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CxW Diystffrsat. Telty 1 lU (At &wlrf LU fa&d Sfciaie" , , ' I ave reeeivrd rltw ireolmkta mt the cVajte df 1 81K irwtt&t. tequctung me la hy bef.we that body, if as iarosBpati jarUn.the puWi interest, say inCarasv tB I may poe- i regard MM alleged recent rase of a forriUa resistance H the cxtmiimi o( ihe lawe of the Uaiied Sutra fa ihe,rjty of Boston, aad to ewamBuicate ta C iiewate. under the above Conditions, wkat means 1 hae aJopifU to meet the Wmnenrr; and whether, ta ray omion. way additional legislation U Beeeessry to Dtet tht exigency of the ease, an J td mora l ijocusly execute existing law. The public newspapers contain the af fidavit of Patrick Riley, deputy marshal fr Ihe diatlift f Masaehase us, setting fotih the circumstances of the case, a ropy nf which afadavil U hcrewidieomruoi,a- ted. Private end unofficial eoromanica lions concur in etablirvng the mam facte alibis account, but no sattsfaeuwy official i.iformaiion haa a yet beta received, and n kubi important respects the accuracy of the account hat been denied by persons when it implicates, Nothing eouIJ be btora anex peeled than thai such gross violation rf law, iach a highhanded eo Irani of the authority of the United Staler, should be prrprlrated by a band of lawless confederalee, at noonday, in the city r-f Boston, and in lite fry temple of justice. I regard litis flagitinns proceeding as brio; a surprise, not unattended by euine decree of negligence; nor do I doubt thai, if any such act of violence had been apprehended, thousand of the food ei ttxens of Boston would have prrsentel thrmselves, voluntarily and promptly, to prevent it; but the danger does not seem to have bern timely made known, or duly appreciated by those who were concerned I I the execution of the process, la a community distinguished for its lorr nf order and respect for Hie laws; among a people whose sentiment ia liberty and law. and not liberty without law, nor above the law, surh an outrage could only be the result of sudden violence, unhappi ly loo much unprepared (or to be su-crss-fully resisted. It would be meUn'holy. indeed, if we were obliged lo rcga rd this .Ajy the lw of Masi Wns, a tlaj aw stoou oeiore ins icmtinr irjiiiurw of that Mate, ofthe f-nh of M alj b iS 13, the cmma jail ia the rtiperlive coun ties were ia be eed for the drtenuoa tf any prrsoas detained or committed by the a thorny of the courts of the United Sutra, a well at by the conn and euf isusiea i4 the. State. But these prosiswaa ere abrogated and repealed bj the act of the licgtalatare -f Blastachasetia of tba tlth of. March. 1843. That act J ecu ret that Isa Jodie of any erni rt of record of th ia Com m o a w r al th. a4 ba juaiice of the peace, ah all hereafter ula rognanre sr grant eertiBealre ta cases thai y arise under the third ere tirtn of sa art of Congress passed Febrnary 12. 1793. and ratitlrd Aa art re peeling fugitivra fntnt juaiirr, and persona esrap ing fra the srrtire of iheir nMter,' la any person who rlsims any other prison as a fuf iiite sar withia the jirisdtlioa of ihr tMB)uonwral h." And it furthrr (IrcUtrs hat - no shrritf, drpmy sherifl. coroner, e-nts abl , jailor, or other officer of litis (ntnnBQrrih. shall brreafier ar rest or d-tain.or aid ja lit arrrs! w delea eraM,' aa4 1st U KU be eftav mariifr-irv-chiefof ihe arny and aay of the Untied States, and ol tie nihiia.ef he several Stales, whea ealtil into the actual serk of the United Sutei" end thai Ctmrrrse )iall kata power to pro vide fuf ea.lingTortb Ihe tnilitta to excrete the laws of ihe Union, supprese lasurree tkmVand repel ia rations. "rrora which it appears tail the am and nay are. by the roRstitatMNi. placed fender the ro&trel of the ExefuiiVe, and fteKably lrs Utioa of Congress rottkl add to oe diaaiatsb the power thus gienbat by inrreasieg or dimin whing or abolishing altogether the arny and nay. Bat not so wiih the. lie. The President can not rail the na into eertice. rreo to exerute the laws or repel insasioca, but by the aathor'uy of aria of Congress paaf ed for thai purpose. Dpi whea the mil tiia are called into ser virr, ia the nanncr prescribed by law, then the constjiaiioa itself gies lite com mand ta the Proideol. Acting on this principle, Congress, by lite art of Februa ry 28. 