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I Prop er Seeing of a Picture
Tty to Look at It Through the Eyes f of the JIrtist Who Painted It ... . ^ By Charles H. Gaffin. *w 0HE first necessity for the proper seeing of a picture is to try to see it through the eyes of the artist who painted it. This is not a usual method. Generally people look only through their own eyes, and like or dislike a picture according as it does or does not suit their particular fancy. These people will tell you: “Oh, I don’t know anything about painting, but 1 know what I like;” which is their right way of saying: “If I don’t like it right off,I don’t care to be bothered to like it at all.” Such an attitude of mind cuts one off from growth and development, for It is as much as to say: “I am very well satisfied with myself and quite indif ferent to the experiences and feelings of other men.” Yet it is just this feel ing and experience of another man which a picture gives us. If you consider a moment you will understand why. The world itself is a vast panorama, and from it the painter selects his subject—not the copy of it exactly, since it would be impossible for him to do this, even if he tried. How could he rep resent, for example, each blade of grass, each leaf upon a tree? So what he does is to represent the subject as he sees it, as it appeals to his sympathy or interest; and if twelve artists painted the same landscape the result would be twelve different pictures, differing according to the way in which each man had been impressed by the scene; in fact, according to his separate point of view or separate way of seeing it, inlluenceu by his individual experience and feeling.—St. Nicholas. v v v epu-» §pQrf anc[ Health $ Sacrificed for Success I By the Editor of the Chicago Tribune. _ _ 1 LIP on an overcoat. Wrap a muffler around your throat. S| Grab a place at the rope along the side of the field. Stamp your feet to keep them warm. Light your cigarette for dis traction. Cough. Sneeze. Turn edgeways to the sharp ======= wind. Shout encouragement to the men who are doing the Hwork on the gridiron. Catch pneumonia. But be careful not to enter into the sport on your own account. Remain a spec __ tator. Then you will be a perfect illustration of the way in which football assists the physical development of forty-nine out of every fifty students. This is not a fact against football as a game. It is a fact against football as an institution. Football as a game was based on sport and exercise. Football as an in stitution is based on the desire to win. It was the desire to win that first put professionals-on college teams. It is the desire to win that still involves col lege teams in rvhat President Faunce of Brown University in the World Today calls “systematic prevarication” with regard to the qualifications of their members. It is the desire to win that causes colleges and universities to send drum mers through the preparatory schools to induce young athletes to choose the scene of their future studies for reasons entirely apart from mental or social development. Finally, it is the desire to win that surrenders foot ball exclu sively to the few men in each college who stand a chance of winning. No one v.^ants to play football unless he is on the main team or the scrub team. And the men who can make those teams are already the strongest and healthiest men in the college community. The desire to win is absolutely distinct from the desire to take exercise or to have sport. It brings into the domain of sport and exercise the alien worldly maxim that nothing succeeds like success. If success is not reached, what’s the use? Foot ball is, on the whole, a splendid game. All that it needs is to be kept a game, a game for the average student, played by him for an hour or twTo in the afternoon for the sake of playing X* X* X* x* * Municipal Ownership | Ey Francis W. Parker. HE American who dreads municipal ownership for fear of its being used to create political machinery and rob the public, and who declares that we must first establish the merit sys tem. may be astonished when he learns the extent of the de velopment of British municipal trading under these condi tions. Seeking to learn “the other side” of municipalization in Great Britain, the investigator is at every turn referred to Mr. Arthur Kay, a distinguished citizen of Glasgow the head of the great merchandising house of Arthur & Company, as the arch enemy of municipalization. He is president of the Citizens’ Union and the Taxpayers’ Federation. When asked. “Do you think Glasgow should own and operate its trams?” he answered, “Certainly. The owning and operating of these tram ways has been highly profitable and thoroughly satisfactory, and accounting is correct, and nobody opposes it.” “But you think the trams should be operated for profit in relief of rates?” “Not at all. They should be run on a low factor of safety, and profits be Bunk in betterments or reduction of charges.” “But this is socialism?” “Well, they call it socialism—municipal socialism.” And this from the gentleman who was to have given the final word against municipalization! In Great Britain there is opposition, not to municipal ownership as such, but only to its excesses.