llie.o are soul
wilhout ruinous deductions lo cover the
cost of IratisporUliiin. Hut look ngaui al
the couroe of Ihinirs where a people Have
hciiuii loreilize tlio advantage of having
the producer surrounuVii with pioperous
conuiners near at nami. in an norm
Carolina there are hut four towns atlogeih
er, with a population rising above 2000,
and of tlii He not one rcache 5000 ! These
are:
Wilmin;lon 471 1
Favctteuille t-283
Ne'whern 315'JO
Haleigh 2H4
While MaM.irliuseit.i lias eil towns ns
ing above 10,000, amt fourteen above 2000,
ol which leu are above 0(MH) : ami men
look nt their eilucalioii d statistics :
In 1812. M.ifsachust'tls had sclnd-irs
at the public charge 158.351
North Carolina 124
Whites iniahlu to read oi write in
Masnc!iiiplt, 4.418
In North Carolina 50.001)
Thin hmk at iho railroads :
, no. -
elue. eondition of the Slate, we confidently ap
" I 9 .1 a nan i !?... I.
If vou beliive in the dotliinea. lake' fx-al l ami an. wnoiiaun w ie norm
. . .. . . -r.l.. C.....I, tl,..M....aila .1...- .1....- ...! ar.ilnu. ' ixitaloc ami IlirillO' lor till VOU OUV rcIV "rl iv "1"
Jia. l.deiermine.l.asitwas forml nmn 1 tiulv and frankly tmr opinion as to what on U i the irna road, after all. lhat will which the Rs is eipecte. t pa-s.
j . - t . ... , i
tier, to in A the iuot of it, and began, ae
eardingly, to draw the loom and the anvil
eloae around the phmfh and the harrow.
Though she had not the great material of
eoal, icon, leather or cotton, or wm.i. or
corn, or beef, she set to work lo build fac
tories; and now she makes shoes, and
idouchs. and spades, and acrews and jack-
planes, and paila and piggma and brooms,
and broom-handles, ami combs and al
Ntaaace ' in short, what does she not make
for the people of ibe good old North Slate,
except turpentine and earn; and what is
the resullt Why, at the last eensua she
had nearly elosed the gap between them.
and instead ol being IU7.W7 I'tinnn iter,
in population, she had reduced the excess
over her to 16.720; and will pass the poll
ahead of her in 1850. And then, will her
sons who refuse to read " The Plough,
the lAxtm and the Anvil," became wa
paint out these ihmgs, more in sorro.
tlsan reproach, still shout for " freetrader
Very well, we know ihi advantage en-i
joyed by MafiachuscUa hi her sea-ports;
but why did that advantage never toll, nn
r.t aim ihitermtned to seize the benefits
held out, even by a precarious system of
protection, instead of cry ing lor Iree traner
And has not North Carolina alwaya en
the fiemlora of betni compelled to
and awav her com lo he eaten, and her
eotton to be worn, and her Inhacco to be
limited in old Eniiland and New hug
land; bringing back half their value in
Itoes aud ploughs, and shoes and blankets,
and cloths, aftd molasses and onions?
while her eons ai d her grandsons pride
ibcinael'CS on all holding on exclusively
upon tha plough, the field-pea. and the
. i . . . i .. r
pine tree, lias sue not mu -urv umv
with vengoat.ee!
Now lot us see again 'the effuct of di
.arrfifviiif emidovineiits, and of bringing
i).e coiuuiner lo take his idaeehy the side
of the producer. lU-re we behold these
two States maintaining their relative posi
lion in the race for forty veaisj Ma$.a?lrn
setts in fact rather giiI bM-k.her people
being, even as late as !!(, employed in
large proportion m agriculture, -imn.iii-i
with thetr einploymen'ji in oilier pursuit,
VrevLous to that lime, when the old Nortl
Mi .to was not only holding her own, but
rather opening d-iylight between them, the
sons of Massachusetts, in want of cuatom
for the" proilurt of the plough, were
1 - a s r -III.
awnrmurg otl lo loox lor wuii noney
the Weit. Ihcy thought tlio hive was
crowded. Tlitw we see, thai in 1820, she
had employed at the plough and the spade
03,400; and at trie loom aim ine anvn, on
y 33.101. Then she stood 127.000 he
hind Not ih Carolina in population, but
ny when she changed her system, a
determined to diversify employment to
bring the consumer near to the producer,
that she ni"ht lesson ihe cost of transpor
laiion ami exchange, mid return to the
land (ihe great tMif l;'ne of production) the
t ifnsc of its rltictsi how, like magic,
the ethics should be equalized and it
was done.
