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From fctmJmi Ciireepoiidcmce of Nat. Int.
'ie coNia nox of Europe. It has tfeea stated tWt the expt-nse of the. tteexlj extinguished Indian insurrection jwouw be-about 20,0Ui00(t sterling to '.lie IriWi-lhdwn GrfrnmenC We now learn, frum tlit officii sources, that the British d'overamelrt expenditure tor th Russian art Including, the Sardinian foan which is guarantied by the British Government, may e set down at ro.849,859. We do not knrsw whether the Indian war could have been avoided, because in that case one of the combatants was out of the pale of what is called Eartopcan civilization; but we are idacidedly of opinion that if the parties to the Crimean war had possessed a little raort of this boasted European civilrmtion, toiHidcd as that civilization is, or ought to be, upon the religion which the nations or Europe pro fess, that conflict mtrght have been avoided. It is now more than eighteen centuries and half since Christianity was first preached to mankind a religion full of peace, and gentleness and mercy. At the time when the Founder of that religion was born, we hart good authority for stating, the armed forces of the Roman Empire, which then maintained the peace of Europe, amounted to 387,000 men. We cannot ascertain the papulation of Europe at that time, but we Are told that the city of Rome alone contain Mil 6,834,000 souls in the reign of Nero, (and it must be remembered that throughout the .civilized world there was nothing but Rome i) .And. that the population of (treat Britain when it was invaded by the Romans was CtO, 000, The population of Europe is now esti mated at 3,-,000,000; we do not think that it has increased more than tenfold since the birth of Christ, and therefore it is fair to sup pose that placing religion and civilization -eut of the question, if 378,000 soldiers main taining the peace, of ttiyopc when the popula tion was only 2r.000,0l)0, 3,780,000 should be adequate to ntuntain that peace when the population had increased 1072.000,000; but, instead of this, we find that the military for ces of Europe, (naval and military excluding British Indian army of 250.000, and the Eng. lwh militia, 145,010, and also the Turkish Army of 311,000, as being lion-Christian) were in 1855 no leas than 4,305,000; and e greatly fear that if peaceable feelings do sot prevail among civilized Europe. na tions, or the governors of them, in I860, than Are now predominant in 1858, we shall then present Uie awful spectacle of 5.000,000 of hamaa beings ender arms, whose sole busi ness will be to destroy and injure one an other to the utmost of their power. Then, again, it is lamentable to find, from the records of the British Patent Office, that, besides the immense Amount of physical force Armed for war and all its horror., what a vast amount of mental energy and skill baa been lately directed tewards the discovery of the means by which man may be best enabled to ad as the destroyer of his fIUw-man. Since the commencement ot the . Russian war no fewer than 600 patent have been issued by the English Patent Office for military inven tions i The entire number issued under this head by the office from its establishment, in 1 6:3, to 1835, was only 300. Whoever takes trouble te lok through the history of the eighteen centuries which have elapsed since the Christie i epoch, will perceive, we think, a gradual but very marked improvement in the masses of mankind, knowledge, and science, and art have been working solely for the purpose of war: thj interest of peace and bums i happiness have had a full share of their attention) and there is.as much dif ference between the 2?2,WQ,mQ of people in Ke at the present day, and the &7, r3j,(KX) w'ao lived lucre at tlie bi rth of lieions vuriii es turre is between the religions rhicit !.e rame to atidl.nh and that which it as bis mission to establish. What is it but this ehitiz- that mikes the ueoole of France led G.ruutiv. and erobablr of Russia, and eertiidlv of England. i unVilling to go te war? What is it but this chaage which has throndi the last three uvmihs. nrevented Aisf.ia and France from crossing bayonets? 