Newspaper Page Text
f~ic, Water an7^%
I Health I f f L The Benefits to Be Derived from Cold Baths A f and Vigorous Rubbing W 1 By Eugene Wood cold bath—we might as well get at the straight of the thing, is not really a matter of cleanliness as much as a matter of getting the skin livened up and the capillaries and veins next to the surface full of blood. Ice-cold water or scalding hot water will do that, but tepid water—No, no. The skin is almost exactly the same kind of an excreting organ as the lungs. The same products seep through the pores- as are carried off in the breath, and the air purifies the blood in the same way. But the greater part of the skin is smothered up in clothes day and night. What the cold water of the bath dissolves is matter well away. And the rubbing dry is pretty vigorous exercise. If you want to know. Any rubbing is bound to push the blood along toward the heart and help the circulation, because there are valves in the veins which prevent the blood from going in any other direction than toward ..the heart. Whatever loose flakes of outer cuticle are rubbed off we needn’t worry about; plenty more where they came from. The extra food the increased appetite demands will make good that trifling loss.—Everybody’s Magazine. I The Housewife’s By Afternoon Nap | - EARLY every housewife takes a rest, and a nap if possible, Nin the afternoon, but few accomplish it. The mere lying down is not resting; in fact it is easier to rest sitting than lying down, if one does not understand how to rest properly, ■■ ■ —. and the woman who does not relax when she lies down can not rest no matter how long she lies. To relax properly, lie at full length on the back with the head level with the body, ___________ the arms extended slightly from the body, and the feet sep arated some six inches. The clothing should be loose, if ly ing on a couch, but it is best to undress and get into bed. Start with long breaths of the kind known as “abdominal breathing,” followed by upper chest breathing. Keep this up for a few minutes only, and then beginning with the head relax all the muscles the whole length of the body, that is. release the tension on them, so that if feet or hands were lifted they would fall to the bed ns Sif they were logs of wood. It is not very difficult to relax the muscles of the arms and legs but it takes patient practice to relax the muscles of the back, thorax and breftst, but by persistent effort it can be accomplished. \\ hen all the muscles are relaxed the person feels as if she were floating in the air, there is no sense of weight. Now an effort should be made to relax the mind. This cannot be done, as some have recommended by “thinking of nothing - an impossibility—but it can be done by directing the mind to the latest pleas ant thing that has occurred, conning it over repeatedly, and it will not require very many repetitions to send one into a deep, baby-like sleep—the kind that rests, and from which one awakes refreshed, and with every nerve tuned in unison to the work ahead. Try it.—Good Housekeeping. ® The Husband’s Tobacco i : By Elizabeth Knight Tompkins F tobacco smoke is offensive to you, first ask yourself if it actually does your husband harm. Does he smoke enough to injure his health or more than he can afford? If you have to answer no, your duty is plain. Overcome your re pugnance. Men do this constantly, for many of them start with a violent distaste which their lives force them to con quer. Except for the most weighty reasons, you have no right to deprive him of an indulgence that is doing him no positive harm. The case is different, however, if you feel in you the call of a mission, if your conviction of the evil of smoking is so over powering that you must bear witness to it in your acts; if you really feel that no sacrifice to the cause, not even that of the happiness of your home, is too great. Otherwise, clear your mind of the prejudice that there is any moral value in smoking or not smoking, just as your mother, it may be, had to learn that cards are Dot in themselves of the devil’s manufacture. Smoking proper ly belongs in another category, the physical category, that contains also exer cise and eating. If, on the other hand, you decide that smoking is doing him more or less harm, this decision opens up another question: Can you, considering his char acter and your own influence, persuade him to give it up? If you think you can, your course is simple. If you honestly know in your heart that you can not, here again it is your duty to hold your tongue and make the best of it. If your husband will smoke, it is better for every reason, health included, that he smoke at home than at a club or some less desirable place where smoking may lead to all the evils it is supposed to carry in its wake.