During the administration of Gen. Jack
son, removals for opinion ake became so
I'n.jornt, that al length the doc ti ine was
Court pronounced sentence, par tonlH-
mure, ol transportation tor life on Ir-dm
Uollin and thirty-three other persons im
plicated in the June im uirectioii. ll wa
also ordered lhat the sentence should with.
, J..I, nna laimcd. first bv (;..y. Marcy of i "' J-1) Mlowoif be id twded by
.! '.. . ...i .1.. tlbi rninniou iriil.iiwr on lb nilliuv i
new lora. ii'ai"io me victors itciong . - - - i
of rubli'i a"(: D"1 resiiit'iii itonspari
l...t,l f ....I l..ln ua thin wiih this Uarolmians. and who leel any concern
plough. If von don.. Hit ua why yon ' fr ihe elevation of her character and the
don't ! but don't be content with mere promotion of her prosperity, to come to
naked denuneiaiion and abuse for, if af- our aid in the accomplishment of this great
fectiouate admiration, if homage for their' undertaking. We honestly hehcre those
in.iv nl)rri!rC or wlto nmV rontciil
and their patriotism, ever waa well rooted become.cme of the Company or one
in if. hrari of in. snrli sentiments hare hundred for taking the unsubscribed stock.
ever been ineradicably fixed in ours, for the ran run no possible risk or loss or be put
people of the Sontheru Slates a a people!, to the least inconvenience, beyond the
. ...a a a S ' .u a .af al.aa sC ak l..ltuaaa aaaa Ilia aalaa
We have eat sail with them, and we tiiiNX pnymrnt oi
a a knp ihent. .We are. in fact, our I and the lending of their ciedit to the con-
selves, bone of their bone and flesh of fern. We eay this, as we Uoubl not that
their flcdi. but ilia! only makes ns the, the Hoard of Directors will, m good railh,
mo o letreifullv fear thai, ihe loneer they carry out the resolve of the Convention in
content themselves with crying frAj gtring to the Stm kholdeta the contract,
trade," sending all the prtMlucis or their, r oi snowing umse who may not iicsuc
Imds to be sold faraway from their lands, ! them, to transfer their Block, in part at
the further will t ey fdl back in the wake , 1-aal, to each aa may wish to become con
ol other Statca in ihe race of industry airU tractors. This plan has been adopted by
progressive improvement. To show that' her Companies, and has been found to
we do mil exairgerale, hear the riomif ul la ""- i.iw5n;' . '
mcnlations of Judge.Straiige.himaclf among' aion, we tell you the spirit of improve.
the most gifted aud devoted sous or the i""" "y means oi nan uonus is nuroau
old North Siaie. in an address recently aniougsl onr aistcr Stales; that the utility
pronouncwl to iho ueiiilemeu of Ihe I.ii. l the syeiim is not only established by
rare Societies of Dauilion Collcee an the cxiicrien. e of the prudent and pracli-
,l.lros. that, had we the power, we would cal, but its necessity is rendered absolutely
cause lo be prefixed to every school-book ' indispensable to ail who desire or expect
in the Slate.: panicipaw in ins auvautn;c ui an eariy
ni aniomr the educated nortioii of our aud certain market. We appeal then with
people, this want of Sine pride is sadly !gteatc idence to your interest as well
eonsnifiious. llh monuments are aroaml a your iiainoiiin, to cat-tt jmn.mn in
ns iii every direction. In our un.pialled! hehalf of a measure which promises so
forests in onr dee.tcd farms in our l" " " t"c otaiu, oy stopping me tioe
dilapidaud villages in our decreased rc!"f emigration, now carrying oti so rapid'
presentation in the National legislature. Iy our most ntelligcnt and enterpriHiig ci
larve nart of our oroducls are ascrilied ! lizens, and which shall vindicate the wi.