—The World To-Day. V® ---_ w w ^ ^ How We Hear 4 Our Own Voices | c* - ^ - By Dr. L. Laloy. • . • *mmm 1 '■ ' ■■ — F a person records on a phonograph a few sentences pro nounced by himself, together with others by his friends, and causes the machine to reproduce these at the end of a brief period, it generally happens that he easily recognized his friends’ voices, but not his own. On the other hand, the friends recognize his voice perfectly. This singular fact proves that every one hears his own voice differently from others. As is remarked by Professor Exner, the difference must lie in the quality of tone. It must be remembered that one hears his own voice not only through the air, as do his auditors, hut across the solid parts situated between the organs of speech and those of hearing. The sound thus produced has a different timbre from that conducted to the ear by the air alone. We may show this as follows: Take the end of a wooden rod between the teeth and pronounce a vowel continuously. Let the other end be alternately taken between the teeth and raised by anotl.er person, who at the same time stops his ears. The latter will findthat every ' me he seizes the rod in his teeth, the sound becomes stranger than when it re ehes his ear through the air alone, andhasa different quality. The experiment :y be varied by applyingawooden rod to the larynx of the person observed, and touching it from time to time to the observer’s own larynx. As in the preceding case, it will be found that Its passage through a solid body augments the intensity of the sound and mod ifies its quality. MRS. DUKE IS SUED Said to Have Raised Much Money On Worthless Collateral 9 __ _ A VERY SIGNIFICANT STATEMENT --• One Who Knows the Career of the Woman Who Recently Became the Wife of Brodie L. Duke, of Durham, Says She is a Shrewd Character and Adds: “Wait Till You Hear From Some Banks Down East.” Chicago, Special.—The German Na tional Bank, of Little Rock, Ark., is suing Alice L. Webb and her promot ing company for $10,000, the face of two notes of $5,000 each, due and un paid. “Just how far Taylor, Webb & Company’s business has progressed since its birth, April 8, 1903. is only known to the two partners. I have been after Alice L. Webb since last July to get service on these notes and did not succeed until she bobbed up in New York and became the bride of Brodie L. Duke,” said Attorney Packard. “I then sent the notes and papers on to New York and she was served there. I am inclined to believe they are ab solutely worthless.” A man who knows Alice L. Webb gives this outline of her recent career: “Aiice L. Webb is 35 years old. She married E. H. Powell, of Pittsburg, who formerly owned the Seventh Ave nue Hotel, Pittsburg, and in this I am informed, she invested $90,000 and lost the money. She was later divorced from Powell, who now lives in Alle gheny, Pa. I know she has a wealthy uncle living near Titusville, Pa., with whom she was constantly in correspon dence, and her father w'as also a great friend of Prof. Holden, owner of the Hotef Holden and The Cleveland Plain Dealer, and he has always taken a great interest in the woman. I don't, know much about her connection with Brodie L. Duke and was even surprised to hear of her marriage to him. I am inclined to believe that it was not her intention to marry when she went East. Mrs. Webb-Duke was the shrewd est, woman I ever met in my life. She was all business and could look through a man at a glance. Wait till you hear from some banks down East.” Charles F. Taylor, her partner, said: “Mrs. Duke is the daughter of William H. Webb, who was a wealthy corpora ! tion lawyer of New York. When her father died ten years ago he left her $100,000 and she engaged in business. She did not care for society and proved to be a very shrewd business woman. She told me that her first husband. Powell, had squandered her fortune. Since