—Good Housekeeping. | Advice to Our Girls f ^ By Elizabeth M. Gilmer ^ HE first reason why women fail as wives is because marriage has never yet been esteemed one of the learned professions which only a highly qualified individual is fitted to practice. On the contrary, it is held to be a kind of jack-leg trade that any girl can pick up at a minute’s notice, and carry on suc cessfully without the slightest previous knowledge ^or train ing. No girl would be conceited enough to think that she could practice medicine or law or dentistry without devoting years to its study. She wouldn’t even dream of hiring out as a stenographer without first learning how to make pot-hooks, but she blithely and cock-surely tackles the most difficult and complicated job existing—that of being a wife—on the fallacious assumption that a knowledge of how to man age a man and make him happy and comfortable comes to a woman by inspir ation, and not through preparation. When the average girl marries she does not even know how to make a man physically comfortable, and yet, unromantic as this may seem, the very foundation of domestic happiness has to be laid in bodily ease. Nobody can be sentimental on an empty stomach, and bad cooking will kill the tenderest affection in time. Love is choked to death on tough steak as well as slain by unfaithfulness, and many a young husband’s illusions about his bride have been drowned in watery soup. The first inkling that young Benedict gets that his Angelina is not all his fondest fancy painted her, and that he has missed his affinity, is when he has to sit down to ill-cool' 1 and ill-served meals; and you may be very sure that if there were no bad dinners there would be pre cious few men wandering away from home. * * * To be a good wife is not an easy task. It is one of the most strenuous undertakings on earth. It re quires labor and skill and care and tact and unselfishness, but it is the kind of service a woman agrees to give when she gets married. If she doesn’t like the price, she can stay single. THE WORK OF CONGRESS The Senate and House Regularly at Work—What They are Doing. After nearly four days of discussion, the House, by a vote of ,326 to 17, pass td the Esch-Townsend bill, providing for the regulation of freight rates. The negative vote was made up of 11 Re publicans and six Democrats. The closing hours of the debate were occupied by Messrs. Williams, of Mis sissippi, the minority leader, and Hep burn, of Iowa, chairman of the com mittee which reported the bill. Mr. Williams, while supporting the minor ity measure, said he knew it could not pass, and complimented the Republi cans for bringing in a bill which was much better than he expected would come from them. The speech of Mr. Hepburn was rather in defense of himself. He said that his needs and acts were suffi cient answer to the “lies and slanders” which had been heaped upon him. The bill known as the Hepburn bill, he said, had been prepared by the Attor ney General and he only yielded to his colleagues on the committee on the Esch-Townsend bill, because he did not want the committee to be the target for scribblers, who wanted sensational headlines. Personalities in the House. Not in recent years has the House witnessed such a spectacle as it did Monday with Mr. Sullivan, of Massa chusetts, and William R. Hearst as the central figures. Both indulged in per snnnlitips nf thp p'rnvpst phnrnptpr and so stirred the House as to arouse among certin members a feeling of the greatest indignation. Mr. Sullivan heaped upon Mr. Hearst a tirade of denunciation, while the latter, by im plication. charged Mr. Sullivan with complicity in a murder. The affair grew out of the recent discussion of the freight rate question in the House, when Mr. Sullivan in quired of Mr. Lamar, of Florida, who was favoring the Hearst bill, why Mr. Hearst did not defend his own bill, this being followed by a criticism of Mr. Sullivan in The New York Ameri can and Journal. More Frequent Cotton Reports. The Senate heard ten witnesses in the Swayne impeachment trial Mon day, and devoted the remainder of its time to the consideration of the agri cultural appropriation bill. The major portion of the debate in connection with the appropriation bill was ba^pd on an amendment suggested by Mr. Bacon, providing for semi-monthly re ports on the condition of the cotton crop, which was amended so as to cover the last five months of the year, and adopted. Mr. Bacon, in offering his amend ment, said that no provision could be incorporated in the .bill that would be of so much importance to the cot ton producers as this one. He traced the failure of the growers to secure profitable returns from last season’s crop to the infrequency of the offi cial reports. The loss in one month on this account had not been less than $40,000,000. He also urged that the Secretary should publish a synopsis of the information on which his esti mate is based, as well as the estimate itself. Mr. Proctor presented a letter from the chief statistician of the Agri cultural Department, saying that the adoption of the Bacon cotton amend ment would involve an additional ex penditure of $363,000 per annum. - ,v ' Carnegie Will Testify. New York, Special.