abroad to other Slaies. The v deck them-! hmi of the legislature in snppoit of a
elves, as it were, in the plumage of which judicious systemol 'internal improvements,
they have despoiled us. We share little 1 and cause every native son lo feel a pnde
in the profits derived from convening our
taw materials into articles of immediate
use, of sending them lo foreign markets,
and making those exchanges which of
themselves alone have rendered so many
nation, both ancient and modern, proud,
prosperous, and happy. A great portion
of our lellow citizens are enriching, with
iheir l ili nls and their weahh.othei States,
and in the same degree impoverishing
theii own, by a ehenge ofdomiuil. Yes.
the North Carolinian wanders from his
native land, and leaves the eweet fields
of hi elrililhood witli scarce a tear of re
gret. Home ! that word of such magic
power over moM hearts, seems to have
with him an iiulehuite. sigmlication, or at
a c
i
I
i !
I i
t
a
a
ii
h
te
in
4
7'
s .
t
hange
' . I a.
' , ni,
fit.
i
heoj
'it in
' ',723 I ,
.1 frf!
e6in ! At the
eJ, tho pro
.ni:iu wa.
acui'o, II,
umls for
siand,
e ul
"tts
North Carolina, with an area three to .least to know no limit hut the widespread
one, has 215 mile, regions where the staM and stripes' of
Massachussetts 700 miles, j America am seen to wave."
in which, in 1818. she h id invested of ca-j After all, the tiutli is great : let us hope
pital paid in, t)5.h80 .501, aud on which, that it will prevail. For ourselves, we will
in lhat year, 5,530,828 passengers were! follow wherever she appears to lead; even
transported! 1 though it should he on the hack tra-k
Now, readeis. cspesially our friends of. Fool only believe themselves inhllihle
the old -Atlantic Slates, vou must not ')' !y ""men io roiraci, wncii
believe lhat we lake any pleasure in
bringing these facts before yoo, but feeling
ly llio reverse yet you must remember
what our ollice is ! Have we noi promis
ed to dovote our time and families, for the
convinced of their error.
To The Citizens of North Carolina.
The undersigned having been appoint
cd bv the Convention held in (.reeusho-
; ir..lt7,vr
h, ssme p.
, haviii
.110.
f ( j
.U'l''
ire
'tin
tl -e t
in 1 rtry, ,
lh a'liar.
in Vils.
the v.i; i ;
artcul;iriii
ployed li. ai
'I remnant of our lives, fearlessly and Imn- rough on the 20ih ull ino, lo address the
i. Iy, and, (od knows, with heart as well , People of the State, and of urging most
mind, to lay before yon, as well as we, earnestly, your co-operation, in order to
comprehend them, the true causes ol ( secure tlie Charter granted by the last t.e
cultural decline and of agricultural neral Astciuhlr to the M North Carolina
p nsperily? and seeing here, that wheie ' It til Road Company" we shall, as we
y rtoplewholiave.bynature.almoslnofacili-j think, most usefully ilisclurge tli s duty,
. t s for ft. betake themselves to the inanu-1 hy simply explaining the action, the pros
- "lureof your raw maleri.ls, sending them ' em condition of things, and what is posi-
ck to you after deducting all the profits: lively necessary, in outer to organize the
.' manufaotures, seeing. I ray, theso pen-1 ( 'ompany and carry out ihe views and re
iit" wha,Hke you, were formerly sticklers' commendations of the Convention, for ihe
W 'r tle, now diversifying their la- accomplishment of this great Stale im
r)ur. " . evpry year, increasing the num-J provemenl.
or ol : asuniers in propnitimi to prodn-i The Act granting ihe Chnrter, requires
rs, th :ir land all ihu while berouiing! a subscription, on tlin part of individuals of
.ii "Tiei, ami euiuuceii m value; ahould w line Million ol Dollars, and the payment
rucieaul to our own duiy, aud hu-jof the first instalment of live dollars per
in claiming to be a North Carolinian.
It. M. SAUNDERS,
ALEXANDER NcKAE,
JAMCS fJRISWUI.D,
JOHN Mt l.EDD.
WM. A.CI.AHAM.
HENJ. TROMNtJER,
J. M. MUR Ell EAD,
J. W. THOMAS,
J. II. I .OHO,
C. J. FOX.
KIT US UAltRINltER,
1). I.. SWAIN.