forming the partnership I have been associated with Miss Webb in many business ventures.” Taylor, who was formerly Chicago agent for an insurance company of Iowa, laughed at any idea that the firm was not all that it was repre sented to be. He said: “Mrs. Duke is an extraordinary woman and attends strictly to busi ness. I never heard her say any un kind thing Lo any one. She is not handsome or even good looking. Any body who clashes with her will meet his match. I have known her 1-1 years and have been in business with her two years." Mr. Taylor said further: “I can safe ly say that Mrs. Duke has made fully $1,000,000 in investments since 1 have known her. Outside of the fact that we may be involved in our land deal in Texas our firm is all right. We purchased 75 acres of ground at Na cogdoches, Texas, from Col. S. F. B. Morse, and paid $11,000 down. He is the ex-traffic manager of the Southern Pacific Railway Company, it devel oped after the failure of Daniel J. Sully, the cotton king, that Morse was his partner and that the property which lie had about purchased was in cluded in the assets. This brought the property into court and it is still there. All of our transactions have been bona fide. I don't know Duke and did not know Miss Webb was go ing to marry him. I never knew any of her private business.” Taylor is married and lives with ills family in South Chicago. Mrs. Tay lor is a sister of Dr. E. M. W'ebster. of South Chicago. 50 Dogs Entered For Georgia Trials. Macon. Ga., Special.—A special to The Telegraph from Albany, Ga., says that the Georgia field trials will begin there Tuesday. The annual event promises to be one of the most success ful in the history of the organization and many prominent sportsmen from over the State are present with their dogs, more than fifty of the lat ter having entered. Taking Cotton Back Home. Dublin, Ga., Special.—Ferrell Per ry, one of the prosperous farmers of Laurens county, called at one of the warehouses in this city and asked that 33 bales of cotton belonging to him be turned over to his wagoners, who had instructions to carry them back to his farm. He declines to sell at any price less than ten cents and will hold his cotton at home until the price reaches that figure. This is in keeping with the action of farmers generally throughout this section. Those who have cotton stored in the warehouses are paying the costs and taking it home to hold. $30,000 F.re at Greensboro. Greensboro, N. C., Special.—The Cape Fear Manufacturing Company’s plant, engaged in the manufacture of builders’ materials, was completely de stroyed by fire Monday night. The fire was discovered over the boiler at 11 o’clock, and the building, which was a frame structure, was entirely destroyed in an hour. J. Frank Hod gin, of Roanoke, Va., is president of the company and J. A. Hodgin, of Greensboro, secretary and dreasurer. CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS The Senate and House Regularly at Work—What They are Doing. House Meets and Adjourns. When the House re-convened after tne holiday recess, Mr. Grosvernor, of Ohio, submitted the report of the mer chant marine commission, the minor ity being given until Friday to sub mit their views. The House adjourned until tomorrow out of respect to the memory of the late Representative Ma honey, of Illinois. Subventions of five dollars per gross ton annually; subsides for the carry ing of mails from Atlantic Coast and Gulf of Mexico ports to South and Cen tral America and Cuba, and from Pa cific coast ports to Japan, China, the Phillippines, Mexico, Central America and the Isthmus of Panama; a ton nage tax on foreign vessels entering United States ports; the creation of a naval volunteer of appretices on ships in foreign trade are provided for in the bill agreed upon by the joint mer chant marine commission. Senate Meets Again. Upon re-convening after the holiday recess, the Senate plunged directly in to the consideration of the bill for the admission of two States to be compos ed of Arizona and New Mexico and Ok lahoma and Indian Territory. A mo tion by Mr. Beveredge to take up the bill prevailed by a vote of 31 to 17. Mr. Heyburn, who renewed his effort to get up the pure food bill, voted with the Democrats on roll call, but with this exception the Republicans voted solidly to proceed with the considera tion of the Statehood bill and the Dem ocrats solidly against that course. A motion by Mr. Bate, of Tennessee, to recommit was voted down, Mr. Nelson spoke at length in advocacy of the bill. Mr. Bate, in making his