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Tie at&'si ai Gistaa Raid, and Its
Anon the few legislative dec meats which, fiir love or money, can be obtained bv the" outside harbaruBs' ho lire bevoud the precinct of the Capital, we hare been interested is a Krptirt of Mr. Fox, the Knir em ploved by the Gorernor to examine in- to the condition of the KaleiLa and Gastoa Rail Road that existing dis grace to the State, and fetare blesin if our Legislature ran be induced to " cast its bread opon the waters, with a little of the foresight and faith which a Legislator ouht to exercise in mat ter cf more than temporary vale and ase. After a very minute description of die dilapidated condition of the road, which no one who ha travelled over if will require as to copy.) Mr. Fox proceeds to show what will be required to put it in perfect order, with U rail weighing 45 ion. to the rani. 1 he whole expense he stale, at 350.500, less 4 1,250, the value of the old iron now on the road, leaving the actual cost, $309,050. Tins i exclusive of cars and locomotives. lit then proceeds to show, that with the reduced expense for repairs and running oa a good track, and the cer tain increase of travel and transport tion, the road would par, on a mode rate estimate, an interest of more than 8 per cent, on $600,000, which would be about its cost to Die State if the above sum were laid out on it. lie then comes to an interesting view fif the subject a view which would be sufficiently important likewise, if we could hope that the means were at com mand to push it to a practical result W extract that part of the Report, as loiiows: " But this road should be viewed in a more liberal lisht and not looked unon merely as an isolated work depending solely upon its own resources for suc cess. It is emphatically an important link in the great chain ot Kail Koad connecting the North and South East and West. Its local position is more advantageous than that of anr other road in the South. It is tho leading line to the outlets of our Southern trade, seeking Northern markets, connecting the improvements of the West with Norfolk, Petersburg and Richmond. A straight line drawn from N. York ti Branchville the diverging point on the South Carolina Rail Road, passes very nearly through the towns of Peters burg, Gaston, Warrcnion, Raleigh, Cheraw and Camden; a line of Railway carried in thisdirection, will be without a rival for shortness, cheapness and speed, it passes through a mirh and healthy region, avoiding altogether the miasmatic swamps of the coast, and tuluciently distant from the seaboard to prevent all danger of interruption during a time of foreign war. This route requires but the connecting link from Raleirh to Camden to complete it. A line has already been surveyed by a skilliil engineer and reported upon as oTcring unusual facilities for con struction. In this report it is stated that the highest grade is under 45 feet to the mile, and ninty-three per cent of the road is a straight line. The whole distance from Kaleijdi through Kayetteville to Camden is 1C9 miles. That this route must eventually be made, there can be no doubt The travel and mails for the South require it now. Were toe Kaieiiro and uaston Hail Road in good order, a large amount of the Southern travel would now pre fer the route through Raleich, and thence by Stage coaches to Camden, in preference to that whicn tancs uie sea. To almost all those who live in the interior, the ocean, front its suppos se I t'anaer and actual cause of sick nes, is a source of apprehension and inconvenience I most of these would take any good route to avoid the evil. The "distance by the present roads from Petersburg, via Raleigh and Fay rltcville, to Camden and Jlranchville, is 4i5 miles, of which 186 miles is by tage coachesi These coaches were at onetime run through from Raleigh to Camden in thirty hours; allow thirteen hours for the rail ways, and we have in all forty-five hours" for the trip from Petersburg to Branchville. The dis tance via Wilmington and Charleston is 461 miles, of which 180 is sea steam ing. The time now occupied is forty one hours. In comparing these two routes, -we have in one instance 180 miles of sea steaming, with its conse quent dangers and uncertainty, against the regularity aud safety of coaches over a remarkably level road, with a dillerence of only lour hours in tavor of the former. With a railway connecting Raleigh with Camden, the whole of the through travel would pass