1793, authorized the President 'in rail forth the militia to repel invatioa and - suppress insarree ions against a Stale tn la the il!!uy ffe l U tht et tctttioa of ihe lie. If erb shel J be U.s re. end the tasrahaJ or aey of fcis depo- if it ttltJ the jvoe ft of fjy et.y J aasy taefect it, . v . . ,''. If if Senator fta Virg'nua tlrfwgbt a dal letier. wotiW nie lion, or iprisonnvlia any jiorofltcriernmNBt. and to eoppress combine building hrlonging to this i om tuonwealin. or lo any county, rity, or town thereof, of any person for the rraon that lie is rlann ed as a fugitive slave. And it further de clares that any jisiic of the peace, sliriifl". deputy sheriff, coroner, constable, or jailor, who shall efiend against the pro visions of Hits law, by ia anr way acting directly or indirectly under the power con ferred by the thud section of the act of Congress aforementioned, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars for every such offence, for the ue of the county where said offence is coin milled, or shall be euhjeri ta tujpritoineni t;oi exceeding one yeat ia the county jail. Tjjia law, it ia obvious,. had two ob jects : the firm waa to m-A it a penal of fencit ia all olBi'ers an I magistrklcs of the Common yrlh lo eiereite lite po wet con fcrred on t m by ihe act of ('ongreis of the 12 1 1 of I'Vhrtiiiy. 1793. entitled - An act rerpcciing fuguivra from justice, and persons escaping front the aeivire of their masters." and which powers, they were fully romp-Meni to perform up to ihe lime f this inhibition and penal enactment! croud, in tefuae the uie of the ja Is of oa;break against the constiiuiionsd and I ihe State f r the detention of any person legal authority or the i;vernmrnt, as proceeding from the general feeling ol the people, in a spot which is proverbially call td Uie cradle of American liberty Such, undoubtedly, is not the fact. It violates. without question, the general sentiment of the people or Boston, and or a vast ma jority of the whole people of Massachu setts, aa touch as it violates the law, defies the authority of the (Ju-eritmenl. and ilia graces those eonrerned in it, their aiders and abettors. It is, nevertheless, my duty to lay before the Senate, in answer ta ita resolution. atmt imporUnt facts and eouideraljon connected with the subject. A resolution of Coogreai, qf September 53, 1789. declared: M That it be recommended to the Leg iclaturca of the sereral States to pa laws, makinf it exprtisly the duty of the keep ers of their j-ula lo receive and tare keep therein, all nruoners committed under the authority of the United Slates, until they hall be dircharged by the course of ihe1 laws thereof, under ihe like penalties as in the ease of prisoners committed tinder the authority of surh Stites respectively; the United States to pay for the uie and keeping of such jails, at the rate of fifty cents per month for each prUoner thai shall, under their authority,' be committed thereto, during the lime such prisoner shall be therein confined; and also lo sup port such of said prisoners as ahull be. committed for offence.' " A futher resolution of Congress, of die 3d of March. 1791 , pro ides thai where as Congress did, by a reooltuion nf lUe 23d day of September, 1789. recommend to the several Statea to p. Uwi making n ex My the duty of the keepers of their rail lo receive and safe keen therein all pris ner com tiiiied under ihe authority of the United Siate ; in order, therefore, in iiiMire the adminisirati n of justice JictolveJ by the Senate and Houtt of Jtepreseniativet of the United Slatet of imzrK& ii wngrcii urrn(Ku, i uai in caie any Stale shall not have complied with the Shid recommendation, the mar shal in such State, under the direction nf the jude of the district, be authorized lo lure a cneuieni place to serve as a tern pnrary jail, and to make the necesrarv provision for the safe keeping of prisoners committed under the authority of the United Stales, until permanent provision shali be made by Itw for that purpose; anJ the said inrhil shall be allowed his reasonable expenses, incurred for the above purposes, to he paid out of the trea sury of the United States. A nd a resol ii ti-n of Congress, of M arch 3; 1821, proridra