—Andrew Car regie announced that he would go to Cleveland to testify against Mrs. Cas sie L. Chadwick, who is under arrest in that city charged with obtaining large sums of money on alleged securi ties bearing Mr. Carnegie’s name. It is alleged that the signatures were forged. Mr. Carnegie’s announcement was made after a subpoena ordering him to apepar at court in Cleveland on March 6 had been served upon him. Live Items of News. In view of the possibility that Eng land may be dragged into the far East ern war the Shipping World professes to find comfort in the fact that ‘‘the navy is to be strengthened by the addi tion of oak leaf embroidery to the pres ent plain white slashes on the full dress coats of flag officers, but the gold lace edge to the slash will disappear and the oak leaf embroidery round the cuff with distinction lace is to be replaced lace.” .n.ugu&L vv. wiatucu aim IIit- ijriuiiii were placed in the penitentiary at Moundsville. __ Village Taken. St. Petersburg, By Cable.—The Em peror has received the following dis patch from General Kuropatkin: “The Japanese during the night of January 31 attacked Djantanchenan, on the left bank of the Hun river, opposite Changtan. They captured the village, hut subsequently were driven out, with great loss. The Russian casualties were 100. The Japanese, alter a se vere cannonade, re-attacked our forces at Djantanchenan at noon February 1. The Russians first retired, but ulti mately reoccupied the village, though outlying posts are in the hands of the enemy.” Oil Men Support Kansas. Toledo, O., Special.—At a meeting Sunday of the Oil Men’s Association, composed of crude oil producers in the Trenton rock-oil fields of Ohio and Indiana, the situation in Kansas was discussed by the 30 or 40 members present, and resolutions were unani mouly adopted that the State of Kan sas is entitled to the sympathy and moral support of the oil trade every where in its contest with the Standard Oil Company. Handshaking of a President is a nuisance, a bore, a hardship, and a danger, and it seems to have been properly omitted for the ceremony oi the reception to President Roosevelt at St. Louis, declares the Portland Oregonian. If the President inaugur rates during his present term a need ed reform by declining to shake hands at any public reception he will be sustained by sentiment. The popula rity of the handshaker is ‘not neces sarily lasting, anyway. THE RACE PROBLEM Speech By President Roosevelt At Lincoln Dinner IS CONSERVATIVE IN EXPRESSION The Chief Executive Appeals to the North For Added Friendliness to the South Because of Conditions For Which the South is Not Alone Re sponsible and Makes Acknowledge ments to Crusaders Against Lynch ing—Backward Race Must be Train ed Without Impeding Forward Race —Must Maintain Race Purity. New York, Special.—As the guest of honor at the Lincoln dinner of the Republican Club in this city Monday night, President Roosevelt made a speech on the race problem. He ap pealed to the North to make its friend ship for the South all the greater be cause of the “embarrassment of condi tions for which she is not alone re sponsible,” declared that the heartiest acknowledgements are due to the min isters, law officers, grand juries, pub lic men and “great daily newspapers in the South who have recently done such effective work in leading the cru sade against lynching,” and said that the problem was to “so adjust the re lations between two races of different ethnic type, that the backward race be trained so that it may enter into the possession of true freedom, while the forward race is enabled to pre serve unharmed the high civilization wrought out by its forefathers.” Among other things the President said: The President’s Address. In his second inaugural, in a speech which will be read as long as the mem ory of this nation endures, Abraham Lincoln closed by saying: “With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; * * to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves, and with all nations.” Immediately aftar his