over the Raleigh and Gaston Rail road. This travel has been increasing at a very rapid per tentage atiuuauy since me opening oi me cuum ern roads. The receipts from passen gm on the Georgia Rail road in 1838, were $23,164; in 1848 this sura had in creased to $157,695. Uu wards of 22, (Hh) through passengers were carried over the bouth Carolina and Georgia Rail roads last year : more than uie half of these were supplied by the sea steamers from Philadelphia and New York. The North Carolina Rail road, when completed, may be expected to be a source of considerable revenue to this road. Most of the trade of the unpei tounties of the. State, through which this road passes, belongs natyrally to tht towns of RhIhikhiI, l'etmhurs ' aiu Nutf"!k. AH the return mere ban. di.e will seek this way as the most certain and esrditio?;"the travel will follow the trade, and these sources will add a Terr important portion to the ie venues of the Raleigh and Gaston road. . The coal from the Dcen River, the development of mhica are becoming every aay more important, will become another important auxiliary to the re venues oi tae road. .A connection, br thirty miles of railway from Raleigh to the Deep River, will bring this coal in comj efition with that from Virginia, for all the Northern and Eastern portion of the State. With these views, I have no hesita tion in reporting the financial condition and expectations, of the Raleigh and Gaston Rail road, as in a very healthy condition. And would recommed that immediate measures be taken to put the road in good working order. rfpjtnulixj The future extension of the Ra1ei;h and Gaston Rail road to Camden, in order to fulfill the de mand of the shortest and best route front NeW Yoik to New Orleans, is of to important a bearing upon the pros pects of this road, that I have prepared a few statements to show the great ad vantages this route possesses over every other. The distance from Richmond to Jlranchville, by the present routes and omers proposed, is as follows : 1. Bj Petrnburg. Wilmington ami Chtrlwlofl. 490 milt. t. - 3. - 4. - Petrrtburg, Wilmington and Manrheitrr, 469 Danville, Charlotte and Colum bia, 4(3 PrietuLurg, Ralrl -h & Cam- Jen, . 417 From this it appears that the route through Raleigh is 73 miles shorter than the present travelled route, and 45 miles shorter than any other proposed. In fact, there is no other route to rival it in this respect. With regard to cost ol Construction, route no, 4 will cost at least twenty nve per cent, less than No. 2, and hrty per cent less than No. 3." Such are the views of an Engineer who has no possible interest in our part of the State, which, we presume, he has never seen. We have not the khadew of a doubt, that if capitalists would take Hold oi the scheme, and build a direct rail road from Camden to Raleigh, it would command almost the entire tra vel between the North and South, and much of that from Tennessee and other Western Stales. We think that In less than ten years it wilf be undertaken. in the mean time, it the State will renew the Gaston Road, as itbseems to us would be wise, patriotic, and proh table, and we build Plank Roods 18 miles on the South, and 30 miles on the North, (as we hope and believe this town and county 'will do, whether a. . . llaleigh assists or not,; we feel assured that the Stages here will at once be come material freeders of the Raleigh and Gaston Road. Our Plank Road travel will be decidedlv more pleasant than even Rail Road travel. South of us there will be only about 90 miles of the ordinarv earth roads, (generally very good,) and North of as, next to Raleigh, only about 25 miles, the 50 interven ing miles ot rlank Koad will be a de lightful rest to the trav? Her. The time too will be shortened by the Plank Koads about five hours. KAIL ROAD vs. POLITICS. The rapid progre now mnklnv in lift physical science. It doing more to sofirn the a'pettties of political feeling and e rnre the quiet and continued union of the States, than all oilier influence!" combined We are getting to he a very inerruriid people, and polities thnstfar has been the theatre were our extra Fleam hns been worked off. In religion? matters we wise Iv allow every man to think for hmioeir. and consequently enjoy calm seals Sects treat eaeh other with the utmost decorum, and eaeh has work enough to do in mak ing eon vet ts out of those who, by habit. education, birth or connection, are noini nally attached to its particular eert. In the religious world