TUC CENTRAL RAIL ROAD.
Noith Carolina is without navigable ri
vers. If the Suie can hope for a large
illy, it must be done by Had Roads
There is now a general determination lo
create a huge seaport in the State.
can never otherwise redeem ourselves
from our commercial bond ge, and create
a genuine North Varolina leeliug.
Wi h a view to this result, we have
watched with interest the actum of ihe
Ureensborongh Convention. It has sur
passed all expectation. It is especially
gratifying to observe that its action looks
to Wilmington as the outlet and Port.
Whatever our own doubts nny be as
to the policy of the I si legislature, we
feel none when onr Stale pride is interest
ed. We would sacrifice every objection
to the great object of creating a North I 'a
rolina City. And we sav to our readers
that the sentiment is abroad here as else
where, and it will be done. Wilmington
did her duty nobly at the Convention;
and if more is needed, it will be had.
Wheie, on this continent, is a coin in uni
ty like this'
Let the Road he built from (ioldxhn
rough to Raleigh; and our Western friends
will soon discover that they can supply
themselves with goods, groceries especial
ly, 10 to 20 percent, cheaper here lliau at
Petersburg, Cheraw or Camden.
It is notorious that freights to this port
spoils. Had not ihe burning
. . . - .
Kuddmf m Washington tnuviangny
destroyed only the documents relating to
removals, Uieir examination would lorevrr
hmdi the clamors of lhat party against
Priwcription."
As sn evidence of ihe extent and open
ness with w hich this doctrine was broach
ed trad the following fioin the Chronicle
and Old Dominion of 1844:
Portsmouth presents her Democratic
phalanx triumphant and unbroken, not-
Hhslanding the desertion ol several
Swiss and renegades from her ranks.
.'hoe men are known and marktd t aud
u sure as retributive justice ever visited a
crimiiial.'eo sure will these tuen receive
their reward".
Now whom would the reader suppose
this referred to I hat men were to suf
fer? The lulioreia in the Nary Yard!
and severely was the hand of uppres
ion laid npon them.
This patter waa edited hy a Mr. A. F.
Cunningham, now holding an olfice under
a Whig administration. It was the riant
ling and organ of the sentiments of the
present Crawford House clique, and in
1843, under the picture of a broom parad
ed in its editorial columns, advocated i
clear weep. It republished it decla
ration of 1811, with triumphant aalisfae-
lion at the prospect of visiting vengeance
upon the murka" men, and concluded:
We find some democrats, gnod,
easy souls, signing petitions to keep
W htgs in office. If e only hope lhat all
good Ihmocrmlt will stand true to Tttt ta
raiNrtriEs. "
Well may Democracy in this lection
blush at its own inconsistency. The
greatest wonder to ua is that men who
have heretofore praclisedatio generosity'in
dispensing the spoils of victory , can
now sneak away from public gaze aud
hold on to Ihe olfiec which they have ad
milted belong lo others hy right of" prin
ciple" Dk Jiocnvnc rutNt'irLK ; (!) and
when their position is mado public and
their removals probable or possible, to see
them cringe around prominent Whig
with fawning syenphaulie professions aud
soliciting M influence.' Their insincerity
is only manifested in its most gloriug co
lors, when, spite of petitions and oilier ap
pliances, they lose place. Commend us
to a dismissed Locofoco for violent party
apirit. DiWirf Whig.
parte refumd
M.. ,i.. i ... ... ..r .!. . .
...aoow Mi I..H1-. jto, ! ma ciiiencc IO
be carried into rncct.
At Rome every thing remained quiet on
the 2 1st ultimo. The Pope was expecud
on that day. A new loan of one million
sterling had ticcn roncludciL.
letters from W iddennfthe 1th Noveui
her stale thai all the Hungarian and Polish
refugees bare Ixf n transported from that
place to Sl.umla. Tlie first portion left
on the 30th, composed of four humhed
Poles iimlet r x-l.cn. Hem. how Alurad
Pacha ; ihe second portion left next day.
commanded by Cen. Stein, now Fehtas
Pacha. I hese division included those
who had apostatized. The Magyata left
on the 3d, headed by Kossuth.