that where any Slue or States, having complied wjtl 'the re commendation QfjCqigre(s in ihe res ( lion nf the twenty-third day of Septem ber. 1789, shall have withdrawn or shall hereafter withdraw, either in whole or in part, the use of their jails for prisoner committed under the authority ol the United Sutes, the marshal in such Slate claimed as a fugitive slave. It is deeply lobe lamented that the pur pose of these enactments is quite apparent. It was In prevent, as fitr at the Ijegtslaiuie of ihe Sute could prevent, the law of Con gress passed for the purpose of carrying into effect that article of the Uonsti ution oftheUni-ed States which declares that " no person held to service or labor in one Sute, tinder the lawe thereof, escaping into another, alnll, in consequence of any law ot regulation thetein, be discharged from such, service or labor, but thai) be delivered upon claim ol the party to whom such service oi lahoi may be due,' from being carried into etfect. (Jut these acts of State legislation, although they may eanse embarrassment and rrvate expense, cannot derogate either front the duty or the authority of Congress to carry out fulr ly and fairly ihe plain and imperative con stitutional provision? for the delivery of persons, onum! to tahnr us one State and escaping into another. In the ttarty to whom such UImh my be due. li is quite clear thai, by the resolution of Congiess of third of March, 1821. the marshal of the United States, in anv State in whi- h the use of ihe jails of ihe State has been withdrawn in whole or in pari for the purpose of the detention of person committed under the authority of the United Slates, is not only empowered, but expressly required, under the direc tion of the judge nf the district, lo hire a convenient place for the safe-keeping of prisnneisroinmiilf d under authority of the United States. It will be ssen, from pa pers accompanying this communication. lhal the attention of the marshal nf Mas sachusetts was distinctly railed to this provision of the law by a letter from the Secretary of State of the dale of October 28th last. There is no official informa tion that the marshal has provided any such place for the confinement nf his prisoners. If he has not. it is lo be re greited thai this powei was not exercised by the m;ushal, under the direction of the district judge, immediately on the passnga ol the act of the Legislature nf Massachu spits, of ihe 2ih March. 1843; and esne eially that il was not exercised on the pas sage of the fugitive slave law of the hst scHsion, or when the attention of the mar thai was afterward particularly diawn to tl. t . . .a. .a a ,. it is true tnai me escnpe irnin lite de puty marshals in lhi case waa not owing to ihe want of a pri.on, or place of con ... . nnemeni, nut sun it is not easy to see how the prisoner enuld have been safely and conveniently detained, during an ad journment of ihe hearing, for some days, without such place of confinement. If it shall appear lhal no such place has been obtained, directions to ihe marshal will be given lo lose-on time in the discharge of this duly. I transmit to the Senate the copy of a proclamation issued by me on the 18ih iittant. in relation to these unex peeled and deplorable occurrences in Boston. i ,, ..Lit,;. ... t,m mmrtiintM Ait lM La W Mr,, drawl L the clreN or dietriel jage fif lh United aster give ? the law l w.ftaJd ke yote l-c Suiee ia llie Sute of Msssachusetu, out- , bill to rrped ihia UwakrbareasJ bad teg that, ia bis epiatoa the at w a au ury Jarre is accessary I lass re ihe due rxreatioe of ihe laws, aaJ shall reqaire yoar aid aad that erf the troops aer a .a. prodarrdaa fruits f The Smatoe would do aa each thief. Mi. Ctenveaa was Bw awe of those wba !hd taj ftr ihe ComperHa'tse arts ef the ' I - - . - r .1.. a.i!.rf sauuta . 1jv1 Ii. mm afen ml I1M1PS W BS yattr romataao, a rw w r""" . ------ 'tointiatUM. yoa 13 pUct cnJcr lbs airce-1 were d-pord ta g.re tbase acts altr .: I &r ,, mnkiL TSllFru.inu orwis cwraiiir Hrn UOD M .11 KUM W ' I ..J ..W uHtUi mi vara eanamaBa aa BtSV I . . ir be tWcsed aorqaata to ibe purpose, n aritbev the rtrrait twr distrirt judge shasiU be ia the rity of Boetoa br the ei'igepry above referred la ehail rem. the written rrtiifiraie sf lb marshal atone will be deemed efi,rirat Cur yea to afford the re quisite aid. .. . v. Very respectful'T, yeas brdirtit srtvsnt, IS. M. CO.NUAU. Secretary of War. Brrt Mshe Ceerf A. Tbscsas,a csnusuaJiiif waa but ce of those are rspable of le araL aad that one was the oor aaw be fore tbeta.