'tionsja right of ownership in the soil is re An! what it it bat this which can possibly ! cognised. Men then build houses, congre stave nl and rrobablv finally subject the 5te in cities, and gradually develop all the difficulties to an aimtable arrangement? Wehave said ootwitlt.fanduig our sta-1 tistlce about armies and population, and wir ar.d its hfTid consequences, the condition orthebeop'e at larjre probably with some two blades of grass to grow where oelv one geew before c mfers a greater beeefit epoa fus rae than dues the general who wise a battle. If thii be true s respects the food cattle, it becomes doubly important w hen it relates te the food of man. The Knglish Agriculturalist, by considering his business in a scientific point ef view, and bringing to b-Sr upon the acres he cultivates the im portant discoveries of Liebig andothei wri ters upon agricultural chemistry, and by a sWrimiiiatmg adoption of artificial ma nures te their aporvpriate soils, has alrxadv materially increased toe average produce of Is. s-imuchastomaketha it.nr.ria. the pr.ee of wheat A matter .if ,er, mseo'iea- e to him. The laborer is !l paid by his pau-pemus employer im s try painrui exceptions, nas very mucn im "n't' -n-ic vcirj is Vwkw ... r, ,al B .iirn,(eni: it only tne tjiralogue require men j man whip ye!" shouted the jld deron ' 7 ' ,"",,"" -"I-t proved throughout Europe during the Chris- carcely better than that which develnps Hie , are created .-.UhI, Now, as a matter l fact, to be employed" various other passage n Y.a-a-. ' I couldn't help it " Well' tb,",,m' B',,,, Commiieos eaid wkfc tiaaera. This is very praminetit and per- tient, intellectual man from the condition we know tnat iitrn are not etual, and never j s ripiure might be tiuoted. I'miiI urg-s the ! Johe, you go to school to-morrow and if Th Ch.epke Cal Company ks- cept'.We in Crest Britain, France, Belgium, " tadpole. t. L have been so. Ihere was ine.jnality in the , heltevers to be diligent in business,' an4lMie undertakes to whin ve a-in "dted wnb tb requirement f iheactaf the lei. Germany, Prussia, Holland, Russia, Den- Akin to this is the theory wh.ch r-ls first pair n hdeo. Men differ in every ;,l.nniinces certain idle persons in some of you just pitch in ; don't l t a wunian whip ""'' AaiMy, th H rd 'lrd a aoberrintioo af rni. and Swecdenj probably in Spain, cer- iiety the result of agreement b-tween faculty-physical, intellecfial, and moral ! ,i rhurrhe. as busy-bodies, stiinng up ve if ve csn help it. Don't take any stick !-no ih.c.p.t.l .tk f the .,J camnaev ac t;n!y in Portujal, ia I'iedm..Bt, SwiUcr- md.v.do,! member, each consenting to eur- Kqoal.ty seeme to be no part of the divine Urife, c. ' .to stnke with, but ve may strike end kick ' P'-- h ...d .cl Uml, and Savoy j we are almost sure we may render a portmn of his rsf ursl ld.efc.es for economy srs creation. On the contrary, M ,n is taught to labor by the light of f.a-'as mu.h as ve're a mind to." A ranlutio wa paed ky the Bel oraim anm add Turkey ami Greece ; would that w. h f "'her port.o.s of that order is Heaven , first l.w - Ami or.W ! te. h Anet Ullt re, , reVeUlin ,0 tf!ttU I he oest'dsy il, boy went lo.rho.,1. end, h. d.rT,re0, R..I...J .Wfc tolHZ cosjIJ include Italy ! We will confine our- more secure. He according to th.l implies rank, diversity, and gradation of h., this. All nature is busy in all-depart- emboldened by the permission cite., by hi. -me-ted. th. oefM., ee'isee to KngUnl W, have theory. nrt.il hr, natural rights, (that is.lpowcrs. Iti.e law of the whole material ments-animal, vegetable' .ml mineral, father. . brou-MW. .U.naw9nde,fulc!,ans.inKng'and.ven!th'r,ghtto.lojut a, he plea.es.) for th. ; univerje-ii.ht.it. ineqoality. (And in the Ewj ,l,ig labors, from the very am.llest'of dilated role I ' tZr du.itig the last thirty-.ight year, in the ; f n equivalent, whirl, he .n.j.fs on ..; famt gl.mpse. permitted to us into the in- .mmikule to the mon.lrnos leviathan or the to correct him. and he did as his father had .toiiVte tlT character of the r.ngll.h Court. We will '- This view was ma.ntained by that ! y-s-ble world, ,t is tke same-order and bar- rtvghty deep-nothing is idle, from th. sm.l-1 told him. The result was thai r.,w insunce anothe? great and all-impor-j wnter the late Dr. Chann.ng. , i.,.y resulting from ine.p.l.ty. f.o,t is, ,? tartscfe of matter to sa.t worlds off most unmerciful trouncinV ami hrj CCoA ?'slt,,fc tAM c'lenee io the character of a most ate-1 , " 'uh thenr.es, however ingenwi. too. with men. .let shall we be told that which the universe is to.nposed-the sun, I roughly subdued. When he went home he t . ? fmnX rf Xtnk c''" t fUeiituScss of the Koglish community-: P'bl. T , ... . the sgntulteral interest. The adaze is eor-l" insuperable d.mrelty, whteh is, that tainly is abstract frmn reason, end from atl there is no idleness among them. Well. .Ul I J..t awful had lirkins- Tin object, u w ihooeht, can k ssWted by a sys- teet wh.iah asserts that tha man wk'n causes they do not Correspond with Any thin that e know as f4Ct. llttth always has an ac- I.ahe ia a unU.rs.1 Um.