motion, said it had been difficult to make a mi nority report, as many of the sittings of the committee had been held when the Senate was in session, when mem bers of the minority could not attend. He entered upon an argument against consolidation of the four Terri tories into two States. Referring to the proposed union of Arizona and New Mexico, he said they would make a State of greater area than is com prised in all the New England States with New York, New Jersey, and Penn sylvania added. The only reason for the consolidation was found, he said, in the desire to prevent an increase of United States Senators. Mr. Breckenridge said all the mem bers of the committee on Territories had been notified of the committee meetings and that failure to attend was the fault of the individual mem bers. Mr. Bate admitted that due notice of meetings had been given. “They wanted us to help make a quorum, ’ li^ said, “but we did not come up with the ante." The reference of the ven erable Senator to a popular game caused a smile around the chamber. His motion was voted down, 15 to 31. r lie Senate adjourned. Senator Bard occupied the entire time of the Senate. He made an argu ment against the union of Arizona and New Mexico, on the ground that the people of the two Territories do not desire it. During the course of Mr. Bard's speech he was interrupted by Mr. Till man. who said lie wanted to make an appeal for "white supremacy in Ari zona.” To unite the two Territories would, he said, be like joining Florida with Cuba and to subject the white people of Arizona to the domination o? Mexicans and “Greasers,” which he op posed. Several bills of minor importance were passed during' the day, and the Senate adjourned until Monday. Will Canvass Vote February 3. The joint statehood bill again occu pied th° majority portion of the atten tion of the Senate, and Mr. Nelson com pleted his speech in support of it. The omnibus claims bill was read in part, but no effort was made to se cure action upon it. Bills for the re organization of the medical corps of the army and regulating promotions of army officers employed in the ordi nance department were passed. A resolution reported by Mr. Bur rows from the committee on privileges and elections fixing 1 o'clock on Wed nesday, February 8, for the canvass by the two Houses of Congress Of the vote cast at the last presidential elec tion was agreed to. The ceremony will take place in the chamber of the House of Representatives. The Senate ad journed. No River and Harbor Bill. The prospects are that this session of Congress will not pass a rived and harbor bill. The committee on rivers and harbors has been considering a bill for some time with a view of mak ing an early report, but among the IVUU'vlO 111 tlio liUUOVy 10 Cl UlOJJU' sition to let the bill go over for this session, on account of the condition of the Treasury. Cutting off a river and harbor bill would be in line with the determination of the House leaders to adhere to a policy of strict economy in government expenditures. Representative Maynard, of Virginia, in a bill proposed to increase the salary of the President to $75,000 a year, the Vlc-e President to $15,000 and to give the President after his retirement from office an annual salary of $25,000 per annum for life. Morgan on Statehood Bill. After the passage of the omnibus bill claims bil^ and fixing January 28 for the delivery of addresses in mem ory of the late Senator Hoar, the Sen ate devoted the day to the Statehood bill. Mr. Morgan spoke for two hours against the hill. The speech of Mr. Morgan followed closely the arguments he made against the Statehood legislation proposed two years ago, but he spoke particularly of the character of the population of New Mexico and Indian Territory. He declared that the framers of the legis lation were of the white race and that it was not the intention of the Mexi cans, Indians, negroes and half-breeds should be brought into citizenship. He said that if Arizona and New Mexico were admitted into the Union this o*ass of citizenship would control the elec tions and that bribes and whiskey might control them. Mr. Mallory presented the minority report of the merchant marine com mission. It was referred to the com mittee on commerce. The omnibus claims bill was passed with several committee amendments. It carries direct appropriations amount ing to about $2,800,000, The Senate ad journed. Taxes Must Raise $10,000,000. Austin, Tex., Special.