- If be belie red ibis law. the Feg'mve Slave taw. a dead latter a the kk. ke would aav that. the tiove ' .1 f . t .1. m f Tn LAM IS Aft V. Of We m"Vamtm . ' v r " ritrd. The po-ple i4 Alabama had bo ranirtdai or iatmrdtsta interest ia litis law. for ihry did at loee awf tlua one negro ia five vests ; Ut they had aa. ta iHi ia iberieeutioBol ihe C'OStiiution. They well know that if one provision of OlSeer.Tsvt !srsaarace, Buetoa HarWr,',tlB Conslitoiioa rould be disregarded and Massachusetts,. jsst asiJe, that another and other pro vi- ' ...,! k. ttmtmA l;lia. and thai PWn r"uiu ra m - irons againinhe laws of the United States, and raue the lawe lo be faithfully execu ted. Bui ihe act proceeds to declare that, whenever it aay be necessary. in lite judgment of the- President, la use ihe mi litaiy force thereby directed lo le railed f-wih. the President shall forthwiih, by proclamation, command such inurrenu to disperse, and retire peaceably to their respective abodes, within a limited time. These words are broad enouuh lo require a proclamation in all rasea where militia arc called out under tf)t act, whether to repel invasion of luppress an insurjerlion. or lo aid ia executing the laws. This section has. consequently, created some doubt whether Ihe militia eould be galled forth ta aid in executing the Jaws without a previous proclamation. Rut yel the proclamation seems in be in words directed oidy sgainst insurgents, and to rrcuire litem to disperse, thereby implying not only an insuriection. but an organized, or al least an embodied force. Such a pro clamation in aid of the civil authority would pften defeat the whole object by givjng f uch notice to persona intruded to be arrested that they would be enabled lo fly or accrete themselves. The force may be wanted sometimes to malt ihe arrest. and also sometimes to protect the officer after il is made, aiid lb pievenl a rescue. 1 would tJierrFpre suggest that this seetmu be mod i bed by declaring that nothing therein contained .ahal! be construed ta reqijire any previous proclamation, when the militia wre called forth either lo repel invasion, in execute ilje laws, nr stfpprrsa combination against them; and thai the President may nuke such call, and place such muuia under Ihe control or anv civil officer of the United States, lo aid hint in executing the laws or suppressing such combination; and whilesoetnplqyetl,ihey shall he paid by and subsisiedaai the ex pente of the United Males. Congress, not probably adverting to the difference between Ihe militia and the re gular army, by the art of March 3, 1807, authorized the President to use titer land and naval forces of lite United States for the same purposes for which he might rail birth the niilitia, and subject to the same proclamation. Hut the power of the' Pre sident, under the Constitution, 'as com mander of the army and navy, is general; and his duty to see ihe laws faithfully ex ecuted is general and posiiirei and the act of 1807 ought not lo be construed aa evin cing my disposition in (Jongrrss ta limit or restrain this constitutional authority. ror gieater rernur, however, it may he well that Congress should modify or explain this an. in regtrd t its provisions I ir the rut loyment of ihe army and navy ot me united mates, as well as thai in reg-aiu to citiing lortn tne imiitik. it is supposed not to be doubtful that all citi xmis. whether enrtlid in the militia nr not, may be summoned as members of fie posse rnniitatiis, either by the marshal or a rommissioner. according to law; and thit ilia iheir duty lo obey such summon. Hut perbais it may be d nibted whether the marshal nr a nommissionet can sum mon as the posse r.omi aius an organize! militia force, acting under its own appro priate officer, without the consent of such officers. This point may. . dtserre , the conileralion of Congress. I ti-e this orcasiott to repeat ihe asstir ance, that, so far as depends uiton me, the laws shall be fjiihTtlly executed, and al