every thing is orderly. decorous, and quiet, the result of mire strained exercise of opinion. The arena of politics is the great theatre where our people are arrated agnini eaeh other. As is always the ease, in ronlents of any kind, personal ferlinjr soon takes the place of the idea upon whrh pin ins first divided, anil the contest becomes one for victory and not for principle. Such in the main is a true Matenient of the late condition of things at Washington. This is aggravated by the class of men tent there, many of them without education. more Without those qualities which entitle; ihem to respect; men who owe their place In cunning or party machinery, who. con-jlo scions ol hemg without menl to attract at- lention, challenge by the extravagance of hir egecc lies and rnndurt. 1 hey become: India imports British manufactures ol notorious that they may become known, j American cotton lo the same amount. In A member of Congress fears that he shall ?90. America did noi export a single never be heard of after his time of service, pound. Is 1834. she exported a much is out. lie therefore adopts the aitperla- as all the resl of the world put together, live, both in action and speech, as the only And in 1846. out of 497,856.274 Ihs. im road left him lo Tame. The ultra ab dition-1 ported into England, 401,949.393 Ihs. isl of ihe north, and the ultra pro-slamy came from the United Slates, while only man of the south, boih act upon the same 31,543,14.1 wore su plied by the Eal In ptinciple.. A change of local position dies and Cevlon ! The total value of the would have been an entire change of prin- j cotton exported in 1815. from the three eiple and profession. The most rabid free soiler.if he had been planted in South Carolina, would in giving bnnsell op to iiaturnl extravagance, and very like, lo he vindicliveness of bis nature, and to Ins tove of notorietv, have o tlone ihe most.reivler it extremely dubious whether cot- rampiiu slave holder to isnngreis, wmie the laty?r, if he had been brought up a the poiib, woi.U Uttt'i htfd drrsmtl eilrata; attre la l-ve 4 wbl l mM ell IittiUtm. as he n'w dors in far tf slavery. Kurt inn BiwU The prinriples f i ch men are mere matters t( srridrnt, and tilt their character fma t!wn asso ciation. The objects whirh eU ihrm into anion arc merely the occasion not raii'e of iheir riipbr. We piiy the Ne jro, who should ever become under change of rirramsfanre. ihe slave of tome phi lanthropists we know. There m-n, the extremes of parlies, who are f-Ise hmutc they are eslrara fant. would oVir-y ihe Union if the? had ihe power. 0t great danger lies here. So Unt s pfliwt rnntinne lo he me pain ut distinrtifin, rt Ion; wi!l il he erowoVd br eorh person. whe impudenre will cm-are eurrrts ia tolri, from whit-h men of merit retire in dignt. Tofoirert this frel eil. o her lafdMe avenurs lo amhiiion must le openeil; the attention f our people n t be employed by purui mhipli will nuhtliaw uiem Horn poiuiriii rontelf. Sueh is the new field that mil roads re openior. I o the promotion u inre . . i 'work, insnt who lne been mnM di- . lingui-hed for piliiiral ability and sue ee, in the south and wet particularly, re now ronrrriinf ihemelves. Ileie they find full wope friheir srtivity, their entiiiuiasm. and thrir cloquenre. Here cneress in measured by the amount of good done lo other. In polities it must ene rally be purchased by ihe deiroetion of a rival. A man who secures the construc tion of a rail toad, that would not have been built but for his efforts, is a benefac tor in bi nee. In addition to the mere material soimI il ncromplishrs, in cheapen ing inn-portai'ton, it bernmes the most potent rlioo'maater in the land. What a renson de i locomotive leach : I low poignantly ?oes an uneducated farmer. who has never been bevond the smoke of hi own rhihinev, feel Ids ignorance. when he find sees ibis wonderful inven tion ! lie feel bow little he knows com pated with what others know. lie feels how puerile have been all his ideas and object compared with thoneof ihe parents oi inese invention, lie ai onrc rrjHiui ate his old teacher, nml those ideas which r i 1 1 . .. i: have thti far constituted his life. He re solve lo rail neither man nor tradition masiei; but lo inquire and seek- for him- sill. It is litis freedom of opinion which is esseniail to the 'true liberty of the state. In passion mankind are all alike. In in tellect they are infinitely vailed. Inlhii department of our nature no two men will agree. Larh has