—The 29th ses sion of the Texas Legislature convenes at noon for the regular session. The present session is an important one. In addition to providing for the next two years it will have to make good a deficit of nearly $2,000„000 making the total amount necessary $10,000,000 In order to meet these requirements it will be necessary to thoroughly re vise the taxation system of the State, It is anticipated that the corporations will come in for considerable atten tion. Number of the Prisoners. Washington, Special.—The Japanese legation received the following cable gram from the Foreign Office at To kio under date, of today: “General Nogi on Sunday reports that the de livery of Russian prisoners were 878 officers and 23,491 men, whereof 441 officers and 229 orderlies gave parole so far. General Smirnoff, General Fock. General Gorbalvosky and Ad miral Willmann preferred to be sent to Japan as prisonei's of war. Crum Confirmed. Washington, Special.—The nomina tion of W. D. Crum, a negro, to be col lector for the port of Charleston, S. C„ was confirmed by the Senate in execu tive session by a vote of 33 to 17. Crum has been nominated by the President three times, and in addition to these nominations has received three recess appointments, and is now serving under the last of these. Confirmation was opposed by Senator Tillman, who objected to the appointment of a negro. Audubon Societies Federate. Albany, N. Y., Special.—The National Association of Audubon Societies, for the protection of wild birds and ani mals, was incorporated. Its purposes are to hold meetings, lectures and ex hibitions for the protection of wild birds and animals and to co-operate with national and State governments to that end. The directors include T. Gil bert Pearson, of Greensboro. N. C.; F. M. Miller, of New' Orleans; Mrs. Kings mith, of Maitland, Fla.; H. Patt Wal ter, of Houston, Texas, and Albert Yv. Williams, Jr., of Tallahassee, Fla. No Bail For Nan Patterson. New' York. Special.—Justice Green baum, of the New York State Supreme Court, denied the application of Nan Patterson for hail pending a new' trial on the charge of the murder of Caesar Young. In denying the application Jus tice Greenbaum says that counsel for the prisoner made no effort to con vince the court that there is improb ability of securing a conviction at a second trial. As it appears that the district attorney intends to proceed with a second trial of the prisoner, he did not feel that he would be justified in ordering her release on bail. Japs Entered Tuesday. Tokio, By Cable.—The text of Geo | era! Nogi’s telegram announcing the capitulation of the Russian forces at Port Arthur is as follows: “The pleni potentiaries of both parties concluded their negotiations Monday at 4: JO o’clock. The Russian commissioners accepted on the whole the stipulations of the Japanese. The document i.as been prepared and signatures are now being affixed. Simultaneously with the conclusion of negotiations, both armies suspended hostilities. It is expected that the Japanese army will enter tha city of Port Arthur Tuesday.’’ NEWS OF THE FAlt EAST. Half the garrison at Rihlung Fort were killed. A letter from a man on board the Sevastopol fell into the hands of the Japanese. Some of Kuropatkin’s outposts were driven in, but afterward recovered their ground. Admiral Togo and Vice-Admiral Kamimuva were enthusiastically wel comed in Tokio. The war budget as originally sub mitted was passed by the Japanese House of Peers. Oyama's elaborate line of communi cations to Korea was threatened by Rennenkamplt’s raids. The departure of the third division of the Russian Baltic fleet from 1‘ort Said has been postponed. The Moscow papers, despite the Gov ernment’s warning, continued to dis cuss the proposed reforms. A report was current in St. Peters burg that two cruisers of the Baltic fleet may be ordered to return. The Japanese trophies from the cap ture of Rihlung Kort included four large and about forty small guns. Special Seoul dispatches stated that the Japanese have been forced to aban don the attempt to raise the Variag. Advices from Tokio said that Minis ter Takahira had been empowered to sign an arbitration treaty with Mr. Hay. A dispatch from Shanghai said that orders had been given to Chinese cruis ers to prevent the escape of the Askold and Grozovoi. A Kansas man claims to have a swarm of bees that made twrenty pounds of .honey in three days. GOV. LOWNDES DEAD Former Chief Magistrate of Maryland Passes Suddenly Away HE SUCCUMBS TO HEART FAILURE Former Maryland Executive, a Factor in Many Financial and Industrial Enterprises, Falls Unconscious While Dressing For Church and Dies Before the Arrival of Physicians. Cumberland, Md.. Special.