forcible opposition to them suppressed I and lo this end I am prepared to exercise, whenever il may become necessary, the power rnnstiiiiiioiially vested in rite to ihe fullest extern. I am fully persuaded that me great majority of the people of this country are wannly and strongly at tached In ihe Constitution. the preservation of the Union, the just support of the (JSnv eminent, and the maintenance of the au thority ol Uw. I am persuaded that heir earnest wishes and the line of my consti tutional duty entirely concur; ami I do. bl not firmness, moderation, and prudence, tirenifibened and animated by the gener al opinion of the people, wilf prevent the repetition of occurrences disturbing the punuc peace and reprobated by all good Ntjr XVpaitawal, Feb. 17, 1851.- . Fir : The Department has received in formation that a prisoner, arrested, aa a Fugitive Slave ia Cos ton, was forcibly rescued from the deputy marshal of that district, on Saturday last, by lawless via lenre, in the very sraiol justice of that ci ty. When we had last ad tiers he had not brrn recaptured. Irthrrtfbre becomes necessaay lo take immediate measures for ihe execution ol ihe law in this and all similar rases; and whilst It is hoped -thai the rivil officers will sued ia need of no miliuty aisisunee from the forces pf the United Stales, you are instrccird that, il the marshal or his depiy rharged wi h the service pf process, by competent avthorir. shall produce, to vou the eeniCcate ol the justice or district j"dge of the Uaitrd Siatrs, thai, in hie opinion, combinations afainst the execution f the law of ihe Unitrd Siatci exist in Utat djstrirt, loo powerful to be overcome by the civil aulhruity, you will promptly order the there would be aa safety or tUpemlrnre to be placed ia the Cons iiuiion, lie did not reran! this taw aa a dead le er. He coDsidrrrd that it had been rained into execution. - '-' It had bera executed in Ohio, ta Indi ana, ia New-York, and .is Pennsylvania; ia the latirr State, it had been, the Sena tor from New Hampshire said, ovrr-exe- cuied by sending a. freeman inti slavery. Ia this tne Senator was ta error, r the man waa not eent into rlavety. for he wis returned ; and. ia the next place, he'waaVnt a free man. The nii-uke ta the rase was, that he waa airtt to "the wriMie master, for ha was actually a slave. Surh a m stake was ai) to larer. and the Senator from New 'Hampshire sho ld be charitable lo the mistake of otheisi There waf a uie abroad that a nrgro once railed on a distinguished - statesman t.f New Hampshire and said he was a fugitive slave; he implornl his aid and sought his shelter; lie was taken in and corolorteu mannra, i r any ptner twee unuer your'. .t,. u11KB,.ir. ii command, lo acrompaHy and aid the mar- .riaim! that ihe wgro was "no slave, lhal in making arrerts, in preventing res-1 nJ bil , baJ ,,j hU oi States, under the diieciion of the judge, logeihet with copies nf instructions from of the district, shall be and hereby is the Departments ol War and Navy rela autitorixed and required to lure a convent-J live io ihe general subject. And I cont ent place to serve as a temporary jail, and . inunicale also copies of lelsgraphia d to make the necessary provision for the! patches transmitted from the Department t safekeeping of prioners committed under; of S ale lo the district attorney and mar ine authority of the United States, until j hal of the United Sutes for the district I rrmanent provison lull be made by la w of Massi'huselis, and iheir auswers there for that p irpose; and ihe said marshal to. i ; l allb allowe I his reasonable expenses,' In regard to the last branch of the in '''J A 'rtr- ,na M,ve purposes, to be qwity mde by the resolution of ihe pairjoul of the I resstiry of the United Senile, 1 have ta observe lhal the Consti- j ha I been arrested front the custody of the !." These various provisions of the Mtiaq dedaref lhal M the President stall officers of jutice. It ia possible that the Kw tenaia-unrepealed. - 'tale ejre ihit the lawe be faithfully- ei-,city atitborrtieitnay find it necrtsary to men. MILLARD FILLMORE. War Department, Washington, rebrus7 Iftb,'I851. Sir : Information has just been commu nicated lo the Presidrni that a number of persons, principally people of color, in