- VVI.. .i.-l.l.- .. ul ... ... .? " through freight train. r bv a crealat ..lis a Las a larre lof of little mm... ? it.. I is eiji'e'j irom i A mere met hanka olanttr and sever te the ran' of a atudent if eture ftessed pleasure an J profit frmn hi rnoi eU-sated ttursa.ts. 'ri. ls',,1 .s .....r. kii.t. cultivated, and Kogls.d has become very ti. arts inden.nd.nt i.l i.lhr ri.mni euff 'ef l.fe. TsjIy did Mrs. desmans ui: " Th. -iu'rj Uimn f nglsad, knar Wutif, 0,et itiont for the a... i in r pst ihmugheu its ks?ps , . . It is Iilely Cut tne acrupteri of th-M las a large lost ul little mnnevi tie farmeri" "V """ oui rm in rrmsprn- " pleasant homestead" will be induced by! unity, the result of a common origin and a the tempting l ambition, 91- the bidding of .common life. It docs nut hold together- by a despot, or the blunders of a diplomatist or cohesion of convenience or interests but it the folly of a Prime Minister to beat thir is an organic growth, like th Eastern ban- plough-shares and pruning hooks into swords and spears ? No whilst Christiani ty and peaceful, social, and moral serene, walk hand in band over this favored isle, such a catastrophe can never occur. Again J whilst scientific men have taken out six hundred patents iu five yara for inventions to Kill ana destroy, iney nave not oeen in different to the interests of the cultivators of the soil. The records ef the British Patent Office tell us that from 1823 whsn the firs pat ent fir a drain-pine was granted to Join llethenngton up to 1830 only sixteen patents had been issued in that de partment, whilst from 1830 to 1855 the number granted is one hundred and four. Again prior to 1840, unlr ten patents had been taken out for manures, whilst from 1840 to 1855 there were one hundred and twenty-eight issued! Truly science has greatly aided the interest of peace. Colonization and emigration have also been important agewts in the cause of peace ! by inducing hundreds of thousands of young men the materials of. which armies are formed to spread themselves over distant lands and make te themselves homes in North America, South Africa, Australia, ah New Zealand, instead of remaining at home, per haps in a crowded population, exposed to the oratory of a recruiting sergeant, the temp tations of military show, and the promptings of a military ambition. A few more figures, establishing facts having an important bearing upon the sub ject. According to the latest and most cor rect population tables, those of Professor Deitretch, of Berlin the present papulation of the world is 1,383,000,000. Europe with which alone we arc at present dealing, con tains 272,000,000; of which nations pro fessing the Roman Catholic religion cniftain 1 15,988.140 snulst those professing the re ligions of the Greek Church and of Malvo met, 75,149,800. We ascertain fmm authen tic returns that should the armies and na tives of Europe be raised to 5,000,000 men, as they undoubtedly will should war ensue between France and Austria, (t'le two lead ing Roman Catholic nations of Europe) for nations determined to keep net of the fray if possible will have to be prepared for be ing forced into it in this case, the Roman (-atholic armies and navies will consist ef 3,533J12 men, or one fighting man of evenr fifty of the population ; those of the Greek Church and the Mahometans ol 1,302,470 men, or one fighting man of every sixty of the population ; ami those of the Protestant nations of 1,403,818 uee, or one ighing nan of ever seventy of the population. ; THE UNITY OF SOCIETY. We find in a religious cmtemrnrsy the synopsis of a Lecture delivered several wssfa a jo by Robert M. Proud, ef Baltimore fere die Church Brotherhood of thai city. oof"shrVh, unfortunately for us. under the in the constituent principles and elements iueece ofpatrietic association,, every school political government, Not nJre for tie boy has lucraed to repeat with reverence and philosophical interest of the theme thai) lor to aoevpt as infallibly tree. After asserting the able treatment it received at Cm Minds (PHt ail men are crested erjna.1, and endowed of the eloquent lecturer we rile the subjoin I certain inalienable rights it is declar ed resumed ef the principal topics discussed j ed that, to secure these rights, Government under this head. Jaae instituted, " deriving their just powers unity of society. One ef those, unfortunate ly sanctioned by names which suggest learn ing and eminence, is that of an original wild man, living in wksi has been erroneously isnr na-w uiih iHc iticirric apwii called A " state ojteiture," (really a mit unnatural state, atleast