—Ex-Gov ernor Lloyd Lowndes, of Maryland, died suddenly at his home here Sun day. Mr. Lowndes appeared, to he in his usual good health and spirits when he arose this morning. He left his of fice in the Second National Bank late Saturday afternoon, went to his home, and after dinner spent several hours in the preparation of an address to be delivered here at Bishop Paret's twen tieth anniversary as bishop of the Maryland dioces of the Protestant Episcopal Church. He then awaited the arrival from Clarksburg, W. Va., of his son, Richard T. Lowndes, who did not reach the house until past mid night. The Governor retired at about 1 a. m. He arose at 8:30, took a bath and began to dress, preparatory to attend ing church services. A sudden fall attracted the attention of Mrs. Lown des. who was in the room. She sum moned assistance, and the unconscious form was placed upon the bed. Physi cians w7ere hastily summoned and were quickly at the bedside, but death had ensued before their arrival. Death was due to heart failure. Mr. Lowndes was born in Clarksburg, W. Va., Feb. 21, 1854. He is survived by his widow, his brother, Richard T. Loi.’ndes, of Clarksburg, W. Va., five sons, Llyod Lowndes, Jr., of Cumber land; Richard T., of Clarksburg, W. Va.; Charles T., of Colorado Springs, Col.; Col. W. Bladden. of Mount Sav age, Md., and Tasker G. Many Animals Burned. Rockingham, N. C., Special.—A fir® occurred here early Saturday morning appalling in its nature. The livery stable of M. L. Hinson, was destroyed together with over thirty mules and horses. All day the atmosphere of the town has been laden with the sicken ing odor of burning flesh as the charred and half burned carcasses of the poor animals lay among the smouldering ruins. The fire originated about 2 o’clock. When first discovered it had gained such headway that the stables in which it started could not be en tered. The building was an immense wooden structure containing the stables, wareroom and store of M. L. Hinson and A. W. Porter & Co., and situated in that part of town known as “The Rockets.” Mr. Hinson does a large live stock business and had on hand belonging to himself .and others 33 horses and mules, all of which were burned to death. One lone mule broke out in some way and escaped from the flames, but was burned so badly that he had to be killed. Wrecks on British Coast. London, By Cable.—Stormy weather still continues on the British coasts, and several shipping casualties are reported. The Glasgow steamer Stel la Maris Maria collided Saturday night, seven miles off Holy Head, with the Spanish vessel Oris, and both sank. The crews were saved in the boats after drifting all night. The Balfast schooner Dispatch collided v-'jrh the Sunderland steamer Dinning ton off Ramsgate this morning. The Dispatch was towed in, but the other vessel is believed to have sunk with her crew of ten men. Several other vessels were driven ashore at differ ent points, their crews being rescued with great difficulty. Great Asembiage at Hampton Roads. Norfolk, Va., Special.—The United States cruiser Newark, the coast de fense monitor Nevada and the con verted gunboat Scorpion left here Sat urday for Hampton Roads to join the great fleet assembling there. Secretary of the Navy Paul Morton, Admiral Dewey and other distinguished offi cers will arrive on Monday morning to review the fleet. There will be about thirty warships of all classes in the review which will be held Monday. Killed in a Mine. Concord, N. C., Special.—Fred Leon ard, a young white man, was killed at the Miami Mine Thursday, shortly fc'fter noon. Two passing buckets in a shaft became entangled at a shift about 250 feet from the surface and Leonard went down to see and correct the trouble. The rest of the story is unknown. From this shift he was thrown, cr fell, to the bottom of the mine and there picked up dead, his skull being crushed. The body was turned over to an undertaker and sent last night to Gold Hill, where the young man had a wife and two child ren. He was about 25 years of age. White House Conference. Washington, Special—An important conference regarding legislative ques tions pending before Congress was held at the White House Saturday af ternoon. In addition to President Roosevelt, the parties to the confer ence were Speaker Cannon; Senators Allison, of Iowa; Aldrich, of Rhode Island; Spooner, of Wisconsin, and Piatt, of Connecticut, and Reupresenta tives Payne, of New York; Dalzell. of Pennsylvania; Grosvenor, of Ohio, and Tawney, of Minnesota.