the city of Boston, did. a few daya since, combine tn prevent the execution of the law providing for ihe arrest of fugitive staves, and did forcibly rescue a slave who j cue. or in recapturing any person who has escaped or been rescued by villus 01 any process in hie hands. If. however, neith er ihe justice nor district judge shall be present in Mid city at a lime whru a rail for such assistanre shall be made.' you will thrn ael upon the like certificate from the marshal or deputy, and rendrr the aid required. ' . To avoid any excess of authority, you will, in all such rases, dirrct the officer in rtitnmand of the force herein described tn rereirr, while on this set vice, the 'or, ders of ihe msishal ot deputy, and act only in atrict onetiirnee thereto. 5 I am, vrry respectfully, your obedient "'"V WILI. A. GRAHAM. " Cornmodors Jsba Dowars, eantataadanl. Unktd K la tea Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts. DEBATE IN THE SENATE On Ibe late R Islet ance of the LAW sJoeloa. , ... Saturday, frhrua ii, 1851. The Senate tesumed the consideration of the motion to refer the President's mrs- sage relative tn the late resistance to law in Doston, to ihe Committee on the Judi ciary. ., .... . ... . ... Mr. Downs resumed the temarks coin menced by him on yrstrrday. .He main tained that the Fugitive Slave law had been executed and had been earned out in as effectual a manner as the most sanguine of 'its supporters had anticipated. II enumerated the several instances and caes in Indiana. New York, Ohio, Illinois Pennsylvania, and Michigan, in which the law had been executed and the fngi lives reclaimed. I hese rases, he argued, were evidenpe thai the law could be far ried into execution. Wherever it .had been attempted, wiih the exeep ion nf I U'ston, it had been succeshilly exeeu ted. ' He defended the Compromise of the last session of which this law was a most important feature which had hern pro notiiiced as having failed altogether in .it objects, lie considered it had been emi nemly successful. e alluded - to the state of feeling existing at the North he fore the passage of the Compromise acts, and said lhal since then a gr at change in popnl.tr sentiment had taken place, At ihe last session resolutions in favor ol ihe Wilmot proviso and kindred measures, were presented by eveiy northern State except one ; at this session no such reso lution wrre presented. Illinois. Indian'!, and Wisconsin, had reversed iheir legisla tion, and the two (oiiner had openly de clared their approbation of the Compro mise. Pennsylvania also had undergone a change, and resolution in favor ol the Compromise wrre now pending before the Legislature, and it was evident thil ihe people of thai Slate were determined In stand by and carry out lhal Compro mise. Indiana had re-elected to the Se nate one nf the boldest advocates of the Compromise. Ia New York the coun ter feeling had gone so far that, although the Whigs had a large majority an the Iegirlature, they cannot elect any man tn the Senate who is adrerse lo the execu tion, or the laws. The Senator from South Carolina saw something ominous to the South, in the fact that the President applied to Congress lo enable him ta em ploy a military force in the execution of the laws. He saw po.hing,oninous in il ; on the contrary, an. omen of good, an omen of that great and beneficial change in the sentiment of northern people to wards the South. The President and hie chief Cabinet officer wrre both fioin the North, and they evidenced by this ac tion their- high bad patriotic intention lo egeciiie it among their own people, even papers pocket all ihe lime. Surh a mistake hav ing oceurrrd tn New Hampshire, the Se- naior mtgiit.er.ruse tne misuxe in rniia- .- ' einnia. Mr. Hale said this, piece of history waa new ta him. Mr. Clemens said the memory of the Senator must be imperfect, lor he had told the tale to him (Mi. C,) and the "Senator from Tennessee as bating occurrd to him- elf. (Laughter.) Mr. Hate. . I hare a perfect rrpoller. lion of what I stated to the Senator and the Senator from Tennessee pn the occa sion referred, to; but it was not aa the Senator had etated iu A man did rail on anJ wtol.l f.Jrve voted iit- them, t he fcad horeJ u.t u-y w.ta it produced sHn gmnd fiui:s, burin tln was Bisep piaiJ. He Saw aoe ,f good rcsaSta tuCwwiivg them h b w,f4 prrdidrd by tbelr atipponrrs. AgitatMk aad cxrrearat bad not brea adbyedt -i j j ..