his own theory adapted to his peculiar mental organization, tine party refers the Ihe external appearance and formation nl the earth to fire; another in water. One ears thtl all electricity is identical another fee a manifestation of two kind. No two will agree upon one point. This is practically illustrated in the great variety of religious sects before refer red lo, and' ihe great freedom enjoyed i the true cause of order which prevails. In all countries it is ihe ariion of the masses thai is to be feared. Men act in muses in proportion as they are uneducat ed. They are subservient just in propor tion as they are ignorant. , A demagogue may influence the pasMons of a whole community, and direct (hernial his will. This in why the pries hood of some coun tries exereise such an influence, and ex plains their opposition to education. The Pope knows thai locomotive would de throne him in the end, and he will not al low them in his domains. He loses his power just in proportion as hi people in crease in knowledge. Despotism and education are th antipodes, ihe cnemh-s of each other the World over. Every rail road therefore is ihe coadjutor of free dom. It educates the people. It develops a higher interest than polities. Il general ize our views. It attaches lis equally to every pari of our country. Il dptroy clanship. It detaches us from sectional mid party cliques. Il lessens ihe import anee of political questions in our eyes, In fine, it lake away ourohl and gives us new idea ami pursuits which sreiuenlio al in every pari of our great domain. Am. Sail Road Journal, COTTON CULTIVATION IN INDIA. The experiment al Madras, in euliiva ting cotton to rival thai of the United State have been abandoned, the London Morning Chronicle says, as a total failure. it was zealously, and even lavishlv sup ported by the local government; but the failure of a similar experiment in lleng-d. after an outlay of about 100,000. had already given fair w irning of the probable issue of )r. Wight's efforts in the sister presidency. The capital and mechanical skill which, since the. introdtionn of Vt hit ney's saw gin. in 193, have been brought to bear by the American on the cleansing ; of the pods, have given the product an ex reIenre which the Indian planter cannot approach. Fift V year ago India shipped England cotton goods to the value of ' ihree million sterling. At ihe present lime, the process is exactly reversed, and presi.lenees. does not amount to 600, 000. And now ihe failure of the experi- mehts made by Government of Bengal and Madra. with every appliance of skill and ehpin t,, insure success, will at any rale ion he fated to resume its rank among the great staples of InJia. , " 1 A ClU PtM Ut km frnfJ'in fieorfia A p4.tlir Bieehrtj was l!J i Mi:!ctV:,r. a lb !!htdu at wtwh Gen. 2asfwd presided, and Messrs. Toombs and Si cr hens dtbvrred u<rf. Mr. Tob insisted nroa the necessity of the orjanizaiion of a National Pny far the preservstioa of the Coniuiioa and Ubmhi upon the basis of the late ad justiuent of the slavery question by Con gress. Mr. Stephens seconded ihe movement, when Mr. i'oe.of Dbb, offered the fol lowing resolution, whi-h. after an sp prcpmi speech by bin in support of the same, were naanimnusly adopted I. Revolted. That in view tf lb pre sent aspect of national affairs, it is impor tant and propel lhat ihere should be or ganized a Union Conatitati- nil party ia t.eorji llesolved. Thai a Committee of are be selerld by Ihe Lbairman ol this meet-1 wg m select officers lo presnle oer an he Mmf j Jffiei Wner, became v'journed meeting of the friends of '' ,, mbrU wj,h fold on the way. and was Uoion.iobe Md in the Kepresenlativa M , . fcjg - jl0 Hall on Thursilay evening nexl. for ihej WPrefi,t. n0Wf.ertMmucn exhausted purine of a more pcrfeel orgnizatMn. j 1()IBBeItePi 1o obiP4 lo Uttt him 3. Ro.e.l.ThauheChatrnanofihis jn .etrrh(if 1Hi,,aj,re. When meeting appoint. Commutee of two from hf niamt ht mu vif fcrKB u,e each judicial districi. to prepare and report onoJ fe w ukn j,, , 1MJW, but a dertawiion of principles lo be adopted J. fd , few an(J The by the Union roiwiiiniioHl Pt Morth Adams Transcript savs: -We Georgia at ihe adjourned meetrng afore- gre u,,j b, wu (Q rotfnib, hen mmI . .... Iihawed the skin pealed off his bark. Ala subsequent meeting it we lurtner Trrr: "9 t,trn." . al SliUeitgeville on the ort aionday in June next. o nominate a Constitutional Union candidate for fJoveinoc I. M!fl !