inconsistent with all we now know of the natare of man.) Impell-i 'ed by hunger, his first desire, he becomes a ! hunter, and preys on the but slightly inferior animal races. His fellow-men, (if the idea.iof fellowshin be admissible at all. ! travin the ! "m f'od, an agreement becomes necessary I the first bond of onion. From tint mo "nt, after a low faJftion, society exists. Desiring vegetable sustenance also, "man tills; I the ground ; and this induces new stipula-1 j complicated relations of the present social etate all growing out l man's experience of; ' bis convenience or neeesities, and ntpon - Jtaneously arising from any innate germinal ' principle tnvineiv impiaetea in nis con-titu- we know either of the history or nature of man. Our earliest records exhibit him in a condition of society, lessromplri indeed than now, but still with mutual telatinna.appeten cet, and interdependence. It hna been pun gently asked, in reply to Dr. t Manning's view when all this mutual bargaining for security of rights takes place? Man tomes into the world helpless, and bring with him all this supposed multitude of r.jrhts hefwre he can feed himself. Heftre he tan cootra. t with society he receives its protection, and at a time w hen he ran give no equivalent. Most society nnuiisb and protect him on credit, t'l. h '" he tan talk bluster .ngly of his natural Ir.jhu? Is he, t l'n' tfitT hfX r'"fd so large a portion the Ueoeiits n. would evpect Irom society, MV !n nnw wurn runv wouin suomit tol Rut th truth is, msn cannot etir exher ,hl,n society " 'tt of nature" is for man. the Thj only . . r . .... . ' . 1 - sit oi nature ' is lor man, tne so'iar stste j "i'te from his k-nd, his tac is wholly j ' n"1"'' ngma are seen ,r,ot" he ten enjoy in tliNsoaisl.ieie no (Other. Um hss so plared him, and se he ",l,'t fcmain, a sorial beinr, gules his 'I he unity of society, then, is not a onion ' 9 consent, by tnrar., by Accident; br eg In roMwitw the orsniiation of Govern- ,ra'ton, in ficipef la.d but rm0l!i f vshirI ssust sey limethirj, the jan tree, .whose branches ever take fresh root, and loam new trunks, until one troe becomes (nighty rve. One life permeates the wDoJe, whys each trunk end bianco has nn individuality of its own, arising from the nature of the sou or other surrounding cir cumstances -a fit symbol of the unity of so ciety. The vast human frmily (an expres sion familiar to every ear) has its unity. Everr race, nation, fragment of nation, each little community down to the fireside circle has its unity j not by aggregation of partic les luxn without, but by unity of life from within, But is it, after all, important, so long as we admit the fact ef a unity, whether we rest it on the principle of natural growth or en the voluntary action of ita members t It is practically of vital moment, The theories differ as widely as the poles ; and, but for the action of compensating influences, the results would be as different. Our instincts are wiser than eur fatal theories, and save them from their logical results-anarchy and destruction, But let til look more closely at the theorv of voluntary association. Blackstone, the commentator on the Bnglish Constitution, maintains that " each man entering society gives up a part of his natural rights for cer tain advantages, and ebliees himself to coil form to the laws which the community has thought proper te establish." Dr. Channins; objerts to the idea of a man's surrenderin " part of his rights," but thinks it more proper to say Out he " adopts new modes f securing them. According to him the in dividual desists from the riirht of self defence and submits to a tribunal or umpire, and con sents te pert with a portion ol his property in taxation, &c; all on condition of an equiva lent for what he relinquishes t and we may infer with a reserved power toreassume the rights' in the absence of the equivalent. This theory would apply to every man the South Carolina doctrine of the rights of States. All remember the claim a few years since of that State to rre'sume her sovereignty and withdraw from the Union. And the more recent event ia Rhode Mand h fresh in memory when a portion of the people, under Oov. l)mr, disregarding existing laws, undertook to reorganize the constitution and established aenthergnvernment. A witness in a criminal prosecution growing nut of fliese proceedings was asked to what branch of 0-y. Dorr's military forces he belonged, and under whose order's he acted, in a cer tain bloodless engagement. His answer was under no one's orders, but as an independent Stat in Us own ptrion. Now, this reply, however ridiculous or absurd, is the logical .deduction from Dr. Cbanning's theory; per haps the direct and legitimate result" of the erroneous idea ef association by consent or compact. A certain State paper, which has done moch to give shape to American ideas on His subject;, stales this theory in words if"" w, vi imi i..vniv, , mai m I. n f K iihni, f,i..rniiiiin, .1 these ende. it is the right of the people "to alter, abolish, or Uiild anetv. 