-.it t , e ury riMiiwwrii sp" oj m tns eoua try. but la the Italia of t'smgrrts. SMr. ry is stiQ disecawed ia eome form eihrrt aftd ihr ssVjerU lrafug to tLks f U latioa were introduced by those w ha vat tot the Cpreii."a4 paniruUrlr ky the rhirf ehpMa f Umm arasurcs,t- Mr. Tat aey srviewe skf (be ecu Tata. prWieg wbaJ le kawwa as the CewtpecMi and deaied UaW biW'vKa' S.tk y ieSdrd sp ever tthiag ta abta'ta thie one la wshe bad btatard say th tag of the Irast prartjril value. He slid aol ronstJervtWe law a having brrn execute. lie dea'ted:hat saythiog had orrurred showing aeau. mrnl al the North more favorable to fa hMith, since the passage f the Com pro. mtse arts. lie ronshlrmi il atjrrly tm possible' tn execute the taw wills there were elabe and organizations ia every fns State forrord to drlrat ita enforermenC Mr. Chase was one of those aha or. posed the so-called Compromise acts. and had yntrd (or only one of theru, viz : the act abolishing the slave trade in this Dis trict. He rvtnstderrd that those acts had total'y failrd ia produring that establish ment of qaeetione which they wrre repre srnteil as bring capable of. Both 'idea, of the Compromise derlsred this taw hud not been executed. He had voted against this law. Ia his opinion the duty of ca forcing the provision of the Consti niton wae the duty of the 8tab o and not nf the General Government. He considered it I compart between the Stairs, and Con gress had nothing la da with the abject. Previous ta the derision of lite Pepieme Court ta the ease of Ptigg tt. the Com. monwealth f Pennsylvania; etifVttad been ihe grneral opinion, and the Jtau-i had msde regulations to execute this cUute of the 'onsiiution. The Snpteme Court, howevrr, by lhal derision, had drn'ted the Statra had any such power, and declared it was the duly of Congress. He regard ed ihe Supreme Court as practically ex punging the proriion lor ihe rendition ef fugitive slaves from the Conatituitoo, (of il relieved ihe Slates from all obligations In da the doty, and no an pf Congress cld be rflVriually eatriri) out.'- IU then, pointed ont the varioe means by whleh rlbimants would be deterred from tlaiut ing their slaves, on account of the. im ! mense costs, the lime lost, the trouble and difficulty of overcoating legal obi racier, die., and said he saw but liihle praetical good remtting from this law to the Soetk, eta rlaimanu lie then alluded' In the sever! rases in which the law had been enforerd. " " ' ' - He drtailrd the rirrumslanrei blteutl ing the late proceedings in Boston, and me at mv house, and represenied himself considered it aa no such occurrence call- in be a fugitive slave but he had noljtng Mr weextmowinary pntceeuingscw been in my presence three minmes before trmplated. Ileeaid .the question bl lli , it-t ?i ii. , : I knew he was an impostor. While talk ine with me he kepi his hat oni and I knew lhat'na one who was raised a slave at ihe' Sonth would ever tin this in the prekence of a gentleman. (I'anghtrr.) Mr. Clemens resumed. The law h d execution ed this law wae with Ihe peo ple... If they willed it, it would" be Me. rated, if thry did not design 11 should, no proclamatioo would effect iu' lie refer, red to the proclamation of Gen.'Gar,e, in Boston seeniy ne years ago, which was been executed in every rae where r- wenueu mv nee m. pBpie iempte.1 except in BosmnJ and ihcre it la laws they did not ppro'tftjt waa restated in ihia particular instance by " proriamauop tr ii.. . a negro mob. He did not regard this consideied ihe proelamaiinn id the'Piest- r I .1 .1 i!nt rntirvtr unndeessarv. ' ' taci as cnnt'tusiTvwHivnceinai srrn iitcrr, v the law could not I executed. The vrry J Mr. DMlge,of owa,dr feuded hi State lave who had been tesrued rould not frorrr the "chaige ' f having" ever' iloife saiety aiiruu an auoiiunn meeting any iiimg rith tit obstruct the execuuori of in a small town in Massachusetts, willful this or any othei law for the recovery of being in the-d't'guise of a female. Mobs fugitive slates, or" nf any i-terl'erencs werenoindicationsofpopularwjll.ceriain-, with 'he rights o Southern