re-election he had already spoken thus: “The strife of the election is but human nature practically applied to the facts of the case. What has oc curred in this case must ever recur in similar cases. Human nature will not we shall have as weak and as strong, as silly and as wise, as bad and as good. Let us, therefore, study the in cidents of this as philosophy to learn wisdom from, and none of them as wrongs to be revenged. * * * May rot all having a common interest re unite in a common effort to (serve) out common country? For my own part I have striven and shall strive to avoid placing any obstacle in the way. So long as I have been here I l ave not willingly planted a thorn in any man’s bosom. While I am deeply sensible to the high compliment of a re-election, and duly grateful, as I trust, to Almighty God for having di rected my countrymen to a right con clusion, as I think, for their own good, it adds nothing i.o my satisfaction that any other man may be disappointed or pained by the result. “May I ask those who have not dif fered with me to join me in this same spirit toward those who have?” VICE NEGRO’S ARCH ENEMY. Laziness and shiftlessness, these, and above all. vice and criminality of every kind, are evils more potent for harm to the black race than all acts of oppression of white, men put to gether. The colored man who fails to condemn crime in another colored man, w-ho fails to co-operate in all lawful W'ays to bringing colored criminals to justice, is the w’orst enemy of his own people, as well as an t emy to all the people. Law-abiding men should, for Cliv OClIiO O l 1 UV.V/, iUiClUUOl. XU relentless and unceasing warfare against law-breaking black men. If the standards of private morality and industrial efficiency can be raised high enough among the black race, then its future on this continent is secure. The stability and purity of the home is vital to the welfare of the black race, as it is to the welfare of every race. NEIGHBORS CAN HELP MOST. In the next place, the white man, who. if only he is willing, can help the colored man more than all other white men put together, is the white man who is his neighbor, North or South. Each of us must do his whole duty without flinching, and if that duty is national it must be done in accord ance' with the principles above laid down. But in endeavoring each to be his brother's keeper it is wise to re member that each can normally do most for 'the brother who is his im mediate neighbor. If we are sincere friends of the negro let each in his own locality show it by his action therein, and let us each show it also by upholding the hands of the white man, in whatever locality who is striv ing to do justice to the poor and the helpless, to be a shield to those whose need for such a shield is great. CRUSADE AGAINST LYNCHING. The heartiest acknowledgements are due to the ministers, the judges and law officers, the grand jurors, the pub lic men and the great daily news papers in the South, who have recent ly done such effective work in leading the crusade against lynching in the South; and I am glad to say that dur ing the last three months the returns as far as they can be gathered, show a smaller number of lynchings than for any other two months during the last twenty years. Let us uphold in every way the hands of the men who have led in this work, who are striving to do all their work in this spirit. I am about to quote from the address of the Right Reverend Robert Strange, bish op coadjutor of North Carolina, as given in the Southern Churchman of October 8, 1904: MUST MAINTAIN RACE FURITJY. The bishop first enters an emphatic plea against any social intermingling of the races; a question which must, of course, be left to the people of each community to settle for themselves, as in such a matter no one community— and indeed no one individual—can dic tate to any other; always provided that in each locality men keep in mind the fact that there must be no confusing of civil privileges with social inter course. Civil law must not regulate so cial practices. Society, as such, is a law unto itself, and will always regulate its own practices and habits. Full Recognition of the fundamental fact that all men should stand on an equal footing, as regards civil privileges, in no way interferes with recognition of the further fact that all reflecting men of both races are united in feeling that race purity must be maintained. NATIONAL DESTINY SAFE. Let us be steadfact for the right; but let us err on the side of generosity rather than on the side of vindictive ness toward those who differ from us as to the method of attaining the right, let us never forget our duty to help in uplifting