- Iv. maam lt.nl it l A tTnuinMt. . .i t-. under a distinct banner The South has also a ditty to perform npon thi snhjeri. For a long lime the. slavery subject has been one of the prinri- pal topics of every Presidential and even Congressional campaign. Une party is a-rused by, the o her of being unsound,, unsafe, and in alliance with Northern abolitionists. The truth is, lhat both par- lies at -he South are equally loyal and devo ed lo Southern Interest, and lhat fart ought henrelorth lo he a recognized . and established one in all party romests in ihe Southern 8tates. When ihe great mass of the North and South b-nish slavery from political con- testf. abolitionism Will be shorn of all its power lo barm, and the rights and Union of Ihe Sutes be secure. Rich mm J RfpuWcan. These are die words of soberness and truth, and should sink deep into the minds of all who desirt to perpetuate the Union. For a long lime ihe. Whigs of the Sou-h were told lhat it was to ihe Democracy alone that they could look for a security of Southern Rights lhat the Democra- 7 o . 1 " ,P n,,unu 8U,W 01 the South, c., A. Recent events have proved, beyond a doubt, that these asser- lions were utterly gioundless, and lhat we can look lo no one party, organization for ille preservation of our rights, but must look to.the la w-ahidmg spirit of ihe whole lruic. men -cp me suojeci qi slavery oui of ihe poiittral arena, and all will be well. pa. Intel XaBOfaclnrrs it the Son'h. The Phila delphia Evening Jltilletin, remarking on the capacity of the Southern States for manufacturing cotton g.Kds,tays: Labor can be had cheaper ihere, wa- tcr powenp entiful,nd the fabric grows at Ihe door; there is no reason, therefore, why the Sou hshonld no rival, and even outstrip New England in manufacturing. Wore than one shrewd Northern capita- lisi has already begnn to invest largely at' bred. Mm as we venerate truth, we have written thus." , AI.AIU1IXO SPREAD OF IfOX-l.XTEHCOlltSI- The Hobbs Hollow Gazette, published ww . - . at Hobbs Hollow, in Jersey, publishes the following "spirited resolution" of ihe! chivalry" of lhat " gallant" place : At an rnthiisiastic meeting of ihe Plan ters of Hobbs Hollow, held at the Oys roouu in twenty years, wnen prae- nations, and enterprises unheard of ap lnre shall have placed ihe Iwo sections on proadi maturity, whilo the mind of the a fairer footing as to skill the South will anden, worl(, fa ,hw,rl)Pd in n);R(rra. be aide to undersell the No.h in all roimn hie subjects of Divine righl and sectarian fabrics. We are a Northern, born and ...nirni'. ter and Turnip" Inn, November 20, 183d, connected with the Arch Street Presby Gen. John Fike in the chair, and Col. E. terian Church, waited on their pastor. j. fcqiiul, secretary, the following preatn- Kev. Charles Wads worth, and presented ble ttiid resolutions were unanimously to him an elegant casket, filled to the brim adopted: . with five dollar gold pieces. The Bnlle- ITVurtct the people of Hobbs Hollow tin say: have, fince the formation of the United The reverend gentleman was wholly States Government, pursued the Vocation lken by surpise at the reception of such of planting oysters -and garden vegetables, agif, presented in such a very flattering and selling the products of ntir plantations manner. Il was a genuine free-will of in New York market: And whereas the fering, and contributed by a few gentle city of New York, regardless of our rights, mm as a token of the very high regard in has pursued a system .of aggression" which Mr. Wadsworth is held by the upon our institutions; And whereas the flock under his clnr. . said city is growing rich and "populous by ! The casket containing this munificent feeding on our oysters and vegetables, and substantial present is of metal, lirhly which they purchase from its tints im- fzila and elaborately wrought. It was porerishing us; And whereas we cannot constructed in Pari, after one designed look with composure on the growth and ami executed by the court artisan, inilie prosperity of said city, now numbering reign of Louis Philippe. It is a novel more tluu 500.000 souls, while Hobbs and curious, but exceedingly beautiful Hollow is at most stationary ."and our soil piece of work, and will be no doubt high, and oystersbeds are becoming less and jy valued by its estimable recipient. ess promanie every day therefore. Resolved, I hst as chivalrous" and -generous sons" orilobbs Hollow, we will hold.no further intercourse with said citv of New Yorkj that by withholding our ovsters and mot.1.1.. r,m .i. r..T..;-.i - o---' . . - iici jfii- anon wni soon dwindle, and llobns Hoi- ZTf' i7'ne,l'em''8Pro9Pl3P'' Kesolved, 1'hal the sons of Hobbs Hid- i .1 i i t h ,T.h . 