1 trs-t that I shall be arsjuitted of imuit-tv if I nuote j sueh lanjuaie only to condemn th- principle involved in it. The great and good men '"' made this declaration were engaged in ,a tranartinn whose full import thry did not comprehend and they rested their apulog on principles far lcs comprehensive 1'ian thoeon which it wasreallv founded. "Tlirv s builded better than the fcnew." Their in stincts were trner man meir intellectual , theories. Their spokesman was more .f a philosopher than a 'hritian. I would de fend their act from its false connexion with their reasons. The srpamtion nf nur eolo tnes wa nt a destruction ol the social ,r- ""J" " "it(M w umiT puu - tic, of organ .f d society acting as .nch. The r was not a social war, and the term Htm- i AiAff, as applied to ifj is a misnnmer. The ; first tictinn, on which all the false reasoning oi mis pgr in me neciar.nion ot inde live sVlstioo to thinas aa they are, I " cannot live by it, it i no truth at all. ingw.tnt.ie ngment ot equality in rtghto. Ilka steaeesaa Sasas saast se awt aat li,.ai.anu...l. .... -,-,..r, v ...F.riniiir.n, are oevisee io secure tnese rigors, deriving their power from the c nent of the govern ed. A strange parados in language, if not in fact. The advocalesof tl I fiction should, at least, amend their term, fall it a com pact or a tri aty not, surely, a Government. ABthority is obliterated from their system. And this'brings us to the fundamental falla cy. Their system is a pyramid resting on its apea the parts governing the whole the higher subordinate In the lower the divine to the human a creation without a creator Ged'e world, and He not in it. It is prac tical atheism. It assumes that fd left IDs work incomplete f and made individual men, and placed them hereto organize, out of the chaos ef their pas!mta and antagonisms, the woundrrms fabric of human society the gi gantic man who, through cyr and centu ries, hsa fillesl die world wi'th the monuments o f rMM',r H't. ! accumulated thesight. It is int troe. The organisation of aeveiety if God'a work, not matl'a. Hu man law derive all H authority from find. Not from the MtoBrat of the eoverned." bat from (Jie primal soorre of all power- fcem vJ'd. American idea is, that the majority may i mould the (iovernment as they may deem best, This is a very partial conformity to the theory of Government by consent For who gave the fifty-one majority a right to control the forty-nine majority 1 V Here is again an instance where instinct is better than theory. . Borne lorin 01 government ia felt necessary j and the forty-nine, willing or not, must yield to the fifty-one. And we are so full of this notion of government by the 1 ...... 1 , snitjoniY mat. we iwutujr ,jv;i unmet us iu consistency with our own theories. What, then, is tne true theory? rirst, we must set rid of the idea that government is some thing outside of the body politic, something superadded, like the clothes we wear; it is a part ol the body politic, the Oram to win, the voice to speak, the han.l to execute. And then return to the ideayith which I started, the unity of society. ( with orcanic laws of growth, like a tree,; and we shall reach the true idea ol government that its lorm is tne result of the innate laws which direct the social growth. The social orgahiy.ation of each community is moulded according to those laws, jut as there is' one Jaw for the cedar and another for the oak, the operation of each differing according to the circum stances of soil, climate, &c. by which the tree is surrounded. Government, , in its form, is moulded by the character of the people on whom it acta 1 their habits, ideas, traditions, and ether circumstances. Some of God's laws are common to all 1 and ene of them is, that there must be governments. The form is the result of laws not common to all. Constitutional conventions and writ ten constitutions are powerless if they do not give expression to the silent laws which are at work in the hidden views of the social fab ric. An eloquent Frenoh writer of the last century (De MaistreV admirable illustrates this idea, in referring to the British Consti tution, proving that Montalcmbert was not the first Frenchman who could appreciate the English