the lowly, to shield from wrong the humble; and let us likewise act in a spirit of the broadest and frankest generosity toward our broth ers, all our fellow-countrymen; in a spirit proceeding not from weakness but from strength, a spirit which takes no more account oi locaiitj mail 11 does of class or of creed; a spirit which is resolutely bent on seeing that the Union which Washington founded and which Lincoln saved from destruction shall grow nobler and great°r through out the ages. I believe in this country with all my heart and soul. I believe that our peo ple will in the end rise level to every need, will in the end triumph over every difficulty that rises before them. I could not have such confident faith In the destiny of this mighty people if I had it merely as regards one portion of that people. Throughout our land things on the whole have grown better and not worse, and this is as true of one part of the country as it is of another. I believe in the Southerner as I believe in the Northerner. I claim the right to feel pride in his great qualities and in his great deeds exactly as I feel pride in the great qualities and deeds of every other American. For weal or for woe we are knit together, and we shall go up or go down together; and I be lieve that we shall go up and not down, that we shall go forward insted of halt ing and falling hack, because I have an abiding faith in the generosity, the courage, the resolution, and the com mon sense of all my countrymen. PROBLEMS WILL VANISH. The Southern States face difficult problems; and so do the Northern States. Some of the problems are the same for the entire country. Others exist in greater intensity in one sec tion; and yet others exist in greater intensity in another section. But in the end they will all be solved; for funda mantally our people are the same throughout this land; the same in qualities of heart and brain and hand which have made this republic what it is in the great today; which will make it what it is to be in the infinitely greater tomorrow'. I admire and re spect and believe in and have faith in the men and women of the South as I admire and respect and believe in and have faith in the men and women of the North. All of us alike, North erners and Southerners, Easterners and Westerners, can best prove our fealty to the nation’s past by the way in which W'e do the nation's work in the present; for only thus can we he sure that our children’s children shall in herit Abraham .Lincoln’s single-heart ed devotion to the great unchanging creed that “righteousness exalteth a nation,” NEWSY GLEANINGS. Over ?1,000,000 worth of diamonds are stolen every year from the South Africa diamond mines. In Mexico the Department of War is studying a project to establish night schools for the soldiers. In Prussia the price of medicine is regulated by the State, a new price list being published every year. When an unmarried woman dies in P»razil the coffin, hearse and livery of the coachman are all scarlet. A battalion of Chinese soldiers, to be headed by a Chinese band, is being re cruited from residents of New York City. The Government of Venezuela has do ciued to give no titles to coal mines in the future, but to exploit all such mines under its own supervision and owner ship. Henry Hollenback, of Boulder Creek, Cal., was kicked over a 200-foot preci pice by a mule. He only fell fifty feet and was rescued comparatively unin jured. At the annual meeting of the Com mercial Travelers’ Association, of Can ada, the proposal to reduce the mortu ary benefit fund was defeated by an overwhelming majority The Postoffice Department of Great Britain has announced that it will here after accept wireless messages for transmission to ships at sea at the rate of thirteen cents a word. An Ingenious thief who secreted him self in a trunk addressed to the freight station at Smichow, in Austria, was captured after lie had filled the trunk with miscellaneous valuables from other luggage. The court lias issued an order to the sheriff to sell Michigan City, Ind., “at auction to the highest bidder” to satis fy a judgment of $11,000 against the town for injuries received by a young woman who fell through a sidewalk. American Flag High in Air. The coast artillery station at Fort Hunt, Va., on the Potomac, opposite Fort Washington, is to have a flag pole from the top of which the garri son flag can be seen for many miles. The new pole is about 125 feet long. It is in five sections, and is built up of piping held together by steel bands. The pole will stand on a high emi nence at the fort, and the flag at its top will wave to the breeze about S'OO feet above the level of the river. DANGER SEEMS OVER Everything Was Quiet Enough Sunday In St, Petersburg WAS NO RIOTING IN ANY QUARTER Demonstrations Were Not Attempted and the Only Disorder Was in a The atre at Night When Abuse of the jCzar Was Shouted by the Audience. St. Petersburg, By Cable.