There have been no disturbances with
the Chinese, aa waa anticipated. Tho
Chinese Commissioner at Canton had
possession of ihe head and hand of the
murdered (Soveinor of Macao, and de
clined to surrender them until the three
Chinese who were detained by the Point
guese were liberated. As these men are
required as evidence in the recent event,
the Portuguese have tefused to give them
up. I He presence of Hie American, Lug-
lih, and r tench men of-war on the sta
tions has hitherto prevented any outbreak,
but a conflict wa yet apprehended be
tween the Chinese and the Portuguese,
growing out of the events connected with
the murder of the Governor.
SELECTIONS TOR A NEWSPAPER.
M"8t people think the selection of suit
able matter for a newspaper the easiest
part of the business. llw great an error.
It is by all means the most difficult. To
look over aud over hundreds of exchango
paper every week, from which lo select
enough for one, especially when the ques
tion is not what shall not be selected, is
no easy task. II every person who reads
a ne wspaper cou'd have edited it we should
hear less complaints. Not unfrequcntly
i it the ease, that an editor looks over ail
his exchange papers for something intciest
jug, and ran absolutely find nothing. Eve.
ry paper is dryer than a contribution box;
and yet something must be had his pa
per must come out with something in it,
and he does the best he can. To an edi
tor who has the least care about what he
selects, the writing lhat he has to do is
the easiest part of his labor.
Every subscriber thinks the paper prin
ted for his own benefit, and if there i
nothing in it lhat suits him it must bu
stopped; it n good for nothing. Nunc pro
pie look over the deaths and marriages,
aud actually complain of the editor if bul
present legislature with a strong sugges- few people in the virinly have been so
Free Blacks. Gov. Smith called the
attention of the last legislature of Vir
ginia to the subject of the enormous in
crease of free colored persons. Gov.
Floyd comes out in his message to the
iiti,
i't
tion in favor of the American Colonization
Society, as alf rding a means of lessening
the inconveniences of the increase of this
population.
Gov. F. ssys :
" The attention of the legislature has
been earnestly called, on several occasions,
to the subject of the free negro population
in ihe commonwealth, hut as yet no sys
tem has been adopted concerning lite fu
ture disposition of ihein. I am strongly
inclined to think lhat the most feasib .
plan yet proposed for the reduction f
iheir numbers, is to give ample assistanc e ;s
to the Colonization Society. The beilig'
and wisest men of our nation hare given t:
it Iheir countenance and support; and I ;s
cannot perceive that any practical im- fe,
provemenl upon it has ever been snggi'in
led. It is a subject which demands y ur!th
particular attention." '
A motion has been made in the II- in
of Delegatus for a special committee,
consider the Governor's suggestion. :
the suggestion appears to meet wit.i
favor from the Virginia press, j?
we have seen.
The same subject has j.rrrstnl
lion of ihe fegis ature of Gcoii
the following resolution, inirodii
Mr. Walker, of Richmond count,
passed the lower House :
Resolved. That the Speaker fypt.'
select committee of one from each j,
eial district, and that s;,id comini:tn
instructed to investigate and ascortai'i I.
practicability and propriety of lenin i
all fren iurin, ail' i.,iln. fr..m .,ilii..?
unfortunate ns to die, or so fortunate as
to gel married in the previous week. An
editor should have such things in his paper
whether they ot cur or not. Just as many
subscribers as an editor may have, so ma
nv different tastes he has to consult. One
wants tales and poetry; another abhors
all lhat. The politician wants nothing but
politics. O'v wants something smart,
siiotlicrjsotfi. tbi: g soiaid. One likes an-
.(, fun and frolic nnd tlie next door
f -oof sense win
. Something
.. itor is a black
t.iing sojumeu
.til fivb And
. c,i see. ?!ie poor
i, nulled And yet
i hit dred, theso
i'hey never reflect
.the m, may please
nsist that if the
. it is good for
I f I'atriut.
-A very
w l-
i the
. : uli
i.-se a
.iiilga
. J. pre-
:ie dp
. .ry pa;
,,:ib llllicd
din llCIlt
.. .t )! -p m-
' ; rat-lit e
are from otic-tliird to three fifths cheaper j limits of the Si de, auJ tliat thry In

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