system. But another element, working- in harmony with these laws, intanjri ble but no less real, is the providence of tiod, iiud is note uoil alar off, but a Iiv inz, acting, present power. I have not time to apply the principles nere lam unwn 10 our own insuiuuuns , anil the attempt might be over bold. But num berlcss evils, of which good men continually complain, are traceable to the idea that indi vidual suflYage is a right, and not a sacred trust from tiod. There is an under-current in the minds of thinking men leading them to the conclusion that there is something radically wrong in eur popular ideas and ten dencies, and indicating a return to sounder principles. Such principles we shall find in God's Word and in his Church. The first article of our political creed must be belief in Uod and God as the source of all power and authority, whether of parent, mister, magis trate, or citizen, we must learn to obey 1 to acknowledge, with th judicious Hooker, that the seat of law is the " Bosom of God," and " her voice the harmony of the world." -SH DAYS SHALT THOU LABOR." It is a common remark on all hands that vice, immortality and crime have rapidly inereaited w ithin the past few years. Many causes have been assigned for "this deplora ble state of affairs, but the true ene has been overlooked. The main cause is, we appre hend, to be found in that great change in the habits of our people which all thinking men deplore and which the aged so often refer to a change superinduced by the false, hurtful and pestiferous dogma that labor is dugrarcful. This great error, we regret to see, has taken deep root and will destroy multiplied thousands, of the youth of our country before it is eradicated, In the good old times, bins and girls, when not at school, were employed in some thing useful. Now, they pass their time in ; listless idleness, hurtful amusement and vi cious practices. This is the cause of the vast increase of crimes amonr us, The command at the head of this article is, as the reader doubtless knows, a portion 'ol the decalogue (iod's own law, delivered j t0 .m, v;inai. t nut merev ,;,. jtive, but imperative. I hnu shalt labor, it dees not read. Ye may labor.' The com- mand, to labor six dava, is just as imi.era live as that to abstain li nm it on the S.ibbath. To talk about an idle C hristian, therefore, is juot as preposterous as to speak of a holy , bImuI'I man alone be idler Employment ir nut tinrfullj esnplovrd, man must be en- I a . . . ... gazed in the service id the i evil. Tha devil finds work lor idle hands to do,' is as sink ing a truth as was ever uttered by human wisdom. ' Idleness is crime' Turn and twist as we may, we rannot escape the fnrce of this truth. No idle man ran be a good citi.en, much Ins a good christian. Labor is neces sary to man's happiness, and the handmaid of virtue. No idle man ran be happy or contented, if he has the wealth of Cm-sns, the wisdom of Solomon the beauty of Adonis and the bravery of tsr none of which attributes are attainable without labor, (duration and high moral training are not of themselves sufltrient safe guards of vir tue. We know many young men nf good education, of fine talents, the sons of pious parents and the hope nf (heir. ler lining years, who in spite of their eirellcnt moral train ing and other superior advantages are the hahitwt of vile resorts and make night hide ous with their bacchanalian revel, in the streets all because they were eulfried togrow up in idleness. These rases are by no means rare. On the other hand we may fely affirm that we have never known a really use ful and good msn who ws.s an idle bov. In eourlntten, we would kindly and after s tionatrly advise boys and young men daily loafing about the streets u"r'1 le useful employment -J cannot all enter the learned 'T- called. . But they can cet some TiL. . ln...a . .. J fl .mnlnvmcnll l WlA-01" useful are alike honorable. u,1FTnflb. .UU Ul I P T . .a ,....w A FEMALE ROBINSON CRWOE. Racins, April 15, 1859. The usnal nuiet and dullness of this city wsa to day most agreeably dissipated by the arrival here of the schooner Ozelle, Marvin master, having nn board a young lady, Miss Sophia Richardson, formerly of Cleveland, Ohio, who for the last three years has been living in solitude anil unwilling seclusion up- ton a desolate and uninhabited island in Lake Superior, near the British coast and in a northwesterly direction Iroin Isle Koval. A detailed narrative of the adventures of j . . Miss Richardson appears in the New York Times of yesterday, from which we take the following extracts; . . " YYhen cast ashore 1 louml that 1 nail eight