—The an ticipated renewal of trouble amonk workmen today was not realized. Neither strikers nor students made the slightest attempt to demonstrate, and throughout the day the city presented a normal appearance. The Emperor’s creation of a joint commission of mas ters and workmen, chosen by them selves, to investigate the cause of dis content among the laborers has made an exceedingly good impression, be ing considered definite evidence of the government’s purpose to compel some of the rapacious masters who have paid starvation wages to do justice to their employes. The. imperial decree ordering aie formation of the committee reposes the presidency of the body in Senator Chidlovski, a member of the council of the empire, and instructs the com mittee to ascertain immediately the causes of discontent of St. Petersburg workmen and devise measures to pre vent such discontent in the future. The committee consists of representa tives of government departments, the various industries, aiid the workmen. The President is authorized to report in person to the Emperor and deter mine the number and mode of selec tion of the committee. At the Mali Theatre a scene was created by cries of ‘‘Down with the autocracy'’ and personal abuse of the Emperor. The demonstrators were ejected from the theatre. The police continue to make arrests. The Czar’s Announcement. St. Petersburg, By Cable.—The news that Emperor Nicholas has endorsed the scheme for the revival of the Zem sky Seabor, or ancient land parlia ment, which the old Emperors invoked in times of stress, has spread through the city and created intense satisfac tion among liberal classes. The news papers this morning were filled with articles descriptive of this ancient Rus sian instittuion, indicating that word had gone forth that the government had decided to listen to the voice of representatives of the people. Natur ally, there is some skepticism as to whether the government intends frank ly to take the steps, but the general verdict is that if the Emperor has suc ceeded in shaking off reactionary in fluences and now proceeds in good faith to summon the Zemsky Seabor, they will rally to his support the mod erate Liberals, and perhaps arouse a wave of genuine enthusiam in the country. Liberals are convinced that the meeting of such a representative body must be followed by important and widespread reforms. West Blizzard Swept. Kansas City, Mo., Special.—Reports Sunday night from Missouri, Minneso ta, Kansas, Nebraska. Iowa, the Da kotas, northern Texas, Indian Terri tory, Arkansas and Oklahoma say that unusually cold weather prevails. In Omaha the thermometer registered 16 degrees below zero at 9 o’clock. High winds prevail in many localities, drifting the snow badly, and delaying railroad traffic in all directions. Re ports from Oklahoma and Indian Ter ritory say the thermometer was 5 be low zero in several places, and ranged at zero all day. From all parts of the two Territories come accounts of suf fering and death as the result of the sudden norther. —- ■ - 1 Atlanta’s Troubles Ending. Atlanta, Ga., Special.—With large forces of men, who have been repair ing since the havoc of the recent sleet storm, continued their work all day (bunday), both the Western Union and Postal Telegraph Companies and the telephone companies are getting meir wires m Detter condition, ana Atlanta is in closer touch with the out side world than she has been for a week. The recent storm was the most de structive in the history of the city. The amount spent by the telegraph and telephone companies to restore normal conditions will reach an enor mous sum. Four Injured by Explosion. Erie, Pa., Special.—An explosion of natural gas at the home of the care taker of the city water works reser voir seriously injured four persons this evening. Two of the injured were so badly shocked and burned that they may die. All were blown through a second-story window and down an em bankment 30 feet high. The injured are: Louis seiter, aged 40 years and his wife; Harrv Seiter, aged 14 years, and Samuel Pfister, aged 65 years. Visiting New York. Washington, Special. — President Roosevelt left Washington Monday morning for a two-day visit in New York, during which hb will make a speech at the Lincoln birthday cele bration at the Waldorf-Astoria, spend a short time at the Press Club ban quet at the New Astor House, lunch at the University Club, dine in “Little Hungary,” and visit friends.