7 ,ebravesl1m,! " ""' but lint they are fh most hosniuble, U-J jWud, io4 f,t d of 41 ( of datffr, and tj I lariiuf Hp C40i ing nonff j lilrl, awl kll ti.at sort of tLin. Rm lted. That we ii:not buy any ihwg mhkh eomes from New Yk; that we wiU nt ImJ mtBurt or rUm on In Brown's eow, 1 Itx'wj bihl her in Now Yf k, and Uing lo a New Yorker by binb. Rewired. That we pledge oor lives, ear fortunes, our lobster pot and rlam rakes, in the holy eotne of rrIninj the fanauVal opprokas of New Yotk; tint a regioteai v( fie men be forthwith raised to enforca our righti, nKE,tWn. SftrinStTretary. HaaFroxen to Death. Paring the storm of Monday wetk, just al bight. rw.. m m i. I,t.lim St. MH frAm tK fell. . N. K i ,t,. it... to rn in m , . di,Ull, 0ne of T,lt Jrceied mas about lliirtw years old. and leaves a wife and two children. EeartrendlBg Case. During ihe tre mendous storm on Monday afternoon,' a ior woman, who resides about two . wm i In. Fhiih 1. 1 miles from this city, on the Shaker Koad, started for town for ihe purpose of buy- i . mU hill f eroreriea. flavin? ef- ( ,ed ,f r rRrpose she Icfl for home ; ihe ,iorm still raging most violently. Mie continued her progress till within a fe mdi of home and bei little children, when ,ie became so embedded in a snow drift thai she froze o death. Her husband, who is a laborer connected idi ihe Troy Toinpike. went home about nightfall, r ben lie found his rhildren half perished prid crying for theit mother's absence, The nieht nassed lone and wrarr. and .nrh a one has not been recolfried for . min.h of t r. At d9t i;l.i l. .Urm. -d tb neifbbors. and a central search wat ,aje for her. and found her as we ,a.e described. A mnrebe-rlr-mbntrnr. rurrenee Las never taken olar. In our i. ,i,,iiv. Rla Iim Tamil f -hd. 1 dren, who are left without a mother' protection and guidance. JUxmf Knitlitrbotker. A Sad Calamity. Amongst the items of intelligence broil vhlhv l!ilaal Pnmnnn ,teamer is ihe following, as reported by Telerranh - - The Portuguese frigate Dona Msria blew up off Macao on the anniversary of the hinh-day ol the Consort of the Q.ieen of PnriiKrL All ifc .n ...1 others on board, inrlmlin .nm.nr ik. gr fibers of the United States ship Marion, except pne officer and fifteen men, perish- ed. What They Think of OfcThe Li verpool Journal says : ..... tho world America exists to reproach and reform Ihere is a providence in ,t.a. ,t.;. 'i-i.-. . u . 1 (publican expand themsilves over' the ,,irerse-the Union his just been en- ar2ed by terri ories as large as Europe, tm 8readv the new State or California exports half a million n month, and pre- pares loopen steam communication with nt.in. .n.i ln.n "The Pacific b controversy, The majesty of civilization and com merce brightens regions rich and vast, while Europe pauses to parley with idiot legitimates and ancient nonentities. 'I he Itcpnbli of America bids fair for the mas- of 1,18 universe, and will achieve 2 ft ,u A Valuable Present We learn from the Philadelphia Bulletin, that on Wed nesday morninz a narlv of eenileinen " . e f n A Faithless Husband outwiUei A f-w weeks ajo a young man Irohi the neighborhood of Manchester wa met in the streets of I.ivomnnl k.. r i- ,. . . """ Hcigiiijorswaiaingwiiiia yoqng woman.a reiauve oi nis wile, I w r ' t but with whom he was couriered to be rather loo familiar. TI,e neighbor dodged them, and found niri ti,.-,.i.i.. i. S.. - T ,,r',"""r naFteneii tiome, i-ommnnirated the f.,ct the wife, who protnptly came-to Liverpool, saw ihecaj.- eromes the highway of Uifl bdd I'm It story, IIt t,,j .ff to g bvtk sd e!l her e o 'a brimeLte. ly. and re tro lo him. ttr l& t. f. ritmg jut -s the vessel wss.UMn io lestr. She was tkrn on board, and the jmnl woman tea a bore. When the fitLU h&sltand went below to his berth he found hU wife there, it stead of his panmoai. At Mdlwood. fireen eonaty. A!a, thm is a mill owned br Dr. Wiihrrs. e!U4 tlte Artesian Milt The water whirh moves it is derived entirely from sis arte, sian well, which range in depth It a. three hundred lorii hundred fcet. Thry furaUh one thon-and fallona of wster per minute. As the water U no w here vUib nder ihe mill, il lias, when in motion, the appearance of a self acting piece of machinery. . leu cf life ill fixprrlj 01 the Ula- The liuff.lo Advertiser states from abibe. lie source, that three hundred and ninety, five live, and property to die sroount of $558,925, have been lost on ih UVf, during the year 1850. Among the ves sels entirely destroyed, were ten steam boats, twenty-one sail craft, and one pr. peller. Of the lives lost, 250 resulted from the burning of ihe steamer Griffith. 