barrels of pork, two kegs of lard, twelve barrels flour, two of sugar, several boxes of randy, candles, raisins, and dried herrings, a box of sardines, a bale of buffalo robes a box of dry goods, needles, pin, thread, yarn, etc., a box of mining hatchets, a box of heavy clothing, aod a bale of blankets. h . C S j: ., e ..,?. ...., , I knew I had provisions sufficient for three or four years. I had already learned to catch fish, and eook mt pork and floor without the aid of dishes or stoves. With the fragments of the wreck, und some of my empty barrels and boxes, I made a low hut, which I covered with sand to the depth of a font. " One end of this was rinsed, tne other was fitted with a door made from the lids of my two trunks, over my barrels and boxes of goods t stretch ed a sail, fastening it down by means of stakes. As the winter approached I fabrica ted from my buffalo robes a dress, which I fancied would be impervious to the cold. My shoes, gloves, and hat were made of the same material. The forest supplied me with fuel, and I soon learned to chop it with consider able ease. During the early part of the first winter I suffered terribly, but 1 managed to live through it, and the next season I was inured to hardship. In this manner I passed three long and lonely years. I kept a journal during this unhappy period, and this was my only ret creation. My books, anil even my Bible, were left in the vessel. During these three years I saw but 7 vessels, They either did not see or would not regard my signals; my anguish on the.se occasions was indescriba ble. The thoughts ol home, and of the friends who were now mourning me at with the dead, would rush upon me with overpowering force, and my misery seemed tuo heavy for me to bear. At length, I know not nn what day, but by my calculations on the 45 th of February, mv island was visited by sis Menominee IndU sns. They had crossed from the shore, part ly in their canoes and partly n the ice. They were as murh surprised in find me up on the Island as I was delighted to see a he man fare again. Wrcnnld not understand each other, but tfcy mad situs that I should gn with them. I wjs in their porr, but I wis willing In go. as I conceived that by their meas 1 mijjlit filially ubuiii m t release and reiteration. Thry returned with me to the British cnat, which I think te not More than twenty or twenty-five mile Trot my Islsitd. They conducted me in A two days' journey, in a Femh trading pqt, where. for (lie first time in three yei. I luuud my self in the company of civilised men. I was rereirrd with kmdoes-, and soon forwaided tu rort W illi.m. I Kr.w Shr Wsi i.o. Deacon V. ft as a staid and honest lUptist deacon in one nf the inteiior towns in M ime, who had vein of dry caustic humor in his composition. The deacon had a boy of some seven sum mers, who wes stimeeltat inclined to be a little u;!y when not under the parental eye. In sch -ol especially John was a source ef constant annovance to the teacher. One day the tejeher punished him for some sort of misdemeanor, anil John went home rrving to enter his e.iniplaint. and told his f4t!ier the mistresa had whipped him " What ! etclaimed, the deacon elevating his eyebrows, "been whipped?" V-a-a s," souiiea trie oov. "And did vou let a we you let that w oiii.o whip teas.n Y "V-a n," whimpered J,d,n. ki, ,,,, in,i ,,,,.,1 her, ami fit her all I roald, lint she lammed me trolly." Aha!" chuckled th humor- us old ilearoi, "you tsuul little fool, I Knew sue o m, ami she'., give ye a trounc ing every time sue undertakes itj and I ad vise ye to behave yourself in futuie." . J"h" began to have Some perception ol his'sorer . lb eempany, wa sppninird eVerelary and father motive, and ever alter was a sadderlTreasuretarihscemmiasiaa and wiser " Ttt fitot'sssir a Vrss." n instance lif almost oiipieiroroted d.siiiterestednr4 is related to Warren, M. I' t'.e author or Ten Thousand a year." A short time ago, a gen tleman in Kiiglaod, of large fortune worth X'lO.OtJtl was indignant with Ins daughter, an only child, lor marrying agamst Ins winhs e. II quarreled wild her, disinherited her, and left the whole property to bis attorney and other genileoirn. Il.s attorney went to hie co-lejiteee, got them In sign their claims over to him, and then paid the whole A.40. 