States. ., lis ly nqi of the inefficact of the laws. There ' had ihr usual allowance of human sy m- wss a mob in uosion on a Tormrr o-ca-' pathy hut whenever the ease shoutua sion, and a convent wa burnt la the rise ta prrsent the question between llit f round. .An actor rained a ntoh inJS'ew' whiles and blacks, he' would never be York, whit h was not orrreome till aHer found warring sgaiiisl his own fomplexlnn cnnsitlrrable bloodshed i rhurchra were, and face in lchalf nf the negroes. fie burnt in Philadelphia, one after another, eoifiderrd ihr course of ilie President and the rity wa in tumult for wreks; in ei'hce he had "been in office' as' eminently Kaliiinnre, nt forty miles from this patriotic and proper; ha thought that place, mobs had takrn plce. and the pro- comse had brn bnrficial to the counttjr, petty of private individuals was destroyed; and thai il had Completely spiked lite en and ia the southwe-t ganjs tf despera- hnn of the Senator 'from' Ne w Teft'arid does have set the laws , in defiance for his party. ' ' weeks at a lime. These did not demon-! He had long remarked the singular fart strate that the laws ol the land could not thai the sympathy of those who clamflfrd I enforced. Bui he still regarded, the so loud in be half of the poor hrgrb alys President as having done nothing but ceased when the nrgro became iree, and what it was his duty in have done. He when he requited iheir sympathy; ami had acted as a statesman and a patriot aid. The Sena tot from Ohio had al who, knowing his duty, had resolved to Inded to Gate's proclamation, and had perform it. I told them that lhat had been followed by 'I he Senator font Sooth Carolina had blood; if the Senator meant to say thatthe spoken' of the legislation of Illinois and proelamaiinn of the President, tequiring Indiana excluding free negmrs as indies- obedience to ihe laws, was lo be followed lions rather of a desire to free themselvrs by a conflict and bloodshed, he would say of a worthless population than as favora- lo the Senator let thai contest come unjust . a as soon us ihe party who- in ended ti thought proper. He did hoi regard the late ntoh in Doston as anf? true indicaliftn ol the feelinff of ihe nenhh nf- Maesac ho- States was, so it was not hostile to the setts; ha preferred lo suppose the tleineii Sottih. Such legislation, was not, hostile straiinn at Springfield ocrsiioncd by Ihe He liad no fault to find rnndttei f the Pmrli.h miscreant ThomP alA.aa .a eava a nir to tne 0011m. - 1 nose laws wrre not new la the Senator; similar ones were in force in S.tuth Carolina and Alabama. He eared not what the object of those in ihe South. with it. If ihe free States would. alt pro hihit negrors coming into them, he would rather have such leiislatin than a law ta reclaim fugitives. It would be the best legi-lanon to prevent slaves running off. tn conclusion, tie repeated that he con- eon betirr reflected rheir sentimenis: n promised that if Thompson would yiiil Iowa lo carry oni any ;of his seditMu designs, he would be mnsi i aummari'f dealt with, Mr. Douglas explained the legislation snb red the Piesident had acted with the of Illinois with ..rd .ofree blacks com- greatest propriety. ml that he had done ' ing tn reside therein. There had always his duty, and would continue io do so. 5 j been a law punishing with severity. Mr. Borland was not present when litis harboring or concealment of a mnr. law wae passed, but if he had been he slave. The peple of that State now, Vf would have voted for t, llfjugh without ' ronaitttiiionat provision. pmhihiird nrgroes anyexpectaiionihal.il would result in ' coming ta rrsule there, whether free t any practical benefit or good resuh. In I slave. Titee had determineil that Hl""S his expectation ha hail not een disip poino u. tie rnnsitiered iheilaw.a com plete failure. It had ben executed in orrie half dozen eases, hut whai was that number to the thousands of fugitives who were now in the filiSiates. He had jheen vspposet td "the comprbinisy act, ehnld not he aeolon v'for the" free n gr of the Union, end foelhe worthies, on hmken-down. and runaway servant f"Vn the adjoining slave States.. They weM a white people; and were ilerVrrtihied, preserve a w hits? iMiplAioluet.1 erSt.ttet lake care' ot their free w gr'"'