65 from ihe explosion of the Anthony ' Wayne, and 38 fmrn Uie collision of die steamer Commerce. I Tdl tS DiTOrtfi. ! is stated that th Indiana State Convention, now in sessh m, have passed a section prohibiting ihe f. islsture from granting divorces. AUo prohibiting lotteries or the sale of lottery tickets in the State gpoBtififess Comhtilon of Tottcn. A re respondent of the Journal ol Commerce informs lhat paper, thai intelligent under writers are of the opinion, thai ihe recent exteosive fires in cotton warehouses in lhat city, hive been directly caused by the j spontaneous rombestion of ihe cotton, and that the board of underwriters will pro bably submit the question lo a chemical test. It is improtentthat some investiga tion should be had, as to ihe cause of these numerous cotton conflagrations. . The loss from this cause in eleven fires occurring in New Yotk and Brooklyn during ihe past thirteen months is said to amount lo over a million and n qnarter of dollar. Hence there is a disposition among insur ance offices to increase the rate on cotton risks. Rising In the World. You should bear constantly in mind that ninetieths of us are, from the very nature and necessities of the world, born to gain our livelihood by the sweat of the brow. What reason have we, then, to presume that our children are not to do the same? If the be, as now and then one will be, endowed with extraordinary powers of mind, those extraordinary power of mind may have an oppor tunity of developing themselves; and if they never have that opportunity, the harm is not very great to as or to them. Nor does it hence follow that the de scendants of laborers are always to be laborers. The path upward is steep and long, be sure. Industry, care, skill, excellence, in the parent, lay the foun dation of a rise, and, by and by, the descendants of the present laborer be come gentlemen. This is the natural progress. It is by attempting to reach the top at a single leap, that so much misery is produced in the world. So ciety may aid in making the laborers virtuous and happy, by bringing chil dren op to labor with steadiness, with care and with skill; to show them how to do as many useful things as possible; to do them ail in the best manner; to set them an example in industry, sobri ety, cleanliness and neatness; to make all these habitual to them, so that they never shall be liable to fall into the contrary; to.let them always see a good living proceeding from labor, and thus , to remove from them the temptation to get at the goods of others by violent or fraudulent means, and to keep from f-.eir minds all inducements to hypocri sy and deceit. Printers and Printing. J. T. Brking- ham, in his series of reminiscences, in course of publication in the Boston Cour ier, speaks of the importance of the printer lo authors, as follows : Many who condescend lo illuminate thedatk world with the fire of their genius, through the columns of a newspaper, lit tle think of the lot of the printer, who, al most tufTocalPtl by the smoke of a lamp, sits up. till midnight to correct his false grammar, bad orthography, and wrose punctuation. I have seen the arguments of lawyers, in high repute as scholars, sent lo the printer in their own hand writing, many wrdaand especially technical and foreign terms abbreviated, words mis spelled, ami few or no points, and those few, if there ate any. entirely out of place. 1 have seen the sermons of divines senno the press without points or capitals to de signate the division of sentences: sermons which, if published with the imperfections of the manuscript, would disgrace the prin ter's devil if he were the author. Suppose ihcy had been so printed. The printer would have been treated with scorn and contempt, as an illiterate blockhead as a fellow better fitted to be a woodsawyer than a printers Nobody would have be lieved ihat such gross and palpable faults were owing to the ignorance snd careless ness of the author. - And no one but die practical printer knows how many hours the compositors, and aftci him the proof reader, is compelled lo spend, in redm ii'2 to a readable condition manuscripts that the writer himself would be puzzled to read." .