000 (o the daughter. Fanny Fern says, Verity, lake editors aod ministers out of Die world, and it would cullspsc like a week old muffin !" It costs mora io revenge wrongs than to ;j,Cll fi(em, Union, the Constitution ,an he Laws-lhs Guars diana of out I,Vt'rtie. , .i HILLSBOROUGH, N.C. Wedneadajr, May 4, 1)59. Wa mutt coatinue to aik the indulged of vur readers for omissions and inaccurscita. Ths 71"' is not yel able to lsav his bed but for short in ten all. Acquittal of Slckels The trial of ths Hon Daniel E. Sickle, which bad been In progress for or three weeks for the murder of the Hgn. P, 11. Key in Washington City, was brought to s close on Tuesday, oflastweekbya verdict of acquittal by ths jury. " Tha result was received with feat apparent saliifarlion by the public. - . , . . , Produce at Durham's. A friend hsa sent us lb following list of articles sent from Durham's Ststlon during the months of March sad April, vis : 1733 barrels of Fkvr. 1013 bushels of Corn.' : t IS US buihele of Wheat. ?7 bales of Cotton, Nearly all the Flour was sent to Messrs. Rowland tt Brothers, Norfolk, Vs.; the Corn West, to stations oo th N. Carolina Railroad ; aad the Wheal sad Cotloa to Petersburg, . Other articles, each a scorn meet, lolweeo, Ve, ten I in smaller quantities, are sot snaiMraUd, . - - Kemlnatlost of Mr. Ilrancb The D. morralie Contention for tbia district met at franklin ton on Thursday last lbs JBth fnst sod, as was ex. peeted, nominated by an unanimous vote, Ibe Hon, I,. O'B. Branch for rsxlection to the Congress of lbs (Jni.ml Dtales for Ihia district, ' The HiHsboroogh Savinga Institution wae fully rganiaed on fridsy last by Ibe etsetioe of ho follow, ing gentlemen sa Directors, via I Thomas O. H ill, Jo nah Turner, 8ea., Thorns Webb, George Laws, Charles M. Lslimer, Jams V. Turrsutine, (nil VV, f , Sirsyborn. ' . At s meeting of ths Dire, lore, held on ths same day, Thames B. Hill was elected President, and Thoraae Welib CtttHT. Fridsy was tied upon ae discoant day. Ths business of the company will be transacted, st Mr. Webb's office fat the present, and the Bsnk aiil I open every day between three and foer o'clock (ef ibe purpose of receiving end payiag deposits. The firel Installment upon the subscription was very promptly paid, and quite considerable aura has al ready been depseilod ; and e leers fro in the Direc tors ibsl they o;ll bogie So diteeunl oost PriJsy. It is believed thai tbie stilutioi wdl U of (rest practical benefit to tbie ccamuaity, si they kavs work ed we U ia irt bei place. The charter granted to Ikie eompeny e endaratoad is a S7 libomi cac i their pririrsf es being greotei ihaa tkoM of meat ksotiiwiioaa of thekiad. . . - - ' Th whole of their capiUl steck will k leal out , fisaing as notes, ibey kase eolbiag to re.lrroi ; and eonsequeolly base no frar of thoee pests to ethei Bank th Broker. A as tQ'tstm-nt to th 8lorkhoUra U must b ad tanlageon. If ikey msk hit sis per rent., they rv csi.e i cmi-snsl!y, oo the first of January aad July; but it ia anticipated that they will rrcn.e mor than si I per cent, and tiisl the ofex Wdl be sough! (ol peroniitnl and profitable inteotnienl. Th Ratings department eSrrs la Q a anpotUinil to msk sums of money ptodutUt thai oUkarwis might remain Ul. Tlia Stendiaf, integrity, and ksisiaea bskito ef Ike Directors, afford an anJsubud guarani af esftly. Tke rate of fir per rent pet annum will k sBowed Msams temaining en deposii hi mt month, sal lower raise fur a shelter time. Hoard of lasterasal Improvement We learn from Ik AVaadard, Ikal th Board of Inter nal Improvement bmS io Ik eity of lialeigh on Tues day th S6ik ah. Th flosernot snasninead lathe Baaed, lb purchase ftf Ihe !ana SM mm.l tu.. D ... ... ,,!,.. f,.ch,. 4e ,ei.i .r .... (eaeral Assembly, Ctt 51riS.0OO. Th Bosrdlhen appoinicl N. X. Niion and Ja Csssidey, Esqrs. at ,ew Ilansser, Moor A. Bledsoe. sclioe among tha Kailrnad Cwtipsaiee af-mstd. We teem Ihrsogh lb Htandafd, that th Cammi. ioner of th Cap fear and Deep Hirer Week, kata pjMtiited Cdrsard Morns, Ris.,af Pennqlsania, Thirf Engineer; who is rt peeled I rater ae lb work al an early day. Ili-nry A. 1,'inJon. Cm., farmer Mr.i.M ..J T Dksth or flisuor Dosnr, The Might Her, George Washington Hoane, D. !,, iVoleal aat KpiKnpal lli.hopof New Jersey, died on the i,ih ul(.,athi late residence io Darling ton, New Jersey. He was one of the moat eminent and able of the Clergy of the Por tesunt Koiscopal fherch hi the I'nited States. He combined great enngy of cha racter and an instance devotion to the Kpis eopal Church with line scholarly attainment and superior literary taste, fii'hnp Diane was burn in Trenton, N. J., May a.th, l,9'J, Norfidk. Am.I 19. Rt. Pa Paul's fCalhnlic) Church in l'rtsmr..ih presided or by the Kee. Joseph I'lunkett, was entirely destroyed by Ire last nigh I. Only the pictures and vestments were saved. It was the work of an incendiary. The chinch wis ereclcl in 1HJ.1 at a cnsl hf 2i 1 00U sud ws, inured for only 110,000.